Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (30 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 263 Journals sorted alphabetically
aBIOTECH : An International Journal on Plant Biotechnology and Agricultural Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta agriculturae Slovenica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Agronomica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Agronomica Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Aquatica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Technica Agraria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Acta Scientifica Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Agriculture & Botanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Agronomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Horticultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Agribusiness : an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Agric     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultura     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agricultura Tecnica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura, Sociedad y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultural & Environmental Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agricultural Economics : The Journal of the International Association of Agricultural Economists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Agricultural Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Agricultural Water Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agriculture and Human Values     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
AGRIEAST : Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
AgriEngineering     Open Access  
Agrinova (Agrotechnology Innovation)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriprobe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agriscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrisost     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agritech     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AGRITROPICA : Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access  
Agro Sur     Open Access  
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Agroecological journal     Open Access  
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agronomía & Ambiente     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomía Tropical     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agronomy Science     Open Access  
Agrosains : Jurnal Penelitian Agronomi     Open Access  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Agrosintesa Jurnal Ilmu Budidaya Pertanian     Open Access  
Agrosystems, Geosciences & Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Agrotechnology Research Journal     Open Access  
Agrotekma : Jurnal Agroteknologi dan Ilmu Pertanian     Open Access  
Agrotrop : Journal on Agriculture Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AL-Qadisiya Journal For Agriculture Sciences     Open Access  
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Economics and Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Potato Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Analytical Science Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal - Open Space     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Microbiome     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Arid Zone     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Annual Review of Resource Economics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Applied Financial Economics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aquacultura Indonesiana     Open Access  
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archives of Current Research International     Open Access  
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ARO. The Scientific Journal of Koya University     Open Access  
Arthropod-Plant Interactions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Intelligence in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Rural Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Advances in Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Agricultural and Horticultural Research     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics & Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access  
Asian Research Journal of Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Ziraat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Australian Cottongrower, The     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Economic Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Australian Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Forest Grower     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Australian Grain     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Holstein Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Sugarcane     Full-text available via subscription  
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Agronomy Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Berichte aus dem Julius Kühn-Institut     Open Access  
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BHUMI : Jurnal Agraria dan Pertanahan     Open Access  
Bioagro     Open Access  
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biochar     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
BIOFIX Scientific Journal     Open Access  
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
Biosystems Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Boletín Semillas Ambientales     Open Access  
Botanica Orientalis : Journal of Plant Science     Open Access  
British Poultry Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CABI Agriculture and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Caderno de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Cahiers Agricultures     Open Access  
California Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 77)
Canadian Water Resources Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Capitalism Nature Socialism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Caraka Tani : Journal of Sustainable Agriculture     Open Access  
Ceiba     Open Access  
Central European Forestry Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
CESifo Economic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ceylon Journal of Science     Open Access  
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia e Investigación Agraria     Open Access  
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud     Open Access  
Científic@ : Multidisciplinary Journal     Open Access  
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Competition & Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Compost Science & Utilization     Hybrid Journal  
Computers and Electronics in Agriculture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Corpoica Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria     Open Access  
CSA News     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Cultura Agronômica : Revista de Ciências Agronômicas     Open Access  
Cultural Geographies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Cultural Studies - Critical Methodologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Cultural Studies of Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Cultural Trends     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Agricultural Science and Technology     Open Access  
Current Agriculture Research Journal     Open Access  
Current Applied Science and Technology     Open Access  
Current Protocols in Plant Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Dinamika Pertanian     Open Access  
Dissertationen aus dem Julius Kühn-Institut     Open Access  
Dossiers Agraris     Open Access  
E-Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (Journal of Tropical Agroecotechnology)     Open Access  
Ecological Applications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 136)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

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Annales des Sciences Agronomiques
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1659-5009
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Évaluation de la prévalence de l’infection par le virus de la maladie
           de gumboro en aviculture semi-intensive au Sénégal

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      Authors: A Badji, M.M. Lo, R.B. Alambedji
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Une évaluation de la prévalence a été conduite en 2014 et 2015 dans les principales zones avicoles du Sénégal, Dakar et Thiès.Pour cela, des échantillons de 238 et 259 élevages avicoles semi-intensifs ont été constitués respectivement en 2014 et 2015 et soumis à une détection de foyers de la maladie. Ainsi, 139 et 158 foyers ont été suspectés atteints de la maladiesur la base des manifestations cliniques et des lésions observées. Parmi les élevages suspectés atteints, la présence du virus a été confirmée sur 125 et 147 élevages par la RT-PCR respectivement en 2014 et 2015. Le taux de prévalence observé dans les élevages est compris entre 46,2 % et 58,9 % en 2014 et entre 50,7 % et 62,8 % en 2015. Il est significativement plus élevé à Dakar, comparée à Thiès en 2014 et 2015. De plus, il est significativement plus élevé dans les élevages de poulets de chair, comparées aux élevages de poules pondeuses en 2014 et 2015.Les taux de prévalence élevés, observés en 2014 et 2015, résultent d’une mauvaise application des mesures de prophylaxie sanitaire dans un nombre important de petits élevages avicoles semi-intensifs. Une sensibilisation des propriétaires de ces élevages axée sur la bonne application de ces mesures contribuerait à limiter la dissémination du virus et les pertes attribuables à la maladie.Mots-clés: Élevages avicoles semi-intensifs - Epidémiologie - Sénégal - Maladie de GumboroEnglish Title: Assessment of the prevalence of gumboro virus infection in semi-intensive poultry farms in SenegalEnglish AbstractAn assessment of the prevalence was conducted in 2014 and 2015 in the main poultry areas of Senegal, Dakar and Thiès. A Sampling of 238 and 259 semi-intensive poultry farms were established respectively in 2014 and 2015 and subjected to detection of Gumboro disease outbreaks. Thus, 139 and 158 outbreaks were suspected of Gumboro disease based on clinical signs and lesions observed. Among the farms suspected with the disease, the virus was confirmed on 125 and 147 farms by RT-PCR respectively in 2014 and 2015. The prevalence rate on farms was between 46.2% and 58.9% in 2014 and between 50.7% and 62.8% in 2015. This rate is significantly higher in Dakar, compared to Thiès. It is also significantly higher in the farms broilers, compared to laying hen farms in 2014 and 2015. The relatively high prevalence rates resulting from poor application of sanitary and medical prophylactic measures in a large number of small and medium poultry exploitations.The high prevalence rates observed in 2014 and 2015 are the result of poor application of sanitary prophylaxis measures in a large number of small semi-intensive poultry farms. Awareness of the owners of these farms based on the good behavior of the high bands would help to limit the spread of the virus and the losses attributable to the disease.Keywords: Semi-intensive poultry livestock - Epidemiology - Prevalence - Senegal - Gumboro disease
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Human-wildlife conflicts and mitigation measures in Pendjari biosphere
           reserve, northern Benin

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      Authors: S Efio, E.A. Sogbohossou, Z.Y. Magnon, M.R.B. Houinato, M Habiyaremye, B.A. Sinsin, C.R. Tossou
      First page: 15
      Abstract: Human-wildlife conflicts are any interactions between human and wildlife with a negative impact for both parties. Understanding these conflicts is necessary to guaranty a better coexistence between human and wildlife and an improvement of wildlife conservation. The current research aims at assessing human-wildlife conflicts and analyzing the management measures developed by local communities around Pendjari Biosphere Reserve in Benin. Data were collected in January and February 2017 through a questionnaire survey of 245 respondents from different socio-professional background. Three main types of conflicts were observed around the Reserve: crop raiding, livestock predation and destruction of fishing materials. The most destroyed crops were maize (15 %), cotton (15 %) and millet (14 %), and sorghum (29 %) and baboon was the most important crop raiding species (61 % of depredation cases). Regarding livestock, pig (25 %) and sheep/goat (23.1 %) were the most attacked animals while hyena was the most important predator reported (40.6 % of attacks). Fishing nets and hoop nets were destroyed by crocodile (72.2 %) and hippopotamus (27.8 %). To reduce these damages, farmers used several measures such as guarding (82%), scarecrows (64.5 %), and fires on the outskirts of the fields (67.3 %). Herders mostly used livestock’ guarding (12.7 %) and fires or torchlight lit in the enclosures during the night (8.6 %). These measures were not efficient to prevent or avoid the damages but they did reduce them. They must be reinforced to reduce the impact of the damages on the agricultural production, the main source of income of local communities.Keywords: human-wildlife coexistence, damage, predation, conflicts mitigation, West Africa
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Use diversity and farmer’s preference of 48 local multipurpose fodder
           trees : a comparative analysis of three sociolinguistic groups of Benin

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      Authors: C Sèwadé, B.E. Lokonon, A.F. Azihou, G.S. Akouèhou, G.A. Mensah, R.L. Glèlè Kakaï, M.R.B. Houinato
      First page: 33
      Abstract: Native plant species in general and fodder trees in particular contribute significantly to the daily needs of both human and animal especially in developing countries. However, these important species are often neglected leading to the erosion of their diversity and usefulness. This study aimed to (i) quantify the impact of age, gender and ethnicity on the use and perceived value of local woody fodder species; (ii) identify the most important and preferred woody fodder species across sociolinguistic groups and (iii) identify the overharvested and underutilized woody fodder species across sociolinguistic groups. A total of 220 informants belonging to three sociolinguistic groups (Bariba, Nago and Peulh) were interviewed through a semi-structured survey on the fodder trees that they use for different purposes. The most cultural important fodder species ranked by the local people were determined for each sociolinguistic group. The species were categorized into six use categories by the informants: food, medicine, construction, fuel, veterinary and fodder. Afzelia africana, Khaya senegalensis and Pterocarpus erinaceus are the most widely used species by Peulhs and Bariba to feed animals, while for the Nagos, Mangifera indica comes first followed by Ficus umbellata, Ficus platyphylla and Pterocarpus erinaceus. Combining the different use categories, overharvested or underutilized species depend on the sociolinguistic group. But globally, A. africana, K. senegalensis, P. erinaceus and Mangifera indica are overharvested species whereas Ficus sycomorus, Combretum micranthum, Combretum molle, Balanites aegyptiaca, Crossopteryx febrifuga, Sarcocephalus latifolius, are underutilized species. For a sustainable management of pasture lands, it is suggested (i) an assessment of the availability of the overexploited species in the study area; (ii) their use in restoration, afforestation/reforestation and plantation activities.Keywords: Biodiversity, Fodder trees, Local knowledge, Sociolinguistic group, Use
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Perceptions adaptations des agropasteurs de la région du Sahel du Burkina
           Faso au changement climatique

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      Authors: J.S. Zoundi, Y Samandoulgou, J Yameogo, C.Y. Kabore-Zoungrana
      First page: 53
      Abstract: La présente étude est une analyse des perceptions des producteurs agricoles des communes rurales de Bani et Markoye, situées dans la région du sahel burkinabè. Elle porte sur le changement climatique, ses effets sur les activités agricoles et pastorales et les stratégies d’adaptation mises en oeuvre par les agropasteurs. La méthodologie adoptée a consisté, dans un premier temps, à effectuer la collecte des données principalement par des enquêtes auprès des 260 ménages et des groupes focaux et, dans un second temps, au traitement et à l’analyse des données collectées. Au terme des analyses, il ressort que les agropasteurs perçoivent le changement climatique. Ce changement se traduit par une diminution et une irrégularité croissante, un début tardif et un arrêt précoce des pluies, une fréquence des poches de sécheresses. Il se manifeste par des effets néfastes sur les ressources pastorales, la productivité des animaux, la réduction de la ressource eau, un dérèglement du calendrier agricole établi par les paysans. En réponse au changement climatique, les producteurs agricoles ont adopté des stratégies d'adaptation qui se déclinent en exploitation du pâturage ligneux et herbacé, à l’exploitation des résidus de cultures, à la fauche et conservation du fourrage, à l’utilisation des sous-produits agro-industriels, à la recomposition du cheptel vivant avec un nombre plus important de caprins et à la généralisation de l’agropastoralisme. Face aux effets du changement climatique la recherche devrait soutenir les producteurs pour une adaptation anticipée.Mots clés: Sahel burkinabé, Changement climatique, perceptions, adaptationsEnglish AbstractThe present study is an analysis of the perceptions of agricultural producers in the rural communes of Bani and Markoye, located in the Sahel region of Burkina Faso. It focuses on climate change, its effects on agricultural and pastoral activities and adaptation strategies implemented by agro-pastoralists. The methodology adopted initially consisted in collecting data mainly through surveys of 260 households and focus groups and, in a second step, processing and analyzing the data collected. At the end of the analyzes, agropastors perceive climate change. This change is reflected in a decreasing and increasing irregularity, a late start and an early cessation of rainfall, a frequency of pockets of drought. It manifests itself in adverse effects on the pastoral resources, the productivity of animals, the reduction of the water resource, a disruption of the agricultural calendar established by the peasants. In response to climate change, agricultural producers have adopted adaptation strategies that include logging and herbaceous grazing, harvesting crop residues, cutting and storing forage, using - agro-industrial products, the recomposition of live livestock with a larger number of goats and the generalization of agropastoralism. In the face of the effects of climate change, research should support producers for early adaptation.Keywords: Burkina Faso’s Sahel, Climate change, perceptions, adaptations
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Variability of chemical composition of Newbouldia laevis and Zanthoxylum
           zanthoxyloides related to environmental factors

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      Authors: P.A. Olounlade, E.V.B. Azando, C.C. Dansou, F Gbaguidi, J Gbenou, H Hoste, A Valentin, M Moudachirou, M.S. Hounzangbe-Adote
      First page: 73
      Abstract: N. laevis and Z. zanthoxyloides leaves from departments of Atlantic, Oueme, Couffo and Zou Area of South Benin were screened for the presence of chemical compounds by standard methods and compared. The results revealed the presence of the following compounds: alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, quinones, and essential oils in the plant samples regardless of the area and the harvest season. Saponins, cardiac glycosides, cyanogenic glycosides were found to be absent in the leaves of Z. zanthoxyloides and N. laevis regardless of the area and the harvest season. The significance of the plants in traditional medicine and the importance of the distribution of the chemical constituents justified the traditional use of these plants for the treatment of tropical diseases. We recommend further research work on these plants leaves for possible use as a source of raw material for industrial and medical science utilization.Keywords: Chemical Composition, Newbouldia laevis, Zanthoxylum zanthoxyloides, environmental factors, Benin
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Efficacité technique des producteurs de soja du Bénin

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      Authors: S Kpenavoun Chogou, F Okry, F Santos, D.J. Hounhouigan
      First page: 93
      Abstract: Le soja est devenu la première légumineuse au Bénin par son importance dans la réduction de la malnutrition observée surtout en milieu rural. Sa demande de plus en plus importante devient difficile à satisfaire. En même temps, les rendements obtenus par les producteurs au cours de ces dernières années sont faibles par rapport aux rendements potentiels. La présente étude vise à mesurer le niveau d’efficacité technique des producteurs de soja et à déterminer les facteurs qui influencent cette efficacité. La méthode des frontières stochastiques de production a été appliquée à un échantillon aléatoire de 93 producteurs de soja. Les résultats obtenus ont montré que le rendement moyen des producteurs de soja interviewés est de 886 kg/ha, faible par rapport au rendement espéré. Les indices d'efficacité technique varient entre 5% et 92% avec une moyenne de 61 %. Ce qui montre que la production pourrait être nettement améliorée avec les mêmes quantités de ressources productives que celles utilisées actuellement. Les producteurs les plus efficaces, ceux qui ont obtenu un score d'efficacité technique compris entre 0,80 et 0,92, ont atteint un rendement moyen de 1410 kg/ha et constituent 29% de l'échantillon. Le producteur le plus efficace a obtenu un rendement de 2500 kg/ha. L’utilisation de semences de soja de bonne qualité, l’application d’insecticides chimiques pour réduire la pression parasitaire et le sexe ont été les facteurs qui influencent positivement l’efficacité technique des producteurs de soja. Il importe donc de bien former les producteurs pour faciliter le respect des recommandations relatives aux itinéraires techniques, de promouvoir l'accès aux semences de soja de bonne qualité et la lutte intégrée des ravageurs avec l'utilisation des insecticides biologiques pour éviter l'usage excessif des pesticides chimiques nuisibles à la santé humaine.Mots clés: soja, efficacité technique, rendement, frontière de production stochastique, BéninEnglish Title: Technical efficiency of soybean producers of BeninEnglish AbstractSoybeans has become the first leguminous in Benin because of its importance in reducing the high rate of malnutrition observed especially in rural areas. Its increasingly high demands become difficult to satisfy. At the same time, the yields obtained by the producers in recent years are low compared to the potential yields. This study aims to measure the level of technical efficiency of soybean producers and to determine the factors influencing this efficiency. The stochastic frontier production was applied to a random sample of 93 soybean producers. The results showed that the average yield obtained by the interviewed farmers was 886 kg/ha. This is low compared to the potential yield. The technical efficiency indices range from 5% to 92% with an average of 61 %. This shows that production could be significantly improved even with the same use of productive resources. The most efficient producers, those who achieved a technical efficiency score between 0.80 and 0.92, had an average yield of 1410 kg/ha. The most efficient producer obtained a yield of 2500 kg/ha. The use of good quality seeds, the use of chemical insecticide to reduce parasitic pressure and gender positively influence the technical efficiency of soybean producers. It is therefore important to amplify farmers training to improve their level of management, to promote access to good quality soybean seeds and integrated pest management with the use of biological insecticides to avoid the excessive use of chemical pesticides that are harmful to human health.Keywords: soybean, technical efficiency, yield, stochastic production frontier, Benin
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Adaptation des producteurs à la variabilité climatique au sud- Bénin:
           cas de la plaine inondable de Gbessou Houékèkomè

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      Authors: S.C. Atidegla, C Hounmenou
      First page: 111
      Abstract: Le Sud-Bénin est l’une des régions du pays où la variabilité climatique est très perceptible par le monde rural. C’est dans ce contexte que la présente étude est menée afin d’analyser les stratégies d’adaptation développées dans la plaine inondable de Gbessou Houékèkomè ainsi que les corrélations entre ces stratégies et les différentes catégories de producteurs. La méthodologie utilisée est basée sur l’enquête auprès de 68 exploitations agricoles et de l’application des tests statistiques. Les résultats de cette recherche ont montré que les producteurs perçoivent entre autres une diminution et une irrégularité croissante des pluies, une plus grande fréquence de poches de sécheresse avec un réchauffement très prononcé au cours de ces deux dernières décennies. En réponse à ces changements, les producteurs selon leurs catégories d’âge ([20-50] ans ou [>50 ans]) et en fonction des superficies emblavées (≤ 1 ha ou > 1 ha) développent différemment six stratégies d’adaptation. Ainsi, sur 47 jeunes producteurs (JP) enquêtés, 74% ont adopté la diversification des sources de revenus (DSR) contre 72 % pour l’agriculture de contre saison (ACS) et la modification de la date de semis, 68 % pour l’irrigation des parcelles et cultures (IPC) et la diversification des cultures (DC). En effet, la diversification des sources de revenus (DSR) se révèle pertinente et permet de discriminer les différents types de producteurs (P ˂ 0,15) lorsque l’âge est considéré. Par contre, les producteurs emblavant une petite superficie (PS) ou une grande superficie (GS) trouvent plus pertinente, la diversification des cultures (DC) comme stratégie d’adaptation. Enfin, eu égard au constat selon lequel l'adaptation est limitée par des contraintes matérielles, financières et techniques et d'accès à l'information, il urge que des mesures d'accompagnement (formation, encadrement, financement) soient prises pour améliorer les stratégies et faciliter l'adaptation.Mots clés: monde rural, irrégularité des pluies, âge, superficies emblavées, stratégies d’adaptation, diversification des culturesEnglish Title: Adaptation of farmers to the climatic variability in south of Bénin: case of liable to flooding plain of Gbessou HouékèkomèEnglish AbstractThe South of Benin is one of the country’s areas where climate variability is very perceptible by rural people. It is in this context that, the present study is conducted in order to analyze the adaptation strategies developed by the farmers against climatic variability in the flooding plain of Gbessou Houékèkomè. Besides, the correlation between those strategies and the different categories of farmers as well as their cultivated areas are studied. Data collection is based on field investigations with 68 farmers and statistic tests. The findings of this research showed that the farmers perceive among all a decrease and crescent irregularity of rains, a highest frequency of dryness periods with a pronounced rise during this two last decades. In response to those changes and according to their age categories ([20-50] years or [>50 years]) and cultivated areas (≤ 1 ha or > 1 ha), farmers developed differently six adaptation strategies. Therefore, among 47 inquired young farmers, 74 % had adopted the diversification of income sources (DIS) against 72 % for rain subsidence cropping (RSC) and sowing dates modification (SDM) and 68 % for the irrigation of plots and crops (IPC) and farming diversification (FD). Indeed, the diversification of income sources (DIS) is revealed as pertinent and allowed to discriminate the different types of farmers (P ˂ 0.15) when the age is considered. On the other hand, farmers cropping small area (SA) or big area (BA) found pertinent farming diversification (FD as adoption strategy. Finally, with regard to the report according to which adaptation is limited by material, financial and technical constraints and that too for information access, it is urgent to accompany farmers through some supports (training, capacities building, finance) in order to improve the strategies and make easy the adaptation.Keywords: rural sector, irregularity of rains, age, cultivated areas, adaptation strategies, farming diversification
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Réduction de la malnutrition chronique par une approche alimentaire: une
           étude pilote en milieu rural au sud-Bénin

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      Authors: F.S.U. Bodjrenou, W Amoussa Hounkpatin, S Houndji, J Lokonon, M.A.D.R. Kodjo, L.A. Aïtondji Dossa
      First page: 133
      Abstract: La malnutrition infantile constitue un problème de santé publique au Bénin. Les causes les plus importantes sont les mauvaises pratiques d’alimentation et de nutrition des nourrissons et des jeunes enfants. L’objectif de cette étude était de tester l’efficacité d’une approche nutritionnelle d’intervention alimentaire sur l’état nutritionnel des enfants de 6 à 12 mois dans un village du Sud-Bénin. Un échantillon de 14 enfants a été soumis sur une période de 6 mois à la consommation d’une bouillie traditionnelle améliorée préparée à partir d’une farine de maïs, arachide et niébé et de malt. Leurs mères ont suivi de façon mensuelle des séances d’éducation nutritionnelle sur les bonnes pratiques d’alimentation, de nutrition, d’hygiène et d’assainissement et de santé des nourrissons et jeunes enfants. L’évolution de l’état nutritionnel des enfants a été appréciée par l’anthropométrie et les indicateurs des pratiques d’alimentation de complément. La situation de ces enfants a été comparée à celle de 15 autres ayant servi de témoins ; ces derniers ont bénéficié de leur régime alimentaire habituel. Au terme de l’intervention, il a été remarqué une amélioration des apports en énergie, protéines, vitamine A et fer et de la diversité alimentaire des enfants ayant bénéficié de la bouillie à base de farine enrichie. Au plan nutritionnel, cette amélioration n’a pas induit une amélioration significative de l’état nutritionnel des enfants ; elle a toutefois permis la non aggravation des cas de retard de croissance. L’ajout de sources de minéraux et vitamines à la farine pourrait permettre d’améliorer sa qualité.Mots clés: Retard de croissance, Farine enrichie, Maltage, Intervention nutritionnelle, BéninEnglish Title: Reduce stunting through food approach: a pilot study in rural area in southern BeninEnglish AbstractInfant malnutrition is a public health problem in Benin. The most important causes are inadequate feeding practices of infants and young children. The objective of this study was to appreciate the effect of a nutritional intervention approach on the nutritional status of children aged 6 to 12 months in a rural area of south Benin. A sample of 14 children consumed an improved traditional porridge prepared from corn, peanut, cowpea and maize-based malt during 6 months. Nutrition education sessions were monthly organized for mothers on children feeding and nutrition recommendations, hygiene, sanitation and health. The evolution of the nutritional status of children was assessed by anthropometry and indicators of complementary feeding practices. The situation of these children was compared with that of 15 others from a control group, who benefited their usual diet. At the end of the intervention, there was an improvement in the energy, protein, vitamin A and iron intake and the dietary diversity of children who benefited from the enriched flour porridge. This improvement did not lead to a significant improvement in the nutritional status of children; however, it allowed a non-aggravation of stunting cases. The addition of sources of minerals and vitamins to flour could improve the quality of the porridge.Keywords: Stunting, Enriched flour, Malting, Nutritional intervention, Benin
      PubDate: 2018-06-08
      DOI: 10.4314/asab.v22i1.
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
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