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EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (121 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 124 of 124 Journals sorted alphabetically
AACN Advanced Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acute and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acute Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Neonatal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
African Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AINS - Anasthesiologie - Intensivmedizin - Notfallmedizin - Schmerztherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 122)
Annals of Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Annals of the American Thoracic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bangladesh Critical Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Burns Open     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Chronic Wound Care Management and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Trauma and Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 74)
Critical Care and Resuscitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Critical Care Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Critical Care Explorations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 267)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EMC - Urgenze     Full-text available via subscription  
Emergency Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Emergency Medicine (Medicina neotložnyh sostoânij)     Open Access  
Emergency Medicine Australasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Emergency Medicine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Emergency Medicine News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Emergency Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Enfermería Intensiva (English ed.)     Full-text available via subscription  
European Burn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Frontiers in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intensivmedizin up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Paramedic Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Européen des Urgences et de Réanimation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal Of Cardiovascular Emergencies     Open Access  
Journal of Concussion     Open Access  
Journal of Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Education and Teaching in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Emergency Medical Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Intensive Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Stroke Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Intensive Care Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Journal of Translational Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
La Presse Médicale Open     Open Access  
Médecine de Catastrophe - Urgences Collectives     Hybrid Journal  
Medicina Intensiva     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mediterranean Journal of Emergency Medicine & Acute Care : MedJEM     Open Access  
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
OA Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Open Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Palliative Care : Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Prehospital Emergency Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Research and Opinion in Anesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Resuscitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Resuscitation Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Saudi Critical Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Shock : Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis : Laboratory and Clinical Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sklifosovsky Journal Emergency Medical Care     Open Access  
The Journal of Trauma Injury Infection and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transplant Research and Risk Management     Open Access  
Trauma Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trauma Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
 AEM Education and Training : A Global Journal of Emergency Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Case Reports in Critical Care
Number of Followers: 12  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-6420 - ISSN (Online) 2090-6439
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Supplementation of High Velocity Nasal Insufflation with a Nonrebreather
           Mask for Severe Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure in Adult Patients with

    • Abstract: The unique clinical features of COVID-19-related acute hypoxemic respiratory failure, as well as the widespread impact leading to resource strain, have led to reconsiderations of classic approaches to respiratory support. HFNO includes high flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and high velocity nasal insufflation (HVNI). There are currently no widely accepted criteria for HFNO failure. We report a series of three patients who experienced COVID-19-related acute severe hypoxemic respiratory failure. Each patient was initially managed with HVNI and had a ROX , suggesting HFNO failure was likely. They were subsequently managed with a nonrebreather mask (NRM) overlying and in combination with HVNI at maximal settings and were able to be managed without the need for invasive mechanical ventilation.
      PubDate: Tue, 24 May 2022 12:35:00 +000
  • A Case Report of Iatrogenic Bronchial Rupture following Endobronchial
           Blocker Placement

    • Abstract: Physiologists Eduard Pfluger and Claude Bernard first introduced one lung ventilation (OLV) in 1871. Today, it is now a frequently used technique in open or minimally invasive cardiothoracic surgeries. One key benefit of the use of OLV is improved surgical exposure. Historically, lung isolation catheters used under fluoroscopic guidance or a Fogarty catheter were used to achieve OLV. In present times, endobronchial blockers (EBBs) in conjunction with single lumen endotracheal tubes and double lumen endotracheal tubes (DLTs) are used to achieve intraoperative OLV. Some complications of EBBs include mucosal injury, bleeding, bronchial rupture, pneumothorax, malpositioning-induced respiratory arrest, severe hypoxemia, and dislodgement. The incidence of iatrogenic tracheal rupture with single lumen endotracheal intubation is reported to be approximately 0.005%, and with double lumen ETT, the incidence may be between 0.05 and 0.19%. Mortality associated with tracheal rupture with DLTs is approximately 8.8%. Data on airway injury with endobronchial blockers is limited, and reported cases of bronchial perforations with use of EBBs are rare suggesting that EBBs may be the safer option for OLV. In this case report, we will be discussing a case of iatrogenic endobronchial rupture following endobronchial blocker placement.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 May 2022 21:50:00 +000
  • Delayed Acetaminophen Absorption Resulting in Acute Liver Failure

    • Abstract: Introduction. Acetaminophen is a common medication involved in deliberate and accidental self-poisoning. The acetaminophen treatment nomogram is used to guide acetylcysteine treatment. It is rare to develop hepatotoxicity with an initial acetaminophen concentration below the nomogram line. We present a case of acetaminophen ingestion with an initial concentration below the nomogram line that developed hepatic failure, due to a delayed peak acetaminophen concentration secondary to coingesting medications that slow gastric emptying. Case Report. A 43-year-old (55 kg) female presented after ingesting an unknown quantity of acetaminophen, clonidine, and alcohol. Her acetaminophen level was 41 mg/L (256 μmol/L) at 4.5 h post-ingestion, well below the nomogram line, and ALT was 25 U/L. Hence, acetylcysteine was not commenced. She was intubated for decreased level of conscious. A repeat acetaminophen level 4 h later was 39 mg/L (242 μmol/L), still below the nomogram line. She was extubated 24 h later.At 38 h post-ingestion she developed abdominal pain, the repeat acetaminophen level was 85 mg/L (560 μmol/L), ALT was 489 U/L, and acetylcysteine was commenced. The patient developed hepatic failure with a peak ALT of 7009 U/L and INR of 7.5 but made a full recovery. It was discovered that she had ingested a combination acetaminophen product containing dextromethorphan and chlorphenamine. Acetaminophen metabolites were measured, including nontoxic glucuronide and sulfate conjugates and toxic cytochrome P450 (CYP) metabolites. The metabolite data demonstrated increasing CYP metabolites in occurrence with the delayed acetaminophen peak concentration. Discussion. Opioids and antimuscarinic agents are known to delay gastric emptying and clonidine may also have contributed. These coingested medications resulted in delayed acetaminophen absorption. This case highlights the issue of altered pharmacokinetics when patients coingest gut slowing agents.
      PubDate: Sat, 07 May 2022 09:35:00 +000
  • Chryseobacterium Indologenes Sepsis and Acute Renal Failure Secondary to
           Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in a Confirmed COVID-19 Patient

    • Abstract: Sepsis due to nosocomial pathogens markedly increases morbidity and mortality in the critically ill patient. The SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) pandemic has increased the number of patients requiring intensive care unit (ICU) in-patient management. Chryseobacterium indologenes (C. indologenes) is a group of multiresistant gram-negative bacteria associated with in-hospital environment and catheter-associated infections of increasing importance in the ICU. SARS-CoV-2 severe infection in the critically ill patient increases the risk of abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) and acute kidney injury (AKI). We hereby report a case of a patient with SARS-CoV-2 severe infection, C. indologenes sepsis, abdominal compartment syndrome, and secondary renal failure.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Apr 2022 08:05:01 +000
  • A Rare Cause of a Rare Disorder: E. coli-Induced Purpura Fulminans
           Secondary to Urinary Tract Infection

    • Abstract: Purpura fulminans is a devastating thrombotic disorder infrequently encountered in medical practice and amongst the medical literature. It is a hematologic emergency in which prompt recognition and initiation of treatment are critical to mitigate its significant morbidity and mortality. Surgical evaluation is commonly required, since the debilitating skin and soft tissue necrosis often degenerate into necrotizing fasciitis, critical limb ischemia, warranting surgical interventions in either a staged or single-step approach. Purpura fulminans can be neonatal, infectious, or idiopathic. Infection-induced purpura fulminans is less common, and only a few microorganisms have been associated with this condition: Meningococcus spp., Pneumococcus spp., or Staphylococcus spp. This report presents a rare case of Escherichia coli-induced purpura fulminans. Apart from the unfortunate partial amputation of all left-hand five digits, our patient made a full recovery following effective infectious source control, supportive care with volume resuscitation, anticoagulation, and wound care.
      PubDate: Wed, 06 Apr 2022 10:05:00 +000
  • Methamphetamine-Induced Bowel Ischemia in a 50-Year-Old Male

    • Abstract: Methamphetamine intoxication is a known risk factor for nonocclusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). We describe a case of a 50-year-old male with a history of polysubstance abuse who presented to the Emergency Department with severe abdominal pain and coffee-ground emesis. Computed tomographic (CT) imaging demonstrated portal venous gas and diffuse colonic wall thickening concerning for ischemic colitis. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy with resection of the ascending colon as well as a necrotic section of the jejunum. Further embolic workup was negative with a subjective history of amphetamine use prior to presentation. NOMI has a high fatality rate, and we recommend providers include drug-induced bowel infarction on their differential when presented with findings of ischemic bowel of unclear etiology.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Apr 2022 11:20:00 +000
  • Multiple Electroencephalogram Recordings for Monitoring the Evolution of
           Neurological Complications during Baclofen Withdrawal Syndrome

    • Abstract: Baclofen withdrawal syndrome represents a clinical emergency that can lead to life-threatening complications. It is often a diagnostic challenge because of its nonspecific nature of presentation and degree of symptom overlap with other clinical diseases. Electroencephalography (EEG) might provide important supporting evidence when neurological complications are involved. We present the case of a 55-year-old woman with sudden onset of motor manifestations at the limbs and an altered mental status 24 hours after cessation of intrathecal baclofen administration, following the removal of the pump due to infection, in whom a computed tomography did not show any acute-onset brain injuries, and multiple EEG recordings were performed. The first EEG showed the presence of bilateral sharply contoured waves, in the absence of epileptic discharges and seizures. No correlation between motor manifestations and EEG changes were detected. This EEG pattern was considered to be the expression of an overexcitation of the central nervous system (CNS) due to the loss of baclofen inhibitory effects, excluding an epileptic origin of motor manifestations. Another EEG, performed 24 hours later, showed the presence of triphasic waves with severe generalised slowing, suggesting the presence of encephalopathy. The last EEG, performed 48 hours after the previous recording, when a recovered state of consciousness was already present, showed regression of the triphasic waves and a reorganisation of the background activity. In our case, repeated EEG evaluation allowed monitoring the evolution of acute encephalopathy developed during baclofen withdrawal syndrome, from the initial phase of CNS hyperexcitability, through the phase of metabolic encephalopathy, and to its resolution. This modality allowed for optimising the diagnostic-therapeutic management of the patient during her stay in the intensive care unit.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Mar 2022 10:35:00 +000
  • Widespread Arterial Thrombosis after ChAdOx1 nCov-19 Vaccination

    • Abstract: Vaccine-induced thrombotic thrombocytopenia is an uncommon complication of COVID-19 vaccines using adenovirus mRNA carriers and has been associated with thrombosis of the cerebral venous sinuses and portal system. We report a case of a 69-year-old woman admitted to the intensive care unit due to stroke caused by thrombosis of the right carotid artery 9 days after receiving the ChAdOx1 nCov-19 vaccine. Further investigations demonstrated multiple thrombi in the arterial tree in the absence of any venous involvement. The clinical course and the treatment are described and discussed.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Feb 2022 12:20:01 +000
  • Risen Alive: The Lazarus Phenomenon

    • Abstract: The Lazarus phenomenon described as delayed return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cessation of CPR is rare, though underreported. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who visited our hospital for persistent vomiting and weight loss for the last six months following bariatric surgery. On the 16th day of admission, the patient experienced cardiac arrest (code blue). The patient underwent 73 min of continuous cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR); however, no responses were observed, which led to an announcement of death. Fifty minutes later, the family members noticed subtle eye movements that necessitated resumption of the advanced cardiac life support protocol and resuscitation. The patient survived; however, she developed significant neurological deficits secondary to prolonged anoxic brain injury. She was discharged after a ten-week stay in the hospital but did not achieve full neurologic, cognitive, and motor recovery. Patients should be observed and monitored after the cessation of CPR before confirming death.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Feb 2022 07:35:00 +000
  • Response to: Comment on “Acetazolamide Intoxication in an Elderly

    • PubDate: Wed, 29 Dec 2021 11:35:01 +000
  • Diagnostic Pitfalls in Papillary Muscle Rupture-Associated Acute Mitral
           Regurgitation after Acute Myocardial Infarction

    • Abstract: Papillary muscle rupture (PMR) is a rare and fatal complication of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). We report a case of acute mitral regurgitation (MR) due to PMR with pulmonary edema and cardiogenic shock following AMI with small myocardial necrosis. An 88-year-old woman was brought to our emergency department in acute respiratory distress, shock, and coma. She had no systolic murmur, and transthoracic echocardiography was inconclusive. Coronary angiography showed obstruction of the posterior descending branch of the right coronary artery. Although the infarction was small, the hemodynamics did not improve. Transesophageal echocardiography established papillary muscle rupture with severe mitral regurgitation 5 days after admission. Thereafter, the patient and her family did not consent to heart surgery, and she eventually died of progressive heart failure. Physicians should be aware of papillary muscle rupture with acute mitral regurgitation following AMI in patients with unstable hemodynamics, no systolic murmur, and no abnormalities revealed on transthoracic echocardiography.
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Dec 2021 06:05:00 +000
  • Combined Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Syndrome and Diabetic Ketoacidosis
           Associated with COVID-19 in a Pediatric Patient

    • Abstract: Although most children with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) are asymptomatic or only with mild symptoms, many symptomatic children still require admission to the intensive care unit. Multiple cases of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome (HHS) associated with COVID-19 have been reported in adults. However, to our knowledge, only few similar cases have been published in the pediatric population. We report one of the first few severe cases of mixed HHS with DKA associated with COVID-19 in an adolescent. Our patient was successfully treated with intravenous immunoglobulin, Remdesivir, and methylprednisolone. As the pandemic continues, clinicians should be aware of this syndrome and consider early use of Remdesivir and corticosteroids. Further studies are required to understand the pathophysiology of this syndrome occurring with COVID-19.
      PubDate: Sat, 27 Nov 2021 09:20:01 +000
  • Osmotic Demyelination Syndrome due to Rhabdomyolysis and Hyperosmolar
           Hyperglycemic Syndrome following Cardiogenic Shock

    • Abstract: Osmotic demyelination syndrome (ODS) is a relatively rare disease that causes rapid demyelination, resulting in pontine and central nervous system damage with various symptoms, including impaired consciousness. It often occurs when hyponatremia is rapidly corrected. However, it can also occur when a normonatremic patient suddenly develops hypernatremia. A 51-year-old man developed cardiogenic shock with impaired consciousness, hyperCKemia, hypernatremia, and hyperglycemia. Osmotic demyelination syndrome secondary to rhabdomyolysis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome was suspected. The patient’s fluid volume decreased because of osmotic diuresis caused by hyperglycemia, and the blood sodium level increased rapidly. The latter resulted in ODS, which in turn resulted in a prolonged disturbance of consciousness, from which he has not yet recovered. ODS has been reported as a serious complication of rapid correction of hyponatremia, although it also occurs when normonatremia leads to hypernatremia. This disease is difficult to diagnose, as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain is often unremarkable several weeks after its onset. This case of ODS occurred when normonatremia led to hypernatremia, as a result of rhabdomyolysis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic syndrome. Diagnosis was made based on the MRI brain findings.
      PubDate: Thu, 25 Nov 2021 06:05:00 +000
  • Septic Pulmonary Embolism Causing Recurrent Pneumothorax in an Intravenous
           Drug User without Right-Sided Valvular Vegetation in Infective

    • Abstract: The following report illustrates a case of a 36-year-old Caucasian male with intravenous drug use (IVDU) induced septic thrombophlebitis presenting with recurrent unilateral pneumothoraces from septic pulmonary embolism (SPE) without the presence of obvious right-sided valvular vegetation in infective endocarditis (IE), defined as tricuspid or pulmonary valve lesions. Pneumothorax (PTX) has been observed as a rare complication of SPE and is commonly associated with infective right-sided IE, IVDU, and intravascular indwelling catheters. However, this case is novel as it is the very rare documented case of recurrent, unilateral, spontaneous right PTX refractory to multiple chest tube placements in such a setting. Therefore, the absence of detectable right-sided valvular vegetation in IE does not obviate the risk of SPE-induced PTX in IVDU and further expands the realm of infectious and pulmonary consequences of SPE and IVDU.
      PubDate: Sat, 20 Nov 2021 08:20:00 +000
  • Esophageal Rupture Presenting with ST Segment Elevation and Junctional
           Rhythm Mimicking Acute Myocardial Infarction

    • Abstract: Esophageal rupture is a rare but potentially fatal cause of chest pain. The presentation is variable and can mimic other conditions such as aortic dissection, pulmonary embolism, and myocardial infarction (MI). A 71-year-old male with a history of coronary artery disease presented to the ED with complaints of acute chest pain and respiratory distress. Over the next 48 hours, the patient developed dynamic ST segment changes on surface electrocardiogram mimicking an inferolateral ST segment elevation MI accompanied by a junctional rhythm. Curiously, his cardiac enzymes remained negative during this time, but his clinical status continued to deteriorate. A subsequent CT scan demonstrated a lower esophageal rupture, and the patient underwent successful endoscopic stenting. While rare, prompt recognition of esophageal rupture is imperative to improving morbidity and mortality. While esophageal rupture has been noted to cause ST segment elevation before, this appears to be the first case associated with a junctional rhythm.
      PubDate: Thu, 18 Nov 2021 11:35:02 +000
  • Corrigendum to “Massive Acetaminophen Overdose Treated Successfully with
           N-Acetylcysteine, Fomepizole, and Hemodialysis”

    • PubDate: Wed, 17 Nov 2021 11:20:01 +000
  • Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage in Patient with Granulomatosis with

    • Abstract: Granulomatosis with polyangitis (GPA) is characterized by a necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis of small arteries and veins. It most commonly affects the upper and lower respiratory tract and kidneys. However, other organs including the gastrointestinal tract can be affected. Gastrointestinal manifestations of GPA are rare and can include ischemia, bowel infarction, and perforation. Hemorrhage is an extremely rare presentation of GPA. We present a case of a woman with GPA and pulmonary renal syndrome on treatment who presents with severe gastrointestinal hemorrhage.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Oct 2021 07:50:01 +000
  • Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome Caused by Severe Traumatic Brain Injury in
           a Pediatric Patient and Review of the Literature

    • Abstract: Background. Following acute traumatic brain injury, cerebral salt wasting (CSW) syndrome is considered as an important cause of hyponatremia apart from syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone. Differentiation between the two syndromes is crucial for the initiation of an adequate treatment. Case Presentation. We report a 15-year-old female adolescent, admitted to intensive care for acute severe traumatic brain injury. During his hospitalization, she developed a hyponatremia with an increase of urine output and hypovolemia. So, the most probable diagnosis was CSW. Initially, she was treated by hypertonic saline and volume expansion. However, his sodium level continued to fall despite infusion of hypertonic saline. That is why fludrocortisone was introduced initially at 50 μg/day then increased to 150 μg/day. Fludrocortisone was continued for the next months. Serum sodium level was 138 mmol/L after one month of treatment. Conclusion. Hyponatremia may occur after severe traumatic brain injury that is why an adequate treatment initiated on time is necessary in order to reduce morbidity and mortality.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Oct 2021 10:35:00 +000
  • Lung Abscess with a Refractory Bronchopleural Fistula Saved from
           Potentially Fatal Sepsis by Omentoplasty and Extracorporeal Membrane

    • Abstract: Controlling air leaks during thoracic drainage in patients with lung abscesses caused by bronchopleural fistulas is challenging. To reduce the occurrence of air leaks, positive pressure ventilation should be avoided whenever possible. A 69-year-old man presented with a 10-day history of gradually worsening chest pain. He had lost consciousness and was brought to the emergency room. His SpO2 was approximately 70%, and his systolic blood pressure was approximately 60 mmHg. Chest radiography and computed tomography revealed findings suggestive of a right pyothorax. Therefore, thoracic drainage was performed. However, the patient’s respiratory status did not improve, and his circulatory status could not be maintained. Therefore, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation was introduced after the improvement in circulation by noradrenaline and fluid resuscitation, resulting in adequate oxygenation and ventilation without the use of high-pressure ventilator settings. Subsequently, omentoplasty for a refractory bronchopleural fistula was successfully performed, and the air leak was cured without recurrence of the lung abscess.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Oct 2021 12:20:00 +000
  • Deep Venous Thrombosis after Ad26.COV2.S Vaccination in Adult Male

    • Abstract: With extensive loss of life and well-being seen since the beginning of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, the initiation of vaccinations has come with enormous hope towards the end of this pandemic. Detailed discussions regarding the safety and efficacy of these vaccines led to their approval. With such success, there have also been reports of vaccine-associated adverse events—allergic reactions, anaphylaxis, immune thrombocytopenia, and thrombosis. We discuss and report the first case of a healthy young adult male developing extensive thrombosis, after receiving the Ad26.COV2.S (Johnson & Johnson/Janssen) vaccine.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Oct 2021 11:20:00 +000
  • CytoSorb® Hemoadsorption as a Promising Tool to Handle
           COVID-19-Induced Cytokine Storm

    • Abstract: Accumulating evidence suggests that a patient subgroup with severe COVID-19 develops a cytokine release syndrome leading to capillary leakage and organ injury. Recent publications addressing therapy of cytokine storms recommended new extracorporeal therapies such as hemoadsorption. This case report describes a 59-year-old SARS-CoV-2-positive patient with severe ARDS. Due to severe hyperinflammation with concomitant hemodynamic instability and progressive renal failure, combination of continuous renal replacement and CytoSorb® hemoadsorption therapy was initiated. Treatment resulted immediately in a control of the hyperinflammatory response. Simultaneously, lung function continued to improve accompanied by profound hemodynamic stabilization. We report the successful utilization of CytoSorb® hemoadsorption in the treatment of a patient with SARS-CoV-2-induced cytokine storm syndrome.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Oct 2021 06:35:00 +000
  • A 56-Year-Old Woman with Chronic Hepatitis C Liver Disease and Meningitis
           due to Streptococcus equi subsp. Zooepidemicus

    • Abstract: Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus), which carries the Lancefield group C antigen, is an uncommon human pathogen. It is considered an opportunistic commensal of the equine upper respiratory tract and causes invasive infections in immunocompromised hosts, following close contact to infected horses. Meningitis caused by S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus is a rare infectious disease with high rates of complications. We present the case of a 56-year-old female with acutely altered mental status following three days of fever and vomiting. For several months, she was taking care of horses. The most relevant preexisting illnesses were chronic hepatitis C infection and traumatic paraplegia due to spinal cord injury 30 years ago. Laboratory evaluation on admission revealed leukocytosis, hyponatremia, and elevated C-reactive protein. Cerebral CT scan showed diffuse cerebral edema. Whereas cerebrospinal fluid real-time PCR assay for common pathogens was negative, cultures showed S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus. She recovered fully after intravenous administration of ceftriaxone for four weeks. This is one of only few reported cases of S. equi subsp. zooepidemicus meningitis and the first case in chronic hepatitis C infection. Our case supports the necessity for extended microbiological examination especially in immunocompromised patients if PCR examination for common pathogens is negative.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Oct 2021 07:20:00 +000
  • Ethylene Glycol Intoxication Requiring ECMO Support

    • Abstract: Ethylene glycol is commonly used in antifreeze, and ingestion of even a small amount can result in acute kidney injury, severe metabolic acidosis, and neurological injury. When cases are recognized early, treatment involves administration of alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitors to prevent conversion to toxic metabolites of glycolate, glyoxolate, and oxalate. In later presentations with more severe renal injury, hemodialysis may be required for clearance of toxic metabolites and supportive care for renal failure. We present the first reported case of severe ethylene glycol intoxication requiring support of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) due to refractory cardiopulmonary collapse.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Sep 2021 13:20:01 +000
  • New-Onset Systemic Capillary Leak Syndrome in an Adult Patient with

    • Abstract: Systemic capillary leak syndrome (SCLS) is a rare disorder manifesting as shock, hemoconcentration, and hypoalbuminemia, which may be either idiopathic or secondary to an underlying disease process. We report a case of an adult with COVID-19 infection associated with new onset SCLS. Our case joins only two other cases of new SCLS associated with COVID-19 infection reported in the literature. The clinical and laboratory findings in this case are distinct from findings seen in COVID-19 cytokine storm syndrome. Whether our therapeutic approach was efficacious is unknown. Further research into causes and therapies for these syndromes is urgently indicated.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Sep 2021 05:05:00 +000
  • Where Did the Pericardial Effusion Go' A Case of Cardiopulmonary
           Resuscitation Acting as Treatment for Pericardial Tamponade

    • Abstract: Pericardial tamponade results in multiple organ dysfunction and can lead to cardiac arrest. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), a life-saving measure performed on patients in cardiac arrest, can lead to thoracic organ damage. However, CPR rarely acts as a therapeutic treatment for pericardial tamponade. Our case describes a patient admitted with pericardial tamponade in whom CPR provided therapeutic treatment with pericardial rupture and resolution of the tamponade.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Sep 2021 06:35:00 +000
  • Fatal Multiorgan Failure Syndrome in a Strongyloides-HTLV-1 Coinfected
           Patient, after Treatment with Ivermectin

    • Abstract: Because of its characteristic features of autoinfection, the parasitic nematode Strongyloides stercoralis can infect patients for years. An acceleration of its autoinfective cycle can be triggered by human T-lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1) infection, mainly by the deviation of the protective Th2- to Th1-type immune response and can lead to severe disease by dissemination of Strongyloides stercoralis larvae carrying intestinal bacteria to multiple organs. Meningitis caused by enteric Gram-negative bacteria is a potentially fatal complication of disseminated strongyloidiasis. Herein, we present the case of a Strongyloides-HTLV-1 coinfected patient, admitted for E. coli meningitis. One day after initiation of ivermectin, the patient developed significant S. stercoralis dissemination, complicated by multiorgan failure syndrome, and died from neurological failure. While the initial clinical scenario of our case has already been well described in the literature, its course after antihelminthic treatment initiation remains unclear and needs to be discussed.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 Sep 2021 07:35:01 +000
  • Acute Cytotoxic Cerebellar Edema Subsequent to Fentanyl Patch Intoxication
           in an Infant

    • Abstract: The opioid epidemic continues to have devastating consequences for children and families across the United States with rising prevalence of opioid use and abuse. Given the ease of access to these medications, accidental ingestion and overdose by children are becoming increasingly more common. The recognition of opioid-induced neurotoxicity and the associated life-threatening complication of acute cerebellar cytotoxic edema are crucial, as are the high morbidity and mortality without timely intervention. We discuss an infant with acute cytotoxic cerebellar edema following mucosal exposure to a transdermal fentanyl patch.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Sep 2021 08:05:00 +000
  • Different Outcomes of “Silent Hypoxia” in Patients with COVID-19
           Pneumonia: A Case Series and Literature Review

    • Abstract: COVID-19 has been declared a pandemic since March 2020 and it has been responsible for millions of deaths worldwide. The SARS-CoV-2 causes a spectrum of diseases mainly affecting the respiratory system. It can also complicate other systems causing thromboembolic phenomena and myocardial ischaemia. An entity of hypoxia has been described in these patients which show no clinical signs and symptoms of respiratory distress despite being extremely hypoxic. This is called silent or happy hypoxia. The exact mechanism for this is not known. We report 4 cases which had similar presentations of silent hypoxia but had different course of illness and different outcomes. All 4 patients did not show any signs of respiratory distress, but had oxygen saturation less than 82%. 3 of them needed intensive care unit support for oxygen therapy and subsequently needed noninvasive ventilation. Only one required invasive ventilation. The fourth patient did not require intensive care support. The patient who required invasive ventilation succumbed due to severe COVID pneumonia whereas the other 3 patients were discharged from the hospital. Silent hypoxemia can go undetected in COVID-19 patients particularly in the time of a pandemic. This case series highlights the importance of meticulous clinical examination including oxygen saturation measurements in suspected or confirmed patients with COVID-19. The course of illness can be different in different populations, and this needs further clinical evidence.
      PubDate: Tue, 07 Sep 2021 06:05:01 +000
  • The Role of Dexmedetomidine in Pediatric Patients Presenting with an
           Anticholinergic Toxidrome

    • Abstract: Background. We report two pediatric cases of anticholinergic toxidrome, including the youngest reported to date, in which standard therapeutic strategies were either contraindicated or ineffective, while treatment with dexmedetomidine was rapidly efficacious with no adverse effects. Moreover, with the recent shortage of physostigmine, we highlight an alternative treatment in this clinical setting. Case Summaries. In case 1, a two-year-old had an overdose presenting with an anticholinergic toxidrome. However, his hypopnea precluded the use of benzodiazepines due to the high likelihood of intubation. In case 2, a 14-year-old had a polypharmacy overdose inducing agitated delirium that was refractory to high-dose benzodiazepines. Due to the unknown ingestion, physostigmine was avoided. In both cases, dexmedetomidine helped the patient remain calm and metabolize the ingestions. Conclusion. Our experience suggests that dexmedetomidine may be a useful adjunct in anticholinergic presentations in the setting of polypharmacy, when standard therapy is proven ineffective, contraindicated, or unavailable.
      PubDate: Sun, 29 Aug 2021 06:20:01 +000
  • Complete Heart Block as a Clinical Feature in Critically Ill Coronavirus
           Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Patients: A Case Series of Three Cases

    • Abstract: Background. Novel coronavirus-19 disease (COVID-19) is associated with significant cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, there have been very few reports on complete heart block (CHB) associated with COVID-19. This case series describes clinical characteristics, potential mechanisms, and short-term outcomes of critically ill COVID-19 patients complicated by CHB. Case Summary. We present three cases of new-onset CHB in critically ill COVID-19 patients. Patient 1 is a 41-year-old male with well-documented history of Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) who required mechanical ventilator support for acute hypoxic respiratory failure from severe COVID-19 pneumonia. He developed new-onset CHB without a hemodynamic derangement but subsequently had acute coronary syndrome complicated by cardiogenic shock. Patient 2 is a 77-year-old male with no past medical history who required intubation for severe COVID-19 pneumonia acute hypoxic respiratory failure. He developed CHB with sinus pause requiring temporary pacing but subsequently developed multiorgan failure. Patient 3 is 36-year-old lady 38 + 2 weeks pregnant, gravida 2 para 1 with no other medical history, who had an emergency Lower Section Caesarean Section (LSCS) as she required intubation for acute hypoxic respiratory failure. She exhibited new-onset CHB without hemodynamic compromise. The CHB resolved spontaneously after 24 hours. Discussion. COVID-19-associated CHB is a very rare clinical manifestation. The potential mechanisms for CHB in patients with COVID-19 include myocardial inflammation or direct viral infiltration as well as other causes such as metabolic derangements or use of sedatives. Patients diagnosed with COVID-19 should be monitored closely for the development of bradyarrhythmia and hemodynamic instability.
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Aug 2021 08:20:00 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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