Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Economic Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Economic and Industrial Democracy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Economic Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Economics of Disasters and Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control     Open Access  
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Encuentro     Open Access  
Energy Nexus     Open Access  
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environment and Development Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Eppo Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Sciences and Sustainable Development     Open Access  
Ethology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
EU Agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Euphytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Eurochoices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Agronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Health Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Farm Engineering and Automation Technology Journal     Open Access  
Fave : Sección ciencias agrarias     Open Access  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Florea : Jurnal Biologi dan Pembelajarannya     Open Access  
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Folia Oecologica     Open Access  
Food and Agricultural Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Ecological Systems Modelling Journal     Open Access  
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Economics - Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Forest@ : Journal of Silviculture and Forest Ecology     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Fronteiras : Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science     Open Access  
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental and Applied Agriculture     Open Access  
Future Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Gema Agro     Open Access  
Geoderma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Global Approaches to Extension Practice : A Journal of Agricultural Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture & Health Sciences     Open Access  
Gontor Agrotech Science Journal     Open Access  
Hacquetia     Open Access  
Health Economics, Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Heliyon     Open Access  
Hereditas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Horticultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IDESIA : Revista de Agricultura en Zonas Áridas     Open Access  
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Extension Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Information Processing in Agriculture     Open Access  
Innovare Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations in Agriculture     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
International Advances in Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Dairy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Dairy Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Fruit Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Green Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Pest Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite     Open Access  
International Journal of Social Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of the Economics of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal on Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources : IJ-FANRES     Open Access  
International Letters of Natural Sciences     Open Access  
International Multidisciplinary Research Journal     Open Access  
International Review of Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Review of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Scientific Journal of Engineering and Technology (ISJET)     Open Access  
Invertebrate Reproduction & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Irrigation and Drainage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Irrigation Australia: The Official Journal of Irrigation Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal (Australian Native Plants Society. Canberra Region)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal für Kulturpflanzen     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agrarian Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Agricultural and Marine Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Meteorology     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Production     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Research and Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural, Biological & Environmental Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Research     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Agromedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Science, Biology and Bioeconomy     Open Access  
Journal of Apicultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Communications     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 211)
Journal of Arid Land     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biosystems Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Cereal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cereal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Citrus Pathology     Open Access  
Journal of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Cotton Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dairy Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economic Surveys     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Extension Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family and Economic Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Security and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Horticultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Horticulture and Postharvest Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Hemp     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Integrative Agriculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Land and Rural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Modern Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Natural Resources and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Journal Cover
Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0970-3209 - ISSN (Online) 2231-6744
Published by Indian Council of Agricultural Research Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Blood Metabolites of Murrah Buffalo Heifer on Supplementation of Different
           Sources of Rumen Bypass Proteins

    • Authors: A. Kumari, H. K. Gulati, S. Kumar, S. Sihag, M. Kumar
      Abstract: Eighteen Murrah buffalo heifers, at BRC, LUVAS, Hissar distributed into three treatments to evaluate the effect of supplementation of different sources of bypass proteins on blood biochemical profile. Heifers in all three group fed similar basal diets, in treatment T2 10% of crude protein requirement was replaced with commercially available soya bypass protein and in treatment T3 10% of crude protein requirement was replaced with natural bypass protein i.e fish meal. Blood samples were collected with or without anti-coagulant for biochemical and serum mineral analysis respectively, at the start of experiment and thereafter at monthly intervals for a period of 120 days. Feeding of bypass protein result in significant increase (P<0.05) in concentration of plasma glucose, total protein, globulin, and calcium but concentration of other biochemical parameters, serum mineral values and activity of enzymes showed no significant difference among the treatments.
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Mineral Status of Dairy Animals in Pulwama District of Jammu and Kashmir

    • Authors: A. Ashraf, G.G. Sheikh, A.M. Ganai, P.A. Reshi
      Abstract: A total of 206 samples of blood were collected from crossbred jersey dairy cows of Pulwama district of Kashmir Division to assess the blood plasma mineral status with respect to the stage of lactation and milk yield parity. Macro-minerals (Ca, P, Mg, Na and K) were estimated by standard methods using commercial kits, whereas microminerals (Cu, Zn, Fe, Co and Mn) were estimated by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Significantly (P≤0.05) lower blood Ca, P, Mg and Na levels was reported in animals yielding milk upto above 10 kg followed 5-10 kg yielders and upto 5 kg and as compared to dry animals. Plasma P was recorded below critical levels in dairy animals of district Pulwama. There was no significant difference in mean plasma K levels of dairy animals among milk yielding and dry animals. Significant (P≤0.05) lower plasma Ca, P, Mg and Na levels were found in animals in early and mid-lactation stages of dairy animals compared to the late lactation stage with a non significant difference in plasma calcium levels in early and mid-lactation. Plasma micromineral (Cu, Zn, Fe and Co) concentration was reported significantly (P≤0.05) lower in high yielding animals (5-10kg and above 10kg) as compared to 0-5 kg yielders with the highest in dry animals. However, no significant difference was observed in plasma Mn level in dairy animals of district Pulwama in different production levels (above 10 kg, 5-10 kg, 5 kg yielders and dry) and at the stage of lactation (early, mid and late). The present study therefore indicates the need for the formulation of specific mineral mixtures for different stages of lactation.
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Rumen Degradability and In Vitro Fermentation Characteristics of Various
           Cereal Grains

    • Authors: V. Santhosh Reddy, D. Nagalakshmi, M. Venkateswarlu, Suresh Rathod
      Abstract: A study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro gas production (IVGP), degradability and fermentation characteristics of various cereal grains viz., maize, broken rice, jowar, ragi, wheat, barley and bajra by in vitro gas production technique.The in vitro gas production technique conducted indicated significant (P< 0.01) variation for cereal grains with regard to in vitro gas produced (IVGP) volume, in vitro dry matter degradability (IVDMD %), in vitro organic matter degradability (IVOMD %) and in vitro neutral detergent fibre degradability (IVNDFD %). The IVGP and IVOMD were highest for wheat and barley followed by bajra and lowest for maize, broken rice, jowar and ragi. The order of the IVDMD % from highest to lowest was broken rice> wheat>jowar and maize>bajra>barley>ragi. The IVNDFD (%) was highest for wheat and barley followed by bajra then by ragi and lowest in jowar, broken rice and maize. The partitioning factor was higher (P< 0.01) in broken rice, jowar and maize, followed by ragi, then bajra and was lowest in wheat and barley. The microbial biomass production (MBP) (mg/500mg) was lowest (P< 0.01) in maize, broken rice, jowar and ragi, followed by bajra and highest in wheat and barley. The efficiency of microbial biomass production (EMBP) (g/kg DOM) was higher (P< 0.01) and comparable for broken rice, maize and jowar followed by ragi and then bajra and lowest was from barley and wheat. The ME values from in vitro study varied significantly (P< 0.01) and in descending order was wheat >barley >bajra>broken rice >jowar and maize >ragi. The pH was highest (P> 0.01) in maize and jowar and comparable with broken rice and bajra, followed by ragi and lowest was for wheat and barley. The NH3-N concentration from various cereal grains did not vary, but total volatile fatty acid production was significant. The highest (P< 0.01) TVFA production was from wheat, followed by barley then bajra, jowar and lowest in maize, broken rice and ragi.
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Chronological Changes in Postprandial Blood Glucose Level of Labeo rohita
           (Hamilton, 1822) Fed with Formulated Diet

    • Authors: S. Sahoo, S. Rani, D.K. Singh, G.H. Pailan
      Abstract: In general, fish is considered as a natural diabetic animal. In order to understand how the feed is metabolized to glucose and the time duration for its complete uptake from blood, a study was conducted to estimate the pre and postprandial blood glucose level in Labeo rohita, at two-hour intervals of both fasting and fed state. The blood glucose levels of four replicates at every time point were estimated using glucose oxidase method. The pre-prandial/ fasting blood glucose level was found to be in the range of 10-18 mg/dl. Whereas, two hours post-prandially the blood glucose level had got increased and estimated to be varying between 46-88 mg/dl, which was maximum. Also, it was observed that the sugar levels got reduced back to normal/fasting state after about 10hrs. Time period shows significant inverse relationship with blood glucose level (p<0.05). These results will help in establishing and managing a proper feeding schedule for rohu.
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Recent Advances and Future Directions in Poultry Nutrition- An Overview

    • Authors: Saman Yusufkhan Belim, H.H. Savsani, M.D. Odedra, D.G. Vaghamashi, Y. G. Kansagara, B.K. Kansagara, K.R. Makwana
      Abstract: The poultry industry in India has made a remarkable growth and it is currently emerging as a sunrise sector. The worldwide consumption of poultry products such as meat plus eggs are currently high and tends to grow continuously as compared to other livestock products. So, it is important to know what were the recent advances that were made and what will be the future directions in poultry nutrition in a brief. Recent advances that have made includes defining nutrient requirements and nutrient composition, least cost feed formulations based on amino acid and energy, use of biotechnological products in poultry feeding as well as nano minerals supplementation. There are certain future directions like use of alternative raw material, use of phytogenic feed additives as alternative to antibiotic growth promoter, focus on gizzard development and gut health, use of next generation feed enzymes and in ovo nutrition are of prime importance.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Effect of Traditional Curd Supplementation and Probiotics on Growth
           Performance and Frequency of Diarrohea in Cattle Calves Under
           Farmer's field

    • Authors: Balbir Singh Khadda, Kanak Lata, Raj Kumar, S. Khajuria, Aashaq Hussain Dar
      Abstract: A trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of supplementary feeding of curd as probiotics on growth performance and frequency of diarrohea in pre- ruminant cattle calves under farmer’s field in semi- arid condition of central Gujarat, India. Twenty four, pre-ruminant female Gir cattle calves with average age of fifteen days were selected randomly and distributed equally in to four groups, six each in a completely randomized design i.e. T1- basal diet (control), T2 - basal diet + Saccharomyces cerevisiae @ 5 g per calf/ day, T3 - basal diet + Lactobacillus acidophilus @ 1 g (2 x 1010 cfu/ g) per calf/ day and T4 - basal diet + Traditional curd @ 50 ml per calf/ day, respectively for a period of 90 days. The results of the study revealed that the average daily gains and final body weight of calves was significantly (P<0.01) higher in curd and probiotics groups as compared to the control group. The average daily weight gains were statistically higher in curd group (410±14.92g) followed by Lactobacillus acidophilus (407±15.12g), Saccharomyces cerevisiae (393±14.86g) group as compared to control group (301±10.74g). There were significant difference in the faecal score between the treatment group and the control after two weeks of the experiment; subsequently, faecal score became constant in the treatment groups and never exceeded the normal value. However, curd and Lactobacillus acidophilus was found to be more effective to control/ reduce the incidence of diarrhea after one weeks of application as compared to Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The incremental B: C Ratio was found to be 5.27, 10.55 and 21.77 in group T2, T3 and T4, respectively which appears to be very lucrative. Based on observations, it may be inferred that the traditionally fermented curd, can effectively be used as a probiotic supplement and has a desirable effect in terms of higher growth rate and checking diarrhea in pre ruminant calves.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Effect of Feeding Rumen Protected Choline and Rumen Protected Fat on Dry
           Matter Intake and Nutrient Digestibility in Periparturient Gir Cows

    • Authors: Miteshkumar Ravjibhai Chavda, Harish H. Savsani, Jignesh A. Chavda, Vijay K. Karangiya, Dilipkumar G. Vaghamsi, Bhargav K. Kansagara, Kirti R. Makwana
      Abstract: The study was carried out on 24 advanced pregnant Gir cows to know the effects of supplementing Rumen Protected Choline (RPC) and Rumen Protected Fat (RPF) alone and in combination on dry matter intake (DMI) and digestibility of nutrients. The cows were divided equally into four treatment groups (T1 to T4; n=6 each). Cows in T1 group were fed with basal diet to meet their nutrient requirement as per ICAR (2013) feeding standard. In T2 group, cows received supplementation of RPC @ 45 g/day, in T3 RPF @ 80 g/d and in T4 with RPC @ 45 g/day + RPF @ 80 g/d along with basal diet of T1, starting from 30 days before expected date of calving to 60 days postpartum. DMI (kg/d) increased significantly (p<0.01) in T2 group compared to control. However, no significant differences among the treatment groups were observed in terms of DMI kg/per 100 kg BW or DMI g/kg BW0.75.Digestibility of ether extract was observed significantly (p<0.001) higher in T2, T3 and T4 group as compared to control, while that of CP, CF and NFE were not affected in any treatment groups, whereas digestibility of DM and OM significantly increased (p<0.05) in T2 group as compared to control. It was concluded that supplementation of RPC significantly improved the DMI and digestibility of DM, OM and EE. Digestibility of EE was also improved by RPF supplementation. However, supplementation of RPF alone or in combination did not have any significant (p>0.05) effect on DMI and digestibility of DM, OM, CP, CF and NFE.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Evaluation of Feeding Practices of Lactating Jaffrabadi Buffaloes in Their
           Home Tract

    • Authors: Hardikkumar Bhupatbhai Naliyapara, H.H. Savsani, J.A. Chavda, M.D. Odedra, N.K. Ribadiya
      Abstract: This study was undertaken to investigate the management practices of Jaffrabadi buffaloes in the Junagadh district to find the type of feeding and management practices followed by the owners. The present study was carried out in five talukas viz - Visavadar, Manavadar, Mendarda, Junagadh and Mangrol of Junagadh districts of Gujarat state. Four villages from each selected taluka were selected randomly for the study purpose. The personal interview technique was used to collect first-hand information from three owners from each selected village of selected talukas of Junagadh district. Basic statistical tools were used to draw the inferences. The survey revealed that most respondents reared the animals on stall feeding and supplementation of green maize, marvel grass, jowar hay, groundnut haulms, and cottonseed cake. Generally, 18.23±1.70 kg available green fodders, 11.72±0.43 kg available dry fodders and 7.29±0.23 kg concentrate were fed daily to lactating Jaffrabadi buffaloes. The average DMI of lactating Jaffrabadi buffaloes is 20.04±0.28 kg/day. The concentrate was fed twice a day at the time of milking, and most respondents (95%) used readymade concentrate mixture. Soaking of concentrate was practised by the majority (65%) of respondents. The majority of respondents were not practising mineral supplementation (88.33%), salt supplementation (81.67%) and deworming (51.67%) to their buffaloes.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Assessment of Milk Yield and Milk Quality on Boron Supplemented Groups in
           Crossbred Karanfries (Holstein Friesian X Tharparker) Cows During Hot
           Humid Season

    • Authors: S. Praveen, R. Chandra, Nishant Kumar, P. Naveen, A. Fernandes
      Abstract: Present study was done on Crossbred Karan Fries (Holstein Friesian X Tharparker)cows (n=18) to evaluate the effect of boron supplementation on milk yield, milk composition and somatic cell count of milk during heat stress, cows were allocated to three treatments, viz, group 1 (n=6), group 2 (n=6) and group 2 (n=6) based on bodyweight, parity and estimated producing ability. All cows received basal feed (roughage and concentrate) based on ICAR feeding standards. Additionally, in group 2 and group 3, boron was supplemented at the rate of 250 ppm and 500 ppm, respectively. The plasma boron was estimated to be significantly higher in boron supplemented groups than control. The milk yield, milk Fat% and milk composition on weight basis (kg) has no significant improvement but other milk composition (viz, milk SNF, milk protein, milk lactose and milk total solids %) did differ significantly between the control and boron supplemented groups. Somatic cell count of boron supplemented groups was significantly low (p<0.05) than control, but there was no significant relationship between treatment groups. It is concluded that supplementing boron in diet improved the milk composition (%) and reduced the SCC of milk but no considerable improvement in milk yield was observed.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Effect of Time of Sowing, Seed Rate, and Cultivar onOat Green Fodder, Dry
           Matter and Crude Protein Yield

    • Authors: B. Murali, R. Susheela; , M. Shanti, T. Shashikala
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted to find out suitable sowing time, optimum seed rate, and right cultivar of fodder oat for Telangana. The treatments consisted of 16 combinations with four times of sowing (first fortnight of October, second fortnight of October, first fortnight of November, and second fortnight of November), two seed rates (80 and 100 kg/ha), and two fodder oat cultivars (JHO 822 and Kent). The experiment was conducted in a split-plot design and replicated thrice in sandy loam soil. Two-year (2016-17 & 2017-18) pooled data analysis results revealed that green fodder yield, dry matter yield, and crude protein yields recorded were significantly (p<0.05) higher with the crop sown during the first fortnight of November followed by the second fortnight of October. Plant height and tiller number per meter row length also responded similarly. No significant difference was observed among the two seed rates for plant height, the number of tillers/meter row, green, and dry fodder yields except crude protein where 100 kg/ha seed rate recorded higher crude protein yield than 80 kg/ha seed rate. Cultivars significantly differed in plant height and crude protein yield only. All the interaction effects were found to be non-significant. The best sowing window for obtaining higher fodder yield and quality of oat in Telangana was found to be from the second fortnight of October to the first fortnight of November.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Effect of Dietary Supplementation of Fenugreek Seed (Trigonella
           Foenum-Graecum L.) Powder on Body weight, Blood-biochemical Parameters and
           Immunity in Broilers

    • Authors: P. Kumar, S. Kumar, S. Sihag, Z.S. Sihag
      Abstract: A six-week study was carried out to investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of Fenugreek seeds (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) powder (FSP) on serological and immunological parameters in broiler chickens. One hundred and forty four day-old chicks were randomly divided into six dietary treatment groups having 24 birds in each group and three replications of 8 birds each. Supplementation with FSP was done at the rate of 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 and 3.0% for T1 to T6. The result of the study revealed that there was a significant (p<0.05) decrease in serum total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol concentrations in the broilers fed diets supplemented with FSP at 1.5% or above. HDL-concentrations were found to be improved significantly (p<0.05) upon FSP supplementation at 1.0% and above. Blood glucose concentration was reduced significantly (p<0.05) as the supplementation of FSP was increased from 1.0% to 3.0%. Expression of genes controlling antibacterial and anti-viral activities revealed that relative mRNA expression of TLR-2 and TLR-7 of broilers was found to be enhanced upon feeding FSP. But a significant down regulation was seen in case of relative mRNA expression of TLR-4 receptors in FSP supplemented groups. Serum triglycerides, SGPT and SGOT concentrations remained unaffected. It was inferred from the study that FSP fenugreek supplementation in the diets of broiler birds have substantial improvement in the serum biochemical parameters along with showing immunological activities.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Effect of Black Cumin and Ginger Supplementation on Production
           Performance, Nutrient Utilization, Haemato-biochemcial and immune
           Parameters in White Leghorn Layers

    • Authors: M. Kumar, R.S. Arya, R.K. Dhuria, Deepika Dhuria
      Abstract: The effect of ginger and black cumin was evaluated in terms of production performance and nutrient utilization as well as blood-biochemical and immune profile of White Leghorn laying hens. Two hundred and seventy hens were randomly allotted to nine dietary treatments with three replications while adopting 32 factorial design. A feeding trial of 84 days was conducted to evaluate production performance and at the end of experiment six birds from each treatment group were subjected to metabolism trial to study nutrient utilization. Metabolizability of proximate principals except NFE was improved significantly on black cumin supplementation and on ginger supplementation only NFE metabolizability wasimproved. Nitrogen retention due to ginger and nitrogen and calcium retention due to black cumin were improved significantly (P<0.01). Both the herbs have non-significant effect on phosphorus retention. Dietary inclusion of ginger significantly reduced feed intake (P<0.05) and egg production (P<0.01), whereas black cumin has no effect on feed intake but increased the egg production (P<0.01) at 1% level. At the end of experiment, Two birds from each replication were randomly selected for blood-biochemical and one bird for immune characteristics analysis. Supplementation of both the herbs in diet significantly reduced serum cholesterol and triglycerides. Hematological indices, serum enzymes and spleen, bursa and thymus weight index were within normal physiological range and have not been influenced by dietary treatments. On observing egg production among different treatmet grouops it can be sated that highest egg production was in treatment group with 1% level of black cumin. Due to main effect of ginger, there was increase in metabolizability of crude protein and nitrogen retention but decline in egg production were observed. Further due to main effect of black cumin, highest metabolizability of dry matter, crude protein, ether extract and crude fiber, highest nitrogen intake, nitrogen retention, calcium inatke and retention with decline in calcium excretion and increase in the egg production were observed at 1 per cent level. So supplementation of black cumin at 1% level might be promising for profitablepoultry production.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Dietary Inclusion of Feed Additives in Broilers: Effect on Carcass
           Characteristics, Visceral and Lymphoid Organs and Gut Health

    • Authors: Mayur Solanki, Kuldeep Kumar Verma, Rana Ranjeet Singh, Thakur Krishna Shankar Rao
      Abstract: The present experiment was conducted on 288-day-old unsexed broiler chicks to evaluate the effect of dietary feed additives viz. neem leaf meal (NLM) and citric acid (CA) on carcass characteristics, visceral and lymphoid organs, and gut health in broiler chickens. The chicks were randomly distributed into 6 dietary groups of 48 birds per group, each having 4 replicates (12 birds per replicate) in a randomized block design. The birds were fed on a standard diet without any supplementation control (T0); and with supplementation of NLM 2.5 g/kg of feed (T1); CA 15 g/kg of feed (T2); CA 25 g/kg of feed (T3); NLM 2.5 g + CA 15 g/kg of feed (T4); NLM 2.5 g + CA 25 g/kg of feed (T5). Eight birds from each treatment (2 per replicate) were randomly selected for slaughter and collection of samples and microbial study at day 42. The yield of the carcass, cut-up parts, and visceral organs, and length of the small intestine revealed comparable values without any adverse effect in the groups. The caecal E. coli population reduced significantly (P<0.05) in treatments T2 and T3 as compared to T0. The lower (P<0.05) caecal pH was observed in groups T1, T2, T3, T4, and T5 than T0. It can be concluded that feeding CA at 15 g and 25 g/kg of feed improved gut health without any adverse effect on the carcass and internal organs. Hence, supplementation of CA at two dietary levels i.e. 15 g and 25 g per kg of feed could be an alternative to produce healthy chickens.Â
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Calcium intake on Gramasree male bird’s semen quality

    • Authors: Sabarinath Elangovan, Senthil Murugan, Biju Chacko, Surej Joseph Bunglavan, K. Promod
      Abstract: A study was assigned in 18 Gramasree male birds of 32nd weeks of age, randomly distributed to three experimental groups (G1, G2 and G3) with six birds in each group and housed separately in male cages for 91 days. During this experimental period, layer breeder ration (control) was prepared as per ICAR, (2013) recommendations and fed to all experimental male birds. Egg shell powder and shell grit having more than 2 mm particle size was given as free choice after feeding to GII and GIII birds, respectively to meet their extra calcium requirement. The feed intake and body weight were significantly different (p<0.01) between the treatment groups. Egg shell powder and shell grit intake was 0.67 and 0.72 g/rooster/day, respectively. Total calcium intake was 3.20, 3.44 and 3.55 g/rooster/day in G1, G2 and G3, respectively. Semen was collected by abdominal massage at weekly intervals from 33rd to 44th weeks of age and analysed for semen volume, colour, sperm concentration and sperm motility and significantly no difference was found between the groups. The serum Ca and P content, tibial characteristic and tibial-ash were similar in all treatment groups but the tibial calcium content was significantly (p<0.01) higher in shell grit group. It can be concluded that, calcium intake (3.20 g/rooster/day) through feed is sufficient for male birds to meet their calcium requirements and extra egg shell powder, shell grit given as free choice feeding had not influenced the semen qualities without any detrimental effects.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Growth Performance and Brood Stock Management of Small Indigenous Fish
           Mola Carplet, Amblypharyngodon mola (Hamilton, 1822)

    • Authors: S. Nayak, B. Panda, K. Radhakrishnan, D.K. Verma, K.C. Das, P. Routray
      Abstract: Spontaneous spawning of wild caught and domesticated mola carplet, Amblypharyngodon mola was attempted in controlled condition using an aquatic plant hydrilla, Hydrilla verticillata as a modified habitat. Growth performance of hatched larvae revealed that the larval growth (weight gain %) was significantly higher (p <0.05) with a mixed diet (63.76 ± 0.52%) than natural diet (40.42 ± 0.26%) or artificial diet (13.74 ± 0.39%) whereas juvenile mola grew better on the artificial diet. Significantly higher maturity rate (> 80 %) of mola was observed in tanks/ ponds having hydrilla as an additional habitat than the tanks /ponds having no hydrilla. Similarly, higher fecundity of mola (>900) was recorded in tanks having hydrilla. Better spawning performance was also noted using hydrilla based habitat. The findings can be useful in artificial propagation and diversification of small indigenous fish species in captivity.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 38, No. 4 (2021)
       
 
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