Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 401 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Nuts     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Plant Stress Physiology     Open Access  
Journal of Population Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Resources Development and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Rubber Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Rural and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Scientific Agriculture     Open Access  
Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities Review     Open Access  
Journal of Sugar Beet     Open Access  
Journal of Sugarcane Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Vegetable Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Wine Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal AGROSAINS dan TEKNOLOGI     Open Access  
Jurnal Agrotek Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Jurnal BETA (Biosistem dan Teknik Pertanian)     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Terapan Universitas Jambi : JIITUJ     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Kelautan Spermonde     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pertanian Terpadu     Open Access  
Jurnal Rekayasa dan Manajemen Agroindustri     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Tanah Tropika     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Pertanian Lampung (Journal of Agricultural Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi & Industri Hasil Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pertanian Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
La Granja : Revista de Ciencias de la Vida     Open Access  
La Técnica : Revista de las Agrociencias     Open Access  
Laimburg Journal     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
Latin American Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Livestock Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Magazín Ruralidades y Territorialidades     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Margin The Journal of Applied Economic Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Maskana     Open Access  
Measurement : Food     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Media, Culture & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Mesopotamia Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Meyve Bilimi     Open Access  
Middle East Journal of Science     Open Access  
Millenium : Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health     Open Access  
Mind Culture and Activity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Molecular Horticulture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Mundo Agrario     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Tarım Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Mycopath     Open Access  
Mycorrhiza     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nativa     Open Access  
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies     Open Access  
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nexo Agropecuario     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
NJAS : Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Open Agriculture Journal     Open Access  
Open Journal of Soil Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Organic Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Organic Farming     Open Access  
OUSL Journal     Open Access  
Outlook on Agriculture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Outlooks on Pest Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Oxford Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Oxford Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Oxford Review of Economic Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Pacific Conservation Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Paddy and Water Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Parallax     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Park Watch     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Partners in Research for Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Pastoralism : Research, Policy and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Pedobiologia     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Pedosphere     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Peer Community Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Pest Management Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Phytopathology Research     Open Access  
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenome Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Phenomics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Potato Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practical Hydroponics and Greenhouses     Full-text available via subscription  
Precision Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
PRIMA : Journal of Community Empowering and Services     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference     Open Access  
Producción Agropecuaria y Desarrollo Sostenible     Open Access  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Progress in Agricultural Engineering Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Quaderns Agraris     Open Access  
Rafidain Journal of Science     Open Access  
Rangeland Ecology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Rangelands     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rangifer     Open Access  
Recent Research in Science and Technology     Open Access  
Recursos Rurais     Open Access  
Rekayasa     Open Access  
Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Reproduction and Breeding     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
Research Journal of Seed Science     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Revista Bio Ciencias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Agropecuária Sustentável     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Tecnologia Agropecuária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Revista Ciencia y Tecnología El Higo     Open Access  
Revista Ciência, Tecnologia & Ambiente     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Investigaciones Agroindustriales     Open Access  
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Agrário e Agroambiental     Open Access  
Revista de Investigación en Agroproducción Sustentable     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Altoandinas - Journal of High Andean Research     Open Access  
Revista de la Ciencia del Suelo y Nutricion Vegetal     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Agronomía     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Competências Digitais para Agricultura Familiar     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Bioeconomía y Cambio Climático     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Viticultura, Agroindustria y Ruralidad     Open Access  
Revista Ingeniería Agrícola     Open Access  
Revista Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Rurales     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista Mundi Meio Ambiente e Agrárias     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Universitaria del Caribe     Open Access  
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rice Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Rona Teknik Pertanian     Open Access  
RUDN Journal of Agronomy and Animal Industries     Open Access  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
RURALS : Review of Undergraduate Research in Agricultural and Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Sainteknol : Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi     Open Access  
Savana Cendana     Open Access  
Savannah Journal of Research and Development     Open Access  
Science and Technology Indonesia     Open Access  

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Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0852-3681 - ISSN (Online) 2443-0765
Published by Universitas Brawijaya Homepage  [10 journals]
  • Morphometric Characteristics of Galekan Cattle Breed Base on Principle
           Component Analysis (PCA)

    • Authors: Kuswati Kuswati, Muhammad Irvan Ali, Rini Dwi Wahyuni
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: This study obtained morphometric information on Galekan cattle and compared phenotypic characteristics of Galekan cattle with local breed based on previous studies. This research was a case study with purposive sampling using the snowball sampling technique. The material used was 60 cattle of Galekan cattle which were kept in the Technical Unit (UPT) at Dongko and Panggul Sub Districts. The variables observed included qualitative characteristics and quantitative characteristics of morphometric components and body weight. T2-Hotelling test, descriptive statistics, and principal component analysis are used for quantitative data. The results showed that the qualitative characteristics of Galekan cattle were dominated by light brown body color with smear body color border, black backline, black vulva, black tail tip, face color as same as dominant body color, black muzzle, black upper and lower lips, smear white eye area, dark eye circles, black eyelashes, and black ear lines. The characteristics of the body shape of Galekan cattle have upward horns, no hump, and thin dewlap. The results of the T2-Hotelling analysis in UPT showed a significant difference (p <0.05) compared to other cattle in Dongko and Panggul Sub Districts. Principal component analysis (PCA) of Galekan cattle can be characterized by body weight, chest girth, depth chest, Ossa vertebrae lumbales, Ossa metatarsal, and Ossa vertebrae thoracicae.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.01
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The effect of Sauropus androgynus leaves extracted at different methods on
           performance and carcass quality in broiler chickens

    • Authors: Urip Santoso, Kususiyah Kususiyah, Suharyanto Suharyanto
      Pages: 13 - 21
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of Sauropus androgynus leaves extracted at different methods on performance and carcass quality in broiler chickens. One hundred and eighty broilers aged 20 days were divided into six groups as follows: Broilers were fed a diet containing 5 g commercial feed supplement /kg as the control (P0); Broilers were fed a diet containing 2.5 g commercial feed supplement /kg plus 2.5 g Sauropus androgynus leaf (SAL) extracted at a 90oC/kg (P1); Broilers were fed diet containing 5 g SAL extracted at a 5°C/kg (P2); Broilers were fed diet containing 5 g SAL extracted at a 30°C/kg (P3); Broilers were fed diet containing 5 g SAL extracted at a 60oC/kg (P4); Broilers were fed diet containing 5 g SAL extracted at a 90°C/kg (P5). Sauropus androgynus leaves extracted at different methods significantly (P<0.05) affected body weight, and cholesterol, protein, vitamin E, and β-carotene contents of meats (p<0.05), but it did not significantly affect feed intake, feed conversion ratio, carcass weight, carcass color cooking loss, meat taste and odor, and meat fat contents (P>0.05). In conclusion, supplementation of Sauropus androgynus extracted at 30oC could replace 100% commercial feed supplement. Supplementation of Sauropus androgynus leaf extracted at 60oC or 90°C reduced meat cholesterol. In addition, this extract inclusion resulted in higher meat protein content as compared with the control.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.02
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Characteristics of cured egg yolk cookies subtituted with skim milk powder
           during storage

    • Authors: Nurliyani Nurliyani, Jamhari Jamhari, Widodo Widodo, Citravia Agustin
      Pages: 22 - 34
      Abstract: Cured egg yolk cookies is one of the processed egg products containing egg yolk which has been curing with salt and sugar. The purpose of this study was to evaluation of physical, chemical, microbiological and sensory quality of cured egg yolk cookies with various levels of skim milk powder substitution during storage at room temperature. This study consisted of the treatment of cured egg yolk substitution with skim milk powder (0; 20; 40%) and storage treatment (0; 3; 6; 9 weeks). Each treatment was replicated three times. The data of cookie quality were statistically analyzed using ANOVA. The results showed that cured egg yolk cookies with various  skim milk powder substitution have similar physical and chemical characteristics, but substituted cookies had a lower fat content (p<0.05). There were no changes in the moisture content of cookies during 9 weeks of storage. Skim milk powder substitution could increase the peroxide number, but there was no change in the peroxide number during 3 to 9 weeks of storage.  The texture of cured egg yolk cookies with 40% skim milk substitution was harder (p<0.05) than the 20% skim milk substitution, whereas there was no change in the texture value of cured egg yolk cookies before and after being stored for 9 weeks. There was no significant deferences in the sensory quality of cookies between unsubstituted and 40% skim milk powder substitution. In conclusion, skim milk powder substitution did not change the physical, chemical, and sensory characteristics, but could reduce fat content, increase the peroxide number and the hardness of cookies. During 9 weeks of storage, cured egg yolk cookies are still acceptable microbiologically.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.03
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Comparative Income Combination of Farming and Cattle Bali in Palangga
           Subdistrict South Konawe Regency

    • Authors: La Ode Arsad Sani, Harapin Hafid, Laode Muh Munadi, Ahmad Doni
      Pages: 35 - 41
      Abstract: The research aims to determine the income of cattle business combined with horticultural farming and palawija in April-June 2020 in Palangga District, South Konawe Regency. The location determination method is purposive, where there are farmers with horticulture and palawija farming. Respondents in the study were 40 farmers. The data is analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively to compare cattle income, horticulture, and palawija. The results showed that the average income of livestock business amounted to Rp. 8.779.500/year and horticultural and palawija farming Rp. 18.889.950/year, Bali cattle business income combined horticultural farming of Rp. 20.931.200/year and Bali cattle business combined palawija farming of Rp. 6.738.250/year.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.04
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Histological structure of Pectoralis thoracicus, small intestine, and
           growth performance of broiler chicken after supplementation of peanut
           hulls (Arachis hypogaea L.)

    • Authors: Rana Puti Lembayu Lembayu, Alfonsus Chrystian Armandu, Hendry Trisakti Saragih
      Pages: 42 - 51
      Abstract: The main factor that must be considered in achieving the success of the broiler industry is feed. Processed peanuts from home industries produce waste material in the form of peanut hulls. This study aims to determine the effect of peanut hulls supplementation (PHS) on feed on the histological structure of the Pectoralis thoracicus (PT) muscle, small intestine, and the growth performance of broiler chickens. This study used 360 chickens then divided into 4 treatment groups with each group amounting to 90 with 3 replications. The control group (K) was given basal feed, perlakuan 1 (P1) group with PHS 0.25% /kg basal feed, group P2 with PHS 0.5%/kg basal feed, and group P3 with PHS 1%/kg basal feed. The treatment was carried out until the chicken was 18 days old. The parameters observed were chicken body weight at post-hatch age, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 days, feed conversion ratio (FCR), histological structure of pectoralis muscle, and small intestine. Data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA, significance (P≤0.05). The results showed that body weight and FCR values of groups P1, P2, P3 were significant towards the control. The results of the pectoralis muscle treatment group were increased significantly compared to the control. The morphological results of duodenum and jejunum groups P1, P2, P3 were significantly increased towards the control. The conclusions of this study indicate that PHS in feed shows improved body weight, the FCR value, muscle performance of PT, and structure of small intestine of broiler chickens with the addition of the most optimal supplement of peanut hulls, which is 0.5%/kg basal diet.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.05
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Analysis factors that affect participant interest in cattle farm business
           insurance in Indonesia

    • Authors: Ikhsan Maulidi, Juanda Kelana Putra, Werry Febrianti, Vina Apriliani
      Pages: 52 - 60
      Abstract: The Cattle Business Insurance Program is a protection cow yields program launched by the government to anticipate the risk of loss of farmer due to crop failure. The government started this program in 2015 by working together with an insurance company PT. Jasindo. This program is beneficial for farmer in Indonesia. Unfortunately, the impact of this program is still having a negligible effect on society because there is still a lack of attraction from the farmer to follow this insurance program. This research has a purpose in analyzing factors that caused the farmer’s interest, making them want to join this insurance. We use a structural equation model (SEM) of data that has been obtained to provide the method. Based on the results, we can conclude that the accuracy factor is a dominant factor that influences the farmer’s decision to join the AUTS program. This insurance has been beneficial in developing a better Cattle business insurance program in the future and motivates farmer to join this insurance. For insurance companies, this research has provided information for companies interested in opening similar and better insurance programs to increase the enthusiasm of local farmer and national cattle productions.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.06
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Carcass yield and health status of broilers fed aflatoxin B1 diets added
           with Mycosorb

    • Authors: Catootjie Lusje Nalle, Max Arthur Julian Supit, Andrijanto Hauferson Angi, Beatrix Se-na Bha, Ni Sri Yuliani
      Pages: 61 - 76
      Abstract: The intake of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) can lead to poor productivity and diseases in birds. Thus, it is important to minimize the toxic effects of AFB1. The objective of this study was to evaluate the carcass yield and haematological profile of broilers fed diets containing AFB1 added with Mycosorb. A total of 240-day old broiler chicks were randomly distributed to 24 pens (10 birds/pen). The experiment was designed using a 4 x 2 factorial arrangement with two different factors, namely aflatoxin level and Mycosorb. The treatments were control diets, control diets added with Mycosorb, diets containing 10.36 ppb AFB1, diets containing 10.36 ppb AFB1 added with Mycosorb, diets containing 26.97 ppb AFB1, diets containing 26.97 ppb AFB1 added with Mycosorb, diets containing 61.06 ppb AFB1, diets containing 61.06 ppb AFB1 added with Mycosorb. There was an interaction (p<0.05 to 0.01) between AFB1 level and Mycosorb on the white blood cells (WBC) and litter/excreta score (LES), but not (p>0.05) in tcarcass traits (CT), lymphoid organ weight (LOW), and haematological profile (HP) of broilers. Level of AFB1 did not affect (p>0.05) all CT, LOW, and HP, but it affected (p<0.001) the LES. Mycosorb did not improve (p>0.05) CT, LOW and HP of broilers.  In conclusions, 1) dietary Mycosorb in afla-treated diets improved litter quality and reduced white blood cell counts of broilers; 2) the AFB1 level up to 61.06 ppb did not impair carcass yield, lymphoid organ weights and other haematological index of broilers.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.07
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Effects of Nitrogen sources in the concentrates on N utilization and
           production performances of dairy goats

    • Authors: A Rai Somaning Asih, I Ketut Gede Wiryawan, Bruce Young
      Pages: 77 - 86
      Abstract: Studies in young goats showed that feeding different N supplements did not significantly affect growth rate, rumen digestion, or N metabolism. It is unclear whether this finding is also applicable to lactating dairy goats. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of combinations of barley meal with soybean meal, cottonseed meal, or urea in high energy concentrate on nutrient digestion, milk-feed efficiency, milk production, and Nitrogen balance in dairy goats fed on barley hay as a basal diet. Four isoenergetic and isonitrogenous concentrate with different N sources were formulated and fed on lactating Saanen goats in a 4 x 4 Latin square design. The results showed that lactating Saanen goats producing 1.3 to 1.5 litre of milk per day and fed on a concentrate containing 1.7 % N in a high energy diet capable to sustain similar milk protein and N balance as that given concentrate with 2.2 % dietary N. Total nutrient intakes, nutrient digestion, milk-feed efficiency and milk production lactating Saanen goats was not affected by the source of dietary N. The results indicate that including urea in a supplement can maintain a similar level of milk yield, milk protein and milk efficiency in goats as can the feeding of more expensive soybean and cottonseed meals provided there is sufficient readily available dietary energy.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.08
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Nutrient, phytochemical, and digestibility evaluation of papaya leaves
           (Carica papaya L.) as an alternative feedstuff for ruminants

    • Authors: Muhamad Ichsan Haris, Hamdi Mayulu, Suyadi Suyadi
      Pages: 87 - 98
      Abstract: Ruminants have a complex digestive system so they can utilize forage nutrients to convert them into food products of high economic value (meat and milk) and papaya leaves have the potential to be an alternative source of new feedstuff.  The research was conducted at the Laboratory of Animal Feed Chemistry, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Hasanuddin University Makassar (for proximate analysis), Laboratory of Animal Nutrition and Feed, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta (for quantitative and qualitative analysis).  The study was used proximate analysis to determine the nutritional content of papaya leaf, in vitro analysis to measure dry matter digestibility (DMD) and organic matter digestibility (OMD), and Thin-Layer Chromatography (TLC) for quantitative and qualitative tests of alkaloid compounds.  The results showed that the DMD values of dry leaf and fresh leaf DMD were 72.74% and 78.44%, respectively. The highest score of rations DMD and OMD was R2FPL (69.98%) and R2DPL (61.92%), respectively.  A qualitative test of papaya leaf bioactive compounds using UV 254 light obtained 3 spots with a detectable Rf value of 0.72 and a quantitative test with piperine test parameters showed the results of the analysis were "not detected".  The results showed that papaya leaves were suitable as an alternative feedstuff for ruminants (cattle, buffalo, goats, and sheep).
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.09
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Comparative analysis of Hermetia illucens L. mixed chicken feed and
           commercial chicken feed to growth performance, carcass weight, and meat
           proximate content of Gallus domesticus L.

    • Authors: Muhamad Aldi Nurdiansyah, Agus Dana Permana
      Pages: 99 - 107
      Abstract: The development of the broiler farming industry to meet the needs of chicken meat in Indonesia has problems including the availability and high prices of commercial feed. This is due to the use of high-priced protein sources from a fish meal as a commercial feed composition. One option that can replace a fish meal as a composition of broiler feed is Hermetia illucens L. larvae flour. This study aims to determine the difference between H. illucens mixed chicken feed (HiMCF) and commercial chicken feed (CCF) on growth performance of Gallus domesticus L. with parameters Final Body Weight (FBW), Daily Feed Intake (DFI), Daily Weight Gain (DWG), Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR), Approximate Digestibility (AD), Efficiency of Conversion Digestibility (ECD), carcass weight with 3-joint wings, forequarter, and leg quarter, and the meat proximate content. In this study, G. domesticus were cultivated for 33 days with HiMCF and CCF treatment. The complete proximate content of feed and meat was analyzed descriptively, while growth and carcass weight were analyzed by statistical SPSS T-test (T-test, = 0.05). The feeding of HiMCF and CCF treatment on the growth of broiler chickens to DFI, DWG, FCR, AD, and ECD was the same except for FBW. While the feeding of HiMCF and CCF treatment to the carcass weight was not the same except for 3-joint wings. The feeding of HiMCF and CCF treatment gave the same proximate content of broiler chicken meat. Based on this research, the HiMCF can be an alternative feed for broiler chickens.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.10
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Quality of Frozen Semen with Different Thawing Duration and
           Temperature on Simmental Bull

    • Authors: Dhinda Choirun Nisa, Achadiah Rachmawati, Trinil Susilawati, Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti
      Pages: 108 - 117
      Abstract: This study aimed to determine the accuracy of various thawing duration and temperatures to the quality of Simmental bull frozen semen. The experimental design used was a randomized group design with five treatments and ten replications, then analyzed using Chi-Square to compare the expected percentage of motility is 40%, and total motile spermatozoa are 10 million/straw value of SNI. A further test is carried out with Duncan's Multiple Range Test (DMRT) if there is a difference. The thawing treatments were 30 seconds at 37˚C water temperatures (T0) according to SNI and at 15 seconds (T1), 30 seconds (T2), 45 seconds (T3), and 60 seconds (T4) with 28˚C tap water temperatures. Variables observed involve motility, viability, abnormalities, concentration, and total motile spermatozoa. The data were analyzed using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) with a significant difference in variance (P<0,05). The results showed that the different duration and temperatures of thawing influence motility (P<0,05) and the total motile spermatozoa, while the viability, abnormalities, and concentration had no influence (P>0,05). The motility and the total motile spermatozoa reach the highest results at the tap water temperatures T3 (P<0,05), while the lowest results were in T1 (P<0,05). It can be concluded that the different duration and temperatures of thawing influence motility and total motile spermatozoa. The best quality of Simmental bull frozen semen can be obtained with thawing using tap water at 28℃ temperatures for 45 seconds.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.11
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Good dairy farming practices (GDFP) implementation on smallholder dairy
           farmers in East Java, Indonesia

    • Authors: Tri Eko Susilorini, Puguh Surjowardojo, Rini Dwi Wahyuni, Suyadi Suyadi
      Pages: 118 - 129
      Abstract: GDFP is a standard guideline for producing good milk quality and efficient production system. GDFP implementation has been less attention among the dairy smallholder farmers. The smallholder farmers are classified into three categories depending on animal ownership; strata 1 (1-3 AU), strata 2 (4-6 AU), and strata 3 (>7 AU). This research determines the score of GDFP implementation on smallholder farmers in East Java. The total respondents were 56, with 325 dairy cattle. A questionnaire and field observations were used to collect data using the survey method. The farmers were interviewed using a prepared questionnaire with general information about their farms and questions about GDFP implementation. The result showed that the score of GDFP implementation in all strata of smallholder farmers in East Java Indonesia in 6 aspects as follows: animal health was  “good enough” (score  2.68-2.70), milking hygiene was “good” (score 3.19-3.42), nutrition was “good enough” (score 2.86-2.97) in strata I and III and “good” for strata II (score 3.03), animal welfare was “good enough” (2.56-2.60), the environment was "good enough" (2.34-2.50) and socio-economic management is “not good” (score GDFP = 1.60-1.92).
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.12
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Performance of Male Limousine Crossbreed Cattle by Giving RD Flour at
           Different Levels

    • Authors: Anggun Permata Sari, Tri Eko Susilorini, Mashudi Mashudi, Kuswati Kuswati
      Pages: 130 - 138
      Abstract: The study aimed to evaluate the production performance of male Limousine Crossbreed cattle with different feed levels with the addition of RD flour. It used nine male Limousine crossbreed cattle, aged <1-3 years, with an average initial weight of 335±29,09kg. The method used is an experimental method using CRD with 3x3: T0= Ad libitum corn straw + concentrate without RD powder, T1= Ad libitum corn straw + concentrate containing 7,5% RD, T2= Ad libitum corn straw + concentrate containing 15% RD flour. The variables measured included Daily gain, Average daily gain, feed conversion ratio, and Income over feed cost. Data were analyzed by ANCOVA. Cattle were fed for eight weeks from (March 26 to June 8, 2021), in the Livestock Group of Kucur Village, Dau District, Malang Regency. The result showed that using feed with the addition of RD at different levels of male Limousine crossbreed cattle had a significant effect on FCR (P>0,05) and on Daily gain, Average daily gain, and IOFC (P<0,01) had a different significant effect. This study concluded that the treatment of T1 feed (7.5% "RD" flour) showed the best results for Daily gain (70,67±5,43 kg), Average daily gain (1.26±0.09 kg), FCR (5.85±0.19),, IOFC Rp. 36586.50.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.13
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Study of Sweating Rate and Microscopic Anatomy of Some Breeds Bulls Sweat
           Glands in Different Body Parts

    • Authors: Ita Wahju Nursita, Firmansyah Trisaputra, Nur Cholis Cholis, Heni Setyo Prayogi
      Pages: 139 - 146
      Abstract: The study aimed to analyze the sweating rate and the microscopic anatomy of sweat glands of many breed bulls in different parts of the body. Ten bulls of 5 breeds (Simmental, Limousin, Crossed Ongole breed (PO), SimPO (Crossed between Simmental and PO), and LimPO (Crossed between Limousine and PO) in Authorized Slaughterhouse of Malang and Surabaya city were used during the study. Two bulls of each breed were observed for the sweating rate using a Cobalt Chloride Disk (CCD). The skin samples of four places in the legs and back of the animal were taken to be observed under a light microscope in the laboratory of Biosains of Universitas Brawijaya. The result showed that for all breeds, the sweating rates in the legs were higher (P<0.05) than in the back.  It was observed that the sweat glands of the legs had tubular, but the back part is in irregular shapes. Based on the study result it is suggested to measure the sweating rate in the back part of the animal body.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.14
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Twinning and Ovulation Rate for Sustainable Production in Cattle

    • Authors: Kamalludin Mamat Hamidi, Anjas Asmara Samsudin, Suyadi Suyadi
      Pages: 147 - 158
      Abstract: Profits is very important in most industries and determined by the cost and amount of products generated. In the livestock industries, higher number of viable animals produced will improve the economies of scale, hence, their profit. In general, twinning can be a good approach to increase reproductive capacity, and consequently the production volume. Cattle are monovular animal, typically give birth to one offspring and multiple birth is rare. Multiple gestation is mostly unfavorable in the dairy industry due to their negative impact on reproductive and production performance on cow and calf. Twinning is highly correlated to ovulation rate and various genes that are affecting hyperprolificacy in sheep have been identified. Many studies have reported quantitative trait loci (QTL) that are associated with high ovulation rate and twinning in cattle. Besides the genetic factor, twinning can also be induced via hormonal methods. Knowledge on the factors that causing hyperprolificacy can assist the breeders or farmers for their selection, based on their objectives and strategy.
      PubDate: 2022-04-20
      DOI: 10.21776/ub.jiip.2022.032.01.15
      Issue No: Vol. 32, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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