Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 2147 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (276 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (201 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (180 journals)
    - NOVELS (13 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (500 journals)
    - POETRY (23 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
19 : Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AALITRA Review     Open Access  
AbeÁfrica : Revista da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Africanos     Open Access  
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Abusões     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Litteraria Romanica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Litteraria Rossica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae     Open Access  
Actes de la Journée des Sciences et Savoirs     Open Access  
Actio Nova : Revista de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad Americam     Open Access  
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Akra Kültür Sanat ve Edebiyat Dergisi / Akra Journal of Culture Art and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aksara     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Abhath     Full-text available via subscription  
Al-Andalus : Magreb     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ALED : Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios del Discurso     Open Access  
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algarrobo-MEL     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Altralang Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
América sin Nombre     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Anagrama     Open Access  
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anàlisi : Quaderns de Comunicació i Cultura     Open Access  
ANAPHORA : Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
Annales islamologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuario     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Ao Pé da Letra     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arabia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivum     Open Access  
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Translation and Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Astra Salvensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access  
Ateneo Korean Studies Conference Proceedings     Open Access  
Aturá : Revista Pan-Amazônica de Comunicação     Open Access  
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Babel : Revista Eletrônica de Línguas e Literaturas Estrangeiras     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bahasa dan Seni : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bamboo and Silk     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Barnelitterært forskningstidsskrift     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basastra : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
BASINDO : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra Indonesia, dan Pembelajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Belas Infiéis     Open Access  
Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beyond Words     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Bibliotheca Dantesca : Journal of Dante Studies     Open Access  
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bisanzio e l'Occidente     Open Access  
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Boletín de Literatura Comparada     Open Access  
Boletín Galego de Literatura     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 119)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Brazilian Journalism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bridging Cultures     Open Access  
British (Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris)     Open Access  
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin De L' Association Thaïlandaise Des Professeurs de Français     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access  
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Caderno de Letras     Open Access  
Caderno de Squibs : Temas em estudos formais da linguagem     Open Access  
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cadernos de Literatura em Tradução     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de Narratologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers d’Études Germaniques     Open Access  
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
caleidoscópio: linguagem e tradução     Open Access  
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of European and Russian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caracol     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
CAUCE : Revista Internacional de Filología, Comunicación y sus Didácticas     Open Access  
CELEHIS : Revista del Centro de Letras Hispanoamericanas     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Chimères     Open Access  
Chinese Studies Journal     Open Access  
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencies. Cartafueyos Asturianos de Ciencia y Teunoloxía     Open Access  
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Claraboia     Open Access  
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Coastal Review : An Online Peer-reviewed Journal     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Colloquia Germanica     Full-text available via subscription  
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Commonwealth Essays and Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication and Culture Online / Komunikacija i kultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Comparative Literature : East & West     Open Access  
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Comunicação & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunicação e Sociedade     Open Access  
Comunicación y Género     Open Access  
Con Texte     Open Access  
Conexión     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Consonanze     Open Access  
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contextes et Didactiques     Open Access  
Contexto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergences Francophones     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coolabah     Open Access  
Corpus Pragmatics : International Journal of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cracow Indological Studies     Open Access  
Criando     Open Access  
Crime Fiction Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Croatica et Slavica Iadertina     Open Access  
Crossways Journal     Open Access  
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos del CILHA     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura de la República : Revista de Análisis Crítico (CRRAC)     Open Access  
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Dalhousie French Studies     Open Access  
Das Questões     Open Access  
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
Diagonal : Zeitschrift der Universität Siegen     Hybrid Journal  
Dialectologia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dialogues : An Interdisciplinary Journal of English Language Teaching and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Diciottesimo Secolo : Rivista della Società Italiana di Studi sul Secolo XVIII     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
DIGILEC : Revista Internacional de Lenguas y Culturas     Open Access  
DIKBASTRA : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra     Open Access  
Dil ve Edebiyat Araştırmaları     Open Access  
Discours     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Dil ve Edebiyat Araştırmaları
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1308-5069 - ISSN (Online) 2149-0651
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [187 journals]
  • No title

    • Authors: Uğur YOKSUL
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • No title

    • Authors: Ali KARAHAN
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Study on Translation of The News About Covid-19 Within The Framework of
           Skopos Theory

    • Authors: Serhan DİNDAR
      Abstract: Skopos theory, one of the most important theories in translation studies, examines the process of translation. This theory focuses particularly on the purpose of translation. In skopos theory, translation is a human activity and each activity primarily has a purpose. Translation process begins with a starting point and ends with an ending point. For this process, the main thing and the aim is to get to the target point. So, the theory of skopos is completely target-oriented. It focuses on target-oriented texts and the function of these texts on target culture. Target-oriented texts that address an audience are quite functional texts and they aim to give them information on any subject or explain something. One of those types of text is news. News (or announcements) gives certain information on current topics to the public through mass media. These types of text spread information through the press, television, radio and the Internet. In this context, the translation of news, being a type of informative text, must provide this informative function in the target language and culture. Thus, we must translate them in a target-oriented way and give functionally the sense, effect of the source text and its message in target culture as much as possible. In terms of skopos theory, there isn’t an analysis of the translation of news on Covid-19, which is a fairly current and global health issue. This makes it possible to produce a study on the reflection of the theory of skopos in translations of this type of text. The objective of this study is to show with an inductive method that it is possible to observe the process of the theory of skopos in translations of sanitary news with the examples of translation from French to Turkish of news (announcements) on the Covid-19 taken from the website of Consulate General of France.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Tradition of Transferring From Prose to Nazma and Abdi’s Prophet and
           Hatice’s Masnawi Describing Their Marriage: Hikâyet-i Tezvîc-i
           Sultân-ı Enbiyâ

    • Authors: Seydi KİRAZ; Emrah BİLGİN
      Abstract: Among the works that were copyrighted or tran The Tradition of Transferring From Prose to Nazma and Abdi’s Prophet. Prophet and Hz. Hatice’s Masnavi Describing Her Marriage: Hikayet-i Tezvîc-i Sultan-ı Enbiyâslated in Turkish literature, there are works that were reconstructed in a later period. Although the originals of these works are in Turkish and in prose, there are examples that have been translated into Turkish but in verse. When this type of works are examined, it is understood that sometimes some parts of the source text were removed during the transfer process, and sometimes new parts that were not in the source text were added to the work. It is seen that the effort in transferring such works, most of which have a religious content, to verse is generally for pedagogical purposes. In this study, which is aimed to contribute to the field of translation studies as well as the field of literature, first of all, it was discussed which of the works transferred from prose to verse in Turkish-Islamic literature could be evaluated by making use of the studies done so far, and four more identified work was added to the list. The work, which is the subject of the study, is based on the important work of Qadi Darīr called Sīretü’n-nebī, which includes some firsts in the development process of Islamic literature. It was formed by transferring the part about the marriage of the Prophet to verse by Abdī, one of the 16th century poets. In this study, Abdī’s work called Hikāyet-i Tezvīc-i Sultān-ı Enbiyā will be examined in detail and the transcripted text of the work will be revealed.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Systematic Review of Program Evaluation Studies in EFL: The Turkish Case

    • Authors: Ömer Faruk İPEK
      Abstract: English language education has been provided at all levels of education for a long time in Turkey as well as in the rest of the world. In order to assess the objectives, content, expected target outputs, effectiveness or weakness of the language education given, program evaluation studies are carried out. In this study, a systematic review study was conducted in order to determine English as a foreign language (EFL) teaching program evaluation studies in Turkey published between 2017-2020, and to investigate the levels of these studies, research patterns and focus of the published articles. For systematic review, ERIC and Google Scholar databases were searched and the key words such as "program evaluation, EFL, Turkey" were used. When the results are examined, a total of 23 studies were found between the mentioned years, and most of the studies were conducted on university programs, and the majority of them were conducted as qualitative research. Based on the results, it was revealed that the program evaluation studies were not evenly distributed equally in terms of education level, and it was understood that the subfields of the program were studied rather than the general content. This undesired state revealed the need for more research on the general program content and lower education levels in program evaluation studies.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Evolution of Latin until the Appearance of the Romance Languages

    • Authors: Marıa Jesus HORTA SANZ
      Abstract: Latin is a language of Indo-European origin that eventually spread over many territories being the language of Rome. While in the eastern part of the Mediterranean it had to coexist with classical Greek, in the western part it became the hegemonic language. It was never a homogeneous language, but had numerous variations according to geography, social class, sex, education, profession or mother tongue of the people who spoke it. It also evolved over the centuries, until it led to medieval Latin, which, with some variants introduced in the Renaissance, is the Latin that is still studied in many educational centers. By the eleventh century Latin began a rapid decline and soon after disappeared definitively as a spoken language, although it continued to be used in certain written texts. From that medieval Latin emerged the Romance languages, first only as spoken variants and, later, as languages proper. Knowing Latin, knowing how it evolved, why and in what way it evolved, helps us to better understand the linguistic mechanisms of the Romance languages.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Problem of the Idiomatized Syntax in the Language System (A Case of
           Russian-Turkish Language Pair)

    • Authors: Olena KOZAN
      Abstract: Being a multidimensional phenomenon, the interaction between form and meaning in the language system is examined at different levels of the language and through various concepts and approaches. The starting point of these approaches can be defined as the examination of the transformation process of an element or elements of the language system, which take on the function of naming an object, phenomenon or event, into an independent word or lexical structure. It is found that this process which can be defined as “lexicalization” or “idiomatization” has been investigated at the levels of morphemes and words, but there are few studies on the syntax dimension. Based on the fact that the phenomenon, which can be defined as idiomatized syntax, is an inseparable element of daily life and media discourse, the importance of studying idiomatized syntactic structures in the language pairs, both in terms of linguistic typology and foreign language education as well as translation studies, being the research areas of applied linguistics, was highlighted. It has been determined that currently there are no studies concerning Russian-Turkish language pair based on the contrastive approach to the problem. Thus, the subject of the study has been defined as idiomatized syntactic structures in contemporary Russian and Turkish. Within the scope of the study the priority was given to the action-based idiomatized structures, since action is a basic cognitive category that encodes information about the structure and elements of an event in the reality. As the scope of the study focuses on contemporary Russian-Turkish language pair, basic approaches and concepts towards idiomatized syntax in Russian and Turkish linguistics have been examined. The analysis of the action-based idiomatized syntactic structures in Russian and Turkish is followed by the discussion of the similarities and differences between these structures in the language pair.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Who is Unreliable Narrator'

    • Authors: Sümeyye SAMAT
      Abstract: Narratology, which became a separate field of study after the 1960’s, trying to deconstruct the narrative, and to reveal the relationships between the elements of the narrative. Discussions on the nature of the narrative enable the narrator to be handled in the light of different approaches, and thus new concepts are created. One of these concepts is the concept of unreliable narrator put forward by Wayne C. Booth. The reader, who produces various versions of the real author based on her own knowledge and experience, discovers the unreliability through the relationship between the implied author and the narrator. Reliability occurs when the narrator coincides with the implied author, and unreliability arises in the opposite case. Although the concept of the unreliable narrator, which is directly related to the other elements of the text creates a rich discussion environment, it brings with it many theoretical problems. While the detection of unreliability became a theoretical necessity for the narrative, objective answers could not be produced in the face of questions such as its sources, the way it apperence of and its dilemmas. The unreliable narrator is a concept that the reader creates in order to explain the contradictions arising from the narrator. Knotting of the relationship between the unreliable narrator and the reader in the heading "subjectivity" has confined the studies to a limited framework. In this study, the problems of the unreliable narrator, which has not yet been clarified and agreed by the researchers, and the role of the reader in the title of unreliable narrator will be examined.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • On Syntactic and Semantic Functions of Verba Sentiendi in Sentence/Clause
           Linking

    • Authors: Ahmet Şefik ŞENLİK
      Abstract: In Turkish there are some formal syntactic options to link propositions, which are related to each other semantically. The sentences/clauses can be juxtaposed, coordinated or subordinated syntactically. Even juxtaposed sentences can have very close semantic relationships. Thereby the conjunctional adverbs act a great part. But there are also possibilities to connect sentences without conjunctional adverbs. A combination pattern built by means of verbs of sense/perceptions allows us this possibility. This combination pattern mostly appears in the spoken language, including the dialects. That pattern consists at least of three propositions (A, B and C segments) and for its configuration a verb of sense/perception is necessary as the first predication. Sometimes the verb of perception is followed by the conjunction ki. But this is not an obligation. So it arises between second and third segments (propositions) a semantic relation, which can be interpreted as temporal succession, causality or conditionality. Another obligation for this pattern is subject sameness/identity of the first and third predication.In this paper we discuss the structure, semantic and syntactic features of the mentioned combination pattern and compare contemporary examples with historical ones.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Totalitarian Regime in Herta Müller's Novel "The Fox
           Was Still a Hunter

    • Authors: Merve KARABULUT
      Abstract: In this study, Herta Müller's novel "The Fox Was Already a Hunter", in which she sheds light on the Ceausescu period, which has gained a worldwide reputation with the Nobel Prize in Literature, is discussed in sociopolitical terms. Müller, who deals with the dictatorship, authority and oppression of Ceausescu in the novel, opens the doors of an extraordinary fictional world to the reader with her narrative style. Müller, who focuses on coming to terms with the past while writing her works in a fictional sense, also embodies the historical panorama of Romania. Totalitarian oppression and regime are emphatically felt in the novel with the narrator and the way of expression, and this situation is the main determinant of the novel. Since all social and political data are evaluated within the socio-political element in Müller's novels, it is possible to say that investigating them also reveals Müller's writing style. The ordeal of what she has lived through improves her creative ability and leads to the emergence of her poetic attitude. Müller aims to criticize communism that brought misery to these lands (Romania) by making the society she is in a tool with her unique transfer style and wants to show that this regime has nothing to give to the people. She criticizes the ignoring of the experiences, being silent and not reacting to them, and emphasizes this in all the works she deals with.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Güngör Dilmen’s Play Deli Dumrul within the Framework of
           Intertextuality

    • Authors: Ömer SAĞLAM
      Abstract: Güngör Dilmen’s play named Deli Dumrul, which he wrote in 1979, provides a wide range of material in the context of intertextuality theory. In his play Deli Dumrul, Dilmen rewrites the story titled “Duha Koca-Oğlu Deli Dumrul Boyu” from Dede Korkut Hikayeleri. In addition, Dilmen establishes intertextual connections with works such as Karagöz plays and Cervantes’ novel Don Quixote. Intertextuality theory, put forward by Julia Kristeva in the 1960s, the representative of the poststructuralist tradition, argues that every text is formed by the reorganization of the previous texts. According to Kristeva, within itself, every text is formed as a result of dissolving and transformation of another text. Any form of exchange between texts are included in the scope of intertextuality theory, and the open or closed relationship established between two or more texts is revealed through intertextuality methods such as quotation, parody, pastiche, rewriting. Due to this relationship, Dilmen's play Deli Dumrul will be analyzed within the framework of intertextuality theory in this article. First of all, the concept of intertextuality, its theory and methods will be emphasized, then how Dilmen transformed “Duha Koca-Oğlu Deli Dumrul Boyu” story in his play Deli Dumrul will be discussed in the context of intertextuality theory and Dilmen’s play will be examined within the framework of intertextuality methods such as quotation, parody, pastiche, and rewriting. The aim of this study is to investigate, in his play Deli Dumrul how Dilmen transformed the story of “Duha Koca-Oğlu Deli Dumrul Boyu” from Dede Korkut Hikayeleri, which is an epic masterpiece of Turkish literature. The aim of this study is to examine what other texts the author relates to, and how he changed the formal structure and meaning of the story, while rewriting the story of “Duha Koca-Oğlu Deli Dumrul Boyu” in his play Deli Dumrul.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Representation of African Women in Aminatta Forna’s The Memory of
           Love

    • Authors: Eren BOLAT
      Abstract: This study focuses on the female characters in Aminatta Forna’s The Memory of Love and investigates how these characters are portrayed and represented. In my study investigating African women in the selected novel, it has been observed that Forna includes several types of female characters by deconstructing the docile, weak, and submissive African woman image, especially depicted with an orientalist and western perspective. Another noteworthy aspect of the work is that, though Forna features multiple female characters, the African women in the novel are overshadowed. Even though Forna, as an African woman writer, destroys the stereotypes of weak and inferior African woman image, the fact that the novel’s narrators are male characters and the details of the female characters are included in the male narrators’ stories prevented the female characters’ voices from being heard loudly. The African women at the center of the novel are perceived as silent and speechless characters since they are in the position of being told rather than as narrators. Accordingly, this paper delves into Forna’s novel on the basis of female characters and focuses on how African women are represented.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • States of Femininity in Sevgi Soysal's Works

    • Authors: Sezin Seda ALTUN
      Abstract: In the 1960s, the feminist movement focuses on the gender-based discrimination, challenging the sexist views confining women’s freedom and existence in the world. This issue has been problematized in Turkish literature especially in the works of the ‘68 generation authors. Beginning to write in the 60’s and flourishing in the 70’s and later, authors such as Tomris Uyar, Adalet Ağaoğlu, Sevim Burak, Füruzan ve Sevgi Soysal enrich and deepen the representation of women in literature and take a firm stance against gender-based inequality and the determining and oppressive language of male hegemony. Sevgi Soysal has assumed a leading role with her sensitivity on women’s issue and her questioning, critical and sometimes rebellious attitude against traditional sexist roles and patterns of taught and behaviour in society. The struggle of women to gain freedom by getting rid of gender roles and to realize their existence with their own will, desires, orientation and preferences is a strong theme in all of the author’s works. In this study, women’s representations in Sevgi Soysal's Tutkulu Perçem (1962), Venüslü Kadınlar (1965), Tante Rosa (1968), Yürümek (1970), Yenişehir’de Bir Öğle Vakti (1973), Şafak (1975), Barış Adlı Çocuk (1976) will be emphasized and femininity situations will be examined in the context of gender.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Story of Cemil Kavukçu’s Entitled Ablam as an Example of
           Semiotic Analysis

    • Authors: İlker AYDIN; Yunus Emre UYAR
      Abstract: Semiology is an analytical approach that examines how narrative texts are structured by revealing their structural features. It provides to reveal the grammar of the narrative by determining the semantic and discursive planes that structure the texts. It was defined by one of its founders, Ferdinand de Saussure, as the study of “the life of signs within society.” In this study, the semiotic analysis of Cemil Kavukçu’s story titled Ablam, which has an important place in Turkish literature after 1980 with its storyteller identity, is aimed. This qualitative study was carried out with the document analysis model. For this purpose, first of all, the text is divided into chapter and sections, and the general arrangement of the narrative is revealed. Then, within the framework of Greimas’s example of actors, the actors are determined and the axes that establish the relations between them are determined, the action, competence, action and sanction processes and modalities that make up the narrative program are shown. Then, figurative contrasts were determined, space and description, use of time, point of view and thematic roles were revealed. Since bodily expressions have a very prominent function in the construction of meaning, they were also included in the study. Thus, the grammar of Cemil Kavukçu’s narrative has been revealed. In addition, it has been concluded that semiotic analysis is related to many of the reading comprehension achievements within the framework of Turkish teaching.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Gurbetname by Guvahi

    • Authors: Hacı İbrahim DEMİRKAZIK
      Abstract: It is unknown when Guvahi, one of the 16th century poets, was born. It is certain that he had died after the year 1527. Although it is said in some sources that his name is Mehmed and his father's name is Abdullah, this information should however, be approached with suspicion. He lived his life in Geyve, which is known as a district of Sakarya today, with a profession in cavalry. According to the available recources, he has known to have four legacy pieces of work, namely; Pendname, Tazarruname, İbretname and Gurbetname. The date of when the Gurbetname was written, which is the subject of this study, is currently unknown. According to the manuscripts in which we can identify, the number of couplets of his work is 105. Written in a masnavi verse. As the name suggests, Gurbetname is a piece of work that ideally deals with the subject of expatriates. Guvahi expressed through his work the difficulty of being abroad in the language of a Water Wheel. The Gurbetname is a work of sufistic advice. It was written in a simple language according to that era. The piece was written in a narrative writing style. The depictions in Gurbetname are quite successful. There are also good examples of the use of figures of speech in the work. In this study, Guvahi's life and his pieces of work were emphasized, the content of the Gurbetname was mentioned, the form and features of the piece were discussed, information was given about the manuscripts and the critical text was presented.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Tüzükat or Vakıat-ı Emir Timur in the Context of the Legitimacy
           Efforts of Khoqand Khanate

    • Authors: Serap ALPER
      Abstract: The manuscript named Vakıat-ı Emir Timur (Memoirs of Emir Timur) is a translation of a Persian manuscript. It was presented as a PhD thesis in 2013, (with the transcription of the text, including its translation into Turkey Turkish with grammar analysis) in the field of Turkish language. It is known by different names in the literature such as Tüzükat-ı Timuri, Mülfüzat-ı Timuri, Vakıat-ı Sahibkıran. It was translated from Persian to Chagatai Turkish by Hatıf in 1836 and presented to the Khan of Khokand, Muhammed Ali Khan. The manuscript, which first appeared in the Indian geography and claimed to have been written by Timur himself, was translated from its Turkish original into Persian by Ebu Talib Hüseyni et-Türbeti in 1637 and presented to the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan commissioned a palace clerk named Mohammad Afzal Bukhari to harmonize the manuscript with Yazdi’s Zafername. Tüzükat, which was translated into English by William Davy in 1783, was presented to the whole world as an autobiography of Timur. Between the 18th and 20th centuries, while it was accepted as an original source with its translations into French, English, Urdu and Eastern Turkish, on the other hand, it was ignored or considered as a false case written by imitating Babur Shah’s memoirs by a group of academics working on the history of Timurid who are trying to carry out their studies on a scientific basis. Two centuries after its emergence in the Indian geography, its presentation to a Turkish ruler in the Farghana valley, also shows the use of the Timurid cult as a basis of legitimacy in the meaning of a propaganda accepted in the official discourse. In this article, it will be discussed how the Khoqand Dynasty, which had been separated from the Bukhara Khanate in 1709 and established a government in the Fergana valley, formed its own discourses by establishing false genealogies, violating the tradition of “coming from the lineage of Genghis Khan to be a ruler” prevailing in Central Asia.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • On Updating the Critical Text of The Divans

    • Authors: Ferhat MUSLUOĞLU
      Abstract: The publication of divans, which are the main sources of classical Turkish poetry, has been one of the most important fields of study for classical Turkish literature from the beginning. Most of the divan publications prepared with the critical text method, which serves the purpose of obtaining a copy closest to the author's copy by comparing a large number of copies, are available both in print and digitally. The divans of well-known and important poets were prepared by valuable researchers and presented to the benefit of the scientific community. The number of sofas waiting to be studied is almost non-existent. As a result of this situation, studies in the field of Ottoman poetry in recent years have developed in the form of understanding the texts at hand and the detection and evaluation of the philological and cultural material that has emerged. In particular, the publication of translated texts stands out as a preferred study subject due to its significant contributions to both the field and the health of the text. The divans of important poets such as Hayâlî Bey, Hayretî, Ahmed Pasha, Taşlıcalı Yahya are the divan publications that have been prepared or are being prepared in this manner. In this paper, the reasons and results of re-studying the texts of which the critical texts were prepared years ago are emphasized. The data obtained as a result of the comparison of the old and new critical texts have been evaluated and it is aimed to draw a useful result in the name of classical Turkish poetry.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • THE EFFECTS OF GODS ON FATE AND THE CONCEPT OF FREE WILL IN ANCIENT GREEK
           IN THE LIGHT OF ILLIAD, ODDYSEY AND THEOGONIA

    • Authors: Yeşim DİLEK
      Abstract: The Iliad and Odyssey, which were written by Homer, are very important ancient Works that presenting the historical reality of the Ancient Greek era and the mythological world in harmony. One of the most important factors that make these works valuable is that while their plot describing one of the most important wars of ancient times the Trojan War they also reflect the perspectives of the Ancient Greeks on the perception of fate. Another important work that sheds light on the concept of fate and free will in Ancient Greece is Hesiod’s Theogonia. In this work, Hesiod explained the foundation of the universe and the journey of the creation from chaos to order with the myths of the emergence of the gods. It has been observed that human life was given much less place in Theogonia than in the Iliad and Odyssey. In this sense in Theogonia, it is better to examine the perception of fate at the level of immortals rather than mortals. The purpose of this study is to examine how the concept of fate, free will and the role of gods were handled in these three ancient works in detail. While these issues are being discussed, it is aimed to focus on the actions of man and gods and the relationship between them and the effects of their actions to the absolute end.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Extracting A Social Type From Divan Poetry: The Example Of The Geda

    • Authors: Alper GÜNAYDIN
      Abstract: Adjectives such as homeless, beggar, and forlorn describe the geda. Geda, which is one of the most frequently referenced character types in Divan literature, also holds a large place in Navā’ī’s four divans written in Chagatai Turkish. It is also important because it is one of the main characters of the divan poetry tradition and many divan poets including Navā’ī defines themselves as a geda. In this study, the geda, only one of the 150-odd social types identified in our doctoral dissertation study, is discussed. While revealing how the geda is referred to in the poems it is also aimed to present the sociological frame which is applied to all the social types in the dissertation study. After the data obtained by scanning all the poems in divans of Navā’ī are examined, many issues can be detected such as who the geda is, his daily life, his look, etc. In addition to these issues, some deeper sociological points such as why a person becomes a geda, how society looks at him, the place of the geda in social stratification, and his relation to other social types can be determined clearly. It is seen that the poet draws a geda profile, sometimes indirectly through similes, contrasts, or metaphors, sometimes by directly depicting it. This process is called “characterization” in literature and “categorization” in sociology. Studying poems with a sociological framework not only contribute to a better understanding of the usage of characterization in literature it also helps us to understand how and to what extent literature is related to social life. The similarities between the concepts of “type character” of literature and “social type” of sociology will be shown practically; The functionality of preparing a “thematic glossary” in the process of determining the characters or social types from a literary work will be demonstrated.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • “There’s a great text in Galatians”: Episodic Memory in Robert
           Browning’s Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister and Porphyria’s Lover

    • Authors: Derya ORUÇ
      Abstract: Episodic memory defines human conduct through mental time travel which allows the individual a choice in decision-making by bringing forth personal past events, as well as future-thinking of a specific situation or creating counterfactual situations in the mind. It holds the capacity to position the individual in the past, future, and conditional states with the aid of autonoetic consciousness which provides the opportunity to consider all aspects of thoughts in order to make decisions. This unique mental time travel which is only provided by episodic memory and not by other memory types, reconstructs an individual’s memories from the past and activates the state of envisioning. In connection to this theory, this article’s aim is to analyse the occurrences of episodic memory in Robert Browning’s “Soliloquy of the Spanish Cloister” and “Porphyria’s Lover”. The first poem is about a Spanish monk who delivers a soliloquy about the intense dislike he had experienced in the past as he watches his fellow monk Brother Lawrence organize and complete his gardening rounds. As the Spanish monk plots to allure Brother Lawrence into impure feelings which is connected to future-thinking in episodic memory, he also reveals his experiences in the past that had created his hostility towards Brother Lawrence. Another instance of episodic memory is found at the very end of the poem wherein he creates a counterfactual situation. On the other hand, “Porphyria’s Lover” introduces a crime of passion in which an unhealthy obsession of a lover is observed. Robert Browning acquaints the reader with abnormal psychology with his depiction of Porphyria’s serene executioner who reveals the details of the night one step at a time, right up to the act of crime by exposing his episodic memory.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Digging Walden’s Soil with Marxist Tools: A Study on Thoreau’s
           Walden

    • Authors: Sultan KOMUT BAKINÇ
      Abstract: The nineteenth century saw industrialization become a significant force in the United State of America, just as in much of the developed world, and with these new developments, the so-called new Eden started to face the corruption of modern life. With mechanization came the speed-up associated with capitalist production, and alongside this speed-up came ideas of the corruption of society with the evils it bears: wealth and avarice, degradation of human values, and general indifference to nature and one's self. Some movements of the century, such as philosophical Transcendentalism and the Utopian Societies, can be understood as nascent reactions to this increasingly corrupted system. Henry David Thoreau, one of the most prominent writers of Transcendentalism, was also a very influential figure and critic in terms of social life and politics. He rebelled against institutions of every kind: church, state, social convention, inherited tradition, and indeed even eschewed society itself, turning his back on it to spend two years in the natural isolation of a wood-built cabin by Walden Pond. Like his contemporary, philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary socialist Karl Marx, Thoreau believed that there was a connection between social justice and political economy. He was a daring fighter against particular modes of capitalism, religious organizations he saw as oppressive, and the coercive actions of an unfair state; he was also an ardent advocate for the abolition of slavery and for the emancipation of African Americans. This article argues that, to a great extent, even though Thoreau cannot be called a Marxist, Walden was an experiment in building an idealistic world in which with no class division, no religion, no ownership similar to a Marxist utopia in microcosm. Thus, Thoreau emerges as a revolutionist, and in his microcosm; Thoreau had no rules, no social division, or no private property. Much as, the language they use is quite different and Thoreau does not use Marxist terms, the similar themes they explore in their works cannot be underestimated. Hence, the aim, here, is to cultivate Walden's soil and unearth the connections between Marxist philosophy, in particular, The Communist Manifesto and Thoreau's Walden. While the paper considers Walden as a whole, the focus is primarily on the first chapter of the book, "Economy" and the ideas presented in this chapter are compared with those in the pithiest expression of Marx's political program The Communist Manifesto.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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