Subjects -> LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (Total: 2165 journals)
    - LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)
    - LANGUAGES (276 journals)
    - LITERARY AND POLITICAL REVIEWS (201 journals)
    - LITERATURE (GENERAL) (180 journals)
    - NOVELS (13 journals)
    - PHILOLOGY AND LINGUISTICS (518 journals)
    - POETRY (23 journals)

LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (954 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Showing 601 - 127 of 127 Journals sorted alphabetically
Nordic Journal of Literacy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nordlit     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Norsk Lingvistisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Norsk litteratur­vitenskapelig tidsskrift     Open Access  
Nottingham Medieval Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Nouvelles Études Francophones     Full-text available via subscription  
Novos Olhares : Revista de Estudos Sobre Práticas de Recepção a Produtos Midiáticos     Open Access  
NUDOS : Sociología, Teoría y Didáctica de la Literatura     Open Access  
Nueva ReCIT : Revista del área de traductología     Open Access  
Nueva Revista del Pacífico     Open Access  
Nuevo Texto Crítico     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nuit blanche     Full-text available via subscription  
O Eixo e a Roda : Revista de Literatura Brasileira     Open Access  
ÖDaF-Mitteilungen     Hybrid Journal  
Odisea : Revista de Estudios Ingleses     Open Access  
Oficios Terrestres     Open Access  
Ogigia : Revista electrónica de estudios hispánicos     Open Access  
OKARA Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra or Journal of Languages and Literature     Open Access  
Olho d'água     Open Access  
Olivar     Open Access  
Ondina - Ondine     Open Access  
Orbis Litterarum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Palimpsesto : Revista da Pós-Graduação em Letras da UERJ     Open Access  
PAN: Philosophy Activism Nature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Papers on French Seventeenth Century Literature     Full-text available via subscription  
Papers: Explorations into Children's Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
PARAFRASE : Journal of Linguistics, Literature and Cultural Studies     Open Access  
Paragraph     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Parergon     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paroles gelées     Open Access  
Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Passage - Tidsskrift for litteratur og kritik     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Passagens     Open Access  
Pecia     Full-text available via subscription  
Pensares em Revista     Open Access  
Periférica. Revista para el análisis de la cultura y el territorio     Open Access  
Perspectives Médiévales : Revue d’Épistémologie des Langues et Littératures du Moyen Âge     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Philip Roth Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Philologia Estonica Tallinnensis     Open Access  
Philologica Canariensia     Open Access  
Philosophy and Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Phonica     Open Access  
Pleine Marge     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ploughshares     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Plurentes. Artes y Letras     Open Access  
Poe Studies     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Poetica     Full-text available via subscription  
Poetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Polifonia     Open Access  
Poligramas     Open Access  
Postmodern Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Poznańskie Studia Polonistyczne. Seria Językoznawcza     Open Access  
Poznańskie Studia Slawistyczne     Open Access  
Pragmalingüística     Open Access  
PragMATIZES : Latin American Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Prague Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Prairie Schooner     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Prassi Ecdotiche della Modernità Letteraria     Open Access  
Pratiques : Linguistique, littérature, didactique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pretexts : Literary and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Profetik : Jurnal Komunikasi     Open Access  
Publications of the English Goethe Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Quaderni d'italianistica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Quadrant     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Quarterly Essay     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Quarterly Journal of Speech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Question     Open Access  
Quêtes littéraires     Open Access  
Qui Parle : Critical Humanities and Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Quiroga : Revista de Patrimonio Iberoamericano     Open Access  
Recherches & travaux     Open Access  
reCHERches : Culture et histoire dans l'espace roman     Open Access  
Recherches germaniques     Open Access  
Red Cedar Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
REDD : Revista de estudios del discurso digital     Open Access  
Redis : Revista de Estudos do Discurso     Open Access  
Reinardus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Relacje Międzykulturowe : Intercultural Relations     Open Access  
Remate de Males     Open Access  
Renaissance Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Renascence : Essays on Values in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Res Humanitariae     Open Access  
Res Rhetorica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research and Innovation in Language Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in African Literatures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Reseñas CeLeHis     Open Access  
Respectus Philologicus     Open Access  
Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
RETORIKA : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
REVELL - Revista de Estudos Literários da UEMS     Open Access  
Review: Literature and Arts of the Americas     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista Binacional Brasil - Argentina: Diálogo entre as ciências     Open Access  
Revista Chilena de Literatura     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Culturas y Literaturas Comparadas     Open Access  
Revista de Estudios Hispánicos     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revista de Estudios Norteamericanos     Open Access  
Revista de Estudos Culturais     Open Access  
Revista de Filología Alemana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Filología Románica     Open Access  
Revista de Filología y Lingüística de la Universidad de Costa Rica     Open Access  
Revista de Lenguas para Fines Específicos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Letras     Open Access  
Revista de Letras Norte@mentos     Open Access  
Revista de Llengua i Dret     Open Access  
Revista Desenredo     Open Access  
Revista Diacrítica     Open Access  
Revista do GEL     Open Access  
Revista Espirales : Revista para a integração da América Latina e Caribe     Open Access  
Revista Garrafa     Open Access  
Revista Guará : Revista de Linguagem e Literatura     Open Access  
Revista Hispánica Moderna     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Revista Iberoamericana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Revista Internacional de Culturas y Literaturas     Open Access  
Revista intransitiva     Open Access  
Revista Investigações     Open Access  
Revista Lengua y Literatura     Open Access  
Revista Língua & Literatura     Open Access  
Revista Mídia e Cotidiano     Open Access  
Revista Prâksis     Open Access  
Revista Signos     Open Access  
Revista Surco Sur     Open Access  
Revista UNINTER de Comunicação     Open Access  
Revue Akofena     Open Access  
Revue de recherches en littératie médiatique multimodale     Open Access  
Revue des études slaves     Open Access  
Revue Internationale des Francophonies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Romane     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
RiCognizioni : Rivista di Lingue e Letterature Straniere e Culture Moderne     Open Access  
River Teeth: A Journal of Nonfiction Narrative     Full-text available via subscription  
Rocznik Ruskiej Bursy     Open Access  
Romance Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Romance Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Romanische Forschungen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Romanische Studien     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Romanticism on the Net     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Room One Thousand     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Language Studies, Semiotics and Semantics     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Studies in Literature and Journalism     Open Access  
RUS : Revista de Literatura e Cultura Russa Universidade de São Paulo     Open Access  
Russian Journal of Linguistics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Russian Language Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Russian Literature     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Russian Studies in Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sananjalka     Open Access  
SARE : Southeast Asian Review of English     Open Access  
Sartre Studies International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavistica Vilnensis     Open Access  
Scando-Slavica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Schulz / Forum     Open Access  
Scientific Study of Literature     Hybrid Journal  
Scripta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SEL Studies in English Literature 1500-1900     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Selçuk Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (SEFAD) / Selçuk University Journal of Faculty of Letters     Open Access  
Semiotika     Open Access  
Seoul Journal of Korean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sewanee Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Shakespeare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Shakespeare Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Shakespeare Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Shanlax International Journal of Arts, Science and Humanities     Open Access  
SHAW The Annual of Bernard Shaw Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Siglo XXI : Literatura y Cultura Españolas     Open Access  
Signo y seña     Open Access  
Signs : International Journal of Semiotics     Open Access  
Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Sillages critiques     Open Access  
Sintesis     Open Access  
Sirena: poesia, arte y critica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Slavia Antiqua. Rocznik poświęcony starożytnościom słowiańskim     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Slavia Meridionalis     Open Access  
Slavica Revalensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Slavistica Vilnensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Slověne : International Journal of Slavic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Interaction : Video-Based Studies of Human Sociality     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Socio-anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South Asian Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Southern Literary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Southern Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Southern Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sprache und Literatur     Full-text available via subscription  
Stanislavski Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Storytelling, Self, Society : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Storytelling Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
StoryWorlds : A Journal of Narrative Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Studi Francesi     Open Access  
Studi Magrebini : North African Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Studia Anglica Posnaniensia     Open Access  
Studia Aurea : Revista de Literatura Española y Teoría Literaria del Renacimiento y Siglo de Oro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studia austriaca     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Studia Azjatystyczne     Open Access  
Studia Białorutenistyczne     Open Access  
Studia Celtica Posnaniensia     Open Access  
Studia Iberystyczne     Open Access  
Studia Iranica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Studia Litteraria et Historica     Open Access  
Studia Metrica et Poetica     Open Access  
Studia Neophilologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Studia Pigoniana     Open Access  
Studia Romanica Posnaniensia     Open Access  
Studia Rossica Gedanensia     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4 5     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Philologia Estonica Tallinnensis
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2504-6616 - ISSN (Online) 2504-6624
Published by Tallinn University Homepage  [5 journals]
  • Siirdeajastu kultuurimuutused [Cultural Changes of the Transition Period]

    • Authors: Luule Epner, Piret Viires
      Pages: 5 - 12
      Abstract: Eessõna / Introduction
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.22601/PET.2021.06.00
       
  • Siirdeaegsed valupunktid kirjandusteoste peeglis: Gohar Markosjan-Käsperi
           romaanid „Penelopa“ ja „Elena“ [Pain points of the transition era
           in the mirror of literary works: Gohar Markosjan-Käsper’s novels
           „Penelopa“ and „Elena“]

    • Authors: Aigi Heero
      Pages: 13 - 35
      Abstract: Ülevaade. Gohar Markosjan-Käsper (1949–2015) on armeenia-eesti kir- janik, kes kirjutas vene keeles ja keda loetakse seetõttu üldiselt eesti vene- keelse kirjanduse esindajate hulka. Tema romaanid „Penelopa“ (1998) ja „Elena“ (2000) käsitlevad siirdeaega, mil NSV Liit lakkas eksisteerimast ning algas uutel, turumajanduslikel väärtustel põhineva ühiskonna üles- ehitamise aeg. Käesolev uurimus analüüsib, kuidas ja milliste võtete abil kujutatakse nendes romaanides siirdeaegseid ajaloolisi sündmusi ja too- nast argielu Eestis ning Armeenias. Analüüsis toetutakse ühelt poolt sotskolonialismi, teiselt poolt mälu-uuringute ja kollektiivse mälu teoree- tilisele mõistestikule. Artikkel näitab, kuidas kirjeldades nn kohalikku ajalugu universaalsete, rahvusvaheliselt levinud motiivide abil, mõtes- tatakse samal ajal nõukogude aja pärandit ning ühest ühiskonnast teise ülemineku kohati traumaatilist kogemust.1

      Võtmesõnad: Gohar Markosjan-Käsper, Eesti, Armeenia, lähiajalugu, nõukogude aeg, kollektiivne mälu, siirdeaeg, eesti venekeelne kirjandus
      Abstract. Gohar Markosjan-Käsper (1949–2015), an Armenian-Estonian writer, is generally considered to be a representative of Estonian Russian-language literature. Her novels “Penelopa” (1998) and “Elena” (2000) deal with a period of transition, when the Soviet Union ceased to exist and the con- struction of a market-oriented society began. The present study analyses how and with what techniques these novels depict the historical events and everyday life in Estonia and Armenia. The article shows how describing the history of Estonia and Armenia with universal, internationally common motives helps to discuss the Soviet legacy and to understand the traumatic experience of transition from one form of society to another. For example, the Soviet occupation in Estonia is explained with the metaphor of domes- tic violence and the Estonian monetary reform in 1992 is compared to track racing with unequal participants. At the same time, the sometimes differ- ing experiences of the Estonian and Armenian people are compared.

      The transition period is portrayed as a tough time filled with daily struggle. On the one hand, there are economic and domestic problems; on the other hand, the grief caused by the collapse of a familiar world is addressed. The new era also offers opportunities to speak directly about the traumatic experiences of the past such as World War II. Although sev- eral years have passed since the transition, many of the problems of this period have not yet been resolved. These novels show that sometimes there is a way to come to terms with the past with the help of art, literature, and, of course, friends and family. Thus, these books speak not only of socio- historical pain points, but also of strength, endurance, and wisdom.

      Keywords: Gohar Markosjan-Käsper, Estonia, Armenia, recent history, Soviet Union, collective memory, transition period, Estonian literature in Russian
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.22601/PET.2021.06.01
       
  • Eesti punkluule ja siirdeajastu algus [Estonian punk poetry and the
           beginning of the transition period]

    • Authors: Piret Viires
      Pages: 36 - 52
      Abstract: Ülevaade. Artikkel käsitleb siirdeajastu alguse üht huvitavamat kirjan- dusnähtust, eesti punkluulet, mis 1980. aastate lõpus arenes kiiresti sub- kultuursest nišifenomenist poliitiliselt angažeeritud isamaaliseks protes- tikirjanduseks ja oli nähtavas rollis laulva revolutsiooni ajal. Samal ajal sisenes punkluule ka jõuliselt eesti kirjanduskaanonisse, seda märgata- valt laiendades. Punkluule tõi kirjandusse uued võtted ja jooned (kõne- keelsus, madalate kategooriate poetiseerimine, luuletekstide jõulisus ja intensiivsus, terav ühiskondlik protest jm) ning oli 1990. aastate kirjan- dusmurrangute eelkäija. Kui punkluule poliitiline angažeeritus jääbki laulva revolutsiooni perioodi, siis eesti kirjanduskaanonisse on punkluule end kinnistanud. Seda näitab nii punkluule käsitlemine kirjanduslugu- des, kaasatus gümnaasiumi riiklikusse õppekavasse kui ka käsitlemine mitmetes kooliõpikutes.1

      Võtmesõnad: punkluule, siirdeajastu, kirjanduskaanon, laulev revolut- sioon, poliitiline angažeeritus


      Abstract. The article discusses Estonian punk poetry, which is one of the most inter- esting literary phenomena during the beginning of the Estonian transition period. Punk poetry had become viable in Estonian culture from the early 1980s and its heyday was at the end of that decade. Punk poets utilised both literary and subcultural landscapes, their texts were powerful and intense, using unconventional poetic language, colloquialisms, obscene expressions and expressed sharp social criticism. Punk poetry developed quickly from a subcultural niche phenomenon into a politically engaged patriotic protest literature in the late 1980s and played a visible role dur- ing the Singing Revolution. At the same time, punk poetry entered vigor- ously the Estonian literary canon, changing and expanding it consider- ably: bringing new techniques and features to literature. Punk poetry was also a precursor to the literary upheavals of the 1990s. While the political engagement of punk poetry remains in the period of the Singing Revolu- tion, its position in Estonian literary canon is secure. This is demonstrated by the analyses of punk poetry in literary history volumes, the inclusion of punk poetry in the national school curriculum, as well as, its treatment in several school textbooks.

      Keywords: punk poetry, transition period, literary canon, Singing Revolu- tion, politically engaged literature (littérature engagée)



      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.22601/PET.2021.06.02
       
  • Tõlkekirjanduse vahendamisest ja vastuvõtust Eestis aastatel 1990–2000
           saksakeelse kirjanduse näitel [Mediation and reception of translated
           literature in Estonia between 1990–2000 with reference to German
           literature]

    • Authors: Triin van Doorslaer
      Pages: 53 - 74
      Abstract: Ülevaade. Artiklis võetakse vaatluse alla saksakeelse tõlkekirjanduse olu­ kord Eestis aastatel 1990–2000 ning püütakse arutleda selle üle, kui palju aitavad tõlkija, tõlke kommenteerija, kirjastaja, lugeja ja tõlke arvustaja kaasa tõlketeksti spetsiifika hoidmisele. Lisaks vaadeldakse, kuidas muu­ tus saksakeelse kirjanduse kirjastamine, vahendamine ja vastuvõtt Ees­ tis pärast taasiseseisvumist, kui riik pööras pilgu pigem angloameerika kultuuriruumi suunas.

      Võtmesõnad: tõlkekirjandus, retseptsioon, saksakeelne kirjandus, kirjas­ tamine

      Abstract. In 1991, when Estonia regained its independence, the situation in the translation market changed dramatically. The number of translations rose rapidly, the conventional translation methods were changed, and the translated books of fiction acquired a central position in the system of Estonian culture as well as in the landscape of Estonian literature. Trans­ lations became a part of the Estonian literature, and they were often seen as original texts. At the same time translations tended to lose their own identity as translated texts.

      The aim of this article is to find out whether the social and cultural systems of the target culture (translators, publishers, critics) were sup­ porting literary translations as such, since they involved specific type of texts, representing rather the source culture than the target culture, yet becoming a part of the literature of the target culture. The situation of the publishing houses in Estonia between 1990–2000 and the importance of translations, particularly German translations over the mentioned period is analysed and translation criticism of the translated works from German into Estonian between 1990–2000 in the Estonian press is discussed.
      Finally, it could be said that changes in the Estonian social and cul­ tural system 1990–2000 gave a boost to new topics in literature. The posi­ tion of translated literature was significant, taking the central position in the Estonian literary polysystem and acquired partly the role of the orig­ inal Estonian literature. It is also important to mention that during the discussed period translation criticism in the Estonian press and literary journals was mainly replaced by general literary criticism.

      Keywords: translated literature, reception, German literature, publishing
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.22601/PET.2021.06.03
       
  • Looduse-kultuuri ökokriitiline ümbermõtestamine Andrus Kivirähki ja
           Monique Roffey teoste näitel [Ecocritical rethinking of nature-culture on
           the example of Andrus Kivirähk’s and Monique Roffey’s works]

    • Authors: Maris Sõrmus, Suliko Liiv
      Pages: 75 - 97
      Abstract: Ülevaade. Artiklis uuritakse looduse-kultuuri dualismi kujutamist And- rus Kivirähki ja Monique Roffey loomingu näitel. Toetudes materiaalsele ökokriitikale, analüüsitakse, kuidas kirjanikud looduse ja kultuuri vastan- dust ümber mõtestavad. Kõrvutades Roffey romaane „The White Woman on the Green Bicycle“ (2009), „Sun Dog“ (2002) ja Kivirähki romaani „Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu“ (2007), ilmneb neis looduskultuuriline hägu- sus ja posthumaanne maailm, mis vaidlustab normatiivse inimkeskse vaatenurga. Kirjanikud osutavad antropotsentrismi kriitikale ja kultuuri muutumisele, laiendades agentsuse ja hääle loodusele ning dekonstruee- rides looduse ja kultuuri binaarsuse. Artiklis käsitletakse uusi teoreetilisi kontseptsioone keskkonnahumanitaariast: transkorporeaalsus, loodus- kultuurilisus ja agentsus. Esmalt keskendutakse hääle ja agentsuse ümber- mõtestamisele, jõudes selleni, kuidas inimene ja loodus sulanduvad üht- seks looduskultuuriks.

      Võtmesõnad: Andrus Kivirähk, Monique Roffey, materiaalne ökokriitika, antropotsentrism, agentsus, looduskultuur, transkorporeaalsus, post- humanism

      Abstract. This article focuses on how nature and culture are transformed beyond recognition in contemporary British-Caribbean (Monique Roffey) and Estonian literature (Andrus Kivirähk), shattering the anthropocentric core of the concepts of agency, body, and voice. Situated in the new mate- rialist paradigm, we follow on from such re-conceptualisations in material ecocriticism. In line with this view, Roffey and Kivirähk mingle nature with humans as a subject, threatening anthropo-normativity. Being artic- ulate and bodily, nature emerges as a cultural creature, uncannily entan- gled with culture, as in Roffey’s “The White Woman on the Green Bicycle” (2009). Further compelling is the naturalisation of culture in “Sun Dog” (2002): the human body forming a porous natural-cultural body. Nature and culture truly collapse, suggesting the posthuman body as a material- discursive phenomenon. The novelists furthermore suggest the blurring of human and nonhuman languages: the emergence of nature as articu- late and the view of humans as natural creatures. In “Mees, kes teadis ussisõnu” (“The Man Who Spoke Snakish”, 2007), anthropocentrism is finally dissolved in merging nature and culture and suggesting their intra- active becoming. Both writers thus compellingly indicate that agency, voice and body are not singularly human but span the natural world around us.

      Keywords: Andrus Kivirähk, Monique Roffey, material ecocriticism, anthropocentrism, agency, natureculture, transcorporeality, posthuman- ism
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.22601/PET.2021.06.04
       
  • Lehekoomiks 1990. aastate Eestis [Newspaper comic strips in Estonia during
           the 1990s]

    • Authors: Mari Laaniste
      Pages: 98 - 123
      Abstract: Ülevaade. Artikkel iseloomustab ülevaatlikult 1990ndate Eestis siirde­ aegse ajakirjandusbuumi ning laiema kultuurilise teisenemise osana tek­ kinud lehekoomiksiribade lainet. Moodsa ja läänelikuna tajutud formaat tõrjus leheveergudelt varem menuka karikatuuri ning mõned arvukatest uutest lehekoomiksisarjadest nagu Madis Otsa „Pesakond“ saavutasid suure populaarsuse. Tsensuurijärgsele kõikelubatavuse atmosfäärile ise­ loomulikult pakkusid koomiksid sageli taotluslikult toorest ja amatöör­ likku kunstilist teostust ning vägivaldset ja vulgaarset sisu. 1990. aastate teises pooles, kui trükimeediamaastik stabiliseerus ning hoiakud mõõ­ dukamaks muutusid, hakkas lehekoomiksilaine erinevatel põhjustel vai­ buma. Kohalik materjal asendati enamjaolt tõlkekoomiksiga ja osa loo­ mingulisi impulsse suubus uuel sajandil sõltumatusse koomiksisse. 1990. aastate koomiksipärandist avaldatakse siiani trükis üksikuid reliktsarju ja kuigi seda valdkonda on seni vähe uuritud, võiks lehekoomiksipärand leida tulevikus enam akadeemilist tähelepanu.1

      Võtmesõnad: koomiks, ajalehekoomiks, siirdeaeg, 1990. aastad, trüki­ ajakirjandus, visuaalkultuur, popkultuur

      The early 1990s witnessed a rapid, broad process of transformation of visual humour in Estonian media. A large number of new print media out­ lets were introduced within a few years, leading to an unprecedented print media boom in the newly independent country. The new face of visual humour was shaped by the surroundings: the atmosphere of confused but enthusiastic ultra­permissiveness and uncritical openness to novelty char­ acteristic of a freshly censorship­free society on the one hand, on the other, inevitable reflections of the post­Socialist societal and economic turmoil. The change involved a near­complete generational shift among cartoonists working for print media.

      The highly competitive newspapers of the era, eager to emulate Western print media standards, introduced comic strips, often resorting to commis­ sioning original work from local authors, as imported material was more expensive. For a few brief years, Estonia developed a time­ and location­ specific bubble of original newspaper comics, which tended to look crude, but could also be innovative and radical, often appearing transgressive and sometimes bizarre in comparison with the standardized commercialism of internationally syndicated newspaper comic strips. With the emergence of highly popular series like „Pesakond“, comic strips quickly became one of the most notable local pop culture phenomena of the decade. The article sets out to summarize the scope of the local comic strip boom and refers to a selection of original series, including „Pesakond“ by Madis Ots; „Dr. Wunderloom“ by Hillar Mets; „Kosmose mutid“ by Alar Pikkorainen; and various series by the collective Korporatsioon Saatus and by Rainer Sarnet and Rein Pakk, to point out key characteristics.

      Abstract. As Estonia, similarly to most of Eastern Europe, had a relatively limited familiarity with the Western traditions of the comics medium the transi­ tion era offered a unique window of opportunity for developing a location­ specific, discordant approach to the format of the newspaper comic strip before the levelling influence of the international mainstream „light enter­ tainment“ took hold. In the wider picture, the processes in comics serve to illustrate the broader cultural transformations of the transition era, including attempts of re­Westernization with possibly unexpected results. Adopting the Western format of comic strips appears to have mostly con­ cerned making use of the basic outward shape to fill it with irreverent, often intentionally provocative or offensive material, involving profanity, violence and sexually explicit content. There are apparent links to an ear­ lier trend in the local cartoon tradition, which explored dark and nihilistic humour and rough, unappealing drawing styles in the previous decade. From a wider perspective, the visuals and content of Estonian newspaper comic strips from the 1990s have more similarity with underground or alternative comics than with mainstream international newspaper comics.

      Towards the end of the decade, as the local media market stabilized, and the influence of Scandinavian investors grew, the overall appearance and content of Estonian print media grew similar to the Nordic standards, which increasingly meant rejecting the nihilistic, obscure humour and crude visuals offered by the local comic strip authors in favour of inter­ national comic strips with broader appeal. The novelty of comic strips as such appeared to wear off and newspapers shifted their attention to more serious editorial cartoons. Only a few Estonian comic strip series have sur­ vived into the 21st century in some shape, with the vast majority of the 1990s national comic strip output simply forgotten.

      Keywords: Estonian comics, newspaper comic strips, transition era, 1990s, print media, visual culture, pop culture
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.22601/PET.2021.06.05
       
  • Suudlusest süütuse kaotuseni: Eesti performance’i-kunstnike esimesed
           esinemised Soomes ja nende kajastused sealses trükimeedias [From the Kiss
           to the Loss of Innocence: the first appearances of Estonian performance
           artists in the west and their reviews in the Finnish print media]

    • Authors: Liis Kibuspuu
      Pages: 124 - 144
      Abstract:
      Ülevaade. Artikkel käsitleb eesti performance’i-kunsti retseptsiooni Soome trükimeedias peamiselt 1980. aastate lõpus, kui toimusid kunst- nike esimesed külaskäigud üle lahe. Uuritavat perioodi raamivad meta- foorid „suudlus“ ning „süütuse kaotus“. Esimene neist tähistab Eesti tegevuskunstnike esmakohtumisi läänega, mida markeerib konkreetne aktsioon, mille käigus kunstnik Siim-Tanel Annus suudles Soome maa- pinda. „Süütuse kaotus“ tähistab perestroika-aegse performance’i-kunsti siirdumist siirusest künismi, mida on esile tõstnud kunstnik Raoul Kur- vitz. See üleminek peegeldab laiemalt lääne idealiseerimise lõppu, kaine- nemist ning kapitalistlike oludega kohanemist. Artikkel analüüsib toonast kunstikriitikat, mille kaudu avaldub metafooridest laetud performance’i- kunsti ja turbulentse päevapoliitika vaheline pingeväli, ning uurib, kuidas suhestusid publiku ootused ning kunstnike kavatsused.

      Võtmesõnad: Eesti performance’i-kunst, perestroika, Soome kunstikrii- tika, metafoor kunstis, kunstiretseptsioon, Soome-Eesti kultuurivahetus, kapitalistlik kunstiturg

      Abstract. The article concentrates on Estonian performance art and its reception in the Finnish print media during Perestroika, mainly the years 1988–1990, when the first trips of the artists across the Iron Curtain took place. The period of study is framed by the metaphors of “kiss” and “loss of innocence”. The former designates the first encounters of the Estonian performance artists with the west, marked by a specific event in 1988 when the artist Siim-Tanel Annus (b. 1960), having for the first time sailed on a ferry from Tallinn to Helsinki, kissed the Finnish cost on arrival – an event which was widely covered in the Finnish media at the time. “Loss of innocence” stands for the transition from earnestness to cynicism in performance art at the end of the 1980s as described by the artist Raoul Kurvitz (b. 1961). The transition corresponds with the shift from idealisation of the west to the sobering to the reality of capitalism. Contemporary art reviews offer ample study material of the tension between metaphorically loaded per- formance art of the era and the turbulent politics of the day. Having been situated simultaneously in the mythical as well as contemporary reality, performance art acted as a living metaphor for the political events.

      Keywords: Estonian performance art, Perestroika, Finnish art criticism, metaphor in art, reception of art, Finnish-Estonian cultural exchange, capitalist art market
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.22601/PET.2021.06.06
       
  • Sillad ja konfliktid ida-lääne kunstiteljel: Ida-Euroopa kui
           „lähedase Teise“ kodustamine 1990. aastatel [Bridges and conflicts on
           the Eastern-Western art axis: the domestication of Eastern Europe as
           „close Other“ in the 1990s]

    • Authors: Raivo Kelomees
      Pages: 145 - 161
      Abstract: Ülevaade. Artiklis pööratakse tähelepanu kolmele episoodile Ida-Euroopa mõistmises ja „kodustamises“ rahvusvahelises kunstidialoogis. Vaadel- dakse Lääne- ja Ida-Euroopa kunstnike ja teoreetikute lähenemiskatseid 1990. aastatel läbi kolme dialoogi otsiva episoodi. Neist üks käsitleb mei- lilisti Syndicate lagunemist ja vahetumist listiga Spectre. Teine käsitleb konflikti 1996. aastal näitusel „Interpol – a global network from Stock- holm and Moscow“. Kolmas juhtum on seotud Peeter Linnapi korraldatud näitusega „Le Top 50“ (1994), kus prooviti astuda otsekontakti lääne kuns- timaailma tippudega. Viimase näite täiendusena käsitletakse Kaisa Eiche 2021. aastal läbiviidud eksperimenti. Artikkel näitab, et Ida-Euroopast pole enam võimalik rääkida „lähedase Teise“ võtmes. Ta on „mitte-Teine“.

      Võtmesõnad: „lähedane Teine“, konfliktid, kunstidialoog, transnatsio- naalsus, translokaalsus, horisonaalne ja vertikaalne kunstiajalugu, Ida- Euroopa, „Süva-Euroopa“

      Abstract. The article pays attention to three episodes in understanding and accom- modating Eastern Europe art to the international dialogue. I focus on the reciprocal approaches between West- and East- European artists and theo- reticians to seek mutual understanding which sometimes resulted in con- flicts. In the first case I follow the disintegration of the Syndicate mailing list and emergence of the new Spectre list. The second case is dedicated to the conflict at the exhibition “Interpol – a global network from Stockholm and Moscow“ in Stockholm in 1996.

      The third discussion is based on Peeter Linnap’s exhibition “Le Top 50“ (1994) in Tallinn, where organizers tried to make connections with the prominent authorities of the art world. As an addition to the last case I discuss a similar experiment by Kaisa Eiche in 2021, who got even less response than Linnap earlier. This assures that East Europe cannot be treated as „close Other“. It is not different and is „not-other“, it belongs to Europe by its formal status and is included culturally as well.
      East Europeans have maintained subjectivity, but they cease to be defined externally. They are taking power positions over their works: they are not seeking approval from the western mirror. However, it also illus- trates the paradox of digital communication, because of the abundance of information and filters of communication, the reciprocal building of bridges is still fraught with complexity.

      Keywords: „close Other“, conflicts, art dialogue, transnationality, translo- cality, horizontal and vertical art history, Eastern Europe
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.22601/PET.2021.06.07
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 34.231.244.12
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-