Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Economic Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Economic and Industrial Democracy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Economic Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Economic Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Economics of Disasters and Climate Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Egyptian Journal of Biological Pest Control     Open Access  
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Empirical Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Encuentro     Open Access  
Energy Nexus     Open Access  
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Environment and Development Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Eppo Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ethiopian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Ethiopian Journal of Sciences and Sustainable Development     Open Access  
Ethology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
EU Agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Euphytica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Eurochoices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Agronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
European Journal of American Culture     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Health Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Journal of Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
European Review of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Farm Engineering and Automation Technology Journal     Open Access  
Fave : Sección ciencias agrarias     Open Access  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Florea : Jurnal Biologi dan Pembelajarannya     Open Access  
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Folia Oecologica     Open Access  
Food and Agricultural Immunology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Ecological Systems Modelling Journal     Open Access  
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Economics - Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Forest@ : Journal of Silviculture and Forest Ecology     Open Access  
Forestry Chronicle     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Fronteiras : Journal of Social, Technological and Environmental Science     Open Access  
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Fundamental and Applied Agriculture     Open Access  
Future Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Gema Agro     Open Access  
Geoderma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Global Approaches to Extension Practice : A Journal of Agricultural Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Biology, Agriculture & Health Sciences     Open Access  
Gontor Agrotech Science Journal     Open Access  
Hacquetia     Open Access  
Health Economics, Policy and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Heliyon     Open Access  
Hereditas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Horticultural Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
IDESIA : Revista de Agricultura en Zonas Áridas     Open Access  
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Extension Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge (IJTK)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Information Processing in Agriculture     Open Access  
Innovare Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovations in Agriculture     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
International Advances in Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Dairy Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Agricultural Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Life Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Dairy Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Fruit Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Green Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Hydrology Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Intercultural Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Pest Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Postharvest Technology and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite     Open Access  
International Journal of Social Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of the Economics of Business     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal on Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources : IJ-FANRES     Open Access  
International Letters of Natural Sciences     Open Access  
International Multidisciplinary Research Journal     Open Access  
International Review of Applied Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Review of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Scientific Journal of Engineering and Technology (ISJET)     Open Access  
Invertebrate Reproduction & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Irrigation and Drainage     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Irrigation Australia: The Official Journal of Irrigation Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal (Australian Native Plants Society. Canberra Region)     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal für Kulturpflanzen     Open Access  
Journal of Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agrarian Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural & Food Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Agricultural and Marine Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Meteorology     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Production     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Research and Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural, Biological & Environmental Statistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Research     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Agromedicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Anatolian Environmental and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Animal Science and Products     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Science, Biology and Bioeconomy     Open Access  
Journal of Apicultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Communications     Open Access  
Journal of Applied Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 211)
Journal of Arid Land     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biosystems Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Cereal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Cereal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Citrus Pathology     Open Access  
Journal of Competition Law and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Cotton Research     Open Access  
Journal of Dairy Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economic Surveys     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Environmental and Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B: Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Extension Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Family and Economic Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Security and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Horticultural Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Horticultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Horticulture and Postharvest Research     Open Access  
Journal of Industrial Hemp     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Integrative Agriculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Kerbala for Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Land and Rural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Modern Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Natural Resources and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Journal Cover
Indian Journal of Horticulture
Number of Followers: 4  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0972-8538 - ISSN (Online) 0974-0112
Published by Indian Council of Agricultural Research Homepage  [6 journals]
  • Utilization of banana peel for pectinase enzyme production –
           Mohammad Sadiq, Anju Kumari, Rehema Joshua, Rakesh Kumar and Kritika Rawat
           

    • Authors: Anju Kumari
      Abstract: Banana peel, a fruit waste rich in pectin and other nutrients was utilized in the present study for production of industrially important pectinase enzyme. Banana peel powder as a sole source of carbon has been successfully exploited to grow Aspergilus niger (MTCC 281) under solid state fermentation (SSF). Effect of quantity of nutrients, pH, temperature and dilution level was studied on pectinase production. The optimization of the conditions for production of strains and enzymes is necessary for the proper use of agricultural waste and attains sustainability of the bioprocess. Maximum pectinase activity of 8.12U/ml was observed at 1:3 dilution levels, pH 5 and 3% of 108 spores/ml inoculums size at 40°C with 120 hrs of incubation time. The current study addresses the optimization of different cultural conditions for A. niger to maximize the production of pectinase with cheap and readily available banana peeling waste.
      PubDate: 2024-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2024)
       
  • Genetic diversity of pomegranate genotypes for important horticultural
           traits – Himanshu Pandey, Rajnish Sharma, Dinesh Singh Thakur and
           Rajesh Kumar Dogra

    • Authors: Rajnish Sharma
      Abstract: In the present study, genetic relatedness based on 12 phenotypic traits was accessed among 60 pomegranate genotypes which represented 20 indigenous and 40 exotic types. Per se performance was measured for different traits like plant height, number of branches, thorn length, rind thickness, fruit weight, fruit length and fruit breath, etc. The phenotypic correlation coefficients were found higher in magnitude than genotypic correlation coefficients. Using principal component analysis, the first principal component (PC1) explained 28.73% of the total variance that mainly consisted of fruit breadth, fruit length and fruit weight predominantly while, PC2 explained 21.28% variability that mainly included plant height and number of branches and fruit length upto some extent. Further, PC3 and PC4 showed remaining 15.16% and 11.48% , respectively for traits like, thorn length, number of stem and rind thickness. Phylogenetic tree constructed on the basis of phenotypic characteristics by applying Squared Euclidean Distance and group average clustering method showed two diverse groups but partially divided the genotypes on the basis of their type into two major groups or clusters. The present results could be further utilized for screening parents for a particular trait in future breeding programs.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Race-specific host-plant resistance against black rot (Xanthomonas
           campestris pv. campestris) in alien Brassicas – Brij Bihari Sharma,
           Pritam Kalia, Shrawan Singh, Dinesh Singh and Bhopal Singh Tomar

    • Authors: Brij Bihari Sharma
      Abstract: Black rot disease (Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Pam.) Dowson, Xcc) is one of the most devastating disease in cauliflower worldwide. Potential reservoirs for black rot resistance in alien Brassicas (A and B genomes) was taken due to availability of limited resistant germplasm for black rot disease in Brassica oleracea (C genome). Total 26 accessions of Brassica species were screened against Xcc race 1, 4 and 6 during three consecutive years viz., 2015, 2016 and 2017 under artificial inoculation conditions. One accession of B. carinata, and B. napus, two accessions of B. juncea and all accessions of B. nigra were highly resistant against Xcc race 1, 4 and 6 except SRB-98 (moderate resistance). Cauliflower varieties/lines viz., Pusa Meghna, DC 41-5 and Pusa Sharad were highly susceptible against Xcc races 1, 4 and 6. On the basis of higher homoeology between A and C sub-genome, a new resistant source BN-2-1 of B. napus was identified which will be useful to develop black rot resistant genetic stock with cauliflower through pre-breeding techniques such as in vitro embryo rescue and or somatic hybridization.Â
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Morphological characterization of floral traits to predict ideal stage for
           haploid production in bell pepper – K. P. Sahana, Khushboo Singh,
           Arpita Srivastava, Anil Khar, Neelu Jain, P.K. Jain, D. Vijay, Hemlata
           Bharti, A. K. Singh and Manisha Mangal

    • Authors: Manisha Mangal
      Abstract: Double haploid (DH) breeding not only helps in shortening the breeding cycle, also in fastening the release of homozygous inbred lines with superior and desirable traits. In vitro microspore culture is the fastest approach for the production of haploid plantlets. The key parameter for success of the haploid production in any crop species is the stage of microspore or pollens at the time of culture as it decides the fate of cultured anthers/ pollens. Therefore an easy, precise, fast, and reliable criterion to identify flower buds carrying microspores or pollen at particular stages are essential. In the present investigation, we developed easiest and accurate criterion to correlate visible, measurable traits of bud and anther development with individual stages of microsporogenesis in two sweet pepper F1 hybrids (Orobelle and Bomby). Anthers containing microspores at late uninucleate to early binucleate stage are optimal for induction of androgenesis in wide range of crop species. Anther containing uninucleate pollens were observed in flower buds with an average size of 5.39 mm in Orobelle and 4.8mm in Bomby, average anther length of 2.75 mm in Orobelle and 2.71mm in Bomby and corolla was slightly longer than that of the calyx in both the hybrids. Anthers were without any purple pigmentation in Orobelle and slight /no pigmentation at the top of the anther sac end in Bomby.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Variations in physico-chemical traits of tamarind genotypes –
           Rajender Kumar, A. L. Palande, V. R. Joshi, S. S. Kulkarni, P.D. Dalve and
           S. M. Choudhary

    • Authors: Rajender Kumar
      Abstract: Variability analysis was performed to investigate the yield and fruit quality of twenty different tamarind genotypes. The genotypes RHRTG 10, RHRTG 11 and RHRTG 14 were suitable for table purposes because of their less acidity and high TSS and pulp contents. Besides, RHRTG 20 (9.85%), RHRTG 4 (9.75%) and RHRHG 5 (9.30%) were found highly suitable for culinary purposes because of their high titratable acid content. Because of very high acid content, RHRTH 16 (11.18%) was fit for confectionery uses. The genotypes RHRTG 4 (5.81 Kg/m3 ), RHRTG 15 (5.09 Kg/m3 ) and RHRTG 16 (4.75 Kg/m3 ) proved most productive. Genotypes having high yield efficiency can be utilized in high-density planting because of their lesser canopy volume and more yield per unit of canopy volume.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Genetic diversity of Ambri apple variants of Jammu region in India
           â€“ Koushalya Devi, Kiran Kour, Parshant Bakshi, B.C Sharma, Manmohan
           Sharma and B. K. Sinha

    • Authors: Koushalya Devi
      Abstract: The distinct germplasm of any crop species constitute an important genetic resource for extracting genes or alleles, necessary to meet future nutritional and disease resistance needs. In the present study, a total of 29 SSR markers were used to interpret genetic diversity among fifty Ambri apple variants of Jammu region, wherein polymorphic information content (PIC), polymorphic percentage and number of allele per locus were calculated. A total of 54 alleles were amplified by 17 polymorphic SSR loci, and the number of alleles ranged from 3 to 10 with an average of 5.35 alleles per locus. The mean PIC value for all loci was 0.64. The highest polymorphic percentage (62.50) was observed in primer CH04g10, it was lowest (14.20) in primer CH03d12. Jaccard’s similarity coefficient among Ambri apple variants ranged from 0.14 to 0.74, which indicated a broad genetic base. The cluster dendrogram partitioned the cultivars into two main clusters. Of the 50 collected variants, a wide range of diversity was observed in respect of fruit weight (158.21 to 292.23 g),fruit length (4.35 to 6.37 cm), fruit width (4.62 to 7.62 cm), TSS (13 to 15.91°Brix), titratable acidity (0.30 to 1.7 per cent) and ascorbic acid (2.10 to 4.80 mg/100g) content. The highest coefficient of variation was observed in titratable acidity (44.31 per cent).Of the selected population, two variants SKJAD-29 and SKJAD-30 proved promising for commercial cultivation.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Influence of phosphorous and potassium nutrition on growth, yield and
           fruit quality of Gala Mast apple – Iqra Fayaz, Umar Iqbal, Amit
           Kumar, M. Maqbool Mir, Irfan Bisati and M. H. Chesti

    • Authors: Umar Iqbal
      Abstract: Present study was conducted at the experimental field of Division of Fruit Science, SKUAST-Kashmir, Shalimar Campus, Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir) on four-year-old Gala Mast apple grafted on MM106 rootstock under high density plantation (3m × 3m) to standardize the optimum dose of phosphorous and potassium. Sixteen treatment combinations consisting of four levels each of phosphorous (25 g, 50 g, 75 g and 100 g/tree) and potassium (150 g, 200 g, 250 g and 300 g/tree) were tested. Maximum increase in tree height (55.89 cm), tree girth (2.31 cm), annual shoot extension (47.13 cm), leaf area (42.00 cm2 ), fruit length (6.52 cm), fruit diameter (7.31 cm), fruit weight (168.26 g), fruit volume (185.48 cm3 ), yield (6.85 kg/tree), total soluble solids (15.85oB), total sugars (13.17 %), ascorbic acid (5.89 mg/100 g) and anthocyanin content (9.27 mg/100 g) were observed with the application of phosphorous @ 100 g + potassium @ 300 g. Highest fruit firmness (9.81 kg/cm2 ) was recorded when phosphorous @ 100 g + potassium @ 150 g was applied, whereas minimum acidity (0.197 %) and maximum TSS/acid (76.47) ratio was recorded with the application of phosphorous @ 25 g + potassium @ 300 g. Therefore, it can be concluded that phosphorous @ 100 g/tree in combination with potassium @ 300 g/tree proved to be most economical and effective in improving growth, yield and quality of apple cv. Gala Mast.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Influence of soil agro-techniques and rootstock on management of apple
           replant diseases – D.P. Sharma, Niranjan Singh and K.K. Thakur

    • Authors: Niranjan Singh
      Abstract: The replant problem has shown symptoms of declining productivity and longevity of apple orchards in several apple growing areas of Himachal Pradesh. Due to limited land and choice of crops for smaller microclimatic niches and incomparable economic equivalence of other fruits with apple, orchardists are compelled to replant old apple orchard sites with apple only. Therefore, standardization of suitable agrotechniques to combat the replant problem in apple for better field survival rate and productivity under replant conditions for the sustainability of the apple industry in the state and another part of the country is necessary. The present investigation was carried out using 20 soil agro-techniques combinations, comprising of four apple rootstocks viz., seedling, Merton 793, MM.111 and M.7 and five different soil agro-techniques namely soil fumigation, PGPR, biocontrol, combined (Soil fumigation + PGPR + Biocontrol) and control with three replications. The data revealed that Merton 793 rootstock improved the plant growth and vigour parameters, soil enzymatic activities, and microbial counts. Among the soil agro-techniques, the similar results were recorded in case of combined soil agro-technique. The interaction between rootstocks and soil agro-techniques revealed that combinations of Merton 793 × combined technique excelled in respect for growth and vigour traits, soil enzymatic activities and bacterial, fungal, and actinomycetes counts over other combinations under replant situation.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Comparative evaluation of grafting and budding methods in jackfruit
           â€“ Ravi Kumar, Pratibha, Ratna Rai and Pradyot Nalini

    • Authors: Ratna Rai
      Abstract: Inarching is the most widely practised vegetative method of propagation for multiplication of jackfruit in tarai region, but the method is cumbersome, and produces less number of plants from a single mother plant. Therefore, the present experiment was conducted to find out other alternative method for commercial propagation of jackfruit. The study was conducted for twelve months with five methods of propagation viz., inarching, wedge grafting, veneer grafting, patch budding and ring budding. for the earliest bud sprouting (18.08 days) with highest survival (74.38%), number of leaves (14.21) and girth of new growth (5.93 mm) were recorded with wedge grafting performed in the month of March. The highest number of primary branches (3.47) and length of primary root (15.36 cm) and secondary roots (32.84 cm) were obtained in plants multiplied through inarching in July. Maximum length of new growth (14.49 cm) at 90 days after fraftong (DAG) was observed in wedge grafting performed in April. Based on the results, wedge grafting has been found most appropriate propagation method to perform from December to April (best in March) under tarai conditions of Uttarakhand. Therefore, wedge grafting can be practised as an effective alternative method for jackfruit propagation instead of traditional inarching as the highest proportion of saleable grafted plants (77.56%) were also obtained through wedge grafting at 150 DAG.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Response of micro-nutrients on yield, fruit quality and nutrient status of
           mango cv. Dashehari – Dinesh Kumar, G. Pandey, K. K. Srivastava and
           V. K. Singh

    • Authors: Dinesh Kumar
      Abstract: A field experiment was conducted during 2016-2020 to assess the response of micro-nutrients on 16 years old uniform trees of mango cv. Dashehari. Long term experimental results indicated that maximum mean flowering intensity (55.88%) and yield efficiency (0.52 kg/m3 ) were recorded in T6 ( RDF + 100g Zinc Sulphate + 50g Copper Sulphate + 50 g Borax- soil application in basin after harvest + foliar spray of 0.2% zinc sulphate +0.1% Boric acid - 2 spray just before flowering and marble stage) treatment. The highest mean number of fruits (194.79 /tree), fruit weight (250.15 g), fruit size (11.92 cm × 6.30 cm), and fruit yield (15.35 t/ha) and soil nutrient contents namely zinc (0.65 mg/kg), copper (0.54 mg/kg), manganese (3.92 mg/kg), iron (5.35 mg/kg) and boron (0.56 mg/kg) were noticed in treatment T7 ( RDF + 100g Zinc sulphate + 50g Copper sulphate + 50 g Borax through soil application in basin after harvest + foliar spray of 0.2% Zinc sulphate + 0.1% copper sulphate + 0.1% Boric acid through 2 sprays just before flowering and marble stage). Similarly, the foliar contents of zinc (22.94 ppm), manganese (248.23 ppm) and boron (34.21 ppm) were also recorded maximum in treatment T7 in mango cultivar Dashehari.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Nutrient management for quality seed production of broccoli in Assam
           â€“ Pratiksha Gogoi, Meghali Barua, Purna K. Barua, Sailen Gogoi,
           Nilay Borah

    • Authors: Pratiksha Gogoi
      Abstract: The experiment was conducted during 2018-19 to evaluate the effect of different levels of nitrogen (80, 100, 120 kg/ha), potassium (60, 80 kg/ha) and method of nitrogen application (applied in 2 and 3 splits) on the seed quality and yield of broccoli variety ‘Pusa Broccoli KTS-1’ in Assam condition having high sub-tropical humid with hot summer and cold winter. In two splits, 50% nitrogen was applied as basal and rest at 40 days after transplanting, and in three splits, 50% was applied as basal, 25% at 30 DAT and rest at flower initiation stage. The control included application of FYM only. The treatments significantly affected various crop growth and seed quality parameters viz., plant height; canopy spread; leaf length, width and chlorophyll content; head diameter; days to heading, flowering and seed maturity; number of siliquas/plants; number of seeds/siliqua; seed yield/plant; leaf NPK content; seed test weight; mean germination time, germination index and percent, seed vigour index-I and II, fresh and dry weight of seedling. High dose of nitrogen (120 kg/ha), potassium (80 kg/ha) and 3 split dosages of nitrogen application significantly enhanced various crop growth, seed yield and germination parameters, at the same time they reduced the time taken for heading, flowering and seed maturity. Higher dose resulted in higher leaf N, K and chlorophyll content that were again positively associated with plant growth and seed yield.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • System approach in rainfed mango for sustainable productivity,
           profitability and livelihood security – B. L. Manjunath, R. H.
           Laxman, M. S. Puneeth Raj and Karnam Veeresha

    • Authors: B. L. Manjunath
      Abstract: Results of field trial for four years to standardize an integrated farming system revealed that harvesting rain water and intercropping can be profitably practiced under rainfed mango. Mango + sweet corn intercropping + dairy system gave significantly higher system productivity (15,303 kg/ha/year), net returns (₹ 2,61,870/ha/ year) and benefit cost ratio (2.43) followed by mango + pigeonpea (13,062 kg/ha/year, ₹ 233 x 103 /ha/year and 2.40, respectively). The economics of dairy (two milch cows) integration showed an average milk production of 9.7 litres/day/cow leading to regular returns. There was a reduction in cost of maintenance of dairy due to on farm generated fodder resources in the system approach. With intercropping the organic carbon content accumulated in mango basin (0.54 % to 1.28 %) although in the interspace, the differences were non-significant. Further, with intercropping the yield of mango increased from 20.7 kg/plant upto 66.6 kg/plant over four years. The total net returns were increased from ₹ 41,800/ha /year from monocropping of mango to ₹ 261.87 x 103 /ha /year by following integrated farming systems. Further, the system approach resulted in periodical returns to the family, with the distribution of income spreading out from a mere three months to all the twelve months in the year with a minimum of ₹ 6,520/month to a maximum of ₹ 22,750/month thereby suggesting the sustainable livelihood opportunity for the dependent farm family.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Studies on novel method of propagation in guava through leaves – R.
           Neelavathi, P. Sridhar, C. Indu Rani and L. Pugalendhi

    • Authors: R. Neelavathi
      Abstract: In the present study, an attempt on the propagation of Lucknow 49 guava was made during 2020-21 through leaves. The tender, just matured leaves (3rd leaf from shoot tip) and matured leaves (4th leaf from shoot tip) were collected, and the petiole portion of the leaves were dipped in 1,000 and 2,000 ppm of Indole-3-butyric acid (IBA) for 1 and 2 minutes, thereafter the treated guava leaves were planted in 50 cavity (4.5 cm top diameter, 3.2 cm bottom diameter, 4 cm depth, 50 ml capacity) protrays containing well decomposed cocopeat (pH-6.7, EC- 0.5 mS/cm, nitrogen - 0.36 %, phosphorus - 0.75 %, potassium - 1.13 %) mixed with Pseudomonas fluorescens and Trichoderma viride and kept under 50 % shade net. The leaf age and concentration of IBA exerted a significant effect on rooting, shoot formation and survival of plants propagated through leaf. Just matured leaves dipped in 2,000 ppm IBA for 1 minute (T11) was found best for rooting (35.17 days) in guava leaves, rooting percentage (78.67%), root length (21.67 cm), number of roots/leaf (34.83), time taken for shoot formation (65.33 days), shoot length (12.77 cm) and survival percentage (80.56) of leaf propagated plants. If guava leaf propagated plants are similar in terms of growth and yield to other vegetative propagated plants, leaf propagation will be a novel, easy, innovative and best method of mass multiplication to escape from guava root knot nematode, Meloidogyne enterolobii.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Phytochemical screening for antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of
           periwinkle – Manish Kapoor, Jyoti Rani, Ajit Kumar and Sanchita
           Ghosh

    • Authors: Manish Kapoor
      Abstract: To perform preliminary phytochemical screening, investigated total flavonoids, phenolic, antioxidant and to evaluate antimicrobial potential of Catharanthus roseus, chemical composition of the various crude extracts from the leaves was determined by GC-MS analysis. The dried leaves of C. roseus were powdered and subjected to extraction using three different solvents. All prepared extracts were then subjected to detect flavonoid and phenolic contents as per Folin-Ciocalteu and aluminium chloride methods, respectively. Various assays like SOD, POD, CAT, ABTS and DPPH were used to analyse in vitro antioxidant activity. All plant extracts were further used to determine antimicrobial activity against five selected bacterial strains. Each of extract was subjected further to GC-MS. Preliminary phytochemical analysis showed that the maximum phytoconstituents were found in methanolic extract. The lowest IC50 value was exhibited by methanolic extract followed by ethanolic extract. The activity levels of antioxidant enzymes of the plant extracts were found to be satisfactory. The antimicrobial potential of the plant extracts was found to be positively correlated with the total phenolics and flavonoid contents. Fifteen different phytoconstituents in methanolic extract, seven in ethanolic extract, while minimum five compounds were identified in the petroleum ether extract by GC-MS. Some of these compounds are known to possess antimicrobial and antioxidant properties.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Use of salicylic acid for alleviation of chilling injury and quality
           assurance of guava fruits during storage – Janagam Venu Madhav,
           Shruti Sethi, R.R. Sharma, A. Nagaraja and Eldho Varghese

    • Authors: Shruti Sethi
      Abstract: Efficacy of salicylic acid to alleviate chilling injury and its role in maintenance of quality of guava fruit was studied. Fruits of guava cv. Allahabad Safeda were subjected to salicylic acid (SA) and 5-sulfosalicylic acid (SSA) treatments @ 1 mM and 2 mM and stored at 5oC for 12 days. Post-cold storage, fruits were transferred to supermarket conditions for a 3 day shelf life simulation period. Observations were taken at an interval of 3+3 days (3 days at 5oC followed by 3 days at supermarket conditions) up to 12+3 days. Our results revealed that fruits treated with SSA or SA @ 2 mM showed significantly low weight loss, chilling injury, malondialdehyde content and an increased activity of phenylalanine ammonia-lyase. The treatments also delayed yellowing of fruit skin and respiratory peak. SSA and SA treatments helped to maintain approximately 40% higher firmness compared to control fruits. SSA and SSA treatment also retarded the loss in total antioxidant capacity and maintained the fruit quality during storage.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Development of jamun-bael blended fruit cheese as a functional food
           â€“ Garima Yadav, Monika Sood, Neeraj Gupta and J. D. Bandral

    • Authors: Monika Sood
      Abstract: A highly nutritious fruit cheese as functional food was developed with blending of jamun and bael fruits. The blended fruit cheese was analyzed for its bioactive components and sensory quality during storage under ambient conditions. Total phenols, antioxidant activity, vitamin C and anthocyanin content in jamun-bael blended cheese increased with the incorporation of jamun pulp from 9.25 to 189.42 mg/100 g, 37.31 to 69.18 %, 1.65 to 6.24 mg/100 g and 9.98 to 49.37 mg/100 g , respectively. However, the carotenoid content improved with the addition of bael pulp from 8.26 to 32.77 mg/100 g. Sensory evaluation of jamun-bael blended fruit cheese showed that the blend having 40:60::Jamun:Bael scored the best values among all the treatments with respect to colour, taste, flavour and mouthfeel. It was observed that the organoleptic properties of the blended product was more appealing compared to the treatments with single fruit.
      PubDate: 2021-12-31
      Issue No: Vol. 78, No. 4 (2021)
       
 
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