Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 2165 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (276 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (201 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (180 journals)
    - NOVELS (13 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (518 journals)
    - POETRY (23 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 1 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
19 : Interdisciplinary Studies in the Long Nineteenth Century     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
a/b : Auto/Biography Studies : Journal of The Autobiography Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AALITRA Review     Open Access  
AbeÁfrica : Revista da Associação Brasileira de Estudos Africanos     Open Access  
Abgadiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Abusões     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Baltico-Slavica     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Literaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neophilologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Litteraria Romanica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Lodziensis : Folia Litteraria Rossica     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae     Open Access  
Actes de la Journée des Sciences et Savoirs     Open Access  
Actio Nova : Revista de Teoría de la Literatura y Literatura Comparada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad Americam     Open Access  
AFRREV IJAH : An International Journal of Arts and Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Akra Kültür Sanat ve Edebiyat Dergisi / Akra Journal of Culture Art and Literature     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aksara     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Abhath     Full-text available via subscription  
Al-Andalus : Magreb     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ALED : Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios del Discurso     Open Access  
Aletria : Revista de Estudos de Literatura     Open Access  
Algarrobo-MEL     Open Access  
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Altralang Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
América sin Nombre     Open Access  
American Book Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Philology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Literary Realism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Anagrama     Open Access  
Anagramas : Rumbos y Sentidos de la Comunicación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anales Galdosianos     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Anàlisi : Quaderns de Comunicació i Cultura     Open Access  
ANAPHORA : Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Âncora : Revista Latino-Americana de Jornalismo     Open Access  
Aniki : Revista Portuguesa da Imagem em Movimento     Open Access  
Annales islamologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anuari de Filologia. Llengües i Literatures Modernes     Open Access  
Anuario     Open Access  
Anuário de Literatura     Open Access  
Anuario Lope de Vega. Texto, literatura, cultura     Open Access  
Ao Pé da Letra     Open Access  
Appalachian Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Arabia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivum     Open Access  
Arethusa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Argumentation et analyse du discours     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Arizona Quarterly: A Journal of American Literature, Culture, and Theory     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Ars Aeterna     Open Access  
Artelogie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Arthuriana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Artl@s Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arts et Savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia Pacific Translation and Intercultural Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Astra Salvensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atalanta : Revista de las Letras Barrocas     Open Access  
Atalaya     Open Access  
Ateneo Korean Studies Conference Proceedings     Open Access  
Aturá : Revista Pan-Amazônica de Comunicação     Open Access  
Australian Journal of French Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Literary Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Babel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Babel : Revista Eletrônica de Línguas e Literaturas Estrangeiras     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bahasa dan Seni : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Balkanologie : Revue d'Études Pluridisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bamboo and Silk     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Barnboken : Journal of Children's Literature Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Barnelitterært forskningstidsskrift     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basastra : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
BASINDO : Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra Indonesia, dan Pembelajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Belas Infiéis     Open Access  
Bergen Language and Linguistics Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Between     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beyond Words     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Bibliotheca Dantesca : Journal of Dante Studies     Open Access  
Biography     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Bisanzio e l'Occidente     Open Access  
Black Camera     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Black Women, Gender & Families     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Boletim de Pesquisa NELIC     Open Access  
Boletín de Literatura Comparada     Open Access  
Boletín Galego de Literatura     Open Access  
Book History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 115)
Bookbird: A Journal of International Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Brazilian Journalism Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bridging Cultures     Open Access  
British (Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris)     Open Access  
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Brookings-Wharton Papers on Financial Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Brumal. Revista de investigación sobre lo Fantástico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin De L' Association Thaïlandaise Des Professeurs de Français     Open Access  
Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Bulletin of the Center for Children's Books     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bunron : Zeitschrift für literaturwissenschaftliche Japanforschung     Open Access  
Byzantion Nea Hellás     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Caderno de Letras     Open Access  
Caderno de Squibs : Temas em estudos formais da linguagem     Open Access  
Caderno Seminal     Open Access  
Cadernos de Literatura em Tradução     Open Access  
Cahiers Balkaniques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d'histoire. Revue d'histoire critique     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Cahiers de civilisation espagnole contemporaine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers de littérature orale     Open Access  
Cahiers de Narratologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cahiers du Monde Russe     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Cahiers d’Études Germaniques     Open Access  
Cahiers d’études italiennes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cahiers franco-canadiens de l'Ouest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
caleidoscópio: linguagem e tradução     Open Access  
Callaloo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Cambridge Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of European and Russian Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caracol     Open Access  
Carnets : Revue électronique d'études françaises     Open Access  
Carte Italiane     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Catedral Tomada. Revista de crítica literaria latinoamericana     Open Access  
CAUCE : Revista Internacional de Filología, Comunicación y sus Didácticas     Open Access  
CELEHIS : Revista del Centro de Letras Hispanoamericanas     Open Access  
Cervantes : Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ceræ: An Australasian Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chasqui. Revista Latinoamericana de Comunicación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Children's Literature Association Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Chimères     Open Access  
Chinese Studies Journal     Open Access  
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencies. Cartafueyos Asturianos de Ciencia y Teunoloxía     Open Access  
Cipango     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cipango - French Journal of Japanese Studies. English Selection     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Claraboia     Open Access  
CLCWeb : Comparative Literature and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Coastal Review : An Online Peer-reviewed Journal     Open Access  
Cognitive Studies : Études cognitives     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
College Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Colloquia Germanica     Full-text available via subscription  
Colorado Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Commonwealth Essays and Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Communication and Culture Online / Komunikacija i kultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comparative Critical Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Comparative Cultural Studies : European and Latin American Perspectives     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Comparative Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 55)
Comparative Literature : East & West     Open Access  
Comparative Literature Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Comunicação & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Comunicação e Sociedade     Open Access  
Comunicación y Género     Open Access  
Con Texte     Open Access  
Conexión     Open Access  
Configurations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Conradiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Consonanze     Open Access  
Contemporary Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Women's Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contextes et Didactiques     Open Access  
Contexto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Convergences Francophones     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coolabah     Open Access  
Corpus Pragmatics : International Journal of Corpus Linguistics and Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Cracow Indological Studies     Open Access  
Criando     Open Access  
Crime Fiction Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Criticism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Criticón     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Critique: Studies in Contemporary Fiction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Croatica et Slavica Iadertina     Open Access  
Crossways Journal     Open Access  
Cuadernos AISPI     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Ilustración y Romanticismo     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Rusística Española     Open Access  
Cuadernos del CILHA     Open Access  
Cuadernos LIRICO : Revista de la Red Interuniversitaria de Estudios sobre las Literaturas Rioplatenses Contemporáneas en Francia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura de la República : Revista de Análisis Crítico (CRRAC)     Open Access  
Current Writing : Text and Reception in Southern Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Dalhousie French Studies     Open Access  
Das Questões     Open Access  
De Signos y Sentidos     Open Access  
Diagonal : Zeitschrift der Universität Siegen     Hybrid Journal  
Dialectologia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dialektika : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Diálogos Latinoamericanos     Open Access  
Dialogues : An Interdisciplinary Journal of English Language Teaching and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Dicenda. Cuadernos de Filología Hispánica     Open Access  
Diciottesimo Secolo : Rivista della Società Italiana di Studi sul Secolo XVIII     Open Access  
Dickens Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Diegesis : Interdisziplinäres E-Journal für Erzählforschung     Open Access  
DIGILEC : Revista Internacional de Lenguas y Culturas     Open Access  
DIKBASTRA : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra     Open Access  
Dil ve Edebiyat Araştırmaları     Open Access  
Discours     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

        1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
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Bahastra
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0215-4994 - ISSN (Online) 2548-4583
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  • Misunderstanding in the Interpretation of the Poem "Cinta Kepayang" in
           Gandrung by A. Mustofa Bisri

    • Authors: Abdul Wachid Bambang Suharto
      Pages: 91 - 97
      Abstract: This research aimed to reveal misunderstanding in the interpretation of the poem “Cinta Kepayang” in the poetry book Gandrung by A. Mustofa Bisri. The characteristic of A. Mustofa Bisri poems in Gandrung is that his poems are very rich in symbols related to the thought of Islamic mysticism (Sufism). The mind is a blend of mystical experience and aesthetic experience. This study uses a qualitative approach to interpretate the poem “Cinta Kepayang”. It is library research by collecting primary and secondary data related to Gandrung by A. Mustofa Bisri. The results revealed that the interpretation of “Love” (Cinta) was represented in two styles; first, positioning the symbolic image of women as the presence of divine beauty, second, positioning the symbolic image of women as the most perfect expression of divine love fusion.
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.20523
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • The effectiveness of the Think Pair Share (TPS) method on explanatory text
           writing skills in terms of learning styles

    • Authors: Yolani Erawati, Syahrul Ramadhan
      Pages: 98 - 104
      Abstract: This study aims to review the effectiveness of the think pair share method on explanatory text writing skills in terms of learning styles. This type of research is quantitative with the 2x2 factorial experimental method. The population in this study were eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Kinali. Research data was collected using a questionnaire and performance test. Based on the results of data analysis, it can be concluded that (1) the explanatory text writing skills of students who study using the think pair share method are higher than students who study using conventional methods, (2) the explanatory text writing skills of students who have high learning styles who study with the think pair share method are higher than students who learn by conventional methods, (3) the explanatory text writing skills of students who have low learning styles who study with the think pair share method are higher than students who learn by conventional methods, and (4) there is an interaction between the think pair share method and learning styles in influencing the skills of writing explanatory texts.
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.20695
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • The Deconstruction of the Femininity of the Main Character in Andrea
           Hirata's Ayah Novel: Throwing the Shackles of Community Conventions

    • Authors: Arini Vika Sari
      Pages: 105 - 112
      Abstract: This study aims to uncover the femininity contained in the novel Ayah by Andrea Hirata with the female main character Marlena and the male main character Sabari. This research is a qualitative descriptive research using critical discourse analysis method. The data source is the novel Ayah by Andrea Hirata published in Bentang 2017. The technique of collecting data is by reading and recording on a data card. The data collection instrument is the human instrument or the researcher himself using a postmodern feminism approach. In analyzing the data, it was carried out in three stages, namely (1) word reduction; (2) data presentation; and (3) drawing conclusions. The results of deconstruction of femininity show that there are six forms of deconstruction of femininity in Andrea Hirata's novel Ayah, namely: feminine image, feminine desire, beauty, feminine habits, feminine work, and feminine principles. Femininity in the novel Ayah is owned and practiced by the female main character and the male main character who have strengths and weaknesses. Through the deconstruction of postmodern femininity, Andrea Hirata is able to present the main character as the subject of the construction of femininity who tries to free himself from the shackles of society's conventions.
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.19879
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Implementation of Active Learning Learning Model Using the Google
           Classroom Application in Comparative Literature Courses

    • Authors: Amrizal Amrizal, Amril Canrhas, Fina Hiasa
      Pages: 113 - 120
      Abstract: This study aims to determine how the implementation of the Active Learning learning model assisted by the Google Classroom application in the Comparative Literature course can improve the learning quality of the fifth-semester students of the Indonesian Language Education Study Program, FKIP, Bengkulu University. The Research and Development (R&D) method is a method used in this study with the aim of testing whether the implementation of the Active Learning learning model using the Google Classroom application can improve the quality of learning. The implementation that you want to prove can be seen from several stages carried out in this study, namely preliminary studies, development stages, product testing, and product evaluation. Product testing activities in the form of tests in the form of essays and multiple-choice using Active Learning assisted by the Google Classroom application showed good learning outcomes where the average score obtained by trainee students in comparative literature was 85.5 from a maximum average score of 100 points. This shows that the application of the active learning model assisted by Google Classroom in the Comparative Literature course makes the learning process effective and enjoyable for students.
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.20785
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Analysis of the driving teacher education program to prospective teachers
           of the first batch of Tanggamus Regency

    • Authors: Rona Roma Dhianti, Hesti Hesti, Idawati Idawati
      Pages: 121 - 128
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to analyze and describe the extent to which teacher education programs carried out by prospective teachers of class 1 of Tanggamus Regency have an impact on students at school. This study uses a qualitative conceptual method with a constructivist approach. The data used are in the form of observations and interviews with the Prospective Motivator which includes text, symbols, pictures and graphics about the situation and background of the research, especially regarding the profile and role of the Motivator teacher in the transformation process as stated in the Motivating Teacher Training Module Document. The data collection technique is done deductively. The results of this study indicate that,
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.21899
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Euphemism Forms in the Deddy Corbuzier’s Youtube Account Comment
           Column

    • Authors: Diah Fitriani, Laili Etika Rahmawati
      Pages: 129 - 139
      Abstract: This study aims to describe the form of euphemism in the comments column of Deddy Corbuzier's Youtube account. This type of research is descriptive qualitative. The data collection technique in this study was the listening technique and the note-taking technique. This study uses a content analysis approach. The data from this study are expressions in the form of words, sentences, and phrases that contain euphemisms contained in the comments column of Deddy Corbuzier's Youtube account. Speech analysis technique in this study uses the equivalent method. This study found 25 data in the form of euphemistic expressions contained in the comments column of Deddy Corbuzier's Youtube account. From the 25 data, there are 10 forms of euphemisms, namely: (1) metaphorical euphemisms where words are ignored and like knights, (2) figurative forms of expression euphemisms include the word natural selection and carrying out a mandate, (3) circumlocutionary euphemisms include the word children of the nation, formality. , and extraordinary, (4) euphemisms in the form of idiomatic phrases include humble words, brilliant thoughts, rare, and right-handed, (5) euphemisms in hyperbole form include words bitter, salty and enlightening thoughts, (6) euphemisms in the form of leasing have formula words ( special) and (angel) protectors, (7) euphemisms in the form of foreign terms include the words low profile, legowo and smart people, (8) euphemisms in the form of one word replacing another word with the word wow, building generations, and begging, (9) euphemisms of the form uptake contains the words salute and appreciation, and (10) euphemisms in the abbreviated form include the words UKT and PJJ.
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.19513
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Spatial Relations in the Indonesian Locative Preposition of “Di Atas”:
           a Study of Cognitive Semantics

    • Authors: Joko Kusmanto, Sarmedi Agus Siregar, Mariahari Mariahati
      Pages: 140 - 153
      Abstract: This study examines the spatial relation of the preposition "di atas" (above, over, on) in Indonesian using cognitive semantic theory. This study aims to discover (i) the conceptual structure of the preposition “di atas” spatial relation and (ii) its extended use in the conceptual mapping. This study used descriptive qualitative method. The cognitive data were collected from three groups of subjects, each consisting of ten people. These three groups of subjects are also used as the source triangulation to elicit the conceptual structure of the preposition "di atas" (above, over, on). Meanwhile, the data on the preposition’s extended use in the conceptual mapping were collected from online media. The results suggest that the conceptual structure of the preposition "di atas" (above, over, on) has two kinds of image schemas, namely (i) the VERTICALITY image schema which is based on its orientation and (ii) the ANTARA image schema and the TOPANGAN image schema which are based on its topology. The two kinds of image schemas are general in nature and are specified as definitive lingual units based on the speaker's different perceptions of the position of the related entities. Another important research finding is that prepositions that have been seen as closed words can be used metaphorically through conceptual mapping. This shows that prepositions have an important role in structuring human mind. The results of the study also found and reinforced the construal nature of meaning conceptualization.
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.19864
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Improving Speaking Skills Using the Cooperative Method Jigsaw Technique
           for Third Grade Students of SD Negeri 3 Kedungbanteng Banyumas

    • Authors: Nia Ulfa Martha, Dyah Wijayawati
      Pages: 154 - 164
      Abstract: This research has a goal that can be formulated, among others (1) describes improving speaking skills through cooperative methods of jigsaw techniques in students of grade III State Elementary School 3 Kedungbanteng Banyumas; and (2) describe changes in the behavior of students of class III Elementary School 3 Kedungbanteng Banyumas after being given learning speaking skills through cooperative methods jigsaw techniques. The method used is PTK. In the PTK method researchers help teachers overcome problems learning speaking skills in the classroom. Learning outcomes speak cycle I 45%, cycle II 55%, and cycle III 70%. The quality of speaking learning, cycle I 46%, cycle II 76%, and cycle III 87%. In accordance with the results shown, there is an increase in learning speaking skills with cooperative methods of jigsaw techniques.
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.19592
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Social Functions of the Kamang Mudiak Folklore Text: as Inauguration of
           Local Cultural Heritage

    • Authors: Hidayati Azkiya, Romi Isnanda, Syofiani Syofiani
      Pages: 165 - 171
      Abstract: This research is motivated by the weakening of cultural treasures due to the development of the times and technology and modernization. The culture in the Kamang Mudiak area, one of which is in the form of oral literature, is unknown and known to the younger generation. Whereas knowing culture and preserving it is part of strengthening local culture so that it does not disappear with the development of time. Therefore, this study focuses on the social function of the kamang mudiak folklore: strengthening local cultural heritage. It aims to describe the social function of the oral literary text of the Kanagarian folklore Kamang Mudiak. The research method used is descriptive qualitative method. The data of this research are folklore texts in Kanagarian Kamang Mudiak. Data was collected through recording, recording, observing, and interviewing. Meanwhile, to test the validity of the data, this study used triangulation techniques. The results of the study indicate that there are social functions in the Kamang Mudiak folklore text, namely: (a) developing community integration contained in the story text Ngalau Kalam Tabik, Makam Panjang, Salodang, Tuanku Nan Renceh/ Harimau Nan Salapan, Ngalau Tarang Batu Biaro Bansa. (b) (b) Social Control Tools contained in the story text Salodang, Tuanku Nan Renceh/ Harimau Nan Salapan, Ngalau Tarang Batu Biaro Bansa. (c) Strengthening social solidarity contained in the story
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.21092
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
  • Diplomatic strategies of the Patani kingdom in Hikayat Patani: a sociology
           of literature study

    • Authors: Islahuddin Islahuddin, Ku-Ares Tawandorloh, Sumaiyah Menjamin
      Pages: 172 - 181
      Abstract: Hikayat Patani is a saga that tells of the Patani kingdom and various diplomatic strategies contained in the Patani kingdom. The aim of this research is to describe various texts that discuss the diplomatic strategy of the Patani kingdom in Hikayat Patani by using a literary of sociology approach. This research is sourced from the data of Hikayat Patani. The data collection techniques using reading and noting techniques. The data analysis technique uses a qualitative descriptive technique accompanied by a theory of literary of sociology. The results of the study show that diplomatic strategies of Patani kingdom in Hikayat Patani namely: 1) political diplomacy with Siam; 2) war diplomacy with Siam and Palembang; 3) marital diplomacy with Pahang and Johor; 4) trade diplomacy with Cina and Melaka; 5) power diplomacy with Kelantan; and 6) religious diplomacy with Pasai. Moreover, the results of the research show that the diplomatic strategies of Patani kingdom contained in Hikayat Patani are aims to maintain and maintain the honor of the kingdom as a sovereign kingdom and a mirror of Patani society at the time the text was created.
      PubDate: 2021-10-30
      DOI: 10.26555/bahastra.v41i2.20986
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2021)
       
 
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