Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1478 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (700 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (700 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 601 - 203 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
Saúde Coletiva     Open Access  
Saúde e Meio Ambiente : Revista Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Saúde em Redes     Open Access  
Saúde.com     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
School Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Scientia Medica     Open Access  
Scire Salutis     Open Access  
Serviço Social e Saúde     Open Access  
Sextant : Revue de recherche interdisciplinaire sur le genre et la sexualité     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sexual Medicine Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Sleep and Vigilance : An International Journal of Basic, Translational and Clinical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Sleep Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sleep Science and Practice     Open Access  
SMAD, Revista Electronica en Salud Mental, Alcohol y Drogas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Smart Health     Hybrid Journal  
Social Determinants of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Theory & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Work in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Work in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Social Work in Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Society, Health & Vulnerability     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sosiaalilääketieteellinen Aikakauslehti     Open Access  
South African Family Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Bioethics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Child Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Communication Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South East Asia Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South Eastern European Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Journal of Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Southern African Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Southwest Respiratory and Critical Care Chronicles     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Space Safety Magazine     Free   (Followers: 50)
Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health     Open Access  
SSM - Population Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
SSM - Qualitative Research in Health     Open Access  
Stigma and Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sundhedsprofessionelle studier     Open Access  
Sustainable Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sustinere : Revista de Saúde e Educação     Open Access  
System Safety : Human - Technical Facility - Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Tanzania Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Technology and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva     Open Access  
Textos & Contextos (Porto Alegre)     Open Access  
The Journal of Aquatic Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription  
The Journal of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Lancet Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
The Lancet Planetary Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Regional Health : Americas     Open Access  
The Lancet Regional Health : Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Regional Health : Western Pacific     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
The Meducator     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Communities : The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Tidsskrift for Forskning i Sygdom og Samfund     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for psykisk helsearbeid     Full-text available via subscription  
Tobacco Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Tobacco Control and Public Health in Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transgender Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Transportation Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Journal of Health Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Tropical Medicine and Health     Open Access  
TÜBAV Bilim Dergisi     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Universidad y Salud     Open Access  
Unnes Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Value in Health Regional Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Health and Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Vigilância Sanitária em Debate     Open Access  
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Water Quality, Exposure and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Western Pacific Surveillance and Response     Open Access  
Women & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
World Health & Population     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
World Medical & Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal  
Електромагнітна сумісність та безпека на залізничному транспорті     Open Access  
مجله بهداشت و توسعه     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Social Determinants of Health
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2423-3560 - ISSN (Online) 2423-7337
Published by Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Homepage  [20 journals]
  • The spiritual experiences of students of Iran University of Medical
           Sciences in 2020

    • Authors: Nasibeh Zerangian , Abbas Rohani , Mahboobeh Khosravani , Neda Khalili Samani , Marzieh Heydari, Zahra Rahimi Khalifeh Kandi , Morteza Mansourian
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Background: Psychologists consider the acceptance of spirituality as a cultural reality and by acknowledging the positive effects of spirituality on mental health, the World Health Organization also considers the spiritual dimension as the physical, social and emotional dimensions of human existence. Spirituality is a genuine and inner experience that It lies in the nature of every human being. The purpose of this study was to investigate the spiritual experiences of students of Iran University of Medical Sciences in 2020. Methods: The present study was descriptive-analytical. The sample size of 500 students of Iran University of Medical Sciences in 2020 was estimated. For sampling, a list of students was prepared from the faculty education and the sample was selected by regular random sampling method through random number generation software. The data collection tool was a questionnaire with demographic questions and spiritual experiences. The collected data were analyzed after completion with SPSS 20 software. A significance level of 0.05 was considered. Results: The mean score of the meaning-finding component in life was obtained at 57.98. There was a significant relationship between spiritual experiences and gender, age and educational level of students, while no significant relationship was found between spiritual experiences and marital status and residence. Conclusion: In order to ensure the spiritual health of students, it is necessary to plan properly to create a meaningful atmosphere in universities for different age and gender groups.
      PubDate: 2022-05-06
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.38100
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Maternal social determinants of health and birth weight

    • Authors: Shabih Manzar
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Background: Social determinants of health (SDoH) affect health during pregnancy. Previous studies have looked at the association between individual SDoH among pregnant women and neonatal outcome. In this study we looked at the correlation between a cumulative SDoH score and birth weight. Methods: Information on the social determinants of health (SDoH) among pregnant women was collected by using the electronic questionnaire. By using the color-coded wheel, generated by the electronic record system, we developed a SDoH score, ranging from 0-20. A SDoH color of green indicated no concern, while red indicated severe concern. The corresponding birth weight for the maternal SDoH score was noted after delivery. The data was analyzed using the MS excel program. Results: A total of 130 women out of 159 (81%) completed the questionnaire during the study period of eight weeks. The mean SDoH score was 3.12 with standard deviation of 2.3 (range 0-13). The mean birth weight was 3048 grams with standard deviation of 563 grams (range 860-4215 grams). A weak negative correlation (r = - 0.14, R² = 0.0217) was noted between the birth weight and SDoH score. Conclusions: Maternal social determinants of health affect fetal growth. Further studies are needed to validate our findings.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37592
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Lock and unlock of the nation during pandemic waves: a cross-sectional
           study observing the spread of COVID -19 in India

    • Authors: Presthiena Lofi, A B Prasad, P R Varghese, Praveenlal Kuttichira
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Background:  The lockdown policies and pandemic curve in India during the two overlapping waves were different. This study aimed to explore the spread of COVID-19 pandemic transmission during the first and second waves in the context of nationwide lockdown in India. Methods: The present study was a cross-sectional analysis of the COVID-19 incidence and daily fatalities from March 24, 2020 to July 17, 2021 was done using data retrieved from public domains of governmental websites and COVID-19 dashboards.  The daily number of cases (DNC), and the daily number of deaths were observed in the context of the lock and unlock phases and analyzed using descriptive statistics in Microsoft Excel 2010. Results: The country was able to effectively handle the first wave in 2020, delaying the peak by up to six months, in which nationwide lock down probably had an effect. During the first pandemic wave in 2020, the DNC increased from 506 cases on March 23 (Lock 1) to a peak of 97,874 cases on September 16 (Unlock 4), before declining to 31,118 cases on November 30 (Unlock 6) as the lockdown came to an end.  With only state-level lockdowns in the second wave, the DNC jumped from 9,121 cases on 15th February 2021 to 414,118 cases on May 6, 2021 and then dropped to 30,093 cases on July 19, 2021. The peak was uncontrollable, with 1,846,806 cases and 236,529 deaths reported across the country in the three months from April 1 to June 30, 2021. Conclusion: The nationwide lockdown probably had an effect on the control of pandemic during the first wave. The findings highlighted the desirability of national policies, and synchronization of lockdown restrictions across the country during pandemic.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36555
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Comparing the effect of solution-focused therapy and structural family
           therapy on marital satisfaction and family function in married women

    • Authors: Iman Seyyedmoharrami, Bahramali Ghanbari HashemAbadi, Mohammad Javad Asghari EbrahimAbad, Anahita Zandi
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: Marital satisfaction is a situation in which couples can feel happiness and satisfaction with each other. Recently, various therapy techniques have been developed to solve marital and family problems. The purpose of the study was to comparing the effects of group counseling based on solution-focused therapy and structural family therapy (SFT) on the marital satisfaction and family function among married women. Material and Methods: This interventional study was performed in three of groups married women (20 people as cases in two groups and 10 people as control group). The research population included of all married females referred to the Faculty of Education and Psychology clinic, at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad in Iran. The instruments for data collection in this study were marital satisfaction scale (MSS) and the family function scale (FFS). Data analysis was done using SPSS 21 software and the analysis of covariance, and LSD post-hoc test were employed. Results: The findings revealed that there is no meaningful difference among married females who received SFT and solution-focused therapy (p>0.05); However structural family and solution-focused of group counseling compared with the control group had significant difference in the influence on family function and marital satisfaction (P=0.014 and P=0.024, respectively). Conclusions: Based on the results, solution-focused group counseling had more effective than structural group counseling in improving family function and marital satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2022-04-17
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36043
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Comparison of compassion-focused therapy and dialectical behavior therapy
           on state-trait anxiety and impulsivity of patients with coronary heart
           disease

    • Authors: Solmaz Rafieian, Hassan Ashayeri, Jalil Babapour
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) on state-trait anxiety symptoms and impulsiveness in patients with coronary artery disease. Methods: This research was a quasi-experimental research method, with pre-test, post-test, and follow-up with a control group. The study population in this study is cardiac patients of Tabriz Madani Hospital. The sample consisted of 60 patients with cardiovascular disease who were selected by voluntary and purposive sampling method and were randomly divided into three groups self-compassion (20 patients), DBT (20), and control group (20). Data were collected using the Bart impulsivity scale (Bart, 1994) and state-trait anxiety log (Spielberger et al., 1970) and analyzed by repeated measure analysis of variance using SPSS software (version 22). Results:   The results showed that the mean of state-trait anxiety symptoms group (p<0.01, F (df=2) =10.17, Eta= 0.26) and impulsivity (p<0.01, F (df=2) =11.81, Eta= 0.28) in the DBT group at the end of post-test was lower than CFT and the control group. In other words, DBT had the highest effect on state-trait anxiety symptoms and impulsivity (p<0.01). Conclusion:  It can be concluded that DBT has a greater effect on state anxiety and impulsivity than CFT and both treatments can be used to improve psychological problems in patients with coronary heart disease.
      PubDate: 2022-04-17
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36983
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • The higher education management in medical universities during the
           COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Saeed Lak , Nadergholi Ghourchian, Akhtar Jamali
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Background: The use of electronic technology plays a key role in the change in higher education management. This study aimed to assess the necessity of adaptation of electronic learning systems management during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The present study was mixed research. Its statistical population in the qualitative section included 50 experts in higher education management of medical universities. The statistical population in the quantitative section included 242 department heads of 65 medical universities selected according to Morgan's table. Purposeful sampling was used in the qualitative section and cluster random in the quantitative section. The interview was used in the qualitative section and a researcher-made questionnaire was used in the quantitative section. Qualitative data analysis was performed with MAXQDA 2019 software and quantitative data analysis was performed with SPSS software. Results: In the qualitative section, 9 general categories were obtained. In the quantitative section, the results of the one-sample t-test in the dimensions of development of technology and electronic service, expansion of virtual and integrated education, enhancing the quality of learning, expanding research, access to scientific resources, the efficiency of the educational system and optimization of capital and financial affairs of the current status of higher education management in medical universities were determined. Conclusion: For the development of e-learning at the university level during the COVID-19 pandemic, it is necessary to know the motivating factors and barriers well and use the gained experience to select appropriate strategies to accelerate the development process of e-learning.
      PubDate: 2022-04-16
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37722
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Factors determining the implementation of the cultural policy of Iran
           Tobacco Company: A model with an environmental responsibility approach

    • Authors: Hossein Kharabi , Hamdollah Manzari Tavakoli, Sanjar Salajegheh , Mohammad Jalal Kamali
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Background: This study aims to investigate the cultural policies of the tobacco company in the framework of social responsibility theory. Method: This study was a cross-sectional study. The statistical population included the managers of the tobacco company (335 people). The research sample size was determined to be 275 people based on Cochran's formula and by using cluster sampling. Data were collected through a researcher-made questionnaire consisting of 32 questions. The content validity of the questionnaire was confirmed by 22 experts. The Cronbach's alpha coefficient of the variables was obtained higher than 0.7. Data were analyzed by confirmatory factor analysis and path analysis in AMOS software. Results: The results of the path coefficient between the factors related to the implementation of cultural policies and environmental responsibility were close to 0.80, and the path coefficient between environmental responsibility and cultural policies was equal to 0.18 and less than 0.3, indicating the model weakness.  Most of the factor loads belonged to the indicators of environmental advertising, contextualization, warning against tobacco consumption, information, monitoring system, legal policies, policy implementation, management style, high-quality product and cultural implications. Conclusion: It seems necessary to have a social and environmental responsibility of the tobacco company with the dimensions of "providing a quality product", "following the policies", "providing cultural messages" and "warning against tobacco consumption" as components of the policy the cultural activities of the tobacco company are considered by policymakers for implementation in three indicators: "information-information", "environmental advertising" and "cultural background".
      PubDate: 2022-04-15
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37648
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Resistance economy as a social factor affecting health: a model for
           evaluating and monitoring the policies of Iranian governmental
           institutions

    • Authors: Ehsan Mahdavi , Sanjar Salajegheh, Masoud Pourkiani , Saeed Sayadi , Alireza Arabpour
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Background: The present study aimed to provide an efficient evaluation model in the economic field in the context of resistance economics in Iran. Method: Grounded theory was used as a qualitative method for this study. During the interviews with 10 policy-makers of the policies approved by the Parliament of Iran (representatives of Iran’s parliament in ten periods) and scientific experts, information was collected and the interview data were coded and ultimately provides a pattern of topics and categories and is therefore selected. After conducting the interview, the data obtained through the Document menu of MAXQDA software were entered into the software by selecting the Imported document(s) option, a model was presented by using MAXQDA software, Results: The model has two parts, enablers and results or consequences. Empowerment includes 5 criteria (strategic management, trust in the ability and plans of policymakers, balanced development of inputs and outputs of the science and technology and factors involved in the implementation of policies and infrastructure) and results (perceived, performance and finance). Factors involved in evaluating the resistance to economic policies have included intra-group and institutional collectivism, independence and attention to the views of the Supreme Leader. Conclusion: With the emergence of the nuclear issue in the international arena towards Iran and multilateral sanctions, Iranian economists must try to provide a local model called the resistance economy to get out of the current situation.
      PubDate: 2022-04-15
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37875
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Music therapy, knowledge of music and architecture: the effect of music on
           grief caused by mourning in Ilam Chamri religion

    • Authors: Peyman Karami, Hassan Zolfagharzadeh, Reza Sameh
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Background: The art of music and architecture are one of the most visible manifestations of culture and ethnicity in every historical period, and music has historically played a valuable role in softening human perception and spirits; thus, can play a decisive role in health life for a long time. Methods: Non-pharmacological therapies, have the potential to supplement medical treatment alternatives to aid recovery and well-being in health care. Music therapy is a relatively new discipline of musicology that has lately been able to assist individuals in the treatment of ailments that are inextricably linked to architecture. Is it possible for music and architecture, which have an unbreakable link with the past, to retain this bond and build a relationship of abuse and violation with the science of psychology and counselling' Results: This essay was written in a combined-analytical (comparative, descriptive, and analytical) style, using data collected via documentary, library, and field research approaches. The findings of this study reveal that music and architecture may have a similar effect on the human psyche, and the science of music therapy has been able to capitalize on these similarities in medicine. Conclusion: The current article first introduces the commonalities of music and architecture and expresses the importance of these two arts' commonalities, after which it will be addressed how these commonalities in an ancient ritual called Chamri, which is held in Ilam province.
      PubDate: 2022-04-14
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37866
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • The relationship between social responsibility and marital conflicts in
           couples with the mediating role of optimistic and self-regulatory

    • Authors: Reyhaneh Hashempour Mafsali, Mahmoud Jajarmi, Hamzeh Akbari
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: Marital conflicts are a precursor to the separation of couples and can range from obvious differences in the views of man and woman to serious differences in goals, values ​​and aspirations. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between social responsibility and marital conflicts in couples with the mediating role of optimism and self- regulatory. Methods: The present study was a descriptive-survey and correlational study. The statistical population included couples who referred to Bahar Andisheh Clinic in Mashhad in 2020-2021 and 300 people were selected by convenience sampling. Responsibility, marital conflicts, self-regulation and optimism questionnaires were used to collect data. Data were analyzed using SPSS 23 software and Pearson correlation test (structural equation). Results: The results revealed that 68% of the variance related to marital conflicts was explained by the social responsibility, optimism, and self-regulation. Responsibility showed a direct and significant relationship with optimism and self-regulation (r= 0.597 and 0.736, respectively and P < 0.001), and had a negative and significant relationship with marital conflicts (P-value < 0.001). Conclusion: Based on the results, the sense of social responsibility reduces marital conflicts and with increasing optimism and self-regulation, couple's conflicts decrease. It is suggested that educational interventions be held to strengthen and improve the level of responsibility, optimism and self-regulation in order to reduce marital conflicts.
      PubDate: 2022-04-10
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37322
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Social determinants of health with an emphasis on slum population

    • Authors: Mohammadreza Sheikhy-Chaman, Ali Akbar Fazaeli, Ali Darvishi, Mohammad Hadian, Hadi Hamidi
      Pages: 1 - 3
      PubDate: 2022-04-10
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37741
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • External consequences of public policy implementation based on social
           responsibility dimensions at the Universities of medical sciences

    • Authors: Sakineh Ashrafi, Alireza Maetoofi, Ali Farhadi, Mojtaba Tabari
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Background: The implementation of public policy in the presence of social responsibility dimensions is an opportunity to gain the support and trust of citizens. The present study aimed to investigate the external consequences of public policy implementation based on the dimensions of social responsibility in the Universities of Medical Sciences. Methods: In a mix method research, in the qualitative phase twenty experts were selected by purposive sampling method with snowball approach. In the qualitative part 681 employees of these units were selected by relative sampling method. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. Descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling were used when appropriate. MAXQDA11, SPSS and Smart PLS3 software were used for analysis. Results: In the first phase, 14 categories were finally identified, of which 7 categories were identified as components of social responsibility and 7 categories for the external consequences of implementing public policy in three stages of coding. Findings of the research in the qualitative section, introduced 6 categories as causal factors, pivotal phenomenon, strategy, intervening and contextual factors and consequences of implementing a policy based on social responsibility in the Universities of Medical Sciences. In the quantitative part, the two propositions of balance of social values and public acceptance and motivation as the most effective criterion in promoting social values were selected by the managers. Conclusion: Public policy implementation with a focus on social responsibility dimensions can help increase the socially sustainable development of the Universities of Medical Sciences.
      PubDate: 2022-04-09
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37373
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • The Epidemiology of under-nutrition in Irular tribal pre-school children
           in Chengam, Tamilnadu, India.

    • Authors: Saravana kumar, Adhilakshmi AR, Megala M
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Background: Under-nutrition among the children under the age of five renders them vulnerable to recurrent infections, growth retardation, low efficiency in future and even death. Under-nutrition as a global health problem is indeed of serious concern in tribal community which is a vulnerable sector. Various studies have highlighted the burden of under-nutrition nation-wide among different tribal groups in India. This study is aimed to explore the malnutrition among Irular tribal children in Tamilnadu, India. Methods: A Community based cross-sectional survey was designed among the 450 tribal mothers and children in Chengam, Tamilnadu, India during January to December 2021. Mothers were interviewed with semi-structured Tamil questionnaire with socio-demographic details, nutrition, health-seeking behavior, Clinical and anthropometric examination of children. Under-nutrition was defined - weight for age (Z-Score) < 2 SD. Median for age and sex-WHO standards. Data was entered in SPSS. Chi Square and Logistic regression were used for analysis. A p<0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: Prevalence of Under-weight was 44%, stunting-28.4%, wasting-37.8% and Severe Acute Malnutrition-8.7%. Majority were females. Overall, the nutritional status was poor. Advancing age, sex, maternal illiteracy, lack of awareness on nutrition, food insecurity and under-utilization of health services were the major underlying determinants. Conclusion: The burden of under-nutrition is indeed a serious concern in the preschool children in Irular tribes in Tamilnadu, India wherein the socio-cultural, nutritional determinants and health seeking behavior have to addressed at the level of Primary Health care to combat malnutrition and prevent morbidities as well as mortality.
      PubDate: 2022-04-05
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37945
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • A model for customer retention in electronic banking market

    • Authors: Ahmad Khosravi , Vahid Nasehifar, Tohfeh Ghobadi Lamuki , Alireza Islambolchi , Hossein Hajibabaei
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: In a difficult competitive environment, timely and organized relationship with customers is the best way to increase customer satisfaction, increase sales and reduce costs. Methods: In a mixed method, interview was used in qualitative section and questionnaire was used in the quantitative section. The statistical population for the interview was 12 people and the statistical population of the quantitative section included 380 customers of Saderat Bank of Isfahan and Lorestan provinces that their total number was 37000. Measurement tools included a researcher-made questionnaire and an interview form. Data analysis was performed by regression test method in SPSS software. Results: The website, ease of use, information security, appropriate format, savings in time, and subjective norms were considered as effective variables of electronic banking services. The results indicated that each of the above components have a direct and significant relationship with customer retention. to save time, service offering systems should be used using the data of each customer and the information and the services provided without the need for the customer's presence in electronic services to improve performance of electronic banking as well as provide conditions for full competition in the market for banks to increase the performance of banks. Conclusion: Given the development pattern of customer retention in banking services, it is necessary to pay special attention to the importance of the effective factors listed by managers and employees.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37551
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Students' academic well-being based on the perceived social support
           and cognitive flexibility: a model with mediating role of psychological
           hardiness

    • Authors: Azam Vaziri Nasab , Alireza Manzari Tavakoli, Zahra Zeinaddiny Meymand , Mitra Kamyabi
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Background: This study aimed to design a model of students’ academic well-being based on the role of perceived social support and cognitive flexibility mediated by psychological hardiness. Methods: This study was correlational-descriptive research. The statistical sample studied in the present study was 334 people selected by stratified random sampling method among students of the Islamic Azad University of Kerman in the fiscal year of 2019-2020. The research instruments were the academic Well-being Questionnaire, Psychological Hardiness Questionnaire, Cognitive Flexibility Scale, and Perceived Social Support Scale. The pathway review process was used in Amos and SPSS software version 23 for the analysis of data. Results: The results of path analysis in the final model showed that the model had a good fit with the data. Psychological hardiness had a significant mediating role in the relationship between cognitive flexibility, social support and academic wellbeing. Results from path analysis revealed that the model has an appropriate fit with the data and psychological hardiness had a vital intermediating function in the correlation concerning cognitive flexibility, social support, and academic well-being. Model fit indicators include: Normalized Chi-square (2.17), Fit-Goodness Index (0.912), Modified Fitness-Goodness Index (0.92), Normalized Fit Index (0.96), Incremental Fit Index (0.97), Tucker-Lewis Index (0.95), Fit Index Adaptive (0.96), root mean square estimation error (0.037) has been stating that the proposed model was appropriate.  Conclusion: Psychological toughness has an important mediating role between perceived social support and cognitive flexibility with academic well-being; Therefore, efforts to develop scientific protocols to improve students’ academic well-being are suggested.
      PubDate: 2022-03-20
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37258
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Developing management principles in health centers based on citizenship
           rights

    • Authors: Ebrahim Mokhtari , Masoud Pourkiani, Saeed Sayadi , Zahra Shokoh , Mahdi Mohammad Bagheri
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: Given the importance of citizenship rights and the emphasis of Islamic culture on values of special interest, the purpose of this study is to develop management principles in health centers based on citizenship rights. Methods: The research was descriptive-correlative. The statistical population consisted of all clients presenting to the Health Insurance Organization southeast of Iran in 2020 as the sample size was 384 people using Cochran's formula with the samples selected via random clustering method. Tools to collect data included a 174-item inventory on citizenship rights and development of Islamic culture-based management principles in health centers, suggesting the validity of 0.915 and reliability of 0.967, respectively. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze the data using AMOS22 software. Results: The components of the right (life, dignity, equality, security and freedom) had a good and significant load factor of less than 0.05. Considering the values of the fit indices of the final model and the limit of acceptable values mentioned, it can be said that the model presented in this research was acceptable. The regression coefficients of the model showed that the mentioned variables well explain the citizenship rights in the service organizations according to the Islamic culture in the health insurance organization. Conclusion: Freedom of expression allows citizens to have the right to access their thoughts and ideas in a variety of ways. Freedom of the press, media, speech, and association are examples of citizenship rights.
      PubDate: 2022-03-18
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37031
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Work-life balance in nurses working in hospital: a model with the
           mediating role of emotional intelligence

    • Authors: Saeed Amini Moghaddam , Alireza Manzari Tavakoli, Sanjar Salajegheh , Samaneh Mehdizadeh , Zahra Shokoh
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the balance of work and life with the role of mediation of emotional intelligence in nurses working in hospitals in Kerman University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This study was a descriptive and correlational research. The method of data collection was a combination of library and field studies and the tools of data collection were a review of documents, interviews and researcher-made questionnaires, including work-life balance factors and emotional intelligence questionnaire. The population included all 2740 nurses, who were working in hospitals of Kerman University of Medical Sciences. 508 people were selected by using a stratified sampling method, SPSS-23 and AMOS-24 software was used to analyze the data. Results: The research results showed a significant relationship between work-life balance factors and emotional intelligence. It showed that by improving the implementation of work-life balance factors, the conditions for increasing emotional intelligence are provided. Based on the coefficient of determination (R2), 51% of the changes in emotional intelligence were explained by factors related to work-life balance. The rate of direct effect was estimated to be 0.714 and the rate of indirect effect through emotional intelligence was estimated to be 0.333. Conclusion: The organization should help nurses to achieve the necessary capability and conditions, facilities, and welfare so that the nurses could work in an environment in which a balance between work and family responsibilities is established.
      PubDate: 2022-03-13
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37150
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • The major matters and events in creating and overcoming transition crises
           in the family life cycle

    • Authors: Fatemeh Zamani Alavijeh , Omid Ali Ahmadi, Majid Kashani , Fariba Shayegan , Ali Roshanai
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Background: This study aimed to investigate the major matters and events in overcoming transition crises in the family life cycle. Methods: This study is a qualitative approach and a grounded method. The statistical population included couples living in Karaj in 2020 that 80 of them were selected by purposeful sampling method. They were assigned to 20 people in each period. In the qualitative part, data analysis was performed based on grounded theory by performing three coding steps (open, axial and selective). To describe the data, the usual methods in descriptive and inferential statistics such as preparing frequency tables, calculating statistical indicators were used in SPSS software. Sequential strategy was used to combine quantitative and qualitative data. Results: 20 indicators and 5 components were identified. Economic and social areas such as the difficulty in dividing family responsibilities between spouses, economic and financial issues were some of the influential factors. Factors affecting family experiences such as social, religious and family factors had a great impact on the challenges of Iranian families. Conclusion: In the study population, lived experiences of identity in families located at different stages of the family life cycle can be considered as the concerns of families. It seems that the lived experience of individuals in families is affected by economic and social problems that have overshadowed their needs, such as coronary heart disease, family well-being, housing purchase, high cost of living, children's future and start-ups. Business.
      PubDate: 2022-03-07
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36939
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Prediction of Marital Conflicts Based on a Systems Approach with the
           Mediating Role of Attachment Styles

    • Authors: Fatemeh Dousti, Hassan Mirzahosseini, Majid Zargham Hajebi
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: Attachment style is a major variable in the creation and description of marital problems and has received greater attention in recent years. The traits of secure attachment include constructive emotional interactions and intimate marital relationships. The present study aimed to predict marital conflicts using a problem-centered systems approach with the mediating role of attachment styles among conflicting couples. Methods: In this descriptive correlational study, the statistical population in this study was the total number of conflicted couples in Tehran and Qom in 2020. The sample included 540 men and women with marital conflict selected by convenience sampling. The research instruments included the Experience in Close Relationship Scale (ECR-S), the Marital Conflict Questionnaire (MCQ), and the Family Assessment Device (FAD). Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation method and structural equation modeling using SPSS version 22.0 and LISREL version 8.0 software. Results: The assessment of the hypothetical model of the research indicated that it was a good fit with the measurement model (CFI>0.90; IFI>0.90; RMSE>0.08). The results demonstrated that the components of the systems approach with the mediating role of attachment styles could explain marital conflicts (P<0.001). These components had an indirect relationship with marital conflicts through attachment styles (β= -0.27, P= 0.01). Conclusion: Based on the results, the proposed model had a good fit. Overall, the findings verified the marital conflict model based on a systemic approach mediated by attachment styles.
      PubDate: 2022-02-26
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36337
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Determinants of the smart purchasing of health products in Tehran: a model
           with a hybrid approach

    • Authors: Azadeh Rajabi , Hossein Vazifedust, Kambiz Heidarzadeh Hanzaee , Karim Hamdi
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Background: Recent studies recognized the smart customer experience as a sustainable competitive advantage. This study aimed to determine factors affecting the smart experience of purchasing health products. Methods: This research was a descriptive survey. The statistical population of the first phase consisted of16 People, who were experts in the field of shopping malls with intensity and snowball. The statistical population of the second phase was the customers of shopping malls whose managers were interviewed, which included 298 individuals. Data were collected with a standard questionnaire and were determined by open coding, axial coding, and selective coding in ATLAS.ti software. In phase two, LISREL software was used. Results: The coefficient of the exogenous variable of customer knowledge (0.83), with T = 0.01, perceived quality (0.22), with T = 8.83, sales promotion policies (47.0), with T = 5.08 on the smart customer experience was significant, while the direct path coefficient of the exogenous variable of the store environment on the smart customer experience (-0.05), with T = -0.20, was insignificant. The effect of smart customer experience on customer satisfaction (0.52), with T = -0.87 and on brand equity (0.22), with T = 0.08, was significant. The effect of customer experience on word of mouth (0.50), with T = 8.83 at P <0.05, was negative and insignificant. Conclusion: It is essential to create a smart experience for knowledgeable customers to choose between competing companies that provide services with different levels from poor to excellent.
      PubDate: 2022-02-25
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36740
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Precision of C-reactive protein in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis

    • Authors: Melody Omraninava, Shaghayegh Javan , Ghahraman Mahmodi
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Background: Appendicitis is known as inflammation in the appendix, and its treatment is merely through surgery. There is mistaken diagnosis according to clinical presentations. C-reactive protein is an annular pentameric protein found in blood plasma, whose circulating concentrations rise in response to inflammation. It is an acute-phase protein of hepatic origin. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic effect of C-Reactive Protein (CRP) in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis in patients referring to Valiasr Hospital in Qaemshahr city, Iran in 2017-2018. Methods: This study was a diagnostic study and blood samples were collected from patients with acute abdomen pain with suspected appendicitis in Qaemshahr Valiasr Hospital. Then CRP results were compared with pathological results as golden standard; then sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of this test were determined based on standardized test (pathologic result). Results: The sensitivity and specificity of CRP test in diagnosis of acute appendicitis were 71.42% and 60.58%, respectively. In addition, PPV and NPV were 88.88% and 42.85%, respectively. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, CRP can be considered as one of the predictive tests of acute appendicitis. Evaluation of CRP levels, alongside with other diagnostic approaches, can be used as an adjunctive diagnostic method in the diagnosis of acute appendicitis.
      PubDate: 2022-02-21
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37032
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on pain perception and
           metacognitive beliefs in patients with irritable bowel syndrome

    • Authors: Hadi Farzadi, Alireza Heidarei, Fardin Moradimanesh, Farah Naderi
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: The most common, costly, and debilitating functional gastrointestinal disorder is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral therapy on metacognitive beliefs and pain problems in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Methods: The study used a quasi-experimental design with pre-test, post-test and a three-month follow-up with the control group. All patients with irritable bowel syndrome at Tehran Shariatee Hospital were included in the statistical population. The sample consisted of 30 patients who were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups using the purposive sampling method. Before the intervention, the pre-test was held, after which the experimental group received cognitive-behavioral therapy in 8 sessions of 90 minutes, but the control group did not receive any intervention. Then, the post-test was administered and after three months of post-test implementation, the follow-up period was performed. The research tools included a metacognitive beliefs questionnaire and pain understanding. Data analysis was performed by SPSS.22 software and univariate variance analysis.  Results: The experimental group was 33.6 (7.8) years old, while the control group was 35.9 (8.4) years old. Both groups were homogenous in terms of gender, age and marital status. The findings showed that cognitive-behavioral therapy was effective on metacognitive beliefs (P<0.01) and pain affect (P<0.01). Conclusion: It can be concluded that cognitive-behavioral therapy is effective in treating metacognitive beliefs and pain in patients with irritable bowel syndrome, and that it can be used to help these patients.
      PubDate: 2022-02-19
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36923
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Analyzing the behavior of internet customers based on social engineering

    • Authors: Sara Hajighorbani , Changiz Valmohammadi, Kiamars Fathi Hafshejani
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: Background: The customers' opinions about the features and experience of using the products are considered as a valuable and reliable source for comparison and decision-making. Thus, the present study was an attempt to analyze the behavior of Internet customers based on social engineering. Methods: This study is applied research in the area of social networks. The statistical population of this study included Amazon social network users. The data includes XML and txt files brought to the programming environment. To analyze the behavior of Internet customers, a method based on the ensemble learning technique was implemented in MATLAB software. The common criteria that were used in data mining applications such as accuracy, sensitivity, and F-score. Results: The proposed model compared to other ensemble methods (support vector machines, Naive Bayes, ensemble neural networks, and decision tree ensemble) is in the priority in all three criteria for recognizing real and non-real users and has a better function. This method had high accuracy, precision, sensitivity, and F-criteria compared to other methods and it has a good status in evaluation criteria. The performance of the proposed model was much better than single algorithms and is the priority in terms of data mining evaluation criteria, but the training time for this model was much longer than other methods. Conclusion: The use of the proposed model in any organization that provides a product or service online, is quite promising and better results can be achieved with more studies.
      PubDate: 2022-02-18
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36938
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Pandemic-related decline in injuries related to women wearing high-heeled
           shoes: Analysis of U.S. data for 2016-2020

    • Authors: Philip Cohen
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Background: Wearing high-heeled shoes is associated with injury risk. During the COVID-19 pandemic, changes in work and social behavior may have reduced women’s use of such footwear. The aim of the study was to investigate how the trend in high-heeled shoe related injuries (HHSRIs) among U.S. women may have been affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This used 2016-2020 data from the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission’s National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) to assess HHSRIs among U.S. women. The study included injuries with the “Footwear” product code and selected those with narratives using words suggesting the involvement of high heels. Analysis is based on frequency of such reports by date. Results: In 2020 there were an estimated 6,290 high-heel related emergency department visits involving women ages 15-69, down from 16,000 per year in 2016-2019. There were 5.40 HHSRIs per 100,000 women ages 15-69 in 2020 (CI: 3.95 to 6.86), significantly below the peak in 2017. Analysis by date shows the 2020 decline began after the start of the COVID-19 shutdowns on March 15. There was no significant change in the percentage of fractures or hospital admissions. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic was associated with a decline in reported injuries related to high-heeled shoes among US women. Among these, there was a non-significant increase in more serious injuries, which might suggest pressure to stay away from hospitals for less serious injuries during the pandemic. However, if fewer women wearing such shoes, the result may be fewer injuries in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-02-18
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37227
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • Adult emergency department performance in the largest teaching hospital in
           southern Iran: a 1.5-year cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Afsaneh Dehbozorgi, Mostafa Moghaddas, Razieh Sadat Mousavi-Roknabadi, Bizhan Ziaian, Mehrdad Sharifi, Najmeh Zarei Jelyani, Seyedeh Elham Amiri
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Background: Emergency department (ED) is one of the most important hospital departments, with significant effects on public health. The aim of this study was to evaluate the adult ED's performance of the largest teaching hospital in southern Iran. Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study (March 2017-August 2018), the registered data in the Hospital Information System (HIS) were collected, and the ED’s performance was assessed based on the Iranian emergency performance index. The slopes of the trend lines were calculated for each indicator. Moreover, 2 six-month periods were compared. Results: The data of 104,081 patients were analyzed. The mean (±standard deviation) of visited patients per-month was 5,782.28 (±1258.55). The slope of the trend line was negative for all indicators, except for discharge from ED with personal responsibility. The mean duration of waiting time for the first visit by physician in each triage level slightly decreased. Comparison of the two six-month periods showed a significant difference between the visited patient (P<0.0001). The percentage of patients disposed within six hours (P<0.0001), leaving ED within 12 hours (P<0.0001), as well as the percentage of successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (P=0.014) in the six-month period of 2018 was significantly lower. The percentage of discharge with personal responsibility significantly increased (P=0.005). Conclusion: Although the number of patients visited in this ED decreased, all indicators had dropped. However, the percentage of discharge with personal responsibility was increased. Moreover, the mean duration of waiting time for the first visit by physician slightly decreased in each triage level.
      PubDate: 2022-02-16
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36656
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • The effect of social support on marital adjustment in hospital staff: The
           mediating role of self-control and resilience

    • Authors: Hamidreza Ishaqi Jardavi, Mahmoud Jajarmi, Hamzeh Akbari
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Background: Marital adjustment is one of the most important factors in determining the stability and permanence of the marital relationship and can leads to feelings of happiness, satisfaction and satisfaction of needs that are mutually met. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of social support on marital adjustment in hospital staff with the mediating role of self-control and resilience. Methods: The present study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population included the staff of Samen Al-Aimeh Hospital in Mashhad with a total of 380 people in 2020, from which a sample of 257 married male and female staff were purposefully selected. Data were collected using questionnaires of social support, marital adjustment, resistance, and self-control. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software version 21 and Pearson correlation (structural equation type). Results: There was a significant relationship between self-control as a mediating variable and marital adjustment with value (B = 0.700, P <0.001). Also, there was a significant relationship between resilience as a mediating variable and marital adjustment with the amount (B = -0.643, P <0.001). A total of 0.93 variance related to marital adjustment was explained by the variables of social support, resilience and self-control. Conclusion: The results showed that social support has a positive effect on marital adjustment. It is recommended that in order to improve the marital adjustment of couples, workshops should be held on how to perform and receive social support and promote psychological flexibility in social organizations and institutions.
      PubDate: 2022-01-09
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.37041
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
  • The relationship between moral disengagement and spiritual well-being in
           the students of Tehran universities with the mediating role of positive
           and negative affects.

    • Authors: Fatemeh Zamani Amir, Hayedeh Saberi, Simin Bashardoust
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Background: Spiritual well-being is the fundamental dimension of health that integrates the other dimensions (physical, emotional, social, spiritual, and intellectual) and is dynamically reflected in four domains of self, others, environment, and a superior being. The present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of positive and negative affects in the relationships of moral disengagement and spiritual well-being in university students in Tehran. Methods: The statistical population of this descriptive correlational study comprised all students of universities in Tehran in the academic year 2020-2021. A sample of 301 students (199 females and 102 males) was selected via convenience sampling. The research instruments included the Spiritual Well Being Scale (SWBS), the Moral Disengagement Questionnaire, and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS). Data were analyzed by the Pearson correlation method and path analysis. Results: There was a significant correlation between the components of moral disengagement, positive and negative affects, and the components of spiritual well-being (P<0.001). The findings revealed that the path between negative affects and spiritual well-being was significant and negative, and that between positive affects and spiritual well-being was significant and positive (P<0.001).  The total path coefficient between moral disengagement and spiritual well-being was significant and negative, and the indirect path coefficient between moral disengagement and spiritual well-being was significant and negative (P<0.001). Positive and negative affects, therefore, significantly and negatively mediate the relationship between moral disengagement and spiritual well-being (P<0.001). Conclusion: According to the results, spiritual well-being can thus be promoted through training to prevent moral disengagement both directly and as mediated by positive and negative affects.
      PubDate: 2022-01-08
      DOI: 10.22037/sdh.v8i1.36575
      Issue No: Vol. 8 (2022)
       
 
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