Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1478 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (700 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (700 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 203 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
Health Policy OPEN     Open Access  
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access  
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Health Systems & Reform     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health, Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
Histoire, médecine et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Horizonte Medico     Open Access  
Horizonte Sanitario     Open Access  
Hua Hin Sook Jai Klai Kangwon Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors     Hybrid Journal  
IJS Global Health     Open Access  
Implementation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Implementation Science Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Youth and Adolescent Health     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Infodir : Revista de Información científica para la Dirección en Salud     Open Access  
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Health Trends and Perspectives     Open Access  
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Child Development and Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Healthcare     Open Access  
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Healthcare Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Healthcare Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Indigenous Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Kinesiology in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of MCH and AIDS     Open Access  
International Journal of Medicine and Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Mens Social and Community Health     Open Access  
International Journal of Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Practice-based Learning in Health and Social Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Prevention and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Public Health Research and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Public Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Spa and Wellness     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Telerehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Research in Children's Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
InterScientia     Open Access  
Investigaciones Andina     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Health and Environment     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Israel Journal of Health Policy Research     Open Access  
İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
JAMA Health Forum     Open Access  
JBI Evidence Implementation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
JBI Evidence Synthesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Jeugd en Co     Hybrid Journal  
JGZ Tijdschrift voor jeugdgezondheidszorg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
JMIR Human Factors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JMIR Public Health and Surveillance     Open Access  
JMIR Serious Games     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Jornal Brasileiro de TeleSSaúde     Open Access  
Jornal de Ciências da Saúde do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Piauí     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal Health NPEPS     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Of Allied Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Behavioral Addictions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Charoenkrung Pracharak Hospital     Open Access  
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Journal of Communication in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Ergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Evolution and Health : An Ancestral Health Society Publication     Open Access  
Journal of Exercise & Organ Cross Talk     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Family Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Family Strengths     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Journal of Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Science and Community Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Prevention     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Service Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Services and Education     Open Access  
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Healthcare Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Human Trafficking     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Industrial Safety Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Infection and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Integrated Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Law and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical and Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mental Health Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Muslim Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nanotheranostics     Open Access  
Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Prevention and Health Promotion     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Psychosexual Health     Open Access  
Journal of Public Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Health Services
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.821
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0020-7314 - ISSN (Online) 1541-4469
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Past, Present, and Future of the International Journal of Health Services

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      Authors: Vicente Navarro
      Pages: 309 - 311
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 309-311, July 2022.

      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-06-15T01:26:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221104544
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Emerging Themes in Social Determinants of Health Theory and Research

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      Authors: Dennis Raphael, Toba Bryant
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      Since 1996, we have been working to have Canadian governmental authorities implement health-promoting public policy that would improve the quality and equitable distribution of the social determinants of health, with rather little to show for our efforts. In this commentary, we identify seven emerging themes that can help explain our failures and point the way forward.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-06-20T04:04:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221109515
       
  • A New Journal for a New Era

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      Authors: Joan Benach, Carles Muntaner
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-06-16T06:05:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221102882
       
  • Are High-Altitude Residents More Susceptible to Covid-19 in India'
           Findings and Potential Implications for Research and Policy

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      Authors: Sushmita Chakraborty, Upasak Das, Udayan Rathore, Prasenjit Sarkhel
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      In this paper, we study the incidence of COVID-19 and the associated fatality with altitude using high frequency, district level data from India. To understand the implications of the nationwide lockdown after the outbreak, we use data for about four months- two from the lockdown period starting from March 25 till May 31, 2020 and about two months after unlocking was initiated (June 1-July 26, 2020). The multivariate regression result indicates slower growth in average rate of infection during the lockdown period in hilly regions, the gains of which attenuated after the unlocking was initiated. Despite these early gains, the rate of fatalities is significantly higher during the lockdown period in comparison to the plains. The findings remain robust to multiple alternative specifications and methods including one that accounts for confounding possibilities via unobservable and provides consistent estimates of bias adjusted treatment effects. The evidence supports the need for provisioning of public health services and infrastructure upgradation, especially maintenance of adequate stock of life support devices, in high altitude regions. It also underscores the necessity for strengthening and revising the existing Hill Areas Development Programme and integrating important aspects of public health as part of this policy.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-06-06T05:00:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221104887
       
  • New Bottle, Old Wine' Implications of the World Bank's Systematic
           Diagnostic Reports for the Rise of Noncommunicable Diseases in the
           Organization of Eastern Caribbean States

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      Authors: Kewoba Carter, Claudia Chaufan
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      Since its foundation in 1944, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, soon renamed the World Bank (hereafter, “the Bank”), has shifted its initial goal of reconstructing post-World War II Europe to promoting economic development and alleviating poverty in Africa, Asia, Latin America, and the Caribbean. Bank assistance is provided through loans awarded to countries that agree to policy changes that the Bank deems necessary to achieve its stated goals. Bank policies—dubbed Structural Adjustment Programs (SAPs) and, over time, superseded by Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers—have been criticized for not only failing to ameliorate underdevelopment and poverty, but for exacerbating both. The most recent Bank approach to development and poverty alleviation, the Systematic Diagnostic Reports (SDR), attempts to address these criticisms. We appraise the SDR for six Organization of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS). All share daunting economic and social challenges, including an ongoing epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). We argue that, contrary to the Bank's claims, these challenges will continue under, and may even be exacerbated by, the policies the Report demands, and we elaborate on their implications for NCDs in the OECS and for social and health equity in the region.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T02:13:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221100322
       
  • The Impact of Job and Insurance Loss on Prescription Drug use: A Panel
           Data Approach to Quantifying the Health Consequences of Unemployment
           During the Covid-19 Pandemic

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      Authors: Amanda Nguyen, Alexandra Guttentag, Diane Li, Jeroen van Meijgaard
      First page: 312
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      Due to the nature of health insurance in the United States, health care utilization is often tied to economic conditions, at both the individual and aggregate levels. This article examines how loss of employment may reduce medication adherence through the subsequent loss of insurance and income. At the individual level, the loss of employer-sponsored insurance is shown to be associated with lower prescription drug use and higher out-of-pocket expenditures. The rapid increase in unemployment during the COVID-19 pandemic provides a natural experiment to estimate the causal relationship between unemployment and prescription drug use at the aggregate level. In total, the growth in unemployment during the pandemic resulted in a 2.6% reduction in medication adherence and 57.5 million fewer prescriptions filled in 2020, with prescriptions declining for many chronic conditions. Unemployment-related reductions in prescription fills and medication adherence were highest in states without expanded Medicaid eligibility, further underscoring the importance of social safety nets such as Medicaid during times of economic hardship.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-02-15T05:44:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221078749
       
  • Delayed Access to COVID-19 Vaccines: A Perspective on Low-income Countries
           in Africa

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      Authors: Mohammed Al-Kassim Hassan, Sani Aliyu
      First page: 323
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      The development of COVID-19 vaccines was a landmark in the current efforts to contain the global pandemic caused by the novel SARS-CoV-2. Consequently, vaccine rollout and inoculation campaigns continue to progress steadily across the globe. However, “skewed” rollout, or the inequitable or delayed access to the vaccines encountered particularly by low-income countries in Africa, remains a source of great concern. This may negatively affect the continent and could lead to increased transmission, travel restrictions, further economic disruptions, and increased morbidity and mortality. Ultimately, these negative consequences could directly or indirectly hamper global efforts to defeat the pandemic. Access to COVID-19 vaccines is a global priority and provides a source of hope to bring the pandemic under control. High-income nations, national governments, donor agencies, and other relevant stakeholders must support the World Health Organization's COVAX initiative to ensure fair, rapid and equitable distribution of the vaccines to countries, irrespective of income level. This effort will rapidly bring the pandemic under control and impact the recovery of the global economy. Low-income nations in Africa must significantly invest in research, health care, vaccines, and drug development and must remain proactive in preparing against future pandemics. This review examines the rollout of the COVID-19 vaccines with a focus on Africa.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-04-26T07:05:11Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221096365
       
  • Discontinuation of Health Interventions Among Brazilian Older Adults
           During the Covid-19 Pandemic: REMOBILIZE Study

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      Authors: Juleimar Soares Coelho de Amorim, Giulianna Ornellas, Peter Lloyd-Sherlock, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Alexandre da Silva, Etienne Duim, Camila Astolphi Lima, Monica Rodrigues Perracini
      First page: 330
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      The objective of this study was to analyze changes in access to health interventions during the pandemic among Brazilian older adults and to investigate the factors associated with social and health inequalities. We conducted an online survey with Brazilian adults aged 60  +  years between May and June 2020. A multidimensional questionnaire was used to investigate access to health interventions during the pandemic and associated factors. Of 1482 participants, 56.5% reported health care before the pandemic, and 36.4% discontinued it during the pandemic. The discontinuation rate was 64.4% (95% CI 61.1-67.6). Participants with higher educational level (nine or more years of education: OR 0.34; 95% CI 0.17-0.70) and higher income (eight or more times the minimum wage: OR 0.54; 95% CI 0.36-0.81) were associated with less probability of discontinuation. Presenting multimorbidity (OR: 1.42; 95% CI 1.06-1.90) and polypharmacy (OR: 0.61; 95% CI 0.46-0.81) were associated with discontinuity in health interventions. Our study showed that structural health inequities in access to health care shaped the rates of discontinuation in health care interventions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Strategic actions should be set up to actively monitor socially vulnerable older adults and strengthen community-based services to mitigate the discontinuation of health care interventions.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-04-11T02:26:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221092354
       
  • After More Than 50 Years, Pharmacare (and Dental Care) are Coming to
           Canada

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      Authors: Joel Lexchin
      First page: 341
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      In March 2022, the New Democratic Party (NDP), Canada's social democratic party, and the centrist Liberal government signed a supply and confidence agreement. In return for the NDP agreeing to vote with the government on all crucial issues until June 2025, the Liberals pledged to bring in both pharmacare and dental care programs. Pharmacare, universal public insurance coverage for prescription drugs, had been promised for more than 50 years but never implemented, while public dental care was an almost completely neglected issue. This article explains the long genesis of pharmacare, the need for public dental care, and the political circumstances that led to the agreement. However, at this point, details about both plans are largely absent. As a result, how well those plans will serve the needs of Canadians is yet to be determined.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-05-10T06:28:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221100654
       
  • Disclosure of Pharmaceutical Industry Funding of Patient Organisations in
           Nordic Countries: Can Industry Self-Regulation Deliver on its Transparency
           Promise'

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      Authors: Dylan Pashley, Piotr Ozieranski, Shai Mulinari
      First page: 347
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      Pharmaceutical companies regularly fund patient organizations. It is important for patient organizations’ credibility that there be transparency regarding this financial support. In Europe, the pharmaceutical industry promises to deliver transparency through self-regulation, as opposed to legally binding provisions, but self-regulation's effectiveness is contested. We compared the industry's transparency of funding in four Nordic countries that, given their general reputation for high transparency, offered a critical test of self-regulation's ability to deliver on its transparency promise. For 2017–2019, we compared: national rules regarding funding disclosure; disclosure practices as evidenced by the availability, accessibility, and format of company transparency reports; and disclosure data, including payment descriptions and sums. Transparency problems differed in kind and magnitude between countries. In Norway and Finland, unlike in Sweden and Denmark, data on funding were difficult to access and analyze and sometimes seemed incomplete or missing. We explain that a key factor allowing for country differences is the freedom given to a country's pharmaceutical industry trade associations to form self-regulatory rules, provided they do not fall below the weak, European-level minimum requirements. Transparency could be improved by aligning rules and practices with the FAIR data principles: that is, corporate disclosures should be findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-03-01T03:15:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221083871
       
  • A Proposal to Increase Value and Equity in the Development and
           Distribution of New Pharmaceuticals

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      Authors: Paul Sorum, Christopher Stein, Danielle Wales, David Pratt
      First page: 363
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      The process of developing and marketing new pharmaceuticals in the United States is driven by a need to maximize returns to shareholders. This results all too often in the production of new medications that are expensive and of marginal value to patients and society. In line with our heightened awareness of the importance of social justice and public health—and in light of our government‘s alliance with private companies in bringing us COVID-19 vaccines—we need to reconsider how new pharmaceuticals are developed and distributed. Accordingly, we propose the creation of a new agency of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that would direct the whole process. This agency would fund the research and development of high-value medications, closely monitor the clinical studies of these new drugs, and manage their distribution at prices that are value-based, fair, and equitable.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-05-12T12:51:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221100647
       
  • Single-payer Health Care: Financial Implications for a Physician

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      Authors: Daniel C. Bryant
      First page: 410
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      When considering proposed reforms of the U.S. health care system, some physicians dismiss the single-payer model (Medicare for All or state-based universal health care proposals) out of concern that their reimbursement and thus their income would be reduced. This study is an effort to quantitate that concern in the case of state-based plans and, in so doing, to suggest a template for evaluating the financial consequences for physicians of single-payer health care reform in general. To put the data into concrete, practical terms, I envision a hypothetical primary care physician's practice and develop its plausible financial components in the present multi-payer system and in five proposed state-based, single-payer systems. The calculations reveal that in all five single-payer plans evaluated, the hypothetical physician's Total Net Income (take-home pay) would exceed that in the current multi-payer system. Whether these results apply to actual practices or not, they suggest that, when considering the financial impact of single-payer reform on their practices, physicians should consider all the financial consequences of such reform, not just the proposed reimbursement level. More quantitative analyses of these important financial variables in different practice settings must be pursued.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2022-05-23T05:54:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314221096364
       
  • Impact of the Economic Crisis on Endocarditis Mortality in Spain: A
           Nationwide Study

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      Authors: Christian Ortega-Loubon, Gema Ruiz López del Prado, María F. Muñoz-Moreno, Esther Gómez-Sánchez, Rocío López-Herrero, Belén Sánchez-Quirós, Mario Lorenzo-Lopez, Estefanía Gómez-Pesquera, Pablo Jorge-Monjas, Juan Bustamante-Munguira, F. Javier Álvarez, Salvador Resino, Eduardo Tamayo, María Heredia-Rodríguez
      Pages: 383 - 391
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 383-391, July 2022.
      Economic recession has dire consequences on overall health. None have explored the impact of economic crisis (EC) on infective endocarditis (IE) mortality. We conducted a retrospective, nationwide, temporal trend study analyzing mortality trends by age, sex, and adverse outcomes in patients diagnosed with IE in Spain from 1997 to 2014. Data were divided into two subperiods: pre-EC (January 1997-August 2008) and post-EC (September 2008-December 2014). A total of 25 952 patients presented with IE. The incidence increased from 301.4 to 365.1 per 10 000 000 habitants, and the mortality rate rose from 24.3% to 28.4%. Those aged>75 years experienced more adverse outcomes. Complications due to sepsis, shock, acute kidney injury requiring dialysis, and heart failure increased after the EC onset, and expenditures soared to €16 216. Expenditure per community was related to mortality (P 
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2021-04-29T11:09:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/00207314211012357
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • Recognition Investigation of Community Pharmacists Implementing Good
           Pharmacy Practice in Korea

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      Authors: Dae-Won Kim, Beom-Jin Lee
      Pages: 372 - 382
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 372-382, July 2022.
      This study aimed to verify, for the first time, the need for Good Pharmacy Practice (GPP) regulations as guidelines to provide pharmaceutical care services in community pharmacies in Korea. Statistical analyses were performed with demographic characteristics, institutional factors, and diversity factors of 3 pharmaceutical care services as independent variables and the favorability of GPP implementation as a dependent variable. In assessing the diversity of methods of providing pharmaceutical care services as an indicator of willingness to provide these services, this study understood such diversity as an innovative behavior that represents the efforts and willingness of pharmacists to provide better services. The results of descriptive statistics showed that most pharmacists in community pharmacy recognize that guidelines are necessary to provide better pharmaceutical care services. The statistical correlation analysis results confirmed that a greater need for guidelines was strongly related to higher GPP favorability. The institutional factors had the greatest influence on GPP favorability, rather than diversity factors of pharmaceutical care services, ultimately with the Korean perspectives to equate the GPP with the guidelines for pharmaceutical care services. Our study confirmed that it is a wish and a policy task of community pharmacists in Korea to enact GPP as soon as possible.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2020-07-14T03:35:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0020731420941459
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Analysis of Regional Palliative Care Strategies: Do Health Policies
           Influence the Development of Assistance Coverage'

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      Authors: María Elena Sánchez-Gutiérrez, Álvaro Sanz Rubiales, Luis Alberto Flores Pérez, María Luisa Del-Valle Rivero, Rosa María Simó-Martínez
      Pages: 392 - 399
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 392-399, July 2022.
      In Spain, health competencies are decentralized, and each autonomous community implements its own plans. Our aim is to determine if the existence of regional palliative care plans implies an improvement in health care coverage. We reviewed regional palliative care plans published in Spain and analyzed the following variables: number and profile of palliative care resources, guidelines and objectives of implementation of resources of these plans, and compliance with European standards. The publication of regional plans is associated with an increase in specific resources in the following years. From 2004 to 2009, the implementation of plans in 6 autonomous communities was associated with an increase in palliative care resources compared to those without a strategy (odds ratio: 1.58, P = .02) or with a settled plan (odds ratio: 1.40, P = .07). The same phenomenon was observed between 2009 and 2015 in 4 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities compared with those without a strategy (odds ratio: 2.49, P = .001) and those that implemented a plan before 2009 (odds ratio: 2.62, P 
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2020-02-24T04:33:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0020731420905953
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • The Present and Future of eHealth in Spain From a Health Management
           Perspective

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      Authors: Andrés Cernadas Ramos, Bran Barral Buceta, Ángela Fernández da Silva, Ramón Bouzas -Lorenzo, Ana Garaikoetxea Iturriria
      Pages: 400 - 409
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 400-409, July 2022.
      eHealth has grown significantly over the last decade. The aim of this study was to determine the level of use of information and communication technologies for health care in Spain and identify the main barriers to development. We used a qualitative study based on data obtained from 8 Spanish autonomous communities through semi-structured, in-depth interviews with key informants in eHealth management and planning. Programs present varying degrees of implementation. Services such as electronic prescriptions, digital medical records, and appointment requests via the Internet are advanced and widespread; others, such as digital imaging, are advanced but not fully deployed; and some, such as telecare programs, are experimental. The study also revealed diverse levels of interoperability and barriers to the expansion of these technologies, which can be classified into 4 fields: technological, organizational, human, and economic. eHealth might evolve more slowly in the coming years. Unless the payoff is clearly seen, major budget cuts in the current economic climate will prevent the implementation of new projects. Programs that help reduce health spending are more likely to be implemented, to the detriment of projects involving simple techniques or even clear health care improvements.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2020-04-02T01:13:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0020731420914836
      Issue No: Vol. 52, No. 3 (2020)
       
  • Who Is Responsible for Causing and Solving the Problem' Responsibility
           Attribution of Medical Disputes in Chinese Print Media

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      Authors: Qinyu E, Osamu Sakura
      Abstract: International Journal of Health Services, Ahead of Print.
      This study provides an insight into medical journalism practice by examining how news media have framed who is responsible for causing and solving the growing problem of medical disputes in Mainland China. We identified responsibility-attribution information presented in 490 news articles about medical disputes published in the People’s Daily, Health News, and Southern Metropolis Daily between 2012 and 2017. Our data reveal that, mentions of personal causes have significantly outnumbered those of societal causes. Specifically, health workers were discussed most often as being responsible for the occurrence of medical disputes. In terms of how to solve the problem, the media were focusing heavily on societal-level efforts, while post-event solutions were addressed more frequently than preventative actions. City press was less likely to discuss societal causes and solution suggestions compared with party press and professional newspapers. In the conclusion, we discussed the potential consequences of such framing patterns, and how media professionals can be meaningfully engaged in the future reporting on public health problems.
      Citation: International Journal of Health Services
      PubDate: 2020-07-16T07:25:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0020731420940957
       
 
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