Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 963 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (662 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (662 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Modern Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Natural Resources and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Natural Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council     Open Access  
Journal of Nuts     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Stress Physiology     Open Access  
Journal of Population Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Resources Development and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Rubber Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Rural and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sugar Beet     Open Access  
Journal of Sugarcane Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal AGROSAINS dan TEKNOLOGI     Open Access  
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Terapan Universitas Jambi : JIITUJ     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Spermonde     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Tanah Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi & Industri Hasil Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
La Granja : Revista de Ciencias de la Vida     Open Access  
La Técnica : Revista de las Agrociencias     Open Access  
Laimburg Journal     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
Latin American Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Livestock Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Magazín Ruralidades y Territorialidades     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Maskana     Open Access  
Measurement : Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Meyve Bilimi     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
Millenium : Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health     Open Access  
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Molecular Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Mundo Agrario     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Mycopath     Open Access  
Mycorrhiza     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nativa     Open Access  
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies     Open Access  
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nexo Agropecuario     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NJAS : Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Open Agriculture Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Organic Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Farming     Open Access  
OUSL Journal     Open Access  
Outlook on Agriculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Outlooks on Pest Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Pacific Conservation Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paddy and Water Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Park Watch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Partners in Research for Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Pedobiologia     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pedosphere     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Pest Management Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Phytopathology Research     Open Access  
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenome Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Potato Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practical Hydroponics and Greenhouses     Full-text available via subscription  
Precision Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
PRIMA : Journal of Community Empowering and Services     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Producción Agropecuaria y Desarrollo Sostenible     Open Access  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns Agraris     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rangeland Ecology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rangelands     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Recent Research in Science and Technology     Open Access  
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Reproduction and Breeding     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
Research Journal of Seed Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Revista Bio Ciencias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Tecnologia Agropecuária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología El Higo     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Investigaciones Agroindustriales     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Agrário e Agroambiental     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación en Agroproducción Sustentable     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Competências Digitais para Agricultura Familiar     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Viticultura, Agroindustria y Ruralidad     Open Access  
Revista Ingeniería Agrícola     Open Access  
Revista Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Rurales     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista Mundi Meio Ambiente e Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Universitaria del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rona Teknik Pertanian     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RURALS : Review of Undergraduate Research in Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  

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Journal Cover
Journal of Horticulture and Postharvest Research
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2588-4883 - ISSN (Online) 2588-6169
Published by U of Birjand Homepage  [1 journal]
  • An abiotic UV-B stress on Brassicaceae seeds increased their phytochemical
           content on 7-days sprouts

    • Abstract: Purpose: Cruciferous sprouts in their early stages of development are very suitable foods against degenerative diseases due to their high content of health promoting compounds. The application of UV-B can act as an elicitor of these compounds. The objective was to study the effect of a UV-B treatment to different seed varieties and its remnant effects after germination as sprouts. Research method: Brassicaceae seeds selected (radish, rocket, white mustard, and tatsoi) were treated under 20 kJ m-2 UV-B 24 h before sowing, while no UV radiation was used as control (CTRL). After 7 days, sprouts were harvested, frozen, and freeze-dried until their bioactive content was analysed. Findings: Results showed that UV-B enhanced by ~20% the biosynthesis of phenolic compounds in sprouts, and hence, their total antioxidant capacity. Furthermore, this UV effect was also appreciated after 7 germination days, and it was increased by ~38% regarding CTRL, especially on rocket and mustard sprouts. In conclusion, an abiotic UV-B stress treatment to seeds can be an interesting tool to improve the bioactive compounds content of young plants, although the intrinsic mechanisms involved should be further investigated. Research limitations: The use of these new technologies, such as UV-B, is costly and must be applied following appropriate safety measures to avoid possible irradiation damage. Originality/Value: The analysis of the remnant effect of the UV-B before seeds sprouting has not been yet studied and its use could result in a beneficial effect on the germination and biosynthesis of phytochemicals in young plants.
       
  • Foliar potassium nitrate spray induces changes in potassium- sodium
           balance and biochemical mechanisms in olive (Olea europaea L. cv Chemlali)
           plants submitted to salt stress

    • Abstract: Purpose: Nowadays with the precipitation scarcity induced by climate change, the use of non-conventional water resources in irrigation is needed such as saline water. The irrigation of salt tolerance species like olive could be adopted with potassium foliar spray. In this work we present how olive plants modulate sodium potassium balance and metabolism to mitigate salt stress. Research method: A pot experiment was conducted to assess how potassium nitrate modify Na/K ratio and biochemical compounds in olive plants. One-year-old olive plants (cv Chemlali) irrigated with a saline water (10g/L) were subjected to three treatments: K0, K1 and K2 (0, 1 and 2% of potassium nitrate foliar spray, respectively). Findings: Results showed differences between treatments. The mineral composition particularly the sodium and potassium content of leaves and roots revealed that the K1 and K2 treatments slightly increased K/Na in leaves and decreased in roots. Moreover, the salt stress was moderate through the osmotic adjustment. The accumulation of osmolytes (proline and soluble sugars) decreased by k1 and K2 treatments. Secondry metabolites (phenols) showed an increase by K1 and K2. Lipid peroxydation was also reduced by treatments especially in young leaves and then increased. In conclusion, potassium can be recommended in order to mitigate the harmful effects of salinity. Research limitations: No limitations were founded. Originality/Value: In the condition of current water scarcity the saline water could be used with potassium application.
       
  • Variation of some Diospyros genotypes in Iran based on pomological
           characteristics

    • Abstract: Purpose: Gaining knowledge about the genetic diversity is essential in terms of plant breeding and germplasm conservation. In this study, the genetic diversity of some persimmons was evaluated using pomological traits. Research method: 28 genotypes belonging to D. lotus and D. kaki species were evaluated from different regions of Iran. Nineteen fruit and seed traits were recorded for 15 fruits per genotype. Findings: Pomological characteristics showed high variations among the studied genotypes. Generally, the coefficient of variation in seed traits was higher than that in fruit traits. All of the D. lotus and some D. kaki genotypes were seeded, while the rest of D. kaki genotypes were seedless. Fruit weight ranged from 4.45–251.77g, and the most fruit weight was recorded in KBM1 genotype, also the biggest seeds and the most fruit length was detected in this genotype. The results indicated that a significant and positive correlation there was between fruit weight and length with seed dimensions. Various fruit shape was detected among the genotypes, but most of them were round-shaped. The genotypes ranged from strongly-astringent to completely non-astringent types. Cluster and principle component analysis showed that all the genotypes can be divided into three main groups, and some of the groups can be divided into distinct sub-groups. In PCA, first two components explained about 60.97% of total achieved variability. Research limitations: No limitations were encountered. Originality/Value: This study indicated that Diospyros germplasm resources in Iran are of noticeable diversities and can be promising for the utilization in the breeding programs.
       
  • Evaluation of the effect of fruit coating on shelf life extension of lime
           (Citrus aurantifolia) under different storage condition

    • Abstract: Purpose: Lime fruit, a non-climacteric, seasonal crop, becomes unmarketable after 1-2 weeks from harvesting. Even though, lime is stored under low temperature conditions, the shelf life of which lasted about 4-6 weeks due to low rate of perishability. Research Method: The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of coating formulation under ambient (30°C, 65% RH), cold (13±2°C and 85% RH), zero energy cooling chamber [ZECC], (16-18°C, 65% RH). Thephysiochemical attributes were evaluated in triplicate and data were analyzed using ANOVA and a probability value of p<0.05 was adopted. Finding: The storage life of citrus fruits was extended up to 15, 30, and 40 days under ambient, ZECC, and cold storage respectively by protecting physicochemical attributes such as low weight loss, TSS, titratable acidity, pH, juice yield, chlorophyll (a, b and total chlorophyll content) and surface colour with respect to L*, a* and b* values. The overall performance of different treatments demonstrated that the wax coating treatment for lime fruits under low temperature storage proved better performance compared with all other treatments. The coated fruits exhibited the retention of physicochemical characteristics significantly (P< 0.05) by lowering the fruit spoilage. Research limitations: Even though mechanical application of wax formulations was effective; it was not practiced in the experiment. Originality/Value: The wax coating treatment can be utilized on commercial scale to enhance the shelf life and to maintain the quality of lime fruits combined with low temperature storage.
       
  • Phytochemical properties of local and introduced apricot cultivars grown
           under organic cultivation system in Tunisia

    • Abstract: Purpose: Organic apricots are perceived to be healthier than conventional ones. In Tunisia, comparative studies on the phytochemical properties of these fruits are scarce. This work aimed to identify organically grown apricot cultivar(s) with high nutritional value for human health. Phytochemical compounds of organically apricots in local (‘Oud Rhayem’, ‘Oud Hmida’ and ‘Oud Aouicha’) and introduced (‘Ninfa’ and ‘Mogador’) cultivars were investigated. Research Method: Polyphenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins and carotenoids analysis were performed for 3 lots of 10mixed fruits each. Findings: Significant variability in phytochemical properties was obtained between the studied cultivars. ‘Mogador’ was found to be superior for most phytochemical compounds: β-carotene (0.05mg/100g fresh mass), total phenolics (≥154 mg GAE/100 g of fresh mass) and total flavonoids (27mg catechin/100 g fresh mass). Furthermore, highest phenolics content was found in ‘Oud Aouicha’ and ‘Oud Hmida’ (≥160 mg GAE/100 g fresh mass). The highest anthocyanins content was obtained in ‘Oud Aouicha’ and ‘Ninfa’ (71 and 62.5 mg cyaniding-3-glucoside /100g fresh mass, respectively). In conclusion, ‘Mogador’ could be selected as the performing apricot genotype including the most phytochemicals components. Nevertheless, ‘Ninfa’, ‘Oud Aouicha’ and ‘Oud Hmida’ showed good accumulation of many antioxidant components. Research limitations: Further researches on other genotypes are required. Originality/Value: This study is original related to the phytochemical properties of local and introduced organic apricots. The results can be considered as a preliminary database of the nutritional facts of organic apricots and they could help breeders to select genotypes with large antioxidant capacity of fruit related to the health benefits.
       
  • Salinity tolerance evaluation of twelve selected pomegranate (Punica
           granatum) genotypes to achieve tolerant cultivars and rootstocks

    • Abstract: Purpose: Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is a very interesting fruit tree for arid and semiarid areas in any part of the world. Like other fruit trees, the selection of tolerant rootstocks and scion is a very good strategy to reduce the adverse effects of salinity on pomegranate. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of salinity stress on the growth characteristics of some selected pomegranate genotypes and introduce the most tolerant genotype(s) to salinity for use as a basis in future research. Research method: Selected pomegranate genotypes were evaluated using a factorial experiment based on a completely randomized design (CRD) with four replications in 2019-2020. Treatments were included 12 genotypes of Golanr-e-Shahdad (G-Shahdad), Golanr-e-Sarvestan(G-Sarvestan), Golnar-Saveh(G-Saveh), Poostsiah-e-Ardekan(Poostsiah), ‘Malas-e-Yazdi’(‘M-Yazdi’), ‘Malas-e-Saveh’(‘M-Saveh’), ‘Shishecap-e-Ferdos’ (‘Shishecap’), ‘Rabab-e-Neiriz’ (‘Rabab’), ‘Vahshi-e-Babolsar’(‘V-Babolsar’), ‘Narak-e-Lasjerd-Semnan’(‘Narak’), Chahafzal and ‘Voshik-e-Torsh-e-Saravan’(‘Voshik’) and the salinity of the irrigation water in five levels (1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 dS.m-1). Findings: According to the results, the type of genotype and the level of salinity were affected on morphological and physiological traits as well as the concentration of nutrient elements. In all genotypes, the growth indices, relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll index, and total chlorophyll reduced as a result of increasing the salinity level. But the percentage of necrotic leaves, percentage of fallen leaves, ion leakage, concentration of Na+, the concentration of Cl- and Na+/K+ ratio increased. At salinity level of 7dS.m-1, necrotic leaves (3.11% &23.98%), fallen leaves (1.05% & 5.70%), ion leakage (5.87% & 22.10%), Na+(0.31% & 1.29%), concentration of Cl-(0.13%& 1.10%), concentration of K+(0.64% & -0.07%) and Na+/K+ ratio (0.09 & 2.28 units) increased in Chahafzal and Voshik genotypes, respectively. Research limitations: No limitations to report. Originality/Value: ‘Chahafzal’ and ‘Poostsiah’ genotypes were recognized as the most tolerant to salinity according to the results. In contrast, Voshik and M-Saveh genotypes were more sensitive to salinity. The tolerant genotypes will be used in plans as rootstocks to graft the selected genotypes on them.
       
  • Evaluation of short day onion (Allium cepa L.) genotypes for quantity and
           quality traits

    • Abstract: Purpose: In the first stage to produce open pollinated and hybrid onion cultivars, identification of compatible genotypes as breeding base populations with the climatic conditions is of special importance. Thus, this research was performed to evaluate short day onion hybrids and achieve a breeding base population by identifying the best genotypes in terms of quantity and quality traits and also for studying the reaction of genotypes to the climatic conditions of Isfahan and Khuzestan. Research method: Fifteen onion genotypes were evaluated as complete block design with three replications in two locations (Isfahan and Khuzestan) under field condition during the 2017-2018 growing season. The traits evaluated included: bulb yield, average bulb weight, dry matter content, total soluble solids, and weight loss. Findings: According to the results of Isfahan location, Savannah Sweet and Saba hybrids had the highest bulb yield (42.72 t/ha and 41.05 t/ha, respectively) and Vania hybrid with high significant different (p< 0.05) was showed the lowest bulb yield (19.77 t/ha). In Khuzestan location, SV6326, Saba and Savannah Sweet for bulb yield (92.38, 89.71 and 89.14 t/ha, respectively) were recognized as super hybrids, in contrast, hybrids: Early Super Select, Behbahan improved population, Super Perfect, Sahar and Vania, were considered as weak hybrids (bulb yields<60 t/ha). In terms of quality traits, Behbahan improved population with 18.84% and 14.75% of total soluble solids as well as 19.52% and 15.77% of dry matter content in Isfahan and Khuzestan locations had significant difference from the other hybrids. Saba hybrid was identified as high bulb yield with low weight loss hybrid, Vania hybrid recognized as low bulb yield and the Savannah Sweet was identified as high yield with high weight loss in two experiments. Research limitations: Further work could be done with other commercial short day onion hybrids. Originality/Value: These genotypes can be used as parental material in the quantity and quality improvement of bulb onion. In future breeding programmes, emphasis should be given to Saba hybrid for producing high bulb yield and best quality onion variety.
       
  • Phenotypic diversity among apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) cultivars growing
           in west central Tunisia

    • Abstract: Purpose: Apricot production extends from the north to the south of Tunisia with many cultivars adapted to different local microclimates. This large extension of apricot is associated with an important genetic diversity, which is threatened to erosion. This study aims to select cultivars with enhanced antioxidant capacity that will benefit consumers with health-promoting properties. Research Method: This study was conducted over three growing seasons (2016-2018) in flesh fruits nine apricot cultivars (‘Amor Leuch’, ‘Bakour’, ‘Búlida’, ‘Bayoudhi’, ‘Canino’, ‘Khit eloued’, ‘Khad hlima’, ‘Sayeb’ and ‘Wardi’). The experiment was established in private apricot orchard in the region of Hajeb Laayoun- Kairouan, west central Tunisia. Findings: Results showed that the fruit firmness ranged from 20.4 N in the cultivar ‘Sayeb’ to 32.5 N in the cultivar ‘Canino’. The soluble solids content varied from 10.2 °Brix in the cv. ‘Bakour’ to 15.0 °Brix in the cultivar ‘Bayoudhi’. A wide range of variability was found among the apricot cultivars with regard to the phenolic compounds content [32.7-71.5 mg GAE/100 g FW]. The cultivar ‘Khad Hlima’ presented the highest value of relative antioxidant capacity (366.8 μg Trolox Equivalents/g FW). Our study permits to select the cv. ‘Bakour’ with the needed precocity, the cv. ‘Canino’ with high firmness, the cv. ‘Bayoudhi’ with the highest SSC and the cv. ‘Khad Hlima’ with high nutritional quality. Research limitations: No limitations were found. Originality/Value: This study represents a valuable source of genotypes to be used in apricot breeding programs.
       
  • Growth characteristics, yield, and fruit quality of the Asian pear
           genotypes (Pyrus serotina Rehd.) in climatic conditions of Isfahan- Iran

    • Abstract: Purpose: Selection and evaluation of imported cultivars is one of the main programs for the breeding of fruit trees, including pears. Comparison of quantitative and qualitative traits of imported cultivars and genotypes with available cultivars of each region is necessary to obtain superior cultivars and introduce them to producers. Research method: In this study, the growth and yield of 10 introduced Asian pear genotypes named Ks6, Ks7, Ks8, Ks9, Ks10, Ks12, Ks13 and Ks14 along with two European pear cultivars named 'Shahmiveh' and 'Spadona' as controls grafting on 'Dargazi' seedling rootstock were studied during five years (2015-2019) in the climatic conditions of Isfahan (Iran). Findings: The highest rootstock, grafting, and scion diameter as well as the highest tree height were observed in 'Shahmiveh' and 'Espadona' cultivars. Ks8 and Ks9 had the lowest rootstock and grafting diameter and Ks10 showed the lowest scion diameter and tree height. Two European pear cultivars, 'Shahmiveh' and 'Espadona', had lower yield and yield efficiency than Asian genotypes. The highest yield and yield efficiency belonged to Ks13 and Ks8, respectively. 'Shahmiveh' and Ks9 had the highest and lowest fruit dimensions, respectively. European cultivars had higher TSS than Asian genotypes. The highest and the lowest fruit firmness were observed in Ks13 and 'Shahmiveh', respectively. Research limitations: No limitations were found. Originality/Value: In general, Ks13 and Ks8 are recommended for cultivation and expansion in the climatic conditions of Isfahan due to their good yield and taste index.
       
  • Application of silicone membrane technology to increase quality and shelf
           life of fruits and vegetables: a review

    • Abstract: Purpose: The prime aim of food storage and preservation is to protect and preserve food; and hence, extend its shelf life with minimal losses. Amongst the various factors involved to increase the shelf life and preservation, packaging plays a very critical role by providing a good physical barrier to oxygen, moisture, microorganisms, and other volatiles. Certain perishable food products require modified and controlled atmospheric packaging in order to keep them fresh, sterile, clean, and safe. The purpose of this study is to analyze and understand the use of silicone membrane technology in preserving the quality and extending the shelf life of fruits and vegetables. Main findings: The silicone membrane system (SMS) being a method of controlling atmospheric composition in fruits and vegetable storage, it was found that the shelf life and quality of the products were maintained to its best through selective membrane permeability and product respiration. The SMS allows diffusion of gases, at different rates, which is dependent on its physical and chemical properties and can be technically controlled compared to conventional Controlled Atmospheric systems. Limitations: This technology has been limited only to laboratory scale, and needs to be commercialized. Another big limitation is its high cost. Moreover, certain fruits required pre-processing before being kept in chambers with silicone windows. Directions for Future Research:  This system needs to be studied in a more appropriate way and in a more cost-effective manner, such that it can be commercialized and made available for farmers at low cost to protect their produce.
       
  • Quality retention of selected exotic fruits: Balata (Manilkara bidentata),
           Spanish Tamarind (Vangueria edulis) and fresh-cut West Indian Lime (Citrus
           aurantifolia)

    • Abstract: Purpose: Exotic fruits could fulfill global requirements of health-conscious consumers, providing efficient postharvest management protocols are implemented to assure safety and quality. Research Methods: Compositional changes of ripe balata fruits (Manilkara bidentata), were investigated when seal-packaged in low density polyethylene (LDPE) for 7 days at 6-7°C and 28-30°C. Mature Spanish tamarind (Vangueria edulis) fruits were stored at 20°C and 30°C and ripening changes analyzed after 3 days. Quarter-sliced mature-green (M1) and ripe-yellow (M2) West Indian lime (Citrus aurantifolia) were seal-packaged in LDPE at 4-5°C, 7-8°C and 28-30°C and evaluated over seven consecutive days. Findings: Balata seal-packaged in LDPE for 7 days at 6-7°C and at 28-30°C, accounted for lower fresh weight losses, higher total soluble solids (TSS), pH, TSS:TTA, vitamin C, better skin-gloss appearance and more acceptable flavor than control fruits over the same period. Ripe Spanish tamarind stored at 20°C and 30°C and 75-85% relative humidity had a yellowish-brown skin and pulp color, TSS (3.0-3.1%), TTA (2.24g/100g - 2.48g/100g), TSS:TTA (1:1.3), pH (3.4) and vitamin C (1.84 mg/100g). West Indian lime M2 quarter-slices at 7-8°C secured superior quality ratings due to the absence of chilling injury symptoms, cut-edge browning and fermentative aroma compared to similar treatments after 4 days at 4-5°C. At 28-30°C, M1 and M2 became unmarketable in less than two days. Research Limitations: More cultivars required. Originality/value: The unique postharvest quality characteristics of exotic fruits could be successfully managed to fulfill the basic requirements of health-conscious consumers and to exploit existing and potential niche markets.
       
  • Assessment of physico-chemical characteristics of strawberry (Fragaria x
           ananassa Duch cv Camarosa) during fruit growth and development stages
           using principal component analysis

    • Abstract: Purpose: The optimum harvest maturity for growers is depended on both product and marketing conditions. Non-climacteric fruits, especially strawberries, are generally harvested in fully ripen stage. The appearance, firmness, and phytonutrient compositions consist the main quality parameters in this fruits. In the present investigation, the strawberry fruits (Fragaria x ananassa Duch cv Camarosa) were harvested at seven different growth stages (50% growth, green, white, turning, 50% turning, ripening, over ripen) and evaluated for their physical and chemical characteristics. Research method: Correlation of parameters and growth stages were investigated by the statistical approach the principal component analysis (PCA). Findings: Results revealed an increase in the total soluble solids (TSS: 11.5 Brix) and decrease in titratable acidity (TA: 0.85 mg citric acid/100 g FW) and fruit firmness (1.27 N) parameters. The phenolic (151.43 mg GAE/g FW) and flavonoid contents (48.92 mg Q/100g FW) were decreased until turning stage, whilst the trend was increased afterwards. The vitamin C (AsA) amount was increased during ripening period, whereas it reached up to 42 mg ascorbic acid/100 g fresh weight in ripen fruit. The PCA plot indicated that increasing of the fruit ripening, TSS, AsA, and TAC (total anthocyanin concentrations) have been enhanced, although TA and Cl (chlorophyll) were declined. Research limitations: No limitations were encountered. Originality/Value: Optimum harvesting period is a considerable factor for both consumers and food industries, growth stages that it can be achieved to target production of fruits with stable and predicatble physical, chemical and phytochemical parameters.
       
  • Biochemical and physicochemical properties of some date palm (Phoenix
           dactylifera) fruit cultivars

    • Abstract: Purpose: The main aim of the present research was to determine the qualitative and quantitative properties of some commercial cultivars of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruit from Iran. Research method: Mature fruits of uniform size, without of physical damage or injury from insects and fungal infection were used for all biochemical and physicochemical properties. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents were determined using the modified Folin–Ciocalteu colorimetric and aluminum chloride colorimetric methods, respectively. The antioxidant activity was determined by DPPH scavenging assay method. Findings: Among the evaluated cultivars, ‘Kabkab’ had the highest fruit length and diameter, seed length, flesh weight, flesh to seed ratio, total weight and moisture percentage. The mount of antioxidant activity (AA) was in the range 57.29 ± 2.91 to 70.04 ± 0.91 in the ‘Hamrawi’ and ‘Barhee’ cultivars, respectively. ‘Khadrawi-Ahwaz’ and ‘Deiry’ showed the highest (1103.76 ± 100.89 mg gallic acid/100 g fresh weight) and the lowest (261.86 ± 44.48 mg/100 g FW) content of total phenolic compounds (TPC), respectively. Besides, the highest soluble solid content (SSC) and titratable acidity (TA) were observed in ‘Berim’ (82.5%) and ‘Hamrawi’ (0.086%), respectively. Research limitations: No limitations were founded. Originality/Value: Selected date cultivars in this study had relatively high levels of TPC, TFC and AA. The highest content of AA, TPC and TFC were observed in ‘Barhee’, ‘Khadrawi-Ahwaz’, and ‘Hamrawi’ cultivars, respectively.
       
  • Seed yield and yield attributes of onions as influenced by surface
           cutting, weight, and planting date of mother bulbs

    • Abstract: Purpose: This investigation aimed to study the effect of mother bulb surface cutting, weight and date of planting on plant growth, seed yield and seed quality of onions.  Research method: The experiment was conducted during 2020 at the Agriculture Research Farm of Kabul University. The study was designed in split-split plot Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and data for plant biometry, seed yield and seed quality was recorded. The recorded data were statistically analyzed with R software. Findings: The study revealed that, surface cutting of mother bulbs alone does not influence plant growth and seed yield. However, the interaction of large bulb and bulb surface cutting was significant on seed yield. The large sized whole bulbs produced higher seed yield (938.33 Kg ha-1) as compared to other treatments. Early planting produced vigorous plants as compare late planting. Large bulbs (126-175 g) produced vigorous plants and highest seed yield (820.83 Kg ha-1). However, the seed yield (805.83 Kg ha-1) produced by plants obtained from medium bulbs (76-125 g) was on par with those produced from large bulbs. Research limitations: No limitations to report. Originality/Value: Based on the findings of the study, the farmers are recommended to avoid the surface cutting of mother bulbs and follow early planting (20th March) of medium sized bulbs (76-125 g) for vigorous plants and higher seed yield of onion.
       
  • Summer pruning on seedless barberry: preliminary results on alternate
           bearing behavior

    • Abstract: Purpose: Barberry (Berberis vulgaris L.) fruit is an important source of anthocyanin supplying for consumption and in medicine. The fruit production is not regular, and based on previous studies, shows strong biennial bearing habit. Research method: The present research was conducted during 6 consecutive years to evaluate the effects of summer pruning intensities on alternate bearing index (ABI), new shoot growth, total carbohydrate within shoot and leaf tissues, 100 berry fresh weight, and juice anthocyanin content. Pruning treatments were done as topping the one-year old shoots in May as followed: removing 0 bud (unpruned or control), 10 buds and 20 buds via topping the mentioned shoots. Findings: Data showed that summer pruning that removed 10 buds via shoot topping increased the induction of new shoot growth (current shoot production), carbohydrate accumulation within shoot tissues, 100 berries fresh weight and anthocyanin content within berry juice. On the other hand, the lowest and the highest ABI were observed in 10-buds removing and un-pruned trees, respectively. Finally, it is concluded that summer pruning might be considered as a good tool to mitigate alternate bearing habit of this valuable tree, specifically decreases canopy transpiration via lower leaf area during hot periods of the season. Research limitations: During the experiment, there was no considerable limitation. Originality/Value: The present research increases the possibility of how coping with alternate bearing in seedless barberry orchards. It is clear that the changing management methods might be helpful decreasing bearing habits of this plant.
       
  • Responses of pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) drought-tolerant rootstocks
           to the salinity of irrigation water

    • Abstract: Purpose: Pomegranate is an important crop in Iran. However, soil and water salinity in pomegranate growing areas of Iran is one of the most important abiotic stresses resulting in economically significant losses. The most effective way to deal with salinity is to develop salinity-tolerant rootstocks and cultivars and use them in areas with saline soil and water. Research method: The experiment was conducted as a factorial based on a completely randomized design, where three rootstocks (‘Daneshgah 8’, ‘Daneshgah 13’, and ‘Daneshgah 32’) and five salinity levels (irrigation water as a control treatment, and concentrations of 25, 50, 75 and 100 mM sodium chloride) were the factors. Salinity treatments were applied in June, July, and August on three-year plants. By the end of the study, some morphological, physiological, and biochemical traits were recorded.  Findings: Under salinity stress conditions, pomegranate rootstocks showed apparent differences in measured traits. Among the evaluated rootstocks, ‘Daneshgah 13’ exhibited good tolerance to salinity stress due to the smaller reductions in leaf relative water content, chlorophyll content, plant height, shoot number, fresh and dry weight, as well as lower values of ion leakage, and necrotic and fallen leaves. Research limitations: By measuring some other physiochemical traits such as antioxidant enzymes and proline contents, the response of pomegranate drought-tolerant rootstocks to the salinity can be more clearly interpreted. Originality/Value: Therefore, ‘Daneshgah 13’ can be used as appropriate genetic resources in breeding programs for tolerance to salinity.
       
 
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