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Showing 1 - 122 of 122 Journals sorted alphabetically
Activities, Adaptation & Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Gerontology     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Age and Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 106)
Aging & Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aging and Cancer     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aging Clinical and Experimental Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aging Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Alzheimer's & Dementia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Anales en Gerontología     Open Access  
Angewandte GERONTOLOGIE Appliquée     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arthritis und Rheuma     Hybrid Journal  
Australasian Journal On Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Australian Ageing Agenda     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
B&G Bewegungstherapie und Gesundheitssport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biogerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BMC Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Canadian Geriatrics Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal on Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Gerontologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Clinics in Geriatric Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Current Geriatrics Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Drugs & Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
European Geriatric Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Ageing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
European Review of Aging and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Experimental Aging Research: An International Journal Devoted to the Scientific Study of the Aging Process     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Experimental Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Gait & Posture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Generations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Geriatric Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geriatric Medicine in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery Rehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geriatrics & Gerontology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Geriatrie up2date     Hybrid Journal  
Geriatrie-Report : Forschung und Praxis in der Altersmedizin     Full-text available via subscription  
Gerodontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Gerokomos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geron     Full-text available via subscription  
Gerontologia     Open Access  
Gerontology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Gerontology & Geriatrics Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
GeroPsych: The Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
GeroScience : Official Journal of the American Aging Association (AGE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Geriatrics Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Hip International     Hybrid Journal  
I Advance Senior Care     Full-text available via subscription  
Immunity & Ageing     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Innovation in Aging     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Ageing and Later Life     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Aging and Human Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Alzheimer's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
JMIR Aging     Open Access  
Journal for Healthcare Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Adult Protection, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Aging and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Aging and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Angiogenesis Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Gerontology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frailty & Aging     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Geriatric Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Geriatric Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Geriatrics and Palliative Care     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Gerontological Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Mid-life Health     Open Access  
Journal of Military and Veterans Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Parkinsonism and Restless Legs Syndrome     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parkinson’s Disease and Alzheimer’s Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Religion Spirituality & Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Work in End-of-Life & Palliative Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Journal of the Indian Academy of Geriatrics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Maturitas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Medycyna Wieku Podeszłego (Geriatric Medicine)     Open Access  
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Neurodegenerative Diseases     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Neuroembryology and Aging     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NOVAcura     Hybrid Journal  
npj Aging and Mechanisms of Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
npj Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nursing Older People     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
OA Elderly Medicine     Open Access  
Paediatrics & Child Health in General Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Palliative Care & Social Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Parkinson's Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Pathobiology of Aging & Age-related Diseases     Open Access  
Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Quality of Life Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología     Full-text available via subscription  
Senex: Yaşlılık Çalışmaları Dergisi / Senex: Journal of Aging Studies     Open Access  
The Aging Male     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
The Gerontologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
The Journals of Gerontology : Series A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Translational Medicine of Aging     Open Access  
Work, Aging and Retirement     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Working with Older People     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Zeitschrift fur Gerontologie und Geriatrie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Gerontopsychologie und -psychiatrie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Palliativmedizin     Hybrid Journal  


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Parkinson's Disease
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.841
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 12  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-8083 - ISSN (Online) 2042-0080
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Collective Expert Perspectives on the Use of Safinamide as Adjunctive
           Therapy for Parkinson’s Disease: Online-Based Delphi Survey

    • Abstract: Background. Safinamide is a selective, reversible monoamine oxidase-B inhibitor with a sodium channel inhibitory effect. Published clinical evidence supports safinamide as an effective therapy for Parkinson’s disease (PD) with wearing-off. However, to date, no consensus recommendations have been available to guide physicians in Asia on the optimal use of safinamide in clinical practice. To summarize opinions on the optimal patient profile and methods of using safinamide in common clinical scenarios, Japanese movement disorder specialists with expertise in PD investigated the perspectives of neurologists and neurosurgeons. Methods. The Delphi panel approach was used to summarize the opinions of panelists. The panel comprised doctors from Japan with extensive clinical practice experience in the use of safinamide (n = 46 at the final round). The consensus was defined as 80% or more agreement between panelists for each scenario at the final round. Results. There was a high level of agreement that patients with the following symptoms are suitable for safinamide treatment such as bradykinesia (100%), rigidity (95.7%), and/or gait disorder (89.1%) based on motor symptoms and PD-related pain (97.8%) and/or depression or apathy (93.5%) based on non-motor symptoms. Morning-off (95.7%), but not dyskinesia (71.7%), also reached consensus. The use of high-dose safinamide (100 mg/day) was recommended when the improvement in PD symptoms is insufficient and increasing the doses of other anti-PD medications is difficult (97.8%) or when the abovementioned non-motor symptoms adversely affect daily life (93.5%). Conclusions. This report provides expert perspectives on the use of safinamide for a wide range of clinical scenarios in Japan.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jul 2022 08:50:01 +000
  • Intestinal Transit in Early Moderate Parkinson’s Disease Correlates with
           Probable RBD: Subclinical Esophageal Dysmotility Does Not Correlate

    • Abstract: Background. Nonmotor symptoms, including constipation and dysphagia, are very common in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Lewy pathology is widespread in the gastrointestinal tract, particularly in the lower esophagus. Constipation and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) may present prior to clinical diagnosis. Yet, little is known about esophageal dysfunction and its connection to constipation in early PD. Objective. This study aimed to investigate esophageal and colonic transit in early moderate PD and to study correlations between symptoms and objective measures. Methods. Thirty early moderate PD patients and 28 healthy controls (HC) were included in this cross-sectional study. Esophageal transit times were determined by esophageal scintigraphy and colonic transit times by CT after radio-opaque marker ingestion. Olfaction tests, clinical evaluation, and nonmotor questionnaires were also performed. Results. Distal esophageal transit times and colonic transit times were both significantly prolonged in the PD group compared to HC ( and, respectively) and a moderate-strong positive correlation was found between colonic transit time (CTT) and RBDSQ score (r = 0.61,). Significant correlations were also found between CTT and SCOPA-AUT scores as well as between CTT and ROME III functional constipation scores. Conclusion. Colonic transit correlates with probable RBD and is more severely prolonged in early moderate PD than is the distal esophageal transit time.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jul 2022 08:35:02 +000
  • Semaglutide Protects against 6-OHDA Toxicity by Enhancing Autophagy and
           Inhibiting Oxidative Stress

    • Abstract: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder for which no effective treatment is available. Studies have demonstrated that improving insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can benefit patients with PD. In addition, a neuroprotective effect of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists was demonstrated in experimental models of PD. In addition, there are some clinical trials to study the neuroprotective effect of GLP-1 analog on PD patients. Semaglutide is a long-acting, once-a-week injection treatment and the only available oral form of GLP-1 analog. In the present study, we treated the human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell line with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) as a PD in vitro model to explore the neuroprotective effects and potential mechanisms of semaglutide to protect against PD. Moreover, we compared the effect of semaglutide with liraglutide given at the same dose. We demonstrated that both semaglutide and liraglutide protect against 6-OHDA cytotoxicity by increasing autophagy flux and decreasing oxidative stress as well as mitochondrial dysfunction in SH-SY5Y cells. Moreover, by comparing the neuroprotective effects of semaglutide and liraglutide on PD cell models at the same dose, we found that semaglutide was superior to liraglutide for most parameters measured. Our results indicate that semaglutide, the new long-acting and only oral GLP-1 analog, may be represent a promising treatment for PD.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2022 17:20:01 +000
  • Occupational Therapy for People with Early Parkinson’s Disease: A
           Retrospective Program Evaluation

    • Abstract: Purpose. Clinical practice guidelines establish that occupational therapy (OT) services are indicated for people with early Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, OT is uncommon compared to other rehabilitation services. This study describes the development and evaluation of a proactive, consultative OT program for people with early PD as a part of an integrated care approach. Materials and Methods. The program was developed by an occupational therapist adapting practice guidelines for people with early PD. Retrospective program evaluation occurred at an outpatient rehabilitation clinic. The consultative OT program for early PD includes a 90-minute evaluation with instruction in self-management techniques, individually tailored exercises, and follow-up recommendations. The program was evaluated with the RE-AIM framework. Postprogram semistructured interviews provided patient-reported program effectiveness and satisfaction. Results. In 2018, 23 individuals used OT out of 77 people with early PD who attended the proactive rehabilitation program. Most individuals (n = 16, 69.6%) were within Hoehn and Yahr stages 1-2 and were seen within 3 years of PD diagnosis. Participants presented with deficits in hand strength (60.0 ± 23.4 pounds) and dexterity (right hand 30.0 ± 8.0 seconds) and reported complaints about basic and/or instrumental activities of daily living (n = 15, 65.2%). Semistructured interviews (n = 16) revealed that most individuals (75%) reported high satisfaction. Of the 10 who recalled a home exercise program, 60% reported continued adherence. Consultative OT was delivered with fidelity in 22/23 individuals (96%). After one year, only two occupational therapists at one clinic had adopted the program, and the program is maintained in the organization. Conclusion. Occupational therapists reached people in the early stages of PD when a specific program was tailored to evaluate and target their specific needs. Motor activity deficits noted in individuals with early PD support future scaling and sustainability efforts of OT within this population. Quality improvement suggestions are discussed for future implementation and clinical trials.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2022 10:35:01 +000
  • Central Aortic Pressure and Arterial Stiffness in Parkinson’s
           Disease: A Comparative Study

    • Abstract: Background. Cardiovascular autonomic dysfunction, which leads to hemodynamic disorders, is commonly observed in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). Central aortic pressure (CAP) is the systolic blood pressure (SBP) at the root of the aorta. In young people, CAP is lower than peripheral arterial blood pressure. In older people, the difference between CAP and peripheral arterial blood pressure decreases depending on the extent of arterial stiffness (AS). In patients with AS, CAP increases. CAP is thus regarded as an indicator of AS. Objective. To compare CAP and other hemodynamic parameters for AS between patients with Parkinson’s disease and control group. We also aimed to evaluate changes in these hemodynamic parameters after the levodopa (LD) intake. Methods. We included 82 patients with PD and 76 healthy controls. Age, sex, disease duration, disease subtype, Hoehn–Yahr stage (H&Y), and nonmotor symptoms (NMS) were documented. TensioMed Software v. was used to measure CAP, peripheral arterial blood pressure, pulse pressure (PP), heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), augmentation index (AI), pulse wave velocity, and ejection time. All patients were being treated with LD, and measurements were performed 1 h before and 1 h after LD intake. Results. Baseline peripheral arterial blood pressure and CAP values were significantly higher in the PD group than in the control group ( and , respectively). Most cardiac hemodynamic parameters, including peripheral arterial blood pressure and CAP, decreased significantly ( and , respectively) after LD intake in the PD group. Disease subtype, duration, and severity did not affect any of the hemodynamic parameters. When NMS were evaluated, patients with psychosis and dementia showed higher baseline parameters. Conclusion. Loss of postganglionic noradrenergic innervation is well-known with PD. Several cardiac hemodynamic parameters were affected, suggesting cardiac autonomic dysfunction in these patients. The data obtained were independent of disease severity, duration, and subtype. After LD intake, most of these parameters decreased, which might have a positive effect on the vascular burden.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Jul 2022 11:20:04 +000
  • Association between Baseline Cognitive Score and Postoperative Delirium in
           Parkinson’s Disease Patients following Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery

    • Abstract: Background. Deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nuclei (STN-DBS) is a standard treatment option for advanced Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients. Delirium following DBS electrode implantation is common, by several studies, and cognitive impairment is a risk factor for developing postoperative delirium (POD). This prospective observational study was conducted to identify whether preoperative baseline cognitive status has an association with POD in PD patients undergoing DBS surgery. Methods. Preoperatively, neuropsychiatric and neuropsychological assessments of the patients were performed including clinical dementia rating (CDR) score, instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) score, mini-mental state exam (MMSE) score, Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA) score, Hamilton anxiety (HAMA) and Hamilton depression (HAMD) scores, and numerical cancellation test. POD was identified by the confusion assessment method (CAM) twice per day on postoperative day 1 until discharge. Results. Twenty-seven (21.6%) of 125 patients developed POD. Among the variables screened, age, CDR score, MMSE score, and HAMA score were indicated to be independent influence factors of POD. The cutoff score, AUC, sensitivity, and specificity of age, CDR score, MMSE score, and HAMA score associated with POD was 58.5, 0.751, 92.6%, 52.0%; 0.5, 0.848, 77.8%, 91.8%; 27.5, 0.827, 88.9%, 62.2%; and 12.5, 0.706, 85.2%, 54.1%, respectively. Conclusions. We observed age, CDR score, MMSE score, and HAMA score were independent influence factors of POD in PD patients who received DBS. It is necessary to assess the cognitive status of PD patients before surgery to identify high-risk patients.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jul 2022 11:20:03 +000
  • Clinical Features of Parkinson’s Disease in Patients with
           Early-Onset Freezing of Gait

    • Abstract: Background. Freezing of gait (FOG) is an important symptom that can impair activities of daily living in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, its pathogenic mechanism is largely unknown. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the clinical characteristics of newly diagnosed and levodopa-naïve patients with PD who present with FOG. Methods. A total of 53 patients with untreated PD (29 men and 24 women) within 2 years of disease onset were included in the study. Using item 3 of the Freezing of Gait Questionnaire (FOG-Q), patients were classified as “freezers” and “nonfreezers” and compared for cognitive function, depressive symptoms, apathy, olfactory function, motor severity, gait parameters, and daily physical activity. We also assessed the relationship between FOG severity (total score of items 3–6 on the FOG-Q) and various clinical parameters. Results. The FOG was reported by 8 (15%) patients with PD. The Apathy Scale score (), Modified Hoehn and Yahr stage (), Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale part III score (), and postural instability and gait disorder score () were significantly higher, and the mean gait acceleration amplitude () was significantly lower in freezers compared to that in nonfreezers. However, there was no significant correlation between FOG severity and these clinical parameters. There was also no significant difference in cognitive function, depressive symptoms, and olfactory function between the two groups. Daily physical activity was significantly lower in freezers than that in nonfreezers. Conclusions. Since FOG develops soon after PD onset, the study findings suggest that the FOG might be associated with the severity of apathy, motor symptoms, and in particular, gait disturbance.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jul 2022 11:35:02 +000
  • Nicotine Has a Therapeutic Window of Effectiveness in a Drosophila
           melanogaster Model of Parkinson’s Disease

    • Abstract: Strong epidemiological evidence and studies in models of Parkinson’s disease (PD) suggest that nicotine may be therapeutically beneficial in PD patients. However, a number of clinical trials utilizing nicotine in PD patients have had mixed results, indicating that either nicotine is not beneficial in PD patients, or an important aspect of nicotine therapy was absent. We hypothesized that nicotine must be administered early in the adult fly life in order to have beneficial effects. We show that continuous early nicotine administration improves both climbing and flight deficiencies present in homozygous park25 mutant PD model Drosophila melanogaster. Using a new climbing assay, we identify several climbing deficiencies in this PD model that are improved or rescued by continuous nicotine treatment. Amongst these benefits, it appears that nicotine improves the ability of the park25 flies to descend the climbing vial by being able to climb down more. In support of our hypothesis, we show that in order for nicotine benefits on climbing and flight to happen, nicotine administration must occur in a discrete time frame following adult fly eclosure: within one day for climbing or five days for flight. This therapeutic window of nicotine administration in this PD model fly may help to explain the lack of efficacy of nicotine in human clinical trials.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jul 2022 10:20:02 +000
  • Handgrip Strength and Anthropometry in Parkinson’s Disease at

    • Abstract: Objectives. To investigate how age, malnutrition, and the level of plasma cortisol and phosphate in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) at time of diagnosis are associated with body composition and handgrip strength in males and females compared to controls. Materials & Methods. This cross-sectional study includes baseline data from a cohort of newly diagnosed patients with Parkinson’s disease (N = 75; M/F = 41/34) in the New Parkinsonism in Umeå study (NYPUM). Body Impedance (BIS), handgrip strength (HGS) assessments, and evaluation of risk for malnutrition (Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score) and cognitive performance (Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)) were performed at time of PD diagnosis. Results. Low fat-free mass index (FFMI), MNA score, and a high Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS-total and UPDRS-III) were associated with high daytime levels of P-cortisol in total PD population but not in controls. Partial correlations reveal that high fat mass percent (FM (%)) and low FFMI were associated with older age in males with PD but not females with PD. Risk of malnutrition was associated with P-cortisol in males but not in females with PD (r = −0.511, , and n = 41 and r = −0.055, , and n = 34, respectively). Multiple linear regressions show that an interaction between P-cortisol and P-phosphate, older age, and high UPDRS-III score were associated with HGS in total patient population and males but not females. Conclusions. Age- and disease-associated risk factors that decrease muscle mass and HGS and increase FM (%) in patients with PD differ between males and females by an association with levels of cortisol and phosphate.
      PubDate: Sat, 02 Jul 2022 06:05:01 +000
  • GuitarPD: A Randomized Pilot Study on the Impact of Nontraditional Guitar
           Instruction on Functional Movement and Well-Being in Parkinson’s Disease

    • Abstract: Playing musical instruments may have positive effects on motor, emotional, and cognitive deficits in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD). This pilot study examined the feasibility of a six-week nontraditional guitar instruction program for individuals with PD. Twenty-six participants with idiopathic PD (Age: 67.22 ± 8.07; 17 males) were randomly assigned to two groups (intervention first or 6 weeks of usual care control exposure) with stepwise exposure to the guitar intervention condition with cross-over at six weeks. Outcomes were assessed at baseline, 6, 12, and 18 weeks. Twenty-four participants completed the study. Combined analysis of the groups showed significant BDI-II improvement immediately after intervention completion (3.04 points, 95% CI [−5.2, −0.9], ). PDQ-39 total quality of life scores improved from baseline to immediately postintervention 5.19 points (95% CI [−9.4, −1.0]) at trend significance (corrected ). For Group 1 (exposed to the intervention first), MDS-UPDRS total scores improved by a mean of 8.04 points (95% CI [−12.4, −3.7], ) and remained improved at 12 weeks by 10.37 points (95% CI [−14.7, −6.0], ). This group also had significant improvements in mood and depression at weeks 6 and 12, remaining significant at week 18 (BDI-II: 3.75, 95% CI [−5.8, −1.7], ; NeuroQoL-depression: 10.6, 95% CI [−4.9. −1.4], ), and in anxiety at week 6 and week 18 (NeuroQoL; 4.42, 95% CI [−6.8, −2.1], ; 3.58, 95% CI [−5.9, −1.2], , respectively). We found clinically and statistically significant improvements in mood/anxiety after 6 weeks of group guitar classes in individuals with PD. Group guitar classes can be a feasible intervention in PD and may improve mood, anxiety, and quality of life.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Jun 2022 07:05:01 +000
  • Abbreviated MDS-UPDRS for Remote Monitoring in PD Identified Using
           Exhaustive Computational Search

    • Abstract: Background. The Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (MDS-UPDRS) comprises 50 items, consisting of historical questions and motor ratings, typically taking around 30 minutes to complete. We sought to identify an abbreviated version that could facilitate use in clinical practice or used remotely via telemedicine. Methods. To create an 8-item version we conducted an “exhaustive search” of all possible subsets. We measured explained variance in comparison to the 50-item version using linear regression, with the “optimal” subset maximising this while also meeting remote assessment practicality constraints. The subset was identified using a dataset collected by the Parkinson’s Progression Markers Initiative and validated using an MDS Non-Motor Symptoms Scale validation study dataset. Results. The optimal remote version comprised items from all parts of the MDS-UPDRS and was found to act as an unbiased estimator of the total 50-item score. This version had an explained variance score of 0.844 and was highly correlated with the total MDS-UPDRS score (Pearson’s r = 0.919, -value
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Jun 2022 07:50:02 +000
  • Prospective Five-Year Follow-Up of Patients with Schizophrenia Suspected
           with Parkinson’s Disease

    • Abstract: Objective. It is difficult to distinguish patients with schizophrenia with neuroleptic-induced parkinsonism (NIP) from those with existing idiopathic Parkinson’s disease when their striatal dopamine transporter uptake is reduced. There is a possibility of misdiagnosis of Parkinson’s disease in patients with schizophrenia as schizophrenia with NIP, which leads to inappropriate treatment. This prospective study aimed at determining the underlying pathophysiology using detailed clinical and psychological assessments. Methods. We enrolled six patients with schizophrenia who had parkinsonism and were diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease according to the Movement Disorder Society Clinical Diagnostic Criteria, except for the fifth absolute exclusion criteria. Results. Five patients had been treated with neuroleptics for 20 years. One patient refused treatment for schizophrenia. All patients had impaired cognitive function at enrolment, olfactory dysfunction, and constipation. All patients were treated with dopaminergic therapy, and their parkinsonism substantially improved; one woman in her 40s experienced a wearing-off effect and dyskinesia. The uptake of dopamine transporter in the striatum decreased by 13%/year during the study period. Conclusion. Some patients with schizophrenia and parkinsonism benefit from dopaminergic therapy. Some of these patients may also exhibit Lewy pathology.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 May 2022 06:50:01 +000
  • Daily Exercise Patterns and Their Differences between Parkinson’s
           Disease Patients with and without Postural Instability

    • Abstract: Background. Due to the clinical impact of exercise in patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD), management should include personalized and effective exercises according to patient’s PD stage. We investigated the detailed exercise behaviors of patients with mild to advanced PD and compared their patterns between PD with and without postural instability (PI). Methods. We enrolled PD patients from September to December 2019. Clinical data on parkinsonism, exercise behaviors, and Physical Activity Scale of the Elderly (PASE) scores were collected and compared between mild PD without PI (Hoehn–Yahr (HY) stages 1 and 2) and advanced PD with PI (HY stages 3 and 4). Results. In total, 263 PD patients were recruited. The mean exercise frequency was 4.7 ± 2.1 times/week, and the average duration was 7.8 ± 6.7 hours/week. The most common exercise was an aerobic exercise (71.9%) of mild-to-moderate intensity, with active walking being the most common (49.0%). The mild PD patients demonstrated a higher duration and intensity of exercise and more physical activity than the advanced PD patients. However, the frequency of exercise was not significantly different between the two groups. The PASE score was significantly higher in mild PD patients than in advanced PD patients ().Conclusion. PD patients focused mostly on aerobic exercises, especially active walking. With the disease progression, the amount and intensity of exercise decreased while frequency remained. Higher intensity of exercise is needed in the mild PD group, while the advanced PD group requires the increment of duration for each exercise session.
      PubDate: Thu, 19 May 2022 16:05:02 +000
  • The Efficacy of a Newly Developed Cueing Device for Gait Mobility in
           Parkinson’s Disease

    • Abstract: Background. External cues are effective in improving gait in people with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, the most effective cueing method has yet to be determined. Objective. The aim of this study was to compare the immediate effects of using visual, auditory, or somatosensory cues on their own or in combination during walking compared to no cues in people with PD. Methods. This was a single blinded, randomly selected, controlled study. Twenty people with PD with an age range of 46–79 years and Hoehn and Yahr scores of 1–3 were recruited. Participants were studied under 4 cueing conditions; no cue, visual, auditory, or somatosensory cues, which were randomly selected individually or in a combination. Results. A repeated measures ANOVA with pairwise comparisons using Bonferroni correction showed that any single or combination of the cues resulted in an improvement in gait velocity and stride length compared to no cue. Some significant differences were also seen when comparing different combinations of cues, specifically stride length showed significant improvements when additional cues were added to the light cue. The statistically significant difference was set at .Conclusions. Walking using visual, auditory, or somatosensory cues can immediately improve gait mobility in people with PD. Any or a combination of the cues tested could be chosen depending on the ability of the individual to use that cue.
      PubDate: Wed, 18 May 2022 11:20:02 +000
  • Association of p53 with Neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s Disease

    • Abstract: p53 is a vital transcriptional protein implicated in regulating diverse cellular processes, including cell cycle arrest, DNA repair, mitochondrial metabolism, redox homeostasis, autophagy, senescence, and apoptosis. Recent studies have revealed that p53 levels and activity are substantially increased in affected neurons in cellular and animal models of Parkinson’s disease (PD) as well as in the brains of PD patients. p53 activation in response to neurodegenerative stress is closely associated with the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons accompanied by mitochondrial dysfunction, reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, abnormal protein aggregation, and impairment of autophagy, and these pathogenic events have been implicated in the pathogenesis of PD. Pathogenic p53 integrates diverse cellular stresses and activate these downstream events to induce the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons; thus, it plays a crucial role in the pathogenesis of PD and appears to be a potential target for the treatment of the disease. We reviewed the current knowledge concerning p53-dependent neurodegeneration to better understand the underlying mechanisms and provide possible strategies for PD treatment by targeting p53.
      PubDate: Wed, 11 May 2022 11:50:02 +000
  • Confirming Parkinson Disease Diagnosis: Patterns of Diagnostic Changes by
           Movement Disorder Specialists

    • Abstract: Background. The American Academy of Neurology Parkinson Disease (PD) quality measures include an annual diagnostic review. Objective. To investigate the frequency and pattern of changes in diagnoses between PD and other causes of parkinsonism. Methods. This prospective longitudinal cohort study included consented patients diagnosed with PD at least once and a minimum of two times at the Movement Disorders Center between 2002 and 2017. Movement disorder specialists confirmed and documented diagnoses at every visit. Longitudinal changes in diagnoses were identified across visits. Results. Of 1567 patients with parkinsonism, 174 had non-PD parkinsonism with no change over time. Of 1393 patients diagnosed with PD at least once, 94% (N = 1308) had no change of diagnosis over time and 6% (N = 85) had a change of diagnosis including PD ⟷ drug-induced parkinsonism (DIP) (27.1%), PD ⟷ multiple system atrophy (MSA) (20.0%), PD ⟷ progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) (18.8%), PD ⟷ Lewy body dementia (DLB) (16.5%), PD⟷ vascular parkinsonism (9.4%), more than two diagnoses (4.7%), and PD ⟷ corticobasal syndrome (CBS) (3.5%). The direction of diagnostic switches was as follows: PD ⟶ other parkinsonism diseases (36.5%), other parkinsonism diseases ⟶ PD (31.8%), and 31.8% of multiple switches. There were no significant differences in duration of follow-up, age at first visit, gender, race, marital status, education, income, cognition, or employment between the stable and unstable groups. Diagnostic change was associated with greater PD severity and greater medical comorbidity. Conclusion. Over a 15-year period, movement disorder specialists changed their clinical diagnosis of PD in 6% of patients. The most common diagnostic switches, to or from PD, were DIP, MSA, PSP, and DLB. This study describes routine clinical diagnostic patterns in the absence of pathologic confirmation. The presence of diverse diagnostic changes over time underscores the value of confirming PD diagnosis.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 May 2022 11:35:02 +000
  • Gastrointestinal Dysfunction Impact on Life Quality in a Cohort of Russian
           Patients with Parkinson’s Disease I-III H&Y Stage

    • Abstract: Background. There are still no clearly proven methods to slow down or stop the progression of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Thus, improving the quality of life (QoL) of patients with PD becomes of primary importance. Autonomic dysfunction and its symptoms are known to worsen the quality of life in PD, but the degree of this influence is underinvestigated. Particularly, impacts of the separate significant gastrointestinal symptoms, such as dyspepsia, constipation, and abdominal pain, in PD should be more precisely evaluated with the help of specific scales. Objective. To assess the impacts of gastrointestinal dysfunction and its symptoms on PD patient’s QoL using PDQ-39. Methods. 111 PD patients in the I-III Hoehn and Yahr (H&Y) stage were enrolled in the study. The following scales were applied: UPDRS III, PDQ-39, GSRS, GDSS, MMSE, BDI, STAI-S, and STAI-T. Results. The linear regression model showed that the PDQ-39 SI depended on summary assessments GSRS-SI (β = 0.333, ), BDI (β = 0.463, ), and UPDRS III (β = 0.163, ). The use of the stepwise method, adding GSRS-SI and UPDRS III scores to the BDI predictor, improved the model (R2 increased from 0.454 to 0.574). The investigation of GSRS domain’s influence revealed that PDQ-39 SI had a significant correlation with almost all of them, but the regression analysis showed significant QoL impacts of only two factors: constipation and abdominal pain (β = 0.288, and β = 0.243, accordingly). Conclusions. Our results suggest a considerable negative influence of depression and gastrointestinal dysfunction (especially constipation and abdominal pain) on QoL of patients with PD. Their impact on QoL in patients with I-III H&Y stages of PD is more significant than that of motor symptoms. Therefore, the correction of depression and gastrointestinal dysfunction should be prioritized in PD therapy.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Apr 2022 16:05:01 +000
  • Odor Identification by Parkinson’s Disease Patients Tested by Using
           Sniffin’ Sticks versus Natural Spices

    • Abstract: Introduction. Hyposmia is a frequent symptom of Parkinson’s disease (PD), which greatly impacts patients’ flavor perception and their quality of life. However, PD patients recognize some odors better than others. Identifying which food odors are still recognized by PD patients may be useful for flavor enhancement. Our aim was to evaluate the olfactory identification of Sniffin’ Sticks and spice odorants in PD patients and healthy controls (HC), to identify the impact of synthetic odorants compared with real-life food and the impact of odor familiarity and pleasantness on odorant identification in PD patients. Methods. Sniffin’ Sticks odorant identification was evaluated in 80 PD patients and 105 age-matched HC. In a subset, the spice odorant identification was evaluated. Results. The mean total score was higher for the Sniffin’ Sticks than for the spice odor identification test in all participants (55.4% versus 22.5%). Sniffin’ Sticks orange, peppermint, rose, and fish odorants were best correctly identified by PD patients, by 62.5, 53.8, 52.9, and 57.5%, respectively. Of the spice odor identification test, garlic and “no stimulus” were best correctly identified by PD patients, by, respectively, 38.2 and 67.6%. HC identified most Sniffin’ Sticks odorants and spices better than PD patients. Odorant familiarity determined real-life food odorant identification. Conclusion. This study demonstrates that some food odorants, both the commercial Sniffin’ Sticks as natural odorants, are still recognized by PD patients. Sniffin’ Sticks were better recognized compared with real-life odorants, by both HC and PD patients. Odorant familiarity determined PD patients’ odorant identification; therefore, familiar food odorants may have potential for a future flavor enhancement. Implications. This is the first study, to our knowledge, to evaluate real-life food odor identification in PD patients. Our results provide a first step towards patient-appropriate flavor enhancement strategies in PD.
      PubDate: Thu, 28 Apr 2022 08:20:00 +000
  • Diagnostic Test to Identify Parkinson’s Disease from the Blood Sera of
           Chinese Population: A Cross-Sectional Study

    • Abstract: Background. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease, a hallmark by the formation of misfolded and aggregated α-synuclein proteins. The expression of potential microRNA (miRNA) candidates isolated from serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) exosomes of PD patients was assessed for their diagnostic value and their potential role as biomarkers for PD was explored. In this study, we characterize the expression level of miRNAs in the exosomes of blood sera and cerebrospinal fluid and explore their potential role as biomarkers for PD. Materials and Methods. A total of 209 patients having an onset of PD, along with 60 neurodegenerative (ND) disorders and 50 healthy controls were enrolled. Blood samples and CSF samples were collected and exosomes were isolated. The isolated exosomes were characterized using CD63 detection and exosomal RNA was extracted. Serum miRNA profiling was carried out by synthesizing cDNA from the purified RNA and miRNA transcripts were determined by qRT-PCR using SYBR Green PremixScript. microRNA profiling strategy was employed for extracting the exosomal miRNAs from the exosomes. Results. Five common miRNAs viz. miR-151a-5p, miR-24, mir-485-5p, mir-331-5p, and mir-214 were found to be upregulated with statistical significance in both the serum exosome and CSF exosomes. The investigation revealed that serum and CSF exosomal miRNA molecules are definitive biomarkers for PD with proper specificity and sensitivity. Conclusions. The significant level of miR-151a-5p, miR-24, mir-485-5p, mir-331-5p, and mir-214 was observed in the serum and CSF which may be established as a biomarker for the diagnosis of PD.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Apr 2022 10:35:00 +000
  • DRD2 Taq1A Polymorphism-Related Brain Volume Changes in Parkinson’s
           Disease: Voxel-Based Morphometry

    • Abstract: Taq1A polymorphism is a DRD2 gene variant located in an exon of the ANKK1 gene and has an important role in the brain’s dopaminergic functions. Some studies have indicated that A1 carriers have an increased risk of developing Parkinson’s disease (PD) and show poorer clinical performance than A2 homo carriers. Previous studies have suggested that A1 carriers had fewer dopamine D2 receptors in the caudate and increased cortical activity as a compensatory mechanism. However, there is little information about morphological changes associated with this polymorphism in patients with PD. The study’s aim was to investigate the relationship between brain volume and Taq1A polymorphism in PD using voxel-based morphometry (VBM). Based on Taq1A polymorphism, 103 patients with PD were divided into two groups: A1 carriers (A1/A1 and A1/A2) and A2 homo carriers (A2/A2). The volume of the left prefrontal cortex (PFC) was significantly decreased in A2 homo carriers compared to A1 carriers. This finding supports the association between Taq1A polymorphism and brain volume in PD and may explain the compensation of cortical function in A1 carriers with PD.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Mar 2022 10:50:00 +000
  • Reverse Visually Guided Reaching in Patients with Parkinson’s

    • Abstract: In addition to motor symptoms such as difficulty in movement initiation and bradykinesia, patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) display nonmotor executive cognitive dysfunction with deficits in inhibitory control. Preoperative psychological assessments are used to screen for impulsivity that may be worsened by deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus (STN). However, it is unclear whether anti-Parkinson’s therapy, such as dopamine replacement therapy (DRT) or DBS, which has beneficial effects on motor function, adversely affects inhibitory control or its domains. The detrimental effects of STN-DBS are more apparent when tasks test the inhibition of habitual prepotent responses or involve complex cognitive loads. Our goal was to use a reverse visually guided reaching (RVGR) task, a hand-based version of the antisaccade task, to simultaneously measure motor performance and response inhibition in subjects with PD. We recruited 55 healthy control subjects, 26 PD subjects receiving treatment with DRTs, and 7 PD subjects receiving treatment with STN-DBS and DRTs. In the RVGR task, a cursor moved opposite to the subject’s hand movement. This was compared to visually guided reaching (VGR) where the cursor moved in the same direction as the subject’s hand movement. Reaction time, mean speed, and direction errors (in RVGR) were assessed. Reaction times were longer, and mean speeds were slower during RVGR compared to VGR in all three groups but worse in untreated subjects with PD. Treatment with DRTs, DBS, or DBS + DRT improved the reaction time and speed on the RVGR task to a greater extent than VGR. Additionally, DBS or DBS + DRT demonstrated an increase in direction errors, which was correlated with decreased reaction time. These results show that the RVGR task quantifies the benefit of STN-DBS on bradykinesia and the concomitant reduction of proactive inhibitory control. The RVGR task has the potential to be used to rapidly screen for preoperative deficits in inhibitory control and to titrate STN-DBS, to maximize the therapeutic benefits on movement, and minimize impaired inhibitory control.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Mar 2022 06:35:00 +000
  • Validation of the Japanese Version of the Questionnaire for
           Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in Parkinson’s Disease-Rating Scale

    • Abstract: Introduction. The Questionnaire for Impulsive-Compulsive Disorders in Parkinson’s Disease (PD)-Rating Scale (QUIP-RS) was developed to assess the severity of impulsive and compulsive behaviors (ICBs) in PD. We aimed to validate the Japanese version of QUIP-RS and determine the characteristics of ICBs in Japan. Methods. We translated the QUIP-RS into Japanese, back-translated it to English, and obtained confirmation from the original author that the questionnaire remained appropriate. The participants for the validation study were 161 PD patients, identified by continuous sampling at two institutions, who were diagnosed with ICBs through a semistructured interview and completed the QUIP-RS-J. Sensitivity, specificity, and cutoff values were calculated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Interinstitutional reliability and test-retest reliability were also assessed for a subset of participants. Results. Twenty-six (16.1%) participants were diagnosed with ICB. The optimal cutoff value of the QUIP-RS-J total score was 6, with area under the curve (AUC) = 0.889 and sensitivity/specificity of 0.92/0.71. Each subscale also showed high AUC (0.89–1.00), sensitivity (0.92–1.00), and specificity (0.71–1.00). Compared with the English version, the optimal cutoff point for binge eating was higher and hypersexuality lower. The total score tended to be higher when described by an informant. Conclusion. The present study validated the Japanese version of QUIP-RS. Use of QUIP-RS-J enables standardized assessment of ICBs and can be used in clinical research, including international multicenter studies.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 08:20:01 +000
  • Posterior Tibial Nerve Stimulation for Overactive Bladder: Mechanism,
           Classification, and Management Outlines

    • Abstract: Purpose of the Review. Posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) techniques have dramatically grown after approval to manage overactive bladder (OAB). The present review will focus on the most current data on PTNS types (percutaneous, transcutaneous, and implant) and their mechanism of action, safety, efficacy, advantages, drawbacks, limitation, and clinical applications. Recent Findings. The present review described the recent studies that addressed the tibial nerve stimulation role in OAB management. BlueWind RENOVA system, Bioness StimRouter, and eCoin are examples of emerging technologies that have evolved from interval sessions (percutaneous PTNS and transcutaneous PTNS) to continuous stimulation (implants). These can be efficiently managed at home by patients with minimum burden on the health system and fewer visits, especially in the COVID-19 pandemic. Summary. Our review shows that the tibial nerve stimulation advancements in OAB treatment have been rapidly increasing over the recent years. It is minimally invasive and effective, similar to sacral nerve stimulation (SNM), but less aggressive. Implantable PTNS has been promised in terms of efficacy, safety, and high acceptance rate. However, evidence is still limited to short-term trials, and tolerability, method, and drawbacks remain challenges.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Mar 2022 11:35:03 +000
  • Evaluation of Brain SPECT with 99mTc-TRODAT-1 in the Differential
           Diagnosis of Parkinsonism

    • Abstract: Introduction. Brain SPECT with 99mTc-TRODAT-1 (SPECT-TRODAT) may be a useful tool in the differential diagnosis of Parkinsonism. Objective. To compare results of SPECT-TRODAT with clinical findings in patients with Parkinsonism. Methods. We evaluated 153 outpatients. SPECT-TRODAT results were visually analyzed into normal, abnormal, symmetric, and asymmetric, and according to the degree of impairment into mild, moderate, marked, and severe (1–4). Results. A direct relationship was found between motor scores severity (MDS-UPDRS-III) and SPECT-TRODAT-reduced binding in general, in the group of patients with synucleinopathies (rho = 0.258, ), especially in patients with Parkinson’s disease (rho = 0.204, ). Changes in SPECT-TRODAT had high correspondence with symmetry in all Parkinsonism. When comparing groups to the correspondence predominantly bilateral or unilateral impairment in SPECT, there was a difference between patients with SNP () and between this group and patients with secondary Parkinsonism (SP) (). It was handy in differentiating drug-induced Parkinsonism from synucleinopathies. In the group of drug-induced Parkinsonism, younger people were the ones who showed the most significant reductions in radiotracer uptake. In this group, nonmotor signs resulted in examinations with more significant reductions in radiotracer uptake. When the scans without alterations and those that did not correspond to the symmetry were considered negative, SPECT-TRODAT’s accuracy and specificity to differentiate PD from other forms of Parkinsonism were low. There was an inverse correlation between the severity of the SPECT-TRODAT result and the absence of nonmotor signs in patients with drug-induced Parkinsonism. Conclusion. The authors concluded that the SPECT with 99mTc-TRODAT-1 was mainly useful in differentiating between synucleinopathies and secondary Parkinsonism.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Mar 2022 06:35:01 +000
  • Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation for People with Parkinson’s Disease: A
           Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

    • Abstract: Introduction. Guidelines endorse to implement an integrated and multidisciplinary team approach in the management of people with Parkinson’s disease (PD). However, there is no net and clear finding that shows the supremacy of multidisciplinary team interventions over conventional interventions for people with PD. Therefore, we perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the supremacy of multidisciplinary interventions for people with PD. Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials were conducted. PubMed, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar were searched from inception until May 2021. Randomized controlled trials comparing multidisciplinary intervention with conventional physiotherapy were included. The outcome measures were gait balance, disability status, quality of life, and depression level. The PEDro scale was used to systematically appraise methodological quality. Two reviewers screened, extracted, and performed a quality assessment of included studies independently. Review Manager V.5.4 (Cochrane Collaboration) software was used for statistical analysis. Heterogeneity was analyzed using I2 statistics, and a standardized mean difference with 95% CI and value was used to calculate the treatment effect for outcome variables. Results. A total of 6 studies with 1260 participants were included. The average PEDro methodological quality score was 6.67. No statistically significant difference between multidisciplinary and conventional rehabilitation on functional capacity (SMD: 0.69; 95% CI: −0.13, 1.51; ), disability status (SMD: 0.65; 95% CI: −0.16, 1.46; ), and quality of life (SMD: 0.28; 95% CI: −0.31, 0.59; ) was found. However, there is a statistically significant improvement in caregivers' anxiety levels in the multidisciplinary group (SMD: 0.39; 95% CI 0.06, 1.73; ).Conclusion. This systematic review and meta-analysis show no significant difference between multidisciplinary and conventional rehabilitation on functionality, disability, and quality of life. Caregivers' anxiety levels show improvement following multidisciplinary interventions. However, large-scale studies with long-term follow-up were required for concrete and clinical recommendations.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Feb 2022 07:35:00 +000
  • Evaluating Oculomotor Tests before and after Vestibular Rehabilitation in
           Patients with Parkinson’s Disease: A Pilot Pre-Post Study

    • Abstract: Introduction. The elderly population is commonly affected by balance and gait disorders that increase the risk of falls. Pivotal systems for efficient postural control are sensory, motor, visual, vestibular, and cognitive. Disruption in any of these systems could lead to postural instability. Vestibular rehabilitation is a set of exercises that positively affect the primary components of the central sensory-motor integration, including somatosensory, visual, and vestibular systems. Accordingly, we hypothesized that vestibular rehabilitation exercises might improve both oculomotor functions and upright postural control in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Materials and Methods. 11 idiopathic Parkinson’s patients voluntarily participated in this study based on inclusion criteria: central vestibular dysfunction and the Hoehn and Yahr scale scores less than or equal to 3. Videonystagmography (VNG) and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) scores were measured at the baseline. Then, the patients underwent vestibular rehabilitation training for 24 sessions (3 sessions per week). The VNG and BBS were measured again after 48 hours of the completion of the last session of the training. Result. After completing vestibular rehabilitation sessions, there were significant improvements in balance . Eye-tracking and gaze function statistically improved in 7 patients and 6 patients, respectively. Conclusion. Vestibular rehabilitation produced positive effects on oculomotor function and balance in a small cohort of people with PD. Consequently, it could be considered as a possible effective intervention for Parkinson’s patients. This trial is registered with IRCT201709123551N6.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Feb 2022 06:05:01 +000
  • The Origin of Abnormal Beta Oscillations in the Parkinsonian Corticobasal
           Ganglia Circuits

    • Abstract: Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative brain disorder associated with motor and nonmotor symptoms. Exaggerated beta band (15–30 Hz) neuronal oscillations are widely observed in corticobasal ganglia (BG) circuits during parkinsonism. Abnormal beta oscillations have been linked to motor symptoms of PD, but their exact relationship is poorly understood. Nevertheless, reduction of beta oscillations can induce therapeutic effects in PD patients. While it is widely believed that the external globus pallidus (GPe) and subthalamic nucleus (STN) are jointly responsible for abnormal rhythmogenesis in the parkinsonian BG, the role of other cortico-BG circuits cannot be ignored. To shed light on the origin of abnormal beta oscillations in PD, here we review changes of neuronal activity observed in experimental PD models and discuss how the cortex and different BG nuclei cooperate to generate and stabilize abnormal beta oscillations during parkinsonism. This may provide further insights into the complex relationship between abnormal beta oscillations and motor dysfunction in PD, which is crucial for potential target-specific therapeutic interventions in PD patients.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Feb 2022 05:20:00 +000
  • Two-Channel Portable Biopotential Recording System Can Detect REM Sleep
           Behavioral Disorder: Validation Study with a Comparison of Polysomnography

    • Abstract: Background. Sleep disorders are frequent nonmotor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Polysomnography (PSG) has been the gold standard for its assessment. However, it requires patients to stay overnight in a hospital or sleep center. The mobile two-channel electroencephalography (EEG)/electrooculography (EOG) recording system is a self-applicable and affordable method to objectively assess sleep at home. We aimed at evaluating patients with PD to confirm the difference in sleep parameters between the portable recording system and PSG. Methods. PSG and the portable recording system were simultaneously performed on a similar night in eight patients with PD. We compared the difference in sleep parameters between them using nonparametric tests. Results. All patients displayed a score of both PDSS −2 ≥ 15 and PSQI ≥ 5, respectively, which revealed poor sleep quality. There was no difference in the sleep parameters between the portable recording system and PSG, except for the percentage of sleep stage N3. Regarding the detection of REM sleep without atonia, we observed accordance between the portable recording system and PSG in six patients ().Conclusions. The portable EEG/EOG recording system may gain an advantage from home-based evaluations for habitual sleep at home. Our study on device validation may contribute to measuring natural sleep, including rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavioral disorder (RBD), in an outpatient care setting.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Feb 2022 09:05:01 +000
  • Treatment Satisfaction and Its Influencing Factors in Parkinson’s
           Disease: A Web-Based Survey of Patients and Physicians in Clinical
           Practice in Japan

    • Abstract: Objective. This study aimed to gain an understanding of patient and physician satisfaction with overall treatment and routine consultations for Parkinson’s disease in clinical practice. Methods. This observational, cross-sectional, web-based survey was conducted in Japan from February to March 2019. Eligible patients with Parkinson’s disease (N = 186) and physicians who treat patients with Parkinson’s disease (N = 331) were asked to evaluate their satisfaction with treatment, consultation, symptom control, and use of a symptom diary. Results. Patients had a mean age of 62.7 years, 54.8% were male, and most (75.8%) had Hoehn and Yahr stage ≥3 symptoms. Physicians were mostly male (93.1%) and had treated 52 patients with Parkinson’s disease in the last 6 months, and 34.1% were certified neurologists. There were significant gaps between patient and physician satisfaction with treatment and consultations. Patient and physician satisfaction with overall treatment was significantly lower for patients with Hoehn and Yahr stage ≥3 symptoms than stage 1-2 symptoms (patients: 53.9% vs. 71.1%; physicians: 43.2% vs. 69.7%, respectively). The proportion of patients who were satisfied with symptom control was lower than that of physicians (26.4% vs. 51.5%). Influencing factors for patient satisfaction with treatment were nonmotor symptoms (e.g., insomnia and depression). Satisfaction tended to be higher for patients and physicians when symptom diaries were used. Conclusion. Significant gaps in perceptions of treatment and consultation exist between patients and physicians in Parkinson’s disease. Physicians should participate in shared decision making with their patients and consider strategies for management of nonmotor symptoms and nonpharmacological therapies and encourage the use of symptom diaries.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Feb 2022 06:20:00 +000
  • Prevalence of Fabry Disease among Patients with Parkinson’s Disease

    • Abstract: Background. An increased prevalence of Parkinson’s disease (PD) disease has been previously reported in subjects with Fabry disease (FD) carrying alpha-galactosidase (GLA) mutations and their first-line relatives. Moreover, decreased alpha-galactosidase A (AGLA) enzymatic activity has been reported among cases with PD compared to controls. Objective. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of FD among patients with PD. Methods. We recruited 236 consecutive patients with PD from February 2018 to December 2020. Clinical and sociodemographic data, including the MDS-UPDRS-III scores and HY stage (the Hoehn and Yahr scale), were collected, and in-depth phenotyping was performed in subjects with identified GLA variants. A multistep approach, including standard determination of AGLA activity and LysoGb3 in males, and next-generation based GLA sequencing in all females and males with abnormal AGLA levels was performed in a routine diagnostic setting. Results. The mean age of our patients was 68.9 ± 8.9 years, 130 were men (55.1%), and the mean disease duration was 7.77 ± 5.35 years. Among 130 men, AGLA levels were low in 20 patients (15%), and subsequent Lyso-Gb3 testing showed values within the reference range for all tested subjects. In 126 subsequently genetically tested patients, four heterozygous p.(Asp313Tyr) GLA variants (3.2%, MAF 0.016) were identified; all were females. None of the 4 GLA variant carriers identified had any clinical manifestation suggestive of FD. Conclusions. The results of this study suggest a possible relationship between FD and PD in a small proportion of cases. Nevertheless, the GLA variant found in our cohort is classified as a variant of unknown significance. Therefore, its pathogenic causative role in the context of PD needs further elucidation, and these findings should be interpreted with caution.
      PubDate: Mon, 24 Jan 2022 07:20:00 +000
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Heriot-Watt University
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