Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Nuts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Stress Physiology     Open Access  
Journal of Population Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Resources Development and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Rubber Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Rural and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review     Open Access  
Journal of Sugar Beet     Open Access  
Journal of Sugarcane Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science     Open Access  
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal AGROSAINS dan TEKNOLOGI     Open Access  
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Terapan Universitas Jambi : JIITUJ     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Spermonde     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Tanah Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi & Industri Hasil Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
La Granja : Revista de Ciencias de la Vida     Open Access  
La Técnica : Revista de las Agrociencias     Open Access  
Laimburg Journal     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
Latin American Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Livestock Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Magazín Ruralidades y Territorialidades     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Maskana     Open Access  
Measurement : Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Meyve Bilimi     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
Millenium : Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health     Open Access  
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Molecular Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Mundo Agrario     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Mycopath     Open Access  
Mycorrhiza     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nativa     Open Access  
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies     Open Access  
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nexo Agropecuario     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NJAS : Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Open Agriculture Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Organic Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Farming     Open Access  
OUSL Journal     Open Access  
Outlook on Agriculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Outlooks on Pest Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Pacific Conservation Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paddy and Water Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Park Watch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Partners in Research for Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Pedobiologia     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pedosphere     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Pest Management Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Phytopathology Research     Open Access  
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenome Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Potato Journal     Open Access  
Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practical Hydroponics and Greenhouses     Full-text available via subscription  
Precision Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
PRIMA : Journal of Community Empowering and Services     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Producción Agropecuaria y Desarrollo Sostenible     Open Access  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns Agraris     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rangeland Ecology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rangelands     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Recent Research in Science and Technology     Open Access  
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Reproduction and Breeding     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
Research Journal of Seed Science     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Revista Bio Ciencias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Tecnologia Agropecuária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología El Higo     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Investigaciones Agroindustriales     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Agrário e Agroambiental     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación en Agroproducción Sustentable     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Competências Digitais para Agricultura Familiar     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Viticultura, Agroindustria y Ruralidad     Open Access  
Revista Ingeniería Agrícola     Open Access  
Revista Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Rurales     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista Mundi Meio Ambiente e Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Universitaria del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rona Teknik Pertanian     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RURALS : Review of Undergraduate Research in Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  
Science and Technology Indonesia     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2667-7733
Published by Mustafa Kemal University Homepage  [3 journals]
  • The effects of different cultivation practices on yield and
           characteristics of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) corm grown in field and
           greenhouse conditions

    • Authors: Hasan ASİL; Selim TAŞGIN, Murat ÇELİK, Fatma ÇELİK
      Abstract: Aims: This study aimed to determine the effects of different cultivation practices on yield and characteristics of saffron corm grown in field and greenhouse conditions.Methods and Results: Two different saffron corm sizes, with an average weight of 12 g and 6 g, were used as production material. The cultivation of saffron corms was carried out in areas where 4 different treatments were applied such as silt (fine stream sand), cockpeat, peat + perlite and cockpeat + perlite. Field studies were set up according to the randomized blocks split-plot design experimental design, and greenhouse studies were set up according to the randomized plots design with 3 replications. The highest corm yield, corm increase rate per unit and the harvested corm weight were obtained in field conditions where silt applications were made.Conclusions: In field and greenhouse conditions, silt application has been determined as the most suitable cultivation treatment for the production of corm as seed material in a short time, as well as the corm properties of saffron.Significance and Impact of the Study: It has been demonstrated that the field conditions are more effective than the greenhouse conditions and the silt treatment is more effective than other applications used for saffron corm production.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The effects of leaf removal and topping on the vine yield and shoot
           characteristics in Michele Palieri grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.)

    • Authors: İlknur KORKUTAL; Elman BAHAR, Arzu ZİNNİ
      Abstract: Aims: The aim of the research was to determine the effects of topping and leaf removal at different times of growing period on shoot characteristics and yield in Michele Palieri grapevines.Methods and Results: This research was conducted in Tekirdag-Karaevli. Michele Palieri/110R grafting combination was used as plant material in a vineyard. The research was conducted in 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 vegetation periods. There were 3 different application periods (Berry Set, Bunch Closure, Veraison) and 4 different summer pruning applications (Control, No Leaf Removal-Topping, Leaf Removal-No Topping, Leaf Removal-Topping) in the study.Conclusions: Leaf Removal-No Topping applications in Bunch Closure phenological period positively effected shoot characteristics and yield. As a result, to improve the yield and shoot characteristics of Michele Palieri grape variety in Tekirdağ by ensuring the balanced shoot development, thus obtaining high quality table grapes, Leaf Removal-No Topping application in the Bunch Closure period can be proposed.Significance and Impact of the Study: With this research, the effects of different leaf removal and topping applications and the periods of these applications on shoot characteristics of the Michele Palieri grape variety grown in Tekirdağ conditions were determined. In addition, the effect level of efficiency from these applications was determined. In this way, suggestions were made to table grape growers.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Detection and characterization of phytoplasmas in some cucurbits
           

    • Authors: Hakan ÇARPAR; Gülşen SERTKAYA
      Abstract: Aims: During a disease survey conducted in 2019, typical symptoms including yellowing of the leaves, stunting, shortening of internodes, proliferation of auxiliary shoots (witches'-broom), the bunchy appearance of growth at the ends of stems (rosetting), virescence of flowers or sterility, phyllody, small and deformed leaves and fasciation were observed on suspected cucurbit plants growing in Hatay province. Therefore, this study was carried out to determine the phytoplasma infection(s) on cucurbit crops and bindweed in Hatay province of Turkey.Methods and Results: In total; 4 pumpkins (winter squash: Cucurbita moschata Duchesne), 12 summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.) and 2 bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.) samples were collected from suspected plants in cucurbit fields in Hatay province. Some of the plants (2 pumpkins, 10 summer squash and 2 bindweeds) exhibited symptoms related to phytoplasmas. Total nucleic acid was extracted by CTAB method. PCR amplification of 16S rDNA with phytoplasma specific primer pairs; F1/R0 followed by R16F2n/R2 confirmed the phytoplasma presence. Expected size amplicons of ~1.2 kb were obtained from infected samples from symptomatic cucurbits (12/12) and bindweed (1/2), but not from asymptomatic cucurbit plants (0/4). The sequences of the 4 symptomatic samples were deposited in NCBI GenBank (MT163353, MT163393, MT163396, and MT163469).Conclusions: After sequencing and phylogenetic analyses it was revealed that the squash isolates had 99% sequence identity with “Candidatus phytoplasma trifolii” (16SrVI) and the bindweed isolate had 99% sequence identity with “Candidatus phytoplasma solani” (16SrXII).Significance and Impact of the Study: There is a lack of knowledge on the status of phytoplasma infections and natural hosts in cucurbits in Turkey. According to our knowledge, this is the first report of a member of 16SrVI group, Candidatus phytoplasma trifolii associated with phytoplasma infection in winter squash-pumpkin (C. moschata) and summer squash (C. pepo) in Turkey.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of quality and some technological characteristics of some
           bean varietes (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

    • Authors: Erol ORAL; Rüveyde TUNÇTÜRK, Murat TUNÇTÜRK, Fevzi ALTUNER, Haluk KULAZ
      Abstract: Aims: This study was carried out with 12 registered bean cultivars (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) obtained from various institutes in the Faculty of Agriculture Laboratory in 2022.Methods and Results: It is aimed to determine the quality and some technological properties of bean seeds such as moisture content, hectoliter weight, dry and fresh weight, dry and wet volume, water absorption capacity and index, swelling capacity and index and cooking time properties of bean seeds. Data were analyzed according to the Completely Random Plots Experimental Design and the means were compared with the DUNCAN test. As a result, moisture content in the grain varied between 7.55-9.40%, hectoliter weight 70.4-83.7 kg hl-1, dry weight 12.91-48.73 g, wet weight 26.24-97.09 g, wet volume 122.67-190.67 ml, dry volume 68.75-92.51 ml, water intake capacity 0.072-0.551 g grain-1, water absorption index 0.32-1.39%, swelling capacity 0.11-0.49 ml grain-1, swelling index 2.04-2.47% and cooking time 33.0-54.5 minutes. According to the results of the correlation analysis, there were positive and significant relationships with dry weight values with wet weight (r= 0.88**), wet volume (r=0.89**), dry volume (r=0.77**) and swelling capacity (r=0.92**). Positive and significant relationships were also found between wet weight and wet volume (r=0.97 **), dry volume (r=0.87 **), swelling capacity (r=0.94**). A positive and good result was observed between wet volume and dry volume (r=0.93**) and swelling capacity (r=0.98**).Positive and highly significant relationships were determined between water absorption and swelling capacity (r=0.87**).Conclusions: According to consumer and market preferences, Adabeyazı variety has the highest moisture content and hectoliter weight. Good results were obtained in terms of dry and wet weight, wet and dry volume, swelling capacity, swelling capacity and index value of Ribweighing and Akın varieties, and cooking time in Karacaşehir varieties.Significance and Impact of the Study: By preventing the illusion of sense arising from the grain and shell structure of the bean, objective criteria will help the breeding program with a more accurate determination of the cooking time. By contributing to the country's economy, it will increase similar studies that will best meet market and consumer demands.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of the bark beetle species (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and
           their population dynamics in different traps in apricot trees in Darende
           district of Malatya province, Turkey

    • Authors: Abdulsamet KARAAĞAÇ; Çetin MUTLU
      Abstract: Aims: This study was conducted to determine the bark beetle species (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) and their population density and population dynamics with different traps in apricot orchards between 2020 and 2021 in Darende district of Malatya province, Turkey.Methods and Results: The samplings were performed in the apricot orchards of Darende district between April and November. Population development and density were carried out in two different orchards with different elevations, irrigated and non-irrigated cultivation. Red winged sticky (Rebell rosso) visual traps and red light traps were used and monitored weekly intervals. Scolytus multistriatus (Marsham, 1802), Scolytus amygdali (Guerin-Méneville, 1847), Scolytus schevyrewi (Semenov, 1902), Scolytus scolytus (J.C. Fabricius, 1775), and Scolytus kirschii (Skalitzky, 1876) were recorded from the study area. The bark beetles showed positive phototaxis towards the light and the light traps caught more (average 11.6 individuals/week) bark beetle than red-wing sticky traps (9.3 individuals/week). The first adults of Scolytid species emergence in April and they can be seen until the first week of November and can give three generations in a year. Mature larvae spend their winter between wood and bark tissue. The species cause damage by opening galleries under the bark tissue in fresh shoots, main branches, and trunks regardless trees age, and completely dry the damaged trees within few years.Conclusions: It was concluded that detailed studies should be carried out on the bark beetle species in the apricot orchards of Malatya province. Besides, bark beetles show more signs of damage on weakened trees in high altitude and unirrigated apricot orchards. The sticky traps containing red artificial light are more effective in population monitoring and determining the density of Scolytid species.Significance and Impact of the Study: These results highlight the importance of the diversity of bark beetle species, determination of population change with the use of different trap types, and determining that the red-winged sticky trap supported by an artificial light source is more effective in apricot trees.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effect of different solarization treatments on mineral nutrition of
           lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. Duna)

    • Authors: Hasan ÖZ; Şevkiye Armağan TÜRKAN, İbrahim ERDAL
      Abstract: Aims: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of different solarization mulch materials and biochar application on the mineral nutrition of lettuce plant.Methods and Results: The study was carried out with 2 different solarization mulches and biochar applications for 2 years in greenhouse conditions. Lettuce was grown in each plot after solarization. At the end of the harvest period, the dry weight values of the harvested plants and some nutrient concentrations were determined, in addition, the amounts of elements exploited by plants from the soil were calculated. According to the results; it was determined that the most effective applications on plant’s dry weight for both years were found when solarization and biochar were used together. In addition, it was determined that the least effective applications were found as control treatments and classical solarization treatment.Conclusions: It was determined that the most effective applications on the nutrients removed from the soil were; bubble solarization + biochar and solarization + biochar applications, while the least ineffective applications were control and classical solarization applications.Significance and Impact of the Study: According to the values obtained from the classical solarization mulch material, it was concluded that bubble solarization mulch material and solarization applications with biochar added were more effective in terms of lettuce mineral nutrition. According to the results of this study, a more effective cultivation would be possible with the help of biochar additive in solarization applications.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Cluster, berry, seed, and cane characteristics of local grape varieties of
           Midyat (Mardin) district

    • Authors: Mehmet Settar ÜNAL; Cuma UCAŞ
      Abstract: Aims: The aims of this study to determine the local grape genotypes and their characteristics in detail according to the international norms.Methods and Results: Study conducted in 2019-2020, a total of 26 characters, including annual branch, flower, cluster, berry and seed characteristics of 28 grape cultivars grown in the Midyat district of Mardin province of Turkey were defined. 'Descriptors for Grape' designed by IBPGR, OIV and UPOV and 'Minimal Descriptor List for Grapevine Varieties' were used in the evaluation of the features. In the study, Verdani variety was the largest berried variety. The variety with the longest cluster was Hazirani. TSS ratios of cultivars varied between 11.52% (Zeyti) and 23.20% (Sincari).Conclusions: The absence of protrusions on the seeds in the studied local cultivars indicates that they are included in the V. vinifera L. species. In all genotypes, the fruit flesh was colorless, the berries were seeded, the surface of the annual shoot was striped, and the nodes and internodes were hairless.Significance and Impact of the Study: In this study, local grape varieties grown in the Midyat region of Mardin province of Turkey were identified. It is thought that with the performed definition, the recognition of local grape varieties will increase, and the name confusion that may occur in the future can be prevented.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effect of nitrogen and boron fertilization on nutrient concentrations of
           red beet during storage

    • Authors: Selen AKAN; Mehmet Burak TAŞKIN, Özge HORZUM, Hanife AKÇA
      Abstract: Aims: In this study, the effects of nitrogen and boron fertilization on mineral element concentrations of red beet under storage conditions were investigated.Methods and Results: The trial was conducted in Ankara in 2020 and established in a randomized block design with three replications. After harvest, samples were stored at 4°C temperature and 95 ± 2% relative humidity for three months. Changes in mineral element concentrations of stored samples were determined in monthly intervals. According to the results, storage period and fertilization interaction had a significant effect on nitrogen, potassium, iron and copper concentrations. The calcium, zinc, and boron concentrations were affected by storage period. Individiual fertilization effect was only found significant on manganese and boron concentrations. Storage period, fertilization or their interaction did not have an effect on phosphorus and magnesium concentrations of red beet.Conclusions: The impacts of the nitrogen and boron fertilizers together in red beet cultivation showed differences in macro and micro element contents with the extension of the storage period. Compared to the red beets grown without fertilization (traditional methods), the effects of fertilization on nutrient change of red beets during the storage period have been clearly demonstrated. Therefore, it can be stated that the effect of fertilization also plays an important role during storage period.Significance and Impact of the Study: Red beet has become a popular vegetable in recent years due to its bioactive substances. Pre-harvest factors (cultivar, fertilization, climate, soil conditions, cultivation techniques etc.) and post-harvest storage conditions are effective on mineral element concentrations in vegetables. This research shows the effectiveness of nitrogen and boron fertilization on macro and micronutrient content in red beet during the storage period and gives direction to future studies.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Lamb development traits and phenotypic correlations between different body
           measurements and fattening performance characteristics in Awassi sheep

    • Authors: Pınar KUTAN; Mahmut KESKİN
      Abstract: Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate lamb growth from birth to weaning and the relationships between different body measurements with fattening characteristics for Awassi sheep lambs.Methods and Results: This study was carried out with Awassi sheep lambs reared in Kilis province of Türkiye. Lambs are weaned at 60 days of age. Twenty head of male lambs, with similar weaning weights and approximately 3 months of age (between 80-95 days) were selected in order to determine the fattening performance of the lambs born in the flock. The lambs were weighed at 14-day intervals in the fattening period, which continued for 70 days. The lambs consumed the concentrate containing 16% crude protein and 2600 kcal ME and alfalfa hay as ad lib. Birth and weaning weights of the lambs were determined as 4.29±0.061 kg and 12.93±0.209 kg, respectively. The daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio were calculated as 241.0±9.83 g and 5.4, which continued for 70 days of fattening period. Conclusions: Positive and significant phenotypic correlations were determined between the live weights of the dams and the birth weights of the lambs. In addition, a positive and high phenotypic correlation was determined between body length and live weight at the end of the fattening for the lambs.Significance and Impact of the Study: At the end of the study, it was determined that the birth season affects the development of the lambs, there is a positive relationship between body length and final fattening weight for the lambs. For this reason, spring births in Awassi sheep production can be recommended to the breeders. In addition, it may be recommended to consider body length for choosing fattening material.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of germination responses on the some barley genotypes under
           saline conditions

    • Authors: Berk BENLİOĞLU; Uğur ÖZKAN, Güray AKDOGAN
      Abstract: Aims: The aim of this research was to determine the responses of some barley genotypes to salinity stress at the germination period. Methods and Results: Barley seeds provided from the Osman Tosun Gene Bank at Ankara University. Eight six-row barley genotypes (33, 64, 159, 184, 200, 202, 220 and 231) and two six-row barley cultivars (cv Avcı-2002 and cv Cetin-2000) were used in this study. Salinity stress was applied to the seeds in four different doses of NaCl (distilled water (0), 75 mM, 150 mM and 225 mM). The experiments were carried out at 25±1°C and dark conditions with triplicate according to completely randomized plot design. In order to determine the salinity tolerance of genotypes in the study; germination speed (%), germination power (%), root length (cm), shoot length (cm), shoot fresh weight (g), shoot dry weight (g), root fresh weight (g) and root dry weight (g) parameters were measured. Conclusions: As results of these measures, all parameters were found to be statistically significant (p≤0.01) except for germination power and shoot dry weight. Genotype × NaCl dose interaction was found significantly different at p≤0.01 level for germination speed and root fresh weight. Significance and Impact of the Study: Genotype 200 and 220 showed better performance under salinity stress than other genotypes. Also, it can be used as a parental genitor in future breeding studies.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Changes in quality parameters of the ‘Sabrina’ strawberry variety
           grown in soilless culture system during winter season

    • Authors: Ahmet Erhan ÖZDEMİR; Derya KILIÇ, Özge DEMİRKESER, Fevci ÇULHA, Zafer KARAŞAHİN
      Abstract: Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the changes in fruit quality during the winter season of ‘Sabrina' strawberry cultivar grown in soilless culture system in Antakya (Hatay) province.Methods and Results: In this study, 'Sabrina' strawberry variety was used as material. Within the study, amount of some contents such as; fruit weight, width and length, appearance (1‒5), taste (1‒9), fruit color L* and h° values, fruit flesh firmness, juice pH values, total soluble solids (TSS) content, titratable acidity (TA) content, TSS/TA ratio, total antioxidant capacity, total anthocyanin, total phenolic solid, total flavonoid and Vitamin C (L-Ascorbic acid) were examined during winter season.Conclusions: It should be noted that firmness of fruit flesh is an important matter in the case of shipping the product to distant markets, especially in hot temperature conditions when there is a significant decrease in fruit flesh firmness. ‘Sabrina’ strawberry variety grown in soilless culture conditions that includes “Cocopeat” which is consisting of coconut shells and fibers. Consumer acceptability can be increased by replacing some plant nutrients in the 2nd and 3rd harvest periods with a calcium-based nutrition program.Significance and Impact of the Study: This study was carried out in order to determine the changes in fruit quality of ‘Sabrina' strawberry during the winter season, and It is expected that the results of the study would contribute to literature, and the relevant sector which is growing in the province.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of the prevalence of bacterial diseases in tomato
           greenhouses in Silifke district of Mersin province

    • Authors: Mehmet SERİN; Sümer HORUZ
      Abstract: Aims: In this study, tomato bacterial disease surveys were conducted through 130 individual tomato growing greenhouses located in Silifke district of Mersin province and disease prevalence in the survey region was evaluated. Additionally, a questionnaire was carried out to analyse the awareness of the farmers about plant protection and plant bacterial diseases.Methods and Results: Among surveyed greenhouses, several infected plant samples showing chlorosis and necrosis on leaves, wilt, stem rot and pith necrosis were obtained individually from 39 greenhouses. A total of 317 putative pathogenic bacterial strains were isolated from diseased plants collected from 31 greenhouses. Among them, 109 plant pathogenic bacterial strains were identified using LOPAT, physiological, biochemical and PCR tests. It is concluded from the questionnaire that farmers are commonly faced to plant pests, more likely familiar with fungal disease symptoms, however, they are unaware of the causal agent as bacterium in greenhouses. The prevalence of bacterial diseases in tomato growing greenhouses in Silifke district was recorded as 23.8% during surveys. In the inspected greenhouses, the bacterial speck disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato was determined as the most prevalent species (17.7%). Bacterial cancer and wilt disease caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis was found in the region at a rate of 1.54% and soft rot disease agent Pectobacterium carotovorum subsp. carotovorum at a rate of 1.5% in the region.Conclusions: It is observed in the study that the pathogenic bacterium Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato is still a major threat for tomato growing in greenhouses.Significance and Impact of the Study: In this study, the awareness on tomato bacterial diseases of farmers in the region was increased and the importance of sanitation for a better bacterial disease management was revealed.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of the efficacy of endophytic fungi obtained from apple
           (Malus domestica) trees on apple proliferation phytoplasma disease
           (Candidatus Pyhtoplasma mali)

    • Authors: Şefika YAVUZ; Mona GAZEL, Fatih TOK, Kadriye ÇAĞLAYAN
      Abstract: Aims: Purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of endophytic fungi in biological control of Apple Proliferation (AP) Phytoplasma Disease (Candidatus Pyhtoplasma mali). Thus, it was aimed to provide the opportunity to develop different control strategies against the disease agent, which is practically not possible to control chemically.Methods and Results: A total of 50 different orchards were visited to search for the presence of AP and fungal endophyte isolates. For phytoplasma disease 360 samples and for fungal endophytes 198 samples were collected from healthy and symptomatic trees. Of the 360 apple samples which were tested against phytoplasma, 29 were found to be infected with ‘Ca. P. mali’. Endophyte fungi species were isolated from healthy and ‘Ca. P. mali’ infected apple trees. Morphological and molecular diagnosis and also pathogenicity studies were carried out with the isolated fungi. The efficacy of Epicoccum nigrum, Aureobasidium pullulans and Ulocladium consortiale, which were the most commonly isolated endophyte fungi from healthy apple trees, were investigated against AP disease. It was determined that each fungus isolate affected the AP disease intensity at different levels, the highest effect belonged to A. pullulans, and it decreased the AP disease intensity with an effect value of 34.18% after the application.Conclusions: Possible biological control applications are very important because there is no chemical control of AP disease which is on the quarantine list. Aureobasidium pullulans was found to reduce the phytoplasma density more than the other 2 different endophyte fungus species inoculated on trees infected with AP. Therefore, A. pullulans could be a biological control agent which can be used in the AP disease control.Significance and Impact of the Study: In this study, the effects of endophyte fungi, which are biological control agents, on AP disease in apples were investigated for the first time in Turkey and important preliminary findings were obtained in the development of disease control strategies.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of the alleviating effect of liquid vermicompost on
           germination and seedling development of Hungarian Vetch (Vicia pannonica
           Crantz.) under salt stress

    • Authors: Ali Mohammed Abed Mustafa MUSTAFA; Nuray ÇİÇEK, Cengiz YÜCEDAĞ, Seçil AKILLI SİMSEK
      Abstract: Aims: The alleviating aspects of liquid vermicompost (VCL) on the seed germination and juvenile seedling growth of Hungarian vetch, which is an important fodder plant in Turkey and in the world, under salt stress were evaluated.Methods and Results: Two experiments in laboratory and greenhouse conditions were established according to a randomized plot design with three replications. In the experiments, liquid vermicompost levels were applied as control (0%) - 1% - 2.5% - 5% and 10% and salt solutions were prepared with control (pure water), 30 mM, 60 mM and 90 mM NaCl doses. At the end of the laboratory experiment, germination rate and index of Hungarian vetch seeds, length, fresh and dry weights of plumule, and length, fresh and dry weights of radicle were examined. In the greenhouse experiment, the emergence ratio, seedling height, seedling fresh and dry weights, root length, root fresh and dry weights of Hungarian vetch were investigated.Conclusions: It was observed that the parameters measured in the germination and seedling period of Hungarian vetch were negatively affected by salt stress, but the negative effects of salt stress decreased due to the increase in the amount of liquid vermicompost applied.Significance and Impact of the Study: The present study can be an important reference in terms of revealing the stimulating attribute of VCL and inhibiting attribute of salinity on the germination and various parameters of Hungarian vetch plant. The alleviative and regulatory effect of VCL appeared mostly in its 5% and 10% dose applications during the germination and juvenile seedling of Hungarian vetch, moderately sensitive to salt stress.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determining effects of foliar boron applications on yield and fruit
           quality of apricot trees for reducing water stress

    • Authors: Berkant ÖDEMİŞ; Sultan UNCU
      Abstract: Aims: The research was carried out to determine the effects of different boron doses on yield, yield components and quality on 5-6 years old apricot trees of Mogador variety, which were exposed to water stress in the Amik Plain in 2019. Methods and Results: The factorial experimental design was conducted on apricot trees of Mogador variety, using four doses of foliar boron (ppm) (0-B0, 150-B150, 225-B225 and 300-B300 ppm) and four irrigation levels (100%-I100, 75%-I75, 50%-I50 and 25%-I25 of available water holding capacity) in four replications. Each replication consisted of two apricot trees. The quantity of irrigation water applied in the experiment ranged from 179 to 742 mm, while the evapotranspiration varied between 295 and 832 mm during the irrigation season. Irrigation water use efficiency (IWUE) and water use efficiency (WUE) varied between 3.51-5.18 kg m-3 and 2.89-4.17 kg m-3, respectively. Boron doses did not cause significant differences in WUE and IWUE values. Each unit increase in crop water use caused an average yield increase of 16.8 kg ha-1. Relative to the full irrigation (I100), fruit weight decreased by 13 and 3% in I25 and I50, respectively, but increased by 2% in I75. Relative to the control group (B0), fruit weight increased by 2, 4, and 2% with B150, B225, and B300, respectively. Average fruit size varied between 47.40 (I75) and 42.99 mm (I25); total soluble solids (TSS) between 16.13 (I100) and 12.65 (I25); and pH between 3.16 (I100) and 3.30 (I50). The increased boron dose did not cause a significant difference in fruit size and width. The leaf boron content increased up to the B225 dose and tended to decrease at the B300 dose.Conclusions: Boron element provides an increase in yield in deficit irrigation conditions, the yield increase is higher in fully irrigated apricot trees. In full irrigation treatment (I100), the B225 treatment was more effective on the yield.Significance and Impact of the Study: The boron element is an important element that causes an increase in photosynthesis by light adsorption. There is not a lot of research investigating the effects of nutrient elements to relieve the negative effect of water stress in orchards. This research is important in terms of revealing the effects of the element boron in water stress conditions.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Isolation of endophytic bacterial isolates from healthy banana trees and
           determination of their in vitro antagonistic activities against crown rot
           disease agent Fusarium verticillioides

    • Authors: Merve KARA; Soner SOYLU
      Abstract: Aims: Fungal diseases are one of the most important biotic factors causing serious losses in banana cultivation in field or greenhouses during cultivation, harvest, storage and transportation periods. Crown rot, caused by Fusarium verticillioides, is considered one of the most important postharvest fungal disease of banana fruits. In this study, endophytic bacterial isolates were obtained from fruits, branches and leaves of healthy banana trees and their antagonistic potentials were investigated against F. verticillioides as a biological control agent (BCA) in vitro conditions.Methods and Results: A total of 23 putative endophytic bacterial isolates were obtained from fruits, stems and leaves of healthy banana trees. All bacterial isolates were identified by MALDI-TOF MS (Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization-Time Of Flight Mass Spectrometry) analysis. In vitro antagonistic efficiencies of 12 different bacterial isolates, from eight different species (Bacillus subtilis ssp. spizizenii (3), Bacillus amyloliquefaciens (2), Bacillus subtilis ssp. subtilis (2), Bacillus mojavensis, Enterococcus faecium, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter ludwigii and Pseudomonas stutzeri), were tested on inhibiting mycelial growth by using dual culture tests. Among bacterial isolates, the highest antagonistic activity was displayed by Bacillus mojavensis BEn3 isolate which significantly inhibited the mycelial growth by 50.83%. Enterobacter cloacae BEn1, Enterobacter ludwigii BEn2, Enterobacter faecium BEn7, however, failed to inhibit the mycelial growth of fungi.Conclusions: Significant suppression in the mycelial growth caused by endophytic bacterial isolates indicates that Bacillus mojavensis BEn3 isolate could be considered as possible BCA against crown rot disease agent.Significance and Impact of the Study: Our findings suggest that B. mojavensis Ben3, as the most successful endophyte bacterial isolate that suppresses the growth of F. verticillioides, can be used as a promising biological control agent as an alternative to chemical control against crown rot disease.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Effect of scalding pretreatment on drying of banana rings in a solar dryer

    • Authors: Zehra YILDIZ
      Abstract: Aims: The aim of this study is to determine the effect of scalding, which is applied as a thermal pre-dryingprocess, on the solar drying process of banana rings.Methods and Results: In this study, scalding method was applied as a thermal pretreatment. The blanched banana rings were then dried in a natural convective solar tray dryer. Water and citric acid in concentrations between 2.5-10% were used as scalding solution. The banana rings were scalded at a 80°C temperature and then dried in a solar dryer. The effects of drying conditions such as scalding solution concentration, scalding time and drying time in solar dryer on moisture loss, diametrical shrinkage rate and change in b color parameter were determined. Thermal pretreatment was found to be effective in dryingthe banana rings with the solar tray dryer. With the pre-treatment applied before solar drying, moisture loss and diametrical shrinkage rate of the banana rings increased during the drying period, and b yellow color change was observed to decrease.Conclusions: Drying food products by exposing them to direct sunlight is a widely used traditional economic drying method. Since the solar drying process takes place at low temperature, the sensory properties and nutrient content of the product to be dried are partially preserved. The scalding pre-drying process applied before drying in the solar dryer can be applied as it provides more moisture loss in a shorter time and prevents color change.Significance and Impact of the Study: Mersin province is one of the provinces that has a significant contribution to the country's economy, especially in fruit production. As well as Mersin has a high radiation potential, it ranks first in banana production. Economical and ecological drying process can be done by taking advantage of the heating effect of the sun and the positive effect of scalding.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determining the effect of trees on the prevention of surface temperature
           increase caused by surface materials used in urban areas

    • Authors: Fatih ADIGÜZEL; Elif BOZDOĞAN SERT, Mehmet ÇETİN
      Abstract: Aims: The aim of this study is to reveal the effect of trees on the prevention of the surface temperature increase in the summer period of different surface coverings resulting from usages in urban areas.Methods and Results: In the study, surface temperature measurements were made on 10 different surfaces (soil, asphalt, parquet (sun-under vegetation) and grass (sun-under vegetation)) on 16 June 2020 at 09:00, 13:00 and 17:00 using an infrared thermometer. Surface temperature measurements were carried out at a height of 150 cm from the surface with 3 replications. According to the data, the highest average surface temperature was obtained in the soil surface as 46,44 °C. This is followed by asphalt, paving stone (sun), grass (sun), paving stone (plant shade) and grass (plant shade). The average value of the lowest surface temperature value was obtained on the grass surface in the shade of Platanus orientalis. In the hottest hour of the day, the lowest surface temperature was obtained on the paving stone surface in the shade of Ficus retusa-nitida.Conclusions: Cities with a Mediterranean climate prevails have a very hot summer period. When this situation comes together with the heat of the surface materials, it can be a factor that reduces the comfort of the people living in the city. In this context, it will increase the comfort level in the urban area by creating a grass surface and increasing the use of trees in planting design applications.Significance and Impact of the Study: Heating of cities is seen as an important problem all over the world. For this reason, studies on the contribution of green areas (grass surface and other plant materials) to the reduction of problems have gained importance.It is thought that the data of this study will contribute to the decisions to be made in terms of plant presence-hard ground relationship in the planning of the city.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of probiotic and some technological properties of lactic
           acid bacteria isolated from cheeses sold in the Kilis region, Turkey

    • Authors: Hidayet SAĞLAM; Filiz UÇAN TÜRKMEN
      Abstract: Aims: The purpose of this study is to evaluate technological properties and probiotics potential of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from 15 raw milk Turkish Beyaz fresh cheese made in the Kilis region, Turkey.Methods and Results: 287 colonies from 15 cheese samples were selected and 91 of them were analyzed as Gram-positive and catalase-negative. 19 strains of 91 colonies were accepted as potential probiotics since they stayed alive in pH 3.5 and 0.3% bile salt. They were identified as Lactobacillus sp. (11 strains), Leuconostoc sp. (3 strains), Streptococcus sp. (2 strains), Lactococcus sp. (2 strains), and Enterococcus sp. (1 strain) by biochemical tests and API test kit. It was determined that 19 strains with high acidification rate, 15 strains demonstrated weak proteolytic activity, 3 ones moderate, and 1 strong proteolytic activity. It was determined that 1 of the strains were resistant to chloramphenicol, 2 to tetracycline, and 6 to vancomycin. No strains resistant to penicillin and erythromycin could be detected. In the artificial gastric juice resistance test, although no viability was detected at pH 2.0. But it was determined that the viability values varied between 89.49-111.79% at pH 3.0. Also, these strains showed growth at bile salt. According to plasmid profiles of strains, 13 of 19 potential probiotic strains were determined to have plasmid DNA in the range of 1-5, while other strains were determined to not have plasmid DNA. The molecular sizes of the plasmid DNA of the isolated strains ranged from 2-16 kb.Conclusions: In the research, it was determined that LABs isolated from Turkish white fresh cheese produced in Kilis have probiotic potential and can be used as starters in various fermented foods.Significance and Impact of the Study: According to the results obtained, it was concluded that some strains can be used as probiotic starter culture in cheese production and others can be used for ripening of cheese.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Germination and early seedling growth of different quinoa (Chenopodium
           quinoa Willd.) genotypes under cadmium (CdCl2) stress

    • Authors: Yusuf Ziya AYGÜN; İbrahim ATIŞ, İbrahim ERTEKİN
      Abstract: Aims: Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) is very popular among the pseudocereals and its cultivation is increasing day by day in Turkey. This plant species is a plant that stands out with its resistance to abiotic stress conditions. This study was carried out to evaluate the germination and early seedling growth of some quinoa cadmium stress (sterile distilled water/control, 75, 150, 225, 300 and 375 mg L-1).Methods and Results: The experiment was established in the randomized plots with 4 replications under laboratory conditions and the statistical analysis was performed according to the factorial arrangement. At the end of the experiment, germination ratio (GR), germination index (GI) and mean germination time (MGT) were calculated. Root and shoot length and fresh weight were measured on the developing seedlings. Genotype × Dose interactions were found to be significant for all features except GR parameter. Genotype and dose main factors were found to be important for GR. When we evaluated the germination parameters, as the heavy metal doses increased, GR decreased, GI fluctuated, and MGT decreased. When we examined the first seedling growth parameters, shoot and root length and fresh weight decreased as the heavy metal dose increased.Conclusions: All quinoa genotypes evaluated according to the results of this study were tolerant to 75 and 150 mg L-1 doses of cadmium, while they were sensitive to doses above 150 mg L-1. Among the genotypes, the most tolerant genotype was determined as Cherry Vanilla.Significance and Impact of the Study: It has been determined that the quinoa plant can be included in cultivation systems using soils and irrigation water contaminated with cadmium up to 150 mg L-1.
      PubDate: Fri, 08 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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