Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 2350 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (1011 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (319 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (201 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (180 journals)
    - NOVELS (13 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (603 journals)
    - POETRY (23 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (1011 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Showing 201 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos del CILHA     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura de la República : Revista de Análisis Crítico (CRRAC)     Open Access  
Cultures et conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Narratives     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dalhousie French Studies     Open Access  
Das Questões     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
Debate Terminológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Diagonal : Zeitschrift der Universität Siegen     Hybrid Journal  
Dialectologia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dialogues : An Interdisciplinary Journal of English Language Teaching and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Diciottesimo Secolo : Rivista della Società Italiana di Studi sul Secolo XVIII     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Didactique, Sciences Cognitives et Littérature     Open Access  
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
DIGILEC : Revista Internacional de Lenguas y Culturas     Open Access  
DIGLOSIA: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
DIKBASTRA : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra     Open Access  
Dil ve Edebiyat Araştırmaları     Open Access  
Discours     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Discursos Contemporâneos em Estudo     Open Access  
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dixit     Open Access  
Diyalog Interkulturelle Zeitschrift Für Germanistik     Open Access  
Doblele : Revista de lengua y literatura     Open Access  
Drammaturgia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
e-Bangi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
e-Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
e-Spania     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
E-Structural     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
e-TEALS: an e-journal of Teacher Education and Applied Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 38)
East-West Cultural Passage     Open Access  
Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Écrire l'histoire     Open Access  
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Éducation francophone en milieu minoritaire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EID&A : Revista Eletrônica de Estudos Integrados em Discurso e Argumentação     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
El Matadero     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
El Taco en la Brea     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Elos : Revista de Literatura Infantil e Xuvenil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eltin Journal : Journal of English Language Teaching in Indonesia     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
En Líneas Generales     Open Access  
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
English Studies at NBU     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
English Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Englisia Journal     Open Access  
Enjeux et société : Approches transdisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Enletawa Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Enthymema     Open Access  
Entreculturas : Revista de Traducción y Comunicación Intercultural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Entrelaces     Open Access  
Entrevous : Littérature organique     Full-text available via subscription  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Eralingua : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ES Review : Spanish Journal of English Studies     Open Access  
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eslavística Complutense     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
ESTETIK : Jurnal Bahasa Indonesia     Open Access  
Estudios de Literatura Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios de Teoría Literaria - Revista digital: artes, letras y humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Estudis de Literatura Oral Popular / Studies in Oral Folk Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudos Linguísticos e Literários     Open Access  
Eternal (English, Teaching, Learning & Research Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Etnolingual     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Études de stylistique anglaise     Open Access  
Études Épistémè     Open Access  
Études finno-ougriennes     Open Access  
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Études littéraires     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Études romanes de Brno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eugene O’Neill Review     Full-text available via subscription  
EuroCALL Review     Open Access  
European Romantic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Science Editing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExELL. Explorations in English Language and Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Exercices de Rhétorique     Open Access  
Extravío : Revista electrónica de Literatura Comparada     Open Access  
Fawawi : English Education Journal     Open Access  
Feminist German Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Finno-Ugric World     Open Access  
Fólio : Revista de Letras     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Folklor/edebiyat journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Foro de Profesores de E/LE     Open Access  
FORUM : University of Edinburgh Postgraduate Journal of Culture & the Arts     Open Access  
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
French Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Galatasaray Üniversitesi Iletişim Dergisi / Galatasaray University Journal of Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
George Herbert Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Germanistische Beiträge     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Globe : A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Glotta : Zeitschrift für Griechische und Lateinische Sprache     Open Access  
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Gogoa     Open Access  
Göttinger Predigtmeditationen     Hybrid Journal  
Green Letters : Studies in Ecocriticism     Hybrid Journal  
Hardy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
HeLix - Dossiers zur romanischen Literaturwissenschaft     Open Access  
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Hermēneus : Revista de Traducción e Interpretación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heterotopías     Open Access  
Hikmet-akademik Edebiyat Dergisi     Open Access  
Hispania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Hispanic Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Hispanic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
HispanismeS : Revue de la Société des Hispanistes Français     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Histoire Épistémologie Langage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Homiletische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal  
Hon no Mushi - Estudos Multidisciplinares Japoneses     Open Access  
Humanidades : Revista de la Universidad de Montevideo     Open Access  
Humanis : Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hungarian Studies Yearbook     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Huntington Library Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
I Tatti Studies in the Italian Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Iberoamericana : Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies     Open Access  
IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education)     Open Access  
IJLRES : International Journal on Language Research and Education Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJOLTL : Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics     Open Access  
İletişim Kuram ve Araştırma Dergisi     Open Access  
Image & Text     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Imburana : revista do Núcleo Câmara Cascudo de Estudos Norte-Rio-Grandenses     Open Access  
INDONESIA : Jurnal Pembelajaran Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of English Language Studies     Open Access  
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Institute of Culture and Arts Journal     Open Access  
Intercâmbio : Revue d’Études Françaises=French Studies Journal     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Interference : Journal of Language, Literature, and Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of English Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Humanity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Language Teaching and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Language, Translation and Intercultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Welsh Writing in English     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Linguistics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intertexts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Inti : Revista de literatura hispánica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Investigaciones Sobre Lectura     Open Access  
Iran : Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Irish Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Islas : Revista de la Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de Las Villas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ISLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture     Open Access  
Istituto Lombardo - Accademia di Scienze e Lettere - Memorie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italiano a scuola     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italienisch – Zeitschrift für italienische Sprache und Literatur     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Italique     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5 6     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2708-0099 - ISSN (Online) 2617-0299
Published by Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development Homepage  [14 journals]
  • The Journey of Young Professionals in The Translation Market: A Study
           Exploring Opportunities for Translators in Tripoli

    • Authors: lujain Mabruk, Noorislam Ghiblawi, Aisha Kabar
      Pages: 01 - 14
      Abstract: This study explores the current state of the translation job market from the perspective of recent translation graduates. It attempts to evaluate the efficiency of the academic and technical training programs of the Department of Translation (DoT) at the University of Tripoli. The study examines how well DoT prepared graduates for professional work. It collects insights and analyzes a database of a variety of status indicators such as employment conditions, career options available for new translation graduates, domains that translators regularly search for: salary and income, occupational standards including years of experience and skills and qualifications required by employers. Based on evidence collected from the database, there is a wide range of employment positions and domains in which a translation graduate can occupy. However, quantitative analysis of the survey administered to translation graduates indicates that most graduates tend to work as teachers and could not obtain jobs as translators due to a shortage of opportunities and low salary intake in the translation industry. The study reveals that experience is not specified, and applicants with limited experience are also valued by employers in the 21st century job market. Nevertheless, the results of the investigation also suggest that IT skills, advanced language knowledge, and strong interpersonal skills are all crucial elements for job-seekers with no significant amount of experience. Furthermore, most graduates have a medium to negative perception of the university training and did not feel prepared enough to join the labor market after graduation. Although the vast majority of participants claim that the current situation in Tripoli had a direct impact on their job-seeking experience, about a third of the total participants surveyed revealed that they managed to obtain opportunities abroad using their translation degree.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.1
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Semantic, Syntactical and Lexical Analysis of English Poetry

    • Authors: Kahkasha Moin Quadri, Haseeb Ahmed, Mohammed Osman Abdul Wahab
      Pages: 15 - 22
      Abstract: From the middle of the seventh century to the current day, English poetry has a long history. English poets have composed some of the most iconic poetry in European society during this time, and English poetry has spread throughout the world. As a result, the phrase "English poetry" is inherently uncertain. It might refer to poetry written in the English language or poetry published in England. Poetry analysis is the study of a poem's individual elements in order to comprehend the complete literary work. We can break down poems into their structure, shape, language, syllabic patterns, and subject by analyzing them line by line. The semantic, syntactical, and lexical analysis of English poetry with modern digital humanities techniques is also challenging. In response to the growing interest in modelling natural individuality in English poetry, we present a grammatically driven process for understanding and analyzing English poetry from three different aspects: lexical, syntactical, and semantic. We look at artistically emotive components at such levels and employ conventional techniques to evaluate linguistic inspirations associated to such components. We explain how a multi-stage examination like this can help to construct a well-knit English poem. For obvious reasons, like conciseness, imaginative and metaphorical formulations, analyzing latent semantics in English poetry is more difficult than in prose. Our findings will aid in the semantic, syntactical, and lexical analysis of English poetry, as well as the creation and development of poetry research tools.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.2
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Facebook as Complementary Teaching Material: Reconceptualizing the Context
           Boundaries of Formal and Informal Learning in EFL Higher Education

    • Authors: Iman Abbas
      Pages: 23 - 35
      Abstract: This article is a case study that aims to understand and explore a teacher's perspective about integrating Facebook as an informal social platform into the EFL classroom in a higher education context in Oman. The study further aims to identify the attitudes and perspectives of a group of students belonging to the same context. Research data came from semi-structured interviews with a teacher participant and a survey questionnaire with student participants. The study provides a set of findings based on interview data analysis and questionnaire survey analysis. The study's findings revealed the teacher and students' positive attitudes and perspectives towards the role of Facebook in boosting pedagogical practices and increasing English language skills learning. This study contributes to knowledge by providing insights on the integration of Facebook as an informal platform into the formal curriculum-based learning in TESOL. The insights and findings are of value to the teachers and instructors in EFL higher education contexts. Pedagogical implications for ESL (English as a second language) and EFL (English as a foreign language) and researchers are offered in the light of these results.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.3
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Translation of Biblical and Mythological Allusions in Three Shakespearean
           Tragedies: Hamlet, Macbeth, and Romeo and Juliet

    • Authors: Habib Alimardani, Esmail Zare Behtash
      Pages: 36 - 41
      Abstract: Allusions as a literary device are included in a text to express meanings that go beyond the mere words the author uses and depend to a large extent on familiarity to be comprehended. Thus, they carry meaning in the culture in which they arise while this meaning is missed in another culture. The translation of allusions, therefore, which includes two language cultures, requires enormous problem-solving skills and adoption of strategies allowing the translator to evoke more or less the same reaction as that of the source language audience (Leppihalme, 1997). This study explores the adoption of strategies by Pasargadi (1996) in translating allusions rooted in mythology and the Bible in three Shakespearean tragedies, i.e. Hamlet, Macbeth and Romeo and Juliet based on the classification suggested by Ruokonen (2010). The analysis of the results revealed that the translator made more frequent use of modifying than retentive strategies, 52.69% and 47.31% respectively. Further investigation of the translation strategies employed by the translator sheds greater light on the reliability of the classification by Ruokonen (2010) and results in a better grasp of how to guarantee as close an effect on the target text audience as the one created on the source text audience.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.4
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Swearing Using Body Parts in the Jordanian Setting: A Socio-Pragmatic
           Analysis Faculty of Educational Sciences and Arts (UNRWA)

    • Authors: Sameer Hamdan, Omar Abdullah Al-Haj Eid
      Pages: 42 - 49
      Abstract: The study aimed to identify swearing using body parts in the Jordanian setting as a social phenomenon used by male university students. The corpus of the study included (100) male university students. A socio-pragmatic approach was adopted to analyze the data. The study employed Simak Libat Cakap technique in addition to the qualitative method to analyze the data of the study. The analysis of data showed that the face was the most frequent body part used in swearing followed by the head. The main findings revealed that swearing is dominantly used to express a socio-pragmatic function of angriness, especially when swearers feel angry with their disputers. Swearing functions as a vehicle for releasing tension and anger and proved to be powerful in exchanging insults. The study concluded that swearers usually do not mean what they say. Swearing mostly includes non-literal meanings like idioms. Therefore, it should not be interpreted literally; otherwise, it will lose its connotative meaning. 
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.5
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Emotional Analysis of G. M. Hopkins’ Spring and Fall

    • Authors: Kahkasha Moin Quadri, Haseeb Ahmed, Mohammed Osman Abdul Wahab
      Pages: 50 - 55
      Abstract: This article critically focuses on the emotions created in the poetry of Gerard Manley Hopkins. It explores the various features responsible for creating feelings in poetry. Among them are word choice, sound choice and imagery. Moreover, it delves into the poem to anayse how devices such as alliteration, simile, metaphor, diction, and symbolism play a vital role. Appropriate implementation of these features create strong emotions in poetry. In most of his poems, Hopkins employed coinage words. In “Spring and Fall”, he doubly used coinage words in a single – line. In the second line of the poem, he coined ‘Goldengroove’ and ‘unleaving’ and in the eighth line ‘wanwood’ and ‘leafmeal’. The word ‘Goldengroove’ is not used for a place in reality yet, and it is a place that represents autumn’s beauty. ‘Golden groove also refers to the ‘Garden of Paradise’. It indicates the four seasons of the year and the chronological phases of human life too. The words ‘golden’ and ‘groove’   are combined to form a single word. The word ‘unleaving’ encapsulates the noun ‘leaf’ employed as a verb possessing a negative prefix ‘un’, which means ‘leaving leaves’. The coinage word ‘unleaving ' is an Anglo-Saxon and comes in the category of pun. Another word, 'wanwood', is also a compound word. ‘Wanwood’ explains the pale condition of trees that have shed their leaves, so they seem to become ‘wan’ or pale.  Initially, the word ‘leafmeal’ appears to be ambiguous, yet this ambiguity is expelled immediately.’Leafmeal’ refers to the phrase ‘leaf by leaf’. The two words ‘wanwood’ and ‘leafmeal’ are originated from Anglo- Saxon ring.  Hopkins entitled the poem” Spring and Fall”, which itself enhances strong emotion. The rhyme scheme's alteration in this innovative poem, “Spring and Fall”, exhibits the speaker's feelings.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.6
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Students’ Perceptions of the Consequences of Distance Learning
           throughout Covid19 Epidemic in Higher Education: The Moroccan Case

    • Authors: Rym Asserraji
      Pages: 56 - 70
      Abstract:   Distance learning can be regarded as learning that predominates entirely through the internet. It has been implemented because of the pandemic of Covid 19. According to Chaney (2010: 5-21), it is also referred to as distance learning, which is a swiftly flourishing setting that allows teachers and students and all people working in all domains the flexibility of working beyond the restraints of time and place. Also, this shift from face-to-face lectures to online classes is the only possible solution. Nevertheless, academic institutions would not be capable of converting all of their college curricula into an online resource overnight. Distance, scale, and personalized learning are the three biggest challenges for online learning. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to shed light on the challenges of online learning for students at the university level. And then to try to find out the possible solutions and recommendations to enhance online learning for the benefit of students.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.7
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Psychological and Cultural Treatment of Traumatized Subject(s): Reading
           Laleh Khadivi’s The Walking in Terms of Theories of Trauma

    • Authors: Sajed Hosseini, Snoor Afani
      Pages: 71 - 76
      Abstract: The present study aims to scrutinize the concept of trauma in Laleh khadivi’s work entitled, The Walking. The objective of the study is to examine how Khadivi’s work can be read through theories of trauma. The Freudian notion of trauma focuses on the remaining psychological wounds on subjects’ identity while Alexander’s concept, cultural trauma, concentrates on the cultural outcome of a horrendous event at the collective level. Traumas are not solely private psychological experiences and are restricted to one solitude individual as they can expose themselves as collective experiences. Literary works are valuable properties picturing the results and outcomes of trauma both at its individual and collective level. In the current paper, concepts related to traumas will be defined to examine the characters in Khadivi’s novel. The novel provides a set of chronological events that happened to a minority group during the Iranian revolution. The author chooses her characters of Iranians of Kurdish immigrants. The Walking, reminds us of events happening during 1976 in Iran, after The Islamic Revolution. The article will delineate that characters are psychologically traumatized after the revolution in Iran as well as experiencing cultural trauma during the twentieth century.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.8
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • The The Linguistic Landscape of Zhuhai: A Study of the Use of English
           Signs in the Public Place

    • Authors: Yibu Luo, Junjie Ma
      Pages: 77 - 89
      Abstract: As a window city for China to face internationalization, Zhuhai is quite suitable for linguists to look into Expanding Circle Countries’ English settings. Bilingual landmarks indicate the use of English in the local public sphere and the degree of the popularity of English. This study investigated the current situation of English in Zhuhai from two academic fields: linguistics landscape and language policy. The two types of language policy: the top-down model and the bottom-up mode, are used in the analysis of Zhuhai sociolinguistic phenomenon. An analysis from the language policy perspective reveals how the linguistic landscape has been interpreted from diversified dimensions as both a concept and a practice. The study evinces that the different target tourists and the various functions of facilities are two influential factors in the advancement of Zhuhai’s English signage.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.9
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Foreignizing Translation as a Strategy to Universalize Literary Texts

    • Authors: Younes Aich
      Pages: 90 - 94
      Abstract: All literary works hold the traces of their authors at various levels. With this idea in mind, all literary translations should enable the target reader to have an insight into the kind of thinking patterns, tastes and choices that guide the daily life of people in foreign cultures. On this basis, it is of paramount importance to preserve the local flavour of the translated text so that the target reader knows him/herself better through contacting the cultural Other. To this end, I deem it crucial to opt for a translation method that is likely to preserve the local flavor of the home culture and trigger the target reader’s enthusiasm to discover the Other along with his/her writings. Foreignization can be adopted as a translation strategy in this regard to facilitate an adequate encounter with the cultural Other via his/her literary production. It is worth noting that any investigation of the source text, including its cultural environment, gives a place for a deep and satisfactory understanding of it. Relatedly, when the home culture is sufficiently studied and comprehended, the target reader gets to know more about it and learns to be tolerant of differences.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.10
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Perceptions of Undergraduate Students of Islamic Studies of the Importance
           of Soft Skills for Education and Future Career at King Khalid University

    • Authors: Mesfer Ahmed Mesfer Alwadai
      Pages: 95 - 104
      Abstract: This paper examines Islamic undergraduate students’ awareness and perceptions of the importance of soft skills for education and future career among undergraduate students of Islamic Studies at King Khalid University. The study is carried out to redirect the focus of undergraduate students' training and development goals to the acquisition of soft skills, which have a very high effect on improving undergraduate student’s performances. This study aims to discover student awareness and perception towards the importance of soft skills among engineering students. This study adopted a quantitative research approach. A questionnaire was administered and used to gather the data.  Also, the questionnaire was specifically designed to examine the importance of soft skills for education and future career for Islamic Studies undergraduate students. The target population in this study consisted of 4500 Islamic undergraduate students. The purposive sample was 300 students were randomly selected from the population with an 85 percent confidence level within 0.05 risk of sampling error. The findings of the study indicated that   Islamic undergraduate students at King Khalid University were aware of the importance of soft skills for their education and future carrier as well. Participants ranked the following soft skills as the essential skills for Islamic undergraduate students' improving decision making, besides a greater willingness to accept the ideas of others, improving leadership skills, oral and verbal communication, a gain in self-confidence, small group discussions, and learned more about technology and various applications. They thought soft skills are important for accelerating students’ academic performance and developing the learning environment while less important for finding a better job opportunity and considering it a primary employment requirement by modern workplaces.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.11
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Attitudes of EFL College Students of the University of Bisha towards
           eLearning

    • Authors: Mahmoud Almaqtri
      Pages: 105 - 116
      Abstract: This study aimed to find out the attitudes of the EFL College students of the University of Bisha, Saudi Arabia, towards eLearning after they have studied via this mode for almost two semesters. The study tried to answer four questions related to the participants' preferences of learning mode, the reasons for their preference, the problems with eLearning, and gender differences. Three null hypotheses related to the first three questions referred to above were postulated regarding gender differences if any. The study was mainly quantitative, in which data were collected by means of an online questionnaire administered to 148 EFL students (males and females) who were selected from the target population purposively. The SPSS program (version 20.0) was used to analyze the obtained data. We have found that the majority of participants had positive attitudes to eLearning, and they preferred it to the face-to-face classroom-based mode. Among the reasons they offered for their preference eLearning were their claims that they learned better than with face-to-face mode. In addition to flexibility, this mode saved time, cost and effort, since the students took activities and assessments at home, not at college. All three given hypotheses were accepted in that no gender difference was found.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.12
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Translation of Abbreviations in International Relations (IR)

    • Authors: Fatemeh Hosseinzadeh
      Pages: 117 - 133
      Abstract: Abbreviation, as an old phenomenon in linguistics, is an inherent part of the technical texts and daily communications and as time goes on, making and using abbreviations is rapidly growing. The widespread usage of abbreviations has brought these linguistic formations into the field of translation. The present study aims to investigate differences in translation strategies of abbreviation when they appear in texts produced in different discourses and genres that need to be translated following social norms and conventions of the target language. To analyze abbreviations, their linguistic structures have been thoroughly discussed and they were analyzed according to the taxonomy proposed by Mattiello (2013). Fairclough`s (1995) model of CDA has been adopted to show that translation, as it deals with language, is a social practice and social conventions and norms govern the translation strategies of abbreviations adopted by translators. In this regard, a corpus of 300 abbreviations was circulated. 150 abbreviations were collected from 5 translated books from English to Persian in the field of IR and their translation strategies were compared to 150 abbreviations that were translated in news texts concerning the same genre. The result indicated that while abbreviations in Persian scientific books were mostly borrowed, abbreviations in Persian news texts were translated by descriptive strategy. This implies that translation practice is inconsistent with the social norms and conventions of the target language society and it is the genre and discourse of the text that determines how a text must be translated.   
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.13
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Exploring Morphosyntax-related Semantic and Pragmatic Dimension Losses in
           Three English Translations of the Meanings of Sūrah AlKahf: A Comparative
           Pragmalinguistic Analytical Study

    • Authors: Majda Babiker Ahmed Abdelkarim, Ali Albashir Mohammed Alhaj
      Pages: 134 - 143
      Abstract: The current research paper explores some morphosyntax-related semantic and pragmatic dimension losses in three English translations of the meanings of Sūrah AlKahf of Mohammed A.S Abdel- Hakeem, Mohammed M. Pickthall, and Mohammed Khan and Mohammed Taj Al-Din Al-Hilai . Also, the study aims at probing the reasons that lead to these semantic and pragmatic losses, either partial or complete. The two researchers utilized the qualitative descriptive paradigm, which is proper and apt to this study because the Holy Quran rendition is multiplex and cannot be deeply examined adopting another alternative research paradigm. Markedly, the qualitative descriptive paradigm is apt to analyze the data extracted from the three translations of Mohammed A.S Abdel- Hakeem, Mohammed M. Pickthall, and Mohammed Khan and Mohammed Taj Al-Din Al-Hilai Abdel of Surah AlKahf .The study indicated losses in renditions, tense, verbs, losses of consistency and morphosyntax grouping, and culture-specific terms. The study also revealed that the morphosyntax-related semantic and pragmatic dimension losses might lead to meaning losses, fixed expressions, idioms, or culture-specific terms. This study recommends that the translators of the Holy Quran in general and the translators of Surah AlKahf, notably, employ suitable translation strategies to decrease the morphosyntax-related semantic and pragmatic dimension losses in the translation of the Holy Quran.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.14
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Stylistics of The Syntactic Structures: Occurrence of the Present Tense in
           the Text and its time-related significance, Nizār Qabbānī's Poetic
           Collection Yawmiyyāt Imraʼa Lā Mubāliya as a Model

    • Authors: Nassim Assadi
      Pages: 144 - 156
      Abstract: The topic of stylistics in linguistics has been of interest for linguists for many years; it’s a new science that emerged in the 19th century. It is basically the scientific study of a particular style that exhibits its unique characteristics and distinctive features. The current study examines the syntactic structures and their occurrence in Nizār Qabbānī's Poetic Collection Yawmiyyāt Imraʼa Lā Mubāliya. The occurrence of verbs and nouns is examined and analyzed closely and thoroughly. The time-related properties of the verbs are pointed out, and their contribution to the significance of the meaning is examined. The study aims to answer specific stylistic questions through a rigorous analysis of a selected literary work by establishing a connection between the occurrence of the verb tenses and the nouns in the collection and their relation to serving the significance and pointing out the theme of the poetic collection. Throughout the research, nouns and verbs will be identified and analyzed in each and every poem of the poetic collection. Literature review and referential language sources will be consulted to point out their characteristics and significance. The study is a combination of literary work analysis and a scientific approach to understanding the significance and the message of that work as a whole. The poetic collection, which in fact constitutes a foundation stone for the study is analyzed syntactically in terms of its structures and discourse. We observed that the ratio of verbs to nouns is (38.2%), and we believe that the presence of verbs in this percentage is due to nature of this poetic collection which is revolutionary in most of its poems. The rejection of social norms that rendered the man an authoritarian status and the aspiration for an extensive change is expressed through the use of dynamic verbs rather than static nouns. We were also able to notice that the rise in the verb-count is directly related to how challenging it is to create change within a deeply-entrenched and old-fashioned social fabric. The study attempts to point out the connection between the syntactic structures used in the literary work and the society and time period where and when the work was generated, and to find the linguistic, philosophical and social significance of the occurrence of the present poetic collection that is used as a model.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.15
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Legitimizing Racism: Critical Discourse Analysis of White Supremacy in
           Trump’s Political Speeches

    • Authors: Ahmad Kareem Salem, Narmeen Abbas Lutfi, Abbas Lutfi Hussein
      Pages: 157 - 165
      Abstract: Nowadays, the concept of racism has been frequently used by people and more specifically by political figures as a social phenomenon that has been utilized as a"legitimising ideological tool". It is exploited to persecute an addressed group/s and to dispute them access to some social, cultural and political rights (Miles, 1993: 28). Moreover, it has been considered as “a special variety of ‘heterophobia’, bearing a co-hyponymical relation to ‘antisemitism’ or ‘Jewphobia’, ‘Arab-phobia’, ‘black-phobia’, ‘sexism’, ‘homophobia’, ‘youth-phobia’ and ‘phobia against differently-abled persons’, etc.”(Reisigl and Wodak, 2001: 5-6). However, this study aims to identify the use of racism in the political arena (more specifically in the political speech of Donald Trump) and illustrate the functional use by analyzing three American political speeches given by the former American presidents. The analysis is based on the qualitative research method and the discursive strategies proposed by Reisigl and Wodak’s (2001: 45). The analysis results will show to the reader that, in the political speeches of Donald Trump, racism is expressed both explicitly and implicitly.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.16
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • How Teachers Can Communicate Effectively with Parents Who Speak a
           Different Language

    • Authors: Adekunle Lawal
      Pages: 166 - 178
      Abstract: Language differences between parents and teachers, if not carefully managed, can cause miscommunication or communication gaps that could hinder both the school’s and students’ progress. This paper explores various ways of translating real-time conversations between teachers and parents who speak a different language. Fourteen K-12 teachers in the United States were surveyed and nine were interviewed to determine how English-speaking teachers can communicate effectively with non-English speaking parents. The findings from the study suggest Microsoft Translator technology for speech translation for conversations to break the language barrier, bridge communication gaps and promote effective bi/multilingual parent-teacher conferences.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.17
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • A Meta-Analysis of Studies on the Effectiveness of Using Games Strategies
           in English Language Learning and Teaching

    • Authors: Emad Alsoufi, Ali AbuSeileek
      Pages: 179 - 193
      Abstract: This study aimed to identify the general trends, description and focus of research about the effectiveness of using games strategy in English language teaching and learning. That is, it investigated the strategies used, instrument, year of publication, publication type, participant, design of the study, skills and areas analyzed in the study, and length of text in studies about the effectiveness of games method. The study used a meta-analysis research design in data collection and analysis. The sample of the study consisted of 70 journal articles, conference proceedings, and graduate theses and dissertations published between 2000-2018. The instrument of the study was a meta-analysis checklist. The descriptive statistics, including frequencies and percentages were used to find differences between the different features. The findings revealed that strategies used in this study and, the feature games (regular) method had the highest frequency. Moreover, the test instrument had the highest frequency in the sample studies analyzed. However, the year 2016 obtained the highest frequency for the year of the study. The type of publication got the next highest frequency in favour of conference proceedings. This was followed by the participant type and level features (EFL learners, school, and 16 participants and more) in the study sample. The experimental design of studies about games strategies received a high frequency. There was also the frequency for skills and areas in studies about games strategies in favour of reading. The feature games are more effective than other methods and the text length of 11 to 20 pages (2,645-4,729 words) category had the highest frequency. Finally, several related recommendations were introduced to the researchers, curricula designers, supervisors, and English teachers.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.18
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Examining the Relationship between Critical Thinking Skills and
           Argumentative Writing Skills in Moroccan Preparatory Classes of Higher
           Engineering Schools (CPGE)

    • Authors: Mounir BENICHE, Mohammed LAROUZ, Khadija ANASSE
      Pages: 194 - 201
      Abstract: This research was conducted to investigate the relationship between two variables:  critical thinking skills and argumentative writing skills in Moroccan Preparatory Classes of Higher Engineering Schools (Classes Préparatoires aux Grandes Ecoles) ( CPGE), Omar Ibn Khattab Meknes . The participants were the 2nd year Maths and Physics (MP) students in CPGE, Omar Ibn Al Khattab Meknes. 60 students participated in the study from a total number of 120 students. The research adopted the correlation design to measure the degree of association between two variables using the statistical procedure of correlation analysis. In this regard, a critical thinking test (AssessmentDay Practice Test Experts, 2018) was administered to test  students’ critical thinking skills. Then, the students were asked to write an argumentative essay about social networking and creativity. To analyse the collected data, the study resorted to SPSS software (Statistical Package for the Social Science, version 23). Pearson’s correlation coefficient was used to investigate the significant relationship between critical thinking skills and argumentative writing. The result of the research displayed that the correlation coefficient is 0. 941, which means that the two tests are positively correlated and the correlation is very significant. The result of such correlation displayed clearly that critical thinking and argumentative writing have a positive relation.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.19
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • The Image of Childhood in Pop Culture (Childhood in Crisis)

    • Authors: Raluca Zbîrcea Zbîrcea
      Pages: 202 - 208
      Abstract: This article will focus on the importance of educational values instilled in teenage characters of the Twentieth and Twenty-first century English and American Literature. Education is a fundamental part of intellectual freedom and one of its main values is enhancing how children view, exist in, and participate in the world (Rothwell, 2013). The scope of what follows is to examine the image of childhood in popular culture, comparing two great novels, Lord of the Flies by William Golding and The Hunger Games written by American novelist Suzanne Collins. In both novels, children tend to get into various crises, as evidenced by contrasting images. It is here where the survival instinct becomes dominant and children lose their childhood together with their innocence.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.20
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Translation in Intercultural Communication: Differences and Solutions: A
           Case Study of the English Translated Text of Song of a Pipa Player

    • Authors: Jingliang Yu
      Pages: 209 - 213
      Abstract: Intercultural communication has always been an important concept and core hot-spot in the field of intercultural research. In the early 1980s, Chinese scholars introduced the study of intercultural communication. The study of intercultural communication in China has formed a trend of cross-integration with the disciplines including Language Teaching, Translation Studies and Culturology, etc., after about 40 years of development. Thanks to the differences between Chinese and English, there are still many issues in translation on intercultural communication. Therefore, this research focuses on the in-depth analysis of three types of differences in the English translated text of Song of a Pipa Player from the perspective of intercultural communication to put forward corresponding translation strategies for intercultural communication and offer some help to the translation among different cultures.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.21
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • Using Instructional Games in Teaching Grammar: The Case of Moroccan EFL
           Common Core Students

    • Authors: El Mehdi El Hamydy
      Pages: 214 - 221
      Abstract: This paper reports on a quasi-experimental study that examines the use of instructional games in teaching grammar, and in particular, it explores the effect of tic-tac toe and board game on the present continuous and present simple. The study was conducted among 60 (N=60) Moroccan EFL common core students from two different high schools in Casablanca. All the participants took a pre-test prior to instruction and a post-test immediately after the training, which lasted three sessions. The experimental group (n=30) were instructed using instructional games, mainly tic-tac toe and board game. However, the control group (n=30) received no treatment. The experimental group was also given a feedback questionnaire at the end of the training. The data sets were submitted to SPSS, using the Independent T-test. The findings indicated that all the participants were equal in the pre-test. Nonetheless, the experimental group outscored the control group in the post test. The results of the feedback questionnaire were also in line with the whole-results of the study. It can be concluded that the tic-tac toe and board game had a momentous effect on the subjects’ understanding of the present simple and present continuous.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.22
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • The Impact of Teaching Reasoning Fallacies on the Critical Thinking
           Ability of Moroccan Engineering Students: The Case of ENSAM Meknes

    • Authors: BRAHIM KHARTITE, NADIA HELLALET
      Pages: 222 - 232
      Abstract: This research paper reports an experimental study geared to examine the effect of teaching reasoning fallacies on the critical thinking ability of a group of Moroccan university students. In a random assignment post-test design, 40 subjects took part in the study treatment.  While the subjects in both experimental groups (n 20) received treatment on how to avoid and spot fallacies in arguments, the control group was involved straightway in taking the pre-test and the post test (with no prior assistance) for comparison purposes. After the treatment -which consisted in having the experimental group (n 20 subjects) receive training on the meaning of 15 reasoning fallacies and reinforcements tasks on how to identify them in statements and how to avoid them when they speak or write - all the subjects answered a twenty item multiple-choice test and 5 of them responded to structured interview to identify their attitudes.  The final scores were then subjected to descriptive as well as referential statistics (independent and paired samples T-test) for between-group comparison purposes. The results reveal a significant facilitative and positive effect of reasoning fallacies training understudy, particularly when compared to the control condition. A follow-up investigation through an independent simplest-test) attested to the fact that the training resulted in an increased critical thinking ability as measured by the receptive and productive and this is particularly so when compared to the control condition. The study concludes with the main finding together with their interpretation. Some practical implications related to critical thinking instruction, lesson planning and material development, in general, brings the full paper circle.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.23
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • The Metropolis and the “Bloodless Characters”: A Comparative Study of
           James Joyce’s “A Painful Case” and Yusuf Idrīs’s “Qāʿ
           al-Madīna” [“The Bottom of the City”]

    • Authors: Ghada Abdel Hafeez
      Pages: 233 - 241
      Abstract: The current paper has been developed to examine the complexities of metropolitan subjects’ blasé attitude and bloodless life as portrayed in James Joyce’s “A Painful Case” and Yusuf Idrīs’s “Qāʿ al-Madīna” [“The Bottom of the City”] short stories. The paper aims at analyzing the impact of metropolis on its bloodless characters’ mental health and perception of self through the unpacking of the blasé attitude which emerges in Georg Simmel’s famous study “The Metropolis and Mental Life.” Using Simmel’s study as a tool to analyze the two short stories, the paper will comment on and compare the manner in which the Irish and the Egyptian urban texts decipher the code of their modern metropoles to interpret in what ways Simmel’s insights illuminate our understanding of the dilemma of the metropolitan subject.  In this paper the urban and literary theory will complement each other in shedding light on the emergence of new forms of socialization. The paper reaches the conclusion that the overall image of the metropolis portrayed in the two short stories was constructed through the mutilated sensibilities of the metropolitan subjects that have become dispirited by the routine of their daily lives. The two protagonists – Mr. Duffy and Mr. Abdallah - end up living like strangers who maintain minimal comunication with others due the cold and unfeeling rationality they adopt to protect themselves against the overstimulation of their dehumanizing metropoles.
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.24
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
  • The English Translation of Complete Taḍmīn (Implication of Meaning) in
           the Third Sūrah (Chapter) in the Qur’an Āl ʕimrān

    • Authors: Abdullah Soliman Nouraldeen
      Pages: 242 - 253
      Abstract: This research is an extension of the ongoing project of Nouraldeen (2020) and (2021). The project aims at studying and assessing the Qur’an translation of the āyāt (verses) which embodies one type of taḍmīn, complete taḍmīn, in the whole Qur’an. Also, this project endeavours to provide a suggested improved translation, where needed, to bring in the rhetorical style of taḍmīn. The importance of this project lies in appreciating the rhetorical aspect of complete taḍmīn, for it provides the reader with rich, additional meaning in a concise way. Four Muslim-Arabic authored English translations are studied and assessed through two sources in which complete taḍmīn can be identified. Textual analysis is applied to the source text and the target text. Sometimes, the translators pay attention to the implicit preposition in the āyāt and yet overlook the explicit preposition. Every so often, however, they translate the explicit preposition without recognising that this preposition is not standardly collocated with the explicit verb. Inconsistency is detected when translating different āyāt with the same explicit verb and preposition ـــ one time the implicit preposition is rendered, another time the explicit preposition is translated. I have already identified some other linguistic aspects which are essential to analyse and discuss in order to suggest improvements to the four translations. These aspects include, but are not limited to, the translation of the noun يوم ‘day’, being indefinite in the context of the Judgement Day; the translation of possession in English and Arabic; the translation of the coordinating conjunction و (literally translated as ‘and’); and the translation of preposing/fronting التقديم and postposing/backingالتأخير .
      PubDate: 2021-09-30
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2021.4.9.25
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 9 (2021)
       
 
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