Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
aBIOTECH : An International Journal on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta agriculturae Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Agronomica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Agronomica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Aquatica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Technica Agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Agriculture & Botanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agribusiness : an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Agric     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultura     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultural & Environmental Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agricultural Economics : The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
AGRIEAST : Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AgriEngineering     Open Access  
Agrinova (Agrotechnology Innovation)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriprobe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrisost     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agritech     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGRITROPICA : Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access  
Agro Sur     Open Access  
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agroecological journal     Open Access  
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agronomía & Ambiente     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomía Tropical     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agronomy Science     Open Access  
Agrosains : Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi     Open Access  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Agrosintesa Jurnal Ilmu Budidaya Pertanian     Open Access  
Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agrotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Agrotekma : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Ilmu Pertanian     Open Access  
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences     Open Access  
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal - Open Space     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Microbiome     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Arid Zone     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Applied Financial Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aquacultura Indonesiana     Open Access  
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access  
Asian Research Journal of Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Agronomy Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Berichte aus dem Julius Kühn-Institut     Open Access  
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BHUMI : Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan     Open Access  
Bioagro     Open Access  
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biochar     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
BIOFIX Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biosystems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Botanica Orientalis : Journal of Plant Science     Open Access  
British Poultry Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CABI Agriculture and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Cahiers Agricultures     Open Access  
California Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Caraka Tani : Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Ceiba     Open Access  
Central European Forestry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ceylon Journal of Science     Open Access  
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Investigación Agraria     Open Access  
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Compost Science & Utilization     Hybrid Journal  
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
CSA News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Cultura Agronômica : Revista de Ciências Agronômicas     Open Access  
Cultural Geographies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cultural Studies - Critical Methodologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cultural Studies of Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Agricultural Science and Technology     Open Access  
Current Agriculture Research Journal     Open Access  
Current Applied Science and Technology     Open Access  
Current Protocols in Plant Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Dinamika Pertanian     Open Access  
Dissertationen aus dem Julius Kühn-Institut     Open Access  
Dossiers Agraris     Open Access  
E-Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (Journal of Tropical Agroecotechnology)     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 136)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2320-7027
Published by SCIENCEDOMAIN international Homepage  [65 journals]
  • Adoption of Recommended Cultivation Practices Regarding Pineapple
           Cultivation in Sepahijala District of Tripura

    • Authors: Moumita ., Syed H. Mazhar
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: The study was conducted in Sepahijala District of Tripura to measure the Adoption of recommended cultivation practices regarding Pineapple cultivation. A total number of 120 respondents were selected randomly from five villages under Mohanbhog block which were selected purposively because productivity, production and area under Pineapple cultivation were found to be maximum. The data were collected by personnel interview method by using pre structured interview schedule and later appropriate statistical analysis was done to find out the meaningful results. The findings of the study revealed that majority of the respondents 60.00 per cent belonged to the middle- aged, 23.34 per cent had medium level of education and majority of the respondents annual income was between Rs 80,000 – Rs2lakh. The findings also revealed that 51.67 % had medium level of knowledge followed by 32.50% and 15.83% of the respondents with low and high levels of knowledge regarding improved Pineapple production practices. It was found that the independent variables i.e. Age, Caste, Education, Size of family, Land holding, Annual income, Farming experience, Extension agent contact, Social participation, Mass media exposure, source of information and Risk orientation & Economic motivation were positively and significantly correlated with knowledge of Pineapple growers towards Pineapple production practices at 0.01% of probability. Therefore, the null hypothesis was accepted for these variable, where as variable Occupation & Decision making ability availed was negatively and significantly correlated with the knowledge of Pineapple growers towards Pineapple production practices at 0.01% of probability respectively.
      PubDate: 2022-05-18
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930968
  • Socio- economic Profile of the Farmers in Five Agro-Climatic Zones of
           Punjab, India

    • Authors: R. A. Anjana, Kiranjot Sidhu
      Pages: 8 - 16
      Abstract: The present study was conducted in Punjab to analyse the socio- economic profile of 200 farmers using an interview schedule. The findings of the study revealed that large percentage of farmers belonged to general category and majority were nuclear having 2-5 members. Majority of farmers were cultivating between 5 to 15 acres of land. Largest percentage among these cultivated less than 5 acres. The owned cultivated land ownership of majority was less than 5 acres with negligible families owning more than 20 acres. More than fifty percent (56.5%) families leased in land for cultivation. Out of these, half of the sample families leased less than 5 acres of land and more than one fourth families (26.54%) between 5-10 acres of land. Farming was primary source of income for very large majority of the farmers. More than half of the farmers were engaged in some secondary occupation with highest percentage engaging in farm based entrepreneurship followed by farming and non-farm based business. Annual income of majority of farmers was upto three lakhs. Income was not significantly different in different zones which was highest in zone IV and least in zone V. Few of the farmers reported being a member of some organization.
      PubDate: 2022-05-19
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930969
  • Constraints Faced by the Women Labourers in Agriculture and Suggestions to
           Overcome Them

    • Authors: C. Deepa, M. Rama Devy, P. V. Sathya Gopal, V. Srinivasa Rao
      Pages: 17 - 21
      Abstract: The present investigation was done to study the Constraints faced by the women labourers in agriculture and suggestions to overcome them in of Andhra Pradesh. Three districts from the three Regions of Andhra Pradesh, Srikakulam district from North Coastal Region, Guntur district from Coastal South Region and Kurnool district from Rayalaseema Region of the Andhra Pradesh state were purposively selected based on the highest number of agricultural labourers in the Region. Case study research design was followed for the study and a sample of 180 respondents was drawn.
      PubDate: 2022-05-20
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930970
  • Impact of Training on Adoption of Information and Communication Technology
           Tools in Agricultural Extension among Smallholder Cassava Farmers in
           Rangwe Sub-County, Kenya

    • Authors: John Caleb Dimo, Maina Stephen Wambugu, Alice Chesambu Ndiema
      Pages: 22 - 32
      Abstract: The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) tools in Agricultural extension in Kenya is key to providing farm families with appropriate technical information and helping them develop skills for improved resource use in their agricultural activities to improve the efficiency of their value chains. The latent perk of ICT tools in the dissemination of agricultural information is not well exploited. Studies to assess the determinants of ICT tools adoption among smallholder cassava farmers in Kenya are limited. The aim of this study was to describe the level of access to training on ICT tools, the level of ICT tools’ adoption, and to determine the correlation between access to training and the use of ICT tools among the Small Holder Farmers (SHFs). A correlation research design was employed in this study at Rangwe Sub-County. The study used pretested structured questionnaire to collect data from 106 SHFs who grow cassava in the Sub-County. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science Version 25 to run Spearman’s correlation and descriptive statistics. From the results 36% of the respondents had used ICT tools in agricultural extension; only 37% had access to ICT training and a majority had received training once from a private extension system. Spearman’s correlation analysis showed that a correlation between access to training and the use of ICT tools among the SHFs was statistically significant at a 1% level of significance (R = +.776**, P = .000, R2 =0.602). Training on ICT tools explained about 60% of the use of the tools among the SHFs. An increase in access to the training enhances the use of ICT tools in agricultural extension. The availability of training centers was recommended to increase the use of ICT tools.
      PubDate: 2022-05-21
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930971
  • A Content Analysis of Farm Information and Infographics in Pasumai vikatan
           Tamil Magazine, India

    • Authors: S. Krithika, C. Karthikeyan, M. Nirmala Devi
      Pages: 33 - 39
      Abstract: Content analysis is an effective research tool to study the extent of information covered in farm magazines, which act as a comprehensive guide for farmers. The aim of the study is to analyze the coverage, readability ease, mode of presentation, and type and level of infographics published in the Tamil bimonthly magazine Pasumai Vikatan.  The magazine was purposefully selected based on regional preferences and popularity. A total of 619 articles covered across 64 editions from 2019 to 2021 were considered for the sample study to analyze the basic objective of the extent of farm information, readability ease and also the infographics covered. Inferential statistics were used to analyze percentage and frequency. The research revealed that 64.63 percent of the articles covered in the magazine were based on economics of returns in the past three years followed by articles related to organic farming (35.83 percent) and crop production aspects (35.13 percent). Further, the Flesch Kincaid reading ease was analyzed and the results indicated that the ease of articles ranged between very easy and standard and could be understood easily even by young readers. With respect to format, the articles were presented predominantly in series format (70.24 percent) followed by current news items pertaining to the agricultural sector (66.31 percent). The study also identified that the usage of infographics was sparse without much textual information. The authors recommend the usage of modern e-data tools for newsgathering during the pandemic period and also suggest deeper coverage of other recent areas in agriculture and allied sectors.
      PubDate: 2022-05-23
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930972
  • Performance of PM-Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana in Karnataka

    • Authors: Vasudev Naik, S. M. Jainuddin, Jagrati B. Deshmanya, P. Nataraj
      Pages: 40 - 46
      Abstract: The present study was undertaken with an overall objective to analyse the performance of PM Kisan Sanman Nidhi Yojana by estimating the number of beneficiaries covered, fund disbursed, utilization pattern of fund disbursed under the scheme, source of awareness about the scheme and constraints faced by the beneficiaries in availing the benefits. The study was conducted in Kalyan Karntaka region during 2020-21. The study used both primary and secondary data to fulfill the objectives. The total six districts of the Kalyan Karnataka region were selected for study. From each district 10 beneficiaries were selected. So total samples size of 60 beneficiaries were selected for survey. The study concluded that funds disbursed under PM KISAN scheme is mainly utilized for purchase of seeds (38.33%), fertilizers (15 %) and pesticides (11.67%) in the study area. Most of the beneficiaries became aware about the scheme from the fellow farmers (36.67%) followed by News papers (20 %) and Banks (16.67%). The highest number of beneficiaries was found in Raichur followed by Kalaburagi and Koppal districts in the Kalyan Karnataka region. The maximum number of beneficiaries were found in Uttar Pradesh (22.77%) followed by Maharashtra (10.11%), Madhya Pradesh (7.54%) and Bihar (7.23%).  Karnataka stands 7th place in ranking which covers 5.16 % of PM Kisan scheme beneficiaries in India.
      PubDate: 2022-05-23
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930973
  • Effect of Spacing and Mulch on Post Harvest Disease Incidence and Sensory
           Evaluation in Strawberry

    • Authors: Himadri S. Datta, P. C. Barua, U. Kotoky, R. Das, H. Saikia, H. K. Deva Nath
      Pages: 47 - 52
      Abstract: Aims: To study the response of plant spacing and mulch material on post harvest disease incidence and sensory evaluation in Strawberry. Study Design: The investigation was laid in a factorial randomized block design. Place and Duration of Study: Sample: Farmer’s field in Dhankhuloi village of Jorhat district,Assam and Department of Horticulture,Assam Agricultural University,Jorhat,India, during November-April of two consecutive years 2019-20 and 2020-21. Methodology: We included twenty treatments which were the combination of five spacings viz. 20 cm x 30 cm, 30 cm x 30 cm, 30 cm x 40 cm, 40 cm x 40 cm and 40 cm x 60 cm with four mulch materials i.e. paddy straw,red mulch,silver black mulch and no mulch. Evaluation of percent post harvest disease incidence and organoleptic qualities was conducted. Results: Out of 20 treatments, the treatment combination of widest spacing 40 cm x 60 cm along with silver black mulch showed least percent postharvest disease incidence (18.90%) while maximum incidence (42.82%) was obtained in no mulch applied plots with 20 cm x 30 cm spacing. Sensory evaluation showed treatment combination of 40 cm x 40 cm spacing with silver black mulch exhibited better organoleptic qualities. Conclusion: Positive effects of wider spacing and silver black mulch material might have contributed to least post harvest disease incidence in strawberry. Fruits of strawberry mulched with silver black plastic and wider spacing owing to favourable microclimate may have contributed to a sweeter taste and, consequently, better consumer acceptance.
      PubDate: 2022-05-23
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930974
  • Integrated Pest Management Technology as a Means to Cost Efficiency for
           Cotton Crop in Rajasthan, India

    • Authors: Shubhaom Panda, Amita Sharma, Seema Tyagi
      Pages: 53 - 63
      Abstract: Aim: This research is an attempt to uncover the production opportunities of cotton grown with Integrated Pest Management (IPM) technology in Rajasthan, India. Study Design: The study is based on both descriptive and exploratory type of research design. Place and Duration of the Study: The study was conducted at Institute of Agri Business Management, Swami Keshwanand Rajasthan Agricultural University, Bikaner, Rajasthan. Sri Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts of Rajasthan were selected under cotton cultivation for the study. The time duration of the project was for the crop year 2017–18. Methodology: The respondents for the study were cotton farmers following different pest control measures in the study area. Multistage stratified random sampling method was followed for the research. Two major districts of Irrigated North Western Plain Zone (Zone Ib) were purposely selected. Based on experts’ opinion, villages were selected under three technologies viz. IPM, conventional and mix of both technologies. The list of farmers following IPM and mix of both technologies was collected from Central Integrated Pest Management Centre (CIPMC), Sri Ganganagar and lists of farmers following conventional technology were collected from respective gram panchayats. The sample size for the study was limited to 90 in numbers. The selection of farmers was based on probability proportional to size (PPS) method on the basis of their land holdings from each village. The analysis was done by calculating returns over variable cost, benefit-cost ratio and resource use efficiency of data collected from the field. Results: The variable costs for the cultivation of cotton per hectare are ₹ 48001.78, ₹ 49105.66 and ₹ 48441.93 for the farmers following IPM, conventional and the mix of both technologies, respectively. The benefit to cost ratio in IPM was found to be the highest i.e. 2.23, followed by 2.04 for mix of both technology, and 1.85 for conventional technology. The estimation of resource use efficiency in cotton indicated the under-utilization of human labour in case of IPM and mix of both technologies and over-utilization of machine labour in case of conventional and IPM technology. Conclusion: The IPM technology was found to be economical for the farmers growing cotton in the study area. The resources like human labour, machine labour, fertilizers and manure as well as plant protection measures were suggested to be effectively utilized for better cost effectiveness among the farmers in the study area.
      PubDate: 2022-05-23
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930975
  • Effects of Biochar on Yield of Chilli, and Soil Chemical Properties

    • Authors: Tshering Wangmo, Sonam Dorji, Tshering Tobgay, Tshering Pelden
      Pages: 64 - 77
      Abstract: Aims: To examine the effects of different doses of biocharon the yield of chili and soil chemical properties under the Samtenling condition which represents the wet-subtropical agro-climatic zone of Bhutan. Study Design: Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) was used for the study with three replications and five treatments. Place and Duration of Study: Agriculture Research and Development Centre (ARDC), Samtenling, Sarpang district located in southern Bhutan, between October 2020 and May 2021. Methodology: Composite soil samples were collected before and after biochar addition and their chemical properties were analyzed at Soil and Plant Analytical Laboratory (SPAL), National Soil Services Centre, Thimphu. One hybrid variety (sv2319HA) of chili was used in all the treatments with five different biochar doses (No biochar addition, biochar addition @ 0.8 t acre-1, 1.6 t acre-1, 3.2 t acre-1, and 4.9 t acre-1).  Growth and yield data of chili were collected and analyzed using the multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) at P = .05using R studio team (2021), version 1.4.1103. Results: The yield of chilli significantly differed (P = .03) under different doses of biochar but variations in growth were insignificant except the number of branches (P = .03). Overall, the yield of chili increased from 0.3 t acre-1 to 0.9 t acre-1 with an increase in biochar rates from 0.8 t acre-1 to 3.2 t acre-1. Biochar addition of 3.2 t acre-1 significantly increased the yield of chili (0.95 t acre-1) as compared to control (0.346 t acre-1). Soil pH, % nitrogen, available P (mg kg-1), available K (mg kg-1), CEC, % BS, and % organic matter increased with increasing quantities of rice husk biochar. Conclusion: The different doses of biochar addition to the soil had a significantly positive impact on the yield of chili as it also improved the soil’s chemical properties. The addition of 3.2 t acre-1of biochar may be recommended as per the study since the maximum yield of chilli was recorded in soil treated with biochar @3.2t acre-1.
      PubDate: 2022-05-24
      DOI: 10.9734/ajaees/2022/v40i930976
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