Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 111 of 111 Journals sorted alphabetically
AIDS and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Industrial Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Occupational Therapy     Partially Free   (Followers: 236)
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Work Exposures and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 177)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
British Journal of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 237)
Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 188)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access  
Cognition, Technology & Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ergopraxis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Health & Social Care In the Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Hong Kong Journal of Occupational Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 61)
Human Resources for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Occupational Safety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Emergency Services     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Human Factors Modelling and Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Nuclear Safety and Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Occupational Health and Public Health Nursing     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Occupational Hygiene     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Occupational Safety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
International Journal of Workplace Health Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Ecophysiology and Occupational Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part C : Toxicology and Carcinogenesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Global Responsibility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Interprofessional Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Occupational Health Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Professional Counseling: Practice, Theory & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Religion and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Safety Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Urban Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Vocational Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Karaelmas İş Sağlığı ve Güvenliği Dergisi / Karaelmas Journal of Occupational Health and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Musik- Tanz und Kunsttherapie     Hybrid Journal  
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Nordic Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies     Open Access  
Occupational and Environmental Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Occupational Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Occupational Therapy in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Occupational Therapy International     Open Access   (Followers: 102)
Perspectives in Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le travail et la santé     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
PinC | Prevenzione in Corso     Open Access  
Population Health Metrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Preventing Chronic Disease     Free   (Followers: 3)
Psychology & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
QAI Journal for Healthcare Quality and Patient Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Qualitative Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Reabilitacijos Mokslai : Slauga, Kineziterapija, Ergoterapija     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Revista Brasileira de Saúde Ocupacional     Open Access  
Revista Herediana de Rehabilitacion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Inspirar     Open Access  
Revue Francophone de Recherche en Ergothérapie RFRE     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Safety and Health at Work     Open Access   (Followers: 75)
Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Sociology of Health & Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
System Safety : Human - Technical Facility - Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
The Journal of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Work, Employment & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Workplace Health and Safety     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Zentralblatt für Arbeitsmedizin, Arbeitsschutz und Ergonomie. Mit Beiträgen aus Umweltmedizin und Sozialmedizin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
AIDS and Behavior
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.792
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 16  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-3254 - ISSN (Online) 1090-7165
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Correction to: Assessing HIV Preexposure Prophylaxis Uptake and Retention
           Amongst Young Females in Gauteng Province

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      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Disentangling Medicinal and Recreational cannabis Use Among People Living
           with HIV: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Study

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      Abstract: Abstract This study examined the feasibility of using ecological momentary assessment (EMA) to disentangle medicinal cannabis use (MCU) from recreational cannabis use (RCU) among people living HIV (PLWH). Over a 14-day period, PLWH (N = 29) who engaged in both MCU and RCU completed a smartphone-based survey before and after every cannabis use event assessing general motivation for cannabis use (MCU-only, RCU-only, or mixed MCU/RCU), cannabis use behavior, and several antecedents and outcomes of cannabis use. A total of 739 pre-cannabis surveys were completed; 590 (80%) of the prompted post-cannabis surveys were completed. Motives for cannabis use were reported as MCU-only on 24%, RCU-only on 30%, and mixed MCU/RCU on 46% of pre-cannabis surveys. Mixed effects models examined within-person differences across MCU-only, RCU-only, and mixed MCU/RCU events. Results showed that relative to RCU-only events, MCU-only events were more likely to involve symptom management and drug substitution motives, physical and sleep-related symptoms, solitary cannabis use, and use of cannabis oils and sprays; MCU-only events were less likely to involve relaxation, happiness, and wellness motives, cannabis flower use, and positive cannabis consequences. Differences between mixed MCU/RCU and RCU-only events were similar, except that mixed MCU/RCU events were additionally associated with stress reduction motives and symptoms of anxiety and depression. Findings support the feasibility of partially disentangling MCU and RCU behavior among PLWH who engage in concurrent MCU and RCU. This study highlights the need for more EMA studies isolating MCU from RCU to inform ongoing changes to cannabis policies.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • “I don’t see myself represented:” Strategies and considerations for
           engaging gay male Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander teens in
           research and HIV prevention services

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      Abstract: Abstract Significant efforts have been applied to the development of sexual health programs for minority young gay males. Given the absence of research with Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (NHOPI) gay teen males, this study was done to assess how to reach them. Interviews were conducted with 20 NHOPI gay males ages 19–24 as near peers that can inform reaching teens. Data was analyzed using the Reflexive Thematic Analysis method. Three themes were identified: (1) Culture is a crucial factor for recruitment and engagement—whether participants realized it or not; (2) Confidentiality is key in recruitment to provide a safe space for NHOPI gay teen male research participation; and (3) NHOPI gay teen males experience multiple identity conflicts that must be considered for recruitment and engagement initiatives. Online recruitment efforts are optimal and should reflect distinct NHOPI cultures. More research is needed when it comes to understanding the cultural acceptance and understanding of homosexuality in NHOPI communities and how to integrate cultural education into recruitment methods and interventions.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Not as Clear Online' Active Visualization of How PrEP Works in the
           Body Improves Knowledge But Doesn’t Change Behavior

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      Abstract: Abstract Active visualization, the use of dynamic representation of internal processes, is associated with increased knowledge and adherence to ART among people living with HIV. The current pilot intervention study tested the effectiveness of an online visualization for HIV prevention among 146 at-risk youth. Youth were randomized to a standard PrEP briefing or an online visualization. PrEP knowledge, attitudes, and uptake were self-reported at baseline and 3-months. Knowledge of PrEP increased, but there were no changes in preferences or uptake. Active visualization delivered online may be a useful educational tool for PrEP but not for shifting youth's uptake.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Use of Varied Screening Risk Criteria and HIV Incidence in Phase 1 and 2
           HIV Vaccine Trials in South Africa

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      Abstract: Abstract Many early phase HIV prevention studies define HIV risk-related eligibility criteria. We conducted a retrospective review of HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) Phase 1 and 2 HIV vaccine clinical trials completed in South Africa from 2003 to 2020, evaluating HIV incidence by protocol-defined risk criteria. Comparisons between groups controlled for age, gender and year of trial initiation. Across 12 trials, 1 did not specify risk criteria, and 11 specified various low risk criteria thematically categorized under sexual behaviors, clinical characteristics, and/or drug use behavior. Of the 11 trials, 6 used low sexual risk eligibility criteria standardized by the HVTN in 2009. Of the 1249 participants, median age 23.0 years, 66% were enrolled with the HVTN 2009 standardized low risk criteria, 15% using other sets of low risk criteria, and 19% using no risk criteria. Compared with the standardized low risk criteria group [2.3], HIV incidence per 100 person-years was significantly higher in the non-standardized low risk criteria group [5.0] and in the no risk criteria group [4.8]. In South Africa, cohorts with low HIV incidence can be identified primarily through sexual behavior and clinical characteristics.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Changes in high-risk sexual behavior, HIV and other STI testing, and PrEP
           use during the COVID-19 pandemic in a longitudinal cohort of adolescent
           men who have sex with men 13 to 18 years old in the United States

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      Abstract: Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted sexual health services among those most vulnerable to HIV acquisition, such as adolescent men who have sex with men (AMSM). We sought to characterize the changes in sexual-risk behaviors, HIV and other STI testing, and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use among a longitudinal cohort of AMSM aged 13 to 18 years before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. We observed a significant decline in HIV testing and a marginal decrease in other STI testing since the pandemic began in March 2020. Outreach efforts and innovative remote delivery of sexual health services are needed to support access to healthcare services among AMSM as the pandemic persists.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Assessing HIV Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Uptake and Retention Amongst Young
           Females in Gauteng Province

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      Abstract: Abstract Although roll-out of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has been reported to have changed contexts of HIV risk in areas where it was well-implemented. The rate of its uptake and retention amongst young females has not been described in Gauteng Province. This paper aimed at assessing PrEP uptake and retention among young females in Gauteng Province. Total of young females who tested HIV across five clinics from 01/January/2017 to 31/December/2020 was 19,671 with 17,937 tested HIV negative. Of the HIV tested negative, PrEP was initiated to 1307 (7%). The analysis revealed that 27% of young females returned for their first follow up visit after PrEP initiation, while third month declined to 14%, fourth month to 11%, and fifth month to 3%, sixth month to 2% and seventh month at 1% and from the eighth month, the rate of follow up was 0%. Uptake and retention of PrEP was low among young females as measured against the total tested HIV negative.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • A Cost-Effective Analysis of Motivational Interviewing with Palliative
           Care Versus Usual Care: Results from the Living Well Project

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      Abstract: Abstract Little is known about the impact of early palliative care (EPC) combined with motivational interviewing (MI) for persons living with AIDS (PWA). We compared the cost and quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) of EPC + MI (n = 61) versus usual care (UC) (n = 60) for patients with AIDS, not on antiretroviral medications, enrolled into the Living Well Project trial. Data on clinic, emergency department, and hospital visits were collected through self-report and billing records. Risk-adjusted average annual health care costs were estimated using a generalized linear model with a gamma log-link function. QALYs were calculated using the SF-12v2. Cost-effectiveness was defined as cost per QALY gained. Estimated intervention costs were $165 per participant. EPC + MI reduced costs by 33% (AOR = 0.67; CI 95%: 0.15, 0.93). QALYs did not differ between groups. Results suggest EPC + MI for PWA is cost-saving and maintains quality of life compared to UC due to reduced hospital and ED costs.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Psychometric Properties of the Sexual Compulsivity Scale in Men Who Have
           Sex with Men in Spanish Population

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      Abstract: Abstract The Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS) has been translated, adapted and validated in general Spanish population, making its application difficult in certain groups, such as men who have sex with men (MSM). This paper evaluates the psychometric properties of the SCS in a sample of MSM in Spain. The SCS was administered to 881 participants. The factorial structure of the SCS was examined with an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Both EFA and CFA confirmed a two-factor structure: (1) Interference of sexual behavior, and (2) Failure to control sexual impulses. Internal consistency was really good for the scale and also for both factors. The SCS also presented adequate psychometric properties. Thus, it is an appropriate measure for assessing sexual compulsivity in MSM, and a tool to be taken into account in future researches to reduce sexual risk behaviors in the MSM Spanish population.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Challenges with PrEP Uptake and Adherence Among Gay, Bisexual, and Other
           Men Who Have Sex with Men in Kisumu, Kenya

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      Abstract: Abstract Data on challenges with pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) uptake and adherence among Kenyan gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) are limited. In this mixed-methods sequential explanatory design study, our quantitative phase followed 157 at-risk, HIV-negative GBMSM who accepted PrEP and enrolled in a cohort with 12-month follow-up. Stored dried blood spots collected at two intervals were batch tested for tenofovir diphosphate (TFV-DP) concentrations at study end. Despite high self-reported adherence, only 14.6% of individuals had protective TFV-DP levels at any visit. Protective TFV-DP levels were positively associated with injection drug use and a self-assessed moderate risk of acquiring HIV, and negatively associated with time since enrolment. In our subsequent qualitative phase, an intensive workshop was conducted with the GBMSM community to identify barriers and facilitators to PrEP uptake and adherence. These data revealed numerous challenges with traditional PrEP programs that must be addressed through community collaborations.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Perceptions and Experiences of Returning Self-collected Specimens for HIV,
           Bacterial STI and Potential PrEP Adherence Testing among Sexual Minority
           Men in the United States

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      Abstract: Abstract Few studies among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) have examined facilitators and barriers to self-collecting specimens for extragenital STI screening, and none have evaluated attitudes towards self-collecting hair samples that can be utilized for PrEP drug level testing to assess adherence. To address this gap, we interviewed 25 sexually active GBMSM who were offered a choice to self-collect and return finger-stick blood samples (for actual HIV testing), pharyngeal swabs, rectal swabs and urine specimens (for actual gonorrhea and chlamydia testing), and hair samples (to visually determine their adequacy for PrEP drug level testing): 11 who returned all, 4 who returned some, and 10 who did not return any. Participants found self-collecting finger-stick blood samples and rectal swabs more challenging than other specimens. Frequently discussed facilitators of return included an opportunity to confirm one’s HIV or STI status, limited access to a healthcare provider and a desire to advance research focusing on home-based testing. Commonly cited barriers to return included low self-efficacy pertaining to self-collection and apprehension around the possibility of delay or loss of specimens during transit. Offering additional support such as real-time video conferencing may prove helpful in future field-based research with GBMSM.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • The Influence of Anticipated HIV Stigma on Health-related Behaviors,
           Self-rated Health, and Treatment Preferences Among People Living with HIV
           in East Asia

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      Abstract: Abstract Long-acting injectable regimens for HIV treatment have been developed which are less frequent, more discreet, and more desirable for some people living with HIV (PLHIV) and may help reduce stigma-related barriers to HIV treatment. However, there is little information on the relationship between reported stigma and preference for these newer treatments. We characterized anticipated, experienced, and internalized HIV stigma and examined the associations with treatment preferences among an international sample of PLHIV. Data came from the international, web-based, cross-sectional study called “Positive Perspectives” conducted among PLHIV aged ≥ 18 years in 25 geographic locations during 2019 (n = 2389). Descriptive analyses were stratified among East Asian (n = 230) vs. non-Asian (n = 2159) participants. Results showed that prevalence of anticipated stigma was significantly higher among East Asian than non-Asian participants (72.2%[166/230] vs. 63.8%[1377/2159], p = 0.011). A significantly higher percentage of East Asian (68.7%[158/230]) than non-Asian participants (43.3%[935/2159] indicated that someone finding their HIV pills would cause them much “stress or anxiety” (p < 0.001). Actions taken by some PLHIV to prevent unwanted disclosure included restricting who they shared their HIV status with, hiding their HIV pills, or even skipping a dose altogether because of privacy concerns. Overall, 50.0%[115/230] East Asian participants believed HIV would reduce their lifespan and 43.0%[99/230] no longer planned for their old age because of HIV. Anticipated stigma was strongly associated with receptivity to non-daily regimens. Concerted efforts to reduce stigma and deliver flexible treatment options that address the unmet treatment needs of PLHIV, including confidentiality concerns, may improve their health-related quality of life.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • A Qualitative Study of Barriers and Facilitators of PrEP Uptake Among
           Women in Substance Use Treatment and Syringe Service Programs

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      Abstract: Abstract PrEP is an HIV prevention option that could benefit substance-involved women, a high-risk population with low PrEP uptake. Little is known about their interest in PrEP. This qualitative study used in-depth interviews to examine PrEP willingness, barriers, and facilitators among 16 women in outpatient psychosocial substance use treatment, methadone, and/or harm reduction/syringe programs in NYC. All expressed willingness to use PrEP, but only during periods of perceived risk. Women perceived themselves to be at high risk for HIV when engaging in active substance use and/or transactional sex. They perceived themselves to be at low risk and therefore unmotivated to take PrEP when abstinent from these activities. Paradoxically, a major barrier to using PrEP was anticipated interference from substance use and transactional sex, the very same activities that create a perception of risk. Facilitators of PrEP use included perceptions of it as effortless (as opposed to barrier methods during sex) and effective, safe, and accessible. Other barriers included fear of stigma and doubts about adhering daily. Recommendations for best PrEP implementation practices for substance-involved women included tailored and venue-specific PrEP information and messaging, PrEP discussion with trusted medical providers, and on-site PrEP prescription in substance use treatment and harm reduction programs.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Linkage to HIV Care and Early Retention in Care Rates in the Universal
           Test-and-Treat Era: A Population-based Prospective Study in KwaZulu-Natal,
           South Africa

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      Abstract: Abstract HIV linkage, and retention are key weaknesses in South Africa’s national antiretroviral therapy (ART) program, with the greatest loss of patients in the HIV treatment pathway occurring before ART initiation. This study investigated linkage-to and early-retention-in-care (LTRIC) rates among adults newly diagnosed with HIV in a high-HIV prevalent rural district. We conducted an observational prospective cohort study to investigate LTRIC rates for adults with a new HIV diagnosis in South Africa. Patient-level survey and clinical data were collected using a one-stage-cluster design from 18 healthcare facilities and triangulated between HIV and laboratory databases and registered deaths from Department of Home Affairs. We used Chi-square tests to assess associations between categorical variables, and results were stratified by HIV status, sex, and age. Of the 5,637 participants recruited, 21.2% had confirmed HIV, of which 70.9% were women, and 46.5% were aged 25–34 years. Although 82.7% of participants were linked-to-care within 3 months, only 46.1% remained-in-care 12 months after initiating ART and 5.2% were deceased. While a significantly higher proportion of men were linked-to-care at 3 months compared to women, a significant proportion of women (49.5%) remained-in-care at 12 months than men (38.0%). Post-secondary education and child support grants were significantly associated with retention. We found high linkage-to-care rates, but less than 50% of participants remained-in-care at 12 months. Significant effort is required to retain people living with HIV in care, especially during the first year after ART initiation. Our findings suggest that interventions could target men to encourage HIV testing.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Does Problematic Substance Use Moderate Efficacy of Cognitive Behavioral
           Therapy for Adherence and Depression in HIV'

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      Abstract: Abstract Problematic substance use may attenuate the effect of treating depression in people living with HIV (PLWH). We examined the potential moderating effect of problematic substance use on depression and adherence outcomes in PLWH (N = 143) who participated in a randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavioral therapy for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) and were randomized to either CBT-AD or enhanced treatment as usual (ETAU). Problematic substance use was operationalized as either having substance use-related diagnosis or current substance use in the past 30 days with a lifetime history of problematic use. Acute (baseline to 4-month) and follow up (4, 8, and 12-month) general linear modeling with time, condition, problematic baseline substance use, and corresponding interactions demonstrated that substance use did not significantly moderate the effects of CBT-AD on adherence or depression improvements. Therefore, CBT-AD was beneficial for PLWH with depression, regardless of problematic substance use when starting depression treatment. Based on these results, clinicians should not withhold CBT treatment for depression in patients with HIV and problematic substance use to attain reductions in depression and gains in adherence.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • HIV Stigma Mechanisms Scale: Factor Structure, Reliability, and Validity
           in Mexican Adults

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      Abstract: Abstract We aimed to validate the HIV Stigma Mechanisms Scale (HIV-SMS) in a sample of Mexican adults living with HIV, which differentiates between sources and mechanisms of stigma. Adults (n = 362) with a median age of 32 years old completed a web-based version in Spanish of the HIV-SMS as well as sociodemographic and HIV-related characteristics questionnaire. Exploratory factor analyses with weighted least squares and oblique rotation were performed to assess the construct validity of the scale. The Spanish translation for the Mexican population of the HIV-SMS has adequate internal consistency (Ω = 0.86) and demonstrated a structure similar to the original scale. After excluding the items related to community and social workers, a five-factor solution with internalized, promulgated, and anticipated stigma from family and healthcare workers showed adequate construct validity. The HIV-SMS is a valid and sensitive scale that can be used in a Mexican adult population living with HIV.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Impact of COVID-19 & Response Measures on HIV-HCV Prevention Services
           and Social Determinants in People Who Inject Drugs in 13 Sites with Recent
           HIV Outbreaks in Europe, North America and Israel

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      Abstract: Abstract HIV/HCV prevention among people who inject drugs (PWID) is of key public health importance. We aimed to assess the impact of COVID-19 and associated response measures on HIV/HCV prevention services and socio-economic status of PWID in high-HIV-risk sites. Sites with recent (2011–2019) HIV outbreaks among PWID in Europe North America and Israel, that had been previously identified, were contacted early May 2020. Out of 17 sites invited to participate, 13 accepted. Semi-structured qualitative site reports were prepared covering data from March to May 2020, analyzed/coded and confirmed with a structured questionnaire, in which all sites explicitly responded to all 103 issues reported in the qualitative reports. Opioid maintenance treatment, needle/syringe programs and antiretroviral treatment /hepatitis C treatment continued, but with important reductions and operational changes. Increases in overdoses, widespread difficulties with food and hygiene needs, disruptions in drug supply, and increased homelessness were reported. Service programs rapidly reformed long established, and politically entrenched, restrictive service delivery policies. Future epidemic control measures should include mitigation of negative side-effects on service provision and socio-economic determinants in PWID.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Challenges and Fears of Adolescents and Young Adults Living with HIV
           Facing Transition to Adult HIV Care

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      Abstract: Abstract Adolescents and young adults living with perinatally-acquired HIV (AYLPHIV) have poor outcomes along each step of the HIV care continuum due to challenges in seeking care and advocating for themselves. The transition from paediatric to adult HIV care is a particularly high-risk period for AYLPHIV in rural Uganda. We conducted in-depth interviews with AYLPHIV (n = 30), caregivers (n = 10), and healthcare providers (n = 10) to understand challenges facing AYLPHIV during the transition from paediatric to adult HIV care. Themes were identified by thematic content analysis. Transition-related challenges and fears included difficulty navigating the adult HIV clinic; loss of informational support; long wait times at the adult HIV clinic; lack of privacy, and fear of HIV status disclosure and stigma; and loss of support from caregivers, and health care providers. Before transitioning to adult HIV care, AYLPHIV should be adequately prepared and given appropriate information to help them navigate adult HIV care.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • A Dyadic Analysis Exploring the Mediating Role of Relationship Quality on
           Discrimination and HIV/STI Risk Among Young Black and Latino Expecting
           Couples

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      Abstract: Abstract Encounters with discrimination are a normative experience for many Black and Latino adolescents and young adults (AYAs); these experiences may be even more common for expecting AYAs. While the harmful effects of discriminatory experiences on mental and physical health have been well explored, relatively little is known regarding the impact of discrimination on relationship quality and sexual health—specifically HIV/STI risk. Using the Actor Partner Interdependence Model, we examined both actor and partner effects of discrimination on relationship quality and willingness to be non-monogamous in a sample of 259 pregnant adolescent and young adult couples. There was a significant indirect actor effect, such that one’s own discrimination was associated with a decrease in their own relationship quality which, in turn, was associated with their own greater willingness to be non-monogamous. The partner effect for the association of one’s partner’s discrimination on one’s own relationship quality was not significant. Findings highlight the need for more attention to the implications of discrimination on relational and sexual health.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
  • Out-of-pocket Expenses and Time Spent on Clinic Visits Among HIV
           Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Users and Other Clinic Attendees in Eswatini

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      Abstract: Abstract User costs constitute a barrier to the uptake of HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), but their magnitude appears rarely assessed. In this prospective observational study, we assessed self-reported out-of-pocket expenses (OOPE) and time spent on clinic visits during a PrEP demonstration project in Eswatini. At six public primary care clinics, 240 PrEP users and other clinic attendees were interviewed after a clinic visit. Among the 79.2% of clinic attendees reporting any medical OOPE (e.g., expenses for consultations or drugs) and/or non-medical OOPE (e.g., expenses for transport, food, or phone use), the median total OOPE was $1.36 (IQR 0.91–1.96). Non-medical OOPE occurred mostly due to transport expenses. The median travel time for a clinic visit was 1.0 h (IQR 0.67–2.0). The median time spent in the clinic was 2.0 h (IQR 1.15–3.0). The median opportunity cost of a clinic visit was $7.54 (IQR 5.42–11) when valuing time spent on a clinic visit with Eswatini’s per-capita gross domestic product. Our findings can guide measures to reduce the user costs of PrEP in Eswatini and other contexts in which oral PrEP is provided through health care facilities.
      PubDate: 2023-04-01
       
 
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