Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1478 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (700 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (700 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 203 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
Health Policy OPEN     Open Access  
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Health Promotion Journal of Australia : Official Journal of Australian Association of Health Promotion Professionals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Health Prospect     Open Access  
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Health Psychology Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Psychology Research     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Science Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Sciences and Disease     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Health Systems & Reform     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Health Voices     Full-text available via subscription  
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Health, Safety and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Healthcare Technology Letters     Open Access  
HERD : Health Environments Research & Design Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Highland Medical Research Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Hispanic Health Care International     Full-text available via subscription  
Histoire, médecine et santé     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Horizonte Medico     Open Access  
Horizonte Sanitario     Open Access  
Hua Hin Sook Jai Klai Kangwon Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
IISE Transactions on Occupational Ergonomics and Human Factors     Hybrid Journal  
IJS Global Health     Open Access  
Implementation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Implementation Science Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IMTU Medical Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Indian Journal of Health Sciences and Biomedical Research KLEU     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Youth and Adolescent Health     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal for Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Infodir : Revista de Información científica para la Dirección en Salud     Open Access  
interactive Journal of Medical Research     Open Access  
International Archives of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Health Trends and Perspectives     Open Access  
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
International Journal of Applied Behavioral Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Child Development and Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Community Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Growth and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Health Professions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Health Sciences Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health System and Disaster Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Healthcare     Open Access  
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Healthcare Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Healthcare Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Indigenous Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Kinesiology in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of MCH and AIDS     Open Access  
International Journal of Medicine and Health Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Mens Social and Community Health     Open Access  
International Journal of Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Practice-based Learning in Health and Social Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Prevention and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Public Health Research and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Public Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Scientific Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Spa and Wellness     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Telerehabilitation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Yoga : Philosophy, Psychology and Parapsychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Research in Children's Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
InterScientia     Open Access  
Investigaciones Andina     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Health and Environment     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Israel Journal of Health Policy Research     Open Access  
İzmir Katip Çelebi Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
JAMA Health Forum     Open Access  
JBI Evidence Implementation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
JBI Evidence Synthesis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Jeugd en Co     Hybrid Journal  
JGZ Tijdschrift voor jeugdgezondheidszorg     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
JMIR Human Factors     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
JMIR Public Health and Surveillance     Open Access  
JMIR Serious Games     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Jornal Brasileiro de TeleSSaúde     Open Access  
Jornal de Ciências da Saúde do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Piauí     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal Health NPEPS     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Environmental Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Of Allied Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Behavior, Health & Social Issues     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Behavioral Addictions     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Charoenkrung Pracharak Hospital     Open Access  
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Journal of Communication in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Earth, Environment and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Education and Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Environment Pollution and Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Ergonomics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Evolution and Health : An Ancestral Health Society Publication     Open Access  
Journal of Exercise & Organ Cross Talk     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Family & Consumer Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Family Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Family Strengths     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fasting and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Global Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health Economics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Policy and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Health Promotion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Journal of Health Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Research and Reviews     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health Science and Alternative Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Science and Community Public Health     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Medical Research     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science and Prevention     Open Access  
Journal of Health Science Research     Open Access  
Journal of health sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System     Open Access  
Journal of Health Sciences Scholarship     Open Access  
Journal of Health Service Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health Services and Education     Open Access  
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Healthcare Informatics Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Healthcare Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Human Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Human Trafficking     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Ideas in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Industrial Safety Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Infection and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Integrated Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Law and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Manmohan Memorial Institute of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Medical and Health Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mental Health Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Research in Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Muslim Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nanotheranostics     Open Access  
Journal of Nursing & Interprofessional Leadership in Quality & Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Occupational Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Oral Health and Craniofacial Science     Open Access  
Journal of Patan Academy of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Prevention and Health Promotion     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Psychosexual Health     Open Access  
Journal of Public Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Primary Prevention
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.782
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0278-095X - ISSN (Online) 1573-6547
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Applying a Pattern-Centered Approach to Assess the Effect of a
           School-Based Drug Use Prevention Program in Brazil: A Cluster Randomized
           Controlled Trial

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      Abstract: Abstract This study evaluated the effectiveness of a drug and violence resistance educational program (Programa Educacional de Resistência às Drogas e à Violência—PROERD) on latent substance use profiles over a 9-month follow-up period. Two PROERD curricula were evaluated through a cluster randomized controlled trials with two parts that included a total of 4030 fifth-and seventh-grade students in 30 public schools in São Paulo. The intervention groups received 10 PROERD classes delivered by trained police officers, while the control group received no intervention. The primary outcome measures were drug use (any alcohol use, binge drinking, tobacco, marijuana, and inhalants) in the past 6 months, which was assessed using a pretest and a posttest 9 months later. Latent transition analysis was employed to investigate the effect of the intervention on the probabilities associated with the transition across drug use profiles. Latent drug use profiles are underlying subgroups of individuals similar to each other regarding their pattern of polysubstance use. Two different latent drug use profiles were revealed among the fifth graders (abstainers/low users and alcohol users/binge drinkers) and three drug use profiles among the seventh graders (abstainers/low users, alcohol users/binge drinkers, and polydrug users). For both, there was no evidence of the effect of PROERD on drug transition probabilities. In conclusion, the intervention was not successful in changing transitions across adolescent drug use profiles. Thus, the failure of the intervention to affect students’ substance use profiles suggests that it should be reconsidered before it is implemented further in Brazilian schools.
      PubDate: 2022-05-19
       
  • How Stay-at-Home Orders Interact with COVID-19 Misperceptions and
           Individuals’ Social Distancing Intentions

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      Abstract: Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic is a health emergency in which public health policy, such as state-mandated stay-at-home orders, has the potential to reduce the speed of disease transmission and prevent the overwhelming of hospital infrastructure and unnecessary deaths. Using the Ideological Health Spirals Model (IHSM), this analysis examines how state-mandated stay-at-home orders affect the relationships among individuals’ overall COVID-19 knowledge and beliefs in misinformation, as well as their attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy regarding social distancing and stay-at-home behaviors. Data were collected from a sample of 1000 adults living in the U.S. in Spring 2020. Path analyses showed that the stay-at-home orders moderated the relationship between knowledge and self-efficacy in the context of performing social distancing behaviors. Results also indicate that intention to socially distance was associated with attitudes, norms, and self-efficacy. These results demonstrate that stay-at-home orders have the capacity to bolster the effect of knowledge and beliefs on key determinants of intention.
      PubDate: 2022-05-13
       
  • E-cigarette Transitions Among US Youth and Adults: Results from the
           Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health Study (2013–2018)

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      Abstract: Abstract Currently, the debate surrounding the regulation of e-cigarettes focuses mainly on the size of e-cigarettes' potentially beneficial effects (i.e., adult cessation) versus their unwarranted effects (i.e., initiation among tobacco-naïve adolescents). Therefore, we investigated the relative scale of e-cigarette use transitions in the United States. We reported cross-sectional weighted prevalence estimates of past-month e-cigarette use by ever cigarette use from Waves 1–4 of the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health study (2013–2018) among youth (12–17 years) and adults (≥ 18 years). We also examined past-month e-cigarette mono and dual transitions related to cigarette smoking and reported the longitudinal weighted prevalence across waves. Among youth new e-cigarette users, the proportion of never-cigarette smokers increased from 24.1 in Wave 1 (n = 418) to 51.4% in Wave 4 (n = 310) (p < 0.0001 for trend). Of youth past-month e-cigarette mono-users in Wave 1 (n = 151), 15.2% transitioned to cigarette mono-use and 8.2% dual-use at Wave 2 or 3 or 4, compared to 60.2% no tobacco use and 16.4% e-cigarette mono-use. Among young adult past-month dual-users (18–24 years; n = 684), 22.6% transitioned to no tobacco use, 60.1% continued cigarette use, 11.4% dual use, and 5.9% e-cigarette mono-use. Among adult dual-users ≥ 25 years old (n = 1560), 13.6% transitioned to no tobacco use, 71.3% cigarette mono-use, 9.0% dual-use, and 6.1% e-cigarette mono-use. Transition to cigarette mono-use and continued dual-use were common among adult past-month e-cigarette users, while e-cigarette initiation was common among youth never-cigarette smokers. These findings contrast with data from other countries showing limited evidence of e-cigarette initiation among youth never cigarette smokers. Both e-cigarette and cigarette use should be addressed in youth and adults, given the potential for dual use in both populations.
      PubDate: 2022-05-05
       
  • Food Products with the Child-Targeted Packaging in Food Stores around
           Primary Schools in Tehran, Iran

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      Abstract: Abstract The local retail food environment around schools can have an important role in encouraging children to low-quality food choices; and may act as a potential risk factor in their diet. Thus, evaluating the food environment is essential for adopting policies and programs that support healthy nutrition in children. This study aimed to investigate the frequency and nutritional characteristics of packaged processed/ultra-processed food and beverage products with child-oriented marketing attributes in food stores around primary schools in Tehran, Iran. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 239 food stores located within a 500-meter buffer around 64 primary schools in Tehran province. The presence of marketing strategies directed at children and nutrition information from traffic light labels of packaged foods available in these stores were extracted. Data were analyzed overall and separately for the subset of foods placed on front shelves at the entrance of stores. Among 445 discrete food products marketed to children via their packaging, 198 (44.49%) were placed on shelves in front of the stores entrance. Potato chips and bulky cereals group had the highest energy density (507.15 ± 44.05 Kcal/100gr). Due to the color code of traffic light labels, 100% of fruit juices had high levels of sugar. Of potato chips and bulky cereals, 89.38% were assigned a red color traffic light for total fat levels. Moreover, 62.50% of processed fruit and vegetables contained high levels of salt. The level of trans-fatty acids were not high in any of the food products. The high amount of sugar, salt, and fat in a remarkable proportion of food products marketed to children can be considered a risk factor for children’s health. Initiation and implementation of appropriate policies to control the food environment around schools in Iran is recommended.
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
       
  • Prevention in the Times of Crisis: A Look Back for the Way Forward

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      PubDate: 2022-04-05
       
  • Large Gathering Attendance is Associated with Increased Odds of
           Contracting COVID-19: A Survey Based Study

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      Abstract: Abstract We used a telephone survey to determine risk factors associated with a positive polymerase chain reaction test of a nasopharyngeal swab for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-Cov-2) at a community hospital in Central New Jersey during the early stages of the pandemic. We compared survey responses of 176 patients in March 2020. Respondents were asked about their living situation, work environment, use of public transportation and attendance at one or more large gatherings (more than 10 people) in the 3 weeks prior to undergoing COVID testing. We found that those who attended a large gathering in the 3 weeks prior to their COVID test had a 2.50 odds ratio (95% CI 1.19, 5.22) of testing positive after controlling for age, sex, race/ethnicity, occupation, living situation and recent visit to a nursing home. The total number of gatherings attended or the number of people in attendance was not associated with a positive test. An association was also seen for specific job types such as factory workers, construction workers, and facilities managers. Attendance at a gathering of more than ten people was associated with testing positive for COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
       
  • Indigenous Culture-as-Health: A Systematized Literature Review

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      Abstract: Abstract This paper has two goals regarding cultural rigor, defined as privileging cultural ways of knowing and being as a means to achieving health and well-being for future generations. First, we move the continuum of health practices beyond cultural grounding to include Indigenous Culture-as-Health. Second, this project expands the concept of Indigenous Culture-as-Health in addiction and recovery to include a broader range of health, inclusive of prevention, to further understand this emerging model. Our review of the literature yielded an expanded cultural continuum that includes Indigenous Culture-as-Health, which appears to rely on four modalities: 1) Indigenous ways of knowing, 2) Indigenous cultural practices, 3) place-based/sacred sites, and 4) Indigenous spirituality. For Indigenous health, standards are defined by centuries of ancestral consciousness among Indigenous people across generations, in spite of settler-colonial systems that do not serve them. In other words, Indigenous Culture-as-Health practices contribute to self-determination, sovereignty, and liberation. Incorporating these strategies also will ameliorate other problems related to White supremacy and health, such as epistemic exploitation. Additional implications for prevention practice and policy are described.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
       
  • Correlates of Bystander Intentions and Behavior among Community College
           Students in Situations of Sexual Violence

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      Abstract: Abstract Sexual violence (SV) is a public health problem on college campuses. Research suggests that bystanders can effectively prevent and respond in situations of SV. There is no research to date concerning correlates of bystander behavior (e.g., gender, perceptions of SV) on community college campuses. However, there are notable differences between students enrolled in two- and four-year colleges. We conducted two exploratory studies across seven community colleges in one northeastern state to examine correlates of bystander intentions and behavior. In Studies 1 and 2, the majority of respondents identified as women, heterosexual, and White. We administered online surveys that inquired about demographics, peer attitudes, knowledge of sexual consent, history of victimization, and intent to help (Study 1) or self-reported bystander behavior (Study 2). The first study (n = 1,067) demonstrated that gender (i.e., identifying as woman), less accepting peer attitudes toward SV, and greater knowledge of sexual consent and awareness of campus SV were significantly associated with bystander intentions. The second study (n = 1,506) indicated that age (i.e., younger than 25 years old), greater knowledge of sexual consent, and victimization history were associated with bystander behavior. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
       
  • Knowledge and Awareness of Parents Towards Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and
           HPV Vaccines, and Vaccine Acceptability in Northern Cyprus

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      Abstract: Abstract The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is one of the most cost-effective public health measures for preventing cervical cancer and other HPV-related diseases. However, the vaccine uptake in many countries remains suboptimal. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the knowledge and awareness of parents towards HPV, related diseases, and HPV vaccines, as well as to examine the effect of brief educational information on parents’ vaccine acceptability. We used a structured interviewer-administered questionnaire to collect information from 227 outpatient visitors to a healthcare center who had children under the age of 19 years. We asked parents again about their acceptance of HPV vaccines after being provided brief educational information. Of all the parents, 43% were aware of HPV and related diseases, and 59% of those had sufficient knowledge regarding HPV while 45% of them reported that they were aware of HPV vaccines. Being Northern Cypriot was a predictor of having good knowledge, whilst being a female, having a higher education level, being 35 years or older, and being employed were the significant predictors of having greater awareness of HPV and related diseases. The HPV vaccine acceptance of the parents increased substantially in all sociodemographic groups after the provision of the educational information. The findings demonstrated that the vaccination rates of children of parents who have insufficient knowledge and awareness of HPV and vaccines are also very low. Effective educational interventions based on the specific sociodemographic characteristics of the patients should be given a stronger focus to improve vaccine acceptability among this population.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
       
  • Introducing Parenting Support in Primary Care: Professionals’
           Perspectives on the Implementation of a Positive Parenting Program

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      Abstract: Abstract While positive parenting programs are an initiative aligned with the Family-Centered Care model and the Council of Europe’s Recommendation on Positive Parenting, implementation in healthcare centers remains a challenge. The aims of this study were to (1) investigate how the hybrid version (online course plus face-to-face activities) of the program “Gain Health & Wellbeing From 0 to 3” was implemented in Spain from professionals’ perspective, and (2) explore the perceived impact of this hybrid version of the program on the implementers’ professional development. We used a qualitative mixed-methods design that included focus groups and surveys. Fifty professionals from 17 centers completed the survey on professional development. Thirty-one of these also participated in the focus groups to address the first aim. The key themes identified from the focus group were professional training, parent recruitment, program features, organizational issues, parental responses, and program sustainability. Survey results related to positive professional impact fit nicely with subthemes concerning collaboration with parents, parental needs, center coordination, and future expectations. The perceived relevance of the parenting program and its positive impact on the implementers’ professional development were potential predictors for the adoption and sustainability of the program in the public health system.
      PubDate: 2022-04-01
       
  • Examining sources of Social Support and Depression Prevention Among
           Pregnant Youth Experiencing Homelessness: Outcomes of a Seven-City Study

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      Abstract: Abstract Young adults experiencing homelessness (YAEH) with pregnancy history are at higher depression risk. Receiving social support is protective for depression in pregnancy. This study differentiates social support sources associated with depression by pregnancy history among YAEH. Using a subsample of data collected from YAEH in seven US cities that were collected through REALYST, we conducted stratified logistic regression models (by pregnancy history) to identify support sources associated with depression. Logistic regression analysis including the interaction term (i.e., pregnancy history x support sources) using the full sample was then conducted. A higher proportion with pregnancy history reported depression compared to those without. Support from home-based peers was significantly associated with reduced depression risks among YAEH with pregnancy history, but not among youth without. Home-based supports were less frequently indicated by homeless female youth with pregnancy experience. Home-based social support is protective against major depression for YAEH with pregnancy experience. Findings of this study suggest that interventions addressing depression among YAEH should take their pregnancy history and social support sources into consideration. Specifically, for YAEH with pregnancy history, facilitating supportive social ties with home-based peers may be promising in reducing their depression risks.
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
       
  • Patterns of Alcohol Use Among Italian Young Adults Before and During a
           COVID-19 Lockdown: A Latent Class Analysis Study

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      Abstract: Abstract Two not mutually exclusive theories explain the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on alcohol use. The Availability hypothesis contends that reduced opportunities to drink due to the closure of outlets and consumption sites should lead to decreases in alcohol use, whereas the Stress and Coping hypothesis argues that those exposed to stressful situations may increase drinking. The primary aim of this study was to examine changes—separately by gender—in the prevalence of drinking patterns among Italian young adults (18–34 years) before and during a COVID-19 lockdown. Study design was a repeated cross-sectional study, whereby data collected in 2015 and 2020 from nationally representative samples were analyzed. Latent class analysis identified five, fully invariant for women and partially invariant for men, drinking pattern classes among both cohorts: current non-drinkers (CND), weekend risky (WRD) and weekend non-risky drinkers (WnRD), daily non-risky (DnRD) and daily risky drinkers (DRD). In support of the Availability hypothesis, increases in abstaining and moderate drinking women and men were observed from 2015 to 2020. Concomitantly, among men only there were also increases in the prevalence of patterns characterized by risky drinking, coping drinking motives and related harm (Stress and Coping hypothesis). The pandemic and the three-tier lockdown imposed by the Italian government likely reduced overall alcohol use in the general population who drink moderately. However, there was a substantial increase in the prevalence of a small but significant group of men who drank daily and heavily to cope. Outreach and prevention efforts should target primarily this group, but also consider the opportunities that the exceptional circumstances of a quarantine offer to any individuals to reshape their lifestyle and health-related behaviors.
      PubDate: 2022-03-19
       
  • A Heart Healthy Intervention Improved Tobacco Screening Rates and
           Cessation Support in Primary Care Practices

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      Abstract: Abstract We examined whether an evidence-based cardiovascular disease risk reduction intervention (Heart Health Now) would improve rates for tobacco cessation screening and counseling in small primary care practices in North Carolina. Heart Health Now was a stepped wedge, stratified, cluster randomized trial for primary care practices that were staffed by 10 or fewer clinicians and had an electronic health record. The Heart Health Now intervention consisted of education tools, onsite practice facilitation for one year, and a practice-specific cardiovascular population management dashboard that included monthly, measure-specific run charts to help guide quality improvement. Our primary outcomes were practice-level rates of tobacco screening and tobacco cessation support—extracted from practices’ electronic health records—and measured at pre-intervention and 6 months post-intervention. The 28 practices included in our analyses represented 78,120 patients and 17,687 smokers. Significant change occurred in practices’ tobacco screening rates and cessation support rates over time. From pre- to post-intervention, screening rates significantly increased from 82.7 to 96.2% (p < 0.001). Similarly, cessation support rates significantly increased from 44.3 to 50.1% (p = 0.03). Several practice-level factors were associated with improvement including being in an academic health center or faculty practice, having more clinicians, and having a lower percentage of White patients. In conclusion, a multi-component intervention focused on multiple cardiovascular disease risk reduction in multiple small primary care practices successfully improved rates of tobacco screening and cessation support.
      PubDate: 2022-03-17
       
  • Environmental Prevention: Why Do We Need It Now and How to Advance It'

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      PubDate: 2022-03-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00676-1
       
  • Acceptability of School Shooting Prevention Procedures Among Parents

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      Abstract: Abstract While gun violence has been declared a public health crisis, there is limited information concerning stakeholders such as parents’ perceptions of acceptable procedures to prevent this violence in schools. This study explored 114 parents’ degree of acceptance for an assortment of school shooting prevention interventions. Specifically, this study compared security measures, threat assessment, zero tolerance, and an exploratory procedure. While all procedures were deemed acceptable, parents rated the threat assessment as most acceptable, followed closely by security measures, which were significantly more acceptable than the exploratory procedure, and finally the zero tolerance procedures. Discussion is provided on possible factors influencing the acceptance of these procedures.
      PubDate: 2022-02-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00671-6
       
  • Caregivers of Adolescents’ Motivators and Barriers to Vaccinating
           Children Against Human Papillomavirus

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      Abstract: Abstract In the United States (US), acceptance of adolescent vaccines, as measured by vaccine uptake in adolescents, is high amongst caregivers. However, this does not routinely extend to Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. In the US state of Georgia, HPV vaccine coverage rates remain suboptimal, especially when compared to other adolescent vaccines. Our study aims to identify and examine caregivers’ motivators and barriers towards vaccinating their adolescents against HPV. We conducted nine focus groups with caregivers (n = 75) throughout the state. Using MAXQDA for thematic analysis, we identified common motivators and barriers related to adolescent HPV vaccine uptake amongst caregivers. Barriers reported include caregivers’ inability to develop a trusting patient-provider relationship and HPV vaccine message framing issues. Motivators reported include caregivers’ intrinsic need to protect their adolescents and trust their healthcare provider. Trust in healthcare providers was a key theme identified towards mitigating barriers and reinforcing motivators related to HPV vaccine acceptance and uptake. By improving patient-provider relationships throughout Georgia and streamlining digestible, representative vaccine information sharing across reputable sources, caregivers may become more receptive to vaccinating their adolescents.
      PubDate: 2022-02-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00674-3
       
  • Bystander Intervention Programming with Faculty: Recommendations for
           Institutions of Higher Education

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      Abstract: Abstract While bystander intervention programs have been implemented to help prevent sexual violence on campus, little is known about the impact of these programs on faculty members. We examined faculty perspectives and motivations regarding participation in a faculty-focused bystander intervention program. We facilitated three faculty focus groups (N = 10) in 2017 at a southwestern university in the U.S. Faculty were recruited through their voluntary participation in a faculty bystander intervention program. We found that faculty gained a variety of new skills from their participation in this program including new vocabulary to facilitate sensitive conversations, increased awareness regarding best practices for intervention, and practical tools to apply when intervening. Study results also revealed strategies for implementing faculty-focused bystander intervention programs that will increase the likelihood that they will affect changes in bystander behavior at all levels of the university and promote cultures of non-violence at institutions of higher education.
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00669-0
       
  • Family and Parent Correlates to Anxiety in a National Sample of 12 to 17
           Year Olds

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      Abstract: Abstract Anxiety is a common mental health issue among adolescents. Family is one influence on adolescent anxiety that warrants attention. We investigated the relationship between adolescent anxiety, demographic, and familial and parental factors using data from the 2017 National Child Health Survey. We found an estimated one adolescent in seven reported anxiety, and nearly one in five reported anxiety related to witnessing family violence. Our study’s findings may aid in the creation of family level programs aimed at preventing and reducing anxiety among adolescents.
      PubDate: 2022-02-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-021-00662-z
       
  • The Universal and Primary Prevention of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
           (FASD): A Systematic Review

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      Abstract: Abstract Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) comprises multiple neurodevelopmental disorders caused by alcohol consumption during pregnancy. With a global prevalence rate of 7.7 per 1000 population, FASD is a leading cause of prenatal developmental disorders. The extent of physical, mental, and social consequences for individuals with FASD can be vast and negatively affect their social environment, daily life, school, relationships, and work. As treatment for FASD is labour- and cost-intensive, with no cure available, prevention is key in reducing FASD prevalence rates. As most systematic reviews conducted so far have focused on specific FASD risk groups, we investigated the effectiveness of universal FASD prevention and primary preventive strategies. We identified a total of 567 potentially pertinent records through PubMed, Cochrane Library, EBSCO, PubPsych, and DAHTA published from 2010 to May 2020, of which 10 studies were included in this systematic review. Results showed a substantial heterogeneity in the studies’ quality, although all preventive measures, except one, proved effective in both increasing knowledge and awareness of FASD, as well as decreasing the risk of an alcohol exposed pregnancy. Limiting factors such as small sample sizes and a lack of behavioural change testing require further studies to support existing evidence for FASD prevention and its implementation, as well as detecting the best course of action for FASD prevention when creating and implementing prevention and intervention approaches.
      PubDate: 2022-02-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-021-00658-9
       
  • Leveraging the Prescription Drug Monitoring Program to Curb Opioid
           Prescribing in Arkansas

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      Abstract: Abstract Effective means of accurately identifying problematic opioid prescribing are needed. Using an iterative approach with the Arkansas State Medical Board Pain Subcommittee, we modified existing opioid prescriber criteria to create seven metrics to be deployed in Arkansas. These included metrics of dose and days’ supply, concomitant use of opioid and benzodiazepines, solid dosage units, and numbers of opioid patients and certain opioid prescriptions. Two of these metrics (average MME daily dose per prescription and total oxycodone 30 mg or hydromorphone prescriptions) were weighted by 2, creating a maximum score of 9 of which each prescriber could receive. Twenty prescribers with a score of 7 or greater were identified and referred to the Arkansas State Medical Board Pain Subcommittee for review and subsequent investigation if deemed necessary. Of those 20 prescribers, four were previously investigated and under disciplinary action, and three were under current investigation for misconduct related to prescribing practices. Five prescribers had new investigations opened due to the findings from the metrics, and disciplinary action was taken. Therefore, 12 of the 20 prescribers referred to the Arkansas State Medical Board were deemed worthy of investigation and disciplinary action. The Arkansas opioid prescriber metrics are able to accurately identify prescribers with potentially problematic opioid prescribing.
      PubDate: 2022-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00670-7
       
 
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