Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1556 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (728 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (390 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (115 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (133 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (728 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 299)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access  
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
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Evaluation & the Health Professions
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.701
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 11  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0163-2787 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3918
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1166 journals]
  • The Sexual Risk Behaviors Scale (SRBS): Development & Validation in a
           University Student Sample in the UK

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Authors: Emanuele Fino, Rusi Jaspal, Bárbara Lopes, Liam Wignall, Claire Bloxsom
      Pages: 152 - 160
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 152-160, June 2021.
      University students are at risk of poor sexual health outcomes. The aim of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of the Sexual Risk Behaviors Scale (SRBS), a novel short tool for measuring engagement in sexual risk behaviors in university students. We developed a pool of six items based on a review of recent literature and tested its properties in 547 undergraduate students in the United Kingdom. We used Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis to explore and determine the factor structure and dimensionality of the SRBS. We used Item Response Theory and specifically the Graded Response Model to investigate items’ discrimination, information, and differential functioning, respectively, and logistic regression to test whether higher SRBS scores predicted a diagnosis of any sexually transmitted infections in the past 12 months. Results showed that a unidimensional, five-item model fitted the data well, showing satisfactory fit indices and reliability, with all items providing adequate discrimination and information, and no differential item functioning by gender nor by sexual orientation. SRBS total scores significantly predicted the odds of being diagnosed with sexually transmitted infections in the past 12 months. Implications for public health prevention and intervention are discussed.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-04-15T07:52:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01632787211003950
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Barriers and Facilitators to the Collection and Aggregation of Electronic
           Health Record HIV Data: An Analysis of Study Recruitment Venues Within the
           Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN)

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      Authors: Seyram A. Butame, Jessica M. De Leon, Sung-Jae Lee, Sylvie Naar, Leah Genn, Tyra Dark, Bill G. Kapogiannis
      Pages: 168 - 176
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 168-176, June 2021.
      Electronic health record (EHR) data can be leveraged for prospective cohort studies and pragmatic clinical trials, targeting youth living with HIV (YLH). Using EHRs in this manner may minimize the need for costly research infrastructure in service to lowering disease burden. This study characterizes HIV prevention and care continua variables and identifies factors likely to impede or facilitate EHR use for research and interventions. We conducted telephone-based qualitative interviews with National Experts (n = 10) and Key Stakeholders (n = 19) from subject recruitment venues (SRVs), providing care services to YLH and youth at risk for HIV. We found 17 different EHR systems being used for various purposes (e.g., workflow management and billing). Thematic content analysis of interviews highlighted six broad categories of perspectives on barriers to and facilitators of EHR use: specific variable collection, general use barriers, and facilitators, general data collection barriers and facilitators, EHRs for surveillance and research, EHRs for personnel and resource management and capture of HIV specific variables. These findings may inform implementation strategies of future studies, in which we conduct routine monitoring of the youth HIV prevention and care continua using EHRs and test an eHealth intervention.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-03-04T09:42:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278721998413
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Commentary: Addiction, Stigma, and Neurodiversity

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      Authors: Steve Sussman
      Pages: 186 - 191
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 186-191, June 2021.
      The addictions are subject to a great deal of stigma, the constituents of which include negative attributions such as being immoral, weak-willed, or sick. Negative outcomes include exclusion from positive life opportunities. In this commentary, I briefly discuss the definition of stigma, descriptors of addiction-related stigma, and negative consequences. Solutions to reduce addiction-related stigma are mentioned including providing greater interpersonal exposure to persons recovering from addiction, corrective information education, altering the language used to describe and classify persons who have suffered from addiction, and possibly viewing addiction vulnerability as an example of neurodiversity, as opposed to a character flaw or a disease. Suggestions for future research on reducing addiction-related stigma are suggested.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-04-30T07:40:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01632787211012036
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Evaluation of Dental Practices Changes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in
           Brazil

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      Authors: Mayara Delfino Sentone Rossato, Danielle Gregorio, Renata Rodrigues de Almeida-Pedrin, Luciana Prado Maia, Regina Celia Poli, Sandrine Bittencourt Berger, Thais Maria Freire Fernandes
      Pages: 192 - 197
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 192-197, June 2021.
      Dentists are healthcare professionals who are at high risk of infection and transmission of the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). The primary objective of the present study was to evaluate the changes in clinical practice made by Brazilian dentists during the COVID-19 pandemic. From June 22 to July 13, 2020, an online questionnaire was sent to dentists using Google Forms. After providing consent, 1,178 dentists answered questions regarding their knowledge and clinical experiences related to COVID-19. Data were analyzed using Chi-square, Fisher’s exact, or Kruskal–Wallis tests, with a significance level of 5%. Brazilian dentists significantly changed their routine dental practices. Biosafety measures were added in their offices by 98% of the dentists, increasing operating costs for 88.3% of dentists. Greater discomfort due to the increase in personal protection equipment (PPE) worn during the pandemic was reported by 58.6%. Furthermore, 84.2% reduced heir hours of service. It was found that the dentists decreased their workload, used additional PPE, and took additional biosafety measures.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-02-17T09:28:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278721994902
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Supporting the Early Detection of Disease Onset and Change Using Document
           Vector Analysis of Nursing Observation Records

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      Authors: Shotaro Komaki, Fuminori Muranaga, Yumiko Uto, Takashi Iwaanakuchi, Ichiro Kumamoto
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Nursing records are an account of patient condition and treatment during their hospital stay. In this study, we developed a system that can automatically analyze nursing records to predict the occurrence of diseases and incidents (e.g., falls). Text vectorization was performed for nursing records and compared with past case data on aspiration pneumonia, to develop an onset prediction system. Nursing records for a patient group that developed aspiration pneumonia during hospitalization and a non-onset control group were randomly assigned to definitive diagnostic (for learning), preliminary survey, and test datasets. Data from the preliminary survey were used to adjust parameters and influencing factors. The final verification used the test data and revealed the highest compatibility to predict the onset of aspiration pneumonia (sensitivity = 90.9%, specificity = 60.3%) with the parameter values of size = 80 (number of dimensions of the sentence vector), window = 13 (number of words before and after the learned word), and min_count = 2 (threshold of wordcount for word to be included). This method represents the foundation for a discovery/warning system using machine-based automated monitoring to predict the onset of diseases and prevent adverse incidents such as falls.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-05-03T09:17:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01632787211014270
       
  • Evaluations of Healthcare Providers’ Perceived Support From Personal,
           Hospital, and System Resources: Implications for Well-Being and Management
           in Healthcare in Montreal, Quebec, During COVID-19

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      Authors: Nigel Mantou Lou, Tina Montreuil, Liane S. Feldman, Gerald M. Fried, Mélanie Lavoie-Tremblay, Farhan Bhanji, Heather Kennedy, Pepa Kaneva, Susan Drouin, Jason M. Harley
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Increased stressful experiences are pervasive among healthcare providers (HCPs) during the COVID-19 pandemic. Identifying resources that help mitigate stress is critical to maintaining HCPs’ well-being. However, to our knowledge, no instrument has systematically examined how different levels of resources help HCPs cope with stress during COVID-19. This cross-sectional study involved 119 HCPs (64 nurses and 55 physicians) and evaluated the perceived availability, utilization, and helpfulness of a list of personal, hospital, and healthcare system resources. Participants also reported on their level of burnout, psychological distress, and intentions to quit. Results revealed that HCPs perceived the most useful personal resource to be family support; the most useful hospital resources were a safe environment, personal protective equipment, and support from colleagues; the most useful system resources were job protection, and clear communication and information about COVID. Moreover, HCPs who perceived having more available hospital resources also reported lower levels of psychological distress symptoms, burnout, and intentions to quit. Finally, although training and counseling services were perceived as useful to reduce stress, training was not perceived as widely available, and counseling services, though reported as being available, were underutilized. This instrument helps identify resources that support HCPs, providing implications for healthcare management.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-04-27T07:51:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01632787211012742
       
  • Prehospital Emergency Provider’s Knowledge of and Comfort With Pediatric
           and Special Needs Cases: A Cross-Sectional Study in Los Angeles County

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      Authors: Christopher J. Rogers, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Laurie Lee Brown, Rita V. Burke
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      The current study assesses the relationship between continuing education (CE) with a focus on pediatrics and children with special heath care needs and how CE influences the knowledge and comfort levels of prehospital providers who treat these cases. Data are survey responses provided by paramedic and emergency medical technician (EMT) level providers (N = 575) in Los Angeles County. Regression models assessed the relationship between pediatric-focused continuing education and EMTs’ knowledge of and comfort with pediatric cases, adjusting for relevant covariates. EMTs’ participation in continuing education focusing on pediatrics and special health care needs was significantly associated with an increase in perceived comfort and knowledge. Among EMTs who did not receive continuing education focused on either pediatrics or special health care needs, the most frequently reported barrier to education was a perceived lack of availability. The impact of continuing education on perceived comfort and knowledge was more pronounced than the effect of prior experience, especially considering the limited prevalence of provider exposure to pediatric and childhood special health care needs cases compared to adult cases. Expanding educational opportunities is a promising approach to increasing the comfort and knowledge of EMTs who transport and care for pediatric cases.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-03-24T09:25:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/01632787211003972
       
  • Psychometric Evaluation of the Proactive Vitality Management Scale:
           

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      Authors: Alexandra Bălăceanu, Delia Vîrgă, Paul Sârbescu
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      The present research aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the Proactive Vitality Management (PVM) scale. Based on the Job Demands-Resources theory, PVM is a proactive behavior that helps employees manage energy at work. Two studies were conducted to test the reliability and validity of the PVM scale. The first study (N = 477) aimed to validate the Romanian version of PVM and test for measurement invariance related to gender. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis indicated a one-factor model and good values of the fit indices. Moreover, the indicators of measurement invariance showed no difference between men and women; both groups interpret the measure in a conceptually similar way. The second study (N = 307) cross-validated the one-factor model, tested discriminant and criterion validity between PVM and other constructs, such as psychological detachment and well-being (e.g., work engagement, health). The results indicated that PVM is indeed a one-factor construct associated with well-being indicators and unrelated to psychological detachment. From a practical perspective, the PVM scale is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing proactive energy management in organizations and developing strategies and interventions for employees to function optimally and reach their work-related well-being. The study also provides evidence of the PVM in the Job Demands-Resources theory as a proactive behavior at work, which represents a new strategy for employees to function optimally at work by deciding when and how to manage their energy.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-03-09T09:52:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278721998421
       
  • Factor Structure of the PANAS With Bayesian Structural Equation Modeling
           in a Chinese Sample

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      Authors: Minsun Kim, Ze Wang
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) is the most widely used self-report instrument for assessing affect. However, there are inconsistent findings regarding the factor structure of the PANAS. In this study, we applied Bayesian structural equation modeling (BSEM) to investigate the structure of the PANAS using data from a sample of 893 Chinese middle and high school students. Four models, the orthogonal two-, the oblique two-, the three-, and the bi-factor models were tested with prior specifications including approximately zero cross-loadings and residual covariances. The results indicated that the orthogonal two-factor model specified with informative priors for both cross-loadings and residual correlations has the best model fit. Confirmatory factor analysis with the maximum likelihood estimator (ML-CFA) based on modifications from BSEM analysis showed improved model fit compared to ML-CFA based on frequentist analysis, which is the evidence for the merit of BSEM for addressing misspecifications.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-03-04T09:36:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278721996794
       
  • Development of the Teaching Interpersonal Skills for Telehealth Checklist

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      Authors: Beverly W. Henry, Danica Billingsly, Derryl E. Block, Joseph Ehrmann
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      While interpersonal skills in telehealth may positively impact clinical practice, patient engagement and outcomes, assessment strategies are lacking. We conducted a multi-stage iterative approach to develop and test validity and reliability of the Teaching Interpersonal Skills in Telehealth checklist (TIPS-TC). First, we identified observable communication behaviors from the literature. Second, we surveyed telehealth managers and researchers (N = 11) to rate appropriateness of potential checklist items. Level of agreement (35%–91%) and Kappa statistic (0.18–0.89) confirmed items to be retained and identified items to modify. Based on response patterns and comments, we reduced 44 items to 12 critical checklist behaviors. Third, student clinicians used the checklist with video telehealth consultations and provided feedback. Fourth, we conducted reliability testing with practitioners and administrators (N = 68) who completed the TIPS-TC for two versions of a telehealth scenario. Strong interrater reliability intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and test-retest reliability ICC (both p < .001), along with non-significant findings of order effects supported the checklist as an acceptable instrument to differentiate high skill from low skill telehealth sessions. The TIPS-TC offers an evidence-based approach to assessing interpersonal skills in telehealth to help evaluate clinician competence and tailor learning activities across disciplinary roles.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-02-09T09:51:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278721992831
       
  • Notes From the Field: Applying the Consolidated Framework for
           Implementation Research in a Qualitative Evaluation of Implementation of
           the Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Brief Intervention
           Training Program

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      Authors: Saji Sebastian, David P. Thomas, Julie Brimblecombe, Frances C. Cunningham
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      This paper describes the applicability of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) to the qualitative evaluation of the implementation of the Queensland Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Brief Intervention Training Program, the B.strong Program. Interviews were conducted with 20 B.strong Program trainees and four health service managers from eight purposively sampled Indigenous primary health care services in Queensland to collect their perceptions of the B.strong Program implementation. The 26 constructs of the CFIR were used to guide data collection and analysis. Additional constructs were developed for two program implementation aspects, “quality improvement” and “cultural suitability.” Findings are presented from the application of the CFIR to the evaluation of the implementation of a brief intervention training program in the Australian Indigenous context. While demonstrating the applicability of the CFIR in this evaluation, this study also highlights that it may require modification, to ensure identification of the different contextual factors that influence program implementation.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-02-08T08:46:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278721992815
       
  • Effectiveness of Hands-Off Therapy in the Management of Primary Headache:
           A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

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      Authors: Naziru Bashir Mukhtar, Mira Meeus, Ceren Gursen, Jibril Mohammed, Robby De Pauw, Barbara Cagnie
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      A number of hands-off therapies have been widely reported and are used in the management of headache. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess evidence supporting these therapies on selected headache outcomes. A systematic literature search for randomized clinical trials reporting on the effects of hands-off therapies for headache was performed in two electronic databases; PubMed and Web of Science (PROSPERO: CRD42018093559). Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Meta-analysis was performed using Review Manager v5.4. Thirty-five studies, including 3,403 patients with migraine, tension-type or chronic headaches were included in the review. Methodological quality of the studies ranged from poor to good. Result-synthesis revealed moderate evidence for aerobic exercises, relaxation training and pain education for reducing pain intensity and disability. Other hands-off interventions were either weak or limited in evidence. Meta-analysis of 22 studies indicated that the effect of hands-off therapies significantly differed from one another for pain intensity, disability and quality of life (p < 0.05). Relaxation training, aerobic and active/stretching exercises had significant effect on pain intensity and disability (p < 0.05). To conclude, few hands-off therapies were effective on selected headache outcomes. Evidence to support other hands-off therapies is limited by paucity of studies.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2021-01-07T09:30:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720983408
       
  • Early Maladaptive Schemas Are Highly Indicative of Compulsive Sexual
           Behavior

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      Authors: Yaniv Efrati, Ortal Shukron, Robert Epstein
      Pages: 142 - 151
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 142-151, June 2021.
      Unlike the consequences of compulsive sexual behavior (CSB) and the profile of people with CSB that were extensively studied, the cognitive distortions that might be responsible to the development and maintenance of CSB are less understood. In Study 1 (n = 68), we examined intercorrelations between CSB and early maladaptive schemas among a sample with clinical CSB (Sexaholic Anonymous; SAs). In Study 2 (sex offenders; n = 103, and violence offenders; n = 81), we examined the intercorrelations between CSB and early maladaptive schemas among a sample with a sexual deviance but non-clinical levels of CSB. Results revealed that early maladaptive schemas are highly indicative of CSB severity. We discuss the implication of the study for the study and therapy of CSB.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-12-23T09:58:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720983428
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Colombian Adaptation of the HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections
           Knowledge Scale (KSI) in an Adolescent Population

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      Authors: Daniella Abello-Luque, José Pedro Espada, Eileen García-Montaño, Mayra Gómez-Lugo, Alexandra Morales, Diana Pérez-Pedraza, Pablo Vallejo-Medina
      Pages: 161 - 167
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 161-167, June 2021.
      Colombia has one of the highest rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and teenage pregnancies among Latin American countries. Knowledge about HIV/AIDS and other STIs has been identified as a factor in promoting healthy sexual behavior. The HIV and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections Knowledge Scale (KSI) is an instrument created in Spain to assess sexual health knowledge in adolescents. In view of the lack of scales that measure this construct in Colombia, this study aims to culturally adapt and validate the KSI for the Colombian adolescent population. The sample was comprised of 866 adolescent school children (458 females and 408 males) aged between 14 and 19 years (M = 15.97, SD = 1.36) from 12 schools in the cities of Bogotá (n = 467) and Barranquilla (n = 400). Results showed good item psychometric properties and adequate discrimination and difficulty indices. Factorial analysis confirmed a five-dimensional factor structure. The indicators of validity showed significant correlations with constructs related on theoretical grounds. In sum, the study presents a valid and reliable scale for evaluating knowledge about HIV and other STIs in Colombian adolescent population.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-12-18T06:34:48Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720979621
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Notes From the Field: Availability of Satellite Pharmacies and Pharmacy
           Service Units in Nigerian Hospitals—Implications for Pharmaceutical Care
           

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      Authors: Ene Daniel-Ebune, Abubakar Ibrahim Jatau, Sai’du Lawal Burji, Mustapha Mohammed
      Pages: 177 - 179
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 177-179, June 2021.
      The optimal provision of pharmaceutical care services requires an adequate number of pharmacists, satellite pharmacies and service units at healthcare facilities. We examined the availability of these requirements at Nigerian hospitals using the 2016 nationwide inspection reports of hospital pharmacies conducted by the Pharmacists Council of Nigeria. Records of 254 hospitals inspected were retrieved, of which 171 (67.3%) were public. The total number of pharmacists across facilities was 753. The most common satellite pharmacy units recorded were antiretroviral 80 (31.5%) and emergency departments 48 (18.8%). The most common service units were drug revolving funds 176 (69.3%) and drug information 112 (44.1%) units. These findings suggest the availability of pharmacists, satellite pharmacies and service units are inadequate for the optimal delivery of pharmaceutical care services at healthcare facilities in Nigeria. Therefore, there is a need for interventions to improve the provision of pharmaceutical care services at health care facilities in Nigeria.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-06-18T11:24:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720934174
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Potentially Inappropriate Medications in Belgrade, Serbia Nursing Home
           Residents: A Comparison of Two Approaches

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      Authors: Marko Stojanović, Milica Vuković, Milan Jovanović, Srđan Dimitrijević, Miroslav Radenković
      Pages: 180 - 185
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Volume 44, Issue 2, Page 180-185, June 2021.
      There is currently limited information on the comparative effectiveness of the European Union(7)-potentially inappropriate medication (EU(7)-PIM) list and the Beers criteria for screening PIMs, of which PIMs are a significant concern, in the geriatric population of nursing home residents. This study aims to determine and compare the rates of PIMs detected with the Beers criteria (five sections of which the first is a list of inappropriate medications in older adults) and the EU(7)-PIM list (based on the first section of the Beers criteria). The study, conducted in Gerontology Center Belgrade (n = 427), is retrospective and observational. The EU(7)-PIM list detected 876 PIMs, while the first section of the Beers criteria detected 782 PIMs (1,803 with all five sections). The majority of PIMs belong to psychotropic drugs (benzodiazepines being the most common). The EU(7)-PIM list detected significantly more PIMs than the first section of the Beers criteria (2.03 ± 1.63 vs. 1.83 ± 1.27; p = .0005). The number of detected PIMs with both criteria correlates with age, the number of chronic illnesses, the number of medication prescribed, and the comorbidity status. Ultimately, the EU(7)-PIM list detected more PIMs compared to the first section of the Beers criterion.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-01-22T09:59:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278719900653
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 2 (2020)
       
  • Searching for Something Positive in Future Negative: The Adolescent and
           Adult Time Inventory–Time Attitudes Scale

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      Authors: Michael T. McKay, Frank C. Worrell, Jon C. Cole
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      The Adolescent and Adult Time Inventory–Time Attitudes Scale (AATI-TA) measures emotional engagement with the past, present, and future, and scores have been shown to relate meaningfully to health outcomes. For past, present, and future, five items are used to assess both positive and negative attitudes. Although evidence for the hypothesized six-factor solution has been widely reported, some studies have indicated problems with the Future Negative items. Given that a large and growing literature has emerged on the six-factor AATI-TA, and that AATI-TA scores have shown much better and more consistent fit than other temporal psychology measures, we sought to investigate the future negative factor in detail. Secondary analyses were performed on two datasets. The first was a University convenience sample (N = 410) and the second was an adolescent sample (N = 1,612). Confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the fit for the five Future Negative items was poor. Modification indices suggested that a correlated error term between Items 4 and 10 would result in good fit, and this was indeed the case. Models without Item 4 or Item 10 also yielded acceptable fit. Analyses using all four operationalizations of Future Negative (original scale, without Item 4 or Item 10, or with the correlated error between Items 4 and 10) to predict symptoms of anxiety and depression, and emotional self-efficacy revealed minor differences in the predictive validity coefficients. Potential ways forward, including a correlated error term or the dropping or replacement of Item 10, are discussed.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-12-30T09:32:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720985597
       
  • Prevalence and Correlates of Sleep Quality Among Jordanian University
           Students: A Cross-Sectional National Study

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      Authors: Abeer Mohammed Shaheen, Maha Alkaid Albqoor
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Poor sleep quality affects university students’ life and increases their risk of long-term health consequences. This study aimed to describe the quality of sleep among Jordanian university students, examine differences in sleep quality according to selected variables, and identify predictors of sleep quality. A cross-sectional correlational design and a multi-strategic sampling technique were used to select a sample of 1,308 university students. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Sleep Hygiene Instrument were administered to the subjects. T-test, ANOVA, and multiple regressions were used to analyze the data. The results showed that most students were classified as poor sleepers (87.1%), and only (12.8%) reported having a good sleep quality. Among the components of sleep quality, subjective sleep quality (m = 1.90, SD = 0.89) and daytime dysfunction (m = 1.72, SD = 0.67) had the highest mean scores, while sleep efficiency (m = 0.50, SD = 0.91) and the use of sleep medications (m = 0.23, SD = 0.73) had the lowest mean scores. There were statistically significant differences in sleep quality in relation to residency, academic level, academic achievement, and family income. Significant predictors of sleep quality were gender, marital status, employment status, sleep hygiene, and stress.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-12-28T09:48:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720983415
       
  • Validation of the Chinese Version of the Body Image Concern Inventory

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      Authors: Kui Wang, Xin-yang Yu, Chao-ran Yu, Ya-fei Liu, Min-yi Chu, Rui-ting Zhang, Rui Liang, Jue Chen, Heather L. Littleton, David H. K. Shum, Raymond C. K. Chan
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      The Body Image Concern Inventory (BICI) was developed to assess dysmorphic appearance concern and has been found to be a reliable and valid instrument in Western societies. To examine the psychometric properties of a new Chinese BICI, the BICI was administered to 1,231 Chinese young adults (Study 1) and 47 female patients with eating disorders and 56 matched controls (ED; Study 2). In study 1, Cronbach’s alpha of .92 and test-retest reliability of .73 over a 6-month interval was observed for the total scale. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a 3-factor model for the BICI: avoidant behaviors (AB), safety behaviors against perceived flaws (SB), and negative appearance evaluation (NE). In study 2, ED patients scored significantly higher on the BICI total and three subscale scores than controls. In addition, AB best differentiated ED patients and matched controls (Cohen’s d = 1.52); SB best differentiated between the non-clinical female and male groups (Cohen’s d = 0.75); NE was most closely associated with level of negative affect and subjective well-being (inverse relationship) in both clinical and non-clinical groups. In conclusion, the Chinese BICI is a reliable and valid tool for evaluating dysmorphic appearance concern among Chinese speakers.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-12-16T09:48:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720979651
       
  • Book Review: Transforming healthcare with qualitative research

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      Authors: Mitchell Sarkies, Zeyad Mahmoud
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-12-14T11:42:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720978820
       
  • A Systematic Review of the Outcome Measures Used to Evaluate
           Interprofessional Learning by Health Care Professional Students During
           Clinical Experiences

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      Authors: Nicole A. Guitar, Denise M. Connelly
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Interprofessional education (IPE) occurs when members of more than one health or social care profession learn interactively together to improve interprofessional collaboration and health care delivery. Interprofessional experiences provide students with the skills and knowledge needed to work in a collaborative manner; however, there is no review on the outcome measures used to assess the effectiveness of IPE learning. The current systematic review examined the outcome measures used to assess interprofessional learning during student clinical experiences. An electronic search of databases retrieved trials of health professional students who completed an IPE intervention during a student clinical experience. Methodological quality of twenty-five studies meeting the inclusion criteria published between 1997 and 2018 was scored independently by two raters using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database and the Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative Research tool. The Interdisciplinary Education Perception Scale was used most frequently to assess interprofessional learning during a student clinical experience. This review provides a summary of outcome measures for educators to consider for evaluation of interprofessional activities during student clinical placements and serves to inform future conversations regarding the use and development of outcome measures to provide evidence for student achievement of IPE objectives and competencies.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-12-09T09:52:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720978814
       
  • Influence of Risk Perception on Task and Contextual Performance: A Case of
           Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders in Nurses

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      Authors: Abigail Konadu Aboagye, Baozhen Dai, Ernest Kay Bakpa
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Assessing the risk perception of workers can be very informative in predicting their behavioral outcomes, including task and contextual performance. Yet, research to assess the effect of risk perception on task performance and contextual performance remains scarce. Thus, this study explored the effect of risk perception of work-related musculoskeletal disorders on task and contextual performance in nurses. This study further examined safety behavior as a mediator of these relationships. Using structural equation modeling, the researchers examined these relationships by employing a cross-sectional survey with a quantitative approach. The data was collected via questionnaires from 382 nurses who work in three major hospitals in Accra Metropolis, Ghana. The results showed that nurses’ risk perception positively influenced their task and contextual performance, and that safety behavior partially mediated the effects of risk perception on task and contextual performance. This study offers a theoretical framework and empirical evidence for the concept of risk perception and its association with safety behavior, task, and contextual performance. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the relationships that exist among these variables. Thus, future studies are needed to verify the causality of the relationships.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-12-09T09:38:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720975071
       
  • Use of Critical Items in Determining Point-of-Care Ultrasound Competence

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      Authors: Janeve Desy, Vicki E. Noble, Michael Y. Woo, Michael Walsh, Andrew W. Kirkpatrick, Irene W. Y. Ma
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      We previously developed a workplace-based tool for assessing point of care ultrasound (POCUS) skills and used a modified Delphi technique to identify critical items (those that learners must successfully complete to be considered competent). We performed a standard setting procedure to determine cut scores for the full tool and a focused critical item tool. This study compared ratings by 24 experts on the two checklists versus a global entrustability rating. All experts assessed three videos showing an actor performing a POCUS exam on a patient. The performances were designed to show a range of competences and one included potentially critical errors. Interrater reliability for the critical item tool was higher than for the full tool (intraclass correlation coefficient = 0.84 [95% confidence interval [CI] 0.42–0.99] vs. 0.78 [95% CI 0.25–0.99]). Agreement with global ratings of competence was higher for the critical item tool (κ = 0.71 [95% CI 0.55–0.88] vs 0.48 [95% CI 0.30–0.67]). Although sensitivity was higher for the full tool (85.4% [95% CI 72.2–93.9%] vs. 81.3% [95% CI 67.5–91.1%]), specificity was higher for the critical item tool (70.8% [95% CI 48.9–87.4%] vs. 29.2% [95% CI 12.6–51.1%]). We recommend the use of critical item checklists for the assessment of POCUS competence.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-11-29T06:44:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720975833
       
  • Validating the Persian Intuitive Eating Scale-2 Among Breast Cancer
           Survivors Who Are Overweight/Obese

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      Authors: Babak Nejati, Chia-Wei Fan, William J. Boone, Mark D. Griffiths, Chung-Ying Lin, Amir H. Pakpour
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Women with breast cancer are at risk of being overweight/obese which may consequently increase mortality. Intuitive eating is an adaptive eating behavior which might be beneficial for weight outcomes. The present study validated the Persian Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) among overweight/obese Iranian females with breast cancer. Women who were overweight/obese with breast cancer (n = 762; mean ± SD age = 55.1 ± 5.7 years) completed the following questionnaires: IES-2, General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE-6), Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Short Form-12 (SF-12), Weight Bias Internalization Scale (WBIS), Body Appreciation Scale-2 (BAS-2), and Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch analysis were applied to examine the psychometric properties of the IES-2. Associations between IES-2 score and other scale scores were assessed. CFA and Rasch analysis suggested that the Persian IES-2 had robust psychometric properties and all IES-2 items were meaningful in their embedded domains. The four-factor structure of the Persian IES-2 was confirmed. Concurrent validity was supported by the positive correlations between the IES-2 score and scores on the GSE-6, SF-12 mental component, and BAS-2. Negative correlations were found between the IES-2 score and the HADS (anxiety and depression subscales), WBIS, and EAT-26. The present study demonstrated that the Persian IES-2 is a well-designed instrument and is applicable for women who are overweight/obese with breast cancer.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-10-15T09:20:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720965688
       
  • Translation and Psychometric Evaluation of the Mahoney Pain Scale Among
           Iranian Elderly With Dementia: A Methodological Study

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      Authors: Mohammad Zare, Zahra Tagharrobi, Khadijeh Sharifi, Zahra Sooki, Javad Abolhasani
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Valid and reliable measurement tools are necessary for pain assessment among the elderly with dementia. This study aimed to translate the Mahoney Pain Scale (MPS) into Persian and evaluate its psychometric properties among Iranian elderly with dementia. In this methodological study, after translating and assessing the face and content validity of MPS, 100 elderly with dementia were selected via convenience sampling from nursing homes and clinics in Kashan in 2018–19; then, MPS was completed for them both at rest and during a movement pain protocol. MPS was assessed by exploratory factor analysis, known-group comparison, convergent validity, internal consistency, equivalence, and stability. The factor analysis revealed a one-factor structure, which explained 57.11% of the total variance. The Persian MPS differentiated patients with and without known painful conditions, as well as pain at rest and during the movement pain protocol (p < .0001). There was a significant positive correlation between the scores of MPS and PACSLAC-II (r = .87, p < .0001). The Cronbach’s α, intraclass correlation coefficient and standard error of measurement of MPS were .91, .79, and ±1.37, respectively. As a valid and reliable tool, the Persian MPS can be used for pain assessment among Iranian elderly with dementia.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-09-29T09:51:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720961818
       
  • Effects of Sequential Prepaid Incentives on Response Rates, Data Quality,
           Sample Representativeness, and Costs in a Mail Survey of Physicians

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      Authors: Jennifer Dykema, John Stevenson, Nadia Assad, Chad Kniss, Catherine A. Taylor
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      While collecting high quality data from physicians is critical, response rates for physician surveys are frequently low. A proven method for increasing response in mail surveys is to provide a small, prepaid monetary incentive in the initial mailing. More recently, researchers have begun experimenting with adding a second cash incentive in a follow-up contact in order to increase participation among more reluctant respondents. To assess the effects of sequential incentives on response rates, data quality, sample representativeness, and costs, physicians (N = 1,500) were randomly assigned to treatments that crossed the amount of a first ($5 or $10) and second ($0, $5, or $10) incentive to form the following groups: Group $5/$5; Group $5/$10; Group $10/$0; Group $10/$5; and Group $10/$10. Overall, second incentives were associated with higher response rates and lower costs per completed survey, and while they had no effect on item nonresponse, they increased sample representativeness.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-09-14T09:36:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720958186
       
  • Observational Study: Predictors of a Successful Functional Outcome in
           Persons Who Receive Physical Therapy for Knee Osteoarthritis

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      Authors: Dalerie Lieberz, Ronald Regal, Pat Conway
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      A retrospective design was employed to determine what factors are predictive of achieving a successful outcome for individuals with knee osteoarthritis following an episode of physical therapy. Success was defined as achieving the minimum clinically important difference with the change in the lower extremity functional scale (LEFS). Receiving guideline adherent care was hypothesized to increase odds of success. Data for treatment interventions, health care utilization, patient characteristics, and LEFS scores were collected from electronic health records from 2014–2018 across 34 outpatient clinics. The sample (N = 706) was primarily female, White, and older adults. Receiving guideline adherent care did not predict odds of achieving success. Patient age, initial LEFS score, opioid prescription, number of visits, and Medicare/Medicaid insurance were predictive of the outcome. Increasing age after 65 years predicted decreased odds of success. Older adults showed improved odds with an opioid prescription and with increased number of visits from two through 18 therapy sessions. Opportunities exist for further health services research on optimal management of knee OA, including underutilization of physical therapy (only 6% in this study), measuring adherence to CPGs, determining recommended intensity for interventions, and the effects of non-physical therapy interventions such as opioid use on outcomes.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-09-03T07:42:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720954229
       
  • Curriculum Viability Indicators: A Delphi Study to Determine Standards and
           Inhibitors of a Curriculum

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      Authors: Rehan Ahmed Khan, Annemarie Spruijt, Usman Mahboob, Mohamed Al Eraky, Jeroen J. G. van Merrienboer
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Curriculum evaluation is typically done by using quality standards defined by accrediting bodies. This does not include inhibitors that hinder the achievement of standards. Hence, to address both standards and inhibitors, we have coined the new concept of “curriculum viability.” This study establishes consensus among experts on curriculum viability indicators, i.e. standards and inhibitors, and aims to provide a framework for evaluating the curriculum viability. The study was done in two phases. In the first phase, a consensus was established on the curriculum viability indicators using the Modified Delphi Technique using two rounds. In the first round of the Delphi process, 25 experts participated, which were reduced to 19 in the second round. After two rounds, experts developed a consensus on 40 out of 44 items. These included 27 standards and 13 inhibitors. In the second phase, 18 experts rank-ordered the indicators according to their relative importance in the areas of educational content and strategies, faculty, leadership, assessment, students, educational/working environment, communication, and technology. The list of indicators provides a framework for evaluating the curriculum viability, and their ordering enables curriculum managers to prioritize them during curriculum evaluation.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-06-17T10:16:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720934164
       
  • Psychometric Properties of the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory in an Academic
           Healthcare Institution Sample in the U.S.

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      Authors: Carol R. Thrush, Molly M. Gathright, Timothy Atkinson, Erick L. Messias, J. Benjamin Guise
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI) has demonstrated good psychometric properties among respondents in many different countries, but minimal research exists using the CBI in a U.S.-based sample. The current study represents a secondary analysis of existing CBI data from 1,679 academic health center employees at one mid-size teaching hospital in the southeastern region of the U.S. Analyses assessed CBI scale reliability, confirmatory factorial validity, discriminant validity against a measure of meaningful work, and test invariance for professional role sub-groups (physicians, nurses/physician assistants, and other hospital staff), gender groups, and different age groups. Results provided evidence for good reliability and discriminant validity as well as construct validity supporting the CBI proposed three-factor structure. Configural and metric variance equivalence were demonstrated across the range of employee types, and across age and gender groups. Scalar invariance equivalence was not established, suggesting further research may be needed to support group mean comparisons using the CBI.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-06-16T06:51:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720934165
       
  • Development and Validation of a BMI-Based Figure Rating Scale for Chinese
           Adolescents

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      Authors: Chao-Ran Yu, Xin-Yang Yu, Zhi-Tao Fan, Kui Wang, Heather L. Littleton
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Figure rating scales (FRS) have been widely used to measure body dissatisfaction. In the current study, an FRS based on body mass index (BMI) and body shape of Chinese adolescents (C-BMI-FRS) was developed and validated. The perceived actual figure chosen from C-BMI-FRS by 2,237 Chinese adolescents aged 15–18 years old correlated strongly with BMI (r = .83 in girls and r = .80 in boys). Additionally, there was a strong relation between actual and ideal figure discrepancy (AID) scores and measures of body satisfaction (r = −.54 in girls, r = −.28 in boys) and eating disorder symptoms (r = .54 in girls, and r = .52 in boys). There also were moderate associations of AID scores with self-esteem (r = −.16) and negative affect (r = .18) in girls. Test–retest reliability over an 8- to 10 -week interval exceeded .57 for actual figure, ideal figure, and AID scores. Overall, findings support the utility of C-BMI-FRS as a measure of body dissatisfaction among Chinese adolescents.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-05-15T09:28:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720926714
       
  • Cumulative Lifetime Adversity in a National Sample of Hispanic/Latino
           Immigrants: Exploring Construct Validity Across Six Hispanic/Latino Groups
           Using Data From the HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study

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      Authors: Daniel K. Cooper, Kyle Nickodem
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Hispanic/Latino immigrants often experience significant adversity before, during, and after migrating to the United States. However, no extant studies have tested the construct validity of a cumulative measure of lifetime adversity with Hispanic/Latino immigrants. Our objective was to assess the construct validity of a comprehensive measurement model of lifetime adversity (i.e., adverse childhood experiences, adult chronic stress, adult perceived stress, adult acculturation stress, and lifetime ethnic discrimination) with a national sample of Hispanic/Latinos born outside the mainland United States. Guided by the life course perspective, we examined the (a) dimensionality of cumulative lifetime adversity; (b) extent to which the functioning of this measurement model differed across various Hispanic/Latino subgroups including Mexicans, Cubans, Puerto Ricans, Dominicans, Central Americans, and South Americans; and (c) association between cumulative lifetime adversity and other constructs (e.g., anxiety and depression). We used existing data from the Hispanic Community Health Survey/Study of Latinos—Sociocultural Ancillary Study, a national survey of Hispanic/Latinos living in the United States (N = 3,296). Results from confirmatory factor analyses indicated that a five-factor bifactor measurement model for cumulative lifetime adversity fit the data adequately (e.g., comparative fit index = .91, root mean square error of approximation = .04, standardized root mean square residual = .07). Results from multigroup confirmatory factor analyses suggested that the measurement model functioned similarly across Hispanic/Latino subgroups, providing evidence for measurement invariance. The model also displayed convergent and discriminant validity based on associations with other constructs. We discuss implications for advancing the precision of assessment instruments for lifetime adversity with populations with high within-group diversity.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-03-13T10:16:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720910470
       
  • Scoping Review of Economical, Efficient, and Effective Cultural Competency
           Measures

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      Authors: Maria B. J. Chun, David S. Jackson
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Identifying practical and effective tools to evaluate the efficacy of cultural competency (cc) training in medicine continues to be a challenge. Multiple measures of various lengths and stages of psychometric testing exist, but none have emerged as a “gold standard.” This review attempts to identify cc measures with potential to economically, efficiently, and effectively provide insight regarding the value of cc training efforts to make it easier for wider audience utilization. A scoping review of 11 online reference databases/search engines initially yielded 9,626 items mentioning cc measures. After the initial review, focus was placed on measures that assessed cultural competence of medical students, residents, and/or attending physicians. Six measures were identified and reviewed: (1) Cross-Cultural Care Survey, (2) Cultural Competence Health Practitioner Assessment, (3) Cultural Humility Scale, (4) Health Beliefs Attitudes Survey, (5) Tool for Assessing Cultural Competency Training, and (6) the Tucker-Culturally Sensitive Health-Care Provider Inventory. Relevant literature documenting use and current psychometric assessments for each measure were noted. Each measure was found to be of value for its particular purpose but needs more strenuous reliability and validity testing. A commitment to include psychometric assessments should be an expected part of studies utilizing these measures.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-03-09T09:56:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720910244
       
  • Notes From the Field: Automatic Item Generation, Standard Setting, and
           Learner Performance in Mastery Multiple-Choice Tests

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      Authors: Eric Shappell, Gregory Podolej, James Ahn, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      Mastery learning assessments have been described in simulation-based educational interventions; however, studies applying mastery learning to multiple-choice tests (MCTs) are lacking. This study investigates an approach to item generation and standard setting for mastery learning MCTs and evaluates the consistency of learner performance across sequential tests. Item models, variables for question stems, and mastery standards were established using a consensus process. Two test forms were created using item models. Tests were administered at two training programs. The primary outcome, the test–retest consistency of pass–fail decisions across versions of the test, was 94% (κ = .54). Decision-consistency classification was .85. Item-level consistency was 90% (κ = .77, SE = .03). These findings support the use of automatic item generation to create mastery MCTs which produce consistent pass–fail decisions. This technique broadens the range of assessment methods available to educators that require serial MCT testing, including mastery learning curricula.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-03-04T11:06:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720908914
       
  • The Perilous Use of Proxy Variables

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      Authors: Ryan G. N. Seltzer
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      It is often not stated or quantified how well measured proxy variables account for the variance in latent constructs they are intended to represent. A sensitivity analysis was run using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe to estimate models varying in the degree to which proxy variables represent intended constructs. Results showed that parameter estimates differ substantially across different levels of variable representation. When variables are used with poor construct validity, an insufficient amount of variance is removed from the observed spurious relationship between design variable and outcome. The findings from this methodological demonstration underscore the importance of selecting proxy variables that accurately represent the underlying construct for which control is intended.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-02-06T01:39:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278720903358
       
  • Universal Design for Measurement: Centering the Experiences of Individuals
           With Disabilities Within Health Measurement Research

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      Authors: Erin Vinoski Thomas, Jan Warren-Findlow, Charlie L. Reeve, Jennifer B. Webb, Sarah B. Laditka, Margaret M. Quinlan
      Abstract: Evaluation & the Health Professions, Ahead of Print.
      People with disabilities comprise roughly 25% of the U.S. adult population yet remain underrepresented in mainstream public health and evaluation research. The lack of measures of common constructs that are validated in but not specific to this population may impede their inclusion. This article describes the use of Universal Design for Measurement (UDM), a novel method for developing self-report measurement instruments validated among broad populations to minimize the need for scale adaptation. We applied UDM to the development and content validation of a new body image scale. We assessed content validity by surveying subject matter experts (SMEs) and conducted a Delphi panel study to assess consensus about scale items among community women with (n = 18) and without (n = 15) disabilities. Most scale items were found acceptable by SMEs and community women. The Delphi panel study was useful toward evaluating consensus about scale items among women with and without disabilities. Findings support the use of UDM in developing inclusive and psychometrically sound measurement scales to ultimately facilitate the full inclusion of people with disabilities within health research.
      Citation: Evaluation & the Health Professions
      PubDate: 2020-01-20T10:01:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0163278719900530
       
 
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