Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1540 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (724 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (387 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (108 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (130 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (724 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal for Physical, Health Education, Recreation and Dance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 268)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
American Medical Writers Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 6)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Behavioral Healthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child Abuse Research in South Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Curare     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emergency Services SA     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Evidence-based Medicine & Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access  
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
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Global Transitions
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2589-7918
Published by Ke Ai Homepage  [68 journals]
  • Towards gender equality in Mediterranean Engineering Schools through
           networking, collaborative learning, synergies and commitment to SDGs-The
           RMEI approach

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2020Source: Global Transitions, Volume 2Author(s): Anastasia ZabaniotouGender equality is a critical goal because its implementation can foster positive cascading effects on the achievement of all SDGs, and it is directly connected to the nexus of education-sustainability. This study discusses how the Mediterranean Engineering Schools Network achieved a learning potential, inspired informal and structural changes for gender equality to its members, through a tailored strategy by: a) unraveling the link between gender equality and sustainability, b) harvesting synergies of SDG5 from other SDGs and integrating gender equality in interventions for sustainable development of the region, c) mobilizing network’s human resources from professors and students to academic leaders, d) with the support of an EU project. A community of practice was created, the gender equality policy statement unanimously approved, grace due to the commitment of member-institutions leaders to SDGs. Finally, the study reflects on the network’s co-creation processes and interventions, challenges, barriers, and lessons learned, and suggests networking, collaborative learning, ethical commitment to SDGs and the synergetic effects arising from appropriately designed tailored policy mixes, as drivers for advancing gender equality in typical male-dominated engineering institutions, where females in leadership and senior positions are in low percentages. Cognitive, affective trust and joy shared among the members of the working group, and the feeling of belonging to the same family were the emotional drivers of paving the way for gender equality. The insights of the study may be useful to leaders, academic and administrative staff of other institutions in advancing gender equality and improving sustainability in their institution.Graphical abstractImage 1
       
  • European energy poverty metrics: Scales, prospects and limits

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2020Source: Global Transitions, Volume 2Author(s): Siddharth Sareen, Harriet Thomson, Sergio Tirado Herrero, João Pedro Gouveia, Ingmar Lippert, Aleksandra LisAbstractEnergy poverty, a condition whereby people cannot secure adequate home energy services, is gaining prominence in public discourse and on political and policy agendas. As its measurement is operationalised, metrical developments are being socially shaped. A European Union mandate for biennial reporting on energy poverty presents an opportunity to institutionalise new metrics and thus privilege certain measurements as standards. While combining indicators at multiple scales is desirable to measure multi-dimensional aspects, it entails challenges such as database availability, coverage and limited disaggregated resolution. This article converges scholarship on metrics – which problematises the act of measurement – and on energy poverty – which apprehends socio-political and techno-economic particulars. Scholarship on metrics suggests that any basket of indicators risks silencing significant but hard to measure aspects, or unwarrantedly privileging others. State-of-the-art energy poverty scholarship calls for indicators that represent contextualised energy use issues, including energy access and quality, expenditure in relation to income, built environment related aspects and thermal comfort levels, while retaining simplicity and comparability for policy traction. We frame energy poverty metrology as the socially shaped measurement of a varied, multi-dimensional phenomenon within historically bureaucratic and publicly distant energy sectors, and assess the risks and opportunities that must be negotiated. To generate actionable knowledge, we propose an analytical framework with five dimensions of energy poverty metrology, and illustrate it using multi-scalar cases from three European countries. Dimensions include historical trajectories, data flattening, contextualised identification, new representation and policy uptake. We argue that the measurement of energy poverty must be informed by the politics of data and scale in order to institutionalise emerging metrics, while safeguarding against their co-optation for purposes other than the deep and rapid alleviation of energy poverty. This ‘dimensioned’ understanding of metrology can provide leverage to push for decisive action to address the structural underpinnings of domestic energy deprivation.
       
  • Decentralised energy, decentralised accountability' Lessons on how to
           govern decentralised electricity transitions from multi-level natural
           resource governance

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2020Source: Global Transitions, Volume 2Author(s): Marie Claire BrisboisAbstractEmerging decentralised electricity systems require new approaches to energy governance. As energy sources shift and technology evolves, electricity governance is shifting from largely centralized models to include multiple decentralised and multi-level sites not bounded in their operations by established democratic processes. New forms of accountability are required to ensure that multi-level electricity systems meet societal needs and expectations. While multi-level governance dynamics are new for many electricity systems, they are common across other resources (e.g. water). This article uses an OECD framework that synthesizes decades of research on multi-level natural resource governance to describe 12 principles for “good” resource governance. These principles are developed and applied to decentralising electricity governance contexts in order to develop mechanisms, and identify potential governance gaps, that are relevant for ensuring accountability in decentralised electricity governance systems. The nature of decentralised electricity systems particularly highlights the need to rescale many governance functions, while paying attention to issues of inclusion, capacity building, coherence, adaptiveness, and transparency.
       
  • Rural revitalization and scientific management in the Pearl River Delta—
           scientific decision based on scientific rationality and public
           understanding

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Zhicheng TangAbstractThe Pearl River Delta region is an important economic region of China. It has profoundly affected China and the whole world and is an economic region that is highly valued. The Pearl River Delta region can become an “excellent model” for the world, for which rural revitalization and scientific governance are imperative. The “excellent model” in rural areas must have the scientific rationality of rural governance, which is an important foundation for the economic prosperity of the Pearl River Delta region. The rural governance of the Pearl River Delta is an indispensable part of the development of the Pearl River Delta and a part of the world’s “paradigm region”. It is also an important foundation for the establishment of the Greater Bay Area of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao. Based on the comprehensive cross-sectional study of management methods, philosophical methods and public understanding, this paper proposes agricultural governance of the Pearl River Delta in combination with the actual situation of the rural areas in the Pearl River Delta; the development of agriculture to the development of industry and service industry; the construction of beautiful villages and other scientific and rational Decision research. It is hoped that the creation of a new model of scientific governance in the rural areas of the Pearl River Delta will provide a model for governance for the development of the world’s rural areas.
       
  • Applying open innovation strategies in the context of a regional
           innovation ecosystem: The case of Janssen Pharmaceuticals

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Joanna Robaczewska, Wim Vanhaverbeke, Annika LorenzAbstractOpen innovation strategies in large firms have been changing considerably during the last 15 years. Some multinationals are now taking a long-term, strategic approach to Open innovation, thereby actively developing a regionally bounded innovation ecosystem. This approach goes beyond the tradition of open innovation, which emphasized the opening of firms’ boundaries for inbound and outbound knowledge flows. In the new approach, multinationals actively shape their innovation environment to better exploit external talent and expertise, share public infrastructure, raise funds and influence public policies - the key enablers for establishing a vibrant, world-class research and development (R&D) environment. We examine one such regionally embedded innovation ecosystem set up by Janssen Pharmaceuticals at its global R&D centre in Beerse, Belgium.We develop a conceptual framework by integrating Open innovation, Innovation Ecosystems and Regional Economics literature streams. This combination of the three distinct theoretical approaches is required to explain the benefits and working of Janssen Pharmaceuticals’ regionally embedded innovation ecosystem.
       
  • Enriching innovation ecosystems: The role of government in a university
           science park

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Sunny Li Sun, Yanli Zhang, Yuhua Cao, Jielin Dong, John CantwellAbstractThe direct top-down approach and indirect bottom-up approach are two ends of the spectrum in the role of government in developing an innovation ecosystem. Taking a hybrid approach, we develop the concept of the ecosystem enricher who fertilizes the interactions and linkages of multiple stakeholders in innovation ecosystems. In an in-depth case study of the Suzhou Dushu Lake Science and Education Innovation District (SEID), we find that the local government has played an enricher role in directly driving university-industry connections from a mainly top-down approach. Yet many issues remain and more bottom-up policies are needed. We group these issues into three areas: priority setting in university development, university-industry collaborations, and innovation and entrepreneurship intermediaries. Our findings also highlight both the benefits and liabilities in the top-down approach of government policy in driving innovation ecosystems and how a hybrid of the top-down and bottom-up approach is needed.
       
  • Concentration of power: A UK case study examining the dominance of
           incumbent automakers and suppliers in automotive sociotechnical
           transitions

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Jean-Paul SkeeteAbstractSustainable transition scholarship has recently challenged the stereotypical characterisation of sociotechnical transitions, by revisiting the concept of creative destruction. The central counterargument is that new paradigms do not destroy old ones, but rather extend and complement them. Based on a case study of the UK’s automotive industry, this article argues that established firms lead the industry in technological innovation, in large part due to regional regulatory frameworks and preferential state accumulation projects. That article then goes on to examine the ‘power flows’ surrounding incumbent firms as the primary agents of creative accumulation within global production networks. By exploring revealing linkages between evolving government-industry relations, the motorsport sub-sector, and component suppliers, this article renders a more nuanced understanding of incumbent firms as empowered, multi-level agents of innovation. Finally, this article evaluates the UK’s incremental, ‘zero-carbon’ pathway and raises some concerns about the regime’s current sociotechnical configuration, and its fitness to achieve its stated goals.
       
  • A roadmap for semi-automatically extracting predictive and clinically
           meaningful temporal features from medical data for predictive modeling

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Gang LuoAbstractPredictive modeling based on machine learning with medical data has great potential to improve healthcare and reduce costs. However, two hurdles, among others, impede its widespread adoption in healthcare. First, medical data are by nature longitudinal. Pre-processing them, particularly for feature engineering, is labor intensive and often takes 50–80% of the model building effort. Predictive temporal features are the basis of building accurate models, but are difficult to identify. This is problematic. Healthcare systems have limited resources for model building, while inaccurate models produce suboptimal outcomes and are often useless. Second, most machine learning models provide no explanation of their prediction results. However, offering such explanations is essential for a model to be used in usual clinical practice. To address these two hurdles, this paper outlines: 1) a data-driven method for semi-automatically extracting predictive and clinically meaningful temporal features from medical data for predictive modeling; and 2) a method of using these features to automatically explain machine learning prediction results and suggest tailored interventions. This provides a roadmap for future research.
       
  • Industrial revitalization via industry 4.0 – A comparative policy
           analysis among China, Germany and the USA

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Chu-Chi Kuo, Joseph Z. Shyu, Kun DingAbstractIn the second decade of the 21st century, rapid proliferation of technology and intensified global competition have created a sense of urgency for governments of developed and developing nations alike to engage in major industrial revitalization, leading to global emergence of something generically known of as Industry 4.0, with a core of industrial transformation, revitalization and development. These critical government programs are expected to drastically change the global structures of major industrial sectors. This paper aims at developing a comparative analysis of innovation policy amid the industrial revitalization of Industry 4.0 among China, Germany and the USA, with a focus on differentiation of specific policy instruments announced by these governments for their preferential developments. This research provides a theoretical analysis of innovation policy but adopts a rather pragmatic approach, with the policy framework of Rothwell and Zegveld [3] adopted as a basis for the anatomy of innovation policies.Results suggest that the policy orientation of the USA tends to favor demand-side policy, public services, political and education and training policies, whereas policy preferences in Germany tends to favor demand-side policy, public services, scientific and technical development and political ones; while it is environmental-side policy, political, legal and regulatory, and public service policies for China. Due to all policy tools are given equal weight in this cross-national analysis, the findings of this study may not easily be generalized to all industrial sectors and may be subject to other interpretations.
       
  • Sustainable energy transitions and social inequalities in energy access: A
           relational comparison of capabilities in three European countries

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Françoise Bartiaux, Mara Maretti, Alfredo Cartone, Philipp Biermann, Veneta KrastevaAbstractThe influences of energy transitions on social inequity are multidimensional in their attributes and connections. For adequate accountability of their social correlates, policies aiming to implement a transition towards sustainable energy supply and demand have also to be evaluated regarding their influences on social inequalities, namely in terms of energy access and consumption. A capability-based and relational approach is used to monitor the social correlates of the governance of energy transitions. This accountability model is applied to three different European countries: Austria, Belgium, and Bulgaria. They have different characteristics in terms of levels and inequalities regarding material deprivation and energy access as well as patterns of energy transitions. The proposition here is that the capability approach could be usefully adopted to evaluate future implementation of energy transitions and to assess how they could influence inequalities in various aspects of citizen’s daily life. In such a framework, the focus is on potential links between energy transitions and energy inequalities that can be channelled by their respective relations to the capabilities. Data used to quantify the inequalities regarding various capabilities are from the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP).
       
  • Taking away a “social licence”: Neo-Gramscian perspectives on an
           international fossil fuel divestment norm

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Mathieu BlondeelAbstractThe international fossil fuel divestment norm formulates a standard of appropriate behaviour to withdraw investments from fossil fuel assets and reinvest them into climate-friendly solutions. Its ultimate objective is to take away the industry’s “social licence to operate”. In other words, the norm fundamentally questions the legitimacy of an industry because of its major impact on climate change. This paper offers a neo-Gramscian view as to how a radical divestment norm seeks to delegitimise the role of fossil fuels and the industry in society and how it only partly succeeds in doing so. This analytical interpretation of norm diffusion offers a rich understanding of the discursive and relational aspects of energy transitions and how societal consent to elite practices—and not just their coercive power—is pivotal in successfully maintaining or transitioning away from a fossil fuel-based society. I trace the origins and analyse the current state of the campaign and argue that four drivers are key to understanding norm diffusion: (legitimacy of) norm entrepreneurs; framing and discursive contestation; political opportunity structures; extant normative environment. I conclude that although there is certainly room for counter-hegemonic norm articulation, the constraining effects of a liberal social order, epitomised by liberal environmentalism, reduces its radical aspects to a passive revolution.
       
  • Global governance for climate justice: A cross-national analysis of
           CO2 emissions

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Andrew Hargrove, Mais Qandeel, Jamie M. SommerAbstractSustainable energy transitions are key to achieving climate justice for all. Carbon dioxide emissions’ (CO2) unequal distribution globally is one of the many issues preventing climate justice. Efforts to reduce global CO2 impacts are vital for environmental justice efforts and a future free from climate change issues. Researchers have long been interested in how the rise of global governance initiatives, such as multilateral treaties, impact environmental outcomes across the world. However, little is known about how global governance concerning energy usage and technologies impacts CO2 emissions across the world. Using two-way fixed effects regression analysis from 1996 to 2011, we test how 24 multilateral environmental treaties with an energy focus impact CO2 emissions per capita, CO2 emissions as a percentage of gross domestic product, and total CO2 emissions for 162 nations. The multilateral energy treaties were collected from Ecolex. This analysis assesses how the legitimacy of global contracts may impact actual decreases in CO2 emissions, resulting in climate justice outcomes. Additionally, this analysis considers how factors of institutional state governance, including control of corruption, rule of law, political stability, government effectiveness, and regulatory quality moderate the impact of multilateral energy environmental treaties and CO2 emissions. We find that stocks of environmental treaty ratification are associated with decreases in all three types of CO2 emissions. Renewable energy consumption, GDP per capita, and urban and total population are associated with increased CO2 emissions. We also find some support for the idea that treaties are associated with larger decreases in emissions in nations with higher levels of state governance. Understanding how state accountability, transparency, and legitimacy factor into the effectiveness of multilateral environmental treaties on reducing CO2 emissions is essential to combating climate change issues.
       
  • “Lead the district into the light”: Solar energy infrastructure
           injustices in Kerala, India

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Heather P. BediAbstractSolar energy represents a fossil fuel alternative to meet India’s rising energy demand. Large mega-watt solar projects require contiguous land, which is sparse in the South Indian state of Kerala. Drawing from ethnographic research in Kerala, this paper traces the role that solar infrastructure plays in making and unmaking land and lives in pursuit of light. Government officials promoted the Kasaragod solar park and associated green corridor transmission line as climate-friendly infrastructure development for the energy deficit state. Select government officials encouraged solar projects as the renewable resource would help, “lead the district into the light.” Although the energy infrastructure promoters promised development benefits for local stakeholders, Adivasis (indigenous peoples) without legal land titles and others opposed the acquisition of their land for the solar project. The Kasaragod Solar Park exemplifies how national climate goals for renewable energy and empty infrastructure pledges translated into the reification of land unevenness, with particularly profound implications for Adivasis. This reproduction of socio-environmental injustices did not go unchallenged. Local political opposition significantly reduced the 200 Megawatt (MW) solar park to 50 MW, but not before some Adivasis and others without land titles lost their land and livelihoods. This case illustrates how the completion of renewable energy infrastructure to meet national and state climate goals may hinge on the assertion of local political power to thwart or promote large-scale projects. Efforts to pursue ambitious national renewable energy infrastructure goals without recognition of historical land and development unevenness may hinder India’s capacity to pursue renewable energy transition goals.
       
  • Accountability relations and market reform in China’s electric power
           sector

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Dan WuAbstractEnvironmental authoritarianism characterizes China’s energy transition and its renewable energy boost as a top-down process initiated by the centralized developmental state. This article attempts to present a contrary viewpoint and argues that China’s energy transition is a process of repeated integrative bargaining and non-zero-sum games that both the central and sub-national actors play. An examination of the roles of central and provincial governing authorities in market reforms of China’s electric power sector finds that China has embarked on electricity market restructuring by adjusting the accountability relationship between the central and provincial governing authorities. From an actor-centered institutionalist perspective and based on the consideration that central and provincial authorities are institutional constraints of each other, this article studies the capabilities and preferences of central and provincial actors in order to explain their modes of interactions and the resulting policy outcomes. It draws the conclusion that the central and provincial authorities have always shared fluid and dynamic accountability relations. The balance of power is constantly changing with the changes in policy objectives. The transformation of energy governance and particularly the accountability relations in Chinese spatial politics have enabled China to get its market reforms on track in the electric power sector.
       
  • Transition to bioenergy: Engineering and technology undergraduate
           students’ perceptions of and readiness for agricultural waste-based
           bioenergy in Greece

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Α. Zabaniotou, D. Fytili, Ε. Lakioti, V. KarayannisBioenergy, an interdisciplinary and region-specific sector, constitutes a strong market player with high growth prospects in the energy transition field. Bioenergy engineering education is essential in building a knowledgeable workforce that can drive the bioenergy sector, understand societal needs, and provide solutions to complex, interconnected challenges, with breakthroughs in technology. This paper aims to investigate the awareness of and readiness for bioenergy that Greek engineering and technology education undergraduate students have. A tailor-made questionnaire-based survey was conducted among 200 students at two institutions located in two regions of Greece. Students demonstrated positive perceptions regarding bioenergy implementation in their regions, regardless of their place of origin, family status, or gender. Based on the findings, students believed that, if plants and systems are sustainable and well-designed, bioenergy does not present environmental or health risks. However, students lacked awareness regarding existing bioenergy plants, and the media appeared to be the primary source of information for most respondents. Since these students will be engineers and managers in the future, their perceptions and communication can largely determine the success of implementing bioenergy plants and can have a positive impact on their social acceptance. Recommendations were provided for revisions to university curricula, integrating holistic sustainability and creativity (innovation and entrepreneurship) so as to develop a transformative bioenergy education course. For a country still recovering from the trauma of the financial crisis, bioenergy can offer new job opportunities and limit the brain drain of young engineers, as long as the socio-technical system (with its current resources and configurations) can create transition pathways along with education.Graphical abstractImage 1
       
  • Using conflicts to uncover injustices in energy transitions: The case of
           social impacts of energy efficiency policies in the housing sector in
           Germany

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Katrin GrossmannAbstractEnergy efficiency in the housing stock has been praised as a win-win strategy reducing end energy use for heating and alleviating energy poverty. However, policies to foster energy efficiency improvements have led to rising protests and conflicts because investments made into retrofitting became a means of speculation and displacement of low-income residents. Conflict theory emphasises the role of conflicts as drivers of social change; they open a window into how and by whom the legitimacy of existing rules and government is challenged. The paper uses social conflict theory to interpret the conflicting interests and issues at stake here. It concludes that what seemed to be a conflict between social and ecological goals, turns out to be a distributional conflict around affordable housing and against unjust distributions of cost burdens of energy transitions. The manifest conflicts between tenants and the housing industries were caused – or enabled – through the specific policy context. The state had imposed new norms for energy standards of buildings and left their economic consequences to be solved in the conflicts between housing companies and tenants. The legitimacy of these policies was challenged, especially the actual ecological effects – and thus the intention to reach the climate mitigation goals of the German government – are disputed. The conflicts described here stimulated the formation of interest groups, contributed to social movements and raised awareness to the social impacts of energy efficiency policies. Thus, the paper shows how much a clearer engagement of sustainability transition literature with conflicts and conflict theory is needed to better address justice issues in energy transitions.
       
  • Legitimacy and field development: Electricity transition(s) in Germany

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Gerhard FuchsAbstractThe paper draws on recent developments in the field of electricity generation and distribution in Germany to outline some basic assumptions on how legitimation strategies are framed and differ between emerging and stable action fields. We analyze decentralized forms of electricity generation and distribution. Pioneers of this development seized opportunities connected with broad institutional changes to discredit the status quo and work out legitimations for their new model of how to generate and distribute electricity. Just like skilled actors in stable fields working on adaptation strategies to changing environments, the ones in emerging fields engaged in working out new search strategies, built coalitions, undertook collective action, and established affiliations with recognized authorities and elites. However, unlike skilled actors in stable fields, those in the emerging ones, could not build on established routines. Instead, they drew on logics from outside their field and emphasized the benefits of their activities for society at large. Our analysis shows how actors legitimate novel organizational forms in emerging fields vs. the attempts of incumbent actors in mature fields to preserve their position in a contentious period. Theories of social change should explicitly account for field context.
       
  • Disentangling the rhetoric of public goods from their externalities: The
           case of climate engineering

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Robert Holahan, Prakash KashwanAbstractPublic goods are defined by the technical conditions of nonexclusion and nonrivalry. Nonetheless, public goods are frequently viewed in environmental policy and scholarly debates as providing strictly positive benefits (or, in the case of public ‘bads’, providing strictly negative costs). We provide a theoretical understanding of heterogeneous externalities produced by public goods to challenge this assumption, by highlighting the ways in which a single public good can simultaneously produce positive benefits for some and negative externalities for others. To demonstrate our argument, we apply the theoretical framework onto the contemporary debates over climate engineering projects proposed to mitigate climate change. Such projects inevitably harm some countries internationally and some groups intranationally such that aggregate predictions about the benefits of climate engineering are misleading without an accurate accounting for its negative externalities.
       
  • Centralized protection scheme for smart grid integrated with multiple
           renewable resources using Internet of Energy

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): M.M. Eissa, Medhat H.A. AwadallaAbstractTransmission and subtransmission lines in smart grid systems are designed as multitapped lines to supply loads or integrate wind or solar farms as medium-sized generation technologies. Transmission lines with multiple taps are an economical solution to prevent building new substations. However, these types of tapped lines create operational and protection challenges. When renewable resources are added to feeders, they act as transmission lines where energy flows in either direction in protection relays. Then, fault current flows in different directions and the coordination protection for this configuration fails. Modern protection schemes based on standalone decisions are not suitable in such cases, and new system protection methods should be devised. A key factor for future energy supply is information and communication technology based on the Internet of Energy (IoE), which is utilized to exchange information among all measurements on transmission and subtransmission systems in an environmental domain for accurate unit protection and the optimization of the coordination process. This information is collected by employing integrated electronic devices (IEDs). In such cases, the data measured by IEDs and exchanged in the environmental domain using IoE can achieve accurate unit protection for optimizing the coordination process. This system is a new development in the protection field using informatics; it is named i-protection. i-protection provides a novel method of accurately detecting faults using IEDs and IoE through wide-area wireless networks such as the IEEE 802.16 WiMAX technology. This is the first study to apply i-protection for protecting complex configurations with multiple taps at two different levels, i.e., transmission and subtransmission. The protection method considers the studied power system as one zone rather than multiple separate protection zones, which are used by conventional protection. The results show that the proposed protection method can successfully detect all types of faults in complex multitapped transmission lines with renewable resources. Moreover, the initial results indicate that the IEEE 802.16 network can meet the latency requirement of the proposed protection scheme.
       
  • Environmental and resource burdens associated with low carbon, more
           electric transition pathways to 2050: Footprint components from carbon
           emissions and land use to waste arisings and water consumption

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Geoffrey P. Hammond, Hayley R. Howard, Hanumant Singh RanaAbstractEnvironmental or ‘ecological’ footprints have been widely used in recent years as indicators of resource consumption and waste absorption transformed on the basis of biologically productive land area [in global hectares (gha)] required per capita with prevailing technology. It has been employed here to estimate the footprints associated with three low carbon, more electric transition pathways for the United Kingdom (UK): described as ‘Market Rules’ (MR), ‘Central Co-ordination’ (CC) and ‘Thousand Flowers’ (TF) respectively. These pathways focus on the power sector, including the potential for increasing use of low-carbon electricity for heating and transport, within the context of critical European Union developments and policies. Their overall environmental footprint has been disaggregated into various components: bioproductive and built land, carbon emissions, embodied energy, materials and waste, transport, and water consumption. This component-based approach provides, for example, a means for evaluating the implications for the so-called ‘energy-land-water nexus’. Electricity demand was projected to decrease significantly under the TF pathway by 2050, but its total environmental footprint (EF) was greater than either that under the MR or CC pathways. This is mainly due to the increase in the use of bioproductive land associated with solid biofuel production and that of the carbon footprint, which are both seen to be larger than under either the MR or CC cases. Water and waste footprint components made almost negligibly small contributions under all three transition pathways. Lessons can clearly be drawn for other industrialised nations attempting to decarbonise their electricity generation systems, although local circumstances will determine the country-specific findings.
       
  • Measuring regenerative economics: 10 principles and measures undergirding
           systemic economic health

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Brian D. Fath, Daniel A. Fiscus, Sally J. Goerner, Anamaria Berea, Robert E. UlanowiczAbstractApplying network science concepts and methods to economic systems is not a new idea. In the last few decades, however, advances in non-equilibrium thermodynamics (i.e., self-organizing, open, dissipative, far-from-equilibrium systems), and nonlinear dynamics, network science, information theory, and other mathematical approaches to complex systems have produced a new set of concepts and methods, which are powerful for understanding and predicting behavior in socio-economic systems. In several previous papers, for example, we used research from the new Energy Network Science (ENS) to show how and why systemic ecological and economic health requires a balance of efficiency and resilience be maintained within a particular a “window of vitality”. The current paper outlines the logic behind 10 principles of systemic, socio-economic health and the quantitative measures that go with them. Our particular focus is on “regenerative aspects”, i.e., the self-feeding, self-renewal, and adaptive learning processes that natural systems use to nourish their capacity to thrive for long periods of time. In socio-economic systems, we demonstrate how regenerative economics requires regular investment in human, social, natural, and physical capital. Taken as a whole, we propose these 10 metrics represent a new capacity to understand, and set better policy for solving, the entangled systemic suite of social, environmental, and economic problems now faced in industrial cultures.
       
  • Analysing interactions among Sustainable Development Goals with Integrated
           Assessment Models

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Heleen L. van Soest, Detlef P. van Vuuren, Jérôme Hilaire, Jan C. Minx, Mathijs J.H.M. Harmsen, Volker Krey, Alexander Popp, Keywan Riahi, Gunnar LudererAbstractTo achieve all Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) by 2030, it is necessary to understand how they interact with each other. Integrated Assessment Models (IAMs) represent many human–environment interactions and can inform policymakers about the synergies and trade-offs involved in meeting multiple goals simultaneously. We analyse how IAMs, originally developed to study interactions among energy, the economy, climate, and land, can contribute to a wider analysis of the SDGs in order to inform integrated policies. We compare the key interactions identified among the SDGs in an expert survey, with their current and planned representation in models as identified in a survey among modellers. We also use text mining to reveal past practices by extracting the themes discussed in the IAM literature, linking them to the SDGs, and identifying the interactions among them, thus corroborating our previous results. This combination of methods allowed us to discuss the role of modelling in informing policy coherence and stimulate discussions on future research. The analysis shows that IAMs cover the SDGs related to climate because of their design. It also shows that most IAMs cover several other areas that are related to resource use and the Earth system as well. Some other dimensions of the 2030 Agenda are also covered, but socio-political and equality goals, and others related to human development and governance, are not well represented. Some of these are difficult to capture in models. Therefore, it is necessary to facilitate a better representation of heterogeneity (greater geographical and sectoral detail) by using different types of models (e.g. national and global) and linking different disciplines (especially social sciences) together. Planned developments include increased coverage of human development goals and contribute to policy coherence.
       
  • One health and the agricultural transition in food animal production

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Ellen K. SilbergeldAbstractIn the spirit of this important new journal, this paper seeks to explore the implications of agricultural transitions for human and animal health, as well as the sustainability of regional and global ecosystems. To understand the broad reach of these transitions this paper draws on the concept of One Health, which emphasizes the relatedness of human, animal, and environmental health in disease control and prevention strategies.Agricultural transitions are an important part of human history from the Neolithic to the present. These transitions began with simple developments in technology and social organization followed by increasingly more complex innovations that have responded to and stimulated profound changes in human society as well as the life of domesticated animals. Transitions in agriculture have stimulated transitions in diet and culture, leading to a feedback demand for further changes in agriculture to support new dietary practices and cultural conditions. In the 20th century, these transitions in agriculture have occurred with increasing speed and depth, involving fuel powered vehicles and machinery, synthetic chemicals that advance agronomy through supplying essential nutrients such as nitrogen and through controlling pests and weeds, and biotechnological methods for improving crop strains and animal breeds. The latest transition is industrialization, involving technology as well as the management and economics of agricultural production. These transitions are so profound and far reaching that it is appropriate to define them as revolutions with far reaching implications for human society as well as the natural world from microbes to the planet. In this paper I focus on the last transition as it has been expressed in food animal production, including poultry, livestock, fish and other aquatic biota, recognizing that the transitions in plant production were essential to this transition.
       
  • Climate change: Disruption, risk and opportunity

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Alistair WoodwardAbstractClimate change is disruptive because virtually all aspects of our lives are best located in the Goldilocks zone: the place where it is “not too hot and not too cold but just right”. Rising greenhouse gases are heating the globe faster than has ever occurred before, and record-breaking intense, extreme weather is becoming more common. In the last three years unexpectedly severe hurricanes, heatwaves and forest fires have affected millions of people. What makes disruption dangerous' I suggest low predictability, high scale, speed and lack of reversibility are good guides. Risks to health are direct and indirect and include also the “transition risks” associated with responses to climate change. Sometimes disruption is welcome because it provides opportunities for radical action that would not be possible otherwise: in this vein, it has been argued that climate change is “not just a challenge, but the greatest public health opportunity of the 21st century”. The co-benefits agenda (justifying climate interventions on the basis of positive outcomes in other sectors) is beguiling: it promises a relatively smooth way forward, but might an emphasis on win-win interventions distract from the radical changes that are needed' There are other reasons for caution – the intersection of climate and health policies may contain trade-offs as well as synergies, and the prospect of future gains that outweigh immediate losses is seldom, on its own, sufficient to change in-grained behaviours and policies.
       
  • We believe in a brighter future. Introducing Global Transitions –
           Connecting. Forward-Thinking

    • Abstract: Publication date: 2019Source: Global Transitions, Volume 1Author(s): Kristie Ebi, Luisa F. Cabeza, Jin Chen
       
 
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