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  Subjects -> DISABILITY (Total: 103 journals)
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Journal of Intellectual Disability - Diagnosis and Treatment
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.164
Number of Followers: 9  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2292-2598
Published by Lifescience Global Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Brain Waves Reflect Cognition-Emotion State as a Diagnostic Tool for
           Intervention in Dysfunctional States: A Real-World Evidence

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      Authors: Sílvia Mayoral-Rodrígez, Frederic Pérez-Alvarez, Carme Timoneda-Gallart
      Pages: 154 - 166
      Abstract: Objective: This study aims to characterize electrical signals to establish a diagnosis of cognitive-emotional dysfunction and guide a successful therapeutic intervention. Therefore, the present study aimed to observe these frequency bands in a sample of dysfunctional neurological behaviors to establish a neural marker of neural dysfunction that helps diagnose and monitor treatment. Methods: A descriptive retrospective (extracted from the database) observational study design based on real-world historical data from routine clinical practice. According to DSM-5, low academic achievement (n =70), disruptive behavior (externalizing behavior problems) (n=70), and somatic syndrome disorder (n=70) were the subjects. The mean age of the sample was 14.13 (SD = 1.46; range 12-18), 31.5% women. The measuring instrument was the NeXus-10, which is suitable for acquiring a wide range of physiological signals. Brain electrical activity was recorded by using the quantitative electroencephalograph (qEEG) in accordance with the 10-20 International Electrode Placement System. In particular, the specific form of miniQ (mini-qEEG) was used. Results: A pattern record present in all cases were identified. The record refers to (a) activity along the midline, namely, Fz-Cz-Pz, (b) activity from the center (Cz) to back, namely, Pz-O1 and O2, (c) activity from the center (Cz) forward (Fz), and (d) comparison between hemispheres. The characteristics of theta, alpha, and beta waves define the characteristic pattern of neurological dysfunction. The reversal of the dysfunctional pattern coincided with the remission of the clinical symptoms after treatment, which occurred in 87,6% of the subjects. We define remission as not meeting DSM-5 criteria. Conclusion: This study suggests that miniQ register could be considered a simple and objective tool for studying neurological dysfunction. This dysfunction is explained according to current neurological knowledge of interactive cognition-emotion processing. MiniQ may be a cheap and reliable method and a promising tool for the investigation in the field.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.04.1
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Methodological Considerations on Psychological Diagnosis and Consulting in
           Clinical Settings

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      Authors: Mento Carmela, Perrone Flavia, Lenzo Vittorio, Silvestri Maria Catena
      Pages: 167 - 177
      Abstract: Background: The interest of diagnosis in clinical psychology is growing, but psychological diagnosis is a complex construct to describe because it is not a static process. It can be subject to change due to continuous evolutions/involutions present in a person’s psychic life. This review aims to describe the concept of psychological-clinical diagnosis. Method: We have carried out, following PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review of literature on Pubmed. Data for this systematic review have been collected in compliance with the reporting elements used for systematic reviews and metanalysis. Search terms were "Psychological diagnosis” AND “Psychological formulation”. Results: Psychological diagnosis can be defined as a process through which clinicians aim to know people's psychic functioning to investigate conscious and unconscious, healthy or pathological psychic dimensions. Psychological diagnosis has great importance in the clinical setting. Conclusion: Psychological diagnosis can be carried out at different levels, according to the context in which it is applied, using a multi-instrumental and multidimensional to investigate the state of an individual's functioning. The literature about this topic is poor and often connected to psychiatric diagnosis, which reduces its particular features. In light of this, it is important to give an overview of the concept of psychological-clinical diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.04.2
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Impact of Resilience on Psychological Well-Being

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      Authors: Adina Niyazova, Zabira Madaliyeva
      Pages: 178 - 186
      Abstract: Background: The issue of the individual's psychological well-being is one of the most interesting and relevant in psychology. Its study has implications not only for theoretical but also for many of the present practical challenges. This study explores predictors of psychological well-being, one of which is resilience. Objective: The purpose of the study is to analyse psychological well-being predictors and prove that resilience is one of its important predictors. Methods: To achieve the aim, a theoretical grounding of the key concepts was made, and an empirical study was carried out. The following techniques were used: the Ryff Scales of Psychological Well-Being, the Freiburg Personality Inventory and the Maddi's Hardiness Survey. Furthermore, at the empirical level, the characteristics of resilience among different age groups were recorded. Results: The study presents the results of a survey involving 150 people of different ages related to the profession of consulting psychologists. Furthermore, the study identified the following predictors of psychological well-being: resilience, femininity/masculinity, positive attitudes, emotional lability, irritability, and aggression. Conclusions: Based on the study of psychological and pedagogical literature and the study findings, it has been concluded that resilience should be considered a mechanism for achieving psychological well-being. The theoretical analysis described the concepts of "psychological well-being" and "resilience", providing their characteristics and factors.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.04.3
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • The Impact of Emotional Intelligence on the Academic Performance of
           Students with Intellectual Disabilities in Inclusive Education

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      Authors: Olha Vovchenko, Inna Leonova, Iryna Soroka, Iryna Klymenko, Yaroslav Tsekhmister
      Pages: 187 - 196
      Abstract: Background: The development of inclusive education involves the increasing participation of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in the general education process, which can be accompanied by several stressful and psychotraumatic situations that negatively affect the academic success of such adolescents. Objective: This study aimed to empirically test the probability that the emotional intelligence level of adolescents with intellectual disabilities impacts their academic performance. Methods: The study was conducted as a socio-psychological experiment involving experimental and control groups through pre-test and post-test measurements of the emotional intelligence level of adolescents with intellectual disabilities and their academic performance. The study involved students at comprehensive secondary schools aged 12-14 who studied in inclusive classes. Results: The Emotional Intelligence Development Programme also aimed to further the inclusion of adolescents in their school lives. The Programme involved a series of classes with a predominance of visual material adapted to the needs of adolescents with intellectual disabilities. The research was motivated by the improvement of inclusive education in Ukraine, which is at the stage of its formation. The Programme is based on applied developments of practical psychologists with the author's extensions. The study was carried out through the EmIn Test adapted by Lyusin to diagnose the level of emotional intelligence. Observations, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Pearson correlation coefficient, and comparison of means through student's t-test were used to analyze the data obtained. The Programme resulted in increased parameters for the emotional intelligence level in the experimental group compared to the control group and improved academic performance in Mathematics and Biology. The results obtained empirically confirmed the positive impact of emotional intelligence on the academic performance of children with intellectual disabilities. Conclusion: The primary value of the study was the integration of the author's approaches in the development of emotional intelligence of adolescents with intellectual disabilities. The practical result of the research is the methodological systematization of the experiment results with the aim of further implementation in the general educational process. Further research suggests monitoring the long-term effects of therapeutic intervention programs in working with adolescents with intellectual disabilities.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.04.4
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Gender Differences in Stress Resistance of Adolescents with Autism
           Spectrum Disorders

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      Authors: Iryna Yakymchuk, Iryna Vakhotska, Kateryna Radzivil, Kateryna Ivashchenko, Viktoriia Poliekhina
      Pages: 197 - 206
      Abstract: Objective: The research provided the empirical study of the gender differences in the experience of stress and coping with it in boys and girls diagnosed with high-functioning autism through qualitative methods. Methods: Observation was the main method used in the study, which was implemented by filling in the observation diary by specialists and parents of adolescents with autistic disorders. The main coping strategies under research were addressing others, avoiding the problem, and working on the problem. Content analysis was used as the main data processing method. Results: The study found some gender differences in coping with stress between males and females. Besides, it was found that the use of certain forms of coping behavior differs depending on age. Conclusions: The study allowed us to determine that boys tend to choose a strategy of working on the problem in interpersonal interaction, while girls are disposed to avoid the problem. The opposite picture was observed for the social environment: girls with ASD tend to use a strategy of addressing others, and boys avoid the problem through self-isolation.
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.6000/2292-2598.2022.10.04.5
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 4 (2022)
       
 
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