Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1556 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (86 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (728 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (390 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (115 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (133 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (728 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Informatica Medica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Akademika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 299)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annales des Sciences de la Santé     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
Arquivos de Ciências da Saúde     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 5)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bijzijn     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biosalud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Boletin Médico de Postgrado     Open Access  
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Bulletin of the World Health Organization     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Studies in Fire Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Children     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia y Salud Virtual     Open Access  
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
CoDAS     Open Access  
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access  
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de la Escuela de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal  
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access  
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Duazary     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Elsevier Ergonomics Book Series     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Epidemiologic Perspectives & Innovations     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
European Medical, Health and Pharmaceutical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Face à face     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access  
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access  
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2459-1459
Published by Marmara University Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Symptoms and Care Satisfaction in Patients Who Underwent Coronary Artery
           Bypass Graft Surgery

    • Authors: Tuğçe BOZKURT
      Abstract: Objective: This study was conducted to investigate of symptoms and care satisfaction in patients who had a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.Method: The study population consisted of patients who had a coronary artery bypass graft surgery in a public and a foundation hospital in Istanbul between December 2018 and May 2019 and the study sample 176 patients who met the inclusion criteria and agreed to take part in the study. The study data were collected using the self-report method with the help of a Patient Description Form, the Heart Surgery Symptom Inventory (HSSI) and the Newcastle Satisfaction with Nursing Care Scale (NSNS). The data were analysed on the SPSS version 22.0 software. The data were analysed using numbers, percentages, minimum and maximum values, means and standard deviations, t-test, variance analysis and Pearson correlation analysis. Results: The patients were found after their CABG surgery to experience pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, lack of appetite, nausea and wound-related symptoms. The most common complaint of the patients after the surgery was sleep problems and the least common wound-related symptoms. The mean HSSI score of the participating patients was 71.22±31.39 and the mean NSNS score 52.87±22.54, which meant that the severity of their post-surgery symptoms and their satisfaction with care were at a moderate level. Post-surgery pain, lack of appetite, nausea and wound-related symptoms were found to have a statistically significant moderate negative correlation with care satisfaction (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Breastfeeding in Turkey: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Tülay YILMAZ; Hüsniye DİNÇ, Sevil GÜNAYDIN, Nükhet KAÇAR
      Abstract: Objective: This study was carried out to systematically review the studies conducted on breastfeeding in Turkey and to provide information onthe breastfeeding status.Methods: This study is a systematic review and conducted by examining 47 studies carried out in Turkey between January 2008-December 2018 and published in national and international journals. The methodological quality of the studies was examined according to the evaluation criteria of the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal Checklist for Studies Reporting Prevalence Data. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses checklist was used while reporting the review.Results: According to the obtained study results, it was determined that the time of breastfeeding initiation and the mean duration of breastfeeding were in quite a wide range. Among breastfeeding-related factors, maternal age, education, employment status, the number of living children, the type of birth, preterm birth, receiving professional support on breastfeeding, early postnatal breastfeeding, and giving complementary feeding or formula were frequently listed. The most common reason for starting complementary feeding or was determined to be the idea that breast milk was insufficient.Conclusion: No common language and unity of definition were observed in the studies reviewed. The studies were conducted in different samples. It is thought that the systematization of studies on breastfeeding will be scientifically useful for determining the current situation, determining the scope of future studies, and making the necessary arrangements.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effect of Disposable Sheaths on the Vickers Microhardness of Resin
           Composites

    • Authors: Meltem TEKBAŞ ATAY; Mediha BÜYÜKGÖZE DİNDAR, Neslihan OZVEREN
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of disposable sheaths on microhardness of resin composites.Methods: A total of 40 resin composite specimens were fabricated with perspex molds (5x2 mm). Specimens were divided into 4 groups: Irradiated by 1-Elipar LCU only (EL), 2-Elipar LCU with sheath (ELS), 3-Valo LCU only (VL), 4-Valo LCU with sheath (VLS), (n=10). The specimens were subjected to surface microhardness (SMH) test (Tronic, Digital Microhardness Tester DHV-1000) on the top and bottom surfaces under 200 g load applied for 10 s with a Vickers indenter. The specimens were stored in the distilled water at 37 °C for 24 hours and the same measurements were repeated. One-way ANOVA test, Tukey and Tamhane post-hoc tests were used for intergroup comparisons. Also paired sample t-test was used for comparisons of the different time results. Results: According to the 1st-hour data from the top and bottom SMH measurements, EL and VL groups gave significantly higher microhardness values than VLS and ELS groups (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • COMMON VARIABLE IMMUNODEFICIENCY AT ADULT AGE

    • Authors: Muzaffer ŞENOL; Neslihan ÖZÇELİK, Songül ÖZYURT, Halil DÖNMEZ, Aziz GÜMÜŞ, Ünal ŞAHİN
      Abstract: Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous group of diseases progressing with recurrent infections. This disease should be considered in cases experiencing recurrent lung infection, otitis media, rhinosinusitis, and urinary tract infection. Since it is generally seen in the childhood age group, the diagnosis in adults may be delayed. A Common Variable Immunodeficiency case, which was followed up in our clinic and characterized by recurrent upper respiratory tract infection and pneumonia, was presented to raise awareness on this issue. CVID should be kept in mind in patients who are admitted to outpatient clinics with recurrent infections, who do not respond despite appropriate treatments, and who develop complications.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Preclinical Medical Students’ Awareness About Disabled Friendly
           Campus

    • Authors: Selin DAVUN; Merve KURNAZ AY, Melda KARAVUŞ, Fatma KİLVAN, İrem KURALAY, Burçe AKBAĞRA, Onur AKALIN, Seyhan HIDIROĞLU
      Abstract: Objective: The "Disabled Friendly Campus" is relatively new consept in the world. In this study we aimed to evaluate the awareness of preclinical medical students about the Disabled Friendly Campus.Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted at a public university’s Faculty of Medicine Campus. In our study, 362 students were included and the data were obtained between March and June 2019. A questionnaire was prepared in the light of the literature. In the first part of the questionnaire, socio-demographic features were questioned; In the second part of the questionnaire there were 13 questions about the arrangements required for a disabled person on a campus. Answer options such as 1= I don't agree, 2= I have no idea and 3= I agree. The score varied between 13-39, and as the total score obtained increases, it was assumed that the awareness of Disabled Friendly Campus will increase.Results: In our study 3.3% (n = 12) of the participants had any disability, and 18.2% (n = 66) had a disabled person in their family. A statistically significant difference was observed between the participants' disabled friendly campus awareness scores according to their gender, class, their participation in an activity related to disabled people and whether they found their campuses suitable for disabled people. Conclusion: It can be suggested that the questionnaire, which is assumed to evaluate the awareness of preclinical medical students on Disabled Friendly Campus, can be made into a scale with high validity and reliability.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Digital game addiction and lifestyle behaviors in Turkish adolescents

    • Authors: Zahide AKSOY; Saime EROL
      Abstract: Objective: Digital game addiction is a concern that threatens public health around the world, especially in adolescents. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between digital game addiction and lifestyle behaviors in adolescents.Methods: The research was carried out in the 2017-2018 academic year with 2001 students from three high schools offering different types of education selected by cluster sampling method in Istanbul/Maltepe district. Data were collected by using the Introductory Information Form, Game Addiction Scale for Adolescents and Adolescent Lifestyle Profile Scale. Data were evaluated in computer environment. Descriptive data were shown with numbers, percentages and means. The relationship between game addiction and independent variables was evaluated by chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U test, Pearson Correlation Analysis and Logistic Regression Analysis.Results: 22.4% of adolescents were determined to be addicted to digital games. The mean scores of health responsibility, nutrition, interpersonal relationships and stress management of adolescents who had game addiction were significantly lower than the adolescents without game addiction. Digital game addiction rates were significantly higher in boys, vocational high school students, ninth grade students, and in those who described that their family had low income, that they had very poor relations with their families/friends, that they had very poor living conditions and that they were generally unhappy.Conclusions: It was determined that game addiction negatively affected adolescents' lifestyle behaviors, and there was a negative, low to moderately significant correlation between interpersonal relationships and stress management and game addiction.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Knowledge and Management of Pediatricians About Children’s Oral
           Health

    • Authors: Pinar DEMİR; Merve BİLMEZ SELEN
      Abstract: Objective : This study aims to analyze the knowledge level of pediatricians in Turkey regarding dentistry, oral-dental health, some common oral diseases and to evaluate their approach to their patients from a dental point of view.Materials and Methods: The survey, which has been prepared with 18 questions on Google forms, was sent to 1830 pediatricians. Initially, pediatricians were requested to respond to questions about demographic information, which were followed by questions about dentist examination, oral hygiene, infant nutrition, primary tooth decay and prevention methods, dental anatomy, some malocclusions, and some common oral-dental diseases.Resultsː The survey was answered by 261 pediatricians. The number of physicians who didn’t know that cariogenic microorganisms can be transmitted from mother to baby was 163(62.7%). It was determined that the pediatricians chose the option “I don’t know” about protective and preventive applications such as fissure sealants(65.1%), topical fluoride applications(30.2%), space maintainer/child prosthesis (62.8%) and hence they don’t have sufficient information.Conclusionː Lack of information and training seems to limit the role of pediatricians in children's oral and dental health. It should be ensured that there are stronger cooperation and communication between pediatric dentists and pediatricians. Key Words: Preventive Dentistry, Oral Health, Pediatricians, Dental Care for Children, Pediatric Dentistry.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Microleakage and Marginal Integrity of Direct and Indirect Composite Resin
           Restorations in MOD Cavities After Thermo-Mechanical Loading

    • Authors: Ayşe Aslı ŞENOL; Pınar YILMAZ ATALI, Erkut KAHRAMANOĞLU
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this in vitro study is to compare the microleakage of mesial-occlusal-distal (MOD) composite resin restorations made by using CAD/CAM block and methacrylate/ormocer-based direct resin composites after thermo-mechanical loading.Methods: Standard 40 noncarious human third mandibular molars were selected for the study. Standardized MOD (3x4x2mm) cavities were prepared on the mesial and distal sides. The gingival margin was placed above the cementoenamel junction (CEJ) on the mesial side and below the CEJ on the distal side. The prepared samples were divided into three experimental groups [indirect group-GrandioBlock (GB), direct-methacrylate group-TetricN-Ceram+TetricN-Flow (T+TF), direct-ormocer group-Admira Fusion+Admira Fusion Flow (A+AF)] and control group [direct-methacrylate group-GrandioSo+GrandioSoFlow (G+GF)] (n=10). After finishing restorations samples were subjected to 50 N to 240.000 thermo-mechanical cycles (5-55°C, for 60 sec) and kept in 0.2% methylene blue. Samples sectioned longitudinally in the mesiodistal direction with a precision cutting device were examined under stereomicroscope at X8 and X25 and microleakage values were scored. In the evaluation of the data, descriptive statistical methods as well as the chi-square test was used for the comparison of qualitative data.Results: No significant difference was found among the coronal and gingival-enamel microleakage distributions of the groups (p>0.05). A statistically significant difference was observed among the gingival-cementum microleakage distributions of the groups (p=0.003). The distribution of gingival-cement microleakage with the no dye penetration score in the T+TF group was found to be statistically significantly lower than the G+GF and GB groups (p = 0.010, p = 0.001).Conclusion: Under the limitation of this in vitro study; restoring MOD cavities using different matrix structures of the composites could not eliminate the leakage at the gingival seat under CEJ.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Which Polishing Method Is Effective for Coffee Stains' – An In-Vitro
           Study of Surface Roughness and Color Change

    • Authors: Cansu ATALAY; Alperen OZ, Mirna Abou IBRAHİM, Moath SHAQAR, Marah TAYYEM, Huthaifa Abdul QADER, Ali Tuğrul GÜR, Güliz Nigar GUNCU
      Abstract: Aim: To assess the effect of three different polishing protocols on the surface roughness and color change of the enamel and compare the results with the enamel specimens exposed to coffee. Methods: Seventy-two bovine enamel specimens were randomly divided into two groups-Group I:only polishing,Group II:immersion in coffee solution and polishing–which were then subdivided into 3 groups according to polishing procedures as follows:polishing with rubber cup and Pumice Flour(PF),polishing with rubber cup and Prophy Paste(PP),polishing with Air Abrasion(AA). Surface roughness(Ra) and tooth color were assessed using a surface profilometer and a digital spectrophotometer. The color change was determined by the CIE L*a*b* system. SEM analysis were also performed. Statistical analyses were performed by GraphPad software. Multiple comparisons between-groups and in-groups were performed using Kruskal-Wallis and Friedman tests, respectively.Results: At baseline measurements, no significant differences were found among groups in terms of roughness and color values(p>0.05). In Group I,surface roughness values and color change were similar after polishing (p:0.393,p:0.093, respectively). In Group II,post-polishing Ra values were significantly increased in all groups(p0.05) and the highest ΔE value was detected in PP group. Conclusion: Following coffee immersion, enamel surfaces become rougher in all polishing protocols and the roughest surface was in PF group. In all study groups visible clinical success was achieved in terms of color, therefore dental clinicians should prefer PP in clinical practice due to the less abrasive and sufficient color change properties.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Comparison Of The Effect Of Surface Conditioning Methods On The Bond
           Strength Of Different Zirconia Reinforced Lithium Silicate And Hybrid
           Ceramics To Resin Cement

    • Authors: Hatice SEVMEZ; Handan YILMAZ
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of surface conditioning methods on shear bond strength (SBS) of a resin composite bonded to CAD/CAM materials.METHODS. The zirconia-reinforced lithium silicate (Vita Suprinity VS, and Celtra Duo CD) and hybrid ceramics (Vita Enamic, VE and Nacera Hybrid NH) were used. 80 specimens from each material were fabricated following the manufacturer’s instructions and divided into 8 groups according to surface treatments. These were; Gr 1 (control, no treatments (K)), Gr 2 (hydrofluoric acid H), Gr 3 (H+ Silane S), Gr 4 (abraded with 50-micron alumina particles A), Gr 5 (A+ S), Gr 6 (abraded with 30-micron Cojet sand C), Gr 7 (C+S), Gr 8 (S). The average surface roughness (SR) of the specimens was measured. Surface treated specimens were cemented to the resin cement (Panavia F 2.0) for testing the adhesion using the shear bond strength SBS test and were tested. Mean SR and SBS results were analyzed by 2-way ANOVA with the material type and surface treatments as the independent variables. RESULTS. The highest surface roughness values were observed in the A and AS groups. Both hybrid ceramics VE and NH showed the highest SR values among surface treatments. The highest SBS values were found usually on the H and HS treated surfaces. The highest values were observed on the CD material in the HS group (18,01MPa) and followed by the VE material (16,25 MPa) in the CS group. The failure mode for CD and VS materials was found adhesive and cohesive failures and for VE and NH materials adhesive, and mixed cohesive failure was observed.CONCLUSION. The surface treatment showed a significant effect on the SR and SBS values. Although, the SR values of the materials are high in the A and AS group, the highest SBS values were observed in the H and HS treated surfaces.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Preconception Risk Factors and Preconception Care Practices in Turkish
           Women Sample

    • Authors: Özlem CAN GÜRKAN; Döne ERTUĞRUL ABBASOĞLU
      Abstract: Introduction: The aim of the study was to evaluate the preconception risk factors that may adversely affect pregnancy outcomes, and preconception care practices.Methods: A descriptive study was completed with 359 women. The data were collected with a questionnaire that was drawn up by the researchers.Results: Findings demonstrated that preconception risk factors were advanced age (20.6%), smoking (23.1%), existence of a chronic illness (23.6%) and being overweight (26.7%). Applied to a health institution to receive preconception care was 12.3 %. The most common preconception care practices were the use of folic acid (45.4%) and applying to the doctor for reorganization of the treatment for chronic illness (41.2%). Discussion: The data showed that women had preconceptional risk factors and did not receive adequate preconceptional care. Women need to be provided with awareness on preconception risk factors. Policies should be developed to increase the frequency of women receiving preconception care.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • INVESTİGATION OF AVERAGE VALUES OF PROLIDASE, ADENOZIN DEAMINASE,
           GLUTATHIONE S-TRANSFERASE AND GLUTATHIONE REDUCTASE ENZYMES IN PANCREAS
           CANCERS

    • Authors: Maşallah ERMAYA; Halit DEMİR, Canan DEMİR, Hüseyin KANMAZ
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine the relationship between enzymatic antioxidants such as glutathione reductase and glutathione s-transferase and prolidase and adenosine deaminase in patients diagnosed with pancreatic cancer. Prolidase, adenosine deaminase, glutathione s-transferase and glutathione reductase activities were determined spectrophotometrically in blood sera collected from patients and healthy control subjects included in the study. In patients with pancreatic cancer, the mean value of glutathione reductase and glutathione s-transferase enzymes decreased, while the mean value of prolidase, and adenosine deaminase, enzyme activities increased (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Assessment of the Abrasiveness for Resin Composite Finishing &
           Polishing Systems

    • Authors: Bora KORKUT; Tuna UNAL
      Abstract: Objective: This in vitro study was aimed to assess the abrasiveness of 4 different composite finishing and polishing systems, on two different nano-hybrid composite materials.Methods: 40 composite disc samples were prepared 4 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness for each nano-hybrid resin composite (Tetric EvoCeram BulkFill A1 body and IPS Empress Direct A1; Ivoclar Vivadent, Schaan, Lichtenstein; n=80 in total). Each composite group was divided into 4 finishing and polishing system subgroups (Sof-Lex Disc, 3M, St. Paul MN, USA; Enhance&Pogo, Dentsply Sirona, Konstanz, Germany; OptraGloss, Ivoclar Vivadent, Shaan, Lichtenstein; Twist Dia, Kuraray Noritake, Tokyo, Japan; n=10 for each subgroup). Single surface of each sample was roughened with 600 and 800 grit sandpapers (Carbimet, Special Silicone Carbide Grinding Paper, IL, USA), respectively. Initial thickness (t1) was measured for each sample with a digital micrometer (BMI 770150, Germany). Then, 4 different finishing&polishing systems were preformed for one side of the samples, at 10 000 rpm, in dry conditions, by a single operator (30 s for a single materal). Final thicknesses (t2) were measured after finishing&polishing procedures. Statistical analyses were performed regarding t2-t1 values. Two-way Anova test was used to assess the level of abrasion for the composite and finishing&polishing materials. Tukey HSD was used for multiple comparisons.Results: In terms of composite materials, IPS Empress Direct presented significantly a greater level of abrasion (52.85 ± 42.26B) than Tetric Evo Ceram Bulk Fill (p < 0.001). In terms of finishing & polishing materials, significantly a greater level of abrasiveness was observed for Sof-Lex Disc (91.25 ± 47.22b) among all (p < 0.001). There was no significant differences in abrasiveness, between Enhance&Pogo - Optragloss (p = 0.859), Enhance&Pogo - Twist Dia (p = 0. 891), and Twist Dia – Optragloss (p = 0.440).Conclusion: Both the type of composite and the finishing & polishing material were considered effective factors for abrasion. The greatest level of abrasiveness was observed for the 4-step Sof-Lex Disc system (91 µm on average), for the total 120 seconds of application. The abrasiveness for the 2-step systems was similar and ranged between 24 – 36 µm on average, for 60 seconds of application. IPS Empress Direct presented a greater level of abrasion than Tetric Evo Ceram Bulk Fill on equal terms of finishing & polishing.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • CAN HYPO-OSMOTIC SWELLING TEST (HOST) IMPROVE PREGNANCY OUTCOMES IN
           UNEXPLAINED INFERTILITY PATIENTS WITH NORMAL SEMEN PARAMETERS UNDERGOING
           ICSI –FROZEN EMBRYO TRANSFER CYCLES'

    • Authors: Ümit ÖZDEMİR; Zafer ATAYURT, Bulat Aytek ŞIK, Özkan ÖZDAMAR, Yılda Arzu ABA, Ozan OZOLCAY
      Abstract: Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the pregnancy outcomes of the couples who underwent Hypo-Osmotıc Swelling Test (HOST)as a sperm selection method in Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) – Frozen embryo transfer (ET) cycles and those who did not.Methods: ICSI – Frozen ET cycles, employing HOST as a sperm selection method were assigned to the Study Group; whereas those not employing HOST were included in the Control Group. Both study and control groups were divided into two subgroups according to the age of the women; those between the 25-35 years old and those between 36-40. The study and the control group included 509 and 1304 patients; respectively. Patients between 25-40 years old, who received Invitro fertilization (IVF) treatment for the first time, had good quality (grade A) blastocyst embryo on the 5th day, had normal semen parameters and HOST scores of b, c, and d were included in the study.Results: Pregnancy outcomes were comparable between cycles using HOST and not using HOST in 25-35 years group. However, cycles employing HOST showed significantly higher pregnancy rate (p = 0.023), clinical pregnancy rate (p = 0.005), and live birth rate (p = 0.045) as compared to cycles not using HOST, in the 36-40 years group.Conclusion:With normal semen parameters, the use of HOST in ICSI-Frozen ET cycles does not increase live birth rates in women aged 25-35, while it increases the rate of live births in women aged 36-40.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Pragmatic Language Disorders Resulting from Semantic Degradation in
           Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease

    • Authors: Bertuğ SAKIN
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study is to create an inventory of pragmatic language disorders specific to Alzheimer’s disease, to illustrate them by case examples, to determine the severity of disorders according to the stages of Alzheimer’s, and to specify the impact of patients’ demographic characteristics on the pragmatic disorders experienced by them.Method: The study adopted a descriptive research design. The sample was selected using the stratified sampling method. Interviews were conducted with the patients using the free association technique. The feedbacks from the participants were collected as audio recordings and transcribed using the SALT program. The findings were analysed and compared with the control group data, and the conclusion was drawn from the results obtained. Results: In the course of study 19 types of pragmatic language disorders of AD patients were identified. The differences between the pragmatic disorders detected at various stages of the disease were illustrated in detail using case examples, and the effect of the demographic variables on the disorders was determined. Conclusion: As a result of the research, pragmatic language disorders resulting from semantic degradation experienced by AD patients were identified. It was found out that the early stage of AD is characterised by mild pragmatic disorders, which tend to get more distinct at the middle stage and even more severe at the late stage. In addition, it was determined that the demographic characteristics of patients have an impact on the severity of pragmatic language disorders.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Traditional practices performed by nurses during postpartum period

    • Authors: Hamide AYGÖR; Yasemin DURDURAN, Emel EGE
      Abstract: Objective: In order to provide a quality health service, the awareness of traditional practices of healthcare providers, especially nurses, is as important as the understanding of the illnesses and health perception of those receiving care and their approaches to contemporary and traditional practices, because nurses' own cultural values and beliefs can affect their decisions and attitudes toward the patients. .Methods: This descriptive study was performed with female nurses with children and working in a university hospital. The sample was not determined by using any special method of selection. The study was completed with the participation of 316 nurses who volunteered to participate in the study. The participation rate was 82%. Data were collected from October 2018 to April 2019 by using a survey form developed by the researchers based on the literature Results: Of the nurses, 91.5% thought traditional practices were important but 8.5% thought that such practices were unimportant to prevent/resolve health-related problems. The most common first three practices that the nurses implemented to prevent puerperal fever included fortieth-day baths (44.3%), praying (37.3%), and not staying home alone (28.2%). Conclusion: It is important for nurses to be aware of their viewpoints against traditional practices as to understanding transcultural care and providing service in this direction
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Factors Affecting Adherence to Treatment of Male Inpatients with Alcohol
           Addiction: an Qualitative Study

    • Authors: Emel BAHADIR YILMAZ; Elvan ATA
      Abstract: Objective: This paper explores those factors affecting adherence to treatment among male inpatients with alcohol addiction in Turkey. Methods: This qualitative and descriptive study was carried out in 2018. The sample consisted of 16 patients with with alcohol addiction in a psychiatric clinic. The data were analyzed using content analysis. Results: Three main themes emerged from these interviews: (i) strengthening of personality; (ii) structuring of treatment environment; and (iii) completion of social life preparations. Strengthening of personality theme was composed of low self-esteem, anger and ineffective coping, inadequate communication skills, and loneliness sub-themes. Structuring of treatment environment theme consisted of lack of knowledge and insight, a non-therapeutic environment, and lack of treatment motivation sub-themes. Finally, completion of social life preparations theme was composed of lack of leisure activity, fighting the stigma of alcoholism, failure to initiate change and insufficient social support sub-themes.Conclusion: This study suggests that psychiatric nurses should improve patients’ self-esteem, coping and communication skills, and increase patients’ knowledge and insight about their disorder and medication, treatment motivation, and social support resources.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • THE EFFECT OF PH-CYCLING AND TOOTHBRUSHING SIMULATIONS ON SURFACE
           ROUGHNESS OF BULK-FILL COMPOSITES

    • Authors: Tuğba MİSİLLİ; Nihan GONULOL, Özge Gizem CABADAĞ, Lena ALMASIFAR, Derya DİNÇ
      Abstract: ABSTRACTObjective: This study aimed to compare surface roughness values (Ra) of different posterior composites after pH-cycling and toothbrushing simulation.Methods: Fifty disc-shaped specimens (8x2 mm) were prepared by using three bulk-fill composites [Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior (FBF), SonicFill (SF), X-tra fil (XF)], a flowable [G-aenial Universal Flo (GF)], and a microhybrid composite [Filtek Z250 (Z250)]. After initial roughness (Ra0) measurements were performed with a contact profilometer, the samples were subjected to a pH-cycling model for 10 days and Ra1 values were recorded. Then, the samples were subjected to toothbrushing simulation for 4 min and final values (Ra2) were recorded. From each group, a representative sample was analyzed with an optical profilometer. The values were analyzed by two-way ANOVA with repeated measures on one factor (period) followed by Tukey’s test (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effect of Education and Monitoring on Developing Foot Care of Elderly with
           Diabetes Mellitus

    • Authors: Saadet CAN ÇİÇEK; Feray GÖKDOĞAN
      Abstract: Objective: To determine the effect of education and monitoring on developing foot care in elderly with diabetes. Methods: This was a controlled experimental a research. The study was performed with diabetes composed of 45 in control group and 45 in intervention group who met inclusion criteria for the study within registered elderly with diabetes in one center of elderly and a public hospital between the dates of September 2012-September 2013. Training and follow-up on foot care was carried out for the intervention group by performing four foot examinations in both groups.Results: Diabetic foot information and foot care behavior scores showed significantly greater increases in intervention group compared to controls. Significant difference in total foot examination score was determined between groups and in time (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effect of watching Cartoon during IV the treatment on Anxiety and Fear
           levels in Children: Randomized Controlled Trail

    • Authors: Tuba KOÇ ÖZKAN; Sinan ASLAN, Ramazan İNCİ
      Abstract: ABSTRACTObjective: The study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial to determine the effect of watching cartoon during treatment on anxiety and fear in children. Methods: A total of 92 children (43 in the cartoon group and 49 in the control group) were included in the study. The results of the study were obtained using Information Form, Children’s State Anxiety Scale, and Children’s Fear Scale. The children in the cartoon group watched their favourite cartoons during treatment. No distracting method was applied to the children in the control group during their routine treatment. Anxiety and fear levels in children in the cartoon and control groups were evaluated before and during intravenous treatment. Results: Watching cartoon during iv treatment is effective on reducing anxiety and fear in children. Conclusion: Fear and anxiety levels in children can be reduced through watching cartoon during medical procedures. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04127097.Keywords: child, anxiety, fear, treatment, nursing, distraction, non-pharmacologic
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Sleep Quality And Fatigue Level Of Patients With Coronary Angiography

    • Authors: Tuğba ÖNEĞİ; Dilek EFE ARSLAN
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine sleep quality and fatigue levels of patients who underwent angiography in coronary intensive care unit.Methods: This study was performed among individuals who underwent angiography in the coronary intensive unit of a City Hospital in the center of a city in Turkey between December 15, 2018 and April 15, 2019 (n:205). Data were obtained using the Patient Identification Form, Richards-Campbell Sleep Scale, Brief Fatigue Inventory.Results: The mean score of Richard’s Campbell Sleep Scale was 46.01 ± 18.90 in patients undergoing angiography at the coronary intensive care unit. The mean score of the Brief Fatigue Scale was found to be 4.49 ± 1.99. A negative correlation was found between the mean Richard’s Campbell Sleep Scale and Brief Fatigue Inventory and its subdimension scores. The fatigue levels were found to be increased as the sleep quality of the patients decreased.Conclusions: It was determined that patients undergoing coronary angiography had poor sleep quality and high levels of fatigue, and this was caused by several factors. In line with these results, it is recommended to make nursing care plans and consultancy for sleep hygiene and activity planning at regular intervals for individuals at risk.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of C-shaped canal configuration in maxillary molars: A
           retrospective cone-beam computed tomography study

    • Authors: Emre KÖSE; Rüya AK
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the prevalence of C-shaped canal configuration in maxillary first and second molars according to sex and gender by using CBCT in a Turkish population.Methods: In this retrospective study, 709 first and 739 second maxillary molars were examined. CBCT images of teeth were examined in different axial sections to determine the presence of C-shaped canal configuration. C-shaped canal configuration was classified into five groups according to the fusion of root canals. Prevalence of C-shaped canal configuration between first and second molars, age groups and genders were compared. Results: Total of 1448 teeth were evaluated and 3% (43) of them had C-shaped canal configuration. The presence of C-shaped canal configuration was significantly more common in the second molars than the first molars (p = 0.000) No significant difference in the prevalence of C-shaped configuration was observed comparing genders and age groups (p>0.05). Type A and E canal configuration were not detected in first molars. Conclusion: C-shaped canal configuration is a rare anatomical variation of maxillary molars. This variation includes fins or isthmuses connecting root canals which create challenges during endodontic treatment. Perceiving the variations with CBCT imaging helps clinicians to understand and treat complex cases without complication. Clinicians should be knowledgeable about the rare variations for better outcomes.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Adaptation of Chronic Kidney Disease-Self Management Knowledge Tool
           (CKD-SMKT) into Turkish

    • Authors: Öznur ALTIPARMAK; Fikret İZZETTİN, Betül OKUYAN, İzzet Hakkı ARIKAN, Mesut SANCAR
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of the study is adaptation of Chronic Kidney Disease-Self Management Tool (CKD-SMKT) into Turkish language.Material and Methods: The study was conducted with chronic kidney disease patients in a training and research hospital. Initially, translation and cultural adaptation of the Turkish tool was performed, afterwards the internal consistency were evaluated with Kuder-Richardson (KR-20) coefficient.Results: The total of 48 patients (mean of age [years]: 62.13±15.19) were included the study. An acceptable internal consistency with a KR-20 value of 0.71 were determined for the tool. 62.5% of participants answered correctly to all self-management knowledge items, however only 10.4% of them indicated that they behaved in line with the correct answers of all self-management knowledge items.Conclusion: The Turkish version of CKD-SMKT is a reliable and appropriate tool to assess the self-management knowledge of chronic kidney patients.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Assessment of Nursing Students' Stress Levels and Coping Strategies
           During First Clinical Experience

    • Authors: Şebnem BİLGİÇ; Ülfiye ÇELİKKALP
      Abstract: Objective: This study was performed to examine the stress levels of freshmen in the nursing students during their first clinical experience, their styles of coping with stress, and the relationship of those with each other and certain variables. Methods: This descriptive study was performed with 91 freshmen in the nursing department of a university who experienced clinical placements for the first time. Data was collected using a student identification form, the clinical stress questionnaire and the stress-coping patterns scale.Results: Ninety-one students participated with the mean age of 19.94+2.91. The mean stress score of the students during their first clinical experience was found to be 29.16±7.92. When the stress coping styles of the students were examined, their mean self-confidence approach score was found to be 2.93±0.54, their seeking social support score was found to be 2.73±0.48, their optimistic approach score was found to be 2.68±0.61, their helpless/self-accusatory approach score was found to be 2.17±0.50, and their submissive approach score was found to be 1.84±0.44. The clinical stress levels of the students were found to be low and the students were found to use the confident approach most in coping with stress. Conclusion: Nursing students should be taught stress coping methods to decrease the stress experienced during clinical placements and increasing the effectiveness of education.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Women’s Experiences and Frequency of Vaginal Examination during
           Labor

    • Authors: Ebru KÜÇÜK; Kıymet YEŞİLÇİÇEK ÇALIK
      Abstract: Objective: Vaginal examinations (VE’s) are techniques that are widely used by midwives, nurses or doctors to assess the progress of labor. The present study aimed to determine the women’s experiences and frequency of VE during labor.Methods: A total of 328 women who gave vaginal birth were included in this descriptive study conducted in Turkey between January and October 2019. Data were collected in the first 24 h after birth using the “The Women's Experiences of Vaginal Examinations in Labour (WEVEL)” Scale. Results: VE was performed 4.05±1.721 (range,1–12) times and by 2.41±1.241 (range,1–7) different medical personnel during labor. During VE, women mostly experience fear, pain, and shame. The average score of women on the WEVEL scale was 74.18±10.078 (good level). VE experiences of women to whom information was provided before the procedure, for whom the sex of medical personnel did not matter, whose privacy was protected, and on whom VE was performed by the same medical personnel were more positive; the difference was statistically significant (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Mutations and expression profile of EDIL3 and correlation with HIF1A and
           tumor-associated carbonic anhydrases in pancreatic cancer

    • Authors: Dilara Fatma AKIN; Rahsan ILIKCI
      Abstract: Objective: EDIL3 expression levels are raised in some types of cancer which means that it can be used as a candidate tumor marker. Hypoxia upregulates tumor-associated carbonic anhydrases in cancer genesis. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether EDIL3 plays a role in the hypoxic microenvironment of pancreatic cancer. Methods: Gene expression and mutation profiles of pancreatic cancer patients and healthy tissue samples were downloaded The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the genetic alterations and expression levels of the EDIL3, HIF1A, CA IX and CA XII genes were analyzed. Additionally, PolyPhen-2 and SNAP tools were used to prediction and confirmation of detected alterations pathogenicity and survival analysis was performed. Results: Expression level of EDIL3, HIF1A and CA IX were found to be statistically significant higher in the patient compared to healthy group and we showed also positive correlation between EDIL3 and HIF1A gene expression. Furthermore, low CA IX and CA XII expression level were found effective on overall survival (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Comparing the effect of insulin infusion alone and in combination of
           insulin infusion with salbutamol nebulization in treatment of hyperkalemia
           in diabetic and non-diabetic patients

    • Authors: Rohit TIWARI; Parmınder NAIN, Jasmine KAUR, Harbir RAO, Jaspreet KAUR
      Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and comparison of potassium lowering effect of insulin infusion alone and insulin infusion with salbutamol nebulization.Methods: This interventional study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital, for a period of one year. A total of 190 patients with hyperkalemia were divided into two groups. Group-A (diabetic [D] and non-diabetic [ND] patients) received salbutamol 20 mg three times daily (TDS) (nebulizer 5mg/2.5mL) administered over a period of 15 minutes with 10 units of regular insulin (diluted with 25% dextrose in non-diabetic only) over 30 minute TDS via infusion. Group-B (diabetic and non-diabetic patients) received 10 units of regular insulin (diluted with 25% dextrose in non-diabetic patients only) administered over 30 minute TDS via infusion. Potassium and glucose level was measured in patient blood sample after 0, 6, 12 and 24 hrs of treatment.Results: The potassium level was decreased by 30.09% (D) and 31.98% (ND) in Group-A, whereas by 31.98% (D) and 20.49% (ND) in Group-B, after 24 hrs. Whereas blood glucose level in diabetic patients of Group-A and Group-B was found to decrease up to 28.85 % and 40.78 % respectively after 6 hours. Both the treatments were found to be effective without any complication i.e. hypoglycaemia and hypokalaemia. Moreover, renal, liver, cardiac and respiratory function test also did not show significant changes after treatments when recorded bihourlyConclusion: From the results, salbutamol nebulizer with insulin is more effective in the treatment of hyperkalemia in diabetic and non-diabetic patients.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Pain Management and Life Satisfaction In Elderly Individuals: A Single
           Centred Study

    • Authors: Zülfünaz ÖZER; Gülcan BAHÇECİOĞLU TURAN, Gülden ATAN
      Abstract: Objective: This study was conducted to find out the pain management status and life satisfaction of elderly individuals living in a nursing home and to determine the relationship between these.Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in a nursing home in Turkey in November 2019. The data were collected by the researchers with face-to-face interview technique by using “Personal Information Form”, “Geriatric Pain Measure (GPM)”, “Pain Management Inventory (PMI)” and “Life Satisfaction Scale (LSS)”.Results: GPM total score was 48.95±11.24, and average LSS was 14.37±6.85. There is a positive statistically significant association between GPM and PMI (r=0.385; p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Relationship between Health-Promoting Lifestyle Behaviors and Sleep
           Quality of Nurses Working in the Pediatrics Clinics:

    • Authors: Müjde ÇALIKUŞU İNCEKAR; Serap BALCI, Esra VURANKAYA, Beyza TUNCEL, Ebru ZOR
      Abstract: Objective: The study was conducted to determine the relationship between health-promoting lifestyle behaviors and sleep quality of nurses working in the pediatrics clinics. Methods: The study was conducted among nurses working in the pediatrics clinic of a training and research hospital located in X. Nurse Information Form, Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II (HPLP-II), and Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) were applied to the nurses. Besides the descriptive statistics, Mann Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis test, and Spearman’s Rho Correlation analysis were used for the analysis of the study.Results: Among the 200 nurses that were surveyed, 121 (60.5%) responded. 81% of the nurses (n=98) were female, 19% (n=23) were male, and 80.2% had a bachelor’s degree. Age average of the nurses was 25.74±3.86 years and the average weekly working hours was 49.40±7.70 hours. It was determined that total mean score of HPLP-II was 125.26±16.40 and PSQI total mean score was 12.13±2.29. The lowest mean HPLP-II subscale score was 16.19±4.64 for exercise and 17.71±3.74 for stress management. A statistically significant correlation was found between the HPLP-II total scores and PSQI total scores (r= - 0.19; p< 0.05).Conclusion: It was determined that the health-promoting lifestyle behaviors of the nurses were above the moderate level, their sleep quality was poor, and there was a significant correlation between the health-promoting lifestyle behaviors and the sleep quality of the nurses. It can be suggested by nursing to conduct the studies determining the practices that will improve the health-promoting lifestyle behaviors of the nurses and enhance their sleep quality.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Reliability and Validity of the Turkish Version of the Mental Fatigue
           Scale In Healthy Individuals

    • Authors: Muhammed KILINÇ; Gizem MURAT, Gizem İrem KINIKLI
      Abstract: Objectives: The aim of the study was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Mental Fatigue Scale (MFS) in healthy Turkish population.Methods: This study was held in Hacettepe University, Faculty of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation between April and August 2019. A total of one hundred thirty-two healthy participants aged between 18-50 years were recruited. Reliability was investigated using test-retest reliability. The internal consistency of MFS was calculated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. The validity of the MFS was assessed by comparing the MFS score with the 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) and Checklist Individual Strength Questionnaire (CIS-T) scores. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to evaluate validity.Results: The test–retest reliability of the MFS were excellent in healthy Turkish population (ICC: 0.91, with a 95% confidence interval of 0.88–0.94). The scale had high internal consistency (Cronbach’s α 0.86). For the validity, the correlations between the MFS and the total/subscales of CIS-T scores and SF-36 scores were good (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of the position of lingula mandible, mental foramen and lingual
           foramen of individuals in the 7-17 age groups via Cone-Beam Computed
           Tomography

    • Authors: Duygu GÖLLER BULUT; Seval BAYRAK
      Abstract: Objective: The identification of landmarks in mandible is an important stage before dental procedures ın pediatric patients. The purpose of this study was to determine the location of lingula mandible, mental foramen (MF) and lingual foramen (LF) in a paediatric population. Methods: The distance of lingula mandible to the anterior, posterior, superior, and inferior borders of mandible and to distal edge of the alveolar socket of the 1st molar tooth were measured. MF and LF distance to the top of the alveolar crest and the inferior edge of the basis mandibulae were determined. The horizontal location of MF was evaluated. Results: The distance between lingula mandible and the sigmoid notch, the inferior border of the ramus, the anterior border of the ramus and the posterior border of the ramus was 18.63±4.52 mm, 24.81 ± 5.19 mm 14.67±2.39 mm, and 15.14 ± 3.06 mm respectively. The MF was mostly located between long axes of first and second premolar teeth. LF is closer to the inferior edge of the basis mandibulae. Conclusion: It is necessary to determine anatomical landmarks in children prior to the surgical operations to prevent the possible neurovascular complications.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Self-efficacy and its association with locus of control in diabetes in
           Turkey

    • Authors: Mustafa KILIÇ; Selda ARSLAN
      Abstract: Objective: This descriptive-relational study was conducted to determine self-efficacy levels of individuals with type 2 diabetes, relationship between these levels both some sociodemographic characteristics and health locus of control. Methods: The sample of this study was occurred 325 patients with diabetes who applied to the health care center constituted. Data were collected via ‘Questionnaire Form’, ‘Self-efficacy in Diabetes Scale’ and ‘Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale’. Results: The average age of participants was 53.3±8 years, 51.4% of participants were women. It was found that the diagnosis time 8.7±7.2 years, the level of HbA1c was 8.2±1.1. In the sub dimensions of Diabetes Self-efficacy Scale, the patients got points as follows; sub dimension of Diet+Foot Control 39,4±12,5, sub dimension of Medical Treatment 22,6±3,1, sub dimension of Physical Exercise 9,0±4,5. It was determined that in Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale, the patients got the highest points from the sub dimension of Powerful Others Locus of Control. A positive and weak level relation was determined between self-efficacy both total and subdimensions grades dimensions of health locus of control scale (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effects of Cyclosporine and Tacrolimus on Gingiva and Alveolar Bone of
           Rats

    • Authors: Ural KARADUMAN; Burcu KARADUMAN, İlhami ÇELİK, Mihtikar GÜRSEL
      Abstract: Objective: Cyclosporine A (CsA) and tacrolimus (Tac) are immunosuppressive drugs which is frequently used in organ transplantation. CsA can cause various side effects including gingival overgrowth (GO) and osteopenia. Tac has similar side effects to CsA but with different incidences. The aim of the present study was to evaluate and compare the effects of CsA and Tac on GO and alveolar bone resorption in rats.Methods: Sixty mature male rats were randomly and equally allocated into six groups, as follows: Control-I, Control-II, CsA-I, CsA-II, Tac-I and Tac-II. The Control-I and Control-II groups received, subcutaneously, 1 ml/kg 0.9% NaCl, while the CsA-I and CsA-II groups received 10 mg/kg CsA daily, and the Tac-I and Tac-II groups 1.5 mg/kg Tac daily. The Control-I, CsA-I and Tac-I groups were sacrificed on the 16th day and other groups on the 31st day. Histological and histomorphometric analysis of the buccal gingiva and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) enzyme histochemistry of the alveolar bone were performed in the right mandibular segment of each animal. Results: GO was significantly greater in the groups administered CsA compared to the other groups (P0.05). CsA caused a significant increase in TRAP positivity (P0.05). Conclusions: Our results showed that Tac does not seem to cause GO and alveolar bone resorption. However, the deleterious side effects of Tac on the gingival tissues of rats may be time-related.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Relationship between University Students' Nutritional Status,
           Cardio-Metabolic Biomarkers and Physical Activity Levels

    • Authors: Hayrunisa İÇEN; Fatma GÜNEŞ
      Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between nutritional status, cardiometabolic biomarkers and physical activity levels in university students.Methods: Firstly, fasting plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were analyzed from participants’ blood samples, and the homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) values were calculated after measuring fasting plasma glucose and insulin. Participants’ weight, height, percentage of body fat, waist and hip circumference were measuredand body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ)and a questionnaire on socio-demographic characteristics were applied to participants. Energy and nutrient intakes were calculated from participants’24-hour dietary recall records. The statistical analysis of data was performed with SPSS version 21 software. For statistical significance, the total type-1 error level was determined as 5%.Results: Most of the participants' energy, dietary fibre, vitamins D and B1, folate, calcium and iron intakes were below recommended levels.HDL-C level was shown to be negatively correlated with total fat and saturated fatty acid intake (p
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Awareness, Attitudes, and Infection Control Measures of Dentists in Turkey
           Regarding COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Burcu GÜNAL; Mohamad ABDULJALİL, Begüm TUNASOYLU
      Abstract: Objective: Corona virus disease is a serious acute respiratory infection that has spread worldwide. The aim of this survey study was to evaluate the knowledge levels, attitudes, and approaches of dentists in Turkey and to investigate the infection control measures applied by the dentists in the dental clinics regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: This survey consisted of 27 questions and was conducted in May 2020. The questionnaire, which was distributed online to the participants through their personal accounts, included questions about the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants, their knowledge and awareness of COVID-19 infection, their approach to dental procedures before and during the pandemic, and the control measures they took in dental clinics. The collected data were subjected to statistical analysis using Chi-square tests and P values of < 0.05 were accepted as statistically significant. Results: Eight hundred twenty-eight dentists completed the questionnaire forming a response rate of 51.8%. The majority of the participants demonstrated a high level of knowledge and awareness regarding COVID-19. The statistical analysis showed that there was no association between the gender of dentists and the applied infection control measures (P> 0.05), while there were significant associations between the health sectors and experience years with the infection control measures (P < 0.05). Conclusion: These results demonstrated an adequate level of knowledge regarding COVID-19 among dentists in Turkey. Additionally, the rate of using personal protective equipment during dental treatment was high.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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