Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
16 de Abril     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACM Transactions on Computing for Healthcare     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Scientiarum. Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Afrimedic Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Aging and Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Akademika     Open Access  
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Health Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Health Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 208)
American Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Analytic Methods in Accident Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Annals of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Annals of Health Law     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Biosafety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Archivos de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales     Open Access  
ASA Monitor     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Health Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Gambling Issues and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Medicine and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Population Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Journal of Social Health and Behavior     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria Práctica     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Family Physician     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin     Free   (Followers: 4)
Autism & Developmental Language Impairments     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bijzijn XL     Hybrid Journal  
Biograph-I : Journal of Biostatistics and Demographic Dynamic     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biomedical Safety & Standards     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Biosafety and Health     Open Access  
Biosalud     Open Access  
Birat Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
BLDE University Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Brazilian Journal of Medicine and Human Health     Open Access  
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan     Open Access  
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Saúde e Fisioterapia     Open Access  
Cadernos de Saúde     Open Access  
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Carta Comunitaria     Open Access  
Case Reports in Women's Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CASUS : Revista de Investigación y Casos en Salud     Open Access  
Central Asian Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CES Medicina     Open Access  
CES Salud Pública     Open Access  
Child and Adolescent Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Children     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
CHRISMED Journal of Health and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia & Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia & Trabajo     Open Access  
Ciencia e Innovación en Salud     Open Access  
Ciencia y Cuidado     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia y Salud     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Cities & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cleaner and Responsible Consumption     Open Access  
Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Contact (CTC)     Open Access  
Contraception and Reproductive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuaderno de investigaciones: semilleros andina     Open Access  
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Opinion in Environmental Science & Health     Hybrid Journal  
D Y Patil Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Das österreichische Gesundheitswesen ÖKZ     Hybrid Journal  
Day Surgery Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Design for Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Discover Social Science and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diversity of Research in Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Düzce Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi / Journal of Duzce University Health Sciences Institute     Open Access  
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
East African Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Education for Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
electronic Journal of Health Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Emerging Trends in Drugs, Addictions, and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environmental Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
EsSEX : Revista Científica     Open Access  
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
Ethics & Human Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Eurasian Journal of Health Technology Assessment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
European Journal of Health Communication     Open Access  
European Journal of Investigation in Health, Psychology and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Evidência - Ciência e Biotecnologia - Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Exploratory Research in Clinical and Social Pharmacy     Open Access  
Expressa Extensão     Open Access  
F&S Reports     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access  
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family Medicine and Community Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access  
Fatigue : Biomedicine, Health & Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Finnish Journal of eHealth and eWelfare : Finjehew     Open Access  
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers in Digital Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Frontiers in Neuroergonomics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Frontiers of Health Services Management     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Galen Medical Journal     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Geospatial Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestão e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Advances in Health and Medicine     Open Access  
Global Challenges     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health : Science and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Global Health Annual Review     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Health Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Global Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Global Medical & Health Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Global Reproductive Health     Open Access  
Global Security : Health, Science and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Transitions Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
Hastane Öncesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
HCU Journal     Open Access  
HEADline     Hybrid Journal  
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Health & Justice     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Health and Human Rights     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Health Behavior and Policy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Health Behavior Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Equity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Health Information : Jurnal Penelitian     Open Access  
Health Information Management Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Health Notions     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
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CES Medicina
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0120-8705 - ISSN (Online) 2215-9177
Published by SciELO Homepage  [688 journals]
  • Una brisa del trópico

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  • Prevalence and variables associated with Pediculus humanus capitis in
           schoolchildren from Caloto, Cauca, Colombia

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: la pediculosis capitis (PC) es una ectoparasitosis que afecta la piel, el cuero cabelludo y el pelo, cuyo agente etiológico es el Pediculus humanus capitis. La PC afecta principalmente a la población pediátrica y puede tener repercusiones psicosociales severas. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar la prevalencia y las variables asociadas a PC en escolares de tres instituciones de educación primaria de Caloto, Cauca, Colombia. Materiales y métodos: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal realizado en 279 niños de 3-12 años entre enero y febrero de 2019. Se realizó un examen físico del cuero cabelludo de los estudiantes para identificar ninfas y piojos adultos, y se aplicó una encuesta a uno de sus padres o tutor legal. Se realizó un análisis bivariado por medio de las pruebas chi cuadrado o exacta de Fisher, para establecer la asociación entre las variables de interés y la presencia de PC, calculándose los OR con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza (IC) del 95 % y un nivel de significancia estadística de p<0,05. Resultados: la prevalencia de PC fue de 17,56 %. Las variables que se asociaron significativamente con la presencia de PC fueron ser de sexo femenino, tener entre 8 y 12 años de edad, lavarse el pelo interdiario, tener pelo largo, tener antecedente de PC y tener prurito del cuero cabelludo. Conclusiones: la PC está presente en los estudiantes de Caloto. Es necesario aplicar estrategias de prevención y control.Abstract Introduction: pediculosis capitis (PC) is an ectoparasitosis that affects the skin, scalp and hair, and its etiologic agent is Pediculus humanus capitis. PC mainly affects pediatric population and can have severe psychosocial repercussions. This study was aimed to determine the prevalence and variables associated to PC in schoolchildren attending three primary schools in Caloto, Cauca, Colombia. Materials and methods: a cross-sectional study conducted in 279 children (aged 3 to 12) between January and February 2019. A physical examination of the children's heads was performed to identify nymphs and adult lice, and a survey was administered to one of their parents or their legal guardians. A bivariate analysis was carried out using chi-square or Fisher’s exact tests to establish the association between the variables of interest and the presence of PC, calculating the ORs with their respective 95 % confidence intervals (CI) and a statistical significance level of p<0,05. Results: the prevalence of PC was 17,56 %. The following variables were significantly associated with the presence of PC: being female, being between 8 and 12 years of age, washing the hair every other day, having long hair, having a history of PC and having scalp pruritus. Conclusions: PC remains a health problem in rural schoolchildren. It is necessary to apply prevention and control strategies.
       
  • Mental health, sleep habits and level of physical activity in medical
           students in virtual education

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: el aislamiento trajo consigo cambios metodológicos en el desarrollo de los planes de estudio tradicionales a estrategias educativas virtuales, lo que pudo afectar la salud mental, hábitos de sueño y los niveles de actividad física durante la pandemia por COVID-19 en los estudiantes universitarios. Objetivo: determinar el estado de salud mental, los hábitos de sueño y el nivel de actividad física durante la educación virtual por COVID-19 en estudiantes del programa de medicina de una universidad pública en el departamento del Cauca. Método: estudio descriptivo, realizado a 268 estudiantes del programa de medicina seleccionados mediante muestreo no probabilístico, quienes diligenciaron una encuesta a través de la plataforma de cuestionarios de Google, la cual contenía 54 preguntas divididas en tres componentes: características demográficas y de aislamiento; estado de la salud mental; hábitos de sueño y nivel de actividad física. Resultados: el 58,6% de la población estudiantil sintió cansancio sin razón aparente; el 41,8% algunas veces presentó dificultad para conciliar el sueño; más de la mitad de la población presentó cambios de humor; el 48,5% (n=130) no realizaron actividad física. Además, se encontró relación entre salud mental y hábitos de sueño, hallándose significancia estadística entre ansiedad y alteración en el apetito. Conclusiones: la educación virtual durante la pandemia, produjo produjo alteraciones en los hábitos de sueño, cambios de humor (tristeza, ansiedad, irritabilidad y miedo), un bajo nivel de actividad física, además, se encontró relación entre los cambios emocionales, el apetito y los hábitos de sueño.Abstract Introduction: isolation brought methodological changes in the development of traditional study plans to virtual educational strategies, which could affect mental health, sleep habits and physical activity levels during the COVID-19 pandemic in university students. Objective: to determine the mental health status, sleep habits and level of physical activity during virtual education by COVID-19 in undergraduate students of the medical program of a public university in the department of Cauca. Method: descriptive study, conducted with 268 students from the medicine program selected by non-probabilistic sampling, who filled out a survey through the Google questionnaire platform, which contained 54 questions divided into three components: demographic and isolation characteristics; mental health status; sleeping habits and level of physical activity. Results: 58.6% of the student population felt tired for no apparent reason; 41.8% sometimes had difficulty falling asleep; more than half of the population presented mood swings; 48.5% (n=130) did not perform physical activity. In addition, a relationship was found between mental health and sleep habits, finding statistical significance between anxiety and changes in appetite. Conclusions: virtual education during the pandemic, produced alterations in sleep habits, mood changes (sadness, anxiety, irritability and fear), a low level of physical activity, in addition, a relationship was found between emotional changes, appetite and sleep habits.
       
  • Nutritional status and physical capacities in children 5-15 years - sports
           initiation centers; Urabá - Antioquia

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: evaluar el estado nutricional y las capacidades físicas en niños y jóvenes entre 5 a 15 años de la subregión del Urabá Antioqueño. Métodos: estudio descriptivo con 3380 usuarios de los Centros de Iniciación y Formación Deportiva (CIFD)- Indeportes Antioquia, entre 2017 y 2018. Los sujetos fueron agrupados en tres zonas: Eje Bananero, Norte de Urabá y Sur de Urabá, y agrupados según edad en Infantil, prepúber y adolescentes. Resultados: la prevalencia global de sobrepeso fue del 13 %, siendo mayor en mujeres. La obesidad se presentó en el 6,3 % de los individuos y delgadez en 11,4 %. En la condición física por grupos de edad, los mejores resultados se presentaron en adolescentes. Se encontró en la prueba de velocidad (30 metros), una mediana entre 5,7 y 6,7 segundos. En la potencia (salto horizontal), una mediana entre 1,1 y 1,6 metros. En el test de abdominales, una mediana entre 16 y 21 repeticiones. Las pruebas físicas por zonas no mostraron diferencias importantes en 30 metros detenido; 30 metros lanzados; 50 metros lanzados; salto y abdominales. En la prueba de 600 metros el mejor resultado se encontró en el “Sur de Urabá” con una mediana de 2,3 minutos (rango intercuartil: 1,6 - 3,2). En el lanzamiento de la bola el mejor resultado se halló en el “Eje Bananero” con una mediana de 18,8 metros (rango intercuartil: 14,5 - 24,5). Conclusión: el uso de una batería estandarizada para evaluar el estado nutricional y la condición física de los niños y niñas (5-15 años), permite una aproximación científica para la caracterización, la comparación con estándares internacionales y la orientación de acciones.Abstract Objective: to evaluate the nutritional status and physical capacities in children and young people between 5-15 years in the subregion Urabá antioquieño. Methods: descriptive epidemiological study. Population: 3380 Users of the Sports Initiation and Training Centers (CIFD) - Indeportes Antioquia. Data collection: 2017-2018. For the analyzes, the subjects were grouped into three areas: 1) “Eje Bananero” 2) “North of Urabá” and, 3) “South of Urabá”. Age groups considered: 1) Infant (5 to 8 years); 2) Prepubescent (9-12 years old); and 3) Adolescents (≥13 years old). Results: the global prevalence of overweight was 13 % (higher in girls). obesity was present in 6.3 % of individuals. thinness was found in 11.4 %. in physical condition by age, the best results were presented in adolescents. It was found in the speed test (30 meters), a median between 5.7 and 6.7 seconds. In power (horizontal jump), a median between 1.1 and 1.6 meters (without differences with international references). In the abdominal test, a median between 16 and 21 repetitions. The physical tests by zones did not show important differences in: 30 meters stopped; 30 meters thrown; 50 meters released; jump and sit-ups. In the 600-meter test, the best result was found in “South of Urabá” with a median of 2.3 minutes (IR: 1.6 - 3.2). In the launch of the ball, the best result was found in the “Eje Bananero” with a median of 18.8 meters (IR: 14.5 - 24.5). Conclusion: a standardized battery to evaluate the nutritional status and physical condition of boys and girls (5-15 years old) allows a scientific approach for characterization, comparison with international standards and orientation of actions.
       
  • Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of pregnant and postpartum
           women with headache in a highly complex institution in the period between
           2014 and 2016

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: determinar las características epidemiológicas y clínicas de las pacientes embarazadas y en postparto con cefalea atendidas en una institución de alta complejidad. Métodos: estudio descriptivo retrospectivo que incluyó gestantes y mujeres en postparto que presentaron cefalea durante 2014-2016 atendidas por el servicio de neurología de un centro de referencia. La información de las variables se obtuvo a partir de la revisión de historias clínicas; la clasificación de las cefaleas se realizó con base en los criterios propuestos por la IHS (International Headache Society) en su tercera edición. Resultados: se revisaron las historias clínicas de 1253 pacientes, de las cuales 95 cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad del estudio. De estas, 74 (77,9%) estaban embarazadas y 21 (22,1%) estaban en período postparto. La mayoría de las gestantes, 41 (55,4%) estaban en tercer trimestre. La cefalea se clasificó como primaria en 69 (72,6%) pacientes, siendo más frecuente la migraña en 60/69 (87%). Los síntomas más frecuentes fueron: náuseas en 66 (69,5%), fotofobia en 64 (67,4%), y fonofobia en 58 (61,1%) pacientes. Se presentaron complicaciones en 19 pacientes (20%) durante la hospitalización; de estas, la más común fue el estado migrañoso, en 12 (63,2%) pacientes. Conclusiones: el tipo de cefalea más común fue la migraña, que, aunque es benigna, genera mucha morbilidad. Es de vital importancia determinar la presencia de banderas rojas de cefalea con el fin de descartar una patología causal subyacente que puede poner en riesgo la vida de la madre y del bebé.Abstract Objective: to determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of pregnant and postpartum patients with headache treated in a highly complex institution. Methods: retrospective descriptive study that included pregnant women and postpartum women who presented headache during 2014-2016 attended by the neurology service of a referral center. The information was obtained from the review of clinical histories; Headache classification was carried out based on the criteria proposed by the IHS (International Headache Society) in its third edition. Results: the clinical histories of 1253 patients were reviewed, of which 95 met the eligibility criteria of the study. Of these, 74 (77.9%) were pregnant and 21 (22.1%) were in the postpartum period. Most of the pregnant women, 41 (55.4%) were in the third trimester. Headache was classified as primary in 69 (72.6%) patients, migraine being more frequent in 60/69 (87%). The most frequent symptoms were nausea in 66 (69.5%), photophobia in 64 (67.4%), and phonophobia in 58 (61.1%) patients. Complications were found in 19 patients (20%) during hospitalization; of these, the most common was migraine status, in 12 (63.2%) patients. Conclusions: the most common type of headache was migraine, although it is benign, generates a lot of morbidity. It is vitally important to determine the presence of headache red flags to rule out an underlying pathology that can put the life of the mother and the baby at risk.
       
  • Characterization of newborns with Down Syndrome according to health,
           demographic and social conditions in Medellín from the period 2015 to
           2019

    • Abstract: Resumen La adaptación de una atención especializada para recién nacidos con Síndrome de Down (SD) requiere el reconocimiento de sus características a nivel local. Objetivo: caracterizar los recién nacidos diagnosticados con SD y sus madres en unidades de atención materno infantil de la ciudad de Medellín. Adicionalmente, se exploraron factores asociados al diagnóstico oportuno antenatal. Método: estudio observacional descriptivo de tipo transversal con intención analítica basado en registros médicos de recién nacidos diagnosticados con SD en siete instituciones de Medellín, Antioquia entre enero de 2015 y diciembre de 2019 teniendo en cuenta variables tanto maternas como neonatales. Se realizó un análisis univariado mediante frecuencias absolutas y relativas, luego se realizó un análisis bivariado teniendo en cuenta los desenlaces neonatales según el acceso al control prenatal y el momento en el cual se realizó el diagnóstico (prenatal o neonatal) y finalmente se realizó un análisis multivariado para diagnóstico neonatal tardío. Resultados: el 50,2% de las madres al momento del parto tenía 35 años o menos, de estas el 59,9% pertenecía al régimen contributivo y el 83,4% realizó 4 controles prenatales (CPN) o más, a pesar de esto, se encontró que sólo el 33,7% tenían diagnóstico prenatal de SD. La mayoría (91,4%) de los neonatos tuvo diagnóstico de cardiopatía congénita y la estancia hospitalaria prolongada estuvo en relación a morbilidad relacionadas. Conclusión: el SD es una de las cromosomopatías más común en nuestro medio, la cual se puede diagnósticar de forma temprana. Sin embargo en nuestro estudio se pudo evidenciar que pese a la alta cobertura de CPN la frecuencia del diagnóstico antenatal es menor, lo cual requiere que estos controles sean realizados por personal médico entrenado en pacientes con este tipo de patología. Esto finalmente se va a ver reflejado en una mejor aceptación por parte de la familia hacia la llegada de un hijo con esta condición y por supuesto, mejor acceso a servicios de salud especializados.Abstract The adaptation of specialized care for newborns with Down syndrome (DS) requires recognition of its characteristics at the local level. Goal: to characterize newborns diagnosed with DS and their mothers in maternal and child care units in the city of Medellín. Also, explore the factors associated with timely prenatal diagnosis. Methods: observational, cross-sectional study, based on medical records of newborns diagnosed with DS in seven institutions in Medellín, Antioquia between January 2015 and December 2019, taking into account both maternal and neonatal variables. Initially, a univariate analysis was performed using absolute and relative frequencies, then a bivariate analysis was performed taking into account neonatal outcomes according to access to prenatal care and the time at which the diagnosis was made (prenatal or neonatal), and finally a multivariate analysis for late neonatal diagnosis. Results: 50.2% of the mothers at the time of delivery were 35 years old or younger, of these 59.9% belonged to the contributory regime and 83.4% had 4 prenatal check-ups or more, despite this, it was found that only 33.7% had a prenatal diagnosis of DS. The majority (91.4%) of the neonates had a diagnosis of congenital heart disease and the prolonged hospital stay was related to related morbidity. Conclusion: DS is one of the most common chromosomal abnormalities in our environment, which can be diagnosed early. However, in our study it was possible to show that despite the high coverage of prenatal controls, the frequency of antenatal diagnosis is lower, which requires that these controls be carried out by medical personnel trained in patients with this type of pathology. This will finally be reflected in a better acceptance by the family towards the arrival of a child with this condition and, of course, better access to specialized health services.
       
  • Pharmacological treatment of the patient living with type 2 diabetes
           mellitus

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: el abordaje del paciente con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 ha cambiado a lo largo del tiempo. Años anteriores el enfoque terapéutico giraba en torno al nivel de hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c); ahora, con el advenimiento de nuevas moléculas, y luego de entender que la meta terapéutica no es sólo un punto de corte de HbA1c, se ha modificado el objetivo, para estar centrado en el paciente, en sus comorbilidades macro y microvasculares, riesgo cardiovascular y falla cardíaca. En esta revisión de la literatura se exponen las preguntas que se deben resolver al momento de definir una estrategia terapéutica en el paciente con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Métodos: valoración de guías locales e internacionales de tratamiento de diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Resultados: se valoraron las guías del tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus tipo 2 realizadas por la Asociación Colombiana de Endocrinología, Asociación Colombiana de Medicina Interna, Asociación Colombiana de Nefrología, Sociedad Colombiana de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular, American Diabetes Association, American Association of Clinical Endocrinology, European Association for the Study of Diabetes y European Society of Cardiology. Además, se revisaron los ensayos clínicos que respaldan el uso de los diferentes grupos farmacológicos disponibles para el tratamiento de los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2. Conclusión: es menester del clínico realizar el abordaje terapéutico de los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 de forma individualizada, centrado en el riesgo cardiovascular, comorbilidades asociadas, riesgo de hipoglucemia y costos de la intervención brindada.Abstract Introduction: the approach to the patient with diabetes has changed over the past decade. Some years ago, the primary goal of treatment was to achieve a certain level of A1c as a marker of glucose control. Now, with new molecules in the market that can modify the disease and its complications the treatment is focused on the individual patient, his micro and macrovascular complications and the risk of cardiovascular, heart failure and renal complications. In this review of the literature, we expose some questions that need to be solved when approaching the treatment of a patient with type 2 diabetes. Methods: we reviewed local and international guidelines on the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Results: we reviewed guidelines in the treatment of diabetes, local guidelines; Asociación Colombiana de Endocrinología, Asociación Colombiana de Medicina Interna, Asociación Colombiana de Nefrología, Sociedad Colombiana de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular. International guidelines; American Diabetes Association, American Association of Clinical Endocrinology, European Association for the Study of Diabetes y European Society of Cardiology Additionally, we revised clinical trial that support the use of the different drugs that are recommended by the guidelines as first, second- or third-line treatment. Conclusion: as clinicians we are expected to give the patient an individualized approach, based on their own comorbidities, risk of cardiovascular and renal disease and risk of hypoglycemia guided by national and international guidelines and latest clinical trial that support our approach.
       
  • The Fragility Index and its characteristics in randomized clinical trials
           of diabetes mellitus

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: para valorar la robustez de los resultados se ha propuesto una herramienta llamada el Índice de Fragilidad (IF), esta se define como el mínimo número de pacientes que se tienen que cambiar de “No eventos” a “Eventos” en el grupo de intervención para que un resultado estadísticamente significativo pase a no significativo, evidenciando que entre menor sea el IF, los resultados serán más frágiles. Diferentes autores han encontrado que la significancia de los resultados de muchos Ensayos Clínicos Controlados (ECA) dependen de pocos eventos. El objetivo del estudio fue evaluar el IF de los ECA en diabetes mellitus de cinco de las revistas médicas de mayor impacto a nivel mundial. Metodología: se realizó búsqueda electrónica en PubMed, para identificar ECA en Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, The Lancet, The New England Journal of Medicine y JAMA. Se revisaron los ECA en pacientes con diabetes mellitus o prediabetes y se calculó el IF para cada desenlace según el método descrito por Walsh et al, usando tablas de contingencia 2x2. Se planeó usar el coeficiente de correlación de Spearman para evaluar la correlación entre el IF y el tamaño de la muestra, el número de eventos, el valor de p y el tiempo de seguimiento. Se evaluó la significancia de todos los resultados con un valor de p<0,05. Resultados: la mediana del IF fue 11, y en tres estudios (7,3%) se encontró que el resultado no era estadísticamente significativo después de recalcular la p con el test exacto de Fisher. Se encontró relación directa leve entre el número de eventos y el IF (Rho= 0,343, p= 0,02) y correlación moderada inversa entre el valor de p y el IF (Rho= -0,632, p= 0,000). No se encontró correlación estadísticamente significativa entre el tamaño de muestra, tiempo de seguimiento y pérdidas con el IF. Conclusiones: en los ECA sobre diabetes, los resultados estadísticamente significativos dependen de pocos eventos, evidenciado por un bajo valor en el IF, los valores de esta medición están relacionados de forma directa con el número de eventos, e inversa con el valor de p.Abstract Introduction: to evaluate the robustness of the results, a tool called the Fragility Index (FI) has been proposed, which is defined as the minimum number of patients that have to be changed from "No events" to "Events" in the intervention group to change a statistically significant to nonsignificant result. Showing that among a lower Fragility Index, the results of the trial will be less robust or more fragile. Different authors have found that the significance of the results of many controlled clinical trials (RCTs) depend on very few events. The objective of the study is to evaluate the FI of controlled clinical trials in diabetes mellitus in five of the general medical journals with the greatest impact factor worldwide. Methods: an electronic search was conducted in PubMed to identify randomized clinical trials in The Annals of Internal Medicine, BMJ, The Lancet, The New England Journal of Medicine and JAMA. Clinical trials were reviewed with diabetic or prediabetic patients and the FI was then calculated for each outcome according to the method described by Walsh et al, using 2x2 contingency tables. A priori was planned to use the Spearman correlation coefficient to evaluate the direct correlation between the Fragility Index and sample size, number of events, p-value and follow-up time. The significance of all the results was evaluated with a value of p <0.05. Results: the median Fragility Index was 11, and in three studies (7.3%) the result were not statistically significant after recalculating the p value with Fisher's exact test. A slight direct relationship between the number of events and the Fragility Index (Rho = 0.343, p = 0.02) was found and a moderate inverse correlation was observed between the p value and the FI (Rho = -0.632, p = 0.000 ). No statistically significant correlation was found between sample size, follow-up time and losses with the FI. Conclusions: in controlled clinical trials on diabetes, we found that the statistically significant results depend on a few events, evidenced by a low value in the Fragility Index. The values of this measurement are related to the number of events and negatively to the p value.
       
  • Lonomic accident: Report of two cases

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: dentro de los insectos del orden lepidóptero, la familia Saturniidae tiene más de 2.400 especies, allí se encuentran Hylesia y Lonomia. Objetivo: presentar dos casos de pacientes con accidente lonómico, el manejo y desenlace para reconocer la importancia de estos eventos en las regiones silvestres de la Orinoquia colombiana. Casos clínicos: paciente de 8 años proveniente de área rural quien refería contacto en región palmar de mano derecha con gusanos quién 48 horas después de dicho contacto presentó equimosis en extremidades, flictena sangrante en talón derecho, cefalea, escalofríos y artralgias, además se evidenciaron tiempos de coagulación prolongados. Paciente de 13 años de características similares a las del caso previamente descrito sin presentar manifestaciones clínicas, pero que presentaba tiempos de coagulación prolongados. Se consideró que cursaba con accidente lonómico por lo que se aplicaron 5 ampollas de suero antilonómico polivalente a cada una sin registrar reacciones adversas. En ambos casos cursaron con evolución clínica adecuada con disminución a rangos de seguridad de tiempos de coagulación. Conclusiones: el veneno lonómico actúa en la cascada de coagulación produciendo manifestaciones hemorrágicas de gravedad variable. El suero antilonómico es el único tratamiento eficaz, a pesar de estar disponible desde hace más de 20 años en Brasil hay un 5% de progresión a síndromes hemorrágicos severos y un 1.5 a 2% de mortalidad. A pesar de tener gran relevancia clínica en las Américas existe subregistro, es importante conocer sus manifestaciones y el manejo para así poder evitar complicaciones mortales.Abstract Background: among the insects of the order Lepidoptera, the family Saturniidae has more than 2,400 species, there are Hylesia and Lonomia. Objective: to present two cases of patients with lonomic accident, the management and outcome to recognize the importance of these events in the wild regions of the Colombian orinoquia. Clinical case: an 8-year-old patient from a rural area who refers to contact in the palmar region of the right hand with worms for more than 48 hours, presents ecchymosis in the extremities, bleeding flictena in the right heel, headache, chills and arthralgias. Clotting times are performed which are prolonged. A 13-year-old patient who also referred contact without presenting clinical manifestations but presenting prolonged clotting times. They are considered to occur due to a lonomic accident, so 5 ampoules of polyvalent antilonomic serum are administered to each one without registering adverse reactions. They have an adequate clinical evolution with a decrease in the safe ranges of clotting times. Conclusions: the lonomic venom acts in the coagulation cascade producing hemorrhagic manifestations of variable severity. Antilonomic serum is the only effective treatment, despite being available for more than 20 years in Brazil, there is a 5% progression to severe hemorrhagic syndromes and 1.5 to 2% mortality. Despite being of great clinical relevance in the Americas, there is an underreporting, it is important to know its manifestations and management in order to avoid fatal complications.
       
  • Malignant phyllodes tumor with angiosarcomatous

    • Abstract: Resumen Los tumores filoides (TF) malignos son infrecuentes. Poco se ha descrito en la literatura sobre la diferenciación angiosarcomatosa de un TF maligno (1). Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 25 años con TF maligno de alto grado con diferenciación angiosarcomatosa y compromiso axilar. Manejada con mastectomía radical modificada y adyuvancia con radioterapia (RT). Se hace una discusión del caso y revisión de la literatura.Abstract Malignant phyllodes tumors (TF) are rare. Little has been described in the literature on angiosarcomatous differentiation of a malignant TF. We report the case of a 25 years old woman with a malignant phyllodes tumor of high grade with angiosarcomatous differentiation and axillary involvement. She was managed with modified radical mastectomy and adjuvant radiotherapy. A discussion of the case and review of the literature was made.
       
  • Segmental neurofibromatosis, case report

    • Abstract: Resumen Introducción: la neurofibromatosis es un desorden genético, que afecta el crecimiento de tejidos neurales, con una incidencia de 1 en 4 000 personas, con impacto en la esperanza de vida por su asociación con neoplasias y enfermedad vascular. La neurofibromatosis segmentaria es una variante de la neurofibromatosis tipo 1, con una incidencia aproximada de 1 en 20 000 a 25,000 personas, se caracteriza por lesiones cutáneas que afectan un segmento corporal sin cruzar la línea media. Generalmente no tienen historia familiar ni compromiso sistémico. Caso clínico: paciente de sexo femenino de 63 años con dermatosis que afecta el tronco posterior de manera unilateral a nivel de los dermatomas T10-T11, caracterizada por múltiples neoformaciones exofíticas milimétricas en forma de domo, de consistencia blanda y depresibles a la palpación. El estudio histopatológico de una de ellas confirmó el diagnóstico de neurofibroma. La paciente no presentaba afectación neurológica ni ocular, además, sin afección en familiares, por lo que se establece diagnóstico de neurofibromatosis segmentaria. Conclusiones: la neurofibromatosis segmentaria es una patología poco frecuente, Aunque posiblemente sea subdiagnosticada por su carácter asintomático, lo que ocasiona una aparente baja incidencia. Los pacientes que la padecen pueden presentar penetrancia sistémica variable y un riesgo similar de neoplasias al descrito en pacientes con neurofibromatosis tipo 1. Pese al carácter benigno reportado en la literatura sugerimos un abordaje multidisciplinario de los pacientes.Abstract Introduction: neurofibromatosis is a genetic disorder that affects the growth of neural tissues, with an incidence of 1 in 4 000, with impact on life expectancy due its association with neoplasms and vascular disease. segmental neurofibromatosis is a subtype of neurofibromatosis type 1, with an approximate incidence of 1 in 20 000 to 25 000 people, it is characterized by skin lesions that affects a body segment without crossing midline, they generally have no family history or systemic involvement. Clinical case: a 63-year-old female patient with dermatosis affecting the posterior trunk unilaterally at the level of dermatomes t10-t11, characterized by multiple exophytic, dome-shaped, millimeter sized neoformations, soft in consistency and depressible on palpation. the histopatologic study of one of them confirmed the diagnosis of neurofibroma. the patient did not present neurological or ocular involvement, without affection in relatives. diagnosis of segmental neurofibromatosis was made. Conclusions: segmental neurofibromatosis is a rare pathology, although it is possibly underdiagnosed due its asymptomatic nature, which causes an apparent low incidence. patients may present variable systemic penetrance and a similar risk of neoplasm compared to patients with neurofibromatosis type 1. despite the benign nature reported in the literature, we suggest a multidisciplinary approach to patients.
       
  • Initial management of the burn patient, second edition. Bibliographic
           review

    • Abstract: Resumen El libro titulado “Manejo inicial del paciente quemado, segunda edición” escrito por el médico Andrés Ferro Morales, quien es especialista en cirugía plástica-estética y reconstructiva de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, actualmente profesor titular y coordinador académico del posgrado de cirugía plástica en la Universidad el Bosque y profesor asociado del programa de cirugía plástica de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, es el objeto de esta reseña. Se podría decir que este libro ha sido uno de los textos guías primordiales en la formación de varias de las generaciones de residentes de cirugía plástica, internos y estudiantes de medicina en el país por su considerable riqueza bibliográfica y su sobresaliente forma de expresar los distintos temas que se tratan en el manejo del paciente quemado lo que lo hace un texto grandioso para cualquier persona del sector salud interesada en el aprendizaje de este tema.Abstract The book titled “Initial Management of the Burned Patient, second edition” written by Dr. Andres Ferro Morales who is a specialist in aesthetic and reconstructive plastic surgery from the Universidad Nacional de Colombia, a professor and academic coordinator of the postgraduate program in plastic surgery at the Universidad El Bosque and associate professor of the plastic surgery program at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia, is the subject of this review. It could be said that this book has been one of the main guiding texts in the training of several generations of plastic surgery residents, interns, and medical students in the country due to its considerable bibliographic wealth and its outstanding way of expressing the different topics that are discussed in the management of burn patients, which makes it a great text for anyone in the health sector interested in learning about this topic.
       
 
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