Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 2165 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (276 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (201 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (180 journals)
    - NOVELS (13 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (518 journals)
    - POETRY (23 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 201 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
Discursos Contemporâneos em Estudo     Open Access  
Dix-Neuf     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Dixit     Open Access  
Diyalog Interkulturelle Zeitschrift Für Germanistik     Open Access  
Doblele : Revista de lengua y literatura     Open Access  
Drammaturgia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dublin James Joyce Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Dutch Crossing : Journal of Low Countries Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
e-Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
E-rea     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
e-Scripta Romanica     Open Access  
e-Spania     Open Access  
E-Structural     Open Access  
Early American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Early Modern Culture Online     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
East-West Cultural Passage     Open Access  
Eastern African Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Ecotone     Full-text available via subscription  
Ecozon@ : European Journal of Literature, Culture and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Écrire l'histoire     Open Access  
EDGE - A Graduate Journal for German and Scandinavian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Educação & Linguagem     Open Access  
Educación, Lenguaje y Sociedad     Open Access  
Éducation francophone en milieu minoritaire     Open Access  
EID&A : Revista Eletrônica de Estudos Integrados em Discurso e Argumentação     Open Access  
Eighteenth-Century Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Éire-Ireland     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
El Hilo de la Fabula     Open Access  
El Matadero     Open Access  
El Taco en la Brea     Open Access  
ELH     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
ELOPE : English Language Overseas Perspectives and Enquiries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elos : Revista de Literatura Infantil e Xuvenil     Open Access  
Eltin Journal : Journal of English Language Teaching in Indonesia     Open Access  
Emily Dickinson Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
En Líneas Generales     Open Access  
Encyclopedia     Open Access  
English in Aotearoa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
English in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
English Literature in Transition 1880-1920     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
English Studies at NBU     Open Access  
English Studies in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
English Text Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
English Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
English: Journal of the English Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Englisia Journal     Open Access  
Enjeux et société : Approches transdisciplinaires     Open Access  
Enletawa Journal     Open Access  
Enthymema     Open Access  
Entreculturas : Revista de Traducción y Comunicación Intercultural     Open Access  
Entrelaces     Open Access  
Entrevous : Littérature organique     Full-text available via subscription  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eralingua : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Asing dan Sastra     Open Access  
Erudition and the Republic of Letters     Hybrid Journal  
ES Review : Spanish Journal of English Studies     Open Access  
ESC: English Studies in Canada     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Escritura e Imagen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eslavística Complutense     Open Access  
ESQ: A Journal of the American Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Essays in Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Essays in French Literature and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
ESTETIK : Jurnal Bahasa Indonesia     Open Access  
Estudios de Literatura Colombiana     Open Access  
Estudios de Teoría Literaria - Revista digital: artes, letras y humanidades     Open Access  
Estudios Ingleses de la Universidad Complutense     Open Access  
Estudis de Literatura Oral Popular / Studies in Oral Folk Literature     Open Access  
Estudos Linguísticos e Literários     Open Access  
Eternal (English, Teaching, Learning & Research Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Etnolingual     Open Access  
Études canadiennes / Canadian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études de stylistique anglaise     Open Access  
Études Épistémè     Open Access  
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Études littéraires     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Eugene O’Neill Review     Full-text available via subscription  
EuroCALL Review     Open Access  
European Romantic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
European Science Editing     Open Access  
ExELL. Explorations in English Language and Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Exercices de Rhétorique     Open Access  
Extravío : Revista electrónica de Literatura Comparada     Open Access  
Fawawi : English Education Journal     Open Access  
Feminist German Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Finno-Ugric World     Open Access  
Folklor/edebiyat journal     Open Access  
Foro de Profesores de E/LE     Open Access  
FORUM : University of Edinburgh Postgraduate Journal of Culture & the Arts     Open Access  
Fourth Genre: Explorations in Nonfiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
French Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Funes. Journal of Narratives and Social Sciences     Open Access  
Galatasaray Üniversitesi Iletişim Dergisi / Galatasaray University Journal of Communication     Open Access  
Ganesha Journal     Open Access  
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
George Herbert Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
German Studies Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Germanistische Beiträge     Open Access  
Globe : A Journal of Language, Culture and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Glotta : Zeitschrift für Griechische und Lateinische Sprache     Open Access  
Goethe Yearbook     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Gogoa     Open Access  
Göttinger Predigtmeditationen     Hybrid Journal  
Green Letters : Studies in Ecocriticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Hardy Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
HeLix - Dossiers zur romanischen Literaturwissenschaft     Open Access  
Hemingway Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Henry James Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Hermēneus : Revista de Traducción e Interpretación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Heterotopías     Open Access  
Hikmet-akademik Edebiyat Dergisi     Open Access  
Hispania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Hispanic Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Hispanic Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
HispanismeS : Revue de la Société des Hispanistes Français     Open Access  
Histoire Épistémologie Langage     Open Access  
Homiletische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal  
Hon no Mushi - Estudos Multidisciplinares Japoneses     Open Access  
Humanidades : Revista de la Universidad de Montevideo     Open Access  
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Hungarian Studies Yearbook     Open Access  
Huntington Library Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
I Tatti Studies in the Italian Renaissance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Iberoamericana : Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies     Open Access  
IJEE (Indonesian Journal of English Education)     Open Access  
IJLRES : International Journal on Language Research and Education Studies     Open Access  
IJOLTL : Indonesian Journal of Language Teaching and Linguistics     Open Access  
İletişim Kuram ve Araştırma Dergisi     Open Access  
Image & Text     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
INDONESIA : Jurnal Pembelajaran Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of English Language Studies     Open Access  
Infinitum: Revista Multidisciplinar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Instructed Second Language Acquisition     Full-text available via subscription  
Intercâmbio : Revue d’Études Françaises=French Studies Journal     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Interference : Journal of Language, Literature, and Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Cultural and Social Studies (IntJCSS)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Culture and History     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of English Language Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Francophone Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Humanity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Korean Humanities and Social Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Language Teaching and Education     Open Access  
International Journal of Lexicography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Translation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Welsh Writing in English     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Linguistics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intertexts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Inti : Revista de literatura hispánica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Investigaciones Sobre Lectura     Open Access  
Iran : Journal of the British Institute of Persian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Irish Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Islas : Revista de la Universidad Central "Marta Abreu" de Las Villas     Open Access  
ISLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture     Open Access  
Italienisch – Zeitschrift für italienische Sprache und Literatur     Full-text available via subscription  
Italique     Open Access  
Itinéraires. Littérature, Textes, Cultures     Open Access  
Izdihar : Journal of Arabic Language Teaching, Linguistics, and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Izvestia. Ural Federal University Journal. Series 2: Humanities and Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
J-SHMIC : Journal of English for Academic     Open Access  
J19 : The Journal of Nineteenth-Century Americanists     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Jahrbuch for Internationale Germanistik     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
JALIE : Journal of Applied Linguistics and Islamic Education     Open Access  
James Joyce Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Jangada : Crítica, Literatura, Artes     Open Access  
Japanese Research on Linguistics, Literature, and Culture     Open Access  
Japanese Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
JAWS : Journal of Arts Writing by Students     Hybrid Journal  
Jednak Książki : Gdańskie Czasopismo Humanistyczne     Open Access  
Jeunesse: Young People, Texts, Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Język - Szkoła - Religia     Open Access  
Journal of Adventure Education & Outdoor Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Al-Qadisiya in Arts and Educational Sciense     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Language and Culture Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Linguistics and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Arabic Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Awareness     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Belarusian Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Biblical Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 57)
Journal of Chinese Language and Culture, Huachiew Chalermprakiet University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Commonwealth Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Computer-Assisted Linguistic Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Studies in Language and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Cultural Cognitive Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Dutch Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of English and Arabic Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of English and Germanic Philology (JEGP)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of European Periodical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of European Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Historical Syntax     Open Access  
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Japonisme     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Language and Discrimination     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Eternal (English, Teaching, Learning & Research Journal)
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2477-4766 - ISSN (Online) 2580-5347
Published by Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar Homepage  [6 journals]
  • UTILIZING PICTURE-BASED STORYTELLING TECHNIQUE TO ENHANCE THE SPEAKING
           SKILL

    • Authors: Muhammad Lukman Syafii
      Pages: 249 - 268
      Abstract: With the researcher's impression of the business English course and the preliminary research conducted, the students' achievement in speaking skills was not satisfactory. To overcome this, the researcher proposes one of the appropriate techniques in speaking English by utilizing image-based storytelling techniques. This study aims to improve students' speaking skills by making use of those based images. The purpose of this study is to describe how image-based images can improve speaking skills of students in the accounting study program at Muhammadiyah University of Ponorogo. This research is a collaborative action research. This research was conducted cyclically by following action research procedures, namely planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Each cycle consists of three meetings. Research data were collected through the following instruments: observation checklists, field notes, questionnaires, and students' performance in storytelling. The subjects of this study amounted to 36 people in the first academic semester. The research findings show that the use of picture-based storytelling techniques is effective in improving speaking achievement. This increase can be seen from the increase in students' moderate speaking ability from 55.42 in the preliminary study, and 59.46 in Cycle 1, to 75.92 in Cycle 2. In addition, the findings also show that the use of picture-based storytelling techniques is efficacious in improving interests and encouragement of students. This shows that in Cycle 1 there were 44% of students who participated actively and 93% of students who participated in Cycle 2. In addition, it was found that 80 percent of students were encouraged to apply storytelling techniques.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A1
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • EXPLORING ENGLISH TEACHERS’ SELF-REGULATION TO PROMOTE ONLINE
           LEARNING IN SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

    • Authors: R. Indrajid Lukman Santoso, Paulus Kuswandono
      Pages: 269 - 287
      Abstract: Rapid changes of current conditions forced English teachers to switch the conventional learning process in a class into online learning. Time zones, internet connection, bandwidth, technical issues, and students’ personal schedules (work vs study) are the challenges faced by the teachers. However, a prior study showed that self-regulation plays a role in online learning. Therefore, teachers’ self-regulation in promoting online learning may lead the way to face those challenges. This study aimed to investigate English teachers’ self-regulation and challenges in promoting online learning. Two research questions were formulated, namely how the self-regulation of English teachers promoted online learning and what challenges were encountered by the English teachers in promoting online learning. To answer these questions, a qualitative approach was undergone. The participants of the study were fourteen (14) English teachers from various areas in Indonesia. The instrument of this study was a questionnaire adapted from Teacher Self-Regulation Scale (TSRS). Findings and results from both questionnaires and interviews suggested that the majority of teachers have fairly high self-regulation as indicated by their good comprehension of goal-setting, emotional control, help-seeking, and self-evaluation. Nevertheless, they found challenges in teaching online classes, namely the lack of students’ internet data and learning motivation, and the need to maintain interactivity and enjoyment in the teaching-learning process. Several strategies were implemented by the teachers to overcome those challenges. Overall, the findings suggest that having adequate self-regulation can lead the teachers to promote online learning in this unprecedented situation. Keywords: Self-regulation, online learning, pandemic situation
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A2
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • AN ANALYSIS OF EFFECTIVE TEACHERS’ QUESTIONING STRATEGIES IN EFL
           CLASSROOM INTERACTION: A STUDY AT SMA NEGERI 1 MAKASSAR

    • Authors: Hadrawati Hasanuddin, Ayu Hapsari Hasanuddin, Ayu Sanjani
      Pages: 288 - 301
      Abstract: Questioning Strategy is a crucial element in establishing communication between teachers and students in classroom interaction. This study was aimed at analyzing the effective teachers’ questioning strategies in EFL Classroom interaction. It also investigated the reasons effective teachers utilized the strategies. This research applied a case study and employed a discourse analysis approach. Participants in the study were two effective English teachers of SMA Negeri 1 Makassar which were chosen based on the result of the students’ perception questionnaire. The data were collected through observation, audio-video recording, and interviews. The findings revealed that rephrasing, simplification, repetition, decomposition, probing, translating, and blank-filling were applied by both effective teachers as their questioning strategies. Probing was the dominant strategy that effective teachers used in classroom interaction. It also showed that the teacher utilized the strategies to avoid failure in eliciting verbal responses, expand their answer, develop their critical thinking, release the embarrassment and build up confidence. Furthermore, by utilizing these questioning strategies particularly probing, the teacher could expand students’ responses and make the students more attentive and engaged in the teaching and learning process.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A3
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • TEACHER’S PERCEPTION ON BUILDING CHARACTER BY INTEGRATING ISLAMIC VALUES
           INTO FOREIGN LANGUAGE LESSON IN INDONESIAN CONTEXT

    • Authors: Yulmiati Yulmiati, Vivi Indriyani, M Zaim, Syahrul Ramadhan, Agustina Agustina
      Pages: 302 - 314
      Abstract: Indonesia grows in relation to Islamic values in daily life, because Islam is the dominant religion in this country. Based on these conditions, in education Islamic values are important to be instilled by teachers into the lesson, because they can build good character for students. This article aims at discussing teachers’ perception about the integration of Islamic values foreign language learning in Indonesian context. A descriptive study with a questionnaire collection technique was used in this research. A questionnaire sheet was developed via google form and distributed through the WhatsApp group of English subjects teacher association (MGMP) in West Sumatera. The questionnaire was responded to by 70 (seventy) teachers. The results showed that the teachers want to integrate Islamic values in teaching material. However, the teaching materials that contain it are not easy to find. Then, the teachers also perceived that integrating Islamic values into teaching learning process can build student character.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A4
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Filipino Nursing Students' Challenges and Techniques in Learning
           Jargons

    • Authors: Aljon Delmo Galang, Elmer Santos De Guzman
      Pages: 315 - 328
      Abstract: Learning a jargon is indeed one of the most challenging facets in any field of specialization such as nursing, especially to novices. As they face this challenge, they tend to develop adaptive techniques vital in their studies. Nonetheless, being a practical source of learning experiences, identifying these challenges and techniques is significant to improve the edification process in the discipline. Hence, the study aims to narrate and analyze the challenges and techniques of fifteen (15) Filipino nursing student participants in learning jargons. This qualitative investigation used narrative research approach to retell the stories of the participants as they overcome the language demands of the nursing studies. Findings reveal that the challenges experienced by the participants are: (a) learning jargons, (b) word unfamiliarity, (c) schema insufficiency, and (d) their phonetic and orthographic perplexities. To address those, they read references, search on the Internet, and rely on memorization and familiarization through recall techniques and with nursing interlocutors. The empirical exploration was done to provide meaningful insights and inputs to clinical instruction through the lens of language learning, benefiting both instructors and students of nursing.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A5
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • MIRROR TALKING STRATEGY TO ENHANCE SPEAKING SKILL OF ENGLISH DEPARTMENT
           STUDENTS OF TIMOR UNIVERSITY

    • Authors: Erlinda Sonya Pale, Imanuel Kamlasi
      Pages: 329 - 339
      Abstract: The hesitation of the students of the English Department of Timor University to deliver speeches triggered the researchers to figure out a suitable method to cope with the issue. This study was conducted to discover whether mirror talk could bring a positive impact on improving the students’ speaking skills particularly in delivering the speech. The method to be utilized for conducting this study was the qualitative method. The performances of the students before and after the implementation of mirror talking were recorded to discover the comparison of both. After delivering the speech, the students were interviewed to reveal the reasons for their inability to perform well. There were 18 students said that lack of time preparation was the main cause of their failure to perform well, 40 students were having a problem with their confidence to cause them had bad performances and 32 students mentioned that they were not interested in delivering speech. Data analysis indicated that the students’ ability in delivering the speech particularly in pronunciation and confidence got improved after the practice of mirror talking. It is recommended then that the practice of mirror talking could be executed for other audiences.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A6
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • PERSPECTIVE OF CADETS TOWARDS MARITIME ENGLISH AT POLYTECHNICS OF MAKASSAR
           MERCHANT MARINE

    • Authors: Sunarlia Sunarlia Limbong
      Pages: 340 - 349
      Abstract: Foreign language instruction and learning are required component of all maritime institutions' curricula particularly English for marine communication. Because English has historically served as a maritime language across the globe. The purpose of this research is to ascertain seafarer cadets' perceptions on English language instruction in the deck and engine departments, as well as the critical nature of integrating technology into English instruction to assist their area of study. Respondents are the third semester cadets enrolled in the academic year 2019/2020 at the Deck Department. This study used quantitative descriptive. The survey is used to collect data on which abilities are most necessary to support their studies and future careers. The result of study showed that cadets’ attitudes about the usage of technology that would successfully assist them in accomplishing this objective Makassar Merchant Marine Polytechnic, being one of the maritime schools in Indonesia, develops seafarer candidates with distinct requirements and objectives that must be met with a precise and effective manner. A simulator and language laboratory are two types of language learning technologies that may aid in the teaching and learning of English, particularly for specialized reasons. And the majority of respondents think that using technology would assist them in learning English more effectively, it is critical for English instructors to include technology into the creation of English curricula for maritime cadets.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A7
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • STUDY-FROM-HOME PROGRAM: MOTIVATIONAL BELIEFS OF COLLEGE STUDENTS IN THE
           ONLINE LEARNING ENVIRONMENT

    • Authors: Fatimah Mulya Sari
      Pages: 350 - 358
      Abstract: The new learning program of study-from home amidst the COVID-19 outbreaks urges most all level students to do online learning for their learning process. It attracts a diverse range of students with different learning motivations and prior experiences. This present study is aimed to investigate the students’ motivational beliefs in online learning, in particular focusing on how students’ motivational aspects of persistence values, self-efficacy, and test anxiety for taking online learning courses affect their learning behaviors and employments of motivated learning strategies. Applying a descriptive qualitative, investigation of the motivational beliefs of 186 online learners at the tertiary level, the questionnaire consisting of 34 statements was distributed to all participants. The findings detected that motivated learning strategies covering three substantial aspects of persistence values, self-efficacy, and test anxiety shaped how the students conceptualized the purpose of online learning and affected their perceptions of the learning process.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A8
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • THE ANALISYS OF STUDENTS’ DIFFICULTIES IN ACCOMPLISHING TOEFL MINIMUM
           SCORE AS THE FINAL REQUIREMENT

    • Authors: Indah Fadhilah Rahman, Kamsinah Kamsinah, Nur Aliyah Nur
      Pages: 359 - 373
      Abstract: : Uin Alauddin Makassar The research aimed to find out the difficulties that encountered by the students in answering the TOEFL, and to find out the strategies that can be applied in order to help students overcome their difficulties in TOEFL. This research applied descriptive research with qualitative approach as the data were analyzed qualitatively. This research was conducted in English Education Department in Tarbiyah and Teaching Training Faculty of UIN Alauddin Makassar with 40 subjects of the sixth to eight semester students of English Education Department by using purposive sampling. The data were collected by using opened-questionnaire. the researchers found that there were three kinds of difficulties encountered by students in answering the TOEFL test namely, (1) fewer basic skills in answering the TOEFL test, (2) the students’ less practice, and (3) the students’ lack of motivation in studying the skills of TOEFL test. In addition, there were some strategies that the students used when they encountered difficult question in answering the TOEFL test such as: (1) skipping the difficult items and focusing on the easier items, (2) thinking hard and usually spending so much time in one question, (3) thinking hard and effort to spend short time in one question, (4) and guessing. Through this research, it is suggested to the institution to conduct TOEFL preparation course and well-manageable TOEFL administration.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A9
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION ON VIRTUAL LEARNING OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND
           LITERATURE (ELL) COURSE DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC

    • Authors: Eka Rosita, Rafi'ah Nur, Siti Hajar Larekeng
      Pages: 374 - 394
      Abstract: Students found virtual lessons to be highly frustrating, therefore motivation to study is critical in completing the learning process, particularly in English language and literature courses. The researcher explores how the pandemic covid-19 influences student motivation during the pandemic covid-19 in this thesis. The mix method was utilized in this investigation, along with a sequential explanatory design. Students in class XII from SMAN 7 Wajo who had been attending English language and literature classes both offline and virtual were used as data sources. Respondents come from a variety of social classes. Researchers employed surveys, interviews, and documentation as data sources in this study, with data analysis through Quan-qual that followed Croswell's explanatory design. The data from the questionnaire was examined using quantitative data, while the data from the interview was studied using qualitative data. The researcher would then evaluate the entire data to answer the query difficulties after collecting the analysis.The results showed that students’ motivation was influenced by the covid-19 pandemic situation that used virtual classes for the ELL course. It showed from the data result that showed some motives that influenced the students such as internet connection, willingness to learn, etc.Due to an abundance of free time, some students get lazy and find it difficult to divide their time. Leisure time becomes both a hindrance and a boon. Leisure time provides several opportunities to learn more from various sources, but it also poses multiple challenges, such as a desire not to study. Too many assignments from other courses could stress the students out
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A10
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • STUDENTS AND TEACHERS’ ANXIETY LEVELS IN LEARNING ENGLISH DURING THE
           EMERGENCY REMOTE TEACHING IN INDONESIA

    • Authors: Ni Putu Intan Bidari, Made Hery Santosa, Gede Mahendrayana
      Pages: 395 - 408
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the anxiety level of the students and teachers in teaching and learning English during the emergency remote teaching in Indonesia. This quantitative study used Foreign Language Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) for collecting the students and teachers’ anxiety levels during the pandemic situation. The participants of the study were 199 students and 3 English teachers in a senior high school in Indonesia. The study found that the students’ anxiety level was moderate (3.04). It indicated that the students were not afraid but also did not fully enjoy learning English with the new learning system. Meanwhile, the teachers’ anxiety was categorized as low anxiety (2.2), meaning that the teachers enjoyed and did not worry about teaching English during the emergency remote teaching. In conclusion, new learning environment for EFL, the students and teachers had different anxiety levels with students needed more attentions for better assistance of optimal learning quality. The results of this study were expected to give beneficial information for the students and teachers that learn and teach English during the pandemic situation.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A11
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • POSTCOLONIAL THEORY: LACK FACTORS OF L2 ON L1 IN THE WRITING SKILL OR VICE
           VERSA

    • Authors: Dodi Erwin Prasetyo
      Pages: 409 - 422
      Abstract: the spread of English affects either in the education field or other language use. This emerges postcolonial theory which stresses on how the second language affects to first language or vice versa. this paper aims at discussing what postcolonial theory is, explaining the urgency of postcolonial theory for Egnlish writing, reviewing L1 and L2 written acquisitions and pondering some lack factors of L2 on L1 in the writing skill or vice versa. The factors were categorized as internal and external factors. Internal factors delineate as students-self ability in terms of psychological factors, socio cultural factors and linguistic factors. Meanwhile, external factors derive as students’ environments effects in terms of family factors, peer factors and instructor or teacher factors. The suggestion offers to the pedagogical aspects.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A12
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • INVESTIGATING THE ADVANTAGES OF BILINGUALISM: MULTIDIMENSIONAL RESEARCH
           FINDINGS

    • Authors: Gusti Putu Rustika Dewi, Putu Kerti Nitiasih, Luh Putu Artini, Ni Komang Arie Suwastini, Novi Diah Haryanti
      Pages: 423 - 441
      Abstract: Bilingualism is a widely discussed phenomenon due to its rising trend in this globalization era. Many negative conclusions about bilingualism have been met with positive outcomes from recent studies. This study was library research aimed at exploring the advantages of bilingualism in terms of cognitive, socio-emotional, as well as academic and career advantages of bilingualism as proven by previous studies published in reputable international journals indexed by Scopus or WoS from 2015 to 2020. The critical review revealed that bilingualism provides cognitive, socio-emotional, academic and career advantages. In terms of cognitive advantages, bilingualism contributes to better executive functioning and working memory and delaying the cognitive aging disease. Socio-emotionally, bilingualism promotes self-confidence, empathy, friendliness, communicative skills, and a more open-minded attitude toward cultural differences, respect toward speakers of other languages. Academically, bilinguals show higher achievement, while career-wise, there is a high preference for companies to hire bilinguals and a high possibility of getting promotions. These conclusions imply that early exposure to bilingualism provides opportunities for children to develop their cognitive and socio-emotional better that contribute to their academic and career.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A13
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Netflix as a Digital EFL Learning Aid for Vocabulary Improvement: College
           Students’ Perspective

    • Authors: Ivana Jane Damanik, Caroline Victorine Katemba
      Pages: 442 - 455
      Abstract: In the digital era, people use technology to expand the source of learning and teaching. To comprehend a general discussion at a native speaker level, one needs a vocabulary of thousands of words. This research seeks to find out college students' perception about English movies/series in Netflix contribution as digital EFL learning aid on vocabulary improvement. The research questions of this study are: (1). What is the perspective between private university students and state university students towards Netflix as digital EFL learning' (2). Is there any significant difference between female and male students' perspectives toward Netflix as digital EFL learning' (3). Are there any differences in the perspective about Netflix as a digital EFL learning based on their age' This study employed a qualitative method by giving an online questionnaire on Google Form. The questionnaire is distributed to students in various universities. The subject of this research is college students who are taking English classes. The findings of this study indicate that watching English movies/series on Netflix can help students improve their vocabulary.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A14
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • THE VOCABULARY MEMORISATION STRATEGY BEFORE ENTERING THE CLASSROOM AND THE
           USAGE OF THE MEMORISATION CARD

    • Authors: Hamzar Acha, Kurnia Kurnia
      Pages: 456 - 470
      Abstract: This research aimed to explore the students’ responses towards the vocabulary memorisation strategy before entering the classroom and the usage of the memorisation card, and students’ vocabulary increase after joining the English class. This study employed a qualitative method which involved nine informants as the total samples. The results pinpointed precisely that the students gave profoundly positive attitudes to the application of vocabulary memorisation strategy before entering the classroom and the usage of the memorisation card. Both strategies likewise boosted the students’ lexical items significantly which could be ultimately depicted by visible result proofs such as helping the students to accomplish their assignments at home or quizzes in the classroom without any assistance from Google, other devices or friends, to aid them to produce more stocks of words in speaking practice and writing activity, to grasp the listening and reading comprehension, to pronounce the words correctly as well as to comprehend the meaning of the words or sentences. The result implication is that the educators both formal and informal institutions are recommended implicitly to apply those practical strategies in order to address students’ low motivation to study English and to escalate their four language skills and subskills rapidly.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • SPEAKING PROJECT BASED-LEARNING (SPjBL) AS AN INNOVATIVE LEARNING IN
           PROMOTING STUDENTS’ SPEAKING SKILL AT SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL CONTEXT

    • Authors: Nurdevi Bte Abdul, Herlina Daddi, A. Kamariah
      Pages: 471 - 483
      Abstract: This study concerns with the implementation of Project Based-Learning in promoting students’ speaking skill at senior high school context. It focuses on finding out students’ improvement in Speaking through Project-Based Learning (PjBL). It also described the teacher’s way in implementing PjBL, and students’ response. Since the learning activities focused on speaking materials, so the terms of Speaking Project-Based Learning (SPjBL) was used in this study. Classroom action research for three cycles was applied in this research. Each cycle consisted of four phases, namely planning, action, observation, and reflection. Students’ activity during the lesson running was observed and recorded. At the end of each cycle, the researchers conducted speaking test to know students’ improvement and interview was administered to students for knowing their response on SPjBL. The research findings indicates that the students’ speaking skill improve from cycle one to cycle two, and from cycle two to cycle three. It is proven by calculating students’ test score that cycle one is 77.85, cycle two is 82.61, and cycle three is 83.88. The students give positive response of the use of SPjBL in improving their speaking skill. Therefore, it can be concluded that, the SPjBL as an innovative learning could improve students’ speaking skill at school context. This study gives two implications on theoretical and practical in terms of applying the appropriate learning approach or method enhance students’ skill and achievement.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      DOI: 10.24252/Eternal.V72.2021.A16
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
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