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GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS (125 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 122 of 122 Journals sorted alphabetically
Activities, Adaptation & Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 106)
Aging & Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aging and Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aging Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Anales en Gerontología     Open Access  
Angewandte GERONTOLOGIE Appliquée     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arthritis und Rheuma     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Journal On Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
B&G Bewegungstherapie und Gesundheitssport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biogerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Canadian Geriatrics Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal on Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Gerontologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinics in Geriatric Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Geriatrics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
European Geriatric Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
European Review of Aging and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Experimental Aging Research: An International Journal Devoted to the Scientific Study of the Aging Process     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Gait & Posture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Generations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geriatric Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geriatrics & Gerontology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geriatrie up2date     Hybrid Journal  
Geriatrie-Report : Forschung und Praxis in der Altersmedizin     Full-text available via subscription  
Gerodontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Gerokomos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geron     Full-text available via subscription  
Gerontologia     Open Access  
Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Gerontology & Geriatrics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
GeroScience : Official Journal of the American Aging Association (AGE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Geriatrics Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hip International     Hybrid Journal  
I Advance Senior Care     Full-text available via subscription  
Immunity & Ageing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Innovation in Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Aging and Human Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
JMIR Aging     Open Access  
Journal for Healthcare Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Adult Protection, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Aging and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Aging and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Angiogenesis Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frailty & Aging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Geriatric Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Geriatric Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Geriatrics and Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Gerontological Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Mid-life Health     Open Access  
Journal of Military and Veterans Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Religion Spirituality & Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Journal of the Indian Academy of Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Maturitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Medycyna Wieku Podeszłego (Geriatric Medicine)     Open Access  
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Neurodegenerative Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Neuroembryology and Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NOVAcura     Hybrid Journal  
npj Aging and Mechanisms of Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
npj Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nursing Older People     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
OA Elderly Medicine     Open Access  
Paediatrics & Child Health in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Palliative Care & Social Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Pathobiology of Aging & Age-related Diseases     Open Access  
Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Quality of Life Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología     Full-text available via subscription  
Senex: Yaşlılık Çalışmaları Dergisi / Senex: Journal of Aging Studies     Open Access  
The Aging Male     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Gerontologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
The Journals of Gerontology : Series A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Translational Medicine of Aging     Open Access  
Work, Aging and Retirement     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Working with Older People     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.67
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1720-8319 - ISSN (Online) 1720-8319
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Perioperative administration of methylprednisolone was associated with
           postoperative pulmonary complications in elderly patients undergoing hip
           fracture surgery

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      Abstract: Background Postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) seriously affect the postoperative prognosis of elderly patients underwent hip fracture surgery. Although methylprednisolone is increasingly used, the association between perioperative methylprednisolone and PPCs is still controversial. The study aims to determine whether perioperative administration of methylprednisolone is associated with PPCs in elderly patients during hip fracture surgery. Patients and Methods In this retrospective cohort study, records of 584 patients (≥ 65 years) who underwent hip fracture surgery between January 2013 and October 2020 were extracted. Univariate and multivariate regression analysis were performed to identify the risk factors for PPCs. To further explore the association between administration of methylprednisolone and PPCs, 53 patients received methylprednisolone and 53 patients without methylprednisolone were matched for the confounding factors using propensity score matching (PSM) analysis. The odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the above variables were analyzed. Results The incidence of PPCs during postoperative hospitalization was 6.83% (38/556) among the elderly patients following hip fracture surgery. Patients with PPCs had higher postoperative mortality rate, longer hospital stay, more hospitalization cost, and higher incidence of cardiac arrest (all P < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age, hypertension, hypoglycemia, hypoproteinemia and perioperative methylprednisolone were independent risk factors for PPCs. Moreover, administration of methylprednisolone was significantly correlated with PPCs both before PSM adjustment (OR = 3.25; 95% CI, 1.67 to 6.33; P = 0.001) and after PSM adjustment (OR = 6.68; 95% CI, 1.40 to 31.82; P = 0.017). Conclusion Perioperative administration of methylprednisolone is a risk factor for PPCs in elderly patients undergoing hip fracture surgery.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
       
  • Association between frailty index based on routine laboratory tests and
           risk of cerebral small vessel disease in elderly patients: a
           hospital-based observational study

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      Abstract: Background The association between frailty and cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) remains controversial due to the use of different methods to assess frailty, including physical frailty phenotype and frailty scores containing measures of cognition. A frailty index based on laboratory tests (FI-Lab), which assesses frailty by the combination of routine laboratory measures and several vital signs, is independent of cognition and function status. We aimed to evaluate the association of FI-Lab with CSVD. Methods An observational study was carried out in a hospitalized cohort of older patients with minor ischemic stroke or TIA. The FI-Lab was constructed by 20 routine laboratory tests, plus systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse pressure. Manifestations of CSVD including white matter hyperintensity (WMH), silent lacunar infarcts, microbleed, enlarged perivascular spaces (EPVS), as well as deep brain atrophy, were measured on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). An ordinal score system constructed by WMH, EPVS, silent lacunar infarcts, and microbleed was used to reflect the total burden of CSVD. The associations between FI-lab and CSVD were examined by logistic regression analysis and ordinal regression. Results A total of 398 patients were recruited from January 2016 to December 2018. The mean FI-Lab value was 0.26 ± 0.11. The prevalence of extensive periventricular WMH, extensive deep WMH, extensive basal ganglia EPVS, extensive centrum semiovale EPVS, silent lacunar infarcts, and deep microbleed was 26.1, 66.6, 68.6, 80.7, 32.9, and 6.5%, respectively. A higher FI-Lab value was associated with increased risks of extensive deep WMH (OR = 1.622; 95% CI, 1.253 ~ 2.100), extensive basal ganglia EPVS (OR = 1.535; 95% CI, 1.187 ~ 1.985), extensive centrum semiovale EPVS (OR = 1.584; 95% CI, 1.167 ~ 2.151), silent lacunar infarcts (OR = 1.273; 95% CI, 1.007 ~ 1.608), and higher total burden of CSVD. These associations remained after the adjustment of potential confounding factors. Conclusion This study demonstrated that a higher FI-Lab score might be associated with the presence of WMH, EPVS, silent lacunar infarcts, as well as severe total CSVD burden in older patients with minor stroke or TIA. The FI-Lab provides a basis for the prediction of CSVD.
      PubDate: 2022-08-04
       
  • Impact of nutraceuticals and dietary supplements on mitochondria
           modifications in healthy aging: a systematic review of randomized
           controlled trials

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      Abstract: Background To date, the mitochondrial function has been related to several pathways involved in the cellular aging process. Dietary supplements might have reciprocal and multilevel interactions with mitochondria network; however, no systematic review assessed the role of different nutraceuticals in mitochondria modification of healthy older adults. Aim To assess the effects of different dietary supplements on mitochondria modifications in older adults. Methods On February 22, 2022, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, and Cochrane were systematically searched from inception for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). According to PICO model, we considered healthy older adults as participants, nutraceutical treatment as intervention, any treatment as comparator, mitochondrial modifications as outcome. Jadad scale was used for the quality assessment. Results Altogether, 8489 records were identified and screened until 6 studies were included. A total of 201 healthy older adults were included in the systematic review (mean age ranged from 67.0 ± 1.0 years to 76.0 ± 5.6 years). The dietary supplements assessed were sodium nitrite, N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, hydrogen-rich water, nicotinamide riboside, urolithin A, and whey protein powder. Positive effects were reported in terms of mitochondrial oxidative and antioxidant capacity, volume, bioenergetic capacity, and mitochondrial transcriptome based on the nutritional supplements. The quality assessment underlined that all the studies included were of good quality. Discussion Although dietary supplements might provide positive effects on mitochondria modifications, few studies are currently available in this field. Conclusion Further studies are needed to better elucidate the reciprocal and multilevel interactions between nutraceuticals, mitochondria, and environmental stressors in healthy older adults.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
       
  • Aging hampers neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) efficacy

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      Abstract: Background NETosis is a neutrophil-mediated defense mechanism during which DNA and enzymes are extruded forming a network (NETs) trapping and killing different pathogens. NETosis is reduced in both mice and humans during aging. Aims We explored the difference in the efficacy of NETs released in elderly (> 65 years) versus adults (20–50 years) subjects in inhibiting Staphylococcus aureus growth and activating the growth of keratinocytes. Methods Neutrophil granulocytes, obtained from venous blood both in healthy elderly and adult subjects, were stimulated by LPS (0–250 µg/ml) to induce the formation of NET. NETs were quantified by SYBR Green staining and growth inhibition of S. aureus was evaluated by disk diffusion test. Furthermore, NETs (0–500 ng/ml) were added to immortalized human keratinocytes (HaCaT cells), and their proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay after 24 h. Finally, the DNA size of NETs was evaluated by flow cytometry after SYBR Green staining. Results Greater production of NETs was observed in elderly subjects than in adults, but these NETs showed reduced bactericidal capacity and HaCaT cells’ proliferation stimulation. The activities of the NETs are related to the size of the extruded DNA threads, and when NETs size was analyzed, DNA from elderly showed a higher size compared to that obtained by adults. Discussion Unexpected results showed aging-related NETs structural modification resulting in both a lower antimicrobial activity and keratinocyte proliferation stimulation compared to NETs obtained from adults. Conclusions The NETs DNA size observed in elderly subjects has not been previously reported and could be part of other pathogenic mechanisms observed in aging.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
       
  • Chair stand test as a proxy for physical performance and muscle strength
           in sarcopenia diagnosis: the Korean frailty and aging cohort study

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      Abstract: Background The 5-times chair stand test (5CST) is a proxy tool for measuring physical performance and muscle strength in diagnosing sarcopenia. The Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019 guidelines recommends the 5CST for evaluating gait speed, whereas the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People guidelines recommend the chair stand test as a proxy for muscle strength. Aims This study sought to determine whether the chair stand test correlates with handgrip strength and gait speed, and investigate sex differences in these relationships. Methods We used data collected from 1416 participants (678 men and 738 women) in the 2017 Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS). Results The 5CST time had a higher correlation with gait speed (r =  − 0.470) than handgrip strength (r =  − 0.309). In addition, 5CST time predicted low gait speed (area under the curve [AUC] 0.727) better than low handgrip strength (AUC 0.641). The optimal cutoff values of the 5CST to estimate low gait speed were 10 s for men (sensitivity 62%, specificity 64%) and 11 s for women (sensitivity 68%, specificity 67%). The optimal cutoff values of the 5CST for low handgrip strength were the same as those for low gait speed (10 s for men and 11 s for women). Conclusions The 5-times chair stand test fits with gait speed and handgrip strength but seems to be a better proxy of gait speed than handgrip strength. The optimal cutoff values of the 5CST to estimate low gait speed and low handgrip strength were lower in men than women. Although none of the AWGS 2019 or EWGSOP guidelines present sex-specific cutoffs for the 5CST, it needs to be considered in the next guidelines.
      PubDate: 2022-08-02
       
  • The mysterious connection between migraine and dementia: epiphenomenon or
           causation' Special considerations

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      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Implementation of the frailty assessment to improve liver transplant
           outcomes

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      Abstract: Abstract The majority of patients undergoing Orthotopic Liver Transplantation (OLT) have increased in age, therefore chronological age may have become an unreliable parameter for supporting clinical decisions. The age-related deficit accumulation model measuring frailty proposed by Rockwood et al., may propose an alternative in providing an estimate of an individual’s biological age. No Frailty Index (FI) tailored specifically for OLT patients exists to date. Forty-three consecutive OLT patients with ≥ 20 years of survival with a functioning graft were included in our study. The FI was computed taking to account 39 items (FI-39), meeting the standard criteria for internal validation. Endpoints were polypharmacy, and recent Emergency Room admission. The mean age of our population was 69 (sd 9) years. The mean FI-39 was 0.23 (sd 0.1). The FI-39 was associated with polypharmacy [odds ratio (OR) 1.13; Confidence interval (95%CI) 1.03–1.24; p = 0.01], and recent Emergency Room admission [beta coefficient + 1.98; 95%CI + 0.26, + 3.70; p = 0.03], independent for age and sex. This study demonstrates that an FI can be derived from data collected during routine clinical follow-up and allows for improved differentiation related to the OLT clinical complexity in OLT patients, independent of chronological age. This may lead to the adoption of FI-39 to improve personalized OLT patient care.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • The cross-sectional association of frailty with chronic past and current
           use of benzodiazepine drugs

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      Abstract: Background Frailty, a clinical syndrome characterized by vulnerability to stressors resulting from multisystemic loss of physiological reserve. The use of benzodiazepines in older adults has been associated with confusion, sedation, and cognitive impairment, which in turn may lead to frailty. Aims The purpose of this study was to determine the cross-sectional association between frailty and chronic past or current use of benzodiazepine drugs among older US Veterans. Methods/design This is a cross-sectional study of community-dwelling older Veterans who had determinations of frailty. Benzodiazepine prescription data were obtained via EHR. A 31-item VA Frailty Index (VA-FI) was generated at the time of the assessment. We categorized Veterans into robust (FI ≤ 0.10), pre-frail (FI 0.10–0.21), and Frail (FI ≥ 0.21). After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, we calculated ORs and 95% CIs using a binomial logistic regression (BLR) model to assess the cross-sectional association between benzodiazepine use and frailty. Results Population sample consisted of 17,423 Veterans, mean age 75.53 (SD = 8.03) years, 70.80% Caucasian, 97.34% male, 14,545 (83.50%) patients were non-users of benzodiazepine drugs, 2408 (13.80%) had a past use, and 470 (2.70%) were current users. In BLR, individuals with past (OR 2.51, 95% CI 2.30–2.74, p < .001) or current (OR 2.36, 95% CI 1.96–2.83, p < .001) use showed a higher association with frailty as compared to individuals who were non-users. Conclusions The use of benzodiazepine was cross-sectionally associated with frailty in older Veterans. These results suggest that screening for frailty in patients with past or current exposure to benzodiazepine medications may be necessary for proper management.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Incidence of fractures and clinical profile of patients following up at a
           Fracture Liaison Service in the city of Curitiba

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      Abstract: Background Osteoporotic fractures are common, and their incidence are increasing worldwide. The first fracture doubles the risk of new fractures. Despite that, up to 80% of patients with a fragility fracture are evaluated or treated to reduce the risk of new fractures. Aims To evaluate the results of the operation of the hospital Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) and to analyze the clinical characteristics of the patients attending the service in its first 2 years of operation and to estimate the fracture risk reduction ratio. Methods The FLS managed patients older than 50 years who were admitted with a low-energy trauma fracture between January 2017 and April 2018. This management consists in a full medical evaluation, nutritional and physical activity guidance, and specific osteoporosis treatment, if needed. Results We monitored and treated 135 patients. Forty percent of them had a previous fracture and only 20.3% of them received treatment to prevent new fractures. On Kaplan–Meier analysis, the estimated incidence of new fractures over 24 months was 12.1% (95% CI 7.2–20.8%), indicating that the percentage of patients without new fractures due to bone fragility during treatment was estimated at 87.9% (95% CI 79.2–92.8%). Conclusions The evaluation and treatment of patients who sustained a fragility fracture to prevent a secondary fracture is effective in reducing the risk of new fractures in high-risk patients.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Psychosocial determinants for adherence to a healthy lifestyle and
           intervention participation in the FINGER trial: an exploratory analysis of
           a randomised clinical trial

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      Abstract: Background and aims Psychosocial factors may affect adherence to lifestyle interventions and lifestyle changes. The role of psychosocial factors in dementia prevention needs more research. We aimed at clarify the issue in the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER). Methods The population included 1260 participants aged 60–77 years at risk for cognitive decline, randomised to a multidomain lifestyle intervention or regular health advice for 2 years. Adherence was evaluated as participation in the provided activities and actual lifestyle changes, separately for each domain (diet, exercise, social/cognitive activity, vascular risk management) and combined into multidomain. Psychosocial factors were measured at trial baseline (depressive symptoms; study perception; health-related quality of life, HRQoL) and earlier life (hopelessness; satisfaction with family life, achievements, and financial situation). Results Depressive symptoms, hopelessness, and nonpositive study perception were negatively and HRQoL positively associated with participation in the multidomain intervention. Depressive symptoms, lower HRQoL, hopelessness and dissatisfaction with financial situation were associated with unhealthier lifestyles at baseline. Baseline depressive symptoms and lower HRQoL predicted less improvement in lifestyle, but did not modify the intervention effect on lifestyle change. Discussion and conclusions Several psychosocial factors were associated with participation in lifestyle intervention, while fewer of them contributed to lifestyle changes. Although the intervention was beneficial for lifestyle changes independent of psychosocial factors, those most in need of lifestyle improvement were less likely to be active. Tailoring lifestyle-modifying strategies based on the need for psychosocial support may add efficacy in future trials. Trial Registry ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01041989 2010-01-05
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • The use of anticholinergic medication is associated with an increased risk
           of stroke-associated pneumonia

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      Abstract: Background Pneumonia is a frequent medical complication after stroke. A few studies showed that the use of anticholinergic medication is associated with a higher risk of community acquired pneumonia in the elderly. We aimed to determine if there is any association between anticholinergic medication used before stroke and stroke-associated pneumonia (SAP). Methods We analysed prospectively collected data of 675 patients with acute stroke (mean age 71.4 ± 13.3; 53.1% female). We used the Anticholinergic Drug Scale to assess anticholinergic exposure during a month preceding stroke onset. Results We diagnosed SAP in 14.7% of patients. The use of anticholinergic medication was associated with an elevated risk of SAP (OR 2.56, 95% CI 1.59–4.11, P < 0.01) in univariate analysis. This association remained significant in multivariable analysis adjusted for age, stroke severity, atrial fibrillation, previous myocardial infarction and respiratory tract diseases (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.01–4.22, P = 0.04). Conclusions The use of anticholinergic medication before stroke is associated with an increased risk of SAP.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Interdisciplinary collaboration and computer-assisted home healthcare
           referral in the emergency department: a retrospective cohort study

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      Abstract: Aim Home healthcare (HHC) provides continuous care for disabled patients. However, HHC referral after the emergency department (ED) discharge remains unclear. Thus, this study aimed its clarification. Methods A computer-assisted HHC referral by interdisciplinary collaboration among emergency physicians, case managers, nurse practitioners, geriatricians, and HHC nurses was built in a tertiary medical center in Taiwan. Patients who had HHC referrals after ED discharge between February 1, 2020 and September 31, 2020, were recruited into the study. A non-ED HHC cohort who had HHC referrals after hospitalization from the ED was also identified. Comparison for clinical characteristics and uses of medical resources was performed between ED HHC and non-ED HHC cohorts. Results The model was successfully implemented. In total, 34 patients with ED HHC and 40 patients with non-ED HHC were recruited into the study. The female proportion was 61.8% and 67.5%, and the mean age was 81.5 and 83.7 years in ED HHC and non-ED HHC cohorts, respectively. No significant difference was found in sex, age, underlying comorbidities, and ED diagnoses between the two cohorts. The ED HHC cohort had a lower median total medical expenditure within 3 months (34,030.0 vs. 56,624.0 New Taiwan Dollars, p = 0.021) compared with the non-ED HHC cohort. Compared to the non-ED HHC cohort, the ED HHC cohort had a lower ≤ 1 month ED visit, ≤ 6 months ED visit, and ≤ 3 months hospitalization; however, differences were not significant. Conclusion An innovative ED HHC model was successfully implemented. Further studies with more patients are warranted to investigate the impact.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • What is the impact of perioperative cerebral oxygen desaturation on
           postoperative delirium in old population: a systemic review and
           meta-analysis

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      Abstract: Background Perioperative cerebral oxygen saturation (ScO2) has been reported to associate with postoperative delirium (POD) which is a common postoperative complication, however, the results were inconclusive. Therefore, we aimed to conduct an up-to-date review and meta-analyze the relationship between perioperative ScO2 and POD. Methods We systematically searched PubMed, Embase and Web of science through January 13, 2022. The pooled results were estimated through a random-effects model meta-analysis and expressed as odds ratios (ORs) and standard mean differences (SMDs), accompanied with 95% confident intervals (CIs). Results Finally, of 467 searched articles, ten articles were included. A total of six studies reported the baseline ScO2 value and the pooled result showed that preoperative baseline ScO2 was lower in POD groups (SMD = − 0.41, 95% CI − 0.64 to − 0.18). And beyond that, the pooled OR across four literatures about preoperative low ScO2 on POD was 3.44 (95% CI 1.69, 7.02). In contrast, insignificant differences were detected in baseline/lowest ScO2 value during intraoperative and postoperative period. Additionally, there were no statistically significant associations for intraoperative and postoperative low ScO2 effect on POD risk. Meta-regress analysis has found no significant impact factors. Conclusions Based on current evidence, POD patients have a lower ScO2, and ScO2 desaturation may increase POD incidence, indicating the role of ScO2 underlying pathological mechanisms. For generalizability of evidence, we should rely on high-quality, considering more comprehensively longitudinal, interdisciplinary studies.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Prevalence and severity of cognitive dysfunction in patients referred for
           transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI): clinical and cognitive
           impact at 1 year

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      Abstract: Aim We estimated the proportion and severity of cognitive disorders in an unselected population of patients referred for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Second, we describe clinical and cognitive outcomes at 1 year. Methods Eligible patients were aged ≥ 70 years, with symptomatic aortic stenosis and an indication for TAVI. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) was used to assess cognitive dysfunction (CD), defined as no CD if score ≥ 26, mild CD if 18–25; moderate CD if 10–18, and severe CD if < 10. We assessed survival and in-hospital complications at 6 months and 1 year. Results Between June 2019 and October 2020, 105 patients were included; 21 (20%) did not undergo TAVI, and thus, 84 were analyzed; median age 85 years, 53.6% females, median EuroScore 11.5%. Median MoCA score was 22 (19–25); CD was excluded in 18 (21%), mild in 50 (59.5%), moderate in 15 (19%) and severe in 1. Mean MoCA score at follow-up was 21.9(± 4.69) and did not differ significantly from baseline (21.79 (± 4.61), p = 0.73). There was no difference in success rate, in-hospital complications, or death across CD categories. Conclusion The clinical course of patients with mild or moderate CD is not different at 1 year after TAVI compared to those without cognitive dysfunction.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • The associations of psoas and masseter muscles with sarcopenia and related
           adverse outcomes in older trauma patients: a retrospective study

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      Abstract: Background There is an emerging role for radiological evaluation of psoas muscle as a marker of sarcopenia in trauma patients. Older trauma patients are more likely to undergo cranial than abdomino-pelvic imaging. Identifying sarcopenia using masseter cross-sectional area (M-CSA) has shown correlation with mortality. We sought to determine the correlation between psoas: lumbar vertebral index (PLVI) and the M-CSA, and their association with health outcomes. Methods Patients aged 65 or above, who presented as a trauma call over a 1-year period were included if they underwent cranial or abdominal CT imaging. Images were retrospectively analysed to obtain PLVI and mean M-CSA measurements. Electronic records were abstracted for outcomes. Logistic regression methods, log scale analyses, Cox regression model and Kaplan–Meier plots were used to determine association of sarcopenia with outcomes. Results There were 155 eligible patients in the M-CSA group and 204 patients in the PLVI group. Sarcopenia was defined as the lowest quartile in each group. Pearson’s correlation indicated a weakly positive linear relationship (r = 0.35, p < 0.001) between these. There was no statistical association between M-CSA sarcopenia status and any measured outcomes. Those with PLVI sarcopenia were more likely to die in hospital (adjusted OR 3.38, 95% CI 1.47–9.73, p = 0.006) and at 2 years (adjusted HR 1.90, 95% CI 1.11–3.25, p = 0.02). Only 29% patients with PLVI sarcopenia were discharged home, compared with 58% without sarcopenia (p = 0.001). Conclusion Sarcopenia, defined by PLVI, is predictive of increased in-patient and 2-year mortality. Our study did not support prognostic relevance of M-CSA.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Long-term survival analysis of sublobar resection versus lobectomy for
           older patients with early-stage pulmonary carcinoid tumour: a
           database-based propensity score-matched study

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      Abstract: Background The optimal extent of surgery for older patients with early-stage pulmonary carcinoid tumour (PC) remains controversial. Aims To compare prognostic differences between sublobar resection versus lobectomy in older patients with early-stage PC. Methods The SEER database was searched for stage T1N0M0 PC patients aged ≥ 65 years who underwent lobectomy or sublobar resection from 2000 to 2017. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to determine intergroup covariate differences. Kaplan–Meier curves and the log-rank test were used for intergroup comparison of overall survival (OS). A Cox proportional hazard model was used to evaluate independent risk factors. Results Among 1023 participants, 650 and 373 underwent lobectomy and sublobar resection, respectively. Before PSM, the 5- and 10-year OS in the sublobar resection group were lower than that of the lobectomy group (5-year OS 84.12% vs. 91.16%; 10-year OS 57.43% vs. 64.77%; p = 0.014); after PSM, no significant prognostic difference existed between lobectomy and sublobar resection (5-year OS 88.17% vs. 89.23%; 10-year OS 58.32% vs. 62.75%; p = 0.811). Subgroup analysis included tumour size, age, number of lymph nodes examined and histological type, and showed no statistically significant survival differences between the lobectomy and sublobar resection groups. Multivariable Cox analysis indicated that age ≥ 77 years, male sex, inadequate lymph node assessment (< 7), and atypical carcinoid were associated with reduced OS. Conclusion Sublobar resection showed a similar long-term survival rate for early-stage PC patients aged ≥ 65 years as with lobectomy, thereby providing a basis for the selection of surgical methods for PC.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Prediction of post-stroke cognitive impairment by Montreal Cognitive
           Assessment (MoCA) performances in acute stroke: comparison of three
           normative datasets

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      Abstract: Background Cognitive assessment in acute stroke is relevant for identifying patients at risk of persistent post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI). Despite preliminary evidence on MoCA accuracy, there is no consensus on its optimal score in the acute stroke setting to predict PSCI. Aims (1) To explore whether the application of different normative datasets to MoCA scores obtained in the acute stroke setting results in variable frequency of patients defined as cognitively impaired; (2) to assess whether the normality cut-offs provided by three normative datasets predict PSCI at 6–9 months; (3) to calculate alternative MoCA cut-offs able to predict PSCI. Methods Consecutive stroke patients were reassessed at 6–9 months with extensive neuropsychological and functional batteries for PSCI determination. Results Out of 207 enrolled patients, 118 (57%) were followed-up (mean 7.4 ± 1.7 months), and 77 of them (65%) received a PSCI diagnosis. The application of the normality thresholds provided by the 3 normative datasets yielded to variable (from 28.5% to 41%) rates of patients having an impaired MoCA performance, and to an inadequate accuracy in predicting PSCI, maximizing specificity instead of sensitivity. In ROC analyses, a MoCA score of 22.82, adjusted according to the most recent normative dataset, achieved a good diagnostic accuracy in predicting PSCI. Conclusions The classification of acute stroke patients as normal/impaired based on MoCA thresholds proposed by general population normative datasets underestimated patients at risk of persistent PSCI. We calculated a new adjusted MoCA score predictive of PSCI in acute stroke patients to be further tested in larger studies.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Understanding current UK practice for the incidental identification of
           vertebral fragility fractures from CT scans: an expert elicitation study

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      Abstract: Background There is an emerging interest in using automated approaches to enable the incidental identification of vertebral fragility fractures (VFFs) on existing medical images visualising the spine. Aim To quantify values, and the degree of uncertainty associated with them, for the incidental identification of VFFs from computed tomography (CT) scans in current practice. Methods An expert elicitation exercise was conducted to generate point estimates and measures of uncertainty for four values representing the probability of: VFF being correctly reported by the radiologist; the absence of VFF being correctly assessed by the radiologist; being referred for management when a VFF is identified; having a dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scan after general practitioner (GP) referral. Data from a sample of seven experts in the diagnosis and management of people with VFFs were pooled using mathematical aggregation. Results The estimated mean values for each probability parameter were: VFF being correctly reported by the radiologist = 0.25 (standard deviation (SD): 0.21); absence of VFF being correctly assessed by the radiologist = 0.89 (0.10); being referred for management when a VFF is identified by the radiologist = 0.15 (0.12); having a DXA scan after GP referral = 0.66 (0.28). Discussion These estimates could be used to facilitate the subsequent early economic evaluation of potential new approaches to improve the health outcomes of people with VFFs. Conclusion In the absence of epidemiological studies, this study produced point estimates and measures of uncertainty for key parameters needed to describe current pathways for the incidental diagnosis of VFFs.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • Facilitators and barriers to real-life mobility in community-dwelling
           older adults: a narrative review of accelerometry- and global positioning
           system-based studies

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      Abstract: Abstract Real-life mobility, also called “enacted” mobility, characterizes an individual’s activity and participation in the community. Real-life mobility may be facilitated or hindered by a variety of factors, such as physical abilities, cognitive function, psychosocial aspects, and external environment characteristics. Advances in technology have allowed for objective quantification of real-life mobility using wearable sensors, specifically, accelerometry and global positioning systems (GPSs). In this review article, first, we summarize the common mobility measures extracted from accelerometry and GPS. Second, we summarize studies assessing the associations of facilitators and barriers influencing mobility of community-dwelling older adults with mobility measures from sensor technology. We found the most used accelerometry measures focus on the duration and intensity of activity in daily life. Gait quality measures, e.g., cadence, variability, and symmetry, are not usually included. GPS has been used to investigate mobility behavior, such as spatial and temporal measures of path traveled, location nodes traversed, and mode of transportation. Factors of note that facilitate/hinder community mobility were cognition and psychosocial influences. Fewer studies have included the influence of external environments, such as sidewalk quality, and socio-economic status in defining enacted mobility. Increasing our understanding of the facilitators and barriers to enacted mobility can inform wearable technology-enabled interventions targeted at delaying mobility-related disability and improving participation of older adults in the community.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
  • The association between healthy aging index and trajectories of
           disability: a population-based cohort study

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      Abstract: Background Healthy aging index (HAI) could predict adverse health consequences including mortality and disability independent of age and comorbidity. We investigated the role of HAI on trajectories of disability throughout later life based on a nationally representative sample. Methods We examined 1733 participants aged over 60 years from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) followed for 7 years/4 waves repeatedly. Systolic blood pressure [SBP], cognitive function, cystatin C, peak expiratory flow [PEF], and fasting glucose were categorized using tertile or clinical reference range, and scored as 0 (healthiest), 1 (less healthy) and 2 (least healthy) respectively to further generate HAI summary scores (range 0–10). Disability was defined as the sum of impaired activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL). We used linear mixed-effects model to study the association between HAI and trajectories of disability. Results A total of 10.5% of participants represented in the healthiest group and 22.5% ended up as the least healthy. After adjusting for all potential confounders, disability progression was significantly faster (β = 0.27, 95% CI 0.11–0.42) in the least healthy group when comparing with the healthiest. Conclusion Our findings suggest that HAI is associated with disability progression among adults aged over 60 years old. It might be beneficial for future interventions to specifically target older adults with high HAI scores as a means of reducing disability.
      PubDate: 2022-08-01
       
 
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