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  Subjects -> DISABILITY (Total: 103 journals)
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Canadian Journal of Disability Studies
Number of Followers: 36  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1929-9192
Published by U of Waterloo Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Autism and Autism Services with Indigenous Families and Children in the
           Settler-Colonial Context of Canada: A Critical Scoping Review

    • Authors: Alison J. Gerlach; Amarens Matthiesen, Fiona J. Moola, Jackie Watts
      Abstract: In Canada, Indigenous families and children experience structurally-rooted marginalization due to longstanding and ongoing histories of colonization and discrimination. Indigenous children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are currently underrepresented in literature and databases on ASD in Canada, raising concerns about their equitable access to related services and optimal health outcomes. This critical scoping review maps out existing and emerging themes in literature pertaining to ASD and the provision of ASD services with Indigenous children and families in Canada. No previous reviews of literature have focused exclusively on ASD among Indigenous children in Canada. A literature search conducted across eight databases between 2011 and 2021 resulted in 362 potentially relevant publications, of which 19 met our inclusion criteria. Findings point to a clear lack of data on ASD and unmet health, social, and educational service needs among Indigenous children with ASD in Canada. ASD is also frequently discussed through a Western, deficit and medical discourse. The main contributors to the lack of data and unmet service needs relate to the historical positioning of colonial oppression, stigma, an overrepresentation of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), lack of funding, and concerns about standardized diagnostic and assessment tools, and social determinants of health. Recommendations for policy, practice and research concerning Indigenous children with ASD are proposed.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Narrating the Housing Crisis: Encountering Madness, Homelessness, and
           Neoliberal Logic in Recent Film-based Narratives

    • Authors: Tim Martin
      Abstract: This article seeks to articulate how neoliberal thinking perceives—and conflates—the homeless and mad subject in opposition to the middle class “productive” citizen. I engage in a narrative analysis of two cultural artifacts: James Burns’s documentary film, Out of Sight, Out of Mind: Mental Healthcare in Rural America and CTV’s coverage of the Housing First approach as a viable response to homelessness. Using an analysis of neoliberal rationality coupled with a Critical Mad Studies approach, I examine the ways documentary filmmaking engenders particular ways of witnessing the housing crisis. The housing crisis is a direct result of the rise of neoliberal restructuring, yet homelessness is often presented as an individualized failure. Documentary filmmaking can exacerbate these (mis)understandings, even while particular voices offer powerful cultural critique in the form of counternarratives. Counterhegemonic representations of dehousing and madness must emerge from within the consumer/survivor/ex- patient community if they are to offer a reflexive, nuanced, and decisive departure from middle class orientations of health and recovery. I provide recommendations for producers and consumers of media representations of the housing crisis. Film based representation must be grounded in authentic personal encounters, attention to structural violence, and the desire to precipitate critical dialogue. By doing so filmmakers can elicit a response to homelessness that enhances political solidarity, relies on peer-led research, and confronts neoliberal thinking in the contemporary media landscape.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Legible, visible, conspicuous: disabled ingenuity and “ability
           accommodations” in the disability memoir

    • Authors: Andreae Callanan
      Abstract: First-person accounts of disability and chronic illness have been foundational to the development of disability studies and disability activism. The production of the literary disability memoir places certain rhetorical demands on its author, requiring the memoirist to “translate” their unique experiences as a disabled subject into language the nondisabled reader is equipped to understand. Using key concepts from disabled writers Eli Clare and Neil Marcus, the essay evaluates the disability memoir as a piece of assistive technology produced not for disabled people, but by disabled writers for the benefit of the reader whose embodied experience of disability and chronic illness is limited. These “accessibility accommodations” serve to mitigate the effects of experiential limitation in order to facilitate nondisabled readers’ engagement with disabled ways of being and knowing. The essay offers an overview of rhetorical strategies disabled memoirists use to make their narratives accessible, and surveys examples of literary memoir from authors writing from and through different mental, neurological, and physical conditions. I argue that adapting a first-person account of disability for the page results in a necessary, unavoidable disembodiment of the author’s story; this disembodiment is not a failure of the author to represent their lives fully and accurately, but rather an ingenious innovation on the part of disabled, chronically ill, terminally ill, and neurodivergent writers. As assistive technology, the disability memoir subverts of the typical disabled-nondisabled power dynamic, placing the nondisabled reader on the receiving end of the disabled author’s accommodations.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • “Cripping Sex Education”: A Panel Discussion for Prospective

    • Authors: Chelsea Temple Jones; Emily Murphy, Sage Lovell, Nadia Abdel-Halim, Ricky Varghese, Fran Odette, Andrew Gurza
      Abstract: In 2021 a group of 76 third-year undergraduate students, many of whom are prospective educators, designed six distinctly different accessible, open-access digital tools to “crip sex education” in partnership with disabled, Deaf, and queer community-based activists. This experiential education project, called “Cripping Sex Education: Developing Digital Tools for Disabled, Deaf, and Queer Kids,” began with a public panel discussion.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Behind the Paintbrush: Understanding the Impact of Visual Arts-Based
           Research (ABR) in the Lives of Disabled Children and Youth as well as
           Methodological Insights in ABR Application

    • Authors: Fiona J. Moola; Ron Buliung, Stephanie Posa, Nivatha Moothathamby, Roberta L. Woodgate, Nancy Hansen, Tim Ross
      Abstract: Arts-based research (ABR) makes many promises, including the opportunity to engage with embodied ways of being and knowing, raise social and political concerns, as well as to address novel, participant-led inquiries. In this critical narrative review of the literature, we examine how disabled children and youth employ ABR methods in research contexts by carefully examining studies that use visual ABR. A secondary aim is to glean methodological insights from the application of ABR to the lives of disabled children and youth to help foster this critical dialogue. We decided to undertake this narrative review of the literature to better understand how ABR is used in pediatric disability contexts.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Accessibility of Canadian COVID-19 Testing Locations for People with
           Disabilities During the Third Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Sara Rotenberg; Jane Cooper, Matthew B. Downer
      Abstract: Background: Canadians with disabilities make up nearly a quarter of the population yet faced barriers in accessing information about COVID-19 testing accessibility across the country. Objective: This study aimed to understand the availability of accessibility information for COVID-19 testing sites in Canada. To date, no known studies have evaluated the availability of accessibility information online.
      Methods: An environmental scan of COVID-19 testing websites was conducted (1) nationally through the provincial/territorial websites for COVID-19 testing and (2) in Ontario, where there was individual location information. Data on key accessibility features were extracted from the website to simulate the user experience of booking a COVID-19 test during March 2021. Results: All provinces and territories provided minimal accessibility information on their provincial or territorial COVID-19 testing websites. Only Ontario included accessibility information for individual testing locations. Out of 170 individual testing locations in Ontario, few had information about accessibility, with only 8.2% listing at least 3 of the 5 key accessibility features measured on their websites.
      Conclusions: This study demonstrates that, more than a year into the pandemic, there existed a clear lack of accessibility information for testing locations for Canadians with disabilities.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Access and Inclusion: The Experiences of Postsecondary Students with
           Mobility-Related Physical Disabilities

    • Authors: Lauren Moritz; Lois Jackson, Jacqueline Gahagan, Lynn Shaw
      Abstract: Relatively little is known about how physical and social environments influence access to and inclusion in educational and leisure activities for students with a mobility-related physical disability attending a post-secondary institution. Understanding how environments shape access is important because educational and leisure activities affect one’s emotional, social, mental, and physical health. The aim of this qualitative exploratory study was to gain an understanding of the lived experiences of access and inclusion for students with a mobility-related physical disability, and specifically, the barriers and facilitators within the physical and social environments which shape access and inclusion. One-on-one semi-structured interviews were conducted with nine students attending a post-secondary institution in Nova Scotia, Canada who self-identified as living with a mobility-related physical disability. From an analysis of the interviews, five themes emerged: 1) navigating disclosure; 2) invisibility (and passing) and visibility; 3) accommodations and supports; 4) the prevailing conceptualization of mobility-related disabilities; and 5) places and spaces for the “normal” body. Although there have been actions taken by the post-secondary institution to transform environments and improve access and inclusion, additional efforts are urgently needed, and it is suggested that Universal Design is one possible strategy.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Influence de l’accessibilité sur la perception des personnes

    • Authors: Julia K. Soetemans; Lynne M. Jackson
      Abstract: This is a French translation of an article that previously appeared in the CJDS. Des comportements apparemment bénins comme des commentaires évoquant la pitié et l’imposition d’une aide non désirée peuvent masquer les préjugés et la discrimination à l’égard des personnes handicapées. Certaines théories ont avancé que de telles formes de paternalisme peuvent résulter des conditions sociales qui omettent de mettre en valeur les compétences des personnes. En suivant cette logique, la présente étude a évalué la manière dont l’accessibilité d’un environnement façonne la perception des compétences des personnes handicapées et le sentiment de pitié envers elles. Des étudiant·es de premier cycle (N = 111) ont lu des mises en situation qui présentaient une personne ayant un handicap (lié à la mobilité, à la vue ou à l’ouïe, selon la vignette) évoluant dans un environnement accessible ou inaccessible. Ces participant·es ont ensuite rapporté leurs perceptions et leurs réactions à l’égard de la personne présentée dans la mise en situation. Comme l’a avancé notre hypothèse, les personnes sans handicap percevaient les personnes handicapées de manière plus positive lorsqu’elles étaient dans un environnement accessible que lorsqu’elles étaient dans un environnement inaccessible. Plus précisément, elles percevaient les personnes handicapées comme plus compétentes et chaleureuses, et les plaignaient moins que lorsqu’elles se trouvaient dans des environnements inaccessibles ou neutres (contrôle). Les réponses les plus positives envers les personnes handicapées évoluant dans les environnements accessibles par rapport aux environnements inaccessibles étaient largement semblables d’un type d’incapacité à l’autre, bien que la mise en situation présentant une personne sourde ait été la seule à être considérée comme positive tant dans l’environnement neutre (contrôle) que dans l’environnement accessible. Ces résultats indiquent que la mise à disposition d’environnements adéquatement accessibles peut être un outil pour réduire les préjugés.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Review of Screening Out: HIV Testing and the Canadian Immigration

    • Authors: Valentina Capurri
      Abstract: Laura Bisaillon’s Screening Out is a brilliant and much needed study of one barely known aspect of the Canadian immigration system: the medical screening of immigration applicants and the mandatory testing for HIV.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Review of The Autism Industrial Complex: How Branding, Marketing, and
           Capital Investment Turned Autism into Big Business

    • Authors: Ryan B. Collis
      Abstract: Alicia Broderick’s (2022) The Autism Industrial Complex: How Branding, Marketing, and Capital Investment Turned Autism into Big Business traces the history of the diagnostic and intervention industries that have sprung up since autism emerged as an ontological category in 1943.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Review of There Plant Eyes: A Personal and Cultural History of Blindness

    • Authors: Kristin Snoddon
      Abstract: M. Leona Godin’s There Plant Eyes: A Personal and Cultural History of Blindness is, as its title suggests, a combined memoir and narrative of cultural constructions of blindness and blind people.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
  • Review of Why Bushwick Bill Matters

    • Authors: Steacy Easton
      Abstract: Activists in Disability Studies regularly warn the non-disabled about inspiration porn narratives constructed by ableist media around people who ‘overcome’ disability, who integrate in such a way that their only push back against the hostility of the world is being more abled than disabled. Charles Hughes’ new book Why Bushwick Bill Matters, from the University of Texas Press, argues against these narratives in a way that complicates problems of how to be disabled now.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +000
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