Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access  
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 224)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biograph-I : Journal of Biostatistics and Demographic Dynamic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access  
Biosalud     Open Access  
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Children     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access  
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
D Y Patil Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Discover Social Science and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Egyptian Journal of Occupational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Face à face     Open Access  
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health Equity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2174-8144 - ISSN (Online) 2254-9625
Published by MDPI Homepage  [258 journals]
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 432-446: Associations of Mental Health Issues with
           Health Literacy and Vaccination Readiness against COVID-19 in Long-Term
           Care Facilities—A Cross-Sectional Analysis

    • Authors: Linda Sanftenberg, Maresa Gschwendner, Andreas Grass, Marietta Rottenkolber, Isabel Zöllinger, Maria Sebastiao, Thomas Kühlein, Dagmar Hindenburg, Ildikó Gágyor, Domenika Wildgruber, Anita Hausen, Christian Janke, Michael Hoelscher, Daniel Teupser, Tobias Dreischulte, Jochen Gensichen, on behalf of the BACOM Study Group
      First page: 432
      Abstract: Vaccinations against COVID-19 are of the utmost importance in long-term care facilities. During the pandemic, mental health issues increased significantly. This cross-sectional analysis aimed to assess the associations of depression and anxiety with health literacy in people in need of care and the association of depression and burnout with vaccination readiness against COVID-19 in health care workers (HCWs). Within our cross-sectional study, people in need of care were assessed for symptoms of depression (PHQ-9), anxiety (GAD-7), and health literacy (HLS-EU-Q16). Among HCWs, we assessed symptoms of depression (PHQ-9) and burnout (MBI-HSS), as well as psychological antecedents of vaccination (5C) to measure vaccination readiness against COVID-19. A multivariate regression analysis was performed. Symptoms of a major depression were significantly associated with reduced health literacy (p = 0.010) in people in need of care. Among HCWs, symptoms of depression and burnout reduced vaccination readiness against COVID-19 significantly. In particular, collective responsibility was reduced in HCWs suffering from burnout symptoms (p = 0.001). People in need of care and their HCWs could benefit from intensified target group-specific vaccination counseling. Additionally, more attention should be paid to the protection of mental health in long-term care facilities.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030029
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 447-462: Effect of an Active Break Intervention on
           Attention, Concentration, Academic Performance, and Self-Concept in
           Compulsory Secondary Education

    • Authors: Julen Maiztegi-Kortabarria, Silvia Arribas-Galarraga, Izaskun Luis-de Cos, Sebastián Espoz-Lazo, Pedro Valdivia-Moral
      First page: 447
      Abstract: (1) Background: Society’s shift to a tech-focused era and has created a hyper-connected, sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this study is to address two objectives: firstly, to describe and analyze the effects of an active breaks program associated with the learning of curricular content (CF-AB) on levels of attention, concentration, and academic performance (AP); secondly, to examine the relationship between intense physical activity (PA), attention, concentration, academic self-concept, basic psychological needs, and academic performance in schoolchildren who practice CF-ABs. (2) Method: A randomized controlled trial quasi-experimental pre-test/post-test study with a non-probabilistic sample included 313 secondary school students divided into intervention and control groups. The intervention, a curricular-focused academic break (CF-AB) (8 weeks, 5–10 min/session), is taken in the middle of the class and linked with the subject content. Measuring instruments: Attention Test D2, ad hoc test for the AP, self-concept AF5, Basic Psychological Needs Satisfaction Scale in General (BNSG-S), and the Global PA Questionnaire (GPAC.V2). (3) Results: Attention and concentration improved in both groups, with no significant differences. There were no significant differences in academic self-concept, but the intervention group showed higher scores in basic psychological needs. AP correlated positively with concentration, academic self-concept, and physical activity. A proportion of 20% of the variance of AP in spelling is explained by the regression model. Students who improved the most in AP practiced intense PA outside school, with good self-concept and satisfactory social relationships. Although concentration was related to AP, it did not explain the improvement. (4) Conclusion: CF-ABs may have a positive impact on attention and AP, with socioemotional factors and PA playing an important role in this effect. (5) Limitations and Future Research: The relationship between PA performed in class and AP should be considered with caution due to the multifactorial nature of AP. Future research should consider the number of sessions per week, the prolongation of the same during the school year, the intensity and duration of the activity, and the intervention type of active breaks. In addition, attention should be paid to possible incident factors in AP related to personal and social variables.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030030
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 463-473: Mastering Sedation and Associated
           Respiratory Events through Simulation-Based Training: A Randomised
           Controlled Trial Involving Non-Anaesthesiology Residents

    • Authors: Jean-Noël Evain, Tran Do, Hakim Harkouk, Pierre Drolet, Roger Perron, Mihai Georgescu, Arnaud Robitaille, Issam Tanoubi
      First page: 463
      Abstract: Non-anaesthetists commonly administer procedural sedation worldwide, posing the risk of respiratory events that can lead to severe complications. This study aimed to evaluate whether simulation-based learning could lead to enhancements in the clinical proficiency of non-anaesthesiology residents in managing sedation and related respiratory complications. Following the evaluation of baseline clinical performance through a pre-test simulation, 34 residents were randomly allocated to either participate in an innovative simulation-based learning module (intervention group) or view a brief self-learning video (control group). After a one-month period, their clinical performance was assessed again in a post-test simulation involving respiratory arrest during procedural sedation. Two independent assessors rated each resident’s performance using video recordings and a scoring tool with scores ranging from 0 to 19/19. The two assessments were averaged for each performance, and the pre- to post-test change was calculated for each resident. While baseline clinical performance was similar, mean (SD) increase in clinical performance was significantly greater in the intervention group than in the control group (+2.4 (1.6) points versus +0.8 (1.3) points, respectively; p = 0.002). Our simulation-based learning sedation module resulted in the enhanced management of sedation-related complications compared to baseline and minimal self-learning. Simulation-based medical education may offer an effective approach for equipping non-anaesthesiology residents with essential skills to mitigate risks associated with sedation. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02722226).
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030031
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 474-487: Resilient Moderating Effect between Stress
           and Life Satisfaction of Mothers and Fathers with Children with
           Developmental Disorders Who Present Temporary or Permanent Needs

    • Authors: Óscar Gavín-Chocano, Inmaculada García-Martínez, Virginia Torres-Luque, Lara Checa-Domene
      First page: 474
      Abstract: (1) Background: The stress experienced by parents with children with developmental disorders who present temporary or permanent needs, makes them experience a series of daily situations that may be linked to coping strategies. Resilient attributes are considered one of the factors that have a decisive influence on the behavior of parents related to raising their children and that affect greater well-being and life satisfaction. The objective of this research is to study the mediating effect of resilient attributes between parental stress and life satisfaction; (2) Methods: In this study, mothers and fathers of boys and girls from 0 to 6 years old with developmental disorders from different Early Childhood Care Centers (CAIT) in the Province of Jaén (Andalusia) [Spain]. Of them, 96 are mothers (78.0%) and 27 are fathers (22.0%), with a mean age of 37.85 years (±5.043). The Parenting Stress Index-Short Form (PSI-SF), Resilience Scale (RS-14), and Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS) were used. The structural equations model (PLS-SEM) was applied to estimate the proposed theoretical model, from an explanatory-predictive perspective; (3) Results: The results showed the coefficients of determination Parental distress [(Q2 = 0.144); (R2 = 0.329)]; Personal competence [(Q2 = 0.106); (R2 = 0.246)]; Acceptance of self and life [(Q2 = 0.094); (R2 = 0.172)] and Life satisfaction [(Q2 = 0.182); (R2 = 0.563)], in the estimation of the reflective model, indicating a moderate fit; (4) Conclusions: The present investigation is not conclusive; however, the implications of these findings are discussed and suggestions for future research are considered.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030032
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 488-504: Psychological Distress and Behavioral
           Vigilance in Response to Minority Stress and Threat among Members of the
           Asian American and Pacific Islander Community during the COVID-19 Pandemic
           

    • Authors: Andrew S. Franks, Rin Nguyen, Y. Jenny Xiao, Dena M. Abbott
      First page: 488
      Abstract: Stigmatization, hostility, and violence towards the Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) community have increased sharply during the COVID-19 pandemic. It is important to conduct research to promote understanding of the effects of such stigmatization on the AAPI community. Accordingly, the present study used a combined minority stress and integrated threat framework to examine whether factors related to AAPI identity would moderate the relationship between stigmatization/threat associated with AAPI identity and increased psychological distress and behavioral vigilance. AAPI individuals were recruited online from both Turk Prime and Reddit and completed measures of perceived stigmatization; integrated threat; depression, anxiety, and stress; and behavioral vigilance. Perceptions of stigmatization and threat predicted relevant outcomes both as individual predictors and in multivariate analyses. However, factors relating to the strength of AAPI identification did not moderate the effects of stigmatization and threat on psychological distress and behavioral vigilance, which is a result that failed to support this aspect of the broader conceptual model on which this project was based. Instead, these proposed moderators were themselves predicted by stigmatization and threat variables. The implications of these findings for effective interventions to alleviate the negative consequences of anti-Asian stigmatization are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030033
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 505-530: The Reflective Mind of the Anxious in
           Action: Metacognitive Beliefs and Maladaptive Emotional Regulation
           Strategies Constrain Working Memory Efficiency

    • Authors: François-Xavier Cécillon, Martial Mermillod, Christophe Leys, Hippolyte Bastin, Jean-Philippe Lachaux, Rebecca Shankland
      First page: 505
      Abstract: The Attentional Control Theory (ACT) posits that, while trait anxiety may not directly impact performance, it can influence processing efficiency by prompting the use of compensatory mechanisms. The specific nature of these mechanisms, which might be reflective, is not detailed by the ACT. In a study involving 110 students (M = 20.12; SD = 2.10), surveys were administered to assess the students’ metacognitive beliefs, trait anxiety, and emotion regulation strategies (ERSs). The participants engaged in two working memory exercises: the digit span task from the WAIS-IV and an emotional n-back task. The findings indicated that anxiety, metacognitive beliefs, and maladaptive ERSs did not affect task performance but were correlated with increased response times. Several regression analyses demonstrated that a lack of confidence in one’s cognitive abilities and maladaptive ERSs predict higher reaction times (RT) in the n-back task. Additionally, maladaptive ERSs also predict an increased use of strategies in the digit span task. Finally, two mediation analyses revealed that anxiety increases processing efficiency, and this relation is mediated by the use of maladaptive ERSs. These results underscore the importance of the reflective level in mediating the effects of trait anxiety on efficiency. They highlight the necessity of incorporating metacognitive beliefs and maladaptive emotion regulation strategies for a thorough comprehension of the Attentional Control Theory. Recognizing these factors offers valuable perspectives for enhancing cognitive capabilities and fostering academic achievement.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030034
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 531-539: No End in Sight; Assessing the Impact of
           Internet Gaming Disorder on Digital Eye Strain Symptoms and Academic
           Success

    • Authors: Georgios D. Floros, Mikes N. Glynatsis, Ioanna Mylona
      First page: 531
      Abstract: Background: Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has been associated with symptoms of Digital Eye Strain (DES) and poor academic performance among adolescent students. The purpose of this study is to assess whether a student’s achievement of a specific academic goal within a short period of time can be directly predicted by symptoms of IGD and DES. Methods: This is a cross-sectional survey of 140 high school graduates who received an examination of visual acuity as a pre-requisite for entering the written admission examinations of law enforcement and military academies. The students completed the Digital Eye Strain Questionnaire (DESQ) and the Ten-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10) and stated their own evaluation of their chances for success. They were contacted following their admission examinations, and their success or failure to be admitted was recorded. Results: The students with IGD symptomatology were more likely to present with symptoms of DES. They were also more pessimistic about their chances of success in the subsequent written admission examinations; none succeeded, while the rest of the students recorded an expected rate of success. A combination of IGD and complaints related to the prolonged fixation of the upper body in a specific viewing position was the best predictor variable set for future success in admission examinations. Conclusions: IGD is associated with a failure to achieve academic success. Combining a factor for physical discomfort during prolonged sessions of gaming with the typical criteria for IGD may expand the predictive validity of the construct of gaming disorder.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-27
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030035
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 540-553: Dog-Assisted Therapy in Mental Health
           Care: A Qualitative Study on the Experiences of Patients with Intellectual
           Disabilities

    • Authors: Anke van Schooten, Nienke Peters-Scheffer, Marie-José Enders-Slegers, Inge Verhagen, Robert Didden
      First page: 540
      Abstract: (1) Background: Dog-assisted therapy (DAT) is an experiential intervention to promote psychological, physical, and social functioning in children and adults. Only few studies have been conducted on DAT in adults with a mild intellectual disability or borderline intellectual functioning (MID-BIF). The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of patients with MID-BIF undergoing DAT in a mental health care facility. (2) Method: Seven patients completed 13 to 15 sessions of DAT. Within two weeks of completing the program, they were interviewed using a semi-structured interview. The transcripts of the interviews were analysed using interpretational phenomenological analysis. In addition, the patients’ relatives and the DAT therapist were interviewed, and a focus group discussion took place with each patient’s treatment team. (3) Results: The patients’ experiences were predominantly positive. Physical contact with the dog calmed them down. The dog offered them emotional support and helped them to make contact inside and outside the therapy and the setting where they lived. The patients also liked the fact that DAT focused on the dog rather than their problems, that the therapy was experiential and using a positive approach, and that, during the therapy, they did not feel like a patient but a human being. DAT is a promising therapy for patients with MID-BIF in mental health care facilities, but more research into its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness and ways to implement DAT in clinical practice is needed to make more definitive statements.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030036
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 554-562: The Translation and Preliminary
           Psychometric Validation of the Ghosting Questionnaire in Urdu

    • Authors: Waqar Husain, Asma Sadiqa, Eman Zahid, Fatima Idrees, Achraf Ammar, Zahra Saif, Khaled Trabelsi, Seithikurippu R. Pandi-Perumal, Mary V. Seeman, Haitham Jahrami
      First page: 554
      Abstract: Background: “Ghosting” refers to the practice of abruptly cutting off all contact with a person with whom you have been in constant correspondence. The break comes without warning and without understandable provocation. The term most commonly applies to online romantic relationships. The motives for and effects of ghosting have been studied, and validated research questionnaires have been developed; however, there are no such questionnaires available for Urdu speakers. The purpose of this study was to adapt the “Ghosting Questionnaire (GQ)” for use in Pakistan and India, two of the world’s most populous countries—a process that involves translation, adaptation, and validation. (2) Methods: The study’s methodology involved translating the GQ into Urdu using both forward and backward translation techniques. Convergent validity, test–retest reliability, internal consistency, confirmatory factor analysis, and goodness of fit were all components of the psychometric analyses. (4) Conclusions: The Urdu version of the GQ demonstrated a good internal consistency, with the Cronbach’s alpha and McDonald’s omega both exceeding 0.90. It also showed a high test–retest reliability—(0.96). The one-factor structure was confirmed by the confirmatory factor analysis, which agreed with the original English version of the GQ.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-03-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14030037
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 272-283: Academic Motivation of Students
           Experiencing Person-Environment Misfit in Social Work Educational
           Settings: The Role of Social Dominance Orientation

    • Authors: Tesi, Di Santo, Aiello
      First page: 272
      Abstract: Interweaving social dominance, person-environment fit, and self-determination theories, the present study sought to understand whether the attrition between students’ levels of social dominance orientation and the hierarchy-attenuating function of the social work faculty in which they study may influence students’ academic motivational pathways. A total of 221 undergraduate social work students participated in the study and completed a self-report questionnaire. Participants’ social dominance orientation, person-environment misfit, and academic intrinsic and extrinsic motivation were measured. Results indicated that students’ social dominance orientation was associated with an external rather than an internal regulation of their academic motivation, mediated by their perceived person-environment misfit. For those students who personally support group-based inequalities, exposure to hierarchy-attenuating contexts would lead to regulating their academic behavior toward the pursuit of extrinsic (vs. intrinsic) goals, that is, studying to gain financial benefits and social prestige, in accordance with the pursuit of their beliefs of social dominance.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020018
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 284-298: Mid-Term and Long-Lasting
           Psycho–Cognitive Benefits of Bidomain Training Intervention in
           Elderly Individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment

    • Authors: Ines Ben Ayed, Chirine Aouichaoui, Achraf Ammar, Salma Naija, Oussama Tabka, Haitham Jahrami, Khaled Trabelsi, Yassine Trabelsi, Nicole El Massioui, Farid El Massioui
      First page: 284
      Abstract: Background: This study investigated whether combining simultaneous physical and cognitive training yields superior cognitive outcomes compared with aerobic training alone in individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and whether these benefits persist after four weeks of detraining. Methods: Forty-four people with MCI (11 males and 33 females) aged 65 to 75 years were randomly assigned to an 8-week, twice-weekly program of either aerobic training (AT group, n = 15), aerobic training combined with cognitive games (ACT group, n = 15), or simply reading for controls (CG group, n = 14). Selective attention (Stroop), problem-solving (Hanoi Tower), and working memory (Digit Span) tasks were used to assess cognitive performances at baseline, in the 4th (W4) and 8th weeks (W8) of training, and after 4 weeks of rest (W12). Results: Both training interventions induced beneficial effects on all tested cognitive performance at W4 (except for the number of moves in the Hanoi tower task) and W8 (all p <0.001), with the ACT group exhibiting a more pronounced positive impact than the AT group (p < 0.05). This advantage was specifically observed at W8 in tasks such as the Stroop and Tower of Hanoi (% gain ≈40% vs. ≈30% for ACT and AT, respectively) and the digit span test (% gain ≈13% vs. ≈10% for ACT and AT, respectively). These cognitive improvements in both groups, with the greater ones in ACT, persisted even after four weeks of detraining, as evidenced by the absence of a significant difference between W8 and W12 (p > 0.05). Concerning neuropsychological assessments, comparable beneficial effects were recorded following both training regimens (all p < 0.05 from pre- to post-intervention). The control group did not show any significant improvement in most of the cognitive tasks. Conclusions: The greater mid-term and long-lasting effects of combined simultaneous physical–cognitive training underscores its potential as a cost-effective intervention for the prevention and management of cognitive decline. While these results are valuable in guiding optimal physical and mental activity recommendations for adults with MCI, further neurophysiological-based studies are essential to offer robust support and deepen our understanding of the mechanisms underlying these promising findings.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020019
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 299-310: Predictive Role of Physical Activity and
           Health-Related Quality of Life in Police Officers’ Work Assessment

    • Authors: Paula Alexandrina Faria, Vanessa Santos, Luís Miguel Massuça
      First page: 299
      Abstract: Police officers (POs) frequently encounter high stress and burnout risks in their demanding professional environment. This study delves into the relationship between physical activity (PA), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and job performance among POs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted involving 1175 POs, with 691 providing complete responses. The survey included questions on biosocial and professional characteristics; the International Physical Activity Questionnaire—short form; the Short Form Health Survey version 2.0; and a qualitative job performance evaluation. The key findings highlight that vigorous PA significantly enhances job performance. About 46.2% of POs engage in vigorous PA, with a notable 73.7% participating in some form of PA weekly. This study also found that age and gender considerably impact the HRQoL, especially in mental health aspects like vitality and social functioning. Vigorous PA is linked to higher job performance ratings, especially when practised consistently. In conclusion, this research underscores the importance of vigorous PA in improving job performance among POs. We suggest that institutions prioritise facilitating environments that encourage regular PA, recognising its substantial benefits in both professional effectiveness and the overall health of POs. This study contributes to understanding the critical role of physical fitness in enhancing the occupational well-being of law enforcement personnel.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020020
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 311-323: Stress and Burnout among Medical
           Specialists in Romania: A Comparative Study of Clinical and Surgical
           Physicians

    • Authors: Ioana Silistraru, Oana Olariu, Anamaria Ciubara, Ștefan Roșca, Anisia-Iuliana Alexa, Florentina Severin, Doina Azoicăi, Radu Dănilă, Sergiu Timofeiov, Ioan-Adrian Ciureanu
      First page: 311
      Abstract: This study, which focuses on 227 participants (196 females and 31 males) comprising 187 clinical specialists and 40 surgical physicians, examines the prevalence of burnout in medical specialists. We investigate the effects of the emotional exhaustion (EE), Depersonalization (D), and personal accomplishment (PA) dimensions on professional satisfaction and plans to change careers using the modified licensed Maslach Burnout Inventory—Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS (MP)). High emotional exhaustion is reported by 52.63% of men and 71.28% of women in the clinical medicine group (n = 188). In the surgical specialties (n = 39), scores are significantly higher, with 75% of men and 77.77% of women reporting EE. In our sample group, 71.36% express high levels of emotional exhaustion, with similar patterns across specialization and gender. Clinical medicine respondents report high degrees of depersonalization in 33.13% of females and 21.05% of males, while surgical specialty respondents report high levels in 33.33% of females and 50% of males. Across genders and specializations, 33.03% of all respondents show high levels of depersonalization. Clinical medicine participants report high levels of personal accomplishment (42.60% of females and 42.10% of males), whereas surgical specialties report 44.44% of females and 66.66% of male on the PA dimension. Of the total number of respondents, 44.05% report having a high level of personal accomplishment; differences exist depending on specialty and gender. In addition, questions regarding professional fulfilment and intention to change careers were presented to the participants. A total of 53.40% (16 male and 105 female) of the clinical medicine respondents said they intended to change careers, while 33 participants (9 male, 34 female) doubted if they would remain in the same specialization. Furthermore, 86 individuals (9 male and 77 female) in the surgical specialties said they would never choose to work in healthcare again. Regression analysis suggests that being male, higher in age, and working in surgical specialties with lower job satisfaction and a higher intention to change profession are associated with higher levels of EE. Age and work satisfaction are significant predictors of depersonalization, and higher career satisfaction is associated with increased levels of PA.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020021
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 324-338: The Impact of Educational Sessions on
           Anxiety Levels among Women Undergoing Caesarean Section: A
           Quasi-Experimental Study

    • Authors: Fatimah Alsufyani, Nouran Katooa, Ahlam Al-Zahrani, Ohood Felemban, Hanan Badr, Hala Thabet
      First page: 324
      Abstract: Although the Caesarean section (CS) is considered a harmless surgery, it has various complications. Women scheduled for elective CSs often have high levels of anxiety due to a lack of knowledge. The aim of this quantitative quasi-experimental study was to determine the relationship between preoperative educational sessions and anxiety levels among women undergoing CSs. The study was conducted at the antenatal unit in the King Faisal Medical Complex (KFMC) in Taif, Saudi Arabia, using a structured interview questionnaire, the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and satisfaction interviews. A total of 50 pregnant women participated in this study, who were divided into two groups: 25 participants in the intervention group and 25 in the control group. Most participants (92%) in the intervention group had low anxiety levels following educational sessions, and 96% of the participants were very satisfied with the preoperative information they had been given. Women in the control group (again, 92%) had high anxiety levels, and there was a significant difference in the anxiety levels of the intervention and control groups (p ≤ 0.5) after the educational sessions. Providing proper preoperative education about CSs can reduce preoperative anxiety, improve patient outcomes, and enhance patients’ involvement in their care and decision-making.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020022
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 339-350: Comparative Study of the Quality of Life
           and Coping Strategies in Oncology Patients

    • Authors: Silmara Meneguin, Izadora Gama Alves, Heloiza Thais Felipe Camargo, Camila Fernandes Pollo, Amanda Vitoria Zorzi Segalla, Cesar de Oliveira
      First page: 339
      Abstract: Background: Despite the current data on morbidity and mortality, a growing number of patients with a diagnosis of cancer survive due to an early diagnosis and advances in treatment modalities. This study aimed to compare the quality of life and coping strategies in three groups of patients with cancer and identify associated clinical and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: A comparative study was conducted with outpatients at a public hospital in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The 300 participants were assigned to three groups: patients in palliative care (Group A), patients in post-treatment follow-up with no evidence of disease (Group B), and patients undergoing treatment for cancer (Group C). Data collection involved the use of the McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire and the Ways of Coping Questionnaire. No generic quality-of-life assessment tool was utilized, as it would not be able to appropriately evaluate the impact of the disease on the specific group of patients receiving palliative care. Results: Coping strategies were underused. Participants in the palliative care group had poorer quality of life, particularly in the psychological well-being and physical symptom domains. Age, currently undergoing treatment, and level of education were significantly associated with coping scores. Age, gender, income, and the absence of pharmacological pain control were independently associated with quality-of-life scores. Moreover, a positive association was found between coping and quality of life. Conclusion: Cancer patients in palliative care generally report a lower quality of life. However, male patients, those who did not rely on pharmacological pain control, and those with higher coping scores reported a better perception of their quality of life. This perception tended to decrease with age and income level. Patients currently undergoing treatment for the disease were more likely to use coping strategies. Patients with higher education and quality-of-life scores also had better coping scores. However, the use of coping strategies decreased with age.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020023
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 351-367: Multifaceted Music Therapy for Depression
           in Dementia: A Network Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

    • Authors: Berne Ting, Daniel Tzu-Li Chen, Wei-Ti Hsu, Chia-Lin Tsai, Ikbal Andrian Malau, Sheau-Ling Lee, Li Jingling
      First page: 351
      Abstract: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of various music therapy interventions in ameliorating depressive symptoms in dementia patients, utilizing a network meta-analysis approach. We rigorously selected randomized controlled trials focused on music therapy for dementia with depressive symptoms from major electronic databases. The primary outcome measured was the impact on depressive symptoms, with the secondary outcome evaluating dropout rates across different intervention groups and standard care control groups. The research protocol has been duly registered with PROSPERO (Registration ID: CRD42023393059). Our network meta-analysis incorporated 14 randomized controlled trials involving a total of 1080 participants and examined a range of interventions, including active music therapy, listening to music, rhythmic music therapy, singing, and tailored music interventions. The analysis revealed that active music therapy combined with singing emerged as the most effective intervention, demonstrating a significant improvement in depressive symptoms in dementia patients (Standardized Mean Difference [SMD] = −0.89, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: −1.48 to −0.30). In contrast, listening to music alone showed a smaller effect (SMD = −0.26, 95% CI: −0.71 to 0.20). This study was particularly noteworthy for not showing higher dropout rates compared to standard care, indicating its feasibility and acceptability in clinical settings. The findings of our study indicate that active music therapy combined with singing is an effective approach to reducing depressive symptoms in dementia patients, potentially due to enhanced social interaction. These results offer new perspectives for dementia care, suggesting a promising direction for further research and clinical application.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-11
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020024
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 368-384: The Relation of Big Five Personality
           Traits on Academic Performance, Well-Being and Home Study Satisfaction in
           Corona Times

    • Authors: Johannes Rodrigues, Raffaela Rose, Johannes Hewig
      First page: 368
      Abstract: Introduction: As a result of the protective measures taken to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, German students experienced home study in the spring of 2020. The present study addressed the relation between coping with the home study situation and personality. Methods: The interrelations of the Big Five factors with students’ well-being, study satisfaction and academic performance were examined in 287 German online participants. Results: The results showed significant positive correlations of positive affect and conscientiousness, as well as of better academic performance and academic satisfaction. For extraversion, a positive supporting effect on the affective level emerged, although previous studies suggested negative influences of extraversion on affect in home study settings in other phases of the pandemic. Furthermore, in contrast, neuroticism showed a negative relation to study satisfaction and mood in home study. Conclusion: In summary, the personalities of students should be considered in order to provide protective measures and avoid negative coping effects.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020025
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 385-398: The Linguistic–Cognitive Profile in
           an Adult Population with Parkinson’s Disease and Deep Brain
           Stimulation: A Comparative Study

    • Authors: Alejandro Cano-Villagrasa, Miguel López-Zamora, Lorena Romero-Moreno, Beatriz Valles-González
      First page: 385
      Abstract: Introduction. Individuals with Parkinson’s disease (PD) exhibit general impairments, particularly non-motor symptoms that are related to language, communication, and cognition processes. People with this disease may undergo a surgical intervention for the placement of a deep brain stimulation device, which improves their motor symptoms. However, this type of intervention leads to a decline in their linguistic and cognitive abilities that becomes increasingly noticeable as the disease progresses. Objective. The objective of this research was to compare the performance and linguistic–cognitive profile of individuals with Parkinson’s disease who underwent deep brain stimulation treatment based on the stage of the disease. Method. A total of 60 participants who were diagnosed with PD by their reference hospital were selected. These participants were divided into three groups based on the stage of the disease that they were in, forming three groups: a Stage I group (n = 20), a Stage II group (n = 20), and a Stage III group (n = 20). The linguistic–cognitive profile was assessed using the MoCA, ACE-III, and MetAphas tests. The design of this study was established as a quasi-experimental, cross-sectional investigation, and statistical analysis was performed using MANOVA to compare the scores between the study groups. Results. The results indicate that individuals in Stage I exhibit better linguistic and cognitive performance compared to the other groups of participants in Stage II and Stage III, with statistically significant differences (p < 0.05). Conclusion. In conclusion, the progression of PD leads to significant linguistic and cognitive decline in individuals with this disease who have a deep brain stimulation device, greatly limiting the autonomy and quality of life for people with PD.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020026
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 399-410: Portuguese Validation of the TAPQoL: A
           Health-Related Quality of Life Instrument for Children Aged 0–6
           Years

    • Authors: Ana Ferraz, Martim Santos, M. Graça Pereira
      First page: 399
      Abstract: In Portugal, there are few generic and specific instruments to assess health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children, especially those of preschool age. This study aimed to adapt and validate the Portuguese version of the Preschool Children Quality of Life Questionnaire (TAPQoL) in a community and clinical sample of children aged 0–6 years. The parents of 409 healthy children and 137 children undergoing treatment for burns and acute lymphoblastic leukemia completed the TAPQoL and were assessed on psychological morbidity and family functioning. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed, as well as analysis of the psychometric properties as shown by internal consistency measures, convergent validity, and average variance extracted. Confirmatory factor analysis confirmed an 11-factor structure with good psychometric properties. The current version of the TAPQoL is a valid and reliable instrument for assessing HRQoL in Portuguese preschool children in community and clinical settings.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020027
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 411-431: Promotion of Values Education (Factors
           Involved in Prosocial Behaviors and Volunteering)

    • Authors: María del Carmen Olmos-Gómez, Raquel Portillo-Sánchez, Laila Mohamed-Mohand, Ligia Isabel Estrada-Vidal
      First page: 411
      Abstract: (1) Background: Prosocial behavior aligns with the current societal model, where human values hold greater importance considering cultural, social, and personal variables that may influence the opportunity to benefit others. Hence, the objective of this research was established: to understand how diverse factors influence the values of young people, aiming to promote education and enhance prosocial behavior. (2) Methods: This study is quantitative research employing an empirical–analytical, cross-sectional social research method. A validated instrument was used with a sample of 1702 individuals from the city of Melilla, noteworthy for its multicultural context due to its location in North Africa. (3) Results: Inferential analysis was conducted using multiple linear regression to predict future behaviors, focusing on the factors influencing values. Various models were employed, incorporating twelve variables and four scales: sociability, transcendence, culture, and effects. (4) Conclusions: The results and conclusions suggest the need to enhance affect and sociability, primarily among the most prominent factors.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-02-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14020028
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 148-163: Family Functioning Styles and Exercise
           Addiction: Disengaged, Enmeshed, and Rigid Family Patterns Are Associated
           with Exercise Addiction

    • Authors: Alessio Gori, Eleonora Topino, Mark D. Griffiths
      First page: 148
      Abstract: Physical exercise is a widely recommended practice for promoting health, but for some individuals, this activity can result in pathological and morbid behaviour. Therefore, the study of the factors contributing to the onset, development, and progression of exercise addiction is particularly relevant. Within this framework, the present study assessed the effect of family functioning, body image concerns, age, and gender on exercise addiction. A sample of 300 regular exercisers (Mage = 30.3 years, SD = 11.6; 69.7% females, 30.3% males) participated in the study and completed the Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales–IV, Body Image Concern Inventory, and Exercise Addiction Inventory. Data were analysed by implementing a series of moderated moderated-mediations. Results showed that three significant models were relevant. First, positive associations of disengaged (p < 0.05), enmeshed (p < 0.05), and rigid (p < 0.01) family functioning with exercise addiction were found. Furthermore, body image concerns mediated all these relationships, and the interaction between gender and age significantly moderated the effects of body image concerns on exercise addiction (p < 0.05). Such data may be useful for a deeper understanding of the variables associated with the development of exercise addiction, suggesting key elements on which it might be useful to focus in clinical and/or preventive activity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010010
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 164-180: Academic Success at Social Costs: An
           Exploratory Study on Social Networks of Chinese Students under Academic
           Streaming

    • Authors: Jinjing Fang, Gavin T. L. Brown
      First page: 164
      Abstract: In universities that require students to reside in dormitories, there are two types of social networks—study/classroom-based and social/dorm room-based. The academic streaming system may disrupt study/classroom connections, but its impact on students’ social networks is unknown. Using self-reported surveys, this study examines ego network measures of network sizes, turnover, multiplexity, and diversity among 382 students (44% female, 56% male). Surveys were administered before and after the university employed a first-semester grade-point average to demote or promote students into an honours college. Follow-up interviews were conducted with 11 honours students staying within their track and 11 students who were re-streamed to the non-honours track. Quantitative results showed that students in the non-honours college and who remained there had increasingly overlapping friendship circles between study and social environments, along with more diverse social connections, indicating stronger networks. In contrast, honours participants experienced fewer overlapping networks across domains and less dispersed social ties, especially after the academic replacement process. Qualitative results showed that the honours students faced a trade-off between academic success and social engagement in maintaining their elite status. Re-streamed students experienced otherness in social groups and decreased psychological wellbeing. This study contributes to the application of network analysis in education and provides insights into the unintended consequences of educational practice on students’ social networks.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010011
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 181-202: Development of a New Scale to Assess
           Students’ Autodetermination At School (AAS)

    • Authors: Christine Sanchez, Bertrand Porro, Nathalie Blanc
      First page: 181
      Abstract: The Autodetermination At School (AAS) hetero-evaluative scale was created and validated in a French teacher population with the aim of quantifying, in an ecological way, the commitment at school of elementary students. After establishing the scale’s face validity, AAS was tested with an exploratory factor analysis, a confirmatory factor analysis, a convergent validity analysis, a test–retest analysis and an inter-individual analysis. The EFA highlighted three distinct factors and the CFA validated the reliability of a three-factor model for AAS with relevant fits and indices. The first dimension concerns teacher perception of academic commitment, reflecting both child performance and autonomous motivation. The second and third ones reflect teacher perception of the child’s social commitment, to their peers as well as to their teacher. Consequently, AAS is a useful, reliable and robust psychometric instrument that emphases how intrinsic motivation and performance are closely linked. It also considers the importance of social child commitment at school. The inter-individual analysis revealed trends of grade, gender and school environment effects.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010012
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 203-214: Factors Contributing to the Health of 0-
           to 5-Year-Old Low-Birth-Weight Children in the United States: Application
           of the Multiple Disadvantage Model

    • Authors: Tyrone C. Cheng, Celia C. Lo
      First page: 203
      Abstract: This secondary data analysis of 1731 low-birth-weight children and their parents in the United States investigated children’s health and its associations with social disorganization, social structural factors, social relationships, health/mental health, and access to health insurance/services. The study drew on data from the 2021 National Survey of Children’s Health. Logistic regression yielded results showing low-birth-weight children’s excellent/very good/good health to be associated positively with parents’ education and health. In turn, child health was associated negatively with being Black, having a family income at or below the 100% federal poverty level, difficulty parenting the child, child chronic health condition(s), parent mental health, and substance use in the family. The implications of the present findings in terms of interventions promoting maternal and child health as well as participation in government assistance programs for low-income families are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010013
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 215-229: Climate Change Perception and Mental
           Health. Results from a Systematic Review of the Literature

    • Authors: Vincenza Gianfredi, Francesco Mazziotta, Giovanna Clerici, Elisa Astorri, Francesco Oliani, Martina Cappellina, Alessandro Catalini, Bernardo Maria Dell’Osso, Fabrizio Ernesto Pregliasco, Silvana Castaldi, Beatrice Benatti
      First page: 215
      Abstract: Climate change is one of the main global challenges and influences various aspects of human health. Numerous studies have indeed demonstrated an association between extreme climate-related events and physical and mental health outcomes, but little is still known about the association between the perception/awareness of climate change and mental health. In accordance with the PRISMA 2020 guidelines, a search was conducted on PubMed and Scopus. The protocol was registered on PROSPERO. The included studies were original observational studies published in English, reporting the association between the perception/awareness of climate change and mental health. A total of 3018 articles were identified. A total of 10 observational studies were included. The period covered in the included studies ranged between 2012 and 2022. Climate change perception is consistently associated with adverse mental health effects across different types of estimates. In particular, the studies identified an association between a higher level of perception/awareness of climate change and depression, anxiety, eco-anxiety, stress, adjustment disorder, substance use, dysphoria, and even thoughts of suicide. Qualitative data underscore the impact on daily activities, contributing to feelings of loss and suicidal ideation. Moreover, climate change perception correlates with lower well-being and resilience. The association between awareness of climate change and mental health is a complex and still poorly explored phenomenon. The main limitations are the high heterogeneity in terms of exposure assessment and data reporting, which hinders quantitative analysis. These results show that climate change perception impacts mental health. Better understanding the phenomenon represents an opportunity to inform public health interventions that promote mental well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-12
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010014
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 230-242: Resilience and Social Support Improve
           

    • Authors: Ioannis Moisoglou, Aglaia Katsiroumpa, Antigoni Kolisiati, Irene Vraka, Katerina Kosiara, Olga Siskou, Daphne Kaitelidou, Olympia Konstantakopoulou, Theodoros Katsoulas, Parisis Gallos, Petros Galanis
      First page: 230
      Abstract: Physical and mental health problems among post-COVID-19 patients are common, even a year after infection. As there is no prior study available, we investigated the impacts of resilience and social support on anxiety, depression, and quality of life among patients with post-COVID-19 syndrome. We conducted a cross-sectional study with a convenience sample. The measures included the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients, the Brief Resilience Scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4), and the EuroQol-5D-3L. The mean age of patients was 44.8 years. The total PHQ-4 score suggested that 32.8% of patients with post-COVID-19 syndrome experienced severe psychological distress, 32.8% experienced moderate distress, 23% experienced mild distress, and 11.5% had no distress. Moreover, 60.7% of patients had anxiety scores of ≥3 and 69.7% had depression scores of ≥3, indicating possible major anxiety or depression disorder. The mean EQ-5D-3L index value was 0.36, and the mean EQ-5D-3L VAS was 54.1. Multivariable analysis identified that resilience and social support reduced anxiety and depression among patients. Also, we found a significant positive relationship between resilience and social support, and quality of life. Our findings suggest that resilience and social support can be protective by reducing anxiety and depression and improving quality of life among patients with post-COVID-19 syndrome. Policymakers should develop and implement healthcare management programs to provide psychological support to these patients.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010015
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 243-255: Effects of Physical Activity and COVID-19
           on Healthy Student Strengths in the University System: Implications for
           Post-Pandemic Management

    • Authors: Ramón Gómez Chacón, Jose Manuel Nuñez Sánchez, Pablo Gálvez Ruiz
      First page: 243
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has profoundly affected the physical, mental, and social well-being of millions worldwide. It has also brought about abrupt disruptions to the entire university system, whose students form a crucial segment of society. The pandemic’s effects on student education and well-being have been particularly significant. One of the primary consequences has been a drastic reduction in physical activity levels among students, leading to mental and physical health problems. Despite the rapid growth in the literature exploring student experiences during the pandemic, there is a paucity of research on how this decline in physical activity has affected the five strengths of the healthy student: optimism, self-efficacy, resilience, engagement, and hope. Therefore, the aim of this investigation is to examine the relationship between physical activity levels and the five strengths of the healthy student at two different time points (pre-COVID-19 and COVID-19) through the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the Healthy Student Questionnaire. The study involved 897 participants, with 290 participating in the pre-COVID-19 phase and 607 participating in the COVID-19 phase. The results revealed significant differences in the five strengths between the two periods. Students who engaged in physical activity exhibited significantly higher optimism scores in the pre-COVID-19 phase. During the COVID-19 phase, physically active students demonstrated significantly higher scores in optimism, resilience, and self-efficacy. These findings provide clear guidance for university administrators seeking to enhance student well-being in a post-pandemic world and in the face of future disruptions. Universities should consider implementing physical exercise programs for their students to promote psychosocial well-being and provide training and resources to equip faculty members with new skills to better understand and support students’ perceptions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010016
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 256-271: Is Frequency of Practice of Different
           Types of Physical Activity Associated with Health and a Healthy Lifestyle
           at Different Ages'

    • Authors: Liudmila Liutsko, Sergey Leonov, Alexander Pashenko, Irina Polikanova
      First page: 256
      Abstract: Physical activity (PA) has been shown to be related to physical and mental health. Yet there are few studies on how the frequency of PA relates to health and a healthy lifestyle. We aimed to investigate how the frequency of different PAs is associated with the following health indicators: body mass index (BMI), substance consumption, physical health, and mental health. We focused on three types of PA: (1) medium- to high-intensity aerobic exercise; (2) low- to medium-intensity relaxing exercise; and (3) outdoor leisure PA. A total of 9617 volunteers, aged 19 to 81, participated in the study. The relationships between the frequencies of the three types of PA and health-related and sociodemographic factors were analyzed using multinomial logistic regression. We found that women more frequently engaged in PA type 2, and men in types 1 and 3. A higher frequency of PA was associated with lower BMI and less or no smoking behavior; higher education (PAs 1 and 3); higher age (PAs 2 and 3); better physical health (PAs 1 and 3); and better mental health (PA 3). In conclusion, higher frequency of different PAs was significantly associated with better physical and mental health, less smoking, higher age, and a higher level of education.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2024-01-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010017
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2024)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 1-17: The Impact of a School Dog on
           Children’s Social Inclusion and Social Climate in a School Class

    • Authors: Mona M. Mombeck, Timm Albers
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Animal-assisted pedagogy is well known in classroom practice, but scientific evidence of its impact on teaching and learning conditions is still lacking. At the same time, the biggest challenge in education systems worldwide is the social inclusion of students. In a pre–post design, 30 heterogeneous students (16 f/14 m) from four different school classes (grades 5–8) of two secondary schools and one grammar school were interviewed (in a problem-centered interview) about their social inclusion and their social climate in class before and after being taught selected subjects with a school dog for one school term. At the second measurement point, participants were also asked about their perception of animal-assisted pedagogy. The qualitative data analysis (Kuckartz) showed that the presence of a dog leads to an improved social climate, more social integration and to a change in social roles; therefore, we discussed our findings in the context of role theory (Krappmann). In addition, we found that the mutual perception of the other students and the teacher changes to a more positive and friendlier image. Through animal-assisted pedagogy, a new social role is added to the classroom, where caring and bonding are prioritized. Social interaction and norms are influenced and stereotypical and individual roles can be changed. Therefore, animal-assisted pedagogy can be key to promoting social inclusion in the school environment.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-19
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010001
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 18-36: Preschool Teachers’ Cognitions,
           Emotions, and Tolerance toward Children’s Hypothetical Social
           Behaviors in the Classroom

    • Authors: Maryse Guedes, Manuela Veríssimo, António J. Santos
      First page: 18
      Abstract: Teachers’ tolerance toward children’s social behaviors is, in part, guided by teachers’ cognitions and emotions. Few studies have examined the associations between teachers’ cognitions, emotions, and tolerance toward children’s social behaviors. This study aimed to (1) describe the cognitions, emotions, and tolerance of Portuguese preschool teachers toward children’s shy, physically and relationally aggressive, rough-and-tumble play, exuberant, and unsociable behaviors at preschool, depending on children’s sex; and (2) examine the direct and indirect associations (via teachers’ emotions) between teachers’ cognitions and tolerance toward children’s social behaviors, depending on children’s sex. One hundred and seven preschool teachers completed the Child Behaviors Vignettes. Preschool teachers displayed more negative views toward children’s physical and relational aggression, reported positive perspectives toward children’s rough play and mixed attitudes toward children’s exuberance, and differentiated shy from unsociable behaviors. Direct associations between teachers’ cognitions and tolerance were found only for physical aggression. Teachers’ anticipation of negative peer costs and academic performance appear to exert an indirect influence on teachers’ tolerance toward physical aggression and unsociability, via increased levels of worry. These findings highlight the role of teachers’ emotions for tolerance toward children’s social behaviors and the need to enhance their self-awareness.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010002
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 37-48: Vaccine Hesitancy in Israel: Exploring the
           Relationships with Vaccination History, Knowledge, and Attitudes towards
           Influenza Vaccines

    • Authors: Keren Dopelt, Sophie Yukther, Tatyana Shmukler, Anuar Abudin
      First page: 37
      Abstract: Influenza vaccination is a highly effective strategy for mitigating all the repercussions of influenza infections. Despite the potential severity of influenza and the accessibility of secure vaccinations, worldwide rates of influenza vaccination continue to be low, particularly among students. This study examines the correlative relationships between influenza vaccine history, knowledge, attitudes toward influenza vaccines, and vaccine hesitancy among college students. To that end, we used an online questionnaire to conduct a cross-sectional study encompassing 610 students. A significant majority of participants reported having experienced influenza (82%), with slightly more than half having received influenza vaccinations in the past (57%). With respect to the current research year, health sciences students exhibited a higher likelihood of either having been vaccinated or intending to receive the vaccine than did their counterparts. Among students who had been vaccinated previously, approximately one-fifth opted for vaccination in the present year (21%). Similarly, 22% of the students whose parents were vaccinated chose to get vaccinated this year. Notable disparities in knowledge about influenza vaccines were observed across various departments, with health sciences students demonstrating the highest levels of awareness. Moreover, a negative relationship was found between knowledge, attitudes, and vaccine hesitancy. These results suggest that targeted lectures by professionals emphasizing vaccine safety and university-hosted events addressing this subject in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, incorporating influenza vaccination stations, could be instrumental in bolstering the vaccination rate.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010003
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 49-63: The Individual Work Performance
           Questionnaire: Psychometric Properties of the Italian Version

    • Authors: Silvia Platania, Martina Morando, Stefania Valeria Gruttadauria, Linda Koopmans
      First page: 49
      Abstract: Individual work performance can be defined as individual behaviour capable of generating value and a competitive advantage for the organization. Furthermore, this construct is linked to other fundamental variables that constitute worker well-being, such as job satisfaction and engagement. Although important, a complete measure of individual work performance is still lacking in the Italian context. The objective of this work is to validate the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ) within the Italian organisational context. The IWPQ is a multi-dimensional construct consisting of task performance, contextual performance, and counterproductive work behavior. To investigate the psychometric properties of the Italian IWPQ, 1053 participants were enrolled, whose ages ranged between 19 and 69 years. EFA, CFA, and MCFA analyses were performed to test the structural factors of the IWPQ. The results supported the validity of the IWPQ in the Italian context; the final structure consisted of 17 items. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis showed that the factor solution was invariant across both gender and occupational categories and found evidence of metric, uniqueness, scalar, and structural invariance. Convergent validity was also tested and demonstrated. Adequate studies on the importance of individual performance can be used to better understand and distinguish the different components affecting performance.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010004
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 64-86: An Ecological Inquiry on Young
           People’s Suicidal Ideation at University: Individual, Relational and
           Cultural Factors and Their Interactions

    • Authors: Silvana Mabel Nuñez Fadda, Hugo César Ciambelli Romero, Naiara Sophia Gradilla Lizardo, Jorge Alejandro Sánchez Castillón
      First page: 64
      Abstract: To understand the factors related to suicidal ideation in university students, we examined individual and microsystemic variables with an ecological model organizing bidirectional influences between different dimensions. Suicidal ideation, psychological distress, multidimensional self-concept, loneliness, community social support, life satisfaction, family functioning, bullying victimization, and problematic use of virtual social networks were measured in a sample of 376 Mexican university students (67% women) from 18 to 34 years of age (M = 20.8). Data were collected in March 2020, before mandatory confinement for COVID started in Mexico. Discriminant analyses showed that psychological distress, loneliness, self-concept, life satisfaction, family functioning, internet violence/rejection, and informal social support predicted belonging to high or no suicidal ideation groups with 88% accuracy. Only psychological distress and family self-concept predicted suicidal ideation in multilinear regression analyses. There were differences by gender in multilinear regression, with family self-concept significant for women and physical self-concept, but not family self-concept for boys. Conclusions: Early Suicide prevention in universities should include periodic screening of psychological distress, loneliness, and virtual social media use to identify students that need further evaluation and intervention. University-based strategies of mental health promotion that strengthen family relationships and the sense of community, including gender-sensitive orientation, could enhance the effect of protective factors.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010005
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 87-102: Physical Activity Time, Alcohol
           Consumption, Mediterranean Diet, and Anxiety in Education Science Students
           

    • Authors: Daniel Sanz-Martín, Félix Zurita-Ortega, Eduardo Melguizo-Ibáñez, José Manuel Alonso-Vargas, Rafael Caracuel-Cáliz, José Luis Ubago-Jiménez
      First page: 87
      Abstract: Student lifestyles change during university. This research aimed to classify university students according to their levels of physical activity, alcohol consumption, adherence to the Mediterranean diet, and anxiety and studied the relationships between the variables using a multigroup equation model according to gender. The sample was composed of 549 participants (M = 23.06; S.D. = 6.22), of whom 409 were women and 140 were men. Validated and adapted instruments such as the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the PREDIMED Questionnaire, and the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test were used. The data revealed four clusters through Ward’s method and the k-means method. Regarding the exploratory model, differences were found in the effects of the variables according to sex. In conclusion, alcohol consumption was positively associated with the Mediterranean diet, and physical activity was negatively associated with the Mediterranean diet and anxiety.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010006
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 103-116: Big Five Personality Traits and Compulsive
           Buying: The Mediating Role of Self-Esteem

    • Authors: José Manuel Otero-López, María José Santiago, María Cristina Castro
      First page: 103
      Abstract: The inter-relationships between the Big Five personality traits, self-esteem, and compulsive buying are supported by strong empirical evidence. What is yet unknown is to what extent self-esteem can channel the influence of personality traits on compulsive buying. The main objective of this study is to explore the possible mediating role of self-esteem in the link between the Big Five personality traits and compulsive buying. Path analysis results, using a sample of 487 university students, generally confirm the suitability of the proposed model in which self-esteem mediated the effects of the Big Five personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness, openness to experience, and conscientiousness) on compulsive buying. Moreover, a direct effect of neuroticism and conscientiousness on compulsive buying was found. Finally, based on the finding that self-esteem acts as a necessary filter in the analysis of the five factors–compulsive buying relationship, several action-oriented guidelines for the prevention or intervention of this behavioral problem are suggested.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010007
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 117-132: Time Balance and Family Functioning: The
           Role of Time Perspective in the Cohesion and Adaptability of Families with
           Adolescents

    • Authors: Cristián Oyanadel, Frank C. Worrell, Jorge Pinto-Vigueras, Sara Betancur, Tamara Véliz Tapia, Marisol Au-Castro, Génesis Peña-Reyes, Melissa González-Loyola, Wenceslao Peñate
      First page: 117
      Abstract: Family functioning, understood as cohesion and adaptability, is critical in families with adolescent children, given the changes that this stage implies at the family level. Time perspective is one variable that can facilitate better family functioning through the way people give meaning to the process they live. In this study, we examined the relationship between family functioning and the time perspective of adolescent children’s parents. The FACES IV and ZTPI were administered to 276 parents of adolescents. Regression analyses indicated that the past positive, past negative, and future scores predicted family cohesion and adaptability, explaining at least 20% of the variance. Balanced families, with greater cohesion and adaptability, presented a higher level of past positive and future-oriented temporal perspectives, compared to unbalanced families, which presented a greater orientation to the past negative and deviated from the balanced temporal profile. The importance of considering the inter-relationship between family functioning and time perspective was discussed, considering its impact on the health and well-being of families with adolescents.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010008
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 14, Pages 133-147: Injury as a Result of Children and
           Adolescent Labor—An Association with Ethnicity and Peripherality: A
           Retrospective Cohort Study Based on the Israeli Trauma Registry

    • Authors: Bella Savitsky, Irina Radomislensky, Eldad Katorza, Arielle Kaim
      First page: 133
      Abstract: Background: Working children and adolescents face a heightened risk of work-related injuries. This research aimed to assess the rate of hospitalizations resulting from work-related injuries among children and adolescents in Israel, with a specific focus on disadvantaged populations. Methods: This nationwide retrospective cohort study utilized The Israeli National Trauma Registry (INTR). It included 642 children and adolescents aged 13–17 hospitalized due to work-related injuries from 2015–2022. Results: Arab children had over five times the risk of hospitalization due to work-related injuries compared to Jewish (RR = 5.5, 95% CI: 4.7–7.4). Despite the 2018 law prohibiting young people from entering this type of work, the most common type of work leading to hospitalization was construction, accounting for 40.2% of Arab and 11.9% of Jewish injuries (p < 0.001). After adjustment, road traffic accidents and falls presented the highest odds of at least severe injury. Arabs had three times significantly higher odds of at least moderate injury compared to Jews. Conclusions: Prioritizing the creation of safe job opportunities for Arab teenagers is imperative. Strict enforcement measures, particularly within the construction industry, especially among Arab youth and during night shifts, are essential. These initiatives should focus on establishing secure and sustainable employment opportunities for children and young individuals, effectively reducing the risks associated with hazardous labor practices. In addition, the implementation of educational programs in the school curriculum covering essential aspects of youth employment is vital.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-31
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe14010009
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 1909-1919: Body-Related Attentional Bias in
           Adolescents Affected by Idiopathic Scoliosis

    • Authors: Margherita Bertuccelli, Maria Rubega, Francesca Cantele, Claudia Favero, Andrea Ermolao, Emanuela Formaggio, Stefano Masiero
      First page: 1909
      Abstract: Attentional biases toward body-related information increase body dissatisfaction. This can lead at-risk populations to develop psychopathologies. This phenomenon has not been extensively studied in girls affected by idiopathic scoliosis. This work aimed to study the cognitive processes that could contribute to the worsening and maintaining of body image disorders in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Twenty-eight girls were recruited and tested for body image dissatisfaction through the Scoliosis-Research-Society-22-revised (SRS-22r) questionnaire. Attentional biases towards disease-related body parts were assessed using a computerized visual match-to-sample task: girls were asked to answer as fast and accurately as possible to find the picture matching a target by pressing a button on a computer keyboard. Reaction times (RTs) and accuracy were collected as outcome variables and compared within and between groups and conditions. Lower scores in SRS-22r self-image, function, and total score were observed in scoliosis compared to the control group (p-value < 0.01). Faster response times (p-value = 0.02) and higher accuracy (p-value = 0.02) were detected in the scoliosis group when processing shoulders and backs (i.e., disease-relevant body parts). A self-body advantage effect emerged in the scoliosis group, showing higher accuracy when answering self-body stimuli compared to others’ bodies stimuli (p-value = 0.04). These results provide evidence of body image dissatisfaction and attentional bias towards disease-relevant body parts in girls with scoliosis, requiring clinical attention as highly predisposing to psychopathologies.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13090138
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 1920-1936: Exploring Emotions Related to the
           COVID-19 Pandemic through Death Education: A Qualitative Study at Italian
           Primary Schools

    • Authors: Ines Testoni, Lorenza Palazzo, Erika Iacona, Ottavia Segalla, Laura Pizzolato, Matteo Rigo, Lea Ferrari
      First page: 1920
      Abstract: Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the lives of individuals, families, and children worldwide. In Italy, the implementation of measures such as lockdowns and distance learning in schools affected the mental health of children and families. Methods: This article employs a qualitative method to explore the efficacy of a death education project that aimed to help primary school children process the emotions and losses that they experienced during the COVID-19 pandemic. The study encompassed both the children who took part in the death education project and their teachers and parents to investigate their perspectives on the emotions of the minors and the effectiveness of the project. Results: Distance learning posed challenges for the learning process and exacerbated social inequalities. The children suffered from limited social contact with their friends and experienced negative emotions, including anger, fear, and concern for the health of their loved ones. The death education project provided a safe space for children’s emotional expression and facilitated their acquisition of coping strategies. Open communication between adults and children about illness and death proved effective in mitigating the psychological impacts of loss and preventing traumatic bereavement. Conclusion: The findings highlight the utility of death education in enhancing children’s ability to express their emotions and approach the topic of death more frankly.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-18
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13090139
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 1937-1960: Assessing the Usability of ChatGPT for
           Formal English Language Learning

    • Authors: Sarang Shaikh, Sule Yildirim Yayilgan, Blanka Klimova, Marcel Pikhart
      First page: 1937
      Abstract: Recently, the emerging technologies have been constantly shaping the education domain, especially the use of artificial intelligence (AI) for language learning, which has attracted significant attention. Many of the AI tools are being used for learning foreign languages, in both formal and informal ways. There are many studies that have explored the potential of the recent technology “ChatGPT” for education and learning languages, but none of the existing studies have conducted any exploratory study for assessing the usability of ChatGPT. This paper conducts an assessment for usability of ChatGPT for formal English language learning. The study uses a standard questionnaire-based approach to ask participants about their feedback for usefulness and effectiveness of ChatGPT. The participants were asked for their feedback after performing series of tasks related to formal English language learning with ChatGPT. A variety of student participants were selected for this study with diverse English language proficiency levels, education levels, and nationalities. The quantitative analysis of the participant responses shed light on their experience with regards to the usability of ChatGPT for performing different English language learning tasks such as conversation, writing, grammar, and vocabulary. The findings from this study are quite promising and indicate that ChatGPT is an effective tool to be used for formal English language learning. Overall, this study contributes to the fast-growing research domain on using emerging technologies for formal English language learning by conducting in-depth assessment of usability for ChatGPT in formal English language learning.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-21
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13090140
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 9 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2736-2746: Diets including Animal Food Are
           Associated with Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease

    • Authors: Luciana Baroni, Chiara Bonetto, Irene Solinas, Pierfrancesco Visaggi, Alexey V. Galchenko, Lucia Mariani, Andrea Bottari, Mattia Orazzini, Giada Guidi, Christian Lambiase, Linda Ceccarelli, Massimo Bellini, Edoardo V. Savarino, Nicola de Bortoli
      First page: 2736
      Abstract: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a clinical condition with a prevalence of up to 25% in Western countries. Typical GERD symptoms include heartburn and retrosternal regurgitation. Lifestyle modifications, including diet, are considered a first-line therapeutic approach. To evaluate the impact of life habits on GERD in this cross-sectional study, we used data collected through an online survey from 1146 participants. GERD was defined according to the Montreal Consensus. For all participants, clinical and lifestyle characteristics were recorded. Overall, 723 participants (63.1%) consumed a diet including animal food (non-vegans), and 423 participants (36.9%) were vegans. The prevalence of GERD was 11% (CI 95%, 9–14%) in non-vegans and 6% (CI 95%, 4–8%) in vegans. In the multivariate analysis, after adjusting for confounding factors, subjects on a non-vegan diet were associated with a two-fold increase in the prevalence of GERD compared to vegans (OR = 1.96, CI 95%, 1.22–3.17, p = 0.006). BMI and smoking habits were also significantly associated with GERD. This study shows that an animal food-based diet (meat, fish, poultry, dairy, and eggs) is associated with an increased risk of GERD compared to a vegan diet. These findings might inform the lifestyle management of patients with GERD-related symptoms.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120189
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2747-2764: Psychometric Properties of a New Mexican
           Optimism Scale: Ethnopsychological Approach

    • Authors: Jorge Palacios-Delgado, Jessica Noemí Acevedo-Ibarra
      First page: 2747
      Abstract: Background: In this paper, a Mexican Optimism Scale was constructed to investigate and estimate psychometric properties (reliability and validity based on the measurement model). The convergent validity and validity criterion were evaluated for a sample of young Mexicans. Methods: The scale was presented to 848 Mexican young people aged between 17 and 30 years from three different regions of Mexico. The scale was reduced to 20 items on the basis of CFA and analyses of internal consistency. Results: The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) suggested a three-factor structure of optimism: affective resources, positive vision and hope. The data provided evidence for convergent validity with positive affect, negative affect and coping. Additionally, males scored higher on affective resources and positive vision than females. Finally, the results support the reliability of the instrument. Conclusions: The psychometric properties of the Mexican Optimism Scale proved to be highly acceptable and allow for a novel assessment of optimism from an ethnopsychological perspective. Validity, reliability and invariance were determined, as well as percentiles for the practical use of the scale. This scale may be of crucial importance for future research on optimism and health.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-25
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120190
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2765-2778: Nomophobia and Its Association with
           

    • Authors: Charalambos Gnardellis, Elissavet Vagka, Areti Lagiou, Venetia Notara
      First page: 2765
      Abstract: Smartphones with their numerous applications have become essential daily equipment, prompting scientific research to deal with the impact of their use on psychosocial health. Under this spectrum, the aim of the present cross-sectional study was to examine the association between nomophobia and the negative emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress, in relation to self-esteem and sociodemographic data, among the young adult population. The study sample consisted of 1408 young adults aged 18–25 years, participating on a voluntary basis with an online anonymous questionnaire. Data were collected through the “Nomophobia Questionnaire (NMP-Q)”, “Depression Anxiety Stress Scales—short form (DASS-21)”, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES). The questionnaire also included socio-demographic characteristics and smartphone use variables. Data analysis showed that women were identified with severe depression and stress to a greater extent than men (63.3% vs. 55.1% for depression and 18.1% vs. 13.8% for stress scale). With respect to nomophobia, participants with severe levels of nomophobia also exhibited severe levels of negative emotional states in all DASS components, i.e., 40.6% in depression, 73.7% in anxiety, and 32.7% in stress (all p values < 0.001). Participants with severe levels of depression and anxiety were very often checking their phone and used it in all daily activities. Moreover, correlation analysis revealed that self-esteem had a moderating effect on the relationship between nomophobia and DASS, a fact that modifies the association between the involved variables: stronger relationships appeared between nomophobia and DASS components in individuals with normal/high self-esteem than in individuals with low self-esteem.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120191
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2779-2794: Influence of Concurrent Exercise
           Training on Ankle Muscle Activation during Static and Proactive Postural
           Control on Older Adults with Sarcopenic Obesity: A Multicenter,
           Randomized, and Controlled Trial

    • Authors: Elmoetez Magtouf, Sabri Gaied Chortane, Oussema Gaied Chortane, Sébastien Boyas, Bruno Beaune, Sylvain Durand, Wael Maktouf
      First page: 2779
      Abstract: Sarcopenic obesity (SO), characterized by age-related muscle loss and excess body fat, significantly impairs postural control. However, limited research has explored the effects of concurrent exercise training on neuromuscular strategies during postural control in older adults with SO. The study enrolled 50 older adults with SO, split into an intervention group (IG, n = 25, mean age = 76.1 ± 3.5 years; mean BMI = 34.4 ± 4.0 kg/m2) and a control group (CG, n = 25, mean age = 75.9 ± 5.4 years; mean BMI = 32.9 ± 2.3 kg/m2). Participants in the IG were engaged in 60-min Total Mobility Plus Program (TMP) sessions three times a week for four months, while the CG maintained their typical daily activities. Standardized evaluations were conducted both before and after the intervention. These assessments included the Romberg and Timed Up and Go (TUG) tests, as well as the measurement of Center of Pressure (CoP) displacements parameters under various conditions. Additionally, ankle muscle activities were quantified during postural control evaluations and maximal voluntary contractions of plantar and dorsal flexors. Post-intervention results revealed a significant reduction of the standing time measured in the Romberg (−15.6%, p < 0.005) and TUG (−34.6%, p < 0.05) tests. Additionally, CoP area and velocity were notably reduced in various conditions (p < 0.05). Postural control improvements were associated with an increase of strength (p < 0.05) and decrease of ankle muscle activation (p < 0.05). These findings highlight the reversibility of neuromuscular system alterations associated with the synergistic effects of sarcopenia and obesity, emphasizing the trainability of postural control regulation within this population. By incorporating these insights into clinical practice and public health strategies, it seems possible to optimize the health and well-being of older adults with SO.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-27
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120192
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2795-2810: Trends in Suicidal Mortality and Motives
           among Working-Ages Individuals in Japan during 2007–2022

    • Authors: Ryusuke Matsumoto, Eishi Motomura, Toshiaki Onitsuka, Motohiro Okada
      First page: 2795
      Abstract: Suicides in Japan consistently decreased from 2009–2019, but increased during the COVID-19 pandemic. To identify causes of increasing suicides, age-dependent and temporal fluctuations of suicide mortality rate per 100,000 (SMRP) in working-age generations (20–59 years) disaggregated by suicidal motives (7-categories; 52-subcategories) and sex from 2007 to 2022, were analyzed by analysis of variance and joinpoint regression, respectively, using the government suicide database “Suicide Statistics”. The SMRP of 20–29 year-old males and 20–49 year-old females began to increase in the late 2010s. SMRPs of these high-risk groups for suicides caused by depression (the leading suicidal motive for all groups) began increasing in the late 2010s. Economic-related, employment-related, and romance-related problems contributed to the increasing SMRPs in 20–29 males in the late 2010s. Romance-related and family-related problems contributed to the increasing SMRPs of 20–29 females in the late 2010s. Increasing SMRPs caused by child-raising stress in 20–39 year-old females from the late 2010s was a remarkable finding. In contrast, SMRPs of 30–59 year-old males consistently decreased until 2021; however, in these groups, SMRPs for suicides caused by various motives sharply increased in 2022. The consistent increase in SMRPs of high-risk groups from the late 2010s to the pandemic suggest recent socioeconomic and psychosocial problems in Japan possibly contributed to the increasing SMRPs in these high-risk groups independently of pandemic-associated factors, whereas the SMRPs of males of 30–59 years were probably associated with the ending of the pandemic rather than pandemic-associated factors.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-27
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120193
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2811-2826: The Relation between Cognitive and
           Emotional Processes in Children and Adolescents with Neurodevelopmental
           Disorders—A Meta-Analysis

    • Authors: Cristina Costescu, Adrian Roșan, Carmen David, Lia Cozma, Andrada Calota
      First page: 2811
      Abstract: Background: Up to 80% of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have mental health issues—either emotional or behavioral problems. The underlying mechanisms are still unknown, even if emotional regulation (ER) is considered to play a major role in child and adolescent psychopathology. Several studies link the ability to regulate the intensity and quality of emotions with executive functioning. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between executive functions (EFs) and ER and affective problems in children with ASD. Methods: This meta-analysis is based on a literature search of peer-reviewed journals from the following databases: Scopus, ProQuest, Ebsco, Science Direct, Springer Link and Clarivate. We analyzed 15 studies that investigated the link between EF, ER or affective problems (APs) in children and adolescents with ASD aged between 2 and 18 y with ASD. To assess the effect size of the relationship between EF and ER, and EF and AP, 15 studies comprising 54 effect sizes were analyzed. Results: Our findings revealed a small effect size regarding the association between EF and ER, r = 0.331, p = 0.034, and a small effect size regarding the association between EF and AP, r = −0.213, p = 0.024. No significant moderators were found. The results are presented in regard to the two analyses developed, as well as a short review of the studies included in the meta-analysis. Conclusion: Even if there are several limitations of this study, especially considering the small number of studies included, the results suggest that it is worth considering EF as an underlying mechanism for the appearance of emotional or behavioral problems in children with ASD. These findings have important implications for the development of ASD intervention plans, as well as for increasing awareness among specialists about the importance of executive functions in school adjustment and social functioning.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120194
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2827-2840: Social Support and Its Impact on Job
           Satisfaction and Emotional Exhaustion

    • Authors: Pablo Garmendia, Samuel Fernández-Salinero, Ana Isabel Holgueras González, Gabriela Topa
      First page: 2827
      Abstract: Social support at work has demonstrated itself to be an important variable for predicting desirable outcomes and helping to buffer the effects of adverse events. The main objective of this research is to understand the impact of social support on job satisfaction on the one hand and emotional exhaustion on the other. Furthermore, in order to gain a deeper understanding of intricate organizational relationships, the mediating effects of work recovery experiences are taken into consideration. The sample was composed of 496 workers (41.5% men and 58.5% women). The mean age was 42 years (SD = 9.82). A cross-sectional design was used. The results, both direct (r = 0.43; R2 = 0.19; p < 0.001) and indirect (B = 0.04; SE = 0.02; 95% C.I. = 0.01, 0.09), of the model relating social support to job satisfaction were statistically significant. On the other hand, in the model that links social support to emotional exhaustion, we observed statistically significant direct (r = 0.26; R2 = 0.07; p < 0.001) and indirect effects (B = −0.05; SE = 0.02; 95% C.I. = −0.10, −0.01). Only the relaxation factor was a significant mediator of these variables. Implications, limitations, and future research recommendations are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120195
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2841-2852: Psychophysical and Social Functioning of
           Patients with Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease and Depression

    • Authors: Ivana Jelić, Goran Mihajlović, Miloš Ratinac, Katarina Mihajlović, Sara Mijailović, Ivan Čekerevac
      First page: 2841
      Abstract: The relationship between depression and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is not fully understood. The comorbidity rate ranges from 18 to 84%, and depression is closely related to chronic inflammation, which affects how patients and the people around them perceive their condition. This study aims to examine the relationship between the psychophysical and social functioning of COPD patients who have been diagnosed with depression and the therapeutic benefits of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). This prospective study enrolled primary care patients diagnosed with COPD and depression. The entire period of this research was 3 years. The research was conducted at the Primary Health Center, Kragujevac, Serbia, in 87 patients for 8 weeks. The Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) and Questionnaire for Quality of Life and Life Satisfaction Short Form (Q-LES-Q-SF) were used for psychiatric assessment. A positive correlation was found between the psychophysical and social functioning of the participants after 8 weeks of treatment with SSRIs. Based on the value of the phi correlation coefficient (phi = 0.5) obtained using the χ2 test, a large influence was observed in terms of life satisfaction and physical health (p < 0.05). In terms of physical functioning by gender, based on the value of the Pearson’s coefficient (r) obtained with the χ2 test, it was shown that physical functioning was superior in the female respondents (p < 0.05). Treatment was found to improve depression in COPD after 8 weeks of therapy.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120196
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2853-2862: Subjective Well-Being and Self-Assessed
           Health of Adolescents: A Longitudinal Cohort Study

    • Authors: Ivica Matić, Vera Musil
      First page: 2853
      Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the stability and predictors of subjective well-being and self-perceived health in adolescents over a two-year period, focusing on the importance of mental health in overall well-being. Methods: Participants in this longitudinal cohort study were surveyed at the ages of 15 (n = 441) and 17 (n = 354) through questionnaires. The data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistical methods. Hierarchical regression was employed to investigate significant predictors of subjective well-being. The subjective well-being and self-perceived health dimensions showed a consistent level of stability throughout the two-year period of secondary education. Additionally, there was a significant correlation between well-being at the beginning and end of this education period. Furthermore, self-perceived health dimensions, particularly general health, vitality, and mental health, were positively associated with well-being at the end of secondary education, highlighting their role in overall subjective well-being. The regression analysis revealed that self-perceived health factors, notably “General health” and “Mental health”, significantly predicted overall subjective well-being, enhancing the model’s explanatory power beyond gender and economic status. Nevertheless, baseline subjective well-being has the strongest predictive effect on final well-being. Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of psychological and health factors, particularly mental health, that affect the overall well-being of adolescents and emphasizes the need to focus on and improve these factors in order to improve subjective well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120197
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2863-2876: On the Construct of Functional
           Psychology’s Developmental Theory: Basic Experiences of the Self
           (BEsS)

    • Authors: Filippo Dipasquale, Marta Blandini, Raffaele Gueli, Paola Fecarotta, Paola Magnano
      First page: 2863
      Abstract: According to the neo-functional developmental theory, newborns and infants exhibit complex psycho-bodily functioning. The Basic Experiences of the Self (BEsS) refer to how they fulfil their essential life needs by organising their psycho-bodily functions in a typical configuration. As part of our research study, we developed a prototype psychometric tool called the BEsS Assessment Form (BAF) to assess the BEsS in infants aged zero to three years. We collected video recordings of their spontaneous behaviour and used the BAF to evaluate function polarity. In the BAF, thirty pairs of words represent functions in their dyadic polarity. To estimate the level of function polarity, we used the Osgood semantic differential scale, which ranges from seven to one. The study’s results confirm that functions can be assessed by grading along the opposite polarity spectrum. Moreover, in accordance with the theory, the functions can be grouped into four domains: the emotional, postural motor, physiological, and cognitive-symbolic planes. Our findings suggest that the characteristics of BEsS are significantly influenced by the activation of the physiological and postural motor functions, which are related to the early regulation of the autonomic nervous system and can be used to evaluate infant arousal.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-04
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120198
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2877-2890: The Relationship between Jealousy and
           Mate Retention Strategies in Romantic Relationships among Women during the
           COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Paulina Degiuli, Lea Andreis, Dario Vučenović
      First page: 2877
      Abstract: Jealousy and mate retention have received attention in research over the last few decades. Despite this, most of the research has examined male jealousy and male mate retention, emphasizing cost-inflicting behavior due to its role in relationships and domestic violence. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between jealousy and all mate retention strategies in romantic relationships among women during the COVID-19 pandemic. The sample consisted of 772 Croatian women aged 19 to 40 who were in a heterosexual relationship at the time. This study was conducted online, and the participants completed the Multidimensional Jealousy Scale and Mate Retention Inventory. The results showed that cognitive, emotional, and behavioral jealousy were positively correlated with all mate retention strategies, which indicates that a stronger experience of jealousy can be expected to result in more frequent use of all partner retention strategies. We also found that all three dimensions of jealousy and relationship length positively predicted both cost-inflicting and benefit-provisioning mate retention behavior, whereas age was a negative predictor of benefit-provisioning behavior only. The findings of this study suggest that, although jealousy can substantially explain interpersonally risky and damaging behavior in relationships, it can also explain affectionate and attentive behavior, to some extent.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120199
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2891-2903: Prevention of Work Absence Due to Back
           Pain: A Network Meta-Analysis

    • Authors: Kim-Ngan Thi Ta, Chyi-Huey Bai, Kai-Jen Chuang
      First page: 2891
      Abstract: This paper reviewed the most effective strategies for preventing work absence due to back pain (BP) and BP episodes (the number of people reporting back pain). We searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of prevention strategies for BP from previous meta-analyses, PubMed, CENTRAL, and Embase and conducted a network meta-analysis. Thirteen RCTs (2033 participants) were included. Low- to high-quality evidence showed that exercise combined with ergonomics, education, back belts, and education combined with ergonomics did not prevent sickness absenteeism or BP episodes. There was moderate-quality evidence that exercise, especially resistance exercise, was the best prevention strategy to reduce the number of people reporting absenteeism due to BP (risk ratio [RR] = 0.10; 95% CI: 0.01 to 0.69). Moderate-quality evidence suggested that resistance and stretching exercises combined with education was the best prevention strategy to reduce pain (RR = 0.80; 95% CI: 0.67 to 0.96) and the number of absenteeism days for BP (standardized mean difference [SMD] = −0.39; 95% CI: −0.77 to −0.02). In conclusion, exercise, especially resistance and stretching exercises, and exercise combined with education were ranked as the best interventions to prevent sickness absenteeism and BP episodes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-12-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13120200
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 12 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2299-2327: The Association between Nonsuicidal
           Self-Injury and Perfectionism in Adolescence: The Role of Mental Disorders
           

    • Authors: Dora Gyori, Bernadett Frida Farkas, Daniel Komaromy, Lili Olga Horvath, Nora Kollarovics, Peter Garas, Judit Balazs
      First page: 2299
      Abstract: Previous evidence has drawn attention to the fact that maladaptive perfectionism is a risk factor for engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI). Until now, few studies have examined this topic, especially among community adolescents. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between perfectionism dimensions and NSSI functions to examine the potential mediating effect of mental disorders. Altogether, 146 Hungarian community adolescents (ages 13–18 years) were involved. All participants completed the Hungarian adaptation of the Inventory of Statements about Self-Injury (ISAS), the Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (FMPS), and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview Kid. To analyse the interrelationships among NSSI, perfectionism, and mental disorders, we conducted regression and network analysis. Of the 146 adolescents, 90 (61.64%, girls: 71.11%) engaged in NSSI. The Concern over Mistakes and Doubts about Action scales of the FMPS significantly and positively predicted both NSSI intrapersonal and interpersonal motivation, with comparable effect sizes, and this association was fully mediated by anxiety disorders. There was a significant direct negative relationship between the FMPS Organisation dimension and both main NSSI functions. This study draws attention to an increasing trend and the extremely high NSSI prevalence rate among community adolescents. Adolescents with perfectionistic concerns are at heightened risk for anxiety disorders, which can increase their vulnerability to NSSI engagement.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110163
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2328-2341: Motivational Influences on Health,
           Well-Being, and Lifestyle: Validation of the Spanish Version of the
           Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire in Four Health Domains

    • Authors: Macarena De los Santos-Roig, Claudia Fusinato-Ponce, Manuel Fernández-Alcántara
      First page: 2328
      Abstract: Background: Motivation is a central concept in self-determination theory (SDT). The Treatment Self-Regulation Questionnaire (TSRQ), which assesses motivation (autonomous, controlled, etc.), has been widely used. However, less is known about its applicability to samples such as college students, who may be at risk of having unhealthy behavior in many areas (including smoking, poor dietary habits, alcohol, or tobacco consumption). As this population is transitioning to adulthood, research is needed to understand motivation and changing health patterns. In addition, the lack of instruments for this population in Spain has made the measurement validation process a priority. The purpose of this psychometric study was to adapt the TSRQ to Spanish college students and to examine its structural and validity across four health domains. Methods: Two samples of Spanish college students (n = 347 and n = 244) agreed to participate in the study. Participants completed a booklet containing measures of motivation, well-being, general health, anxiety, depression, and lifestyle. Results: CFA supported a five-dimensional structure in each domain. Reliability values were also adequate for each questionnaire. Regarding other sources of validity, statistically significant relationships between self-determination, health, and well-being were clearly confirmed, and autonomy was a significant predictor of lifestyle. Conclusions: The Spanish version of the TSRQ showed adequate psychometric properties (dimensionality and internal structure, reliability, and validity evidence regarding its relationships with other constructs) in college students. The Spanish TSRQ will provide future research aimed to understand the motivational role in college students’ health behavior and well-being.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110164
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2342-2357: Enhancing Physical and Psychosocial
           Health of Older Adults in Saudi Arabia through Walking: Comparison between
           Supervised Group-Based and Non-Supervised Individual-Based Walking

    • Authors: Palash Karmakar, Ming-Yu (Claudia) Wong, Mezna A. AlMarzooqi, Nouf Alghamdi, Kailing Ou, Yanping Duan, Ryan E. Rhodes, Chun-Qing Zhang
      First page: 2342
      Abstract: Walking is widely recognized as one of the most common and effective forms of physical activity, particularly for older adults. This study examined the comparative effects of two types of walking interventions, including supervised group-based intervention (SGBI) and non-supervised individual-based intervention (NSIBI), on frailty syndrome, cognitive functions or skills, and health-related quality of life among sedentary older Saudi individuals. A 15-week double-blinded, randomized controlled trial (RCT) including three groups (two were intervention groups while the other was the control group) was conducted among older adults who were inactive to examine the effect of different forms of walking interventions on frailty syndrome, cognitive functions, and health-related quality of life. A total of 107 participants, including 65 males and 42 females, were divided into three groups, which include SGBI, NSIBI, and the control group. Frailty syndrome was measured using the physical performance test (PPT), while cognitive function and health-related quality of life were assessed using the Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE) and the Short Form 36 (SF 36) health survey questionnaire. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) and one-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with the pre- and post-tests were performed for within- and between-group differences. while post-test data for the control group participants were absent due to the change in elderly center regulation, and they were excluded from the analysis. Hence, the comparison was stated only between the intervention groups. Both of the intervention groups (SGBI and NSIBI) showed significant within-subject differences in the Physical Function subscale of the health-related quality of life scale only, with F(1,20) = 23.03, p < 0.001, and F(1,18) = 27.22, p < 0.001, respectively. On the other hand, the Physical Performance Test revealed significant [F(2,51) = 9.21, p < 0.001] between-group differences in the post-test based on the baseline values. In addition, the average step count of older adults was increased from 4000 steps per session to around 7000 steps per session in the intervention group. The average heart rate of the NSIBI group did not show a visible change, and the resting heart rate of both groups showed a slightly declining trend throughout the intervention period. The walking intervention significantly increased participants’ physical function, which is a component of health-related quality of life and physical performance (frailty level), along with average daily step counts for older adults in Saudi Arabia. Regular engagement in the recommended level of walking is strongly advisable for Saudi Arabian older adults to maintain their overall quality of life at this stage.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110165
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2358-2372: The Influence of Sleep Disorders on
           Neurobiological Structures and Cognitive Processes in Pediatric Population
           with ASD and Epilepsy: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Miguel López-Zamora, Alejandro Cano-Villagrasa, Antonio Cortés-Ramos, Nadia Porcar-Gozalbo
      First page: 2358
      Abstract: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and epilepsy are increasingly prevalent comorbidities in our society. These two disorders are often accompanied by other comorbidities, such as sleep disorders, significantly impacting the quality of life of individuals with ASD and epilepsy. To date, clinical approaches have primarily been descriptive in nature. Therefore, this study aimed to analyze the relationship between ASD, epilepsy, and sleep disorders, exploring neurobiological dysfunctions and cognitive alterations. A total of 22 scientific articles were selected using a systematic literature review following the criteria established using the PRISMA model. The selected articles were gathered from major databases: Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO, Google Scholar, and Web of Science. Inclusion criteria specified that study participants had an official diagnosis of ASD, the article precisely described the evaluation parameters used in the study participants, and individual characteristics of the sleep disorders of the study participants were specified. The results indicate, firstly, that the primary cause of sleep disorders in this population is directly linked to abnormal serotonin behaviors. Secondly, significant alterations in memory, attention, and hyperactivity were observed. In conclusion, sleep disorders negatively impact the quality of life and neurocognitive development of the pediatric population with ASD and epilepsy.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-27
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110166
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2373-2387: A Moderated Mediation Model of the
           Influence of Cynical Distrust, Medical Mistrust, and Anger on Vaccination
           Hesitancy in Nursing Staff

    • Authors: Athanasios Tselebis, Christos Sikaras, Charalampos Milionis, Eleni Paraskevi Sideri, Konstantinos Fytsilis, Styliani Maria Papageorgiou, Ioannis Ilias, Argyro Pachi
      First page: 2373
      Abstract: During the pandemic, nurses experienced anger that stemmed from a sense of threat, frustration, or even a sense of injustice. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between vaccination hesitancy, anger, cynicism, and medical mistrust among nurses, as there are no relevant studies in the literature. This study was conducted online by completing self-report questionnaires. The Dimensions of Anger Reactions-5, the 8-item “Cynical Distrust” scale, and the Medical Mistrust Multiformat Scale were used. For vaccination hesitancy, two questions with a 5-point scale were used: one question examining hesitancy to get vaccinated with the COVID-19 vaccine, and another question examining hesitancy to get vaccinated with the influenza vaccine. In total, 387 nurses (66 men and 321 women) participated in this study. Nurses showed statistically greater hesitancy toward the COVID-19 vaccine compared to hesitancy toward the influenza vaccine. The variation in vaccine hesitancy was explained by the scores in the Medical Mistrust Multiformat Scale, the Dimensions of Anger Reactions, and the Cynical Distrust Scale. The Medical Mistrust Multiformat Scale mediated the relationship between the Cynical Distrust Scale and total vaccine hesitancy. The Dimensions of Anger Reactions Scale significantly moderated the indirect effect of the Cynical Distrust Scale on total vaccine hesitancy through the Medical Mistrust Multiformat Scale. In conclusion, it is highly likely that anger is involved in reported vaccine hesitancy both by activating schemas of distrust in others and by adopting anti-systemic views of mistrust in the medical system.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-29
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110167
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2388-2398: Developing a Healthcare and Medical
           School at King Faisal University: Implications for Educational Performance
           and Cost-Effectiveness

    • Authors: Ali Almomin, Abu Elnasr E. Sobaih
      First page: 2388
      Abstract: This research explored the potential of developing a university healthcare and medical school within King Faisal University, Saudi Arabia, by merging four medical and/or healthcare colleges within the institution into a medical school. The objective of a medical school is to produce professionals who are capable of performing the most fundamental tasks in healthcare and medicine up to the expectations of the market. This research explored various case studies involving mergers, their importance, and how they were conducted to inform this research study. This study adopted a qualitative research approach to collect data from healthcare and medical colleges’ senior management, including deans, vice-deans, as well as heads of departments. The results showed several benefits of mergers, although some challenges were also raised. Culture, which some interviewees identified as change-resistant and risk-averse, was recognised as a key challenge for implementing mergers. Additionally, the need for generating funds for the merger projects was identified as a challenge at the start of the initiatives. Furthermore, compliance with regulations and laws at a public university is another challenge. This study identified the need for a strategic framework that builds on stakeholders’ involvement and proper communication and addresses the proposals’ repercussions. Some implications for educational performance and cost effectiveness were highlighted.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110168
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2399-2409: Fear of COVID-19, Perceived Stress, and
           PTSD: The Serial Mediating Role of Sense of Coherence

    • Authors: Anita Padmanabhanunni, Tyrone Brian Pretorius
      First page: 2399
      Abstract: The literature has identified that a sense of coherence plays a protective role in the relationship between adverse events and mental health. The current study examines the role of a sense of coherence (SOC) in the relationship between fear of COVID-19, perceived stress, and dimensions of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Participants (n = 322) were students at a metropolitan university in South Africa who completed the Fear of COVID-19 Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, the 13-item Sense of Coherence Scale, and the PTSD Checklist. Path analysis was used to conduct a serial mediation analysis. The results show that SOC mediates the relationship between perceived stress and the dimensions of PTSD but does not mediate the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and PTSD. Furthermore, the relationship between fear of COVID-19 and dimensions of PTSD was mediated by serial perceived stress and sense of coherence, supporting the hypothesis that higher levels of fear of COVID-19 leads to higher levels of perceived stress. However, while high levels of fear of COVID-19 increase perceived stress, SOC significantly mediates the subsequent impact on PTSD symptoms.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-31
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110169
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2410-2427: The 5Cs of Positive Youth Development
           and Risk Behaviors in a Sample of Spanish Emerging Adults: A Partial
           Mediation Analysis of Gender Differences

    • Authors: Diego Gomez-Baya, Antonio David Martin-Barrado, Maria Muñoz-Parralo, Myunghoon Roh, Francisco Jose Garcia-Moro, Ramon Mendoza-Berjano
      First page: 2410
      Abstract: Positive Youth Development (PYD) emerged as a holistic and strength-based perspective that focuses on the fact that young people may have the internal and external resources for healthy and successful development through five dimensions (5Cs) that empower them: Perceived Competence, Confidence, Character, Connection, and Caring. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the overall PYD factor, the 5Cs, and risk behaviors, in addition to analyzing gender differences. This study showed the results of a cross-sectional study of 1044 emerging adults from 11 Spanish universities in 2021. Data collection was performed by applying an online self-report measure. The results showed that the Character was protective against substance abuse, mainly in women, while the connection was related to the participation of betting money and online betting in men. Caring was protective against money bets in the men’s sample. However, controversial results were found regarding Perceived competence, which had a positive association with substance abuse, money bets, and drunk driving. It seems that high levels of Perceived competence, rather than objective competence, were associated with engagement in various risk behaviors. Concerning gender differences, men showed more risky behaviors than women. A partial mediation model pointed out that lower character and higher perceived competence in men partly explained the higher presence of risky behavior compared to women. These results underline the need to promote PYD within the university context to prevent risky behaviors by addressing gender differences and the separate role of the 5Cs.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-01
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110170
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2428-2459: Keeping Things Positive: Affect as a
           Mediator between Physical Activity and Psychological Functioning

    • Authors: Aliakbar Foroughi, Nils T. Henschel, Hassan Shahi, Scott S. Hall, Lawrence S. Meyers, Kheirollah Sadeghi, Aliakbar Parvizifard, Klaus Boehnke, Serge Brand
      First page: 2428
      Abstract: Higher physical activity is generally associated with more favorable psychological functioning. However, the role of positive and negative affect in such associations is unclear. Accordingly, this cross-sectional study explored whether affect mediated the relationship of physical activity with psychological well-being (PWB) and psychological dysfunctioning (PD). Young Iranian adults (N = 200) completed self-rating questionnaires covering physical activity, positive and negative affect, and proxies of PWB and PD. Regression analyses indicated that higher physical activity levels and higher positive and lower negative affect predicted proxies of PWB. The same (albeit in the opposite direction) applied to proxies of PD. Structural equation modeling indicated that positive and negative affect mediated the relationship between physical activity and PWB/PD. Accordingly, change in affect might be an important mechanism behind the association of physical activity and PWB/PD. Future research should further explore this across target populations and cultural contexts. Longitudinal and/or experimental studies are needed to disentangle causality.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110171
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2460-2477: Does Equine Interaction Facilitate
           Emotional Safety and Learning for College Students within an
           Agricultural-Based Classroom'

    • Authors: Katie Holtcamp, Molly C. Nicodemus, Tommy Phillips, David Christiansen, Brian J. Rude, Peter L. Ryan, Karen Galarneau
      First page: 2460
      Abstract: Effective teaching requires an educational environment that promotes learning, and yet, developing such an environment can be challenging within today’s agricultural-based classroom for educators due to the trend to a more virtual teaching format and less hands-on learning. Animal interaction, particularly equine activities, has been shown to assist educators in the development of an emotionally safe environment for promoting learning. However, research is lacking as to whether the interaction with the animal needs to be direct or indirect within the collegiate educational environment to observe benefits. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the impact of equine interaction, both direct and indirect, within an educational environment on the emotional safety and learning for the college student within the agricultural-based classroom. Three course types were observed within the agricultural-based educational environment that included courses with no equine interaction (Group A) and courses with equine interaction, both direct (Group B) and indirect (Group C) interaction with the horse. Indirect interaction included items such as observation of equine handling via a video or gaining knowledge from reading online materials, but not engaging in direct, hands-on activities with the horse. Development of emotional safety within the students enrolled within these courses was measured using a self-reporting emotional safety evaluation. Due to the structure of the scale, a decrease in emotional safety indicated a positive change. Learning, both development of semantic and procedural memory, was measured using a student-completed knowledge examination and an instructor-completed skill evaluation, respectively. While significant improvement in emotional safety was not observed within any of the course types, a weak negative correlation was found between emotional safety and semantic memory for students enrolled in equine courses, both direct (R = −0.55, R2 = 0.28) and indirect (R = −0.25, R2 = 0.06) interaction, finding as emotional safety scores lowered to the ideal range that knowledge improved. In addition, students within equine courses showed semantic memory development in specific areas of equine sciences (Group B: Grooming/Tacking, p = 0.03; Group C: Equine Behavior, p = 0.04) and direct equine interaction resulted in development of equine-based procedural memory in all four skill areas measured within the study (p = 0.00). As such, learning is promoted through equine interaction, whether direct or indirect interaction, within the agricultural-based classroom, suggesting that both forms of equine interaction can be a valuable educational tool for the instructor within the collegiate setting.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110172
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2478-2497: Definition and Criteria for the
           Assessment of Expertise in Psychotherapy: Development of the Psychotherapy
           Expertise Questionnaire (PEQ)

    • Authors: Alessio Gori, Eleonora Topino, Marco Cacioppo, Adriano Schimmenti, Vincenzo Caretti
      First page: 2478
      Abstract: Therapist expertise is a complex, multifaceted, and continually evolving concept. Defining this construct and its constituent components can yield a substantial contribution to the field of psychotherapy, consequently enhancing the comprehension of the fundamental factors that underlie its effectiveness. Within this framework, the present research aimed at developing and assessing the psychometric properties of the Psychotherapy Expertise Questionnaire (PEQ), a self-report measure to assess therapist expertise. A sample of 260 psychotherapists of various theoretical orientations were involved in this research. They completed a survey that included the PEQ as well as other self-reported measures aimed at evaluating personality traits, self-efficacy, self-esteem, and insight orientation. The analysis provided evidence of a good fit for both a correlational model with eight factors and a higher-order model, where the eight subdimensions were grouped into subjective (performance; cognitive functioning; personal and relational qualities of the therapist; therapist self-assessment) and objective (experience; reputation with clients and colleagues; training and professional updating; deontological ethics and setting rules) factors. The eight dimensions, two higher-order factors, and total score all showed excellent levels of internal consistency. Furthermore, significant associations were found between PEQ scores and insight orientation, general self-efficacy, self-esteem, personality traits, and time exercising clinical practice. To conclude, the Psychotherapy Expertise Questionnaire (PEQ) is a valuable, theoretically guided, and psychometrically robust self-report measure designed to assess therapist expertise and its constitutive dimensions. This measure can have practical applications in guiding tailored training and customised supervision.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-02
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110173
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2498-2515: Antecedents and Mediators of Academic
           Satisfaction in Virtual Vocational Training

    • Authors: José María Figueredo, María del Mar Molero-Jurado, María Francisca Vico-Sánchez, Salvador Hilario Alonso-Delgado, José Javier Rosales-Jiménez, María Concepción Torres-Rojas, Amparo Zorrilla-Lozano, María José Segura-Morillas, María del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes
      First page: 2498
      Abstract: At a time when distance vocational training is on the rise, it seems logical to investigate the variables that can affect the quality of such teaching. The usability of the virtual environment, as well as the behaviour and disposition of the teaching staff, emerge as key factors that influence burnout, engagement, and academic satisfaction. Using a cross-sectional sample of 208 distance vocational training students, the mediating role of burnout and academic engagement in the relationships established between the usability of the virtual environment, teacher support, and academic satisfaction was analysed. On the other hand, multiple regression analyses were carried out in order to investigate the relationships between the challenges and obstacles faced by distance vocational training students and their level of burnout or engagement. Our results confirm the mediating role of academic burnout and engagement in students’ academic satisfaction. Regression analyses suggest that the obstacles faced by distance vocational education and training (D-VET) students influence their level of academic burnout or engagement. Our findings are consistent with the current understanding of the role that certain variables play in the well-being of students and which, in turn, influence the quality of teaching.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110174
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2516-2528: Evaluation of Quality of Life and
           Emotional Disturbances in Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy

    • Authors: George Saitakis, Dimitrios Roukas, Erifili Hatziagelaki, Vasiliki Efstathiou, Panagiotis Theodossiadis, Emmanouil Rizos
      First page: 2516
      Abstract: Diabetes has detrimental effects on many organs, including the kidneys, heart, and the central nervous system, with ophthalmic involvement and Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), specifically, being among the most severe and prominent consequences. Diabetic Retinopathy and especially advanced stages of the disease, have a crucial impact on patients’ quality of life and emotional status. In this context, emotional imbalance, psychological side effects and comorbidities, like anxiety disorders, could emerge, deteriorating the patients’ condition further. A number of questionnaires can be employed in the evaluation of the potential impact of Diabetic Retinopathy on patients’ quality of life, including the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and The National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire-25 (NEI VFQ-25). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the association of Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema with vision-related quality of life, as well as the potential association between the disease’s severity, emotional status of patients and the manifestation of anxiety and psychological features. Results: Patients with fundoscopic findings had significantly lower scores in all VFQ-25 subscales, indicating worse quality of life in comparison to patients without DR. Severity of DR, greater levels of anxiety, daily sitting time, unemployment and lower education level, were all found to be significantly, negatively associated with a worse quality of life. Regarding emotional status, more years of suffering from diabetes, treatment with insulin and the hours being idle per day were associated with an increased burden of anxiety. In addition, the presence of a concomitant disease, findings in fundoscopy, diabetic macular edema and treatment with anti-VEFG injections, as well as the number of doses, were significantly associated with greater anxiety. Multivariate analysis showed that having Severe Non-Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy or having Proliferative Diabetic Retinopathy and receiving insulin therapy (alone or in combination with another treatment), were significantly associated with higher levels of anxiety. Conclusion: The well-established impact of DR on the patients’ well-being, quality of life and emotional status render DR and CME prevention, stabilization or delaying progression as a necessity in order to protect patients from developing psychiatric symptoms. On the other hand, the speculated bi-directional association between emotional problems and DR progression highlights the importance of acknowledging and dealing with psychological issues with the aim of delaying DR progression.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110175
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2529-2545: Physical Exercise Methods and Their
           Effects on Glycemic Control and Body Composition in Adults with Type 2
           Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM): A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Bastián Parada Flores, Pablo Luna-Villouta, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Jorge Flández Valderrama, Luis Valenzuela Contreras, Carol Flores-Rivera, Rodrigo Vargas-Vitoria
      First page: 2529
      Abstract: The prevalence of T2DM represents a challenge for health agencies due to its high risk of morbidity and mortality. Physical Activity (PA) is one of the fundamental pillars for the treatment of T2DM, so Physical Exercise (PE) programs have been applied to research their effectiveness. The objective of the study was to analyze the effects of PE methods on glycemic control and body composition of adults with T2DM. A systematic review without meta-analysis was performed, using the PubMed database. Quasi-experimental and pure experimental clinical trials were included, which were available free of charge and were published during 2010–2020. In the results, 589 articles were found and 25 passed the inclusion criteria. These were classified and analyzed according to the methods identified (AE, IE, RE, COM, and others), duration and variable(s) studied. It is concluded that PE is effective for glycemic control and body composition in adults with T2DM using different methods (AE, IE, RE, COM, and others), both in the short and long term. Adequate organization of PE components such as frequency, duration, volume, and intensity, is essential.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-05
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110176
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2546-2560: Assessment and Psychometric Properties
           of the 21-Item Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21) among Portuguese
           Higher Education Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Carlos Laranjeira, Ana Querido, Pedro Sousa, Maria Anjos Dixe
      First page: 2546
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused substantial disruptions in the lives of higher education students, with detrimental repercussions for academic performance and overall mental health. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress symptoms among Portuguese higher education students during the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic and investigate DASS-21’s psychometric characteristics and whether it functions effectively during a pandemic. A convenience sampling procedure was used to recruit 1522 participants (75.1% women and 79.2% undergraduate students) for this cross-sectional research. Participants completed an e-survey created using DASS-21. The results revealed a considerable prevalence of symptoms of depression [≥10] (N = 434, 28.5%), anxiety [≥7] (N = 551, 36.2%), and stress [≥11] (N = 544, 35.7%). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) revealed the scale’s three-factor structure, which matched the three DASS-21 subscales. Subsequently, the heterotrait–monotrait (HTMT) correlation ratio evaluated the scale’s discriminant validity, which was relatively good. Cronbach’s alpha measured the internal consistency of the DASS subscales, which was excellent (Cronbach’s α > 0.90). DASS-21 was shown to be a reliable and appropriate measure for assessing students’ mental health. Furthermore, DASS-21 is recommended for use by academics and healthcare professionals in measuring students’ psychological distress. Further validation studies of this scale are needed with larger and more representative samples.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110177
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2561-2573: “I RUN CLEAN
           Project”—An Innovative and Self-Sustainable Approach to
           Develop Clean Sport Behaviours in Grassroots Athletes

    • Authors: Roberto Codella, Fabio Lucidi, Fabio Alivernini, Tommaso Palombi, Bill Glad, Jean Gracia, Daniel Gotti, Antonio La Torre, Andrea Chirico
      First page: 2561
      Abstract: The phenomenon of doping is a public health issue that poses threats to sport and society. In recent decades, the emphasis on efforts to address the issue and reduce the incidence of doping by young people in sport has shifted from deterrence through testing and punishment to the promotion of clean sport behaviours through values-based education. The “I Run Clean project” sought to develop new and effective tools targeting grassroots athletes and those around them (coaches, medical support personnel, sport leaders, parents). These included sport-specific e-learning and in-person peer-to-peer workshops led by trained volunteer ambassadors. The aim of all “I Run Clean” measures is to go beyond the warnings and provision of factual information about early anti-doping campaigns to a more holistic educational approach that focuses participants on their personal and sport-related values in order to encourage good decision-making and resistance to doping-related behaviours. This study evaluates the efficacy of the peer-to-peer workshops and their impact on selected psycho-social variables. The collaboration of the volunteer ambassadors is shown to effectively transmit the desired reasoning, reduce doping risk factors and enhance protective factors.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110178
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2574-2582: (No) Effects of a Self-Kindness
           Intervention on Self-Esteem and Visual Self-Perception: An Eye-Tracking
           Investigation on the Time-Course of Self-Face Viewing

    • Authors: Jonas Potthoff, Anne Schienle
      First page: 2574
      Abstract: Previous research has suggested a favorable impact of self-kindness on subjective well-being. The present experiment investigated the effects of an app-assisted self-kindness intervention for increasing self-esteem and self-face gaze, and for decreasing depression. We explored self-face processing via a time-course analysis of eye-tracking data. Eighty participants (56 female, 24 male; mean age: 23.2 years) were randomly allocated to one of two intervention groups, each receiving daily instructions to enhance either self-kindness or relaxation (active control). Following a one-week intervention period, both groups reported improved self-esteem (p = .035, ηpart2 = .068) and reduced depression (p < .001, ηpart2 = .17). The duration of self-face gaze increased in both groups (p < .001, ηpart2 = .21). Self-face processing was characterized by an early automatic attention bias toward the self-face, with a subsequent reduction in self-face bias, followed in turn by an attentional self-face reapproach, and then a stable self-face bias. We thus identified a complex temporal pattern of self-face inspection, which was not specifically altered by the intervention. This research sheds light on the potential for app-assisted interventions to positively impact psychological well-being, while also highlighting the complexity of self-face processing dynamics in this context. In the future, we propose the inclusion of personalized self-kindness statements, which may amplify the benefits of these interventions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110179
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2583-2598: The Evolution of Psychological Distress
           Levels in University Students in Spain during Different Stages of the
           COVID-19 Pandemic: Risk and Protective Factors

    • Authors: María Pilar Matud, Jesús Zueco, Maria José Del Pino-Espejo, Demelsa Fortes, María Ángeles Beleña, Cristina Santos, Amelia Díaz
      First page: 2583
      Abstract: The present study assesses the evolution of stressful events and psychological distress in male and female students over three different time periods of the COVID-19 pandemic in Spain: the initial “lockdown”, with no face-to-face teaching; the “new normality” period, when classes were resumed; and two years after the first wave of the pandemic. The participants were 1200 Spanish university students who were assessed for psychological distress, COVID-19-associated stressful events, social support, and self-esteem. Female students reported more stressful events and higher levels of psychological distress than male students during the “lockdown” and “new normality” time periods of the first wave of the pandemic. However, these differences disappeared in the third period tested, two years after the first wave of the pandemic, with female and male students showing no differences in psychological distress or in the number of stressful events. The main risk predictors of psychological distress during the first wave of the pandemic were lower self-esteem and having suffered a high number of stressful events. The last variable, number of stressful events associated with COVID-19, lost most its effect two years later, when only self-esteem presented a strong and highly significant predictive role.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110180
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2599-2614: Drivers and Consequences of ChatGPT Use
           in Higher Education: Key Stakeholder Perspectives

    • Authors: Ahmed M. Hasanein, Abu Elnasr E. Sobaih
      First page: 2599
      Abstract: The incorporation of artificial intelligence (AI) into education has heralded a transformative era in the way students learn and faculties teach. Among the burgeoning array of AI tools, ChatGPT stands out as a versatile and powerful resource. Developed by OpenAI, ChatGPT is an AI-driven conversational model that generates human-like responses. This research draws on the Constructivism Learning Theory to uncover the key drivers pushing higher education students to use ChatGPT for academic purposes, and the multifaceted consequences it brings to the academic environment, by integrating the perspectives of key stakeholders: students, faculty, and education experts/leaders. The key findings of in-depth, face-to-face, interviews with key stakeholders revealed 12 main drivers that motivate students and their faculty to use ChatGPT mainly for learning purposes. However, the findings identified the multifaceted (six positive and another six negative) consequences of using ChatGPT for academic purposes. Recommendations for mitigating the negative consequences of ChatGPT were discussed with key stakeholders, particularly education experts/leaders, who were more concerned about using ChatGPT for academic reasons. The research reveals that higher education institutions should establish clear guidelines as a part of higher education policy, supplemented with training sessions for students and their faculty, about the responsible use of ChatGPT for academic purposes to mitigate any ethical concerns.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110181
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2615-2629: The Perth Empathy Scale: Psychometric
           Properties of the Polish Version and Its Mental Health Correlates

    • Authors: Paweł Larionow, David A. Preece
      First page: 2615
      Abstract: The Perth Empathy Scale (PES) is a 20-item self-report questionnaire that assesses people’s ability to recognize emotions in others (i.e., cognitive empathy) and vicariously experience other’s emotions (i.e., affective empathy), across positive and negative emotions. Originally developed in English, the aim of our study was to introduce the first Polish version of the PES and test its psychometric performance. Our sample was 318 people (184 females, 134 males) with ages ranging from 18 to 77. The factor structure was verified with confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was tested in terms of internal consistency and test–retest reliability. To explore convergent, divergent, and discriminant validity, we examined relationships between the PES and measures of depression, anxiety, and emotional intelligence. It was shown that the scale was characterized by the intended four factor solution, thus supporting factorial validity. The internal consistency reliability was also good and test–retest reliability was moderate. The convergent, divergent, and discriminant validity were strong. The clinical importance of assessing affective empathy across both positive and negative emotions was supported. Overall, our results therefore suggest that the Polish version of the PES has strong psychometric performance and clinical relevance as a measure of the multidimensional empathy construct.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110182
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2630-2641: “I Am on Top!”: An
           Interactive Intervention Program to Promote Self-Regulation Processes in
           the Prevention of the Use of Doping in Sports High Schools

    • Authors: Federica Galli, Andrea Chirico, Roberto Codella, Thomas Zandonai, Vindice Deplano, Alessandra De Maria, Tommaso Palombi, Daniel Gotti, Fabio Alivernini, Luca Mallia, Arnaldo Zelli, Fabio Lucidi
      First page: 2630
      Abstract: The use of substances to improve sports performance is a widespread phenomenon among adolescents. Several anti-doping programs have been developed, mainly based on knowledge-based evidence. The main aim of the present study was to implement an anti-doping intervention in sports high school students, based on a psychological framework, such as Socio-Cognitive Theory, through the development of a Serious Game (SG), i.e., digital learning based on the game. The experimental design included an intervention group (n = 167; F = 37.7%; Meanage = 17.5 years; SD = 0.58) and a control group (n = 112; F = 42%; Meanage = 17.6; SD = 1). Both of the groups completed the same questionnaire on two different occasions (i.e., time 1 and time 2) for measuring doping intention, self-regulatory efficacy to resist social pressure for the use of substances, moral disengagement, and doping knowledge. Data were analyzed through repeated measures of Group X Time ANOVA, demonstrating some degree of efficacy of the intervention, in particular in terms of the decrease in doping intention and the strengthening of doping knowledge. Moreover, the study demonstrated that the score obtained during the implementation of the SG could partially represent a coherent measure of the participants’ beliefs regarding doping. These results could be considered a starting point for future research to better develop technological anti-doping interventions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110183
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2642-2680: Cognitive Empathy and the Dark Triad: A
           Literature Review

    • Authors: Mirko Duradoni, Mustafa Can Gursesli, Maria Fiorenza, Alessia Donati, Andrea Guazzini
      First page: 2642
      Abstract: This literature review aims to analyze studies published by researchers on the topic of the relationship between the psychological constructs of the Dark Triad and Cognitive Empathy. This study hypothesizes how having good cognitive empathic skills could benefit people who demonstrate Dark Triad traits, as this could facilitate the implementation of manipulative strategies. Through the process of identifying studies via databases and registers, 23 studies were included in this literature review, and the results and theories brought forward by the researchers find more agreement regarding the individual components of the Dark Triad than the whole construct: narcissism seems to have, for the most part, relatively small and typical positive correlations (more than 50% of correlations), Machiavellianism has relatively small and typical negative relationships (about 80% of correlations), and psychopathy has relatively large negative relationships (about 90% of correlations). This study conveys that Machiavellians and psychopaths, having reduced empathic abilities, use manipulation techniques that do not have to do with empathy (for example seduction, intimidation etc.), while narcissists would be, among these three dimensions, those most likely to understand others’ states of mind and thus be able to use this knowledge to their advantage—although there are doubts about the veracity of the statements and answers given by narcissists in the tests administered to them. This literature review could be a valid aid to professionals dealing with people who exhibit Dark Triad traits; understanding how those exhibiting Dark Triad traits manage their empathic abilities, the areas in which the various dimensions show deficits or not, and how they act to implement their manipulative and controlling tactics could aid in the development of more effective helping strategies to be utilized in therapy settings.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110184
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2681-2696: Evaluation of Linguistics
           Students’ Learning Outcomes in Peer Teaching Courses: The Effect of
           Altruistic and Egoistic Behaviors

    • Authors: Natalia Anosova, Aleksandra Dashkina, Aleksandra Kobicheva, Ekaterina Shostak, Dmitriy Tarkhov
      First page: 2681
      Abstract: In the current study, we evaluated the students’ foreign language lexical and grammatical skills in the course based on the peer teaching methodology and analyzed the effect of their altruistic and egoistic behaviors on learning results. This experiment was conducted in a groups of senior students majoring in linguistics. The total number of participants accounted for 197 students (101 students in reference groups and 96 in exposure groups); the difference between the reference and exposure groups was that the undergraduates in the latter were to prepare a fragment of a lesson, create exercises, and act in the capacity of a teacher during the course. To evaluate students’ foreign language lexical and grammatical skills, the diagnostic test was conducted at the beginning and at the end of the experiment. Apart from comparing the diagnostic and final tests, we also circulated a questionnaire which checked the students’ egoistic and altruistic tendencies. The data appeared to be quite noisy; therefore, we processed them with a tool which proves effective when it comes to solving such problems, i.e., neural networks. According to the results on learning outcomes, students improved their English proficiency in the exposure groups to a greater extent than in the reference groups. At the same time, the results of the psychological tests revealed that the higher the students’ training level, the less altruistic they are. Also, it was detected that the more altruistic learners’ progress in outcomes was higher than those of the more selfish students, regardless of the way in which the learning process was organized. Moreover, the statistical data proved the efficiency of the peer teaching methodology for students’ majoring in linguistics, despite their psychological characteristics.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110185
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2697-2708: Professional Values and Self-Reported
           Clinical Competence of Acute Care Nurses in Saudi Arabia: A
           Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: Abdualrahman S. Ashehry, Ergie P. Inocian, Homood A. Alharbi, Naif H. Alanazi, Norisk M. Adalin, Rene P. Carsula, Regie B. Tumala
      First page: 2697
      Abstract: Background: Professional values are the foundation of nursing practice. Current research evidence on the influence of professional values on clinical competence among acute care nurses in the clinical area is lacking. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the professional values and self-reported clinical competence among acute care nurses. Methods: This quantitative study used a cross-sectional, correlational design. A convenience sample of 403 nurses was recruited to answer the survey utilizing the Nurses Professional Values Scale-3 and the Nurse Competence Scale. The Pearson correlation coefficient was computed to test the relationship between study variables, and a stepwise multiple regression analysis was then performed to investigate the predictors of nurses’ professional values and clinical competence. Results: The professional value of “caring” received the highest mean score, followed by “professionalism”, while the factor “activism” was rated the lowest. Education was a significant predictor of all three factors of professional values. For clinical competence, “managing situations” was rated as the highest dimension, while “ensuring quality” was rated as the lowest. Moderate positive correlations were revealed between the three factors of professional values and all dimensions of nurses’ clinical competence. Area of practice and “activism” were the only significant predictors of the nurses’ clinical competence. Conclusions: Nurses perceived all three factors of professional values with high importance in influencing their clinical competence. These findings can contribute to the development of educational interventions to improve and sustain professional values and clinical competence among acute care nurses.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110186
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2709-2723: The Impact of Wearing Different Face
           Masks on Vigorous Physical Exercise Performance and Perceived Exertion
           among COVID-19 Infected vs. Uninfected Female Students

    • Authors: Nourhen Mezghani, Achraf Ammar, Omar Boukhris, Liwa Masmoudi, Mohamed Ali Boujelbane, Rayda Ben Ayed, Turki Mohsen Alzahrani, Atyh Hadadi, Rihab Abid, Ibrahim Ouergui, Jordan M. Glenn, Khaled Trabelsi, Hamdi Chtourou
      First page: 2709
      Abstract: Under certain circumstances, masks are an effective and immediate solution to reduce the spread of viral infection. However, the impact of masks on the ability to perform vigorous exercise remains an area of concern. Primarily, this impact has been explored in healthy subjects, yielding contradictory findings, and little is known of it among COVID-19-infected individuals. This study examined the effects of surgical masks, N-95 masks, and unmasked conditions on the performance and perceived exertion (RPE) of infected vs. non-infected young women during high-intensity, repeated sprint exercise (5mSRT). Following a familiarization session, eighty-three (42 COVID-19-previously infected (PIG) and 43 non-infected (NIG)), female participants (age 20.02 ± 1.05 years, BMI 21.07 ± 2.1 kg/m2) were randomly assigned to one of three mask conditions: unmasked, surgical mask, or N95 mask. All participants attended three test sessions (i.e., one session for each mask condition) at least one week apart. At the beginning of each test session, data related to participants’ physical activity (PA) and sleep behaviours during the previous week were collected. In each test session, participants performed the 5mSRT, during which performance indicators (best distance (BD), total distance (TD), fatigue index (FI) and percentage decrement (PD)) were collected, along with RPE. ANOVA indicated no significant main effects of Groups and Masks, and no significant interaction for Groups × Masks for BD, FI, PD, RPE and most sleep and PA behaviours (p > 0.05). For TD, the Groups × Mask interaction was significant (p = 0.031 and ƞp2 = 0.042). Posthoc analysis revealed, in the unmasked condition, there was no difference in TD between PIG and NIG (p > 0.05). However, when wearing a surgical mask, PIG covered lower TD compared to NIG (p < 0.05). Additionally, different types of masks did not affect TD in NIG, while PIG performed the worst using the surgical mask (p < 0.05). These results suggest post-COVID-19 individuals can maintain physical fitness through regular exercise (i.e., sport science curricula) in unmasked conditions, but not when wearing a surgical mask. Furthermore, the impact of different types of face masks on physical performance seems to be minimal, particularly in uninfected populations; future research is warranted to further explore this impact in post-COVID conditions.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110187
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2724-2735: Development and Initial Validation of
           the Russian Version of the RAADS-14: A Self-Report Questionnaire to Assess
           Autistic Traits

    • Authors: Ivan V. Skorokhodov, Ksenia P. Radygina, Elena Y. Skorokhodova, Svetlana P. Firsova, Galina V. Portnova, Anton A. Varlamov
      First page: 2724
      Abstract: Autism is a relatively common neurodevelopmental condition that affects social communication and behavior, affecting the overall quality of life. The prevalence of autism is constantly increasing, but timely diagnosis allows for effective treatment. The aim of our research was to construct a Russian version of the RAADS-14, a brief self-report questionnaire originally designed for autism screening, and to perform its initial validation to provide a reference point in developing autism self-assessment tools for the Russian-speaking population. Psychometric properties of the RAADS-14 Rus were evaluated on a sample of 1724 participants, including a general sample of non-psychiatric young adults (n = 794) and adults with clinically established ASD (n = 49); a brief Russian inventory assessing Big Five personality traits (FFQ) was administered to a part of the sample (n = 364) to provide the first assessment of criterion validity. Confirmatory factor analysis of the RAADS-14 Rus confirmed the factor structure of the original Swedish version yielding acceptable fit indices. The discriminating properties were substantially worse than in the original study. The correlations between the RAADS-14 Rus domain scores and the Big Five factors were similar to previously obtained findings. Overall, the results suggest that the RAADS-14 Rus can be used as a screening tool for ASD in adults with proper caution and considering its discriminating properties.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-11-20
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13110188
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 11 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 1961-1985: Emotional Competences of Primary
           Education Teachers: A Need in School Post COVID-19

    • Authors: Roberto Sanz-Ponce, Elena López-Luján, Ángela Serrano-Sarmiento, Juan Antonio Giménez-Beut
      First page: 1961
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has increased the number of students with mental health problems: depression, anxiety, stress. Faced with this reality, teachers and schools must be prepared to respond quickly and effectively. Therefore, the objective of this article is to analyze the emotional competences of primary school teachers in the city of Valencia based on the following sociodemographic variables: sex, age, professional experience, type of center and whether they have children. For this purpose, a quantitative methodological approach has been followed, through which the emotional competencies of primary education teachers are analyzed. These results allow us to establish teacher profiles according to sociodemographic variables and help to detect possible training deficiencies. A sample of 371 teachers of primary education in the city of Valencia has been analyzed. The Questionnaire on Teaching Competences of Primary Education Teachers, carried out under the Planned Action Model, has been used, and descriptive, univariate, bivariate and cluster analyses have been carried out. The mean, the standard deviation and the interquartile range (IQR) have been analyzed, as well as non-parametric tests such as the Wilcoxon, Kruskal–Wallis or Z test. The most significant results are that teachers have a greater ability to interpret emotions and to listen to students. On the contrary, it is teachers who most reject prejudice, discrimination and racism. Younger teachers are the ones who implement more inclusive learning environments. Finally, in general, all teachers are very respectful of students and claim to know how to manage classroom conflicts. The results obtained, in general terms, coincide with most of the research on teachers’ emotional competencies. Some aspects simply do not coincide with the literature. The teachers who participated in our research perceive themselves as having a greater capacity to observe and interpret students’ emotions, to generate learning situations that cater to diversity and to listen to their students. Other studies place these competencies at lower levels.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100141
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 1986-2005: Digital versus Paper Reading: A
           Systematic Literature Review on Contemporary Gaps According to Gender,
           Socioeconomic Status, and Rurality

    • Authors: Igor Peras, Eva Klemenčič Mirazchiyski, Barbara Japelj Pavešić, Žiga Mekiš Recek
      First page: 1986
      Abstract: This paper presents a comprehensive review of the literature on electronic reading (e-reading) versus paper reading. The main objective was to assess the current state of research comparing digital and paper reading outcomes among students aged 6–18 years old, as well as assessing the impact of various factors (gender, socioeconomic status, and school location) in explaining the differences between the two modes. Inclusion criteria included the following: participants (6–18 years), research focus (comparing digital reading and paper reading), study type (quantitative or mixed methods), publication (peer reviewed between 2015 and 2022), and language (English). A systematic search in four databases (WOS, Scopus, ERIC, and JSTOR) in August 2022 was conducted by three reviewers. The search revealed 23 studies matching the inclusion criteria. The findings from the reviewed studies are diverse, with some reporting no significant differences in reading comprehension between the two modes, while others suggest screen inferiority, thereby favoring paper reading. Individual-level predictors, such as prior comprehension skills and reading habits, play a crucial role in determining reading performance across modes. Family-level factors, such as the number of books at home, and school-level factors, like the usage of ICT resources, influence both paper and digital reading comprehension. Moreover, gender differences in attitudes and performance towards different reading modes are apparent. SES is positively associated with reading achievement in both modes, with a larger effect shown for paper reading. Overall, the comparison between electronic and paper reading modes reveals a complex interplay of individual and contextual factors influencing reading comprehension and attitudes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100142
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2006-2034: A Holistic Investigation of the
           Relationship between Digital Addiction and Academic Achievement among
           Students

    • Authors: Tijen Tülübaş, Turgut Karakose, Stamatios Papadakis
      First page: 2006
      Abstract: Digital addiction (DA), an umbrella term referring to addiction to any type of digital media, such as the internet, smartphone, digital games, and social media, is a significant factor influencing students’ academic achievement (AA). Many scholars have contributed to this line of research from around the world. Nevertheless, the literature lacks a holistic investigation of how the DA–AA research field evolved, which could guide future studies. The current study aims to address this void and conducts a combined bibliometric and science mapping analysis of research addressing the relationship between DA and AA. Data were retrieved from the WoS database, considered one of the optimal databases for such studies with its comprehensive coverage of quality journals. One hundred eighteen articles were included in the final dataset and were analyzed using the SciMAT software, which allowed analysis over three consecutive periods and yielded comparable results regarding the conceptual and thematic evolution of the DA–AA domain. The results indicated an increased research interest in the topic, especially during the last five years. The science mapping analysis showed that the most-studied types of addiction were smartphone addiction for the first two periods and social media addiction for the last. Research in the DA–AA domain which focused on understanding the addictive use of smartphones during the first period, evolved to address factors such as self-efficacy or life satisfaction leading to smartphone addiction and lower grades. During the third period, the number of factors addressed gained significant variety and covered family-related and personal factors.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-22
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100143
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2035-2045: Factors Influencing the Control of
           Diabetes Measured via Glycated Hemoglobin Concentrations in Adults with
           Type 1 Diabetes

    • Authors: Beata I. Sińska, Ewa Rzońca, Alicja Kucharska, Robert Gałązkowski, Iwona Traczyk, Patryk Rzońca
      First page: 2035
      Abstract: Numerous complications of type 1 diabetes (T1D) may be prevented through suitable glycemic control. Glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) may be one of the markers for the early detection of the metabolic imbalance characteristic of the disease. However, optimal control of diabetes is not achieved in a large group of patients. It was demonstrated that numerous factors (sociodemographic, psychological, and clinical) contributed to this condition. The aim of the study was to identify factors influencing the control of diabetes measured via glycated hemoglobin concentrations in people with T1D. Independent factors influencing better diabetes control measured via HbA1c in the study group included higher disease acceptance, higher nutritional adherence, lower BMI, and a lower risk of eating disorders. Describing the determinants will allow for the improvement of the system of care provided to people with T1D and for it to comprise important psychological variables related to self-care and acceptance of the disease.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-24
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100144
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2046-2062: Predictors of Bullying among Athletes in
           the Romanian Context

    • Authors: Florin Nichifor, Andrei-Lucian Marian, Silviu-Mihail Tiţă
      First page: 2046
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to examine the explanatory power of a predictive model of bully/perpetrator behaviour in Romanian athletes, consisting of negative pre-competitive emotions (anxiety, sadness, and anger), perception of male gender normativity, and relationships with coaches and teammates. Additionally, we aimed to explore the mediation effect of bully–victim behaviour on the relationship between athletes’ connections with their coaches and bully/perpetrator behaviour. The current research involved a nonexperimental, cross-sectional design exploring the presence of bully/perpetrator behaviour in Romanian male and female athletes. The quantitative methodology was used to collect and analyse the data obtained. Researchers translated, adapted and pretested the questionnaire set to the Romanian cultural background (SEQ, MAMS, CART-Q, In-group Ties Scale, BSQ) before distributing it to 448 participants. 58.7% were male participants, and 41.3% were female participants. The mean age was 21.15 (SDage = 2.37, range = 18–32). The research was conducted in the first half of 2023. SPSS (V. 20) and Hayes’s PROCESS tool were used to investigate the data. The findings demonstrated that in the case of Romanian male athletes, perception of male gender normativity, anger, and weaker connections with coaches are the most important psychological factors in predicting bully/perpetrator behaviour. In contrast, in the case of Romanian female athletes, only weaker connections with coaches and perception of male gender normativity play an essential role in explaining bully/perpetrator behaviour. Additionally, the study demonstrated that bully–victim behaviour mediates the relationship between athletes’ weaker connections with their coaches and bully/perpetrator behaviour. Athletes’ weaker connections with their coaches lead to experiencing a high level of bully/perpetrator behaviour by stressing bully–victim behaviour, which also contributes to achieving a high level of bully/perpetrator behaviour.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-26
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100145
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2063-2081: A New Approach Using BMI and FMI as
           Predictors of Cardio-Vascular Risk Factors among Mexican Young Adults

    • Authors: Rocío Guadalupe Salinas-Mandujano, Rosalía Reynoso-Camacho, Luis Miguel Salgado, Minerva Ramos-Gomez, Iza F. Pérez-Ramírez, Adriana Aguilar-Galarza, Ulisses Moreno-Celis, Miriam Aracely Anaya-Loyola
      First page: 2063
      Abstract: The study aimed to identify accurate cut-off points for waist circumference (WC), body fat percentage (BF%), body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI), and fat-free mass index (FFMI), and to determine their effective accuracy to predict cardiovascular risk factors (CVRFs) among Mexican young adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1730 Mexican young adults. Adiposity measures and CVRFs were assessed under fasting conditions. The optimal cut-off points were assessed using the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). Age-adjusted odds ratios (OR) were used to assess the associations between anthropometric measurements and CVRFs. The cut-off values found, in females and males, respectively, for high WC (≥72.3 and ≥84.9), high BF% (≥30 and ≥22.6), high BMI (≥23.7 and ≥24.4), high FMI (≥7.1 and ≥5.5), and low FFMI (≤16 and ≤18.9) differ from those set by current guidelines. High BMI in women, and high FMI in men, assessed by the 50th percentile, had the best discriminatory power in detecting CVRFs, especially high triglycerides (OR: 3.07, CI: 2.21–4.27 and OR: 3.05, CI: 2.28–4.08, respectively). Therefore, these results suggest that BMI and FMI measures should be used to improve the screening of CVRFs in Mexican young adults.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-27
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100146
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2082-2094: Higher Education in Public Health as a
           Tool to Reduce Disparities: Findings from an Exploratory Study among the
           Bedouin Community in Israel

    • Authors: Osnat Bashkin, Avia Suisa, Sharon Levi
      First page: 2082
      Abstract: The Bedouin community is a minority disadvantaged population in Israel that suffers from a variety of health and socioeconomic disparities and limited access to higher education. The current study aimed to examine perceptions, successes, and challenges experienced by Bedouin students during their studies and to assess an internship program developed on the principles of a community-based participatory research approach to public health. In-depth interviews were conducted with 34 Bedouin students studying in the public health academic track between January and April 2023. Grounded Theory was used to analyze the data. Three main themes emerged from the analysis: (1) facilitators for the decision to pursue higher education in public health, (2) challenges and coping strategies, and (3) experiences of success. The internship program included eleven Bedouin students who conducted six community intervention projects covering a range of topics with different target Bedouin populations. Higher education is crucial for empowering minorities, producing leadership, and reducing socioeconomic and health gaps. The field internship enabled the necessary alignment between academia and public health practice. It is important to further reflect on the integration of minority groups in public health studies and its role in decreasing health inequity.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100147
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2095-2111: Factors Contributing to School
           Effectiveness: A Systematic Literature Review

    • Authors: Špela Javornik, Eva Klemenčič Klemenčič Mirazchiyski
      First page: 2095
      Abstract: This paper aims to provide a systematic review of the literature on school effectiveness, with a focus on identifying the main factors that contribute to successful educational outcomes. The research question that this paper aimed to address is “what are the main factors of school effectiveness'”. We were interested in several descriptors such as school, effectiveness/efficiency theories, effectiveness/efficiency research and factors. Studies (published within the 2016–2022 period) were retrieved through two databases: JSTOR and ERIC. This paper defines several categories identified by school effectiveness research. Within these categories, various factors that affect the students’ outcomes and the defined effectiveness in school are listed. As the results show, the issue of school effectiveness is multifaceted, as the effectiveness of schools is a complex concept that can be measured through various indicators such as academic achievement, student engagement and teacher satisfaction. The review of school effectiveness revealed that several factors contribute to effective schools, such as strong leadership, effective teaching practices, a positive school culture and parental involvement. Additionally, school resources, such as funding and facilities, can impact school effectiveness, particularly in under-resourced communities.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100148
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2112-2134: How do Children Play with Toy Trains and
           for What Benefits' A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Salim Hashmi
      First page: 2112
      Abstract: Children play with different toys in different ways which may be associated with different developmental outcomes. While existing work has investigated different categories of toys, differences may also be present within specific toy categories. Therefore, understanding how specific toys promote play behaviours and their associated developmental outcomes has important implications for teachers, parents, caregivers, and researchers. To better understand how children play with toy trains, whether groups of children show a particular preference for toy trains and what (if any) associated benefits there are for playing with toy trains, 36 studies published in psychology and educational databases up to December 2022 were reviewed. A key finding emerged regarding the importance of the structured, realistic, and familiar nature of toy trains being important for facilitating pretend play as well as social collaboration behaviours during social play. Whilst findings in relation to gender-stereotyped preferences for playing with toy trains were mixed and no gender differences were found in research investigating play styles, neurodivergent children were found to have a preference for toy trains. These findings are important given that certain play styles, pretend play in particular, have been associated with benefits in children’s executive function, language, creativity, and social understanding.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100149
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2135-2149: A Qualitative Study to Explore the Life
           Experiences of Older Adults in Oman

    • Authors: Bushra Rashid Al-Ghafri, Rawaa Abubakr Abuelgassim Eltayib, Zahir Badar Al-Ghusaini, Maram Qasim Al-Nabhani, Abdulaziz Al-Mahrezi, Yaqoub Al-Saidi, Hamed Al-Sinawi, Ahmed Mohammed Al-Harrasi, Moon Fai Chan
      First page: 2135
      Abstract: Background: Reminiscence studies and life reviews have a number of proven advantages. Future generations gain by learning from elders’ life experiences, as do older adults themselves who share their memories. Despite Oman’s sizable geriatric population, research on older individuals’ life experiences is scarce. Therefore, this study aimed to explore the life experiences of older Omani individuals across their many life stages, from childhood to the present. Methods: This was a qualitative study design. Convenience sampling was employed and conducted from December 2021 to October 2022. A total of 13 Omani older adults (9 females and 4 males), with an average age of 68 years, were recruited for this study (response rate = 34%). Socio-demographic and life review information was gathered according to a set of semi-structured guiding questions. The responses were then captured on audio recordings, which underwent transcription and translation. Thematic analysis techniques were applied to the extracted data. Results: Three main themes were evident in this study’s findings: childhood memories, friendships, and relationships, as well as the elders’ past. Additionally, older adults passed on a number of gems of wisdom to be shared with the younger generations. Conclusions: This study aided in revealing the resiliency, social connections, and life reflections of Omani older adults. These themes can guide the creation of age-inclusive laws, social support initiatives, and healthcare services specifically designed to satisfy the special requirements and ambitions of the elderly population. Based on these themes, this study recommended that the local community or society build a more sympathetic and compassionate atmosphere that honors and respects the accomplishments of this essential group by recognizing and comprehending the complex experiences of older adults. In addition, future studies could explore particular aspects of these older experiences and pinpoint solutions to improve their quality of life and wellbeing.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-03
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100150
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2150-2159: To Check or Not to Check' A Comment on
           the Contemporary Psychometrics (ConPsy) Checklist for the Analysis of
           Questionnaire Items

    • Authors: Alexander Robitzsch
      First page: 2150
      Abstract: In a recent paper, the first version of the contemporary psychometrics (ConPsy) checklist for assessing measurement tool quality has been published. This checklist aims to provide guidelines and references to researchers to assess measurement properties for newly developed measurement instruments. The ConPsy checklist recommends appropriate statistical methods for measurement instrument evaluation to guide researchers in instrument development and to support peer review. In this opinion article, I critically review some aspects of the checklist and question the usefulness of certain psychometric analyses in research practice.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-06
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100151
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2160-2178: Ramadan Fasting and Short-Term Maximal
           Physical Performance: Searching for Optimal Timing of the Last Meal
           “Suhoor” in Female Pre-University Handball Players

    • Authors: Houda Bougrine, Atef Salem, Nidhal Nasser, Achraf Ammar, Hamdi Chtourou, Nizar Souissi
      First page: 2160
      Abstract: Aiming to identify the ideal suhoor timing for maintaining optimal physical performance and health indicators during Ramadan intermittent fasting, the present study compares the effects of early vs. late Suhoor on short-term high-intensity physical exercise while controlling the body mass index (BMI) oral temperature (OT), dietary intake, and sleep patterns. In a randomized design, 19 female pre-university handball players (age: 16.8 ± 0.4 y; height: 1.70 ± 0.9 m; and body mass: 61.5 ± 6.9 kg) underwent two test sessions (at 08:00 a.m. and 05:00 p.m.) at four different conditions: ten days prior to Ramadan (R − 10), the final ten days of Ramadan (R) including both Early Suhoor R(ES) and Late Suhoor R(LS) conditions, and the ten days immediately following Ramadan (R + 10). A recovery period of at least 48 h has been set between successive test sessions at each period. Outcome measures included the Countermovement Jumps Test (CMJ), Modified Agility t-Test (MATT), Repeated Sprint Ability (RSA), and Rating of Perceived Exertion (RPE). The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), OT, BMI, and daily diary intake were assessed across the three periods. The total scores of PSQI decreased significantly during R and R + 10 compared to R − 10. When performed in the afternoon, CMJ, MATT, and RSA performance decreased significantly at R(ES) and R(LS) conditions compared to R − 10. However, these performances decreased only after R(ES) when performed in the morning. Furthermore, performances were lower during R(ES) compared to R(LS) in the afternoon for all tests and the morning for MATT and RSA tests. These findings support prior research showing a deterioration of physical performance during Ramadan fasting and indicate a more pronounced impact following early Suhoor condition. Therefore, consuming a late suhoor, closer to pre-dawn time, could be suggested as an effective strategy to minimize physical performance decline during short-term high-intensity exercise.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100152
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2179-2191: Assessing the Relationship between
           Prosocial Behavior and Well-Being: Basic Psychological Need as the
           Mediator

    • Authors: Linwei Li, Aqeel Khan, Mohd Rustam Mohd Rameli
      First page: 2179
      Abstract: Previous research has established a positive link between prosocial behavior (PB) and psychological well-being. However, limited studies have explored the relationship between PB and well-being (WB), particularly among vocational students. Furthermore, the underlying mechanisms, including mediating factors, remain understudied in this context. This study aimed to investigate the association between PB and WB among vocational students while examining the mediating role of basic psychological needs. A sample of 221 vocational students (mean age = 19.68 years, SD = 1.57) completed anonymous questionnaires assessing PB, basic psychological needs, and WB. The results revealed a positive correlation between PB and WB in vocational students (r = 0.22, p < 0.01), with basic psychological needs partially mediating this relationship (β = 0.14, t = 10.85, p < 0.001, 95% CI = (0.18, 0.23)). These findings enhance our understanding of the association between PB and vocational students’ WB, shed light on the mechanisms involved, and offer insights into promoting the well-being of vocational students.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100153
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2192-2201: Can Vitality and Mental Health Influence
           Upper Extremity Pain' A Prospective Cohort Study of 1185 Female Hospital
           Nurses

    • Authors: Rodrigo Núñez-Cortés, Ander Espin, Joaquín Calatayud, Sofía Pérez-Alenda, Carlos Cruz-Montecinos, Rubén López-Bueno, Jonas Vinstrup, Markus D. Jakobsen, Lars Louis Andersen
      First page: 2192
      Abstract: Musculoskeletal disorders of the upper extremity are among the most common occupational problems affecting nurses. The aim of this study was to analyze the prospective association between vitality and mental health and increased upper extremity pain intensity in female hospital nurses during a 1-year follow-up. A prospective cohort of 1185 female nurses from 19 hospitals in Denmark was conducted using baseline and 12-month follow-up questionnaires to identify potential associations between levels of vitality and mental health (SF-36 subscales) with pain intensity (0–10 scale) in the shoulder, elbow and hand/wrist regions. Associations were modeled using cumulative logistic regression. The fully adjusted model included the variables of age, baseline pain, body mass index, smoking status, years of occupation, leisure time physical activity level, number of daily patient transfers/handlings, as well as recognition and influence at work. The mean age was 48.3 (SD: 10.4) years. In the fully adjusted model, significant associations between low vitality levels and the odds of shoulder pain (OR = 1.96; 95%CI: 1.43–2.68) and hand/wrist pain (OR = 2.32; 95%CI: 1.58–3.42) were observed. Likewise, moderate levels of mental health was associated with increased odds of shoulder pain at follow-up (OR = 1.50; 95%CI: 1.16–1.93). These results provide an important incentive for nursing managers to assess vitality and mental health among hospital nurses and to consider this factor in prevention strategies to ensure good worker health and, by extension, high-quality care.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-07
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100154
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2202-2213: Wanna Bet' Investigating the Factors
           Related to Adolescent and Young Adult Gambling

    • Authors: Amelia Rizzo, Valentina Lucia La Rosa, Elena Commodari, Dario Alparone, Pietro Crescenzo, Murat Yıldırım, Francesco Chirico
      First page: 2202
      Abstract: For many adolescents and young adults, gambling can represent an attractive and exciting form of entertainment, a way to take risks and explore new experiences. However, gambling also poses a significant risk for this age group. Research suggests that adolescents and young adults are particularly vulnerable to the negative consequences of gambling, including addiction, financial difficulties, and mental health issues. This paper aims to critically examine data on adolescent and young adult gambling, focusing on the risk factors associated with gambling behavior. A total of 326 subjects (Mage = 19.01; SD =2.72), of whom 65.5% were female, completed a protocol containing a demographic sheet, the Lie/Bet Questionnaire, the Seven Domains Addiction Scale (7DAS), a subscale of the Addictive Behavior Questionnaire and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS). Specifically, we explored the impact of sociodemographic, environmental, psychological, and cognitive factors on adolescent and young adult gambling behavior. Clinical implications and future directions are discussed.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-08
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100155
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2214-2225: Meaning in Life and Loneliness as
           Mediators between COVID-19 Anxiety and Life Satisfaction in the
           Post-Pandemic among the General Population in Turkey: A Serial Mediation
           Model

    • Authors: Zafer Güney Çağış, Gülçin Güler Öztekin, Izaddin Ahmad Aziz, Francesco Chirico, Amelia Rizzo, Murat Yıldırım
      First page: 2214
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted global society, leading to negative well-being and mental health outcomes. However, little is known about how COVID-19-related anxiety affects life satisfaction through psychological factors. This study examined the mediating roles of meaning in life and loneliness in the relationship between COVID-19 anxiety and life satisfaction in 333 Turkish general population (59.2% females; Mage = 33.9 ± 7.8). Participants completed measures of COVID-19 anxiety, life satisfaction, meaning in life, and loneliness. The results showed that COVID-19 anxiety predicted meaning in life, loneliness, and life satisfaction. Meaning in life predicted loneliness and life satisfaction, while loneliness predicted life satisfaction. Serial mediation analysis revealed that COVID-19 anxiety predicts life satisfaction through meaning in life and loneliness, even after controlling for age and gender. These findings contribute to our understanding of the underlying mechanisms between COVID-19 anxiety and life satisfaction, with implications for future research and practice.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-09
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100156
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2226-2237: Challenges of Pharyngeal Cancer
           Screening in Lower-Income Countries during Economic and Social
           Transitions: A Population-Based Analysis

    • Authors: Andreea M. Kis, Claudia G. Watz, Alexandru C. Motofelea, Sorin Chiriac, Marioara Poenaru, Cristina A. Dehelean, Claudia Borza, Ioana Ionita
      First page: 2226
      Abstract: Background and Objectives: The rate of head and neck cancer (HNC) is expected to increase by 30% by 2030. However, there are many similarities between the symptomatology of a benign and a malign diagnosis; thus, a protocol for conducting a full head and neck examination is of high importance since the absence of adenopathy does not exclude a malignant diagnosis and also a favorable prognosis. Material and methods: The current study presents a retrospective study on 515 adult patients who underwent a biopsy for possible head and neck tumor pathology. Results: The patients identified with cancer were older than the rest of the group, with a higher developing trend in men than in women. However, the top 10 symptomatology patterns were identical in the malign and benign groups, meaning that new HNC may be missed due to the common symptomatology between benign and malign outcomes. Conclusions: The importance of a full ear, nose, and throat (ENT) examination may be of significant relevance for a proper diagnosis that can improve the overall prognosis of a patient with cancer. The absence of routine screening tests and screening guidelines for oral and pharyngeal cancers represents a significant barrier to secondary HNC prevention.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-10
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100157
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2238-2250: From Policies to Practices: Factors
           Related to the Use of Inclusive Practices in Portugal

    • Authors: Joana Cruz, Helena Azevedo, Marisa Carvalho, Helena Fonseca
      First page: 2238
      Abstract: Inclusion is considered a foundation for quality education, and teachers’ inclusive practices are essential for success in mainstream classrooms. Portugal has been making progressive improvements in its policies for inclusive education, although there is little consistency in school practices within or between schools. Moreover, data identifying the personal and career variables relevant to teachers’ inclusive practices in Portugal are scarce. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between teachers’ inclusive practices and personal and career-based characteristics, including gender, level of teaching, years of experience, roles performed at school, and perception of inclusive resources. The participants were 924 teachers who worked in private and public schools in Portugal. Regression analysis showed that perceived inclusive resources, level of teaching, and gender predicted variance in inclusive practices. Mean difference analyses revealed that teachers at the lower levels of teaching, females, and teachers reporting more inclusive resources had the highest scores for inclusive practices. These findings are discussed in terms of their practical relevance for inclusive school systems.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-13
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100158
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2251-2261: Factors in Immigrant Children’s
           Use of Physician and Dentist Visits, Hospital Care, and Prescribed
           Medication in the United States

    • Authors: Tyrone C. Cheng, Celia C. Lo
      First page: 2251
      Abstract: Applying the behavioral model of health services utilization to data from the United States, this study examined immigrant children’s use of physician and dentist visits, hospital care, and prescribed medication. We employed data describing 9759 immigrant parents and children who participated in 2021’s National Survey of Children’s Health. Logistic regression results negatively linked physician visits to child health, child age, Asian children, fathers, lower parent education, lower family income, uninsured children, and parent’s U.S. residence under 5 years. Dentist visits were positively associated with child age, girls, Hispanic children, parent education, family income, public/private health insurance coverage, and U.S.-born children, but such use was associated negatively with Asian children. Hospital use was positively associated with poor child health, Black children, children of “other” race/ethnicity, younger parent age, enrolled in health insurance, and parent’s U.S. residence under 5 years. The use of prescribed medication was negatively associated with Asian children, younger child age, lower parent education, uninsured child, and lack of English proficiency. The paper’s conclusion suggests policymakers expand Medicaid and CHIP eligibility among immigrant children and suggests community education to foster awareness of children’s physical and oral health needs and of Medicaid, CHIP, and prescription assistance programs. The conclusion calls for healthcare providers and social workers to accommodate and respect immigrants’ traditional health-related beliefs, showing cultural competence.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-14
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100159
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2262-2275: Graphic Novels and Comics in
           Undergraduate and Graduate Medical Students Education: A Scoping Review

    • Authors: Fabrizio Consorti, Sara Fiorucci, Gianfranco Martucci, Silvia Lai
      First page: 2262
      Abstract: There is an increasing use of graphic novels and comics (GnCs) in medical education, especially—but not only—to provide students with a vicarious learning experience in some areas of clinical medicine (palliative care, difficult communication, and rare diseases). This scoping review aimed to answer questions about how GnCs are used, the theories underlying their use, and the learning outcomes. Twenty-nine articles were selected from bibliographic databases and analyzed. A thematic analysis revealed four many themes: learning outcomes, students’ reactions, theories and methods, and use of GnCs as vicarious learning. GnCs can support the achievement of cognitive outcomes, as well as soft skills and professionalism. The reactions were engagement and amusement, but drawing comics was also perceived as a protected space to express concerns. GnCs proved to be a possible way to provide a vicarious experience for learning. We found two classes of theories on the use of GnCs: psychological theories based on the dual concurrent coding of text and images and semiotics theories on the interpretation of signs. All the studies but two were single arm and observational, quantitative, qualitative, or mixed. These results suggest that further high-quality research on the use of GnC in medical training is worthwhile.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-16
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100160
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2276-2289: Examining Relationships between
           Cognitive Flexibility, Exercise Perceptions, and Cardiovascular Disease
           Risk Factors

    • Authors: Bryan M. Buechner, Miranda K. Traylor, Rachel I. Feldman, Kaitlyn F. Overstreet, Benjamin D. Hill, Joshua L. Keller
      First page: 2276
      Abstract: Adults do not engage in enough physical activity. Investigating cognitive and physiological factors related to improving this behavior—and reducing health risks—remains a public health priority. Our objective was to assess whether cognitive flexibility influenced perceptions and choice of exercise programs and whether flexibility was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Independent sample groups of college-aged adults (18–24 yrs) participated in two studies. Data were collected on individuals’ degree of cognitive flexibility (both self-reported and objectively measured), perceptions and choice of exercise programs, and health status markers known to be associated with CVD (vascular function, muscular strength, and body composition). Vascular function was assessed with a near-infrared spectroscopy device, strength was defined as handgrip, and body composition was estimated via digital circumferences. Self-reported flexibility reliably predicted individuals’ choice of exercise program and perceptions of effort required for success on an exercise program. The relationships among CVD risk factors and objectively measured cognitive flexibility were not significant, demonstrating that identifying a healthy individual’s degree of performance-based cognitive flexibility does not predict health status. Furthermore, although greater self-reported trait flexibility (rigidity) is known to predict higher (lower) likelihood of physical activity, this finding should not be extrapolated to also assume that flexibility (rigidity), as measured by objective cognitive tests, is associated with reduced CVD risk in healthy adults. We posit a rationale for how understanding cognitive flexibility and rigidity can play an impactful role in improving adherence to exercise prescriptions targeted to reducing risks.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-17
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100161
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
  • EJIHPE, Vol. 13, Pages 2290-2298: Prisoners’ Educational Experiences
           in Five Different Prison Sports Programmes: A Research Note

    • Authors: Johannes Müller, Rosie Meek, Jonna Blessing, Michael Mutz
      First page: 2290
      Abstract: Organized sports programmes offer manifold opportunities for learning and personal development. Prisoners in organized sports programmes could profit from these educational opportunities, which could eventually support their process of reintegration into society. However, research on the educational experiences of imprisoned individuals during organized sports activities is scarce. Using quantitative survey data (N = 568 adult male prisoners) collected within the scope of the Hessian Prison Sports Study in Hesse, Germany, the present study examines educational experiences that are instigated through participation in five different prison sports programmes (fitness, racket, and team sports, running groups, and strength training). The results show that participants reported few educational experiences. The most common experiences reported were learning to exert effort and acquiring health-related knowledge. The findings reveal distinct patterns for specific sports programmes. For instance, team sports more frequently address cooperation skills and fairness. This paper advocates for more attention to the educational potential of sports in prison settings, where sports outcomes should be better aligned with the desired educational outcomes.
      Citation: European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education
      PubDate: 2023-10-23
      DOI: 10.3390/ejihpe13100162
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 10 (2023)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.210.77.73
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-
JournalTOCs
 
 
  Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access  
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 224)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biograph-I : Journal of Biostatistics and Demographic Dynamic     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access  
Biosalud     Open Access  
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Children     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access  
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
D Y Patil Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Discover Social Science and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Egyptian Journal of Occupational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Face à face     Open Access  
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health Equity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Similar Journals
HOME > Browse the 73 Subjects covered by JournalTOCs  
SubjectTotal Journals
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.210.77.73
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-