Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 981 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (93 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (680 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (120 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (58 journals)

AGRICULTURE (680 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4     

Showing 201 - 263 of 263 Journals sorted by number of followers
Biodiversity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Nature Plants     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Agricultural History Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Biological Agriculture & Horticulture : An International Journal for Sustainable Production Systems     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Land and Rural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Indian Horticulture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arboricultural Journal : The International Journal of Urban Forestry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Invertebrate Reproduction & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture and Social Research (JASR)     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
New Journal of Botany     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Agriculture and Forestry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Advances in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cereal Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Agrobotanica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Italian Journal of Agronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
EU Agrarian Law     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Studies in Australian Garden History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Modern Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Ghana Science Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Sustainable Agriculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Research, Innovation and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Agriculture and Apiculture Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Agra Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Essential Oil Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Diatom Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal for Parasitology : Parasites and Wildlife     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agricultura Tropica et Subtropica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Apicultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Agricultural Management and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia forestal en México     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Cubana de Ciencia Agrícola     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sustainability Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ghana Journal of Agricultural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sustainable Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Verde de Agroecologia e Desenvolvimento Sustentável     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Huria : Journal of the Open University of Tanzania     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berkala Ilmiah Pertanian     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RIA. Revista de Investigaciones Agropecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agricultural Commodities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Natural Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Approaches to Extension Practice : A Journal of Agricultural Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chemical and Biological Technologies for Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Progressive Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Folia Horticulturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Rivista di Studi sulla Sostenibilità     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Science Foundation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Avances en Investigacion Agropecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Management and Informatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Recycling of Organic Waste in Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agricultural Extension     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Innovare Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Agriculture System     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Technologica Agriculturae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Knowledge Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Degraded and Mining Lands Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nigerian Journal of Technological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social and Natural Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Jurnal Agroteknologi     Open Access  
Perspectivas Rurales Nueva Época     Open Access  
Organic Farming     Open Access  
Research Ideas and Outcomes     Open Access  
Jurnal Udayana Mengabdi     Open Access  
Landtechnik : Agricultural Engineering     Open Access  
International Letters of Natural Sciences     Open Access  
Agrociencia Uruguay     Open Access  
Heliyon     Open Access  
Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola     Open Access  
Oilseeds and fats, Crops and Lipids     Open Access  
Annals of Silvicultural Research     Open Access  
Pastura : Journal Of Tropical Forage Science     Open Access  
Journal of Citrus Pathology     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de las Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports     Open Access  
International Journal of Secondary Metabolite     Open Access  
Scientia Agropecuaria     Open Access  
Pelita Perkebunan (Coffee and Cocoa Research Journal)     Open Access  
Revista de Agricultura Neotropical     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Fave : Sección ciencias agrarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Review of Agrarian Studies     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Biotechnology     Open Access  
Nigeria Agricultural Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Annales des Sciences Agronomiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University     Open Access  
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Tropical Grasslands - Forrajes Tropicales     Open Access  
Research in Plant Sciences     Open Access  
World Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Agricultural Research     Open Access  
Research & Reviews : Journal of Agriculture Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Nativa     Open Access  
SAARC Journal of Agriculture     Open Access  
West African Journal of Applied Ecology     Open Access  
Journal of Agricultural Research and Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l'Universite de Lome     Full-text available via subscription  
Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Agronomie Africaine     Full-text available via subscription  
Professional Agricultural Workers Journal     Open Access  
Interciencia     Open Access  
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Information Processing in Agriculture     Open Access  
Sabaragamuwa University Journal     Open Access  
Ceiba     Open Access  
Research in Sierra Leone Studies : Weave     Open Access  
The Agriculturists     Open Access  
La Calera     Open Access  
Selçuk Tarım ve Gıda Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Revista de la Universidad del Zulia     Open Access  
Journal of Arid Land     Hybrid Journal  
Rangifer     Open Access  
Encuentro     Open Access  
Journal Of Agrobiotechnology     Open Access  
Coffee Science     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Landbohistorisk Tidsskrift     Open Access  
Biotecnología en el Sector Agropecuario y Agroindustrial     Open Access  
Walailak Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Universidad y Ciencia     Open Access  
Tropical and Subtropical Agroecosystems     Open Access  
Terra Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologia Postcosecha     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrárias     Open Access  
Multiciencias     Open Access  
Ensaios e Ciência : Ciências Biológicas, Agrárias e da Saúde     Open Access  
Bioagro     Open Access  
Agroalimentaria     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas     Open Access  
Revista U.D.C.A Actualidad & Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Técnicas Agropecuarias     Open Access  
Revista Chapingo. Serie horticultura     Open Access  
Pastos y Forrajes     Open Access  
Fitosanidad     Open Access  
Cultivos Tropicales     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Desarrollo Rural     Open Access  
Ciencia e Investigación Agraria     Open Access  
Agronomía Mesoamericana     Open Access  
Agronomía Costarricense     Open Access  
Agrociencia     Open Access  
Agrivita : Journal of Agricultural Science     Open Access  

  First | 1 2 3 4     

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Journal Cover
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2409-0603 - ISSN (Online) 2409-9325
Published by Bangladesh Journals Online Homepage  [88 journals]
  • Agricultural Trade Liberalisation and Agricultural Total Factor
           Productivity Growth Convergence in Africa

    • Authors: Regret Sunge, Nicholas Ngepah
      Pages: 71 - 88
      Abstract: Reducing income inequality in Africa rests on agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) growth and convergence. Liberalizing agricultural trade has emerged as a force of agricultural TFP growth convergence. Notwithstanding increasing agricultural trade, TFP in Africa is falling while the differences in TFP growth rates remain wide. We provide evidence on the impact of agricultural trade liberalization on agricultural TFP growth convergence. We examine trade by origin, disaggregated into intra-Africa, and rest-of-the-world trade. Also, we recognize the uniqueness of agricultural trade liberalization and analyze the effect of the removal of trade-distorting agriculture support. Using maize and rice data for the period 2005-2016, we apply a Feasible-Generalized- Least-Squares estimation of panel data models derived from Barro and Sala-i-Martin (1990). We find evidence for both absolute and conditional convergence, which is stronger for maize. Moreover, agricultural trade openness speeds up TFP growth convergence for both crops. Convergence speed is higher for intra-Africa trade. Estimations on domestic agriculture support suggest that reduction of support beyond distortion-free levels enhances TFP growth convergence. Our findings call for more agricultural trade liberalization. We appeal that the recently launched Africa Continental Free Trade Area prioritizes intra-Africa agricultural trade liberalization and further elimination of trade-distorting domestic agriculture support. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 71-88
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61612
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • A Brief Review on the Present Status, Problems And Prospects of Maize
           Production in Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md Rasadul Islam, Shohrab Hoshain
      Pages: 89 - 96
      Abstract: Maize is one of the promising crops for foods, green forage and industrial uses. There is lot of research about maize regarding various aspects in Bangladesh. However, no published review report on the present status, problems and prospects of maize production in Bangladesh has been found. In this review, we provided intensive information to increase maize production and profitability in Bangladesh from all the available resources i.e., journal article, book, proceeding and electronic sources. This paper showed that maize cultivation was more profitable in Bangladesh and indicated some problems with maize cultivation as well as suggested some recommendations to improve maize production. Understanding all the facts about this paper will boost to maize production in Bangladesh and assist to researchers to choose advance topics about the improvement of maize cultivation. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 89-96
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61613
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Short Term Growth of Red Amaranth (Amaranthus Gangeticus) By Using Urea
           Fertilizer and Gibberellic Acid

    • Authors: Md Sabuj Ali, Dipta Majumder, Nur Mohammad, Md Morshedul Islam, Rayhan Ahmed, Kawsar Hossen
      Pages: 97 - 102
      Abstract: The study was conducted in agricultural research field at Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh during March 2021 to enhance the production of red amaranth (Amaranthus gangeticus cv: RM) by using urea fertilizer with gibberellic acid. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) comprising four treatments with three replications. The treatment combinations were T0 (Urea 0 kg ha-1 and 0 ppm GA3), T1 (Urea 200 kg ha-1), T2 (60 ppm GA3), T3 (Urea 200 kg ha-1 and 60 ppm GA3), respectively. The growth and yield characters of red amaranth showed significant variation for different treatments of urea and gibberellic acid. The maximum plant height (37.1 cm), leaf number (13.83), leaf breadth (4.8 cm), leaf length (8.0 cm), shoot diameter (0.583 cm), fresh plant weight (9.73 g), dry weight per plant (0.775 g), yield per hectare (15.58 t/ha) were measured from treatment T3 (urea fertilizer + gibberellic acid) at harvest (22 days after sowing). The maximum benefit cost ratio (BCR = 3.653) was recorded from treatment T3 (urea fertilizer + gibberellic acid). Thus, it is concluded that the combined application of urea fertilizer with gibberellic acid would be optimum for short term growth and better yield of red amaranth. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 97-102
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61615
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Studies on the Quality and Health Status of T. Aman Rice Seeds Collected
           From Different Sources

    • Authors: Anup Pain, Amit Kumar Basunia, Mahmudul Hasan Chowdhury, Md Mohimenul Islam, Mir Enamul Haque, Ahmed Khairul Hasan
      Pages: 103 - 116
      Abstract: A laboratory experiment was carried out at the Professor GAF Seed Pathology Centre and Laboratory of Department of Seed Science and Technology, Bangladesh Agricultural University (BAU), Mymensingh during the period of July 2018 to January 2019 to determine the effect of seed sources on quality and health status in some Transplanted Aman rice varieties in Bangladesh. Among the seed sources, the moisture content was recorded from 10.40% to 13.37%. In case of purity analysis of seed pure seed ranged from 39.23g to 39.94g. Germination test of rice seeds was recorded and the percentage of total number of germination ranged from 55.75% to 93.0%, normal seedling (51.50 % to 86.50%), abnormal seedling (4.75 % to 10.75%), fresh ingeminated seed (1.75% to15.0%), hard seed (0.0 % to 11.75%), dead seed (2.75% to 21.25%), respectively. Vigour index in the seed sources ranged from (1255.80 to 2089.86). In dry inspection test apparently healthy seeds (17.74gto 28.92g), spotted seeds (9.8g to 17.34g), deformed seeds (0.36g to 5.58g), discolored seeds (0.34g to 3.40g), inert mater (0.00g to 0.38g), insect damaged seeds (0.00g to 0.24g) and chaffy seeds (0.08 g to 1.14g) were recorded(2.75% to 21.25%), respectively. In the seed health study, seven species of fungi were recorded. In the seed health test Alternaria padwickii (1.25 % to 5.50%), Aspergilus niger (0.0% to 1.75%), Bipolaris oryzae (0.0% to 1.50%), Curvularia lunata (0.00% to 1.0%), Aspergillus flavus (0.00% to 1.25%), Penicillium sp. (0.00% to 1.50%) were recorded, respectively. Most of the farmers were failed to obtain the quality and good health status. In this study, BRRI dhan34 in farmer's seed recorded the highest performance in the seed sources and the lowest performance was recorded in BRRI dhan49 in farmer's seed. Among the seed sources BR22 of BADC seed (T8) performed the best in respect of seed quality and seed health. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 103-116
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61616
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Effect of Different Levels of Nitrogen, Phosphorus And Potassium on the
           Growth and Yield of Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus L.) In the Coastal Region of

    • Authors: Md Sabuj Ali, Dipta Majumder, Rakib Hasan, Tawseef Al Aff, Nur Mohammad, Kawsar Hossen
      Pages: 117 - 123
      Abstract: The experiment was carried out at Agricultural Research Field, Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh during the period of March to June 2021, to evaluate the growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. CV: MOHABIR) as influenced by different levels of NPK fertilizer. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The treatments were T0 (no NPK), T1 (N 69 kg ha-1, P2O5 48 kg ha-1 and K2O 75 kg ha-1), T2 (N 69 kg ha-1, P2O5 60 kg ha-1 and K2O 90 kg ha-1), T3 (N 92 kg ha-1, P2O5 72 kg ha-1 and K2O 105 kg ha-1), respectively. Data were recorded from different stages of plant growth on the number of leaves per plant, number of fruits per plant, fruit length, fruit diameter, individual fruit weight, yield per plant and yield per plot. All the recorded parameters were statistically significant (p<0.01). The maximum number of leaves per plant (37.83) was recorded from T3 (N 92 kg ha-1, P2O5 72 kg ha-1 and K2O 105 kg ha-1) whereas the minimum number of leaves per plant (27.92) was obtained from the control T0 (no NPK). Highest number of fruits per plant (11.92), fruit length (16.00 cm), fruit diameter ((4.10 cm), individual fruit weight (167.17 g), weight of fruits per plant (2.00 kg), and yield per hectare (68.35 t/ha) was found in treatment T3 (N 92 kg ha-1, P2O5 72 kg ha-1 and K2O 105 kg ha-1) whereas lowest data recorded from control T0 (no NPK). Observing the results, it can be stated that application of NPK fertilizer @ N 92 kg ha-1, P2O5 72 kg ha-1 and K2O 105 kg ha-1 for cucumber cultivation gave better growth and yield in the coastal region of Bangladesh. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 117-123
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61617
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Effect of Different Levels of Nitrogen (N) And Phosphorus (P) Fertilizer
           on Growth and Yield of Lettuce in Coastal Zone of Bangladesh

    • Authors: Sumaiya Akter, Preangka Saha Briste, Mohammad Golam Rabbani, - Shamsunnahar, Shohrab Hoshain
      Pages: 125 - 134
      Abstract: The experiment was conducted at the Agriculture Field laboratory of Noakhali Science and Technology University, Noakhali, Bangladesh during the period from December 2020 to February 2021 to observe the effect of different levels of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizer on growth and yield of lettuce. The experiment comprised of two factors. Two inorganic fertilizers like different level of nitrogen and phosphorus viz; nitrogen-control 0 kgha-1 (N0), 100 kgha-1 (Nı), 150 kgha-1 (N2) and 200 kgha-1 (N3) and phosphorus-control 0 kgha-1 (P0), 50 kgha-1 (P1), 62.5 kgha-1 (P2) and 75 kgha-1 (P3). The experiment was laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. Application of different levels of nitrogen and phosphorus significantly influenced the plant height, leaves number plant-1, leaf area, fresh leaf yield plant-1, gross yield, and dry matter content of lettuce. The maximum plant height, leaves number plant-1, leaf area, fresh leaf yield plant-1, gross yield and dry matter content were obtained with the application of 200 kg N ha-1. On the other hand, with the application of 75 kg P ha-1 the maximum plant height, leaves number plant-1, leaf area, fresh leaf yield plant-1, gross yield and dry matter content were found. In case of different treatment interaction, N3P3 (200 kg N ha-1 + 75 kg P ha-1) produced the highest gross yield (32.2 tha-1) and the lowest gross yield (16.11 tha-1) found from control treatment. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 125-134
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61618
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Effect of Different Nitrogen Percentage Input On Soil Fertility, Plant
           Nutrients and Yield of Organic Spinach (Amaranthus Spp.)

    • Authors: Faridah Manaf, Roslan Ismail, Arina Shairah Abdul Sukor
      Pages: 135 - 144
      Abstract: Nitrogen (N) management is important to assess the N effect on soil and plant under the organic farming system. With this in mind, a glasshouse experiment was conducted to determine the effect of various N inputs on selected soil chemical properties, nutrient content and yield of spinach (Amaranthus spp). The experimental treatments were focused on the different percentages of N input (2, 4 and 6% of N from organic sources) with soil alone as a control. The treatments were applied 14 days after seeding (14-DAS) at a recommended rate of 2 t/ha. The study result found that 4-6% of N input (with T3 and T4) had improved selected soil parameters such as pH, CEC, total N, available-P and exchangeable-Ca. Further, total N content in spinach (cultivated organically), as well as spinach yield, were significant. Study findings have shown that within 4% to 6% of N input promotes soil quality, total nutrients in spinach (leafy vegetables), and can be scaled up to farm level to sustain organic system productivity. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 135-144
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61619
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Prevalence of Ecto and Endo Parasitic Infections Among Bapard Cattle Farm
           and Gopalganj District of Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md Murshed Hasan Mustafa, Md Rafiul Islam, Md Mukhlesur Rahman, Md Hasanuzzaman Talukder
      Pages: 145 - 152
      Abstract: Surveillance was conducted to investigate the ecto-and endo-parasitic (gastrointestinal) infections of bapard cattle farm from July 2020 to June 2021 at the Laboratories of BAPARD and Department of Parasitology, BAU. In the study area, a total number of 600 fecal samples and 250 ectoparasites were collected and investigated. Fecal samples were examined by direct smear method followed by McMaster counting technique under microscope. The overall prevalence of endoparasitic (gastrointestinal) infections was 67.5% and ectoparasitic infection was 56%. Prevalence of endoparasite was more frequent in rainy season (52.35%) followed by summer (26.91%) and winter season (20.74%) whereas prevalence of ectoparasite was more prevalent in summer (34.00%) followed by rainy (12.00%) and winter (8.00%) season. Among the endoparasitic infections,high prevalence of Paramphistomum spp. (20.00%) was found in rainy season whereas Haemonchus spp. (11.67%) and Toxocara spp. (10.83%) were higher in summer season. In cattle, prevalence of Paramphistomum spp. (24.00%) and Haemonchus spp. (15.00%) was higher in adult cattle whereas prevalence of Toxocara spp. (25.00%) and coccidian parasitic infection (17.5%) was higher in calf than adult animal. The overall prevalence of ectoparasite was 56% and tick infestation was highest prevalent (20.00%) followed by lice (16.00%), mange (12.00%) and maggot infestations (8.00%). High humidity (above 70%) and temperature provoke high endo and ectoparasitic infections among cattle populations indicate reduced farm productivity and profitability in the study area. Therefore, training of the cattle farmers on the knowledge and appropriate implementation and use of anthelmintic will help to reduce the morbidity of ecto and endoparasitic infections among cattle populations. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 145-152
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61620
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Effects of Blood and Plasma Transfusion on Various Haematological and
           Biochemical Parameters In Anaemic Calves

    • Authors: Nafisa Yeasmin Tamanna, Mousumi Saha, Rukhsana Amin Runa, Md Rafiqul Alam
      Pages: 153 - 164
      Abstract: This experiment was performed to investigate the effects of blood and plasma transfusion on various haematological and biochemical parameters in anaemic calves. Ten apparently malnourished, anaemic calves were selected and divided into two equal groups. Group-A (n = 5) received blood and Group-B received plasma. The pre and post transfusion haematological and biochemical parameters recorded include total erythrocyte count (TEC), total leucocyte count (TLC), haemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV), differential leukocyte count (DLC), Creatinine, ALT, AST and serum electrolytes ( K+, Na+, Cl-) at day 1, 7, 14, 21 and 28. The post transfusion values of TEC, PCV and Hb increased significantly (P< 0.01) in both the groups. However, the values were superior in case of blood transfusion. The changes in TLC and DLC values in both the groups A and B were not significant during the experiment. The mean control values of Creatinine, ALT and AST were found to be increased up to day 14 in calves of both group A and B. However, the changes in these biochemical parameters were not statistically significant and the values remained within the normal range. The changes in the values of the serum electrolytes did not follow any definite pattern during the experimental period but remained within the normal range in both the groups. The whole blood and plasma transfusion was found to upgrade the haematological and biochemical parameters in anaemic calves. The blood and plasma transfusion can be an effective tool for clinical management of anaemic calves. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 153-164
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61621
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Application of Cow Urine as Bio-Fertilizer and Bio-Pesticide In Boro Rice
           Production of Bangladesh

    • Authors: AKM Ahsan Kabir, Md Jahid Hasan, Zubaida Gulshan, Hem Raj Dhakal, Md Ruhul Amin, ABM Mustanur Rahman, SM Faruk ul Alam
      Pages: 165 - 169
      Abstract: This study focused on cattle urine utilization as bio-fertilizer and bio-pesticide and its effectiveness on boro rice production comparing with chemical fertilizer and chemical pesticides. Three groups were divided into completely randomized design (CRD) to conduct the experiment. No chemical/bio pesticides and/or fertilizers is being applied in the control group (T0).The second group (T1) is being applied by chemical fertilizer and pesticides in recommended dose. The third group (T2) is being applied by cattle urine as biofertilizer and bio-pesticides in calculative dose. The germinated rice plant BINA boro rice (variety 28) was transferred to a well-prepared rice field after 21 days. The rice field was prepared using cow urine as bio fertilizer. The bio fertilizer solution prepared from mixing cow dung with cow urine (1:1) and then the solution was diluted into1: 9 with water. One kg of fresh neem leaves were kept in 10 L (liters) container with cow urine and allowed 28 days for fermentation. Meanwhile, one liter of the solution extracted from neem leaves was mixed with 10L of fresh water in a ratio of 1:10 to produce a bio pesticide. Cow urine as bio-fertilizer was applied one thousand liters per hectare in boro rice production which was repeated every 28 days from transplant to harvest. Bio pesticide was applied one thousand two hundred liters per hectare by nozzle spraying at 15-day intervals from planting to flowering in boro rice production. Likewise the chemical pesticide was being applied at seven-day intervals. Plant height, chlorophyll content, number of the tiller/hill and grain yield was observed as growth and yield parameter respectively. The tallest plant height and chlorophyll content were 76 cm and 46.5 from T2 on day 45 and 30 respectively, but number of effective tiller per hill, the maximum final score was 14 fromT1.For all treatments, the mean production became identical. However, T2 delivered the highest grain yield at 5.85 t/ha. In yield parameter chemical fertilizer and chemical pesticide (T1) and bio fertilizer and biopesticide (T2) group was non-significant, but in pest infestationbio fertilizer and biopesticide (T2) group was lower. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 165-169
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61622
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Prevalence and Identification of Ticks in Cattle Of Rajshahi, Bangladesh

    • Authors: Md Zamal Uddin, Md Mamunur Rashid, SM Ahasanul Hamid, Lovely Nahar, Mst Ismat Ara Begum, Alam Khan, Moizur Rahman
      Pages: 171 - 183
      Abstract: Ticks, the notorious ectoparasite, are frequently infest cattle and cause various disease conditions and acts as vector of pathogenic organism. To determine the tick infestation in cattle of four Districts of Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh, a total of 1200 cattle (300 from each district) were randomly examined throughout the year. Four hundred ticks (100 from each district) collected from cattle were microscopically identified to determine the prevalence of specific ticks. Among the examined cattle, 433 (36.08%) were found infested with one or more species of ticks. The highest prevalence was recorded in Naogaon District (39.66%) followed by Rajshahi (37.33%), Joypurhat (34.33%) and Natore (33%). Tick infestation rate was higher (p<0.05) in rainy season (43%) followed by summer (37.75%) and winter (27.5%). Adult cattle (>5 years) were significantly (p<0.05) susceptible (41.63%) to tick infestation in comparison to young (>1-<5 years) (29.94%) and calves (<1 year) (34.13%). Significant difference (p<0.05) was observed in sex related infestation. Female were highly susceptible (48.31%) than male (19.92%). Local breed cattle were significantly susceptible (41.97%) compare to North Bengal Gray (37.28%) and cross breed (26.60%) cattle. Ear was the most favorite (72.51%) infestation site of tick whereas least was found in scrotum (5.31%). Microscopic identification revealed 5 different species of ticks. Boophilus/ Rhipicephalus microplus was the most prevalent (33.5%) species followed by Haemaphysalis bispinosa (23.50%), Amblyomma variegatum (17.25%), Rhipicephalus sanguineus (14%) and Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum (11.75%). Notable tick infestation in cattle indicated the possibility of damaged by ticks and opportunity of transmission of pathogenic organism. Thus, an effective control strategy is warned to overcome the harmful effects of ticks on cattle. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 171-183
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61623
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Effects of Organophosphate and Pyrethroid Insecticides Mixture on the
           Haemato-Biochemical and Histological Function of Male Albino Rats

    • Authors: Nasser Abdelhady Abdelmawla Alansary, Md Safwan Hussain, Md Munnaf Hossen, Md Shahedul Islam, Md Faridul Islam, Md Riaz Uddin Biswas, Rubel Miah, Foud Ahmed Ali
      Pages: 185 - 200
      Abstract: Pesticides have been used to treat agricultural lands since ancient times. The effects of an organophosphate (OP) and pyrethroid combination on the haemato-biochemical and histological functions of male albino rats were investigated. Male albino rats (total 18 rats, 12 are treated and 6 are control) were dermally treated with two organophosphate and pyrethroid combinations for 8 weeks (chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos-methyl, and lambda-cyhalothrin). We also looked at organ weights, haematological and histological changes, and clinical symptoms. Except for RBCs, total protein, and haemoglobin, all haematological measures rose in treated rats after 8 weeks. After 4 weeks, Runsave and Lambaphos treatments had RBC counts of 5.02 and 5.15 106/mm3, respectively, compared to 6.1 106/mm3 in the control group. Haemoglobin values for Runsave, Lambaphos, chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifosmethyl, and lambda-cyhalothrin were 13.53, 14.27, 14.60, 15.03, and 15.27 g/100 ml after toxicant administration, compared to 16.53 in the control. Haematological parameters change correlated positively with exposure time. A histological examination on liver and kidney found that Runsavetreated rats had an uneven structure, severely congested blood arteries, necrotic areas, fatty liver, pyknotic nuclei, and cytoplasmic vacuolation in hepatic cells. Lambaphos-treated liver shows haemolysis, cytoplasmic vacuolation, pyknotic nuclei, and partial structural disruption. Bowman's capsule, glomeruli, and proximal tubule are normal in the control kidney. Runsave had abnormal renal anatomy. Lambaphos kidneys are asymmetrical. This study demonstrated that albino rats subjected to an insecticide mixture of organophosphate and pyrethroid had significant histological and haematobiochemical changes compared to the control group. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 185-200
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61624
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Status of Intestinal Schistosomiasis in Buffaloes and Cattle in Rajshahi,

    • Authors: Md Mamunur Rashid, Md Zamal Uddin, Md Zakir Hossain, Bikash Sharma, Jafor Raihan, Md Sumon Ali, Lovely Nahar, Mst Ishrat Zerin Moni, Moizur Rahman
      Pages: 201 - 211
      Abstract: Schistosoma infection causes serious health impediment in livestock with poor productive and reproductive performances. This study was carried out to know the status of Schistosoma infection in buffaloes and cattle in Rajshahi, Bangladesh. The adult schistosomes were collected from mesenteries of buffaloes and cattle of Rajshahi. Out of 240 mesenteries (120 from each species) examined, 113 (47.08%) were found infected. The infection rate in buffaloes and cattle were 54.16% and 40%, respectively. Female buffalo and cattle (57.69% and 46%) were more prone to the infection than male (51.47% and 36.71%) although the differences were not statistically significant. Significant variations (p<0.05) were observed in infection rate in different season. The highest infection rate was observed in rainy season (85% and 65%) followed by summer (52.5% and 40%) and winter (25% and 15%) in both the animals. Intensity of the infection greatly varied. Mostly, half of the infected animal (55% buffalo and 46% cattle) showed moderate infection intensity (51 to 100 parasites/animal). High degree of infection (>100 parasites/animal) was found in 25% and 33% infected buffalo and cattle, respectively. Two species of intestinal schistosomes (S. indicum and S. spindale) were identified microscopically by observing egg of female parasites. S. indicum was present in all the infected mesenteries whereas only 29% buffaloes and 35% cattle samples contained S. spindale. The study determined the current scenario of intestinal schistosome infection in buffaloes and cattle of Rajshahi. The findings might be helpful to develop effective strategic plan to overcome the harmful effects of schistosomes in livestock of Bangladesh. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 201-211
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61625
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • A Case Report on Euthanasia of a Rescued Horse Using Xylazine
           Hydrochloride and Thiopental Sodium

    • Authors: Md Ataur Rahman, Md Tuhinur Rahman, Mousumi Saha, Robius Sani Sadi, Md Tasmir Rayan Labib, Md Farhan Hasan, Md Golam Haider, Md Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Shah Alam
      Pages: 213 - 219
      Abstract: Veterinary professionals are still looking for a suitable method of euthanasia that causes an easy death of animals with minimum pain, fear, and suffering. The present study describes a method of euthanasia in rescued horses using xylazine hydrochloride and thiopental sodium. The study was conducted at Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh. Xylazine hydrochloride (0.1 mg/kg; 20mg/ml) and thiopental sodium (10 mg/kg; 25% solution) was administered intravenously to the horse. The horse rapidly became unconscious and died within 4 minutes without any signs of excitement. This method can be practiced as an easy and convenient method of euthanasia of horses. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 213-219
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61626
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Reproductive Biology of Ripon Barbel (Labeobarbus Altianalis) In River
           Kuja-Migori Basin, Kenya

    • Authors: Elijah Kembenya, Albert Getabu, James Njiru, Reuben Omondi
      Pages: 221 - 228
      Abstract: The present study aimed to investigate the reproductive biology of Labeobarbus altianalis from River Kuja-Migori basin, Kenya. This fish species is distributed in most water bodies in the Lake Victoria basin and effluent rivers. Labeobarbus altianalis is susceptible to fishing due to aggregation at the river mouths during reproduction seasons. We conducted a study for 18 months with an objective of determining length at 50% sexual maturity, fecundity, gonadosomatic index, egg size, sex ratio and breeding season of L. altianalis. The results showed that breeding of this fish occurred from March to August and September to November coinciding with longer and shorter rain seasons. Fecundity ranged from 1320-2382 eggs (mean 1552 ± 23.3). There was a strong correlation between fecundity and total length (R2 = 0.994). The mean egg diameter was 1.2 ± 0.007 mm. Mean gonado-somatic index was 5.63 ± 0.34 and 2.24 ± 0.21 for females and males respectively. The length at 50% sexual maturity was estimated to be 16.3 cm and 18 cm total length for males and females respectively. There was no significant difference in sex ratio from the hypothetical 1:1 (χ2, p > 0.05). Females had low fecundity and males attain sexual maturity earlier than females. Results from this study provide important information for managing riverine fishery in the Lake Victoria basin. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 221-228
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61627
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Angling at Lavononkaha Reservoir (Department of Korhogo, Côte
           D’Ivoire): Ichthyological Composition of Catches and Exploitation
           Parameters of Oreochromis Niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758)

    • Authors: Moustapha Diaby, Kouamé Marcel N’dri, Koffi Dongo Kouassi, Konan N’da
      Pages: 229 - 238
      Abstract: Many small reservoirs in Northern Côte d'Ivoire are used for crop irrigation, livestock rearing or fishing. They generate moderated ichthyological catches for local populations. Thus, strategies for their sustainable exploitation should be put in place. This study was conducted to provide the first data on fishing activity on the Lavononkaha Dam Lake. From June 2020 to July 2021, field studies were undertaken with the objectives of characterising fishing gears used, studying catch composition, and evaluating exploitation parameters of the Oreochromis niloticus stock. Results obtained stated the practice of recreational fishing by 41 anglers. These fishermen used a total of 380 fishing lines, 92.11% of which were single fishing rod. Ten fish species were identified in catches with a particular abundance of Oreochromis niloticus (48.33%). In the fishery, this species has a longevity tmax of 3.7 years and grows towards asymptotic length L∞=24.68 cm at a growth rate K=0.810/year. Despite the high number of fishing gears used, the stock of the species is underexploited (E=0.34) and half of the specimens are caught after reaching sexual maturity. Thus, the possibilities of increasing fishing effort to increase yields of this species exist within certain limits to be specified. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 229-238
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61628
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
  • Inland Fisheries Consumption Pattern and Factors Among Rural Households of
           Mopani District Municipality, Limpopo Province, South Africa

    • Authors: Jenny Potsiso Mokhaukhau, Abenet Belete, Jan Johannes Hlongwane
      Pages: 239 - 246
      Abstract: The consumption of fish is accepted by all ages and social groups. Moreover, fish is rich in both micro, and macro-nutrients and minerals which are suitable for human development. The objectives of the study was to profile the socio-economic characteristics of households in Mopani District Municipality, to describe rural households’ consumption pattern of inland fisheries and, to analyse the factors that influence the consumption of inland fisheries by rural households in the study area. A total of 134 households were interviewed using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, Household Dietary Diversity Score and Binary Logistic model were adopted to achieve these objectives. The results showed that Bass, Tilapia, Catfish and Carp are the most preferred inland fish species by rural households in the study area. However, Tilapia is the dominating fish species preferred by households for weekly consumption purposes. The regression results revealed that age and the gender of the household positively influence the consumption of inland fisheries while, access to inland fisheries’ market has a negative relationship with consumption. To this end, the study concludes that the inclusion of inland fisheries as food by rural households and the availability of markets are necessary for the improvement of a healthy life. Vol. 9, No. 2, August 2022: 239-246     
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
      DOI: 10.3329/ralf.v9i2.61629
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 2 (2022)
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Heriot-Watt University
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