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  Subjects -> DISABILITY (Total: 103 journals)
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Canadian Journal of Disability Studies
Number of Followers: 35  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1929-9192
Published by U of Waterloo Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Review of Those They Called Idiots by Simon Jarrett

    • Authors: Patrick McDonagh
      Abstract: Simon Jarrett’s Those They Called Idiots: The Idea of the Disabled Mind from 1700 to the Present Day is a comprehensive and insightful exploration into the history of ideas of intellectual disability, especially in the United Kingdom but with many references to Europe and North America. The book focuses primarily on the exchange of popular, legal, and medical conceptions of intellectual disability (Jarrett uses the historically-appropriate terms idiocy, imbecility, mental deficiency, feeble-mindedness, etc., depending on the era under exploration) in the eighteenth and nineteenth century, and connects discourses of disability with other parallel narratives, especially colonial discourses linking “idiots” with “savages.”
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 -040
  • Review of Ableism in Academia

    • Authors: Rebecca Robb
      Abstract: Ableism in Academia: Theorising Experiences of Disabilities and Chronic Illnesses in Higher Education is a collection of essays and exploratory academic writing. Edited by Dr. Nicole Brown and Dr. Jennifer Leigh, the collection identifies and challenges ableism in the context of higher education, largely in the United Kingdom. The book is the planned result of a conference, Ableism in Academia, held in March 2018 at University College London.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 -040
  • Neoliberalism and Mental Health Care in Ontario: A Critique of
           Internet-Based Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

    • Authors: Sarah Smith
      Abstract: In this paper, I offer a critical analysis of Ontario’s mental health strategy, “Roadmap to Wellness,” and the government’s investment in internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (iCBT) programs as a frontline strategy to address the province’s mental health crisis. Though I acknowledge that publicly funded mental health care is a step in the right direction, I argue that the choice to provide cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) as the only form of publicly funded therapy indicates a problematic commitment to the maintenance of neoliberal governance. To argue this point, I use discourse analysis to explore the language present in Ontario’s two current iCBT programs – AbilitiCBT and Mindbeacon – and demonstrate the ways in which they reinforce a neoliberal discourse of mental health by emphasizing the values of 1) individual responsibility, 2) productivity, and 3) recovery. More broadly, I argue that neoliberal forms of governance ultimately produce the mental health crises that they seek to address through neglecting the social determinants of health and defunding of social services and assert that critiques of mental health care must address the socioeconomic conditions within which they are implemented, given the intimate relationship between neoliberalism, managerialism, and public policy.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 -040
  • On the right to accommodation for Canadians with disabilities: space,
           access, and identity during the COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Valentina Capurri
      Abstract: In this article, I explore the societal reluctance to accommodate and include persons with illnesses/disabilities, which has rendered them “second-class” citizens. This reluctance exists despite several pieces of legislation whose goal is to create an inclusive and accepting social as well as physical environment across Canada. In October 2020, the Ontario government introduced a mask mandate as a non-medical procedure to limit the spread of COVID-19. I argue that this mandate has further reduced civil society’s willingness to accommodate those who are unable to wear a mask due to their disability or medical condition, especially when their illness or disability is not visibly discernible. By making use of the concept of “state of exception” developed by Giorgio Agamben, and the biopower/biopolitics paradigm introduced by Michel Foucault, I attempt to examine what the mask mandate means for persons with disabilities as well as for society at large. My investigation is an effort to uncover why we are finding ourselves in a situation of inaccessibility and exclusion at this moment in time, despite the widespread rhetoric of unity and support for each other throughout the pandemic. Through a reading of Agamben, I aim to uncover why persons with disabilities have been, once again, considered justifiable collateral damage on the altar of necessity (in this case, the necessity to fight COVID- 19 at all costs).
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 -040
  • Document Landscape: Exploring What Shapes Disabled Students ’Experiences
           in Practice- Based Education

    • Authors: Iris Epstein; Melanie Baljko, Brooke Magel, Lindsay Stephens, Nastaran Dadashi, Hilda Smith, Laura Yvonne Bulk
      Abstract: Disabled students often face challenges in effectively meeting their learning and practicum requirements, even though institutions have policies in place to support access. Practice-based learning helps to ensure students have acquired sufficient practical knowledge of the field. It is used in many disciplines for effective skill development, and is mandatory for some accreditations, particularly in healthcare professional training. A wide array of documents (information artifacts) has been produced in connection with efforts to mitigate practice-based- education access barriers. Organizational challenges, including availability and distribution of effective documents, have led to ongoing inaccessibility. In this work, we put ourselves in the shoes of a student and imagine what documents would appear if a student were to self-search for resources that were available on the internet. We assembled a corpus of such documents [n=43] and conducted a qualitative analysis of document form and content. Three themes emerged from the form of the documents: (1) across all artifacts reviewed, students were absent from production and authorship; (2) limited documents were directly related to practice-based education; and (3) higher education institutions grapple with tensions in the choice of media as this selection can affect how the documents operate within their communities. Looking at the content of the documents we found that (1) barriers to access are often described as the responsibility of the disabled student; and (2) the vast majority of documents require, expect, or presume disclosure of disability status to be a prerequisite to access, revealing a reliance on a medical/individual model of disability. We conclude with a reflection on how the form and content of the documents may shape disabled students ’experiences in practice-based education.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 -040
  • The Modern Day Asylum: A Mad Studies Informed Approach to Understanding
           De- Institutionalization, Madness and Chronic Homelessness

    • Authors: Katrina Milaney; Joanna Rankin, Lisa Zaretsky
      Abstract: Background: The impetus behind the deinstitutionalization movement that began in the 1950s was to improve the wellbeing of institutionalized people as well as improve choice and access to inclusive community-based care. However, as large-scale institutions were closed, community- based alternatives were not added to meet the demand. This research looks at the experience of chronic emergency shelter users as an example of the ongoing systemic spatial segregation of people which was previously experienced in asylums. Drawing from some of the key features of Mad Studies, we utilize the experiences of chronic shelter users to posit enhanced approaches and supports to community-based interventions beyond the model of spatial segregation, which we argue is currently employed through direct and indirect measures. Approach: We conducted a cross-sectional study utilizing 300 survey interviews with chronically homeless people in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Data was primarily quantitative but space for some qualitative answers were included. Analysis includes descriptive statistics, correlations, and regressions. Results: Participants reported high rates of trauma and system cycling, which were often inter- generational and starting in childhood. Troubling rates of self-identified “mental illness,” and mental health crises including suicide attempts and self-harm, and very limited success in accessing supports emerged. Results show that shelters and current housing models frequently replicate the segregation, confinements, control and surveillance of the asylums of the past which fail to meet individual needs and desires. Conclusion: Chronic homelessness and subsequent shelter use is the present reality of deinstitutionalization for many. Current attempts to fill gaps in the system of care replicate institutional care in various formats, and have halted progress towards the actualization of deinstitutionalization. Alternative responses require us to challenge the medicalization of homelessness as “mental illness.” Interventions including housing programs must be focused on healing from trauma and include the voices and experiences of lived experts.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 -040
  • Acting the part: A thematic analysis of the experiences of actors with

    • Authors: Heidi J. Gulka; Hailey Macleod, Rebecca Gewurtz
      Abstract: Portrayals of disability in film and television are often unauthentic and stereotypical, influenced by perceptions of disability in society and the lack of disability representation in the industry. Actors with disabilities encounter unique barriers in the industry that limit their acting opportunities. The purpose of this study is to explore the experiences of actors with disabilities in the Canadian film and television industry. Nine actors with physical or sensory disabilities who had experience acting in the Canadian film and television industry were recruited through social media posts. Participants completed individual semi-structured interviews discussing how their disability has affected their work as an actor. Interviews were transcribed, then coded using a thematic approach. Six participants engaged in a focus group to discuss and expand on preliminary findings. Two main themes were identified: (1) the unique experiences of actors with disabilities working in the industry; and (2) the impact of industry professionals' perceptions of disability on the experiences of actors with disabilities. Many actors experience inadequate accommodations, inaccessible work sites, stigma, and being limited to disability specific roles. As a result, actors with disabilities have implemented strategies to improve their success when faced with social and physical barriers in the industry. Authentic representation was identified as the necessary strategy to overcome barriers and create more equitable experiences for actors with disabilities. A transformation of current perceptions of disability within film and television is necessary to achieve authentic representation and create a more accurate perception of disability in society.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 -040
  • 33 actions pour que Montréal devienne anticapacitiste

    • Authors: Laurence Parent
      Abstract: This article steams from my doctoral thesis entitled “Rouler/Wheeling Montréal: Moving through, Resisting and Belonging in an Ableist City” (Parent, 2018). My thesis examined fifteen disabled Montrealers’ everyday mobilities and two different dimensions of participants’ sense of belonging: their belonging in Montréal disability communities and their belonging in the city. Participants’ stories show that their right to the city and their capacity to move through it are severely compromised because ableism is embedded in Montréal’s built environment and culture. This article explores three issues and 33 actions for an an anti-ableist Montréal. The first issue is presented as a question: How can we build an anti-ableist city' The second issue concerns disabled Montrealers’ mobilities in the face of climate change and the third explores the representations of disabled Montrealers in the media and civic and political life.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 00:00:00 -040
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