Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1572 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (744 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (390 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (115 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (133 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (744 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 299)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Research In Health And Social Sciences: Interface And Interaction     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access  
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2174-8144 - ISSN (Online) 2254-9625
Published by MDPI Homepage  [238 journals]
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1107-1119: Workplace Incivility and Job
           Satisfaction: Mediation of Subjective Well-Being and Moderation of
           Forgiveness Climate in Health Care Sector

    • Authors: Khan, Elahi, Abid
      First page: 1107
      Abstract: Our study investigates the role of subjective well-being and forgiveness climate between workplace incivility and job satisfaction. Drawing on conservation of resource theory, we proposed a model in which workplace incivility is associated with job satisfaction through subjective wellbeing, and forgiveness climate moderates this association. Data was collected through a survey method from 672 nurses and doctors in the health care sector at two different times. Respondents completed workplace incivility and subjective well-being scale at Time 1, and a forgiveness climate and job satisfaction scale at time 2. Findings through PROCESS Macros (Model 5) show that workplace incivility has a negative influence on job satisfaction and subjective well-being. Subjective well-being plays a mediating role in the negative effect of workplace incivility on job satisfaction. Moreover, forgiveness climate moderates the relationship between workplace incivility and job satisfaction. The implications for practice and research are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040082
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1120-1133: Psychological Factors Explaining
           Perceived Impact of COVID-19 on Travel

    • Authors: José Magano, Diogo Guedes Vidal, Hélder Fernando Pedrosa e Sousa, Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis, Ângela Leite
      First page: 1120
      Abstract: This cross-sectional study aims to determine the psychological factors that contribute to the perceived impact of COVID-19 on travel using a convenience sample (N = 1122) from the general population to whom instruments assessing the perception of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on travel, anxiety, fear, phobia, risk perception, and stress were applied. The participants were mainly female (65.6%), had not attended university, and who were professionally active, with a mean age of around 30-years-old (M = 31.91, SD = 13.76, Min = 18, Max = 81). The perceived impact of COVID-19 on travel correlates with all of the psychological variables, mainly in terms of the emotional fear of COVID-19. Together with the perceived risk of COVID-19, social phobia due to COVID-19, and COVID-19 stress contamination, these variables explain 20% of the perceived impact of COVID-19 on travel variance. The relationship between COVID-19 stress socio-economic consequences and the perception of the pandemic’s impact on travel is moderated by the emotional perceived risk of COVID-19. Fear and perception of this risk explain the impact of the COVID-19 on travel in pandemic times, suggesting that the psychological impact of fear and anxiety induced by the pandemic needs to be handled as a public health priority.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040083
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1134-1155: The Italian School Psychologists’
           Role: A Qualitative Study about Professional Practices and Representations
           

    • Authors: Claudia Meroni, Laura Fagnani, Emanuela Confalonieri, Davide Baventore, Veronica Velasco
      First page: 1134
      Abstract: School psychologists’ relevance has been broadly affirmed. However, there is no shared definition of their professional role, and more efforts are needed to promote an organisational and whole-school approach. The present study aims to investigate practices and representations of Italian school psychologists, advance knowledge of the status and development of school psychology, and learn more about the approaches currently adopted in schools. A qualitative method was used and 11 focus groups with a total of 86 participants were carried out. Ad hoc instruments were defined. The results highlighted that school psychologists are more focused on building one-on-one relationships, whereas relationships with the organisation as a whole appear to be more difficult. However, participants reported a wide range of activities, targeted to both the individual and the organisation. Moreover, efforts to strengthen the relationships with school principals and the entire school community were described. Specific needs emerged and the necessity to better define the school psychologists’ role was reported by the participants. More efforts are needed to promote an organisational approach among Italian school psychologists and specific training should be offered.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040084
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1156-1165: Dietary Habits and Musculoskeletal Pain
           in Statin and Red Yeast Rice Users: A Pilot Study

    • Authors: Anna Raguzzini, Elisabetta Toti, Maura Palmery, Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim, Ilaria Peluso
      First page: 1156
      Abstract: (1) Background: Diet and statins are commonly used to treat high cholesterol (CHOL) levels. (2) Aim: To compare adherence to Mediterranean diet (Med-D), orthorexia nervosa (ON), and musculoskeletal pain in individuals in treatment with statins metabolized by CYP3A4, not metabolized by CYP3A4 or red yeast rice (RYR, containing monacolin K: MON-K). (3) Methods: starting from 80 individuals, after the exclusion of those with other causes of possible pain, 56 individuals were selected and divided into three groups according to the type of statin (CYP3A4, NO-CYP3A4 and MON-K). Adherence to the Med-D was evaluated with the MEDScore and a sub-score was calculated for fruit and vegetables consumption (MEDScore-FV). ON and musculoskeletal pain were assessed with the ORTO-15 and with the Nordic Musculoskeletal questionnaires, respectively. A retrospective analysis of CHOL decrease after treatment was conducted. (4) Results: CHOL levels were lower in CYP3A4 and NO-CYP3A4 after treatment (182.4 ± 6.3 and 177.0 ± 7.8 mg/dL, respectively), compared with MON-K (204.2 ± 7.1 mg/dL, p < 0.05). MON-K and CYP3A4 groups had a high prevalence of reported knee pain (33.3% and 18.8%, respectively) than NO-CYP3A4 group (0%, p < 0.05). A high percentage of individuals in MON-K take supplements and nutraceuticals (87.5%), whereas MEDScore-FV was higher in CYP3A4 (9.4 ± 0.2) compared to NO-CYP3A4 (7.6 ± 0.5, p < 0.05). (5) Conclusions: This study suggests that individuals receiving treatment with statins and RYR should be monitored from the perspective of plant foods’ consumption and nutraceutical use, to prevent musculoskeletal pain.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040085
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1166-1180: Physical Spaces in Higher Education as
           Scenarios of Learning Innovation: Compositional and Formative Synergies
           among Architecture, Music, and Fashion

    • Authors: Campos, Luceño, Aguirre
      First page: 1166
      Abstract: Learning innovation is a positive approach on the contemporary higher education international stage. This article stresses the need to devise physical spaces that are also innovative. For that purpose, using a qualitative methodology, we investigated recent trends based on the synergies between certain creative disciplines: architecture, music, and fashion. The comparison was based on compositional features and formative dimension. Using a qualitative methodological comprehensive approach, a set of case studies was analysed. The findings show the usefulness of activating these synergies as effective strategies when enriching educational processes in different ways. Six cases of excellence wherein university physical spaces reached levels of innovation were studied, representing relevant transfers among the three disciplines. The text presents examples that show the educational consequences in the establishment of those synergies, in terms of both composition (music–architecture) and the activation of heritage sites in the city as venues of learning innovation (fashion–architecture). The basic conclusions were based on the fact that the increase in teaching and spatial creativity that emanates from said synergies among the three disciplines can be potentially extrapolated to other areas of knowledge.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040086
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1181-1204: School Health Promotion at the Time of
           COVID-19: An Exploratory Investigation with School Leaders and Teachers

    • Authors: Francesca Brivio, Laura Fagnani, Simona Pezzoli, Ilenia Fontana, Luca Biffi, Alessandro Domenico Mazzaferro, Veronica Velasco, Andrea Greco
      First page: 1181
      Abstract: The Coronavirus pandemic has impacted the entire school population’s emotions and the disruption of the organization of the school world. In this context it is important to reflect on the role of health promotion at school. The present study aimed at exploring school leaders’ and teachers’ perspectives and experiences about COVID-19 pandemic and its effects in the school and education system. The first objective was to gather the experience of school leaders regarding the change in school organization, with particular attention to organizational and health promotion aspects. The second was to investigate the perception of health promotion and self-efficacy of teachers in primary, middle and high schools. The research was conducted using qualitative (focus groups for the school leaders) and quantitative methods (questionnaires for the teachers). The findings showed new ways of improving wellbeing at school and implementing health promotion through the sharing of good practice between school leaders. The need for time and space to reflect among school leaders on the educational and didactic aspects of school organization also emerged. Teachers showed a low to medium level of self-efficacy regarding the adoption of strategies in line with health promotion; specificities for each grade and level will be discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040087
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1205-1220: Effectiveness of a Program to Improve
           Attention towards Affective-Sexual, Bodily and Gender Diversity in
           University Students

    • Authors: Morales-Rodríguez
      First page: 1205
      Abstract: It is necessary for the university environment to contribute to the improvement of the attention paid to affective-sexual, bodily, and gender diversity. This research deals with how, by means of a teaching innovation program, competences for affective-sexual diversity were developed. Specifically, negative attitudes towards diversity, knowledge, and degree of empathy on these issues before and after the implementation of the program are compared. The degree of satisfaction, perceived usefulness, and fulfillment of the objectives proposed in the program were also evaluated. An ex post facto design was used. The participants in this study were 129 students belonging to Educational Sciences and Psychology, out of 2400 who benefited from the innovation program. The results showed an increase in competences related to the attention to diversity, with the improvement of attitudes and knowledge about affective-sexual diversity after the application of the program. It is concluded that this type of innovation program, with quality training, contributes to the improvement of coexistence and the prevention of gender violence in university classrooms, eliminating stereotypes and negative attitudes towards diversity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040088
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1221-1238: Religiosity, Spirituality and
           Biopsychological Age of Professionals in Russia

    • Authors: Anna V. Koteneva, Tatiana N. Berezina, Stanislav A. Rybtsov
      First page: 1221
      Abstract: The challenges of modern civilization resulted in the premature biological and psychological aging of professionals of working age. This phenomenon raises both medical and psychological problems associated with personality factors that affect psychobiological maturity and the rate of aging. The influence of religiosity and spirituality on biopsychological age remains the least studied area of psychology. Progress in this area will help to identify the components of religiosity—predictors of the aging rate of professionals. The sample included 295 people (148 women) aged 24 to 54 years (average age 31.7 years) and consisted of Christians (67.12%), Muslims (5.76%), Buddhists, deists, Shintoists, etc., (7.79%) and atheists (17.29%). The average work experience was 9 years. Using correlation analysis and methods of multivariate linear regression and t-test for independent samples, we found that the religiosity of professionals increases with natural aging and deterioration of their physical condition and does not depend on gender. Religiosity to a greater extent affects psychological age, the indicator of the psychobiological maturity of a professional and, to a lesser extent, biological age. Most of the indicators of religiosity are inherent in a person who is more mature in psychobiological terms. The biological age of professionals increases due to asthenic experiences, while gaining faith in God, unusual religious experiences and the existential meaning of life can reduce it. An increase in the spirituality of professionals is associated with a slowdown in the rate of biological aging.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040089
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1239-1253: The Relationship between Allostasis and
           Mental Health Patterns in a Pre-Deployment French Military Cohort

    • Authors: Marion Trousselard, Damien Claverie, Dominique Fromage, Christel Becker, Jean-Guillaume Houël, Jean-Jacques Benoliel, Frédéric Canini
      First page: 1239
      Abstract: (1) Background: While a number of studies among military personnel focus on specific pathologies such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression, they do not address the cumulative impact on mental health of stressors related to the profession. The present study aims to determine the relationship between allostatic load and mental health status in a cohort of fit-for-duty soldiers prior to their deployment to Afghanistan. The aim is to better-define the consequences of stressor adjustment. (2) Methods: A cohort of 290 soldiers was evaluated in a cross-sectional study with respect to psychopathology (PTSD, anxiety, depression), psychological functioning (stress reactivity, psychological suffering), and allostatic profile (urinary cortisol and 8-iso-PGF2α, blood cortisol and BDNF). A hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify allostatic patterns. (3) Results: Around 10% of the cohort reported high scores for psychopathology, and biological alterations were identified. For the remainder, four allostatic profiles could be identified by their psychological functioning. (4) Conclusions: Both biological and psychological assessments are needed to characterize subthreshold symptomatology among military personnel. The psychological significance of allostatic load should be considered as a way to improve health outcomes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-12
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040090
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1254-1268: The Community of Practice: A Method for
           Cooperative Learning of Occupational Health and Safety Inspectors

    • Authors: Luisella Gilardi, Maurizio Marino, Lidia Fubini, Antonella Bena, Elisa Ferro, Silvano Santoro, Eleonora Tosco, Osvaldo Pasqualini
      First page: 1254
      Abstract: Background: Workplace injuries in Italy still occur despite laws and safety norms. We need to understand the causes rooted in the context and social conditions, and need to improve the practice of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) inspectors of the Workplace Safety and Prevention Services (WSPS) of the Italian regional health boards. The aims of this study were to describe the setting up of a Community of Practice (CoP) for the production of best practices for injury prevention and to evaluate the motivation of OSH inspectors for participating in the CoP and the effects of CoP participation on their professional practice. Methods: Two workplace injury stories underwent peer review during each CoP meeting. We evaluated the CoP using a focus group and a questionnaire. Result: Between 2014 and 2021, the CoP met in 18 workshops. Over the 8-year period, the CoP grew from 20 to 150 participants. Overall, 30 stories underwent peer review and were published on the institutional website. The focus group participants stated that the reasons why they participated in the CoP were the need to share experience and to tackle new challenges. Conclusion: The CoP was found to be useful for improving professional practice by strengthening professional identity and contributing to the production of new knowledge.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-12
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040091
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1269-1279: Psychometric Testing of the Modified
           Dental Anxiety Scale among Iranian Adolescents during COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Chung-Ying Lin, Maryam Tofangchiha, Janneke F. M. Scheerman, Santosh Kumar Tadakamadla, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Amir H. Pakpour
      First page: 1269
      Abstract: (1) Background: The present study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Persian adaptation of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) in Iranian adolescents. (2) Methods: Adolescents with a mean age of 15.10 (n = 3197; 47.1% males) were recruited from Qazvin city of Iran using a stratified cluster random sampling technique. All children completed the five-item Persian MDAS and information related to background characteristics. Psychometric testing was conducted using classical test theory (CTT) and Rasch models. For CTT, an item-total correlation of >0.4 was considered satisfactory while for Rasch analysis, infit and outfit mean squares (Mnsq) ranging from 0.5–1.5 were considered satisfactory. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted to confirm the unidimensional structure of MDAS using various fit indices. Differential item functioning (DIF) was evaluated based on gender and time since last dental visit. Moreover, latent class analysis (LCA) was used to classify the participants into different levels of dental fear based on their pattern of responses. Both item level reliability using Cronbachs alpha (α) and test-reliability using intraclass correlation coefficients were evaluated. (3) Results: Item-total correlations ranged from 0.69–0.78, infit MnSq ranged from 0.80 to 1.11 and the range of outfit MnSq was 0.84–1.10. The data confirmed a one-factor structure of MDAS with satisfactory fit indices. DIF analysis indicated that the scale was interpreted similarly across the genders and time since dental visit groups. LCA analysis identified three levels, low, moderate and high levels of dental anxiety. The groups with moderate and high levels of dental anxiety had more females (44.6% and 36.7%) than the group with low level of dental anxiety (18.8%; p < 0.001). α of the total scale was 0.89 and item test-retest reliability ranged from 0.72–0.86. (4) Conclusions: The Persian MDAS was unidimensional with satisfactory psychometric properties evaluated using both CTT and Rasch analysis among Iranian adolescents. The scale was stable across the genders and individuals with different dental visiting patterns. The Persian MDAS also demonstrated excellent reliability.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040092
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 627-638: Restorative Justice Education from
           Intrajudicial Criminal Mediation Associated Factors

    • Authors: Mercedes Matás Castillo, Inmaculada Méndez, Cecilia Ruiz Esteban, Gloria Soto
      First page: 627
      Abstract: The restorative justice (RJ) paradigm requires coherence among legal, justice, and educational systems to promote a culture of restorative dialogue with victims of violence and to reintegrate aggressors into the community. The objective of this study, from an evolutionary social perspective, was to examine criminal mediation files in the archives of the Murcia Intrajudicial Criminal Mediation Service (UMIM), Spain, to see which variables are associated with which types of violence and understand the contents and adoption of agreements. In this study the sociodemographic, procedural, and interpersonal variables of 216 people who used criminal mediation were analysed. The results showed statistically significant differences concerning age, the procedural moment of referral, and the participants’ relationship. The main conclusions are that the youngest group had a more significant number of encounters with physical violence; most agreements occurred in the initial phase of a judicial procedure; and the majority of agreements had moral content regardless of the age of the parties involved. These factors are of interest to the establishment of judicial and educational restorative models.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030045
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 639-648: The Role of Psychological Capital in Human
           Service Professionals’ Work Experiences

    • Authors: Ilaria Di Maggio, Maria Cristina Ginevra, Laura Nota
      First page: 639
      Abstract: The study was set up as a first exploration of the predictive role of human service professionals’ (i.e., teachers and healthcare professionals) psychological capital (PC) in their perception of work experiences and some core aspects of their own work, such as their efficacy to instill positive resources in their clients, the positive representation of their work and of the results that they can obtain, and positive beliefs about their career growth. Three hundred and eight Northern Italian human service professionals were involved, of which 163 were elementary school teachers of inclusive classrooms and 145 were healthcare professionals in day and residential centers. The regression analyses which were carried out—controlling for age, gender, years of work experience and the typology of the human service jobs—confirmed the predictive role of PC in the efficacy to instill positive resources in one’s clients, the positive representation of the work and of the results that can be obtained, and positive beliefs about career growth. These results have important implications for practice, and they emphasize that specific interventions aimed at promoting human service professionals’ PC may positively impact the effectiveness of their actions for the adaptation and psychosocial development of their clients.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-27
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030046
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 649-666: Psychometric Properties of the Slovak
           Version of Short Dark Triad

    • Authors: Radka Čopková, Leoš Šafár
      First page: 649
      Abstract: The Short Dark Triad is a scale used to capture three aversive personality traits—Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy on the subclinical level. The present study aimed to verify the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the Short Dark Triad scale in three studies. The first two studies aimed to examine the reliability of the scale. The aim of Study 1 was to examine the factor structure of SD3. A three-factor model consisting of three latent intercorrelated factors in a unidimensional and bifactorial model were examined on a sample of 588 participants. Study 2 aimed to test the consistency of the results over time (test–retest reliability) on the sample of 117 participants. In Study 3, convergent and divergent validity was examined on the sample of 333 participants. For both kinds of validity examination, the Slovak version of NEO-FFI was used. The internal consistency of the subscales and test results, the same as the retest results, were satisfactory. The relationships between the scales were found to be significant. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results supported the original three-factor model. Significant interrelations have been established between Machiavellianism and openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness; narcissism and neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness; psychopathy and openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. The Short Dark Triad achieved satisfactory values of reliability and validity; therefore, it can be used on the Slovak population.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030047
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 667-685: Impact of Authoritative and Laissez-Faire
           Leadership on Thriving at Work: The Moderating Role of Conscientiousness

    • Authors: Zulfiqar Ahmed Iqbal, Ghulam Abid, Muhammad Arshad, Fouzia Ashfaq, Muhammad Ahsan Athar, Qandeel Hassan
      First page: 667
      Abstract: This study empirically investigates the less discussed catalytic effect of personality in the relationship of leadership style and employee thriving at work. The growth and sustainability of the organization is linked with the association of leadership style and employee thriving at the worplace. The objectives of this study are to explore the impact of authoritative and laissez-faire leadership styles and the moderating role of the personality trait of conscientiousness on thriving in the workplace. A sample of 312 participants was taken from a leading school system with its branches in Lahore and Islamabad, Pakistan. The participants either worked as managers, teachers in headquarters, or school campuses, respectively. The regression results of the study show that authoritative leadership and conscientiousness have a significantly positive impact on thriving at work. Furthermore, conscientiousness moderates the relationship between laissez-faire style of leadership and thriving at work relationship.. The findings of this study have theoretical implications for authoritative and laissez-faire leadership, employee conscientiousness, and managerial applications for the practitioners.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030048
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 686-696: Relationship between Socio-Emotional
           Competencies and the Overlap of Bullying and Cyberbullying Behaviors in
           Primary School Students

    • Authors: Juan Manuel Rodríguez-Álvarez, Santiago Yubero, Raúl Navarro, Elisa Larrañaga
      First page: 686
      Abstract: Digital life forms part of daily reality for young people. For this reason, traditional bullying in school has been reproduced in the online environment, resulting in an overlap of off- and online bullying. Research on socio-emotional competencies and bullying is revealing interesting results among students in secondary schools. However, studies involving primary school students are much scarcer. In addition, the majority of studies have been carried out based on an understanding of socio-emotional competencies as a unidimensional construct. In the present study, we examined the overlap between off- and online bullying victimization and the influence of the factors comprising socio-emotional competencies on this overlap. Participants comprised 1130 students (49.7% were boys and 50.3% were girls) from the fifth and sixth grades at 15 schools in the autonomous communities of Madrid and Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). The results indicate a high rate of overlap between off- and online bullying victimization, without significant gender differences. Poor relationship skills in boys and low self-management in girls were associated with being a victim of both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. The conclusions point to an interesting line of intervention and prevention, establishing a framework of confluence for social and emotional variables within the primary education context.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030049
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 697-710: The Psychological Impact of Coronavirus
           Pandemic Restrictions in Italy. The Mediating Role of the Fear of COVID-19
           in the Relationship between Positive and Negative Affect with Positive and
           Negative Outcomes

    • Authors: Andrea Zammitti, Chiara Imbrogliera, Angela Russo, Rita Zarbo, Paola Magnano
      First page: 697
      Abstract: Italy was quickly hit hard by the coronavirus. ‘Lockdown’ has significantly impacted the psychological health, personal wellbeing and quality of life of the people. The study aims to explore the relationship between positive and negative affect, as well as positive (spiritual well-being and flourishing) and negative outcomes (psychological distress caused by a traumatic life event in terms of perception of PTSD symptoms) on Italian adults during the lockdown period. Data was collected between April and May 2020. The participants were 281 Italian adults aged between 18 and 73 years. The survey was composed of the following measures: Flourishing Scale, Jarel Spiritual Well-Being scale, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, Impact of Event Scale—Revised, Fear of COVID-19. The mediational analysis shows that fear of COVID-19 fully mediates the relationship between negative affect and spiritual well-being and flourishing; fear of COVID-19 partially mediates the relationship between negative affect and PTSD symptoms; the positive affect shows only direct effects on positive outcomes. Therefore, fear of COVID-19 does not play any mediation role. Implications for psychological interventions and future research will be discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030050
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 711-725: A Closer Look at the Emotional
           Intelligence Construct: How Do Emotional Intelligence Facets Relate to
           

    • Authors: Quintana-Orts, Mérida-López, Rey, Extremera
      First page: 711
      Abstract: Adolescents’ perception of their own emotional abilities has been related to psychological adjustment and well-being. However, there are still few studies focusing on specific emotional dimensions in relation to bullying and well-being in adolescence. This study analysed the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) facets, satisfaction with life, bullying and cyberbullying in adolescents. The sample consisted of 3520 high school students (51.5% females) aged between 12 and 18 years (M = 14.37; SD = 1.67). The correlation analyses showed that the majority of EI facets were positively related to satisfaction with life and negatively with both types of violence. As was expected, bullying and cyberbullying victims and bully–victims scored lower in satisfaction with life and the majority of EI facets. Controlling for sex, age, and grade, self-emotion appraisal, use of emotions and regulation of emotion were the best predictors of life satisfaction in bully–victims of bullying and cyberbullying. Finally, we discuss the relevance of these findings for clinical and educational practice on EI seeking to promote subjective well-being among adolescents involved in bullying and cyberbullying.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030051
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 726-735: Adolescents and Distance Learning during
           the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Italy: What Impact on
           Students’ Well-Being and Learning Processes and What Future
           Prospects'

    • Authors: Elena Commodari, Valentina Lucia La Rosa
      First page: 726
      Abstract: Background: This study aimed to analyze the experiences related to distance learning in a large sample of students in upper secondary school during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy and to explore the potentialities of distance learning for students’ well-being. Methods: Between 22 April and 1 May 2020, 1017 students completed an online survey about the characteristics of online didactic, the availability of devices for distance learning, and the psychological experiences related to e-learning. Results: All Italian schools have adopted distance learning, even if each teacher employs different approaches to e-learning. Students are aware of the importance of distance learning for the containment of the pandemic and of the need to continue with online teaching to avoid the resumption of the infections. However, distance learning is associated with a significant increase in student workload and a consequent psychological distress related to homework. Specifically, students are more distracted in studying, have difficulty organizing study and are concerned that their school career may be adversely affected by the lockdown. Furthermore, a significant percentage does not perceive adequate support from teachers. Conclusions: Future studies will have to explore the impact of distance learning even in the subsequent waves of contagion, taking into account the persistence of the stress from the pandemic.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030052
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 736-757: Temperament and Academic Achievement in
           Children: A Meta-Analysis

    • Authors: Dalia Nasvytienė, Tomas Lazdauskas
      First page: 736
      Abstract: This study aimed to systematize the diverse and rather controversial findings of empirical research on the relationship between the temperament and academic achievement of school children, as well as to determine the average effect size between these variables. We included 57 original studies of published and unpublished research conducted in 12 countries between 1985 and 2019, with cumulative sample size of 79,913 (varying from 6333 to 14,126 for links between particular temperament dimensions and specific domains of achievement). A random-effects and mixed-effects model was fitted to the data for the central tendency of the temperament–achievement relation and for analyzing moderators, respectively. The high heterogeneity of studies was tackled by selected specific moderators, namely, education level, transition status, family’s socio-economic level, and sources of report on achievement and temperament. The main findings of this meta-analysis affirmed the positive association of effortful control (EC) and inverse relationship of negative affectivity (NA) with a child’s academic performance, together with no apparent trend of surgency (SU) in this relationship; additionally, the sources of report significantly moderated the link between temperament and academic achievement.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-12
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030053
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 758-769: Incident Factors in the Sustainable
           Development of Digital Teaching Competence in Dual Vocational Education
           and Training Teachers

    • Authors: Jesús Sánchez-Prieto, Juan Manuel Trujillo-Torres, Melchor Gómez-García, Gerardo Gómez-García
      First page: 758
      Abstract: For years the technological revolution has been transforming all facets of our society. Teaching could obviously not be an exception but is quite the opposite because of its role in training the individuals of that society. Teachers at all levels of education are subjected to an adaptation process to develop the digital skills necessary for this transformation. This process must be permanent as there are still major deficiencies in teachers’ ICT knowledge and rejection of their application. This study aims to see whether the inadequacy of digital teaching skills also occurs in the Dual Vocational Training modality. To this end, a descriptive quantitative method has been carried out in a sample of teachers from the Professional Formation Dual system in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. The results show an insufficient level of digital skills that is therefore improvable, finding some factors that influence, to some extent, the various components of digital competence such as prior teacher training, the locality in which their school resides or the category of teaching to which he belongs. Therefore, it is advised to continue to promote in-service training in digital competence for in-service teachers in order to achieve sustainable educational development.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030054
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 770-780: Between Academic Resilience and Burnout:
           The Moderating Role of Satisfaction on School Context Relationships

    • Authors: Luciano Romano, Piermarco Consiglio, Giacomo Angelini, Caterina Fiorilli
      First page: 770
      Abstract: School burnout is considered an extreme form of maladjustment that can seriously undermine the academic path of students who are affected. Previous studies have focused on possible protective factors, highlighting the role of academic resilience, i.e., the ability to overcome chronic adversity in the school setting. Notwithstanding this, it is equally important to explore the role of the classroom environment and the satisfaction felt by the student toward relationships with teachers and classmates. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between academic resilience and burnout and to explore the moderating role of relationship satisfaction with teachers and classmates. A sample of 576 Italian students (Female = 53.1%), aged 14–18 (M = 15.73, SD = 1.56) were involved in the study. Correlations and moderated regressions analyses were conducted to test the hypotheses. The results show academic resilience and satisfaction as inversely related to school burnout. Furthermore, the satisfaction on the relationships with classmates moderated the relation between academic resilience and burnout. Findings were discussed by highlighting the importance of promoting both individual and contextual factors to prevent burnout risk.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030055
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 781-794: A Bibliometric Review of Research on
           International Students’ Mental Health: Science Mapping of the Literature
           from 1957 to 2020

    • Authors: Quoc-Thai Cao, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Hiep-Hung Pham, Dinh-Hai Luong, Manh-Toan Ho, Anh-Duc Hoang, Minh-Trang Do
      First page: 781
      Abstract: The mental health of university students is not only a predominant topic for psychology and education researchers but also a source of interest for policymakers and various stakeholders. Although there has been a lot of research on higher education students’ mental health, we have little understanding on the mental health of international students (MHIS). Despite their distinctive characteristics compared to native students, the mental health issues of international students only started receiving attention very recently. So far, the literature on this topic lacks a comprehensive overview of its sub-topic and trending issues. By using bibliometric analysis, this research aims to fulfil this gap and provide a review of the extant literature about MHIS. Specifically, this study aims to (i) draw the growth trajectory and geographic distribution of the literature on MHIS; (ii) identify the documents and authors that have the greatest impact, generally and locally, within the major topic clusters of the literature on MHIS; and (iii) identify the most researched keywords in the literature on MHIS over time. The results have shown that academic documents about international students’ mental health are increasing in number and becoming more extensive content-wise. The research’s findings provide implications for stakeholders and identifies some prominent research avenues for the future.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030056
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 795-803: Burnout, Organizational Self-Efficacy and
           Self-Esteem among Brazilian Teachers during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Henrique Pereira, Vivianne Oliveira Gonçalves, Renata Machado de Assis
      First page: 795
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of, and the association between burnout, organizational self-efficacy and self-esteem, and to assess the predictive influence of burnout and organizational self-efficacy on self-esteem among Brazilian teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Brazilian teachers (n = 302) between 24 and 70 years old (Mage = 46.75, SD = 11.02) participated in this study. Measurement instruments included a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Burnout Assessment Tool, the Organizational Self-Efficacy Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The prevalence of burnout symptoms was 3.2%, the prevalence of low occupational self-efficacy was 21.5%, and the prevalence of low self-esteem was 2.7%. Significant correlations were found between all variables under study. Hierarchical linear regression analysis showed that overall levels of burnout explained 40% of the variance of self-esteem, while together with organizational self-efficacy, it explained 55%. This study presents evidence of the impact of overall levels of burnout and self-efficacy on teachers’ self-esteem and also contributes to the body of knowledge under construction about the scenario perceived by teachers in Brazil during the COVID-19 pandemic.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030057
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 804-812: Associations between Personality Traits
           and Basal Cortisol Responses in Sailing Athletes

    • Authors: Pierpaolo Limone, Maria Sinatra, Flavio Ceglie, Lucia Monacis
      First page: 804
      Abstract: There is a paucity of literature regarding the psycho-physiological profiles of sailors on board. This study aimed at providing empirical evidence on the individual differences between bowmen and helmsmen taking into account a biopsychological perspective. To this purpose, sailors’ profiles were examined by focusing on the association between personality traits and basal cortisol. The sample was composed of 104 athletes (Mage = 21.32, SD = 0.098; F = 35%), who fulfilled a self-reported questionnaire including a socio-demographic section and the Big Five questionnaire. Cortisol samples were collected on the day before the competition, within 30 min after awakening. T-test analysis showed significant differences on cortisol levels: bowmen obtained higher levels on cortisol responses compared to helmsmen. No differences emerged on personality traits between athletes’ roles. Bivariate associations showed positive associations of cortisol responses with extraversion and conscientiousness in bowmen, whereas no significant associations of cortisol with personality traits were found in helmsmen. Regression analyses confirmed that sex and extraversion predicted higher level of cortisol responses. Results were discussed in terms of a bio-psychosocial theoretical approach and provided findings on the relationships between personality trait and the hypothalamus-pituitary adrenal (HPA) system in dinghy sailors. Suggestions for a more suitable selection of sailor roles were given to coaches in order to improve athletes’ performance.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030058
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 813-829: Factors Related with Underperformance in
           Reading Proficiency, the Case of the Programme for International Student
           Assessment 2018

    • Authors: Vazquez-Lopez, Huerta-Manzanilla
      First page: 813
      Abstract: Almost 217 million secondary school students (60% of the world's adolescents) do not reach minimum levels in reading proficiency at the end of secondary school, according to objective 4.1 of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals. Therefore, the early and efficient identification of this disadvantage and implementation of remedial strategies is critical for economies. In 2018, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) assessed the reading skills of 15-year-old students in 80 countries and economies. This work introduces a methodology that uses PISA's data to build logistic regression models to identify the main factors contributing to students' underperforming reading skills. Results showed that socioeconomic status (SES), metacognition strategies, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills, and student–teacher relationships are the most important contributors to low reading abilities.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030059
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 829-837: Psychometric Properties of the Lasher and
           Faulkender Anxiety about Aging Scale (AAS) among Iranian Older Adults

    • Authors: Amir H. Pakpour, Shamsedin Namjoo, Khadijeh Sabahiazar, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Hamid Allahverdipour
      First page: 829
      Abstract: (1) Background: The older adult population of society is exposed to multiple stressors daily, such as the loss of loved ones, dysfunctional mobility, financial dependence, and suffering from numerous chronic illnesses. The present study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Anxiety about Aging Scale among older adults in Iran. (2) Methods: A sample of 703 community-dwelling older adults was recruited and screened using a standardized tool. The mean age of participants was 69.4 ± 8.1 years. The majority of participants were male (59.2%), married (66.6%), and illiterate (79.7%). A ‘forward-backward’ translation method was used in developing the Iranian version of the AAS for assessing the psychometric properties among older adults. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the Rasch model were used for construct validity. (3) Results: Applying CFA indicated that the model’s four original factors are the best solution, representing 55% of the total variance. The result of the CFA showed that this four-factor model had a good fit for the data. The findings were also confirmed by Rasch analysis. (4) Conclusions: The Persian version of the AAS is valid and reliable for measuring aging anxiety among Iranian older adults.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-28
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030060
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 838-848: An Examination of COVID-19-Related
           Stressors among Parents

    • Authors: Alonzi, Park, Pagán, Saulsman, Silverstein
      First page: 838
      Abstract: The circumstances of the COVID-19 pandemic have taken a psychological toll on parents. Thus, understanding the impact of these contextual stressors on parents is important to help inform the development of family-based health promotion interventions. The present study examined parents’ perception of various sources of stress resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants (N = 294) completed an open-ended question about their primary source of stress during the pandemic, which we coded into one or more of the following categories: family, work, health, and finance. We used chi-square tests to determine whether gender, marital status, financial strain, and education level were significantly related to each of the four primary sources of stress. We found that female, married, and financially strained participants were more likely to report family-related stressors. Further, we found that participants who expressed concern over health-related stressors were more likely to have pre-existing health conditions. Finally, we found that single participants were more likely to express concerns over financial stressors. Our findings shed light on parental concerns following the pandemic and inform new research directions, clinical approaches, and policy issues at the individual, community, and societal levels.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030061
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 849-859: Adolescents’ School Burnout: A
           Comparative Study between Italy and Switzerland

    • Authors: Piera Gabola, Nicolas Meylan, Marine Hascoët, Simona De Stasio, Caterina Fiorilli
      First page: 849
      Abstract: This study aimed to analyze and compare students’ school burnout levels in Switzerland and Italy. Previous research has confirmed that female and older students in particular are highly exposed to burnout risk. Nevertheless, few studies have observed this phenomenon through a cross-national comparison. Data on burnout were collected from a sample of 840 adolescents (Italian students = 497; Swiss students = 343) (Mage = 14.98; SD = 1.06; Female = 50%). Burnout was measured using the School Burnout Inventory, and cross-cultural measurement invariance was tested. The results showed that this burnout measure was equivalent between the Italian and Swiss samples. A multivariate analysis of variance was next conducted to investigate the effects of age, gender, and nationality. Results partially confirmed our hypotheses, showing the effect of age but not of gender in explaining burnout differences among students, and between and within-group variance. In particular, the burnout risk was found to be higher in late adolescence (age 16 to 18, Mexhaution = 2.73; Mcynicism = 2.99; MInadequacy = 3.14) than in mid-adolescence (age 13 to 15 Mexhaution = 2.95; Mcynicism = 3.43; MInadequacy = 3.54). Furthermore, Italian adolescents were more exhausted and cynical (Mexhaution = 2.99; Mcynicism = 3.26) than their Swiss peers (Mexhaution = 2.52; Mcynicism = 2.93) when controlling for age and gender. Findings suggest further investigation of the role played by educational and cultural values may be warranted.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-11
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030062
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 860-865: Association between Change in Regional
           

    • Authors: Tindaro Bongiovanni, Athos Trecroci, Alessio Rossi, Fedon Marcello Iaia, Giulio Pasta, Francesco Campa
      First page: 860
      Abstract: Purpose: This observational longitudinal investigation aimed to investigate whether change in bioelectrical regional phase angle (PhA) is a predictor of change in vertical jump performance in elite soccer players. Methods: Fifteen soccer players (age: 28.7 ± 5.0 years, body weight: 82.4 ± 6.8 kg, height: 186.0 ± 0.1 cm, body mass index: 23.8 ± 1.2 kg/m2) competing in the first Italian division (Serie A) were included in this study and tested before the pre-season period and after the first half of the championship. Whole body and lower hemisoma PhA were obtained with a phase-sensitive 50 kHz bioelectrical impedance analyzer and legs lean soft tissue was estimated using specific bioimpedance-based equation developed for athletes. Vertical jump performance was assessed using the countermovement jump (CMJ). Results: The major findings of the study are that changes in lower hemisoma PhA are more strongly related with changes in jump performance (r2 = 0.617, p = 0.001) than changes in whole-body PhA (r2 = 0.270, p = 0.047), even after adjusting for legs lean soft tissue and for body mass index (β = 5.17, p = 0.004). Conclusions: These data suggest that changes in lower hemisoma PhA might be used as a tool for evaluating performance related parameters in sports where specific body segments are involved, in preference to the whole-body measured value.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030063
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 866-877: The Implementation of a Remote Work
           Program in an Italian Municipality before COVID-19: Suggestions to HR
           Officers for the Post-COVID-19 Era

    • Authors: Salvatore Zappalà, Ferdinando Toscano, Gabriela Topa
      First page: 866
      Abstract: This case study describes the implementation stages and some outcomes of a remote work program that was adopted in an Italian municipality before the COVID-19 pandemic. This research used a qualitative case study approach, proposing a semi-structured interview with 14 staff members (six remote-worker employees, their respective managers, and two intermediate-level managers) about the experience with the remote work program. In addition, two researchers attended two preparatory program meetings. The evidence shows that, even before the COVID-19 pandemic, remote work was mainly performed at home, for one or two days a week. Together with their manager, remote workers decided the tasks to perform remotely and the criteria to monitor remote work. Furthermore, employees appreciated the remote work program, perceiving themselves to be more productive in their work. Elements of this case study may be relevant for companies that aim to move from an emergency to a more planned remote work.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030064
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 878-893: The Role of Junior Adolescents’ School
           Well-Being/Ill-Being Characteristics in School Anxiety Variations

    • Authors: Rail M. Shamionov, Marina V. Grigoryeva, Aleksey V. Sozonnik, Elena S. Grinina
      First page: 878
      Abstract: Difficulties that junior adolescents (aged 11–13 years old) experience in terms of academic adaptation, which are indicated through school anxiety and academic wellbeing characteristics, often lead to a dramatic decrease in academic performance, behavioral problems, and deterioration of their health. The purpose of this investigation is to determine the structure of characteristics of school wellbeing/ill-being of junior adolescents and their role in variations of school anxiety, which largely define academic adaptation. In this study, based on positive psychology and a systematic approach, the level of distinctiveness of characteristics of school wellbeing is carried out with the help of comparative analysis; the factor structure of these characteristics is identified; the characteristics of wellbeing and their coordinated combinations (factors) are determined as predictors of school anxiety. The sample consisted of 120 students of the 5th–7th grades, aged M = 11.5; SD = 1.04 (49.2% girls, 50.8% boys) who attended Saratov secondary schools. To study the level of school anxiety, we used the Philips’ School Anxiety Scale (SAS), and indicators of school wellbeing were measured with the original scales developed by the authors of the study. Statistical processing of the results was carried out with regression analysis and factor analysis. The results showed that the school wellbeing of junior adolescents forms a complex structure that includes cognitive, personal, emotional, social, and psychophysiological characteristics of school life. It was found that from 16% up to 53% of the deviation of variables characterizing school anxiety is conditioned by the assessment of variables characterizing emotional states, the ability of self-regulation, cognitive capabilities, and interest in learning. The study determined a high level of tension in adolescents in the field of emotions’ self-regulation, unpleasant physical sensations at school, before and after attending school, in the course of planning their school day and reflecting on educational activities. The most powerful factors of school anxiety in junior adolescents are physical distress, low ability to self-regulate and social adaptation, lack of independence in a learning activity, and personal immaturity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030065
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 894-907: Predicting University Adjustment from
           Coping-Styles, Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Personality: Findings from
           a Survey in a Sample of Italian Students

    • Authors: Giusy Danila Valenti, Palmira Faraci
      First page: 894
      Abstract: Starting university life requires that students learn to cope with several personal, academic, and social challenges. A wide array of variables affects how students adjust to university life. This study was aimed to investigate which factors among coping styles, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and personality traits (i.e., diligence, relational availability, mental flexibility, activity, and emotional stability) best predicted the levels of university adjustment in a sample of university freshmen (N = 204, 63% women). Data were collected using self-report instruments. Multiple regressions analyses were conducted to identify the most significant predictors of adjustment to college. Our findings reported that self-efficacy, task-, and emotion-oriented coping were the most significant predictors, together with relational availability and mental flexibility. These findings might improve the growing knowledge concerning university adjustment, supporting main previous research. The observed relationships between university adjustment and the measured variables suggest intriguing considerations about the importance for schools and universities of providing interventions for students that aim to develop and strengthen the investigated personality facets, reducing withdrawal, behavioral and/or mental disengagement, and promoting academic achievement and success.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030066
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 908-922: Preliminary Validation Study of the
           Intrinsic Religious Motivation Scale and the Centrality of Religiosity
           Scale for the Portuguese Population

    • Authors: Pedro Araújo, Sara Gomes, Diogo Vidal, Hélder Sousa, Maria Dinis, Ângela Leite
      First page: 908
      Abstract: Religion is a construct widely present in most people’s lives. Religious motivations, either intrinsic or extrinsic, as well as religious centrality, are crucial aspects of religion. In the Portuguese population, there are no validated instruments to assess these aspects of religion. Accordingly, this study intends to validate the Intrinsic Religious Motivation Scale (IRMS) and the Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS) for the Portuguese population. This is a validation study whose sample consists of 326 participants (73.1% women) from the general population. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out and the correlations between the constructs and self-compassion were determined to assess the convergent and divergent validity. The results obtained confirm the existence of models adjusted to the population, allowing us to conclude that the instruments are reliable for assessing the studied constructs. The validation of the IRMS and CRS for the Portuguese population is of outstanding importance, as it provides researchers in the field with valid instruments and psychometric qualities to carry out research within religion and religiosity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030067
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 923-932: Is Electronic Health Literacy Associated
           with Learning Outcomes among Medical Students in the First Clinical
           Year': A Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: Krittai Tanasombatkul, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Nida Buawangpong, Auswin Rojanasumapong, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen
      First page: 923
      Abstract: Medical students tend to use the internet as a primary resource when seeking health information. This study aims to assess the patterns of internet use, eHL level, and learning outcomes with eHL among medical students at Chiang Mai University. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 88 medical students in the first clinical year. The eHL level was determined using the Thai version of the electronic Health Literacy Scale or eHEALS. The patient case report scores were obtained representing the learning outcome. Linear regression was used to identify factors influencing their eHL level and case report scores. Students recognized the importance and usefulness of the internet. The mean eHEALS score was 33.45. There was a lower degree of agreement on questions regarding internet usage, having skills to evaluate the resources, and confidence in using health information to make health decisions. The eHEALS score had no statistically significant association with most variables and case report scores, but with the longer time of internet use (p-value = 0.014). Although medical students perceived that they have high eHL levels, they report lower confidence in using the information. Including critical thinking skills for electronic health information in the medical curriculum could be useful.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030068
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 933-952: Encouraging Undergraduate Marketing
           Students to Reflect on Critical Thinking and the Digital Gender Divide

    • Authors: Elena González-Gascón, María D. De-Juan-Vigaray
      First page: 933
      Abstract: In today’s society where there is an abundance of accessible, complex, and often false information, critical thinking (CT) is an essential skill so that citizens in general and students in particular can make complex decisions based on scientific evidence, rather than on prejudices, biases, and pre-established beliefs. In this context, the purpose of this study is to discover whether Active Learning (AL) methodology, using different technologies, contributes to improving the CT of the student body, applying it to the Digital Gender Divide (DGD). Three questionnaires were used to collect information, using both a quantitative and a qualitative approach. Open-ended questions are included for fuller answers, which are complemented by content analysis of the recordings and virtual presentations made. The results show that the AL methodology favours the development of CT in the DGD in a remarkable way. Likewise, the various technologies implemented in the methodology (e.g., the Google Applications Site, online round table discussions, role-plays, virtual presentations, and forms) are relevant to improving CT in DGD. It concludes by recommending the implementation of AL with CT as in the one carried out, to help prepare better professionals and raise awareness of how to reduce the DGD.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030069
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 953-961: Dimensions of Creativity in Secondary
           School High-Ability Students

    • Authors: Núria Arís Redó, María Ángeles Millán Gutiérrez, José-Diego Vargas Cano
      First page: 953
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the dimensions of creativity in high-ability teenage students. Firstly, we reviewed the most relevant scientific contributions on creativity. Next, the dimensions of creativity in secondary school students who were previously identified as high-ability students were analyzed. The sample was obtained from 215 students, of which 31 were identified as high-ability students. The abilities associated with divergent thinking were assessed using the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking The fluency, flexibility, and originality dimensions were assessed with the Scientific-Creative Thinking Test. This study was conducted using a quantitative approach. Tests were administered during school hours from March to June 2019. They were corrected considering the protocols established by the original authors themselves. Data were analyzed using SPSS, version 24.0. The results provide evidence that high-ability students achieve higher scores in both the figurative-creativity and scientific-creativity dimensions. A significant relationship between creativity and high ability was therefore established. Students with high abilities and qualities require the educational support necessary to develop their talent. This study was of an exploratory nature and the results obtained contribute to developing future studies applying its findings in teenagers’ teaching–learning process.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030070
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 962-974: Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee
           Engagement: Role of Self-Efficacy and Organizational Commitment

    • Authors: Fouzia Ashfaq, Ghulam Abid, Sehrish Ilyas
      First page: 962
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the roles of self-efficacy and organizational commitment in the sequential mediation of the relationship between ethical leadership and employee engagement. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires of employees from private and public sector organizations of Pakistan. We opted for a three-wave time-lagged design, and we used the PROCESS macro by Hayes on a sample of 211 employees (35% male, 65% female) via the 2000 re-sample bias-corrected bootstrap method. The results show a significant relationship between ethical leadership and employee engagement with mediating effects of self-efficacy and organizational commitment. Self-efficacy and organizational commitment fully mediated the relationship. The results provide insight into the understanding of employee behavior, particularly in the presence of moral leadership. Drawing on the conservation of resource theory, we examined how ethical leader support enables employees to invest their resources into positive outcomes. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030071
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 975-989: Social Science Pedagogy as a Way of
           Integrating Sustainable Education and Global Citizenship into the Initial
           Training of Pre-Primary Teachers

    • Authors: Diez, Dominguez, Ponsoda, Ortuño
      First page: 975
      Abstract: The main objective of this research was to demonstrate the integration of international and national strategies in education for sustainable development and global citizenship into initial teacher training. The researchers analyzed the outcomes of a feminist teaching strategy based on family trees, focusing on the usefulness of social science pedagogy in developing critical thinking among pupils. They also attempted to enhance teachers’ digital literacy and make progress in reflecting on its functioning and use. The research used mixed methods, and the research instrument was a questionnaire using Likert-type scales validated by specialists from several universities. It was deployed in the module Didáctica del Conocimiento del Medio Social y Medioambiental (Pedagogy of Knowledge of the Social and Cultural Environment) of the Bachelor’s Degree in Pre-Primary Education at the University of Alicante. Using historical research with a gender perspective, the trainee teachers investigated their family trees, focusing on the women in their families. They also carried out a speculative exercise to aid reflection on their contributions as teachers in support of equal education. The results obtained showed that this was a novel and useful educational activity, which inspired participants to work for a fair and democratic global citizenship based on coeducation.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030072
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 990-998: Safer Systems: People Training or System
           Tuning'

    • Authors: Hollnagel
      First page: 990
      Abstract: Safety is usually seen as a problem when it is absent rather than when it is present, where accidents, incidents, and the like represent a lack of safety rather than the presence of safety. To explain this lack of safety, one or more causes must be found. In the management of industrial safety, the human factor has traditionally been seen as a weak element; human error is often offered as the first, and sometimes the only cause of lack of safety and human factors have since the early days offered three principal solutions, namely training, design, and automation. Of these, training has considerable face value as an effective means to improve human performance. The drawback of safety training, however, is that it focuses on a single system component, the human, instead of on the system as a whole. Safety training further takes for granted that humans are a liability and focuses on overcoming the weakness of this specific component through simplistic models of what determines human performance. But humans may also be seen as an asset which changes the focus to strengthening how a complex socio-technical system functions. A socio-technical system comprises multiple functions that must be finely tuned in order to ensure expected and acceptable performance. Since systems cannot be made safer without developing effective ways of managing the conditions in which people work, system tuning offers an alternative solution to an old problem.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-31
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030073
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 999-1010: Multisensory Connections of Novel
           Linguistic Stimuli in Japanese as a Native Language and Referential Tastes
           

    • Authors: Yan Yan, Yutao Yang, Misa Ando, Xinyi Liu, Toshimune Kambara
      First page: 999
      Abstract: Previous findings have shown essential connections between linguistic and gustatory stimuli for people with autism or lexical gustatory synesthesia. We examined the associative learning of novel linguistic forms in Japanese as a native language and tastes (candies and chocolates) for healthy people. Healthy subjects performed four phases: (a) evaluation phase of gustatory features; (b) learning phases of novel linguistic form and gustatory stimulus pairs (G) or novel word forms (W); (c) recognition memory phases linked with G and W; and (d) free recall phase for G and W. In the recognition memory phases, the performance scores of W were higher than those of G, while there was no significant difference between response times of G and W. Additionally, no difference between recall performances in G and W was also shown. A subjective evaluation of gustatory features (sweetness) negatively correlated with the recall score for linguistic forms connected to the gustatory feature, whereas the accuracy rates of the recognition memory phase in G positively correlated with those of the free recall phase in G. Although learning of novel linguistic forms is more efficient than learning of the relationships between novel linguistic forms and tastes, gustatory features influence the free recall performances of linguistic forms linked with the tastes. These results may contribute to future applications to word learning not just for patients, but also healthy people.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030074
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1011-1021: Insecure Attachment Styles and
           Unbalanced Family Functioning as Risk Factors of Problematic Smartphone
           Use in Spanish Young Adults: A Relative Weight Analysis

    • Authors: Sonia Mangialavori, Claudia Russo, Maria Veronica Jimeno, Jorge Javier Ricarte, Giulio D’Urso, Daniela Barni, Marco Cacioppo
      First page: 1011
      Abstract: Young adulthood is the life stage during which people are more prone to develop problematic smartphone use (PSU). Only one study investigated the relationship among attachment styles, family functioning, and PSU, but thus far, no research has shown the relative importance that such dimensions may have on PSU. The main aim of this study was to analyze to what extent insecure attachment styles and unbalanced family functioning are related to PSU, investigating the specific weight of each dimension in a sample of young adults (N = 301; 82.7% females; Mage = 22.89; SD = 3.02). Participants completed a self-report questionnaire, including the Relationship Questionnaire, the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV, and the Smartphone Addiction Scale. The regression and relative weight analyses results showed that preoccupied attachment style and disengaged, chaotic, and enmeshed family functioning were positively related to PSU. Implications for future research and interventions were discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030075
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1022-1029: Perceptions and Degree of Satisfaction
           with the Health Sciences University Educational Community Regarding the
           Measures Adopted for the Prevention of COVID-19 in the Academic Year
           2020/2021

    • Authors: Óscar Rodríguez-Nogueira, Raquel Leirós-Rodríguez, Enedina Quiroga-Sánchez, Mª José Álvarez-Álvarez, Lorena Álvarez-Barrio
      First page: 1022
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic caused the start of the academic year 2020/2021 to be conditioned by health and safety regulations. The present research was defined with the aim of analyzing the degree of satisfaction and perceptions on the establishment of bubble groups and pairs and on the use of audiovisual platforms for the development of theoretical and practical university teaching in three degrees of health sciences. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on a representative sample of students and teachers of health sciences in Ponferrada (n = 285). Specific questionnaires designed for this study were completed virtually during April and May 2021. The results indicate that that satisfaction was moderate–high. The perception of the influence of bubble pairs on the quality of teaching can be interpreted as very low. These results increase with the age and academic and professional experience of students and faculty members, respectively. However, the participants belonging to physiotherapy considered that the quality of teaching had worsened much more compared to their counterparts in nursing and podiatry.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030076
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1030-1043: Risk Intelligence as a Resource in
           Career Transition: The Role of College Satisfaction on the Visions about
           Future Jobs

    • Authors: Ernesto Lodi, Andrea Zammitti, Paola Magnano
      First page: 1030
      Abstract: (1) Background: University transition is a critical step in career construction due to the uncertainty and unpredictability of socioeconomic conditions; these conditions compel people to manage a greater quantity of perceived risks associated with their career projects than in the past, and to face unexpected situations that could compromise their quality of life in educational and work contexts. After all, experiencing well-being during the university path can undoubtedly affect the visions of one’s future work, especially when a transition period is nearby. The present study aimed to explore the role of subjective risk intelligence in expectations about future work, analyzing the potential mediational role of academic satisfaction in this relationship. (2) Methods: A longitudinal study was carried out on 352 Italian university students at the end of the degree course. We used the following measures: in T1, Subjective risk intelligence scale, College Satisfaction scale; in T2, three items assessing the expectations about future work. (3) Results: The main findings showed that subjective risk intelligence has both direct and indirect effects (through the mediation of college satisfaction) on the expectations about future work. (4) Conclusions: The ability to manage risks, also through the contribution of domain-specific satisfaction, can lead to positive expectations toward one’s future work. This could increase the likelihood to perform career-related behaviors in a more proactive way if people have high risk management skills and high levels of academic satisfaction with their university path during transition.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030077
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1044-1060: Portuguese Version of COVID-19 Perceived
           Risk Scale and COVID-19 Phobia Scale: Psychometric Properties

    • Authors: Ângela Leite, Diogo Guedes Vidal, Hélder Fernando Pedrosa e Sousa, Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis, José Magano
      First page: 1044
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic scenario has a psychological impact on individuals and society. A higher level of perceived risk concerning COVID-19 has been found when compared to other potential health threats. A misperception of risk in contrast with the real risk may lead people to develop disruptive cognitive, affective, or behavioral responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, namely, coronaphobia. Validated instruments are needed to evaluate such responses. This work aims to validate the COVID-19 Perceived Risk Scale (C19PRS) and the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19PS) in the Portuguese population. The two scales were translated from English to Portuguese using the back-translation technique. The cultural adaptation was framed in the context of establishing the validity and reliability of the instruments. In two studies, C19PRS and C19PS were validated for the adult Portuguese population (N = 1122; women = 725 (64.6%); mean age of 31.91 years old) through exploratory factorial analysis, followed by a confirmatory factorial analysis. Convergent validity was calculated by composite reliability (CR) and average variance extracted (AVE) values. Discriminant validity was assessed by square roots of the AVE values and their comparison with the C19PRS and C19PS dimensions’ cross-correlations. Both C19PRS and C19PS present a good adjustment model and solid reliability and validity and have significant correlations with fear of COVID-19 and COVID-19 anxiety scales.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-11
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030078
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1061-1072: Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic on the
           Mental Health of Working Adults in the Czech Republic: Analysis of
           Self-Report Psychological Data in a One Year Perspective

    • Authors: Dalibor Kučera, Iva Stuchlíková, Tomáš Mrhálek
      First page: 1061
      Abstract: The article presents research evidence on psychological impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economically active Czech population aged 18–64 (n = 1603; 365 men and 1238 women) within a one year perspective. The aim is to describe the differences in the reported mental health indicators (anxiety, depression, and distress) for women and men in the four age groups, two groups with different working statuses (continuation of work/interrupted working status), and between two phases of the epidemic (March to May 2020 and September 2020 to February 2021). The results point to elevated scores of negative mental health indicators (anxiety, depression, and distress) in different subgroups. More negative experiences in a pandemic situation were found, especially in groups of women, people under the age of 35, and among people with interrupted working status. The results also indicate a deterioration of symptoms over time during the epidemic.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030079
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1073-1087: Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Psychometric
           Properties and Measurement Invariance of the Italian Version of the Job
           Satisfaction Scale

    • Authors: Silvia Platania, Pasquale Caponnetto, Martina Morando, Marilena Maglia, Roberta Auditore, Giuseppe Santisi
      First page: 1073
      Abstract: The JSS is based on the theoretical position that job satisfaction represented an affective or attitudinal reaction to a job, and today is one of the most popular instruments used in I-O psychology. This paper discusses the contribution to the validation of an Italian adaptation of the Job Satisfaction Survey. Five hundred and twenty-seven participants (258 men, 269 women) were enrolled to participate in this study, aged between 19 and 65 (Mage = 36.0, SD = 11.7). The sample mostly worked in public administration, in health care, and in the educational sector. A self-report questionnaire is used to investigate the psychometric properties of this scale, also measuring other variables. A back-translation procedure is used. The results pinpointed the goodness of the scale and the normality distribution. Confirmative factor analyses and multigroup confirmative factor analyses were performed to verify the factorial structure of the scale. The results confirmed the same factorial structure of the original version, suggesting a nine higher-order factor structure. The results from the multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed that this factor solution was invariant across gender (men vs. women) and found evidence for metric invariance, uniqueness invariance, and scalar and structural invariance. The findings confirmed the applicability in the Italian context.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030080
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1088-1106: Mathematics Classroom Assessment: A
           Framework for Designing Assessment Tasks and Interpreting Students’
           Responses

    • Authors: Eleni Demosthenous, Constantinos Christou, Demetra Pitta-Pantazi
      First page: 1088
      Abstract: Classroom assessment could contribute substantially to improving students’ mathematics learning. The process of classroom assessment involves decisions about how to elicit evidence, how to interpret it, and how to use it for teaching and learning. However, the field still needs to further explore how assessment tasks could guide forthcoming instructional adjustments in the mathematics classroom. Towards the endeavor of unpacking the classroom assessment, we present a framework that provides a lens to capture the interplay between the design of mathematics assessment tasks and the analysis of students’ responses. To do so, we relied on existing frameworks of mathematics assessment tasks, and on issues that pertain to the design of tasks. The proposed framework consists of three types of mathematics assessment tasks, their respective competencies, and the characterization of students’ responses. The framework is exemplified with students’ responses from a fourth-grade classroom, and is also used to sketch different students’ profiles. Issues regarding the interpretation of students’ responses and the planning of instructional adjustments are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030081
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 294-302: Intimate Partner Violence and Pregnancy
           Termination in Armenia: Evidence from Nationally-Representative Survey
           Data

    • Authors: Nandeeta Samad, Pranta Das, Bright Opoku Ahinkorah, Abdul-Aziz Seidu, James Boadu Frimpong, Joshua Okyere, John Elvis Hagan, Mohammad Hayatun Nabi, Mohammad Delwer Hossain Hawlader
      First page: 294
      Abstract: Intimate partner violence has been associated with numerous consequences for women, including pregnancy termination. This study examined the association between predictive capacity of intimate partner violence and pregnancy termination among women in Armenia. The study analyzed the 2015–16 Armenia Demographic and Health Survey (ADHS) data on women aged 15–49 (Mean: 31.49; Standard Deviation, SD: 9.51). Marital control exercised by husbands, ever experienced physical violence, sexual violence, and emotional violence by husbands were the four indicators of intimate partner violence used in this study. To assess the association between intimate partner violence and pregnancy termination, a binary logistic regression model was fitted. After controlling for confounders, we found that women whose husbands exercised marital control were 26% more likely to experience pregnancy termination, compared to women whose husbands did not exercise marital control (adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 1.26, 95% Confidence interval (CI): 1.03–1.53). Women who ever experienced sexual violence were about 10 times likely to experience pregnancy termination than women who did not experience sexual violence (aOR: 9.76, 95% CI: 1.91–49.96). Both ever experienced physical violence and emotional violence did not have any significant associations with pregnancy termination. Forms of intimate partner violence are associated with pregnancy termination. The findings of this study provide evidence for government and policymakers to formulate, modify, and implement policies and program that target both men and women regarding the prevailing intimate partner violence and its consequences. Strengthening the policy implementation will ensure that women are empowered to make decisions about their reproductive health. Making husbands and their family members aware of the basics and consequences of intimate partner violence and focusing on child cognitive development which can be hampered due to the prevalence violence in families are recommended.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-28
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020022
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 303-320: Young Adults’ Qualitative Self-Reports
           of Their Outcomes of Online Sexual Activities

    • Authors: Erin Leigh Courtice, Krystelle Shaughnessy, Kristin Blom, Yodit Asrat, Kristian Daneback, Nicola Döring, Christian Grov, E. Sandra Byers
      First page: 303
      Abstract: Online sexual activities (OSA) refer to Internet-based activities, behaviours, and materials that are sexual in nature. Many young adults engage in OSA, but report doing so infrequently. Most OSA outcome research has focused on negative effects of only some types of OSA (e.g., viewing pornography online). The goal of this study was to enhance knowledge on the range of OSA outcomes by qualitatively exploring young adults’ self-reported negative and positive outcomes from OSA experiences generally. University/College students from Canada (n = 246), Germany (n = 411), Sweden (n = 299), and the USA (n = 123) completed an online survey that included open-ended questions about “one of the most positive/negative effects that engaging in online sexual activities has had on your life”. More participants provided positive outcome responses than negative outcome responses. Qualitative analysis of the responses suggested a wide range of positive and negative outcome content that fit into seven bi-polar, higher-order themes: No Outcomes, Relationship Outcomes, Sexual Experience, Emotional Outcomes, Knowledge, Personal Outcomes, and Security. We found no variations in themes or their respective codes across the four countries. The findings suggests that researchers, educators, health care and psychology providers need to include multiple dimensions of positive and negative, personal and interpersonal, sexual and non-sexual OSA outcomes in their work
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020023
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 321-333: My Family Stands Behind Me: Moderated
           Mediation Model of Family Support and Work Engagement

    • Authors: Humaira Erum, Ghulam Abid, Aizza Anwar, Muhammad Fazal Ijaz, Daisy Mui Hung Kee
      First page: 321
      Abstract: Family motivation as a mediating mechanism is a novel and under-researched area in the field of positive organizational scholarship. Drawing on Social Exchange Theory (SET), this study empirically validates family motivation as a mediator between family support and work engagement. The process by Hayes (2013) was used to analyze time-lagged data collected from 356 employees of the education sector. Results confirm the mediating role of family motivation in the relationship between family support and work engagement and the moderating role of calling in the relationship between family support and family motivation. This study adds to the literature of family-work enrichment accounts by validating family support as a novel antecedent for family motivation and positive attitudes. The implications of the study are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020024
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 334-344: Academic Resilience and Engagement in High
           School Students: The Mediating Role of Perceived Teacher Emotional Support
           

    • Authors: Luciano Romano, Giacomo Angelini, Piermarco Consiglio, Caterina Fiorilli
      First page: 334
      Abstract: Academic resilience is the ability to overcome setbacks and chronic difficulties in the academic context. Previous studies have found that resilient students tend to be more engaged in school than their counterparts. Nevertheless, it seems worth deepening the role of contextual factors, such as teacher emotional support and how students perceive it, as it could contribute to foster the abovementioned relationship. The present study aimed to examine the links between academic resilience, perceived teacher emotional support, and school engagement. Moreover, the mediating role of perceived teacher emotional support was investigated. A sample of 205 Italian high school students (58.5% female), aged 14–19 years (M = 16.15, SD = 1.59), completed self-report questionnaires on academic resilience, perceived teacher emotional support, and school engagement. A structural equation model (SEM) was used to test the mediation hypothesis. The results showed that academic resilience was associated with perceived teacher emotional support, and both of them were related to school engagement. Furthermore, perceived teacher emotional support partially mediated the relationship between academic resilience and school engagement. Findings were discussed by underlining the importance of fostering personal and contextual resources in the school context to promote students’ well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-31
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020025
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 345-357: Emotional Intelligence Profiles and
           Mobbing in Nursing: The Mediating Role of Social Support and Sensitivity
           to Anxiety

    • Authors: María del Mar Molero Jurado, África Martos Martínez, Ana Belén Barragán Martín, María del Mar Simón Márquez, Nieves Fátima Oropesa Ruiz, Maria Sisto, María del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes, José Jesús Gázquez Linares
      First page: 345
      Abstract: The prevalence of mobbing among nurses in various countries is around 17–20%. Some researchers have attempted to explain the success or failure of adaptation to the work environment and teamwork and to buffer the effects of psychological harassment in the workplace by incorporating emotional intelligence into the mobbing context. As its main objectives, this quantitative, observational, cross-sectional study analyzed the relationship between emotional intelligence and mobbing as perceived by nurses and sought to establish the mediating roles of other variables involved, such as social support and sensitivity to anxiety. The final sample consisted of 1357 Spanish, self-selected nurses aged 22–58 from multiple healthcare institutions. The questionnaires (Perceived Psychological Harassment Questionnaire, The Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory, Brief Perceived Social Support Questionnaire, Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3) were implemented on a web platform, which enabled the participants to complete them online. Descriptive analyses and mediation models were estimated. Personal characteristics related to high sensitivity to anxiety and low emotional intelligence implied greater presence of mobbing at work. This mobbing may be buffered if the person perceives enough support from family, friends or significant others. Our results recommend reinforcing the social support network of nursing personnel to improve the work climate and training them in emotional intelligence in university and on-the-job programs.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-04-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020026
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 358-371: Exploring Two Pandemics in Academic Arena:
           Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Profile of University Students
           in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Khalidur Rahman, Matteo Vandoni, Boris Cheval, Md Asaduzzaman, Mohammad Nayeem Hasan, Sabbir Tahmidur Rahman
      First page: 358
      Abstract: The overlay of the COVID-19 pandemic on the pandemic of physical inactivity has become a great concern. Both types of pandemics can decrease the health protection capacity and consequently increase complexity in human lives. This cross-sectional study intended to examine changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic among university students in a second-tier city of Bangladesh. Two hundred and nine students responded to an online questionnaire administered via Google Survey. In addition to descriptive statistics, parametric and non-parametric tests for comparing means, medians and distributions were used to assess differences in activity traits before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that the occurrence of COVID-19 has significantly reduced the practice of walking and physical activities among the students. They are commonly motivated by introjected regulation. Father’s occupation and the type of family of a student have significant influences on the total physical activity in either situation. Bangladeshi university students have, particularly, been perceived as not generally used to vigorous physical activities. They are inactive compared to students from other countries. Thus, the public health policymakers and the corresponding authority should inspire the students to be more physically active by implementing different strategies such as increasing bicycling and walking facilities on the campus.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-04-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020027
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 372-381: Impact of Web-Based Meeting Platform Usage
           on Overall Well-Being among Higher Education Employees

    • Authors: Martha E. Kershaw, Shannon P. Lupien, Jennifer L. Scheid
      First page: 372
      Abstract: During the ongoing global pandemic, faculty, staff and administrators at colleges and universities experienced an increase in meetings using web-based platforms. Challenges were identified related to the changes from face-to-face to web-based meetings, including internet connectivity, inadequate technology and distractions in the online environment, which led to questions about how meetings that use web-based platforms may contribute to overall stress and well-being during the pandemic. The research related to the use of web-based meeting platforms is limited. However, some anecdotal evidence suggests that impacts from web-based meeting platforms could include frustration, sleep issues and fatigue, which contribute to overall well-being. The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship exists between a number of potentially related web-based meeting factors including the frequency and length of the meetings and comfort level with the platform and overall well-being. This study involved (N = 164) male, female and nonbinary participants over 18 years of age who worked as tenured, tenure-track, or nontenure track faculty, staff and administrators at colleges/universities in the United States during the global pandemic. The participants were recruited via both social media and email and were provided with a link to the survey tool, which included demographic and web-based meeting questions (e.g., frequency, length, and comfort) along with scales to measure perceived stress, subjective well-being, mental fatigue and sleep quality. The current study did not find a relationship between the frequency of meetings and overall well-being (p = 0.294). However, statistically significant relationships were found between meeting length and overall well-being (p = 0.003) and between comfort with the web-based meeting platform and overall well-being (p = 0.030). Based on the findings of this study, meeting organizers may consider scheduling meetings for less than two hours and providing training to ensure participants are proficient in the web-based meeting platform in order to support overall well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-04-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020028
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 382-404: Metacognitive Strategies for Developing
           Complex Geographical Causal Structures—An Interventional Study in the
           Geography Classroom

    • Authors: Johannes Heuzeroth, Alexandra Budke
      First page: 382
      Abstract: This article examines the impact of applied metacognition on the development of geographical causal structures by students in the geography classroom. For that, three different metacognitive strategies were designed: a. action plan, activating meta-knowledge prior to problem-solving and simultaneously visualizing action steps for dealing with the task (A); b. circular thinking (C), a loop-like, question-guided procedure applied during the problem-solving process that supports and controls content-related and linguistic cognition processes; c. reflexion (R), aiming at evaluating the effectivity and efficiency of applied problem-solving heuristics after the problem-solving process and developing strategies for dealing with future tasks. These strategies were statistically tested and assessed as to their effectiveness on the development of complex geographical causal structures via a quasi-experimental pre-posttest design. It can be shown that metacognitive strategies strongly affect students’ creation of causal structures, which depict a multitude of elements and relations at a high degree of interconnectedness, thus enabling a contentually and linguistically coherent representation of system-specific properties of the human–environment system. On the basis of the discussion of the results, it will be demonstrated that metacognitive strategies can provide a significant contribution to initiating systemic thinking-competences and what the implications might be on planning and teaching geography lessons.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020029
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 405-422: How Can Students Feel More Vital Amidst
           Severe Restrictions' Psychological Needs Satisfaction, Motivational
           Regulation and Vitality of Students during the Coronavirus Pandemic
           Restrictions

    • Authors: Daniela Martinek, Matteo Carmignola, Florian H. Müller, Sonja Bieg, Almut Thomas, Alexander Eckes, Nadine Großmann, Ann-Kathrin Dittrich, Matthias Wilde
      First page: 405
      Abstract: During the pandemic restrictions imposed in spring 2020, many aspects of students’ living and learning environments changed drastically. From the perspective of Self-Determination Theory, changes in social context interact with the satisfaction or frustration of basic psychological needs and, as a result, with study-related motivational regulation and vitality. In this study, we investigate the relationships between the contextual factors of online-based distance learning, basic psychological needs, forms of motivational regulation and subjective vitality in a sample of N = 1849 university students across eight universities in Austria and Germany. Based on structural equational modelling, the results stress the relevance of satisfaction with technological resources in regard to higher levels of satisfaction in all three basic psychological needs, while perceived overload is linked to lower levels of needs satisfaction and increased basic psychological needs frustration. Further, the estimated workload difference before and during the pandemic is not related to the motivational outcomes of the model. All relationships have been tested for mediation effects between basic psychological needs and the different forms of motivational regulation on subjective vitality: for the need for relatedness, no mediation is found, while the effect of the need for autonomy is fully mediated by autonomous regulation styles. The need for competence was associated with several mediating interactions with regulation styles. The results offer insight into students’ perceptions of their study-related experiences during the pandemic and can help to develop effective methods in online-based and blended learning settings in the future.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020030
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 423-435: Shared Decision-Making and Information
           Needs among People with Generalized Anxiety Disorder

    • Authors: Vanesa Ramos-García, Amado Rivero-Santana, Andrea Duarte-Díaz, Lilisbeth Perestelo-Pérez, Wenceslao Peñate-Castro, Yolanda Álvarez-Pérez, Ana Isabel González-González, Pedro Serrano-Aguilar
      First page: 423
      Abstract: Shared decision making (SDM) aims to involve patients in the decisions about their care, considering their preferences, values and concerns about the different treatment options. However, research shows that people with mental health problems have considerable unmet information needs about their condition. This community-based cross-sectional study explores the SDM process and information needs among people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), as an initial step in the design and development of a Patient Decision Aid for this population. Seventy participants completed an online survey with the Control Preference Scale, and questions about the perceived difficulty of past treatment decisions and the use of the Internet for searching for GAD-related information. Most participants preferred an active (42.9%) or collaborative role (41.4%) in the SDM process, and 53% did not perceive their preferred role. Information provided by healthcare professionals was considered insufficient by 28% of the sample, and over 30% reported using the Internet to look for GAD-related information at least once a week or more. The most relevant GAD-related information needs were general information (71.4%), information on self-help groups (65.7%), recommendations on how to face this disorder (61.4%) and information on treatment options (50%). Exploratory analyses showed that patients who perceived an active participation were more likely to search for information frequently (p = 0.038), and those who felt more involved than desired tended to search for more themes (p = 0.049). In summary, the study showed that a considerable percentage of GAD patients have unmet needs related to decision-making participation and information.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020031
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 436-449: Impact of Prosocial Motivation on
           Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Commitment: The
           Mediating Role of Managerial Support

    • Authors: Arshad, Abid, Contreras, Elahi, Athar
      First page: 436
      Abstract: This study, based on the conservation of resources (COR) theory, explores the impact of contextual variables, such as prosocial motivation, on employee discretionary behavior and organizational commitment. The mediating mechanism of managerial support at work defines the nature of the proposed relationships. Data from 303 administrative, instructional, and supervisory staff—predominantly male (95%) and with an average age of 30 years—working on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for Pakistan’s public sector were collected and analyzed by employing SPSS version 24. Confirmatory factor analyses suggested a good fit model, while a correlation matrix provided a significant and positive effect of prosocial motivation on employee citizenship behaviour and organizational commitment. Managerial support mediated the relationship between prosocial motivation and the employees’ organizational commitment and citizenship behaviour. The theoretical and practical implications discussed in this study seek to guide the management area to promote managerial support for better outcomes. These outcomes have considerable tactical, statistical, and real-world inferences for the stakeholders of the TVET sector.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020032
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 450-467: Positive Massage: An Intervention for
           Couples’ Wellbeing in a Touch-Deprived Era

    • Authors: Sayuri M. Naruse, Mark Moss
      First page: 450
      Abstract: COVID-19 has brought not only fear and anxiety, but also legitimate restrictions of communication and consequential touch-deprivation in our daily lives. Couples’ relational wellbeing continues to be impacted by these COVID-19 related stressors. Protecting both personal and relational wellbeing is therefore particularly important at this time. Using a preventative intervention approach, the current paper argues the theoretical benefit of the Positive Massage programme and reports a qualitative analysis of stressed but healthy couples’ experience of engaging in the programme. Thirty-four participants completed 3 weekly classes and home-based practice of massage exchange. Data from an open text online questionnaire completed every week of the programme and again 3 weeks afterwards were analysed using thematic analysis. The identified themes included “holistic stress relief”, “relationship-promotion”, and “selves-care skill”. Couples perceived Positive Massage as an effective mutual support skill to relax and help one another by de-stressing, both emotionally and physically through verbal and nonverbal communication, creating gratitude, deeper connection and self-efficacy via quality time together and pleasurable touch. Theoretically and experientially, Positive Massage can be an effective preventative selves-care skill. Promoting the concept of selves-care and its practical application through Positive Massage would be beneficial for couples’ personal and relational wellbeing in a touch-deprived era.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020033
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 468-495: Home Scholarly Culture, Book Selection
           Reason, and Academic Performance: Pathways to Book Reading Interest among
           Secondary School Students

    • Authors: Quan-Hoang Vuong, Minh-Hoang Nguyen, Tam-Tri Le
      First page: 468
      Abstract: Although studies have explored the predictors of book reading interest among children, little is known about the underlying mechanism that helps children become interested in reading books. This study attempt to demonstrate: (1) how book-reading interest is driven by reasons for choosing books (recommendation or personal preference), (2) how students with high and low academic achievements are motivated by different thinking pathways, and (3) how home scholarly culture improves book-reading interest through such pathways. Using Bayesian analysis on a dataset of survey responses from 4966 Vietnamese secondary students (11–15 years old, sixth to ninth grade), we found: (i) Reading interest is positively associated with a book recommendation and parental book reading activities (parents read books to children); (ii) High-achieving students are more interested in reading books if they can choose those books according to personal preferences; (iii) Parental book reading activities can promote book reading interest through recommendations and also by understanding children’s personal preferences. We advocate a more personalized approach in educational policymaking, curriculum design, and home scholarly culture based on students’ abilities and perceptions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020034
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 496-512: Self-Perceived Instructional Competence,
           Self-Efficacy and Burnout during the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Study of a Group
           of Italian School Teachers

    • Authors: Monica Pellerone
      First page: 496
      Abstract: Prolonged school closures, forced isolation, and mutations in social interactions due to the COVID-19 pandemic have posed challenges for actors in the educational context; teachers, in particular, have had to develop new instructional strategies to ensure that lessons could continue. The present research measures in a group of 374 Italian teachers—curricular and specialist support teachers—the relationship between self-perceived instructional competence, self-efficacy, and burnout. The present research, conducted between April and December 2020, represents the second part of a larger study conducted from November 2018 to October 2019, which was replicated during COVID-19. Participants completed an anamnestic questionnaire, the Assessment Teaching Scale, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory in both phases of research; an ad hoc questionnaire (to measure teaching practices) and the Teacher Sense of Self Efficacy Scale were added in the second phase. Data confirm that general level of burnout increased and personal accomplishment was reduced during the pandemic; elevated personal accomplishment appears to be a predictor of emotional, socio-relational, and didactic competences before and during the pandemic. Feelings of frustration and accomplishment represent some manifestations of distress caused by the pandemic condition; these dynamics favor the crystallization of roles and behaviors towards the perception of metacognitive teaching processes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020035
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 513-514: Correction: Lochbaum et al. The Profile of
           Moods States and Athletic Performance: A Meta-Analysis of Published
           Studies. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2021, 11, 50–70

    • Authors: Marc Lochbaum, Thaís Zanatta, Deylon Kirschling, Emily May
      First page: 513
      Abstract: Error in Section 2.6 [...]
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020036
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 515-528: Mental Health of Teachers Who Have
           Teleworked Due to COVID-19

    • Authors: Claudia Palma-Vasquez, Diego Carrasco, Julio C. Hernando-Rodriguez
      First page: 515
      Abstract: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education included school closures and the implementation of virtual teaching and teleworking without the knowledge or resources needed to do so. This situation accentuated the inequality in accessing quality education and generated high rates of stress, anxiety, and general discomfort in teachers. This study aimed to explore the mental health of teachers who were forced to telework because of COVID-19, and to analyze the association with sociodemographic, teacher-related, and working conditions. The sample was 278 classroom teachers in Chile who teleworked more than 50% during the 2020 academic year. The participants were mostly women (82%) who entered the teaching profession at age 30 or younger (87%) and worked two or more unpaid overtime hours per day (67%). The dependent variable was mental health measured through the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). The independent variables were sociodemographic, teacher-related, and work conditions. The internal structure of the mental health construct was evaluated using the Rasch model. Crude odds ratios (cORs) and adjusted odds ratios (aORs) were estimated using logistic regression models. A high rate of poor mental health was identified in teachers (58%). The variables associated with poor mental health were working in a private–subsidized school (aOR = 2.89; 95% CI: 1.16–7.22), working two or more unpaid overtime hours (aOR = 2.25; 95% CI: 1.11–4.59), and being absent due to sickness (aOR = 3.82; 95% CI: 1.53–9.58). These results provide evidence suggesting the need for actions to improve the working conditions of teachers who telework in order to improve their mental health, and thus have a positive impact on the entire educational community.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020037
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 529-545: Multiperspectivity as a Process of
           Understanding and Reflection: Introduction to a Model for
           Perspective-Taking in Geography Education

    • Authors: Dina Vasiljuk, Alexandra Budke
      First page: 529
      Abstract: Perspective-taking is an essential competency because it enables a better understanding of complex issues or conflicts with various actors and different points of view involved. However, no competency model for perspective-taking has been provided in geography education to date, which is why a respective model was developed in this study. The model was then applied by analysing 28 articles from four practice journals of geography education from German-speaking countries. This analysis focused on the dimensions of the perspective-taking competencies that were required by respective tasks within the lesson concepts. The results show that the tasks hardly promoted competence-oriented geography teaching in terms of perspective-taking. Therefore, the competency model could be a suitable tool for analysing and developing teaching materials that implement perspective-taking.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020038
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 546-556: The Kids Are Alright: Outcome of a Safety
           Programme for Addressing Childhood Injury in Australia

    • Authors: Blake Peck, Daniel Terry
      First page: 546
      Abstract: Globally, injuries are the leading cause of death and represent the highest burden of ongoing disease amongst children 1–16 years of age. Increasingly, prevention programmes are recognising a growing need for intervention strategies that target children. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the SeeMore Safety Programme, designed to teach children (4–6 years of age) how to make conscious decisions about their own capabilities related to safety and how to manage risk. This retrospective study examined de-identified pre- and post-programme data from a sample of 1027 4 to 6-year-old pre-school children over the four-year period who participated in the SeeMore Safety Programme. Results show a significant improvement in each of the post-test scores and when compared to the pre-test scores (p < 0.001). Children from rural areas, as well as those from areas of greater disadvantage, also showed significant improvement in their pre- and post-test scores (p < 0.001). Overall, the findings highlight that the SeeMore Safety Programme over the four-year period demonstrates an increase in the children’s capacity to recognise and identify danger and safety amongst all children, offering great promise for reducing the burden of injury on children, their families and society.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020039
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 557-569: Cigarette Smoking and Dating App Use:
           Findings from a Survey in a Sample of Adults in Italy

    • Authors: Luca Flesia, Valentina Fietta, Carlo Foresta, Merylin Monaro
      First page: 557
      Abstract: Existing studies in the literature indicate an association between the use of dating apps and substance-related behaviours (i.e., alcohol consumption, drug consumption). However, to date, no studies investigated the relation between dating app use and smoking. This study aims to explore this association. A total of 1278 respondents completed an online ad hoc questionnaire assessing demographics, smoking habits, dating app use, motivations for using dating apps. Multiple logistic regression analyses were run to investigate the relation between demographics and dating apps use on tobacco consumption. Being active user was significantly associated with being smoker, light daily and moderate-to-heavy smoker. Among users, using apps with the motive of searching for friends accounted for lower odds of smoking, light daily smoking and moderate-to-heavy smoking. However, heavy dating app users were less likely to smoke, to be light daily smokers and to be moderate-to-heavy smokers. The study indicates an association between using the apps and smoking, suggesting that motives for using the apps and intensity of use may moderate this association.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020040
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 570-584: The High School Competencies Scale (H-Comp
           Scale): A First Validation Study

    • Authors: Diego Boerchi, Paola Magnano, Ernesto Lodi
      First page: 570
      Abstract: Researchers widely explored non-intellective study factors because they play a central role in academic performance and are potentially more modifiable than intellective ones. The scientific literature suggests that the non-intellective factors can be classified into three main areas: self-concept, which refers to self-esteem and efficacy, motivation and emotional reactions; the area of study, related to study dedication and operative skills; and the area of relationships, comprising those with family, fellow students and teachers. Basing on these findings, the C-Comp Scale has been developed and tested in the past, addressed to college students. This study aimed to adapt and test a new version of this questionnaire on high school students. Methods. A pilot study was conducted on 364 Italian high school students to adapt and test the new version of the questionnaire, called the H-Comp Scale. The following study, conducted on 792 Italian high school students, provided further evidence of its reliability, structural validity, and concurrent validity with general self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy, social self-efficacy, and academic performance. Results. The H-Comp Scale showed to possess excellent reliability and structural and concurrent validity. The final version is composed of twelve subscales, aggregated in three areas, with just 48 items: Study (Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, Time Management, Study Dedication), Self (Learning Assessment, General Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, Reaction to Failures, Emotional Control), and Relationships (Family Relationships, Fellow Student Relationships, Teacher Relationships). Conclusions. The H-Comp Scale would be a useful and easy-to-use instrument to support school counselors, tutors, teachers, and researchers in exploring different types of non-intellective variables, to better project educational intervention aimed to improve high school students’ academic performance and satisfaction.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020041
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 585-606: Mapping the Evolutions and Trends of
           Literature on Wayfinding in Indoor Environments

    • Authors: Hessam Ghamari, Ayyoob Sharifi
      First page: 585
      Abstract: Research on indoor wayfinding has increased in number and significance since the 1980s. Yet, the information on wayfinding literature is now difficult to manage given its vast scope and spread across journals, institutions, disciplines, and themes. While there is an increasing number of publications within this rapidly growing field of research, there are limited review studies in the field, and there is still missing an overall analysis of the current state of wayfinding literature and its evolution. The main objective of this study is to present a bibliometric analysis of about forty years of research on indoor wayfinding to provide an overview of the research landscape. The final database of the study contained 407 publications. VOSviewer was used as a science mapping software tool to identify major focus areas and to identify influential authors, publications, and journals using various network analysis techniques, such as term co-occurrence, co-citation, and bibliographic coupling. Similar co-occurrence analysis was used to understand how the intellectual base of the field has evolved over time and what the major themes are that have contributed to this evolution. The results show that this field has initially been mainly focused on few themes but has later become more diversified to acknowledge the multi-dimensional characteristics of indoor wayfinding. While spatial knowledge acquisition and cognitive maps are still dominant core areas, there are topics, such as signage, isovists, and the use of eye-tracking and virtual reality, that still need to be further investigated.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020042
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 607-615: The Relationship between Body
           Dissatisfaction and Eating Disorder Symptoms in Young Women Aspiring
           Fashion Models: The Mediating Role of Stress

    • Authors: Sabrina Castellano, Agostino Rizzotto, Sergio Neri, Walter Currenti, Claudia Savia Guerrera, Concetta Pirrone, Marinella Coco, Donatella Di Corrado
      First page: 607
      Abstract: It is widely recognized that body dissatisfaction is an important public health concern. In the past, being a fashion model was almost synonymous with anorexia/bulimia, and even today, there are cases of eating disorders in young women whose ambition is to become a top model. Moreover, stress can play a substantial role within ill health via related behaviors such as smoking, substance abuse, and inappropriate eating. In our study, we examined 112 aspiring fashion models aged between 15 and 24 years (M = 19.5, SD = 2.08) from 32 different countries of the world during an international contest, and 100 students (control group), aged between 16 and 22 years (M = 18.6, SD = 1.39). The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether stress mediated the relationship between body dissatisfaction and eating disorders. The study included the administration of stress and self-efficacy and the locus of control dimensions, body (image) dissatisfaction, and eating attitude disorder. Results indicated higher scores on body dissatisfaction, stress level, and eating attitudes disorder among the group of fashion models compared to the control. Mediational analyses showed that body dissatisfaction was partially mediated by stress level on eating disorders. Especially in the aspiring fashion models, there are often many possibilities that competitive stress causes candidates to exacerbate attempts to maintain their body weight below normal weight/height parameters. These results indicated that appropriate intervention for the management of stress level could possibly defend against the negative impact of body dissatisfaction on eating disorder symptoms. The presence of skilled health workers in the field of nutrition and psychology can be extremely important in the field of fashion to maintain an adequate quality of life.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020043
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 616-626: Associative Learning of New Word Forms in
           a First Language (L1) and Haptic Referents in a Single-Day Experiment

    • Authors: Yutao Yang, Yan Yan, Misa Ando, Xinyi Liu, Toshimune Kambara
      First page: 616
      Abstract: This study focused on the associative learning of new word forms in the first language and haptic stimuli. In this study, healthy Japanese participants performed three-step tasks. First, participants made nine subjective evaluations of haptic stimuli using five-point semantic differential scales (e.g., regarding stickiness, scored from 1 (not sticky) to 5 (sticky)). Second, the participants carried out learning and recognition tasks for associative pairs of new (meaningless) word forms in their first language (Japanese) and haptic stimulus (H condition), and performed learning and recognition tasks for new (meaningless) word forms only (W condition). The order of conditions was counterbalanced among participants. Third, participants performed free recall tasks. The results of the recognition tasks showed that the proportions and response times of the W condition were better and faster, respectively, than those of the H condition. Furthermore, preference of haptic features negatively correlated with free recall scores of the H condition; however, there was no significant difference between the free recall scores of the H and W conditions. Our results suggest that new word forms were learned better than associative pairs of new word forms and haptic stimuli in a single day of learning. Furthermore, the free recall performance of word forms associated with haptic features could also be affected by their subjective evaluation (preference).
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020044
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 12-19: Long-Term Lateral Semicircular Canal
           Function in Children with Cochlear Implants: Results of Video Head Impulse
           Test

    • Authors: Nader Nassif, Cristiano Balzanelli, Luca Oscar Redaelli de Zinis
      First page: 12
      Abstract: In children with profound deafness, bilateral cochlear implant (CI) is an effective, established procedure. However, its safety on vestibular function has recently been debated. The goal of this study is to evaluate the long-term lateral semicircular canal high-frequency vestibulo-oculomotor reflex (LSC HF VOR) in children with CI by video head impulse testing (vHIT). This is a cross-sectional study assessing a cohort of children who received either a unilateral (12) or a bilateral (12) cochlear implant (CI), compared with a control group of 12 normal-hearing children. No significant LSC HF VOR gain difference was found between CI users and controls. In the unilaterally implanted group, the LSC HF VOR gain measured in the “CI-ON” condition was significantly higher than in the “CI-OFF” condition, both in the implanted and in the non-implanted ear. In the bilaterally implanted group, the difference between the two conditions was not significant. Our results do not show any impairment of LSC HF VOR function in children with CI compared to normal-hearing children in the long-term period. This suggests that both unilateral and simultaneous/sequential bilateral CI are procedures that do not impair HF LSC long-term function when analyzed by vHIT.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010002
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 20-32: Projection of E-Learning in Higher
           Education: A Study of Its Scientific Production in Web of Science

    • Authors: Jesús López-Belmonte, Adrián Segura-Robles, Antonio-José Moreno-Guerrero, María-Elena Parra-González
      First page: 20
      Abstract: E-learning is conceived as a purely virtual training approach. Different learning styles have been proliferated in recent years, especially now, due to the impact of COVID-19 in the educational field. The aim of this study is to discover the evolution of e-learning in higher education (ELHI) in scientific literature indexed on the Web of Science. Co-word analysis and bibliometric analysis was performed. A total matrix of 1261 documents was analyzed through SciMAT software. The results revealed that studies on ELHI are written in English and presented by conference papers. The main source of publication for the conferences is EDULEARN proceedings, while the journal source is Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. Spain is the country with the highest volume of production. It is concluded that research on ELHI use does not have an established line of research, due to its recent creation and the lack of related research. The bibliometric analysis specifies that the research is oriented towards knowing the level of acceptance and application of the pedagogical method in the teaching and learning processes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010003
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 33-49: Multivariate Analysis of Attitudes,
           Knowledge and Use of ICT in Students Involved in Virtual Research Seedbeds
           

    • Authors: Magda Alejandra Martinez-Daza, Alfredo Guzmán Rincón, Jader Alexis Castaño Rico, Nuria Segovia-García, Harvey Yesid Montilla Buitrago
      First page: 33
      Abstract: The incorporation of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in higher education has been carried out in a transversal manner within the curriculum, and the processes of formative research in both face-to-face and virtual programmes are not an exception to this process. In this context, it is recognised that students’ perceptions of the inclusion of technologies in the classroom can influence their teaching and learning process; however, they have not been widely addressed in multiple settings including research seedbeds. Thus, this paper aims to identify such perceptions represented in the attitudes, knowledge and uses of ICTs in students ascribed to the research seedbed in a virtual business administration programme of an Institution of Higher Education located in Colombia. For its fulfillment, the ACUTIC scale was applied to a sample of 65 students in order to identify these perceptions through a hierarchical cluster analysis, a single factor analysis of variance (ANOVA) test, a post hoc Tukey method and a factor analysis. The main result is that attitudes, knowledge and use of ICTs are varied and they can be represented in three clusters. In general, the attitude towards the incorporation of technologies in the research seedbed is positive; however, there is a gap in terms of knowledge and use, especially of those tools oriented to the disciplinary field and research.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010004
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 50-70: The Profile of Moods States and Athletic
           Performance: A Meta-Analysis of Published Studies

    • Authors: Marc Lochbaum, Thaís Zanatta, Deylon Kirschling, Emily May
      First page: 50
      Abstract: Researchers have extensively examined and reviewed the relationship of the profile of mood states (POMS) with sport performance since the 1970s. Two decades have passed since the last POMS quantitative review. Our overall objective was to quantify the POMS research with competitive athletes with a prospective measured POMS and a sport performance outcome in the published literature. Additionally, we tested potential moderators of the mental health model (i.e., sport duration, type, and skill) with meta-analytic techniques while considering potential risk bias across study sources. Based on a systematic review, the articles were found using EBSCO and comparing these articles with extensive past POMS in sport and exercise bibliographies. Search terms included profile of mood states (POMS) or iceberg profile or the mental health model with sport and performance or sports performance. For selection, articles must have reported data on competitive athletes, an athletic performance outcome, and a valid form of the POMS measured prospectively. After screening more than 600 articles for inclusion, 25 articles provided sufficient data for effect size calculations. The included articles spanned from 1975 to 2011, with 1497 unique participants. Hedges’ g values were generally small for the six POMS scales: tension (−0.21), depression (−0.43), anger (−0.08), vigor (0.38), fatigue (−0.13), and confusion (−0.41). However, the total mood disturbance (TMD) score effect size was medium in magnitude at −0.53. When corrected for potential publication bias, the effect size values increased in magnitude for tension (−0.47), depression (−0.64), vigor (0.44), fatigue (−0.34), and TMD (−0.84). Moderator analyses for Terry’s (1995) propositions and for risk of bias across studies, statistically, resulted in few differences based on conventional statistical significance (p < 0.05). Measured before performance, most of the POMS scales and TMD are reliable predictors of sport performance in competitive athletes across a wide variety of sports and athletic performance outcomes. Morgan’s (1980, 1985) mental health model or iceberg profile minus anger is still a viable method for understanding and improving athletic performances.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010005
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 71-82: Antimicrobial Resistance in the Context of
           the Sustainable Development Goals: A Brief Review

    • Authors: Márió Gajdács, Edit Urbán, Anette Stájer, Zoltán Baráth
      First page: 71
      Abstract: The reduction in infectious disease morbidity and mortality may be attributed to a variety of factors; however, improved sanitation and public health, and the introduction of vaccines and antibiotics are among the most significant. The development of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in bacterial pathogens is an expected consequence of evolutionary adaptation to these noxious agents and the widespread use of these drugs has significantly sped up this process. Infections caused by multidrug resistant pathogens are directly associated with worse clinical outcomes, longer hospital stays, excess mortality in the affected patients and an increasing burden and costs on the healthcare infrastructure. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were published in 2015 by the United Nations to serve as a global blueprint for a better, more equitable, more sustainable life on our planet. The SDGs contextualize AMR as a global public health and societal issue; in addition, the continuing emergence of AMR may limit the attainment on many SDGs. The aim of this mini-review is to provide insight on the interface between attainment of SDGs and the clinical problem of drug resistance in bacteria.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010006
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 83-95: Testing the Role of Emotion Dysregulation as
           a Predictor of Juvenile Recidivism

    • Authors: Kalin Z. Salinas, Amanda Venta
      First page: 83
      Abstract: The current study proposed to determine whether adolescent emotion regulation is predictive of the amount and type of crime committed by adolescent juvenile offenders. Despite evidence in the literature linking emotion regulation to behaviour problems and aggression across the lifespan, there is no prior longitudinal research examining the predictive role of emotion regulation on adolescent recidivism, nor data regarding how emotion regulation relates to the occurrence of specific types of crimes. Our primary hypothesis was that poor emotion regulation would positively and significantly predict re-offending among adolescents. We tested our hypothesis within a binary logistic framework utilizing the Pathways to Desistance longitudinal data. Exploratory bivariate analyses were conducted regarding emotion regulation and type of crime in the service of future hypothesis generation. Though the findings did not indicate a statistically significant relation between emotion regulation and reoffending, exploratory findings suggest that some types of crime may be more linked to emotion regulation than others. In sum, the present study aimed to examine a hypothesized relation between emotion regulation and juvenile delinquency by identifying how the individual factor of dysregulated emotion regulation may have played a role. This study’s findings did not provide evidence that emotion regulation was a significant predictor of recidivism over time but did suggest that emotion regulation is related to participation in certain types of crime one year later. Directions for future research that build upon the current study were described. Indeed, identifying emotion regulation as a predictor of adolescent crime has the potential to enhance current crime prevention efforts and clinical treatments for juvenile offenders; this is based on the large amount of treatment literature, which documents that emotion regulation is malleable through treatment and prevention programming.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010007
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 96-111: Risk Perception and Ethnic Background in
           Construction Workers: Results of a Cross-Sectional Study in A Group of
           Trainees of a Vocational School in Italy

    • Authors: Ricci, Bravo, Modenese, De Pasquale, Ferrari, Bello, Favero, Soddu, Gobba
      First page: 96
      Abstract: Risk perception can be influenced by cultural background. The study aims to evaluate risk perception, considering different ethnicities of construction workers from vocational schools in Italy. We administered a questionnaire investigating four different dimensions: Perceived behavioral control (PBC), Danger perception (DP), Safety climate (SC), and Attitude towards safe actions (ATSA). 562 workers answered: 72.4% from Italy, 14.2% from eastern Europe, 9.4% from Balkans, and 3.9% from North Africa. The participants indicated quite low control, attributable to the haste in performing the job. The workers perceived their specific job tasks as riskier compared to the tasks of their colleagues. They reported as fundamental the respecting of safety rules, but indicating that supervisors do not adequately promote safety behaviors. Finally, construction workers judged as “brave” the colleagues working without protective equipment. When compared to Italians, North Africa workers showed a lower perception of the possibility to control their safe behaviors (p=0.040), while both eastern Europeans and Balkan obtained higher scores at the ATSA dimension, indicating a kind of fatalistic acceptance of the risky situations at work. Eastern Europeans also showed a lower perception of the dangers (p=0.002), while Balkan demonstrated a perception of SC even better than the Italian group (p=0.005).
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010008
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 110-112: Acknowledgment to Reviewers of European
           Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education in 2020

    • Authors: EJIHPE Editorial Office EJIHPE Editorial Office
      First page: 110
      Abstract: Peer review is the driving force of journal development, and reviewers are gatekeepers who ensure that European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education maintains its standards for the high quality of its published papers [...]
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-01-28
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010009
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 113-128: Exploration of the Spanish Version of the
           Attachment Style Questionnaire: A Comparative Study between Spanish,
           Italian, and Japanese Culture

    • Authors: Oscar López-de-la-Nieta, Mᵃ Alejandra Koeneke Hoenicka, José Luis Martinez-Rubio, Kazuyuki Shinohara, Gianluca Esposito, Giuseppe Iandolo
      First page: 113
      Abstract: Nowadays, there are several human attachment measures, most in the form of questionnaires that assess adult attachment styles. This study investigates the use of Feeney, Noller, Hanrahan, Sperling and Berman’s five-factors Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ, 1994), based on Bartholomew’s four-factors model (1991), and Hazan and Shaver’s three-factors model (1987). Nevertheless, no robust study has explored the ASQ questionnaire in Spanish compared to other cultures, such as Italian and Japanese. Therefore, the linguistic translation of the Spanish version of the ASQ was performed, based on the back-translation methodology. The results indicate that 5-factors ASQ Spanish version explains 43.67% of the variance, similar to the original English-Australian ASQ version. The Italian and Japanese versions explain 49.37% and 52.27% of the variance, respectively. No age correlation for any ASQ factors in the Japanese sample was found; meanwhile, the Spanish and Italian cultures showed a positive correlation with age and “Confidence” and negative correlation with age and “Relationships as Secondary” ASQ factors. Some transcultural differences and possible research approaches are addressed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010010
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 129-141: The Relation between Social Capital and
           Academic Motivation of Students: A Study of Health Professional Education
           in Japan

    • Authors: Yuka Koyanagi, Myo Nyein Aung, Motoyuki Yuasa, Miwa Sekine, Okada Takao
      First page: 129
      Abstract: Academic motivation consists of reward-based extrinsic motivation and curiosity-based intrinsic motivation. Students studying at university or college develop several new social connections with friends, classmates, and teachers, in addition to their family and community. Belonging to their networks, students acquire opinions, appreciation, trust, and norms of the society. Whether those social connections enhance the motivation of university students for academic work is a question yet to be answered in the context of health profession education in Japan. Judo-therapist education is a form of health profession education in Japan. This study aimed to measure the academic motivation and social capital (SC) of judo-therapist students in Japan, and to find the relation between social capital and academic motivation. This cross-sectional study recruited a total of 2247 students applying multi-stage sampling across Japan. A Japanese version Academic Motivation Scale (AMS) measured the learning motivation in three constructs: (1) intrinsic motivation (IM); (2) extrinsic motivation (EM); and (3) amotivation (alpha 0.94). A newly-developed 46-itemed, 4-pointed scale measured social capital (SC) in five constructs: (1) family relations, (2) on-campus friends, (3) off-campus friends, (4) classroom social capital; and (5) regional social capital (alpha 0.85). Robust regression analysis treated all constructs of SC as independent variables and IM and EM as dependent variables respectively in the three models. Among the average level of constructs, the family SC average level was the highest. Classroom SC was less than family SC and community SC was the lowest. Intrinsic motivation is positively influenced by classroom SC the most, followed by family SC, on-campus friends’ SC, and community SC. Extrinsic motivation is positively influenced by classroom SC the most, followed by family SC, on-campus friends’ SC, and community SC. Amotivation is negatively influenced by social capital constructs except external friends’ SC. In conclusion, social connections have the power to enhance the motivation of university students’ academic work within health profession education. The relations, trust and bonds developed in the classroom may allow an adult learner’s motivation to evolve into autonomous intrinsic motivation and prevent amotivation.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010011
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 142-153: Adaptation and Validation of the Motivated
           Strategies for Learning Questionnaire for Spanish Adolescents

    • Authors: Adrián Segura-Robles, Antonio-José Moreno-Guerrero, María-Elena Parra-González, Jesús López-Belmonte
      First page: 142
      Abstract: This work adapts and validates the scale of the motivated strategies for learning questionnaire (MSLQ), which is used to measure motivation. For this, an instrumental design was carried out with the purpose of analyzing the psychometric properties of the instrument. The sample consisted of 307 participants enrolled in compulsory secondary education. Reliability with fit indices were good in model B (proposed) with composite reliability, global reliability index, and Cronbach’s alpha. The original model (A) presented small problems that had to be adjusted when carrying out the translation. We concluded that adaptation and subsequent validation of the MSLQ instrument into a Spanish context was positive. In this sense, adequate adjustment rates have been achieved. However, in its contextual adequacy, the need arises to modify the presentation of the items alluding to intrinsic motivation due to the difficulty of measuring such a construct. Among the implications reached in this study is the possibility of having a validated instrument for the Spanish adolescent context to measure motivation on educational aspects. Furthermore, this tool can serve as the basis for the design of other instruments that measure this construct in other age ranges.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010012
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 154-167: Blockchain and Higher Education Diplomas

    • Authors: Renato Q. Castro, Manuel Au-Yong-Oliveira
      First page: 154
      Abstract: Due to added mobility and the increase in international students worldwide, as well as the current problem regarding the counterfeiting of diplomas and the selling of fraudulent certificates, we propose a technological solution. Namely, to ally blockchain technology to higher education certificates and diplomas, to make the process of checking for academic qualifications more facilitated and transparent. Employers of graduates, as well as higher education institutions which evaluate course applicants, would benefit. Perhaps equally as important, students applying for international degree programs would have their lives simplified. There is an increased pressure to ensure the legitimacy and authenticity of certifications and diplomas—and preferably without the current “hassle” of getting diplomas recognized by official entities. New technological advances, with the development of blockchain and smart contracts, with their characteristics of immutability, decentralization, security, traceability, and consensus, may be considered an excellent match to implement a robust and reliable anti-fraud solution to issue digital diplomas. Radical innovations, such as linking blockchain and higher education diplomas, involve significant change and novelty. Linking blockchain and higher education diplomas could potentially positively impact and benefit millions of people worldwide, especially the younger generations. This study involved a literature review and the searching of the Scopus database (refereed publications) for the following concepts: blockchain and diploma. Existing literature is recent, with most articles (25) published between 2019 and 2020, with 4 in 2018 and only 1 in 2017. This was aligned with our expectations since the development of blockchain utilization outside financial and crypto-assets industries is recent, and it is known as “Blockchain 3.0”. We can additionally affirm that the topic is attracting attention and efforts from researchers worldwide and that some higher education institutions have already implemented ad hoc solutions. As it is, the sector lacks a unified response to the problem of automatic and reliable higher education diploma certification.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010013
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 168-182: Do Bilinguals Acquire Similar Words to
           Monolinguals' An Examination of Word Acquisition and the Similarity
           Effect in Japanese–English Bilinguals’ Vocabularies

    • Authors: Aya Kutsuki
      First page: 168
      Abstract: Previous research has paid much attention to the overall acquisition of vocabularies among bilingual children in comparison to their monolingual counterparts. Much less attention has been paid to the type of words acquired and the possible transfer or cross-linguistic effects of the other language on vocabulary development. Thus, this study aims to explore similarities and dissimilarities in the vocabularies of simultaneous bilinguals and Japanese monolinguals and considers the possible cross-linguistic similarity effect on word acquisition. Six simultaneous Japanese–English bilingual children (mean age = 34.75 months (2.56)) were language–age-matched with six Japanese monolinguals; their productive vocabularies were compared regarding size and categories. Additionally, characteristic acquired words were compared using correspondence analyses. Results showed that, although delayed due to the reduced inputs, young bilinguals have a similar set of vocabularies in terms of word category as monolinguals. However, bilingual children’s vocabularies reflect their unevenly distributed experience with the language. Fewer interactive experiences with language speakers may result in a lower acquisition of interactive words. Furthermore, there is a cross-linguistic effect on acquisition, likely caused by form similarity between Japanese katakana words and English words. Even between languages with great dissimilarities, resources and cues are sought and used to facilitate bilingual vocabulary acquisition.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010014
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 183-198: The Use of Single-Item Ratings versus
           Traditional Multiple-Item Questionnaires to Assess Mood and Health

    • Authors: Joris C. Verster, Elena Sandalova, Johan Garssen, Gillian Bruce
      First page: 183
      Abstract: Collecting real-world evidence via ‘at home’ assessments in ambulatory patients or healthy volunteers is becoming increasingly important, both for research purposes and in clinical practice. However, given the mobile technology that is frequently used for these assessments, concise assessments are preferred. The current study compared single-item ratings with multiple-item subscale scores of the same construct, by calculating the corresponding Bland and Altman 95% limits of agreement interval. The analysis showed that single-item ratings are usually in good agreement with assessments of their corresponding subscale. In the case of more complex multimodal constructs, single-item assessments were much less often in agreement with multiple-item questionnaire outcomes. The use of single-item assessments is advocated as they more often incorporate assessments of all aspects of a certain construct (including the presence, severity, and impact of the construct under investigation) compared to composite symptom scores.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010015
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 199-218: Immune Fitness and the Psychosocial and
           Health Consequences of the COVID-19 Pandemic Lockdown in The Netherlands:
           Methodology and Design of the CLOFIT Study

    • Authors: Pantea Kiani, Agnese Merlo, Hama M. Saeed, Sarah Benson, Gillian Bruce, Rosalie Hoorn, Aletta D. Kraneveld, Aurora J. A. E. van de van de Loo, Noortje R. Severeijns, Annabel S. M. Sips, Andrew Scholey, Johan Garssen, Joris C. Verster
      First page: 199
      Abstract: This article provides an overview of the design and methodology of the “Corona lockdown: how fit are you'” (CLOFIT) study, including the questionnaires and scales that were included in the online survey. The aim of the CLOFIT study was to investigate the psychosocial and health consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in the Netherlands. The survey was conducted among the Dutch population to collect data on immune fitness and the psychological and health consequences of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic lockdown in the Netherlands. The CLOFIT dataset contains measures from N = 1910 participants and is broadly representative of the Dutch general population. The dataset represents both sexes, a range of ages including the elderly, different education levels, and ethnic backgrounds. The cohort also includes people with a diverse health status and range of medication use.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010016
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 219-229: Quality in Higher Education and
           Satisfaction among Professors and Students

    • Authors: María del Carmen Olmos-Gómez, Mónica Luque-Suárez, Concetta Ferrara, Jesús Manuel Cuevas-Rincón
      First page: 219
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to analyze the significant differences in satisfaction with educational quality in higher education in Italy (Naples) among students and professors. The sample consisted of 501 higher education students and 121 professors, resulting in a total sample size of 622 subjects. Once the quality parameters of the instrument were determined, reliability was confirmed, and data collection was initiated. In order to analyze the results, a test of independent means (Student’s t-test) was performed, interrelating the variables of educational quality, concerning both management and satisfaction with higher education. Based on the results, we concluded that there are significant differences between the group of students and the group of professors, highlighting a higher level of satisfaction with quality reported by students regarding the coordination of teachers and staff in the educational process; therefore, the inclusion of students in the direct management of the center should be more active and an indicator to be taken into account in self-evaluation. Despite the limitations in the sample at the regional level, it offers many possibilities for future research.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-02-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010017
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 230-250: Computational Thinking and STEM in
           Agriculture Vocational Training: A Case Study in a Greek Vocational
           Education Institution

    • Authors: Eleftherios Chondrogiannis, Eleni Symeonaki, Dimitris Papachristos, Dimitris Loukatos, Konstantinos G. Arvanitis
      First page: 230
      Abstract: Due to the dynamic nature of the agricultural industry, educators and their institutions face difficult challenges as they try to keep pace with future demands for knowledge and skilled workers. On the other hand, computational thinking (CT) has drawn increasing attention in the field of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education at present and, as advanced technologies and tools emerge, it is imperative for such innovations to be sustained with knowledge and skill among STEM educators and practitioners. The present case study aims to explore the relation between CT, STEM and agricultural education training (AET) in a Greek vocational training institute (IEK), the Agriculture IEK of Metamorfosis city (IEKMC), which is active in agriculture education. The research methodology is utilized according the positivist philosophical approach through data acquisition employing a questionnaire and the quantitative (statistical) analysis of data collected. The sample consists of IEKMC educators and students selected based on simple random sampling. Based on the participants belief that CT and STEM philosophy add value in the learning process, it focuses on the application of knowledge in the real world (students) and problem solving using new technologies (educators). Educators consider “experiments” as the most significant educational tool for problem solving in teaching practice. Students rate Greek Agriculture Education and Training (GAET) higher than educators. However, the participants evaluate GAET very low due to the lack of new innovative teaching methods being introduced. Finally, there is great interest in the implementation of CT and STEM in the European Union (EU) by students and educators.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010018
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 251-262: Evaluation of the Small Changes, Healthy
           Habits Pilot Program: Its Influence on Healthy Eating and Physical
           Activity Behaviors of Adults in Louisiana

    • Authors: Praja Adhikari, Elizabeth Gollub
      First page: 251
      Abstract: The community-based Small Changes, Healthy Habits (SCHH) program was developed to teach skills and techniques to help adults in Louisiana make and maintain small behavioral changes in their food selection, preparation, and consumption, and in physical activity routines. The content of this four-week program included habit formation and goal setting techniques; physical activity guidance; strategies for a healthier home food environment; a grocery store tour focused on label reading for healthier food selections; basic knife and cooking skills. The program was piloted at ten sites throughout the state. A survey with 14 core items was applied before and after the program to evaluate participant acquisition of skills and behaviors associated with topic areas. A total of 47 participants provided complete data sets. Post-program, these participants reported increased confidence in preparing healthy meals at home (p = 0.04); changes in fats (p = 0.03) and salt (p = 0.01) intake; increased frequency of reading nutrition labels (32%); decreased frequency of meals eaten outside the home (Improvement Index = 0.27); and decreased time/day spent sitting (p < 0.05). These short-term results suggest that the SCHH program has potential to positively affect healthy eating and to reduce sedentary behaviors, both of which are fundamental to good health and wellness.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010019
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 263-276: Impact of Different Types of Physical
           Activity in Green Urban Space on Adult Health and Behaviors: A Systematic
           Review

    • Authors: Alessia Grigoletto, Mario Mauro, Pasqualino Maietta Latessa, Vincenzo Iannuzzi, Davide Gori, Francesco Campa, Gianpiero Greco, Stefania Toselli
      First page: 263
      Abstract: This systematic review aimed to investigate the type of physical activity carried out in green urban spaces by the adult population and to value its impact on the population’s health. Additionally, another purpose was to examine if the presence of outdoor gyms in green urban spaces can promote participation in physical activity among adults. Searches of electronic databases, with no time restrictions and up to June 2020, resulted in 10 studies meeting the inclusion criteria. A quantitative assessment is reported as effect size. Many people practiced walking activity as a workout, which showed improvements in health. Walking is the most popular type of training due to its easy accessibility and it not requiring equipment or special skills. Outdoor fitness equipment has been installed in an increasing number of parks and has become very popular worldwide. Further, outdoor fitness equipment provides free access to fitness training and seems to promote physical activity in healthy adults. However, other studies about outdoor fitness equipment efficiency are needed. People living near to equipped areas are more likely to perform outdoor fitness than those who live further away. The most common training programs performed in green urban spaces included exercises with free and easy access, able to promote physical health and perception.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010020
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 276-293: Blockchain System in the Higher Education

    • Authors: Ricardo Raimundo, Albérico Rosário
      First page: 276
      Abstract: Blockchain has emerged as an important concept at the interface of ICT and higher education. It is a system in which a record of transactions is maintained across several computers that are linked in a peer-to-peer network. Hence, it allows the creation of a decentralized environment, where data are not under the control of any third-party organization. This study presents a Systematic Bibliometric Literature Review (LRSB in further text) of research on blockchain applications in the higher education field. The review integrated 37 articles presenting up-to-date knowledge on current implications pertaining to the use of blockchain technology for improving higher education processes. The LRSB findings indicate that blockchain is being used to build up new interventions to improve the prevailing ways of sharing, delivering and securing knowledge data and personal student records. The application of blockchain technology is carrying on a conceptual progress in the higher education sector where it has added substantial value by ameliorated efficiency, effectiveness, privacy control, technological improvement and security of data management mechanisms. Challenges posed by current literature and further research directions are suggested.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-03-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11010021
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
       
 
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