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EMERGENCY AND INTENSIVE CRITICAL CARE (121 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 124 of 124 Journals sorted alphabetically
AACN Advanced Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Academic Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
Acta Colombiana de Cuidado Intensivo     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acute and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Acute Cardiac Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acute Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Neonatal Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
African Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AINS - Anasthesiologie - Intensivmedizin - Notfallmedizin - Schmerztherapie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Annals of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 149)
Annals of Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Annals of the American Thoracic Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Archives of Academic Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Trauma Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ASAIO Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Australian Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Bangladesh Critical Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BMC Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
BMJ Quality & Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Burns Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Respiratory, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Case Reports in Acute Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Case Reports in Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Chronic Wound Care Management and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Clinical Intensive Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Clinical Medicine Insights : Trauma and Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Clinical Risk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 78)
Critical Care and Resuscitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Critical Care Clinics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Critical Care Explorations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 320)
Critical Care Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Current Emergency and Hospital Medicine Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Opinion in Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Egyptian Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EMC - Urgenze     Full-text available via subscription  
Emergency Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Emergency Medicine (Medicina neotložnyh sostoânij)     Open Access  
Emergency Medicine Australasia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Emergency Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Emergency Medicine Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Emergency Medicine News     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Emergency Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Enfermería Intensiva (English ed.)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
European Burn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
European Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Frontiers in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Transfusion Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hong Kong Journal of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Burns     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Injury     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87)
Intensive Care Medicine Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intensivmedizin up2date     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Critical Illness and Injury Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Emergency Mental Health and Human Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Paramedic Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Iranian Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access  
Irish Journal of Paramedicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal Européen des Urgences et de Réanimation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Acute Care Physical Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Cardiac Critical Care TSS     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal Of Cardiovascular Emergencies     Open Access  
Journal of Concussion     Open Access  
Journal of Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Journal of Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Education and Teaching in Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Emergencies, Trauma and Shock     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Emergency Medical Services     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Emergency Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Journal of Emergency Medicine, Trauma and Acute Care     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Emergency Practice and Trauma     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Intensive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Neuroanaesthesiology and Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Stroke Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the American College of Emergency Physicians Open     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Intensive Care Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Translational Critical Care Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, The     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
La Presse Médicale Open     Open Access  
Médecine de Catastrophe - Urgences Collectives     Hybrid Journal  
Medicina Intensiva     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mediterranean Journal of Emergency Medicine & Acute Care : MedJEM     Open Access  
Notfall + Rettungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
OA Critical Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
OA Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Access Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Open Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Palliative Care : Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Palliative Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Prehospital Emergency Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Research and Opinion in Anesthesia and Intensive Care     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Resuscitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Resuscitation Plus     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Saudi Critical Care Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Shock : Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis : Laboratory and Clinical Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Sklifosovsky Journal Emergency Medical Care     Open Access  
The Journal of Trauma Injury Infection and Critical Care     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transplant Research and Risk Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trauma Case Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Trauma Monthly     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Visual Journal of Emergency Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Western Journal of Emergency Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
 AEM Education and Training : A Global Journal of Emergency Care     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Emergency Medicine International
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.298
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2090-2840 - ISSN (Online) 2090-2859
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [340 journals]
  • Arrhythmias Occurring in Children during HEMS Intervention: A
           Retrospective Cohort Study

    • Abstract: Background. Arrhythmias in patients during medical transport remain a challenge for medical personnel. Helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) crews, as the only medical rescue teams in Poland to conduct rescue flights, keep detailed documentation of monitoring vital functions over short time intervals during the flight. Aims. The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of cardiac arrhythmia in pediatric patients (up to 12 years of age) transported by HEMS operatives, considering life-threatening rhythms and those that occur during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Methods. The analysis of HEMS medical documentation covered 90345 missions carried out from 2011 to 2020. Among all activations, 820 cases of arrhythmias in pediatric patients up to 12 years of age were extracted. Results. Missions for males accounted for 60% of all activations (n = 492), while flights for females accounted for 40% (n = 328). A statistically significant relationship between the number of HEMS flights and the season was demonstrated (). During the study period, pediatric patients mostly experienced cardiac arrhythmias in the form of supraventricular tachycardia (sVT) (n = 504). Asystole (n = 178) and pulseless electrical activity (PEA) (n = 52) ranked second and third in terms of occurrence, respectively. A statistically significant relationship between the type of heart rhythm disorder and age was demonstrated ().Conclusions. Heart rhythm disorders most often affected children between 0 and 3 years of age. As the patient’s age increased, the incidence of arrhythmias decreased. Among pediatric patients, supraventricular tachycardia proved to be the predominant arrhythmia during the study period.
      PubDate: Thu, 23 Nov 2023 06:20:01 +000
  • Prediction Models for Return of Spontaneous Circulation in Patients with
           Cardiac Arrest: A Systematic Review and Critical Appraisal

    • Abstract: Objectives. Prediction models for the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in patients with cardiac arrest play an important role in helping physicians evaluate the survival probability and providing medical decision-making reference. Although relevant models have been developed, their methodological rigor and model applicability are still unclear. Therefore, this study aims to summarize the evidence for ROSC prediction models and provide a reference for the development, validation, and application of ROSC prediction models. Methods. PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Elsevier, Web of Science, SpringerLink, Ovid, CNKI, Wanfang, and SinoMed were systematically searched for studies on ROSC prediction models. The search time limit was from the establishment of the database to August 30, 2022. Two reviewers independently screened the literature and extracted the data. The PROBAST was used to evaluate the quality of the included literature. Results. A total of 8 relevant prediction models were included, and 6 models reported the AUC of 0.662–0.830 in the modeling population, which showed good overall applicability but high risk of bias. The main reasons were improper handling of missing values and variable screening, lack of external validation of the model, and insufficient information of overfitting. Age, gender, etiology, initial heart rhythm, EMS arrival time/BLS intervention time, location, bystander CPR, witnessed during sudden arrest, and ACLS duration/compression duration were the most commonly included predictors. Obvious chest injury, body temperature below 33°C, and possible etiologies were predictive factors for ROSC failure in patients with TOHCA. Age, gender, initial heart rhythm, reason for the hospital visit, length of hospital stay, and the location of occurrence in hospital were the predictors of ROSC in IHCA patients. Conclusion. The performance of current ROSC prediction models varies greatly and has a high risk of bias, which should be selected with caution. Future studies can further optimize and externally validate the existing models.
      PubDate: Tue, 21 Nov 2023 09:20:00 +000
  • Research Progress on the Mechanism and Management of Septic
           Cardiomyopathy: A Comprehensive Review

    • Abstract: Sepsis is defined as a kind of life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host immune response to infection and is a leading cause of mortality in the intensive care unit. Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction, also called septic cardiomyopathy, is a common and serious complication in patients with sepsis, which may indicate a bad prognosis. Although efforts have been made to uncover the pathophysiology of septic cardiomyopathy, a number of uncertainties remain. This article sought to review available literature to summarize the existing knowledge on current diagnostic tools and biomarkers, pathogenesis, and treatments for septic cardiomyopathy.
      PubDate: Mon, 20 Nov 2023 05:05:00 +000
  • Risk Factors for Predicting Mortality and Amputation of Patients with
           Necrotizing Soft-Tissue Infections: Retrospective Analysis of 111 Cases
           from a Single Medical Center

    • Abstract: Objective. Necrotizing soft-tissue infections (NSTIs) are rare clinical infections with surgical emergencies having a high mortality rate. This study aimed to investigate risk factors for mortality and amputation of patients with NSTI. Methods. We retrospectively analyzed critical factors for outcomes of 111 patients with NSTI hospitalized in our department from 1 January 1999 to 31 December 2018. NSTI diagnosis was based on the patient’s clinical characteristics, laboratory risk indicator for necrotizing fasciitis (LRINEC) score, laboratory test data, and microbiological findings in blood and wound culture. The risk factors for mortality and amputation of NSTI were determined using univariate or multivariate logistic regression analysis, receiver operating characteristics (ROC), and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) at 90 days after admission. Results. Diagnosis of 111 patients with NSTI was confirmed according to clinical features, LRINEC score, image data, laboratory findings, and microorganism culture in blood and wounds. The mortality rate was 9.91% (11/111) at day 90 follow-up. High white blood cell (WBC), low hematocrit (HCT), and multiple surgeries were identified to be critical risk factors for NSTI mortality in univariate and multivariate logistic analyses. AUCs, 95% confidence intervals (CI), and values of risk factors were 0.699, 0.54–0.95, and for high WBC; 0.788, 0.63–0.97, and for low HCT; and 0.745, 0.59–0.90, and for multiple surgeries, respectively. These patients also had high LRINEC scores. Amputation occurred in 34.23% (38/111) of patients. Risk factors for amputation were higher age, low hemoglobin (Hb), and multiple wounds. AUCs, 95% confidence intervals (CI), and values were 0.713, 0.11–0.32, and for higher age; 0.798, 0.08–0.29, and for low Hb; and 0.757, 0.17–0.34, and for multiple lesion sites, respectively. Conclusions. High LRINEC scores, high WBC, low HCT, and multiple surgeries were relevant to increased mortality. Higher age, low Hb, and multiple wounds were associated with amputation risk. These clinical features must be paid attention to when patients are diagnosed with NSTI.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 Nov 2023 06:05:00 +000
  • Association between Red Blood Cell Distribution Width and Short-Term
           Mortality in Patients with Paralytic Intestinal Obstruction: Retrospective
           Data Analysis Based on the MIMIC-III Database

    • Abstract: Objective. Elevated red cell distribution (RDW) has been reported to be associated with mortality in patients with acute pancreatitis and cholecystitis admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). However, evidence for the relationship between RDW and paralytic intestinal obstruction is lacking. Therefore, the article aims to investigate the relationship between RDW and 28-day mortality of the patients with paralytic intestinal obstruction. Patients and Methods. This is a single-center retrospective study. Based on a particular screening criterion, 773 patients with paralytic intestinal obstruction were selected from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database. Indicators of the first 24 h into the ICU were used to analyze the relationship between RDW and 28-day death from paralytic intestinal obstruction by Kaplan−Meier (K-M) analysis, logistic regression analysis, and stratification analysis. Results. The curve fitting exhibited a nonlinear relationship. The K-M curve showed that groups with higher RDW values had lower survival rates. The logistic regression analysis revealed that RDW increased with 28-day mortality in patients with paralytic intestinal obstruction in the fully adjusted model. In the fully adjusted model, OR value and 95% CI from the second to the third quantiles compared to the first quartile (reference group) were 1.89 (1.04, 3.44) and 3.29 (1.82, 5.93), respectively. The results of stratified analysis of each layer had the same trend as those of regression analysis, and the interaction results were not significant. Conclusion. Elevated RDW was associated with increased 28-day mortality from paralytic intestinal obstruction in the ICU. This study can help to further explore the relationship between RDW and death in patients with paralytic intestinal obstruction.
      PubDate: Mon, 23 Oct 2023 04:50:00 +000
  • Evaluation of the Retrospective LACE Index in Predicting the Risk of
           Readmission in Patients with Hereditary Angioedema in an Emergency

    • Abstract: This study aimed to calculate the LACE index in patients who admitted to the emergency department (ED) with hereditary angioedema (HA) diagnosed and to predict recurrent admissions of patients. In this single-center study, patients aged 18 or higher who were admitted to the ED diagnosed with HA were included over a 12-year period. 35 patients diagnosed with code E88.0 were evaluated according to electronic file records. The number of admissions to the ED in the last 6 months was 2. The LACE index was 4, and risk was 71.4%. The patients admitted to the hospital in the last 30 days had a higher rate of admission to the hospital in the last 6 months ( 
      PubDate: Fri, 20 Oct 2023 05:35:00 +000
  • Retracted: Analysis of the Effect of Mindfulness Behavior Intervention
           Combined with Progressive Breathing Training on Pulmonary Function
           Rehabilitation in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    • PubDate: Wed, 18 Oct 2023 07:09:22 +000
  • Usefulness of the BIG Score in Predicting Massive Transfusion and
           In-Hospital Death in Adult Trauma Patients

    • Abstract: The base deficit (B), international normalized ratio (I), and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) (BIG) score is useful in predicting mortality in pediatric trauma patients; however, studies on the use of BIG score in adult patients with trauma are sparse. In addition, studies on the correlation between the BIG score and massive transfusion (MT) have not yet been conducted. This study aimed to evaluate the predictive value of BIG score for mortality and the need for MT in adult trauma patients. This retrospective study used data collected between 2016 and 2020 at our hospital’s trauma center and registry. The predictive value of BIG score was compared with that of the Injury Severity Score (ISS) and Revised Trauma Score (RTS). Logistic regression analysis was carried out to assess whether BIG score was an independent risk factor. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed, and predictive values were evaluated by measuring the area under the ROC curve (AUROC). In total, 5,605 patients were included in this study. In logistic regression analysis, BIG score was independently associated with in-hospital mortality (odds ratio (OR): 1.1859; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.1636–1.2086) and MT (OR: 1.0802; 95% CI: 1.0609–1.0999). The AUROCs of BIG score for in-hospital mortality and MT were 0.852 (0.842–0.861) and 0.848 (0.838–0.857), respectively. Contrastingly, the AUROCs of ISS and RTS for in-hospital mortality were 0.795 (0.784–0.805) and 0.859 (0.850–0.868), respectively. Moreover, AUROCs of ISS and RTS for MT were 0.812 (0.802–0.822) and 0.838 (0.828–0.848), respectively. The predictive value of BIG score for mortality and MT was significantly higher than that of the ISS. The BIG score also showed a better AUROC for predicting in-hospital mortality compared with RTS. In conclusion, the BIG score is a useful indicator for predicting mortality and the need for MT in adult trauma patients.
      PubDate: Tue, 17 Oct 2023 05:50:00 +000
  • Relationship between Nonhepatic Serum Ammonia Levels and Sepsis-Associated
           Encephalopathy: A Retrospective Cohort Study

    • Abstract: Objectives. Nonhepatic hyperammonemia often occurs in patients with sepsis. Ammonia plays an essential role in the occurrence of hepatic encephalopathy. However, the relationship between nonhepatic serum ammonia levels and sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) remains unclear. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the association between serum ammonia levels and patients with SAE. Methods. Data of critically ill adults with sepsis who were admitted to the intensive care unit were retrieved from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care IV (MIMIC IV) between 2008 and 2019 and retrospectively analyzed. Data of patients with sepsis patients and serum ammonia not related to acute or chronic liver disease were not included. Results. Data from 720 patients with sepsis were included. SAE was found to have a high incidence (64.6%). After adjusting for other risk factors, a serum ammonia level of ≥45 μmol/L (odds ratio (OR): 3.508, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.336–5.269, ) was found to be an independent risk factor for patients with SAE; moreover, as the serum ammonia level increased, the hospital mortality of SAE gradually increased in a certain range (serum ammonia
      PubDate: Thu, 12 Oct 2023 09:50:00 +000
  • Retracted: Correlation between Lpa, APO-A, APO-B, and Stenosis of Middle
           Cerebral Artery in Patients with Cerebral Ischemic Stroke

    • PubDate: Wed, 04 Oct 2023 07:12:30 +000
  • The Prevalence of Simultaneously Ordering Amylase and Lipase for
           Diagnosing Pancreatitis

    • Abstract: Background. The simultaneous measurement of serum amylase and lipase levels in the diagnosis of pancreatitis was deemed unnecessary in several studies. We aim at evaluating the prevalence of the simultaneous co-ordering of serum amylase and lipase. Methods. This retrospective chart review was conducted at King Saud University Medical City in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between January 2021 and January 2022. We examined requests for serum amylase or serum lipase levels that had been sought for suspected pancreatitis within the electronic health system (EHS). Results. A total of 9,617 requests for serum amylase and serum lipase levels for 5,536 patients were made in a year; 6,873 (71.5%) were made for serum lipase alone; 1,672 (17.4%) were made for co-ordered serum lipase and amylase; 322 (3.3%) were made for amylase alone; and 750 (7.8%) were made for repeated amylase testing. Four hundred and thirteen tests (4.3%) yielded a diagnosis of pancreatitis. The estimated cost reduction when serum amylase was removed if serum lipase was co-ordered was 108,680 SAR (approximately US$28,960). Conclusion. Serum amylase and lipase were co-ordered for about 17.4% of pancreatitis diagnostic tests, all of which were unnecessary. Eliminating serum amylase testing for any patient who receives a test of their lipase levels would exert a significant impact on institutional costs and savings.
      PubDate: Wed, 27 Sep 2023 09:35:00 +000
  • Predictive Performance Neutrophil-to-Lymphocyte Ratio of Acute Tonsillitis
           with Deep Neck Space Infection in Adult Patients

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to examine the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients diagnosed with a deep neck infection (DNI) to identify helpful indicators for the initial differential diagnosis. This study was conducted as a single-center, retrospective cohort study that utilized data from the electronic medical records of patients who visited the emergency department in a tertiary university hospital between February 2018 and April 2022. The study enrolled patients aged ≥18 years who were diagnosed with tonsillitis with or without DNI during the study period. The NLR of patients without DNI was 6.1 ± 5.03, and the NLR of patients with acute tonsillitis with DNI was 8.0 ± 5.67, showing significant differences. The rate of admission in the general wards (GWs) and ICUs was significantly higher in patients with DNI, and the length of hospital stay was also significantly longer in patients with DNI. Older age, male, lower body temperature, C-reactive protein, and NLR were significant independent risk factors for DNI in patients with tonsillitis. The cutoff value for predicting DNI in patients with body temperature
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Sep 2023 11:05:00 +000
  • Minimally Invasive Endovascular Repair for Nondissected Ascending Aortic
           Disease: A Systematic Review

    • Abstract: Objective. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of endovascular treatment for nondissected diseases of the ascending aorta. Data Sources. PubMed, Embase, and SciELO. Review Methods. In this study, we conducted a search on the PubMed, Embase, and SciELO databases for all cases of ascending aortic endovascular repair included in the literature published between January 2007 and July 2023, excluding type A aortic dissection. We reviewed 56 case reports and 7 observational studies included in this study, assessing the techniques, equipment, procedural steps, and results. We summarized the age, complications, follow-up time, and access route. Results. This study includes 63 articles reporting 105 patients (mean age: 64.96 ± 17.08 years) who received endovascular repair for nondissected ascending aortic disease. The types of disease include aneurysm (N = 16), pseudoaneurysm (N = 71), penetrating aortic ulcer (N = 10), intramural hematoma (N = 2), thrombosis (N = 2), iatrogenic coarctation (N = 1), and rupture of the aorta (N = 3). The success rate of surgery is 99.05% (104/105). Complications include endoleak (10.48%, 11/105), stroke (5.71%, 6/105), postoperative infection (1.91%, 2/105), acute renal failure (0.95%, 1/105), aortic rupture (0.95%, 1/105), thrombosis (0.95%, 1/105), and splenic infarction (0.95%, 1/105). Five patients required conversion to open surgery, two patients underwent endovascular reintervention, and four of these five patients underwent surgery due to endoleak. Early mortality was 2.86% (3/105). Conclusion. While the viability and results of endovascular repair for the treatment of ascending aortic disease are acknowledged in some circumstances, further research is needed to determine the safety and effectiveness of endovascular treatment for ascending aortic disease.
      PubDate: Tue, 19 Sep 2023 10:05:00 +000
  • Prognostic Value of the Average Lung CT Number in Patients with Acute
           Paraquat Poisoning

    • Abstract: Objective. The chest computed tomography (CT) examination is an important clinical examination in the diagnosis and monitoring of paraquat- (PQ-) induced lung injury. The aim of this study was to explore the prognostic value of the average lung CT number acquired by quantitative CT techniques in patients with acute paraquat poisoning in the early stages of the disease. Methods. 46 patients who suffered from acute PQ poisoning in the emergency department of the Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2015 to June 2020 were enrolled in the present study. The patients were divided into survival group (n = 21) and nonsurvival group (n = 25). Clinical data were collected from subjects who met the inclusion criteria, including general information, personal disease history, and laboratory test indicators. The average lung CT numbers of each patient were obtained by quantitative CT techniques. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was conducted to assess the prognostic value of average lung CT number in patients with acute paraquat poisoning. Results. The average CT numbers of the middle-lung, lower-lung, and whole lung fields in the nonsurvival group were significantly higher than those of the survival group (). However, the upper-lung field was not significantly different between the two groups (). The AUCs of different levels ranged from 0.554 to 0.977, among which the lower-lung field presented the largest AUC of 0.977 (95% CI: 0.943∼1; cut-off value: −702Hu; sensitivity 96%; specificity, 90.5%; YI: 0.865), followed by the whole lung field 0.914 (95% CI: 0.830∼0.999; cut-off value: −727Hu; sensitivity 76%; specificity, 95.2%; YI: 0.712) and the middle-lung field 0.87 (95% CI: 0.768∼0.971; cut-off value: −779Hu; sensitivity 80%; specificity, 85.7%; YI: 0.657). Conclusion. The present study indicated that the average lung CT number could be used to evaluate the relationship between the severity of PQ-induced lung injury and prognosis, especially in the lower-lung field. However, further research is needed to draw a clear conclusion.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Sep 2023 08:05:00 +000
  • Patient and Provider Demographics and the Management of Genitourinary
           Tract Infections in the Emergency Department

    • Abstract: Introduction. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can have overlapping signs, symptoms, and findings on urinalysis. Our objective was to determine if patient or provider demographics are associated with differences in the diagnosis and management of UTIs and STIs in the emergency department (ED). Methods. We analyzed 38,062 ED patient encounters from a single healthcare system between April 18, 2014, and March 7, 2017. All encounters were women ≥18 years of age and not admitted to the hospital. We performed logistic regression using patient and provider demographics, laboratory testing results, ED triage data, and ED diagnoses. Results. The patient’s age, race, and marital status were not associated with having an ED UTI diagnosis with a urine culture ≥10,000 colony forming units (CFUs)/mL (vs.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Sep 2023 05:20:00 +000
  • Evaluation of Platelet Distribution Width as an Early Predictor of Acute
           Kidney Injury in Extensive Burn Patients

    • Abstract: Background. The extensive burns devastate trauma. The research was designed to analyse the predictive value of early platelet (PLT) indices on the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) after severe burns. Methods and Results. 186 patients with extensive burns (burn area ≥30%) were eventually involved. Multivariate analyses pointed out that platelet distribution width (PDW) in the first 24 h after admission was an independent risk factor for AKI, severe AKI, and RRT requirement in patients with severe burns, and AKI risk showed an increase of 30.9% per increase of 1% in PDW (OR = 1.309, CI, 1.075–1.594, and P = 0.007). It was found that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of PDW predicting AKI was 0.735 and that the AUC value was 0.81 for AKI after combining PDW and blood urea nitrogen (BUN). Based on the cut-off value PDW = 17.7%, patients were divided into high- (PDW ≥17.7%) and low-risk (PDW 17.7%, burn patients are not only at a higher risk for AKI but may also have higher AKI severity. Due to low cost and wide availability, PDW has the potential to be the tool that can predict AKI in extensive burn patients.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Sep 2023 03:50:01 +000
  • Oblique Axis Rib Stretch and Curved Planar Reformats in Patients for Rib
           Fracture Detection and Characterization: Feasibility and Clinical

    • Abstract: Objective. To assess the use of CT with oblique axis rib stretch (OARS) and curved planar reformats (CPRs) for rib fracture detection and characterization. Methods. A total of 108 forensically diagnosed patients with rib fractures were evaluated retrospectively. OARS and CPRs were independently used during the diagnosis in two groups. In each group, the final diagnosis was made after a junior radiologist’s initial diagnosis was reviewed by a senior radiologist. The images were evaluated for the presence and characterization of rib fractures. Results. A total of 2,592 ribs were analyzed, and 326 fractured ribs and 345 fracture sites were diagnosed using reference standard. Two groups of radiologists identified 331 and 333 fracture sites using the OARS method, 291 and 288 fracture sites using the CPRs method, and 274 fracture sites in forensically diagnosed patients (CR: conventional reconstruction), respectively; and all missed diagnoses were nondisplaced rib fractures. The ROC Az value of OARS1,2 was 0.98, which is higher than CPRs1,2 0.91, and CR 0.90 (all  
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Aug 2023 07:20:00 +000
  • Retracted: Application Effect of External and Internal Elevation of
           Maxillary Sinus in Implant Restoration of Posterior Maxilla

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:50 +000
  • Retracted: Serological Characteristics, Etiological Analysis, and
           Treatment Prognosis of Children with Congenital Hypothyroidism

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:48 +000
  • Retracted: Relationship between PLR and Clinicopathological
           Characteristics of Patients with Advanced NSCLC and Its Predictive Value
           for the Efficacy of Chemotherapy and Prognosis

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:47 +000
  • Retracted: Cohort Study on the Effect of Psychological Education for
           Nurses in Psychiatric Department

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:45 +000
  • Retracted: Aesthetic Effect of Autologous Fat Transplantation on
           Frontotemporal Depression Filling and Its Influence on SCL-90 and SES of

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:44 +000
  • Retracted: Efficacy of Modified Nonpneumatic Transaxillary Approach in the
           Treatment of Thyroid Cancer and Its Effect on Immune Function and
           Parathyroid Function

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:42 +000
  • Retracted: Observation on the Efficacy of Moxibustion Combined with Ear
           Acupoint Pressing Beans in Treating Patients with Phlegm Stasis Syndrome

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:41 +000
  • Retracted: Investigation on the Correlation of Anxiety Degree with Family
           Atmosphere in Children with Precocious Puberty

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:40 +000
  • Retracted: Clinical Observation of Low-Temperature Plasma Knife Tonsil
           Adenoidectomy for Pediatric Snoring and Analysis of Influencing Factors

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:38 +000
  • Retracted: Correlation of Complex Impacted Mandibular Teeth with
           Pericoronitis and Effect of Minimally Invasive Tooth Extraction on
           Patients’ Long-Term Outcome of Masticatory Ability

    • PubDate: Wed, 23 Aug 2023 07:06:37 +000
  • Prehospital Predictors for Urgent Neurosurgical Intervention in the Head
           Trauma Patient: A 2-Year Multicenter Retrospective Study

    • Abstract: Background. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the main cause of disability in the world. Prehospital diagnosis of patients requiring rapid neurosurgical intervention and the earliest possible introduction of procedures preventing secondary brain injuries (SBI) are crucial. Methodology and Study Population. The authors of this paper assumed that certain age groups with specific injuries are more likely to require urgent neurosurgical intervention compared with patients who did not require such an intervention. Out of 54,814 head CT scans, based on the inclusion criteria, 7,864 were selected for the study. Data such as sex, age, the mechanism of injury, comorbid trauma, and abnormal findings in the examination of patients qualified for urgent neurosurgical intervention were analyzed in order to find statistically significant factors through a comparison with all head trauma patients. Results. Patients qualified for urgent neurosurgical intervention were significantly older compared with the others (63 years vs. 49 years). Patients transferred from the emergency department directly to the operating room were more often admitted to the hospital due to the fall (64.1% vs. 45.1%, ). The following were observed much more commonly among the patients qualified for urgent neurosurgical intervention than in the entire study group of subjects with traumatic brain injury (TBI), e.g., calf deformity (2.2% vs. 0.1%, ) and bleeding from the mouth (4.3% vs. 0.0%, ). On the other hand, superciliary arch wounds were observed much less commonly than in the entire group (0.0% vs. 5%, ).Conclusion. Patients admitted directly to the operating neurosurgical room from emergency departments constitute a small percentage of TBI patients, and their prognosis for normal performance status upon discharge is poor. Maximum efforts should be made to distinguish these patients and to start proper treatment even during prehospital care.
      PubDate: Fri, 18 Aug 2023 09:50:00 +000
  • Effect of the Profit and Teaching Status of Hospitals on the Patterns and
           Outcomes of Abdominal Aorta and Inferior Vena Cava Injuries after Severe
           Abdominal Trauma

    • Abstract: Background. The inferior vena cava (IVC) and the abdominal aorta (AA) are two important blood vessels located in the abdomen. The outcomes of such injuries rely heavily on the experience, expertise, and resources available at the hospital where the patient is treated. However, our current understanding of the potential impact of the hospital profit and teaching status on surgical outcomes in the context of traumatic injuries to the IVC and AA remains limited, making it important to investigate the potential association between these hospital characteristics and patient outcomes to enhance the quality of care and optimize treatment strategies. Objective. This study aimed to compare demographics, trauma characteristics, and outcomes between nonprofit status (NPSH) and for-profit hospital status (FPSH), as well as among community hospitals (CHs), nonteaching hospitals (NTHs), and university hospitals (UHs), in patients with severe abdominal trauma and abdominal aorta injury (AAI), inferior vena cava injury (IVCI), and both (AAI + IVCI). Methods. Demographics, trauma, and outcome measures associated with AAI, IVCI, and AAI + IVCI were compared between the different profit and teaching status groups using NTDB. Multivariate regression was used to identify independent factors associated with death under care (DUC). Results. In the 2017 NTDB-RDS, 1,479 patients met the inclusion criteria, resulting in an overall incidence of 0.17% for AAI, IVCI, and AAI + IVCI after severe abdominal trauma. More patients died under care in the FPSH group than in the NPSH group (nonprofit vs. for-profit: 60.3% vs. 47.2%; ). The results indicated that FPSH independently affected DUC. NTH had no significant effect on DUC; although the in-hospital complication rate varied with NTH, no independent association was observed. Conclusions. The study findings demonstrated that in patients with severe abdominal trauma, including injuries to AAI, IVCI, or both (AAI + IVCI), the profit status of hospitals, rather than the teaching status, had a substantial influence on DUC. Future studies should examine differences in the volume of cases and levels of trauma centers to better understand how to improve patient outcomes in FPSH.
      PubDate: Fri, 11 Aug 2023 07:50:02 +000
  • The S-S.M.A.R.T: A New Prognostic Tool for Patients with Suspected Sepsis
           in the Emergency Department

    • Abstract: Background. The sepsis screening tool is essential because it enables the rapid identification of high-risk patients and facilitates prompt treatment. Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) is a widely used screening tool for sepsis. However, it has limitations in predicting patient prognosis. We developed the S-S.M.A.R.T (sepsis evaluation with shock index, mental status, age, and ROX index on triage) and aimed at evaluating it as a screening tool for patients with suspected sepsis in the emergency department. Methods. We conducted a single-center retrospective chart review of patients with suspected sepsis in the emergency department. We compared the prognosis prediction abilities of the S-S.M.A.R.T and qSOFA scores in patients with suspected sepsis. The primary outcome was 7-day mortality, and the secondary outcomes included 30-day mortality and ICU admission. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and the chi-square test were used. Results. In total, 401 patients were enrolled. The mean age of the patients was 72.2 ± 15.6 years, and 213 (53.1%) of them were female. The S-S.M.A.R.T had superior predictive ability for prognosis of patients with suspected sepsis compared to qSOFA (area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.789 vs. 0.699; for 7-day mortality, AUC of 0.786 vs. 0.681; for 30-day mortality, AUC 0.758 vs 0.717; for ICU admission). Conclusion. The S-S.M.A.R.T can be useful in predicting the prognosis of patients with suspected sepsis in the emergency department.
      PubDate: Thu, 10 Aug 2023 11:35:00 +000
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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