Subjects -> HEALTH AND SAFETY (Total: 1464 journals)
    - CIVIL DEFENSE (22 journals)
    - DRUG ABUSE AND ALCOHOLISM (87 journals)
    - HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)
    - HEALTH FACILITIES AND ADMINISTRATION (358 journals)
    - OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH AND SAFETY (112 journals)
    - PHYSICAL FITNESS AND HYGIENE (117 journals)
    - WOMEN'S HEALTH (82 journals)

HEALTH AND SAFETY (686 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted by number of followers
American Journal of Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 216)
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 148)
Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health and Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Journal of Child Sexual Abuse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Health Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
International Journal for Quality in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Preventive Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Qualitative Health Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Psychology & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Traumatic Stress     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Occupational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Health Promotion International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Social Work in Health Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Implementation Science     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Early Childhood Research Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Quality in Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Public Health Policy     Partially Free   (Followers: 23)
Health & Place     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Health : An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Mental Health Review Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
International Journal of Social Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Ergonomics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Integrated Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Psychology, Health & Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Open Journal of Safety Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Health Promotion Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Social Work in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Tobacco Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Global Health Promotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Ethnicity & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Health Research Policy and Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Family Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Systematic Reviews     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Policy and Practice in Health and Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Religion and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Family Physician     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Healthcare Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Creativity in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Social Work in Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Perspectives in Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Family & Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Health Promotion and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Suicide Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Public Health Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Health Care Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Evaluation & the Health Professions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal for Equity in Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Childhood Obesity and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Health, Risk & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Child Development and Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Healthcare Risk Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Health Economics and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Women & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Spirituality in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Diversity and Equality in Health and Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Healthcare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Mental Health Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
School Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Community Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Public Health Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Behavioural and Healthcare Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Conflict and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Theoretical Issues in Ergonomics Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Families, Systems, & Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Public Child Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Health Geographics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of School Nursing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Primary Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Revista Brasileira de Medicina de Família e Comunidade     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Rehabilitation Process and Outcome     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Epidemics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Globalization and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Hastings Center Report     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
The Journal of Rural Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Revue d'Épidémiologie et de Santé Publique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal Of Allied Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Muslim Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Healthcare Information Systems and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
EcoHealth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Advanced Aesthetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Development Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Population Health Metrics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BMC Oral Health     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Home Health Care Services Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Research in Children's Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexual Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Infection and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Southern African Journal of Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Communication in Healthcare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Consumer Health on the Internet     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Health Promotion & Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Theory & Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Hong Kong Journal of Social Work, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
South African Family Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AJOB Empirical Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Public Health Genomics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Reproductive Health     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
World Health & Population     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Health & Allied Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Public Health in Africa     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
SMAD, Revista Electronica en Salud Mental, Alcohol y Drogas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of E-Health and Medical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Dramatherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
NEW SOLUTIONS: A Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Drogues, santé et société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Noise and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ElectronicHealthcare     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Health SA Gesondheid     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Atención Primaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Vascular Health and Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Water Quality, Exposure and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
World Medical & Health Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Sciences Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Circumpolar Health     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Poblacion y Salud en Mesoamerica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Health Services Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Adultspan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Child Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FASEB BioAdvances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Internationale Revue Fur Soziale Sicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Healthcare Delivery Reform Initiatives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
médecine/sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Research Methods in Medicine & Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of The Egyptian Public Health Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tidsskrift for Forskning i Sygdom og Samfund     Open Access  
Giornale Italiano di Health Technology Assessment     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences     Open Access  
Israel Journal of Health Policy Research     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Médicas de Pinar del Río     Open Access  
Revista Médica Electrónica     Open Access  
Saúde Coletiva     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias de la Salud     Open Access  
Psicologia, Saúde e Doenças     Open Access  
Portularia     Open Access  
Motricidade     Open Access  
Investigaciones Andina     Open Access  
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Salud Colectiva     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad Industrial de Santander. Salud     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública     Open Access  
Revista Gerencia y Políticas de Salud     Open Access  
Hacia la Promoción de la Salud     Open Access  
CES Medicina     Open Access  
Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità     Open Access  
Face à face     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Health and Environment     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Public Health     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Terapia Ocupacional     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Comunicación y Salud     Open Access  
Prävention und Gesundheitsförderung     Hybrid Journal  
Child's Nervous System     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Primary Prevention
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.782
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0278-095X - ISSN (Online) 1573-6547
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • A Longitudinal Exploration of How Connections to Staff Facilitate Efficacy
           and Service Use in Drop-in Centers Serving Youth Experiencing Homelessness
           

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      Abstract: Abstract Introduction: Youth experiencing homelessness (YEH) benefit from a variety of services to meet their immediate and long-term needs. Drop-in centers are a popular service venue used by YEH. However, the mechanisms responsible for engaging youth in drop-in services are not clear. The current study uses longitudinal data to explore the role of positive staff relationships in increasing youths’ knowledge and efficacy to access and subsequently use drop-in center services. Methods: 731 youth (Mage = 21.8, SD = 2.2, 25.1% female) accessing services at three drop-in centers in Los Angeles, California participated in the study. Surveys were completed at baseline, 1-month, and 3-months later. Path models examined the direct effect of positive relationships with adult staff on service use at the 3-month follow-up, and the indirect effect of service knowledge (assessed at the 1-month follow-up). Results: The direct effect model showed that positive staff relationships at baseline were significantly associated with number of services used at the 3-month follow-up (aIRR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.54). Positive staff relationships were also associated with greater service knowledge at 1-month (b = 0.93, p < 0.001), which in turn was associated with greater service use at 3-months (IRR = 1.15, 95% CI: 1.04, 1.28). The indirect effect of service knowledge was significant (b = 0.13, p = 0.02), suggesting that the association between positive staff relationships and service use was completely mediated by service knowledge. Conclusions: The current study adds to the literature by demonstrating that positive relationships with staff lead to increased service use by increasing youths’ knowledge and efficacy to access services. Efforts should be made to develop positive relationships with YEH in order to engage them in essential services needed to exit homelessness.
      PubDate: 2023-03-16
       
  • Evaluating the Efficacy of the Family Check-Up Online to Improve Parent
           Mental Health and Family Functioning in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic:
           A Randomized Clinical Trial

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      Abstract: Abstract This study evaluated the effects of an enhanced version of the Family Check-Up Online (FCU-O), adapted to address parent and family functioning in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. In order to increase accessibility, the FCU-O was delivered as a web-based application coupled with online coaching support, a service delivery model that is consistent with pandemic-related limitations for in-person intervention, as well as the limited staffing and resources available in many schools and health care settings despite the increased need for mental health services driven by the pandemic. This registered clinical trial (blinded) tested the effects of the intervention on parental mental health, parenting behaviors, and family functioning from pre-treatment to 2-month follow-up. Families were randomly assigned to receive the FCU-O (N = 74) or to a wait-list control condition (N = 87). Random assignment to the FCU-O was associated with significant improvements in parental well-being, including reduced anxiety, depression, and perceived stress. Further, the FCU-O predicted significant improvements in adaptive parenting skills (e.g. less negative/coercive parenting, greater proactive parenting), and enhancements in family-relational functioning (e.g. improved coparenting). Effect sizes were small to moderate in magnitude (partial eta squared values between 0.03 and 0.11). The results indicate that online delivery of a family-centered intervention may represent a promising approach for addressing pandemic-related impacts on parent and family functioning.
      PubDate: 2023-03-16
       
  • Money Matters: Time for Prevention and Early Intervention to Address
           Family Economic Circumstances

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      Abstract: Abstract Child poverty is associated with poorer physical and mental health, negative educational outcomes and adverse long-term social and psychological consequences, all of which impact on service demand and expenditure. Until now, however, prevention and early intervention practice has tended to focus on enhancing inter-parental relationships and parenting skills (e.g., via relationship skills education, home visiting, parenting programs, family therapy) or child language, social-emotional and life skills (e.g., early childhood education, school-based programs, youth mentoring). Programs often target low-income neighborhoods or families but rarely address poverty directly. While there is substantial evidence for the effectiveness of such interventions in improving child outcomes, null results are not uncommon and even positive effects are often small, short-term, and difficult to replicate. One avenue to enhance intervention effectiveness is to improve families’ economic circumstances. There are several arguments for this refocusing. It is arguably unethical to focus on individual risk without acknowledging or seeking to address (where relevant) families’ social and economic contexts, while the stigma and material constraints associated with poverty can make it harder for families to engage with psychosocial support. There is also evidence that increasing household income improves child outcomes. Although national policies to alleviate poverty are important, it is increasingly recognized that practice-based initiatives have a role to play (e.g., income maximization, devolved budgets, money management support). However, knowledge about their implementation and effectiveness is relatively thin. For instance, there is some evidence that co-located welfare rights advice in healthcare settings can improve recipients’ financial circumstances and health, but it is mixed and of limited quality. Moreover, there is little rigorous research on whether and how such services affect mediators (parent-child interactions, parenting capacity) and/or child physical and psychosocial outcomes directly. We call for prevention and early intervention programs to attend more to families’ economic circumstances, and for experimental studies to test their implementation, reach and effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2023-03-13
       
  • Goal Orientation and Adolescent Social Competence: Ubuntu as a Mediator
           Among Black American Adolescents

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      Abstract: Abstract Social competence, which is the ability to demonstrate socio-emotional behavior skills, is crucial during adolescence with far-reaching implications across the lifespan. However, social competence development among youth is greatly influenced by social inequities, which places many Black American youth at a disadvantage due to the disproportionate burden on youth development in resource-constrained environments. Responsively, we sought to determine whether Afrocentric cultural norms (i.e., Ubuntu) and goal orientation contribute to the resilience of Black youth in developing social competence while controlling for social positions (i.e., social class and gender). For this study, we used the dataset of black boys and girls (average age of 14.68) from the Templeton Flourishing Children Project. Linear regression analysis followed by mediation analysis was conducted to identify the factors associated with higher degrees of social competence. Significant study findings indicate that Black youth reporting higher goal-oriented mindsets reported higher social competence scores. Goal orientation and social competence were mediated by Ubuntu, with the model explaining 63% variance in social competence in Black youth. The findings suggest prevention efforts that provide socialization centered around Afrocentric cultural norms may provide valuable means of bolstering social competence development in Black youth living in resource-constrained communities.
      PubDate: 2023-02-27
       
  • The Impact of Adverse Childhood Experiences on Problem Gambling in New
           Mexico

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      Abstract: Abstract The study of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) has consistently demonstrated a strong relationship with poor behavioral health outcomes. Further research is needed to understand if a specific ACE, or subcategorizations of ACEs, matter more for behavioral health outcomes. A study of the association between ACEs and problem gambling involving a racially mixed sample (13,217 participants) in New Mexico is presented to illustrate how certain ACEs may have a larger impact on behavioral health outcomes. The researchers examined: 1.) the impact that each individual ACE have on participant’s reported problem gambling; 2) which group (abuse or household challenges) had a greater odds ratio and marginal impact on participant’s self-reported gambling; and 3) which BRFSS subcategories (emotional abuse, physical abuse, sexual abuse, IPV, substance abuse, mental illness, parental separation or divorce, and incarcerated household member) had a greater odds ratio and marginal impact on participant’s self-reported gambling. The results of this study indicate ACEs had a significant influence on problem gambling, and data suggests that when BRFSS data is examined in groups or subcategories there is a difference in the influence that ACEs have on problem gambling. In particular, we found that odds ratio to be significant when participants reported mental health problems in the home (OR = 1.34, 95% CI [1.02, 1.76], p < 0.04), living with incarcerated household members (OR = 1.75, 95% CI [1.28, 2.41], p < 0.001), how often adults hit each other (OR = 1.29, 95% CI [1.10, 1.52], p < 0.001), and how often anyone at least 5 years older than them forced them to have sex (OR = 1.42, 95% CI [1.10, 1.82], p < 0.01) In relation to types of abuse, There was a significant difference in self-reported problem gambling for individuals who reported sexual abuse (OR = 1.64, 95% CI [1.10, 2.46], p < 0.016), as well as participants reporting living with an incarcerated household member (OR = 2.08, 95% CI [1.34, 3.22], p < 0.001); approaching significant results also included individuals who witnessed their parents act violent towards one another (OR = 1.52, 95% CI [.99, 2.33], p < 0.055), and having parents who were separated or divorced (OR = 0.68, 95% CI [0.46, 1.00], p < 0.053). Finally, there was a significant difference in self-reported problem gambling for individuals who reported abuse (OR = 1.36, 95% CI [1.11, 1.66], p < 0.003), while participants reporting household challenges did not quite reach statistical significance (OR = 1.49, 95% CI [0.99, 1.33], p < 0.062. These findings show us that the way we ask questions about the precedence and outcomes of risky behavior matter and warrant further attention.
      PubDate: 2023-02-09
       
  • The Association Between Racial Attitudes, Alcohol Use and Mood Disorders
           Among Black Adolescents

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      Abstract: Abstract Alcohol is the most widely used substance among adolescents. Although Black adolescents use alcohol at lower rates than White adolescents, Black adolescents tend to have worse outcomes. This includes higher rates of mood disorders and criminal justice involvement associated with alcohol use and misuse compared to any other racial group. Black adolescents are also more likely to experience racial discrimination and be exposed to traumatic events within their communities, which may increase their chances of using substances. Understanding the relationship between racial attitudes (towards one’s own group and others) and substance use and mental health can provide unique and meaningful insight into prevention programming for Black adolescents. Yet, these concepts have been understudied. To fill this gap, we examined the association between racial attitudes and alcohol use and mood disorders in Black adolescents in Philadelphia, PA (N = 154). We used the revised Adolescent Survey of Black Life to measure pro-Black (positive attitudes toward being Black and factors related to Black people), anti-White (negative attitudes toward White people due to experiences of racism and discrimination) and racism awareness (recognition of racism) domains. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to test the associations. Results showed that: higher pro-Black attitudes were associated with a lower odds of mood disorder (odds ratio [OR] = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.55, 0.89); and higher racism awareness was associated with an increased odds of alcohol use (OR = 1.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.06, 1.29). Findings provide preliminary support for interventions and policies for Black adolescents that bolster positive racial identity and eliminate experiences of racism as alcohol use and mood disorder prevention strategies.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Implementation of a Transdiagnostic Universal Prevention Program on
           Anxiety in Junior High School Students After School Closure During the
           COVID-19 Pandemic

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      Abstract: Abstract School closures due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic have worsened mental health problems for children and adolescents worldwide. We aimed to examine the follow-up effectiveness of a transdiagnostic universal prevention program for anxiety of junior high school students after a nationwide school closure during the COVID-19 outbreak in Japan. A total of 117 junior high school students were included in the analysis. We used the Unified Universal Prevention Program for Diverse Disorders (Up2-D2) program; the Up2-D2 comprises cognitive-behavioral and positive psychological interventions provided over twelve 45-minute sessions. The program was originally implemented between June and July 2020, immediately after pandemic-related school closures had ended in Japan. The program assessments were based on students’ responses to a questionnaire incorporating five scales to measure indicators such as internalizing and externalizing problems. Assessments were carried out before, immediately after, two-month, and six-month after implementing the program. Mixed models for the whole sample showed small anxiety improvement effects immediately post-intervention and two-month, and six-month assessments (g = -0.25, g = -0.44, and g = -0.30, respectively). The anxiety reducing effects were even greater for the higher-anxiety group at the post-, 2-month, and 6-month assessments (g = -1.48; g = -1.59; g = -1.06, respectively). Although there was no control group, these results indicate that the transdiagnostic universal prevention intervention reduce only anxiety, but not other outcomes (depression, anger, and self-efficacy) in junior high students returning to school following school closures related to the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Rapid Rollout and Initial Uptake of a Booster COVID-19 Vaccine Among
           Israel Defense Forces Soldiers

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      Abstract: Abstract The surge of breakthrough COVID-19 among fully vaccinated individuals has raised the prospects of booster dose administration. In Israel, concerns of waning immunity and dominance of the B.1.617.2 (delta) variant resulted in approval of a third-dose (booster) vaccination for the entire eligible population starting on August 29, 2021. This study aims to evaluate vaccine uptake for booster doses among a population of previously vaccinated individuals during a rapid rollout and to analyze socio-demographic characteristics associated with vaccine uptake. A cross-sectional study among Israel Defense Forces soldiers with high access to booster doses of BNT162b2. Subjects eligible for booster doses were voluntarily vaccinated at three vaccine sites constructed within soldiers’ bases. We analyzed associations between subjects’ socio-demographic characteristics and booster vaccine uptake at the culmination of vaccine rollout using logistic regression models. 1157 soldiers from an IDF brigade were eligible for third dose vaccination (received second dose > 5-months before rollout), with 978 (84.5%) receiving a third, booster dose during the study’s timeframe. Subjects’ median age was 20.5 (IQR 19.7–21.5) and 791 (68.4%) were male. Notable socio-demographic characteristics associated with increased vaccine uptake in a multivariable model included increased age (OR 1.16, 95% CI 1.02–1.31), high socio-economic status (OR 2.12, 95% CI 1.25–3.59) and female sex (OR 1.87, 95% CI 1.26–2.74). Below-average cognitive function score was associated with decreased vaccine uptake (OR 0.61, 95% CI 0.39–0.95). This study demonstrates that real-world vaccine hesitancy remains a major obstacle, even among a population previously acceptant to COVID-19 vaccines. Decreased uptake for vaccines may be associated with socio-demographic variables in-spite of high-access vaccine rollouts. Reasons for vaccine hesitancy among previously vaccinated individuals, along with the benefits of population-wide booster administration should be further investigated.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Issues and Challenges in the Primary Prevention of Type 2 Diabetes
           Mellitus: A Systematic Review

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      Abstract: Background Primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is possible in at-risk populations, and prevention programmes have been shown to be effective in real-world scenarios. Despite this evidence, diabetes prevalence has tripled in recent decades and is expected to reach 700 million patients by 2045, making it one of the leading causes of death globally. This review is aimed at identifying the issues and challenges in the primary prevention of T2DM. Methods Scopus, Web of Science, PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE were systematically searched for published articles. Articles were screened based of inclusion and exclusion criteria. The inclusion criteria were: (1) published in 2010–2020, (2) full original article, (3) written in English, (4) qualitative, mixed-methods article, observational or interventional study. The exclusion criteria were: (1) animal study, (2) in vivo/in vitro study, (3) type 1 diabetes or gestational DM and (4) conference abstract, book chapter, report, and systematic review. Eligible articles were assessed using Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) by three assessors. Results A total of 11 articles were selected for qualitative synthesis from the initial 620 articles. The issues and challenges seen in T2DM primary prevention followed three themes: healthcare program (sub-themes: lack of resources, community partnership, participation, health literacy), health provider (sub-themes: lack of implementation, health care staff, collaboration, availability), individual (sub-themes: awareness, communication, misbehaviour, family conflict). Conclusion Factors relating to healthcare programmes, health providers, and individual issues are the main challenges in T2DM primary prevention. By establishing sustainable preventative initiatives that address these issues and challenges in the primary prevention of T2DM, a reduction in T2DM prevalence could be achievable.
      PubDate: 2023-02-01
       
  • Emotional Eating: Psychosocial Bases, Accordingly Directed Treatment
           Design, and Longitudinal Effects in Women with Obesity

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      Abstract: Abstract Emotional eating (eating triggered by adverse mood) might be an important psychosocial variable to address to improve overwhelmingly deficient obesity treatment outcomes in women. However, emotional eating has rarely been focused upon in a systematic, evidence-based manner. Within Part 1 of this field-based study completed within community health-promotion centers the United States, a treatment protocol was developed targeting negative mood, body satisfaction, and self-efficacy to resist negative emotion-related eating (SE-NegEm), which were the significant psychosocial predictors of emotional eating found at baseline in the women participants with obesity. A comparison condition consisted of matched treatment time, but focused upon typical processes of providing education in healthy eating and exercise. Cluster sampling allocated participants to either the treatment group (n = 100) or comparison group (n = 86). In Part 2, overall improvements in mood, body satisfaction, SE-NegEm, and emotional eating were found to be significant, and significantly more pronounced in the treatment group. In parallel multiple mediation analyses incorporating aggregated data, changes from baseline–Month 3 and baseline–Month 6 in negative mood, body satisfaction, and SE-NegEm significantly mediated relationships between group and changes in emotional eating from baseline–Month 6 and baseline–Month 12, respectively. Changes in body satisfaction and SE-NegEm were significant independent mediators for 6-month change, with negative mood change additionally significant for 12-month change. Reduced emotional eating significantly predicted lost weight, which was greater in the treatment group (− 5.8% vs. − 0.9%). The present process of tailoring and testing treatment content based on earlier-identified predictors of emotional eating was supported.
      PubDate: 2023-01-26
       
  • Discrepancies Between Self-reported and Objectively Measured Smartphone
           Screen Time: Before and During Lockdown

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      Abstract: Abstract Screen time shows higher health risks compared to other types of sedentary behaviors. A lockdown may simultaneously increase screen time, reduce physical activity (PA), and change time perception. Our goal was to compare self-reported against objectively measured smartphone screen time (SST) in a sample of active and inactive Portuguese adults before and during a social lockdown. This study was a cross-sectional analysis with 211 Portuguese adults (57.8% males), aged 25.2 ± 8.5 years, from two cohorts, one before the social lockdown and the other during the lockdown. SST was self-reported (SR-SST) and objectively measured using a smartphone (OM-SST). PA was self-reported. Linear regressions were performed to determine the association between SR-SST and OM-SST. A Bland and Altman analysis was used to assess agreement. Independent T-tests were performed for comparisons between cohorts and paired sample T-tests for comparisons within each cohort. The cohort assessed during the lockdown showed a higher SST than the cohort assessed before the lockdown (OM-SST; p < 0.001 and SR-SST; p = 0.009). Before the lockdown, there was no difference between SR-SST and OM-SST (p = 0.100). However, during the social lockdown, although the agreement between SR-SST and OM-SST was good (ICC = 0.72), participants systematically underestimated their SST by ~ 71 min/day (p < 0.001), and this underestimation was higher in inactive participants (~ 85 min/day) than in active individuals (~ 49 min/day). The general population needs to be aware of the benefits of limiting screen time, especially during periods of societal modifications, such as a generalized lockdown. There was a tendency to underestimate SST, meaning a lack of awareness of the actual time spent in this potentially deleterious behavior. This underestimation was more pronounced during the lockdown period and for the inactive participants, thus posing a greater health risk. The findings from this investigation entail relevant information for policy makers to delineate strategies for reducing population screen time from a preventive health perspective.
      PubDate: 2023-01-24
       
  • Analyzing Factors Enabling Prostate Cancer Screening Behaviors Among
           African American Males in the South Region Using the Andersen’s
           Behavioral Model of Healthcare Services Utilization

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      Abstract: Abstract Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death among men in the United States, and African American men especially represent a high risk population for prostate cancer. Although the overall prostate cancer incidence rates have been declining since 1992, the average annual prostate cancer incidence rates among African American men were still higher than any other racial groups, and the mortality rates were 2.1 times higher than that of Caucasian men. This study examined what factors including cultural mistrust were related with the prostate cancer screening behaviors among African American males in the South East region. Out of 496 prostate educational seminar attendees, 304 volunteers completed the survey about the behaviors of prostate cancer, cultural mistrust for health providers and general health beliefs and health behaviors. Using Anderson’s Behavioral Model of Health Services Use, hierarchical multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify which predisposing, enabling, and need factors could predict prostate cancer screening behaviors and whether there was any interaction effects among these predictors. Findings revealed that annual household income and annual health check-up were significantly related with the prostate cancer screening behaviors while the effect of health insurance was diminished among older African American males. Overall, results highlight the importance of financial resources as a determinant of prostate cancer screening behaviors among African American males implying the need of substantial support to overcome the obstacles from financial adversity.
      PubDate: 2023-01-19
       
  • Children Immunization App (CIMA): A Non-randomized Controlled Trial Among
           Syrian Refugees in Zaatari Camp, Jordan

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      Abstract: Abstract Approximately 20 million children are not vaccinated, especially among refugees. There is a growing access to smartphones, among refugees, which can help in improving their vaccination. We assessed the impact of an app for the vaccination follow-up visit among refugees in Jordan. We developed an app and tested it through a non-randomized trial at the Zaatari refugees camp in Jordan. The study was conducted during March – December 2019 at three vaccination clinics inside the camp. The study included two study groups (intervention and control groups) for refugees living at the camp. The intervention group included parents who own an Android smartphone and have one newborn that require between one and four first vaccination doses and they accepted to participate in the study, during their regular visit to the vaccination clinics. The control group was for the usual care. We compared both study groups for returning back to one follow-up visit, using Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. We recruited 936 babies (n = 471; 50.3% in the intervention group, both study groups were similar at baseline). The majority of mothers were literate (94.2%) with a median age of 24. The majority of the babies had a vaccination card (n = 878, 94%). One quarter (26%) of mother-babies pairs of the intervention group came back within one week (versus 22% for control group); When it comes to lost-follow-up, 22% and 28% did not have a history of returning back (intervention and control groups respectively, p = 0.06) (Relative risk reduction: 19%). The Kaplan-Meier Survival Analysis showed a statistically significant progressive reduction in the duration of coming back late for the follow-up vaccine visit. We tested a vaccination app for the first time, in a refugee population setting. The app can be used as a reminder for parents to come back on time for their children’s vaccine follow-up visits.
      PubDate: 2023-01-17
       
  • Factors Influencing COVID-19 Prevention Behaviors

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      Abstract: Abstract COVID-19 remains a public health emergency with prevention guidelines and mitigation strategies being constantly updated to curb the rapid spread of the disease. Despite proven successes of recommended preventive behaviors, there is low uptake of wearing a mask, washing of hands, and social distancing in the United States (US). The purpose of this study was to examine factors that influence COVID-19 preventive behaviors. We used data from the nationally representative COVID-19 Household Impact Survey (n = 19,815) conducted in the US from April to June 2020. Chi-square (χ2) test and bivariate analyses were performed to compare study participants who used all COVID-19 related preventive behaviors and those who did not, and multivariate logistic regressions to determine associations across demographic and social characteristics. Of the 19,815 participants, 79.2% of participants reported practicing the aforementioned COVID-19 preventive behaviors. Further, non-Hispanic white, Spanish speaking, living in urban areas, of older age (60+), being female, having an education above an undergraduate, those with income levels $100K or more, living in the urban northeast region that trust and communicate frequently with family and neighbors were more likely to use all three preventive behaviors. Findings suggest a need for continued provision of information on prevention and vaccination importance, but expand efforts to target adopters of these behaviors and encourage them to share their uptake and adherence efforts. This type of horizontal communication where information is shared within trusted social networks can shape social norms that influence the uptake of COVID-19 preventive behaviors and slowly curb communal spread.
      PubDate: 2022-12-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00719-7
       
  • A Formal Appraisal About High-Risk Sexual Behaviour on the Pretext of
           Substances Use Among Indian Men

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      Abstract: Abstract All behaviors’ that satisfy a person's biological needs and desires are considered sexual behaviors. Despite the fact that sexual behavior and expression are universal to all animals, especially humans, the context in which the behaviors are expressed may make it risky or even dangerous. High risk sexual behaviors’ and substance use disorders are frequently been linked. This study's main goal is to investigate the relationship between substance use by Men and their participation in high risk sexual behaviors. In the current study data were taken from NFHS 5 (2019–2021) and methods like Pearson's chi-squared test, bivariate and multivariate binary logistic regression models were used to established the relationship that risky sexual behavior is a consequence of substances use. Result revealed that Men’s alcohol consumption in daily basis is strongly associated with premature sex (AOR: 1.05; 95%CI: 1.08–1.26; p < 0.05), sex with multiple partners (AOR: 2.35; 95%CI: 1.86–2.97; p < 0.05), and unprotected sexual intercourse (AOR: 2.06; 95%CI: 1.91–2.19; p < 0.05). Apart from alcohol consumption smoking cigarette, use of smokeless tobacco, and use of guthka are also significantly associated with risky sexual behavior of Men on Women. The concern of substances use among Indian men may be dwindled through adoption of appropriate footsteps like incorporating moral education in school curriculum; upbringing socio-economic status; more socialization; increasing social awareness among individual or community through mass media exposure like print or virtual media even which may ultimately reduce the practice of risky sexual behaviour.
      PubDate: 2022-12-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00720-0
       
  • Measuring Impact of Climate Change on Indigenous Health in the Background
           of Multiple Disadvantages: A Scoping Review for Equitable Public Health
           Policy Formulation

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      Abstract: Abstract How climate change is uniquely affecting Indigenous health remains a very less explored area in the existing research literature. The imperative of inclusive climate action to protect indigenous health multiplies manifolds due to their unique vulnerabilities owing to predominant dependence on natural resources and multiple disadvantages faced. The current article attempted to add to the evidence pool regarding climate change impacts on the indigenous population by systematically collecting, processing, and interpreting data as a scoping literature review for effective and inclusive climate policymaking. Twenty-Nine articles of varied study designs were identified employing a systematically organized search strategy using PubMed (Field, MeSH, and advanced search) and Google scholar; relevant data were extracted for further analysis. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines were followed. Changing climate scenarios had both direct and indirect health-related impacts on indigenous health, and altered the epidemiological triad for various health-related events, causing the emergence and re-emergence of infectious diseases, and increased prevalence of chronic diseases and mental disorders. An expanded framework was developed showcasing the variability of climate change events, multiple disadvantages, and its impacts on indigenous populations. Few studies also reported a wide range of adaptation responses of indigenous peoples towards climate change. It was substantiated that any climate-change mitigation policy must take into account the trials and tribulations of indigenous communities. Also, due to the complexity and large variability of the impacts and differences in mitigation capabilities, policies should be contextualized locally and tailored to meet the climate need of the indigenous community.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00718-8
       
  • Five-Year Trend of Adolescent Hospitalizations and Deaths in Thailand: A
           Secondary National Data Health Situation Analysis

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      Abstract: Abstract Adolescence is a critical phase for achieving human potential, serving as the foundation for later health. In 2010, the major causes of hospital admissions and deaths in Thai adolescents were related to preventable causes, specifically engagement in high-risk behaviors such as unprotected sexual intercourse, substance use and unsafe driving. We retrieved data from 1,761,667 adolescent (10–17 years) hospital admissions and 6362 deaths between 2015 and 2019 from the National Health Security Office database. Trends of hospital admissions and deaths, length of stay and medical expenses by sex, age: early (10–13 years) and middle adolescents (14–17 years), and geographical regions were analyzed by ICD-10 disease group and single diagnosis. Hospital admissions increased in relation to the same age population from 2015 to 2019. Trends of the top 3 diagnoses shifted between disease groups from 2015 to 2019. Pregnancy retreated from the first (17.8%) to the third rank (12.2%), and arthropod-borne viral fevers advanced from the third (13.1%) to the first rank (17.1%). Injury and poisoning remained at the second rank (14.5–14.4%). Females were admitted more than males, but males had significantly longer hospital stays. Early adolescents were admitted less than middle adolescents and their hospital stay was significantly shorter. Trends of the top 3 diagnoses for deaths by disease groups remained stable: injury and poisoning (41.2%), neoplasms (10.2%), and respiratory infections (9.5%). The average direct health care cost utilized on adolescent health care was 3813 million Baht (115.54 million US Dollars) per year. Considering the top 3 disease groups, injury and poisoning had the highest average cost per hospital admission and net cost per year consuming 26.4% of the total cost. Our study highlights the cause of hospital admissions and deaths in Thai adolescents, which are mainly preventable. Adolescent health care will improve with more investment in prevention through policy, service, and education reform.
      PubDate: 2022-12-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00716-w
       
  • Letter to the Editor: Comments on the Incorporation of Indigenous Culture
           into a Model of Health

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      PubDate: 2022-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00698-9
       
  • Worldview Orientations and Personal and Social Risk Perceptions for
           COVID-19 in a U.S. Population-Based Sample

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      Abstract: Abstract Adoption of COVID-19 preventive behaviors involves considering personal risk and the risk to others. Consequently, many COVID-19 prevention measures are intended to protect both the individual engaging in the behavior and others in the population. Yet, the preponderance of research is focused on perceptions of an individual’s personal risk, making risk perception for others a critical area for investigation. Two worldview orientations describing values regarding how society should be organized, hierarchy—beliefs prioritizing social hierarchy, and individualism—beliefs prioritizing personal autonomy, have been linked to a range of risk perceptions. This study objective is to examine the association of worldview orientations with COVID-19 risk perceptions for oneself and others in a United States context. Using a national sample of 410 U.S. adults, we examined the associations between worldview orientations and six facets of risk (absolute risk, risk certainty, comparative risk, risk severity, fear, feelings of risk) using demographics-adjusted multivariable regression models. We conducted separate analyses for each of the following referents: (1) personal risk, (2) risk for the average person within the United States, and (3) risk to people within specific social groups (e.g., family, co-workers). Results indicate that stronger hierarchical and individualistic orientations were associated with lower COVID-19 risk perceptions for all three referents. The results were particularly consistent for fear and feelings of risk. Individualism was related to higher risk perception certainty for personal risk and the risk to people within specific social groups. Hierarchy was related to lower perceived severity for all referents. Findings suggest that U.S. public health messaging sensitive to worldview orientations may be needed to optimize acceptance of recommendations for protective behaviors, including vaccination. The relationship of worldview orientations to health risk perceptions may help guide messaging for future infectious outbreaks where risk perceptions are t drivers of protective behavior.
      PubDate: 2022-11-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00715-x
       
  • Political Psychological and Sociocultural Determinants of Compliance with
           COVID-19 Emergency Measures Among Waste Pickers in an Iranian Sub-urban
           Slum Community

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      Abstract: Abstract In the context of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, compliance with government regulations is a tremendous challenge in the effort to curb the viral transmission. The fact that specific communities and people across the world continue to ignore government regulations of COVID-19 is a crucial issue to address. Researchers sought to examine the political psychological and sociocultural determinants of adherence to COVID-19-related law and policy measures among waste pickers in a sub-urban slum community in Iran. A cross-sectional survey of 362 waste pickers from two municipalities in the countryside of Tehran, Iran, was conducted between January and May 2022. Multiple regression analysis was used to predict the significant difference between the direct or indirect effects of political psychological and sociocultural variables on compliance with COVID-19 emergency measures. Confidence intervals were estimated using the bootstrap method. The findings supported the proposed model. The results indicated that political ideology (β = − 0.13, 95% CI − 0.29 to 0.02), individualism worldview (β = − 0.14, 95% CI − 0.32 to 0.07), fatalism (β = − 0.18, 95% CI − 0.40 to 0.04), health literacy (β = 0.16, 95%CI − 0.05 to 0.37) and prosociality (β = 0.09, 95%CI 0.03–0.13) exert an indirect effect on compliance with the COVID-19 emergency measures through both trust in government and trust in science and scientific community. This study has implications for authorities in ensuring adherence to governmental orders for COVID-19 outbreak. A democracy-based and human rights-based approach and a flexible framework for proceeding more equitable COVID-19 legal and government regulations is critical to an effective and acceptable health response to COVID-19. Instituting slum emergency planning committees, incorporating the informal providers into all pandemic response plans in every urban informal settlement and providing an immediate guarantee of payments to waste packers will be indispensable.
      PubDate: 2022-10-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s10935-022-00713-z
       
 
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