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  Subjects -> DISABILITY (Total: 103 journals)
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Advances in Autism
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.222
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 39  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2056-3868 - ISSN (Online) 2056-3876
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • Increasing incidence of autism spectrum disorder: are we
           over-diagnosing'

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      Authors: Lance Vincent Watkins , Heather Angus-Leppan
      Abstract: In 2016, 1 in 54 children were estimated to have autism in the USA compared to 1 in 2,500 in 1955. This study aims to consider whether there has been a worldwide rise in incidence over time that is contributing to the rise in prevalence. A systematic review of the literature with strict inclusion criteria was performed to identify large population-based studies that include raw incidence rate data with clearly defined diagnostic criteria. The data from the included studies were pooled and analysed descriptively to compare incidence rates by decade. Seven studies were included in the final quantitative analysis including incidence rate data from 1988 to 2015 with 29,026 cases, over a total of 69,562,748 person years. Considering the most robust data, the incidence rate ratio between the decade 1990–1999 and 2000–2009 provides an estimated relative risk of 4.21 (95% CI; 4.11–4.32). If we compare the limited data available in 1988–1989 and 2010–2015, there is an estimated 75 times (95% CI 49.56–115.04) increased rate of diagnosis. The broadening of diagnostic criteria and its increasing application in clinical practice needs further consideration to ensure individuals receive the most appropriate personalised support. A true rise in the incidence of autism will influence the level of service provision required in future with the potential for significant under resourcing. More detailed assessment of the clinical characteristics of those diagnosed will help predict risk factors for specialist service involvement in future.
      Citation: Advances in Autism
      PubDate: 2022-03-21
      DOI: 10.1108/AIA-10-2021-0041
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • “Iranian family caregivers of autistic children: the experience of
           stigma”

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      Authors: Nastaran Poorkhorshidi , Sima Zohari Anboohi , Jamile Mohtashami , Hamid Alavi Majd
      Abstract: Autistic children and their family caregivers are impacted widely by the social arrangements, which bring up a variety of problems and make their caregiving duties even more difficult. One of the main troubles family caregivers struggle with is the “Autism stigma” that eventually leads to social exclusion. This study aims to identify shreds of evidence of Autism stigma experienced by family caregivers of autistic children. The study also aims to present some general comparison between the findings in Iran and a few other countries’ available respective data to the “Autism stigma.” This study is an inductive qualitative content analysis. Twelve family caregivers were purposefully selected. Data were gathered exercising semi-structured, in-depth interviews and scrutinized using content analysis method. In the interviews with the participants, a new category called “Autism stigma” was discerned. This category includes three subcategories: “Diagnosis process,” “Lack of awareness” and “Presence in the society.” In Iran, Autism is considered a kind of social stigma. It mainly happens due to a lack of public awareness about this psychological disorder. The family caregivers in the community suffer from the stigma of autism, which leads them to distance themselves from society. This paper aims to improve the social awareness in regard to the negative impacts of Autism stigma.
      Citation: Advances in Autism
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      DOI: 10.1108/AIA-08-2021-0037
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Suspected feigning of autism in adults: a clinician survey, indications
           and proposed guidelines

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      Authors: David Murphy , Josephine Grace Broyd
      Abstract: This paper aims to provide a discussion and summary of a clinician survey exploring the experiences of suspected feigned autism. This study is an online survey targeting a range of autism professionals, with varying levels of experience, working in different clinical settings. Approximately half of the professionals who completed the survey reported experiencing situations of suspected feigning of adult autism across a range of clinical contexts and with various motivations. In terms of best indications of potential feigning, most clinicians reported “textbook” self-descriptions of problem behaviours with vague examples, as well as inconsistent presenting problems and mismatch with any known developmental history. Approximately half of clinicians expressed the view that autism was more difficult to feign than a psychiatric disorder and had experienced situations involving differences in professional opinion as to an individual autism diagnosis. The survey is limited by a potential sample bias and no information regarding the clinical characteristics of those suspected to have feigned autism. However, these initial findings offer further questions for future research to pursue. As an initial examination of practicing clinicians’ experiences of suspected feigned autism, the survey highlights the complexities of an autism diagnosis and suggests feigning is a potential clinical scenario. Some guidance as to when to suspect possible feigned autism is also offered, as well as a provisional assessment protocol.
      Citation: Advances in Autism
      PubDate: 2022-01-21
      DOI: 10.1108/AIA-11-2021-0044
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Editorial

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      Editorial
      Eddie Chaplin, Jane McCarthy, Samuel Tromans, Verity Chester
      Advances in Autism, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp.193-195 Advances in Autism 2022-06-02
      DOI: 10.1108/AIA-07-2022-075
      Issue No: Vol. 8 , No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Advances in Autism

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