Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 601 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Science and Technology Indonesia     Open Access  
Science as Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientia Agricola     Open Access  
Scientia Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Seed Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Seed Science Research     Hybrid Journal  
Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Semiárida     Open Access  
Siembra     Open Access  
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Smart Agricultural Technology     Open Access  
Social & Cultural Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Social and Natural Sciences Journal     Open Access  
South African Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South African Journal of Economics : SAJE     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
South African Journal of Plant and Soil     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Spatial Economic Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Sri Lanka Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Stiinta Agricola     Open Access  
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sugar Tech     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sustainability Agri Food and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sustainability and Climate Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Environment Agricultural Science (SEAS)     Open Access  
Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
The Agriculturists     Open Access  
The Journal of Research, PJTSAU     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Translational Animal Science     Open Access  
Trends in Agricultural Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Tropical Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems     Open Access  
Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales     Open Access  
Tropical Technology Journal     Open Access  
Tropicultura     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Agricultural and Natural Science / Türk Tarım ve Doğa Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Turkish Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research     Open Access  
Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Uluslararası Tarım ve Yaban Hayatı Bilimleri Dergisi / International Journal of Agricultural and Wildlife Sciences     Open Access  
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Urban Agricultural & Regional Food Systems     Open Access  
Viticulture Data Journal     Open Access  
VITIS : Journal of Grapevine Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Weed Biology and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Weed Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
West African Journal of Applied Ecology     Open Access  
Wildlife Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Wirtschaftsdienst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
World Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
World Mycotoxin Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World's Poultry Science Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
علوم آب و خاک     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
The Journal of Research, PJTSAU
Number of Followers: 13  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2395-5945
Published by Indian Council of Agricultural Research Homepage  [6 journals]
  • GLOBAL STATUS OF THRIPS PARVISPINUS (KARNY, 1922), AN INVASIVE PEST

    • Authors: V. SRIDHAR ; P. SREE CHANDANA2 R.R. RACHANA
      Abstract: Thrips are important group of sucking pests which cause significant economic losses both as pests and vectors of serious plant viruses in several horticultural crops. Recently an outbreak of Thrips parvispinus has been reported from southern states of India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Telangana) especially on chilli crop causing 70-100 per cent damage. T. parvispinus, a member of “Thrips orientalis group”, is a widespread pest species of quarantine importance and designated as one of the pest
      species of South East Asia. T. parvispinus has displaced T. palmi in Indonesia indicating its competitive ability in displacement of other species in the crop ecosystem. Successful quarantine interceptions made throughout the world against this pest shows the importance of interceptions in avoiding the entry of invasive pests in to any country. Despite existence of the quarantine
      provisions, recent invasion of various exotic pests like South American tomato moth, rugose spiralling white fly, fall armyworm etc. into India in quick succession is a concern particularly under globalisation situation. Considering the seriousness of the damage caused by the invasive pest in India in the recent past, an attempt was made in this review to present the status of T. parvispinus at national and global level including its identification, taxonomic status, host range, development and biology, extent of damage and various management strategies. Importance of various IPM tools to be explored for the management of this invasive thrips is also discussed in the review.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • EFFICACY OF ORGANIC SOIL AMENDMENTS, FUNGICIDES AND CHITOSAN AGAINST
           MACROPHOMINA PHASEOLINA UNDER IN VITRO CONDITIONS

    • Authors: A. SRINIVAS; G. UMA DEVI, B. VIDYA SAGAR, C. SRINIVAS, M. BALRAM B. MALLAIAH
      Abstract: Among the diseases of maize, Charcoal rot (Macrophomina phaseolina) was found to be the most prevalent and destructive in nature especially in rainfed conditions. Complexity of the disease and its soil borne nature, made the charcoal rot very difficult to manage in field. In the present study, different organic soil amendments, fungicides and chitosan at various
      concentrations were evaluated for their efficacy in inhibiting mycelial growth of Macrophomina phaseolina under in vitro conditions by using poisoned food technique. Neem cake was found superior in inhibiting mycelial growth of Macrophomina phaseolina at all the concentration tested (5%-38.52%; 10%-58.34%; 20%-62.96%) and showed significantly highest mean mycelial inhibition (53.27%) followed by castor cake (5%-31.67%; 10%-53.52%; 20%-56.48%) with mean mycelial inhibition of 47.22%. Among the fungicides, carbendazim completely inhibited the mycelial growth of Macrophomina phaseolina at all concentrations tested (50 ppm -1000 ppm) followed by mancozeb and tebuconazole + trifloxystrobin which could able to completely inhibit the mycelial growth of the pathogen at 500 ppm and above only, with mean mycelial inhibition of 96.70% and 94.19% respectively. Chitosan could able to inhibit the mycelial growth of test pathogen at 2.5 mg ml-1 concentration and above. In conclusion, effective organic soil amendment, fungicide and chitosan can become components for a viable integrated disease management strategy against Macrophomina phaseolina
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • HETEROSIS AND COMBINING ABILITY STUDIES TO IDENTIFY THE SUPERIOR HYBRIDS
           AND PARENTS FOR GRAIN YIELD AND YIELD CONTRIBUTING TRAITS IN SORGHUM
           (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)

    • Authors: SAIKIRAN VELDANDI; S. MAHESWARAMMA, K. SRAVANTHI, K. SUJATHA, S. RAMESH, K.N. YAMINI, D. SHIVANI C.V. SAMEER KUMAR
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at Regional Agricultural Research Station (RARS), Palem to study the heterosis and combining ability of 64 genotypes for grain yield and yield related traits in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Fourteen parents including six male sterile (A lines) and eight restorers (R lines) were crossed in line × tester mating design to generate 48 F1 hybrids. Evaluation of hybrids along with the parents and standard checks (CSV-41 and CSH-16) was carried out using a Randomized Block Design during Rabi 2020-21. Data was collected on eight quantitative traits viz., days to 50 per cent flowering, days to maturity, plant height (cm), 100 seed weight (g), grain yield per plot (kg), grain yield per plant (g), fodder yield per plot (kg) and fodder yield per plant (g). Experimental results revealed that among the hybrids ICSA 418 × ICSR 13025 recorded maximum grain yield plant-1 with 81.77, 62.32, 60.12 and 50.46 percent heterosis over mid parent, better parent and standard checks (CSV-
      41 and CSH-16), respectively. Variance due to sca was higher than gca and the ratio of variance of general to specific combing ability was less than unity for all the traits studied indicating the preponderance of non-additive gene action governing in the inheritance of these traits.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT DRIP IRRIGATION AND FERTIGATION LEVELS ON YIELD AND
           ECONOMICS OF HIGH DENSITY SUMMER SWEET CORN

    • Authors: N. LAVANYA; P. LAXMINARAYANA, K.B. SUNEETHA DEVI, G. JAYASREE LAKSHMI PRAYAGA
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted to study the effect of different drip irrigation and fertigation levels on yield and economics of high-density sweet corn at College Farm, College of Agriculture, PJTSAU, Hyderabad, during summer 2020 and 2021. The experiment consisted of twelve treatments laid out in Factorial Randomized Block Design (FRBD) replicated thrice. Three irrigation levels (Irrigation scheduled at 0.6 [I1], 0.8 [I2] and 1.0 Epan [I3] throughout the crop growth period) and four fertigation levels (application of 100% RDNK in differential dosage as per recommendation [F1], application of 100% RDNK in differential dosage as per crop coefficient curve [F2], application of 125% RDNK in differential dosage as per recommendation [F3] and application of 125% RDNK in differential dosage as per crop coefficient curve [F4] were included as treatments in this study. Among three irrigation levels, irrigation scheduled at 1.0 Epan recorded significantly higher gross returns, net returns and benefit cost ratio over 0.8 and
      0.6 Epan during both the years and in means. Lowest gross returns, net returns and B:C ratio were observed under 0.6 Epan. Among the four fertigation levels, application of 125 % RDNK in differential dosage as per crop coefficient curve recorded significantly higher gross returns, net returns and B:C ratio which were on par with application of 125 % RDNK in differential dosage as per recommendation.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • DIVERSITY AND SEASONAL ABUNDANCE OF PREDATORY SPIDER FAUNA IN PADDY
           ECOSYSTEM

    • Authors: A. RAJU; S.J. RAHMAN, S.M.A.S. RAHMAN, R. JAGADEESHWAR S. NARENDER REDDY
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during kharif 2019 to study the dynamics and diversity of spiders in paddy ecosystem at Rajendranagar, Telangana. A total of 22 spider species were documented belonging to 11 families and 20 genera. Out of 22 species 6 species were dominant viz., Pardosa pseudoannulata, Chrysso sp., Tetragnatha mandibulata, T. elongata, Lycosa
      pseudoannulata, Leucage sp.; 15 species were sub-dominant viz., Runcinia grammica, Heteropoda venatoria, Arctosa maculata, Araneus inustus, Argiope anasuja, Zygiella notata, Z. indica, Chieranthium sp., Agelenopsis sp., Atypena formosana, Hamataliwa sp., Oxyopes salticus, Bianor aurocinctus, Evarcha falcata, Mymarachne sp. and one species was satellite i.e., Neoscona theisi. Among all species P. pseudoannulata was most dominant and N. theisi was scarce. Of all families recorded, Tetragnathidae was predominant, while Linyphiidae was least representative of total spider population in experimental plot. Density, Shannon-Weiner index (H’), Simpson’s diversity index (ë), Margalef richness index (D) and Pielou’s evenness index (J) ranged from 0.30 to 7.90 sq. m, 1.10 to 2.84, 0.83 to 1.00, 1.82 to 6.79 and 0.35 to 0.91, respectively, indicating that spider fauna in paddy ecosystem were moderately diverse and evenly distributed. The highest diversity was recorded during reproductive stage of crop i.e., 36 to 40 Standard meteorological weeks (SMW) during high pest density, suggesting paddy ecosystem of Rajendranagar could be pronounced to be a stable ecosystem with moderate diversity of spiders.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • SOIL FERTILITY MAPPING OF PATANCHERU AREA, SANGA REDDY DISTRICT TELANGANA
           BY USING GPS-GIS

    • Authors: G. KIRAN REDDY; S.H.K. SHARMA, G. JAYASREE, S.A. HUSSAIN S. TRIVENI T.L. NEELIMA
      Abstract: The present study was carried out to know the fertility status of Patancheru area of Sanga Reddy district, Telangana state by using GPS-GIS technology during the year 2020-2021. Total 132 soil samples from soil surface (0-20 cm) collected from the study area and analyzed for the soil physico-chemical properties (pH, EC, OC), available macronutrients (N, P, K, S, Ca, Mg)
      and available micronutrients (Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn). Their status was quantified and analytical data was interpreted and statistical parameters like range, mean, standard deviation and coefficient of variation were calculated. The pH of soils of study area varied from 6.14 to 9.20, most of the soils were found to be moderately to strongly alkaline (84.1 per cent) while EC varied from 0.09 to 4.33 dS m-1, 99.32 per cent the soils were found to be high to very high in salinity. Organic carbon content varied from 0.11 to 1.25
      per cent and categorized as low (5.0 per cent), medium (79.3 per cent) and high (15.7 per cent) content in soils. The soil available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium ranged from 37.5 to 475.0, 15.4 to 59.8 and 176.2 to 1023.9 kg ha-1, respectively. The soils were low (98.1 per cent) in available nitrogen. In respect of available phosphorus were medium (99.3 per cent). In case of available potassium were medium in 89.6 per cent of soils. The available sulphur varied from 0.5 to 32.1 mg kg-1. The soils were medium (76.6 per cent) in available sulphur content. The exchangeable calcium and magnesium were sufficient in all samples. Available Zn, Cu, Fe and Mn were deficient in 90.7, 45.6, 98.4 and 88.8 per cent of soils respectively.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • DECIPHERING INHERITANCE PATTERN OF RESISTANCE TO FUSARIUM WILT DISEASE IN
           CASTOR (Ricinus communis L.)

    • Authors: MANMODE DARPAN MOHANRAO; S. SENTHILVEL, M. SANTHA LAKSHMI PRASAD, M. SUJATHA, C. LAVANYA, T. MANJUNATHA, S. VANISRI B. VIDYA SAGAR
      Abstract: Castor is an important non-edible oilseed crop having varied industrial applications. Fusarium wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. ricini is a serious disease in castor. Chemical management of fusarium wilt is troublesome due to soil borne nature of the pathogen. Utilization of genetic resistance is the best possible solution for management of fusarium wilt. The present study was aimed at genetic characterization of three resistant germplasm lines namely AP-70, AP-127 and AP-163. The resistant lines
      were crossed with a susceptible inbred, ‘JI-35’ to generate F1s and F2 populations. The parents, F1s and F2 individuals were screened for fusarium wilt resistance in the wilt sick plot maintained at ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research, Hyderabad, India. The reaction of F1s indicated that the nature of fusarium wilt resistance in AP-70 and AP-163 is recessive while it is dominant in AP-127. The segregation of resistance and susceptibility in F2 populations showed that fusarium wilt resistance in AP-70 and AP-163 is conferred by two recessive genes involving complementary interaction while two dominant complementary genes governs fusarium wilt resistance in AP-127. The resistant lines used in the present study are largely underutilized in castor improvement leaving scope for its exploitation in widening the genetic base of breeding lines in castor improvement.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • EFFECT OF ORGANIC AND INORGANIC SOURCES OF NITROGEN ON YIELD ATTRIBUTES
           AND YIELD OF MAIZE UNDER SANDY LOAM SOIL CONDITIONS IN NORTHREN TELANGANA
           ZONE

    • Authors: P. MADHUKAR RAO; G.E.CH. VIDYA SAGAR, K. SURESH, G. PADMAJA S. NARENDER REDDY
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted at Regional Agricultural Research Station, Polasa, Jagtial during kharif, 2018 and 2019 to study the effect of integrated nutrient management practices on yield attributes and yield of maize. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Block Design during kharif, 2018 with nine treatments comprising of T1-100% RDF, T2-75% RDN + 25% N through FYM, T3-75% RDN + 25% N through vermicompost, T4-75% RDN + 25% N through poultry manure, T5-75% RDN+ 25% N through sheep manure, T6-75% RDN + 25% N through neem cake, T7-75 % RDN + Azotobacter @ 5 kg ha-1, T8-75% RDN + Azospirillum @ 5 kg ha-1, T9-75 % RDN + Azotobacter @ 2.5 kg ha-1 + Azospirillum @ 2.5 kg ha-1 replicated thrice. Significantly higher cob length, cob girth, number of rows cob-1, number of kernels row-1, number of kernels cob-1, test weight (g), grain yield (kg ha-1) and stover yield (kg ha-1) were recorded. Among the different treatments, application of 75% RDN + 25% N through vermicompost recorded longest cobs (16.33 cm and 16.57 cm in 2018 and 2019, respectively), increased cob girth (15.23 cm and 16.00 cm in 2018
      and 2019, respectively), registered higher kernel rows cob-1 (13.37 and 15.00 in 2018 and 2019 respectively), number of kernels row-1 (22.4 and 23.33 in 2018 and 2019 respectively), highest number of kernels cob-1 (302 and 348 in 2018 and 2019, respectively) more test weight (30.57 and 30.07 in 2018 and 2019, respectively), more grain yield (6349 and 6514 kg ha-1in 2018 and 2019, respectively) and stover yield (8259 and 8460 kg ha-1 in 2018 and 2019, respectively) over 75% RDN + 25% N through poultry
      manure, 75% RDN + 25% N through neem cake, 75 % RDN + Azotobacter @ 2.5 kg ha-1 + Azospirillum @ 2.5 kg ha-1, 75% RDNÂ + Azospirillum @ 5 kg ha-1, 75% RDN + Azotobacter @ 5 kg ha-1. While, it is comparable with 100 % RDF, 75 % RDN + 25% NÂ through FYM and 75 % RDN + 25% N through sheep manure.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • FACTORS INFLUENCING THE MANAGERIAL ABILITY OF FARMERS WITH REFERENCE TO
           MARKET LED EXTENSION IN TELANGANA

    • Authors: T.V. KUMAR; M. SREENIVASULU, V. SUDHA RANI, G.E.CH. VIDYA SAGAR D. SRINIVASA CHARY
      Abstract: A research study was conducted to identify the factors influencing the managerial ability and obtain their strategic suggestions for enhancing the market led extension activities. Expost facto research design was followed and selected 140 respondents by multistage random sampling method. Unavailability of inputs at right time (95.71%) was major technical factor
      influencing the managerial ability of farmers followed by lack of adequate extension support and technical guidance in recommended practices (93.57%). Regarding Economic factors high cost of labour during harvesting (97.14%) was ranked first followed by High cost of plant protection chemicals, fertilizers and manures (94.28%) was second major influencing factor. Under the Market factors, Higher market price fluctuations/ non-remunerative prices/ less profit due to low market price (97.145) was ranked first followed by Lack of minimum physical facilities /market infrastructure facilities at APMC (94.28%) was ranked second. Regarding
      environmental factors ‘Highly fluctuating weather conditions /loss of produce due to climate change or heavy rains (97.86%) was ranked first followed by ‘Attack by insects and pests/ heavy incidence of diseases/heavy incidence of storage grain pest’ (90.005) was ranked second. Major suggestions expressed by the farmers were ensure timely availability and adequate quantity of quality inputs by the Government, fix the minimum labor charges by the government or provide Agricultural machinery on subsidy basis so that labour problem can be minimized, Government should establish the cold storages besides the APMCs so when the price was low he can store his crop produce or provide pledge finance on crop produce to the farmers and Claiming of crop insurance should be easier due in natural calamity.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • EFFECT OF SOLVENT EXTRACTED KARANJ CAKE WITH ENZYMES AND LIVER TONIC
           SUPPLEMENTATION ON PERFORMANCE, NUTRIENT DIGESTIBILITY AND ECONOMICS OF
           BROILER CHICKEN

    • Authors: DAIDA KRISHNA; V. RAVINDER REDDY, V. CHINNI PREETHAM, M.V.L.N. RAJU SRINIVAS GURRAM
      Abstract: An experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary inclusion of solvent extracted karanj cake (SKC) and iso propyl alcohol (IPA) treated SKC supplemented with protease (4000 U/kg), phytase (400 U/kg) and liver tonic (0.1%) on performance, nutrient digestibility and returns over feed cost in broiler chickens. The inclusion of control and karanj cake were
      included in diets on isocaloric and isonitrogenous basis at graded (6%) level making 12 treatments (T1 to T12). A total of 360 dayold commercial broiler chicks, which were distributed in a randomized block design into 12 groups with 6 replicates of 5 chicks each. The chicks were housed in battery brooders and fed experimental diets from 1 to 42 days of age. The results revealed that inclusion of IPA treated karanj cake and SKC at 6% level treated with enzymes and liver tonic supplementation significantly did not
      improve the body weight gain, feed intake and feed conversion ratio compared to control groups. The percent retention of dry matter and crude protein were significantly (P<0.05) higher in control group compared with 6% SKC and IPA treated karanj cake with enzymes or liver tonic supplementation at 6th week of age. Mortality on karanj cake diets was within the limits. The 6% IPA treated karanj cake & SKC of the dietary treatments with or without supplementation of enzymes and liver tonic recorded returns over feed cost was lower compared to control. It can be concluded that, supplementation of enzymes / liver tonic could not alleviate
      the toxic effects of solvent extracted karanj cake or IPA treated karanj cake at 6% level in the diet.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • INCIDENCE OF CHILLI LEAF CURL COMPLEX DISEASE IN MAJOR CHILLI GROWING
           AREAS OF TELANGANA

    • Authors: N. YAMINI SOUSHEEL; BHARATI N BHAT, G. UMA DEVI, K.N. YAMINI G. SRIDEVI
      Abstract: Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the most valued cash crops of India. It is a common and widely cultivated spices crop almost all over the world. The
      chilli fruits are small in size and known for their sharp acidic flavour, pungency and colour. The major chilli producing states in India are Andhra Pradesh,
      Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Madhya Pradesh. In 2019-20, Telangana occupied second position in chilli in area, production and productivity i.e.,
      2.98 lakh acres, production 3.06 lakh metric tonnes and productivity 1545 Kg per acre respectively. The major chilli growing districts are Khammam, Mahabubabad, Gadwal, Suryapet and Warangal (Rural) in Telangana. During 2020-21, 1.91 lakh acres was covered under chilli crop (Chilli Outlook, 2020).
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • INTERACTIVE EFFECTS OF WATER AND NITROGEN STRESS ON BIOMASS ACCUMULATION,
           NITROGEN UPTAKE AND SEED YIELD OF MAIZE

    • Authors: M. ARUNA; B. BALAJI NAIK, G. SREENIVAS, K.K. CHOUDARY M. SHANKARAIAH
      Abstract: Maize is a multi-faceted crop used as food, feed and industrial crop globally. It is grown throughout the world, with the United States, China, and Brazil
      being the top three maize producing countries in the world, producing approximately 563 of the 717 million tons/year (Ranum et al., 2019). Water and nitrogen are the most important factors which play a major role
      in better growth and yield of maize (Hammad et al.,2011). Maize crop growth is affected by different stresses viz., deficit irrigation, pest, weed, nutrients, etc., which reduce the productivity. Water stress occurring at different crop developmental stages could potentially limit biomass accumulation and consequently reduce grain yield of the maize crop. The
      interactive effects of water and nitrogen shows an impact on morphological, physiological and yield attributes of maize. Ramachandiran and Pazhanivelan, (2015) stated that, owing to the increased frequency
      of irrigation along with a higher dose of nitrogen application leading to increased nutrient uptake, higher photosynthetic rate leading to higher plant height, LAI and dry matter production. Whereas, when maize grown under conditions of limited water supply requires less nitrogen to achieve the maximum grain yield than that required with well water supply (Moser et al., 2006). Optimization of nitrogen dose based on availability of soil moisture and crop response is need of hour. Hence this investigation was designed to study the yield response of maize crop under differential water and nitrogen levels to optimize the nitrogen use based on availability of water for irrigation in maize crop.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • EXTENT AND INTENSITY OF RURAL INDEBTEDNESS IN WARANGAL (RURAL) DISTRICT OF
           TELANGANA STATE: INSIGHTS FROM A FIELD STUDY

    • Authors: CH. SHOURI KIRAN; T. LAVANYA ALDAS JANAIAH
      Abstract: The rural sector plays an important role in the Telangana economy. Nearly two-thirds of the Telangana population lives in rural areas, whose primary occupation is agriculture and allied sectors. The rural sector however is facing serious challenges such as increasing agrarian distress, rural and urban migration, shrinking non-farm employment, etc. As a result, rural distress is becoming a great challenge for future Telangana. Poverty is perhaps a major cause of rural indebtedness. The low level of rural incomes,
      the uncertain and primitive farming of small landholdings, make it impossible to meet the needs required for their living. It is reported that about 70 percent of India’s 90 million farmers spend more than they earn on average each month (Saha, 2017). Similarly, in Telangana state
      about 84 per cent of farm households spend more than their monthly income (NSSO, 2013). Often, rural people borrow to bridge this gap between meeting their farm and non-farm needs.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • SCREENING OF GERMPLASM LINES AGAINST SAFFLOWER WILT CAUSED BY FUSARIUM
           OXYSPORUM F. SP. CARTHAMI

    • Authors: M. RAJENDRAPRASAD; B. VIDYA SAGAR, G. UMA DEVI, C. NARENDRA REDDY S.TRIVENI
      Abstract: Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) occupies prominent place in the agricultural wealth and economy of India. It belongs to family Compositae and believes
      to be native of Afghanistan. The word Carthamus is arabic word quartum (means the colour of dye obtained from florets). It is described as “Kusumbha” in ancient Sanskrit literature. Other Indian names, like Kusum, Karrad (Hindi), Kusumpuli (Bengali), Kusumbo (Gujrathi), Kardi, Kurdi (Marathi), Sendurakam (Tamil), Kusuma (Telgu), Kusube, Kusume (Kannada), Kusumba (Punjabi) seem to have been derived from “Kusumbha”. Present the most common name being “Kusum” or “Kardi”. It is a rich source of proteins and edible oil and so many farmers plant it.
      PubDate: 2022-04-11
      Issue No: Vol. 49, No. 4 (2022)
       
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
 


Your IP address: 44.200.175.255
 
Home (Search)
API
About JournalTOCs
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-