Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1527 journals)
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    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (721 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (721 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal  
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Akademika     Open Access  
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 187)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Clinical Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access  
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biograph-I : Journal of Biostatistics and Demographic Dynamic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access  
Biosalud     Open Access  
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Chinese Journal of Physiology     Open Access  
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access  
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
D Y Patil Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access  
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access  
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access  
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access  
Global Transitions     Open Access  
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access  
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 62)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health Equity     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian     Open Access  
Health Notions     Open Access  
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Health Policy and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Health Policy OPEN     Open Access  
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Health Prospect     Open Access  
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2174-8144 - ISSN (Online) 2254-9625
Published by MDPI Homepage  [78 journals]
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 12, Pages 77-90: A Systematic Review of the Sport Psychology
           Mixed Martial Arts Literature: Replication and Extension

    • Authors: Sydney Cooper, Marc Lochbaum
      First page: 77
      Abstract: MMA is a global sport with a growing body of psychological literature. Our main objective was to replicate and extend a past review concerning the sport psychology literature with MMA participants. We conducted our electronic search in EBSCO with the following databases: SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, ERIC, and Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection. Our eligibility criteria were research articles (a) found in academic journals, (b) with MMA participants, and (c) at least one topic found in sport psychology literature. After conducting a PRISMA-guided search, 16 studies met our inclusion criteria. The studies spanned from 2011 to 2021, with 795 MMA participants from the USA (n = 7), Brazil (n = 4), and one study each from Czechia, Poland, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. From studies reporting mean ages, MMA participants were in their mid-20s (M = 26.55 ± 2.38 years of age). The results section includes risk of bias ratings across five areas (i.e., subject selection, sample’s MMA background, participant anonymity, data collection procedures, and questionnaire or qualitative theme reporting). More risk of bias concerns resulted with the quantitative than qualitative articles. To best represent the studies, we presented separate results tables with many specifics for both the quantitative (i.e., topic, main analysis, time frame, summary of results, and meaningfulness) and qualitative studies (topic, main analysis, time frame, and main themes). The included studies covered a variety of historic and meta-analyzed topics such as confidence, mood, motivations, and social facilitation. Based on our review, we discussed the literature strengths and limitations, and suggested future research directions. Last, we provided practical points for both MMA participants and their trainers.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2022-01-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe12020007
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 12, Pages 28-41: Perceived Safety of Learning Environment and
           Associated Anxiety Factors during COVID-19 in Ghana: Evidence from
           Physical Education Practical-Oriented Program

    • Authors: Frank Quansah, John Elvis Hagan, Francis Sambah, James Boadu Frimpong, Francis Ankomah, Medina Srem-Sai, Munkaila Seibu, Richard Samuel Kwadwo Abieraba, Thomas Schack
      First page: 28
      Abstract: The outbreak of COVID-19 led to the swift migration to alternate instructional delivery models and pedagogical practices in educational institutions. This study examined the perceived safety of the learning environment and associated anxiety factors among physical education students amidst COVID-19. Using a cross-sectional design, a sample of 638 students drawn purposively and conveniently from a public university in Ghana completed a self-developed questionnaire. Frequency counts, percentages, and ordered logistic regression were used to analyze the data. Findings of the study showed that students perceived the practical lesson environment as unsafe, with self-reported moderate to high levels of anxiety during their practical lessons. The ordered logistic regression results revealed that varied factors such as age, COVID-19 information platforms, certainty about personal safety, and adequacy of preparation to manage COVID-19 cases were associated with anxiety. The study concluded that an unsafe practical physical education learning environment increases the anxiety levels of students. Academic departments/units should provide periodic interventions (e.g., positive self-talk, mental rehearsal, cognitive restructuring) and counseling services for students amidst the ongoing pandemic to help moderate situational-specific anxiety. In addition, key to the management of students’ anxiety is the provision of a safe and supportive school environment, including the provision of adequate personal protective equipment for practical lessons by school authorities.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2022-01-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe12010003
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 12, Pages 42-49: Accuracy of Body Mass Index and Obesity
           Status in Police Trainees

    • Authors: Miloš Stojković, Katie M. Heinrich, Aleksandar Čvorović, Velimir Jeknić, Gianpiero Greco, Filip Kukić
      First page: 42
      Abstract: The first aim of this study was to compare body mass index (BMI) (indirect method) classification with the body fat percent (PBF) (direct method) and to determine how BMI classifies subjects with different levels of skeletal muscle mass percent (PSMM). The second aim was to determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity status among police trainees (PTs). A total of 103 male PTs participated in this research: age = 21.46 ± 0.64 years, body mass (BM) = 75.97 ± 8.10 kg, body height (BH) = 174.07 ± 6.31 cm, BMI = 25.05 ± 2.12 kg/m2. The InBody 370 multichannel bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) measured body composition. Study results indicated that muscular PTs could be misclassified as overweight and that PBF identified more subjects as obese. Namely, three PTs were obese according to BMI, while 13 were obese according to PBF. The information provided by this research could be used to help professionals understand the importance of measuring body composition, and the inaccuracies in BMI classification. In conclusion, whenever possible PSMM and PBF should replace the utilization of BMI to screen overweight and obesity in PTs. Agencies may think of using BIA as non-invasive, quick and inexpensive measurement tool.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2022-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe12010004
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 12, Pages 50-60: Psychometric Properties of the Emotional
           Exhaustion Scale (ECE) in Chilean Higher Education Students

    • Authors: Jonathan Martínez-Líbano, María-Mercedes Yeomans, Juan-Carlos Oyanedel
      First page: 50
      Abstract: The main objective of this study was to estimate the psychometric properties of the Emotional Fatigue Scale (ECE) in a sample of 1308 Chilean university students and confirm the unifactorial structure of the scale. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The ECE assessment had an internal consistency of 0.893 (Cronbach’s Alpha). An exploratory factor analysis with Varimax rotation and a confirmatory analysis were performed, obtaining the factor that explains 52.3% of the variance. The results indicated that the ECE has adequate psychometric properties for use with higher education students in Chile. The ECE scale has good psychometric properties to be applied in the Chilean university context. Its usage may be very relevant to contribute to higher education institutions to emphasize students’ mental health and prevent possible severe pathologies in future professionals. It is suggested to use the ECE scale together with the EES-Int, which is the only interpretation table for this instrument.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2022-01-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe12010005
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 12, Pages 61-76: Effects of Physical Activity, Exercise and
           Sport on Executive Function in Young People with Attention Deficit
           Hyperactivity Disorder: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Felipe Montalva-Valenzuela, Oscar Andrades-Ramírez, Antonio Castillo-Paredes
      First page: 61
      Abstract: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder that negatively affects the inattention, disorganization, and/or hyperactivity–impulsivity in children and adolescents who suffer from it, included cases being reported that continue into adulthood. This disorder impairs social, academic, emotional, psychological, and health system functioning due to its high cost of treatment. The present systematic review aims to analyze the effects of physical activity, exercise, and sports on the executive function in children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD through the scientific literature. The results show that the practice of physical activity, exercise, or sport produces improvements in executive function in children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD, mainly through aerobic exercise. A 20 min session of physical activity, sport, or exercise leads to improvements in executive functions in children and adolescents with ADHD. It can be concluded that the practice of physical activity, exercise, and sport generate improvements on executive functions in children and adolescents with ADHD, mainly through aerobic exercise.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2022-01-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe12010006
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 12, Pages 1-10: Association between Insufficient Sleep and
           Dental Caries among Preschoolers in Japan: A Cross-Sectional Multicentre

    • Authors: Masato Ogawa, Hiroto Ogi, Daisuke Nakamura, Teruo Nakamura, Kazuhiro P. Izawa
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Recently, sleeping status has attracted attention for its relationship with oral health. In the present study, we have investigated the association between early childhood caries and sleeping status. A multicentre observational cross-sectional study was conducted among 332 preschoolers (aged 3–6 years) and their parents in Chitose, Japan. Dental caries and sleeping status were assessed in the children and the sleep quality and health literacy of the parents were also assessed. Univariate and multivariate regression analyses were used in order to investigate the effect of the sleeping status of the parents and their children on dental caries. Among the children, the prevalence of dental caries experience was 12.7%. The children without caries slept significantly longer and their parents had a better Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score than those with caries experience. The sleeping status and the numbers of caries in the children were significantly correlated. Health literacy was better in those without caries experience. Parents’ PSQI was significantly positively correlated with the numbers of caries in the children (r = 0.19, p = 0.0004). The children’s sleep durations, screen time, and parental smoking status were independently associated with early childhood caries. Poor sleeping status of children and their parents is related to dental caries among preschoolers.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe12010001
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 12, Pages 11-27: Higher Order Thinking by Setting and
           Debriefing Tasks in Dutch Geography Lessons

    • Authors: Uwe Krause, Tine Béneker, Jan van Tartwijk
      First page: 11
      Abstract: Tasks are a powerful instrument for geography teachers, as they let students engage with the subject. To advance the cumulative learning of students, teachers have to make sure that students learn how to deal with complex and abstract knowledge structures. In the Netherlands, teachers face a dilemma when it comes to task setting: the intended curriculum aims for a considerable part at (parts of) higher order thinking, whereas the high-stakes exams have a clear focus on the use of thinking strategies. This paper explores the task setting and debriefing of Dutch geography teachers by analyzing twenty-three videotaped lessons in upper secondary education by using the Geography Task Categorization Framework. The results show that Dutch teachers mostly rely on textbooks when setting tasks. The focus lies on reproduction and the use of thinking strategies. Tasks aiming at (parts of) higher order thinking are barely used. Furthermore, teachers use tasks from previous high-stakes exams already used in an early stage of upper secondary education. In the debriefing of tasks, teachers move from simple and concrete to complex and abstract knowledge and vice versa. However, most of these movements aim at simplifying knowledge structures. In the observed lessons, curriculum aims at the level of (parts of) higher order thinking are not achieved. The evaluative rules as set by the high-stakes exams and the type of tasks offered by textbooks seem to be dominant.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe12010002
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1107-1119: Workplace Incivility and Job
           Satisfaction: Mediation of Subjective Well-Being and Moderation of
           Forgiveness Climate in Health Care Sector

    • Authors: Khan, Elahi, Abid
      First page: 1107
      Abstract: Our study investigates the role of subjective well-being and forgiveness climate between workplace incivility and job satisfaction. Drawing on conservation of resource theory, we proposed a model in which workplace incivility is associated with job satisfaction through subjective wellbeing, and forgiveness climate moderates this association. Data was collected through a survey method from 672 nurses and doctors in the health care sector at two different times. Respondents completed workplace incivility and subjective well-being scale at Time 1, and a forgiveness climate and job satisfaction scale at time 2. Findings through PROCESS Macros (Model 5) show that workplace incivility has a negative influence on job satisfaction and subjective well-being. Subjective well-being plays a mediating role in the negative effect of workplace incivility on job satisfaction. Moreover, forgiveness climate moderates the relationship between workplace incivility and job satisfaction. The implications for practice and research are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040082
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1120-1133: Psychological Factors Explaining
           Perceived Impact of COVID-19 on Travel

    • Authors: José Magano, Diogo Guedes Vidal, Hélder Fernando Pedrosa e Sousa, Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis, Ângela Leite
      First page: 1120
      Abstract: This cross-sectional study aims to determine the psychological factors that contribute to the perceived impact of COVID-19 on travel using a convenience sample (N = 1122) from the general population to whom instruments assessing the perception of the COVID-19 pandemic’s impact on travel, anxiety, fear, phobia, risk perception, and stress were applied. The participants were mainly female (65.6%), had not attended university, and who were professionally active, with a mean age of around 30-years-old (M = 31.91, SD = 13.76, Min = 18, Max = 81). The perceived impact of COVID-19 on travel correlates with all of the psychological variables, mainly in terms of the emotional fear of COVID-19. Together with the perceived risk of COVID-19, social phobia due to COVID-19, and COVID-19 stress contamination, these variables explain 20% of the perceived impact of COVID-19 on travel variance. The relationship between COVID-19 stress socio-economic consequences and the perception of the pandemic’s impact on travel is moderated by the emotional perceived risk of COVID-19. Fear and perception of this risk explain the impact of the COVID-19 on travel in pandemic times, suggesting that the psychological impact of fear and anxiety induced by the pandemic needs to be handled as a public health priority.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040083
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1134-1155: The Italian School Psychologists’
           Role: A Qualitative Study about Professional Practices and Representations

    • Authors: Claudia Meroni, Laura Fagnani, Emanuela Confalonieri, Davide Baventore, Veronica Velasco
      First page: 1134
      Abstract: School psychologists’ relevance has been broadly affirmed. However, there is no shared definition of their professional role, and more efforts are needed to promote an organisational and whole-school approach. The present study aims to investigate practices and representations of Italian school psychologists, advance knowledge of the status and development of school psychology, and learn more about the approaches currently adopted in schools. A qualitative method was used and 11 focus groups with a total of 86 participants were carried out. Ad hoc instruments were defined. The results highlighted that school psychologists are more focused on building one-on-one relationships, whereas relationships with the organisation as a whole appear to be more difficult. However, participants reported a wide range of activities, targeted to both the individual and the organisation. Moreover, efforts to strengthen the relationships with school principals and the entire school community were described. Specific needs emerged and the necessity to better define the school psychologists’ role was reported by the participants. More efforts are needed to promote an organisational approach among Italian school psychologists and specific training should be offered.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040084
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1156-1165: Dietary Habits and Musculoskeletal Pain
           in Statin and Red Yeast Rice Users: A Pilot Study

    • Authors: Anna Raguzzini, Elisabetta Toti, Maura Palmery, Mohamed M. Abdel-Daim, Ilaria Peluso
      First page: 1156
      Abstract: (1) Background: Diet and statins are commonly used to treat high cholesterol (CHOL) levels. (2) Aim: To compare adherence to Mediterranean diet (Med-D), orthorexia nervosa (ON), and musculoskeletal pain in individuals in treatment with statins metabolized by CYP3A4, not metabolized by CYP3A4 or red yeast rice (RYR, containing monacolin K: MON-K). (3) Methods: starting from 80 individuals, after the exclusion of those with other causes of possible pain, 56 individuals were selected and divided into three groups according to the type of statin (CYP3A4, NO-CYP3A4 and MON-K). Adherence to the Med-D was evaluated with the MEDScore and a sub-score was calculated for fruit and vegetables consumption (MEDScore-FV). ON and musculoskeletal pain were assessed with the ORTO-15 and with the Nordic Musculoskeletal questionnaires, respectively. A retrospective analysis of CHOL decrease after treatment was conducted. (4) Results: CHOL levels were lower in CYP3A4 and NO-CYP3A4 after treatment (182.4 ± 6.3 and 177.0 ± 7.8 mg/dL, respectively), compared with MON-K (204.2 ± 7.1 mg/dL, p < 0.05). MON-K and CYP3A4 groups had a high prevalence of reported knee pain (33.3% and 18.8%, respectively) than NO-CYP3A4 group (0%, p < 0.05). A high percentage of individuals in MON-K take supplements and nutraceuticals (87.5%), whereas MEDScore-FV was higher in CYP3A4 (9.4 ± 0.2) compared to NO-CYP3A4 (7.6 ± 0.5, p < 0.05). (5) Conclusions: This study suggests that individuals receiving treatment with statins and RYR should be monitored from the perspective of plant foods’ consumption and nutraceutical use, to prevent musculoskeletal pain.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040085
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1166-1180: Physical Spaces in Higher Education as
           Scenarios of Learning Innovation: Compositional and Formative Synergies
           among Architecture, Music, and Fashion

    • Authors: Campos, Luceño, Aguirre
      First page: 1166
      Abstract: Learning innovation is a positive approach on the contemporary higher education international stage. This article stresses the need to devise physical spaces that are also innovative. For that purpose, using a qualitative methodology, we investigated recent trends based on the synergies between certain creative disciplines: architecture, music, and fashion. The comparison was based on compositional features and formative dimension. Using a qualitative methodological comprehensive approach, a set of case studies was analysed. The findings show the usefulness of activating these synergies as effective strategies when enriching educational processes in different ways. Six cases of excellence wherein university physical spaces reached levels of innovation were studied, representing relevant transfers among the three disciplines. The text presents examples that show the educational consequences in the establishment of those synergies, in terms of both composition (music–architecture) and the activation of heritage sites in the city as venues of learning innovation (fashion–architecture). The basic conclusions were based on the fact that the increase in teaching and spatial creativity that emanates from said synergies among the three disciplines can be potentially extrapolated to other areas of knowledge.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040086
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1181-1204: School Health Promotion at the Time of
           COVID-19: An Exploratory Investigation with School Leaders and Teachers

    • Authors: Francesca Brivio, Laura Fagnani, Simona Pezzoli, Ilenia Fontana, Luca Biffi, Alessandro Domenico Mazzaferro, Veronica Velasco, Andrea Greco
      First page: 1181
      Abstract: The Coronavirus pandemic has impacted the entire school population’s emotions and the disruption of the organization of the school world. In this context it is important to reflect on the role of health promotion at school. The present study aimed at exploring school leaders’ and teachers’ perspectives and experiences about COVID-19 pandemic and its effects in the school and education system. The first objective was to gather the experience of school leaders regarding the change in school organization, with particular attention to organizational and health promotion aspects. The second was to investigate the perception of health promotion and self-efficacy of teachers in primary, middle and high schools. The research was conducted using qualitative (focus groups for the school leaders) and quantitative methods (questionnaires for the teachers). The findings showed new ways of improving wellbeing at school and implementing health promotion through the sharing of good practice between school leaders. The need for time and space to reflect among school leaders on the educational and didactic aspects of school organization also emerged. Teachers showed a low to medium level of self-efficacy regarding the adoption of strategies in line with health promotion; specificities for each grade and level will be discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040087
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1205-1220: Effectiveness of a Program to Improve
           Attention towards Affective-Sexual, Bodily and Gender Diversity in
           University Students

    • Authors: Morales-Rodríguez
      First page: 1205
      Abstract: It is necessary for the university environment to contribute to the improvement of the attention paid to affective-sexual, bodily, and gender diversity. This research deals with how, by means of a teaching innovation program, competences for affective-sexual diversity were developed. Specifically, negative attitudes towards diversity, knowledge, and degree of empathy on these issues before and after the implementation of the program are compared. The degree of satisfaction, perceived usefulness, and fulfillment of the objectives proposed in the program were also evaluated. An ex post facto design was used. The participants in this study were 129 students belonging to Educational Sciences and Psychology, out of 2400 who benefited from the innovation program. The results showed an increase in competences related to the attention to diversity, with the improvement of attitudes and knowledge about affective-sexual diversity after the application of the program. It is concluded that this type of innovation program, with quality training, contributes to the improvement of coexistence and the prevention of gender violence in university classrooms, eliminating stereotypes and negative attitudes towards diversity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040088
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1221-1238: Religiosity, Spirituality and
           Biopsychological Age of Professionals in Russia

    • Authors: Anna V. Koteneva, Tatiana N. Berezina, Stanislav A. Rybtsov
      First page: 1221
      Abstract: The challenges of modern civilization resulted in the premature biological and psychological aging of professionals of working age. This phenomenon raises both medical and psychological problems associated with personality factors that affect psychobiological maturity and the rate of aging. The influence of religiosity and spirituality on biopsychological age remains the least studied area of psychology. Progress in this area will help to identify the components of religiosity—predictors of the aging rate of professionals. The sample included 295 people (148 women) aged 24 to 54 years (average age 31.7 years) and consisted of Christians (67.12%), Muslims (5.76%), Buddhists, deists, Shintoists, etc., (7.79%) and atheists (17.29%). The average work experience was 9 years. Using correlation analysis and methods of multivariate linear regression and t-test for independent samples, we found that the religiosity of professionals increases with natural aging and deterioration of their physical condition and does not depend on gender. Religiosity to a greater extent affects psychological age, the indicator of the psychobiological maturity of a professional and, to a lesser extent, biological age. Most of the indicators of religiosity are inherent in a person who is more mature in psychobiological terms. The biological age of professionals increases due to asthenic experiences, while gaining faith in God, unusual religious experiences and the existential meaning of life can reduce it. An increase in the spirituality of professionals is associated with a slowdown in the rate of biological aging.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040089
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1239-1253: The Relationship between Allostasis and
           Mental Health Patterns in a Pre-Deployment French Military Cohort

    • Authors: Marion Trousselard, Damien Claverie, Dominique Fromage, Christel Becker, Jean-Guillaume Houël, Jean-Jacques Benoliel, Frédéric Canini
      First page: 1239
      Abstract: (1) Background: While a number of studies among military personnel focus on specific pathologies such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression, they do not address the cumulative impact on mental health of stressors related to the profession. The present study aims to determine the relationship between allostatic load and mental health status in a cohort of fit-for-duty soldiers prior to their deployment to Afghanistan. The aim is to better-define the consequences of stressor adjustment. (2) Methods: A cohort of 290 soldiers was evaluated in a cross-sectional study with respect to psychopathology (PTSD, anxiety, depression), psychological functioning (stress reactivity, psychological suffering), and allostatic profile (urinary cortisol and 8-iso-PGF2α, blood cortisol and BDNF). A hierarchical cluster analysis was used to identify allostatic patterns. (3) Results: Around 10% of the cohort reported high scores for psychopathology, and biological alterations were identified. For the remainder, four allostatic profiles could be identified by their psychological functioning. (4) Conclusions: Both biological and psychological assessments are needed to characterize subthreshold symptomatology among military personnel. The psychological significance of allostatic load should be considered as a way to improve health outcomes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-12
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040090
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1254-1268: The Community of Practice: A Method for
           Cooperative Learning of Occupational Health and Safety Inspectors

    • Authors: Luisella Gilardi, Maurizio Marino, Lidia Fubini, Antonella Bena, Elisa Ferro, Silvano Santoro, Eleonora Tosco, Osvaldo Pasqualini
      First page: 1254
      Abstract: Background: Workplace injuries in Italy still occur despite laws and safety norms. We need to understand the causes rooted in the context and social conditions, and need to improve the practice of Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) inspectors of the Workplace Safety and Prevention Services (WSPS) of the Italian regional health boards. The aims of this study were to describe the setting up of a Community of Practice (CoP) for the production of best practices for injury prevention and to evaluate the motivation of OSH inspectors for participating in the CoP and the effects of CoP participation on their professional practice. Methods: Two workplace injury stories underwent peer review during each CoP meeting. We evaluated the CoP using a focus group and a questionnaire. Result: Between 2014 and 2021, the CoP met in 18 workshops. Over the 8-year period, the CoP grew from 20 to 150 participants. Overall, 30 stories underwent peer review and were published on the institutional website. The focus group participants stated that the reasons why they participated in the CoP were the need to share experience and to tackle new challenges. Conclusion: The CoP was found to be useful for improving professional practice by strengthening professional identity and contributing to the production of new knowledge.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-12
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040091
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1269-1279: Psychometric Testing of the Modified
           Dental Anxiety Scale among Iranian Adolescents during COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Chung-Ying Lin, Maryam Tofangchiha, Janneke F. M. Scheerman, Santosh Kumar Tadakamadla, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Amir H. Pakpour
      First page: 1269
      Abstract: (1) Background: The present study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Persian adaptation of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) in Iranian adolescents. (2) Methods: Adolescents with a mean age of 15.10 (n = 3197; 47.1% males) were recruited from Qazvin city of Iran using a stratified cluster random sampling technique. All children completed the five-item Persian MDAS and information related to background characteristics. Psychometric testing was conducted using classical test theory (CTT) and Rasch models. For CTT, an item-total correlation of >0.4 was considered satisfactory while for Rasch analysis, infit and outfit mean squares (Mnsq) ranging from 0.5–1.5 were considered satisfactory. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted to confirm the unidimensional structure of MDAS using various fit indices. Differential item functioning (DIF) was evaluated based on gender and time since last dental visit. Moreover, latent class analysis (LCA) was used to classify the participants into different levels of dental fear based on their pattern of responses. Both item level reliability using Cronbachs alpha (α) and test-reliability using intraclass correlation coefficients were evaluated. (3) Results: Item-total correlations ranged from 0.69–0.78, infit MnSq ranged from 0.80 to 1.11 and the range of outfit MnSq was 0.84–1.10. The data confirmed a one-factor structure of MDAS with satisfactory fit indices. DIF analysis indicated that the scale was interpreted similarly across the genders and time since dental visit groups. LCA analysis identified three levels, low, moderate and high levels of dental anxiety. The groups with moderate and high levels of dental anxiety had more females (44.6% and 36.7%) than the group with low level of dental anxiety (18.8%; p < 0.001). α of the total scale was 0.89 and item test-retest reliability ranged from 0.72–0.86. (4) Conclusions: The Persian MDAS was unidimensional with satisfactory psychometric properties evaluated using both CTT and Rasch analysis among Iranian adolescents. The scale was stable across the genders and individuals with different dental visiting patterns. The Persian MDAS also demonstrated excellent reliability.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040092
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1280-1291: Linguistic–Cultural Mediation in
           Asylum and Refugee Settings and Its Emotional Impact on Arabic–Spanish

    • Authors: Mahyub-Rayaa, Baya-Essayahi
      First page: 1280
      Abstract: Emotional factors in linguistic–cultural mediation have attracted the attention of prior literature for a number of decades, both regarding the cognitive processes involved in language interpreting and the impact of stress and emotion on the performance of interpreters. However, research has not yet been replicated in the Arabic–Spanish pair, despite it being one of the combinations most requested by public services in Spain and Europe. Methodology: An exploratory study conducted by an anonymous online 17-item survey was carried out in order to discover the perception of Arabic–Spanish interpreters in asylum and refugee settings about the emotional impact of their job. Out of 30 contacted, 23 active interpreters completed the survey. Results: The answers showed that all of the interpreters had been exposed to situations that had emotionally impacted them. Triggering situations and a list of negative emotions were collected. Discussion: Direct and indirect implications of the referred emotional episodes and their consequences on the performance of the interpreters were analysed and discussed. Conclusions: Linguistic–cultural mediation in these settings exposes interpreters to harsh stories that trigger mostly negative emotions. These professionals lack psychological support; thus, they are forced to deal individually with each situation, without taking into account the possible consequences on their work and their physical and mental health.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040093
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1292-1309: Associations between Cues of Sexual
           Desire and Sexual Attitudes in Portuguese Women

    • Authors: Juliana Silva, Susana Ferreira, Vanessa Barros, Ana Mourão, Gabriela Corrêa, Sónia Caridade, Hélder Fernando Pedrosa e Sousa, Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis, Ângela Leite
      First page: 1292
      Abstract: Sexuality is defined as a multidimensional experience that involves genital, mental, and bodily components. It is also assumed as a basic condition inherent to the human existence that encourages the search for love, intimacy, sex, and proximity to others. The main objective of this study is to assess the relationship between cues of sexual desire and sexual attitudes in Portuguese women. This is a cross-sectional study with 804 Portuguese women to whom the protocol was applied. It included an informed consent, a sociodemographic questionnaire, a questionnaire related to intimacy, a scale of sexual attitudes, and the scale of cues of sexual desire. The protocol was applied via Google Forms due to the current pandemic situation (COVID-19). Differences were found in sexual attitudes and the cues of sexual desire in terms of sociodemographic characteristics, as well as in terms of women’s intimacy. Significant correlations were found between the brief sexual attitudes scale (BSAS) and the cues of sexual desire scale (CSDS). Age, sexual orientation, relation nature, sexual practices, visual proximity cues, erotic explicit cues, and sensory explicit cues explain, altogether, 25% of the total sexual attitudes. Additionally, age, sexual orientation, the relation’s nature, sexual practices, visual proximity cues, emotional bonding cues, romantic implicit cues, erotic explicit cues, and sensory explicit cues explain, altogether, 30% of the permissiveness. Sexual attitudes are developed under the influence of sociodemographic variables, variables related to women’s intimacy, and cues of sexual desire, which are new data in the study of sexual attitudes and have implications at the level of gender issues.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040094
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1310-1319: On the Relationship between Intrinsic
           Saliency and Implicit Learning of Apologetic Strategies: The Case of
           Taiwanese EFL Learners

    • Authors: Chin-Ting Liu, Yuan-shan Chen
      First page: 1310
      Abstract: The current study explored the relationship between the intrinsic saliency of apologetic strategies and the effects of implicit learning. Seventeen Taiwanese English as a Foreign Language (EFL) learners with intermediate proficiency participated in the experiment with a pretest on apology in the first week, a noticing session in the second week and a posttest in the third week. The results from the noticing session indicated that providing reasons (e.g., taking on responsibility/explanation or account) and offer of repair were more salient in input to those learners. Additionally, the use of the apologetic strategies taking on responsibility and offer of repair increased in the posttest. Taken together, the results indicated that higher degrees of saliency in input led to better implicit learning outcomes. The interplay between input saliency and explicit/implicit learning as well as the pedagogical implications were discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040095
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1320-1332: The Pedagogical Model of Hybrid
           Teaching: Difficulties of University Students in the Context of COVID-19

    • Authors: Lorenzo-Lledó, Lledó, Gilabert-Cerdá, Lorenzo
      First page: 1320
      Abstract: The global pandemic caused by COVID-19 has led to changes in many areas, with educational scenarios being affected. In this sense, university education has undergone significant changes owing to the impossibility of following the fully face-to-face mode of teaching. Given this situation, the general objective of this study is to analyze the university educational scenario in the context of COVID-19 and, more specifically, to identify the difficulties perceived by students. Using a mixed quantitative–qualitative methodological approach, an ad hoc questionnaire was designed, and data were collected from a sample of 238 students of the Bachelor’s Degree in Teaching during the 2020/2021 academic year. The results obtained have shown that students have experienced numerous difficulties in adapting to the hybrid teaching model. In this sense, it is worth highlighting the decrease in motivation, the feeling of loneliness, technical connection problems, and less interaction with the teaching staff and other students. The degree of satisfaction with the teaching received is also moderate. As a conclusion, it can be stated that the difficulties identified recommend the introduction of actions to improve the application of the teaching model implemented in favor of university excellence.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040096
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1333-1349: The Digital Gender Gap in Teacher
           Education: The TPACK Framework for the 21st Century

    • Authors: Gómez-Trigueros, Yáñez de Aldecoa
      First page: 1333
      Abstract: The main goal of this research is to explore whether there are any differences by gender regarding the Digital Competence of Teachers (DCT), both in-training and in-service. Simultaneously, the specific goals of the research are to analyse which are the methodologies, including technological, that are being implemented in university classrooms and to evaluate possible new interventions to reduce the digital gender gap. This study is exploratory and descriptive. It relies upon three instruments that have been validated by experts: a questionnaire to collect teachers’ in-training perception, a second questionnaire to show in-service teachers’ perception regarding their knowledge of technologies, and a rubric to analyse in-service teachers’ self-perception regarding methodologies that employ technology. Over three academic years, data were collected from a sample of 914 trainee teachers and 194 professors from several Spanish universities. The results show that, concerning the teaching task, compared to men, the female participants have a very poor self-perception in terms of their Digital Teaching Competence, as well as a lower predisposition towards technologies. We conclude by emphasising the need to transform teaching methodologies in initial teacher education by means of the correct inclusion of ICT tools.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040097
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1350-1362: Factors Affecting Aggressiveness among
           Young Teenage Girls: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach

    • Authors: Haleh Heizomi, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Kamiar Kouzekanani, Hossein Matlabi, Mansour Bayrami, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Hamid Allahverdipour
      First page: 1350
      Abstract: Adolescence is a period of transition for developmental and social domains that may also be accompanied by behavioral problems. Aggressive behavior may be a mental health concern for young teens and is defined as a behavioral and emotional trait that may be distressing for others. This study aimed to understand the factors associated with aggressiveness among young teenage girls. A cross-sectional study was conducted among a sample of 707 female middle school-aged students using multistage random sampling in Tabriz, Iran. The variables of interest were aggressiveness, general health status, happiness, social acceptance, and feelings of loneliness. Structural equation modeling was employed to analyze the data. Low parental support, low satisfaction with body image, high sense of loneliness, and lower perceived social acceptance were found to be the factors influencing aggressiveness. The current study found that the school environment, home environment, individual and interpersonal factors all play a part in aggressiveness. As a result, the contributing elements must be considered when creating and executing successful interventions to improve this population’s psychological well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040098
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1362-1387: Neuroarchitecture Assessment: An
           Overview and Bibliometric Analysis

    • Authors: Hessam Ghamari, Nasrin Golshany, Parastou NaghibiRad, Farzaneh Behzadi
      First page: 1362
      Abstract: Research on the relationship between architecture and neuroscience has increased in number and significance since the 1990s. Although a growing number of studies revolve around this field of research, there are very limited studies that have reviewed and assessed the field and there is a gap in the literature to address the overall analysis of neuroarchitecture literature and its evolution. Additionally, neuroarchitecture literature is now challenging to manage because of its multidisciplinary scope and wide range spread within different themes and journals. The primary aim of this study is to present a bibliometric analysis of three decades of research on neuroarchitecture. This provides an overall picture of the field and its research landscape. Two hundred and ninety-five publications were included in the final database of the study after screening processes. Next, a science mapping tool, VOSviewer, was utilized to detect major topics as well as influential authors, countries, publications, and prominent journals using different network analysis techniques such as term co-citation, term co-occurrence, and bibliographic coupling. Next, a similar co-occurrence analysis was conducted to identify the major themes and the evolution of the intellectual basis of the field. SciMAT was also used to detect how the intellectual base of the knowledge in the field has evolved over time. It also assisted to identify the major themes that have contributed to this evolution. The results show that this field has initially been mainly focused on few themes but has later become more diversified to acknowledge the multi-faceted characteristics of neuroarchitecture; over time, the intellectual base of the field of neuroarchitecture started to grow, particularly from 2016. Major progress in the development of theoretical and methodological approaches has been achieved and there has been a paradigm shift toward major keywords in neuroarchitecture such as EEG, fMRI, and virtual reality.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040099
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1388-1405: Program Quality and Developmental
           Outcomes Related to Youth Volleyball in Ethiopia: Assessing Relationships
           and Variations

    • Authors: Abdulaziz Mussema, Tefera Tadesse, Zelalem Melkamu
      First page: 1388
      Abstract: This study aims to assess program quality and developmental outcomes of a youth volleyball project in one of the regional states in Ethiopia, and further examine variations between groups across gender and project site zones. We applied a cross-sectional survey design, collecting quantitative data from youth volleyball players (n = 215) with a mean age of 16.18 years (SD = 0.69) through a self-reported questionnaire. The results indicated that young players’ perceptions did not vary significantly across gender, except for the mean score of the perceived experience variable for girls (M = 2.68, SD = 0.318) was significantly higher than the mean score of boys (M = 2.58, SD = 0.258). One-way (project site zone) analyses of variance (ANOVAs) identified that youth volleyball projects in the central zone were consistently rated higher than those in the western zone, except for the current practice rating. Moreover, correlation analysis results indicated the presence of a significant relationship, both within and between program quality and developmental outcome variables. Furthermore, the results of regression analysis indicated that the program quality variables together predicted each of the developmental outcomes, accounting for 18.9% to 31.7% of the variances. It is concluded that the quality of the youth volleyball program in Ethiopia varies considerably across the project site zones and the program quality variables significantly relate to the developmental outcomes measured with differential effects. The data from this study reveals several practical applications for Ethiopia and beyond in terms of guiding youth volleyball projects. Moreover, the findings of the study showed that youth sport and the manner in which it is structured and delivered to youth players influences the attainment of positive developmental outcomes. These results suggest that contextual differences really do have an effect on the quality of youth sport program processes and developmental outcomes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040100
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1406-1421: Applications of Blockchain Technology to
           Higher Education Arena: A Bibliometric Analysis

    • Authors: Carlos Reis-Marques, Ronnie Figueiredo, Miguel de Castro Neto
      First page: 1406
      Abstract: Research related to blockchain is rapidly gaining importance in the higher education. This opportunity collaborates with a proposal for a review of papers on the main blockchain topic. The bibliometric analysis included 61 peer-reviewed articles published in the Scopus database during the period of 2016 to 2021. This paper offers the identification of gaps in the literature enabling studies on the subject in higher education. The article identifies the main applications of blockchain technology in higher education around the world, as well as suggests future investigations. For further scientific investigation, we propose the operationalization of each of the researched approaches, especially combining the blockchain relationship, artificial intelligence, digital innovation, digital maturity, and customer experience in higher education.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040101
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1422-1439: Are Coping Strategies with Well-Being in
           Deaf and Blind Parents Related'

    • Authors: Maria Luisa Indiana, Elisabetta Sagone, Salvatore Luciano Orazio Fichera
      First page: 1422
      Abstract: The main purpose of this cross-sectional study, carried out with deaf parents and blind parents, is to analyze the association of coping strategies, life satisfaction, well-being, and generalized self-efficacy, compared to a group of parents without a sensory loss. The Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced, Satisfaction with Life, Generalized Self-efficacy, and Psychological Well-Being scales were applied. Results indicate that: (1) deaf parents and blind parents search for social support, use avoidance, and turn to religion more than those without a sensory loss; (2) deaf parents are more satisfied with life than blind parents and those without a sensory loss; (3) deaf parents and blind parents perceive themselves as less efficacious than those without a sensory loss; (4) deaf parents and blind parents report lower psychological well-being (autonomy and personal growth) than those without a sensory loss, except for self-acceptance. Searching for social support and turning to religion are negatively associated with life satisfaction in deaf parents and those without a sensory loss; further, these coping strategies (together with avoidance) affect the psychological well-being of deaf parents and parents without a sensory loss. Future research could investigate deeper into the effects of these dimensions on well-being and the styles of parenting in these families.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040102
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1440-1461: COVID-19 Lockdown-Related Changes in
           Mood, Health and Academic Functioning

    • Authors: Pauline A. Hendriksen, Johan Garssen, Elisabeth Y. Bijlsma, Ferdi Engels, Gillian Bruce, Joris C. Verster
      First page: 1440
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic lockdowns were accompanied by an abrupt transition from face-to-face education to online education. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on academic functioning and mood in Dutch pharmacy students and PhD candidates. A total of n = 341 participants completed an online survey including questions on mood and academic functioning, assessed retrospectively for before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Overall, during COVID-19 lockdown, significantly more time was spent on academic activities, and study grades/output significantly improved. However, the overall effects were of small magnitude, and there was great variability among students, reporting either improved, unchanged or poorer academic functioning. Compared to before COVID-19, the lockdown periods were associated with significantly increased levels of stress, anxiety, depression, fatigue, and loneliness, and a significant reduction in optimism and happiness. Significant negative correlations were found between ‘performance quality’ and stress, ‘performance quality’ and fatigue, ‘study grades/output’ and stress, and between ‘study grades/output’ and fatigue. Correlations of mood and items related to academic interactions were not statistically significant. Differential effects were seen when the data was analyzed according to sex, living situation, and ethnicity, revealing that women, students living alone, and those with a migration background reported that COVID-19 lockdowns had greater negative mood effects and a more negative impact on academic functioning. Poorer sleep quality and reduced quality of life were significantly associated with reduced mood, as well as reduced academic performance quality and role satisfaction. Regression analysis revealed that being young and not having a non-Western migration background were predictors of improved performance quality. However, only being young was a significant predictor of improved study grades/output during the COVID-19 pandemic. Increased levels of stress and fatigue were significant predictors of both reduced performance quality and poorer study grades/output during the COVID-19 pandemic. In conclusion, for the sample as a whole, the transition to online education during the COVID-19 lockdown was judged as having significant positive effects on academic performance. The lockdown periods were associated with significantly reduced mood and reduced social interactions. It should be taken into account that about one third of students reported academic functioning to be poorer during the COVID-19 pandemic. This represents a substantial group of students who require more attention and guidance to make a successful transition to online education and cope with lockdown-associated stress and fatigue.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040103
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1462-1473: Attitude, Familiarity and Religious
           Beliefs about Vaccination among Health Science and Non-Health Science
           Students in a Malaysian Public University

    • Authors: Ramdan M. Elkalmi, Eman Dyab, Azyyati Mohd Suhaimi, Ali Qais Blebil, Mohamed Hassan Elnaem, Shazia Jamshed, Márió Gajdács
      First page: 1462
      Abstract: Vaccine hesitancy has surfaced globally within the last few decades, and the fears and misconceptions of people about vaccine safety and effectiveness have been identified as key factors for their under-utilization. The familiarity, attitudes, and religious beliefs of the public and of future healthcare practitioners regarding vaccination are extensive areas needing exploration. The present exploratory cross-sectional study was designed, planned and carried out on students enrolled in health science and non-health science courses in one of the public universities of Malaysia. A research instrument that had been formulated, validated and subjected to reliability testing was used to collect the data, which were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. A response rate of 80.8% (n = 202) was obtained: the majority were female (n = 161, 79.7%), and had been vaccinated before (n = 190, 97.5%), while a mere 2% did not support vaccination for reasons pertaining to safety issues. The vaccine familiarity score was 10.79 ± 1.4, which significantly differed among the study disciplines (p < 0.001). The mean of the total attitude score was 14.95 ± 1.5, with no significant difference among demographics being noted. The mean of the total religious beliefs score was 24.29 ± 2.8 and significantly differed based on gender (p = 0.040) and study disciplines (p < 0.001). The current findings showed that the participants were familiar with vaccines and had generally positive attitudes and positive religious beliefs toward vaccination; thus, one can expect that their inclusion in immunization campaigns will generate positive outcomes of the immunization program. Although the current research reported few knowledge gaps, these may be handled with the introduction of a specialized immunization course at an undergraduate level.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040104
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1474-1484: Reduced Perceived Trustworthiness during
           Face Mask Wearing

    • Authors: Giulio Gabrieli, Gianluca Esposito
      First page: 1474
      Abstract: To curb the diffusion of the novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), governments worldwide have introduced different policies, including lockdowns, social distancing, and mandatory mask wearing. Face mask wearing, especially, has an impact on the formation of first impressions, given that when meeting someone for the first time, individuals rely on the only available piece of information, the newly met person’s aesthetic appearance, in order to make initial estimations of other traits, such as competence, intelligence, or trustworthiness. However, face mask wearing affects the aesthetic appearance of an individual, creating uncertainty which, in turn, has been reported to reduce others’ perceived trustworthiness. In this paper, the influence of face mask wearing on strangers’ perceived trustworthiness and aesthetic appearance is assessed to verify the impact of this policy on impression formation. Participants (N = 71) have been instructed to assess the trustworthiness and the aesthetic appearance of a selection of 96 images depicting individuals of different ages (children, adults, and older adults), gender (men and women), and ethnicity (Asians or Caucasians). Participants were randomly divided into two groups: an experimental group and a control group. Participants in the experimental group (N = 38) rated faces of individuals wearing a face mask, while participants in the control group rated the same faces but in the absence of a face mask. Images were presented in random order. For each face, participants were asked to rate the aesthetic appearance and perceived trustworthiness of the stranger on two different 100-point Likert scales. Results demonstrate that (i) the correlation between perceived trustworthiness and aesthetic appearance is not affected by the presence of a face mask, and (ii) age, but not ethnicity and gender, influences the magnitude of differences in perceived trustworthiness levels during mask wearing.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040105
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1485-1502: From Formulas to Functions through
           Geometry: A Path to Understanding Algebraic Computations

    • Authors: Alice Barana
      First page: 1485
      Abstract: The teaching of algebra at the secondary school level has faced a great revolution during the last 50 years. While previously, it was focused on technicisms and pure syntactic rules, the most modern trends recommend using a functional approach to algebra and giving more prominence to conversions among different representation registers than treatments as simplifications and expansions. Nowadays, the daily practice in teaching algebra is still influenced by the traditional approach, and there is a need to offer teachers examples of activities that can give meaning to algebraic computations. This study proposes a set of interactive activities for eighth grade students, with a functional approach to formulas in a geometric context. The goal of the study is to investigate how similar activities can help students to develop multiple approaches to problems, understand algebraic formulas, and discern which main problems they face. The activities were tested with about 300 students, and qualitative and quantitative data were analyzed to answer the research questions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040106
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1503-1515: Kidney Function, Age, and Education as
           Contributors to Depression and Anxiety in Juvenile Systemic Lupus

    • Authors: Margarida Figueiredo-Braga, Beatriz Silva, Sara Ganhão, Francisca Aguiar, Caleb Cornaby, Iva Brito, Brian D. Poole
      First page: 1503
      Abstract: Juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) is diagnosed in children younger than 18 years of age. Depression and anxiety are common, but not well understood in JSLE. We investigated the clinical and psychological factors associated with the psychological manifestations of JSLE. Twenty-nine JSLE patients were recruited for the study. Patients completed surveys evaluating their psychological status and perceptions about their health. Medical records were used to obtain laboratory results. The JSLE patient population was compared with adult-onset SLE (ASLE) patients and unaffected controls. Kidney involvement was associated with depression in the JSLE patients. The BUN levels, BUN/creatinine ratio, and leukocyturia were all significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Multivariate analysis found that the BUN/creatinine ratio was the most predictive value for both depression and anxiety. Depressive symptoms in JSLE were less pronounced than in ASLE, although anxiety was not different. Age and education are likely to be protective against depression in the JSLE patients. These findings may indicate that symptomatology is an important indicator of whether the patient needs psychiatric care.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040107
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1516-1536: Smart Working and Well-Being before and
           during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Marino, Capone
      First page: 1516
      Abstract: The purpose of this scoping review focused on the relationship between smart working, a conception of job centered on the flexibility and autonomy of the worker, and well-being/illness in an organizational context before and during COVID-19. The literature review, conducted using the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis for qualitative synthesis) method for qualitative synthesis, considered studies published from 2014 to 2020. From the analyses conducted by three independent coders, three main areas of interest in the literature emerged: (1) smart working and work engagement, (2) smart working and technostress, and (3) mediators of the relationship between smart working and well-being. The review highlights the need for an organizational culture increasingly oriented towards agile working practices in conjunction with organizational support and training.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040108
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1537-1554: Aggregating Twitter Text through
           Generalized Linear Regression Models for Tweet Popularity Prediction and
           Automatic Topic Classification

    • Authors: Mo, Yin, Fung, Ho Tse
      First page: 1537
      Abstract: Social media platforms have become accessible resources for health data analysis. However, the advanced computational techniques involved in big data text mining and analysis are challenging for public health data analysts to apply. This study proposes and explores the feasibility of a novel yet straightforward method by regressing the outcome of interest on the aggregated influence scores for association and/or classification analyses based on generalized linear models. The method reduces the document term matrix by transforming text data into a continuous summary score, thereby reducing the data dimension substantially and easing the data sparsity issue of the term matrix. To illustrate the proposed method in detailed steps, we used three Twitter datasets on various topics: autism spectrum disorder, influenza, and violence against women. We found that our results were generally consistent with the critical factors associated with the specific public health topic in the existing literature. The proposed method could also classify tweets into different topic groups appropriately with consistent performance compared with existing text mining methods for automatic classification based on tweet contents.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040109
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1555-1570: Sex on the Screen: A Content Analysis of
           Free Internet Pornography Depicting Mixed-Sex Threesomes from

    • Authors: Danica Kulibert, James B. Moran, Sharayah Preman, Sarah A. Vannier, Ashley E. Thompson
      First page: 1555
      Abstract: Viewing online pornography is common among US adults, with mixed-sex threesome (MST) videos being one of the top 10 most popular categories of pornography for both men and women. The current content analysis applied sexual script theory to understand the themes present in these mixed-sex threesome videos. Independent coders viewed a total of 50 videos (25 MMF and 25 FFM) at each timepoint (2012, 2015, 2020) and coded for different sexual behaviors and themes in each video. By examining both same-sex (female–female, male–male) and other-sex (female–male) behaviors, as well as themes of aggression and sexual initiation in different videos and across three timepoints, it was determined that other-sex behaviors are more common in MST videos than same-sex behaviors. Same-sex behaviors between two female actors were more common than same-sex behaviors between two male actors. Aggression was a common theme in videos, with male actors being more aggressive on average than female actors. Most of these trends did not change across 8 years, suggesting that the impacts of traditional sexual scripts are pervasive in pornography, even in current online content. Important implications for both researchers and clinical professionals are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-11-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040110
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1571-1580: Assessment of Anxiety in
           Cognitive-Behavior Therapy in Young University Students with Autism
           Spectrum Disorders: A Review

    • Authors: Sarah Sánchez-Cueva, Yurena Alonso-Esteban, Francisco Alcantud-Marín
      First page: 1571
      Abstract: The university provides academic support to disabled students, however, few institutions provide academic, extra-academic or preventive support to students with Autism Spectrum Disorders High-Functioning (ASD-HF). Among the most commonly requested needs is support for coping with anxiety arising from academic and social activity itself. When planning an intervention program, it is necessary to screen those who have problems and are likely to benefit from such a program. In this article we propose a systematic search for measures of anxiety for young people and adults with ASD-HF. Of a total of 683 documents, only 7 met the selection criteria. Of these, a total of 35 tools were detected, of which only 11 mediated anxiety. Screening should be carried out for all students, so that we can detect the “risk” of anxiety disturbance in all cases and, in particular, in students with ASD-HF. However, the instruments eligible for assessing intervention outcomes should be agreed upon in order to be able to compare results from different trials.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040111
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1581-1598: Psychophysiological Regulation and
           Classroom Climate Influence First and Second Graders’ Well-Being:
           The Role of Body Mass Index

    • Authors: Scrimin, Peruzza, Mastromatteo, Patron
      First page: 1581
      Abstract: This study examines the associations between physical and emotional well-being and classroom climate, cardiac vagal response, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of 6- to-8-year-olds. Specifically, we expected a direct link between classroom climate, vagal withdrawal, BMI and children’s physical and emotional comfort. Furthermore, we explored whether these individual and environmental characteristics influenced well-being in an interactive fashion. Participants were 142 (63 boys, 44%) first and second graders living in the North of Italy who were interviewed on their emotional and physical comfort. Heart rate and a measure of vagal influence on the heart (cardiac vagal tone) were recorded at rest and during an oral academic test. Height and weight were collected. Classroom climate was positively linked with physical well-being, whereas emotional well-being was negatively related with BMI. In addition, an inverted U-shaped effect of cardiac vagal withdrawal (i.e., cardiac vagal tone during stress minus resting vagal tone) on emotional well-being was found. Two regression models highlighted the role played by BMI when interacting with vagal withdrawal in predicting children’s physical and emotional well-being. The interplay between BMI and cardiac vagal withdrawal played an important role in primary school children’s well-being. From a clinical perspective, preventive training to improve autonomic regulation in concert with interventions promoting healthy eating attitudes might be critical for supporting primary school children’s emotional and physical health.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040112
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1599-1609: The Language of “Rate of
           Change” in Mathematics

    • Authors: Evgenios Avgerinos, Dimitra Remoundou
      First page: 1599
      Abstract: Language is an essential aspect of teaching and learning mathematics. It is necessary for communication, the transmission of concepts and ideas, and the formation of meaning of mathematical concepts. In mathematics, besides symbols, which are usually common among different languages, words and expressions are used, which may invoke different concept images to students in various languages. Some words are used in mathematics and in everyday language with different meanings, while others are used only in mathematics or in mathematics and other disciplines in similar but non-identical ways. In Mathematical Analysis, the used vocabulary is gradually enhanced, and the concepts are defined in a more formal way. In the current study, the language used regarding mathematics of change is examined, focusing on “rate of change”, and its relation to misconceptions among students.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040113
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1610-1618: Physical Activity and Sarcopenia in
           Community-Dwelling Older Adults with Long-Term Care Insurance

    • Authors: Masahiro Kitamura, Kazuhiro P. Izawa, Kodai Ishihara, Hiroaki Matsuda, Soichiro Okamura, Koji Fujioka
      First page: 1610
      Abstract: The present study aimed to clarify the difference in physical activity (PA) due to sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults with long-term care insurance (LTCI). This was a cross-sectional study that investigated data of 97 consecutive community-dwelling older Japanese adults with LTCI who underwent rehabilitation at one day care center in Japan from November 2018 to May 2019. Sarcopenia was determined according to criteria of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia. Unpaired t-test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test and analysis of covariance were used to compare participant characteristics and clinical parameters between the older adults with and without sarcopenia. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was constructed to determine the cut-off value of PA for sarcopenia. The sarcopenia group (n = 20) had significantly lower body mass index (BMI), skeletal muscle mass index, gait speed, and PA than those in the no sarcopenia group (n = 28) (p < 0.05). After adjustment for BMI and sex, the sarcopenia group showed significantly lower PA than the no sarcopenia group. Findings showed that the cut-off value of PA indicating sarcopenia by ROC curve analysis was 1494.4 steps/day (p < 0.05); this value may aid in identifying sarcopenia in older adults with LTCI.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040114
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1619-1634: Children’s Online Collaborative
           Storytelling during 2020 COVID-19 Home Confinement

    • Authors: Cristina Alonso-Campuzano, Giuseppe Iandolo, María Concetta Mazzeo, Noelia Sosa Sosa González, Michelle Jin Yee Neoh, Alessandro Carollo, Giulio Gabrieli, Gianluca Esposito
      First page: 1619
      Abstract: Digital collaborative storytelling can be supported by an online learning-management system like Moodle, encouraging prosocial behaviors and shared representations. This study investigated children’s storytelling and collaborative behaviors during an online storytelling activity throughout the 2020 SARS-CoV-2 home confinement in Spain. From 1st to 5th grade of primary school, one-hundred-sixteen students conducted weekly activities of online storytelling as an extracurricular project of a school in Madrid. Facilitators registered participants’ platform use and collaboration. Stories were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed using the Bears Family Story Analysis System. Three categories related to the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic were added to the story content analysis. The results indicate that primary students worked collaboratively in an online environment, with some methodology adaptations to 1st and 2nd grade. Story lengths tended to be reduced with age, while cohesion and story structure showed stable values in all grades. All stories were balanced in positive and negative contents, especially in characters’ behavior and relationships, while story problems remained at positive solution levels. In addition, the pandemic theme emerged directly or indirectly in only 15% of the stories. The findings indicate the potential of the online collaborative storytelling activities as a distance-education tool in promoting collaboration and social interactions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040115
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1635-1652: An Evaluation of Safety Training for a
           Diverse Disaster Response Workforce: The Case of the Deepwater Horizon Oil

    • Authors: Sue Ann Sarpy, Michael J. Burke
      First page: 1635
      Abstract: (1) Background: In this case study, we examined the safety-training-related experiences of individuals from six racial-ethnic groups (Asians (Vietnamese), Blacks, Hispanics, Isleños, Native Americans, and Whites) involved in the cleanup of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill. (2) Methods: We assessed, via a survey, 495 disaster response trainees’ reactions to the design and delivery of training, learning, safety performance, and injury and illness experience. (3) Results: Our results showed statistically significant racial-ethnic group differences with respect to reactions to training, components of learning (i.e., cognitive, skill, and affective), and safety performance (i.e., use of personal protective equipment, engaging in safe work practices, communicating of safety information, and exercising employee rights and responsibilities). In general, Asians and Isleños group members had lower reactions to training, self-reported learning, and safety performance. Additionally, we found that the safety climate interacted with learning to positively affect safety performance. (4) Conclusions: We discuss the implications of our findings for improving the quality of safety training in relation to addressing language and literacy concerns, developing training that is useful and engaging for volunteer and other cleanup workers from the contaminated region, and promoting a positive safety climate to enhance training transfer.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040116
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1653-1687: On the Treatment of Missing Item
           Responses in Educational Large-Scale Assessment Data: An Illustrative
           Simulation Study and a Case Study Using PISA 2018 Mathematics Data

    • Authors: Alexander Robitzsch
      First page: 1653
      Abstract: Missing item responses are prevalent in educational large-scale assessment studies such as the programme for international student assessment (PISA). The current operational practice scores missing item responses as wrong, but several psychometricians have advocated for a model-based treatment based on latent ignorability assumption. In this approach, item responses and response indicators are jointly modeled conditional on a latent ability and a latent response propensity variable. Alternatively, imputation-based approaches can be used. The latent ignorability assumption is weakened in the Mislevy-Wu model that characterizes a nonignorable missingness mechanism and allows the missingness of an item to depend on the item itself. The scoring of missing item responses as wrong and the latent ignorable model are submodels of the Mislevy-Wu model. In an illustrative simulation study, it is shown that the Mislevy-Wu model provides unbiased model parameters. Moreover, the simulation replicates the finding from various simulation studies from the literature that scoring missing item responses as wrong provides biased estimates if the latent ignorability assumption holds in the data-generating model. However, if missing item responses are generated such that they can only be generated from incorrect item responses, applying an item response model that relies on latent ignorability results in biased estimates. The Mislevy-Wu model guarantees unbiased parameter estimates if the more general Mislevy-Wu model holds in the data-generating model. In addition, this article uses the PISA 2018 mathematics dataset as a case study to investigate the consequences of different missing data treatments on country means and country standard deviations. Obtained country means and country standard deviations can substantially differ for the different scaling models. In contrast to previous statements in the literature, the scoring of missing item responses as incorrect provided a better model fit than a latent ignorable model for most countries. Furthermore, the dependence of the missingness of an item from the item itself after conditioning on the latent response propensity was much more pronounced for constructed-response items than for multiple-choice items. As a consequence, scaling models that presuppose latent ignorability should be refused from two perspectives. First, the Mislevy-Wu model is preferred over the latent ignorable model for reasons of model fit. Second, in the discussion section, we argue that model fit should only play a minor role in choosing psychometric models in large-scale assessment studies because validity aspects are most relevant. Missing data treatments that countries can simply manipulate (and, hence, their students) result in unfair country comparisons.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040117
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1688-1705: COVID-19 Limitations on Doodling as a
           Measure of Burnout

    • Authors: Carol Nash
      First page: 1688
      Abstract: Pre-COVID-19, doodling was identified as a measure of burnout in researchers attending a weekly, in-person health narratives research group manifesting team mindfulness. Under the group’s supportive conditions, variations in doodling served to measure change in participants reported depression and anxiety—internal states directly associated with burnout, adversely affecting healthcare researchers, their employment, and their research. COVID-19 demanded social distancing during the group’s 2020/21 academic meetings. Conducted online, the group’s participants who chose to doodle did so alone during the pandemic. Whether the sequestering of group participants during COVID-19 altered the ability of doodling to act as a measure of depression and anxiety was investigated. Participants considered that doodling during the group’s online meetings increased their enjoyment and attention level—some expressed that it helped them to relax. However, unlike face-to-face meetings during previous non-COVID-19 years, solitary doodling during online meetings was unable to reflect researchers’ depression or anxiety. The COVID-19 limitations that necessitated doodling alone maintained the benefits group members saw in doodling but hampered the ability of doodling to act as a measure of burnout, in contrast to previous in-person doodling. This result is seen to correspond to one aspect of the group’s change in team mindfulness resulting from COVID-19 constraints.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-12-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11040118
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 627-638: Restorative Justice Education from
           Intrajudicial Criminal Mediation Associated Factors

    • Authors: Mercedes Matás Castillo, Inmaculada Méndez, Cecilia Ruiz Esteban, Gloria Soto
      First page: 627
      Abstract: The restorative justice (RJ) paradigm requires coherence among legal, justice, and educational systems to promote a culture of restorative dialogue with victims of violence and to reintegrate aggressors into the community. The objective of this study, from an evolutionary social perspective, was to examine criminal mediation files in the archives of the Murcia Intrajudicial Criminal Mediation Service (UMIM), Spain, to see which variables are associated with which types of violence and understand the contents and adoption of agreements. In this study the sociodemographic, procedural, and interpersonal variables of 216 people who used criminal mediation were analysed. The results showed statistically significant differences concerning age, the procedural moment of referral, and the participants’ relationship. The main conclusions are that the youngest group had a more significant number of encounters with physical violence; most agreements occurred in the initial phase of a judicial procedure; and the majority of agreements had moral content regardless of the age of the parties involved. These factors are of interest to the establishment of judicial and educational restorative models.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030045
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 639-648: The Role of Psychological Capital in Human
           Service Professionals’ Work Experiences

    • Authors: Ilaria Di Maggio, Maria Cristina Ginevra, Laura Nota
      First page: 639
      Abstract: The study was set up as a first exploration of the predictive role of human service professionals’ (i.e., teachers and healthcare professionals) psychological capital (PC) in their perception of work experiences and some core aspects of their own work, such as their efficacy to instill positive resources in their clients, the positive representation of their work and of the results that they can obtain, and positive beliefs about their career growth. Three hundred and eight Northern Italian human service professionals were involved, of which 163 were elementary school teachers of inclusive classrooms and 145 were healthcare professionals in day and residential centers. The regression analyses which were carried out—controlling for age, gender, years of work experience and the typology of the human service jobs—confirmed the predictive role of PC in the efficacy to instill positive resources in one’s clients, the positive representation of the work and of the results that can be obtained, and positive beliefs about career growth. These results have important implications for practice, and they emphasize that specific interventions aimed at promoting human service professionals’ PC may positively impact the effectiveness of their actions for the adaptation and psychosocial development of their clients.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-27
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030046
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 649-666: Psychometric Properties of the Slovak
           Version of Short Dark Triad

    • Authors: Radka Čopková, Leoš Šafár
      First page: 649
      Abstract: The Short Dark Triad is a scale used to capture three aversive personality traits—Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy on the subclinical level. The present study aimed to verify the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the Short Dark Triad scale in three studies. The first two studies aimed to examine the reliability of the scale. The aim of Study 1 was to examine the factor structure of SD3. A three-factor model consisting of three latent intercorrelated factors in a unidimensional and bifactorial model were examined on a sample of 588 participants. Study 2 aimed to test the consistency of the results over time (test–retest reliability) on the sample of 117 participants. In Study 3, convergent and divergent validity was examined on the sample of 333 participants. For both kinds of validity examination, the Slovak version of NEO-FFI was used. The internal consistency of the subscales and test results, the same as the retest results, were satisfactory. The relationships between the scales were found to be significant. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results supported the original three-factor model. Significant interrelations have been established between Machiavellianism and openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness; narcissism and neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness; psychopathy and openness, agreeableness and conscientiousness. The Short Dark Triad achieved satisfactory values of reliability and validity; therefore, it can be used on the Slovak population.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030047
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 667-685: Impact of Authoritative and Laissez-Faire
           Leadership on Thriving at Work: The Moderating Role of Conscientiousness

    • Authors: Zulfiqar Ahmed Iqbal, Ghulam Abid, Muhammad Arshad, Fouzia Ashfaq, Muhammad Ahsan Athar, Qandeel Hassan
      First page: 667
      Abstract: This study empirically investigates the less discussed catalytic effect of personality in the relationship of leadership style and employee thriving at work. The growth and sustainability of the organization is linked with the association of leadership style and employee thriving at the worplace. The objectives of this study are to explore the impact of authoritative and laissez-faire leadership styles and the moderating role of the personality trait of conscientiousness on thriving in the workplace. A sample of 312 participants was taken from a leading school system with its branches in Lahore and Islamabad, Pakistan. The participants either worked as managers, teachers in headquarters, or school campuses, respectively. The regression results of the study show that authoritative leadership and conscientiousness have a significantly positive impact on thriving at work. Furthermore, conscientiousness moderates the relationship between laissez-faire style of leadership and thriving at work relationship.. The findings of this study have theoretical implications for authoritative and laissez-faire leadership, employee conscientiousness, and managerial applications for the practitioners.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030048
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 686-696: Relationship between Socio-Emotional
           Competencies and the Overlap of Bullying and Cyberbullying Behaviors in
           Primary School Students

    • Authors: Juan Manuel Rodríguez-Álvarez, Santiago Yubero, Raúl Navarro, Elisa Larrañaga
      First page: 686
      Abstract: Digital life forms part of daily reality for young people. For this reason, traditional bullying in school has been reproduced in the online environment, resulting in an overlap of off- and online bullying. Research on socio-emotional competencies and bullying is revealing interesting results among students in secondary schools. However, studies involving primary school students are much scarcer. In addition, the majority of studies have been carried out based on an understanding of socio-emotional competencies as a unidimensional construct. In the present study, we examined the overlap between off- and online bullying victimization and the influence of the factors comprising socio-emotional competencies on this overlap. Participants comprised 1130 students (49.7% were boys and 50.3% were girls) from the fifth and sixth grades at 15 schools in the autonomous communities of Madrid and Castilla-La Mancha (Spain). The results indicate a high rate of overlap between off- and online bullying victimization, without significant gender differences. Poor relationship skills in boys and low self-management in girls were associated with being a victim of both traditional bullying and cyberbullying. The conclusions point to an interesting line of intervention and prevention, establishing a framework of confluence for social and emotional variables within the primary education context.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030049
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 697-710: The Psychological Impact of Coronavirus
           Pandemic Restrictions in Italy. The Mediating Role of the Fear of COVID-19
           in the Relationship between Positive and Negative Affect with Positive and
           Negative Outcomes

    • Authors: Andrea Zammitti, Chiara Imbrogliera, Angela Russo, Rita Zarbo, Paola Magnano
      First page: 697
      Abstract: Italy was quickly hit hard by the coronavirus. ‘Lockdown’ has significantly impacted the psychological health, personal wellbeing and quality of life of the people. The study aims to explore the relationship between positive and negative affect, as well as positive (spiritual well-being and flourishing) and negative outcomes (psychological distress caused by a traumatic life event in terms of perception of PTSD symptoms) on Italian adults during the lockdown period. Data was collected between April and May 2020. The participants were 281 Italian adults aged between 18 and 73 years. The survey was composed of the following measures: Flourishing Scale, Jarel Spiritual Well-Being scale, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule, Impact of Event Scale—Revised, Fear of COVID-19. The mediational analysis shows that fear of COVID-19 fully mediates the relationship between negative affect and spiritual well-being and flourishing; fear of COVID-19 partially mediates the relationship between negative affect and PTSD symptoms; the positive affect shows only direct effects on positive outcomes. Therefore, fear of COVID-19 does not play any mediation role. Implications for psychological interventions and future research will be discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030050
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 711-725: A Closer Look at the Emotional
           Intelligence Construct: How Do Emotional Intelligence Facets Relate to

    • Authors: Quintana-Orts, Mérida-López, Rey, Extremera
      First page: 711
      Abstract: Adolescents’ perception of their own emotional abilities has been related to psychological adjustment and well-being. However, there are still few studies focusing on specific emotional dimensions in relation to bullying and well-being in adolescence. This study analysed the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) facets, satisfaction with life, bullying and cyberbullying in adolescents. The sample consisted of 3520 high school students (51.5% females) aged between 12 and 18 years (M = 14.37; SD = 1.67). The correlation analyses showed that the majority of EI facets were positively related to satisfaction with life and negatively with both types of violence. As was expected, bullying and cyberbullying victims and bully–victims scored lower in satisfaction with life and the majority of EI facets. Controlling for sex, age, and grade, self-emotion appraisal, use of emotions and regulation of emotion were the best predictors of life satisfaction in bully–victims of bullying and cyberbullying. Finally, we discuss the relevance of these findings for clinical and educational practice on EI seeking to promote subjective well-being among adolescents involved in bullying and cyberbullying.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030051
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 726-735: Adolescents and Distance Learning during
           the First Wave of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Italy: What Impact on
           Students’ Well-Being and Learning Processes and What Future

    • Authors: Elena Commodari, Valentina Lucia La Rosa
      First page: 726
      Abstract: Background: This study aimed to analyze the experiences related to distance learning in a large sample of students in upper secondary school during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Italy and to explore the potentialities of distance learning for students’ well-being. Methods: Between 22 April and 1 May 2020, 1017 students completed an online survey about the characteristics of online didactic, the availability of devices for distance learning, and the psychological experiences related to e-learning. Results: All Italian schools have adopted distance learning, even if each teacher employs different approaches to e-learning. Students are aware of the importance of distance learning for the containment of the pandemic and of the need to continue with online teaching to avoid the resumption of the infections. However, distance learning is associated with a significant increase in student workload and a consequent psychological distress related to homework. Specifically, students are more distracted in studying, have difficulty organizing study and are concerned that their school career may be adversely affected by the lockdown. Furthermore, a significant percentage does not perceive adequate support from teachers. Conclusions: Future studies will have to explore the impact of distance learning even in the subsequent waves of contagion, taking into account the persistence of the stress from the pandemic.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030052
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 736-757: Temperament and Academic Achievement in
           Children: A Meta-Analysis

    • Authors: Dalia Nasvytienė, Tomas Lazdauskas
      First page: 736
      Abstract: This study aimed to systematize the diverse and rather controversial findings of empirical research on the relationship between the temperament and academic achievement of school children, as well as to determine the average effect size between these variables. We included 57 original studies of published and unpublished research conducted in 12 countries between 1985 and 2019, with cumulative sample size of 79,913 (varying from 6333 to 14,126 for links between particular temperament dimensions and specific domains of achievement). A random-effects and mixed-effects model was fitted to the data for the central tendency of the temperament–achievement relation and for analyzing moderators, respectively. The high heterogeneity of studies was tackled by selected specific moderators, namely, education level, transition status, family’s socio-economic level, and sources of report on achievement and temperament. The main findings of this meta-analysis affirmed the positive association of effortful control (EC) and inverse relationship of negative affectivity (NA) with a child’s academic performance, together with no apparent trend of surgency (SU) in this relationship; additionally, the sources of report significantly moderated the link between temperament and academic achievement.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-12
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030053
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 758-769: Incident Factors in the Sustainable
           Development of Digital Teaching Competence in Dual Vocational Education
           and Training Teachers

    • Authors: Jesús Sánchez-Prieto, Juan Manuel Trujillo-Torres, Melchor Gómez-García, Gerardo Gómez-García
      First page: 758
      Abstract: For years the technological revolution has been transforming all facets of our society. Teaching could obviously not be an exception but is quite the opposite because of its role in training the individuals of that society. Teachers at all levels of education are subjected to an adaptation process to develop the digital skills necessary for this transformation. This process must be permanent as there are still major deficiencies in teachers’ ICT knowledge and rejection of their application. This study aims to see whether the inadequacy of digital teaching skills also occurs in the Dual Vocational Training modality. To this end, a descriptive quantitative method has been carried out in a sample of teachers from the Professional Formation Dual system in the Autonomous Community of Andalusia. The results show an insufficient level of digital skills that is therefore improvable, finding some factors that influence, to some extent, the various components of digital competence such as prior teacher training, the locality in which their school resides or the category of teaching to which he belongs. Therefore, it is advised to continue to promote in-service training in digital competence for in-service teachers in order to achieve sustainable educational development.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030054
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 770-780: Between Academic Resilience and Burnout:
           The Moderating Role of Satisfaction on School Context Relationships

    • Authors: Luciano Romano, Piermarco Consiglio, Giacomo Angelini, Caterina Fiorilli
      First page: 770
      Abstract: School burnout is considered an extreme form of maladjustment that can seriously undermine the academic path of students who are affected. Previous studies have focused on possible protective factors, highlighting the role of academic resilience, i.e., the ability to overcome chronic adversity in the school setting. Notwithstanding this, it is equally important to explore the role of the classroom environment and the satisfaction felt by the student toward relationships with teachers and classmates. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to examine the relationship between academic resilience and burnout and to explore the moderating role of relationship satisfaction with teachers and classmates. A sample of 576 Italian students (Female = 53.1%), aged 14–18 (M = 15.73, SD = 1.56) were involved in the study. Correlations and moderated regressions analyses were conducted to test the hypotheses. The results show academic resilience and satisfaction as inversely related to school burnout. Furthermore, the satisfaction on the relationships with classmates moderated the relation between academic resilience and burnout. Findings were discussed by highlighting the importance of promoting both individual and contextual factors to prevent burnout risk.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030055
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 781-794: A Bibliometric Review of Research on
           International Students’ Mental Health: Science Mapping of the Literature
           from 1957 to 2020

    • Authors: Quoc-Thai Cao, Quan-Hoang Vuong, Hiep-Hung Pham, Dinh-Hai Luong, Manh-Toan Ho, Anh-Duc Hoang, Minh-Trang Do
      First page: 781
      Abstract: The mental health of university students is not only a predominant topic for psychology and education researchers but also a source of interest for policymakers and various stakeholders. Although there has been a lot of research on higher education students’ mental health, we have little understanding on the mental health of international students (MHIS). Despite their distinctive characteristics compared to native students, the mental health issues of international students only started receiving attention very recently. So far, the literature on this topic lacks a comprehensive overview of its sub-topic and trending issues. By using bibliometric analysis, this research aims to fulfil this gap and provide a review of the extant literature about MHIS. Specifically, this study aims to (i) draw the growth trajectory and geographic distribution of the literature on MHIS; (ii) identify the documents and authors that have the greatest impact, generally and locally, within the major topic clusters of the literature on MHIS; and (iii) identify the most researched keywords in the literature on MHIS over time. The results have shown that academic documents about international students’ mental health are increasing in number and becoming more extensive content-wise. The research’s findings provide implications for stakeholders and identifies some prominent research avenues for the future.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030056
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 795-803: Burnout, Organizational Self-Efficacy and
           Self-Esteem among Brazilian Teachers during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Henrique Pereira, Vivianne Oliveira Gonçalves, Renata Machado de Assis
      First page: 795
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of, and the association between burnout, organizational self-efficacy and self-esteem, and to assess the predictive influence of burnout and organizational self-efficacy on self-esteem among Brazilian teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic. Brazilian teachers (n = 302) between 24 and 70 years old (Mage = 46.75, SD = 11.02) participated in this study. Measurement instruments included a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Burnout Assessment Tool, the Organizational Self-Efficacy Scale and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The prevalence of burnout symptoms was 3.2%, the prevalence of low occupational self-efficacy was 21.5%, and the prevalence of low self-esteem was 2.7%. Significant correlations were found between all variables under study. Hierarchical linear regression analysis showed that overall levels of burnout explained 40% of the variance of self-esteem, while together with organizational self-efficacy, it explained 55%. This study presents evidence of the impact of overall levels of burnout and self-efficacy on teachers’ self-esteem and also contributes to the body of knowledge under construction about the scenario perceived by teachers in Brazil during the COVID-19 pandemic.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030057
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 804-812: Associations between Personality Traits
           and Basal Cortisol Responses in Sailing Athletes

    • Authors: Pierpaolo Limone, Maria Sinatra, Flavio Ceglie, Lucia Monacis
      First page: 804
      Abstract: There is a paucity of literature regarding the psycho-physiological profiles of sailors on board. This study aimed at providing empirical evidence on the individual differences between bowmen and helmsmen taking into account a biopsychological perspective. To this purpose, sailors’ profiles were examined by focusing on the association between personality traits and basal cortisol. The sample was composed of 104 athletes (Mage = 21.32, SD = 0.098; F = 35%), who fulfilled a self-reported questionnaire including a socio-demographic section and the Big Five questionnaire. Cortisol samples were collected on the day before the competition, within 30 min after awakening. T-test analysis showed significant differences on cortisol levels: bowmen obtained higher levels on cortisol responses compared to helmsmen. No differences emerged on personality traits between athletes’ roles. Bivariate associations showed positive associations of cortisol responses with extraversion and conscientiousness in bowmen, whereas no significant associations of cortisol with personality traits were found in helmsmen. Regression analyses confirmed that sex and extraversion predicted higher level of cortisol responses. Results were discussed in terms of a bio-psychosocial theoretical approach and provided findings on the relationships between personality trait and the hypothalamus-pituitary adrenal (HPA) system in dinghy sailors. Suggestions for a more suitable selection of sailor roles were given to coaches in order to improve athletes’ performance.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030058
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 813-829: Factors Related with Underperformance in
           Reading Proficiency, the Case of the Programme for International Student
           Assessment 2018

    • Authors: Vazquez-Lopez, Huerta-Manzanilla
      First page: 813
      Abstract: Almost 217 million secondary school students (60% of the world's adolescents) do not reach minimum levels in reading proficiency at the end of secondary school, according to objective 4.1 of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals. Therefore, the early and efficient identification of this disadvantage and implementation of remedial strategies is critical for economies. In 2018, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) assessed the reading skills of 15-year-old students in 80 countries and economies. This work introduces a methodology that uses PISA's data to build logistic regression models to identify the main factors contributing to students' underperforming reading skills. Results showed that socioeconomic status (SES), metacognition strategies, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills, and student–teacher relationships are the most important contributors to low reading abilities.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030059
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 829-837: Psychometric Properties of the Lasher and
           Faulkender Anxiety about Aging Scale (AAS) among Iranian Older Adults

    • Authors: Amir H. Pakpour, Shamsedin Namjoo, Khadijeh Sabahiazar, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Vijay Kumar Chattu, Hamid Allahverdipour
      First page: 829
      Abstract: (1) Background: The older adult population of society is exposed to multiple stressors daily, such as the loss of loved ones, dysfunctional mobility, financial dependence, and suffering from numerous chronic illnesses. The present study aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the Anxiety about Aging Scale among older adults in Iran. (2) Methods: A sample of 703 community-dwelling older adults was recruited and screened using a standardized tool. The mean age of participants was 69.4 ± 8.1 years. The majority of participants were male (59.2%), married (66.6%), and illiterate (79.7%). A ‘forward-backward’ translation method was used in developing the Iranian version of the AAS for assessing the psychometric properties among older adults. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and the Rasch model were used for construct validity. (3) Results: Applying CFA indicated that the model’s four original factors are the best solution, representing 55% of the total variance. The result of the CFA showed that this four-factor model had a good fit for the data. The findings were also confirmed by Rasch analysis. (4) Conclusions: The Persian version of the AAS is valid and reliable for measuring aging anxiety among Iranian older adults.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-07-28
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030060
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 838-848: An Examination of COVID-19-Related
           Stressors among Parents

    • Authors: Alonzi, Park, Pagán, Saulsman, Silverstein
      First page: 838
      Abstract: The circumstances of the COVID-19 pandemic have taken a psychological toll on parents. Thus, understanding the impact of these contextual stressors on parents is important to help inform the development of family-based health promotion interventions. The present study examined parents’ perception of various sources of stress resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic. Participants (N = 294) completed an open-ended question about their primary source of stress during the pandemic, which we coded into one or more of the following categories: family, work, health, and finance. We used chi-square tests to determine whether gender, marital status, financial strain, and education level were significantly related to each of the four primary sources of stress. We found that female, married, and financially strained participants were more likely to report family-related stressors. Further, we found that participants who expressed concern over health-related stressors were more likely to have pre-existing health conditions. Finally, we found that single participants were more likely to express concerns over financial stressors. Our findings shed light on parental concerns following the pandemic and inform new research directions, clinical approaches, and policy issues at the individual, community, and societal levels.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030061
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 849-859: Adolescents’ School Burnout: A
           Comparative Study between Italy and Switzerland

    • Authors: Piera Gabola, Nicolas Meylan, Marine Hascoët, Simona De Stasio, Caterina Fiorilli
      First page: 849
      Abstract: This study aimed to analyze and compare students’ school burnout levels in Switzerland and Italy. Previous research has confirmed that female and older students in particular are highly exposed to burnout risk. Nevertheless, few studies have observed this phenomenon through a cross-national comparison. Data on burnout were collected from a sample of 840 adolescents (Italian students = 497; Swiss students = 343) (Mage = 14.98; SD = 1.06; Female = 50%). Burnout was measured using the School Burnout Inventory, and cross-cultural measurement invariance was tested. The results showed that this burnout measure was equivalent between the Italian and Swiss samples. A multivariate analysis of variance was next conducted to investigate the effects of age, gender, and nationality. Results partially confirmed our hypotheses, showing the effect of age but not of gender in explaining burnout differences among students, and between and within-group variance. In particular, the burnout risk was found to be higher in late adolescence (age 16 to 18, Mexhaution = 2.73; Mcynicism = 2.99; MInadequacy = 3.14) than in mid-adolescence (age 13 to 15 Mexhaution = 2.95; Mcynicism = 3.43; MInadequacy = 3.54). Furthermore, Italian adolescents were more exhausted and cynical (Mexhaution = 2.99; Mcynicism = 3.26) than their Swiss peers (Mexhaution = 2.52; Mcynicism = 2.93) when controlling for age and gender. Findings suggest further investigation of the role played by educational and cultural values may be warranted.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-11
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030062
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 860-865: Association between Change in Regional

    • Authors: Tindaro Bongiovanni, Athos Trecroci, Alessio Rossi, Fedon Marcello Iaia, Giulio Pasta, Francesco Campa
      First page: 860
      Abstract: Purpose: This observational longitudinal investigation aimed to investigate whether change in bioelectrical regional phase angle (PhA) is a predictor of change in vertical jump performance in elite soccer players. Methods: Fifteen soccer players (age: 28.7 ± 5.0 years, body weight: 82.4 ± 6.8 kg, height: 186.0 ± 0.1 cm, body mass index: 23.8 ± 1.2 kg/m2) competing in the first Italian division (Serie A) were included in this study and tested before the pre-season period and after the first half of the championship. Whole body and lower hemisoma PhA were obtained with a phase-sensitive 50 kHz bioelectrical impedance analyzer and legs lean soft tissue was estimated using specific bioimpedance-based equation developed for athletes. Vertical jump performance was assessed using the countermovement jump (CMJ). Results: The major findings of the study are that changes in lower hemisoma PhA are more strongly related with changes in jump performance (r2 = 0.617, p = 0.001) than changes in whole-body PhA (r2 = 0.270, p = 0.047), even after adjusting for legs lean soft tissue and for body mass index (β = 5.17, p = 0.004). Conclusions: These data suggest that changes in lower hemisoma PhA might be used as a tool for evaluating performance related parameters in sports where specific body segments are involved, in preference to the whole-body measured value.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030063
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 866-877: The Implementation of a Remote Work
           Program in an Italian Municipality before COVID-19: Suggestions to HR
           Officers for the Post-COVID-19 Era

    • Authors: Salvatore Zappalà, Ferdinando Toscano, Gabriela Topa
      First page: 866
      Abstract: This case study describes the implementation stages and some outcomes of a remote work program that was adopted in an Italian municipality before the COVID-19 pandemic. This research used a qualitative case study approach, proposing a semi-structured interview with 14 staff members (six remote-worker employees, their respective managers, and two intermediate-level managers) about the experience with the remote work program. In addition, two researchers attended two preparatory program meetings. The evidence shows that, even before the COVID-19 pandemic, remote work was mainly performed at home, for one or two days a week. Together with their manager, remote workers decided the tasks to perform remotely and the criteria to monitor remote work. Furthermore, employees appreciated the remote work program, perceiving themselves to be more productive in their work. Elements of this case study may be relevant for companies that aim to move from an emergency to a more planned remote work.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030064
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 878-893: The Role of Junior Adolescents’ School
           Well-Being/Ill-Being Characteristics in School Anxiety Variations

    • Authors: Rail M. Shamionov, Marina V. Grigoryeva, Aleksey V. Sozonnik, Elena S. Grinina
      First page: 878
      Abstract: Difficulties that junior adolescents (aged 11–13 years old) experience in terms of academic adaptation, which are indicated through school anxiety and academic wellbeing characteristics, often lead to a dramatic decrease in academic performance, behavioral problems, and deterioration of their health. The purpose of this investigation is to determine the structure of characteristics of school wellbeing/ill-being of junior adolescents and their role in variations of school anxiety, which largely define academic adaptation. In this study, based on positive psychology and a systematic approach, the level of distinctiveness of characteristics of school wellbeing is carried out with the help of comparative analysis; the factor structure of these characteristics is identified; the characteristics of wellbeing and their coordinated combinations (factors) are determined as predictors of school anxiety. The sample consisted of 120 students of the 5th–7th grades, aged M = 11.5; SD = 1.04 (49.2% girls, 50.8% boys) who attended Saratov secondary schools. To study the level of school anxiety, we used the Philips’ School Anxiety Scale (SAS), and indicators of school wellbeing were measured with the original scales developed by the authors of the study. Statistical processing of the results was carried out with regression analysis and factor analysis. The results showed that the school wellbeing of junior adolescents forms a complex structure that includes cognitive, personal, emotional, social, and psychophysiological characteristics of school life. It was found that from 16% up to 53% of the deviation of variables characterizing school anxiety is conditioned by the assessment of variables characterizing emotional states, the ability of self-regulation, cognitive capabilities, and interest in learning. The study determined a high level of tension in adolescents in the field of emotions’ self-regulation, unpleasant physical sensations at school, before and after attending school, in the course of planning their school day and reflecting on educational activities. The most powerful factors of school anxiety in junior adolescents are physical distress, low ability to self-regulate and social adaptation, lack of independence in a learning activity, and personal immaturity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030065
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 894-907: Predicting University Adjustment from
           Coping-Styles, Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, and Personality: Findings from
           a Survey in a Sample of Italian Students

    • Authors: Giusy Danila Valenti, Palmira Faraci
      First page: 894
      Abstract: Starting university life requires that students learn to cope with several personal, academic, and social challenges. A wide array of variables affects how students adjust to university life. This study was aimed to investigate which factors among coping styles, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and personality traits (i.e., diligence, relational availability, mental flexibility, activity, and emotional stability) best predicted the levels of university adjustment in a sample of university freshmen (N = 204, 63% women). Data were collected using self-report instruments. Multiple regressions analyses were conducted to identify the most significant predictors of adjustment to college. Our findings reported that self-efficacy, task-, and emotion-oriented coping were the most significant predictors, together with relational availability and mental flexibility. These findings might improve the growing knowledge concerning university adjustment, supporting main previous research. The observed relationships between university adjustment and the measured variables suggest intriguing considerations about the importance for schools and universities of providing interventions for students that aim to develop and strengthen the investigated personality facets, reducing withdrawal, behavioral and/or mental disengagement, and promoting academic achievement and success.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030066
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 908-922: Preliminary Validation Study of the
           Intrinsic Religious Motivation Scale and the Centrality of Religiosity
           Scale for the Portuguese Population

    • Authors: Pedro Araújo, Sara Gomes, Diogo Vidal, Hélder Sousa, Maria Dinis, Ângela Leite
      First page: 908
      Abstract: Religion is a construct widely present in most people’s lives. Religious motivations, either intrinsic or extrinsic, as well as religious centrality, are crucial aspects of religion. In the Portuguese population, there are no validated instruments to assess these aspects of religion. Accordingly, this study intends to validate the Intrinsic Religious Motivation Scale (IRMS) and the Centrality of Religiosity Scale (CRS) for the Portuguese population. This is a validation study whose sample consists of 326 participants (73.1% women) from the general population. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out and the correlations between the constructs and self-compassion were determined to assess the convergent and divergent validity. The results obtained confirm the existence of models adjusted to the population, allowing us to conclude that the instruments are reliable for assessing the studied constructs. The validation of the IRMS and CRS for the Portuguese population is of outstanding importance, as it provides researchers in the field with valid instruments and psychometric qualities to carry out research within religion and religiosity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030067
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 923-932: Is Electronic Health Literacy Associated
           with Learning Outcomes among Medical Students in the First Clinical
           Year': A Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: Krittai Tanasombatkul, Kanokporn Pinyopornpanish, Chaisiri Angkurawaranon, Nida Buawangpong, Auswin Rojanasumapong, Wichuda Jiraporncharoen
      First page: 923
      Abstract: Medical students tend to use the internet as a primary resource when seeking health information. This study aims to assess the patterns of internet use, eHL level, and learning outcomes with eHL among medical students at Chiang Mai University. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 88 medical students in the first clinical year. The eHL level was determined using the Thai version of the electronic Health Literacy Scale or eHEALS. The patient case report scores were obtained representing the learning outcome. Linear regression was used to identify factors influencing their eHL level and case report scores. Students recognized the importance and usefulness of the internet. The mean eHEALS score was 33.45. There was a lower degree of agreement on questions regarding internet usage, having skills to evaluate the resources, and confidence in using health information to make health decisions. The eHEALS score had no statistically significant association with most variables and case report scores, but with the longer time of internet use (p-value = 0.014). Although medical students perceived that they have high eHL levels, they report lower confidence in using the information. Including critical thinking skills for electronic health information in the medical curriculum could be useful.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030068
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 933-952: Encouraging Undergraduate Marketing
           Students to Reflect on Critical Thinking and the Digital Gender Divide

    • Authors: Elena González-Gascón, María D. De-Juan-Vigaray
      First page: 933
      Abstract: In today’s society where there is an abundance of accessible, complex, and often false information, critical thinking (CT) is an essential skill so that citizens in general and students in particular can make complex decisions based on scientific evidence, rather than on prejudices, biases, and pre-established beliefs. In this context, the purpose of this study is to discover whether Active Learning (AL) methodology, using different technologies, contributes to improving the CT of the student body, applying it to the Digital Gender Divide (DGD). Three questionnaires were used to collect information, using both a quantitative and a qualitative approach. Open-ended questions are included for fuller answers, which are complemented by content analysis of the recordings and virtual presentations made. The results show that the AL methodology favours the development of CT in the DGD in a remarkable way. Likewise, the various technologies implemented in the methodology (e.g., the Google Applications Site, online round table discussions, role-plays, virtual presentations, and forms) are relevant to improving CT in DGD. It concludes by recommending the implementation of AL with CT as in the one carried out, to help prepare better professionals and raise awareness of how to reduce the DGD.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030069
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 953-961: Dimensions of Creativity in Secondary
           School High-Ability Students

    • Authors: Núria Arís Redó, María Ángeles Millán Gutiérrez, José-Diego Vargas Cano
      First page: 953
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the dimensions of creativity in high-ability teenage students. Firstly, we reviewed the most relevant scientific contributions on creativity. Next, the dimensions of creativity in secondary school students who were previously identified as high-ability students were analyzed. The sample was obtained from 215 students, of which 31 were identified as high-ability students. The abilities associated with divergent thinking were assessed using the Torrance Test of Creative Thinking The fluency, flexibility, and originality dimensions were assessed with the Scientific-Creative Thinking Test. This study was conducted using a quantitative approach. Tests were administered during school hours from March to June 2019. They were corrected considering the protocols established by the original authors themselves. Data were analyzed using SPSS, version 24.0. The results provide evidence that high-ability students achieve higher scores in both the figurative-creativity and scientific-creativity dimensions. A significant relationship between creativity and high ability was therefore established. Students with high abilities and qualities require the educational support necessary to develop their talent. This study was of an exploratory nature and the results obtained contribute to developing future studies applying its findings in teenagers’ teaching–learning process.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030070
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 962-974: Impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee
           Engagement: Role of Self-Efficacy and Organizational Commitment

    • Authors: Fouzia Ashfaq, Ghulam Abid, Sehrish Ilyas
      First page: 962
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the roles of self-efficacy and organizational commitment in the sequential mediation of the relationship between ethical leadership and employee engagement. Data were collected through self-reported questionnaires of employees from private and public sector organizations of Pakistan. We opted for a three-wave time-lagged design, and we used the PROCESS macro by Hayes on a sample of 211 employees (35% male, 65% female) via the 2000 re-sample bias-corrected bootstrap method. The results show a significant relationship between ethical leadership and employee engagement with mediating effects of self-efficacy and organizational commitment. Self-efficacy and organizational commitment fully mediated the relationship. The results provide insight into the understanding of employee behavior, particularly in the presence of moral leadership. Drawing on the conservation of resource theory, we examined how ethical leader support enables employees to invest their resources into positive outcomes. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030071
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 975-989: Social Science Pedagogy as a Way of
           Integrating Sustainable Education and Global Citizenship into the Initial
           Training of Pre-Primary Teachers

    • Authors: Diez, Dominguez, Ponsoda, Ortuño
      First page: 975
      Abstract: The main objective of this research was to demonstrate the integration of international and national strategies in education for sustainable development and global citizenship into initial teacher training. The researchers analyzed the outcomes of a feminist teaching strategy based on family trees, focusing on the usefulness of social science pedagogy in developing critical thinking among pupils. They also attempted to enhance teachers’ digital literacy and make progress in reflecting on its functioning and use. The research used mixed methods, and the research instrument was a questionnaire using Likert-type scales validated by specialists from several universities. It was deployed in the module Didáctica del Conocimiento del Medio Social y Medioambiental (Pedagogy of Knowledge of the Social and Cultural Environment) of the Bachelor’s Degree in Pre-Primary Education at the University of Alicante. Using historical research with a gender perspective, the trainee teachers investigated their family trees, focusing on the women in their families. They also carried out a speculative exercise to aid reflection on their contributions as teachers in support of equal education. The results obtained showed that this was a novel and useful educational activity, which inspired participants to work for a fair and democratic global citizenship based on coeducation.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030072
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 990-998: Safer Systems: People Training or System

    • Authors: Hollnagel
      First page: 990
      Abstract: Safety is usually seen as a problem when it is absent rather than when it is present, where accidents, incidents, and the like represent a lack of safety rather than the presence of safety. To explain this lack of safety, one or more causes must be found. In the management of industrial safety, the human factor has traditionally been seen as a weak element; human error is often offered as the first, and sometimes the only cause of lack of safety and human factors have since the early days offered three principal solutions, namely training, design, and automation. Of these, training has considerable face value as an effective means to improve human performance. The drawback of safety training, however, is that it focuses on a single system component, the human, instead of on the system as a whole. Safety training further takes for granted that humans are a liability and focuses on overcoming the weakness of this specific component through simplistic models of what determines human performance. But humans may also be seen as an asset which changes the focus to strengthening how a complex socio-technical system functions. A socio-technical system comprises multiple functions that must be finely tuned in order to ensure expected and acceptable performance. Since systems cannot be made safer without developing effective ways of managing the conditions in which people work, system tuning offers an alternative solution to an old problem.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-08-31
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030073
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 999-1010: Multisensory Connections of Novel
           Linguistic Stimuli in Japanese as a Native Language and Referential Tastes

    • Authors: Yan Yan, Yutao Yang, Misa Ando, Xinyi Liu, Toshimune Kambara
      First page: 999
      Abstract: Previous findings have shown essential connections between linguistic and gustatory stimuli for people with autism or lexical gustatory synesthesia. We examined the associative learning of novel linguistic forms in Japanese as a native language and tastes (candies and chocolates) for healthy people. Healthy subjects performed four phases: (a) evaluation phase of gustatory features; (b) learning phases of novel linguistic form and gustatory stimulus pairs (G) or novel word forms (W); (c) recognition memory phases linked with G and W; and (d) free recall phase for G and W. In the recognition memory phases, the performance scores of W were higher than those of G, while there was no significant difference between response times of G and W. Additionally, no difference between recall performances in G and W was also shown. A subjective evaluation of gustatory features (sweetness) negatively correlated with the recall score for linguistic forms connected to the gustatory feature, whereas the accuracy rates of the recognition memory phase in G positively correlated with those of the free recall phase in G. Although learning of novel linguistic forms is more efficient than learning of the relationships between novel linguistic forms and tastes, gustatory features influence the free recall performances of linguistic forms linked with the tastes. These results may contribute to future applications to word learning not just for patients, but also healthy people.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030074
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1011-1021: Insecure Attachment Styles and
           Unbalanced Family Functioning as Risk Factors of Problematic Smartphone
           Use in Spanish Young Adults: A Relative Weight Analysis

    • Authors: Sonia Mangialavori, Claudia Russo, Maria Veronica Jimeno, Jorge Javier Ricarte, Giulio D’Urso, Daniela Barni, Marco Cacioppo
      First page: 1011
      Abstract: Young adulthood is the life stage during which people are more prone to develop problematic smartphone use (PSU). Only one study investigated the relationship among attachment styles, family functioning, and PSU, but thus far, no research has shown the relative importance that such dimensions may have on PSU. The main aim of this study was to analyze to what extent insecure attachment styles and unbalanced family functioning are related to PSU, investigating the specific weight of each dimension in a sample of young adults (N = 301; 82.7% females; Mage = 22.89; SD = 3.02). Participants completed a self-report questionnaire, including the Relationship Questionnaire, the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale IV, and the Smartphone Addiction Scale. The regression and relative weight analyses results showed that preoccupied attachment style and disengaged, chaotic, and enmeshed family functioning were positively related to PSU. Implications for future research and interventions were discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030075
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1022-1029: Perceptions and Degree of Satisfaction
           with the Health Sciences University Educational Community Regarding the
           Measures Adopted for the Prevention of COVID-19 in the Academic Year

    • Authors: Óscar Rodríguez-Nogueira, Raquel Leirós-Rodríguez, Enedina Quiroga-Sánchez, Mª José Álvarez-Álvarez, Lorena Álvarez-Barrio
      First page: 1022
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic caused the start of the academic year 2020/2021 to be conditioned by health and safety regulations. The present research was defined with the aim of analyzing the degree of satisfaction and perceptions on the establishment of bubble groups and pairs and on the use of audiovisual platforms for the development of theoretical and practical university teaching in three degrees of health sciences. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out on a representative sample of students and teachers of health sciences in Ponferrada (n = 285). Specific questionnaires designed for this study were completed virtually during April and May 2021. The results indicate that that satisfaction was moderate–high. The perception of the influence of bubble pairs on the quality of teaching can be interpreted as very low. These results increase with the age and academic and professional experience of students and faculty members, respectively. However, the participants belonging to physiotherapy considered that the quality of teaching had worsened much more compared to their counterparts in nursing and podiatry.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030076
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1030-1043: Risk Intelligence as a Resource in
           Career Transition: The Role of College Satisfaction on the Visions about
           Future Jobs

    • Authors: Ernesto Lodi, Andrea Zammitti, Paola Magnano
      First page: 1030
      Abstract: (1) Background: University transition is a critical step in career construction due to the uncertainty and unpredictability of socioeconomic conditions; these conditions compel people to manage a greater quantity of perceived risks associated with their career projects than in the past, and to face unexpected situations that could compromise their quality of life in educational and work contexts. After all, experiencing well-being during the university path can undoubtedly affect the visions of one’s future work, especially when a transition period is nearby. The present study aimed to explore the role of subjective risk intelligence in expectations about future work, analyzing the potential mediational role of academic satisfaction in this relationship. (2) Methods: A longitudinal study was carried out on 352 Italian university students at the end of the degree course. We used the following measures: in T1, Subjective risk intelligence scale, College Satisfaction scale; in T2, three items assessing the expectations about future work. (3) Results: The main findings showed that subjective risk intelligence has both direct and indirect effects (through the mediation of college satisfaction) on the expectations about future work. (4) Conclusions: The ability to manage risks, also through the contribution of domain-specific satisfaction, can lead to positive expectations toward one’s future work. This could increase the likelihood to perform career-related behaviors in a more proactive way if people have high risk management skills and high levels of academic satisfaction with their university path during transition.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030077
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1044-1060: Portuguese Version of COVID-19 Perceived
           Risk Scale and COVID-19 Phobia Scale: Psychometric Properties

    • Authors: Ângela Leite, Diogo Guedes Vidal, Hélder Fernando Pedrosa e Sousa, Maria Alzira Pimenta Dinis, José Magano
      First page: 1044
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic scenario has a psychological impact on individuals and society. A higher level of perceived risk concerning COVID-19 has been found when compared to other potential health threats. A misperception of risk in contrast with the real risk may lead people to develop disruptive cognitive, affective, or behavioral responses to the COVID-19 pandemic, namely, coronaphobia. Validated instruments are needed to evaluate such responses. This work aims to validate the COVID-19 Perceived Risk Scale (C19PRS) and the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19PS) in the Portuguese population. The two scales were translated from English to Portuguese using the back-translation technique. The cultural adaptation was framed in the context of establishing the validity and reliability of the instruments. In two studies, C19PRS and C19PS were validated for the adult Portuguese population (N = 1122; women = 725 (64.6%); mean age of 31.91 years old) through exploratory factorial analysis, followed by a confirmatory factorial analysis. Convergent validity was calculated by composite reliability (CR) and average variance extracted (AVE) values. Discriminant validity was assessed by square roots of the AVE values and their comparison with the C19PRS and C19PS dimensions’ cross-correlations. Both C19PRS and C19PS present a good adjustment model and solid reliability and validity and have significant correlations with fear of COVID-19 and COVID-19 anxiety scales.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-11
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030078
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1061-1072: Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic on the
           Mental Health of Working Adults in the Czech Republic: Analysis of
           Self-Report Psychological Data in a One Year Perspective

    • Authors: Dalibor Kučera, Iva Stuchlíková, Tomáš Mrhálek
      First page: 1061
      Abstract: The article presents research evidence on psychological impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economically active Czech population aged 18–64 (n = 1603; 365 men and 1238 women) within a one year perspective. The aim is to describe the differences in the reported mental health indicators (anxiety, depression, and distress) for women and men in the four age groups, two groups with different working statuses (continuation of work/interrupted working status), and between two phases of the epidemic (March to May 2020 and September 2020 to February 2021). The results point to elevated scores of negative mental health indicators (anxiety, depression, and distress) in different subgroups. More negative experiences in a pandemic situation were found, especially in groups of women, people under the age of 35, and among people with interrupted working status. The results also indicate a deterioration of symptoms over time during the epidemic.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030079
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1073-1087: Cross-Cultural Adaptation, Psychometric
           Properties and Measurement Invariance of the Italian Version of the Job
           Satisfaction Scale

    • Authors: Silvia Platania, Pasquale Caponnetto, Martina Morando, Marilena Maglia, Roberta Auditore, Giuseppe Santisi
      First page: 1073
      Abstract: The JSS is based on the theoretical position that job satisfaction represented an affective or attitudinal reaction to a job, and today is one of the most popular instruments used in I-O psychology. This paper discusses the contribution to the validation of an Italian adaptation of the Job Satisfaction Survey. Five hundred and twenty-seven participants (258 men, 269 women) were enrolled to participate in this study, aged between 19 and 65 (Mage = 36.0, SD = 11.7). The sample mostly worked in public administration, in health care, and in the educational sector. A self-report questionnaire is used to investigate the psychometric properties of this scale, also measuring other variables. A back-translation procedure is used. The results pinpointed the goodness of the scale and the normality distribution. Confirmative factor analyses and multigroup confirmative factor analyses were performed to verify the factorial structure of the scale. The results confirmed the same factorial structure of the original version, suggesting a nine higher-order factor structure. The results from the multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed that this factor solution was invariant across gender (men vs. women) and found evidence for metric invariance, uniqueness invariance, and scalar and structural invariance. The findings confirmed the applicability in the Italian context.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030080
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 1088-1106: Mathematics Classroom Assessment: A
           Framework for Designing Assessment Tasks and Interpreting Students’

    • Authors: Eleni Demosthenous, Constantinos Christou, Demetra Pitta-Pantazi
      First page: 1088
      Abstract: Classroom assessment could contribute substantially to improving students’ mathematics learning. The process of classroom assessment involves decisions about how to elicit evidence, how to interpret it, and how to use it for teaching and learning. However, the field still needs to further explore how assessment tasks could guide forthcoming instructional adjustments in the mathematics classroom. Towards the endeavor of unpacking the classroom assessment, we present a framework that provides a lens to capture the interplay between the design of mathematics assessment tasks and the analysis of students’ responses. To do so, we relied on existing frameworks of mathematics assessment tasks, and on issues that pertain to the design of tasks. The proposed framework consists of three types of mathematics assessment tasks, their respective competencies, and the characterization of students’ responses. The framework is exemplified with students’ responses from a fourth-grade classroom, and is also used to sketch different students’ profiles. Issues regarding the interpretation of students’ responses and the planning of instructional adjustments are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-09-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11030081
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 345-357: Emotional Intelligence Profiles and
           Mobbing in Nursing: The Mediating Role of Social Support and Sensitivity
           to Anxiety

    • Authors: María del Mar Molero Jurado, África Martos Martínez, Ana Belén Barragán Martín, María del Mar Simón Márquez, Nieves Fátima Oropesa Ruiz, Maria Sisto, María del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes, José Jesús Gázquez Linares
      First page: 345
      Abstract: The prevalence of mobbing among nurses in various countries is around 17–20%. Some researchers have attempted to explain the success or failure of adaptation to the work environment and teamwork and to buffer the effects of psychological harassment in the workplace by incorporating emotional intelligence into the mobbing context. As its main objectives, this quantitative, observational, cross-sectional study analyzed the relationship between emotional intelligence and mobbing as perceived by nurses and sought to establish the mediating roles of other variables involved, such as social support and sensitivity to anxiety. The final sample consisted of 1357 Spanish, self-selected nurses aged 22–58 from multiple healthcare institutions. The questionnaires (Perceived Psychological Harassment Questionnaire, The Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory, Brief Perceived Social Support Questionnaire, Anxiety Sensitivity Index-3) were implemented on a web platform, which enabled the participants to complete them online. Descriptive analyses and mediation models were estimated. Personal characteristics related to high sensitivity to anxiety and low emotional intelligence implied greater presence of mobbing at work. This mobbing may be buffered if the person perceives enough support from family, friends or significant others. Our results recommend reinforcing the social support network of nursing personnel to improve the work climate and training them in emotional intelligence in university and on-the-job programs.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-04-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020026
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 358-371: Exploring Two Pandemics in Academic Arena:
           Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors Profile of University Students
           in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Khalidur Rahman, Matteo Vandoni, Boris Cheval, Md Asaduzzaman, Mohammad Nayeem Hasan, Sabbir Tahmidur Rahman
      First page: 358
      Abstract: The overlay of the COVID-19 pandemic on the pandemic of physical inactivity has become a great concern. Both types of pandemics can decrease the health protection capacity and consequently increase complexity in human lives. This cross-sectional study intended to examine changes in physical activity and sedentary behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic among university students in a second-tier city of Bangladesh. Two hundred and nine students responded to an online questionnaire administered via Google Survey. In addition to descriptive statistics, parametric and non-parametric tests for comparing means, medians and distributions were used to assess differences in activity traits before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results show that the occurrence of COVID-19 has significantly reduced the practice of walking and physical activities among the students. They are commonly motivated by introjected regulation. Father’s occupation and the type of family of a student have significant influences on the total physical activity in either situation. Bangladeshi university students have, particularly, been perceived as not generally used to vigorous physical activities. They are inactive compared to students from other countries. Thus, the public health policymakers and the corresponding authority should inspire the students to be more physically active by implementing different strategies such as increasing bicycling and walking facilities on the campus.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-04-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020027
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 372-381: Impact of Web-Based Meeting Platform Usage
           on Overall Well-Being among Higher Education Employees

    • Authors: Martha E. Kershaw, Shannon P. Lupien, Jennifer L. Scheid
      First page: 372
      Abstract: During the ongoing global pandemic, faculty, staff and administrators at colleges and universities experienced an increase in meetings using web-based platforms. Challenges were identified related to the changes from face-to-face to web-based meetings, including internet connectivity, inadequate technology and distractions in the online environment, which led to questions about how meetings that use web-based platforms may contribute to overall stress and well-being during the pandemic. The research related to the use of web-based meeting platforms is limited. However, some anecdotal evidence suggests that impacts from web-based meeting platforms could include frustration, sleep issues and fatigue, which contribute to overall well-being. The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship exists between a number of potentially related web-based meeting factors including the frequency and length of the meetings and comfort level with the platform and overall well-being. This study involved (N = 164) male, female and nonbinary participants over 18 years of age who worked as tenured, tenure-track, or nontenure track faculty, staff and administrators at colleges/universities in the United States during the global pandemic. The participants were recruited via both social media and email and were provided with a link to the survey tool, which included demographic and web-based meeting questions (e.g., frequency, length, and comfort) along with scales to measure perceived stress, subjective well-being, mental fatigue and sleep quality. The current study did not find a relationship between the frequency of meetings and overall well-being (p = 0.294). However, statistically significant relationships were found between meeting length and overall well-being (p = 0.003) and between comfort with the web-based meeting platform and overall well-being (p = 0.030). Based on the findings of this study, meeting organizers may consider scheduling meetings for less than two hours and providing training to ensure participants are proficient in the web-based meeting platform in order to support overall well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-04-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020028
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 382-404: Metacognitive Strategies for Developing
           Complex Geographical Causal Structures—An Interventional Study in the
           Geography Classroom

    • Authors: Johannes Heuzeroth, Alexandra Budke
      First page: 382
      Abstract: This article examines the impact of applied metacognition on the development of geographical causal structures by students in the geography classroom. For that, three different metacognitive strategies were designed: a. action plan, activating meta-knowledge prior to problem-solving and simultaneously visualizing action steps for dealing with the task (A); b. circular thinking (C), a loop-like, question-guided procedure applied during the problem-solving process that supports and controls content-related and linguistic cognition processes; c. reflexion (R), aiming at evaluating the effectivity and efficiency of applied problem-solving heuristics after the problem-solving process and developing strategies for dealing with future tasks. These strategies were statistically tested and assessed as to their effectiveness on the development of complex geographical causal structures via a quasi-experimental pre-posttest design. It can be shown that metacognitive strategies strongly affect students’ creation of causal structures, which depict a multitude of elements and relations at a high degree of interconnectedness, thus enabling a contentually and linguistically coherent representation of system-specific properties of the human–environment system. On the basis of the discussion of the results, it will be demonstrated that metacognitive strategies can provide a significant contribution to initiating systemic thinking-competences and what the implications might be on planning and teaching geography lessons.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020029
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 405-422: How Can Students Feel More Vital Amidst
           Severe Restrictions' Psychological Needs Satisfaction, Motivational
           Regulation and Vitality of Students during the Coronavirus Pandemic

    • Authors: Daniela Martinek, Matteo Carmignola, Florian H. Müller, Sonja Bieg, Almut Thomas, Alexander Eckes, Nadine Großmann, Ann-Kathrin Dittrich, Matthias Wilde
      First page: 405
      Abstract: During the pandemic restrictions imposed in spring 2020, many aspects of students’ living and learning environments changed drastically. From the perspective of Self-Determination Theory, changes in social context interact with the satisfaction or frustration of basic psychological needs and, as a result, with study-related motivational regulation and vitality. In this study, we investigate the relationships between the contextual factors of online-based distance learning, basic psychological needs, forms of motivational regulation and subjective vitality in a sample of N = 1849 university students across eight universities in Austria and Germany. Based on structural equational modelling, the results stress the relevance of satisfaction with technological resources in regard to higher levels of satisfaction in all three basic psychological needs, while perceived overload is linked to lower levels of needs satisfaction and increased basic psychological needs frustration. Further, the estimated workload difference before and during the pandemic is not related to the motivational outcomes of the model. All relationships have been tested for mediation effects between basic psychological needs and the different forms of motivational regulation on subjective vitality: for the need for relatedness, no mediation is found, while the effect of the need for autonomy is fully mediated by autonomous regulation styles. The need for competence was associated with several mediating interactions with regulation styles. The results offer insight into students’ perceptions of their study-related experiences during the pandemic and can help to develop effective methods in online-based and blended learning settings in the future.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020030
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 423-435: Shared Decision-Making and Information
           Needs among People with Generalized Anxiety Disorder

    • Authors: Vanesa Ramos-García, Amado Rivero-Santana, Andrea Duarte-Díaz, Lilisbeth Perestelo-Pérez, Wenceslao Peñate-Castro, Yolanda Álvarez-Pérez, Ana Isabel González-González, Pedro Serrano-Aguilar
      First page: 423
      Abstract: Shared decision making (SDM) aims to involve patients in the decisions about their care, considering their preferences, values and concerns about the different treatment options. However, research shows that people with mental health problems have considerable unmet information needs about their condition. This community-based cross-sectional study explores the SDM process and information needs among people with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD), as an initial step in the design and development of a Patient Decision Aid for this population. Seventy participants completed an online survey with the Control Preference Scale, and questions about the perceived difficulty of past treatment decisions and the use of the Internet for searching for GAD-related information. Most participants preferred an active (42.9%) or collaborative role (41.4%) in the SDM process, and 53% did not perceive their preferred role. Information provided by healthcare professionals was considered insufficient by 28% of the sample, and over 30% reported using the Internet to look for GAD-related information at least once a week or more. The most relevant GAD-related information needs were general information (71.4%), information on self-help groups (65.7%), recommendations on how to face this disorder (61.4%) and information on treatment options (50%). Exploratory analyses showed that patients who perceived an active participation were more likely to search for information frequently (p = 0.038), and those who felt more involved than desired tended to search for more themes (p = 0.049). In summary, the study showed that a considerable percentage of GAD patients have unmet needs related to decision-making participation and information.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020031
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 436-449: Impact of Prosocial Motivation on
           Organizational Citizenship Behavior and Organizational Commitment: The
           Mediating Role of Managerial Support

    • Authors: Arshad, Abid, Contreras, Elahi, Athar
      First page: 436
      Abstract: This study, based on the conservation of resources (COR) theory, explores the impact of contextual variables, such as prosocial motivation, on employee discretionary behavior and organizational commitment. The mediating mechanism of managerial support at work defines the nature of the proposed relationships. Data from 303 administrative, instructional, and supervisory staff—predominantly male (95%) and with an average age of 30 years—working on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) for Pakistan’s public sector were collected and analyzed by employing SPSS version 24. Confirmatory factor analyses suggested a good fit model, while a correlation matrix provided a significant and positive effect of prosocial motivation on employee citizenship behaviour and organizational commitment. Managerial support mediated the relationship between prosocial motivation and the employees’ organizational commitment and citizenship behaviour. The theoretical and practical implications discussed in this study seek to guide the management area to promote managerial support for better outcomes. These outcomes have considerable tactical, statistical, and real-world inferences for the stakeholders of the TVET sector.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020032
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 450-467: Positive Massage: An Intervention for
           Couples’ Wellbeing in a Touch-Deprived Era

    • Authors: Sayuri M. Naruse, Mark Moss
      First page: 450
      Abstract: COVID-19 has brought not only fear and anxiety, but also legitimate restrictions of communication and consequential touch-deprivation in our daily lives. Couples’ relational wellbeing continues to be impacted by these COVID-19 related stressors. Protecting both personal and relational wellbeing is therefore particularly important at this time. Using a preventative intervention approach, the current paper argues the theoretical benefit of the Positive Massage programme and reports a qualitative analysis of stressed but healthy couples’ experience of engaging in the programme. Thirty-four participants completed 3 weekly classes and home-based practice of massage exchange. Data from an open text online questionnaire completed every week of the programme and again 3 weeks afterwards were analysed using thematic analysis. The identified themes included “holistic stress relief”, “relationship-promotion”, and “selves-care skill”. Couples perceived Positive Massage as an effective mutual support skill to relax and help one another by de-stressing, both emotionally and physically through verbal and nonverbal communication, creating gratitude, deeper connection and self-efficacy via quality time together and pleasurable touch. Theoretically and experientially, Positive Massage can be an effective preventative selves-care skill. Promoting the concept of selves-care and its practical application through Positive Massage would be beneficial for couples’ personal and relational wellbeing in a touch-deprived era.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-05-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020033
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 468-495: Home Scholarly Culture, Book Selection
           Reason, and Academic Performance: Pathways to Book Reading Interest among
           Secondary School Students

    • Authors: Quan-Hoang Vuong, Minh-Hoang Nguyen, Tam-Tri Le
      First page: 468
      Abstract: Although studies have explored the predictors of book reading interest among children, little is known about the underlying mechanism that helps children become interested in reading books. This study attempt to demonstrate: (1) how book-reading interest is driven by reasons for choosing books (recommendation or personal preference), (2) how students with high and low academic achievements are motivated by different thinking pathways, and (3) how home scholarly culture improves book-reading interest through such pathways. Using Bayesian analysis on a dataset of survey responses from 4966 Vietnamese secondary students (11–15 years old, sixth to ninth grade), we found: (i) Reading interest is positively associated with a book recommendation and parental book reading activities (parents read books to children); (ii) High-achieving students are more interested in reading books if they can choose those books according to personal preferences; (iii) Parental book reading activities can promote book reading interest through recommendations and also by understanding children’s personal preferences. We advocate a more personalized approach in educational policymaking, curriculum design, and home scholarly culture based on students’ abilities and perceptions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020034
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 496-512: Self-Perceived Instructional Competence,
           Self-Efficacy and Burnout during the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Study of a Group
           of Italian School Teachers

    • Authors: Monica Pellerone
      First page: 496
      Abstract: Prolonged school closures, forced isolation, and mutations in social interactions due to the COVID-19 pandemic have posed challenges for actors in the educational context; teachers, in particular, have had to develop new instructional strategies to ensure that lessons could continue. The present research measures in a group of 374 Italian teachers—curricular and specialist support teachers—the relationship between self-perceived instructional competence, self-efficacy, and burnout. The present research, conducted between April and December 2020, represents the second part of a larger study conducted from November 2018 to October 2019, which was replicated during COVID-19. Participants completed an anamnestic questionnaire, the Assessment Teaching Scale, and the Maslach Burnout Inventory in both phases of research; an ad hoc questionnaire (to measure teaching practices) and the Teacher Sense of Self Efficacy Scale were added in the second phase. Data confirm that general level of burnout increased and personal accomplishment was reduced during the pandemic; elevated personal accomplishment appears to be a predictor of emotional, socio-relational, and didactic competences before and during the pandemic. Feelings of frustration and accomplishment represent some manifestations of distress caused by the pandemic condition; these dynamics favor the crystallization of roles and behaviors towards the perception of metacognitive teaching processes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020035
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 513-514: Correction: Lochbaum et al. The Profile of
           Moods States and Athletic Performance: A Meta-Analysis of Published
           Studies. Eur. J. Investig. Health Psychol. Educ. 2021, 11, 50–70

    • Authors: Marc Lochbaum, Thaís Zanatta, Deylon Kirschling, Emily May
      First page: 513
      Abstract: Error in Section 2.6 [...]
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020036
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 515-528: Mental Health of Teachers Who Have
           Teleworked Due to COVID-19

    • Authors: Claudia Palma-Vasquez, Diego Carrasco, Julio C. Hernando-Rodriguez
      First page: 515
      Abstract: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on education included school closures and the implementation of virtual teaching and teleworking without the knowledge or resources needed to do so. This situation accentuated the inequality in accessing quality education and generated high rates of stress, anxiety, and general discomfort in teachers. This study aimed to explore the mental health of teachers who were forced to telework because of COVID-19, and to analyze the association with sociodemographic, teacher-related, and working conditions. The sample was 278 classroom teachers in Chile who teleworked more than 50% during the 2020 academic year. The participants were mostly women (82%) who entered the teaching profession at age 30 or younger (87%) and worked two or more unpaid overtime hours per day (67%). The dependent variable was mental health measured through the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). The independent variables were sociodemographic, teacher-related, and work conditions. The internal structure of the mental health construct was evaluated using the Rasch model. Crude odds ratios (cORs) and adjusted odds ratios (aORs) were estimated using logistic regression models. A high rate of poor mental health was identified in teachers (58%). The variables associated with poor mental health were working in a private–subsidized school (aOR = 2.89; 95% CI: 1.16–7.22), working two or more unpaid overtime hours (aOR = 2.25; 95% CI: 1.11–4.59), and being absent due to sickness (aOR = 3.82; 95% CI: 1.53–9.58). These results provide evidence suggesting the need for actions to improve the working conditions of teachers who telework in order to improve their mental health, and thus have a positive impact on the entire educational community.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020037
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 529-545: Multiperspectivity as a Process of
           Understanding and Reflection: Introduction to a Model for
           Perspective-Taking in Geography Education

    • Authors: Dina Vasiljuk, Alexandra Budke
      First page: 529
      Abstract: Perspective-taking is an essential competency because it enables a better understanding of complex issues or conflicts with various actors and different points of view involved. However, no competency model for perspective-taking has been provided in geography education to date, which is why a respective model was developed in this study. The model was then applied by analysing 28 articles from four practice journals of geography education from German-speaking countries. This analysis focused on the dimensions of the perspective-taking competencies that were required by respective tasks within the lesson concepts. The results show that the tasks hardly promoted competence-oriented geography teaching in terms of perspective-taking. Therefore, the competency model could be a suitable tool for analysing and developing teaching materials that implement perspective-taking.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020038
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 546-556: The Kids Are Alright: Outcome of a Safety
           Programme for Addressing Childhood Injury in Australia

    • Authors: Blake Peck, Daniel Terry
      First page: 546
      Abstract: Globally, injuries are the leading cause of death and represent the highest burden of ongoing disease amongst children 1–16 years of age. Increasingly, prevention programmes are recognising a growing need for intervention strategies that target children. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the SeeMore Safety Programme, designed to teach children (4–6 years of age) how to make conscious decisions about their own capabilities related to safety and how to manage risk. This retrospective study examined de-identified pre- and post-programme data from a sample of 1027 4 to 6-year-old pre-school children over the four-year period who participated in the SeeMore Safety Programme. Results show a significant improvement in each of the post-test scores and when compared to the pre-test scores (p < 0.001). Children from rural areas, as well as those from areas of greater disadvantage, also showed significant improvement in their pre- and post-test scores (p < 0.001). Overall, the findings highlight that the SeeMore Safety Programme over the four-year period demonstrates an increase in the children’s capacity to recognise and identify danger and safety amongst all children, offering great promise for reducing the burden of injury on children, their families and society.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020039
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 557-569: Cigarette Smoking and Dating App Use:
           Findings from a Survey in a Sample of Adults in Italy

    • Authors: Luca Flesia, Valentina Fietta, Carlo Foresta, Merylin Monaro
      First page: 557
      Abstract: Existing studies in the literature indicate an association between the use of dating apps and substance-related behaviours (i.e., alcohol consumption, drug consumption). However, to date, no studies investigated the relation between dating app use and smoking. This study aims to explore this association. A total of 1278 respondents completed an online ad hoc questionnaire assessing demographics, smoking habits, dating app use, motivations for using dating apps. Multiple logistic regression analyses were run to investigate the relation between demographics and dating apps use on tobacco consumption. Being active user was significantly associated with being smoker, light daily and moderate-to-heavy smoker. Among users, using apps with the motive of searching for friends accounted for lower odds of smoking, light daily smoking and moderate-to-heavy smoking. However, heavy dating app users were less likely to smoke, to be light daily smokers and to be moderate-to-heavy smokers. The study indicates an association between using the apps and smoking, suggesting that motives for using the apps and intensity of use may moderate this association.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020040
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 570-584: The High School Competencies Scale (H-Comp
           Scale): A First Validation Study

    • Authors: Diego Boerchi, Paola Magnano, Ernesto Lodi
      First page: 570
      Abstract: Researchers widely explored non-intellective study factors because they play a central role in academic performance and are potentially more modifiable than intellective ones. The scientific literature suggests that the non-intellective factors can be classified into three main areas: self-concept, which refers to self-esteem and efficacy, motivation and emotional reactions; the area of study, related to study dedication and operative skills; and the area of relationships, comprising those with family, fellow students and teachers. Basing on these findings, the C-Comp Scale has been developed and tested in the past, addressed to college students. This study aimed to adapt and test a new version of this questionnaire on high school students. Methods. A pilot study was conducted on 364 Italian high school students to adapt and test the new version of the questionnaire, called the H-Comp Scale. The following study, conducted on 792 Italian high school students, provided further evidence of its reliability, structural validity, and concurrent validity with general self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy, social self-efficacy, and academic performance. Results. The H-Comp Scale showed to possess excellent reliability and structural and concurrent validity. The final version is composed of twelve subscales, aggregated in three areas, with just 48 items: Study (Intrinsic Motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, Time Management, Study Dedication), Self (Learning Assessment, General Self-Esteem, Self-Efficacy, Reaction to Failures, Emotional Control), and Relationships (Family Relationships, Fellow Student Relationships, Teacher Relationships). Conclusions. The H-Comp Scale would be a useful and easy-to-use instrument to support school counselors, tutors, teachers, and researchers in exploring different types of non-intellective variables, to better project educational intervention aimed to improve high school students’ academic performance and satisfaction.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020041
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 585-606: Mapping the Evolutions and Trends of
           Literature on Wayfinding in Indoor Environments

    • Authors: Hessam Ghamari, Ayyoob Sharifi
      First page: 585
      Abstract: Research on indoor wayfinding has increased in number and significance since the 1980s. Yet, the information on wayfinding literature is now difficult to manage given its vast scope and spread across journals, institutions, disciplines, and themes. While there is an increasing number of publications within this rapidly growing field of research, there are limited review studies in the field, and there is still missing an overall analysis of the current state of wayfinding literature and its evolution. The main objective of this study is to present a bibliometric analysis of about forty years of research on indoor wayfinding to provide an overview of the research landscape. The final database of the study contained 407 publications. VOSviewer was used as a science mapping software tool to identify major focus areas and to identify influential authors, publications, and journals using various network analysis techniques, such as term co-occurrence, co-citation, and bibliographic coupling. Similar co-occurrence analysis was used to understand how the intellectual base of the field has evolved over time and what the major themes are that have contributed to this evolution. The results show that this field has initially been mainly focused on few themes but has later become more diversified to acknowledge the multi-dimensional characteristics of indoor wayfinding. While spatial knowledge acquisition and cognitive maps are still dominant core areas, there are topics, such as signage, isovists, and the use of eye-tracking and virtual reality, that still need to be further investigated.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020042
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 607-615: The Relationship between Body
           Dissatisfaction and Eating Disorder Symptoms in Young Women Aspiring
           Fashion Models: The Mediating Role of Stress

    • Authors: Sabrina Castellano, Agostino Rizzotto, Sergio Neri, Walter Currenti, Claudia Savia Guerrera, Concetta Pirrone, Marinella Coco, Donatella Di Corrado
      First page: 607
      Abstract: It is widely recognized that body dissatisfaction is an important public health concern. In the past, being a fashion model was almost synonymous with anorexia/bulimia, and even today, there are cases of eating disorders in young women whose ambition is to become a top model. Moreover, stress can play a substantial role within ill health via related behaviors such as smoking, substance abuse, and inappropriate eating. In our study, we examined 112 aspiring fashion models aged between 15 and 24 years (M = 19.5, SD = 2.08) from 32 different countries of the world during an international contest, and 100 students (control group), aged between 16 and 22 years (M = 18.6, SD = 1.39). The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to examine whether stress mediated the relationship between body dissatisfaction and eating disorders. The study included the administration of stress and self-efficacy and the locus of control dimensions, body (image) dissatisfaction, and eating attitude disorder. Results indicated higher scores on body dissatisfaction, stress level, and eating attitudes disorder among the group of fashion models compared to the control. Mediational analyses showed that body dissatisfaction was partially mediated by stress level on eating disorders. Especially in the aspiring fashion models, there are often many possibilities that competitive stress causes candidates to exacerbate attempts to maintain their body weight below normal weight/height parameters. These results indicated that appropriate intervention for the management of stress level could possibly defend against the negative impact of body dissatisfaction on eating disorder symptoms. The presence of skilled health workers in the field of nutrition and psychology can be extremely important in the field of fashion to maintain an adequate quality of life.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020043
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 11, Pages 616-626: Associative Learning of New Word Forms in
           a First Language (L1) and Haptic Referents in a Single-Day Experiment

    • Authors: Yutao Yang, Yan Yan, Misa Ando, Xinyi Liu, Toshimune Kambara
      First page: 616
      Abstract: This study focused on the associative learning of new word forms in the first language and haptic stimuli. In this study, healthy Japanese participants performed three-step tasks. First, participants made nine subjective evaluations of haptic stimuli using five-point semantic differential scales (e.g., regarding stickiness, scored from 1 (not sticky) to 5 (sticky)). Second, the participants carried out learning and recognition tasks for associative pairs of new (meaningless) word forms in their first language (Japanese) and haptic stimulus (H condition), and performed learning and recognition tasks for new (meaningless) word forms only (W condition). The order of conditions was counterbalanced among participants. Third, participants performed free recall tasks. The results of the recognition tasks showed that the proportions and response times of the W condition were better and faster, respectively, than those of the H condition. Furthermore, preference of haptic features negatively correlated with free recall scores of the H condition; however, there was no significant difference between the free recall scores of the H and W conditions. Our results suggest that new word forms were learned better than associative pairs of new word forms and haptic stimuli in a single day of learning. Furthermore, the free recall performance of word forms associated with haptic features could also be affected by their subjective evaluation (preference).
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2021-06-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe11020044
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2021)
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