Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
aBIOTECH : An International Journal on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta agriculturae Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Agronomica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Agronomica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Aquatica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Technica Agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Agriculture & Botanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agribusiness : an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Agric     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultura     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultural & Environmental Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agricultural Economics : The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
AGRIEAST : Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AgriEngineering     Open Access  
Agrinova (Agrotechnology Innovation)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriprobe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrisost     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agritech     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGRITROPICA : Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access  
Agro Sur     Open Access  
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agroecological journal     Open Access  
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agronomía & Ambiente     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomía Tropical     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agronomy Science     Open Access  
Agrosains : Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi     Open Access  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Agrosintesa Jurnal Ilmu Budidaya Pertanian     Open Access  
Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agrotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Agrotekma : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Ilmu Pertanian     Open Access  
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences     Open Access  
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal - Open Space     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Microbiome     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Arid Zone     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Applied Financial Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aquacultura Indonesiana     Open Access  
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access  
Asian Research Journal of Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Agronomy Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Berichte aus dem Julius Kühn-Institut     Open Access  
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BHUMI : Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan     Open Access  
Bioagro     Open Access  
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biochar     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
BIOFIX Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biosystems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Botanica Orientalis : Journal of Plant Science     Open Access  
British Poultry Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CABI Agriculture and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Cahiers Agricultures     Open Access  
California Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Caraka Tani : Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Ceiba     Open Access  
Central European Forestry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ceylon Journal of Science     Open Access  
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Investigación Agraria     Open Access  
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Compost Science & Utilization     Hybrid Journal  
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
CSA News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Cultura Agronômica : Revista de Ciências Agronômicas     Open Access  
Cultural Geographies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cultural Studies - Critical Methodologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cultural Studies of Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Agricultural Science and Technology     Open Access  
Current Agriculture Research Journal     Open Access  
Current Applied Science and Technology     Open Access  
Current Protocols in Plant Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Dinamika Pertanian     Open Access  
Dissertationen aus dem Julius Kühn-Institut     Open Access  
Dossiers Agraris     Open Access  
E-Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (Journal of Tropical Agroecotechnology)     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 135)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Archiva Zootehnica
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1016-4855 - ISSN (Online) 2344-4592
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Herbal Plants as Feed Additives in Broiler Chicken Diets

    • Abstract: This study evaluated the effect of some herbal plants as natural feed additives on broiler production parameters, carcass parts, and breast meat quality. A total of 150 broiler chicks, Cobb 500 hybrid, were allocated to five treatments with 30 broilers /group, for 42 days. The experimental treatments were: Control (C); a diet containing 5% alfalfa meal (A); a diet containing 5% alfalfa meal and 1% basil (AB); a diet containing 5% alfalfa and 1% thyme (AT) and a diet containing 5% alfalfa and 1% sage (AS). Bodyweight was significantly (P<0.05) affected in AS group compared with C and A groups. Feed conversion ratio was significantly higher only in A and AB groups. Experimental groups had significantly greater (P<0.05) gizzard weight. The total polyphenols content and the antioxidant capacity were significantly (P<0.05) higher in AB, AT, and AS groups versus the C group. The cholesterol concentration was significantly (P<0.05) decreased in AB, AT, and AS meat samples compared with C and A samples. Instrumental colour measurements indicated significant alterations (P<0.05) among the groups regarding the values of L*, a*, b*, H°, C*, and ΔE*. The texture analysis showed that hardness, gumminess, and chewiness were significantly (P<0.05) higher in AB, AT, and AS groups than in C and A groups.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluation of the Effect of Synbiotic in Piglets’ Diet on the
           Nutritional Quality of Pork

    • Abstract: The purpose of the study was to increase the nutritional quality of pork, and to investigate the effect of the synbiotic on the oxidative stability of lipid. A 4 weeks experiment was performed on 8 weaned piglets (age 47 days, TOPIGS), divided into 2 groups (C, E). The control group (C) received a conventional diet, while the experimental group (E) included a diet supplemented with organic Zn and 10 g/kg synbiotic mixture. The productive parameters were evaluated. After slaughtered, muscle (tenderloin, shoulder, loin, ham and belly) and organs samples (liver, spleen and kidney) were collected. The muscle and organs samples were analysed regarding the proximate chemical analysis (dry matter, crude protein, crude fat, and ash). The antioxidant capacity and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were performed on shoulder and ham samples at first day of the trial, 4 and 7 days after refrigeration. The crude fat determined in the loin samples, recorded a significant increase in the E group compared to the C group. The ash was higher in the shoulder samples from C group than in E group. At 7 days of refrigeration, the MDA concentration was significantly lower in the shoulder and ham samples from E group than those from C group. The conclusion was that the diet supplemented with organic Zn and 10 g/kg synbiotic mixture contributed to the delay of the lipid oxidation process of the shoulder and ham samples during the refrigeration period.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Nitrous Oxide Prediction in Manure from Pigs Given Mustard x Grapeseed Oil
           Cakes as a Replacement for Sunflower Meal

    • Abstract: During the last century, the emission of nitrous oxide (N2O) from the livestock sector increased significantly. N2O is a greenhouse gas with 298-fold higher global warming potential (GWP) than CO2. Pigs accounted for about 26% of N2O emissions. The formation of N2O occurs through nitrification and denitrification processes in manure. This study aimed to estimate N2O production in the manure of growing-finishing pigs by using our experimental data in the model. The associative effects of dietary mustard and grapeseed oil cakes (MxG), as an alternative for sunflower meal (SFM), on performance and efficiency traits were also determined. Forty growing-finishing pigs were randomly allocated in two groups (2 replicates per group) fed two diets: C diet (based on SFM, 15 wt) and E diet (based on M and G mixture, 7:8 wt:wt). Our model includes as initial input data: body weight (BW), feed intake, nitrogen intake, dietary dry matter, and fibre intake. Using literature prediction equations, including total nitrogen output (TNO) as the main parameter, we established N2O production expressed as equivalent CO2 (E-CO2). A decline with 3% for BW (P=0.44), respectively 9.0% for average daily gain (ADG, P=0.21) in pigs given MxG was recorded. Correlated with growth parameters, efficiency traits (feed intake, feed: gain ratio, N and fibre intake) were decreased as well (P>0.05). Dietary addition of MxG led to a 5% lower level of N2O production in manure. The reduction of TNO was not significant (<7.14% in the E diet compared to the C diet). In our trial, a relatively low N intake percentage is retained in the pigs body (35.56% in the C group and 35.98% in the E group, P>0.05). Based on these results, we conclude that the inclusion of 15% MxG mixture in pigs diets, although slightly declining growth parameters, is a valuable nutritional solution by their contribution to lowering N2O and N output in the manure.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Estimation the Genetic Parameters for Milk Yield in Romanian Spotted,
           Simmental Type Cattle Breed

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic parameters for test-day traits milk yield and the breeding value in Romanian Spotted, Simmental type cattle. Random regression test-day animal model was used to estimate the genetic parameters. The number of records were 2062 test-day from 302 cows. The data were obtained from Romanian Breeding Association Romanian Spotted, Simmental type. The heritability estimates values for milk yield ranged between 0.377 and 0.417. The heritability for fat test-day yield in our study was low the values ranged between 0.117 and 0.236 and for protein test-day yield was medium, the values ranged between 0.308 and 0.372.The breeding value for the best ten cows for milk yield ranged from 1946.57 to 3250.38 kg, for fat yield were between 64.92 and 98.86 kg and for protein ranged from 67.26 to 102.21 kg. The correlations between test-day milk yields ranging from 0.28 to 1. Genetic correlations between test day fat and protein yields were high.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effects of High Fiber Ingredients with Enzyme/Phytoadditive Addition on
           Laying Hens Productive Performances, Egg Nutritional Quality and
           Intestinal Morphology

    • Abstract: Fibre inclusion in laying hen diets it is considered a solution to reduce feed formulation costs by improving nutrients absorption and metabolization within the gastrointestinal tract. A 5-wk study was conducted on 200, Tetra SL layers (28 weeks) randomly allocated in 5 groups (C, E1, E2, E3, E4, respectively), with initial average weights of 1732.26±109.35 g/hen, housed (4 hens/cage; 10 cages/group; 40 hens/group). All groups had the same basic feed compound structure (corn, oil, soybean meal and sunflower meal). The conventional diet (C group) contained 2780 kcal/kg Metabolizable energy (ME); 17.5% Crude protein (CP); 4.39% Crude fibre (CF). The experimental diets added 16.56% sunflower meal and 20% rice bran, increasing the dietary cellulose up to 7%. The fibre digestibility was improved using on E2 (0.015% enzyme); E3 (0.015% phytoadditive) and E4 (0.015% enzyme + 0.015% phytoadditive). The high fibre diets had no negative impact on productive performances and egg quality parameters. Yolk cholesterol significantly decreased (P<0.05) on E1, E3 and E4 groups compared to C, E2 groups. Villi height increased significantly (P<0.05) on E2 group compared to all other groups. In conclusion, the high dietary crude fibre (7%), additional enzymes/phyto additives, can improve the nutrient digestibility and intestinal morphology with beneficial effects on health and egg quality.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Camelina Meal and Chromium Picolinate Effects on Broiler Thigh Meat
           Nutritional Properties

    • Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the combined effects of trivalent chromium and camelina meal on proximate composition, mineral content and fatty acids profile of broiler chicken thigh meat. An experiment with 2 x 3 factorial arrangement was performed on 240 Ross 308 broiler chicken aged 14 days. Six dietary treatments were elaborated as follows: 0 and 3% inclusion rate of Camelina meal and 0, 200 and 400 μg/kg chromium picolinate (CrPic).Supplementation of broiler diets with 3% Camelina meal led to significantly (P<0.05) increased crude fat concentrations in thigh samples compared to control group or with single chromium supplemented groups. In thigh samples, Zn and Fe concentrations increased under CrPic influence and fatty acids profile was influenced by Camelina meal presence in the diets. In Camelina meal supplemented groups, were registered significantly increased omega 3 fatty acids concentrations compared to control group or single chromium supplemented groups.The results of the present study found that Camelina meal and chromium picolinate supplements in broilers diets improved the nutritional properties of thigh meat, especially essential minerals content and fatty acids profile.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Performance and Blood Metabolites of Growing Pigs Fed Diet

    • Abstract: During 30 days, the effects of millet grain regimen on performance indicators and blood metabolites in growing pigs were studied. A total of 40 Topigs pigs with similar age (81±3d) and weight (13.58±0.36 kg) were divided into two groups: control (C), based on the corn-triticale (25%)-soybean meal and experimental (M, where the millet replaces triticale). The production parameters and plasma samples were evaluated at the end of the experiment. Spotchem EZ SP-4430 analyzer from Arkray-Japan was used to assess the blood lipid, protein, enzyme, and mineral profiles. We noticed that the M diet maintains appropriate performance (33.22 vs. 31.30 final BW; 0.646 vs. 0.608 average daily gain; 1.39 vs. 1.29 average daily feed intake and, respectively 0.46 vs. 0.47 Gain: Feed ratio) and plasma metabolic profile with the C diet (P>0.05). In conclusion, the 25% millet added to the growing pigs' diet did not affect the performance indicators or body health.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The Effects and Mechanisms of Action of Zearalenone in Human Intestinal
           Epithelial Cells

    • Abstract: Fusariotoxins are fungal secondary metabolites produced mainly by Fusarium and Giberella species, zearalenone (ZEA) being one of the most widespread members of this class. Exposure to ZEA affects the health of animals and humans, predominantly by disrupting the activity of the reproductive system due to its structural resemblance to estrogen, but it also affects other systems such as the digestive, nervous and immune systems. The main route through which ZEA enters the body is by ingestion, the intestinal epithelium being the first tissue exposed to the toxin. The intestinal barrier not only has a mechanical role in defending the body, it is also able to secrete effector molecules involved in the immune and inflammatory response such as cytokines. In this in vitro study, performed on the line Caco-2, the effects of ZEA on inflammation of the intestinal epithelium were studied by quantifying gene expression and protein concentration of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-8. Also, the mechanism of inflammation that ZEA can affect at intestinal level was investigated by monitoring the level of mRNA and the protein expression of the nuclear receptors NF-κB and Nrf-2. The results of this study demonstrate that ZEA has an anti-inflammatory character on human intestinal epithelial cells Caco-2, reducing the gene expression of the pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8. Also, ZEA led to a decrease in the protein concentration of IL-6 and IL-8. The anti-inflammatory response seems to be induced by modulation of gene and protein expresion of NF-κB and Nrf-2 nuclear receptors.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluation of spp. Based on Phenotypical Profile as Direct-Fed Microbial
           Candidate for Poultry Nutrition

    • Abstract: The present study was conducted to isolate, identify and characterize a lactic acid bacteria strain from turkey ileum content (46-day-old). The new strain was phenotypical confirmed as Lactobacillus acidophilus (L. acidophilus) and conserved under the code IBNA 09. Bacterial profile of L. acidophilus was compared with other strains known as L. paracasei CCM 1837 and L. plantarum ATCC 8014, based on cultural, morphological, biochemical and enzymatic activity (amylase and cellulase). The strains appear as Gram positive bacilli, thin, non-spore-forming, isolated, diplo form, in short chains or in small irregular piles on Man Rogosa and Sharp (MRS) broth and agar medium. The identification and biochemical traits were performed by catalase assay, API 50 CHL V 5.1 soft (L. acidophilus biotype 2, 99.9% ID; good identification to the genus L. paracasei spp. paracasei 1 or 3, 48-51% ID; L. plantarum 1, 99.9% ID) and ABIS online (L. acidophilus ~ 88%; L. paracasei spp. paracasei, ~ 90%; L. plantarum, ~91%). The highest total score of extracellular amylase activity was recorded by L. acidophilus IBNA 09 at 24-48 h (5.10 ± 0.176 U/mL, 4.99 ± 0.409 U/mL), follow by L. paracasei CCM 1837(0.12 ± 0.002 U/mL, 0.15 ± 0.001 U/mL). During entire period, cellulase production was observed only for L. acidophilus (0.28 ± 0.019 U/mL), comparative with L. paracasei where the activity was observed in the first 24 h, respectively at 72 h for L. plantarum. These results suggest that L. acidophilus IBNA 09 possesses potential probiotic traits as a suitable candidate for amylase and cellulase production, and starter culture can improve cereal fermentation and the process of digestion in poultry nutrition.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of Temperature-Humidity-Index on Milk Performances of Local Born
           Holstein Dairy Cows Under Saharan Climate

    • Abstract: The objective is to study the effect of heat stress on milk yield (MY) relative to milking records (n=18178) of native Holsteins (n=187), in the region of Ghardaia, according to periods of HS, using the temperature-humidity index (THI). With THI >72 during 07 months in the study area, which significantly (P<0.001) decrease the MY (-15.5% corresponding to 21.73 kg). Also, calving periods led to a significant drop (P < 0.001) in overall MY (7030.35 kg) of the order of (-14.6%), and over the lactation length (353.43 d), which explains 41% of the variations in MY. In addition, the non-significant effect (P=0.212) of the lactation range on the increase in MY, moreover, the lactation length shows a non-significant (P = 0.108) decrease (-4.68%) during heat stress (HS). Furthermore, the significant effect (P <0.001) of the interaction (Milking frequency × THI) on MY, when THI variates from < 74 to > 84, with regression of (-16.82% and -08.82%) of the MF (2X and 3X), respectively. Again, the NH cow is less sensitive to hyperthermia, so THI explains only 2% of the variation in MY levels. Thus, NH in arid regions have the ability to acclimatize to Saharan environmental conditions.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The Effect of Dietary Addition of a Synbiotic After Long-Term Starvation
           on Certain Biochemical Parameters and Liver Structure in Common Carp ( L.)

    • Abstract: The prolonged starvation has many effects on the physiological and morphological processes in fish and interferes them with the ability to absorb nutrients and caloric intake. The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of long-term starvation and posterior dietary administration of commercial synbiotic consisting fructoligosaccharide (FOS) which used in combination with Enterococcus, Lactobacillus, Bifidobacterium and Lactococcus spp. for evaluation on some blood biochemical parameters and histological characteristics of common carp liver. Experimental fish after 5 months starvation period were subjected to the following feeding protocols: continuous starvation until 60 day (ST), re-feeding (FS) with dry composed diet (Aqua 1032 Swim) and refeeding with composed diet and synbiotic (FSS) for the following 60 days. Blood samples were used for analysis of the following plasma parameters: total protein, albumin, globulin, urea, creatinine, cholesterol, AST, ALT, glucose and serum for thyroid hormones. Histology analyses were performed on the carp liver samples. During the experimental period, fasting and refeeding were influenced significant on studied biochemical parameters, except glucose and urea. Also, the statistically largest (P <0.001) difference was observed in albumin and cholesterol values after refeeding. Our results reveal the changes in values of biochemical parameters during long-term starvation and refeeding with synbiotic and indicate signs of structural alterations of the liver in common carp.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of Storage Time On the Hatchability of Eggs of Two-Line
           Dual-Purpose Combination for Production of Male Chickens for Meat

    • Abstract: The aim of the study was to assess the effect of the storage time on the hatching traits of eggs obtained from a two-line dual-purpose combination for production of male chickens that will be utilized for meat. The trial was carried out in the experimental poultry farm of the Institute of Animal Science-Kostinbrod, with a total of 150 Lohmann Brown Classic layers, at the age of 54 weeks. Hatching eggs were gathered for three weeks and were stored for 5, 10 and 15 days at 15-18°C ambient temperature prior incubation. The storage time had no effect on the fertility of the set eggs, however, it adversely affected the hatchability. Prolonged storage led to significant decline in the total hatchability (P=0.0027) and the hatchability of the fertile eggs (P<0.0001) which was lowest after 15 days of storage prior incubation. The viability of the chickens was influenced by the storage of the eggs prior incubation (P<0.0001), and decreased considerably when the chicks were hatched from eggs stored for 15 days.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Use of brewer’s yeast () in broiler feeds to replace corn gluten meal
           with or without probiotic additives

    • Abstract: This study was intended to assess the effect of graded replacements of corn gluten meal with Brewer’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), with and without Bacillus megaterium supplementation, on performance, carcass characteristics, and the gut broilers microflora composition. A total of 720 mixed sex one-day-old broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to six dietary treatment groups (6 replicates each) in a 3 × 2 factorial arrangement, including 3 levels of Brewer’s yeast (BY; 0, 25, and 50%, to replace corn gluten meal; CGM) in the presence (+) or absence (−) of B. megaterium used as probiotic (Pro). The results showed that broilers fed diets containing BY up to 25% had comparable body weight (BWG), feed intake (FI), and feed conversion ratio (FCR) to the birds fed only CGM, over the entire feeding period (days 1–35). Conversely, higher levels of BY (50% replacing CGM) registered the lowest BWG values (P < 0.001) and impaired FCR (P < 0.010), but without effects on FI. The BY diets did not significantly affect the main broiler’s carcass traits. The diets with Pro did not involve modifications on carcass and organs size, but a tendency to increase the gizzard weight (P = 0.094) and to decrease SIL (P = 0.076) was observed. Pro addition also, reduced the cecal pH (P = 0.040) and diminish the total coliforms (P < 0.010), Clostridium spp. (P < 0.0001), and E. coli (P < 0.0001) count, whereas LAB, Bacillus spp., and Enterococcus spp. bacteria were increased (P = 0.022; P < 0.0001, and P < 0.0001, respectively).
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Performance and intestinal microflora response of broilers to a probiotic
           mixture supplementation

    • Abstract: The study evaluated the effects of a Lactobacillus strains probiotic mix on performance, carcass traits, organs size, and intestinal microflora in broilers. A total of 200 one-day-old unsexed broilers were allotted into 2 groups with 5 replicates (20 broilers/replicate). During the feeding trial (35 d) the broilers were fed with a control (basal diet) or probiotic (basal diet plus 3% probiotic mix L. acidophilus and L. plantarum, 1:1 ratio). The probiotic supplementation did not significantly influence the performance, carcass traits and organs size of broilers at slaughter age. No effect of probiotic supplementation on visceral weight or length was observed, except a higher of jejunum (P=0.007) and ileum (P=0.013) weights, and a tendency to higher the caecum length (P=0.070). The probiotic mix had no significant effect on the intestinal pH, but it improved the microflora by decreasing the Enterobacteria and E. coli counts and increasing the Lactobacilli counts and Lactobacilli: E. coli ratio in the ileum and caecum (P<0.05). In conclusion, the probiotic mix (L. acidophilus and L. plantarum mix, 1:1 ratio) did not significantly affect the productive performance but had a positive effect on broilers’ gut microflora.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Milk yield genetic parameters estimated using random regression model in
           Teleorman Black Head Sheep

    • Abstract: Genetic parameters are important in breeding program of sheep. For the genetic evaluation of sheep was used the random regression test-day animal model. This model was better economic that another models because reduces generation interval and reduces the costs with test-days records. Data consisted of 1050 test-day of 403 ewes in first year (2017), 752 test-day of 374 ewes in second year (2018) and 1164 test-day of 319 ewes in third year (2019). The main goal to achieve the objectives of this research were the estimation of the genetic parameters important in obtaining the breeding value by calculation heritability for test-day milk yields and the correlations between test-days milk yields, for Teleorman Black Head Sheep population from Teleorman county in three different years. The heritability for test-day milk yield ranged from 0.150 to 0.237 in 2017, from 0.212 to 0.600 in 2018 and in 2019 from 0.186 to 0.403. Genetic correlations between sheep test-days milk yield in 2017 were positive and high.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Influences of different sources and levels of crude fiber on performances,
           fatty acids profile and carcass traits in growing-fattening pigs’ diet

    • Abstract: The present study has investigated the potential of including different sources and levels of fiber (6.5% and 7.5%) in growing-fattening pigs’ diet. The nine weeks feeding trial was conducted on nine hybrids TOPIGS castrated males with an initial average weight of 25.25±2.11 kg, randomly assigned to 3 experimental groups with 3 replicates per group.The control group (C) was fed with a corn, wheat and soybean basal diet and it was characterized by 3.5% crude fiber (CF), the experimental groups E1 had 6.5% CF (4% alfalfa meal and 12.36 % sunflower meal) and E2 had 7.5% (6% alfalfa and 18.38% sunflower meal) decreasing the dietary rate inclusion of soybean meal from C (21.42% soybean meal). Bodyweight (initial, final), average daily feed intake (ADFI), leftovers were registered and average daily gain (ADG), feed conversion ratio (FCR) were calculated during the experiment. At the end of the study, the pigs were slaughtered for the determination of carcass traits and meat quality parameters. The productive performances were not influenced by the source or level of the fiber content. The saturated fatty acid (SFA) values were significantly different (P<0.05) in E1 group for shoulder and belly samples compared to C and for breast samples on E2. Higher MUFA concentrations significantly different (P<0.05) were noticed for ham, sirloin, rack, shoulder, breast on E1. PUFA, Ω:6 concentration shown significant differences (P<0.05) within E2 to all meat samples collected, except the neck.The best carcass classification results were recorded in the E1 with 6.5% cellulose (50% Class S and 50% Class E) according to the SEUROP system classification.The study concluded that the dietary percentages of alfalfa meal and sunflower meal did not compromise productive performances but the average muscle thickness and meat percentage registered lower values compared with group C. Further studies with the same raw materials but changing the inclusion percentages should have experimented with emphasis on carcass traits results.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of sea buckthorn meal extract in alleviating the toxic effect of
           ochratoxin A and zearalenone in porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells

    • Abstract: The mycotoxins ochratoxin A (OTA) and zearalenone (ZEA) are frequent contaminants of cereals responsible for important toxic effects in human and animals. The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of the sea buckthorn meal extract in alleviating the toxic effect of ochratoxin A and zearalenone on oxidative stress and inflammation using porcine peripheral blood mononuclear cells. Our results have shown that both zearalenone and ochratoxin causes oxidative damage and alter the inflammatory response. The use of the sea buckthorn meal extract can improve some markers of the oxidative stress (total antioxidant status) and inflammation (pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1β, TNF-α, IL-8, IL-6) altered by exposure to the mycotoxins ZEA and OTA and our results indicate that this waste represents a promising biological method that can be used for the alleviation of the mycotoxins negative effects.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • sp. mixture alleviates LPS-induced inflammation in Caco-2 intestinal cell

    • Abstract: In intestinal inflammation disorders (inflammatory bowel diseases, IBD), the strategies of chronic inflammation management are oriented to the alternative therapies. There were demonstrated the beneficial effects of probiotics as modulators of intestinal inflammation. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a probiotic Lactobacilli mixture on pro-inflammatory cytokines and in-depth MAPK signalling pathway in an in vitro model of intestinal inflammation. Intestinal Caco-2 cells were stimulated with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) for 4 hours; cells were cultured in presence of Lactobacilli sp. (Lb) mixture (Lb rhamnosus, Lb. paracasei and Lb. acidophilus, 1x108 CFU each Lb) for additional 24 hours. Genomic and proteomic analyses were performed to evaluate 22 inflammatory-related genes and proteins (cytokines and their receptors) and p38/JNK/ERK MAP kinases. The Lactobacilli mixture inhibited the pro-inflammatory cytokines expression in LPS-treated Caco-2 cells, the most affected cytokines being TNF-α and IL-12 p70 and up-regulated the anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-4 and IL-10 genes and proteins when compared to LPS-stimulated. A percent of 66% of genes and 60 % of MAPKs proteins were down-regulated by Lb mixture, under the level of LPS-treated cells. Our data suggest that Lactobacilli mixture might inhibit pro-inflammatory cytokines via p38/JNK/ERK MAPKs signalling pathways in LPS-stimulated Caco-2 cells.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The effects of a low dose OTA exposure on weanling piglet gut microbiota

    • Abstract: Feed contamination is a major concern to the pig farming industry. There is a growing concern towards the harmful effects that mycotoxins and especially ochratoxin A have on the overall health and development of pigs.However the deleterious effects on the gastro-intestinal microbiota has not been studied thoroughly, especially at a low dose exposure. The current study proposed to investigate the effect of a sub-chronic dose of OTA on some of the important bacterial populations colonizing the pig gut as well as assessing the impact on SCFA production. The changes induced in bacterial populations not only affect the immune system of the pig but also influence the development of the mycotoxicosis. This paper highlights the impact of 0.05mg/kg feed of OTA on the large intestine microbiota and on the SCFA production associated with it.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Response of antioxidant status in kidney of pigs exposed to aflatoxin B1
           to dietary grape seed meal

    • Abstract: This study investigated the effects of dietary inclusion of grape seed meal (GSM) on antioxidant markers in kidney of aflatoxin B1 fed pigs. Twenty-four cross-bred pigs (TOPIG-40) were randomly assigned to one of the four experimental diets: control (Control), aflatoxin B1 (diet contaminated with 320 μg AFB1/kg feed), grape seed meal (diet with 8% GSM) and AFB1+GSM (320 μg AFB1/kg feed + 8% GSM) for 30 days. Aflatoxin B1 induced oxidative damage and showed lower antioxidant status in kidney after 30 days. CAT and SOD activity measured in kidneys revealed significant differences when comparing the GSM+AFB1 group with the AFB1 group. Additionally, GSM diet alone did not affect CAT and SOD levels in kidneys of piglets compared with the control group, suggesting that they are maintained at physiological levels. We did not detect any effects of GSM on GPx and TAS. Including GSM into piglets’ diet significantly lowered lipid peroxidation induced by AFB1, while it did not affect it compared with the control group. The present study demonstrated the ability of GSM to alleviate the effects induced by the toxin evidenced by the improvement in the antioxidant status, and suggests the potential applicability of GSM as mycotoxin adsorbent in animal feed.
      PubDate: Sat, 17 Jul 2021 00:00:00 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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