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Journal of Adult Protection, The
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.314
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 15  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 1 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 1466-8203 - ISSN (Online) 2042-8669
Published by Emerald Homepage  [360 journals]
  • Women empowerment in inherited land rights: end of violence in rural areas

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      Authors: Sajida Parveen , Bilal Ahmad , Tahira Iram , Yasir Rasool
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to explore the dynamics behind the violence against the share of women in their inherited land. This study explores the subject matter from the perspective of actual victims and law experts in the domain. Informed by the interpretivist paradigm, the authors studied the subject matter through qualitative inquiry. Through semistructured interviews, data were collected from 16 women who have been deprived of their share in inherited land and 11 law experts who have been dealing with property-related court cases. Thematic analyses through NVivo-11 evinced five themes related to the possible causes of women depriving of their property rights. From the victims’ perspective, the major causes of violence against women’s share in their inherited property rights are fear of income disaggregation, male dominance, forceful gifting, relational bond and fear of physical violence. Law experts’ views on the subject matter were somehow in convergence with the views of the actual victims. They reported a lack of social support, court delays and lack of knowledge about the law as the major causes of violence against women’s inherited property rights. A reasonable volume of research is available on the subject of women’s empowerment. However, little attention is paid to investigating the causes of violence against women sharing in their inherited property rights – and suggesting some suitable ways to resolve the problem. Against this backdrop, this study is intended to explore the dynamics behind the violence against the share of women in their inherited land from the perspective of actual victims and law experts in the domain.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-10-10
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-05-2022-0009
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Hope springs: further learning on self-neglect from safeguarding adult
           reviews and practice

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      Authors: Michael Preston-Shoot , Fiona O’Donoghue , John Binding
      Abstract: The first purpose of this paper is to update the core data set of self-neglect safeguarding adult reviews (SAR) and accompanying thematic analysis. A second purpose is to rebalance the narrative about adult safeguarding and self-neglect by highlighting two case studies where the practice was informed by SAR and the evidence-base of best practice. Further published reviews are added to the core data set, drawn from the websites of Safeguarding Adults Boards (SAB). Thematic analysis is updated using the four domains used previously. Two case studies are presented, using the four domains of direct practice, team around the person, organisational support and governance, to demonstrate that positive outcomes can be achieved when practice and support for practitioners align with the evidence-base. Familiar findings emerge from the thematic analysis and reinforce the evidence-base of good practice with individuals who self-neglect and for policies and procedures with which to support those practitioners working with such cases. The case studies are illustrative examples of what can be achieved and signpost SABs and SAR authors to question what enables and what obstructs best practice. A national database of reviews completed by SABs has been established (https://nationalnetwork.org.uk) with the expectation that, in time, this will become a comprehensive resource. It is possible, however, that this data set is incomplete. Drawing together the findings from the reviews nonetheless builds on what is known about the components of effective practice, and effective policy and organisational arrangements for practice. Although individual reviews might comment on good practice alongside shortfalls, no published SARs have been found that were commissioned specifically to learn lessons from what had worked out well. More emphasis could be given to what might be learned from such cases. Answering the question “why” remains a significant challenge for SAR not only where concerns about how agencies worked together prompted review but also where positive outcomes have been achieved. The findings confirm the relevance of the evidence-base for effective practice, but SARs are limited in their analysis of what enables and what obstructs the components of best practice. Greater explicit use of case studies with positive outcomes might enable learning about what enables positive system change. The paper extends the thematic analysis of available reviews that focus on work with adults who self-neglect, further reinforcing the evidence base for practice. The paper presents two case studies where practice and the context within which practitioners were working closely aligned to the evidence-base for best practice. The paper suggests that SABs and SAR authors should focus explicitly on what enables and what obstructs the realisation of best practices.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-05-2022-0010
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Phishing victimization among Malaysian young adults: cyber routine
           activities theory and attitude in information sharing online

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      Authors: Yi Yong Lee , Chin Lay Gan , Tze Wei Liew
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to understand the influence of exposure to motivated offenders who may alter the vulnerability levels to phishing victimization. This is particularly focused on explaining the influences of individuals’ online lifestyles and attitudes toward information sharing online on phishing susceptibility. This conceptual paper explores the risk of phishing victimization using criminological theories. The authors draw on empirical evidence from existing cybercrime literature and revisit routine activities theory (RAT) and lifestyle RAT (LRAT) to elucidate the risk of phishing victimization. This paper proposes that cyber-RAT, which was developed from RAT and LRAT, could interpret phishing victimization. Grounded on the intervention-based theory against cybercrime phishing, this study suggests that an attitude toward precautionary behavior (information sharing online) is essential to mitigate the phishing victimization risk. This paper aims to provide a clear insight into the understanding of phishing victimization risk using theoretical and empirical evidence. The theoretical perspective outlined provides the understanding of the impacts of online routine activities on a phishing attack which in turn will increase the awareness of phishing threats. The important role of the precautionary countermeasure, that is, attitudes toward information sharing online is highlighted to reconcile the phishing victimization risk.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-08-31
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-06-2022-0011
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Reflections on intimate partner violence, its psycho-socio-cultural impact
           amidst COVID-19: comparing South Africa and the United States

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      Authors: Errolyn Gordon , Gloria Sauti
      Abstract: The purpose of the study was to provide a comparative analysis on the psychological and socio-cultural impacts of COVID-19 on victims of intimate partner violence (IPV) in South Africa (SA) and the USA. The authors collected media and scholarly articles that dealt with IPV victims during the early phase of the pandemic. This study focused solely on SA and the USA because of their unique contexts and the fact that the authors are residents of these countries. The authors observed how both presidents dealt with IPV amidst the COVID 19 pandemic, especially when stay-at-home orders were in place. Aspects relating to the psychological and socio-cultural impacts amidst the pandemic were considered. The authors found that in both countries, many black women from low socio-economic backgrounds experience IPV. Being in isolated spaces with their perpetrators prohibits victims from reporting the abuse. As the world attempts to curb the spread of COVID-19 infections, effective strategies have been suggested for victims and perpetrators. The authors found the approaches of the two governments (until the Biden Administration in 2021) to be starkly different in terms of effective strategies and the neglect and downplaying of the extent of one or both pandemics (i.e. COVID-19 and IPV). Pro-safety, equality, gender and race-conscious embracing approaches to overcome IPV are urgently needed. The paper focused on IPV during the early phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. It provides relevant information about IPV in both countries, especially when stay-at-home orders are in place.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-07-20
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-02-2022-0005
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Exploring the changes and challenges of COVID-19 in adult safeguarding
           practice: qualitative findings from a mixed-methods project

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

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      Authors: Laura Pritchard-Jones , Monique Mehmi , Mark Eccleston-Turner , Alison Brammer
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present findings from a mixed-methods study on the impact that COVID-19 has had on adult safeguarding. The research sought to explore the challenges and opportunities presented by COVID-19 to both frontline and non-frontline professionals working in adult safeguarding. A mixed-methods project was undertaken comprising a literature review, survey, semi-structured interviews and a small number of freedom of information requests. This paper presents the findings predominantly from the survey and interviews. Unsurprisingly, COVID-19 has presented a variety of challenges for professionals working in adult safeguarding. The themes that occurred most often were the day-to-day changes and challenges, relationships across sectors, information and navigating the ethical questions in safeguarding. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, the findings represent the first focused qualitative mixed-method study aimed at understanding more about the impact the pandemic has had on adult safeguarding through the eyes of those professionals working in that field.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-06-20
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-01-2022-0002
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Self-neglect: a review of opportunities and barriers to federal policy and
           research priorities

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      Authors: Jennifer N. Howard , Helena Voltmer , Abigail Ferrell , Nikki Croteau-Johnson , Michael Lepore
      Abstract: Self-neglect is a public health concern that can manifest as failure to provide oneself adequate food, water, clothing, shelter, personal hygiene, medication or safety precautions. This paper sought to inform federal policy and research priorities regarding effective strategies to detect, prevent and address self-neglect. This study aims to inform federal policy and research priorities regarding effective strategies to detect, prevent, and address self-neglect. The authors conducted a rapid review of self-neglect literature and interviews with five national subject matter experts to inform federal policy and research priorities. This study identified gaps in the literature and several approaches and numerous challenges to preventing, identifying and addressing self-neglect. The lack of a nationally accepted definition of self-neglect, a dearth of longitudinal studies which has limited research on self-neglect etiology and trends, and limited development and validation of screening tools, are among the challenges. Findings indicate that comparisons of self-neglect definitions, and longitudinal studies of self-neglect by subpopulations, are needed areas of future research. Issues for policy consideration include national self-neglect data collection and reporting requirements. This study synthesizes recent literature on self-neglect, highlights gaps in the literature on self-neglect and points toward federal policy priorities for advancing effective strategies to detect, prevent and address self-neglect.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-05-19
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-01-2022-0003
      Issue No: Vol. ahead-of-print , No. ahead-of-print (2022)
       
  • Editorial 24.2

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      Authors: Bridget Penhale , Margaret Flynn
      Abstract: Editorial 24.2
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-04-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-04-2022-077
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Book review: “Why can’t you hear me'”

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      Authors: Pete Morgan
      Abstract: Book review: “Why can’t you hear me'”
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-04-26
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-04-2022-076
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Learning from safeguarding adult reviews about Transitional Safeguarding:
           building an evidence base

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      Authors: Michael Preston-Shoot , Christine Cocker , Adi Cooper
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to set out the evidence base to date for Transitional Safeguarding to support authors of Safeguarding Adult Reviews (SARs) where Transitional Safeguarding is a key theme in the review. This paper draws on key evidence from several published sources about Transitional Safeguarding in England. This evidence is presented in this paper as a framework for analysis to support SAR authors. It follows the same four domains framework used in other adult safeguarding reviews: direct work with individuals; team around the person; organisational support for team members; and governance. This framework was then applied to two SARs written by two of the article’s authors. The framework for analysis for Transitional Safeguarding SARs was applied as part of the methodology of two separate SARs regarding three young people. Key reflections from applying the framework to both SARs are identified and discussed. These included: providing an effective framework for analysis which all participants could use and a contribution for developing knowledge. Whilst many issues arising for safeguarding young people are similar to those for other adults, there are some unique features. The ways in which the gaps between children and adults systems play out through inter-agency and multi-professional working, as well as how “lifestyle choices” of young people are understood and interpreted are key issues. This paper presents an evidence base regarding Transitional Safeguarding for SAR authors who are tasked with completing a SAR where Transitional Safeguarding is a key theme. This paper draws together key literature and evidence about Transitional Safeguarding practice with young people. This paper argues that this framework for analysis provides SAR authors with a useful tool to support their analysis in this complex area of practice.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-04-12
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-01-2022-0001
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Just a little bit of history repeating: the recurring and fatal
           consequences of lacking professional knowledge of acquired brain injury

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      Authors: Mark Holloway , Alyson Norman
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to review safeguarding adult reviews (SARs) pertaining to individuals with acquired brain injury (ABI) since 2014. This extended literature review also explores the lessons and recommendations from these reviews in relation to social work practice within the UK. The literature review reported and discussed findings across reviews and then used a thematic analysis to synthesise the findings and recommendations from the SARs reviews. This paper identified four main themes: a lack of awareness of the needs of those with ABI and their families and around the symptoms and nuances of brain injury, particularly executive impairment and mental capacity, among social workers; poor interdisciplinarity led to a lack of shared communication and decision-making with professionals with such knowledge; a poor understanding of aspects of the mental capacity legislation, particularly surrounding unwise decisions, led to inappropriate or absent mental capacity assessments; and a lack of professional curiosity led to a lack of action where intervention or assessment was required. This review identifies significant shortcomings in social work practice, education and training within the UK with regards to ABI. This paper provides recommendations to current social work practice and highlights the need for significant improvements in pre-qualification and post-qualification training and supervision of social workers. To the best of the authors’ knowledge, while there have been extensive reviews conducted on SARs, this is the only review that has focused solely on ABI.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-03-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-10-2021-0036
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Bisindo-based rational emotive behaviour therapy model: study preliminary
           prevention of sexual harassment in women with deafness

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      Authors: Marlina Marlina , Yuninda Tria Ningsih , Zulian Fikry , Dea Resti Fransiska
      Abstract: Women with deafness are one of the vulnerable groups who experience sexual harassment. As a result, they experience psychological disorders such as stress, anxiety, fear and trauma. This problem is made worse because women with deafness have language and speech disorders. This paper aims to explore sexual harassment of women with deafness and develop Bisindo-based rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT) to deal with sexual harassment against women with deafness. Using the Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation model of the R&D approach, this preliminary research study was carried out in four stages. The research respondents for the need assessment were 166 people with ten professional backgrounds spread throughout Indonesia. Respondents for model validation tests are ten people: REBT experts, psychologists, Bisindo experts, teachers, lecturers, Head of Women's Organization (WCC) and Head of the Deaf Community (Gerkatin) in West Sumatra. Data were collected by questionnaire. The results showed that many women with deafness experienced sexual harassment. The handling model using REBT mediated by Bisindo is needed in further research to test its effectiveness. The validity test results show that the Bisindo-based REBT model has been declared feasible, helpful, accurate and practical to be used as a response model for sexual harassment in women with deafness. The results of this study imply the need for the application of therapies that follow the characteristics of victims, such as Bisindo-based REBT for female sexual victims.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-03-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-09-2021-0032
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Discriminatory abuse: time to revive a forgotten form of abuse'

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      Authors: Karl Mason , Anusree Biswas Sasidharan , Adi Cooper , Katy Shorten , Jeanette Sutton
      Abstract: Discriminatory abuse has been a distinct category of abuse in safeguarding adults policy since 2000, but it is rarely used in practice, according to recent official statistics. As part of a larger project, the authors undertook a literature review to clarify the concept, explore reasons for low reporting and consider recommendations for practice. The purpose of this paper is to present the findings of this literature review. This literature review comprises 35 sources, which were identified using three academic databases, reference harvesting and sector-specific websites. Findings were developed through thematic analysis of the data. The literature review demonstrates that definitions of discriminatory abuse stretch from an interpersonal emphasis in policy documents to a more structural approach. There are open questions about the status of discriminatory abuse as a category of abuse due to the complicated interface between discriminatory motivations and the abusive acts through which they are experienced. A range of factors can obscure its identification, particularly the hidden, stigmatised and normalised nature of discriminatory abuse. Some recommendations for practice are identified, but more work is needed to develop the practice vocabulary and required skills. This study brings together existing research on discriminatory abuse to argue that it is time to revive this understanding of abuse and develop safeguarding practice with adults who have protected characteristics.
      Citation: The Journal of Adult Protection
      PubDate: 2022-03-02
      DOI: 10.1108/JAP-12-2021-0042
      Issue No: Vol. 24 , No. 2 (2022)
       
  • The Journal of Adult Protection

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