Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 2147 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (276 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (201 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (180 journals)
    - NOVELS (13 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (500 journals)
    - POETRY (23 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 201 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
Discursos Contemporâneos em Estudo     Open Access  
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dixit     Open Access  
Diyalog Interkulturelle Zeitschrift Für Germanistik     Open Access  
Doblele : Revista de lengua y literatura     Open Access  
Drammaturgia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
e-Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access  
E-Structural     Open Access  
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
East-West Cultural Passage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Écrire l'histoire     Open Access  
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Éducation francophone en milieu minoritaire     Open Access  
EID&A : Revista Eletrônica de Estudos Integrados em Discurso e Argumentação     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
El Matadero     Open Access  
El Taco en la Brea     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elos : Revista de Literatura Infantil e Xuvenil     Open Access  
Eltin Journal : Journal of English Language Teaching in Indonesia     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
En Líneas Generales     Open Access  
Encyclopedia     Open Access  
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
English Studies at NBU     Open Access  
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
English Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Englisia Journal     Open Access  
Enjeux et société : Approches transdisciplinaires     Open Access  
Enletawa Journal     Open Access  
Enthymema     Open Access  
Entreculturas : Revista de Traducción y Comunicación Intercultural     Open Access  
Entrelaces     Open Access  
Entrevous : Littérature organique     Full-text available via subscription  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eralingua : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra     Open Access  
Erudition and the Republic of Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ES Review : Spanish Journal of English Studies     Open Access  
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eslavística Complutense     Open Access  
ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ESTETIK : Jurnal Bahasa Indonesia     Open Access  
Estudios de Literatura Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios de Teoría Literaria - Revista digital: artes, letras y humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Estudis de Literatura Oral Popular / Studies in Oral Folk Literature     Open Access  
Estudos Linguísticos e Literários     Open Access  
Eternal (English, Teaching, Learning & Research Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Etnolingual     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études de stylistique anglaise     Open Access  
Études Épistémè     Open Access  
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Études littéraires     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eugene O’Neill Review     Full-text available via subscription  
EuroCALL Review     Open Access  
European Romantic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
European Science Editing     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ExELL. Explorations in English Language and Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Exercices de Rhétorique     Open Access  
Extravío : Revista electrónica de Literatura Comparada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fawawi : English Education Journal     Open Access  
Feminist German Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Finno-Ugric World     Open Access  
Folklor/edebiyat journal     Open Access  
Foro de Profesores de E/LE     Open Access  
FORUM : University of Edinburgh Postgraduate Journal of Culture & the Arts     Open Access  
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
French Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Galatasaray Üniversitesi Iletişim Dergisi / Galatasaray University Journal of Communication     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
George Herbert Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Germanistische Beiträge     Open Access  
Globe : A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Glotta : Zeitschrift für Griechische und Lateinische Sprache     Open Access  
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Gogoa     Open Access  
Göttinger Predigtmeditationen     Hybrid Journal  
Green Letters : Studies in Ecocriticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Hardy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
HeLix - Dossiers zur romanischen Literaturwissenschaft     Open Access  
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Hermēneus : Revista de Traducción e Interpretación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heterotopías     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hikmet-akademik Edebiyat Dergisi     Open Access  
Hispania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Hispanic Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Hispanic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
HispanismeS : Revue de la Société des Hispanistes Français     Open Access  
Histoire Épistémologie Langage     Open Access  
Homiletische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal  
Hon no Mushi - Estudos Multidisciplinares Japoneses     Open Access  
Humanidades : Revista de la Universidad de Montevideo     Open Access  
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hungarian Studies Yearbook     Open Access  
Huntington Library Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
I Tatti Studies in the Italian Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Iberoamericana : Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education)     Open Access  
IJLRES : International Journal on Language Research and Education Studies     Open Access  
IJOLTL : Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics     Open Access  
İletişim Kuram ve Araştırma Dergisi     Open Access  
Image & Text     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
INDONESIA : Jurnal Pembelajaran Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of English Language Studies     Open Access  
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Instructed Second Language Acquisition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Intercâmbio : Revue d’Études Françaises=French Studies Journal     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Interference : Journal of Language, Literature, and Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of English Language Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Humanity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language Teaching and Education     Open Access  
International Journal of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Welsh Writing in English     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Linguistics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intertexts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Inti : Revista de literatura hispánica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Investigaciones Sobre Lectura     Open Access  
Iran : Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Irish Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Islas : Revista de la Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de Las Villas     Open Access  
ISLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture     Open Access  
Italienisch – Zeitschrift für italienische Sprache und Literatur     Full-text available via subscription  
Italique     Open Access  
Itinéraires. Littérature, Textes, Cultures     Open Access  
Izdihar : Journal of Arabic Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Izvestia. Ural Federal University Journal. Series 2: Humanities and Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J-SHMIC : Journal of English for Academic     Open Access  
J19 : The Journal of Nineteenth-Century Americanists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Jahrbuch for Internationale Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
JALIE : Journal of Applied Linguistics and Islamic Education     Open Access  
James Joyce Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Jangada : Crítica, Literatura, Artes     Open Access  
Japanese Research on Linguistics, Literature, and Culture     Open Access  
Japanese Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAWS : Journal of Arts Writing by Students     Hybrid Journal  
Jednak Książki : Gdańskie Czasopismo Humanistyczne     Open Access  
Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Język - Szkoła - Religia     Open Access  
Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Al-Qadisiya in Arts and Educational Sciense     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Language and Culture Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Arabic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Awareness     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Belarusian Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Biblical Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Journal of Chinese Language and Culture, Huachiew Chalermprakiet University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Commonwealth Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Computer-Assisted Linguistic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Studies in Language and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cultural Cognitive Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Dutch Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of English and Arabic Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of English and Germanic Philology (JEGP)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of European Periodical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Historical Syntax     Open Access  
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Japonisme     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Language and Discrimination     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 102)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2708-0099 - ISSN (Online) 2617-0299
Published by Al-Kindi Center for Research and Development Homepage  [14 journals]
  • How Ideology is reflected in The Time Machine: A Corpus-based Approach

    • Authors: Qian Liu
      Pages: 01 - 12
      Abstract: Much has been accumulated in the research on science fiction, corpus method to literary works, and critical discourse analysis on literary works, while research concerning the combination of these three elements is just beginning. The present study is a case study for examining how a corpus-based approach can combine with CDA and contribute to research on literary works. Specifically, Lancaster Semantic Analysis System (USAS) is firstly used to perform semantic encoding for the text of H.G. Wells’ science fiction The Time Machine. Then the encoded text is imported into Sketch Engine, the ultimate tool to explore how language works. Second, the word list and the keyword program are used for word filtering. The filtered words are then divided into 3 categories, namely, character, environment, and psychology, according to different descriptive aspects. Third, the distribution and collocation of object words in different categories are tested by the sketch engine programs or USAS. Finally, CDA is carried out on these data in combination with the time of the text. Findings from the study have shown that language in The Time Machine is ideology-loaded, characterized by the distinctive modification of different characters, the vagueness of the psychological process, and the diversity of narrative perspectives. In response to scepticism of quantitative stylistics from literary critics, this paper serves to reinforce the literary value of simple quantitative text and corpus data. At the theoretical level, this study tries to explain how micro textual resources can interface with macro discourse, such as ideology and social cognition. At the methodological level, this study promotes the application of the combination of corpus linguistics and critical discourse analysis in stylistics.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.1
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Black-skinned Intellectuals Wearing White Masks: A Neocolonial Study of
           Identity Crisis in Wole Soyinka's The Interpreters

    • Authors: Bahman Moradi
      Pages: 13 - 22
      Abstract: Wole Soyinka, the first African writer Nobel Prize winner in literature in 1986, is famous universally, mostly for his plays. But one of his novels, The Interpreters (1965), has been acclaimed as well as criticized by many critics for some stylistic and ideological problems. The interpreters of Soyinka's novel are five intellectuals who have come back from abroad, mainly England, to their country, post-independence Nigeria. The critical perspectives of these interpreters towards predominant corruption and other social problems in most parts and institutions of Nigeria are clearly noticeable. The identity crisis, which is rampant throughout this novel, can be recognized as cultural and, in some cases, biological hybridity. Two social psychological identity problems, that is, identity and hybridity crisis, as well as 'neocolonialism' term, are the main concerns of this thesis. Neocolonialism, as a less debated term in comparison to two other dominant terms, postmodernism and postcolonialism, has been analyzed coherently. Having delineated the neocolonialism term and its connections with literature, this thesis has gone through the characters of this novel and has argued the manifestation of hybridity and identity in all aspects of their lives. Post-independence Nigerian as the context of this work reveals clearly these identity and hybridity crises through its characters. Destructive outcomes of identity and hybridity crisis, which left Nigeria a paralyzed country, and warning to avoid further crises is among Soyinka's concerns, as well as the main points which this thesis is searching to highlight. Not to be mesmerized by western culture and amalgamate it ineptly with one's own, as well as the highly valuable political intervention of literature to reflect psychological problems of supressed societies would be regarded as a significant finding of such research.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.2
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • The Justice's Absence in Modern World: Galsworthy's Depiction in
           Justice

    • Authors: Sanaa Mohammed Mahdi
      Pages: 23 - 29
      Abstract: Justice is like a machine that rolls on itself when someone has once given it the starting. In the discussion of justice, the term social problem has been used many times in modern social tragedy, known as problem plays for their concerns with social problems. These plays reveal the awful forces of society against a man that caused his suffering and death. They overemphasize the social dilemma and social consequences. The absence of justice leads to the failure of the legal system that gives severe punishments to the poor without taking into consideration the circumstances behind their crimes. The unfair practices of the judicial system never punish the upper class for their crimes in time and put wretched poor people in prison for committing unimportant or trivial acts. In the modern world, a man, especially the poor, is crushed under the wheel of justice. The hypocrisy, intolerance, ignorance, tyranny, and the false values of the world heap injustice on man and make him find peace only in death.   Man is inherently good, but the social institutions have often victimized him and hindered his subsistence and development. The absence of justice is the main reason that causes all man's depression, out of which is born disappointment, disillusionment, and death.
      PubDate: 2022-06-01
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.3
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Wilhelm Dhilthey's Hermeneutic Analysis on Rahwana's the Voice
           of the Heart

    • Authors: Kokon Setiyo Tri Raharjo, Suminto A. Sayuti
      Pages: 30 - 45
      Abstract: In this study, he studied a poem by Djoko Saryono entitled Rahwana's the Voice of the Heart. Researchers reviewed by analyzing the lyrics and background of the author and the creation of the poem. The lyrics analyzed will be parsed and interpreted for meaning. While the background is in the form of experiences and background of Djoko Saryono. This research uses qualitative descriptive research methods derived from the poem Rahwana's the Voice of the Heart. This study used three concepts from Wilhelm Dilthey namely erlebnis (life experience), ausdruck (expression), verstehen (understanding). Djoko Saryono has experience living in the field of culture that has a long process, and it has been believed that having knowledge about culture, art, and literature with evidence is often invited to be a resource person. Since childhood, he has been dabbling and loves puppetry. In addition, Djoko Saryono has credibility with evidence of many books published and has been one of the institutions in the arts. Therefore, the writing of the poem Rahwana's the Voice of the Heart is influenced by his background, which has long been in the field of culture. Especially the puppetry that takes the figure of Rahwana as one of the figures that are indeed interesting to discuss. The concept of ausdruck according to hermeneutic Wilhelm Dilthey in the poem Rahwana's the Voice of the Heart is divided into two parts, namely: 1) the style of language and the diction of the poem Rahwana's the Voice of the Heart is used to understand the poem of The Voice of The Heart of Rahwana and 2) the expression djoko Saryono in the poem Rahwana's the Voice of the Heart. The concept of verstehen that can be understood in the poem entitled “Rahwana's the Voice of the Heart” is, Rahwana, which is interpreted as a figure that describes the thoughts of Djoko Saryono. Rahwana, who objected to the reproach he received, was a depiction of Djoko Saryono himself.
      PubDate: 2022-06-04
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.4
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • English Code-Switching Among Indonesian Speakers in Australia

    • Authors: Aditya Nur Patria
      Pages: 46 - 51
      Abstract: The present study aims to explore the practice of code-switching among Indonesian speakers in Australia. The result of this study is compared to previous studies on code-switching taking place in Indonesia (Setiawan, 2016; Sumarsih et al., 2014). The present study finds that there is no difference between code-switching among Indonesian speakers taking place in Australia and that in Indonesia in terms of the most frequent switching type. However, Indonesian speakers in Australia seem to have a different attitude to code-switch to English differently. Instead of calling English code-switch “cool,” they consider such practice “normal” to take place in Australia, making it an unmarked choice for them. Other factors such as inclusiveness, expressiveness, and audience also influence their choice to switch to English.
      PubDate: 2022-06-04
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.6
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Meaning Construction of Multimodal Synergy in Documentary Discourse:
           Taking The Lockdown: One Month in Wuhan as an Example

    • Authors: ZhangFeifei
      Pages: 52 - 60
      Abstract: This article, based on Zhang Delu’s synthetic theoretical framework for multimodal discourse analysis (MDA), conducts a multimodal discourse analysis on the documentary-The Lockdown: One Month in Wuhan. It is found that the documentary discourse involves two necessary modalities: language modality and image modality. The main relationship between them is complementary reinforcement. The common relationships between necessary modality and selective modality are interaction, primary and secondary, and context interaction. Although the overlapping relationship has little effect on the meaning construction of the discourse, its existence is justified in some cases. Through the analysis of the synergy of different modes, it is hoped that the article will provide some enlightenment for multimodal relationships in the meaning construction of documentary discourse.
      PubDate: 2022-06-04
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.7
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Employing Mental Imagery by Qur'anic Verses for illustrating The Day
           of Resurrection's Events

    • Authors: Entesar Alsir Abu-ALgasim Mohamed
      Pages: 61 - 75
      Abstract: Usage of mental images is one of the elegant and creative methods employed by Qur'anic verses to help the audiences comprehend and grasp the described scenes of The Day of Resurrection and is considered as the backbone that aid in clarifying and illustrating the philosophical problems and mystic religious problems related to the domain, particularly the ambiguous events of that day. The Quranic verses contain an abundance of imagery that is conveyed by figurative languages, such as metaphors, similes, symbols, etc. However, many Quranic images are conveyed literally. These are constituted by the usage of descriptive imagery whereby they clarify or give a vivid picture of something; consequently, they highly help us to analyze the content of the existing context. Having supported the notion of the abundant usage of imagery by Qur'anic verses, certain verses that employ resurrection images have been purposefully selected to address the research question and categorized into three categories, including; comparing the process of bringing life to dead land to the process of raising up the dead on the Day of Resurrection, after they have disintegrated, this represents the first category, whereas the description of how Allah Almighty resurrects the dead generally, represents the second one, and the third category will be the description of the state of the righteous' happiness and sinners' sadness in that day. An analytical descriptive qualitative method will be adopted.
      PubDate: 2022-06-08
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.8
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • National Image in English Translation of Country Leader's New Year
           Greetings

    • Authors: Xingke Lyu
      Pages: 76 - 84
      Abstract: Based on Fairclough's three-dimensional critical discourse analysis model, this study investigates China's image in the English translation of the country leader's New Year Greetings from 2014 to 2021. The method of corpus linguistics is applied, and the English modal system from the systemic functional perspective is employed. The study reveals that the country's image is hardworking, enjoying good governance and social harmony, pursuing peace and development, as well as international cooperation, which can be reflected in the use of high-frequency content words, keywords, and modal verbs in the discourse. The county's image construction in the translation discourse is influenced by translators, media, and sociocultural factors.
      PubDate: 2022-06-10
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.9
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Authority and Instability: Investigating Jane Austen’s View of the
           Church and Clergy in Pride and Prejudice

    • Authors: kimia mehrabi
      Pages: 85 - 90
      Abstract: The Church of England, the greatest Anglican establishment and the symbol of Great Britain's imperialism, has been the juncture of English history and literature throughout history. Although, after industrialization, the British society went toward a religious reformation in the Victorian era, some historians consider the early nineteenth century England as the 'Golden age' of England's ecclesiastical imperialism. Jane Austen, in her six published novels, has scrutinized the true essence of the Church of England from her specific glasses of sharpness. So, with reference to Austen’s Pride and Prejudice, this paper engages in questioning whether her works, as famous literary works of the nineteenth century which satirically depict the original social context of the time, influenced the social mind toward the Victorian reformation. In Pride and Prejudice, Miss Austen doubts the power and real position of the church and shows her disdain for religion through the foolish narrow-minded characterization of the story's clergyman: Mr. William Collins. The present study aims to illuminate the true essence of The Church of England during the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century according to what Jane Austen has depicted in her novel Pride and Prejudice. Hence, this paper first probes into the religious climate of the pre-Victorian era, then it investigates Jane Austen's role, as one of the greatest writers of the age, in Victorian religious reformation, and lastly, the study aims to conclude how the British society led to the decline of religion and ecclesiasticism in the modern age.
      PubDate: 2022-06-13
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.10
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • The Use of SILL Oxford on Understanding the Speaking Learning Strategies

    • Authors: Fitri Alfarisy
      Pages: 91 - 99
      Abstract: Language learning strategies are activities consciously chosen by learners for the purpose of regulating their own language learning, and it has a strong relationship with learning success. On the other hand, employing effective language learning will improve students' achievements. Effective learning strategies are not the preserve of highly capable individuals but could be learned by others who had not discovered them on their own. Speaking skills as one of the majors in learning a language is expected to be mastered by Indonesian students in the globalization era. SILL questionnaire has been used in many countries around the world to investigate strategy use among groups of students of English as a Second or Foreign language. Therefore, this paper showed the relation between the use of SILL Oxford and the speaking learning strategies. The mixed-method approach was employed, and 183 Indonesian students participated in this research. The SILL Oxford questionnaire was adapted in this research in order to find the speaking learning strategies employed by the students. The interviews were conducted to get the students’ reasons as well as confirm the students' strategies and SILL Oxford. The finding showed that most successful Indonesian students employed metacognitive strategies with percentage responses of 72.7% and the affective as the least with a percentage of 56.8%. It was also found that most of them used paying attention, using resources for receiving strategy sending messages, and self-monitoring strategy strategies. The interviews resulted showed that the SILL Oxford result was the same as the students learning strategies. And their reason for choosing the strategies was their awareness of learning asn the importance of English. Therefore, it can be the basis for the students improving their speaking proficiency by applying successful student learning strategies.
      PubDate: 2022-06-14
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.11
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Morocco’s Inclusive Education Program through the Lens of
           Ethnography

    • Authors: Fadoua Kadiri
      Pages: 100 - 110
      Abstract: This ethnographic research study explores the changes undergone by an integration classroom designed to receive kids with disabilities following the implementation of Morocco’s 2019 inclusive education program. This longitudinal study spans two academic years (Jan-Feb, 2021 & Jan-Feb, 2022), given that classes were suspended during the academic year 2019-2020 due to the coronavirus pandemic. This paper uses qualitative tools to examine how the newly-devised inclusive education program affected a Moroccan integration classroom. It relies on participant observations, field notes, and informal questioning in addition to analysis of official documents. The research takes place in a Rabat-based integration classroom housed by the Allal Ben Abdellah public elementary school, a pilot establishment with years of expertise in dealing with kids with disabilities. The research shows that there is still a big confusion between the concepts of integration and inclusion as used in the Moroccan context. Inclusive education is still facing the challenges of lack of training for educators, scarcity of resources and equipment, and the rarity of school aids. However, there are some changes that occurred with the advent of the inclusive education program, like the change in the classroom’s demographics and the decrease of segregation of kids with disabilities, which helped many improve especially mild and moderate cases. In addition, the staff is proactive, self-taught, and has a positive attitude, a humane approach, and on-the-job expertise, a fact that helps with the implementation of the inclusive education program.
      PubDate: 2022-06-16
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.12
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
  • Difficulties in Learning English Plural Formation by EFL College Students

    • Authors: Reima Al-Jarf
      Pages: 111 - 121
      Abstract: Freshman students at the College of Languages and Translation received direct instruction in plural formation. Instruction covered regular plural nouns, irregular plural nouns, plural formation of words ending in –f, and –o, nouns that have the same plural and singular form, and words with Latin and foreign plurals. The students did all the exercises in the textbook, then took an immediate test a week after instruction and a delayed test at the end of the semester (3 months later). Responses were scored and a corpus of 3099 errors was collected from both tests. No significant differences were found in the amount and types of errors made by the students in the immediate and delayed tests. Results revealed that freshman students tended to regularize English plural formation and overgeneralize regular English plural morphemes (63.28%), i.e., they deleted the regular plural suffix from nouns ending in an –s or –es (35.37%) or tended to add the regular plural suffix to words that do not have it (27.91%). They also confused singular and plural endings of Latin words (15.07%). They either confused the singular and plural forms of the same Latin word or added a faulty Latin suffix to a Latin word or even a non-Latin word such as criterium, *curriculon, *natia, *salma, *petrolea. In other cases, they thought the singular and plural forms of a word were the same (7%). In addition, findings showed that the most difficult plurals to master were those of words that end with an –s or –es but have no singular form such as measles, news, pajamas, means, linguistics (28.85%); words with Latin plurals (21.85%); non-count nouns such as information, electricity, petroleum, salmon with no plural form (21.4%), and words that have a plural, but they thought they have no plural form such as nation, illness, infection, African (8.55%). Interference among the English plural morphemes themselves and confusing plural formation rules caused most errors. No interference from Arabic pluralization was found. Recommendations for improving students’ English plural formation competence are given.
      PubDate: 2022-06-19
      DOI: 10.32996/ijllt.2022.5.6.13
      Issue No: Vol. 5, No. 6 (2022)
       
 
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