Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1556 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (728 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (390 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (115 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (133 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (728 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 299)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access  
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Journal Cover
Archive of Community Health
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2527-3620
Published by Universitas Udayana Homepage  [68 journals]
  • Front Cover & TOC Vol.8 No.2

    • Authors: I Nengah Sujaya
      Abstract: -
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • DETERMINAN PEMILIHAN ALAT KONTRASEPSI TRADISIONAL DI WILAYAH PERKOTAAN DAN
           PERDESAAN PROVINSI BALI

    • Authors: Putu Ayu Indrayathi, Istiana Marfianti, Putu Dwiki Damadita, Ni Made Ari Listiani, Luh Kadek Ratih Swandewi
      Pages: 189 - 203
      Abstract: ABSTRACT The result of 2017 Indonesian Health Demographic Survey (SDKI 2017) shows the number of traditional contraception uses in Bali Province has increased from 7% in 2012 to 13% in 2017. The use of traditional contraception methods in Bali is double that of national figures. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors associated with the choice of traditional contraception methods in urban and rural areas of married women in Bali Province. This study is a secondary data analysis from the 2017 SDKI. The sample size is 357 women ages 15-49 years. There are 22 independent variables that are studied, and the dependent variable is the use of traditional contraception methods. The results of multivariate analysis showed that significantly related factors are uppermiddle category wealth quintile (p = 0.027, OR = 11.16, 95% CI = 1.31-94.54), top category wealth quintile (p = 0.049, OR = 9.04, 95% Ci = 1.01-80.77), obtained family planning information from the pharmacist (p = 0.034, OR = 2.1, 95% CI = 1.05-4.17), side effects of contraception (p = 0.002, OR = 2.95, 95% CI = 1.48-5.88), decision making to use contraception with partner (p = 0.029, OR = 2.43, 95% CI = 1.09-5 , 43), and decision-makers using family planning only husband/partner (p = 0.015, OR = 4.24, 95% CI = 1.32-13.56). The variables that become protective factor is the newspaper reading variables (p = 0.008, OR = 0.42, 95% CI = 0.23-0.79). The conclusion that can be drawn from this study is the use of traditional contraception methods in married women in Bali Province influenced by wealth quintiles, habits of reading the newspaper, obtaining contraception information from pharmacists, side effects of using contraception and those who make decisions about using contraception.
       
      Keywords : Contraception method, Traditional contraception, Balinesse married women.  
       
      ABSTRAK Hasil Survei Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) 2017 menunjukkan angka penggunaan KB tradisional di Provinsi Bali mengalami peningkatan dari 7% pada 2012 menjadi 13% pada 2017. Penggunaan alat/cara KB tradisional di Bali dua kali lipat lebih banyak dibandingkan angka nasional. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan pemilihan alat/cara KB tradisional di daerah perkotaan dan perdesaan pada wanita kawin di Provinsi Bali. Penelitian ini merupakan analisis data sekunder dari data SDKI 2017. Besar sampel adalah 357 wanita usia subur (WUS) dengan usia 15-49 tahun. Terdapat 22 variabel bebas yang diteliti, sedangkan variabel terikatnya adalah penggunaan alat/cara KB tradisional. Hasil analisis multivariat menggunakan analisis regresi logistik menunjukan bahwa faktor -faktor yang berhubungan secara signifikan terhadap pemilihan alat kontrasepsi tradisional adalah kuintil kekayaan kategori menengah atas (p=0,027, OR=11,16, 95% CI=1,31-94,54), kuintil kekayaan kategori teratas (p=0,049, OR=9,04, 95% Ci=1,01-80,77), mendapatkan informasi KB dari apoteker (p=0,034, OR=2,1, 95% CI=1,05-4,17), efek samping penggunaan kontrasepsi (p=0,002, OR=2,95, 95% CI=1,48-5,88), mengambil keputusan menggunakan KB bersama pasangan (p=0,029, OR=2,43, 95% CI=1,09-5,43)), dan pengambil keputusan menggunakan KB hanya suami/pasangan (p=0,015, OR=4,24, 95% CI=1,32-13,56). Variabel yang menjadi faktor protektif adalah variabel membaca koran (p=0,008, OR=0,42, 95% CI=0,23-0,79). Simpulan yang dapat ditarik dari penelitian ini adalah penggunaan alat/cara KB tradisional pada wanita kawin di Provinsi Bali dipengaruhi oleh kuintil kekayaan, kebiasan membaca koran, mendapatkan informasi KB dari apoteker, efek samping penggunaan kontrasepsi dan pihak yang mengambil keputusan dalam menggunakan KB.
       
      Kata kunci : Penggunaan alat/cara KB, KB tradisional, WUS di Bali.
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • KARAKTERISTIK PENDERITA HEPATITIS C DI PROVINSI BALI TAHUN 2018 –
           2019

    • Authors: Dwitya Arum Sari, I Made Sutarga
      Pages: 204 - 215
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Berdasarkan data WHO tahun 2015, sebanyak 1% atau 71 juta orang di seluruh dunia terinfeksi virus hepatitis C (HCV). Berdasarkan hasil Riskesdas 2013, Provinsi Bali merupakan salah satu dari 5 Provinsi dengan prevalensi hepatitis C tertinggi di Indonesia. Penelitian yang dilakukan di Klinik VCT-CST RSUP Sanglah Denpasar menunjukkan sebanyak 83,3% responden dengan anti HCV positif berjenis kelamin laki-laki dengan rerata usia responden 29 tahun. Selain faktor risiko medis, faktor lain seperti sosiodemografi juga memiliki peranan penting dalam perkembangan penyakit hepatitis C. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh informasi mengenai karakteristik penderita hepatitis C di Provinsi Bali tahun 2018 – 2019. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dengan menggunakan rancangan cross sectional. Populasi target dari penelitian ini adalah penderita Hepatitis C yang menjalani pengobatan di Rumah Sakit Layanan Hepatitis C (RSUP Sanglah) Provinsi Bali tahun 2018 – 2019. Data yang diambil merupakan data penderita Hepatitis C yang tercatat dalam Sistem Informasi Hepatitis dan PISP (SIHEPI) Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penderita hepatitis terbanyak berasal dari kelompok umur 31 – 40 tahun (34.23%) serta di dominasi oleh laki-laki (70.27%). Terdapat 17.12% penderita Hepatitis C yang memiliki status koinfeksi dan 62.16% penderita Hepatitis C mengalami sirosis. Sebanyak 69.63% penderita Hepatitis C telah menjalani pengobatan secara lengkap dengan 87.50% diantaranya dinyatakan SVR. Dari seluruh penderita Hepatitis C dalam penelitian ini, masih banyak (84.68%) penderita yang tidak melakukan pemeriksaan SVR saat 3 atau 6 minggu setelah menjalani pengobatan.
      Kata Kunci : Hepatitis C, VHC, karakteristik
       
      ABSTRACT WHO estimates that in 2015 as many as 1% or 71 million people worldwide were infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV). Based on the results of Riskesdas 2013, Bali Province is one of the 5 Provinces with the highest prevalence of hepatitis C in Indonesia. Research conducted at the VCT-CST Clinic at Sanglah Central General Hospital in Denpasar showed 83.3% of respondents with anti-HCV positive were men with an average age of 29 years. Besides medical risk factors, other factors such as sociodemography also have an important role in the development of Hepatitis C. This research aims to obtain information about the characteristics of hepatitis C sufferers in Bali Province in 2018 - 2019. This research is a descriptive quantitative study using a cross-sectional design. The target population of this study is Hepatitis C sufferers who are undergoing treatment at the Hepatitis C Service Hospital (RSUP Sanglah) Bali Province in 2018 - 2019. The data taken is data on Hepatitis C sufferers recorded in the Hepatitis C Information System (SIHEPI) of the Ministry of Health of Republic Indonesia. This study shows that most hepatitis sufferers come from the age group 31-40 years (34.23%) and are dominated by men (70.27%). There are 17.12% of Hepatitis C sufferers who have co-infected status and 62.16% of Hepatitis C sufferers have cirrhosis. As many as 69.63% of people with Hepatitis C have undergone complete treatment with 87.50% of them declared SVR. Of all Hepatitis C sufferers in this study, there were still many (84.68%) patients who did not undergo an SVR examination at 3 or 6 weeks after undergoing treatment.
      Keywords : Hepatitis C, HCV, characteristics
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • APLIKASI METODE PENCUCIAN TERHADAP PENURUNAN JUMLAH BAKTERI PATOGEN PADA
           SAYURAN SEGAR SELADA (Lactuca sativa L): SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

    • Authors: Ni Putu Wiastari, I Nengah Sujaya
      Pages: 216 - 236
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Selada merupakan sayuran segar yang kerap dikonsumsi mentah. Banyaknya kasus keracunan akibat konsumsi selada, karena memiliki risiko tinggi untuk terkontaminasi bakteri patogen, perlu penanganan yang baik sebelum dikonsumsi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui metode pencucian terhadap penurunan bakteri patogen pada selada selama satu dekade terakhir. Systematic Review digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Pencarian literature pada Google Scholar, PubMed, dan ScienceDirect. Kata kunci yang dimasukkan ke database yaitu “Pencucian Selada” dan “Penurunan Bakteri Patogen”. Didapatkan 20 artikel yang sesuai dengan kriteria inklusi dan telah dilakukan penilaian kualitas artikel. Berdasarkan 20 artikel, metode pencucian selada diterapkan selama satu dekade terakhir yaitu air mengalir, air oksidasi elektrolisis, air ozon, electrolyzed acidic water, klorin, natrium hipoklorit, persulfat, asam asetat, PAA, cuka, SCFA, belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi L), serta sabun pencuci sayuran. Hampir semua metode pencucian mampu mengurangi bakteri patogen pada selada. Namun, penurunan tidak signifikan saat dicuci dengan air mengalir. Hasil review menunjukkan kombinasi klorin dan asam sebagai larutan pencuci merupakan metode yang paling efektif, penurunannya mencapai 5 Log CFU/g  atau lebih dari 80% E.coli O157:H7 pada selada. Berdasarkan hasil review, direkomendasikan kombinasi asam asetat dan jus lemon sebagai larutan pencuci skala rumah tangga, sedangkan penggunaan kombinasi klorin dan asam direkomendasikan untuk skala industri. Kata Kunci: metode pencucian, penurunan bakteri patogen, selada, systematic review  
      ABSTRACT Lettuce is a fresh vegetable that is often consumed raw. Many food posioning has been reported due to lettuce consumption, lettuce has high risk on pathogenic bacterial contamination, therefore it requires proper handling before it is consumed. The purpose this study is review washing methods for decreasing pathogenic bacteria in lettuce over the past decade. Systematic review was used in this study. Literature search on Google Scholar, PubMed, and ScienceDirect with the keyword "Lettuce Washing" and "Decreasing Pathogenic Bacteria". Twenty articles are found that meet as well as article quality. The methods of washing lettuce applied over the past decade that were running water, electrolyzed oxidizing water, ozone water, elektrolyzed acidic water, chlorine, sodium hypochlorite, persulphate, acetic acid, vinegar, short chain fatty acid, peracetic, starfruit (Averrhoa bilimbi L), and vegetable washing detergen. All washing methods were able to reduce pathogenic bacteria in lettuce. However, insignificant reduction was found in running water. The study found that combination of chlorine and acid as a washing solution was the most effective method, reduced 5 Log CFU/g or more than 80% of E. coli O157:H7 in lettuce. Based on this study, combination of acetic acid and lemon is recomended for washing method in household scale,while combination of chlorine and acid is recommended in industrial scale. Keywords: washing method, decreasing pathogenic bacteria, lettuce, systematic review
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • ANALISIS REGRESI LOGISTIK FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI PENGGUNAAN ROKOK
           ELEKTRONIK PADA REMAJA USIA 18-25 TAHUN DI KOTA DENPASAR TAHUN 2020

    • Authors: Putu Pirda Puspitawati, Desak Nyoman Widyanthini
      Pages: 237 - 253
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Pengguna rokok tembakau di Kota Denpasar belum menurun dengan signifikan namun sudah muncul produk baru yaitu rokok elektronik. Proporsi pengguna rokok elektronik di Kota Denpasar saat ini  6.81%.  Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi penggunaan rokok elektronik pada remaja usia 18-25 tahun di Kota Denpasar 2020. Penelitian ini merupakan analitik kuantitatif dengan rancangan crossectional study menggunakan metode convinience sampling. Sampel penelitian ini yaitu remaja berusia 18-25 tahun minimal tinggal 6 bulan di Kota Denpasar. Besar sampel minimal adalah 149 dengan jumlah partisipasi yaitu 201 responden. Penelitian ini mengumpulkan data karakteristik responden, perilaku merokok elektrik, faktor predisposisi, faktor penguat dan faktor pemungkin menggunakan kuesioner online kobotoolbox. Data dianalisis secara deskriptif dan hubungan antar variabel diuji dengan regresi logistic binary. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan  proporsi pengguna rokok elektronik pada remaja di Kota Denpasar sebesar 22.89%. Variabel yang terbukti secara signifikan memiliki hubungan terhadap penggunaan rokok elektronik adalah paparan iklan rokok elektronik (OR=7.15; 95% CI: 2.6119.59;p<0.001), persepsi positif (OR=6.46; 95% CI: 2.45-17.06;p<0.001), jenis kelamin laki-laki (OR=6.25; 95% CI: 2.418.22:p=0.001), keluarga menggunakan rokok elektronik (OR=4.17;95%CI: 1.71-10.11;p<0.005), keterjangkauan (OR=4.38; 95% CI 1.72-11.13;p=<0.005), teman sebaya menggunakan rokok elektronik (OR=477; 95%CI:1.614.14;p<0.005) dan uang saku tinggi (OR=6.85; 95% 1.97-23.72;p<0.005). Penggunaan rokok elektronik di Kota Denpasar tergolong masih tinggi untuk itu diperlukan edukasi tentang bahaya rokok elektronik serta regulasi yang jelas terkait peredaran rokok elektronik. Kata kunci: Rokok Elektronik, Remaja, Perilaku Merokok, Regresi Logistik
       
      ABSTRACT Tobacco cigarette users in Denpasar City have not decreased significantly, but there is the emergence of new products, which is electronic cigarettes. The proportion of electronic cigarette users in Bali Province is 6,81%. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence the use of electronic cigarettes in adolescents aged 18-25 years in Denpasar City 2020.This study is a quantitative analytic study with a cross-sectional design using conviniece sampling method. The sample of this study is adolescents aged 18-25 years living for a minimum of 6 months in Denpasar City. The minimum sample size is 149 respondents with a total participation of 201 respondents. This study collected data on the characteristics of respondents, electric smoking behavior,  predisposing factors, amplifier factors, supporting factors using the online questionnaire (kobotoolbox). Data were analyzed descriptively and the relationship between variables was tested by binary logistic regression. The variables that have been shown to have a significant relationship to the use of electronic cigarettes in Denpasar City is 22,89%. The variable are exposure have  significant relationship among the use of electronic cigarettes is electronic cigarette advertisements  (OR = 7.15; 95% CI: 2.61-19.59; p <0.001), positive perception (OR = 6.46; 95% CI: 2.45-17.06; p <0.001), male gender (OR = 6.25; 95% CI: 2.41-8.22: p = 0.001), families using electronic cigarettes (OR = 4.17; 95% CI: 1.71-10.11; p <0.005), affordability (OR = 4.38; 95% CI 1.72-11.13; p = <0.005), peers use electronic cigarettes (OR = 477; 95% CI: 1.6-14.14; p <0.005) and high allowance (OR = 6.85; 95 % 1.97-23.72; p <0.005). The use of electronic cigarettes in Denpasar has high, so education about the dangers of electronic cigarettes is needed as well as clear regulations related to electronic cigarettes. Keywords: Electronic Cigarette, Adolescent, Behaviour, Logistic Regression.
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KEPATUHAN PENERAPAN KAWASAN TANPA ROKOK
           PADA RESTORAN DI KABUPATEN TABANAN: ANALISA REGRESI LOGISTIK

    • Authors: Putu Melda Kuswandari, Ni Made Dian Kurniasari, Putu Ayu Swandewi Astuti
      Pages: 254 - 272
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Kabupaten Tabanan memberlakukan peraturan kawasan tanpa rokok pada restoran, namun dalam penerapannya masih rendah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi kepatuhan penerapan KTR oleh pengelola dengan memerhatikan larangan merokok total pada restoran di Kabupaten Tabanan. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik kuantitatif dengan rancangan crossectional. Sampel penelitian yaitu pengelola restoran yang berada di Kabupaten Tabanan. Besar sampel menggunakan total sampling dengan jumlah 110 restoran, dengan jumlah yang berpartisipasi 87 restoran (79% response rate). Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kepatuhan restoran dalam menerapkan larangan merokok total sebesar 26,44%. Faktor yang memengaruhi kepatuhan penerapan KTR yaitu umur pengelola (OR=3,45; 95% CI: 1,10-10,84), pengetahuan pengelola (OR=3,56; 95% CI: 0,96-13,16), sikap pengelola (OR=2,45; 95% CI: 0,72-8,30), serta persepsi dampak bisnis pengelola (OR=4,62; 95% CI: 1,12-19,07) berpeluang meningkatkan kepatuhan KTR. Kepatuhan pengelola restoran di Kabupaten Tabanan terhadap penerapan larangan merokok total relatif rendah. Masih banyak terdapat indikator yang belum terpenuhi dalam implementasi kepatuhan restoran. Perlu adanya dukungan berbagai sektor dalam meningkatkan kepatuhan seperti pengelola, pengunjung, maupun pemerintah sebagai pembuat kebijakan. Kata Kunci: rokok, kepatuhan, KTR, restoran.
       
      ABSTRACT Tabanan regency applied smoke-free by law (SFL) in restaurant but the implementation was still low. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence the compliance of the implementation of smoke-free area by restaurant owners through looking complete smoking ban restaurant in Tabanan Regency. This was a quantitative analytic study with a cross-sectional design. The study samples were restaurant owners/managers in Tabanan Regency. The number of sampling on this study was set by respondent’s rate respond (79% response rate). Data was analyzed using logistic regression. The results showed that the compliance of restaurant manager to total smoking ban was low (26.44%). The factors that influence compliance SFL such as the age of the manager (OR=3.45; 95% CI: 1.10-10.84), the manager's knowledge (OR=3.56; 95% CI: 0.96-13.16), the manager’s attitude (OR=2.45; 95% CI: 0.72-8.30), as well as the perception of the impact of the manager's business (OR=4.62; 95% CI:1.12-19.07) has significantly association with compliance. The compliance of restaurant managers in Tabanan Regency on the implementation of total smoking ban was relatively low. There are still many indicators that have not been fulfilled. There needs concrete support to improving the compliance such as managers, customers, and government as policy makers. Key Words: cigarrete, compliance, smoke-free area, restaurant.
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • ANALISIS PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM INDONESIA SEHAT DENGAN PENDEKATAN KELUARGA
           PADA INDIKATOR HIPERTENSI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KABUPATEN BADUNG

    • Authors: Ida Ayu Putu Anggita Widya Swari, Rina Listyowati
      Pages: 273 - 291
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Program Indonesia Sehat dengan Pendekatan Keluarga (PIS-PK) terdiri dari 12 indikator salah satunya adalah indikator penderita hipertensi berobat secara teratur. Kabupaten Badung sudah terindeks pra sehat namun menduduki peringkat kedua terendah capaian indikator hipertensi berobat secara teratur (24,52 %) se Provinsi Bali. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan (PIS-PK) pada indikator hipertensi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Kabupaten Badung khususnya dari segi input, proses dan lingkungan. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Puskesmas Kuta II dan Mengwi III pada bulan Maret – Juli 2020. Jumlah informan 20 orang dipilih dengan purposive sampling. Pengumpulan data dengan wawancara mendalam dan FGD, kemudian dianalisis tematik. Validasi data dengan triangulasi sumber dan peer debriefing. Hasil penelitian yaitu input : SDM yang bertanggung jawab yaitu pemegang program hipertensi; tidak ada dana khusus untuk mendukung PIS-PK pada indikator hipertensi; Sarana prasarana pendukung berupa tensimeter, pinkesga dan alat tulis; metode berupa kunjungan keluarga; sasaran yaitu keluarga. Proses : Perencanaan berupa pembuatan tim dan jadwal tindak lanjut; Implementasi dilakukan dengan kunjungan, posbindu dan program inovasi; Monev melalui rapat minilok, pelaporan via aplikasi KS dan laporan bulanan. Lingkungan internal dan geografi tidak mempengaruhi program. Faktor ekonomi akan mempengaruhi gaya hidup masyarakat. Faktor sosial budaya mempengaruhi pelaksanaan program. Kata Kunci: PIS-PK, Hipertensi, Puskesmas, Badung
       
      ABSTRACT The Healthy Indonesia Program with the Family Approach (HIP-FA) consists of 12 indicators, such as an indicator of hypertension sufferers taking medical treatment regularly. Badung regency has indexed pre-healthy. Nevertheless, Badung Regency occupies the fourth position with the highest number of hypertension sufferers and ranks the second lowest achievement indicator of hypertension for regular treatment (24.52%). This study aims to determine the implementation (HIP-FA) of hypertension indicators in Badung District Health Center, especially in terms of inputs, processes and outputs. The research design uses a qualitative descriptive study. The investigation takes place in Kuta II and Mengwi II Health Center from March - July 2020. The number of  informants is 20 people that were selected through purposive sampling. The data was collected through in-depth interviews and FGD and analyze by thematic analysis. The data is validated by the triangulation of sources and peer debriefing. The research results which is the inputs: The HR responsible for the PIS-PK hypertension indicator is the holder of the hypertension program at the Public Health Center: There are no special funds to support PIS-PK on the hypertension indicators: Supporting equipment such as tensimeter, pinkesga and stationary: Method of family visit, the target is the family. Process: Planning in the form of team building and follow up schedule: The implementation is carried out by visiting Posbindu and innovation programs: M&E is conducted once and every 3 months through minilok meetings and reporting via the KS application and monthly reports. The internal environment and geography do not affect the program. Economic factors do not affect the implementation of the program but will affect people's lifestyles. Socio-cultural factors influence the implementation of the program. Keywords: HIP-FA, Hypertension, Primary Health Care, Badung
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • ANALISIS STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING (SEM) FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI
           PERILAKU BULLYING REMAJA AWAL DI DENPASAR

    • Authors: Gusti Ayu Rusma Windiyana Putri, Ni Made Dian Kurniasari, I Ketut Tangking Widarsa
      Pages: 292 - 303
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Bullying merupakan perilaku negatif yang dapat menyebabkan masalah kesehatan mental. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang memengaruhi perilaku bullying remaja awal di Denpasar. Jenis penelitian ini adalah analitik kuantitatif dengan desain cross-sectional. Sampel penelitian ini yaitu siswa dan siswi kelas VII dan VIII sejumlah 279, dipilih dengan multistage random sampling. Data yang dikumpulkan adalah karakteristik responden, perilaku bullying, pengetahuan, sikap, konsep diri, stress akademik, situasi keluarga, konformitas teman sebaya, iklim sekolah, dan media menggunakan kuesioner dalam jaringan (daring) kobotoolbox. Data dianalisis menggunakan metode SEM. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa prevalensi perilaku bullying remaja awal di Denpasar adalah 83,15% dengan kategori rendah. Bullying verbal paling sering dilakukan remaja awal dengan kategori rendah (71,68%) dan kategori tinggi (1,43%). Bullying psikologis dilakukan remaja awal dengan kategori rendah (46,95%) dan bullying fisik dengan kategori rendah (44,09%). Faktor yang signifikan memengaruhi perilaku bullying adalah situasi keluarga (total efek= -0,20), konformitas teman sebaya (total efek=0,17), iklim sekolah (total efek= -0,18), dan media (total efek=2,14). Perilaku bullying remaja awal di Kota Denpasar masih relatif tinggi, perlu adanya dukungan dari berbagai sektor untuk dapat mengontrol perilaku dan menurunkan prevalensi perilaku bullying. Kata Kunci: Bullying, Faktor Bullying, Remaja Awal, SEM
       
      ABSTRACT Bullying is a negative behavior that can cause mental health problems. This study aims to determine the factors that affecting the bullying behavior of young adolescents in Denpasar City. This is quantitative analytic research with cross-sectional design. The sample of this research is students of class VII and VIII, 279 young adolescents were selected by multistage random sampling. Data collected were respondents' characteristics, bullying behavior, knowledge, attitudes, self-concept, academic stress, family situations, peer conformity, school climate, and the media using an online questionnaire kobotoolbox. The results showed that the prevalence of bullying behavior young adolescents in Denpasar is 83,15% with low category. Verbal bullying was highest in low category (71.68%) and high category (1.43%) followed by psychological bullying in low category (46.95%) and physical bullying in low category (44.09%). Significant factors influencing young adolescent bullying behavior are family situation (total effect = -0,20), peer conformity (total effect = 0.17), school climate (total effect = -0.18), and media (total effect = 2.14). Bullying behavior of young adolescents in Denpasar City is still relatively high, support from various sectors is required to control behavior and reduce the prevalence of bullying behavior. Key Words: Bullying, Bullying Factors, Young Adolescent, SEM
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEKAMBUHAN PADA PASIEN SKIZOFRENIA
           DI KABUPATEN BADUNG

    • Authors: Ni Putu Gita Antari, Ni Luh Putu Suariyani
      Pages: 304 - 324
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Skizofrenia merupakan penyakit yang berpotensi tinggi menimbulkan kekambuhan. Kekambuhan skizofrenia mengakibatkan 72% penderita skizofrenia tidak mampu bekerja, 69% direhospitalisasi, 22% melakukan percobaan bunuh diri, dan 20% dipasung. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kekambuhan pada pasien skizofrenia di Kabupaten Badung. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional analitik dengan desain Crossectional. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Poliklinik Jiwa Puskesmas I Abiansemal dan RSUD Mangusada pada Januari–Juni 2020. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah pasien skizofrenia yang melakukan pengobatan di lokasi penelitian. Teknik sampling menggunakan Simple Random Sampling dengan jumlah sampel 112 sampel. Data dianalisis secara Univariat, Bivariat dan Multivariat.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan proporsi pasien skizofrenia mengalami kekambuhan sebesar 35,71%. Variabel yang berhubungan dengan kekambuhan pasien skizofrenia di Kabupaten Badung yaitu dukungan keluarga (p=0,0308; PR:1,86; 95% CI:1,13-3,06), kepatuhan minum obat (p=0,0120; PR:1,87; 95 CI:1,16-3,03), tingkat pendidikan (p=0,0004; PR:2,89; 95% CI:1,47-5,69), dan status pekerjaan (p=0,0014 ; PR:4,11; 95% CI:1,37-12,30). Variabel yang paling berhubungan dengan kekambuhan pasien skizofrenia yaitu tingkat pendidikan (OR:8,9). Dapat disimpulkan terdapat hubungan antara dukungan keluarga, kepatuhan minum obat, tingkat pendidikan, dan status pekerjaan. Sebagai upaya mencegah kekambuhan, keluarga pasien skizofrenia diharapkan lebih memperhatikan faktor-faktor yang dapat menyebabkan terjadinya kekambuhan pasien skizofrenia.   Kata Kunci: Skizofrenia, Kekambuhan, Dukungan Keluarga, Kepatuhan Minum Obat, Jarak Tempat Tinggal dengan Pelayanan Kesehatan Jiwa
       
      ABSTRACT Schizophrenia is a disease that potentially results of relapse. 72% patients with relaps schizophrenia causes inability to work, 69% is re-hospitalised, 22% attempted suicide, 20% are put into the stock. This study aims to describe the factors that related to the relapse of schizophrenia patients in Badung Regency. This study is observational analytic with crossectional design. This study done in Poliklinik Jiwa Puskesmas I Abiansemal and RSUD Mangusada in January-June 2020. Sample of this study were patients with schizophrenia disease that came to research area. Used Simple Random Sampling technique with 112 samples. Univariat, Bivariat, and Multivariat Analysis used in analysing data. The results showed 35.71% of schizophrenia patients had relapse. Variables were related to relapse of schizophrenia patients were family support (p=0,0308; PR:1,86; 95%CI:1,13-3,06), medication adherence (p=0,0120; PR:1,87; 95%CI:1,16-3,03), education level (p=0,0004; PR:2,89; 95%CI:1,47-5,69), and employment status (p=0,0014;PR:4,11; 95%CI:1,37-12,30). Variable most associated with relapse in schizophrenic patients is level of education (OR:8,9). It can concluded that factors related to relapse in schizophrenia patients in Badung Regency are family support, medication adherence, education level, and employment status. In effort to prevent relapse, schizophrenia patients' families are expected to pay more attention to factors that can cause schizophrenia patients to recur. Keywords: Schizophrenia, Relapse, Family Support, Medication Adherence, The Distance of Their Home's with Psichiatry Clinic
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • HUBUNGAN HIGIENE PERORANGAN DAN PENGGUNAAN ALAT PELINDUNG DIRI DENGAN
           KSEJADIAN DERMATITIS KONTAK AKIBAT KERJA PADA PEKERJA PENGANGKUT SAMPAH DI
           DLHK KOTA DENPASAR TAHUN 2020

    • Authors: I Gede Sutha Arta Pramana, Ni Wayan Arya Utami
      Pages: 325 - 342
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Tingginya angka kejadian dermatitis kontak pada pekerja pengangkut sampah dikarenakan petugas pengangkut sampah setiap harinya mengalami kontak langsung dengan sampah sebagai agen yang meningkatkan risiko terjadinya dermatitis kontak akibat kerja. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara higiene perorangan dan penggunaan alat pelindung diri dengan dermatitis kontak akibat kerja pada pekerja pengangkut sampah di Dinas Lingkungan Hidup dan Kebersihan Kota Denpasar. Penelitian ini bersifat kuantitatif dengan rancangan cross sectional. Sampel penelitian adalah pekerja pengangkut sampah di DLHK Kota Denpasar dengan jumlah sampel minimal 84 responden. Teknik pemilihan sampel dengan simple random sampling. Penelitian dilakukan pada Bulan Maret-Juni tahun 2020. Data dianalisis untuk meneliti hubungan antar variabel yang diuji dengan analisis bivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 26,19% pekerja mengalami dermatitis kontak akibat kerja. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara masa kerja, jam kerja, kebersihan kulit, kebersihan rambut dan kulit kepala, kebersihan kuku, tangan, dan kaki, penggunaan sarung tangan, penggunaan baju dan celana panjang, penggunaan sepatu boot dengan kejadian dermatitis kontak akibat kerja. Sedangkan pada variabel umur, tingkat pendidikan, dan penggunaan topi tidak berhubungan. Disarankan kepada Dinas Lingkungan Hidup dan Kebersihan Kota Denpasar tetap mendukung penyediaan APD serta kepatuhan para pekerja untuk memelihara higiene perorangan dan menggunakan APD yang lengkap. Kata Kunci: Dermatitis, Higiene Perorangan, APD
       
      ABSTRACT The high incidence of dermatitis due to garbage transport workers because they have a direct contact with garbage as an agent that increases the risk of occupational dermatitis. The aims of this study was to determine the association of personal hygiene and the use of PPE with the incidence of occupational dermatitis in garbage transport workers at Denpasar City Environment and Sanitation Office. This research is a quantitative study with cross sectional design. Respondents were 84 garbage transport workers in Denpasar City Environment and Sanitation Office which selected by simple random sampling. The study was conducted in March-June 2020. Data were statistically analyzed by bivariately to examine the association between variables tested. The results of this study showed the 26.19% workers had occupational dermatitis. There were association between work period, hours of work, hygiene of skin, hair and scalp, nails, hands and feet, use of gloves, clothing and trousers, and boots with occupational dermatitis. While the variables of age, education level, and hat usage did not have association with occupational dermatitis. It is necessary for support of facilities and infrastructure from the government and the need for awareness of workers to maintain personal hygiene and use the complete PPE. Keywords: Dermatitis, Personal Hygiene, PPE
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • ANALISIS JALUR FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KEGEMUKAN BALITA DI KOTA
           DENPASAR TAHUN 2020

    • Authors: Angela Yunita Tanggu Bore, Desak Nyoman Widyanthini
      Pages: 343 - 359
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Kota Denpasar memiliki prevalensi balita gemuk tertinggi di Bali, yaitu sebesar 10,5%.  Balita gemuk berisiko menderita penyakit degenaratif ketika beranjak dewasa. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktorfaktor yang memengaruhi kegemukan balita di Kota Denpasar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survey analitik dengan rancangan cross-sectional study. Sampel penelitian adalah ibu yang memiliki bayi usia 24 – 59 bulan dan tinggal di Kota Denpasar sebanyak 120 sampel yang dipilih secara Convenient Sampling. Variabel yang diteliti yaitu aktivitas fisik, screen time, kebiasaan makan balita, pengetahuan dan sikap ibu yang dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner online dan dianalisis menggunakan analisis jalur. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa kegemukan balita secara langsung dipengaruhi kebiasaan makan dengan loading factor sebesar -0,096 dan secara tidak langsung dipengaruhi screen time melalui aktivitas fisik dengan loading factor sebesar -0,054; dan sikap ibu melalui screen time, aktivitas fisik, dan kebiasaan makan dengan loading factor sebesar 0,079. Aktivitas fisik balita menunjukkan loading factor terbesar, yaitu sebesar 0,214, tetapi tidak bermakna secara statistik. Pengetahuan ibu tidak memengaruhi kegemukan balita dengan loading factor sebesar -0,009. Upaya yang dapat dilakukan bagi orangtua adalah memperbaiki pemahaman mengenai screen time, kebiasaan makan, dan sikap ibu dalam menyikapi perilaku anaknya.
       
      Kata Kunci: Kegemukan Balita, Analisis Jalur, Aktivitas Fisik, Screen Time, Sikap Ibu
       
      ABSTRACT Denpasar City has the highest prevalence of toodler’s overweight in Bali, which is 10,5%. Toodlers with overweight are at risk of suffering from degenerative diseases when they grow up. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors that influencing toodler’s overweight in Denpasar City. This research is an analytic survey with cross-sectional study. Sample of this research is mothers who have babies aged 24-59 months and live in Denpasar City which is 120 sample that selected by Convenient Sampling. Variables of this research are physical activity, screen time, toddler’s eating habits, mother’s knowledge and attitudes which were collected using an online questionnaire and analyzed using path analysis. The result showed that overweight toddlers are directly affected by eating habits with loading factor 0,096 and indirectly affected by screen time through physical activity -0,054; eating habits through physical activity 0,096; and maternal attitudes through screen time, physical activity, and eating habits 0,079. Toddler’s physical activity provides the greatest loading factor which is 0,214, but not significant. Mother’s knowledge doesn’t affect toddler’s overweight with loading factor is -0,009.  Parents are suggested to improve understanding of toddler’s screen time and eating habits, and mother’s attitude in responding to their children’s behaviour.
       
      Key Words: Toddlers Overweight, Path Analysis, Physical Activity, Screen Time, Mother’s Attitude
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • STUDI PENGOLAHAN LIMBAH CAIR DOMESTIK DENGAN BIOFILTER MEDIA IJUK

    • Authors: I Wayan Eka Parama Putra, I Gede Herry Purnama
      Pages: 360 - 371
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Hotel di kawasan pariwisata merupakan salah satu sumber penghasil limbah cair domestik. Pengolahan limbah cair domestik dilakukan untuk mencegah terjadinya pencemaran lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas penggunaan ijuk sebagai media biofilter untuk mengolah limbah cair domestik dari hotel. Desain penelitian yang digunakan adalah kuasi eksperimental. Data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah data primer dari hasil pengujian laboratorium. Pada penelitian ini parameter yang akan diteliti adalah BOD5, COD, TDS, dan pH. Berdasarkan sampel yang diambil di salah satu hotel di Kota Denpasar, nilai rata-rata parameternya antara lain: BOD5 sebesar 86,71 mg/L, COD sebesar 122,3 mg/L, TDS sebesar 529 mg/L, dan pH 8. Sebelum diuji dilakukan seeding selama 2 minggu untuk menumbuhkan bakteri di dalam reaktor. Efektivitas sistem yang diperoleh selama 5 minggu pengujian memiliki nilai rata-rata sebesar 33,05%, dengan persentase efektivitas penurunan parameter pencemar antara lain: BOD sebesar 46,47%, COD sebesar 39,88%, TDS sebesar 12,81%. Terdapat beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi kinerja reaktor seperti: air limbah yang dipergunakan memiliki kualitas yang fluktuatif, cara penyusunan media biofilter, dan kondisi lingkungan saat penelitian dilakukan. Kata Kunci: Ijuk, Biofilter, Air Limbah Domestik ABSTRACT Hotels in tourism areas are a source of domestic wastewater. Domestic wastewater treatment is carried out to prevent environmental pollution. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of using palm fiber as a biofilter medium to treat domestic wastewater from hotels. The research design used was quasi experimental. The data used in this study are primary data from laboratory test results. In this study, the parameters to be studied are BOD2, COD, TDS, and pH. Based on samples taken at a hotel in Denpasar City, the average parameter values include: BOD5 of 86.71 mg/L, COD of 122.3 mg/L, TDS of 529 mg/L, and pH of 8. Before being tested, seeding was carried out for 2 weeks to grow bacteria in the reactor. The system effectiveness obtained during the 5 weeks of testing has an average value of 33.05%, with the percentage of effectiveness of decreasing pollutant parameters, among others: BOD of 46.47%, COD of 39.88%, TDS of 12.81%. There are several factors that affect the performance of the reactor, such as: the quality of the wastewater used is fluctuating, the way the biofilter media is prepared, and the environmental conditions when the research is carried out. Keywords: Palm Fibers, Biofilter, Domestic Wastewater
      PubDate: 2021-08-02
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KUALITAS TIDUR MAHASISWA YANG
           MENGONSUMSI KOPI DI FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN UNIVERSITAS UDAYANA

    • Authors: Ni Kadek Novi Ardiani, I Made Subrata
      Pages: 372 - 387
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Kualitas tidur merupakan gambaran yang menjelaskan tentang kemampuan seseorang mempertahankan waktu tidur dan tidak adanya gangguan yang dialami selama periode tidur. Banyak faktor dapat mempengaruhi kualitas tidur diantaranya penyakit, kondisi lingkungan seperti kebisingan dan cahaya, latihan fisik dan kelelahan, stress psikologi, obat-obatan dan zat kimia diet dan kalori, serta konsumsi kopi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kualitas tidur mahasiswa yang mengonsumsi kopi di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian analitik dengan pendekatan kuantitatif menggunakan rancangan cross-sectional. Penentuan sampel pada penelitian menggunakan metode systematic random sampling dengan jumlah 118 responden. Hasil menunjukan proporsi mahasiswa dengan kualitas tidur buruk sebesar 50.85% dan kualitas tidur baik sebesar 49.15%. Variabel yang secara signifikan berhubungan dengan kualitas tidur mahasiswa yaitu jenis minuman kopi (OR=2.22; 95% CI=1.122-4.418; p=0.022) dan kelelahan psikis (OR=3.84; 95% CI=1.509-9.777; p=0.005). Dapat disimpulkan terdapat hubungan antara jenis minuman kopi yang dikonsumsi mahasiswa dan faktor kelelahan psikis dengan kualitas tidur mahasiswa yang mengonsumsi kopi di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana. Diharapkan untuk melakukan penelitian terkait dosis kafein pada jenis minuman kopi espresso, americano, cappuccino, dan latte serta meneliti faktor-faktor penyebab kelelahan psikis pada mahasiswa kedokteran yang kaitannya dengan kualitas tidur yang dialami mahasiswa.  Kata kunci: Kualitas Tidur, Konsumsi Kopi, Mahasiswa
       
      ABSTRACT Sleep quality is a picture that explains about a person's ability to maintain sleep time and the absence of disturbances experienced during sleep periods. Many factors can affect sleep quality including diseases, environmental conditions such as noise and light, physical exercise and fatigue, psychological stress, drugs and chemicals, diet and calories, and coffee consumption. The purpose of this study was to determine factors related to sleep quality of students who consume coffee at the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University. This research is an analytical study with a quantitative approach using a cross-sectional design. Determination of the sample in this study using systematic random sampling method with a total of 118 respondents. The results show the proportion of students with poor sleep quality by 50.85% and good sleep quality by 49.15%. Variables that were significantly related to student sleep quality were types of coffee drinks (OR = 2.22; 95% CI = 1,122-4,418; p = 0.022) and psychological fatigue (OR = 3.84; 95% CI = 1.509-9777; p = 0.005) . It can be concluded that there is a relationship between the types of coffee drinks consumed by students and psychological fatigue factors with the sleep quality of students who consume coffee at the Faculty of Medicine, Udayana University. It is expected to conduct research related to the dose of caffeine in the types of espresso, americano, cappuccino, and latte coffee drinks and examine the factors that cause psychological fatigue in medical students related to sleep quality experienced by students.  Keywords: Sleep Quality, Coffee Consumption, Students
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
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