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  Subjects -> COMPUTER SCIENCE (Total: 2011 journals)
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    - COMPUTER SCIENCE (1172 journals)
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COMPUTER SCIENCE (1172 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 872 Journals sorted alphabetically
3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Abakós     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACM Computing Surveys     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
ACM Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
ACM Transactions on Accessible Computing (TACCESS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Algorithms (TALG)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
ACM Transactions on Applied Perception (TAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Architecture and Code Optimization (TACO)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Autonomous and Adaptive Systems (TAAS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Computation Theory (TOCT)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ACM Transactions on Computational Logic (TOCL)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACM Transactions on Computer Systems (TOCS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ACM Transactions on Design Automation of Electronic Systems (TODAES)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ACM Transactions on Economics and Computation     Hybrid Journal  
ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems (TECS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Information Systems (TOIS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology (TIST)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
ACM Transactions on Interactive Intelligent Systems (TiiS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Multimedia Computing, Communications, and Applications (TOMCCAP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ACM Transactions on Reconfigurable Technology and Systems (TRETS)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
ACM Transactions on Sensor Networks (TOSN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing (TSLP)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
ACM Transactions on Storage     Hybrid Journal  
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Acta Automatica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Technical Series     Open Access  
Ad Hoc Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Adaptive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advanced Engineering Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Advanced Science Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Adaptive Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Artificial Intelligence     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Calculus of Variations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Computational Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Computer Science : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Data Analysis and Classification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Advances in Engineering Software     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Geosciences (ADGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Human Factors/Ergonomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Materials Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Operations Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Parallel Computing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Porous Media     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 40)
Advances in Science and Research (ASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Technology Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AEU - International Journal of Electronics and Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Information and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Mathematics and Computer Science Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Air, Soil & Water Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
AIS Transactions on Human-Computer Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Algebras and Representation Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Algorithms     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Computational Mathematics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Sensor Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Analysis in Theory and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Animation Practice, Process & Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Data Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Mathematics and Artificial Intelligence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Pure and Applied Logic     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Annual Reviews in Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anuario Americanista Europeo     Open Access  
Applicable Algebra in Engineering, Communication and Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied and Computational Harmonic Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Applied Artificial Intelligence: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Categorical Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Clinical Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Computational Intelligence and Soft Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Computer Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Informatics     Open Access  
Applied Mathematics and Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Applied Medical Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Applied Numerical Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Soft Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Architectural Theory Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archive of Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archive of Numerical Software     Open Access  
Archives and Museum Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
Archives of Computational Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Artifact     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal on Computational Engineering     Open Access  
Asia-Pacific Journal of Information Technology and Multimedia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Control     Hybrid Journal  
Assembly Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
at - Automatisierungstechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational Computing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Automatic Control and Computer Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Automatic Documentation and Mathematical Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Automatica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Automation in Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autonomous Mental Development, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Basin Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Behaviour & Information Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 285)
Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biomedical Engineering and Computational Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Reviews in     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Biomedical Engineering, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Briefings in Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 136)
Broadcasting, IEEE Transactions on     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
c't Magazin fuer Computertechnik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CALCOLO     Hybrid Journal  
Calphad     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Capturing Intelligence     Full-text available via subscription  
Catalysis in Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CEAS Space Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Cell Communication and Signaling     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Central European Journal of Computer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chaos, Solitons & Fractals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
China Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Journal of Catalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CIN Computers Informatics Nursing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Circuits and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Clean Air Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
CLEI Electronic Journal     Open Access  
Clin-Alert     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cluster Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cognitive Computation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COMBINATORICA     Hybrid Journal  
Combustion Theory and Modelling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Communication Methods and Measures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Communication Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Communications Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Communications in Algebra     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Communications in Partial Differential Equations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Communications of the ACM     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Communications of the Association for Information Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
COMPEL: The International Journal for Computation and Mathematics in Electrical and Electronic Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Complex & Intelligent Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Complex Adaptive Systems Modeling     Open Access  
Complex Analysis and Operator Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Complexus     Full-text available via subscription  
Composite Materials Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Computación y Sistemas     Open Access  
Computation     Open Access  
Computational and Applied Mathematics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Mathematical Organization Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational and Theoretical Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computational Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Cognitive Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Complexity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access  
Computational Ecology and Software     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Computational Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computational Geosciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Computational Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Computational Management Science     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Mathematics and Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computational Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Computational Methods and Function Theory     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Molecular Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Optimization and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Science and Discovery     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computational Science and Techniques     Open Access  
Computational Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computational Statistics & Data Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Computer     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 91)
Computer Aided Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computer Applications in Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Engineering and Applications Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Computer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Computer Methods in the Geosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computer Music Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Computer Physics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Computer Science - Research and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Computer Science and Information Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Computer Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Computer Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 22)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 | Last

Journal Cover Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing
  [SJR: 0.21]   [H-I: 37]   [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-1979 - ISSN (Online) 0925-1030
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • A closed-loop interface for capacitive micro-accelerometers with
           pulse-width-modulation force feedback
    • Authors: Tao Yin; Zhenhua Ye; Guocheng Huang; Huanming Wu; Haigang Yang
      Pages: 195 - 204
      Abstract: This paper presents an electromechanical closed-loop interface for the high performance capacitive micro-accelerometer. To overcome the problem that the linearity of the traditional analogue force feedback scheme is sensitive to the mismatch in the MEMS transducer, a pulse-width-modulation (PWM) force feedback method is developed in this paper. Elaborate non-linearity analysis of the PWM force feedback and a comparison with traditional analog feedback method is presented. A prototype interface circuit is designed and fabricated in a standard 0.35 μm CMOS process which measures 6.25 mm2. The noise floor of the system is 10 μg/√Hz and the signal bandwidth is 1.2 kHz, respectively. The system shows a DC nonlinearity of 1.6‰ without extra linearization circuit with an input range of ± 1.4 g when interface to a commercial accelerometer device.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1064-6
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • Enhancement of touch screen sensing based on voltage shifting differential
           offset compensation
    • Authors: Dong-Min Won; HyungWon Kim
      Pages: 205 - 215
      Abstract: In this paper, we present an offset compensation technique to enhance the performance of differential sensing circuits for capacitive touch screens. Accurate offset cancellation of differential circuits is regarded as a difficult problem, especially when the offset changes depending on the input signals. The proposed technique can improve the touch detection SNR by compensating both the input and output offset voltage of the differential integrator. It pre-stores the differential offset voltage and corrects both the positive and negative outputs by shifting them by the ½ of the pre-stored offset voltage. We implemented the proposed technique in a touch screen driving and sensing chip using 65 nm CMOS process. Experiments with three different sensing circuit techniques show that the proposed technique provides an SNR improvement of up to 11.17 dB over conventional sensing circuits.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1078-0
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • A new robust adaptive algorithm based adaptive filtering for noise
    • Authors: Awwab Qasim Jumaah Althahab
      Pages: 217 - 231
      Abstract: Signal de-noising has been sparked and given a great attention by signal processing community since its applications are found in a diverse range of digital signal processing and computer vision problems. To improve signal quality, phase, frequency and power are the important features that should be preserved during the de-noising process. Adaptive filters have been widely used for this purpose due to their ability to cancel out noise signal from the corrupted one precisely. This paper presents a robust adaptive estimator for solving the problem of signal noise cancellation, based on a new adaptive algorithm derived from a new constrained optimization. Simulation results evaluated using MATLAB show that the proposed algorithm is appropriate for several forms of signals contaminated by diverse levels of noise power. The performance of the proposed algorithm is illustrated to be preferable in terms of the power signal to noise ratio, mean square error and time of speed convergence of filter parameters. It is compared to other conventional approaches such as least mean square and normalized least mean square algorithms with various values of white noise power, variance. It exhibits lower steady-state error and faster convergent time than the other implementations. Finally, an efficient performance is achieved comparable with recursive least square and affine projection algorithms.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1091-3
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • A capacitive multi-threshold threshold gate design to reach a
           high-performance PVT-tolerant 4:2 compressor by carbon nanotube FETs
    • Authors: Mojtaba Maleknejad; Reza Faghih Mirzaee; Keivan Navi; Hamid Reza Naji
      Pages: 233 - 246
      Abstract: This paper presents two new 4:2 compressors based on capacitive multi-threshold threshold logic (MTTG), and Carbon Nanotube Field Effect Transistors (CNFETs). The entire capacitor network is divided into two groups in one of the proposed designs. As a result, the number of voltage levels is reduced and the entire structure becomes less sensitive to Process, Voltage, and Temperature variations in comparison with other similar capacitive Threshold Logic (TL) circuits. All designs are simulated by Synopsys HSPICE and 32 nm CNFET technology in different situations and conditions. Simulation results demonstrate the superiority of the second proposed design. It operates 55.9% faster and consumes about 7.2% less power than the second best TL structure (CSTFA). It also operates 16.2% faster and consumes 13.6% less energy in comparison with a traditional design (BLG). Moreover, estimations show that the first proposed design occupies the least area among the capacitive TL circuits.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1077-1
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • Review of various stages in speaker recognition system, performance
           measures and recognition toolkits
    • Authors: Rupali V. Pawar; Rajesh M. Jalnekar; Janardan S. Chitode
      Pages: 247 - 257
      Abstract: Speaker Recognition is a vital application of speech processing. Speaker Recognition performs a task of authenticating or recognizing a speaker based on the unique features captured which characterize the speaker. Characteristics or features which are unique to an individual such as fundamental frequency, speaking style, pitch, and duration are used as distinguishing components of the human speech signal. Exploring these characteristics for various applications with an attempt to implement a robust speaker recognition system has been the impetus behind the research in this domain. This paper makes an attempt to present the available Feature Extraction and Recognition techniques with their merits and demerits. It also discusses the pre-emphasis stage of the speaker recognition system. The standard databases available for speaker recognition along with the criterion for their selection are also reviewed. The paper presents an overview of various toolkits and performance parameters of Automatic Speaker Recognition System.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1069-1
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • Real-time motion estimation diamond search algorithm for the new high
           efficiency video coding on FPGA
    • Authors: Randa Khemiri; Hassan Kibeya; Hassen Loukil; Fatma Ezahra Sayadi; Mohamed Atri; Nouri Masmoudi
      Pages: 259 - 276
      Abstract: High efficiency video coding (HEVC) is the latest video coding standard aimed to replace the H.264/AVC standard according to its high coding performance, which allows it to be mostly suitable for application in high definition videos. However, this performance is accompanied by a high computational complexity due principally to the motion estimation (ME) algorithm. As in H.264/AVC, the ME in HEVC is a highly computational demanding part that takes the largest part of the whole encoding time. Hence, many fast algorithms have been proposed in order to reduce computation, but, the majority, do not study how they can be effectively implemented by hardware. In this paper, two hardware architectures of the diamond pattern search algorithm for HEVC video coding with sequential and parallel techniques, are proposed. These architectures are based on parallel processing techniques. The sequential and parallel VHDL codes have been verified and can achieve at a high frequency on a Virtex-7 field-programmable gate-array design (FPGA) circuit. Compared to other designs, our parallel design provides better efficient implementation of available resources on FPGA. Our architecture can meet the real-time processing of the FHD @ 30 frames per second.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1072-6
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • A new design methodology for voltage-to-frequency converters (VFCs)
           circuits suitable for time-based analog-to-digital converters (T-ADCs)
    • Authors: Mohammed A. ElGabry; Ali H. Hassan; Hassan Mostafa; Ahmed M. Soliman
      Pages: 277 - 287
      Abstract: Analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is one of the crucial blocks for the software defined radio applications that require higher resolution, and less power consumption; accordingly, time-based analog to digital converters (T-ADC) are introduced to make use of the technology scaling, achieving low-power consumption and high-speed compared to traditional ADCs. T-ADC is composed of two parts voltage-to-time converter and time-to-digital converter; the proposed design is based on converting the voltage to frequency instead of time using the voltage-to-frequency converter. The new methodology increases the circuit sensitivity, and reduces the linearity error. Furthermore, the new methodology enhances the maximum input frequency, effective number of bits (ENOB), and signal to noise and distortion ratio (SNDR). In the proposed study, the maximum input frequency increases up to 74.8 MHz with linearity error of 3%, sensitivity of 43.24 GHz/V, ENOB of 2.79 bits and SNDR of 18.54 dB using TSMC 65 nm CMOS technology with a supply voltage of 1.2 V.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1092-2
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • An efficient method of Pareto-optimal front generation for analog circuits
    • Authors: Sudip Kundu; Pradip Mandal
      Pages: 289 - 316
      Abstract: In this paper, an efficient deterministic methodology for generating Pareto-optimal front (PoF) of analog circuits is proposed. The proposed methodology utilizes modified epsilon constraint method along with geometric programming based circuit sizer to determine the Pareto-optimal points (PoPs) of the analog circuits. The generated PoPs are then modeled to generate the PoFs. The efficiency of the proposed methodology and the accuracy of the generated PoF has been verified with respect to that of the commonly used stochastic approach. It is found that to generate PoF having similar spread, the proposed methodology takes only 20 min whereas the stochastic approach takes 60 h. It also has been observed that the accuracy of the generated PoF using the proposed methodology improved by more than 10% with respect to that of the stochastic approach. The proposed methodology has been implemented to generate the PoF of a two-stage Op-Amp, fully differential folded cascode Op-Amp, fully differential single-stage and two-stage Op-Amps. The generated PoFs have been utilized for (1) feasibility checking for a user given specification of an Op-Amp, (2) performance prediction and (3) topology selection of the analog circuit. As per authors’ knowledge, this is the first paper which deals with all the aspects, i.e., generation, modeling and application of the PoF of the analog circuits.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1073-5
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • Energy-efficient switching scheme for SAR ADC using zero-energy dual
           capacitor switching
    • Authors: Seung-Uk Baek; Kang-Yoon Lee; Minjae Lee
      Pages: 317 - 322
      Abstract: An energy-efficient capacitor switching scheme is presented for a successive approximation register analogue-to-digital converter. The new switching method removes the switching energy loss in the first three comparison cycles and significantly reduces the power consumption in the fourth bit cycle, by combining the negative switching and the energy-efficient up-transition. In addition, a low-power monotonic procedure is implemented for the rest of bit-cycles. The proposed switching technique improves the average switching energy efficiency by 99.31% and reduces the total capacitance size by 75% compared with a conventional binary-search algorithm.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1101-5
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • Low quiescent current capacitorless small gain stages LDO with controlled
           pass transistors
    • Authors: Sadeque Reza Khan; Iram Nadeem
      Pages: 323 - 331
      Abstract: A low quiescent current 180-nm output-capacitorless low-dropout regulator with small-gain stages (SGSs) is presented in this paper. The proposed technique permits the regulator to distribute the load current into two power transistors depending on the demand of the load using a controller based on load variation criterion. SGSs are introduced to enhance loop gain without low-frequency poles. The proposed architecture does not require compensation capacitor. Thus, the active chip area is reduced to 73.59 µm × 36 µm. The measured results have shown that the fabricated circuit consumes a quiescent current of 1.8 µA at no load, regulating the output at 1 V with maximum output current of 50 mA from a voltage supply of 1.2 V. It achieves full range stability from 0 to 50 mA load current at a maximum 100 pF load capacitor.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-017-1103-3
      Issue No: Vol. 94, No. 2 (2018)
  • Selected papers from the IEEE Dallas circuits and systems conference 2016
    • Authors: Sid Balasubramanian; Ranjit Gharpurey; Rama Venkatasubramanian
      PubDate: 2018-02-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1115-7
  • From narrow-band to ultra-wide-band microwave sensors in direct skin
           contact for breast cancer detection
    • Authors: Zahra Katbay; Sawsan Sadek; Marc Le Roy; André Perennec; Raafat Lababidi
      Abstract: In this paper, the design and test of different microwave antennas and sensors for breast cancer detection are presented. The sensors are designed and optimized to be used in direct skin contact, and for this purpose a specific breast phantom model is proposed. First, a miniaturized microstrip back-cavity Hilbert fractal antenna, operating in the ISM band (2.4–2.5 GHz), was designed. Then, this antenna was used to investigate the possibility of detecting the presence of breast tumors based on a narrowband frequency method that monitors the shift of the antenna frequency response. The antenna prototype was fabricated and tested in real in vivo measurement conditions on two different patients diagnosed with breast cancer. Measurement results have led after a comparison with the retro-simulation results of the structure to a more realistic breast model and to draw the limitations of this narrowband frequency method. As a time domain study seems to be more relevant, an UWB monopole antenna of dimensions 3 cm × 3 cm, to be used in direct contact with the breast model was designed. This antenna was optimized to both enhance the antenna/human body matching and to maximize the transfer of energy into the breast phantom by using a cavity, increasing by this way the detection potential. In order to improve the sensor’s directivity and enhance the electromagnetic field level inside the breast, a balanced antipodal Vivaldi antenna was also designed and optimized for a direct breast contact to operate in the 3.1–10.6 GHz band. A mono static and a bi static study in the time domain are finally proposed to investigate the presence of the tumor.
      PubDate: 2018-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1114-8
  • 4-to-1 Transimpedance combining amplifier-based static unitary detector
           for high-resolution of LADAR sensor
    • Authors: Eun-Gyu Lee; Jae-Eun Lee; Minhyup Song; Gyu Dong Choi; Bongki Mheen; Bang Chul Jung; Choul-Young Kim
      Abstract: A fully integrated 4-to-1 transimpedance combining amplifier (TICA)-based static unitary detector (STUD) is developed for high-resolution of laser detection and ranging (LADAR) sensor. With a developed TICA, the STUD is able to have an effective large-area photodetector to enlarge the region of interest (ROI) without the bandwidth deterioration of a receiver for LADAR sensor. The 4-to-1 TICA is fabricated using 0.18-μm standard CMOS technology and it consists of four independent current buffers, a two-stage signal combiner, a balun, an output buffer, and four over-current protectors in one single integrated chip. The core of the TICA dissipates a power of about 7.8 mW. The total power consumption, including that of the balun and the output buffer, is 41 mW from a 1.8-V supply. The average input-referred noise current spectral density is 15.4 pA/√Hz with a bandwidth of 185 MHz and a transimpedance gain of 70 dBΩ. The developed TICA occupies an active area of approximately 107 μm × 102 μm and the die size, including the I/O pads, is 912 μm × 1000 μm. From the two-dimensional optical pulse scanning measurements and the three-dimensional (3-D) range measurements, it is verified that the designed TICA is suitable for the receiver front-end of the STUD-based LADAR sensor.
      PubDate: 2018-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1112-x
  • Real-time interference detection and mitigation in robust tracking loop of
           GPS receiver
    • Authors: M. Moazedi; M. R. Mosavi; A. Sadr
      Abstract: Spoofing has a vital role in distorting‎ global positioning system (GPS) signals. In this paper, a plenary anti-spoofing approach based on correlation and adaptive ‎Kalman filtering is proposed to distinguish and then diminish spoofing effects. The suggested ‎method can be easily implemented in tracking loop of GPS receiver. According to the actual situation, the receiver requires constantly adjusting the system model or filtering parameters. We will study a real-time spoof recognition ‎method that has clear certainty by introducing a reliable exhaustive metric. In ‎compensation phase, a kind of innovation based Adaptive Extended Kalman Filter (AEKF) is addressed and a new system model is put forward. As a primary step, the proposed technique is ‎implemented in software receiver to prove the concept of idea in a multipath-free ‎scenario. Three different data sets have been collected to use in the ‎performance assessment of the method. The results indicate that the investigated algorithm is ‎able to perform a real-time detection and reduce the miss-adjustment of steady-state positioning.
      PubDate: 2018-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1110-z
  • A fast-locking low-jitter digitally-enhanced DLL dynamically controlled
           for loop-gain and stability
    • Authors: Sarang Kazeminia; Roozbeh Abdollahi; Arash Hejazi
      Abstract: Conventional structure of delay locked loops (DLLs) is modified to achieve better jitter and smaller lock time. In the proposed structure, analog charge pump is eliminated, to remove the problems of leakage current on output capacitance, and is replaced by combination of a digital accumulator (ACC) and a digital-to-analog converter. A programmable ACC is also proposed, to dynamically control the loop gain and lock time. When the loop enters to lock region at the first time, a lock detector block disables ACC and equivalent digital code is stored on a latch array. So, a fixed control voltage controls delay elements and the systematic jitter, due to periodic discharge of control voltage. RMS jitter of less than 33.5 and 1.6 ps are achieved at 20 and 625 MHz operating frequencies, respectively, when the supply is subject to 110 mV random noise and also 40 mV periodic noise, related to generated clock signals. Lock time is reduced from 38 to 2 µs at 20 MHz, and also from 900 to 45 ns at 600 MHz, when the proposed dynamic control mechanism is applied on the loop. Total power consumption for the main core of DLL is 7.85 mW at 1.8 V supply in 0.18 µm CMOS process.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1109-5
  • 99.83% Switching energy reduction over conventional scheme for SAR ADC
           without reset energy
    • Authors: Xin Xin; Jueping Cai; Ruilian Xie
      Abstract: A high-efficient switching method for successive approximation register (SAR) analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) is proposed. With the proposed variable resolution SAR ADC architecture, the average switching energy and area can be reduced by 99.60 and 73.54% respectively compared to the conventional scheme. Combined with C–2C capacitor array and unilateral monotonic scheme, the proposed two-step architecture achieves 99.83% less average switching energy and 76.37% less area reduction over the conventional approach. Furthermore, these two methods have no rest energy consumption.
      PubDate: 2018-01-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1113-9
  • Analog circuit soft-fault diagnosis based on sensitivity analysis with
           minimum fault number rule
    • Authors: Lipeng Ji; Xiaohui Hu
      Abstract: This paper proposes a new single or multiple soft analog circuit fault diagnosis approach based on the minimum fault number rule. It is based on the consideration that the fact that the probability of a single soft fault is much greater than that of a multiple fault if the related fault modes are independent. In this way, a new diagnostic strategy based on the circuit sensitivity analysis is proposed. The proposed strategy is an optimization-based one, whose objective is to find the minimum value of unaccepted parameter deviations which satisfy all those constraints, and the constraints equations are actually the voltage increment equations in all test nodes and the changing range of each element. The diagnosis process can fulfill the requirement of fault detection and fault isolation. It enables a fast or a real-time diagnosis in practical engineering. A DC circuit example and an AC circuit example are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.
      PubDate: 2018-01-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1111-y
  • A robust and low-power near-threshold SRAM in 10-nm FinFET technology
    • Authors: Sina Sayyah Ensan; Mohammad Hossein Moaiyeri; Shaahin Hessabi
      Abstract: This paper presents a robust and low-power single-ended robust 11T near-threshold SRAM cell in 10-nm FinFET technology. The proposed cell eliminates write disturbance and enhances write performance by disconnecting the path between cross-coupled inverters during the write operation. FinFETs suffer from width quantization, and SRAM performance is highly dependent to transistors sizing. The proposed structure with minimum sized tri-gate FinFETs operates without failure under major process variations. In addition, read disturbance is reduced by isolating the storage nodes during the read operations. To reduce power consumption this cell uses only one bit-line for both read and write operations. The proposed SRAM cell reduces write delay, average power and PDP by 20, 78 and 62%, respectively as compared to the 9T single-ended SRAM cell. Moreover, the proposed cell enhances write static noise margin by 33% under process variation.
      PubDate: 2018-01-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1107-7
  • Low-power integrating frequency difference-to-voltage converter with
           applications in injection-locked FLL
    • Authors: Durand Jarrett-Amor; Fei Yuan
      Abstract: This paper presents a new integrating frequency difference-to-voltage converter (iFDVC) with applications in injection-locked frequency-locked loops (FLLs). The proposed iFDVC features low power consumption, high frequency sensitivity, a zero static frequency error, and a low sensitivity to PVT (process, voltage, and temperature) uncertainty. A detailed analysis of the time and frequency-domain behaviour of the iFDVC is presented. The effectiveness of the iFDVC is studied by embedding it in a FLL with a relaxation oscillator. To shorten locking process without sacrificing frequency accuracy, injection-locking is employed. The loop dynamics of the FLL with and without injection-locking are analyzed. The simulation results of an injection-locked FLL with the proposed iFDVC designed in an IBM 130 nm 1.2 V CMOS technology demonstrate that the injection-locked FLL has a lock time 4.5 times smaller and an acquisition range 59 times larger as compared with those of the corresponding FLL without injection-locking while consuming 60  \(\upmu\) W only. The iFDVC was also implemented using off-shelf components and its performance was validated using measurement results.
      PubDate: 2018-01-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1105-9
  • Digital extraction of quantization error and its applications to
           successful design of sigma-delta modulator
    • Authors: Hamed Aminzadeh
      Abstract: A new technique to evaluate the quantization error of cascaded sigma-delta modulators in digital domain is presented. It avoids the complications associated with analog extraction of the quantization error in multistage noise shaping (MASH) modulators before feeding the error to the proceeding stage. Instead, the quantization error is estimated and cancelled out by adding a digital subtractor and by injecting a purely analog signal from the preceding stage to the next stage. In comparison to conventional MASH modulator structure, analog circuit requirements of the modulator are therefore relaxed, and the number of switched-capacitor digital-to-analog converters and the associated switching energy are lowered. In the absence of extra switching blocks, less flicker and thermal noise would be also injected into the circuit. Different implementations of MASH modulator are presented and analyzed based on the proposed digital quantization error extraction technique. Behavioral-level simulation results prove the mathematical equivalence of the proposed structures with successful MASH designs found in the literature, and confirm the effectiveness of the idea. For a − 1.4 dB, 19.8 kHz input and an oversampling ratio of 16, a modified 1-V 20-MS/s 2 + 2 MASH modulator achieves a signal-to-noise-and-distortion ratio (SNDR) of 78 dB, when the input of the first quantizer is fed to the second stage. The second design based on digital extraction of quantization error achieves a 71 dB SNDR for a − 8.0 dB, 19.8 kHz input, when the second stage is fed by the output of the first integrator.
      PubDate: 2018-01-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s10470-018-1108-6
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