Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access  
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 208)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 4)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biograph-I : Journal of Biostatistics and Demographic Dynamic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access  
Biosalud     Open Access  
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access  
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access  
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
D Y Patil Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Discover Social Science and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access  
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Equity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian     Open Access  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Health Notions     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2459-1459
Published by Marmara University Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Which Phenotypic Method Is the Most Accurate for Detection of Extended –
           Spectrum β-Lactamases (ESBLs) in Escherichia coli '

    • Authors: Montaser M.y. AMRO; Emrah GÜLER, Kaya SÜER, Meryem GÜVENİR
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the Extended-Spectrum β-Lactamases (ESBLs) by three different phenotypic methods of the Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains that isolated from various clinical samples. Methods: A total of 93 E. coli samples were isolated from hospitalized patients. Antibiotic susceptibility tests were done by automated system Phoenix 100 (Becton Dickinson, Sparks, MD, USA). ESBL production was tested by double disc synergy test (DDST), combined disc test (CDT) and three-dimensional test (TDT). All statistical analyses were done using statistical packages SPSS Demo Ver 22 (SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, USA). Results: In the investigation of ESBL production among E. coli species, 87 (93.5%) strains were ESBL positive by DDST, 73 (78.5%) strains were ESBL positive by CDT, 71 (76.3%) strains were ESBL positive by TDT. According to statistical analysis: There were statistical differences between DDST-CDT (p=
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Comparison of Actual Cardiovascular Disease Risks to the Perceptions of
           Middle-aged Men: A Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: İbrahim TOPUZ; Sebahat GÖZÜM
      Abstract: Objective: To determine the actual cardiovascular diseases risk and to compare it with the perceived risk in 40-65 years old men.Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population determined to be 21.039 men and sample consisted of 400 men. The actual cardiovascular diseases risks of these respondents were calculated using HeartScore, classified as low, moderate, high, or very high. The respondents’ perception of their cardiovascular disease’s risks was categorized as wrong optimists/pessimists and realists. We used multivariate logistic regression models to determine the relationships between perceived cardiovascular diseases risk and independent variables (age, diabetes, hypertension, etc.). Required ethics committee and institutional permissions were obtained for the duly conduct of the study.Results: It was determined in our study that while 8.3% (n=33) of the men had a high-risk level for cardiovascular disease, 52.5% (n=210) had a very high level. Forty-eight percent of the participants perceive their CVD risks to be lower than they are and 23.8% to perceive it higher than they are. Correct estimation rate of CVD risk was 28.2%. The variables affecting the actual cardiovascular diseases risk were diastolic blood pressure, body mass index, and level of physical activity. 13.3% (n=53) of respondents perceived their cardiovascular diseases risks as high and 8% (n=32) as very high. The variables affecting an incorrect perceived cardiovascular diseases risk are being 61-65 years of age (odds ratio=0.34, 95% confidence interval: 0.16-0.73) and a diagnosis of diabetes mellitus (odds ratio=0.45, 95% confidence interval: 0.20-0.99).Conclusion: We observed that more than half of the residents were at a very high level of risk for cardiovascular disease, and approximately one out of every two respondents perceived their risk of cardiovascular disease to be lower than the actual risk. It is recommended risk reducing behaviors be developed and awareness of risk be raised.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • VDBP and VDR Mutations May Cause In-Stent Restenosis

    • Authors: Deniz KIRAÇ; Aysun Erdem YAMAN, Hazal GEZMİŞ, Kemal YEŞİLÇİMEN, Tuba AVCILAR, İlter GÜNEY, Elif Çiğdem ALTUNOK, Gülşah KOÇ, Rabican AKKANAT, Turgay İŞBİR
      Abstract: Objective: In-stent restenosis (ISR) is the narrowing of a stented coronary artery lesion. A considerable number of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are affected by ISR. The predominant mechanism in the development of ISR is an inflammatory response to vessel wall injury during PCI. Vitamin D is reported to have anti-inflammatory properties, so it may also be related with ISR. Therefore, in this study the relationship between vitamin D receptor (VDR), vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) gene variations and ISR were investigated. Methods: Fifty-eight ISR patients who have chest pain, underwent angiography and were found to have restenosis in the previously inserted stent were included in the patient group and thirty-five patients who have chest pain and were not found to have restenosis in their previous stent in coronary angiography were included in the control group. rs7041 and rs4588 variations in VDBP; rs1544410 and rs2228570 variations in VDR were investigated by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results were evaluated statistically. Results: The CC genotype of rs2228570 variation of VDR and the CA genotype of rs4588 variation of VDBP were found statistically high in patient group. rs7041 variation was found statistically high in patients who had myocardial infarction history before stent implantation. Additionally, it was demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency (vitamin D level
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • University Students’ Attitudes Toward Homophobia and Related Factors

    • Authors: Duygu VEFİKULUÇAY YILMAZ; Filiz DEĞİRMENCİ, Ahu AKSOY, Aysu BULDUM, Aslihan AKSU
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the levels of homophobic attitudes and related factors among senior students at a university in Turkey.Methods: The descriptive study sample consisted of 317 senior undergraduate students who met the inclusion criteria and accepted to participate in the study between March 20 and April 24, 2017. The study data were collected using the “Personal Information Form” to determine the socio-demographic characteristics of the students and “Hudson-Ricketts Index of Homophobia” to determine their homophobic attitudes. Descriptive statistics, the independent samples t-test (Student’s t-test) for the comparison of two groups and the one-way ANOVA test for the comparison of the means of more than two groups were used in the analysis of the data.Results: In the study, it was determined that 156 (49.2%) students had low levels homophobic attitudes and 148 (46.7%) students had high levels homophobic attitudes. In addition, it was found that 13 (4.1%) students got 87 points and had neutral level homophobic attitudes. Among the students who participated in the study. it was found that the homophobic attitude levels of the students who were women and who had individuals with different sexual orientation in their social environment were found to be lower (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Serum Amino Acid Profile in Chronic Sinusitis

    • Authors: Nihal EFE ATİLA; Alptuğ ATİLA
      Abstract: Objective: Serum amino acid profile is known to vary in many diseases. The changes in the serum amino acid profile provide important information about diseases and the effectiveness of treatment. The aim of this study is to investigate whether serum amino acids are effective in the development of CRS. Methods: A total of 23 healthy volunteers between the ages of 20 and 40 years were allocated to the control group (Group 1) and 27 patients with chronic rhinosinusitis were allocated to the study group (Group 2). The patients whose history, symptom, and examination findings were consistent with chronic sinusitis and who also who had sinusitis findings on a paranasal sinus tomography and were diagnosed with chronic sinusitis for at least one year were included in Group 2. A total of 32 serum-free amino acid levels were measured in both group using the LC-MS/MS system. In the study, the JASEM amino acid kit was used for LC-MS/MS analysis. Results: The serum taurine level was found to be statistically significantly lower in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (p:0.002). A significant alteration was not observed in the serum levels of remaining 31 amino acids. Conclusion: According to the data we obtained from the study, decreased serum taurine level may be a factor in the etiopathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis and therefore taurine supplementation may be considered as a new therapeutic target in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Examining the Relationships Between Adolescents' Emotion Regulation
           Levels and Social Media Addiction

    • Authors: Adem PEKER; Melike NEBİOĞLU YILDIZ
      Abstract: Objective: This study aims to examine the relationship between adolescents’ emotional regulation strategies and social media addiction.Methods: 1151 adolescents aged between 14 and 18 participated in the study (Mage = 14.44, SD =4.97). 63.8% of the participants in the study were girls and 36.2% were male. Researchers used the Emotion Regulation Scale and the Social Media Addiction Scale. In the study, we performed correlation analysis to determine the relationships between the variables. We used the structural equation model to test the predictive relationship between emotion regulation on social media addiction. We used SPSS 22, LISREL 9.1 program for statistical analysis.Results: The results show that there are low-level, negative correlations between social media addiction and reappraisal of emotions. Similarly, there are low-level, positively significant relationships between suppression of emotions and social media addiction. Another result of the study reveals that reappraisal and suppression of emotions have a predictive effect on social media addiction.Conclusion: The results show that reappraisal emotions reduce social media addiction, while suppression increases social media addiction.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effects of Therapeutic Intermittent Hypoxia Implementation on Complete
           Blood Count Parameters: An Experimental Animal Model

    • Authors: Talha KILIÇ; Mustafa SENGOR, Savaş ÜSTÜNOVA, Aysu KILIC, Hayrettin DAŞKAYA, Aysel Yıldız ÖZER
      Abstract: Objective: Intermittent hypoxia (IH) implementation is a method performed by intermittently decreasing oxygen concentration in inhaled air at specific rate. This method varies between studies in terms of its application. This study aims to examine the changes in Complete Blood Count (CBC) parameters caused by IH implementation at therapeutic dose ranges with a single model.Methods: Ten Sprague Dawley type adult male rats were divided into two groups. In the study group, FiO2 level of inhaled air, was reduced to 10% in hypoxic cycle. 5 minutes normoxia-hypoxia cycle was used in each 30 minutes experiment period for study group. Control group remained in normoxic air for 30 minutes. 1 cc of blood was taken from mandibular vein from all rats at the end of 6th day. CBC analyzes were performed and differences between two groups were investigated.Results: Significant differences were detected in some CBC parameters between the two groups. It was determined that significant increase in MONO (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of the Gender Perception of Students of the Faculty of
           Medicine; a Public University Faculty of Medicine in Western of Turkey

    • Authors: Hatice AYGAR; Burcu IŞIKTEKİN ATALAY, Sevil AKBULUT ZENCİRCİ, Alaettin ÜNSAL, Didem ARSLANTAS
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the level of perception of gender in medical school students and to examine some variables that are thought to be related. Methods: Study was carried at a public university faculty of medicine in 2018-2019 academic year and it consists of 1213 students without attendance problems and 1023 (84.3%) students were reached. The questionnaire form included some sociodemographic characteristics of the individuals, some variables thought to be related with gender perception and questions of the Perception of Gender Scale. Results: In this study, medical students’ gender perception levels and variables affecting it were evaluated and it was concluded that the students’ gender perceptions were positive. Conclusion: Medical faculty students should be role models in society’s adoption of equality by looking at all practices from a gender equality perspective.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Protective Effect of Rheum Ribes L., and Quercetin on Protein Carbonyl
           Levels Against Carbon Tetrachloride-Induced Liver and Kidney Damage in the
           Rats

    • Authors: Ahmet BAKIR; Suat EKİN, Sevgi YÜKSEK, Gokhan OTO
      Abstract: Objective: This study was designed to examine the potential protective effects of Rheum ribes L., and quercetin on protein carbonyl (PCO) in kidney and liver tissue, trace elements (Fe, Cu, Zn) and mineral (P) in serum samples in Wistar rats of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced oxidative damage. Methods: The 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine (DNPH) method is the most reliable method widely used to measure carbonyl levels in proteins. In this study, the effect of Rheum ribes L. (Rr) and quercetin on protein carbonyl, trace elements (Fe, Cu, Zn) and mineral (P) levels against carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) mediated liver and kidney damage was investigated. For this purpose, 56 Wistar albino female rats weighing 200 ± 220 g were used. Groups were designed as: controls, 0.3 ml DMSO, 1 ml/kg olive oil, 1 ml/kg CCl4, 100 mg/kg Rr, 100 mg/kg quercetin, 100 mg/kg Rr+1 ml/kg CCl4 and 100 mg/kg quercetin+1 ml/kg CCl4 groups. Results: The results showed that the CCl4 group had significantly higher level of protein carbonyl (PCO) than the control, DMSO, olive oil, Rr and quercetin groups (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of Changes in Liver Microanatomy in the Steatosis Model
           Created by Permanent Canula in Rats

    • Authors: Asrın NALBANT; Bayram Ufuk ŞAKUL, Ferruh YÜCEL
      Abstract: Objective: The knowledge of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) is limited to the findings from available suitable models for this disease. A number of rodent models have been described in which relevant liver pathology develops in an appropriate metabolic context. In this experimental study, it was aimed to create a new liver fat model by giving fat from the portal vein of rats and to visualize the changes in the liver with advanced microscopic techniques. Methods: 28 female rats were used in the study. Permanent intraabdominal cannulas were inserted into the portal vein of the rats. Rats were randomly divided four group. Intralipid 20% substance was injected through cannula to the experimental groups during the test period. Control group received saline at the same rate. At the end of the experiment, the animals were visualized with a laser speckle microscope and livers were divided into sections according to the stereological method. The sections were painted with Hematoxylin-Eosin, Oil red o, Masson trichoma, Bodipy, Nile red. Sections were evaluated under a microscope. Results: Ballooning, inflammation and fibrosis were observed in the 2 week intralipid group. In the 1 week intralipid group, the rate of parenchyma decreased while the sinusoid rate increased, and sinusoid rate increased significantly in the 2 week intralipid (p˂0.05). Conclusion: According to the findings, steatohepatitis was detected in the 2 week intralipid, whereas only steatosis was observed in the 1 week intralipid. Thus, it was concluded that the newly formed rat model causes steatosis.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of Therapeutic Ultrasound Dose on Muscle Phantom: An
           Experimental Study Investigation of Therapeutic Ultrasound Dose

    • Authors: Neslişah GÜN; Baki KARABOCE, Ufuk YURDALAN
      Abstract: Objective: The study aims to investigate the standardized, traceable dose amounts that will create the desired therapeutic physiological change in the tissue and prevent the risk of tissue damage in the light of metrology principles Methods: In the study carried out in TÜBİTAK National Metrology Institute Medical Metrology Laboratory, a muscle phantom simulating the acoustic properties of muscle tissue was created and thermocouples were placed in it. Ultrasound at different intensities and durations at 1 MHz frequency was applied to the phantom. The temperature changes measured by the thermocouples were recorded. Each measurement was repeated three times and averaged Results: 14 minutes application at 1 W/cm2 density, 10 minutes application at 1.5 W/cm2 density, ~7 minutes application at 2 W/cm2 density, and ~4 minutes application at 2.5 W/cm2 density have been achieved for the temperature range needed to produce therapeutic effect. Conclusions: In order to achieve the therapeutic effect, the ultrasound doses used in the procedure should be checked. Measurements in multi-layer phantoms would be useful in future research.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Relationship between Work Environments and Intention to Leave in
           Nursing: A Cross-sectional and Correlational Study

    • Authors: Saliha AYDOĞMUŞ; Bilgen ÖZLÜK
      Abstract: Objective: Unfavorable work environments are among the factors that affect nurses’ intention to leave. This study was explored to examine the relationship between nurses’ work environments and their intention to leave.Methods: This cross-sectional and correlational design study was carried out with 547 nurses working in a university, a private hospital, and a teaching hospital between November 2016 and February 2017. The Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index and a question about intention to leave was used. Descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation and multiple linear regression analysis were used in the analysis of the data.Results: The mean total score of scale was found to be M= 2.30±0.56 and nurses' perceptions of work environments to be unfavorable. It was found that; 13.9% of the nurses did not intend to leave, 35.5% had a low, and 50.8% had a high intention to leave. It was determined that unfavorable work environments increases intention to leave (R= .370, R2= .137, p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Relationship Between Nurses' Professional Values and Their
           Attitudes Towards Care Giving Roles: A Structural Equation Model

    • Authors: Hasan BAKIR; Serpil SU
      Abstract: Objective: The study was carried out to examine the relationship between nurses' professional values and caregiver roles. Methods: This study is based on a descriptive correlational research design using a structural equation model. 366 nurses participated in the study. It was gathered using Nurse Promotion Form the Professional Values Scale of Nurses and the Attitude Scale for Their Caregiver Roles.Results: The total mean score of the Nurses' Professional Values Scale was determined as 94.73±17.87. Nurses' Perceptions of Caregiving Roles Attitude Scale total score mean was determined as 62.41±9.22. According to the Structural Equation model, professional values of nurses explain 39% of the change in the value of the attitude towards caregiver roles (R2 =0.39).Conclusion: Nurses' professional values and attitudes towards caregiver roles are at a good level and professional values of nurses partially affect the attitude towards caregiver roles.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Cynara Scolymus (Artichoke) Improves Liver Regeneration after Partial
           Liver Resection in Rats

    • Authors: Yusuf GUNAY; Esin KAYMAZ
      Abstract: Objective: Liver regeneration is necessary to restore hepatic mass and functional capacity after partial hepatectomy (PH). Cynara scolymus (CS) is a pharmacologically important plant that contains phenolic acids and flavonoids, and experimental studies have indicated that it has antioxidant and hepatoprotective effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of CS in liver regeneration after PH in rats. Methods: A total of 36 Wistar albino rats weighing 280.5 ± 18.6 g were used. CS leaf extract was administered after partial hepatectomy. The rats were sacrificed at postoperative day 14, and the histological changes were assessed. The mitotic index (MI), nucleus size, hepatocyte size, and binucleation rate (BR) of hepatocytes were assessed using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) staining. Results: The rats that received CS extract had significant differences in liver regeneration markers, including the hepatocyte size, mitotic index, and Ki-67 proliferation index (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of Neurogenesis in Kindled Wistar and Genetic Absence
           Epilepsy Rats

    • Authors: Cansu KANDEMİR; Melis YAVUZ, Fatma Bedia KARAKAYA, Özlem Tuğçe ÇİLİNGİR-KAYA, Filiz ONAT, Serap ŞİRVANCI
      Abstract: Objective: The most common type of epilepsy affecting about 50 million people worldwide is temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Chemical and electrical kindling methods in animals can be used to form TLE model. In the present study, it was aimed to investigate neurogenesis in the hippocampus of adult kindled Wistar rats and genetic absence epilepsy rats from Strasbourg (GAERS) rats by immunofluorescence methods.Methods: Adult Wistar and GAERS albino rats weighing 250-300 gr were injected pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) (35 mg/kg, s.c.) every other day to produce chemical kindling. Animals having 5 times grade 5 seizures were considered to be kindled. Intracardiac perfusion was performed under deep anesthesia on the 7th and 14th days after the last grade 5 seizure. Immunofluorescence methods were used to demonstrate newly formed neurons, astroglial cells, and mature neurons, by using anti-doublecortin (DCX), anti-glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and anti- neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN) primary antibodies, respectively. Sections were then examined under a fluorescence microscope.Results: DCX (+) cells were found to be increased in GAERS control groups compared to the Wistar control groups; and in Wistar PTZ groups compared to the Wistar control groups. DCX (+) cells were decreased in GAERS PTZ groups compared to their controls and to Wistar PTZ groups.Conclusion: The findings of the present study suggest that the resistance to electrical kindling of GAERS reported in previous studies might be related to the increased neurogenesis in this strain.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Informed Consent in Dentomaxillofacial Radiology: A Cross- Sectional Study

    • Authors: Gülsün AKAY; Melih ÖZDEDE, Özge KARADAĞ
      Abstract: Objective: This study assessed the opinions and attitudes of dentomaxillofacial (DMF) radiology physicians worldwide about informed consent in terms of oral radiology applications. Methods: DMF radiology physicians in various countries were invited to this study via e-mail. The participants answered their demographic information (gender, age, years of experience, title, institution, and country), and questions about informed consent. The Pearson chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests were used for statistical analysis Results: From 22 countries, 46 male (51.7%) and 43 female (48.3%) DMR radiology physicians completed the questionnaire. More than half of the participants (53.9%) were working in the university hospital, and the highest number of participants (32.6%) was from the European region. Most of the surveyors (70.8%) stated that consent is required in dental radiology. No statistically significant difference was found in the radiographic methods (intraoral, panoramic/extraoral, and cone-beam CT) applied in terms of obtaining consent (p> 0.05). While middle-aged physicians (30 –45 age) thought that patients should not be informed about the risk of radiation causing cancer, experienced participants (45 age and above) stated that information should be given about the cancer risk (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The results of this study showed that most of the DMF radiology physicians stated that they have responsibility for getting informed consent and only one-third of the participants inform patients about the risks of radiation.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Developing a Diabetes Knowledge Scale for Adults and its Psychometric
           Properties

    • Authors: Kübra YAVUZ; Saime EROL
      Abstract: Objective: This study was conducted to develop and test the psychometric properties of a “Diabetes Knowledge Scale for Adults.” Methods: The sample for this research of methodological design consisted of 500 individuals, ages 18-90, who had presented at a state hospital in Istanbul during the period October 2018-April 2019 with or without a diagnosis of diabetes. Data for the study were collected with a “Sociodemographic Characteristics Descriptive Questionnaire” and the “Diabetes Knowledge Scale for Adults (DKSA).” The validity of the scale was evaluated with the content validity index and construct validity testing (exploratory, confirmatory factor analyses). Its reliability was assessed with KR-20 internal consistency analysis, item-total correlation testing, the item discrimination, item difficulty indexes, and test-retest analysis. Results: The content validity index for the 28-item scale was found to be 0.92. The exploratory factor analysis revealed five subscales that explained 62.15% of scale variance. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis, GFI= 0.88 CFI= 0.93, AGFI= 0.86, SRMR= 0.01 and χ²/ df = 2.43, confirmed a good and acceptable level of goodness of fit for the scale. The scale’s KR-20 reliability coefficient was 0.94, item-total correlations were above .45 and the correlation between the test-retests administered two weeks apart was found to be r=0.99 Conclusion: DKSA is a valid and reliable scale that can be used to determine the knowledge level of between the ages of 18-90 adults about diabetes.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Comparison of Clinical-related Characteristics of Endodontic Patients
           Before and During the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Tuna KAPLAN; Sema SÖNMEZ KAPLAN
      Abstract: Objective: To compare patient-related and clinical-related characteristics of endodontic patients, before and during the COVID-19 pandemic.Methods: The study population comprised 506 patients (teeth: n=674) aged 13–81 years who attended undergraduate dental clinics in the Endodontics Department of the Faculty of Dentistry at Biruni University for endodontic treatment. Patient-related and clinical-related data were compared at two time intervals: before the first COVID-19 case was reported in Turkey and after the first COVID-19 case was reported in TurkeyResults: There were no significant differences in terms of age and sex of the patients attending the clinics before versus during the pandemic. The incidence of reported pain before the pandemic was significantly lower than that reported during the pandemic (p=0.041). Periapical health before the pandemic was significantly better than that during the pandemic (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Relationship Between Gluten Enteropathy and Nail Capileroscopy
           Findings and Disease Activation

    • Authors: Burak OKYAR; Abdullah Emre YILDIRIM, Sezgin BARUTÇU
      Abstract: Objective: Nailfold Videocapilloroscopy (NVC) is an examination method that is used as an aid in the diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment strategy of rheumatic diseases such as systemic sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and gives an idea about microcirculation by examining the vascular bed. It is a cheap, easily applicable, and quickly accessible method. Because of these features, we aimed to use the NVC method in patients with Gluten Enteropathy (GE) to determine whether this method will be a helpful technique in the diagnosis, activation decision, remission follow-up, and treatment strategy in patients with GE.Methods: In this study, 67 patients diagnosed with GE (n=35 disease-active group (AGE), n=32 disease-related remission group (RGE), and control group (CG)-27 healthy people whose diagnosis of GE was ruled out were included in this study. Group and CG were divided into ten parameters in capillary pathologies (capillary density loss, dilated capillary, giant capillary, microhemorrhage, avascular area, tortuosity, branched capillary, disorganization, extravasation, angiogenesis). They were divided into two groups as RGE and compared with the results obtained from NVC measurementsResults: When patients diagnosed with GE and CG were evaluated in terms of capillary disorder with NVC, While all of the patients with capillary disorders were in the GE group, no capillary disorders were found in the control group (p<0.01). When patients diagnosed with GE were divided into two groups (AGE and RGE), NVC measurements were compared; All patients with capillary disorders were found in the AGE group (p<0.01). Capillary density loss and/or avascular area were detected in 80.9% of patients with capillary disorders.Conclucion: Our study found a statistically significant difference in NVC measurements between GE patients and CG (p<0.01). The fact that all patients with capillary disorders were in the active group in terms of the disease and no capillary disorders were detected in any patients in remission showed that this method could be used as an auxiliary technique in the diagnosis of GE, making the decision of activation or remission, monitoring the disease and determining treatment strategies.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Comparison of the Effect of Denture Cleansers on Long-Term Water Sorption
           and Solubility of Polyetheretherketone with other Denture Base Materials

    • Authors: Fatih DEMİRCİ; Abdulsamet TANIK
      Abstract: Objective: In this in vitro study, the effect of three denture cleansers (DCs) after immersion in a chemical solution applied to polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and other denture base materials (DBMs) on long-term water sorption and solubility was compared.Methods: Disk-shaped specimens (50±1.0-mm diameter and 0.5±0.1-mm thickness) were prepared from four DBMs (n=48). All specimens were randomly subdivided into four storage media groups (n=12): Corega tablet (CT), Protefix tablet (PT), 1% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solution (SH), and control (distilled water, DW). Storage media were renewed thrice a day for 120 days and simulated for 1-year use of overnight immersion. Water sorption and solubility (µg/mm3) of DBMs before and after immersion in storage media were examined and obtained data were statistically analyzed using a multivariate analysis of variance, followed by multiple comparisons by a posthoc Tukey’s test (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Assesment of Physicians’ Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine

    • Authors: Feyza Nehir ÖZNUR MUZ; Muhammed Fatih ÖNSÜZ, Selma METİNTAS, Didem ARSLANTAS, Alaettin ÜNSAL, Didem OKTAR, Ezgi YÜCEL, Mine TEPETAŞ
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study is to physicians attitudes towards the COVID-19 vaccine. Methods: Our research is a cross-sectional study, which was conducted between January 4th and February 26th, 2021. A Google Forms questionnaire was prepared according to the literature. The first part of the two-part questionnaire included the sociodemographic characteristics of the physicians and some variables thought to be related to COVID-19. In the second part, questions from the “Attitudes Towards COVID-19 Vaccine Scale (ATCVS)” were included. Multiple linear regression analysis with variables that were significant in univariate analysis was used for further analysis. Results: Three hundred fifteen (71.9%) of a total of 438 participants stated that they were assigned to units related to COVID-19 during the pandemic. With more than 10 years of work in the profession, physicians had a more positive attitude towards vaccination than those with 1 – 5 years’ experience. Most of the physicians reported that there were insufficient studies on these newly developed vaccines. Possible adverse effects, uncertainty about the efficacy and safety of the vaccine, and beliefs that people are not at risk for severe disease were prominent. Conclusions: Despite all the uncertainties about the efficacy, safety, and long-term adverse effects of newly developed COVID vaccines, it was determined that 79% of the physicians approached the vaccine positively. The most important reason for vaccine hesitation was the insufficient studies about COVID-19 vaccines.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Pediatric Open Globe Injury in a University-Based Tertiary Hospital in the
           Anatolian Region

    • Authors: Erman BOZALİ; Duygu YALINBAŞ YETER, Anıl Selim APA, Ayşe VURAL ÖZEÇ, Haydar ERDOĞAN
      Abstract: Objective: Evaluation of the epidemiological and clinical features of pediatric open globe injury. Methods: Medical records of 51 patients under the age of 18 who presented to the emergency department with open globe injury (OGI) between 2009 and 2021 were evaluated retrospectively. Patient demographics, Birmingham Eye Trauma Terminology (BETT) category, pediatric ocular trauma score (POTS), visual acuity (VA), site of injury, and seasonal distribution were evaluated. Results: Of all patients included, 40 (78.4%) were male, 11 (21.6%) were female, and the mean age was 9.6±5.2 years. Zone I injury was detected in 31 (60.8%) patients. The most common cause of injury was sharp objects such as metal or wood splinters. Of all injuries, 29 (56.9%) occurred outdoors. Ocular trauma occurred more frequently in boys, especially in the summer months. Initial VA was less than 0,1 in 21 (41.2%) of the patients, between 0.1-0.5 in 9 (17.6%) and 0.6 and above in 5 (9.8%) patients. At the final visit, VA was less than 0.1 in 9 (17.6%) patients, 0.1-0.5 in 10 (19.6%) patients, and 0.6 and above in 18 (35.3%) patients. Final VA was related to the Zone and was lower as the Zone increased (p:0.011). VA and POTS scores were positively correlated at the final visit (p=0.001). Conclusion: It is substantial for emergency physicians to have a comprehensive understanding of pediatric globe injuries so that children with suspected ocular trauma should be evaluated by an ophthalmologist to prevent medicolegal problems.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Prevalence and Related Factors of Eating Disorders and Eating
           Attitudes Among Balikesir University Students

    • Authors: Elif Gülşah OĞUZ; Tunay KARLIDERE
      Abstract: Objective: Eating disorders are classified as psychiatric diseases that include deterioration in eating behaviors and attitudes and has negative effects on the physical and mental health of the individual. The main objective of the study is to elaborate the psychosocial and psychopathological factors related to eating disorders among university students.Methods: We have enrolled 199 female and 201 male volunteer students at Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine. Participants were evaluated with a semi-structured questionnaire prepared by our institution regarding clinical experience and available information sources and according to DSM-V diagnostic criteria. Eating Attitude Scale, Ortho-15 Scale, Maudsley Obsessive Compulsive Question List, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Body Perception Scale were administered to all participants. Individuals with previously known or concomitant dementia, delirium, mental retardation, psychotic disorder diagnosis, depression with psychotic symptoms, and bipolar depression were not included in the study.Results: The OCD sub-dimension and cleaning sub-dimension differed significantly according to the gender variable (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect of Antimicrobial Policy Implementation on Carbapenem
           Resistance: A University Hospital Experience

    • Authors: Okan DERİN; Fatma ŞEKER, Nilay AKSOY, Pakize YIGIT, Mehmet YILMAZ, Ali MERT
      Abstract: Objective: The resistance of Gram-negative bacteria to antibiotics is a global issue that leads to increased mortality and treatment costs. The aim of this study is to see how a newly formed carbapenem control team affected the prevalence of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative rods and antibiotic consumption expenses in 2017 compared to the year before. Methods: The rate of carbapenem antibiotic usage in Intensive Care Units and Bone Marrow Transplantation services, as well as the findings of culture materials obtained from various body parts of the same patients, between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2017 were assessed. Results: While there was an ordinary restriction on carbapenem consumption in 2016, carbapenem consumption has been more restricted in 2017. The carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria patterns of culture materials are examined and compared with Defined Daily Dose data of carbapenems. After the restriction, a significant decrease in the consumption of carbapenems was detected. The decline in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative bacteria and decreasing antibiotic consumption were found to have a moderately positive correlation (r=0.641, p=0.02). A 60.9% decrease was observed in carbapenem costs after carbapenem restriction, on the other hand, an increase in other unrestricted antibiotics was apparent. Conclusion: Antimicrobial restriction policies can help minimize the rate of carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative rods, which is a serious problem in healthcare. We demonstrated that a decrease in carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative rods isolation rates can lead to a decrease in healthcare-associated infections. Although there is no decrease in the direct antibiotics cost, a drop in carbapenem-resistant may lower the expenses of drastic consequences of infections with carbapenem-resistant and its cost. we can conclude that the Antibiotic Control Policy should be modified based on this new information.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Development and Validation of a Rapid HPLC-DAD Method for Determination of
           Favipiravir in Pharmaceutical Formulation

    • Authors: Duygu TAŞKIN
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this work was to develop and validate a rapid and simple high-performance liquid chromatography method with a diode- array detector (HPLC-DAD) for determination of favipiravir in bulk and tablet formulations.Methods: The chromatographic analysis was performed at 30 °C with a Poroshell 120EC-C18 column (4.6 x 50 mm, 2.7 µm). The mobile phase was a mixture of 0.1% formic acid in water and 0.1% formic acid in acetonitrile (90:10, v/v). The run time was 5 min at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min.Results: The proposed method was successfully validated in terms of precision, accuracy, linearity, robustness, limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) parameters. The calibration plot was linear over a concentration range of 10-100 µg/mL. The LOD and LOQ values were found to be 0.58 µg/mL and 2.03 µg/mL, respectively. The average recovery values were found to vary from 99.45 percent to 104.29 percent.Conclusion: As a result, it was concluded that the developed method can be used successfully in the determination of favipiravir in pharmaceutical preparations.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Multi-center Retrospective Analysis of Healthcare Workers after
           COVID-19: Epidemiological and Clinical Features

    • Authors: Okan DERİN; Nilay AKSOY, Ozge ÇAYDAŞI, Mehmet YILMAZ, Ali MERT
      Abstract: Objective: Concerns regarding the high-level risk of infection among healthcare workers (HCWs) increased after COVID19 was declared as a pandemic in March 2020. Inadequate infection control owing to a shortage of personal protective equipment or an inconvenient usage of infection control measures may play a significant role in transmission to/among healthcare personnel. The study aimed to determine the characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19 patients who are healthcare workers along with possible transmission routes of COVID-19 in four different healthcare facilities in Istanbul. Methods: All hospital records were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic and clinical characteristics of HCWs were documented, and all infected HCWs were subjected to a phone-based mini-questionnaire and three-dimensional test (TDT). All statistical analyses were done using statistical packages SPSS Demo Ver 22 (SPSS Inc. Chicago, IL, USA). Results: Clinical features of COVID-19 were similar to the general public’s characteristics. The most frequent symptoms were cough, fever, and headache. HCWs with the O blood group tend to have asymptomatic COVID-19 infection. Hospital workers other than medical professionals have a lack of convenience of infection control measures. The median duration of PCR negativity was 9 days. HCWs who had a sore throat at the beginning of COVID-19 have a longer PCR-positive duration. Conclusion: Understanding the clinical features or characteristics of asymptomatic COVID-19 carriers may aid in the implementation of a feasible screening program for early detection. It is strongly advised that proper infection control precautions, education, and auditing of nonclinical staff be implemented. As a result, transmission among healthcare workers can be avoided.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of the Relationship of Fatigue, Anxiety and Depression Levels
           in Individuals with the Precautions Taken in the COVID-19 Pandemic Process
           

    • Authors: Hasan KÜÇÜKKENDİRCİ; Mehtap YÜCEL, Yasemin DURDURAN
      Abstract: Objective: This study aims to evaluate the effects of the COVID-19 process and the measures taken on fatigue, anxiety and depression levels in individuals, and the factors that may cause this effect. Methods: The study is of cross-sectional type. A total of 281 participants who applied to the pandemic outpatient clinic were included in the study. Data collection form with 27 questions and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) with 14 questions were used in the study. Relationships between data were evaluated with t-test and chi-square test in independent groups. The importance levels of the factors affecting the anxiety and depression scores were determined by the Chaid Analysis. Statistically, cases with p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Medication Review in Turkish Older Adults at Community Pharmacy: A Pilot
           Study by Using Medication Appropriateness Index

    • Authors: Şefika DAL; Nazlıcan UÇAR, Öznur ALTIPARMAK, Mesut SANCAR, Betül OKUYAN
      Abstract: Objective: The study aimed to evaluate medication review in older adults (≥65 years) at a community pharmacy by identifying the prevalence of potentiality inappropriate medication and calculating medication appropriateness index.Methods: This descriptive study was carried out in a community pharmacy for six months. The older adults (≥65 years) using one or more medications were included. During clinical pharmacist-led medication review; the medication appropriateness index was calculated for each medication of older adults. Potentially inappropriate medications were evaluated according to the 2019 American Geriatrics Society Beers Criteria®.Result: Among a hundred older adults, 46.0% were female. The median age of the patients was 75.5 (IQR, 68.0-78.8). The median number of medications was 9.0 (7.0-10.0). Polypharmacy has been detected in 97.0% of the patients. At least one potentially inappropriate medication was detected in 63.0% of them. The median score of medication appropriateness index score was 53.0 (IQR: 38.6-67.9).Conclusion: To best our knowledge, this is the first study of clinical pharmacist-led medication review by calculating the medication appropriateness index carried out at a community pharmacy in Turkey. There was a high rate of potentially inappropriate medication with a higher score of medication appropriateness in older adults. This study highlights the importance of medication review led by the clinical pharmacist at community pharmacy to optimize medication usage in older adults.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effects of Cyanoacrylate on Clinical Healing and Self-Reported
           Outcomes Following Free Gingival Graft Surgery: A Randomized Clinical
           Study

    • Authors: Mustafa YILMAZ; Sibel KAYAALTI-YÜKSEK, Burcu KARADUMAN
      Abstract: Objective: This study aims to reveal the effects of cyanoacrylate application at the recipient bed and the donor site in free gingival graft surgery on graft dimensions, clinical healing parameters and patient-based outcomes. Methods: Free gingival graft operations were conducted on individuals who were randomly assigned to control or test groups. In the test group, the graft was stabilized and the donor site was coated with cyanoacrylate. In the control group, 6/0 polyvinylidene fluoride sutures were used for stabilization, while the donor site was left untreated. Variables including re-epithelization, post-operative complications, pain, bleeding and quality of life at recipient site, and color match, graft dimensions at donor site were assessed for up to 6 months. Results: Twenty-three individuals completed the study. No differences were observed in any variable between groups except horizontal dimension loss of the graft, which was more abundant in the cyanoacrylate group at six months (p>0.05, p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effect of Polishing Systems on the Color and Surface Properties of Resin
           Composites in the Process of Accelerated Artificial Aging

    • Authors: Muhammet FİDAN; Zeynep DERELİ
      Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of polishing system on the color stability, surface roughness, and hardness of resin composites in the presence and absence of accelerated artificial aging (AAA).Methods: Six resin composites (Universal Restorative 200, G-Aenial Anterior, Ceram-X Duo, Admira, IPS Empress Direct, Clearfil Majesty Esthetic) were evaluated. Thirty disc-shaped samples were prepared for each composite group. Resin composite groups were divided into three subgroups: control (Mylar strip), disc (Optidisc), and rubber (Dimanto) (n=10). Color change (ΔE00) was calculated using the CIEDE 2000 formula. Before and after AAA, the surface roughness (Ra, μm) and hardness (VHN) values were measured. Data were analysed using ANOVA,the Bonferroni test, and Pearson correlation (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect on Birth Pain and Process of the Freedom of Movement in the
           First Stage of Labor: A Randomized Controlled Study

    • Authors: Özen Esra KARAMAN; Hatice YILDIZ
      Abstract: Objective: To determine the effect of freedom of movement implemented in the dilatation stage, which is the first stage of labor, on the labor process in pregnant women who will give their first birth.Methods: This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. The study consisted of 70 primiparous women, including 35 in the study group (SG) and 35 in the control group (CG). Freedom of movement was provided to the study group in the first stage of labor. Data were collected using a Personal Information Questionnaire, a Labor Assessment Form, and the Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for perceived pain.Results: The SG was observed to be walking when dilatations were 4-7 cm and mostly squatting when 8-10 cm (94.2%). The level of effacement, frequency of contraction, and descent of the fetal head were faster (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • In Vitro Assessment of Anti-inflammatory Effect of Apigenin on Renal Cell
           Inflammation

    • Authors: Selen ÖZSOY; Gül Fatma YARIM
      Abstract: Objective: This study aimed to evaluate in vitro effect of apigenin on anti – and pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β) levels in an in vitro model of renal cell inflammation induced with lipopolysaccharide (LPS).Methods: For the in vitro renal cell inflammation model, the African green monkey kidney cell line (Vero) was used. Four groups as NC (without any treatment), LPS (Vero cells treated with 10 μg/mL of LPS for 4 hours), API (Vero cells treated with 5 μg/mL of apigenin for 12 hours), and LPS+API (Vero cells treated with 5 μg/mL of apigenin for 12 hours + 10 μg/mL of LPS for 4 hours) was formed. The non-cytotoxic dose of apigenin in Vero cells was evaluated by a cell count test. IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, and TGF-β concentrations in the cell culture medium were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. All analyses were performed in four repetitions.Results: IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, and TGF-β concentrations of the LPS group increased compared to NC, API, and LPS+API groups (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluating the Clinical Leadership Levels of Nurse Managers

    • Authors: Kadriye ÖZKOL KILINÇ; Şule KURT, Havva ÖZTÜRK
      Abstract: Objective: This study aims to determine the clinical leadership levels of nurse managers and related factorsMethods: This descriptive study was conducted on 109 nurse managers working at six hospitals – including four public hospitals, one private hospital, and one university hospital. The data was collected using Clinical Leadership Scale (CLS) including their personal and demographic information, as well as their clinical leadership traits.Results: The participants had a total mean score of 2.72±0.19 on clinical leadership scale. The mean scores of the improving services subscale were higher in female nurse managers than those of male counterparts. Participants who formally studied on management earned higher mean scores for the overall CLS and its setting direction subscale than those who did not. Likewise, the participants who formally studied on leadership earned higher mean scores for the overall CLS and its personal qualities subscale than those who did not. These findings were statistically significant (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Interventions Preventing Osteoporosis in Primary Care: A Systematic Review

    • Authors: Selma BAZ; Aynur UYSAL TORAMAN
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review to find interventions in primary health care that would increase osteoporosis prevention behaviors. Methods: Systematic searches of CINAHL, Eric, Medline complete, PsycInfo, Ovid, Web of Science, Cochrane Library (N=1270). A total of 17 published articles met our inclusion criteria. English-language articles published between January 2000-May 2019, in primary care settings, participants with healthy or risk of osteoporosis, investigated osteoporosis preventing behaviors. The data extracted included population characteristics, diagnosis, mean age and setting, intervention and control groups, and outcomes of significance to the review question and specific objectives. In this review, a meta-analysis could not be performed due to the heterogeneity of the data. Results: The majority of studies have been found to use multiple strategies to prevent osteoporosis. Eight studies focused only on the female gender and seven studies focused only on older adults. Compared to the control groups, it was found that the participants’ osteoporosis knowledge increased significantly (p
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Case Report: Motor and Sensory Development of a Case Followed with
           Suspicion of Neonatal Thiamine Metabolism Dysfunction Syndrome

    • Authors: Hatice ADIGÜZEL; Hülya KAYIHAN, Ünal SARIKABADAYI, Bülent ELBASAN
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to follow early motor and sensory development of the infant with Thiamine Metabolism Dysfunction Syndrome (TMDS). Newborn with 38 weeks gestational age, 2600 kilograms weight admitted to neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) due to respiratory distress, absence of suction reflex, and floppy appearance. Case had respiratory support during 5 weeks. Infant was referred to SANKO UniversityPhysiotherapy unit on postterm 12th week due to hypotonia after discharge. Prechtl’s General Movements (GMs) and Hammersmith Infant Neurological Evaluation (HINE) was performed at 3rd and 4th months. Sensory processing parameters were evaluated with the Newborn Sensory Profile-2 (NSP-2). Case had no Fidgety movements (FMs). The HINE score was 37-45 in the 3th and 4th month respectively. Total scorein NSP-2 was 33 in the 3rd month (general = 12, auditory = 7, visual = 8, tactile = 2, movement = 2, oral sensory processing = 1). While the case’s Newborn Sensory Profile-2 (NSP-2) total score was in newborn norms, visual, tactile, movement but oral sensory parameters and auditory parameters were in low limits. The low motor performance was associated with low NSP-2 score and showed interaction with motor-sensory development. It is concluded that early physiotherapy program can be effective.
      PubDate: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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