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HEALTH AND SAFETY (700 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 601 - 203 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
Saúde Coletiva     Open Access  
Saúde e Meio Ambiente : Revista Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Saúde em Redes     Open Access  
Saú     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
School Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Scientia Medica     Open Access  
Scire Salutis     Open Access  
Serviço Social e Saúde     Open Access  
Sextant : Revue de recherche interdisciplinaire sur le genre et la sexualité     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sexual Medicine Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Sleep and Vigilance : An International Journal of Basic, Translational and Clinical Research     Hybrid Journal  
Sleep Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sleep Science and Practice     Open Access  
SMAD, Revista Electronica en Salud Mental, Alcohol y Drogas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Smart Health     Hybrid Journal  
Social Determinants of Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Theory & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Work in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Social Work in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Social Work in Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Society, Health & Vulnerability     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sosiaalilääketieteellinen Aikakauslehti     Open Access  
South African Family Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Bioethics and Law     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Child Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Communication Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South East Asia Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South Eastern European Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Southern African Journal of Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Southern African Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Southwest Respiratory and Critical Care Chronicles     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Space Safety Magazine     Free   (Followers: 50)
Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health     Open Access  
SSM - Population Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
SSM - Qualitative Research in Health     Open Access  
Stigma and Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sundhedsprofessionelle studier     Open Access  
Sustainable Earth     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sustinere : Revista de Saúde e Educação     Open Access  
System Safety : Human - Technical Facility - Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Tanzania Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Technology and Innovation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tempus Actas de Saúde Coletiva     Open Access  
Textos & Contextos (Porto Alegre)     Open Access  
The Journal of Aquatic Physical Therapy     Full-text available via subscription  
The Journal of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Lancet Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 71)
The Lancet Planetary Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Regional Health : Americas     Open Access  
The Lancet Regional Health : Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Lancet Regional Health : Western Pacific     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
The Meducator     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Therapeutic Communities : The International Journal of Therapeutic Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Tidsskrift for Forskning i Sygdom og Samfund     Open Access  
Tidsskrift for psykisk helsearbeid     Full-text available via subscription  
Tobacco Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Tobacco Control and Public Health in Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transgender Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Transportation Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Journal of Health Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Tropical Medicine and Health     Open Access  
TÜBAV Bilim Dergisi     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Universidad y Salud     Open Access  
Unnes Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Value in Health Regional Issues     Hybrid Journal  
Vascular Health and Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Vigilância Sanitária em Debate     Open Access  
Violence and Gender     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Water Quality, Exposure and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Western Pacific Surveillance and Response     Open Access  
Women & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
World Health & Population     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
World Medical & Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Zeitschrift für Arbeitswissenschaft     Hybrid Journal  
Електромагнітна сумісність та безпека на залізничному транспорті     Open Access  
مجله بهداشت و توسعه     Open Access  

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Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.112
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1391-5452
Published by Sri Lanka Journals Online Homepage  [71 journals]
  • Does breast feeding preterm babies within the first 24 hours, lead to
           better outcomes'

    • Abstract: Introduction: Breastfeeding is the optimal method of nutrition in preterm neonates. Studies done in other parts of the world suggest that babies who are breastfed within the first 24 hours have better outcomes. This is the first Sri Lankan study done about the outcomes of preterm babies who received breast milk within the first 24 hours.
      Objectives: To compare the outcome of preterm neonates who received breast milk within the first 24 hours of life with those who received breast milk after 24 hours of age.
      Method: Prospective, observational study was conducted on all neonates between 26-34 weeks gestation born at De Soysa Hospital for Women from 01.01.20 – 30.06.20. Ethics approval was obtained from the Sri Lanka College of Paediatricians.  Data were collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire and data recording form. Babies, breastfed within 24 hours of life, were considered ‘early’ and after 24 hours were considered ‘late’. Late breastfeeding occurred due to maternal medical conditions. Comparison between the groups was done using Chi-square test (SPSS version 22).
      Results: Fifty-eight neonates with 17.2%, 13.8%, 31.1% and 37.9% at 26-27, 28-29, 30-31 and 32-34 weeks of gestation and 1.7%, 27.6%, 56.9%, 12.1% and 1.7% with birth weights of 500-750g, 751-1000g, 1001-1500g, 1501-2000g and >2000g were included. Ten babies were excluded due to severe congenital abnormalities and contraindications to breastfeeding. Thirty-four (58.6%) babies were breastfed ‘early’ and 24 (41.4%) were breastfed ‘late’). Duration of central lines (p= 0.003, p<0.01), phototherapy (p=0.001, p<0.01), hospital stay (p=0.001, p<0.01), neonatal unit stay (p= 0.003, p<0.01) and late onset sepsis (p=0.001, p<0.01) were significantly lower in the ‘early group’. The ‘early group’ achieved their birth weight faster (p= 0.003, p<0.01) and had increased weight gain (g/kg/day) on discharge (p=0.001, p<0.01). There was no significant difference in bone mineral status (p=0.366) and incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (p=0.771) between the 2 groups.   
      Conclusions: Commencing breastmilk within the first 24 hours of life led to significantly better clinical outcomes in preterm babies between 26-34 weeks gestation.
      Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2021; 51(1): 14-19  Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • The place of sexuality education in preventing child pregnancies in Sri

    • Abstract: No abstract available

      Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2022; 51(1): 4-7 Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • Predictive regression equation and nomogram of peak expiratory flow rate
           in healthy school going children of Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India

    • Abstract: Background: Peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) estimation plays a vital role in the evaluation and management of asthmatic children.
      Objectives:  To assess the correlation of PEFR with anthropometry and obtain the normal reference value for the paediatric group in Karveer Taluka, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India.
      Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 1200 healthy school going children aged 10-16 years. Anthropometric parameters were measured. Peak Flow Master Breathe-O-Meter was used to determine PEFR. PEFR was measured thrice for each student and the mean value noted in proforma. Correlation of PEFR with height and weight was determined by Spearman-Rank-Correlation test. A simple linear regression was derived for PEFR prediction in R software (version 3.6.1).
      Results:  Mean height and weight of the boys was 140±10.8cm and 37.06±10.56kg, respectively. Overall mean PEFR of boys and girls was 362.16±89.8L/min and 351.3±79.78L/min respectively. In both boys and girls, PEFR was positively correlated with height (r=0.9104 and r=0.875 respectively) and weight (r=0.7956 and r=0.7533 respectively). A feasible regression equation and nomograms were derived to predict PEFR.
      Conclusions:  The derived regression equation and nomogram can be used for PEFR prediction in 10-16 year old children with symptoms of obstructive airway disorders considering the obtained mean PEFR values as reference values for Karveer Taluka, Kolhapur, Maharashtra, India. Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2022; 51(1): 8-13  Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • Obesity indices as predictive factors for paediatric hypertension: A
           population-based study in Bali, Indonesia

    • Abstract: Introduction: Growing recognition of coexisting obesity and hypertension epidemics in children and adolescents could prevent it from being an insurmountable burden following its trajectory into adulthood.
      Objectives: To determine the predictive ability of obesity indices for paediatric hypertension.
      Method: In this retrospective cross-sectional study, multi-stage sampling method was employed to recruit proportional population-based samples across Bali, Indonesia. A total of 436 students aged 6-17 years who had no prior history of hypertension / prolonged use of drugs affecting blood pressure were included in the analysis. Nutritional status assessment warranted a two-step assessment using weight-for-height and body mass index (BMI)-for-age CDC 2000 charts for each gender. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were done to find associated factors. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was done to assess the predictive ability of waist circumference.
      Results: In this study there were 229 children with hypertension. The prevalence of overweight (14.7%) and obesity (40.8%) in hypertensive students was greater than the overall overweight (13.1%) and obesity (32.8%) prevalence. Age, nutritional status and waist circumference were significantly increased in the group with hypertension on bivariate analysis. After multivariate analysis, increasing age (prevalence ratio [PR] 1.106; 95%CI 1.015-1.205) and obesity (PR 2.174; 95%CI 1.371-3.445) were significantly associated with hypertension but not waist circumference. Optimal cut-off points for male (65.5 cm) and female (62.5 cm) waist circumference were obtained.
      Conclusions: Obesity status and waist circumference served as promising predictors of hypertension.
      Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2022; 51(1): 20-28 Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • Cardiac anomalies in children with non-syndromic cleft lip and palate at
           the Dental Teaching Hospital, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: Introduction: Cardiac anomalies are the most common congenital abnormalities associated with cleft lip and/or palate, data of which, for Sri Lankan population, are not available.
      Objectives: To assess the frequency of cardiac anomalies in children with non-syndromic cleft lip and/ or palate at the Dental Teaching Hospital, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
      Method: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study at the Dental Teaching Hospital, Peradeniya Sri Lanka. Records of all children aged 14 years and below with non-syndromic oral clefts, who attended the clinic between January 2018 and January 2019 were studied.
      Results: Total number fulfilling inclusion criteria was 150, of which 52% were males. Cleft lip with or without cleft palate was found in 96 (64%) and 50 (33.3%) had isolated cleft palate. There were four (2.7%) with sub-mucous cleft palate. Cardiac anomalies were found in 59% comprising 17.3% with patent foramen ovale (PFO), 16.7% with ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD), 2% with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA), 1.3% with tetralogy of Fallot and 14.7% with other/multiple anomalies. Time gap from birth to initial echocardiography was 6 months or less in 65%. Gender or types of clefts were not significantly associated with presence of cardiac anomalies (p=0.154; p>0.05) and (p=0.377; p>0.05) respectively. Time gap from birth to initial echocardiography, and detecting cardiac anomalies was significantly associated (p= 0.027; p<0.05).
      Conclusions: There was a 59% frequency of cardiac abnormalities in children with cleft lip and palate. Common cardiac anomalies detected were PFO (17.3%) and ostium secundum ASD (16.7%).
      Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2021; 51(1): 29-33 Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • Clinical characteristics and electroencephalographic findings of first
           seizure episode in children

    • Abstract: Introduction: Eyewitness and review of recorded video help in identifying seizure semiology in children. Electroencephalography (EEG) further helps to establish the diagnosis, ascertain the site of seizure origin, and to classify the epilepsy.
      Objectives: To study the clinical seizure types and associated EEG findings.
      Method: Children aged one month to 18 years with first seizure were enrolled prospectively. The detailed history, seizure type, examination findings and EEG characteristics, including wave pattern, spike-wave complexes, background, rhythm and epileptiform discharges, were studied.
      Results: Among 475 children with seizures; generalized seizures constituted 237 (49.9%), focal seizures 131 (27.6%), generalized status 31 (6.5%), focal status 6 (1.3%), epileptic encephalopathy 28 (5.9%) and epileptic syndromes 7 (1.5%). Seizures of generalized tonic-clonic type were observed in 134 (28.2%), absence in 21 (4.4%), atonic in 9 (1.8%) and myoclonic in 42 (8.8%). Focal seizures (FS) with impaired awareness (IAW), FS with awareness (AW) and bilateral tonic-clonic were 37 (7.8%), 30 (6.3%) and 58 (12.2%) respectively. EEG was abnormal in 394 (82.9%) children; 121 (30.7%) had epileptiform sharp/spike waves, 89 (22.5%) had slow waves, 47 (11.9%) had tri-phasic waves, 70 (17.7%) had poly-spike complexes, 63 (15.9%) had an abnormal background with slow-wave activity and 3 (0.7%) had hypsarrhythmia. All atonic and myoclonic seizures, generalized status, epileptic syndromes and 71.4% of absence seizures had associated generalized epileptic abnormalities on EEG. Percentage of children having associated EEG abnormality was higher among focal seizures (74.8%) than generalized seizures (60.3%).
      Conclusions: EEG evaluation provided additional information in a large number of children with seizures. Focal seizures had higher associated EEG changes than generalized seizures.
      Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2022; 51(1): 39-45 Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • Birth prevalence of congenital heart defects: A five and a half year study
           in a teaching hospital in Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: Introduction: Congenital heart defect (CHD) is the commonest congenital anomaly, accounting for 28% of major malformations. Birth prevalence of CHDs range from 5-10 per 1000 live births.
      Objectives: To assess the birth prevalence of CHDs and describe the structural variations, severity and prevalence among different birth weights.
      Method: This is a hospital based retrospective study over a period of 51/2 years from 01/01/2015 to 30/06/2020. All live births at Sri Jayewardenepura General Hospital (SJGH) during the study period were included in the study. Data was extracted from the congenital birth defects registry, maintained by the medical staff of the neonatal unit of SJGH since 2015. Data were entered into Excel sheet and analysed using SPSS statistical software version 22.
      Results: A total of 19,729 babies were born during the study period. Prevalence was 13.64 per 1000 live births. Prevalence of mild, moderate and severe cases were 8/1000, 2.73/1000 and 2.69/1000 live births respectively. Prevalence of CHDs in low birth weight (LBW) and normal birth weight babies were 42.54 and 8.9 per 1000 live births respectively. Atrial septal defect (ASD) was the most prevalent heart defect followed by patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and ventricular septal defect (VSD). Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) was the most prevalent critical congenital heart defects (CCHD). Right ventricular tract obstructive lesions were more prevalent than left ventricular tract obstructive lesions.
      Conclusions: CHD prevalence in this hospital based study was 13.64 per 1000 live births. ASD was the most prevalent CHD with PDA and VSD recording second and third places respectively. TOF was the most prevalent CCHD. Pulmonary outflow tract obstructive lesions were more prevalent than left ventricular outflow tract lesions. CHD prevalence was significantly higher in LBW babies than in normal birth weight babies
      Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2022; 51(1): 46-51 Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • Study of urinary leukotriene E4 levels and total serum IgE levels in
           children with acute exacerbations of asthma

    • Abstract: Background: Cysteinyl leukotrienes are important in asthma pathogenesis. Leukotriene (LT) E4, which is the most stable cysteinyl LT, is excreted in the urine and its concentration is raised in acute exacerbation of asthma. Estimation of urinary levels of LTE4 can thus assess changes in total body cysteinyl LT production.
      Objectives: To assess the variation of urinary LTE4 levelsin children with asthma during acute exacerbations of varying severity and to see its correlation with the serum IgE levels.
      Method: This was a prospective analytical study in which 60 children aged between 3 and 18 years with acute asthma exacerbation formed the study group;  24 age and sex matched children without asthma formed the control group.  The urinary leukotriene E4 levels and serum IgE levels were estimated in both groups.
      Results: The difference in urinary leukotriene E4 levels between the acute asthma group (288.35pg/mg) and control group (85.71pg/mg) was statistically significant. Among the study group, urinary LTE4 levels in mild, moderate, and severe exacerbations of asthma showed a significant difference (p<0.0001). Serum IgE levels in the acute asthma group (541.21 IU/mL) and control group (132.15 IU/mL) showed a statistically significant difference (p<0.0001) and it was more in the severe group (p<0.0001). A linear correlation was present between urinary leukotriene E4 levels and serum IgE levels among children with acute asthma exacerbation.
      Conclusions: In acute exacerbations of asthma, urinary LTE4 and total serum IgE levels were significantly elevated and there was a significant positive correlation between the two.  
      Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2022; 51(1): 52-57 Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • The relationship between vitamin D deficiency and non-cardiac chest pain
           in children aged 9-17 years

    • Abstract: Introduction: Chest pain in children is rarely associated with a cardiac cause. Musculoskeletal system-related pain is one of the main reasons for chest pain in children. Vitamin D deficiency in children might cause severe symptoms in the skeletal system.
      Objectives: To determine the relationship between vitamin D deficiency and non-cardiac chest pain among children aged 9-17 years.
      Method: In this cross-sectional study, we assessed 92 children with non-cardiac chest pain (NCCP) and a control group of 94 children who presented to the cardiology outpatient clinics of Tepecik Teaching and Research Hospital, İzmir, Turkey, between 1 December 2019 and 31 March 2020. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were measured and compared between these groups.
      Results: The median (interquartile range) vitamin D levels in patients with non-cardiac chest pain and healthy controls were 12.78 (7.28) and 12.27 (9.02) ng/mL respectively. Vitamin D levels were similar in both groups (p=0.625).
      Conclusions: This study did not show any association between vitamin D deficiency or suboptimal vitamin D levels and non-cardiac chest pain in children aged 9-17 years.
      Sri Lanka Journal of Child Health, 2022; 51(1): 58-61  Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
  • Lactate clearance at 6 hours after admission as a predictor of mortality
           in children with clinically suspected sepsis

    • Abstract: Background: Causes of death in children with severe sepsis include septic shock, end organ damage and multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS).
      Objective: To ascertain whether lactate clearance predicts outcome of children with sepsis
      Method: Prospective observational study was carried out among 100 children aged between 1 month and 12 years with clinical features of clinically suspected sepsis (Proven or suspected infection fulfilling at least two of the four criteria of Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS)). Relevant investigations were carried out.
      Results: The mean age of the children was 2.55 years. The incidence of death among the lactate non-clearance group was significantly more (84.2%) compared to only 17.8% among survivors. About 91.6% of the area was under curve which was statistically significant with a cut off value of lactate clearance was less than or equal to 12.7%.  The sensitivity at this level was 84.2%, specificity was 91.3%, positive likelihood ratio was 8.7, and negative likelihood ratio was 0.17. Lactate at zero hours and six hours was significantly more among non-survivors compared to survivors.
      Conclusions: The serum lactate clearance level at 6 hours of admission demonstrated that it is a sensitive and specific marker in prediction of the mortality.
      Sri Lanka Journal of Child health, 2022; 51(1): 34-38 Published on 2022-03-05 00:00:00
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Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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