Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Nuts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Stress Physiology     Open Access  
Journal of Population Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Resources Development and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Rubber Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Rural and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review     Open Access  
Journal of Sugar Beet     Open Access  
Journal of Sugarcane Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal AGROSAINS dan TEKNOLOGI     Open Access  
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Terapan Universitas Jambi : JIITUJ     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Spermonde     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Tanah Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi & Industri Hasil Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
La Granja : Revista de Ciencias de la Vida     Open Access  
La Técnica : Revista de las Agrociencias     Open Access  
Laimburg Journal     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
Latin American Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Livestock Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Magazín Ruralidades y Territorialidades     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Maskana     Open Access  
Measurement : Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Meyve Bilimi     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
Millenium : Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health     Open Access  
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Molecular Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Mundo Agrario     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Mycopath     Open Access  
Mycorrhiza     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nativa     Open Access  
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies     Open Access  
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nexo Agropecuario     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NJAS : Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Open Agriculture Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Organic Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Farming     Open Access  
OUSL Journal     Open Access  
Outlook on Agriculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Outlooks on Pest Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Pacific Conservation Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paddy and Water Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Park Watch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Partners in Research for Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Pedobiologia     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pedosphere     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Pest Management Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Phytopathology Research     Open Access  
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenome Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Potato Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practical Hydroponics and Greenhouses     Full-text available via subscription  
Precision Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
PRIMA : Journal of Community Empowering and Services     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Producción Agropecuaria y Desarrollo Sostenible     Open Access  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns Agraris     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rangeland Ecology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rangelands     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Recent Research in Science and Technology     Open Access  
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Reproduction and Breeding     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
Research Journal of Seed Science     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Revista Bio Ciencias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Tecnologia Agropecuária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología El Higo     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Investigaciones Agroindustriales     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Agrário e Agroambiental     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación en Agroproducción Sustentable     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Competências Digitais para Agricultura Familiar     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Viticultura, Agroindustria y Ruralidad     Open Access  
Revista Ingeniería Agrícola     Open Access  
Revista Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Rurales     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista Mundi Meio Ambiente e Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Universitaria del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rona Teknik Pertanian     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RURALS : Review of Undergraduate Research in Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  
Science and Technology Indonesia     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Journal Cover
Journal of Sugarcane Research
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2249-927X - ISSN (Online) 2582-4767
Published by Indian Council of Agricultural Research Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Genetic improvement in sucrose content in elite sugarcane clones of India

    • Authors: Rajesh Kumar, A D Pathak, Bakshi Ram
      Pages: 6 - 14
      Abstract: The sucrose content in sugarcane is the most important indicator in achieving a high recovery throughout the crushing season. Increasing the sugar content of cane is not as easy as increasing the yield of the cane. Genetic improvement in economic yield is a key to success in a breeding programme of sugarcane crop. For effective monitoring of the programme at the national or zonal level, it needs to be measured in quantitative terms at regular intervals. The overall genetic improvement in sucrose content was found positive from 1991 to 2019 in three groups, i.e. 1.53% from 1991 to 2000, 0.80% from 2001 to 2010, and 1.08% from 2011 - 2019 over the base period 1989 to 1990. However, the progressive trend was observed only in the Peninsular Zone. In Peninsular and North Central Zones, genetic improvement in sucrose content was increasing and found positive during 1991 to 2019. In recent years 2011-2019, a negative trend in sucrose content was observed in North West and East Coast Zones. Improvement in sucrose content was possible because the emphasis was more on the development of early maturing varieties in comparison to mid-late maturing varieties. From 1982 to 2018, nearly 72.45 percent of early maturing varieties were identified in India. These findings will help to identify the causes of trends in genetic improvement in framing the policies for varietal development programmes in a different zones. Such type of studies may be replicated for other crops to estimate the genetic improvement in different zones in yield based on the genotypes tested over a period of time under All India Coordinated Research Project network in the country.
      PubDate: 2022-05-22
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.6-14
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Adoption of variety Co 0238 and sugar recovery improvement in Haryana,

    • Authors: P Murali, Ravindar Kumar, Bakshi Ram, D Puthira Prathap, V Venkatasubramanian
      Pages: 15 - 23
      Abstract: Many varieties are introduced by ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute and other sugarcane research stations for yield and sugar recovery improvement. However, the yield and sugar recovery were stagnated at about 60 t/ha and less than 10% in sugar recovery up to 2012 in sub tropical India. The cost of production of sugar and profitability of the sugar industry besides many other factors depends primarily on the availability of good quality sugarcane during the crushing season. The main reason behind low productivity and sugar production was lack of promising high sugar sugarcane varieties. The farm
      productivity and sugar recovery from this part of the country remained much lower than the national average till few years back. However, the variety Co 0238 has turned around the situation with significant improvement in sugar recovery and cane yield to withstand the adversities of the unfavourable climatic factors in Haryana state of India. The data collected from different sugar mills have revealed that the sugar recovery significantly improved due to cultivation of variety Co 0238. The sugar recovery has improved 1.5 to 2 % and yield about 10-12 t/ha depending upon the agro climatic conditions of Haryana.
      Improved sugar recovery has increased sugar production and has immensely benefitted sugarcane farmers and sugar mills.
      PubDate: 2022-05-22
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.15-23
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
  • Value added products from clarified sugarcane juice

    • Authors: Rajendran Irudayaraj, Vennila A, Palaniswami C
      Pages: 1 - 5
      Abstract: Sugarcane juice (SCJ) is a valuable base product obtained from sugarcane to prepare wide range of products of interest with increased nutritional quality. SCJ contains variety of non sugar impurities which are to be removed prior to preparation of the products including the SCJ beverage. These non sugar components interfere in the stability, colour and texture of the products. They mainly constitute fibre, wax, fat, dirt, soil, albuminoids, gums, starch, organic acids, etc. As long as they are present, they change the constituents of SCJ, chemically alter the original components and pH, which adversely affect the quality and shelf life of the final products. Hence the importance of the components present in sugarcane juice and their removal has been discussed in this paper. From the clarified SCJ, four products viz. SCJ beverage, badam jaggery (BJ), grape juice jaggery (GJ) and SCJ rich drink have been prepared to show the potential and versatility of SCJ to prepare such products. Nutritional quality of these products is due to the minerals, vitamins originally present in SCJ and they are having various health benefits. Shelf life of badam and grape juice jaggery was found to be six months. SCJ beverage and SCJ rich drink were found stable for three months without mold formation under ambient conditions.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.1-5
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Low cost high throughput image based root phenotyping pipeline for
           evaluation of sugarcane root system architecture under drought stress

    • Authors: Valarmathi Ramanathan, H.K MahadevaSwamy, V Ulaganathan, C Appunu, G Hemaprabha, R Sathishraj
      Pages: 24 - 36
      Abstract: Root System Architecture (RSA) plays an important role in the agronomic performance of a crop. Incorporation of these root traits in breeding program is hampered by the complexity in accessing the roots and its phenotyping. Lack of high throughput root phenotyping platforms for sugarcane is one of the major constraints in sugarcane root studies. In the present study an attempt was made to develop high throughput sugarcane root phenotyping pipeline comprising of a low cost plant cultivation platform and customized root image acquisition platform and image analyses using already available automated software. PVC tube system of specified dimension were used for plant growth and customized optical correction tank were used for imaging RSA. The acquired root images were fed into automated software GIAroots and about twenty quantitative root phenotype data were extracted and analysed. The working of the whole pipeline from plant growth to image analyses is demonstrated through comparative root phenotyping under drought using five genotypes of sugarcane wild relative Erianthus arundinaceus and three commercial sugarcane varieties.The relationships between the different root variables and genotypes in PCA biplots indicated high correlation among the different root traits. The study shows the low cost high throughput image based root phenotyping pipeline can be used to extract quantifiable root traits and analysed within a short span of time.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.24-36
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Genetic variability and response of some sugarcane varieties to
           application methods of N-fixation organism (Azospirillum brasilense) under
           different inorganic nitrogen levels

    • Authors: Farrag Farghal Boraiy Abu-Ellail, B.S.I. Makhlouf, A.E. Attia
      Pages: 37 - 55
      Abstract: Two field experiments were conducted at Mallawi Agric. Res. Station, El-Minia Governorate, Egypt, during 2018-19 and 2019-20 seasons to evaluate the performance of four sugarcane varieties (G.T.54-9, G.84-47, G.2003-47 and G.2004-27) in response to Azospirillum brasilense application methods (without, soil drench and inoculation of cane setts) and inorganic-N levels (150 and 200 kg N / fed) following split plot design. Variety G.T.54-9 surpassed the other varieties in millable cane weight, cane and sugar yields / fed. There was an insignificant difference between GT.54-9 and G.2004-27 varieties in cane yield / fed in both seasons and sugar yield / fed in the 1st one. Inoculating cane setts with Azospirillum was more effective on most of the studied traits than soil drench. Adding 200 kg N/fed significantly increased brix %, sucrose %, cane and sugar yields / fed, while purity % was reduced. The effects of the significant interactions among the studied factors on the recorded traits were discussed. Correlation between cane yield and its components was highly significant with positive directions across seasons. Cane yield and millable cane weight recorded the highest heritability %, genotypic and phenotypic coefficient of variation. Significant genotypic effects indicated existence of the genetic variability among varieties and the possibility of utilizing them in genetic improvement. Variety G.T. 54-9 attained the highest net return, followed by G. 2004-27, G. 2003-47 and G. 84-47. Under conditions of the present work, inoculating cane cutting seeds of G.T. 54-9 and / or G. 2004-27 sugarcane varieties with 2 packets / fed (one packet = 400 g) containing Azospirillum brasilense bacteria + 150 kg N/fed could be recommended to attain the economical cane and sugar yields.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.37-55
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Studies on association of coefficient of coancestry with progeny
           performance in sugarcane

    • Authors: C Mahadevaiah, G Hemaprabha, Ravinder Kumar, C Appunu, V Sreenivasa, H.K. Mahadevaswamy, A Anna Durai, Adhini S Pazhani
      Pages: 56 - 63
      Abstract: The utilization of superior parental lines and identification of superior families enhance the genetic gain in sugarcane. To identify the superior parental lines and superior progenies, 1889 progenies derived from twenty crosses involving genetically diverse historical parents were evaluated for juice quality and yield attributing traits.The historical parental lines were selected based on coefficient of coancestry from the tropical and subtropical parents maintained at National Hybridization Garden. Based on progeny performance, families of Co 99006 × CoSe 92423 and Co 86032 × 85R186 were found superior for number of millable canes, , Co 86032 × 85R186 and Co 8371 × CoT 8201 for cane thickness and CoSe 95422 × Co 775 and Co 8371 × CoV 92102 for sucrose content. Parental lines such as Co 86002, Co 99006 and CoLk 98184, Co 775, 85R186 and BO 130 were identified for HR Brix; Co 419 and Co 89010, CoS 510, CoV 92102 and CoSe 92423 for cane thickness; and CoLk 94184, BO 91 and BO 32 for number of millable canes. The estimates of coefficient of coancestry was negatively correlated with HR Brix and cane thickness suggesting that parental cross combination with lesser value of coefficient of coancestry or inbreeding coefficient resulted in produce the heterotic progenies. This study based on the historic parental lines selected based on the coefficient of coancestry and inference limited to only to this experimental material. The evaluation of families derived from the population parental cross combination and parental lines in replication family block design permits the estimation of BLUP based breeding values and helpful in selection of superior parental lines and superior progenies.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.56-65
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Identification of principal traits for ratooning ability associated with
           cane yield and juice quality in sugarcane genotypes from advanced varietal
           evaluation trials

    • Authors: Elayaraja Kandasamy, R.M Shanthi
      Pages: 66 - 73
      Abstract: Any new sugarcane variety should have both high yield and superior juice quality to ensure profitability for both farmers and sugar mills. Varieties with good ratooning ability (RA) give additional income to the farmers without replanting. In the national varietal development program, eight elite genotypes were evaluated in Randomized Block Design along with two standards during 2017-18 (as plant crop) and 2018-19 (as ratoon crop) at ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute, Coimbatore. Eight Sugareane genotypes from advanced varietal Trial (AVT) were evaluated to study the relationship among yield, juice quality and its Component traits traits for their RA. PCA was carried out using eleven quantitative traits to identify the important traits contributing to high ratoonability in terms of cane yield and sugar yield. Three principal components with eigen value more than one explained 80.93 % of the total variation. Results on PCA indicated that single cane weight, juice sucrose %, CCS %, cane yield and sugar yield were strongly associated and dominant in explaining the existing variability among the genotypes. of the eght test genotypes evaluated Co 12009 and VSI 12121 were identified as excellent ratooners as they recorded high cane yield, such as sugar yield combining appreciable field stand in the ratoon crop. These genotypes have high RA for juice quality traits sucrose% and CCS%. These two genotypes with good flowering intensity could be used in hybridization as parents for identifying hybrid progenies with better retainability.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.66-73
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Status of woolly aphid Ceratovacuna lanigera and establishment of the
           parasitoid Encarsia flavoscutellum in sugarcane germplasm

    • Authors: Srikanth Jandhyala, B Mahendran, B Singaravelu, P Mahesh, K.P Salin, K Chandran
      Pages: 74 - 82
      Abstract: Woolly aphid Ceratovacuna lanigera Zehntner (Hemiptera: Aphididae), a native of north-eastern India, appeared in the world sugarcane germplasm maintained at the ICAR-Sugarcane Breeding Institute Research Center (ICAR-SBIRC), Kannur, Kerala State, India, first in 2004. The aphid colonized Indian hybrids and accessions of Saccharum officinarum, Saccharum sinense, Saccharum robustum and Saccharum barberi in the first year of occurrence and every year thereafter. Early detection and spot application of insecticide were adopted to manage the aphid and protect germplasm. Soap solution was applied in the later years to conserve the predators Dipha aphidivora Metrics (Lepidoptera:Pyralidae) and Micromus sp. (Neuroptera: Hemerobiidae) that occurred intermittently. The parasitoid Encarsia flavoscutellum Zehntner (Hymenoptera: Aphelenidae) maintained at Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu State, India, was released in the germplasm thrice, i.e. in January 2009, November 2014 and June 2015. Post-release, E. flavoscutellum parasitism was detected first during April-June 2015 at low levels (2.0- 3.5%). Clear-cut evidence of establishment was witnessed during September-October 2021 when aphids showed a high 27.0% parasitism. Since E. flavoscutellum was found to regulate populations of woolly aphid wherever it established, it is expected to reach similar equilibrium with the aphid in the germplasm, D. aphidivora and Micromus sp. playing a complementary role at high aphid densities. However, continuous monitoring of aphid and natural enemies, and use of safer emergency control measures would go a long way in maintaining the germplasm free from woolly aphid.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.74-82
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Co 15002: A potential fifth generation inbred derivative developed through
           inbreeding followed by hybridization and selection for sugarcane

    • Authors: A Anna Durai, G Hemaprabha, K Mohanraj, Bakshi Ram
      Pages: 83 - 90
      Abstract: Among 129 clones evaluated along with standard varieties CoC 671 and Co 86032 in Pre-zonal varietal trial (PZVT) during 2014-15, the clone PZVT 13-175 recorded the highest cane yield of 143.52 t/ha which was significantly superior to both the standards. Consequently the clone was given Co status i.e. Co 15002 and was included in Initial Varietal Trial of All India Co-ordinated research Project on Sugarcane in Peninsular Zone along with 25 other test entries and four standards at 15 test locations during the year 2018-19. Co 15002 registered significantly higher sucrose content (19.43%) than the commercially released sugarcane variety CoSnk 05103 (18.96 %) and on par with the ruling variety Co 86032 (19.63 %) at 10th month crop maturity. Cane yield of Co 15002 (96.27 t/ha) was found to be on par with the recently released CoSnk 05103 (97.23 t/ha) and CoC 671 (99.30 t/ha). Co 15002 was screened for red rot, smut and yellow leaf diseases under natural and artificially inoculated conditions at Coimbatore, Pune, Kolhapur and Navsari. Under natural conditions, smut and yellow leaf diseases were not observed. Co 15002 was resistant or moderately resistant to red rot by both plug and nodal methods in all the test locations. In artificial inoculated conditions, Co 15002 showed resistance to moderately resistant reaction to smut. It recorded 20 % flowering intensity and low pollen fertility of 30 % with peak flowering during the first fortnight of November and can be used as a pistil parent in hybridization programmes.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.83-90
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Studies on feasibility of sett planting through single eye bud technique
           for rapid multiplication of existing and new varieties in Saraswati sugar
           mills command area, Haryana, India

    • Authors: S K Sachdeva, D P Singh, Pooran Chandra Joshi, Rishav Bhatia
      Pages: 91 - 98
      Abstract: The conventional system of sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) planting is inefficient for rapidly multiplying the seed cane of newly released varieties due to a higher seed rate (7.5-8.0 t ha-1) and low germination rate (40-50%). The present study was conducted at 8 sites in Saraswati Sugar Mill zone area of Haryana, India area during planting season 2017-18 and its subsequent ratoon 2018-19. The effect of planting methods on the multiplication rate of seed cane, yield potential and economics of sugarcane was calculated. Forty day old plantlets grown in polythene bags/trays/seedbed nursery using 19000 single-bud cane setts per ha area were transplanted at row to row and plant to plant distance of 120 x 45 cm. The results were compared with those obtained by the conventional practice of planting the three and two budded cane setts at the rate of 33600 and 50250 setts per ha, respectively. It was found that seedlings raised through bed nursery method recorded 46.39% higher cane yield (102.50 t ha-1) than farmers’ practice of conventional 3-budded method. The same also produced higher millable cane/ha (97620). The improved practices also recorded the higher gross return of Rs. 3, 48,500 ha-1, B:C ratio (2.17) with additional net return of Rs.1,30,215 ha-1 over local check of conventional three eye budded method which can effectively be replaced in the existing farming situation for higher productivity. The results further indicated that the rate of seed cane multiplication was about 51.37 times by the bed nursery method and 7.99 times by the conventional planting method. The results of study showed that farmers could increase the sugarcane productivity significantly by switching over to improved technology.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.91-98
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Impact of co-application of biomethanated spent wash with bio-char on soil
           micronutrients and crop growth

    • Authors: Rohan Satish Oak, D.D Sarode, J.B Joshi, S. A Chavan
      Pages: 99 - 109
      Abstract: Biomethanated spentwash (BMS) and biochar are novel soil conditioners considered as value addition to the bi-products from agro-industry. The high nutrient content and organic matter of BMS and high retention of nutrient and organic carbon on biochar has potential of benefits for co-application. We studied the effect of BMS, biochar and their co-application on soybean, which is a common rotation crop in Sugarcane. A field experiment was conducted in randomized block design in vertisols. BMS was produced at Ugar sugar works ltd. and biochar from agriculture waste. Treatments comprised of BMS application@ 60, 66 and 72 m3 ha-1, as sole amendment and in combination with biochar @ 2.5 t ha-1. Post-harvest soil analysis demonstrated a non-significant effect of treatments on soil pH, electrical conductivity and micro-nutrients. However, available Zn, Fe and Mn were numerically increased for all BMS treatments. BMS and biochar or their co-application had no significant effect on germination and plant height of soybean. However the number of soybean pods and grain yield was significantly improved. Grain yield of soybean in BMS 60 m3 ha-1 plus biochar co-applied treatment was significantly higher than all other treatments. Grain yield of BMS 66 m3 ha-1 and other BMS plus BC treatments were at par with each other and significantly higher than sole biochar 2.5 t ha-1, RDF and control.
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.99-109
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • A climate resilient interspecific hybrid AS 04-1687 (IC 0636675: INGR
           20110) tolerant to drought, waterlogging and salinity

    • Authors: ANGANNAN SUGANYA, P Govindaraj, A Selvi, G Hemaprabha, Bakshi Ram
      Pages: 110 - 112
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.110-112
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
  • Cytotype 2n=72 derived interspecific hybrid- AS 04-2097 of Saccharum
           spontaneum L. tolerant to drought

    • Authors: ANGANNAN SUGANYA, P Govindaraj, G Hemaprabha, Bakshi Ram
      Pages: 113 - 114
      PubDate: 2021-06-01
      DOI: 10.37580/JSR.2021.1.11.113-114
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2021)
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