Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Nuts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Stress Physiology     Open Access  
Journal of Population Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Resources Development and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Rubber Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Rural and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review     Open Access  
Journal of Sugar Beet     Open Access  
Journal of Sugarcane Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal AGROSAINS dan TEKNOLOGI     Open Access  
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Terapan Universitas Jambi : JIITUJ     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Spermonde     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Tanah Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi & Industri Hasil Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
La Granja : Revista de Ciencias de la Vida     Open Access  
La Técnica : Revista de las Agrociencias     Open Access  
Laimburg Journal     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
Latin American Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Livestock Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Magazín Ruralidades y Territorialidades     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Maskana     Open Access  
Measurement : Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Meyve Bilimi     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
Millenium : Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health     Open Access  
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Molecular Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Mundo Agrario     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Mycopath     Open Access  
Mycorrhiza     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nativa     Open Access  
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies     Open Access  
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nexo Agropecuario     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NJAS : Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Open Agriculture Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Organic Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Farming     Open Access  
OUSL Journal     Open Access  
Outlook on Agriculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Outlooks on Pest Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Pacific Conservation Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paddy and Water Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Park Watch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Partners in Research for Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Pedobiologia     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pedosphere     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Pest Management Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Phytopathology Research     Open Access  
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenome Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Potato Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practical Hydroponics and Greenhouses     Full-text available via subscription  
Precision Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
PRIMA : Journal of Community Empowering and Services     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Producción Agropecuaria y Desarrollo Sostenible     Open Access  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns Agraris     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rangeland Ecology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rangelands     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Recent Research in Science and Technology     Open Access  
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Reproduction and Breeding     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
Research Journal of Seed Science     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Revista Bio Ciencias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Tecnologia Agropecuária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología El Higo     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Investigaciones Agroindustriales     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Agrário e Agroambiental     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación en Agroproducción Sustentable     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Competências Digitais para Agricultura Familiar     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Viticultura, Agroindustria y Ruralidad     Open Access  
Revista Ingeniería Agrícola     Open Access  
Revista Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Rurales     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista Mundi Meio Ambiente e Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Universitaria del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rona Teknik Pertanian     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RURALS : Review of Undergraduate Research in Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  
Science and Technology Indonesia     Open Access  

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Latin American Perspectives
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.259
Number of Followers: 15  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0094-582X - ISSN (Online) 1552-678X
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • The Fourth Transformation and the Trajectory of Neoliberalism in Mexico

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      Authors: Richard W. Coughlin
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      The 2018 electoral victories of Andrés Manuel López Obrador (hereafter, AMLO) and his political party, Morena, may represent a significant inflection point in the development of neoliberalism in Mexico. The trajectory of neoliberalism has unfolded in terms of what Nils Gilman refers to as the “twin insurgency”—a plutocratic insurgency that, since the 1970s, has been restructuring capitalism on a transnational basis and a criminal insurgency that has flourished within the denationalized social spaces of neoliberalism. López Obrador’s national project, termed “the Fourth Transformation,” is an effort to anchor processes of capital expansion in Mexico within a restoration of political community centered on AMLO’s policy agenda and political rhetoric. In a broader context, it is also a process of state transformation historically shaped by the twin insurgency and characterized by the emergence of new hybrid modes of organized violence.Las victorias electorales de 2018 de Andrés Manuel López Obrador (en adelante, AMLO) y su partido político, Morena, pueden representar un punto de inflexión significativo en el desarrollo del neoliberalismo en México. La trayectoria del neoliberalismo se ha desarrollado en términos de lo que Nils Gilman llama la “insurgencia gemela”, una insurgencia plutocrática que, desde la década de 1970, ha reestructurado el capitalismo sobre una base transnacional y una insurgencia criminal que ha florecido dentro de los espacios sociales desnacionalizados del neoliberalismo. El proyecto nacional de López Obrador, denominado “la Cuarta Transformación”, es un esfuerzo por anclar los procesos de expansión de capital en México dentro de una restauración de la comunidad política centrada en la agenda política y la retórica política de AMLO. En un contexto más amplio, también es un proceso de transformación estatal históricamente moldeado por la insurgencia gemela y caracterizado por el surgimiento de nuevos modos híbridos de violencia organizada.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-06-04T10:10:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221103875
       
  • Silent Indigenous Revolution in Ecuador and Mariátegui’s
           Thought

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      Authors: Mauricio Jaramillo Jassir
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      Examination of the silent and generally unnoticed cooperation of Ecuador’s indigenous peoples with the fragmented left in the light of José Carlos Mariátegui’s theses shows that, despite the two’s having separate projects, this cooperation contributed to transformations that the indigenous movement had pursued for decades. This underlines Mariátegui’s call for relating Marxism to the complex indigenous reality and avoiding the extrapolation of European communism to the Andean situation.Un análisis de la cooperación silenciosa y generalmente inadvertida de los pueblos indígenas de Ecuador con la izquierda fragmentada a partir de una aproximación basada en las tesis de José Carlos Mariátegui muestra que, a pesar de que cada grupo tenía proyectos separados, dicha cooperación contribuyó a las transformaciones que el movimiento indígena había perseguido durante décadas. Esto subraya el llamado de Mariátegui a relacionar el marxismo con la compleja realidad indígena y a evitar la extrapolación del comunismo europeo a la situación andina.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-06-02T12:57:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221100184
       
  • Mariátegui’s Thought in the Peasant Struggles of Hugo Blanco

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      Authors: Patricia Pensado Leglise, Nayeli Camacho Olvera
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      The peasant uprisings in the valleys of La Convención and Lares in Cuzco, Peru, in the late 1950s and early 1960s placed the Peruvian indigenous peasantry at the center of the national scene and led to the 1969 agrarian reform that would transform the property-labor system in the Peruvian countryside (a system that produced the famous Mariátegui aphorism “The problem of the Indian is the problem of land”). Hugo Blanco Galdós was an iconic figure and one of the leaders of this movement. Although Trotskyism was the most visible directive of his political praxis during his militancy in La Convención, the influence of José Carlos Mariátegui’s (1894–1930) thought was what marked it. While the twenty-first-century indigenous peasant struggles have modified their objectives and discourse, Mariátegui’s thought remains current in a figure such as Blanco.Los levantamientos campesinos en los valles de La Convención y Lares en Cuzco, Perú, a finales de la década de 1950 y principios de la década de 1960 pusieron al campesinado indígena peruano al centro de la escena nacional y condujeron a la reforma agraria de 1969, la cual transformaría el sistema de propiedad-trabajo en el campo peruano (sistema que dio lugar al famoso aforismo de José Carlos Mariátegui, “El problema del indio es el problema de la tierra”). Hugo Blanco Galdós fue una figura icónica y uno de los líderes de este movimiento. Aunque el trotskismo fue la directriz más visible de su praxis política durante su militancia en La Convención, la influencia del pensamiento de Mariátegui (1894–1930) fue lo que la marcó. Si bien las luchas campesinas indígenas del siglo XXI han modificado sus objetivos y discurso, el pensamiento de Mariátegui sigue vigente en una figura como Blanco.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-06-02T12:54:37Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221099924
       
  • Rethinking the Role of Religion in Orlando Fals Borda’s Ideas of Social
           Change, 1948–1970

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      Authors: Juan Mario Díaz-Arévalo
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      Scholars of the renowned Colombian sociologist and cofounder of participatory action research Orlando Fals Borda (1925–2008) have generally acknowledged that both his Presbyterian upbringing and his friendship with the Catholic priest Camilo Torres strongly influenced his thinking and writing. An examination of the way this religious background appears in his early academic writing both extends and refines this more conventional view by considering how his involvement in religious matters influenced his understanding of what social change was and hence of his role as a sociologist committed to it. Analysis of the complex network of knowledges and relations articulated with regard to Fals Borda’s involvement with religious matters during a crucial stage of his intellectual history sheds light on the close relation between ethics, social research, and politics at the basis of participatory action research.Eestudiosos del reconocido sociólogo colombiano y co-fundador de la investigación acción participativa Orlando Fals Borda (1925-2008) suelen reconocer que tanto su educación presbiteriana como su amistad con el sacerdote católico Camilo Torres influyeron fuertemente en su pensamiento y escritura. Una investigación de la forma en que este trasfondo religioso aparece en su escritura académica temprana extiende y refina esta percepción un tanto convencional al considerar cómo su participación en asuntos religiosos influyó en su comprensión de lo que implicaba el cambio social y, por lo tanto, de su papel como sociólogo comprometido. El análisis de la compleja red de conocimientos y relaciones articuladas en torno a la participación de Fals Borda en asuntos religiosos durante un período crucial de su historia intelectual arroja lluz sobre la estrecha relación entre la ética, la investigación y la política que forma la base de la investigación acción participativa.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-06-02T12:51:09Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221099445
       
  • Book Review: Revisiting Marxism in José Carlos Mariátegui

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      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T01:01:36Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221094553
       
  • Mariátegui’s Thought and the Solidarity Economy: A Contemporary
           Dialogue'

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      Authors: Adriane Vieira Ferrarini, César Miguel Salinas Ramos
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      A dialogue between Mariátegui’s thought and the solidarity economy, identifying convergences and lessons, finds that the solidarity economy encounters Mariáteguist thought in its critique of positivist modernity and dogmatic Marxism and its proposal of an emancipating and decolonizing praxis as a heroic creation. The solidarity economy provides the foundations for the material and spiritual reproduction of community and nature through the political work forged in everyday associative and self-managed labor.Un diálogo entre el pensamiento de Mariátegui y la economía solidaria, identificando convergencias y lecciones, nos muestra que la economía solidaria va al encuentro del pensamiento mariateguista en su crítica de la modernidad positivista y el marxismo dogmático, así como su propuesta de una praxis emancipadora y descolonizadora como creación heroica. La economía solidaria sienta las bases para la reproducción material y espiritual de la comunidad y la naturaleza a través del trabajo político forjado en la labor cotidiana asociativa y autogestionada.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-05-14T08:10:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221095807
       
  • Mariátegui and Latin American Marxist Feminism: A Necessary Revisit

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      Authors: Joana das Flores Duarte
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      Of the vast political, intellectual, artistic, and literary contribution of the Marxist José Carlos Mariátegui, the attention he gave to the feminist movement and women’s struggles in 1924 was groundbreaking even to his followers. The revolutionary character he attributed, in the light of Marxist theory, to the entry of women into the workforce was aimed at showing that the development of productive forces was inherent to struggles between capital and labor. On the eve of the centennial of the publication of his “La mujer y la politica” and “Las reivindicaciones feministas,” Mariátegui’s ideas are current from a political and organizational point of view not only with regard to class struggle but, above all, with regard the intersection between Marxist thought and contemporary Latin American feminism.El marxista José Carlos Mariátegui cuenta con una vasta contribución política, intelectual, artística y literaria. De entre su obra, la atención que prestó al movimiento feminista y a las luchas de las mujeres en 1924 resultó innovadora incluso para sus seguidores. El carácter revolucionario que atribuía, bajo el lente de la teoría marxista, a la entrada de las mujeres en la fuerza de trabajo tenía como objetivo mostrar que el desarrollo de las fuerzas productivas era inherente a las luchas entre el capital y el trabajo. En vísperas del centenario de la publicación de sus textos “La mujer y la política” y “Las reivindicaciones feministas,” las ideas de Mariátegui resultan actuales desde un punto de vista político y organizativo no solo en lo que respecta a la lucha de clases sino, sobre todo, en relación a la intersección entre el pensamiento marxista y el feminismo latinoamericano contemporáneo.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-05-13T10:29:21Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221095829
       
  • The Open Marxism of José Carlos Mariátegui

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      Authors: Curtis Kline
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      The contextual and challenging Marxism of José Carlos Mariátegui allowed for the opening of a theory often considered rigid and closed. Likewise, the current project of open Marxism resists a theory that accepts the limits found in a given world as its own theoretical limits. Engagement with some of the ideas of Mariátegui might help elucidate the openness of his Marxism and offer different perspectives and theoretical directions to that project.El marxismo contextual y desafiante de José Carlos Mariátegui permitió la apertura de una teoría a menudo vista como rígida y cerrada. Del mismo modo, el actual proyecto del marxismo abierto se resiste a una teoría que acepte los límites de un mundo dado como sus propios límites teóricos. La interacción con algunas de las ideas de Mariátegui podría ayudar a dilucidar la apertura de su marxismo y ofrecer diferentes perspectivas y direcciones teóricas a dicho proyecto.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-05-13T01:12:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221095080
       
  • Mariátegui, Race, and the Comintern’s National Question

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      Authors: Marc Becker
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      José Carlos Mariátegui’s open engagement with Marxist theory and his adaptation of its ideas to his Latin American reality brought him into conflict with other leftists. At a continental conference of communist parties in Buenos Aires in 1929, he criticized the Comintern’s proposal to carve up the Americas into independent African-descent and Quechua and Aymara republics, arguing that conceptualizing the struggle in ethnic rather than class terms was a mistake. From documents preserved in the Comintern archives it appears that these comments had echoes in Moscow. Two newly translated Spanish-language documents on the “national question” challenge notions that Comintern officials were unaware of or ill-informed about developments in Latin America and are important to understanding their responses and challenges to his ideas on race and oppressed nationalities.El compromiso abierto de José Carlos Mariátegui con la teoría marxista y su adaptación de estas ideas a la realidad latinoamericana lo pusieron en conflicto con otras y otros de la izquierda. En una conferencia continental de partidos comunistas en Buenos Aires en 1929, criticó la propuesta de la Internacional Comunista de dividir las Américas en repúblicas independientes afrodescendientes y quechuas y aymaras, argumentando que conceptualizar la lucha en términos étnicos en lugar de términos de clase era un error. Los documentos conservados en los archivos de la Internacional Comunista sugieren que estos comentarios hicieron eco en Moscú. Dos documentos en español recientemente traducidos en torno a la “cuestión nacional” desafían las nociones de que los funcionarios de la Internacional Comunista no estaban al tanto o estaban mal informados sobre los acontecimientos en América Latina, asunto que resultan importante para comprender sus respuestas y desafíos a las ideas de Mariátegui sobre raza y nacionalidades oprimidas.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-05-11T12:52:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221095462
       
  • José Carlos Mariátegui and Twenty-first-Century Socialism:
           Recovery and Renewal

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      Authors: Ronaldo Munck
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      As Latin America entered the turn to the left, there was a recovery and renewal of the work of José Carlos Mariátegui. The “practical socialism” that he advocated and led in the course of a short but brilliant political career (basically, the 1920s) has much to teach us today if set in its proper historical context and not reduced to catchphrases. Mariátegui was, arguably, the first Marxist in Latin America, and his open, imaginative, transgressive, and energizing writings may well illuminate our paths in the 2020s. His was not a Marxist catechism but a living Marxism. What we can take from Mariátegui is a grounded Marxism—devoid of all theoreticisms—that, understood in its historical context, may point toward a period of renewal after the seeming collapse of the left project to build a twenty-first-century socialism.A medida que América Latina dio un giro izquierdista se produjo una recuperación y renovación de la obra de José Carlos Mariátegui. El “socialismo práctico” que él defendió y dirigió durante su corta pero brillante carrera política (básicamente, la década de 1920) tiene mucho que enseñarnos hoy si se mira en su contexto histórico adecuado y no se reduce a frases hechas. Mariátegui fue, posiblemente, el primer marxista latinoamericano y sus escritos abiertos, imaginativos, transgresores y llenos de energía bien pueden iluminar nuestro camino en la década de 2020. El suyo no era un catecismo marxista sino un marxismo vivo. Lo que podemos tomar de Mariátegui es un marxismo fundamentado, desprovisto de todo teoricismo que, entendido en su contexto histórico, puede apuntar hacia un período de renovación después del aparente colapso del proyecto de izquierda para construir un socialismo del siglo XXI.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-05-10T09:51:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221095465
       
  • Mariátegui and “Latin American Studies”

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      Authors: Ronaldo Munck
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-05-02T10:51:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221091218
       
  • The Cultural Politics of José Carlos Mariátegui

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      Authors: Harry E. Vanden
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-04-28T12:31:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221091220
       
  • Introduction: Mariátegui, Critical Thinking, and Andean Futures

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      Authors: Ronaldo Munck, Pascual García, Karina Ponce
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-04-28T12:31:28Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221091189
       
  • Neoliberalism and Higher Education in Latin America

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      Authors: Robert Austin Henry, Bernadete Beserra
      First page: 3
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-04-20T05:41:19Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221084299
       
  • Education, Science, and Technology Policies during Ecuador’s Citizens’
           Revolution: Between Cognitive Dependency and the Struggle for the Social
           State

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      Authors: Francesco Maniglio, Vicente Barragán
      First page: 18
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      Now that the global development of economies is knowledge-based, there is increasing pressure on peripheral and semiperipheral countries, technologically and economically trapped by their dependency on the advanced economies. In this context, the education, science, and technology policies of the Citizens’ Revolution in Ecuador (2007–2017) must be considered the product of political emergencies and urgent social needs such as the need to halt the continual increase in inequality, poverty, and institutional instability. The knowledge economy has created a contradictory relationship between cognitive dependency and social development. The Citizens’ Revolution government attempted to resist and challenge knowledge rent, opposing appropriation and pillage by transnational companies while pursuing a public system of higher education in science and technology with increasing participation in human capital flows and access for historically excluded groups. Whereas these policies have had an impact in terms of access, democratization, and poverty reduction, they have had the perverse effect of reinforcing the power of the national elites, reproducing Ecuador’s inequalities and historic injustices.Ahora que el desarrollo global de las economías se basa en el conocimiento, aumenta la presión sobre los países periféricos y semiperiféricos, los cuales se encuentran tecnológica y económicamente atrapados a raíz de su dependencia de las economías avanzadas. En este contexto, las políticas de educación, ciencia y tecnología de la Revolución Ciudadana en el Ecuador (2007–2017) deben ser consideradas como el producto de emergencias políticas y necesidades sociales urgentes, incluyendo la necesidad de frenar el continuo aumento de la desigualdad, la pobreza y la inestabilidad institucional. La economía del conocimiento ha creado una relación contradictoria entre la dependencia cognitiva y el desarrollo social. El gobierno de la Revolución Ciudadana intentó resistir y desafiar la renta del conocimiento, oponiéndose a la apropiación y el saqueo por parte de las empresas transnacionales mientras buscaba establecer un sistema público de educación superior en ciencia y tecnología con una creciente participación en los flujos de capital humano y el acceso de grupos históricamente excluidos. Si bien estas políticas han tenido un impacto en términos de acceso, democratización y reducción de la pobreza, también han tenido el efecto perverso de reforzar el poder de las élites nacionales, reproduciendo las desigualdades e injusticias históricas del Ecuador.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-03-09T12:57:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221083000
       
  • Dreams of a Globalized University in Ecuador: The Reforms of the Rafael
           Correa Government

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      Authors: Betty Espinosa, Ana María Goetschel, Fernando Carrasco
      First page: 31
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      The reform of Ecuadorian universities implemented since 2007 has followed the trend toward internationalization and a globalized university system. It is inconsistent not only with national needs but with historical traditions regarding university autonomy, cogovernance, and social commitment in Latin America. These changes are part of long-term processes that began in the 1970s with neoliberal reforms in Chile. Neoliberalism is not limited to privatization but, nourished by the neoclassical school of economics, emphasizes the individual subject, financing according to results and measured by the number of students or by the production of scientific research articles with international reference, competitiveness among actors and institutions, and the control and disciplining of institutions that contribute to the commodification of the relations within and between institutions of higher education. These reforms have produced elements such as quasi-markets in the public and social sectors.La reforma de las universidades ecuatorianas implementada desde 2007 ha seguido una tendencia hacia la internacionalización y un sistema universitario globalizado. Resulta inconsistente no solo con las necesidades nacionales sino también las tradiciones históricas en torno a la autonomía universitaria, el cogobierno y el compromiso social en América Latina. Estos cambios son parte de procesos de largo plazo que comenzaron en la década de 1970 con las reformas neoliberales en Chile. El neoliberalismo no se limita a la privatización sino que, a partir de la escuela económica neoclásica, enfatiza el sujeto individual, el financiamiento acorde a los resultados y medidas como el número de estudiantes, la producción de artículos de investigación científica con referencia internacional, la competitividad entre actores e instituciones, y el control y disciplina de las instituciones que contribuyen a la mercantilización de las relaciones dentro y entre las instituciones de educación superior. Estas reformas han producido elementos que podrían describirse como cuasi-mercados en los sectores público y social.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-03-18T10:09:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221084302
       
  • The Rise of Academic Capitalism in Brazil’s Higher Education

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      Authors: Tiago Fonseca Albuquerque Cavalcanti Sigahi, Patrícia Saltorato
      First page: 66
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      Academic capitalism has become one of the most influential research lines related to higher education. However, its manifestations in developing countries need to be better understood. Changes are taking place in Brazil that can be attributed to a move toward academic capitalism, and concepts provided by the theory of academic capitalism offer a fertile framework for exploring them. Analysis of official documents, regulations, and the actions of a network of participants reveals the mechanisms that reconfigure the boundaries between the public and the private to establish an academic capitalism knowledge/learning regime. Academic capitalism in Brazil took its first steps after the 1968 reform and was consolidated in the 1990s and instrumentalized in the 2000s, and, judging from the associations between the current government and the business sector, it threatens to take an even more aggressive form in the coming years.O capitalismo acadêmico tem se configurado em uma das linhas de pesquisa mais influentes no campo da educação superior. Há, porém, que melhor se entender suas manifestações em países em desenvolvimento. Estão em curso no Brasil mudanças que podem ser atribuídas a um contexto voltado para um capitalismo acadêmico, e os conceitos oferecidos por ela fornecem um fértil framework para explorar tais mudanças. A análise de documentos oficiais, artefatos legais e da atuação de uma rede de atores, são explorados os mecanismos que reconfiguram as fronteiras entre o público e o privado, colocando em movimento um academic capitalism knowledge/learning regime. No Brasil, o capitalismo acadêmico dá seus primeiros passos após a reforma de 1968; ascende e ganha contornos mais intensos a partir da década de 80; consolida-se a partir da década de 90; instrumentaliza-se nos anos 2000 e, com base nas associações entre o atual governo e o setor empresarial, ameaça assumir uma forma ainda mais agressiva nos próximos anos.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-02-03T09:18:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X211065483
       
  • The Production of Neoliberal Subjectivity in an Argentine Public
           University

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      Authors: Romina Andrea Barboza
      First page: 131
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      Argentina’s public university system has shifted from the indelible reformist tradition of 1918, with its emancipatory and Latin American perspective, to a commodified education in line with the global logic introducing neoliberal rationality and the neoliberal subject into the Universidad Nacional de Cuyo. A review of recent reforms and a description of the university’s institutional measures is followed by possible lines of resistance, combining ideas from the 1918 reformist movement and the current Argentine feminist movement.La universidad pública argentina está sufriendo una conversión de la tradición de indeleble marca reformista desde 1918 (de horizonte emancipatorio y latinoamericano) a una educación mercantilizada según la lógica global de la racionalidad neoliberal y del sujeto neoliberal, visible en la Universidad Nacional de Cuyo. Repaso reformas nacionales recientes, y describo las disposiciones institucionales de la universidad para llegar a una discusión sobre coordenadas posibles de resistencia entrecruzando ideas del movimiento reformista de 1918 y el actual movimiento feminista argentino.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-03-01T10:34:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221074939
       
  • Neoliberalism and the Impact of Student Demonstrations in Chile: Pushing
           the Bounds of the Post-Pinochet Education Project'

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      Authors: Rodrigo Torres
      First page: 146
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      The free-market educational model implemented in Chile after Pinochet involved steady privatization and the resulting inequality and discrimination in access to university education. This educational neoliberalism was hotly contested by massive student demonstrations. In Bachelet’s second government (2014–2018), the political impact and ramifications of the 2011 student movement initiated a series of educational and political changes, among them free university education, tax reform focused on improvements in income distribution, and the end of the binominal system of congressional elections. At the same time, many of the principles of market education continued. Since the effects of free-market education became a social and political problem, the students’ demands went beyond the limits of the educational sector itself to become a central part of debate on the structural inequalities produced by the post-Pinochet neoliberal model, a conflict that exploded in Chile in October 2019.El modelo educativo de libre mercado implementado en Chile después de Pinochet implicó una constante privatización y la consiguiente desigualdad y discriminación en el acceso a la educación universitaria. Este neoliberalismo educativo fue fuertemente contestado por masivas manifestaciones estudiantiles. En el segundo gobierno de Bachelet (2014–2018), el impacto político y las ramificaciones del movimiento estudiantil de 2011 dieron pie a una serie de cambios educativos y políticos, entre ellos la educación universitaria gratuita, una reforma tributaria enfocada en mejorar la distribución del ingreso y el fin del sistema binominal de elecciones parlamentarias. Al mismo tiempo, se mantuvieron muchos de los principios de la educación de mercado. Desde que los efectos de la educación de libre mercado se convirtieron en un problema social y político, las demandas de los estudiantes han rebasado los límites del propio sector educativo para convertirse en una parte central del debate sobre las desigualdades estructurales producidas por el modelo neoliberal post-Pinochet, un conflicto que estalló en Chile en octubre de 2019.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-03-09T12:57:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221082985
       
  • Subversive Entrepreneurs: Business Agency and Commodification of Peruvian
           Higher Education (1992–2012)

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      Authors: Omar Manky, Juan Dolores
      First page: 162
      Abstract: Latin American Perspectives, Ahead of Print.
      Over the past two decades, the sociology of education has addressed the reproduction of inequalities created by for-profit universities in several countries. Despite their contributions, these analyses do not always consider the role of and strategies employed by educational entrepreneurs in social processes. In contrast with approaches that understand the university business as a mere reflection of neoliberal institutionality and those that celebrate profit as the vital element in the renewal of higher education in Latin America an analysis inspired by the literature on social movements and examination of business strategies, institutions, and negotiations in the commodification of Peruvian higher education provides an account of the transformations in the structure of opportunities, resources, and framing processes developed by entrepreneurs during two moments: 1992–2000 and 2001–2012.En las últimas dos décadas, la sociología de la educación ha abordado la reproducción de las desigualdades generada en varios países por las universidades con fines de lucro. Independientemente de sus aportes, estos análisis no siempre consideran el papel y las estrategias de los emprendedores educativos en los procesos sociales. A diferencia de los enfoques que entienden la empresa universitaria como un mero reflejo de la institucionalidad neoliberal, al igual que aquellos que celebran el lucro como el elemento vital en la renovación de la educación superior en América Latina, un análisis basado en la literatura sobre movimientos sociales de las estrategias empresariales, instituciones, y negociaciones en la mercantilización de la educación superior peruana da cuenta de las transformaciones en la estructura de oportunidades, recursos y procesos delimitantes desarrollados por los empresarios durante dos periodos, 1992–2000 y 2001–2012.
      Citation: Latin American Perspectives
      PubDate: 2022-03-18T10:12:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0094582X221084662
       
 
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