Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access  
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 208)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 4)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biograph-I : Journal of Biostatistics and Demographic Dynamic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access  
Biosalud     Open Access  
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access  
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access  
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
D Y Patil Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Discover Social Science and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access  
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Equity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian     Open Access  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Health Notions     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2321-4848 - ISSN (Online) 2321-6085
Published by Medknow Publishers Homepage  [444 journals]
  • Assessment of clinical skills – Is it time to revisit the
           role of the long case?

    • Authors: Robert William Pickles
      Pages: 1 - 2
      Abstract: Robert William Pickles
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):1-2

      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):1-2
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_99_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Post-COVID-19: Looking back to move forward in health professions
           education

    • Authors: Ajay Telang
      Pages: 3 - 4
      Abstract: Ajay Telang
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):3-4

      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):3-4
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_114_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Telecollaboration: Telementorship for epilepsy surgery services in
           resource: Challenged lower-middle-income countries environs – A
           model and proof of concept

    • Authors: George Chandy Vilanilam, Mathew Abraham, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Ravish R Keni, Sunethra Senanayake, Deepal Attanayake, Jalal Uddin Muhammed Rumi, NA Sai Kiran, Ravi Gopal Varma, Forhad Hossain Chowdhury, Ramshekhar Menon, Bejoy Thomas, Easwer Hariharan Venkat
      Pages: 5 - 18
      Abstract: George Chandy Vilanilam, Mathew Abraham, Ashalatha Radhakrishnan, Ravish R Keni, Sunethra Senanayake, Deepal Attanayake, Jalal Uddin Muhammed Rumi, NA Sai Kiran, Ravi Gopal Varma, Forhad Hossain Chowdhury, Ramshekhar Menon, Bejoy Thomas, Easwer Hariharan Venkat
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):5-18
      Background and Aim: Although 80% of people with epilepsy live in low and lower-middle-income countries (LMIC), epilepsy surgery (ES) has reached very few of its potential beneficiaries in these nations. This imbalance could be overcome by telecollaboration ES, aided by the burgeoning digital penetration in LMIC. We aimed to propose a telecollaboration-mentorship model for resource-limited LMIC environs to initiate, sustain, and expand ES centers. We also aimed to assess the model's feasibility and provide a proof of concept. Materials and Methods: Five mentee centers (level 3 epilepsy centers) across three LMIC under the mentorship of a tertiary comprehensive epilepsy care center (level 4) were part of the telecollaboration-mentorship model. This model was used for surgical candidacy selection, intraoperative surgical support, and postoperative outcome assessment at the mentee centers, using both asynchronous and synchronous telecollaboration exchanges. Results: Nineteen patients across five centers and three LMIC underwent ES as part of the telecollaboration-mentorship program from 2018 to 2021. Sixty-eight telemedicine exchanges (average 3.5/patient), 42 asynchronous (email, text message, multimedia message), and 26 synchronous (phone call, video call, video conference) were made in the preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative period. Worthwhile seizure outcome (Engel Class I, II) was achieved in 17 patients (89.4%) at a mean duration of follow-up of 13.5 months (standard deviation 10.9). Conclusion: The telecollaboration-mentorship model is a feasible, sustainable scalable, and replicable mechanism to expand the outreach of surgical care in epilepsy, especially in resource-constrained LMIC environs. It holds the potential to overcome the “ES divide” between LMIC and high-income countries and reduce the surgical treatment gap with acceptable surgical outcomes.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):5-18
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_105_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Indications and prescription pattern of electroconvulsive therapy: A
           5-year retrospective medical record review of inpatients in a tertiary
           care center

    • Authors: V Subbalakshmi Kota, V. V. Jagadeesh Settem, Khyati Roy
      Pages: 19 - 23
      Abstract: V Subbalakshmi Kota, V. V. Jagadeesh Settem, Khyati Roy
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):19-23
      Background and Aim: With the advent of pharmacological agents, there were many changes in prescription patterns for modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) over time across the globe. This study aims to evaluate the main indications and prescription patterns of MECT in a tertiary care center. Materials and Methods: A retrospective medical record review was done in a tertiary care hospital after the institutional ethics committee approval, accessing the MECT records of 310 patients who underwent the procedure during the 5-year study period using a semi-structured pro forma. Results: In our file review, we found that the most common diagnosis, for which MECT was prescribed, was schizophrenia 146 cases (47%), and the common indication was augmentation of therapy/to speed up the rate of improvement. Depressive disorder was the primary diagnosis in 81 (26%) cases followed by mania in 46 (15%) cases. Among the major symptomatology which led to the primary use of MECT, suicidality accounted for 72 (23.2%) cases and catatonia in 34 (11%) cases. The mean number of MECTs during the course was 6.4 (2.5) in bipolar disorder, and in schizophrenia, it was 6.3 (2.3). A response rate of 85% was observed. Patient acceptability of MECT was good as only seven (2.3%) patients withdrew consent after initiation of treatment. Conclusion: Most common diagnosis, for which MECT was prescribed, was schizophrenia followed by depression. MECT was most commonly used as an augmentation strategy; however, in case of depression, it was used as first line of management. Response rate to MECT and acceptability were good in majority.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):19-23
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_267_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Contracting infection among registered nurses working in coronavirus
           disease units: A qualitative case series

    • Authors: Seema Verma, Mahalingam Venkateshan, Asha P Shetty
      Pages: 24 - 31
      Abstract: Seema Verma, Mahalingam Venkateshan, Asha P Shetty
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):24-31
      Background and Aim: Nurses are the backbone of any health system, providing quality care to the patients in the Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. They are working as frontline warriors in this pandemic and giving their services in such challenging and difficult situations. Since nurses have high rates of exposure they are at risk of getting the SARS CoV-2 infection. The aim of the study is to explore the contributing factors for (COVID-19) infection among nurses working in COVID-2019 units. Background: Nurses are the backbone of any health system, providing quality care to the patients in this COVID pandemic. They are working as a frontline warrior in this COVID-19 pandemic and giving their services in such difficult situations. Nurses have direct patient contact which makes them at risk of getting an infection. Materials and Methods: A qualitative case series design was carried out using conventional thematic analysis through an inductive approach to explore the factors. Fourteen nurses who have turned COVID-19 positive within 7 days of their last working exposure to COVID units were interviewed using the maximum variation purposive sampling technique. Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research guidelines were used to report the study. Results: Nurses reported prolonged exposure to COVID-19 patients; challenges in the patient care environment, biological disequilibrium, and exposure to a non-COVID zone were the major factors contributing factors. Conclusion: It is necessary to make policies on regulating the adequate manpower (both number and gender adequacy) in various COVID units, training of every nurse, rotation of COVID duties among various teams, regular health checkups of nurses, and smart monitoring of COVID units.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):24-31
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_237_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence and risk factors associated with the development of severe
           pelvic organ prolapse in the University of Maiduguri teaching hospital,
           Nigeria

    • Authors: Ado Danazumi Geidam, Danladi Joseph Goje
      Pages: 32 - 36
      Abstract: Ado Danazumi Geidam, Danladi Joseph Goje
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):32-36
      Background and Aim: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common gynecological disorder that negatively affects women's quality of life, especially if it is severe. Its burden has increased because of increased in life expectancy. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, risk factors, and the factors associated with the development of severe POP in our environment. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review of cases of POP managed at the University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria, over 10 years (January 2010–December 2019). Information including sociodemographic and risk factors were obtained from the gynecological ward register, case files, and theater records using a pro forma designed for the study. Data analysis was done using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. Multinomial regression analysis was used to determine factors that are independently associated with severe POP. Results: The prevalence of POP is 1.8%. The majority of the patients, 73% (54/74) were grand multipara and 64.9% (48/74) were postmenopausal. Home delivery 83.8% (62/74) and difficult labor 73.0% (54/74) were found to be the common risk factors. In 41.9% (31/74) of the cases, the POP was severe. Multivariate analysis showed postmenopausal status OR 10.7 (95% CI 1.39–82.56, P = 0.023), heavy lifting OR 13.7 (95% CI 1.73–108.75, P = 0.013), age ≥50 years OR 22.4 (95% CI 1.26–397.08, P = 0.034), and being unmarried OR 16.2 (95% CI 2.22–118.64, P = 0.006) to be independently associated with severe POP. Conclusion: POP is not uncommon in our environment with about half of the patients having severe disease. Postmenopausal status, heavy lifting, age ≥50 years, and being unmarried were independently associated with severe POP.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):32-36
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_199_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effect of foam rolling of quadriceps, hamstring, and IT band on knee
           passive range of motion and physical function in patients with
           patellofemoral pain syndrome - Randomized controlled trial

    • Authors: Shlesha Maulik Vaidya
      Pages: 37 - 41
      Abstract: Shlesha Maulik Vaidya
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):37-41
      Background and Aim: There are several techniques for limited and painful knee flexion, but there are very few evidences about the effect of foam rolling in patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). A Randomized control study was designed to determine the effect of foam rolling as well as of stretching on knee passive range of motion (ROM) and functional status in patients with patellofemoral pain and to compare the effect with that of static stretching. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients diagnosed with chronic knee pain were randomized into two groups (experimental and controlled groups) with 15 subjects in each group. The experimental group received foam rolling exercises on quadriceps, hamstring, and IT band muscles. Passive stretching of all the abovementioned muscles was given to the controlled group. The intervention was given for 3 alternate days per week for 4 weeks per patient. Strengthening exercises were given to both the groups. Outcome measures were passive ROM and knee injury and osteoarthritis outcome score scale. Results: Within-group analysis (P < 0.05) showed that both the interventions had a significant effect on passive range of motion and physical function in patients with PFPS. However, intergroup analysis (P > 0.05) showed that there is no significant difference between the two groups in terms of outcome measure. Conclusion: Both foam rolling and conventional treatment (stretching) are effective in improving knee ROM and functional status in patients with PFPS. However, the myofascial release (foam rolling) treatment showed slightly better (however, not significant) clinical improvement in terms of improving knee ROM and functional status in patients with PFPS.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):37-41
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_305_20
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Knowledge, beliefs, barriers, acceptance, and encouragement cues
           associated with COVID-19 vaccination among health-care workers in India

    • Authors: Varchasvi Mudgal, Vijay Niranjan, Pali Rastogi, Priyash Jain
      Pages: 42 - 49
      Abstract: Varchasvi Mudgal, Vijay Niranjan, Pali Rastogi, Priyash Jain
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):42-49
      Background and Aim: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a viral pandemic that has infected millions of people that has caused the loss of human lives on an unprecedented scale. India being the second-most populous country in the world has been severely impacted by COVID-19. India began its vaccination drive on 16th January 2021 with a huge burden of 1.3 billion people to be vaccinated. Various factors play their role to predict the success or failure of a vaccination drive. The study was aimed to assess knowledge, belief, barriers, and acceptance of the COVID-19 vaccine among healthcare workers of a tertiary care centre. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on healthcare workers (HCW) in February 2021. 120 HCWs participated in the study after providing their consent. Data were collected using a semi-structured proforma which included basic sociodemographic details, a questionnaire about acceptance, knowledge, beliefs, and barriers against the COVID-19 vaccine. Results: The mean age of the sample was found to be 36.5 years. Average knowledge, calculated by assessing the mean responses to all the questions pertaining to knowledge, was found to be 78%, while an average of 73.5% had positive beliefs regarding the vaccine for COVID-19. Concern over side effects and doubts over vaccine efficacy turned out to be the greatest barriers contributing to vaccine hesitancy. Acceptance rates of 87.4% were obtained across all the samples. Conclusion: Physician recommendation, acceptance by peers or family, and more studies to prove vaccine efficacy was widely acceptable cues to encourage vaccination. The study with its key findings could be a helpful aid in policymaking to boost India's vaccination drive.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):42-49
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_206_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Square-stepping exercises versus conventional exercises on cognition and
           risk of fall in postmenopausal women: A randomized control trial

    • Authors: Roopa R Desai, Nikita Sunil Rathi, Tushar J Palekar
      Pages: 50 - 54
      Abstract: Roopa R Desai, Nikita Sunil Rathi, Tushar J Palekar
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):50-54
      Background and Aim: Menopause is the cessation of menstruation resulting from the loss of ovarian follicular activity. During menopause, there is a loss of estrogen which diminishes protective reflexes, increment bone resorption, thus speeding up bone loss. This has been seen as significant factor for decline in postural balance. Functional imaging shows that estrogen also regulates neural movement during the execution of intellectual assignments. Thus, women attaining menopause complain of issues with memory. The aim of this study was to compare square-stepping exercises (SSEs) and conventional physiotherapy training on cognition and risk of fall. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five postmenopausal women, attained >5 years of menopause up to 65 years of age were included in the study and were randomly allocated into SSEs Group A (n = 18) and conventional physiotherapy training Group B (n = 17). Cognition was assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment and balance was assessed by the Berg's Balance Scale at pre, post-2 weeks, and post-4 weeks of intervention. Results: Paired t-test and unpaired t-test were used for within and between-group analysis for Berg's Balance Scale. Wilcoxon test was used for within-group analysis and Mann–Whitney test was used for between-group analysis for Montreal Cognitive Assessment. The level of significance was determined by P < 0.05 at 95% confidence interval. Statistically significant improvements were seen in both groups (P < 0.05), whereas between-group analysis, there was no significant difference with P > 0.05. Conclusion: Both types of exercise protocol were equally effective in improving cognition and preventing the risk of fall in postmenopausal women.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):50-54
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_197_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Strategies for promoting treatment adherence in schizophrenia

    • Authors: Nagesh B Pai, Shae-Leigh C Vella
      Pages: 55 - 58
      Abstract: Nagesh B Pai, Shae-Leigh C Vella
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):55-58
      Promoting treatment adherence in schizophrenia remains a primary challenge, with nonadherence resulting in a range of challenges across the biological, social, and psychological spectrum. While unknown nonadherence is a central cause of failed psychopharmacological treatment resulting in the initiation of more complex treatment regimens and higher antipsychotic doses, leading to a cycle of further unknown nonadherence and illness exacerbation. This article reviews the importance of treatment adherence including a discussion that can be utilized for promoting treatment adherence in schizophrenia. The following strategies are discussed; the importance of the therapeutic alliance, the use of motivational interviewing, nonpharmacological interventions, pharmacological interventions, and long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics. The article concludes by restating the importance of treatment adherence in schizophrenia and making the patient aware of the consequences of nonadherence. Further, the role of LAI antipsychotics in adherence is highlighted.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):55-58
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_55_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Neuropeptides in psychiatry

    • Authors: Vatsal Suchak, Shashwath Sathyanath, Anil Kakunje
      Pages: 59 - 67
      Abstract: Vatsal Suchak, Shashwath Sathyanath, Anil Kakunje
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):59-67
      In the past few decades, the apprehension of the human brain is on the rise. There has been vast research in the past decades which have contributed not just to structural form, but even to neuroanatomical, neurophysiological, and neurochemical correlates. In terms of neurochemistry, neurotransmitters already had a principal role. However, recently, attention is drawn to neuropeptides and their role in various physiological and pathological effects on the human body. The purpose of the present article is to review data in general about the relevance of neuropeptides in psychiatry. Our article highlights the findings of previous studies concerning the role of neuropeptides in various psychiatric disorders and its implications as a target for future treatment modalities.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):59-67
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_91_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Gestational diabetes mellitus and preeclampsia: An increased risk to
           COVID-19?

    • Authors: Sayuri Padayachee, Nalini Govender, Thajasvarie Naicker
      Pages: 68 - 75
      Abstract: Sayuri Padayachee, Nalini Govender, Thajasvarie Naicker
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):68-75
      Both gestational diabetes and preeclampsia (PE) are characterized by anti-angiogenic response, endothelial injury, and dysfunction of the maternal vasculature. The ensuing high blood pressure emanates from a renin-angiotensin-system imbalance. The angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) receptor has been implicated in severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) entry, and emerging data are in favor of PE development in pregnant women with COVID-19 infection. This review examines the effects of SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus and/or preeclampsia (PE). An online search of all published literature was done through PubMed, Google Scholar, Medline complete, The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), and Web of Science, using the MeSH terms “COVID-19,” “SARS-CoV-2,” “coronavirus,” “gestational diabetes,” “hyperglycemia” and “preeclampsia.” Only articles that were directly applicable to gestational diabetes and PE in COVID-19 was reviewed. We report that up-regulation of ACE2 leads to the overexpression of angiotensin II and AT1 receptor activity (Ang II/AT1). As the damaging effects of Ang II are intensified, SARS-CoV-2 stimulates ACE2 placental activity and Ang II-mediated sFlt-1 expression may contribute to the endothelial damage in SARS-CoV-2 infection through increasing Ang II/AT1 receptor interaction and/or hypoxia-inducible factor-1. This review provides an insight into the association between SARS-CoV-2 infection, gestational diabetes, and PE. As a result of the shared pathogenic traits, we assume that the anti-angiogenic milieu in high-risk pregnancies aggravates the susceptibility of a pregnant woman to high COVID-19 morbidity and mortality. In light of the growing burden of COVID-19 on global health-care systems, we highlight the urgency for appropriate management, treatment, and educational strategies to effectively control glycemic index in pregnancy.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):68-75
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_288_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Cribriform hyperplasia of epididymis: A diagnostic pitfall for surgical
           pathologists

    • Authors: Savithri Ravindra, CP Manjula
      Pages: 76 - 77
      Abstract: Savithri Ravindra, CP Manjula
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):76-77
      Epididymal tubules are lined by tall columnar ciliated cells with central round lumina. Epididymis exhibits wide variations in histology, having very little clinical significance. However, they pose a diagnostic challenge for the reporting pathologists. Cribriform hyperplasia of the epididymis is reported in animals such as rats, cats, dogs, mice, and bulls, in addition to men. We report an incidental finding of cribriform hyperplasia of the epididymis in a specimen of torsion testis.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):76-77
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_260_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Immunoglobulin G4-Related ophthalmic disease and aortitis

    • Authors: Mingshu Cai, Demetrius Voutnis, Balakrishnan R Nair
      Pages: 78 - 80
      Abstract: Mingshu Cai, Demetrius Voutnis, Balakrishnan R Nair
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):78-80
      Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated inflammatory condition which is a relatively new clinical entity that can have various clinical manifestations. Our understanding of its pathogenesis is rapidly evolving and many theories have been proposed. The determinants of clinical phenotypes in various populations remain unclear. We report a case of IgG4-RD involving the extraocular muscles and aorta in an elderly male who improved with oral prednisolone. We also provided an overview of the current literature on the disease.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):78-80
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_71_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Giant sacral xanthoma in familial hypercholesterolemia

    • Authors: Abha Singh, Neha Aggarwal, Sunayana Misra
      Pages: 81 - 83
      Abstract: Abha Singh, Neha Aggarwal, Sunayana Misra
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):81-83
      A 28-year-old male patient presented with multiple large, superficial, nodular masses in his elbows, buttocks, knees, Achilles tendons, feet, shoulders, and hands along with small xanthomatous lesions on the face, inner epicanthal region; largest mass being in the sacral region measuring 15 cm × 12 cm × 8 cm. The patient also presented with an elevated level of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and was diagnosed with familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) presenting with multiple xanthomas. Local surgical excision was performed to remove the massive xanthoma from the sacrum, histopathology of which showed sheets of foamy lipid-laden histiocytes dissecting through the dermis and subcutaneous fat. The presence of long standing and/or multiple xanthomas often indicates severe and long-term FH. A thorough systemic workup is needed for such patients, especially to rule out cardiovascular complications so that lipid-lowering agents and dietary modifications can be initiated early on. We present the case of a young male patient with FH presenting with multiple large tuberous xanthomas all over the body.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):81-83
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_215_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • A case of isolated wide pulp chambers in second premolars along with
           enamel hypoplasia - Dentinogenesis imperfecta - A diagnostic dilemma

    • Authors: Vela D Desai
      Pages: 84 - 86
      Abstract: Vela D Desai
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):84-86
      Dentinogenesis Imperfecta is a rare hereditary dentin developmental disorder that affects both primary and permanent dentition. It is characterized by discolored and translucent teeth ranging from gray to brownish-blue/amber. The enamel may split readily from the dentin when subjected to occlusal stress. Radiographically, there is evidence of cervical construction, short root, and pulp chambers, whereas the root canals are smaller than normal or completely obliterated. Here, the author presents the case of a 28-year-old male with generalized enamel hypoplasia and isolated distinctly translucent second premolars in three quadrants along with root changes. Unlike the classical representation of generalized involvement of the teeth, this case differs and needs to be documented. A thorough history, careful clinical, and radiographic observation are the key to early diagnosis and management of such a rare entity.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):84-86
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_286_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Primary low-grade extrauterine endometrial stromal sarcoma with sex cord
           elements involving the omentum: A case report with review of literature

    • Authors: Chikkanaganna P Manjula, V Suguna Beluru, B. K. Hanumantha Raju, Naina Mary Simon
      Pages: 87 - 90
      Abstract: Chikkanaganna P Manjula, V Suguna Beluru, B. K. Hanumantha Raju, Naina Mary Simon
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):87-90
      Endometrial stromal sarcoma (ESS) is a rare mesenchymal neoplasm, accounting for 0.2% of all uterine malignancies. They also occur in extrauterine locations such as ovaries, rectal wall, pelvic peritoneum, and vagina, where it is associated with endometriosis. Here, we present a case of extrauterine ESS of the omentum, which resembled a urachal cyst on imaging studies. Intraoperatively, the bladder was normal, and multiple solid cystic nodules were noted in the omentum. Histopathological examination revealed features of spindle cell neoplasm. Immunohistochemistry helped in arriving at the final diagnosis of low-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma with sex cord-like elements. However, extensive sampling did not reveal endometriotic foci. Further investigations to search for a primary lesion in the female genital tract were futile, and patient remained asymptomatic 2 years after surgery. Like in uterine ESS, surgery remains the mainstay of treatment.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):87-90
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_6_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Ancient schwannoma: A rare case report in a 10-year-old child at an
           unusual site

    • Authors: Sarita Asotra, Gauri Nakra, Vineet Aggarwal
      Pages: 91 - 94
      Abstract: Sarita Asotra, Gauri Nakra, Vineet Aggarwal
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):91-94
      Schwannoma is a relatively uncommon, slow-growing, benign tumor that is derived apparently from the Schwann cells lining the nerve sheath. Its most common locations are the flexor surfaces of the extremities, neck, mediastinum, retroperitoneum, posterior spinal roots, and cerebellopontine angle, the occurrence on the lower limbs accounts for 1% of all cases. Ancient schwannoma is considered as a variant of schwannoma, comprising about 10% of all schwannomas. The long-standing schwannoma attributes to degenerative changes and is termed “ancient” schwannoma. We report a rare case of ancient schwannoma of the calf region in a 10-year-old child.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):91-94
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_39_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • True talon cusp associated with cleft lip and palate: A rare case report

    • Authors: Bhavana Inderchand, Bhavna Dave, Prateek Kariya, Lipsa Shah
      Pages: 95 - 98
      Abstract: Bhavana Inderchand, Bhavna Dave, Prateek Kariya, Lipsa Shah
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):95-98
      Talon cusp is a rare dental anomaly in which a cusp-like structure projects from the cingulum area or cementoenamel junction of the maxillary or mandibular anterior teeth. This unusual cusp resembles the talon of an eagle. It can be found in both the primary and permanent dentitions. A comprehensive literature study reveals that only 37 examples of talon cusps in the primary dentition have been described, with only 3 cases reporting this anomaly on the primary maxillary lateral incisor. We present a male patient with cleft lip and palate having primary lateral incisor talon cusp. The clinical implications of this anomaly, as well as the dispute over its etiology, are reviewed.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):95-98
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_49_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Alveolar soft part sarcoma: A rare diagnosis

    • Authors: Sarita Asotra, Ankita Sharma, Lexmi Vijayamohanan
      Pages: 99 - 101
      Abstract: Sarita Asotra, Ankita Sharma, Lexmi Vijayamohanan
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):99-101
      Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is an extremely rare sarcoma. It is a malignant soft tissue tumor that arises in the muscles, commonly seen in the age group between 15 and 35 years of age with slight increased predilection in young women. Clinically, it presents as a painless, slow-growing lesion principally around the lower limb or limb–girdle with a propensity for recurrence and metastasis. Clinically, it can be confused with a hemangioma or arteriovenous malformations. We report a case of ASPS in a 36-year-old female with pain and swelling over the anterior aspect of the right thigh without any features of metastasis, who has been treated with excision of the symptomatic lesion followed by chemotherapy.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):99-101
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_247_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Gastrointestinal stromal tumor of jejunum presenting as a pelvic mass: A
           rare case report and review of literature

    • Authors: Banwari Lal Bairwa
      Pages: 102 - 104
      Abstract: Banwari Lal Bairwa
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):102-104
      Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are mesenchymal in origin and quite rare in the gastrointestinal system. Jejunal GISTs are extremely rare, approximately 0.1%–3% of all gastrointestinal (GI) tumors. The stomach is the most common site while small intestine (usually duodenum) is the second most common site in the GI tract. The clinical manifestations of GISTs range from asymptomatic to mild abdominal pain, mass, mechanical obstruction, and intestinal hemorrhage as well as perforation. Final diagnosis is made by combined histopathological examination (HPE) and immunohistochemistry (IHC) examination of resected specimen. Here, we present the rare case of jejunal GIST as pelvis mass in 48-year-old gentleman. The patient presented with pain abdomen and heaviness in lower abdomen. On contrast-enhanced computed tomography abdomen, diagnosis of pelvic mass was made. Exploratory laparotomy was done. A solid mass measuring 6 cm × 8 cm arising from antimesenteric border of proximal jejunum found into pelvic cavity. Jejunal segment with tumor resected and anastomosis done. HPE and IHC confirmed intermediate grade GIST of the jejunum. Imatinib mesylate was initiated due to probability of disease recurrence (24%). Carefully complete surgical excision and adjuvant therapy with imatinib is the cornerstone of intermediate to high degree GISTs.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):102-104
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_306_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effect of hand arm bimanual intensive therapy on upper limb function in
           young stroke

    • Authors: Shradha Shah, Ashwini Kale, Vibhuti Tiwari
      Pages: 105 - 108
      Abstract: Shradha Shah, Ashwini Kale, Vibhuti Tiwari
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):105-108
      Young stroke comprises of 10%–15% of all stroke patients. However, compared with stroke in older adults, stroke in the young have disproportionately large economic impact by leaving victims disabled before their most productive years. Stroke leads to chronic functional impairments of upper limb and hand. Hence, we aimed to explore the effect of hand-arm bimanual intensive training (HABIT) on the recovery of upper limb function in young stroke patient. The study is a case of a 30-year-old male patient admitted to the outpatient department with right-sided hemiplegia and sensory aphasia. The patient was engaged in HABIT for 2 h a day for a continuous duration of 3 months and the training showed remarkable improvement in Fugl-Meyer assessment-upper extremity and Motor Activity Log scores. The results suggest that HABIT appears to be efficacious in improving upper limb function in young stroke.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):105-108
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_36_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Endometrial clear cell carcinoma with leiomyoma and adenomyosis in a
           postmenopausal lady - A case report with review

    • Authors: Pranita Mohanty, Anima Hota, Ajit S Mohapatra, T Govardhan
      Pages: 109 - 111
      Abstract: Pranita Mohanty, Anima Hota, Ajit S Mohapatra, T Govardhan
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):109-111
      Endometrial cancer (EC) is the 6th most common cancer in women and endometrial clear cell carcinoma (CCC) comprised 2% of it. The association of uterine leiomyoma (UL) and adenomyosis (AM) with endometrioid variant of EC is well established, especially in postmenopausal women. Although the pathogenesis is still debatable, their presence with CCC is extremely uncommon. Moreover, the relation between CCC, AM, and UL is not yet validated because of limited data. Here, we report such a case of CCA associated with leiomyoma and AM in a 58-year-old postmenopausal Indian woman who presented with complaints of vaginal bleeding and watery discharge. She underwent hysterectomy and histopathology revealed CCC with multiple ULs and foci of AM, but there was no evidence of tumor transitioning from adenomyotic foci. This case study was aimed to evaluate if there really exists any clinicopathological correlation, tumor progression, and prognostic significance or simply this was a coexistence of all three entities.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):109-111
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_224_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Big data in clinical sciences-value, impact, and fallacies

    • Authors: Liya Abraham, George C Vilanilam
      Pages: 112 - 117
      Abstract: Liya Abraham, George C Vilanilam
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):112-117
      The ever-burgeoning healthcare enigmata may find their answers in Big Data. When data cannot be collected, curated, managed, and processed by commonly used software tools within a requisite time frame, they are referred to as Big Data. We put forth a narrative review on the evolution and spectrum of the clinical applications of Big Data across medical and surgical sciences, evaluating their impact and cautioning about their potential fallibilities. There is an explosion of health care data generated as a byproduct of clinical care and research in the digital information era. The challenge lies in converting these unstructured datasets into clinical wisdom and practice-defining insights. Big data provides information on the quality of health care, resource utilization, public health deficiencies, research hypothesis creation, and overall holds the potential to revolutionize clinical sciences. Several fallacies of big data like data inaccuracies, privacy, confidentiality, proprietary concerns, and caveats in data analysis algorithms may misdirect the lessons from big data.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):112-117
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_296_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Problematic internet use among adolescents and the impact of COVID-19
           pandemic on mental health: An overview

    • Authors: Avinash Joe, A. T Safeekh, S Malarmathi
      Pages: 118 - 125
      Abstract: Avinash Joe, A. T Safeekh, S Malarmathi
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):118-125
      Adolescents are a vulnerable population to problematic Internet use. Although it is considered a behavioral addiction, there is a lack of unified definition and criteria, and the current models are derived from substance dependence and their validity is yet to be established. At present, the Internet has become an integral part of everyday life and further explication is needed on what constitutes problematic Internet use. Unrealistic expectations, the need for excitement, risky behaviors, addictive temptations, and late bedtime in adolescents can lead to addiction. The Internet provides anonymity and at the same time a sense of belongingness and social acceptability to them. The prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) varies across cultures and countries. More than 90% of students stayed at home due to coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic and the technology became necessary to access education and gather information. Flexible daily routine, unlimited Internet access, less parental interference, boredom, and the natural tendency of this age group to use the Internet have led to an increase in IA. Unsupervised screen time and Internet access, lack of identification of at-risk individuals, lack of appropriate interventional strategies, and lack of awareness of mental health have made the scenario more complex, which is often overlooked. Treatment of problematic Internet use is an evolving field and the traditional model of abstinence is not feasible for the management of IA. Cognitive behavioral approaches are promising when combined with other treatments. Psychotropic drugs are found to be effective on comorbid conditions, which, in turn, can help in mitigating the symptoms of IA.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):118-125
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_118_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • History of trepanation and the Indian connection

    • Authors: Ashwin Pai, Girish Menon
      Pages: 126 - 131
      Abstract: Ashwin Pai, Girish Menon
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):126-131
      Trepanation refers to scraping, cutting, or drilling of an opening (or openings) into the cranium and is believed to be one of the earliest surgeries performed on and by man. Fossil evidence of trephined skulls has been found in separate continents throughout ancient history and such discoveries continue to be made even from geographic areas or time periods from which the practice was not previously known. Equally interesting is the evolution of this practice from ancient times to the modern neurosurgical era. This review seeks to define a framework around the history of cranial trepanation and tries to understand the various different interpretations of the origin and etiology of the art of cranial trepanation, starting in the prehistoric era. The contribution of ancient Indian medicine toward the progress of this branch of surgical expertise is also discussed.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):126-131
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_96_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Fordyce spots of buccal mucosa

    • Authors: Soumyajit Das, Satvinder Singh Bakshi
      Pages: 132 - 133
      Abstract: Soumyajit Das, Satvinder Singh Bakshi
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):132-133
      Fordyce spots, also known as Fordyce glands, are enlarged ectopic sebaceous glands. The diagnosis is mainly clinical. These lesions appear as asymptomatic, isolated or scattered, grouped minute (pinhead-sized, “dust-like”), creamy yellow, discrete papules. The clinical significance Fordyce spots over the oral mucosa are reported rarely and is known to have an array of clinical mimics such as malignancies of oral mucosa. They are also often mistaken for a fungal infection or lichen planus papules. Fordyce spots should be differentiated from milia and sebaceous hyperplasia. These pseudo lesions of the oral mucosa do not require any intervention apart from reassurance in view of the benign nature of the condition.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):132-133
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_276_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Envisaging the planning and implementation of diversity education as an
           integral component of medical curriculum

    • Authors: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava
      Pages: 134 - 135
      Abstract: Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):134-135

      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):134-135
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_300_20
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Career Intentions, Choices, and Motivation of Undergraduate Dental
           Students toward Dentistry

    • Authors: Maryam Siddiqui, Amina Sultan, Abhishek Mehta, Akanksha Juneja
      Pages: 136 - 140
      Abstract: Maryam Siddiqui, Amina Sultan, Abhishek Mehta, Akanksha Juneja
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):136-140
      Students studying healthcare related professional courses like dentistry are future role models and leaders of our society. It is imperative that only interested and motivated candidates join dental profession because of amount of time and resources involved. The aims of this survey were to study the intentions, motivation, and selection of dentistry as a profession by the dental students. Data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted among 500 undergraduate dental students and interns of two government (n = 250) and one private dental college (n = 250) located in National Capital Region (NCR) of Delhi, India. Majority of respondents were females and were residing in urban area. Students of government dental college were significantly more inclined to continue with their profession. Oral and maxillofacial surgery was the most sought after branch of dentistry to pursue post-graduation by the study participants. This study highlighted some important factors for selecting and continuing dentistry as a profession. Majority of students indicated that dentistry was not their first choice of career. There is a need to educate students about their preferred career choices and its future aspects before joining the course.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):136-140
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_61_22
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The effectiveness of mind mapping as a learning strategy in promoting
           information retrieval among II MBBS students

    • Authors: Tejeswini Vaddatti, B Chaitra, Pretesh Kiran, Inuganti V Renuka, Kasula Laxmi, Ramya Potti
      Pages: 141 - 145
      Abstract: Tejeswini Vaddatti, B Chaitra, Pretesh Kiran, Inuganti V Renuka, Kasula Laxmi, Ramya Potti
      Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):141-145
      In medical curriculum, shift to self-directed student-centered learning is required. The mind maps are multisensory tools that help students organize, integrate, and retain information. This study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of mind mapping in information retrieval and assess the perceptions of II MBBS students. An interventional crossover study conducted on II MBBS students who were divided into two equal groups. One group learned by conventional reading and the other group by mind mapping. The groups were swapped for the second topic. Knowledge gained assessed before the study, immediately after the session and after 1 month. The scores analyzed by independent t-test with P < 0.05 considered significant. Effect size was calculated and Cohen's d scores equal to 0.2 considered small effect, while 0.5 as moderate and 0.8 as large effect. A validated questionnaire used to assess perceptions of students. This study showed that the knowledge gained in immediate posttest and the information retrieved after 1 month for both topics were higher with mind mapping than traditional learning. Effect size also showed that mind mapping as more effective learning strategy over conventional reading. The majority of the students were positive toward mind mapping. It was evident from this study that the gain in knowledge and information retrieval is better by mind mapping. Students perceived mind mapping as a useful and effective learning strategy, which can be implemented as a routine method.
      Citation: Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences 2022 10(1):141-145
      PubDate: Thu,23 Jun 2022
      DOI: 10.4103/amhs.amhs_120_21
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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