Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 2147 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (276 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (201 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (180 journals)
    - NOVELS (13 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (500 journals)
    - POETRY (23 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 601 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
Nordic Journal of Francophone Studies / Revue nordique des études francophones     Open Access  
Nordic Journal of Literacy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nordlit     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Norsk litteratur­vitenskapelig tidsskrift     Open Access  
Nottingham Medieval Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Nouvelles Études Francophones     Full-text available via subscription  
Novos Olhares : Revista de Estudos Sobre Práticas de Recepção a Produtos Midiáticos     Open Access  
NUDOS : Sociología, Teoría y Didáctica de la Literatura     Open Access  
Nueva ReCIT : Revista del área de traductología     Open Access  
Nueva Revista del Pacífico     Open Access  
Nuevo Texto Crítico     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nuit blanche     Full-text available via subscription  
O Eixo e a Roda : Revista de Literatura Brasileira     Open Access  
ÖDaF-Mitteilungen     Hybrid Journal  
Odisea : Revista de Estudios Ingleses     Open Access  
Oficios Terrestres     Open Access  
Ogigia : Revista electrónica de estudios hispánicos     Open Access  
OKARA Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra or Journal of Languages and Literature     Open Access  
Olho d'água     Open Access  
Olivar     Open Access  
Ondina - Ondine     Open Access  
Orbis Litterarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Palimpsesto : Revista da Pós-Graduação em Letras da UERJ     Open Access  
PAN: Philosophy Activism Nature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Papers on French Seventeenth Century Literature     Full-text available via subscription  
Papers: Explorations into Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
PARAFRASE : Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Paragraph     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Parergon     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paroles gelées     Open Access  
Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Passage - Tidsskrift for litteratur og kritik     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Passagens     Open Access  
Pecia     Full-text available via subscription  
Pensares em Revista     Open Access  
Periférica. Revista para el análisis de la cultura y el territorio     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Perspectives Médiévales : Revue d’Épistémologie des Langues et Littératures du Moyen Âge     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Philip Roth Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Philologia Estonica Tallinnensis     Open Access  
Philologica Canariensia     Open Access  
Philosophy and Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Phonica     Open Access  
Pleine Marge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ploughshares     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Plurentes. Artes y Letras     Open Access  
Poe Studies     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Poetica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Poetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Polifonia     Open Access  
Poligramas     Open Access  
Postmodern Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Poznańskie Studia Polonistyczne. Seria Językoznawcza     Open Access  
Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne     Open Access  
Pragmalingüística     Open Access  
PragMATIZES : Latin American Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Prague Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Prairie Schooner     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Prassi Ecdotiche della Modernità Letteraria     Open Access  
Pratiques : Linguistique, littérature, didactique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pretexts : Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Profetik : Jurnal Komunikasi     Open Access  
Publications of the English Goethe Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Quaderni d'italianistica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Quadrant     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Quarterly Essay     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Quarterly Journal of Speech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Question     Open Access  
Quêtes littéraires     Open Access  
Qui Parle : Critical Humanities and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Quiroga : Revista de Patrimonio Iberoamericano     Open Access  
Recherches & travaux     Open Access  
reCHERches : Culture et histoire dans l'espace roman     Open Access  
Recherches germaniques     Open Access  
Red Cedar Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
REDD : Revista de estudios del discurso digital     Open Access  
Redis : Revista de Estudos do Discurso     Open Access  
Reinardus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Relacje Międzykulturowe : Intercultural Relations     Open Access  
Remate de Males     Open Access  
Renaissance Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Renascence : Essays on Values in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Res Humanitariae     Open Access  
Res Rhetorica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research and Innovation in Language Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in African Literatures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Reseñas CeLeHis     Open Access  
Respectus Philologicus     Open Access  
Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
RETORIKA : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
REVELL - Revista de Estudos Literários da UEMS     Open Access  
Review: Literature and Arts of the Americas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista Binacional Brasil - Argentina: Diálogo entre as ciências     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Literatura     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Culturas y Literaturas Comparadas     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Hispánicos     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revista de Estudios Norteamericanos     Open Access  
Revista de Estudos Culturais     Open Access  
Revista de Filología Alemana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Filología Románica     Open Access  
Revista de Filología y Lingüística de la Universidad de Costa Rica     Open Access  
Revista de Lenguas para Fines Específicos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Letras     Open Access  
Revista de Letras Norte@mentos     Open Access  
Revista de Llengua i Dret     Open Access  
Revista Desenredo     Open Access  
Revista Diacrítica     Open Access  
Revista do GEL     Open Access  
Revista Espirales : Revista para a integração da América Latina e Caribe     Open Access  
Revista Garrafa     Open Access  
Revista Guará : Revista de Linguagem e Literatura     Open Access  
Revista Hispánica Moderna     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revista Iberoamericana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Revista Internacional de Culturas y Literaturas     Open Access  
Revista intransitiva     Open Access  
Revista Investigações     Open Access  
Revista Lengua y Literatura     Open Access  
Revista Língua & Literatura     Open Access  
Revista Mídia e Cotidiano     Open Access  
Revista Prâksis     Open Access  
Revista Signos     Open Access  
Revista Surco Sur     Open Access  
Revista UNINTER de Comunicação     Open Access  
Revue Akofena     Open Access  
Revue de recherches en littératie médiatique multimodale     Open Access  
Revue des études slaves     Open Access  
Revue Internationale des Francophonies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Romane     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
RiCognizioni : Rivista di Lingue e Letterature Straniere e Culture Moderne     Open Access  
River Teeth: A Journal of Nonfiction Narrative     Full-text available via subscription  
Rocznik Ruskiej Bursy     Open Access  
Romance Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Romance Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Romanische Forschungen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Romanische Studien     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Romanticism on the Net     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Room One Thousand     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism     Open Access  
RUS : Revista de Literatura e Cultura Russa Universidade de São Paulo     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Russian Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Russian Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Russian Studies in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sananjalka     Open Access  
SARE : Southeast Asian Review of English     Open Access  
Sartre Studies International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavistica Vilnensis     Open Access  
Scando-Slavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Schulz / Forum     Open Access  
Scientific Study of Literature     Hybrid Journal  
Scripta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SEL Studies in English Literature 1500-1900     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (SEFAD) / Selçuk University Journal of Faculty of Letters     Open Access  
Semiotika     Open Access  
Seoul Journal of Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sewanee Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Shakespeare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Shakespeare Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Shakespeare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities     Open Access  
SHAW The Annual of Bernard Shaw Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Siglo XXI : Literatura y Cultura Españolas     Open Access  
Signo y seña     Open Access  
Signs : International Journal of Semiotics     Open Access  
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Sillages critiques     Open Access  
Sintesis     Open Access  
Sirena: poesia, arte y critica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Slavia Antiqua. Rocznik poświęcony starożytnościom słowiańskim     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Slavia Meridionalis     Open Access  
Slavica Revalensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Slavistica Vilnensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Slověne : International Journal of Slavic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Interaction : Video-Based Studies of Human Sociality     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socio-anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South Asian Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Southern Literary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Southern Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Southern Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sprache und Literatur     Full-text available via subscription  
Stanislavski Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Storytelling, Self, Society : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Storytelling Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
StoryWorlds : A Journal of Narrative Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Studi Francesi     Open Access  
Studi Magrebini : North African Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Studia Anglica Posnaniensia     Open Access  
Studia Aurea : Revista de Literatura Española y Teoría Literaria del Renacimiento y Siglo de Oro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studia austriaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studia Azjatystyczne     Open Access  
Studia Białorutenistyczne     Open Access  
Studia Celtica Posnaniensia     Open Access  
Studia Iberystyczne     Open Access  
Studia Iranica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studia Litteraria et Historica     Open Access  
Studia Metrica et Poetica     Open Access  
Studia Neophilologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Studia Pigoniana     Open Access  
Studia Romanica Posnaniensia     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Slavia Antiqua. Rocznik poświęcony starożytnościom słowiańskim
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0080-9993
Published by Adam Mickiewicz University Homepage  [58 journals]
  • CZŁOWIEK POGRANICZA – WSPOMNIENIE PROFESORA WOJCIECHA
           DZIEDUSZYCKIEGO

    • Authors: Jacek Wrzesiński
      Pages: 9 - 17
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.1
       
  • GDZIE PIENIĄDZ, TAM WŁADZA – CZYLI O TEORETYCZNYCH MOŻLIWOŚCIACH
           ROZPOZNANIA LOKALIZACJI GAJU LUGIJSKIEGO

    • Authors: Tomasz Gralak
      Pages: 19 - 48
      Abstract: In this article, an assumption has been made that in power centres, settlement concentration was accompanied by accumulation of goods, capital and weapons. Within the Przeworsk culture, the area in question encompassed the basins of the Prosna and the Warta. It remains uncertain if the area can be associated with the so-called Lugii Grove, a centre of political and religious power described by Tacitus.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.2
       
  • КОМПЛЕКСНЕ ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ МИТРОПОЛИЧОГО
           САДУ КИЄВО-ПЕЧЕРСЬКОЇ ЛАВРИ

    • Authors: Сергій Тараненко
      Pages: 49 - 70
      Abstract: Сучасний урбаністичний розвиток, надто в українських реаліях, навряд можна назвати контрольованим. Місцями хижацька, нераціональна та некомфортна забудова – дамоклів меч не тільки історичної забудови, а й екологічних проблем. Території заповідників є гарантовано захищені державою від будь-якого свавілля забудовників. Митрополичий сад Національного заповідника „Києво-Печерська лавра” як яскравий приклад комплексного вивчення та збереження – основа сталого розвитку міського середовища. Ця локація протягом десятків років є об’єктом багатовекторного дослідження. Археологічне вивчення цієї території розпочалося в середині минулого століття і, з певними перервами, продовжується до сьогодні. За цей час тут виявлено і повністю або частково досліджено низку різних за типом та хронологією археологічних пам’яток, комплекс яких доволі точно віддзеркалює основні етапи історичного розвитку зазначеної території та епохальні зміни в характері її використання. У результаті баk...
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.3
       
  • NOŻE WOLUTOWE – O FUNKCJI I POCHODZENIU ZAGADKOWYCH PRZEDMIOTÓW W
           KULTURZE SŁOWIAŃSKIEJ

    • Authors: Jakub Karol Pawlicki
      Pages: 71 - 106
      Abstract: The text presents spiral knives, objects of clearly exceptional nature. The data, the map and table included here are meant to update information on the subject after 32 years. Identification of the specific regional groups and a metric analysis of the historical objects highlight the differences between the groups. The text also touches upon objects which are morphologically close to the spiral knives used by nomadic communities. A critical look at the theories in literature on the subject allowed to limit the functions to two, possibly mutually complementary.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.4
       
  • W KWESTII POCZĄTKÓW WCZESNEGO ŚREDNIOWIECZA W REJONIE
           NIECKI JEZIOR BNIŃSKICH

    • Authors: Henryk Machajewski
      Pages: 107 - 114
      Abstract: The development of archaeological research justifies the need for re-appraising previous conclusions. In the case of the Bnin Lakes Basin (Wielkopolska), the research pertains to the settlement at the early stage of the early Middle Ages. Human settlement developed dynamically at phase B of the early Middle Ages. To date, settlement from phase A has not been discovered in the Basin. The same holds true for the basin of the central river Warta.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.5
       
  • SIEĆ OSADNICZA I SZLAKI KOMUNIKACYJNE NA ZACHÓD OD POZNAŃSKIEGO
           PRZEŁOMU WARTY W STARSZYCH FAZACH WCZESNEGO ŚREDNIOWIECZA

    • Authors: Ewa Pawlak
      Pages: 115 - 146
      Abstract: In the oldest stages of the early Middle Ages, the settlements located between the Warta and the Obra were concentrated predominantly in a few areas: between the Warta, the Sama and the Samica Stęszewska, in the vicinity of Pniewy and Lwówek, and to the west of Sieraków. The resulting structure, over time supplemented with settlement clusters in Opalenica Plain, formed the basis for a network of gords established in the 9th and the early 10th centuries. The arrangement of hamlets and gords allowed to reconstruct long-range transport routes connecting these regions with south Wielkopolska, Lusatia as well as the north-western Slavic domains.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.6
       
  • PALĄ SIEBIE W OGNIU, GDY UMRZE IM KRÓL LUB WÓDZ – I PALĄ RÓWNIEŻ
           JEGO WIERZCHOWCE. WCZESNOŚREDNIOWIECZNY POCHÓWEK CIAŁOPALNY ZE
           SZCZĄTKAMI KONIA Z CHODLIKA, POW. OPOLSKI, WOJ. LUBELSKIE

    • Authors: ŁUKASZ MIECHOWICZ
      Pages: 147 - 169
      Abstract: The article presents the results of research into an early medieval kurgan in Chodlik, Karczmiska county, where cremated human and horse remains were discovered. The settlement complex in Chodlik (8th-10th c.) forms a vast hillfort of more than 8 ha and the surrounding hamlets. For over a century, it has been subjected to archaeological excavations but it was not until recently that the related cremation burial sites were identified. The first kurgan, examined in 2010, contained buried remains of a human and a horse, most probably buried at a stake together. The other objects found in the upper part of the kurgan included pieces of clay vessels and bronze elements of a horse tack. By means of radiocarbon dating, the burial site’s chronology has been established as the 8th-9th centuries. The text presents comparative analyses with other famous discoveries of the type and considerations of the importance of horses to the early medieval Slavs.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.7
       
  • ANTROPOLOGIA GROBÓW CIAŁOPALNYCH CMENTARZYSKA DZIEKANOWICE 22

    • Authors: Anna Wrzesińska, Jacek Wrzesiński
      Pages: 171 - 191
      Abstract: The article presents the analyses and descriptions of two graves in the Dziekanowice grave field, site 22 (dated back to the late 10th – the late 13th centuries) located on the eastern coast of lake Lednica, approx. 90 m from the eastern bridge leading to Ostrów Lednicki. The isle hosts a hillfort regarded a seat of the then ruler, the sedes regni principales. Within the gord, in the second half of the 10th century, a complex of residential and sacral buildings was raised: a baptistery, a palas and a church. The burial rite as of the late 10th and the early 11th centuries, which appeared in what is now Poland’s territory, is typically associated with Christianity encroaching the area. The issues under discussion, which are not fully explained, include both the ways in which the dead were buried before skeletal burials were introduced and popularised, the methods used to promote the changes, acceptance thereof, the rate and the prevalence of the new mode of burying the dead. In the course of extended excavations in the Dziekanowice 22 grave field, 1,665 graves have been discovered with preserved bone material, among them two graves where cremated bodies were laid (cremation burial). The graves have been dated back to the early Middle Ages (the time of the grave field’s operation).
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.8
       
  • „KRYZYS MONARCHI PIASTOWSKIEJ” I PROBLEM TZW. REAKCJI
           POGAŃSKIEJ OKIEM ARCHEOLOGA

    • Authors: Kamil Kajkowski
      Pages: 193 - 216
      Abstract: The turmoil of the 1030s in the Polish territory has so far attracted attention of historians. A detailed analysis of the information available in the written sources has strengthened a position in the result of which (in line with the reference to the events in question) the pagan backlash was to stem primarily from religious reasons. This interpretations suggests and provokes reception of Mieszko II’s domain as a completely Christian organisation. Consequently, at least officially it suggests that the pagan communities had been pushed to the margins of the society. Scholars have no doubts that these communities existed because they are regarded to have affected the events of the 1030s. Was it really the case' An analysis of archaeological sources, previously not used in the discussion of the pagan backlash, does not answer the questions so unambiguously. There is a strong indication that the followers of the old values did not have to flee from persecutions or the missionary ideology. It also looks like they did not have to fear financial exploitation for the benefit of the established church structures which could have easily operated parallel to venues referring to the traditional religious symbols. If we assume that it was the case, were the events of the 1030s in fact a pagan backlash' This question was at the basis of the considerations presented in this text.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.9
       
  • WCZESNOŚREDNIOWIECZNY SZKLANY PACIOR Z KRUSZWICY

    • Authors: Joanna Sawicka
      Pages: 217 - 232
      Abstract: In the gord in Kruszwica, on the settlement level from the 4th quarter of the 11th century, a piece of a large bead was discovered. It was made of black and purple glass, decorated with a set glass thread and small buttons with the (floral) millefiori ornament. It was made of glass, the “ash” variety of the Na2O-K2O-CaO-MgO-Al2O3-SiO2 type (the grains) and the Na2O-K2O-CaO-MgO-Al2O3-PbO-SiO2 type (the ornament). An interpretation of the results of an analysis of the chemical content of the glass (XRF, X-Ray Fluorescence) has allowed to define the probable place of the glass production, as well as the form and type of this rare specimen, namely the Middle East (probably Byzantine) workshops.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.10
       
  • MAGIA – RELIGIA – OSTENTACJA. KAPTORGI Z WCZESNOŚREDNIOWIECZNEGO
           CMENTARZYSKA W RADOMIU W UJĘCIU KOMPARATYSTYCZNYM

    • Authors: Tomasz Kurasiński
      Pages: 233 - 284
      Abstract: This article presents an analysis of two brass lockets, rectangular in shape, discovered in a richly equipped grave no. 62 in an early-medieval grave field in Radom (the 4th quarter of the 11-12th centuries). As a result of the analysis, their cognitive value can be estimated in a comprehensive way against the background of other finds of the type excavated in graves. On the other hand, it has allowed to enrich the knowledge of burying the dead with objects of magical and religious nature. The lockets discovered in Radom were made locally, most probably as imitations of more sophisticated pendants. Most probably, they were used as containers for magical or healing amulets, possibly contact relics (brandeum, eulogiae) or perfumes. They were probably buried after mid-11th century, during the religious transformation taking place in the early Piast state, bearing material testimony to the intertwining pagan rites and the ceremonies of the new faith.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.11
       
  • NAJSTARSZE (XI-XII W.) FIGURY SZACHOWE WYKONANE W STYLISTYCE ABSTRAKCYJNEJ
           ARABSKIEJ Z TERENU POLSKI , NA TLE TRENDÓW EUROPEJSKICH ZWIĄZANYCH Z
           POCZĄTKOWYMI FAZAMI ADAPTACJI W EUROPIE

    • Authors: Agnieszka Stempin
      Pages: 285 - 315
      Abstract: Chess is a board game, in the Middle Ages referred to as a tabula. During the long way it took since its origin in India in the 6th century until modern times, the subsequent communities left their own, inimitable cultural marks. In India, chess had a deeply mystical nature; Persians used chess to picture the world as a battlefield; Arabs systematised many concepts and took note of the mathematical aspect; Europe made use of chess to define rules that should apply to an ideal society. This shows a perfect understanding of the balance on the chessboard, the mutual dependencies and consistent actions leading to success – both when playing and creating social life. Medieval literature provides an excellent basis for studies of the intertwining cultural trends and describing the reality. In the literature, elements based on playing chess are oftentimes among the postulated modes of education. However, the ideas encountered by the potential users of chess tournaments were best communicated by the figures and the accumulated plethora of notions. An analysis of the changes affecting jackstraws at an early stage of the game’s adaptation in Europe and other territories which took over chess as cultural models, leads to a conclusion that the material from the 11th-12th centuries that comes from Polish collections matches many Latin trends and shows considerable knowledge thereof.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.12
       
  • KRYZYS CZY NOWY ETAP ROZWOJU' Z BADAŃ NAD PRZEOBRAŻENIAMI
           PIASTOWSKICH OŚRODKÓW GRODOWYCH W XII I XIII WIEKU – PRZYKŁADY
           KRUSZWICY I LĄDU NAD WARTĄ

    • Authors: Michał Brzostowicz
      Pages: 317 - 327
      Abstract: The article presents the transformation of stronghold in Poland in the 12th and 13th centuries. By providing the examples of Kruszwica (Kuyavia) and Ląd (Wielkopolska), attention has been drawn to the fact that, despite the collapse of the strongholds around which gords were once organised, they could continue development and remain political, societal, religious, economic and cultural centres. They allow historians to take a different view of the operations of the then territorial and administrative organisation in Poland as well as the gradual disintegration of the system.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.13
       
  • POLITYKA PIASTÓW ŚLĄSKICH I WIELKOPO LSKICH WOBEC TEMPLARIUSZY NAD
           ŚRODKOWĄ ODRĄ I DOLNĄ WARTĄ W XIII WIEKU

    • Authors: Maciej Przybył
      Pages: 329 - 345
      Abstract: This article revolves around patrimonies for the Templars on the borders of Lubusz, Wielkopolska and Pomerania regions. The author presents the course of these patrimonies in a context of the political actions on the part of Piast dukes in Silesia and Wielkopolska. The article consists of three parts: the first of them presents the invitation of the Templars to Poland, with the (nearly concurrent) contribution made in the third decade of the 13th century by Henry I Bearded and Władysław Odonic. Part two is dedicated to the controversial patrimony of Chwarszczany on the Myśla, the biggest Templars’ commandery on the central Oder and the lower Warta and Wielka Wieś – a dominion located on the Lubusz and Wielkopolska border. In the last part, attention has been drawn to the subsequent patrimonies for the Templars in the area in question from 1234-1261.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.14
       
  • KILKA UWAG O KOLORYSTYCE BAZYLIKI NORBERTANEK W STRZELNIE W XIII-XIV WIEKU

    • Authors: Krystyna Sulkowska-Tuszyńska
      Pages: 347 - 374
      Abstract: The article sums up the reflections on the relics of medieval plaster and layers of paint on the walls, columns and pillars of the Norbertine nuns convent in Strzelno completed around the 2nd-3rd quarter of the 13th century. The relics of the polychromies observed by numerous enthusiasts of the Romanesque Strzelno and discovered during archaeological excavations were topped with the results of conservation-restoration works which uncovered the first figural polychromies in the chancel’s apse. Following verification of the dating of the colours of the church’s interior, an indication was made that in the 13th century, the colour red prevailed; in the 15th-16th centuries, the figural scenes of the apse sported many colours while the remaining part of the sacrum was brightened up with three-colour, geometric patterns. To complete the range of colours, floor tiles were added. Examples have been provided of specialist painting analyses. The entire arrangement has been compared with selected colourful medieval structures. References have been made to the symbolism of the colours used in the Middle Ages and the
      contemporary, erroneous perception of Romanesque architecture as rustic, devoid of plaster and colours.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.15
       
  • STUDIA NAD STRATYGRAFIĄ I POZIOMAMI ARCHITEKTONICZNO-UŻYTKOWYMI
           ZAMKU KRUSZWICKIEGO

    • Authors: Piotr Pawlak
      Pages: 375 - 397
      Abstract: The castle in Kruszwica was built after 1343, at the request of Casimir III the Great. The oldest written sources, Kronika by Jan of Czarnków, dates the construction of the castle back to 1350-1355. The castle hosted the seat of the starost, judiciary authorities and a prison. In 1973-1982, the excavations were located in the central and south-western parts of the Castle Hill. In 2007-2008, the archaeological excavations were moved to the crests of the Hill; in 2010-2011 they were located chiefly near the structures of the castle building, still uncovered in 1973-1982. As a result, relics of the castle house were excavated together with several cellar rooms and fragments of the peripheral wall with remains of a gate. Following the results of stratigraphic and architectural analyses, the results of the research into the movable historic material, coupled with the results of 14C radiocarbon dating, four chronological periods have been identified in the history of the castle in Kruszwica: period I – since the mid-14th c. to 1519; period II – after 1519 to 1591; period III – after 1591 to 1657; period IV – after 1657.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.16
       
  • NADGOPLAŃSKI GRÓD SZARLEJ I JEGO WŁAŚCICIELE W
           ŚREDNIOWIECZU

    • Authors: Joanna Karczewska, Dariusz Karczewski
      Pages: 399 - 412
      Abstract: The gord of Szarlej is located on a small peninsula on the south-western coast of Lake Szarlej at the mouth of the river Noteć. Gopło - a ribbon lake – reached that far in the late Middle Ages. The gord of Szarlej was established in the last decade of the first half of the 14th century on the initiative of Kazimierz Ziemomysłowic, a Kuyavian prince and the lord of Gniewkowo, or alternatively by his son and successor, Władysław the White. The gord in Szarlej was built following destruction of the previous ducal residence in Gniewkowo during an invasion of the Teutonic Knights in 1332. The stronghold was a favourite residence of Władysław the White, prince of Gniewkowo until 1363 when he placed a lien against it to Kazimierz the Great, king of Poland. Most probably, after 1382 another ruler of Kuyavia, prince Vladislav II of Opole, handed over the stronghold in Szarlej to the affluent Kuyavian Ostoja family. The first nobility owner of the Szarlej estate (encompassing the stronghold, the villages, Łojewo, Witowy and Karczyn), confirmed in the sources, was Mikołaj of Ściborze (†1457). He was a member of the political elite of late-medieval Kuyavia.
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.17
       
  • Odpowiedź na recenzję Kamila Kajkowskiego: „Jak historia badań nad
           religią Słowian może stać się historią rozczarowań – o
           poszukiwaniu rzeczywistości mitycznej i… etyce badacza. Uwagi na temat
           książki Pawła Szczepanika Rzeczywistość mityczna Słowian
           północno-zachodnich i jej materialne wyobrażenia, Toruń, Wydawnictwo
           Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika 2020, „Slavia Antiqua”, t.
           61, s. 183-211”. Albo o tym, jak napisać nieetyczną recenzję

    • Authors: Paweł Szczepanik
      Pages: 413 - 434
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.18
       
  • Dariusz Adamczyk, Monetarisierungsmomente, Kommerzialisierungszonen oder
           fiskalische Währungslandschaften' Edelmetalle,
           Silberverteilungsnetzwerke und Gesellschaften in Ostmitteleuropa
           (800-1200), Wiesbaden 2020

    • Authors: Marcin Danielewski
      Pages: 435 - 439
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.19
       
  • PROFESOR JERZY GĄSSOWSKI (1926-2021)

    • Authors: Henryk Machajewski
      Pages: 441 - 444
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.20
       
  • POŻEGNANIE PANI MIROS ŁAWY DERNOGI (1953-2021)

    • Authors: Agnieszka Krawczewska, Anna Skrzeczyńska
      Pages: 445 - 446
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.14746/sa.2021.62.21
       
 
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