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  Subjects -> DISABILITY (Total: 103 journals)
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Journal of Intellectual Disability - Diagnosis and Treatment
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.164
Number of Followers: 9  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2292-2598
Published by Lifescience Global Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Cognitive Meaning of Inclusive Education of Students with Disability in
           Regular Education Teachers

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      Authors: Guadalupe Elizabeth Morales-Martínez, Yanko Norberto Mezquita-Hoyos, Claudia Castro-Campos
      Pages: 271 - 282
      Abstract: Background: Successful inclusive education strongly represents the development of society, promoting better living conditions for students with disabilities. Objective: This study explored the mental representation of knowledge of inclusive education and disability held by regular education teachers with experience in this field. Methods: First, participants performed a conceptual definition task through the Natural Semantic Networks technique. Teachers defined ten target concepts related to the cognitive schema of inclusive education. They had 60 seconds to define each target, using verbs, adjectives, nouns, and pronouns, after rating the definers’ quality to conceptualize the target. Subsequently, the authors implemented a constraint satisfaction neural network to simulate the school inclusion schema's behavior and carried out a chronometric cognitive analysis using data from the first study. Results: Participants organized the educative inclusion meaning on four dimensions (definition, actors' qualities, stakeholders, and inclusion program effects). However, some concepts about school integration and conventional education appeared in the educative inclusion schema. Further, computer simulations showed that participants seem to have an internal locus of control over inclusive actions. Generally, experience with students with disabilities promotes the formation of a favorable educational inclusion schema. However, even though participants in this study have experience in inclusion programs, they are still constructing the inclusive education schema. Conclusion: The cognitive evaluation provides useful information to empower teachers to be aware of their knowledge and biases on inclusive education and the importance of their work in the success of school inclusion programs.
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.06.1
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Support Needs and Service Provision for Social Participation of Persons
           with Intellectual Disabilities

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      Authors: Kazuaki Maebara, Jun Yaeda, Aya Imai, Yukiya Yamada
      Pages: 283 - 292
      Abstract: Background: Person-centered support based on self-determination is needed for persons with intellectual disabilities to participate in society in Japan. However, work supporters may be unable to provide sufficient support for this purpose. Objective: This study analyzes work supporters’ implementation of necessary support to understand persons with intellectual disabilities’ support needs. Methods: This study compared persons with intellectual disabilities’ support needs with the implementation of support from work supporters at vocational rehabilitation agencies (Survey 1) and the support needs of persons with intellectual disabilities (Survey 2). Results: The results showed that the persons with intellectual disabilities most required support related to daily living. This was consistent with the support provided by the work supporters. However, there were situations wherein the smooth transition of support was not provided, which was attributed to the lack of knowledge and cross-disciplinary involvement of the work supporters in the employment-related welfare services for persons with disabilities. Conclusions: Possessing the knowledge and skills required for vocational rehabilitation and working in vocational rehabilitation agencies could contribute to the smooth transition of support for persons with intellectual disabilities. Accordingly, the results can clarify the required role of work supporters for persons with intellectual disabilities future participation in society.
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.06.2
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • The Impact of Students’ Social Identity on Psycho-Social Adaptation
           during the Period of a Difficult Educational Transition

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      Authors: Mykhailo Zhylin, Petro Sikorskyi, Evelina Balla, Valentyna Barchan, Oksana Kuzma
      Pages: 293 - 302
      Abstract: Background: Students' adaptation to the educational institution's social environment during difficult educational transitions is an important indicator of their success. Students can achieve full adaptation by identifying themselves with the social environment of the higher educational institution that is provided the developed social identity. So, the study aimed to empirically identify the psycho-social adaptation of students with different types of social identity during the transition to study in a higher educational institution. Methods: The research used standardized psychodiagnostic methods-questionnaires: "Methodology for studying social identity Schneider, L.B., & Khrustaleva, V. V.", " Methods of diagnostics socio-psychological adaptation of Karl Rogers and Rozalin Diamond (adaptation of A. Osnizkij)", " Method of Research of Students Adaptability in the Higher Educational Establishment T.D. Dubovitskaya, A.V. Krylova". Results: The obtained results revealed that students with a high level of positive identity have the highest indicators of socio-psychological adaptation and adaptability to higher educational institutions (p≤0.001). Students with identity diffusion have low socio-psychological adaptation and adaptability to learning (p≤0.001). The correlation analysis revealed statistically significant (p≤0.001) correlations between the type of social identity and adaptability to higher educational institutions. Correlations were also found at a high level of significance (p≤0.001) between the type of social identity and socio-psychological adaptation of students. It is empirically proven that the type of social identity affects the psychosocial adaptation of students during a difficult educational transition. Students with a high level of identity have a high psychosocial adaptation and adaptability to higher educational institutions. Further Implementation: The obtained results will contribute to developing a system for improving the psycho-social adaptation of students during the difficult educational transition through the development of social identity.
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.06.3
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Examining the Effects of Empowerment on Intellectually Disabled Females in
           Al-Jouf Region, Saudi Arabia

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      Authors: Adel Alanazi
      Pages: 303 - 314
      Abstract: Background: Females’ empowerment is prominent in ascertaining economic growth and development. Concerning intellectually disabled females, the impotent charges are because they often face discrimination in education, the workplace, and society and become victims of abuse, neglect, and sexual violence. However, despite being a crucial topic of social interest, the studies in this specific field are limited, especially in Saudi Arabia. Aim of the Study: The present research has examined the effects of empowerment on intellectually disabled females in Saudi Arabia. Method: The research employed semi-structured interviews with 18 respondents, including four education workers, social development workers, and intellectually disabled females. The interview responses have been further analysed and evaluated with the help of thematic analyses. Results and Conclusion: The findings suggest an increased need to empower females in Saudi for poverty reduction, increased literacy rates, ensure educated and socially responsible citizens, happier families, and a violence-free society. Intellectually disabled females are often neglected, abandoned, and sexually ally harassed. Hence, it is essential to empower such females to protect themselves from discrimination and exercise human rights, laws, and policies equally. The results indicate that empowering intellectually disabled females positively affects society by decreasing violence, addressing poverty, and building a healthier, socially responsible, and educated future. Hence, the Saudi government should make disability inclusion for organisations a priority.
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.06.4
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Association between Leptin, Adiponectin Levels, and Nutritional Status in
           Children with Down Syndrome

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      Authors: Agustini Utari, Damianus Galih Panunggal, Tithasiri Audi Rahardjo, Wiwik Lestari, Ferdy K Cayami, Tri Indah Winarni
      Pages: 315 - 321
      Abstract: Background: Children with Down Syndrome (DS) have been associated with obesity. Leptin and adiponectin were also significant predictors of obesity and its comorbidity in DS. However, there was limited data regarding leptin and adiponectin in children with DS, particularly who were undernutrition. This study aimed to seek the role of leptin levels, adiponectin levels, and nutritional status in children with DS. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 40 children with DS aged 1 - 5 years. Height and weight were measured, and then the growth was interpreted using a DS growth chart. The Weight for Height Z-Score (WHZ) and Height for Age Z-Score (HAZ) were determined, and Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) was measured. Leptin and adiponectin serum were analyzed using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. Mann-Whitney test was done to compare leptin and adiponectin levels in normal and wasted groups, while Spearman’s analysis was carried out to correlate laboratory results and anthropometric parameters. Results: Forty children participated (23 males, 17 females) with a median age was 25.5 months. Ten out of 40 children with DS (25%) were wasted and leptin was significantly lower in wasted compared to normal children. In addition, leptin was significantly correlated with WHZ (r = 0.415; p = 0.008), and MUAC (r = 0.427; p = 0.006), while adiponectin did not significantly correlate with those anthropometric variables in both wasted or non-wasted groups. Conclusion: Leptin is associated with WHZ and MUAC, and it decreases in wasted children with DS.
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.06.5
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Disruption of Thalamocortical Connectivity in Spastic Cerebral Palsy: A
           Probabilistic Tractography Study

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      Authors: Siti Fatimah Mukhtar, Asma Hayati Ahmad, Anna Alicia Simok, Jafri Malin Abdullah, Aimi Nadhiah Abdullah, Siti Hajar Zabri, Wan Sarah Wan Ahmad Kamil, Najib Majdi Yaacob, Nur Asma Sapiai, Zul Izhar Mohd Ismail
      Pages: 322 - 333
      Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the probabilistic connectivity between the thalamus and motor areas of the cerebral cortex in spastic cerebral palsy (SCP). We explored the integrity of motor tracts between
      the thalamus and cerebral cortex by quantifying the thalamic probabilistic connectivity with motor cortices
      (namely primary motor cortex, supplementary motor area, and premotor cortex) in SCP using diffusion MRI. The
      current study also parcellated the thalamus according to its connectivity to the three motor cortices in healthy control and SCP. Methods: Probabilistic tractography was performed on secondary diffusion MRI data of eight SCP patients (mean age 11.9 years old) and ten healthy controls. The connection probability index, an indirect indicator of white matter integrity, was measured between the thalamus to three areas of the motor cortex; primary motor, premotor and supplementary motor. The thalamus was further parcellated according to its connection probability with the motor cortices. Results: The pattern of thalamocortical connectivity in cerebral palsy was found to be varied and mainly complied with the patient's clinical presentation. In comparison with controls, the SCP patients showed either lower or higher connection probabilities to the motor cortices. A striking feature of thalamic parcellation in SCP was the presence of a cluster with a positive connection to the supplementary motor area. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that the thalamocortical connectivity in SCP was different from healthy individuals and largely follows the clinical manifestation. There was also evidence of neuroplasticity serving as a compensatory mechanism for the motor deficit in patients with SCP.
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.06.6
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Psychological Stress and Perceived Self-Efficacy in Mothers of Autistic
           Children

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      Authors: Doaa Mohammed Abdul Azeem Mubarak
      Pages: 334 - 341
      Abstract: Background: Literature has indicated that parents of autistic children face higher stress levels than parents of allistic children (non-autistic children), leading them to experience depressive symptoms that impact their daily lives, reducing their quality of life. This study aims to investigate the relationship between psychological stress and perceived self-efficacy in mothers and fathers of autistic children. Methods: This study is descriptive and cross-sectional. A total of 125 mothers and fathers consented to participate in the current study. 15 parents only partially completed the survey, so their data was not included. The remaining 110 cases were included. This left a final sample of 110 parents of autistic children, 100 mothers (90.9 %), and 10 fathers (9.1%). All were biological parents. Results: As indicated by the results, all statements in the Parental distress (PD) subscale had a score ranging between high (the majority of items, 10) to medium (two items). All statements in the Parent-Child Dysfunctional interaction (P-CDI) subscale had a score ranging between high (the majority of items, 10) to low (two items). All statements in the Difficult Child (DC) subscale scored high. The whole subscale had a mean score of 4.04 (SD=3.17) with a high score. For correlations, psychological stress was negatively correlated with perceived self-efficacy (r = -0. 34, p < 0.001). Conclusion: The stress experienced during the nurturing of children with disabilities is a factor that threatens the psychological well-being of mothers of autistic children.
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.06.7
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 6 (2022)
       
 
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