Subjects -> BIOGRAPHY (Total: 17 journals)
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a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
History of Neuroscience in Autobiography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ibsen Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Žižek Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
James Joyce Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Medical Biography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Niels Bohr Collected Works     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
SHAW The Annual of Bernard Shaw Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
The Hopkins Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
The Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Tolkien Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Wallace Stevens Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
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Tolkien Studies
Number of Followers: 10  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1547-3155 - ISSN (Online) 1547-3163
Published by Project MUSE Homepage  [306 journals]
  • Acknowledgments
    • Abstract: The Editors would like to thank Wheaton College, Norton, MA for its support. Thanks also to Caiden Kumar, Paula Smith-MacDonald, Paul E. Thomas, Raquel D'Oyen, and Berni Phillips, and also to West Virginia University Press, Than Saffel, and Sara Georgi.Finally, we acknowledge a special debt of gratitude to our anonymous, outside reviewers who with their collegial service contribute so much to Tolkien ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Christopher Tolkien, 1924–2020
    • Abstract: Christopher Tolkien, who died in Draguignan, France on January 16, 2020, at the age of ninety-five, had a profound effect on Tolkien studies greater than that of other scholars. Only through his devotion to his father's writings, an effort which spanned nearly five decades, do we know the remarkable extent of J.R.R. Tolkien's literary achievements beyond his most familiar works. Nearly half a century ago, published books by Tolkien did not fill a single shelf, and books about him were few. Of his Silmarillion mythology one could have only the barest idea, from tantalizingly brief mentions of it in Appendix A of The Lord of the Rings. It was not generally known that he had been inventing his "ancient legends" of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Fairies at War: The Fall of Gondolin as the Cornerstone of Middle-earth
    • Abstract: The works of J.R.R. Tolkien have been parsed, analyzed, explicated, and scrutinized since the publication of The Hobbit in 1937. These examinations have taken different forms, and a common method of such examinations is to research elements that influenced Tolkien's characters, plots, and settings. These elements might include personal experiences, religious beliefs, regional myths, particular authors, and even specific poems and stories. Investigations such as these offer many insights into Tolkien's works. While Tolkien's specialty was philology with an emphasis on Anglo-Saxon, his intellectual range was vast. It is widely documented that Tolkien was influenced by Anglo-Saxon, Celtic, Germanic/Norse, and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • The Expression of Faërie
    • Abstract: The hearer … takes what he hears exactly as if it were speech of his own: he speaks to himself with the words that he hears addressed to him, and thus constructs in himself the idea which those words express.This essay gathers some fruit from a long struggle to understand J.R.R. Tolkien's "On Fairy-stories." Over the years that I have battled with this intractable text I have come to think of it as 'the impossible essay'. The other side of this coin is that I have found myself frustrated by commentaries that reveal an unwillingness to take seriously what Tolkien says. A learned, ambitious, and authoritative instance of such a commentary is found in volume seven of Tolkien Studies, where Michael Milburn argues that ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • "He Constructed a Language L and Another LL": Diachronic Aspects of
           Tolkien's Early Philology
    • Abstract: On November 29, 1931, J.R.R. Tolkien read the essay he called A Secret Vice to the Samuel Johnson Society at Pembroke College, Oxford. In it he presented his ideas about the invention of private languages, the reasons that people make them, and the different kinds that can be made, ranging from simple word-for-word codes closely based on one's native speech to elaborate art-languages with their own sound-patterns and rules of inflexion and syntax. Tolkien exemplified all of this with samples from the invented languages he had learned from other children, shared in making, or invented on his own, the last including the Qenya and Noldorin that he imagined to be spoken by the elves and gnomes in the private mythology ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Lights behind Thick Curtains: Images of Fear and Familiarity in Tolkien
    • Abstract: This article looks into the landscape of tropes, figures, and themes in J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings. Its main hypothesis is that the author is strongly in the habit of using metaphors and symbols to signify both fear and familiarity at one and the same time. Often, these imaginings are the result of a distressing and inauspicious geography. They are settings so stunning as to leave the observer speechless. When Frodo first lays eyes on Lothlórien his perception seems to be in a simultaneous state of shock and rebirth. Tolkien's descriptions are perspectives of an individual subject on the ground, as in the case of Frodo and Sam approaching the land of Mordor; and they are worlds slightly out of time and ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Tolkien's Thalassocracy and Ancient Greek Seafaring People: Minoans,
           Phaeacians, Atlantans, and Númenóreans
    • Abstract: In eleven specific citations to his 'Númenor-Atlantis' story in his published epistles,1 Tolkien never cites Plato as the author of Atlantis. This is a remarkable omission. Tolkien seems to have been familiar enough with several of Plato's dialogues;2 during his undergraduate career, for example, Plato's Gorgias, Protagoras, and Phaedo were among the examined works (C&G 1: 44). Furthermore, in The Notion Club Papers, Tolkien explicitly mentions "Plato's Timaeus" (Sauron 249). The absence of the proper noun Plato from Tolkien's various references to Númenor-Atlantis in his Letters must be understood through the distinction, for the English writer, between a single version of a particular myth and the tradition of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • A Portrait of the Poet as a Young Man: Noteworthy Omission in The
           Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm's Son
    • Abstract: But if we speak of a Cauldron, we must not wholly forget the Cooks. There are many things in the Cauldron, but the Cooks do not dip in the ladle quite blindly. Their selection is important.Possibly he was a member of Byrhtnoð's well-born heorðwerod, who missed the battle and happened to be a practised poet.For the purpose of this modern poem, it is suggested that Torhthelm (Totta) afterwards, when the duke's body has been brought to its long home at Ely, composes the poem, The Battle of Maldon.No authorial move would seem more plainly at odds with the elitist view of Tolkien as pedant—as writer of bloated, overwrought prose or laundry lists—than that of omission-by-excision: a strike-out here, a shelved word ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Witnessing Societal Change through Translated Versions of The Lord of the
    • Abstract: Many of the best English-language authors, "from William Faulkner to J.R.R. Tolkien, understood their art in terms of world creation and developed rich environments which could, indeed, support a variety of different characters" (Jenkins). Tolkien presents Middle-earth in The Lord of the Rings, our world in a fantastic époque inhabited by human beings and fantastic creatures, with their social hierarchy, rules, languages, and culture. Shaping Middle-earth in The Lord of the Rings across cultures must be a real challenge for translators, as the way the environment is referred to "invites participation, in many subtle ways" (Agøy 49), and the characters relate to the distant past through dream-memory (Flieger ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Ring-wraiths and Dracula
    • Abstract: No other denizens of Middle-earth have quite the array of arbitrary limitations, weaknesses, and powers as the Ring-wraiths. They live in a peculiar state of undeath; they fear crossing water; they blindly sniff out living things with strange desire; they can turn others into wraiths like themselves, under their command, with a strike; even the status of their physical bodies seems uniquely bizarre in Middle-earth as it shifts form throughout the text (and supplemental texts). So why did Tolkien design the Ring-wraiths like this, or—the better path for investigating Tolkien—what was his source of inspiration' I think we can uncover a primary influence on the creation of Ring-wraiths by investigating parallels with ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Tolkien's Library: An Annotated Checklist by Oronzo Cilli (review)
    • Abstract: An accurate and complete list of sources owned or used by Tolkien is something I have long desired to possess or consult (or even, in ambitious moments, to collate myself), and would be absolutely invaluable for Tolkien source studies. Oronzo Cilli has attempted to gather, from every source possible, information about books (and selected articles, essays, and other material) that Tolkien is known to have "read, consulted, bought or borrowed" (xxiii). A laudable goal indeed.The bulk of the book is the section called "Tolkien's Library." It's a bit hard to get a firm grasp on what this really means, though, as the criteria for inclusion are described differently at different points in the introductory material. ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Tolkien's Lost Chaucer by John M. Bowers (review)
    • Abstract: "It is easier to plan a big book than to write it."In the spring of 1922, J.R.R. Tolkien undertook a major scholarly project, on par with his edition of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight with E. V. Gordon, then still in progress (Oxford University Press, 1925): The Clarendon Chaucer—or, as it was more formally known, Selections from Chaucer's Poetry and Prose. For six years Tolkien and his collaborator, George Gordon, struggled over the project, increasingly at loggerheads with each other and with their editor, Oxford University Press stalwart Kenneth Sisam. Finally, the project imploded and was abandoned, forgotten by medievalists and Tolkien scholars alike, until rediscovered by Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Flora of Middle-earth: Plants of J.R.R. Tolkien's Legendarium by Walter S.
           Judd and Graham A. Judd (review)
    • Abstract: In 1982 Tom Shippey remarked that throughout Tolkien's work "there runs an obsessive interest in plants and scenery" (120). With the single exception of his created languages, there is arguably nothing more fundamental to Tolkien's vision of Middle-earth than his conceptualizing of landscapes and their flora. Together and independently they go beyond merely creating atmosphere to confer mythological and symbolic meaning and to define the familiar or alien nature of characters and cultures through their forms. In addition, as Patrick Curry remarks in the Tolkien Encyclopedia, in Tolkien's fiction:the natural environment … is treated in a way that clearly conveys a concern for its integrity independent of human ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • A Wilderness of Dragons: Essays in Honor of Verlyn Flieger ed. by John D.
           Rateliff (review)
    • Abstract: For over three decades, Verlyn Flieger has been one of the world's leading Tolkien scholars. Her first book, Splintered Light, examined closely the text of The Silmarillion that had been published just a few years before and connected aspects of it to the philosophy of Tolkien's fellow Inkling Owen Barfield. Since Splintered Light, Flieger has published two more monographs and two collections of essays on Tolkien, co-edited a volume of essays on the History of Middle-earth series, served as editor for expanded/critical editions of four different works by Tolkien, and given a large number of invited lectures at conferences.So a Festschrift volume in her honor should come as no surprise to anyone familiar with ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Therapy through Faerie: Therapeutic Properties of Fantasy Literature by
           the Inklings and by U. K. Le Guin by Anna Cholewa-Purgal, and: The Lure of
           the Ring: Power, Addiction and Transcendence in Tolkien's The Lord of the
           Rings by Alan James Strachan and Janet Coster (review)
    • Abstract: That reading Tolkien can be emotionally healing and inspirational is a familiar idea that has been discussed both from a Christian perspective, for example by Wood and Pearce, and from a secular perspective, for example by Curry in his examination of Tolkien as reenchanting the world. I have previously written about Tolkien having special emotional relevance for the developmental steps of adolescence ("Tolkien's Dialogue"). The two books here under review focus on healing and inspiration through a psychotherapeutic lens, Cholewa-Purgal claiming that reading Tolkien, the Inklings, and Ursula Le Guin can be a form of psychotherapy, and Strachan and Coster ranking characters from The Lord of the Rings on a scale of ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Catalogue de l'Exposition Tolkien: Voyage en Terre du Milieu ed. by
           Vincent Ferré and Frédéric Manfrin, and: Album de l'Exposition Tolkien:
           Voyage en Terre du Milieu (review)
    • Abstract: From October 22, 2019, to February 16, 2020, the third, last, and largest—at least for the time being—substantial exhibition of Tolkien's art and works was held in Paris at the Bibliothèque nationale de France, François-Mitterrand site. Entitled Tolkien: Voyage en Terre du Milieu [Tolkien: Journey into Middle-earth], it displayed no fewer than three hundred items by Tolkien, including a number which had never been seen or published before, eighty of them loaned from Marquette University. Unlike the 2018 Oxford exhibition, held at the Bodleian's Weston Library, the Paris exhibition also included many additional pieces from the Bibliothèque's own archives, from medieval manuscripts to Art Nouveau sketches for ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • The Year's Work in Tolkien Studies 2017
    • Abstract: Several anthologies of note are prominent in the Tolkien literature studied this year. They include the recipients of both the 2018 and 2019 Mythopoeic Scholarship Awards from the Mythopoeic Society. The first of these is The Inklings and King Arthur: J.R.R. Tolkien, Charles Williams, C. S. Lewis, and Owen Barfield on the Matter of Britain, edited by Sørina Higgins (Berkeley, CA: Apocryphile Press, 2017). Its Tolkien-related content, largely but not entirely concerned with The Fall of Arthur, is covered under Source and Comparative Studies. The other award-winner is There Would Always Be a Fairy-tale: More Essays on Tolkien, by Verlyn Flieger (Kent, OH: Kent State UP, 2017), the second not-quite-miscellaneous ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Bibliography (in English) for 2018
    • Abstract: Thanks to Erik Mueller-Harder for assistance in the compilation of this ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Editors' Introduction
    • Abstract: This is the 17th issue of Tolkien Studies, the first refereed journal solely devoted to the scholarly study of the works of J.R.R. Tolkien. As editors, our goal is to publish excellent scholarship on Tolkien as well as to gather useful research information, reviews, notes, documents, and bibliographical material.All articles have been subject to anonymous, external review as well as receiving a positive judgment by the Editors. In the cases of articles by individuals associated with the journal in any way, each article had to receive at least two positive evaluations from two different outside reviewers. Reviewer comments were anonymously conveyed to the authors of the articles. The Editors agreed to be bound by ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Conventions and Abbreviations
    • Abstract: Because there are so many editions of The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, citations will be by book and chapter as well as by page-number (referenced to the editions listed below). Thus a citation from The Fellowship of the Ring, book two, chapter four, page 318 is written (FR, II, iv, 318). References to the Appendices of The Lord of the Rings are abbreviated by Appendix, Section and subsection, so subsection iii of section I of Appendix A is written (RK, Appendix A, I, iii, 321). The Silmarillion indicates the body of stories and poems developed over many years by Tolkien; The Silmarillion indicates the volume first published in 1977.The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun together with the Corrigan Poems. (Poem first ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
  • Notes on Contributors
    • Abstract: David Bratman is co-editor of Tolkien Studies.Simon J. Cook is an intellectual historian who has become increasingly interested in the scholarly tomes that Tolkien never wrote and the overlap between his theoretical speculations on language and history, on the one hand, and his fairy stories, on the other. Of late he has found himself house bound conducting an experimental regime of home schooling.Jason Fisher is the editor of Tolkien and the Study of His Sources (McFarland, 2011), which won the 2014 Mythopoeic Scholarship Award in Inklings Studies. With Salwa Khoddam and Mark R. Hall, he co- edited C. S. Lewis and the Inklings: Faith, Imagination, and Modern Technology and C. S. Lewis and the Inklings: Discovering ... Read More
      PubDate: 2021-05-04T00:00:00-05:00
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