Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted by number of followers
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 220)
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 153)
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Qualitative Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Psychology & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Social Work in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Implementation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
International Journal of Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Quality in Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Public Health Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 23)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Mental Health Review Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Psychology, Health & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Social Work in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Tobacco Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Family Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Religion and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Policy and Practice in Health and Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Healthcare Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Perspectives in Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Work in Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Public Health Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Women & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
School Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Healthcare Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Mental Health Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Public Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
The Journal of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal Of Allied Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Rehabilitation Process and Outcome     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of School Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Muslim Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Population Health Metrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Infection and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Southern African Journal of Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Communication in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Research in Children's Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion & Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Family Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Theory & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World Health & Population     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Public Health in Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Public Health Genomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
NEW SOLUTIONS: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Vascular Health and Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Institute for Security Studies Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Noise and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Water Quality, Exposure and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
World Medical & Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
SMAD, Revista Electronica en Salud Mental, Alcohol y Drogas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Child Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
médecine/sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of The Egyptian Public Health Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Poblacion y Salud en Mesoamerica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tidsskrift for Forskning i Sygdom og Samfund     Open Access  
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Israel Journal of Health Policy Research     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río     Open Access  
Revista Médica Electrónica     Open Access  
Saúde Coletiva     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias de la Salud     Open Access  
Psicologia, Saúde e Doenças     Open Access  
Portularia     Open Access  
Motricidade     Open Access  
Investigaciones Andina     Open Access  
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Salud Colectiva     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública     Open Access  
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud     Open Access  
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Health and Environment     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Terapia Ocupacional     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Comunicación y Salud     Open Access  
Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung     Hybrid Journal  
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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EcoHealth
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.957
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1612-9210 - ISSN (Online) 1612-9202
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2468 journals]
  • Neopterin Levels in Bonobos Vary Seasonally and Reflect Symptomatic
           Respiratory Infections

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      Abstract: As environmental changes exacerbate the threat coming from infectious diseases in wild mammal species, monitoring their health and gaining a better understanding of the immune functioning at the species level have become critically important. Neopterin is a biomarker of cell-mediated immune responses to intracellular infections. We investigated the variation of urinary neopterin (uNeo) levels of wild, habituated bonobos (Pan paniscus) in relation to individual and environmental factors. We used 309 urine samples collected between 2010 and 2018 at the LuiKotale field site, DRC. Based on current knowledge on zoo-housed conspecifics and closely related species, we predicted uNeo levels to increase (1) during infections, (2) with increasing age, (3) over the gestation period and in estrous females; and (4) to vary seasonally. Our results showed uNeo levels varied over a one-year period and increased in individuals showing respiratory symptoms. Contrary to chimpanzees, uNeo levels did not vary with age or female reproductive status, possibly due to our small sample size. Our study provides a baseline for a better understanding of bonobo’s immunocompetence in the context of socio-ecological pressures and for monitoring the health of wild populations.
      PubDate: 2023-05-15
       
  • Avian Pox in New World Vultures: An Unnoticeable or Overlooked Infectious
           Disease'

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      PubDate: 2023-05-08
       
  • Antimicrobial-Resistant Bacteria Carriage in Rodents According to Habitat
           Anthropization

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      Abstract: It is increasingly suggested that the dynamics of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in the wild are mostly anthropogenically driven, but the spatial and temporal scales at which these phenomena occur in landscapes are only partially understood. Here, we explore this topic by studying antimicrobial resistance in the commensal bacteria from micromammals sampled at 12 sites from a large heterogenous landscape (the Carmargue area, Rhone Delta) along a gradient of anthropization: natural reserves, rural areas, towns, and sewage-water treatment plants. There was a positive relationship between the frequency of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria and the level of habitat anthropization. Although low, antimicrobial resistance was also present in natural reserves, even in the oldest one, founded in 1954. This study is one of the first to support the idea that rodents in human-altered habitats are important components of the environmental pool of resistance to clinically relevant antimicrobials and also that a “One Health” approach is required to assess issues related to antimicrobial resistance dynamics in anthropized landscapes.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
       
  • Water Pollution Increases the Risk of Chytridiomycosis in Mexican
           Amphibians

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      Abstract: Chytridiomycosis is affecting amphibians worldwide, causing the decline and extinction of several amphibian populations. The disease is caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), a multihost pathogen living in freshwater habitats. While several environmental factors have been associated with the prevalence of Bd and its virulence, the effects of water quality on the pathogen are not clear yet. Some evidence suggests that water pollution may reduce amphibians’ immune response and increase prevalence of Bd. To explore this hypothesis, we analyzed the relationship between water quality and the presence of Bd by using spatial data mining of 150 geolocations of Bd in amphibians from 9 families where Bd positive specimens have been previously reported, and water quality in 4,202 lentic and lotic water bodies in Mexico from 2010 to 2021. Our model showed that in the 3 main families where Bd was recorded, its presence is high in locations with low water quality, i.e., water polluted likely contaminated with urban and industrial waste. Using this model, we inferred areas suitable for Bd in Mexico; mainly in poorly studied areas along the gulf and on the pacific slope. We further argue that actions to reduce water pollution should become an integral part of public policies to prevent the spread of Bd and protect amphibians from this deadly pathogen.
      PubDate: 2023-05-04
       
  • Limited Effect of Ground Floor Fogging on Mosquito Distribution in
           High-Rise Condominia

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      Abstract: Fogging with insecticides is one of the main control measures for adult mosquito populations employed in countries that are affected by dengue. In many such countries, urban communities are increasingly characterised by high-density residence in high-rise condominia. Although fogging is typically applied at the ground level, its efficacy in three-dimensional urban environments is poorly understood. Here, we investigated the effect of fogging on vector mosquito distribution and abundance in high-rise condominia by conducting a before-after fogging survey. We showed that although mosquitoes were significantly concentrated at the lower levels in high-rise condominia, they were found throughout the three-dimensional environments. Fogging did not significantly alter this distribution or abundance pattern across any floor level. Thus, any fogging effect was short-lived as mosquito populations recovered within a few days before the subsequent scheduled treatment. In addition, increasing fogging frequency within practicable limits did not prolong the intended control effect. As urban mosquitoes are increasingly insusceptible to fogging due to insecticide resistance and vertical avoidance, this study demonstrates the need to implement other mosquito control strategies for high-rise condominia to manage mosquito populations. Graphical
      PubDate: 2023-05-02
       
  • In This Issue

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      PubDate: 2023-04-29
       
  • Australian Youth Mental Health and Climate Change Concern After the Black
           Summer Bushfires

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      Abstract: Climate change and its effects present notable challenges for mental health, particularly for vulnerable populations, including young people. Immediately following the unprecedented Black Summer bushfire season of 2019/2020, 746 Australians (aged 16–25 years) completed measures of mental health and perceptions of climate change. Results indicated greater presentations of depression, anxiety, stress, adjustment disorder symptoms, substance abuse, and climate change distress and concern, as well as lower psychological resilience and perceived distance to climate change, in participants with direct exposure to these bushfires. Findings highlight significant vulnerabilities of concern for youth mental health as climate change advances.
      PubDate: 2023-04-28
       
  • Cervids ACE2 Residues that Bind the Spike Protein can Provide
           Susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2

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      Abstract: The susceptibility of the white-tailed deer (WTD; Odocoileus virginianus) to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has highlighted cervids as coronavirus reservoirs. This study aimed to evaluate the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) residues which bind the spike protein of SARS-CoV-2 from 16 cervids to predict their potential susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection. Eleven out of 16 species presented identical ACE2 key residues to WTD ACE2. Four cervids presented K31N, a variant associated with low SARS-CoV-2 susceptibility. Large herding of cervids with ACE2 key residues identical to that of the WTD can result in extensive reservoirs of SARS-CoV-2. Cervids as potential reservoirs could favor SARS-CoV-2 adaptation and the emergence of new coronavirus strains.
      PubDate: 2023-04-27
       
  • A Multi-landscape Assessment of Leptospira Prevalence on a Diversity of
           Small Mammals

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      Abstract: Leptospirosis is a major zoonotic disease, especially in the tropics, and rodents were known to be carriers of this bacterium. There was established information on Leptospira prevalence among animal reservoirs in human-dominated landscapes from previous literature. However, there was very little focus given comparing the prevalence of Leptospira in a wide range of habitats. An extensive sampling of small mammals from various landscapes was carried out, covering oil palm plantations, paddy fields, recreational forests, semi-urbans, and wet markets in Peninsular Malaysia. This study aims to determine the prevalence of pathogenic Leptospira in a diversity of small mammals across different landscapes. Cage-trapping was deployed for small mammals’ trappings, and the kidneys of captured individuals were extracted, for screening of pathogenic Leptospira by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using LipL32 primer. Eight microhabitat parameters were measured at each study site. Out of 357 individuals captured, 21 (5.9%) were positive for pathogenic Leptospira of which recreational forest had the highest prevalence (8.8%) for landscape types, whereas Sundamys muelleri shows the highest prevalence (50%) among small mammals’ species. Microhabitat analysis reveals that rubbish quantity (p < 0.05) significantly influenced the Leptospira prevalence among small mammals. Furthermore, nMDS analysis indicates that the presence of faeces, food waste, and exposure to humans in each landscape type also were linked with high prevalence of pathogenic Leptospira among the small mammals. This study supplements previous studies on pathogenic Leptospira prevalence across different landscape types, and the major microhabitat factors associated with Leptospira prevalence. This information is crucial for epidemiological surveillance and habitat management to curb the possibility of the disease outbreaks.
      PubDate: 2023-04-27
       
  • Human Exposure to Bats, Rodents and Monkeys in Bangladesh

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      Abstract: Bats, rodents and monkeys are reservoirs for emerging zoonotic infections. We sought to describe the frequency of human exposure to these animals and the seasonal and geographic variation of these exposures in Bangladesh. During 2013–2016, we conducted a cross-sectional survey in a nationally representative sample of 10,002 households from 1001 randomly selected communities. We interviewed household members about exposures to bats, rodents and monkeys, including a key human–bat interface–raw date palm sap consumption. Respondents reported observing rodents (90%), bats (52%) and monkeys (2%) in or around their households, although fewer reported direct contact. The presence of monkeys around the household was reported more often in Sylhet division (7%) compared to other divisions. Households in Khulna (17%) and Rajshahi (13%) were more likely to report drinking date palm sap than in other divisions (1.5–5.6%). Date palm sap was mostly consumed during winter with higher frequencies in January (16%) and February (12%) than in other months (0–5.6%). There was a decreasing trend in drinking sap over the three years. Overall, we observed substantial geographic and seasonal patterns in human exposure to animals that could be sources of zoonotic disease. These findings could facilitate targeting emerging zoonoses surveillance, research and prevention efforts to areas and seasons with the highest levels of exposure.
      PubDate: 2023-04-26
       
  • Nasotracheal Microbiota of Nestlings of Parent White storks with Different
           Foraging Habits in Spain

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      Abstract: Migratory storks could be vectors of transmission of bacteria of public health concern mediated by the colonization, persistence and excretion of such bacteria. This study aims to determine genera/species diversity, prevalence, and co-colonization indices of bacteria obtained from tracheal (T) and nasal (N) samples from storks in relation to exposure to point sources through foraging. One-hundred and thirty-six samples from 87 nestlings of colonies of parent white storks with different foraging habits (natural habitat and landfills) were obtained (84 T-samples and 52 N-samples) and processed. Morphologically distinct colonies (up to 12/sample) were randomly selected and identified by MALDI-TOF-MS. About 87.2% of the total 806 isolates recovered were identified: 398 from T-samples (56.6%) and 305 from N-samples (43.4%). Among identified isolates, 17 genera and 46 species of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria were detected, Staphylococcus (58.0%) and Enterococcus (20.5%) being the most prevalent genera. S. sciuri was the most prevalent species from T (36.7%) and N (34.4%) cavities of total isolates, followed by E. faecalis (11.1% each from T and N), and S. aureus [T (6.5%), N (13.4%)]. Of N-samples, E. faecium was significantly associated with nestlings of parent storks foraging in landfills (p = 0.018). S. sciuri (p = 0.0034) and M. caseolyticus (p = 0.032) from T-samples were significantly higher among nestlings of parent storks foraging in natural habitats. More than 80% of bacterial species in the T and N cavities showed 1–10% co-colonization indices with one another, but few had ≥ 40% indices. S. sciuri and E. faecalis were the most frequent species identified in the stork nestlings. Moreover, they were highly colonized by other diverse and potentially pathogenic bacteria. Thus, storks could be sentinels of point sources and vehicles of bacterial transmission across the “One Health” ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2023-04-15
       
  • Different Roles of Wild Boars and Livestock in Salmonella Transmission to
           Humans in Italy

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      Abstract: Wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the most widely distributed large wildlife mammal worldwide. To investigate the transmission of Salmonella enterica amongst wild boars (Sus scrofa), humans, and livestock, we compared via pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and whole genome sequences the isolates of S. enterica serovar Typhimurium (biphasic and monophasic variants) and Enteritidis collected from wild boars, food-producing animals, and human patients in Emilia-Romagna region (Northern Italy) between 2017 and 2020. Specifically, we analysed 2175 isolates originated from human (1832), swine (117), bovine (128), poultry (76), and wild boar (22). The genomic analyses showed that wild boars shared most of their lineages of biphasic Typhimurium with bovines and most of Enteritidis with poultry, whilst we did not find any lineage shared with swine. Moreover, almost 17% of human biphasic Typhimurium and Enteritidis belonged to genomic clusters including wild boar isolates, but the inclusion of bovine and poultry isolates in the same clusters and the peculiar spatial distribution of the isolates suggested that human cases (and wild boar infections) likely originated from bovines and poultry. Consequently, wild boars appear not to play a significant role in infecting humans with these serovars, but seem to get infected themselves from livestock, probably through the environment.
      PubDate: 2023-03-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-023-01625-y
       
  • In This Issue

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      PubDate: 2023-01-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-023-01624-z
       
  • A Novel Host of an Emerging Disease: SARS-CoV-2 Infection in a Giant
           Anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) Kept Under Clinical Care in Brazil

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      Abstract: A young male free-ranging giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) was found with paralysis of pelvic limbs on a highway and kept under human care. Radiographs confirmed multiple incomplete fractures in the thoracolumbar vertebrae. Due to the poor prognosis, euthanasia was chosen. The infection was established by viral SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection in the rectal swab, spleen and kidney samples. Immunohistochemistry detected the viral nucleocapsid protein in sections of the lungs, liver, spleen, lymph nodes, and large intestine sections, and spike protein antigen in the lung tissue. Pilosa order species should be included as potential hosts of natural infection of SARS-CoV-2.
      PubDate: 2023-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-022-01623-6
       
  • Orbivirus RNA in a Banana Serotine (Afronycteris nanus) Bat in the
           Republic of the Congo

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      Abstract: Orbiviruses are arthropod borne viruses of vertebrates, with some of them being important pathogens of veterinary, conservation and economic importance, while others are occasionally associated with human disease. Some apparently bat specific orbiviruses have been detected, but little is known about their distribution and diversity. We thus sampled and screened 52 bats living in the Congo Basin, and detected RNA indicative of a novel orbivirus in a single banana serotine (Afronycteris nanus) by PCR. The detected RNA clusters with epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus, bluetongue virus, and others. The findings highlight the need for more studies into arbovirus presence and diversity in bat species.
      PubDate: 2023-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-022-01619-2
       
  • The Movement of Pathogen Carrying Flies at the Human–Wildlife
           Interface

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      Abstract: Flies form high-density associations with human settlements and groups of nonhuman primates and are implicated in transmitting pathogens. We investigate the movement of nonhuman primate-associated flies across landscapes surrounding Kibale National Park, Uganda, using a mark–recapture experiment. Flies were marked in nine nonhuman primate groups at the forest edge ( \(\overline{x}\)  = 929 flies per group), and we then attempted to recapture them in more anthropized areas (50 m, 200 m and 500 m from where marked; 2–21 days after marking). Flies marked in nonhuman primate groups were recaptured in human areas (19/28,615 recaptured). Metabarcoding of the flies in nonhuman primate groups revealed the DNA of multiple eukaryotic primate parasites. Taken together, these results demonstrate the potential of flies to serve as vectors between nonhuman primates, livestock and humans at this biodiverse interface.
      PubDate: 2023-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-022-01621-8
       
  • Down the Rabbit Hole: Domestic Rabbit Owners’ Perceptions of Rabbit
           Hemorrhagic Disease Virus 2

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      Abstract: Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2) is a highly contagious pathogen that infects wild and domestic rabbits and hares (lagomorphs). Globally, RHDV2 has resulted in substantial economic losses for commercial rabbit trade and caused wild lagomorph population declines. Previous research on RHDV2 suggests that human-mediated movement of rabbits may contribute to the spread of RHDV2. We conducted the first survey of individuals who own or interact with domestic rabbits to identify their rabbit husbandry behaviors and knowledge of, and concerns about, RHDV2. In 2021, we surveyed 1807 rabbit owners, breeders, and rescue staff in the USA. Respondents had a high level of knowledge about RHDV2. Respondents believed RHDV2 posed a high risk to rabbit-related activities and were concerned about its economic and ecological impacts. Nearly half of respondents always kept their rabbits indoors, but 10.7% of respondents allowed their rabbits outside frequently on properties used by wild lagomorphs. Respondents with five rabbits or less were generally willing to vaccinate their rabbits, but respondents with larger herds argued that vaccines were cost prohibitive. Given respondents’ concerns about RHDV2, communication about disease prevention should highlight the adverse ecological and economic consequences of RHDV2.
      PubDate: 2023-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-022-01622-7
       
  • Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans’ Amphibian Host Species and
           Invasion Range

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      Abstract: Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal), a species related to the destructive pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), was found and identified in Europe in 2013. Now, a decade later, a large amount of information is available. This includes data from studies in the field, reports of infection in captive amphibians, laboratory studies testing host susceptibility, and data from prospective studies that test for Bsal’s presence in a location. We conducted a systematic review of the published literature and compiled a dataset of Bsal tests. We identified 67 species that have been reported positive for Bsal, 20 of which have a threatened conservation status. The distribution of species that have been found with infection encompasses 69 countries, highlighting the potential threat that Bsal poses. We point out where surveillance to detect Bsal have taken place and highlight areas that have not been well monitored. The large number of host species belonging to the families Plethodontidae and Salamandridae suggests a taxonomic pattern of susceptibility. Our results provide insight into the risk posed by Bsal and identifies vulnerable species and areas where surveillance is needed to fill existing knowledge gaps.
      PubDate: 2023-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-022-01620-9
       
  • An institutional Lens on the History of One Health

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      PubDate: 2022-11-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-022-01617-4
       
  • Aetiology and Potential Animal Exposure in Central Nervous System
           Infections in Vietnam

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      Abstract: An estimated 73% of emerging infections are zoonotic in origin, with animal contact and encroachment on their habitats increasing the risk of spill-over events. In Vietnam, close exposure to a wide range of animals and animal products can lead to acquisition of zoonotic pathogens, a number of which cause central nervous system (CNS) infections. However, studies show the aetiology of CNS infections remains unknown in around half of cases. We used samples and data from hospitalised patients with CNS infections, enrolled into the Vietnam Initiative on Zoonotic Infections multicentre study, to determine the association between aetiology and animal contact including those in whom the cause was unknown. Among 933 patients, a pathogen or an antibody response to it was identified in 291 (31.2%, 95% CI 28.3–34.3%). The most common pathogens were Streptococcus suis (n = 91 (9.8%, 8.0–11.9%)) and Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) (n = 72 (7.7%, 6.1–9.7%)). Commonly reported animal contact included keeping, raising or handling (n = 364 (39.0%, 35.9–42.2%)) and handling, cooking or consuming raw meat, blood or viscera in the 2 weeks prior to symptom onset (n = 371 (39.8%, 36.6–43.0%)), with the latter most commonly from pigs (n = 343 (36.9%, 33.8–40.1%). There was no association between an unknown aetiology and exposure to animals in a multivariate logistic regression. Further testing for unknown or undetected pathogens may increase diagnostic yield, however, given the high proportion of zoonotic pathogens and the presence of risk factors, increasing public awareness about zoonoses and preventive measures can be considered.
      PubDate: 2022-10-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10393-022-01611-w
       
 
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