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 Ganesha JournalNumber of Followers: 0     Open Access journal ISSN (Print) 1686-7467 - ISSN (Online) 2651-141X Published by Chiang Rai Rajabhat University  [3 journals]
• Strategies for Solving a Problem of People’s Poverty Based on
King’s Science

• Authors: Manat Suwan, Saman Foosang, Narongphan Choonrum, Worapol Wattanaluangarun, Chontanat Suwan
Pages: 1 - 14
Abstract:           Among various factors as obstacles for the country development, people’s poverty may be considered to be the most significant one.  Income poverty is a major barrier for economic stimulation due to the lack of purchasing power. Meanwhile, human poverty can cause the production processes because of the shortage of working knowledge and skills, as well as health problems due to the lack of accessing to public welfare.  Every government in the past has tried to put efforts to find and implement various measures to solve such problems of people’s poverty.  But it seemed like the situations have been even worst, because the rich keep getting richer and the poor keep getting poorer.             This article is presented the analysis of poverty context in Thailand. It begins with reviewing of the poverty situations and causal factors, then follows by the analysis of success and/or failure of the problem solution and its causal factors.  The analysis results can be collectively concluded that the governments’ efforts to solve problems of the people’s poverty are not succeeded as there should be as follows: (1) there is not thoroughly understand what are the real causes of the poverty, (2) the problem solution measures are inappropriate with the context of the Thai society, (3) a lack of people’s participation, and (4) too much rigorously adherence with theories rather than practicality.             It is the suggestion from this study that there is possible success to solve the people’s poverty, the problem solution measures must be improved to be the most accuracy, suitability, and possibility. There are 8 strategies recommended based on King Rama IX Work Principles namely: (1) emphasizing on the Principle of “Systematic Study of Information”; (2) applying of “Local Wisdom” with “Modern Technology”; (3) balancing between “Topography” and “Sociology”; (4) using “Holistic Approach”; (5) emphasizing on “Human Poverty” rather than “Monetary Poverty”; (6) practicing of “Sufficiency Economy Principle”; (7) applying “People Participation” Principle; and (8) applying of “Appropriate Technology”.
PubDate: 2021-12-27
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• Food Education in Thailand Towards New Normal

• Authors: Naksit Panyoyai
Pages: 15 - 27
Abstract: Food is one of the fundamental factors for living in health, economy, environment, society, and culture, including science, research, and innovation. Food education in Thailand focuses on correct food consumption behaviour first and food chain product as a second. The current food education delivers content, skill and practical through diverse modes, formal education, non-formal education, and informal education for students, undergrads, and public to choose food studies. The food education from a new perspective relates to healthcare dimension, food distribution dimension, social, culture, and recreation dimension, and food research and innovation dimension.  However, the effects of coronavirus outbreak affect the food situation and food education in Thailand that has reshape the food learning on a basis of new normal for change supports. Adapting to a new way of life that can be sustained by lifelong food education. This article describes the current food education in Thailand with a focus on the age range of learners. A shift in food education to a food perspective in different dimensions from the effects of COVID. Then, present guidelines for food education in Thailand after adjusting to new normal for readers to transform to more informal education and career.
PubDate: 2021-12-21
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• Mae Hong Son, the Northwest Border Province: A Challenging Toward the
Special Development Area

• Authors: Siwaporn Mahathamnuchock , Nipondh Kampa
Pages: 29 - 42
Abstract: Mae Hong Son Province, a border of Thailand, there were varied with the topography, population, and sociocultural. The current article aimed to declare a baseline data of context and the problems of Mae Hong Son Province, for the continuing drive to a special development area, were as follows: the border security, restriction on transportation, poverty, limitation of public utility, prevalence of disease, and public health problems. This article also presented contents analysis of challenging toward the special development area, that needed collaboration from both Republic of the Union of Myanmar, and Thailand to enhance Mae Hong Son’s border trade in order to upgrade the checkpoint for border trade to the border checkpoint. The relationship between nature and folkway lives in Mae Hong Son Province should be balanced, it could minimize the risk among drugs, the restriction on transportation, the limitation of public utility, poor education, a prevalence of disease, and public health problems. In addition, it also needed to promote the wellness economy that could affect to against poverty, and decreasing a socio-economics’ disparities among Mae Hong Son’s population. Finally, reforming government’ s policy, and supporting integrated management in accordance with the residents needs and opportunities for equality and sustainable development were essential.
PubDate: 2021-12-28
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• The Representation of Women in Thai Literature Entitled “Khun Chang
Khun Phaen”

• Authors: Suputcharin Nakkongkom
Pages: 43 - 59
Abstract: This article aimed to study the representation of women in Thai literature entitled “KhunChang KhunPhaen”. In this study, the researcher applied the concept of representation in the study and the research was conducted through Descriptive Analysis. The results of this study revealed that the authors created the representation of women into 4 types as follows: 1) women and motherhood, that is, women played their role as good mothers in accordance with social norms, 2) women and wives, that is,  women had the qualities of being good wives and wives that deviated from social norms, 3) women as sexual objects, that is, women were viewed as sexual objects through their feminine physique and as a treatment for men's libido under the masculine socio-cultural structure, and 4) women and being others in society, that is, women had relationships that deviated from social norms and femininity, and women were viewed as ethnic marginalized ones. Creating the representation of women in Thai literature entitled “KhunChang KhunPhaen” was built on the basis of unequal power relations between male and female. This made women inferior to men in social, political, and cultural aspects.
PubDate: 2021-12-13
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• The English Grammar Usage of Business English Students, Dhonburi Rajabhat
University

• Authors: Patana Srisuruk, Penpisut Siri
Pages: 61 - 75
Abstract: The purposes of the study were 1) to study Business English students’ English grammar usage; 2) to investigate which areas of English grammar students need to improve and 3) to investigate whether or not students can apply English grammar in different situations. The subjects were 164 Business English students, Dhonburi Rajabhat University, studying from the first year to the fourth year of study in the first semester of 2018. The data were collected by means of a test with 36 questions consisting of 8 topics: tense, part of speech, relative pronoun, quantity word, verb or adjective, adjective or adverb, infinitive or gerund verb and translation. The percentage was used to analyzed and interpret the data.  The result showed that 38 students (23.17%) out of 164 students pass the test. The number of students who passed each topic could be broken down as follows:   9 students (5.49%) for tense; 87 students (53.05%) for part of speech; 89 students (54.27%) for relative pronoun; 127 students (77.44%) for quantity; 28 students (17.07%) for verb or adjective; 91 students  (55.49%) for adjective or adverb;  103 students (62.80%) for infinitive/or gerund and 31 students (18.90%) for translation. The 3 most serious English grammar usage which more than 80% of students did not pass are tense, verb or adjective and translation.  These students need to put more efforts in studying English grammar especially the 3 problem topics. At the same time teachers need to find appropriate strategies for students to remember the grammar rules including being able to use English in the real situations
PubDate: 2021-12-28
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• The Development of Reading for Main Idea Skills by Skill Practice With
Sq6r Reading Techniques for Mathayomsuksa 3 Students

• Authors: Thanyalak Sangkalak, Jutarat Ketpan
Pages: 77 - 88
($\bar{x}$= 4.57, S.D. = 0.68).
PubDate: 2021-12-28
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• A Study of Contemporary Thai Music: A Case Study of Ban Lum Ban

• Authors: Sarun Songtoun, Veera Phansue
Pages: 89 - 98
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examined the context and the mix of multiple instruments, including the unique songs of the contemporary Thai music band, Ban Lum Band.  The results of the study showed that the contemporary Thai music band of the Ban Lum Band arose from the idea of providing more alternatives
for employers in many events and most of the members were relatives. In addition, there were four aspects
of band management based on 4M management strategies, consisting of personnel management, budgeting, instrument management, and management. In terms of mixing of the multiple instruments, there were Western classical instruments played with traditional Thai classical instruments. Hence, there were three formats of music band arrangements: a small, a medium and a large format. Moreover, there were three types of songs, including traditional Thai music, music that used traditional Thai melodies, and popular music. Then, the song that was analyzed was a unique song and different from the original, which used a lot of Thai instruments when performing Hom Long Ai Yaret music, there was a song in the form of Thai music band. It had a keyboard used as an instrument to perform the chords and sometimes the melodies. Thus, a Fonni song was one that had been modified to be different from the original, and used Thai classical instruments to perform according to traditional Thai music notes. Furthermore, the Tep Thi Da Pha Sin song focused on Thai classical instruments. While western instruments supported the sound of Thai music. When they were performed together, Thai instrument sound would be compared to the sound of western instruments in every Bb Major scale.
PubDate: 2021-12-21
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• A Study of Northern and Central Thai Music Interaction After Princess
Consort Dara Rasmi's Returning to CHIANG MAI

• Authors: Nutthawoot Unokdang, Tepika Rodsakan
Pages: 99 - 114
Abstract: The objectives of this research were to study the relations of northern and central Thai music after the return to Chiang Mai of Princess Consort Dara Rasami, and to study the factors contributing to phenomena of musical relations of northern and central Thai music at that time. The data was collected using documentation form and semi-structured interview, and analyzed by content analysis. The data was classified and compared to form an inductive conclusion, then presented through descriptive analysis in an essay format. The results of the research were as follows: 1) The relations of northern and central Thai music after the return to Chiang Mai of Princess Consort Dara Rasami occurred when Her Highness returned permanently to Chiang Mai in 1914. She introduced and applied the forms, principles, and performance style of central Thai music to improve the standard of music and dance in the northern region, making them more orderly and systematic. There were eight sets of important performances that clearly represented musical relations of the northern and central regions: Lakhon Noi Jai Ya, Fon Man Mui Chiang Ta, Fon Man Mae Le, Fon Ngiaw, Fon Leb and Fon Thian, Fon Yokee Thawai Fai, Fon Mon or Fon Phee Mod, and Rabam Saw. After an analysis of musical relations patterns, it was found that it could be divided into two patterns: (1) the composition using the principles of central Thai music by the rearrangement of Luk Tok (accentuated note), (2) the performance combining the style of central Thai music with the traditional northern Thai music. The results of musical relations were recognized and adopted as a standard in Thai music and dance lessons, and have been widely applied until today. This was also corresponded to the 5 dimensions of cultural relations approach: adaptation, acculturation, cultural assimilation, cultural integration, and cultural conflicts; 2) There were four factors contributing to musical relations between northern and central Thai music after the return to Chiang Mai of Princess Consort Dara Rasami: economic factor, political factor, social factor, and cultural factor.
PubDate: 2021-12-28
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• the The Concept of Saw–Daung Production Process from Artificial
Materials (Resin) of Kru Jakree Mongkol

• Authors: Worraprat Tonglor, Tepika Rodsakan
Pages: 115 - 128
Abstract: This research article was aimed to study concept of Saw-duang production process from artificial material (resin) made by Kru Jakree Mongkol. The qualitative research focused on studying from document collecting, interviewing, and practicing. The data was analyzed by descriptive method. The research findings revealed the conceptual framework of Saw-Duang production from artificial materials by Kru Jakree Mongkol:  perception and social value among Thai traditional musicians, they believed that authentic Thai musical instruments should be made from rare precious wood and ivory. Nevertheless, Kru Jakree Mongkol desired to present his conception of focusing on the essence of performing traditional Thai music. For this reason, he attempted to produce the instruments from artificial materials – resin, which was easy to find, reasonable price, besides, the physical and sound quality was as good as natural materials. Subsequently, his concept had raised awareness of core purpose of Thai musical instruments and also conservation of natural resources.
PubDate: 2021-12-09
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• Image and Effectiveness of Public Relations Media of Chiangmai Rajabhat
University Towards the Decision of Admission for Mathayomsuksa 6 Students
in Muang District Chiang Mai Province

• Authors: sirasa sornsri
Pages: 129 - 141
Abstract: This research aimed to study image, effectiveness of public relations media, and the relationship between effectiveness of public relations media and decision making to study in Chiang Mai Rajabhat University for Mathayomsuksa 6 students in Mueang District, Chiang Mai Province. The instrument consisted of questionnaires administered to 400 Mathayomsuksa 6 students. The descriptive statistics was for data analysis with the analyzed of single-component variance, tested the paired mean by the way of comparing multiple with the method of Scheffé. The study of image found that most of the respondents had opinions at a high level and the results of comparing the image by school pointed that different schools had different opinions on the image of Chiang Mai Rajabhat University with the statistically significant at 0.05 level. The results of the study of perception, exposure and liking public relations media revealed that most respondents were aware, exposed and liked public relations media from Rajabhat Chiang Mai University: facebook page. Finally, the study of the effectiveness of public relations media showed that the majority of respondents agreed that public relations media of Chiang Mai Rajabhat University had a high level of effectiveness, also, had an effect on the decision making for admission to Chiang Mai Rajabhat University with a high level of opinion.
PubDate: 2021-12-23
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

• Online Media Usage Behavior, Media Literacy and Cyberbullying Awareness of
Youth in Chiang Mai Province

• Authors: Rinlapas Ketverapong
Pages: 143 - 160
Abstract: This study “Online Media Usage Behavior, Media Literacy and Cyberbullying Awareness of Youth in Chiang Mai Province” was quantitative research. The objectives of this study were to: 1) investigate online media usage behavior, media literacy and cyberbullying awareness of youth in Chiang Mai Province, 2) analyze relationship between online media usage behavior and media literacy, 3) analyze relationship between online media literacy and bullying behavior, and 4) analyze relationship between online media literacy and awareness of online bullying among youth in Chiang Mai Province. The quantitative research was conducted from 400 samples aged 15-25 years by using questionnaire. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, T-test, One-way ANOVA, and Multiple Regression Analysis. The study found that Facebook was the social media that the sample group used the most, the average time was 3-4 hours per day and the device of using was a mobile phone. The sample’s media literacy skills was at medium level which mean was 3.48 (S.D. = 0.62), cyberbullying behavior was at low level mean was 1.76 (S.D. = 0.70) and awareness of cyberbullying was at high level which mean was 3.83 (S.D. = 0.55). The results of hypothesis testing showed that: 1. Overall online media usage behavior was not correlated with online media literacy among youth in Chiang Mai Province. Only the number of hours spent on social media was associated with online media literacy statistically significant at the 0.05 level. 2. Online media literacy correlated with the cyberbullying behavior of youth in Chiang Mai Province. 3. Online media literacy correlated with awareness of cyberbullying of youth in Chiang Mai Province.
PubDate: 2021-12-13
Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2021)

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