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EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (121 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 124 of 124 Journals sorted alphabetically
AACN Advanced Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acute and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acute Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Neonatal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
African Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AINS - Anasthesiologie - Intensivmedizin - Notfallmedizin - Schmerztherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Annals of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 126)
Annals of Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Annals of the American Thoracic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Australian Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bangladesh Critical Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Burns Open     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Chronic Wound Care Management and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 32)
Clinical Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Trauma and Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 74)
Critical Care and Resuscitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Critical Care Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Critical Care Explorations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 279)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EMC - Urgenze     Full-text available via subscription  
Emergency Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Emergency Medicine (Medicina neotložnyh sostoânij)     Open Access  
Emergency Medicine Australasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Emergency Medicine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Emergency Medicine News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Emergency Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Enfermería Intensiva (English ed.)     Full-text available via subscription  
European Burn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Frontiers in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intensivmedizin up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Paramedic Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal Européen des Urgences et de Réanimation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal Of Cardiovascular Emergencies     Open Access  
Journal of Concussion     Open Access  
Journal of Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Education and Teaching in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Emergency Medical Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Intensive Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Stroke Medicine     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Intensive Care Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 81)
Journal of Translational Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
La Presse Médicale Open     Open Access  
Médecine de Catastrophe - Urgences Collectives     Hybrid Journal  
Medicina Intensiva     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mediterranean Journal of Emergency Medicine & Acute Care : MedJEM     Open Access  
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
OA Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Palliative Care : Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Prehospital Emergency Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Research and Opinion in Anesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Resuscitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Resuscitation Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Saudi Critical Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Shock : Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis : Laboratory and Clinical Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sklifosovsky Journal Emergency Medical Care     Open Access  
The Journal of Trauma Injury Infection and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Transplant Research and Risk Management     Open Access  
Trauma Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trauma Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
 AEM Education and Training : A Global Journal of Emergency Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

           

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Emergency Medicine International
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.298
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-2840 - ISSN (Online) 2090-2859
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Application of Image Processing Technology in Aerobics Injury Diagnosis

    • Abstract: Aerobics sports injury diagnosis is a rapid diagnosis of sports injuries caused by athletes in the process of aerobics training or competition. The purpose of this paper is to use image processing technology to study and analyze the diagnosis of aerobics sports injury, so that the diagnosis results can be obtained more quickly and effectively. This paper first introduces the image processing technology and then analyzes the sports injury in colleges and universities. Firstly, the algorithm formula of image processing technology is given, and then the algorithm is introduced into the dynamic analysis of aerobics injury diagnosis. The two are compared through example analysis. The experimental results show that joint strain, sprains, and muscle strain are the main types of sports injury of College Aerobics students, reaching 59, 50, and 31 times, respectively. When using image processing technology in the diagnosis of sports injury, the diagnosis results can be obtained quickly and effectively.
      PubDate: Sat, 06 Aug 2022 09:50:01 +000
       
  • Analysis of Fast-Track Surgery with Pain Care on Postoperative Pain
           Improvement and Complication Prevention in Perioperative Spine Surgery
           Patients

    • Abstract: Objective. The study aimed to analyze the effect of fast-track surgery with pain care on the improvement of postoperative pain and the prevention of postoperative complications in perioperative spinal surgery patients. Methods. A total of 126 patients undergoing spinal surgery from January 2021 to September 2021 were chosen as the study population, and the patients were classified into the regular group, the FTS group, and the combined group by random grouping, with 42 cases in each group. Patients in the regular group used routine perioperative care in spine surgery, patients in the FTS group used the FTS care model, and patients in the combined group combined special pain care on the basis of the FTS group. We compared the numeric rating scale (NRS) and pain severity of patients in the three groups post-op, 30 min, 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, and 24 h after surgery; we compared the time to get out of bed, length of stay, and occurrence of postoperative adverse effects in the three groups, compared the incidence of complications in the three groups, and compared the satisfaction of care in the three groups. Results. The NRS scores at 12 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h post-op in the combined group and FTS group were lower than those in the regular group, and the NRS scores at 12 h and 24 h post-op in the combined group were lower than those in the FTS group (all ); the post-op bed activity time, post-op hospitalization time, post-op adverse reaction rate, and post-op complication rate in the combined group and FTS group were shorter or lower than those of the regular group. Nursing satisfaction was higher than that of the regular group, the post-op time to bed activity in the combined group was shorter than that of the FTS group, and nursing satisfaction was higher than that of the FTS group (all ).Conclusion. The use of FTS with pain care interventions helps relieve postoperative pain in perioperative patients in spine surgery, reduce the incidence of post-op adverse effects and complications in patients, accelerate their postoperative recovery, and improve nursing satisfaction.
      PubDate: Fri, 05 Aug 2022 08:35:01 +000
       
  • Effect of Arthroscopic Acromioplasty Combined with Rotator Cuff Repair in
           the Treatment of Aged Patients with Full-Thickness Rotator Cuff Tear and
           Rotator Cuff Injury

    • Abstract: Full-thickness rotator cuff tear and rotator cuff injury are frequently occurring diseases and widely exist in the social population. Surgical repair is the most effective treatment for rotator cuff tears and injuries. With the continuous development of arthroscopy, more and more surgeons choose arthroscopic acromioplasty plus rotator cuff repair for the treatment of rotator cuff injury. However, previously published systematic reviews or meta-analyses still cast doubt on the efficacy of such concomitant procedures for postoperative patient function and pain recovery. In this study, we analyzed the effects of parameters such as shoulder function and acromion morphology on aged patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tear combined with rotator cuff injury treated with arthroscopic acromion plasty and rotator cuff repair. The results showed that arthroscopic acromion plasty and rotator cuff repair helped to promote the joint function recovery of the aged patients with full-thickness rotator cuff tear combined with rotator cuff injury and alleviate the pain of the patients. Compared with simple rotator cuff repair, this technique can increase the postoperative AT and reduce the ACEA and to some extent reduce the risk of postoperative rotator cuff reinjury, which is worthy of promotion.
      PubDate: Wed, 03 Aug 2022 14:50:00 +000
       
  • Predictive Value of Preoperative Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI Imaging
           Features in Breast Cancer Patients with Postoperative Recurrence Time

    • Abstract: Although the implementation of surgery has reduced the mortality of breast cancer, postoperative recurrence is still an important problem bothering patients. DCE-GMRI can not only clearly display the morphological characteristics of breast lesions but also dynamically observe the blood perfusion of the lesions. On account of this, we explored the predictive value of preoperative dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) imaging features in breast cancer patients on postoperative recurrence time of breast cancer. The results showed that DCE-MRI images can clearly show the hemodynamic characteristics and morphological characteristics of tumor lesions, and have important value in predicting the recurrence time of breast cancer after surgery. The prognosis of early recurrence of breast cancer is worse. DCE-MRI can predict the time of postoperative recurrence and provide important clinical references.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Aug 2022 16:05:01 +000
       
  • Comparing Outcomes between Major Trauma Patients Transferred from a
           Different Hospital and Patients Transported Directly to Trauma Centers: A
           Retrospective Analysis with Propensity Score Matching Analysis

    • Abstract: This study aimed to explore differences in outcomes between these major trauma patients who were transferred and those directly transported to trauma centers. The medical information and outcome of 5,341 major trauma patients with an injury severity score (ISS) ≥ 16 who were hospitalized for treatment between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2019, were collected from the Trauma Registry System of the hospital. There were 2,386 patients who were transferred (transfer group) and 2,955 patients transported directly to trauma centers first (direct group). Regarding the outcomes, there was no significant difference in the mortality rate between patients in the transfer group and the direct group (11.1% vs. 10.5%, respectively, ). However, the patients in the transfer group had a longer hospital stay (16.8 days vs. 14.3 days, respectively, ) and higher incidence of intensive care unit (ICU) admission (74.9% vs. 70.5%, respectively, ) than those patients in the direct group. Similar results were observed in the selected 2,139 pairs of propensity score-matched patient populations, who did not present with significant differences in sex, age, comorbidities, trauma mechanisms, and ISS. This study revealed no significant difference in the mortality rate between the two groups of major trauma patients. However, the transferred patients had significantly longer hospital stays and higher rates of ICU admission than patients directly transported to trauma centers.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Aug 2022 10:35:02 +000
       
  • The Association between Systemic Immune-Inflammation Index and All-Cause
           Mortality in Acute Ischemic Stroke Patients: Analysis from the MIMIC-IV
           Database

    • Abstract: Purpose. Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) is a devastating disease and remains the leading cause of death and disability. This retrospective study aims to investigate associations between systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and all-cause mortality in patients with AIS. Patients and Methods. We used the data from Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care IV. A total of 1,181 patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) were included. Systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) was calculated as platelet count (/L) × neutrophil count (/L)/lymphocyte count (/L). The main outcomes were 30-day all-cause mortality. The association between SII with mortality was evaluated using the Cox proportional hazards regression model. Results. After adjusting for potential covariates, the highest quartiles of SII versus the lowest quartiles of SII, the HR was 2.74 (CI 1.79–4.19, ). Log-transformed SII was significantly associated with 30-day all-cause mortality (HR 2.44; CI 1.72–3.46, ). Furthermore, we found that there is a nearly linear relationship () between logarithmic transformed SII with all-cause mortality. Conclusion. Elevated SII of patients with acute ischemic stroke increased the risk of 30-day all-cause mortality. SII may serve as a useful marker to elucidate the role of thrombocytosis, inflammation, and immunity interaction in the development of AIS.
      PubDate: Tue, 02 Aug 2022 10:05:00 +000
       
  • Smart Health Monitoring and Management System for Organizations Using
           Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID) Technology in Hospitals or Emergency
           Applications

    • Abstract: In the public health domain, healthcare systems are a crucial part of the economy, transportation, education, health infrastructure, and military of any country. In this study, a system is proposed to implement smart people management, monitoring, and tracking processes that can be used in hospitals to automate and organize information management. For disease management in a public setting, measuring forehead temperatures is a standard method of identifying people for further treatment. To prevent disease transmission on campuses or in any public space, daily temperature checks for everyone have been mandated at the entrances to many public spaces. Although this task can be performed in seconds for an individual, substantial human resources are required to perform temperature checks for all people arriving at one or more specified checkpoints each day during an epidemic. As a result, a smart measuring, monitoring, and management system is urgently needed. We propose a complete solution that includes current Internet of Things technology that can be used in hospitals or any public space to automate and organize information management operations. This system offers a cost-effective means of enhancing reliability, privacy, and security for healthcare record management. One attractive feature of the system is its low cost due to the use of off-the-shelf devices and sensors that can be sourced and operated in our region. Recorded measurements of vital sig/ns are presented via a compact, user-friendly interface that can be monitored remotely. Because the proposed solution is based on mature existing hardware modules and software packages, any experienced information technology professional can quickly build an analogous monitoring and management system by following the instructions presented in this paper.
      PubDate: Mon, 01 Aug 2022 14:20:00 +000
       
  • Comparison of the Effects of Hysteroscopic Cold Broad Sword Play Combined
           with Estrogen and Progestin Sequential Therapy and Drospirenone and
           Ethinylestradiol Tablets in Patients with Severe Intrauterine Adhesion

    • Abstract: Objective. To compare the effects of hysteroscopic cold broad sword play combined with estrogen and progestin sequential therapy and drospirenone and ethinylestradiol tablets in patients with severe intrauterine adhesion. Methods. One hundred and eight patients with severe IUA admitted to our hospital from May 2019 to October 2021 were selected for the study. Patients were divided according to their treatment regimen into group A (n = 54) treated with hysteroscopic cold broad sword play + drospirenone and ethinylestradiol tablets and group B (n = 54) treated with hysteroscopic cold broad sword play + estrogen and progestin sequential therapy. The two groups were compared in terms of perioperative indicators, recovery of uterine cavity status, inflammatory factor (C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin 6 (IL-6), and interleukin 8 (IL-8)] levels), World Health Organization Quality of Life Brief Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) score, and clinical outcome at 3 months postoperatively. Result. After surgery, the duration of abdominal pain and vaginal bleeding was shorter in group A than in group B (). After surgery, the time of menstruation return was shorter in group A than in group B, and the menstrual flow score was higher than in group B (). At 3 months after the surgery, the uterine blood flow index, endometrial thickness, and uterine cavity volume were higher in group A than in group B, and the number of uterine readhesion was lower than in group B (). 3 months after the surgery, the CRP, IL-6, and IL-8 levels decreased in both groups and were lower in group A than in group B (). At 3 months after the surgery, the WHOQOL-BREF scores for each indicator were higher in both groups than before surgery and were higher in group A than in group B (). At 3 months after the surgery, the overall valid rate of group A was 94.44% better than that of group B at 79.63% ().Conclusion. The combination of hysteroscopic cold broad sword play with drospirenone and ethinylestradiol tablets has been shown to be more effective than combined estrogen and progestin sequential therapy in the treatment of patients with severe IUA, which significantly improves the post-operative menstrual status and uterine cavity morphology, significantly reduces the level of inflammatory factors in the patient’s body, and significantly improves the quality of life, which is of value.
      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2022 07:20:01 +000
       
  • Diagnosis of Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia and Invasive Cervical
           Carcinoma by Cervical Biopsy under Colposcopy and Analysis of Factors
           Influencing

    • Abstract: Objective. To explore the diagnosis of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) and invasive cervical carcinoma (ICC) by cervical biopsy under colposcopy and analyze the factors influencing the detection. Methods. The clinical data of 134 CIN confirmed by colposcopy biopsy in our hospital from June 2018 to October 2019 and subsequent LEEP treatment were analyzed retrospectively. All patients were diagnosed pathologically after the operation. The diagnosis of CIN by cervical biopsy under colposcopy was observed. The influencing factors of CIN and ICC detected by colposcopy biopsy were analyzed by the pathological results of loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP) as the gold standard. Results. After LEEP, the number of the no intraepithelial or malignant lesions (NILM) or ICC were higher than that of colposcopy biopsy, and CIN-III was lower than that of colposcopy biopsy, the differences were all statistically significant (). Among the 134 patients, the coincidence rate between colposcopy biopsy and LEEP examination results was 79.10% (106/134), and postoperative pathological findings showed that there were 13 cases (9.70%) with the pathological upgrade and 19 cases (14.18%) with pathological decrease. Multivariate logistic analysis showed that the image quality of colposcopy image, atypical blood vessels, biopsy sampling method, and visible lesion area of the cervix were the independent influencing factors for the detection of CIN and ICC by colposcopy biopsy ().Conclusion. CIN and ICC can be diagnosed by colposcopy cervical biopsy and postoperative histopathology. However, there are still some missed and misdiagnosed cervical biopsies under colposcopy, and the combined detection of the two can further ensure the diagnosis rate. The clinical registration number is E2018091.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jul 2022 14:50:02 +000
       
  • Practice of Multidisciplinary Collaborative Chain Management Model in
           Constructing Nursing Path for Acute Trauma Treatment

    • Abstract: Prompt and effective treatment is the key to improve the prognosis of patients with acute trauma, and nursing plays an important role. However, conventional nursing has many limitations. Some studies have pointed out that the multidisciplinary collaborative chain management model can optimize the emergency procedures, ensure the continuity of the emergency treatment process, and optimize the treatment details. This study analyzed the practice of constructing an acute trauma care pathway based on a multidisciplinary collaborative chain management model. The results showed that the application of the multidisciplinary collaborative chain management model in the construction of acute trauma treatment nursing paths can enhance the emergency efficiency and nursing treatment, prevent the occurrence of adverse events, and improve the prognosis of patients.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jul 2022 13:50:01 +000
       
  • Effect of SWOT Analysis Combined with the Medical and Nursing Integration
           Emergency Nursing Process on Emergency Treatment Efficiency and Prognosis
           of Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

    • Abstract: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common clinical emergency. Effective emergency treatment at the early stage of onset can effectively reduce the mortality rate. Time is the key of emergency treatment, which is directly related to the treatment effect and the prognosis of patients, and clinical intensive nursing intervention for emergency treatment is of great significance in improving the efficiency of emergency treatment and prognosis. In this study, the effects of routine emergency care flow and SWOT analysis combined with medical and nursing integration on emergency treatment efficiency and prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction were compared. The results showed that the combined scheme could improve the rescue effect and success rate of patients with acute myocardial infarction, shorten the rescue time, and reduce the mortality and complication rate of myocardial infarction, which provided a new direction for clinical emergency treatment of acute myocardial infarction.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jul 2022 12:05:01 +000
       
  • Meta-Analysis of Predictive Role of Early Neurological Deterioration after
           Intravenous Thrombolysis

    • Abstract: With the popularization of intravenous thrombolysis, more and more people use intravenous thrombolysis to treat related diseases, but problems also arise. There are still a considerable number of patients with early disease after thrombolytic therapy not only not significantly improving, but also progressing, that is, early neurological deterioration (END). In view of this problem, the prediction of END after intravenous thrombolysis becomes very important. With the development of medical technology, research on the prediction of END after intravenous thrombolysis has gradually been carried out. Effective prediction is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of END after intravenous thrombolysis. This article aimed to carry out a meta-analysis of the predictive role of END after intravenous thrombolysis. Through an informed analysis of all studies of this type in this field, this article determines a method for predicting END after intravenous thrombolysis. The actual effect of its role is revealed in this paper, and its purpose is to promote the development of this field. This article addresses the same type of study on the predictive role of neurological deterioration after intravenous thrombolysis. The article performs test and meta-analysis of its role by conditionally searching for literature studies. It is explained using the relevant theoretical formulas. The analysis results show that the prediction of END after intravenous thrombolysis in this paper can effectively help make a preliminary judgment on the possible later neurological deterioration. Although there is an error between the predicted curve and the actual curve, the difference between the two is between 1% and 5%. It can basically effectively predict the occurrence of END. Therefore, the prediction of END after intravenous thrombolysis has a very large preventive effect on the END after intravenous thrombolysis.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Jul 2022 11:35:04 +000
       
  • Characteristics and Resource Utilization Associated with Frequent Users of
           Emergency Departments

    • Abstract: Background. Frequent emergency department (ED) users place a huge influence and burden on healthcare systems and medical costs. In Taiwan, citizens have very easy access to medical services and the national health insurance (NHI) puts very few restrictions on the frequency and facilities which the patients go to. However, there is still a certain percentage of frequent ED users in Taiwan, and yet, there are few research studies investigating the features of such users and their impact on the healthcare system. We conducted this study to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of the repeated ED users in a tertiary care medical center with more than 80000 emergency visits in a year and hypothesized that frequent ED users have unique medical and social characteristics and results in increased medical expense. Methods. We searched the integrated medical database of an urban tertiary medical center in 2017. We compared frequent ED users (≧4 visits/year) with nonfrequent users (
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jul 2022 11:35:03 +000
       
  • Clinical Study on Prevention of Irinotecan-Induced Delayed-Onset Diarrhea
           by Hot Ironing with Moxa Salt Packet on Tianshu and Shangjuxu

    • Abstract: Objective. To study the clinical efficacy of hot ironing of the Tianshu and Shangjuxu with moxa salt packet to prevent irinotecan (CPT-11)-induced delayed-onset diarrhea (IIDD). Methods. A randomized controlled study was conducted on a sample of 120 patients with advanced colorectal cancer who were hospitalized in our oncology department and treated with FOLFIRI chemotherapy regimen from February 2018 to July 2021. They were equally divided into study group (n = 60) and control group (n = 60) according to whether they were treated with hot ironing with moxa salt packs or not. The general conditions, occurrence of IIDD, occurrence of delayed chemotherapy due to IIDD, time of occurrence and duration of IIDD, Karnofsky performance score (KPS) score, occurrence of leukopenia, and myelosuppression were compared between the two groups. Result. The incidence of grade 1, 2, 3, and 4 diarrhea in the study group was 11.67% (7/60), 5.00% (3/60), 3.33% (2/60), and 0.00% (0/60), respectively, while the incidence of grade 1, 2, 3, and 4 diarrhea in the control group was 21.67% (13/60), 8.33% (5/60), 10.00% (6/60), and 3.33% (2/60). The incidence of severe diarrhea and total diarrhea in the study group was (3.33% and 20.00%) lower than that in the control group (13.33% and 43.33%) (). The incidence of delayed chemotherapy was lower in the study group (8.33%) (1/12) than in the control group (23.08%) (6/26) but the difference between the groups was not statistically significant (). The time to onset of IIDD in the study group (6.45 ± 1.53) days was comparable to that in the control group (6.40 ± 1.77 days) (), but the duration of IIDD in the study group (3.25 ± 1.05 days) was shorter than that in the control group (5.70 ± 1.72 days) (). After treatment, the incidence of KPS improvement, stabilization, and reduction in the study group was 38.33% (23/60), 51.67% (31/60), and 10.00% (6/60), respectively, the incidence of KPS improvement, stabilization, and reduction in the control group was 23.33% (14/60), 50.00% (30/60), and 26.67% (16/60), respectively, and the percentage of KPS reduction in the study group was less than that in the control group (). During the observation period after treatment, the total incidence of leucopenia in the study group was 11.67% (7/60) which is lower than 31.67% (19/60) in the control group (). During the observation period after treatment, the incidence of III°+°IV myelosuppression in the study group was 5.00% (3/60) which is lower than 25.00% (15/60) in the control group ().Conclusion. The hot ironing with moxa salt packet on Tianshu and Shangjuxu was more effective in preventing IIDD, which could reduce the incidence and severity of IIDD, shorten the duration of diarrhea and significantly increase the quality of life of patients with no significant adverse effects.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jul 2022 11:35:02 +000
       
  • Curative Effect of Prebiotics/Probiotics Preparations Combined with
           Zoledronic Acid + Calcitriol Regimen on Patients with Primary
           Osteoporosis and Their Influences on Bone Metabolism Markers

    • Abstract: Objective. To explore the curative effect of prebiotics/probiotics preparations combined with zoledronic acid + calcitriol regimen on patients with primary osteoporosis (POP) and the influences of prebiotics/probiotics preparations combined with zoledronic acid + calcitriol regimen on markers of bone metabolism. Methods. 126 elderly hospitalized patients with POP in our hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were divided into the control group (n = 63) and the observation group (n = 63) by the random number table method. The patients in the control group were treated with zoledronic acid and calcitriol, while the patients in the observation group were additionally treated with prebiotics/probiotics preparations. The clinical curative effect, bone metabolism, calcium-phosphorus metabolism indexes, intestinal floras, and cytokines levels before and via treatment between the two groups were compared. Results. The total efficiency of the observation group was higher than that of the control group (). After treatment, the levels of bone gla protein (BGP), total propeptide of type I procollagen (PINP), and β-crosslaps (β-CTX) in both groups were lower than those before treatment, and the levels of BGP, total PINP, and β-CTX in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (). The levels of serum P in the both groups after treatment were lower than those before treatment, and the level of serum P in the observation group was lower than that in the control group (). The number of Escherichia coli after treatment in the two groups were less than that before treatment, and the number of Escherichia coli in the observation group was less than that in the control group (). The number of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the two groups after treatment were more than that before treatment, and the number of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the observation group were more than those in the control group (). After treatment, the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the two groups were lower than those before treatment, and the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the observation group was lower than those in the control group (). The levels of IGF-1 in the two groups after treatment were higher than those before treatment, and the levels of IGF-1 in the observation group was higher than that in the control group ().Conclusion. The response rate of prebiotics/probiotics preparations combined with zoledronic acid + calcitriol regimen is high in the treatment of POP patients, which ameliorates bone metabolism and intestinal floras, and suppresses cytokines release in patients with POP.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jul 2022 10:35:01 +000
       
  • Correlation of Glucose and Lipid Metabolism Levels and Serum Uric Acid
           Levels with Diabetic Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetic Mellitus Patients

    • Abstract: Objective. The aim of this study was to observe the association between the development of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and the levels of glucose and lipid metabolism and serum uric acid (SUA) levels. Methods. A retrospective analysis was performed on 97 patients with T2DM who were admitted to our endocrinology department from June 2019 to April 2021 with complete data; the patients were divided into DR and no DR groups (NDR) according to the presence or absence of DR. Their clinical history and biochemical test indexes were collected, and the fundus was examined by fundus photography and the fundoscopic examination method, and the vascular diameter was measured by using a computer software. All clinical data, medical history, and biochemical test indexes were compared between the two groups, and logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of DR. Results. The duration of DM disease, fasting blood glucose (FBG), glycosylated hemoglobin, type A1C (HbA1c) levels, cholesterol (TC), triacylglycerol (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and SUA levels were higher in the DR group than those in the NDR group, and the differences were significant (). The difference between the NDR group and the DR group in terms of gender, age, BMI, DBP, SBP, family history of DM, FINS, and HDL-C levels was not significant (). The results of multifactorial analysis showed that the four variables of DM duration, HbA1c, TG, and SUA were still risk factors for the development of DR (). Further receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the areas under the curves (AUCs) for the duration of DM disease, HbA1c, TG, and SUA to predict the occurrence of DR were 0.740 (95% CI 0.639–0.841), 0.767 (95% 0.672–0.862), 0.721 (95% CI 0.617–0.826), and 0.693 (95% CI 0.588∼0.797), respectively. Conclusion. The lesions of DR in T2DM patients have a close relationship with the course of DM, HbA1c, TG, and SUA, and the course of DM, HbA1c, TG, and SUA has a good predictive value for the occurrence of DR.
      PubDate: Thu, 21 Jul 2022 10:05:01 +000
       
  • Biochemical Behaviours of Salmeterol/Fluticasone Propionate in Treating
           Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPD)

    • Abstract: Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (COPD) and asthma are fatal. The respiratory tract may be blocked, robbed of the adequate amounts of oxygen; hence, death ensues if a quick medical attention is not provided. The treatment available for the duo are inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). The ICS can work synergically with LABAS (long-acting β2-antagonists) and so many other medicines like bronchodilators. The drugs used for the treatment of asthma and COPD are metabolised once in the body system and at the same time exerting the therapeutic effect provided the concentration of the drug is within the therapeutic window. The CYP3A isoforms metabolise the ICS, in this case, salmeterol and fluticasone propionate (FP). Methods of administration are not limited to inhalation. Specific doses are prescribed accurately paying attention to factors like age, gender, race, and genetic makeup since these affect drug metabolisms. Generally, the ICS work by translocating glucocorticoid receptors to the nucleus from the cytosol. The mechanism is potentiated by the β-antagonists and this brings about an anti-inflammatory effect which is greater than either of the two drugs alone. Once this happens, it is not necessary to increase ICS dose. The ICS, in addition, cause more production of β-receptors by activating the β-receptor genes. This mode of action begets the LABAs’ bronchodilator-effects. The challenge is that ICS are not limited only to “double” therapy. Analysing such therapies is daunting since coadministration interferes with pharmacology and pharmacokinetics of drugs. This work focuses on salmeterol/fluticasone propionate combination and aspects which has to do with administration, monitoring, metabolism, toxicity, and adverse effects.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Jul 2022 15:35:00 +000
       
  • Application Effect of the 6S Care Model in Sterilization in the Department
           of Stomatology and Its Impact on the Incidence of Nosocomial Infection

    • Abstract: Objective. The study aimed to explore the effectiveness of the 6S care model in sterilization in department of stomatology and its impact on the incidence of nosocomial infections. Methods. The infection surveillance indicators of the department of stomatology implementing the routine sterilization care model in 2019 were selected as the general group (including 140 patients and 140 cases of oral instrument kits for unpacking), and the infection surveillance indicators of the department of stomatology implementing the 6S care model in 2020 were selected as the 6S group (including 140 patients and 140 cases of oral instrument kits for unpacking). Analysis of the air culture qualification rate of the consultation room + operating room, medical equipment sterilization qualification rate, medical equipment damage rate, incidence of nosocomial infections, satisfaction of medical and nursing staff with instrument sterilization, and patient satisfaction with medical and nursing staff care services under different care models was carried out. Result. The air culture pass rate of the consultation room + operating room in the 6S group was 96.43% (135/140), which was higher than 90.00% (126/140) in the general group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (). The sterilization pass rate of medical devices in the 6S group was 100% (140/140), which was higher than 95.71% (134/140) in the general group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (). The medical device damage rate in the 6S group was 0.71% (1/140), which was lower than 7.14% (10/140) in the general group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (). The incidence of nosocomial infection in the 6S group was 0.71% (1/140), lower than 5.71% (8/140) in the general group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (). In the 6S care model, the satisfaction score of 38 healthcare workers with the disinfection of instruments was (96.55 ± 2.40), which was higher than that of the general group (87.79 ± 3.14), and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant (). The total nursing satisfaction of the 6S group was 97.86% (137/140), which was higher than 91.43% (128/140) of the general group, and the difference between the two groups was statistically significant ().Conclusion. The application of the 6S care model in the sterilization of the department of stomatology can significantly improve the passing rate of infection monitoring indicators in the department of stomatology, reduce the occurrence of medical device damage and nosocomial infection, and have high satisfaction among doctors and patients, which has the value of promotion.
      PubDate: Mon, 18 Jul 2022 14:50:02 +000
       
  • Preparation of PCL Electrospun Fibers Loaded with Cisplatin and Their
           Potential Application for the Treatment of Prostate Cancer

    • Abstract: Prostate cancer is a global fatal type of cancer. It is a type of cancer that affect men. Signs and symptoms of the disease include blood in the urine, pain when one micturates, and difficulties in penis erection. Cisplatin chemotherapy is a principal treatment normally given to the prostate cancer patients. Nonetheless, on its own, cisplatin loses efficacy once administered due to liver pass effects and other biochemical attacks. In this paper, we looked at preparation of PCL nanoparticles loaded with cisplatin and their potential for the treatment of prostate cancer. PCL nanoparticles protect cisplatin from biochemical attack, thus increasing drug efficacy. Incorporation of P-glycoprotein inhibitors in PCL nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with cisplatin could improve prostate cancer treatment even more.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Jul 2022 11:35:02 +000
       
  • Clinical Effect of Emergency Dermabrasion Combined with Biological
           Dressing A on Wound Microcirculation and Preventing Sepsis in Deep
           Degree-II Burns

    • Abstract: Objective. The aim of this study is to explore the clinical effect of emergency dermabrasion combined with biological dressing A on wound microcirculation and preventing sepsis in deep degree-II burns. Methods. A total of 90 patients with deep degree-II burns admitted to the hospital were retrospectively enrolled between January 2020 and January 2022. According to different treatment methods, they were divided into the control group (42 cases, biological dressing A) and the observation group (48 cases, emergency dermabrasion combined with biological dressing A). The clinical curative effect in both groups was observed. The wound repair rate and wound healing quality, and changes in levels of wound microcirculation-related indexes (serum epidermal growth factor (EGF), wound blood flow, and partial pressure of transcutaneous oxygen) and inflammatory cytokines (C-reactive protein (CPR), interleukin-6 (IL-6), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and procalcitonin (PCT)) before treatment, at 3d and 7d after treatment were compared between the two groups. The incidence of wound infection and sepsis in both groups was recorded. Results. The wound healing time in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group, and wound healing quality in the observation group was better than that in the control group (). At 3 d and 7d after treatment, the levels of serum EGF, wound blood flow and partial pressure of transcutaneous oxygen in both groups were all increased (), which were higher in the observation group than those in the control group (). The levels of CRP, IL-6, ESR, and PCT in both groups were all decreased (), which were lower in the observation group than those in the control group (). There was no significant difference in incidence of sepsis between observation group and control group (4.17% (2/48) vs. 7.14% (3/42)) (Fisher = 0.539). Conclusion. Emergency dermabrasion combined with biological dressing A can effectively improve wound microcirculation in patients with deep degree-II burns, promote wound healing, shorten wound healing time, improve wound healing quality, effectively control inflammatory response, and prevent sepsis.
      PubDate: Thu, 14 Jul 2022 10:20:00 +000
       
  • Electron Microscope Observation of Acupuncture and Nerve Repair in the
           Treatment of Peripheral Facial Paralysis

    • Abstract: The repair of peripheral facial paralysis is a long-term problem in neurosurgery, and nerve repair is often needed. Due to the high differentiation of nerve tissue and the slow regeneration of peripheral nerve fibers, the repair effect after peripheral nerve injury is not ideal. In recent years, studies have found that the inflammatory response after peripheral nerve injury also has an important impact on the repair of peripheral nerve defects. This study depends on the utilization of traditional needle therapy in the treatment of fringe facial loss of motion, and the clinical adequacy of needle therapy in addition to nerve fix in the intense period of fringe facial loss of motion was seen with an electron magnifying lens. Endeavor to give significant exploration results to the clinical treatment of fringe facial loss of motion gives a straightforward, simple, protected, and successful new treatment innovation for the clinical treatment of the infection and enriches the treatment plan for peripheral facial paralysis. Transmission electron microscopy observations showed that 21 days after the artificial nerve was repaired, the nerve injury showed different degrees of recovery, and the myelin sheath was forming and gradually wrapping the new axons, which was similar to the catheter group (NC) and hydrogel group (HC). In contrast, the myelin layer of the fibroblast group (FHC) is more obvious, and the repair effect is better. In the maintenance of fringe nerve surrenders, irritation is an unavoidable interaction, and moderate needle therapy is useful to advance the maintenance of fringe nerve abandons. Talking about the law of nerve fix reaction in fringe nerve imperfection fix is helpful to the examination of fringe nerve deformity fix. Tests have shown that utilizing needle therapy and moxibustion joined with nerve fixes has accomplished great outcomes in the treatment of fringe facial loss of motion, and the patient’s recuperation rate has expanded by over 30%.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2022 16:50:01 +000
       
  • Clinical Effect of Minimally Invasive Percutaneous Pedicle Screw Internal
           Fixation Combined with Injured Vertebrae Bone Grafting in the Treatment of
           Thoracolumbar Fractures in Orthopedic Surgery

    • Abstract: Objective. To observe the clinical effect of minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation combined with injured vertebrae bone grafting in the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures in orthopedic surgery. Methods. A total of 132 patients with thoracolumbar fractures admitted to the hospital were enrolled between January 2020 and April 2021. Both groups underwent minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation. According to the presence or absence of intraoperative injured vertebrae bone grafting, they were divided into the grafting group (73 cases) and the injured vertebrae ungrafted group (59 cases). The perioperative indexes, pain at 2 weeks after surgery, surgical stress, recovery of an injured vertebra, self-care ability, quality of life, and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups. Result. There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss, operation time, or hospitalization time between the grafting group and the nongrafting group ().2 weeks after surgery, scores of the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) in the grafting group were lower than those in the nongrafting group ().At 3d after surgery, levels of serum cortisol (COR), epinephrine (E), and norepinephrine (NE) in both groups were higher than those before surgery, which were lower in the grafting group than in the nongrafting group ().At 3 months after surgery, the anterior edge height of the injured vertebra in both groups was increased, which was higher in the grafting group than in the nongrafting group (). At 3 months after surgery, the Cobb angle of sagittal kyphosis in both groups was decreased, which was lower in the grafting group than that in the nongrafting group (). At 3 months after surgery, the scores of activity of daily living (ADL) and the MOS item-short form health survey (SF-36) in both groups were higher than those before surgery, which were higher in the grafting group than in the nongrafting group (). The difference in the incidence rate of injured vertebrae collapse, internal fixation breakage, or kyphosis between the grafting group and the nongrafting group was not statistically significant (1.37% vs 6.78%) ().Conclusion. Minimally invasive percutaneous pedicle screw internal fixation combined with injured vertebrae bone grafting in orthopedic surgery can improve postoperative pain and surgical stress in patients with thoracolumbar fractures, which is conducive to the recovery of injured vertebrae and improvement in the quality of life.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2022 16:50:01 +000
       
  • A Study on Trauma Mechanisms and Injury Sites in Patients with Blunt
           Abdominal Trauma

    • Abstract: Background. Although blunt abdominal trauma is sometimes readily identified in patients with trauma, its diagnosis and treatment can be delayed due to various limitations including unconsciousness or unstable vital functions, which may cause shock due to blood loss and sepsis. Confirming the correlation between the specific damage of the abdominal organ and the recommended surgical intervention will allow for predicting abdominal damage based on the specific underlying trauma mechanisms. Objectives. This study aimed to assess the proportion of patients with blunt trauma resulting from intraabdominal injury who received surgical intervention (surgery and angioembolization [A/E]), stratified by trauma mechanism and to examine which organs were damaged per different trauma incident. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of 2,291 patients in a tertiary trauma center. Clinical characteristics included age, sex, injury severity score, trauma mechanism (car, motorcycle, pedestrian, bicycle, ship or train accident, fall, slipping or rolling down, bumping, crush injury, explosion burn, and others), abdominal surgical intervention, damaged organ, and A/E site. Results. One-fourth of the patients with blunt trauma required surgical intervention in the abdomen. In particular, the mesentery or bowel was the main injured area for abdominal surgery in all mechanisms, and the spleen or liver was the main damaged organ subjected to A/E. Therefore, we should consider that a substantial proportion of patients with trauma do require abdominal surgery. In particular, repeated physical examination and imaging tests are necessary when the patients are unconscious or their vital functions are unstable for accurate confirmation of injury.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Jul 2022 11:35:01 +000
       
  • Effects of Modified Jianpi Qushi Heluo Decoction on Scores of TCM
           Syndromes, 24 h Urinary Albumin, and Plasma Albumin in IMN of
           Spleen-Kidney Qi Deficiency

    • Abstract: Objective. To explore the effects of modified Jianpi Qushi Heluo decoction on scores of TCM syndromes, 24 h urinary albumin (UA), and plasma albumin (Alb) in idiopathic membranous nephropathy (IMN) of spleen-kidney qi deficiency. Methods. A total of 84 patients with IMN of spleen-kidney qi deficiency type admitted to the hospital were enrolled between November 2019 and September 2021. According to the random number table method, they were divided into the observation group (42 cases) and control group (42 cases). The control group was treated with routine Western medicine, while the observation group was additionally treated with modified Jianpi Qushi Heluo decoction. All were continuously treated for 2 months. The clinical curative effect between the two groups was compared. Before and after treatment, scores of TCM syndromes, biochemical indexes (24 h UA, plasma Alb, serum triglyceride (TG), and serum cholesterol (TC)), and T lymphocyte subsets (Th1, Th2, Th1/Th2, and Th17) were compared between the two groups. The occurrence of adverse reactions in both groups during treatment was recorded. Results. The difference in the total response rate of treatment between the observation group and control group was not statistically significant (90.48% vs. 73.81%) (). After 2 months of treatment, scores of TCM syndromes in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group, levels of 24 h UA, TG, and TC were significantly lower than those in the control group, and Alb was significantly higher than that in the control group (). After 2 months of treatment, levels of peripheral blood Th1 and Th17 in the observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group, while Th2 and Th1/Th2 were higher than those in the control group (). The difference in incidence of adverse reactions between the observation group and control group was not statistically significant (4.76% vs. 14.29%) ().Conclusion. The modified Jianpi Qushi Heluo decoction can reduce UA, increase Alb, and improve clinical symptoms and immune function of patients with IMN of spleen-kidney qi deficiency.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Jul 2022 13:05:01 +000
       
  • Application of Health Education Based on Phased Transition Theory Model in
           Continuous Nursing for Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Disease

    • Abstract: Objective. To explore the application effect of health education based on phased transition theory model in the continuous nursing for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Method. A total of 106 patients with IBD admitted to the hospital were enrolled as the research objects between October 2020 and September 2021. According to random number table method, they were divided into observation group and control group, 53 cases in each group. The control group was given routine nursing, while observation group was additionally given health education based on phased transition theory model. The nutritional status (serum prealbumin (PA), albumin (ALB), body mass index (BMI)), scores of Disease Knowledge Mastery Scale, exercise of self-care agency scale (ESCA), and Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ) were compared between the two groups before and after intervention. Results. After intervention, PA, ALB, and BMI in observation group were higher than those in control group (), scores of Disease Knowledge Mastery Scale, total mastery rate, scores and total score of ESCA, and scores and total score of IBDQ were significantly higher than those in control group ().Conclusion. The application of health education based on phased transformation theory model in the continuous nursing improves disease knowledge mastery, self-care ability, nutritional status, and quality of life in IBD patients.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jul 2022 07:50:02 +000
       
  • Effects of Stone Removal via Different Approaches in the Treatment of
           Incarcerated Upper Ureteral Calculi: A Comparative Study

    • Abstract: Objective. The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical effects of percutaneous nephrolithotomy and transurethral ureteroscopic lithotripsy in the treatment of incarcerated upper ureteral calculi. Methods. This study retrospectively reviewed 400 patients with incarcerated upper ureteral calculi admitted to the hospital from January 2016 to December 2021. Among them, 200 patients treated with percutaneous nephrolithotomy were included in the percutaneous group and 200 patients treated with transurethral ureteroscopic lithotripsy were included in the transurethral group. Perioperative indicators and stone clearance rates on day 7 and 1 month after operation and the reoperation rate were compared between the two groups. The incidence of postoperative complications was recorded. Results. The operation time and postoperative hospital stay of the percutaneous group were longer than those of the transurethral group (). There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss, 24 h postoperative pain score, stone clearance rates on day 3 and day 14 after operation, or the reoperation rate between the two groups (). Postoperative complications in the two groups were mainly grade I and II. The total incidence of complications in the percutaneous group was significantly lower than that in the transurethral group ().Conclusion. Both percutaneous nephrolithotomy and transurethral ureteroscopic lithotripsy are effective in the treatment of incarcerated upper ureteral calculi. The former can reduce the incidence of postoperative complications, but the operation time and postoperative hospital stay are longer.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Jul 2022 10:20:02 +000
       
  • Application of Shewhart Control Chart in Controlling Adverse Events in
           Patients with Severe Acute Organophosphorus Pesticide Poisoning Undergoing
           Blood Purification

    • Abstract: Objective. To explore the application effect of the Shewhart control chart in controlling adverse events in patients with severe acute organophosphorus pesticide poisoning (AOPP) undergoing blood purification. Methods. A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 102 patients with severe AOPP admitted to the hospital between January 2020 and December 2021, including 47 cases in the control group and 55 cases in the observation group. The control group was given routine emergency nursing, while the observation group was given emergency nursing under the guidance of the Shewhart control chart on the basis of the control group. The specialized operations, basic operations, specialized theory, and basic theory of nursing staffs were scored to compare the comprehensive nursing quality. The total incidence of adverse nursing events in both groups was statistically analyzed. The dosage of atropine, disappearance time of muscarinic symptoms, recovery time of CHE activity to 60%, and hospitalization time in both groups were recorded. The total incidence of complications in both groups was statistically analyzed. The satisfaction of family members was statistically analyzed by a satisfaction questionnaire. Results. The scores of specialized operations, basic operations, specialized theory, and basic theory of nursing staffs in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (), total incidence of adverse nursing events was significantly lower than that in the control group (), dosage of atropine, disappearance time of muscarinic symptoms, recovery time of CHE activity to 60%, and hospitalization time were significantly lower than those in the control group (), total incidence of complications was significantly lower than that in the control group (), and scores of nursing attitude, communication process, psychological relief, and drug preparation were significantly higher than those in the control group ().Conclusion. The Shewhart control chart can effectively improve the clinical effect, comprehensive nursing quality, and satisfaction of patients with severe AOPP and effectively reduce complications and adverse events.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jul 2022 11:50:01 +000
       
  • Application of the Stratified Nursing Mode of the Prediction Model
           Constructed Based on Case System Data in the Nursing of Patients with
           Acute Renal Failure

    • Abstract: Objective. To explore the application of the stratified nursing mode of the prediction model constructed based on case system data in the nursing of patients with acute renal failure (ARF). Methods. A total of 84 patients with ARF confirmed in the hospital were enrolled between February 2020 and February 2022. According to the simple random grouping method, they were divided into an observation group and a control group, 42 cases in each group. The control group was given routine nursing while the observation group was given stratified nursing of the prediction model constructed based on case system data. All were nursed for 2 months. Results. There was no significant difference in general data such as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), serum creatinine (Scr), hemoglobin (Hb), and albumin between the two groups (). Age>60 years, weight fluctuation>2 kg during dialysis, vascular blockage or infection, coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, chronic hepatopathy and stroke, bleeding tendency, and neuromuscular abnormalities were high-risk factors for ARF patients, hypertension, thyroid abnormalities, hyperlipidemia, persistent or repeated blood volume overload, and usage of antihypertensive drugs were moderate-risk factors for ARF patients, and nonpermeability dehydration was a low-risk factor of ARF patients. The scores of nursing satisfaction and treatment compliance in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (). After 2 months of nursing, scores of SAS, SDS, and SPBS in both the groups were significantly decreased (), which were significantly lower in the observation group than those in the control group ().Conclusion. The stratified nursing mode of the prediction model constructed based on case system data is conducive to timely and targeted nursing, with high patient satisfaction and cooperation, and a better psychological state.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jul 2022 04:50:01 +000
       
  • Gene Mutation and Its Association with Clinicopathological Features in
           Young Patients with Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

    • Abstract: Background. We investigated the correlation between genetic mutations and clinical-pathological features in young patients with NSCLC. Methods. Clinicopathologic information of 102 young NSCLC patients was collected. Direct ctDNA sequencing of a portion of these patients was performed. The correlation between EGFR mutation and ALK fusions with clinicopathologic parameters was analyzed. Results. In young NSCLC patients, adenocarcinoma is the major histology (86.9%), and the misdiagnosis rate was as high as 45.7%. EGFR gene mutation was found in 13 patients (31.7%) and common mutations were with EGFR19del mutation (7 cases, 17.1%) and EGFR21L858R mutation (4 patients, 9.7%). EGFR mutation was constantly found in adenocarcinoma and male gender, and ever smokers (100%, ). Furthermore, ALK fusions were found in 7 patients (31.8%), which include EML-4-ALK fusions; there was a trend that ALK fusions were associated with adenocarcinoma and female gender. However, there was no significant difference in overall survival between patients with or without gene mutations. Conclusions. EGFR mutation and ALK fusions are related to histology, gender, and smoke exposure in young NSCLC patients, and may be effective predictive factors.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Jul 2022 14:20:00 +000
       
  • Emergency Nursing Countermeasures and Experience of Patients with Primary
           Liver Cancer Nodule Rupture and Hemorrhage

    • Abstract: Objective. To explore the emergency nursing countermeasures and nursing experience of patients with primary liver cancer nodule rupture and hemorrhage. Methods. 30 patients with primary liver cancer nodule rupture and hemorrhage treated in our hospital since January 2020 after the implementation of emergency nursing countermeasures were selected as the observation group, and another 30 patients with primary liver cancer nodule rupture and hemorrhage treated in our hospital before January 2020 were selected as the control group. The control group received basic nursing intervention, while the observation group received emergency nursing measures. The hemoglobin level, blood oxygen saturation monitoring value, and partial pressure of oxygen of patients with hemorrhagic shock due to nodular rupture of primary liver cancer were compared between the two groups at admission and after nursing care. All indexes of patients during the perioperative period were recorded. The incidence of complications, mortality, and nursing satisfaction rates of the patients’ families were compared between the two groups. Results. After nursing care, the observation group’s patients’ hemoglobin level, blood oxygen saturation monitoring value, and partial pressure of oxygen were higher than those of the control group’s patients (). The intraoperative bleeding volume, shock correction time, and discharge time of patients in the observation group were lower than those of patients in the control group (). The incidence of complications and mortality in the observation group was significantly lower than those in the control group (). The nursing satisfaction rate of patients in the observation group was higher than that of the control group ().Conclusion. The results of emergency nursing intervention in patients with primary liver cancer rupture and hemorrhage are reliable, which can significantly improve perioperative indicators of patients, reduce complications and mortality, improve nursing satisfaction, and effectively shorten the hospital stay of patients.
      PubDate: Tue, 05 Jul 2022 14:05:01 +000
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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