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EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (121 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 124 of 124 Journals sorted alphabetically
AACN Advanced Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acute and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acute Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Neonatal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
African Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AINS - Anasthesiologie - Intensivmedizin - Notfallmedizin - Schmerztherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 126)
Annals of Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Annals of the American Thoracic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bangladesh Critical Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Burns Open     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Chronic Wound Care Management and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Trauma and Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 74)
Critical Care and Resuscitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Critical Care Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Critical Care Explorations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 279)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EMC - Urgenze     Full-text available via subscription  
Emergency Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Emergency Medicine (Medicina neotložnyh sostoânij)     Open Access  
Emergency Medicine Australasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Emergency Medicine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Emergency Medicine News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Emergency Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Enfermería Intensiva (English ed.)     Full-text available via subscription  
European Burn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Frontiers in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intensivmedizin up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Paramedic Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Européen des Urgences et de Réanimation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal Of Cardiovascular Emergencies     Open Access  
Journal of Concussion     Open Access  
Journal of Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Education and Teaching in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Emergency Medical Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Intensive Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Stroke Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Intensive Care Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Journal of Translational Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
La Presse Médicale Open     Open Access  
Médecine de Catastrophe - Urgences Collectives     Hybrid Journal  
Medicina Intensiva     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mediterranean Journal of Emergency Medicine & Acute Care : MedJEM     Open Access  
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
OA Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Palliative Care : Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Prehospital Emergency Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Research and Opinion in Anesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Resuscitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Resuscitation Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Saudi Critical Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Shock : Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis : Laboratory and Clinical Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sklifosovsky Journal Emergency Medical Care     Open Access  
The Journal of Trauma Injury Infection and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transplant Research and Risk Management     Open Access  
Trauma Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trauma Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
 AEM Education and Training : A Global Journal of Emergency Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Frontiers in Emergency Medicine
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2717-3593
Published by Tehran University of Medical Sciences Homepage  [21 journals]
  • Emergency medicine journey in Turkey: almost thirty years with humble

    • Authors: Ozgur Karcioglu
      PubDate: 2022-12-31
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9392
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • The Hexaxial Reference Grid: The emergency ECG interpreter’s most
           important tool

    • Authors: Jerry W. Jones
      Abstract: As emergency physicians, we must all interpret electrocardiograms (ECGs) for time to time. The 12-lead ECG is one of the most frequently ordered tests in the emergency department, often read by physicians with the least formal training in ECG interpretation. Emergency physicians do not have the luxury of waiting one to two days for an official cardiologist’s interpretation; we must know the results immediately. Here is where the process breaks down. I am going to introduce you to the tool that electrocardiographers use that greatly assists with interpretation.
      PubDate: 2022-12-31
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9406
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • The value of predictive instruments in the screening of acute stroke: an
           umbrella review on previous systematic reviews

    • Authors: Alireza Baratloo, Mobin Mohamadi, Mohammad Mohammadi, Amirmohammad Toloui, Arian Madani Neishaboori, Seyedeh Niloufar Rafiei Alavi, Ali Nahiyeh, Mahmoud Yousefifard
      Abstract: Objective: Although various predictive instruments have been introduced for early stroke diagnosis, there is no consensus on their performance. Therefore, we decided to assess the value of predictive instruments in the detection of stroke by conducting an umbrella review. Methods: A search was performed in the Medline, Embase, Scopus and Web of Science databases by the end of August 2021 for systematic reviews and meta-analyses. Original articles included in the systematic reviews were retrieved, summarized and pooled sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic odds ratio were calculated. The level of evidence was divided into five groups: convincing (class I), highly suggestive (class II), suggestive (class III), weak (class IV) and non-significant. Results: The value of 33 predictive instruments was evaluated. The sample size included in these scoring systems’ assessments varied between 182 and 47072 patients. The level of evidence was class I in one tool, class II in 18 tools, class III in 2 tools, class IV in 11 tools, and non-significant in one tool. Apart from Med PACS, which had a low diagnostic value, other tools appeared to be able to detect a stroke. The optimum performance for diagnosis of stroke was for ROSIER, NIHSS, PASS, FAST, LAMS, RACE and CPSS. Conclusion: Convincing to suggestive evidence shows that ROSIER, NIHSS, PASS, FAST, LAMS, RACE and CPSS have the optimum performance in identifying stroke. Since ROSIER’s calculation is simple and has the highest sensitivity and specificity among those predictive instruments, it is recommended for stroke diagnosis in pre-hospital and in-hospital settings.
      PubDate: 2022-05-03
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9400
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Factors affecting simulators of the hospital emergency department during
           emergencies and disasters in Iran: a qualitative study

    • Authors: Fahimeh Barghi Shirazi, Shandiz Moslehi, Mohammad Reza Rasouli, Gholamreza Masoumi
      Abstract: Objective: The simulation strategy is so important for appropriate responses and preparedness of hospital emergency department staff in emergencies to strengthen team building and care focused on the interdisciplinary community. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the factors affecting the hospital emergency department's simulators during emergencies and disasters. Methods: This conventional content analysis study was conducted in 2021. Participants were selected from Iranian experts using purposeful and snowball sampling methods. Data were collected using semi-structured interviews and were analyzed by the content analysis. Results: Analysis of the data results through semi-structured interviews showed 4 main categories and 11 subcategories including management and leadership (the structure, casualty management, command, interactions and coordination, communications and information, as well as human resources), and increasing the capacity (resources (physical resources, and financial resources)), modern technology approaches (information technology), laws and policies (policies, guidelines, and rules). Conclusion: The simulation technology use can be effective in preparing the hospital emergency department in the event of disasters, strengthening management and leadership, proper planning, appropriate organizational culture, organizational learning, interactions and coordination, casualty management, as well as providing resources, equipment, items, processes, and instructions. So, the use of these new technological training is recommended to improve responses in times of emergencies and disasters.
      PubDate: 2022-04-22
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9398
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • An atypical case of Guillain-Barré: overlap of Miller Fisher syndrome
           with pharyngeal-cervical-brachial variant

    • Authors: Rafael Alfonso Reyes Monge, Tonantzin Soledad Ibarra Ocegueda
      Abstract: The patient was a 30-year-old female. She had developed dysphagia three days prior to admission. Initially, she only had problem swallowing solids but later the problem progressed to liquids, and after that dysphonia was added. She was visited by a first-level doctor who diagnosed her problem as pharyngotonsillitis and treated her with amoxicillin + clavulanate without improvement. Two days later, diplopia was added, which led her to come to our hospital. Upon arrival, the vital signs were recorded as blood pressure 120/70 mmHg, respiratory rate 18 breaths per minute, temperature 35.7 °C, and O2 saturation 98% in room air. She was alert, oriented in three spheres, normoreflexic, had isochoric pupils with ptosis when making a pathetic look, and had preserved motor and sensory function of the facial nerve. She also had dysphonia, inability to swallow, with difficulty to manage secretions. She had normal thorax with adequate ventilatory mechanics, lung fields with adequate air entry and exit, rhythmic precordium without aggregated auscultator phenomena, globular abdomen at the expense of panniculus adiposus, preserved peristalsis, pelvic limbs with 1/5 bilateral loss of strength, preserved sensitivity, bilateral areflexia, thoracic limbs strength 3/5 bilateral, and ataxic gait.
      PubDate: 2022-04-19
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9404
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Early clinical experience with a new video laryngoscope (SANYAR®) for
           tracheal intubation in adults: a comparison clinical study

    • Authors: Mohammad Reza Khajavi, Rana Mohammadyousefi, Mohamadreza Neishaboury, Reza Shariat Moharari, Farhad Etezadi, Pejman Pourfakhr
      Abstract: Objective: SANYAR® video laryngoscope (S-VL) is a new video laryngoscope. We conducted a comparative clinical study to assess its ability to provide laryngeal exposure and facilitate endotrachetal intubation (ETI) in adult patients. Methods: This comparison clinical study was conducted on adult patients undergoing elective general anesthesia. The patients were randomly divided into two groups of direct laryngoscopy (DL) or S-VL. The primary outcome was the time required for performing ETI. The glottic view and successful ETI on the first attempt was also compared between the two groups. Results: Full and partial glottic visualization was achieved in 100% of the patients in the S-VL group, while the corresponding figure in the DL group was 90%. Cormack-Lehane III was observed in 5 patients of the DL group, and ETI was successfully carried out with S-VL. The first-pass success rate of ETI was significantly higher in S-VL group compared to the DL group (94% vs. 78%; P = 0.034). The mean times to ETI were 38.32±6.4 and 35.31±8.4 seconds in DL and S-VL groups, respectively (P = 0.650). Conclusions: During ETI for general anesthesia, SANYAR® video laryngoscope compared with direct laryngoscopy improved glottic visualization and first-pass ETI rate.
      PubDate: 2022-04-17
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9397
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Cutaneous vasculitis following COVID-19 vaccination: a case-based review

    • Authors: Rama Bozorgmehr, Katayoun Enteshari, Arash Khameneh Bagheri, Reza Jafarzadeh Esfehani, Fahimeh Abdollahimajd
      Abstract: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an emerging virus that causes a disease mainly known by its pulmonary and thrombotic complications. Although cutaneous complications, including vasculitis, have been reported in infected patients, the development of vasculitis after receiving vaccine is a rare clinical finding. Here, we report a case of vasculitis in a female patient who received a COVID-19 vaccine and was later infected with SARS-CoV-2, and was also diagnosed with hepatitis B during hospitalization. Our patient did not have a previous history of similar cutaneous manifestations of vasculitis, and the development of the symptoms approximately one month from the vaccination suggests immune complex hypersensitivity reaction.
      PubDate: 2022-03-04
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9403
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Cardiac dysrhythmia in COVID-19 patients; occurrence and risk factors

    • Authors: Mohammad Haji Aghajani, Mehrdad Haghighi, Mohammad Sistanizad, Ziba Asadpoordezaki, Amirmohammad Toloui, Arian Madani Neishaboori, Asma Pourhoseingholi, Fatemeh Nasiri-Afrapoli, Amir Heydari, Reza Miri, Mahmoud Yousefifard
      Abstract: Objective: In this study, we have evaluated the occurrence and risk factors of cardiac dysrhythmia on admission and during hospitalization in COVID-19 patients. Methods: This study was conducted as a retrospective cohort in which 893 electrocardiograms (ECGs) taken at the time of admission and 328 ECGs taken during hospitalization were evaluated. These ECGs were assessed for cardiac dysrhythmias by a cardiologist. Finally, relationships between clinical characteristics and the occurrence of cardiac dysrhythmias in patients were assessed. Results: Most common cardiac dysrhythmias on admission were sinus tachycardia (64.8%), atrial fibrillation (13.5%), and sinus bradycardia (11.3%). Multivariate regression analysis showed that a history of metformin use (RR=0.83; p=0.042) was independently associated with reduced risk of cardiac dysrhythmias on admission, while male sex (RR=1.16; p=0.018), history of cardiovascular diseases (RR=1.16; p=0.017), history of cancer (RR=1.40; p=0.004) and QT prolongation on ECG (RR=1.18; p=0.017) were associated with a higher risk of cardiac dysrhythmias on admission. Also, from the 328 patients that had a second ECG, 185 (56.4%) experienced cardiac dysrhythmias during their hospitalization. Multivariate analysis showed that presence of cardiac dysrhythmias on admission (RR=1.85; 95% CI; 1.49-2.35; p<0.001) was the only independent prognostic factor for the occurrence of cardiac dysrhythmias during hospitalization. no significant relationships were observed between treatment regimens and the incidence of cardiac dysrhythmias. Conclusion: The present study showed that more than half of COVID-19 patients have cardiac dysrhythmias on admission. Our analyses illustrated that a history of metformin use was associated with a lower risk of cardiac dysrhythmias on admission, while male sex, history of cardiovascular diseases, history of cancer, and QT prolongation were associated with a higher rate of cardiac dysrhythmias. Hydroxychloroquine use along with azithromycin and Kaletra (Lopinavir-Ritonavir) had no association with the development cardiac dysrhythmias during hospitalization.
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9399
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Rare presentation of COVID-19 in 6-year-old girl: myocarditis with severe
           restrictive diastolic dysfunction

    • Authors: Victoria Chegini, Fatemeh Omidi, Fatemeh Shojaeian, Hamidreza Hatamabadi, Mina Farshidgohar
      Abstract: Since the emergence of COVID-19 in late December 2019, patients were presented at the hospitals with different symptoms, including cardiac manifestations. Recent records of coronavirus infection in children and adolescents have been accompanied by multisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C). Here, we describe a 6 -year-old girl with no history of cardiac disease, infected with COVID-19 and presented at the emergency department with fever and cardiac manifestations. Her echocardiography findings favored myocarditis with restrictive (severe) diastolic dysfunction, a rare manifestation of COVID-19 among children. Unfortunately, despite standard treatment of myocarditis and supportive care, the patient passed away. Therefore, it seems necessary to develop a guideline for the recent cardiac consequences of the pandemic among children and follow their presentations carefully.
      PubDate: 2022-02-27
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9402
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Is prior use of renin-angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitors associated with
           more favourable outcome in COVID-19 hospitalized patients'

    • Authors: Mohammad-Mehdi Mehrabi Nejad, Hamed Bagheri, Seyyed Hosein Mousavi, Faeze Salahshour, Niloofar Ayoobi Yazdi, Babak Shekarchi
      Abstract: Objective: We aimed to investigate the extent of pulmonary involvement and adverse outcomes in patients receiving angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)/ angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) versus who did not, in hospitalized coronavirus infectious disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Methods: All COVID-19 patients with a positive polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, who were admitted to our tertiary referral hospitals in Tehran, Iran between January 2021 and May 2021, and had an on-admission chest computed tomography (CT) scan, were included. The patients were divided into two groups (receiving ACEI/ARB and who did not) for further analysis. The outcomes of interest in our study were the extent of pulmonary involvement, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and death. Results: A total of 893 participants (mean age of 58.6±15.4 years; female, 522 (58.4%)) were enrolled. Among them, 368 (41.2%) participants had hypertension, and use of ACEI/ARB was reported in 183 (20.5%) participants. Of all, 409 (45.8%) participants required ICU admission, and 259 (29%) participants succumbed to death. We found that participants who received ACEI/ARB were less likely to progress critical disease and experienced significantly lower ICU admission (P=0.022) and death (P<0.001). On multivariable analysis adjusting for age, sex, and comorbidities, this relationship remained statistically significant for death [OR: 0.23 (0.14-0.38); P<0.001] and ICU admission [OR: 0.49 (0.32-0.73); P=0.001]. Conclusion: Our findings showed that COVID-19 patients who receiving ACEI/ARB prior to hospitalization vs. those who did not, had more favorable outcomes.
      PubDate: 2022-02-22
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9396
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Developing and validating a checklist for assessing the performance of air
           ambulance services

    • Authors: Hasan Jafari, Roohollah Askari, Razieh Montazerolfaraj, Saeedreza Pahlavanpoor, Zahra Alsadat Kalantarzadeh
      Abstract: Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop a checklist for assessing the performance of air ambulance services. Method: This is a qualitative study. The first phase involved a review of existing documentation about air emergency standards to create a checklist of the most critical factors and components affecting the performance of air ambulance services. The second phase required experts to complete a performance evaluation checklist from the previous phase. The third phase utilized the Delphi technique to validate the performance evaluation checklist for air ambulance services. The experts in this study were 24 pundits with a vested interest in the subject. Results: A total of 31 items exist in the area of helipad-related facilities, 17 items in the area of process requirements for medical centers with helicopter landing areas, 15 items in the category of human resources for air ambulances, 10 items in the category of human resources for receiving or delivering patients from air ambulances to medical centers, 27 items in the area of base equipment, 17 items in the area of helicopter equipment, and requirements, 14 items in the category of technical, communication, and safety equipment for use inside the helicopter, 1o items dealing with time standards, 11 items dealing with road and urban base requirements for air ambulance operations. Experts approved two items in the area of utilizing other rescue and law enforcement agencies to assist and cooperate with air emergency flights and two items in the area of comfort for conscious patients to alleviate stress during flight. Conclusion: A performance evaluation checklist is an effective tool for evaluating the quantity and quality of emergency helicopter services provided and measuring their performance.
      PubDate: 2022-02-12
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9394
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Giant megacolon caused by anterior displacement of the anus in a
           71-year-old woman

    • Authors: Mehdi Farhangian, Hadi Ahmadi-Amoli, Ehsan Rahimpour
      Abstract: The patient was a 71-year-old woman who was referred to the general surgery clinic due to a severe colonic dilatation and a fecal mass that was found in her abdominopelvic CT scan, which was ordered by a nephrologist for approaching her right flank pain. The patient had experienced bloating and progressive abdominal distension in the year prior to the current visit. The last defecation had occurred approximately 20 days prior to the visit, and the last gas passage had occurred the day before the visit. 
      PubDate: 2022-02-12
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9405
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Ultrasound versus computed tomography scan findings in pediatric blunt
           abdominal traumas

    • Authors: Hasan Sultanoglu, Ayse Basaran, Azad Hekimoglu, Engin Deniz Arslan, Seda Ozkan
      Abstract: Objective: We aimed to evaluate the performance of ultrasonography (US) versus computed tomography (CT) scan in detecting intra-abdominal injury among pediatric patients with blunt abdominal trauma. Methods: Pediatric patients aged<18, who were admitted to the emergency department (ED) due to abdominal trauma and underwent both US and CT scan were evaluated retrospectively. Results: A total of 732 pediatric patients were included in this study. Pathology was detected on US of 418 (57.1%) cases, whereas, intra-abdominal pathology was detected in CT scan of 359 (48.7%) cases. The sensitivity of US in detecting pathology (fluid and/or organ injury) was 95.3%, and its specificity was 79.6%. The sensitivity of US in detecting free fluid was 94.9%, and its specificity was 80.5%. In patients with unstable and stable hemodynamic, the sensitivities of US in detection of pathology (fluid and/or organ injury) were 97.6% and 91.6%, and its specificities were 74.3% and 80.9%, respectively. Conclusions: In our study, the sensitivity of US in terms of detecting pathology in pediatrics with blunt abdominal trauma was high, whereas the specificity of US was low.
      PubDate: 2022-01-05
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9393
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Efficacy of levamisole with standard care treatment vs. standard care in
           clinical presentations of non-hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a
           randomized clinical trial

    • Authors: Mohammad Hossein Asgardoon, Hamid ‎ Emadi Koochak, Mohammad ‎Hassan ‎Kazemi-‎Galougahi ‎, Ali Zare ‎Dehnavi, Behzad ‎ Khodaei, Atefeh ‎ Behkar, Ahmad ‎Reza ‎ Dehpour, Hossein ‎ Khalili, Mohammad ‎ Aminianfar
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of adding a 10-day course of levamisole (LVM) to the standard care compared with standard care alone, on the clinical status of COVID-19 patients with mild to moderate disease. Methods:  In this randomized open-label trial, we enrolled non-hospitalized patients with mild to moderate COVID-19 at nine health centers in Tehran province, Iran, in 2021. Patients were randomly assigned to receive a 10-day course of LVM with standard care (n=185) or standard care alone (n=180) in a 1:1 ratio. On days 1 to 10, LVM was administered orally at a dosage of 50 mg. The participants were called and followed on days 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, and 14. The measured parameters were general health condition, hospitalization rate, signs and symptoms, and adverse events. The generalized estimating equations model was used for analysis. Results: Among 507 randomized patients, 473 patients started the experiment and received LVM plus standard care or received the standard care alone; 385 patients included in the analysis; 346 (98%) patients completed the trial. The median age of the patients was 40 years [IQR: 32-50.75]; and ‎201 (55.1%)‎ patiens were male. The mean age, sex ratio, and frequency of the underlying diseases of the patients in the two study groups had no ‎statistically significant differences (P>0.05). Compared to the control group, LVM improved the general health condition of the patients (B=-0.635; 95% CI: -0.041,-0.329; P<0.001). Patients receiving LVM compared with standard care group had significantly lower odds of developing fever (OR=0.260; 95% CI: 0.11‎‎3‎,0.59‎‎9‎; P=0.002), chills (OR=0.223; 95% CI:‎‎ 0.07‎‎6,‎0.64‎‎8‎; P= 0.006), fatigue (OR=0.576; 95% CI:‎ 0.34‎‎6,‎0.96‎‎0‎‎; P=0.034), and myalgia (OR=0.54‎‎4‎; 95% CI:‎ 0.31‎‎7‎,0.93‎‎2‎‎; P=0.027). No significant difference was observed in the rate of hospitalization. Although the intervention group had greater adverse effects than the control group, the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that LVM has clinical benefits in improving patients’ health condition with mild to moderate COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2022-01-05
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9395
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2022)
  • Efficacy of lacosamide in the treatment of non-convulsive seizure and
           non-convulsive status epilepticus in septic patients: a narrative review

    • Authors: Kiumarth Amini, Adeleh Sahebnasagh, Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh
      Abstract: Non-convulsive seizures (NCS) and non-convulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) are of the acute complications of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), which lead to increased mortality and morbidity. In these cases, immediate treatment with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is important to prevent further damage to the brain. AEDs are the first line of treatment, however, most of these medications have many side effects. In the recent years, significant advances have been made in this area and lacosamide is one of the therapeutic options. The intravenous formulation of this drug is most popular due to the lack of drug-drug interaction and properly designed studies which have been conducted in this field. In this review, the latest findings on the effect of lacosamide on acute non-convulsive and generalized-convulsive seizures (G-CS) are evaluated in critically ill patients admitted to the ICU.
      PubDate: 2021-11-01
      DOI: 10.18502/fem.v6i3.9401
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 3 (2021)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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