Subjects -> RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (Total: 769 journals)
    - BUDDHIST (14 journals)
    - EASTERN ORTHODOX (1 journals)
    - HINDU (6 journals)
    - ISLAMIC (164 journals)
    - JUDAIC (23 journals)
    - OTHER DENOMINATIONS AND SECTS (4 journals)
    - PROTESTANT (22 journals)
    - RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (503 journals)
    - ROMAN CATHOLIC (32 journals)

RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (503 journals)                  1 2 3     

Showing 1 - 197 of 197 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Addin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in the Study of Information and Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AJS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Al-Adyan     Open Access  
al-Afkar : Journal For Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Albertus Magnus     Open Access  
Aleph Historical Studies in Science and Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Alue ja Ympäristö     Open Access  
Amasya Theology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analecta Bollandiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Andrews University Seminary Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Andrews University Seminary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Canonici     Open Access  
Annales Missiologici Posnanienses     Open Access  
Annali di Scienze Religiose     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the University of Bucharest : Philosophy Series     Open Access  
Annuaire de l'Ecole pratique des hautes etudes. Section des sciences religieuses     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antiquite Tardive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ANZTLA EJournal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Apocrypha     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Approaching Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archiv für Religionsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Artuklu Akademi     Open Access  
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asbury Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Philosophy: An International Journal of the Philosophical Traditions of the East     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Religion Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Baha'l Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Berliner Theologische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bible Translator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biblica et Patristica Thoruniensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Black Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Buddhist Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Buddhist-Christian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin d’études Orientales     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin for the Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Caderno Teológico da PUCPR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers d’études du religieux     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d’études du religieux. Recherches interdisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Caminhando     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Christian Education Journal : Research on Educational Ministry     Hybrid Journal  
Christian Perspectives in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Christian Spirituality and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Church History : Studies in Christianity and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Church, Communication and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
Clotho     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comparative Islamic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Conciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contemporary Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Jewry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conversations In Religion & Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Covenant Quarterly     Open Access  
Critical Research on Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Crosscurrents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuestiones Teológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cultural Encounters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Currents in Biblical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Dansk Teologisk Tidsskrift     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dansk Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Der Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diaconia : Journal for the Study of Christian Social Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diakrisis Yearbook of Theology and Philosophy     Open Access  
Dialog: a Journal of Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Dialogue - A Journal of Mormon Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
DIN : Tidsskrift for religion og kultur     Open Access  
Dini Araştırmalar / Journal of Religious Studies     Open Access  
Dios y el Hombre     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Downside Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
e-Makalat Mezhep Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
e-Theologos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ecclesia : Studia z Dziejów Wielkopolski     Open Access  
Ecclesiastical Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
El-Hikmah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Entangled Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Estudios Eclesiásticos. Revista teológica de investigación e información     Open Access  
Estudos de Religião     Open Access  
Estudos Teológicos     Open Access  
ET-Studies : Journal of the European Society for Catholic Theology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Études d’histoire religieuse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal for Church and State Research - Revue européenne des relations Églises-État     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
European Journal for the Study of Thomas Aquinas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evangelische Theologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Expository Times     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Fieldwork in Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forum Exegese und Hochschuldidaktik: Verstehen von Anfang an     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Fronteiras : Revista de Teologia da Unicap     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geschichte in Köln     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global Forum on Arts and Christian Faith     Open Access  
Göttinger Predigtmeditationen     Hybrid Journal  
Harvard Theological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Hiphil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hispania Sacra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Holy Land Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Homiletische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal  
Horizons     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
IBDA' : Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam     Open Access  
IKON     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Illumine : Journal of the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society Graduate Students Association     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Implicit Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Inferensi : Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Innes Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intermountain West Journal of Religious Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Bulletin of Mission Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
International Journal for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for the Psychology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Christianity & Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Latin American Religions     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
International Journal of Philosophy and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Practical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Systematic Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Review of Mission     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Studies in Catholic Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Interpretation : A Journal of Bible and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Intiqad : Jurnal Agama dan Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Irish Theological Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Ius Canonicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Jewish History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Jewish Social Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Język - Szkoła - Religia     Open Access  
Jonathan Edwards Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal for Peace and Justice Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Journal for the Study of Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal for the Study of Spirituality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for the Study of the New Testament     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal for the Study of the Old Testament     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Adult Theological Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Adventist Mission Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Africana Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Analytic Divinity     Open Access  
Journal of Analytic Theology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Anglican Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Applied Christian Leadership     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Beliefs & Values: Studies in Religion & Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biblical Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)

        1 2 3     

Similar Journals
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Journal for Semitics
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1013-8471
Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [185 journals]
  • Knowledge (dʿt) in Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice

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      Abstract: The subject of knowledge is stressed in the introduction of Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice, and repeatedly mentioned throughout this cycle of thirteen songs, frequently in connection with holiness. In the end the liturgy joyously proclaims that “the chiefs of praise-offering” have divine knowledge. Second Temple Judaism had differing ideologies of knowledge. This article attempts to understand the stress on knowledge and the connection with holiness in this text. The research method was to extract and list the word dʿt wherever it appears in a coherent context in the entire liturgy. Then, the sequential development of this concept of knowledge was examined to try to understand what it would have meant to the author and participants in the liturgy. The conclusion of this article strengthens the hypothesis of earlier research on the individual songs that the pervasive ambiguity was deliberately crafted for rhetorical purposes in order to convey a mystical sense of a temporary transformation in order to gain divine knowledge during participation in the holy liturgy.
      PubDate: 2020-09-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Applying communicative language teaching principles to biblical Hebrew
           instruction

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      Authors: Liza Lemmer
      Abstract: Biblical Hebrew (BH) has traditionally been taught using the so-called “grammar-translation” method. This method, however, has been shown to be ineffective in bringing most students to spoken or reading fluency. Communicative language teaching (CLT) has been the dominant teaching method of modern languages since the 1980s. In modern language teaching, spoken fluency is the primary goal of the language teaching. The goal of most students studying BH, however, is not spoken fluency, but reading with comprehension. The thesis of this article is threefold: 1) that CLT can be used to help students reach their goal of reading with comprehension, 2) that it can be implemented with success in a first-year classroom, and 3) that students find it more effective and enjoyable than the grammar-translation method. After a brief overview of the history of language teaching, the first part of the body of the article substantiates the claim that CLT is effective in helping students read with comprehension and not just speaking fluently. The second part shows how CLT can be implemented in a first-year classroom. The various techniques that we use in our curriculum are described in some theoretical detail, after which their application in the curriculum is described. Finally, we consider some feedback that we have received from students.
      PubDate: 2020-09-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • The contribution of Papyrus Ashmolean Museum 1945.96 (Adoption Papyrus) to
           our understanding of the Ancient Egyptian “Testamentary Disposition”
           and Succession Law

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      Authors: Nico van Blerk
      Abstract: This article will focus on the importance of the New Kingdom Papyrus Ashmolean Museum 1945.96 (Adoption Papyrus). The research question is whether this papyrus assists us in a better understanding of the ancient Egyptian testamentary disposition. The aim is to identify and discuss concepts and elements pertaining to succession law in general, but in particular testamentary dispositions. A problem when studying any ancient text is to keep in mind that one can never enforce modern concepts onto these ancient texts. However, these ancient texts might contain building blocks of later concepts; in particular, the Adoption Papyrus may give us valuable information regarding these early concepts and elements of succession law and in the process indicate that the building blocks of succession law are much older than Roman law. The methodology used is a textual approach analysing the Adoption Papyrus in order to attempt identifying legal concepts and elements of succession law. With my background as lawyer and Egyptologist, it appears to me that there are several identifiable elements and concepts of testamentary dispositions and succession law evident in the Adoption Papyrus. With my multi-disciplinary approach to this study, I endeavour to indicate that the first building blocks of the testamentary disposition and succession law can be found in these ancient New Kingdom texts, long before Roman law was developed.
      PubDate: 2020-09-21T00:00:00Z
       
  • Considering Judith : explorations in new historicism—the afterlife of a
           femme fatale on the borderline between religion and culture, theory and
           method

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      Authors: Gerhard van den Heever
      Abstract: In this essay the ambiguous afterlife of the character Judith and the eponymous book as cultural artefact is explored. The very rich and extensive impact on cultural and social imaginaries by the narrative and character of Judith provides an entry point by which to consider the social, cultural, and ideological work performed by the text. By drawing on a neglected trajectory in the interpretation of Judith, that of its imperialising force, in which Judith functions de facto like other Greek and Roman female deities who act as city protectresses, and later as the Virgin, it is clear that Judith functions as cypher for imperial symbolisms. By employing new historicism and its attendant theoretical assumptions, the figure of Judith becomes the occasion for an experiment in theory and method, on the borderline between cultural discourses and theories of religion. The text is read as a site for the operation of discourse and ideology, and as agency-medium in the imagining of history. When the text is “read” in light of the reception history of both text and image, the text reading denotes the problematic conceptual relationship between theology, religion, and culture. By bringing such questions to bear on the text, this paper explores the borderlines between culture and religion, particularly when done in connection with a text which itself straddles the border between canonical and extracanonical. Judith, the narrative and the figure, serves here as test case for widening the questions that should be brought to bear on ancient “religious” literature.
      PubDate: 2020-03-26T00:00:00Z
       
  • “Better is the Little That the Righteous Has than the Abundance of Many
           Wicked” (Ps 37:16) : social and moral stratification in late
           persian-period Judah as reflected by Psalm 37

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      Authors: Phil J. Botha
      Abstract: This paper offers a social-scientific analysis of Psalm 37, aiming to define its ideological purpose and textual strategy. The psalm is also read as part of the sequence of Pss 35–37 as it was arranged by the editors of Book I of the Psalms. Financial deprivation and public humiliation of a moral upright minority by an immoral upper class seem to have caused growing discontent and feelings of aggression among the psalmist’s in-group. The author of Psalm 37 assumes the role of a wisdom teacher in order to reprimand, exhort and encourage members of the in-group to stay true to their faith under trying circumstances.
      PubDate: 2020-03-26T00:00:00Z
       
  • Psalm 133 : ancient wisdom Interpreted by contemporary South Africans

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      Authors: June F. Dickie
      Abstract: This short psalm is generally regarded as a wisdom psalm, celebrating family and community. In biblical times it may have served to encourage fellowship among pilgrims travelling to Jerusalem for the feasts, or as a call for unity among the northern and southern tribes. But how is it interpreted today' Does it speak to our social relations' For this article, three groups of contemporary South Africans study the psalm and share their perceptions as to its meaning for them. The groups include women in a township who are part of a church “home-group”, teenagers from various backgrounds who attend a weekly “youth meeting” at a local church, and performance artists who are members of the same church. Each group shows imaginative ideas and significant engagement with the psalm. The study contributes by showing that the ancient wisdom in the psalm is meaningful today although the imagery and media may need to be adjusted to the particular audience. It is thus a stimulus to those who work with young people to encourage them to “re-translate” biblical texts (particularly poems) and thus to make them their own.
      PubDate: 2020-03-26T00:00:00Z
       
  • The importance of Three Judahite Figures in the Book of Haggai :
           Zerubbabel, Joshua, and Haggai

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      Authors: Daniel F. O’Kennedy
      Abstract: Three prominent Judahite figures appear in the book of Haggai: the prophet Haggai, the governor Zerubbabel, son of Shealtiel, and the high priest Joshua, son of Jehozadak. The many occurrences of their names emphasise that the short book of Haggai gave prominence to these figures, more than any other biblical book. This article poses the following questions: Why do we have so little biographical information about the prophet Haggai, not even the name of his father' What were the different roles ascribed to these figures in the book of Haggai' Did they work together as a team or was there conflict between them' Who was the most prominent figure in the book of Haggai' What happened to these figures after the conclusion of the book' The book of Haggai does not provide definite answers to all these questions and different hypotheses will be discussed. There is also uncertainty about the role of these figures after the occurrences reported in Haggai since the other biblical books do not help us in this regard. However, we can conclude that the author/composer portrays them as central figures in the book and the temple building process. We cannot really say that one figure was more important than the other, but Zerubbabel is presented prominently in the final structure of the book. In his conclusion (2:20–23), Haggai prophesies about an eschatological day when the Davidic kingdom will be restored by means of Zerubbabel, Yahweh’s servant and chosen signet ring.
      PubDate: 2020-03-26T00:00:00Z
       
  • A deo lex' Law and Religion in Ancient Near Eastern Legislation

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      Authors: Ilan Peled
      Abstract: The ancient Near East is widely regarded as the “cradle of Western civilisation” and the birthplace of writing. As such, it was home to the earliest documented compendia we sometimes call “law collections”, and to some of the earliest records of institutionalised religion in human history. In the ancient Near East, these two major systems, official law and organised religion, did not usually intermingle. When they did, they compensated for one another, filling the gaps caused by the limitations of the other.
      PubDate: 2020-03-26T00:00:00Z
       
  • A study of 2 Samuel 13:1–22 as a solution to intimate partner
           violence in Nigeria

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      Authors: Solomon Olusola Ademiluka
      Abstract: With particular reference to women abuse, this article examines how the Tamar rape narrative can be employed as a solution to Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in Nigeria. Applying the text in this way, Tamar’s action of mentioning her experience encourages victims of sexual abuse to voice their ordeal as this would expose their assailants and serve as a deterrent to intending abusers. The role of David as a parent and family head reminds every father to aspire to be a good example to his sons as regards attitude to women; it also points to the need to re-awaken those African virtues of old which restricted sex to marriage. In the Nigerian context, the role of David as the custodian of the law relates to the fact that the relevant IPV laws should be updated and adequately applied. A proper investigation of Amnon might reveal that, apart from his family background which might influence his behaviour, he might also be under the influence of certain situational and individual factors.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Psalm 104 in the Early Monarchy' revisiting author and date

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      Authors: H. G. Pistorius
      Abstract: Akhenaten used a centralised cult and monolatrism to achieve political stability in Egypt. Hammurabi used Marduk as chief deity in Babylonia to centralise power and create political and religious stability in his kingdom. It is within this ancient Near Eastern tradition of using religion and one specific deity to achieve political stability that Psalm 104 finds its origins. The early Israelite monarchy found itself amidst uncertain political circumstances. The early kings used a centralised monarchy and monolatrism to achieve economic and political stability. The early Israelite government also used other Egyptian influences including governing methods, policies and the use of Egyptian scribes. The monarchy used cultic staff to communicate theologically sanctioned politics. Contact between Egyptian scribes and this cultic staff influenced by Canaanite heritage probably led to the production of a culturally diverse Psalm 104.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • A new ancient middle eastern chronological model

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      Authors: Willem McLoud
      Abstract: In this paper, I argue for a new ancient Middle Eastern chronology in which the Mesopotamian “high” chronology is used in correlation with K. A. Kitchen’s “low” chronology for the Egyptian Twelfth Dynasty. Although my primary focus is on the Akkadian empire and the Fifth and Sixth Dynasties in Egypt, I also show that this chronological reconciliation obtains widespread consistency with data over the total period of Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilisation throughout the third and second millennia B.C. I also discuss the Hebrew chronology in the framework of this new ME chronology.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Narrative appraisal as a linguistic approach to evaluation in text : the
           case of pronouns

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      Authors: Mary Conway
      Abstract: Unlike modern narrative, which often goes into great detail in order to develop characters and themes, the narrator in the Old Testament is reticent, and the narrative is typically terse. There are many ambiguous passages involving actions of dubious propriety, resulting in readers being uncertain how to assess characters and draw ideological conclusions from their actions. It is too easy for modern readers to filter interpretive decisions through their presuppositions and values. Appraisal theory, an area of systemic functional linguistics, acts not to eliminate but to constrain the subjectivity of the interpreter and increase the transparency of the process by looking for specific linguistic signals in the text that can be presented as evidence. These instantiations are drawn mainly from the interpersonal metafunction, but also involve the textual and ideational metafunctions. J.R. Martin and P.R.R. White developed a system network through which text is processed in order to identify evaluative language; however, their work is based primarily on contemporary English texts of a rhetorical nature, such as political speeches and reviews. This article presents a modified system network, the “Narrative Appraisal Method,” adapted for Hebrew narrative texts. It operates not only at the level of the clause but also at higher levels of discourse. It takes into consideration the characteristics of narrative and the point of view of the evaluator. The article provides specific examples of the results the methodology yields from the book of Judges, focusing on situations in which pronominal forms play a relevant role.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Jonah’s dāg gādôl, a Sea-Monster Associated with the
           Primeval Sea'

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      Authors: Allan Dyssel
      Abstract: The quest for the identity of the fish in the story of Jonah has been extraordinary. Many attempts have been made to identify known sea animals, with bodies and mouths large enough to swallow and harbour a human being. The whale seems to have been crowned the general best-fit solution. A few interpretations have veered to the mythological, with the fish being associated with creatures such as sea-monsters. None of these viewpoints convincingly identified the Jonah fish as a sea-monster associated with the primeval waters. The probability that dāg gādôl was a primeval sea-monster is investigated. How mythical creatures thrived in the milieu of the Jonah narrative and why these mythological creatures are absent from modern Bible translations is explored, as well as the dissonance of translators and interpreters not to endorse a foreign creature in the Old Testament. This article hopes to shed new light on the probable identity of Jonah’s fish.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Ḥijāb as border of cloth : an Ecological Systems Theory
           Perspective

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      Authors: Gert T. M. Prinsloo; Reineth C. E. Prinsloo Latifah A. A. Bin Nafisah
      Abstract: Using ecological systems theory to understand the systemic interactions in the context of Islam is not an extensively researched topic. In view of this, ecological systems theory is used in this article to argue that the social interaction of an individual Muslim female deliberately donning the ḥijāb should be interpreted and evaluated in the context of Islam as an ecological system. Islam is analysed as an ecological system in which each part of the system is influenced by all other parts, but in turn also influences all other parts. There are borders between the various parts of the system, but these borders are permeable from the inside and from the outside. These principles are applied to every Muslim female who chooses to don the ḥijāb. She becomes an integral and indispensable part of Islam as a system. She is influenced by every part of the system, and in turn influences every part by her conscious choice to give visual expression to her religious identity. Awareness of the mutual interactions between an individual Muslim female and all other constituent parts of her religion allows for a contextual and holistic analysis of the ḥijāb as religious and cultural phenomenon. The ḥijāb functions as a border of cloth demarcating the Muslim female body as sacred space in space as she interacts with and within her micro-, meso-, exo-, macro-, and chronosystems.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Anaphora in Biblical Hebrew : a generative perspective

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      Authors: Robert D. Holmstedt
      Abstract: Anaphora, that is, backwards-referring relations, are well-known in language and include such common items as a variety of pro-forms (it, that, myself, each other) and even adverbs (so). Lesser studied are forward-referring relations, i.e., cataphora. Biblical Hebrew utilises a variety of anaphoric relations, though it lacks a true reflexive anaphor. This study will introduce the investigation of anaphora from a generative syntactic perspective, then proceed to a survey of the features of Biblical Hebrew anaphora, and finally conclude with a discussion of anaphoric complexities that require future attention.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Participant tracking in biblical Hebrew and obligatory explicitation of
           anaphors in translation

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      Authors: Lénart J. de Regt
      Abstract: Bible translators are often reluctant to refer to participants explicitly in their translation when the source text “only” has a pronoun/anaphor. This is because some of these pronouns/anaphors appear “ambiguous” to them (as they would be, according to the rules and regularities of participant reference in their own language), even at points where, based on the rules and regularities of participant reference in Hebrew, the pronoun/anaphor itself already amounts to an explicit participant identification in the Hebrew and is therefore not ambiguous in the text. This article calls the notion of ambiguity into question and argues that instead of treating such references as ambiguous, they should be treated as instances of clear identification of a participant in the Hebrew, and therefore as part of the information in the source text—information that should be preserved in translation (and, for this reason, made more explicit if that is required by the target language). Thus, exegetes and translators should take rules and regularities of participant reference from clause to clause in Hebrew much more into account. This article will compare different language systems and contrast rules of referring to (major) participants in Hebrew with rules of referring to (major) participants in some European languages, and show how translators can keep the participant identifications as clear as they are in the Hebrew by means of such explicitation, so that this information from the source text is not lost.
      PubDate: 2019-12-01T00:00:00Z
       
 
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