Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access  
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 206)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 4)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biograph-I : Journal of Biostatistics and Demographic Dynamic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access  
Biosalud     Open Access  
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access  
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access  
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
D Y Patil Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Discover Social Science and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Occupational Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access  
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Equity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Canadian Journal of Public Health
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.609
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 27  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0008-4263 - ISSN (Online) 1920-7476
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Correction: Immunization status of children at kindergarten entry in
           Alberta, Canada

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      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Correction to: Suboptimal oral health and the risk of cardiovascular
           disease in the presence of competing death: a data linkage analysis

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      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Correction: Oral healthcare disparities in Canada: filling in the gaps

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      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Reimagining a population strategy for obesity control

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      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Where are the ecological determinants of health'

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      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • COVID-19 vaccine inequity and Big Pharma: time to rethink our love
           affair'

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      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • The sociodemographic characteristics and social determinants of visual
           impairment in a homeless population in the Montreal area

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      Abstract: Objective Homelessness is a serious social and public health concern in Canada. Individuals experiencing homelessness face numerous health problems and barriers in accessing health services. Visual impairment can exacerbate the lower quality of life experienced by people who are homeless, but its incidence among this population has been poorly documented in the literature. Our study aimed to describe health and sociodemographic characteristics and determine their association with visual impairment, ocular pathology and uncorrected refractive errors in a homeless population in Montreal, Canada. Methods This cross-sectional study was conducted between May 2019 and September 2020 in eight homeless shelters selected using a stratified random sampling approach on the island of Montreal. An eye examination was performed on all participants, who were also administered a survey on social determinants of health. Descriptive analysis was used to analyze survey data, and logistic regression was used for each of the three study outcomes. Results A total of 124 individuals experiencing homelessness (93 men, 31 women) were recruited. Participants were mostly Caucasian (> 70%) with an average age of 48 years (standard deviation = 13 years). Our sample reported a high level of education (68% had a high school diploma or higher), a high level of health insurance coverage (77%), social assistance benefits (71%), and social support (over 50%). There was a high prevalence of chronic conditions including diabetes (14%), hypertension (25%), and HIV/AIDS (3%). Results from eye examinations showed a high prevalence of visual impairment (22%), ocular pathology (23%), and uncorrected refractive error (75%). Age was statistically significantly associated with each outcome variable. Conclusion Despite a high level of social and health support, individuals experiencing homelessness in Montreal, Canada, experience high levels of chronic conditions and visual impairment. Our study highlights the unmet need for eye healthcare among homeless populations, and that eye health can be a unique entry point for intervening with homeless populations.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • The association between public health engagement in school-based substance
           use prevention programs and student alcohol, cannabis, e-cigarette and
           cigarette use

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      Abstract: Objective This study examined the associations between public health engagement (PHE) in school-based substance use prevention programs and student substance use. For the purposes of this study, PHE refers to any form of collaboration between the local government public health agency and the school to promote the physical and mental health of students. Methods Data for this study were collected from the Cannabis, Obesity, Mental health, Physical activity, Alcohol use, Smoking and Sedentary behaviour (COMPASS) study during the 2018/2019 data collection year. Multilevel logistic regression was used to analyze the associations between PHE and student substance use. Results Data from 84 schools and 42,149 students were included; 70% of schools had PHE in substance use prevention programs. PHE in substance use prevention appears to have had no significant impact on student substance use in our models. When PHE was divided into five methods of engagement, it was found that when public health solved problems jointly with schools, the odds of a student using alcohol or cannabis significantly increased. When schools were split into low- and high-use schools for each substance measured, some methods of PHE significantly decreased the odds of cannabis and cigarette use in high-use schools and significantly increased the odds of alcohol and cannabis use in low-use schools. Conclusion This study highlights the need to develop better partnerships and collaborations between public health and schools, and the importance of ensuring that school-based substance use prevention programs are evidence-based and tailored to the specific needs of schools and students.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy among young adults in Canada

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      Abstract: Objectives Vaccine hesitancy is a multifaceted decision process that encompasses various factors for which an individual may choose to get vaccinated or not. We aimed to identify the relationship between COVID-19 conspiracy theories, general attitudes towards vaccines, current COVID-19 vaccine factors, and COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy. Methods The present research is a multi-province cross-sectional study design. Survey data were collected in May and June 2021 (n=4905) in the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Ontario, and Quebec. Multivariate ordinal regression models were used to assess the association between vaccine hesitant profiles and COVID-19 conspiracy theories, general attitudes towards vaccines, and specific factors pertaining to COVID-19 vaccines. Results Participants were aged 18 to 40 years and 59% were women. Individuals with low income, with low educational attainment, and/or who are unemployed were more likely to be vaccine hesitant. COVID-19 conspiracy theory beliefs and general attitudes towards vaccines are significantly associated with greater hesitancy for the COVID-19 vaccine. Vaccine factors including pro-vaccine actions and opinions of friends and family and trust in scientists and government as well as the country in which a vaccine is manufactured are associated with less vaccine hesitancy. Conclusion Conspiracy theories are distinct from criticism and concerns regarding the vaccine. Nevertheless, poverty, low level of education, and distrust towards the government are associated with higher odds of being vaccine hesitant. Results suggest it is imperative to deliver transparent and nuanced health communications to address legitimate distrust towards political and scientific actors and address the societal gap regarding general attitudes towards vaccines as opposed to focusing solely on COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Increased alcohol use, heavy episodic drinking, and suicide ideation
           during the COVID-19 pandemic in Canada

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      Abstract: Objective Alcohol use is a known risk factor for suicidality, yet this relationship has not been explored during the pandemic in Canada. As a growing body of evidence demonstrates the negative impact of COVID-19 on alcohol consumption and associated harms in Canada, there is a need to examine this more closely. Methods Using the Survey on COVID-19 and Mental Health 2020, we compared the prevalence of suicide ideation among: (1) individuals who reported an increase in alcohol consumption vs those who reported a decrease/no change, and (2) individuals who reported past month heavy episodic drinking vs those who did not. We compared overall unadjusted odds ratios and across a number of sociodemographic and mental health variables. All estimates were weighted to ensure they were nationally representative. Results The prevalence and likelihood of suicide ideation were significantly higher among people who reported increased alcohol consumption during the pandemic (4.9% vs 2.0%; OR = 2.6, 95% CI: 1.8, 3.7) and people who reported past month heavy episodic drinking (3.4% vs 2.1%; OR = 1.7, 95% CI: 1.2, 2.3). Males and middle-aged and older-aged individuals had the highest odds ratios for increased alcohol consumption and past month heavy episodic drinking with suicide ideation. Conclusion In the Canadian general population during the COVID-19 pandemic, there were significant associations between suicide ideation and increased alcohol use as well as past month heavy episodic drinking across specific sociodemographic subgroups. Future research could explore these associations while adjusting for social determinants of health such as income security, employment, education, social support, stress, and mental health.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Immunization status of children at kindergarten entry in Alberta, Canada

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      Abstract: Objectives Little is known about immunization coverage among kindergarten-aged children in jurisdictions that do not require children’s immunization records to be provided at school entry. Thus, we assessed immunization coverage and associated characteristics of a 2008 birth cohort of Alberta children at kindergarten entry as compared with at the end of grade one. Methods This retrospective cohort study used population-based administrative health data for childhood vaccines in Alberta, Canada. We categorized and compared immunization status of children as follows: (a) complete at kindergarten entry; (b) incomplete at kindergarten entry but complete at the end of grade one; and (c) still incomplete at the end of grade one. To assess factors associated with immunization status, we used multinomial logistic regression. Results Immunization coverage for the complete vaccine series for children (N = 41,515) at kindergarten entry was suboptimal (44.5%, 95% CI 44.0–45.0) and substantially lower than for children at the end of grade one (74.8%, 95% CI 74.3–75.2). Young maternal age, not living with a partner, and having > 1 child in a household were associated with incomplete immunization status at kindergarten entry. Midwife-assisted hospital and home delivery was strongly associated with incomplete immunization status at the end of grade one. Conclusion Immunization coverage at kindergarten entry was strikingly low. Risk factors for incomplete immunization status were identified that require particular attention when addressing immunization coverage. The school-based catch-up immunization program in grade one seems to have substantially improved coverage among children, suggesting a potential benefit of shifting the catch-up program from grade one to kindergarten entry.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Early identification of a COVID-19 outbreak detected by wastewater
           surveillance at a large homeless shelter in Toronto, Ontario

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      Abstract: Setting Toronto (Ontario, Canada) is a large urban centre with a significant population of underhoused residents and several dozen shelters for this population with known medical and social vulnerabilities. A sizeable men’s homeless shelter piloted a facility-level SARS-CoV-2 wastewater surveillance program. Intervention Wastewater surveillance was initiated at the shelter in January 2021. One-hour composite wastewater samples were collected twice weekly from a terminal sanitary clean-out pipe. The genetic material of the SARS-CoV-2 virus was extracted from the solid phase of each sample and analyzed using real-time qPCR to estimate the viral level. Wastewater results were reported to facility managers and Toronto Public Health within 4 days. Outcomes There were 169 clients on-site at the time of the investigation. Wastewater surveillance alerted to the presence of COVID-19 activity at the site, prior to clinical detection. This notification acted as an early warning signal, which allowed for timely symptom screening and case finding for shelter managers and the local health unit, in preparation for the declaration of an outbreak. Implications Wastewater surveillance acted as an advanced notification leading to the timely deployment of enhanced testing prior to clinical presentation in a population with known vulnerabilities. Wastewater surveillance at the facility level is beneficial, particularly in high-risk congregate living settings such as shelters that house transient populations where clinical testing and vaccination can be challenging. Open communication, established individual facility response plans, and a balanced threshold for action are essential to an effective wastewater surveillance program.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • British Columbia’s COVID-19 surveys on population experiences, action,
           and knowledge (SPEAK): methods and key findings from two large
           cross-sectional online surveys

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      Abstract: Objectives To describe the methodology and key findings of British Columbia’s (BC) COVID-19 SPEAK surveys, developed to understand the experiences, knowledge, and impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on British Columbians. Methods Two province-wide, cross-sectional, web-based population health surveys were conducted one year apart (May 2020 and April/May 2021). Questions were drawn from validated sources grounded within the social determinants of health to assess COVID-19 testing and prevention; mental and physical health; risk and protective factors; and healthcare, social, and economic impacts during the pandemic. Quota-based non-probability sampling by geography was applied to recruit a representative sample aged 18 years and older. Recruitment included strategic outreach and longitudinal follow-up of a subgroup of respondents from round one to round two. Post-collection weighting using Census data by age, sex, education, ethnicity, and geography was conducted. Results Participants included 394,382 and 188,561 British Columbians for the first and second surveys, respectively, including a longitudinal subgroup of 141,728. Key findings showed that societal impacts, both early in the pandemic and one year later, were inequitably distributed. Families with children, young adults, and people from lower socioeconomic backgrounds have been most impacted. Significant negative impacts on mental health and stress and a deterioration in protective resiliency factors were found. Conclusion These population health surveys consisting of two large cross-sectional samples provided valuable insight into the impacts and experiences of British Columbians early in the pandemic and one year later. Timely, actionable data informed several high-priority public health areas during BC’s response to the COVID-19 pandemic.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Suboptimal oral health and the risk of cardiovascular disease in the
           presence of competing death: a data linkage analysis

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      Abstract: Objective The objective of this study is to simultaneously assess the associations between suboptimal oral health (SOH) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) and competing death (CD). Methods Ontario residents aged 40 years and over who participated in the Canadian Community Health Survey 2003 and 2007–2008 were followed until December 31, 2016 for the incidence of CVD or CD. SOH was assessed based on self-rated oral health and inability to chew. Multivariable competing risk analysis was adjusted for socioeconomic characteristics, behavioural factors and intermediate health outcomes. Results The study sample included 36,176 participants. Over a median follow-up of 9.61 years, there were 2077 CVD events and 3180 CD events. The fully adjusted models indicate 35% (HR = 1.35, 95% CI: 1.12–1.64) increase in the risk of CVD and 57% (HR = 1.57, 95% CI: 1.33–1.85) increase in the risk of CD among those who reported poor oral health as compared to those who reported excellent oral health. The fully adjusted models also indicate 11% (HR = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.97–1.27) increase in the hazard of CVD and 37% (HR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.24–1.52) increase in the hazard of CD among those who reported inability to chew. Conclusion This study provides important information to contextualize CVD risk among those with SOH. The competing risk analysis indicates that those with SOH may benefit from additional interventions to prevent CVD and CD. Accordingly, managing the risk of CVD among those with SOH should fall under a more comprehensive approach that aims at improving their overall health and well-being.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Association of Caesarean delivery and breastfeeding difficulties during
           the delivery hospitalization: a community-based cohort of women and
           full-term infants in Alberta, Canada

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      Abstract: Objective Breastfeeding difficulties are the most common reason for breastfeeding cessation, particularly in the early postpartum. Caesarean delivery is associated with earlier breastfeeding cessation than is the case with vaginal delivery, but differences in breastfeeding difficulties by mode of delivery have not been thoroughly examined. Our objective was to explore the association between Caesarean delivery and types of breastfeeding difficulties. Methods We conducted a secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study of mothers who delivered full-term, singleton infants in Calgary, Alberta, Canada (N = 418). Women completed self-report questionnaires during the delivery hospitalization. Mode of delivery was defined as vaginal or Caesarean, and further classified as planned or unplanned Caesarean. Breastfeeding difficulties were measured using the Breastfeeding Experiences Scale and operationalized with binary variables for presence of various types of maternal (i.e. physical, supply, social) and infant (i.e. latch, behaviour/health) difficulties that were reported as moderate to unbearable. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate adjusted odds ratios (AORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results Overall, 37.1% of women had a Caesarean delivery and 80.9% experienced a breastfeeding difficulty during the delivery hospitalization. Of the difficulties studied, Caesarean delivery was significantly associated with low milk supply (AOR = 1.62, 95% CI = 1.16–2.28) and infant behaviour/health difficulties (AOR = 1.33, 95% CI = 1.01–1.75). The association with low milk supply persisted when examining both planned (AOR = 2.42, 95% CI = 1.19–4.92) and unplanned (AOR = 2.21, 95% CI = 1.16–4.22) Caesarean deliveries. Conclusion Mothers who deliver by Caesarean have higher odds of reporting low milk supply and infant behaviour/health difficulties than women who deliver vaginally.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Acknowledgement of reviewers of Canadian Journal of Public Health
           articles, 2022

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      PubDate: 2023-01-11
       
  • Public health systems and services research: an emerging field of research
           for CJPH to promote

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      PubDate: 2023-01-10
       
  • Response to Buse et al.’s letter to the editor

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      PubDate: 2022-12-15
       
  • Pathways of association between disordered eating in adolescence and
           mental health outcomes in young adulthood during the COVID-19 pandemic

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      Abstract: Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with increased mental health problems. We investigated (1) associations between disordered eating in adolescence and mental health problems after one year of the pandemic and (2) the mechanisms explaining associations. Method We analyzed data from a population-based birth cohort in Quebec, Canada (557 males and 759 females). High and low levels of disordered eating symptom trajectories were previously estimated (age 12, 15, 17, and 20 years). Anxiety, depression, non-suicidal self-injury, and suicidal ideation were assessed at 23 years (March–June 2021). Putative mediators included loneliness and social media use (age 22 years, July–August 2020). Analyses controlled for mental health and socio-economic status at age 10–12 years and were conducted for males and females separately. Results Females in the high-level disordered eating symptom trajectory were at increased risk for non-suicidal self-injury (OR 1.60; 95% CI 1.02–2.52) and suicidal ideation (2.16; 1.31–3.57), whereas males were at increased risk for severe anxiety (2.49; CI 1.11–5.58). Males and females in the high-level trajectory were more likely to report severe depression (2.26; 1.14–5.92 and 2.15, 1.36–3.38 respectively). Among females, associations were partially explained (17–35%) by loneliness during the first 4 months of the pandemic. Conclusion Young adults who experienced disordered eating as adolescents were at increased risk of mental health problems during the pandemic. Loneliness partially mediated the effect, suggesting that pandemic mitigation resulting in increased social isolation may have exacerbated mental health problems among women with a history of disordered eating.
      PubDate: 2022-12-08
       
  • Defining the “local public health unit” for public health systems and
           services research in Canada

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      PubDate: 2022-12-02
       
 
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