Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted by number of followers
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Land and Rural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Invertebrate Reproduction & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Italian Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EU Agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Apicultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Approaches to Extension Practice : A Journal of Agricultural Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agriculture System     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social and Natural Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Organic Farming     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
International Letters of Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access  
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Journal of Citrus Pathology     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite     Open Access  
Scientia Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Fave : Sección ciencias agrarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales     Open Access  
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
World Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Nativa     Open Access  
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
West African Journal of Applied Ecology     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Research and Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Information Processing in Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Ceiba     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
The Agriculturists     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Journal of Arid Land     Hybrid Journal  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems     Open Access  
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Bioagro     Open Access  
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Ciencia e Investigación Agraria     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access  

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Annales des Sciences Agronomiques
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1659-5009
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Évaluation de la prévalence de l’infection par le virus de la maladie
           de gumboro en aviculture semi-intensive au Sénégal

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      Authors: A Badji, M.M. Lo, R.B. Alambedji
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Une évaluation de la prévalence a été conduite en 2014 et 2015 dans les principales zones avicoles du Sénégal, Dakar et Thiès.Pour cela, des échantillons de 238 et 259 élevages avicoles semi-intensifs ont été constitués respectivement en 2014 et 2015 et soumis à une détection de foyers de la maladie. Ainsi, 139 et 158 foyers ont été suspectés atteints de la maladiesur la base des manifestations cliniques et des lésions observées. Parmi les élevages suspectés atteints, la présence du virus a été confirmée sur 125 et 147 élevages par la RT-PCR respectivement en 2014 et 2015. Le taux de prévalence observé dans les élevages est compris entre 46,2 % et 58,9 % en 2014 et entre 50,7 % et 62,8 % en 2015. Il est significativement plus élevé à Dakar, comparée à Thiès en 2014 et 2015. De plus, il est significativement plus élevé dans les élevages de poulets de chair, comparées aux élevages de poules pondeuses en 2014 et 2015.Les taux de prévalence élevés, observés en 2014 et 2015, résultent d’une mauvaise application des mesures de prophylaxie sanitaire dans un nombre important de petits élevages avicoles semi-intensifs. Une sensibilisation des propriétaires de ces élevages axée sur la bonne application de ces mesures contribuerait à limiter la dissémination du virus et les pertes attribuables à la maladie.Mots-clés: Élevages avicoles semi-intensifs - Epidémiologie - Sénégal - Maladie de GumboroEnglish Title: Assessment of the prevalence of gumboro virus infection in semi-intensive poultry farms in SenegalEnglish AbstractAn assessment of the prevalence was conducted in 2014 and 2015 in the main poultry areas of Senegal, Dakar and Thiès. A Sampling of 238 and 259 semi-intensive poultry farms were established respectively in 2014 and 2015 and subjected to detection of Gumboro disease outbreaks. Thus, 139 and 158 outbreaks were suspected of Gumboro disease based on clinical signs and lesions observed. Among the farms suspected with the disease, the virus was confirmed on 125 and 147 farms by RT-PCR respectively in 2014 and 2015. The prevalence rate on farms was between 46.2% and 58.9% in 2014 and between 50.7% and 62.8% in 2015. This rate is significantly higher in Dakar, compared to Thiès. It is also significantly higher in the farms broilers, compared to laying hen farms in 2014 and 2015. The relatively high prevalence rates resulting from poor application of sanitary and medical prophylactic measures in a large number of small and medium poultry exploitations.The high prevalence rates observed in 2014 and 2015 are the result of poor application of sanitary prophylaxis measures in a large number of small semi-intensive poultry farms. Awareness of the owners of these farms based on the good behavior of the high bands would help to limit the spread of the virus and the losses attributable to the disease.Keywords: Semi-intensive poultry livestock - Epidemiology - Prevalence - Senegal - Gumboro disease
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Human-wildlife conflicts and mitigation measures in Pendjari biosphere
           reserve, northern Benin

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      Authors: S Efio, E.A. Sogbohossou, Z.Y. Magnon, M.R.B. Houinato, M Habiyaremye, B.A. Sinsin, C.R. Tossou
      First page: 15
      Abstract: Human-wildlife conflicts are any interactions between human and wildlife with a negative impact for both parties. Understanding these conflicts is necessary to guaranty a better coexistence between human and wildlife and an improvement of wildlife conservation. The current research aims at assessing human-wildlife conflicts and analyzing the management measures developed by local communities around Pendjari Biosphere Reserve in Benin. Data were collected in January and February 2017 through a questionnaire survey of 245 respondents from different socio-professional background. Three main types of conflicts were observed around the Reserve: crop raiding, livestock predation and destruction of fishing materials. The most destroyed crops were maize (15 %), cotton (15 %) and millet (14 %), and sorghum (29 %) and baboon was the most important crop raiding species (61 % of depredation cases). Regarding livestock, pig (25 %) and sheep/goat (23.1 %) were the most attacked animals while hyena was the most important predator reported (40.6 % of attacks). Fishing nets and hoop nets were destroyed by crocodile (72.2 %) and hippopotamus (27.8 %). To reduce these damages, farmers used several measures such as guarding (82%), scarecrows (64.5 %), and fires on the outskirts of the fields (67.3 %). Herders mostly used livestock’ guarding (12.7 %) and fires or torchlight lit in the enclosures during the night (8.6 %). These measures were not efficient to prevent or avoid the damages but they did reduce them. They must be reinforced to reduce the impact of the damages on the agricultural production, the main source of income of local communities.Keywords: human-wildlife coexistence, damage, predation, conflicts mitigation, West Africa
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Use diversity and farmer’s preference of 48 local multipurpose fodder
           trees : a comparative analysis of three sociolinguistic groups of Benin

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      Authors: C Sèwadé, B.E. Lokonon, A.F. Azihou, G.S. Akouèhou, G.A. Mensah, R.L. Glèlè Kakaï, M.R.B. Houinato
      First page: 33
      Abstract: Native plant species in general and fodder trees in particular contribute significantly to the daily needs of both human and animal especially in developing countries. However, these important species are often neglected leading to the erosion of their diversity and usefulness. This study aimed to (i) quantify the impact of age, gender and ethnicity on the use and perceived value of local woody fodder species; (ii) identify the most important and preferred woody fodder species across sociolinguistic groups and (iii) identify the overharvested and underutilized woody fodder species across sociolinguistic groups. A total of 220 informants belonging to three sociolinguistic groups (Bariba, Nago and Peulh) were interviewed through a semi-structured survey on the fodder trees that they use for different purposes. The most cultural important fodder species ranked by the local people were determined for each sociolinguistic group. The species were categorized into six use categories by the informants: food, medicine, construction, fuel, veterinary and fodder. Afzelia africana, Khaya senegalensis and Pterocarpus erinaceus are the most widely used species by Peulhs and Bariba to feed animals, while for the Nagos, Mangifera indica comes first followed by Ficus umbellata, Ficus platyphylla and Pterocarpus erinaceus. Combining the different use categories, overharvested or underutilized species depend on the sociolinguistic group. But globally, A. africana, K. senegalensis, P. erinaceus and Mangifera indica are overharvested species whereas Ficus sycomorus, Combretum micranthum, Combretum molle, Balanites aegyptiaca, Crossopteryx febrifuga, Sarcocephalus latifolius, are underutilized species. For a sustainable management of pasture lands, it is suggested (i) an assessment of the availability of the overexploited species in the study area; (ii) their use in restoration, afforestation/reforestation and plantation activities.Keywords: Biodiversity, Fodder trees, Local knowledge, Sociolinguistic group, Use
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Perceptions adaptations des agropasteurs de la région du Sahel du Burkina
           Faso au changement climatique

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      Authors: J.S. Zoundi, Y Samandoulgou, J Yameogo, C.Y. Kabore-Zoungrana
      First page: 53
      Abstract: La présente étude est une analyse des perceptions des producteurs agricoles des communes rurales de Bani et Markoye, situées dans la région du sahel burkinabè. Elle porte sur le changement climatique, ses effets sur les activités agricoles et pastorales et les stratégies d’adaptation mises en oeuvre par les agropasteurs. La méthodologie adoptée a consisté, dans un premier temps, à effectuer la collecte des données principalement par des enquêtes auprès des 260 ménages et des groupes focaux et, dans un second temps, au traitement et à l’analyse des données collectées. Au terme des analyses, il ressort que les agropasteurs perçoivent le changement climatique. Ce changement se traduit par une diminution et une irrégularité croissante, un début tardif et un arrêt précoce des pluies, une fréquence des poches de sécheresses. Il se manifeste par des effets néfastes sur les ressources pastorales, la productivité des animaux, la réduction de la ressource eau, un dérèglement du calendrier agricole établi par les paysans. En réponse au changement climatique, les producteurs agricoles ont adopté des stratégies d'adaptation qui se déclinent en exploitation du pâturage ligneux et herbacé, à l’exploitation des résidus de cultures, à la fauche et conservation du fourrage, à l’utilisation des sous-produits agro-industriels, à la recomposition du cheptel vivant avec un nombre plus important de caprins et à la généralisation de l’agropastoralisme. Face aux effets du changement climatique la recherche devrait soutenir les producteurs pour une adaptation anticipée.Mots clés: Sahel burkinabé, Changement climatique, perceptions, adaptationsEnglish AbstractThe present study is an analysis of the perceptions of agricultural producers in the rural communes of Bani and Markoye, located in the Sahel region of Burkina Faso. It focuses on climate change, its effects on agricultural and pastoral activities and adaptation strategies implemented by agro-pastoralists. The methodology adopted initially consisted in collecting data mainly through surveys of 260 households and focus groups and, in a second step, processing and analyzing the data collected. At the end of the analyzes, agropastors perceive climate change. This change is reflected in a decreasing and increasing irregularity, a late start and an early cessation of rainfall, a frequency of pockets of drought. It manifests itself in adverse effects on the pastoral resources, the productivity of animals, the reduction of the water resource, a disruption of the agricultural calendar established by the peasants. In response to climate change, agricultural producers have adopted adaptation strategies that include logging and herbaceous grazing, harvesting crop residues, cutting and storing forage, using - agro-industrial products, the recomposition of live livestock with a larger number of goats and the generalization of agropastoralism. In the face of the effects of climate change, research should support producers for early adaptation.Keywords: Burkina Faso’s Sahel, Climate change, perceptions, adaptations
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Variability of chemical composition of Newbouldia laevis and Zanthoxylum
           zanthoxyloides related to environmental factors

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      Authors: P.A. Olounlade, E.V.B. Azando, C.C. Dansou, F Gbaguidi, J Gbenou, H Hoste, A Valentin, M Moudachirou, M.S. Hounzangbe-Adote
      First page: 73
      Abstract: N. laevis and Z. zanthoxyloides leaves from departments of Atlantic, Oueme, Couffo and Zou Area of South Benin were screened for the presence of chemical compounds by standard methods and compared. The results revealed the presence of the following compounds: alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, quinones, and essential oils in the plant samples regardless of the area and the harvest season. Saponins, cardiac glycosides, cyanogenic glycosides were found to be absent in the leaves of Z. zanthoxyloides and N. laevis regardless of the area and the harvest season. The significance of the plants in traditional medicine and the importance of the distribution of the chemical constituents justified the traditional use of these plants for the treatment of tropical diseases. We recommend further research work on these plants leaves for possible use as a source of raw material for industrial and medical science utilization.Keywords: Chemical Composition, Newbouldia laevis, Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, environmental factors, Benin
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Efficacité technique des producteurs de soja du Bénin

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      Authors: S Kpenavoun Chogou, F Okry, F Santos, D.J. Hounhouigan
      First page: 93
      Abstract: Le soja est devenu la première légumineuse au Bénin par son importance dans la réduction de la malnutrition observée surtout en milieu rural. Sa demande de plus en plus importante devient difficile à satisfaire. En même temps, les rendements obtenus par les producteurs au cours de ces dernières années sont faibles par rapport aux rendements potentiels. La présente étude vise à mesurer le niveau d’efficacité technique des producteurs de soja et à déterminer les facteurs qui influencent cette efficacité. La méthode des frontières stochastiques de production a été appliquée à un échantillon aléatoire de 93 producteurs de soja. Les résultats obtenus ont montré que le rendement moyen des producteurs de soja interviewés est de 886 kg/ha, faible par rapport au rendement espéré. Les indices d'efficacité technique varient entre 5% et 92% avec une moyenne de 61 %. Ce qui montre que la production pourrait être nettement améliorée avec les mêmes quantités de ressources productives que celles utilisées actuellement. Les producteurs les plus efficaces, ceux qui ont obtenu un score d'efficacité technique compris entre 0,80 et 0,92, ont atteint un rendement moyen de 1410 kg/ha et constituent 29% de l'échantillon. Le producteur le plus efficace a obtenu un rendement de 2500 kg/ha. L’utilisation de semences de soja de bonne qualité, l’application d’insecticides chimiques pour réduire la pression parasitaire et le sexe ont été les facteurs qui influencent positivement l’efficacité technique des producteurs de soja. Il importe donc de bien former les producteurs pour faciliter le respect des recommandations relatives aux itinéraires techniques, de promouvoir l'accès aux semences de soja de bonne qualité et la lutte intégrée des ravageurs avec l'utilisation des insecticides biologiques pour éviter l'usage excessif des pesticides chimiques nuisibles à la santé humaine.Mots clés: soja, efficacité technique, rendement, frontière de production stochastique, BéninEnglish Title: Technical efficiency of soybean producers of BeninEnglish AbstractSoybeans has become the first leguminous in Benin because of its importance in reducing the high rate of malnutrition observed especially in rural areas. Its increasingly high demands become difficult to satisfy. At the same time, the yields obtained by the producers in recent years are low compared to the potential yields. This study aims to measure the level of technical efficiency of soybean producers and to determine the factors influencing this efficiency. The stochastic frontier production was applied to a random sample of 93 soybean producers. The results showed that the average yield obtained by the interviewed farmers was 886 kg/ha. This is low compared to the potential yield. The technical efficiency indices range from 5% to 92% with an average of 61 %. This shows that production could be significantly improved even with the same use of productive resources. The most efficient producers, those who achieved a technical efficiency score between 0.80 and 0.92, had an average yield of 1410 kg/ha. The most efficient producer obtained a yield of 2500 kg/ha. The use of good quality seeds, the use of chemical insecticide to reduce parasitic pressure and gender positively influence the technical efficiency of soybean producers. It is therefore important to amplify farmers training to improve their level of management, to promote access to good quality soybean seeds and integrated pest management with the use of biological insecticides to avoid the excessive use of chemical pesticides that are harmful to human health.Keywords: soybean, technical efficiency, yield, stochastic production frontier, Benin
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Adaptation des producteurs à la variabilité climatique au sud- Bénin:
           cas de la plaine inondable de Gbessou Houékèkomè

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      Authors: S.C. Atidegla, C Hounmenou
      First page: 111
      Abstract: Le Sud-Bénin est l’une des régions du pays où la variabilité climatique est très perceptible par le monde rural. C’est dans ce contexte que la présente étude est menée afin d’analyser les stratégies d’adaptation développées dans la plaine inondable de Gbessou Houékèkomè ainsi que les corrélations entre ces stratégies et les différentes catégories de producteurs. La méthodologie utilisée est basée sur l’enquête auprès de 68 exploitations agricoles et de l’application des tests statistiques. Les résultats de cette recherche ont montré que les producteurs perçoivent entre autres une diminution et une irrégularité croissante des pluies, une plus grande fréquence de poches de sécheresse avec un réchauffement très prononcé au cours de ces deux dernières décennies. En réponse à ces changements, les producteurs selon leurs catégories d’âge ([20-50] ans ou [>50 ans]) et en fonction des superficies emblavées (≤ 1 ha ou > 1 ha) développent différemment six stratégies d’adaptation. Ainsi, sur 47 jeunes producteurs (JP) enquêtés, 74% ont adopté la diversification des sources de revenus (DSR) contre 72 % pour l’agriculture de contre saison (ACS) et la modification de la date de semis, 68 % pour l’irrigation des parcelles et cultures (IPC) et la diversification des cultures (DC). En effet, la diversification des sources de revenus (DSR) se révèle pertinente et permet de discriminer les différents types de producteurs (P ˂ 0,15) lorsque l’âge est considéré. Par contre, les producteurs emblavant une petite superficie (PS) ou une grande superficie (GS) trouvent plus pertinente, la diversification des cultures (DC) comme stratégie d’adaptation. Enfin, eu égard au constat selon lequel l'adaptation est limitée par des contraintes matérielles, financières et techniques et d'accès à l'information, il urge que des mesures d'accompagnement (formation, encadrement, financement) soient prises pour améliorer les stratégies et faciliter l'adaptation.Mots clés: monde rural, irrégularité des pluies, âge, superficies emblavées, stratégies d’adaptation, diversification des culturesEnglish Title: Adaptation of farmers to the climatic variability in south of Bénin: case of liable to flooding plain of Gbessou HouékèkomèEnglish AbstractThe South of Benin is one of the country’s areas where climate variability is very perceptible by rural people. It is in this context that, the present study is conducted in order to analyze the adaptation strategies developed by the farmers against climatic variability in the flooding plain of Gbessou Houékèkomè. Besides, the correlation between those strategies and the different categories of farmers as well as their cultivated areas are studied. Data collection is based on field investigations with 68 farmers and statistic tests. The findings of this research showed that the farmers perceive among all a decrease and crescent irregularity of rains, a highest frequency of dryness periods with a pronounced rise during this two last decades. In response to those changes and according to their age categories ([20-50] years or [>50 years]) and cultivated areas (≤ 1 ha or > 1 ha), farmers developed differently six adaptation strategies. Therefore, among 47 inquired young farmers, 74 % had adopted the diversification of income sources (DIS) against 72 % for rain subsidence cropping (RSC) and sowing dates modification (SDM) and 68 % for the irrigation of plots and crops (IPC) and farming diversification (FD). Indeed, the diversification of income sources (DIS) is revealed as pertinent and allowed to discriminate the different types of farmers (P ˂ 0.15) when the age is considered. On the other hand, farmers cropping small area (SA) or big area (BA) found pertinent farming diversification (FD as adoption strategy. Finally, with regard to the report according to which adaptation is limited by material, financial and technical constraints and that too for information access, it is urgent to accompany farmers through some supports (training, capacities building, finance) in order to improve the strategies and make easy the adaptation.Keywords: rural sector, irregularity of rains, age, cultivated areas, adaptation strategies, farming diversification
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Réduction de la malnutrition chronique par une approche alimentaire: une
           étude pilote en milieu rural au sud-Bénin

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      Authors: F.S.U. Bodjrenou, W Amoussa Hounkpatin, S Houndji, J Lokonon, M.A.D.R. Kodjo, L.A. Aïtondji Dossa
      First page: 133
      Abstract: La malnutrition infantile constitue un problème de santé publique au Bénin. Les causes les plus importantes sont les mauvaises pratiques d’alimentation et de nutrition des nourrissons et des jeunes enfants. L’objectif de cette étude était de tester l’efficacité d’une approche nutritionnelle d’intervention alimentaire sur l’état nutritionnel des enfants de 6 à 12 mois dans un village du Sud-Bénin. Un échantillon de 14 enfants a été soumis sur une période de 6 mois à la consommation d’une bouillie traditionnelle améliorée préparée à partir d’une farine de maïs, arachide et niébé et de malt. Leurs mères ont suivi de façon mensuelle des séances d’éducation nutritionnelle sur les bonnes pratiques d’alimentation, de nutrition, d’hygiène et d’assainissement et de santé des nourrissons et jeunes enfants. L’évolution de l’état nutritionnel des enfants a été appréciée par l’anthropométrie et les indicateurs des pratiques d’alimentation de complément. La situation de ces enfants a été comparée à celle de 15 autres ayant servi de témoins ; ces derniers ont bénéficié de leur régime alimentaire habituel. Au terme de l’intervention, il a été remarqué une amélioration des apports en énergie, protéines, vitamine A et fer et de la diversité alimentaire des enfants ayant bénéficié de la bouillie à base de farine enrichie. Au plan nutritionnel, cette amélioration n’a pas induit une amélioration significative de l’état nutritionnel des enfants ; elle a toutefois permis la non aggravation des cas de retard de croissance. L’ajout de sources de minéraux et vitamines à la farine pourrait permettre d’améliorer sa qualité.Mots clés: Retard de croissance, Farine enrichie, Maltage, Intervention nutritionnelle, BéninEnglish Title: Reduce stunting through food approach: a pilot study in rural area in southern BeninEnglish AbstractInfant malnutrition is a public health problem in Benin. The most important causes are inadequate feeding practices of infants and young children. The objective of this study was to appreciate the effect of a nutritional intervention approach on the nutritional status of children aged 6 to 12 months in a rural area of south Benin. A sample of 14 children consumed an improved traditional porridge prepared from corn, peanut, cowpea and maize-based malt during 6 months. Nutrition education sessions were monthly organized for mothers on children feeding and nutrition recommendations, hygiene, sanitation and health. The evolution of the nutritional status of children was assessed by anthropometry and indicators of complementary feeding practices. The situation of these children was compared with that of 15 others from a control group, who benefited their usual diet. At the end of the intervention, there was an improvement in the energy, protein, vitamin A and iron intake and the dietary diversity of children who benefited from the enriched flour porridge. This improvement did not lead to a significant improvement in the nutritional status of children; however, it allowed a non-aggravation of stunting cases. The addition of sources of minerals and vitamins to flour could improve the quality of the porridge.Keywords: Stunting, Enriched flour, Malting, Nutritional intervention, Benin
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
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